About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1755 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1755) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English. It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes on language: today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered f. So, sounds looks on these pages as founds, English looks like Englifh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakeſpeare in the word Shakespeare. Again, this is how things were and this is no mistake. However: because a lot of the words have not rendered correctly in the OCR process there IS indeed garbled text included on these pages. The sheer volume of the two volumes (47,000 entries) means that there is so little time for me go go through the manually. I am just one person doing this, so get in touch if you think you would like to help, . This would be an excellent crowd-sourcing project.

Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 7 April 2014


R, Is called the canine letter, becaufe
it is uttered with fome refemblance
to the growl or fnarl of a cur : it
has one conftant found in Englifh
; as red, rofe, more, muriatick : in words
derived from the Greek, it is followed by
an h, rhapsody.

To RA'BATE. v. n. [rabatre, French.] In
falconry, to recover a hawk to the fift
again. Ainsworth.

To RA'BBET. v. a. [rabatre, Fr.] To pare
down pieces of wood fo as to fit one another.

RA'BBET. ʃ. [from the verb.] A joint made
by paring two pieces fo that they wrap over
one another. Moxon,

RA'BBI. f. A doctor among the Jews.

RA'BBIN. Camden.

RA'BBIT. ʃ. [rcobbekin, Dutch.] A furry
animal that lives on plants, and burrows in
the ground. Shakeſpeare.

RABBLE. ʃ. [rabula, Latin.] A tumultuous
croud ; an affembly of low people.

RA'BBLEMENT. ʃ. [from rabble.] Croud ;
tumultuous affembly of mean people.

RA'BID. a. [rabidusyhiun.] Fierce ; furious
; mad.

RA'BINET. ʃ. A kind of imaller ordnance.

RACE. ʃ. [race, Fr. from radice, Latin.]
1. A family afcending,
2. Family defcending. Addison.
3. A generation ; a collective family.
4. A particular breed. Milton.
5. Race of ginger, A root or fprig of

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


6. A particular ftrength or tafle of wine.
7. Conteft in running. Milton.
8. Courle en the feet. Bacon.
9. IVogrefs ; courfe, Mitton,
10. Train ; procefs. Bacon.

RA'CEHORSE. ʃ. [race and harfe.] Horfe
bred ;o run for prizes. Addiʃon.

RACEMA'TION. ʃ. [racemui, Lat.] Clufter
like that of grapes. Brown.

RACEMIFEROUS. a. [rac^mus iudfero,
Latin.] Beiringclufters.

RA'CER. ʃ. [from race.] Runner ; one that
contends in fpeed. Do'pt,

RA'CINESS,. ʃ. [from racy.] The quality of
being racy.

RACK. ʃ. [racke, Dutch, from raiken, to
1. An engine to tr>rture. Taylor.
2. Torture i extreme pain. Temple.
3. Any inftrunitiiC by which extent'^on is
performed. Wiiktm,
4. A duhffj commonly a portable dirtaff,
from which they fpin by twirling a ball.
5. The clouds as they sre driven b\ the

VI. nd. Shakefpeare.
6. A neck of mutton cut for t;.e table.
7. A grate.
8. A wooden grate in which hay is placed
for cattle. Mortimer.
9. Arrack ; a fpirltuous liquor.

To RACK. v. n. [from the noun.] To ftrcam
as cicuos before the wind. Shakeſpeare.

To RACK. v. <j. [from the noun, ;
1. To torment by the rack, Dryden.
2. To torment ; to harrals. Mi (on.
3. To harrafs by exaction. Spin er,
4. To
4. To fcrew ; to force to performance
5. To ftretch ; to extent^. Shakeſpeare.
6. To defecate ; to draw offfrom the Jees.

RACK-RENT. ʃ. [rack and rent.] Rent
raifed to the uttermoft, Szw/t.

RACK-RENTER. ʃ. [rack and revter.]
Oae who pays the uttetrnoft rent, Locke.

1. Aij ii regular clattering nnife. Shakeſpeareafp.
2. Aconfufed talk, in builefque language.
3. The Inftrument with which players
ftrike thr ball. Digby.
Racking. ſ. Racking pace of a horfe is
the (ame as an amble, only that it is a
fwiftc' time and a fhorter tread.

RA'CKOON. ʃ. A New England animal,
like a badger, having a tail like a fox, being
cloathed with a thick and deep furr.

RACY, a. Strong ; flavorous ; tefting ®f
the foil. Cowky.

RAD. the old pret of r.?ad, Spenſer.

RAD. Red and rody differing only in dialett,
fignify counfel ; as Conrad, powerful or
flcilful in counfel ; Ethelred, a noble counfellor.

RA'DDOCK, or ruddock. ſ. A bird.

RA'DIANCE. ‘If, [radlare, Litm.] Spa»k-

RA'DIANCY. ʃ. ling lurtre ; glitter.

RA'DIANT. a. [radians, Latin.] Shining; brightly fparkling; emitting rays, Milton.

To RA'DIATE. v. r. [radio, Latin. ; To
emit rays ; to fhine. Boyle.

RA'DIATED. a. [radiatu5,Lziin.~^ Adorned
with rays. Addifon.

RADIATION. ʃ. [radiatioy Latin.]
1. Bsanny luftre \ emiffion of rays. Baitrit
2. Emifhon from a center every way.

RA'DICAL. a. [radical, French.]
1. Primitive; original. Bentley.
2. Implanted by nature, Wilkins.
3. Serving tfi origination.

RaDICALITY. 7. [from radical'] Origi.
nation. Brown.

RA'DICALLY. ad. [from radical.] Originally
; primiiivtly. Prior.

RA'DICALNESS. ʃ. [from radical.] The
ftate of being radical.

To RA'DICAFE. V a. [radicatu^, Latin.]
To ruot ; to plant deeply and fiimly.

RADICA'TION. ʃ. [from radical ] The
a<a of fixing deep. Hammond.

RA'DICLE. ʃ. [radicuL-^ French, from rad; x, Latin.] Swincy.

RA'DISH. ʃ. [rasc'ic, Saxon.] A root which
n commonly cultivated m the kitchengirdens.

RA'DIUS. ʃ. [Latin.]
1. The femi-diameter of a circle.
2. A bone of the fore-arm, which accompanies
the ulna from the elbow to the

To RAFF. v. a. To fweep ; to huddle.

To RA'FFLE. v. n. [raffia r, to fnatch,
French.] To caft dice tor a prize. Tathr,

RA FFLE. ʃ. [rajle, French.] A fpecies of
game or lottery, in which many ftake a
fmall part of the value of fome fingle thing,
in confideration of a chance to gain it.

Raft. ſ. a frame or float made by laying
pieces of timber crofs each other. Shakeſp.

RAFT. part. palT. of nave or rjff, Spenfer.
Torn ; rent.

RA'FTER. ʃ. [jixptefi, Sax.r^//5r,Dutch.]
The fecondary timbers of the houfe ; the
timbers which are let into the great beam,

RA'FTERED. a. [from rafter.] Built with
rafters. Pope. .

RAG. ʃ. [bjtico.&e, torn, Saxon.]
1. A piece of cloth torn from the reft ; a
tatter. Milton.
2. Any thing rent and tattered ; worn out
cloaths. Sandys.
3. A fragment of drefs. Hudibras.

RAGAMUFFIN. f. [from r^^.] A paltry
mean fellow.

RAGE. ʃ. [rage, French.]
1. Violent anger ; vehement fury. Shakef.
2. Vehemence or exacerbation of any thing
painful. Bacon.

To RAGE, v, n. [from the noun.]
1. To be in fury ; to be heated with exceffive
anger. Milton.
2. To ravage ; to cx?rcife fu.'^y. Waller.
3. To aft with mift;hievvus impetunfity.

RA'GEFUL. tf. [r'geznA full] Furious; violent. Hammond.

RA'GGED, a. [from rag..
1. Rpnt into tatters. u^Arbuthnot.
2. Uneven ; confuting ofparts alnioft difunitt'd.
3. DrffTed in tatters. Dryden.
4. Rugged ; j)Ot fmooth. L'Eftrange.

RA'GGEDNh.SS. ʃ. [from ra^g^d.] State
of being dreffed in tat'.ers. Shakeſpeare.

RA'GINGLY. fl^. [from raging] With
vehement fury.

RA'GMAN. ʃ. [ragandman.] One who
deals in rags.

[French.] Meat flewed and
hiohiy feafoned. Addiſon.

RAGWORT. ʃ. [rag and Ivort.] A plant.

RA'GSTONE. ʃ. [rag an<i/lof,e.]
1. A ftone lb named from its breaking in
a ragged manner, Woo^ward,
2. The

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


3. The ftone with which they fmooth the
edge of a tool new ground and lett ragged.

RAIL. ʃ. [riegcl, German.]
1. A ciofy beam fixed in the ends , at two
upright p')fts. Moxon.
2. A fcries of ports connefled with bcums,
by which any thing is inclofed. Bacon.
3. Akndofbird. Carew,
^. A woman's upper garment.

To RAIL. 1-. a. [from the noun.]
1. To indole with rails. A<idifon.
2. To range in a line. Bacon.

To RAIL, v.n, [ralkn, Dutch.] To ufe
inlblent and reproachful language.

RAI'LER. ʃ. [from rM!.] One who infults
or defames by opprobnoub langu-age. South.

RAILLERY. ʃ. [r^./Ar/c, French.] Slight
fatire ; fatiricaJ merriment, B, Jobrjar.

RAI'MENT. ʃ. Vefturcj veftment ; cloaths; drefi
; garment. Sidtty.

To RATN. v. If, [penian, Saxonj regemn,
1. To fall in drops from the clouds.
2. To fall as rain. Milton.
3. // Rains. The water falls from the
cjouds. Shakefpeare.

To RAIN. v. a. To pour down as ram.

RAIN.y. [pen, Saxon.] The moifture that
falls from the clouds. Waller.

RAINBOW. ʃ. [raimnAbon.] The iris i
the femicircle of van. -us colours which appears
in fhowery weather. Shakefp. Naut.

RAINDEER. [hjiannp, Saxon; rarg,fer.
Latin.] A deer with large horns, which,
in the northern regions, draws fledges
through the fnjw.

RAININESS. f. [from rairy.^ The ftate
of being fhowery.

RAINY&quot;, a. [from rd/r.] Shc\vtiy ; wet,

To RAISH. v. a. [r-ipr, D:nn'h. ;
1. To lift ; to hejve. Pope.
2. To fet upright : as, bs raifed a m.^ji,
3. To ere^l ; to build up. j'o,. viii.
4. To ex-iit to a flate more great or liluftriour.
5. To amplify
; to cnla-ge. Shakeſpearearf,
6. To incieafe jn cunent value. i'em:!e.
7. To elevate
; to cxajr, Prior.
8. To advance ; to promote ; to prefer.
9. To excite ; to put in aftion. Mhor,
10. To excite to war or tumult ; to Hir
up. Shakeſpeare. ^Jc7ixxiv.
11. To reufe ; to ftir up. Job.
12. To give beginning to: as, be raifed
the family.
13. To bling in'o being. ^rrci ii. II,
14. To call into view Irora the ftate of feparate
fpirits. Sar.dj:,
15. To bring from death toYiie.Rom, i».»5,
16. To occafion ; to begin. Brown,
17. To fee up ; to utter loudly. Dryden.
l3. To collect ; to obtain a Certain fum.
19. To coIlcct ; toafl"emble; to levy.
2o. To Rive rife to. Milton.
21. To Raisi. pa/ie. To form pafte into
pics without a difh, i>j>tS .tor»

RATHER. ʃ. [from rjf/ir.] He that railes.

R AI SIN. ʃ. [racemus, Lat, rai^ti, Frenf h. ;
Ratjirt are the fruit of the vine fuf^cred to
remain on the tree till perfectly ripened,
and then dried either by the fun or the
heat of an oven : grapes of every kind,
prefeived in this manner, are called raifins,
but thofe dried in the fun are much fwcerer
and pleifanter than thofe dried in ovens.

RAK.E. ʃ. [flice, Saxon; raabe, Dutch.]
1. An inftrument with teeth, by which
the ground is divided. Dryden.
2. [Rtkel, Dutch, a worthlefs cur dog. ; A loo!>, dif-)rderly, vicious, wild, gay,
thoughtlefs fellow. Pope. .

To RAKE. v. a. ffiooi the noun.]
1. To gather with a rake. May,
2. To clear with a rake. Thomfon.
3. To draw together by violence. Hooker.
4. To jfcour ; t.) fearch with eager and vehement
diligence. Swift.
5. To heap together and cover, Suckling,

To RAKE. v. n.
1. To fearch ; to grope. Scvlh,
2. To pafs with Violeni e. Sidney.

RA'KER. ʃ. [from rah.] One that rakes.

RA'K-EHELL. ʃ. [racailU^ Fr. therjbble ; from rekely Dutch, a mongrel d)g.j A
wild, worthlefs, diliblute, debauched, forry
fell, w, Spenser.

RAKEHELLY, ad, [from rakehtll.] Wild ;
difroiute. Ben. Johnʃon.

RA'.'vbH. a. [from rdi^.] Ljofe ; lewd ;

To RA'LLY. v. a. [rallier, French.]
1. To put difordered or difperfed force.
into order. Atterbury.
2. To treat with flight conteinpt; to trt-at
with fjtirical merrimSnt. Addiſon.

To RA'LLY. I'.n.
1. To come together in a hurry, Milton.
2. To come again into order. Dryden.
3. To exercife fatJrical merriment.

RAM. ʃ. [fl-MTi, Saxon ; rarrj, Dutch.]
1. A male fheep ; in fome provinces, a
tup. Peachia.
2. An inftrument with an iron head tobatter
WdUs. Shakeſpeare.

To RA.M. v. a.
1. To drive with violencf, as with a battering
ram. Bacon.
2. To fill with any thing driven hard together,

To RA'MBLE. v. n. [rammelen, Dutch.]
To rove ioofely and irregularly ; to wan"-
der, Locke.

RA'MBLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Wandering
irregular excuifion. Swift.

RA'MBLER. ʃ. [from taml;k.] Rover ;

RA'MBOOZE. 7 A drink trade of wine,

RA'MBUSE. S 3le, eggs and fugar. Bailey.

KAfMENTS. ʃ. [ramenla, Latin.] Scrapings
; fhavings, Di&.

RAMIFICATION. ʃ. [ramification, Fr.]
Divifion or feparation into branches ; the
act of branching out. Hale.

To RA'MIFY. v. a. [ramifier, French.]
To feparate into branches. Boyle.

To RAMIFY, -y. fj. To be parted into
branches. Arbuthnot.

RA'MMER. ʃ. [from ram..
1. An inftrument with which any thing is
driven hard. Moxon.
2. The flick with which the charge is
forced into the gun, Wiseman.

RA'MMISH. a. [from ram.] Strong fcented.

RA MOUS, a. [from ramui^ Lat.] Branchy ; confrlling of branches. hleioton.

To RAMP. v. ». [rawper^ French.]
1. To leap with violence. Spenfen
2. To climb as a plant. Hay.

RAMP. ʃ. [from the verb.] Leap ; fpring,

RAMPA'LLIAN. ʃ. A mean wretch.

RA'MPANCY. ʃ. [from rampant.-\ Prevalence
; exuberance. South.

RA'MPANT. a. [rampart, French.]
1. Exuberant ; overgrowing rellraint.
2. [In hf.rz\dity, ‘[Rampant is when the lion
5s rearfd up in the efcutcheon, as it were
ready to combate with his enemy. Peach.

To RA'MPART. 7 <». a. [from the noun.]
To RA'MPIRE. JTo fortify with ramparts,

RA'MPART. 7 , r . , r u i
Ra'mpire. I f' ^''"f'^'^ ^''"'^-.
1. The platform of the wall behind the
2. The wall round fortified places.
Beti. Johrjon.

RA'MPIONS. ʃ. [rapunculus, Latin.] A
plant. Mortimer.

RA'MSONS. ʃ. An herb. Ainsworth.

RAN. preterite of run, Addifon.

To RANCH. v. a. [from wrench.] To
fprain ; to injure with violent contortion.

RA'NCID, a. [rancidus, Latin.] Strong
fcented. Arbuthnot.

RA'NCIDNESS?. ʃ. [from rawW.] Strong

RANCIDITY, i fcent, as of old oil.

RA'NCOROUS. a. [from rancour.-] Malignant;
malicious ; fpitcful in the urmoft
degree. Shakeſpeare.

RA'NCOUR, /, [ramceur, old French, ; lavetCTate
malignity ; malice ; ftedfaft impiac'ability
3. ftanding hate. Spenſer.

RAND. /'. [rand, Dutch.] Border ; feam.

RANDOM. f. [randon, French.] Want of
direftion ; want of rule or method; chance ; hazard ; roving mntion. Milton.

RANDOM, a. D ne by chance ; roving
without direct^ion. Dryden.

RANG, preterite oi ring. Grew,

To RANGE. V a. [ranger, French.]
1. To place in order, to put in ranks.
2. To rove over. Gay.

To RANGE, v. n.
1. To rove at large. ^Shakefpeare.
2. To be placed in order. Shakeſpeare.

RANGE. f. [rang/e, French.]
1. A tank ; any thing placed in a line.
2. A clafs ; an order. Hah,
3. Excurfjon ; wandering. South.
4. Room for excuifion, Addiſon.
5. Compafs taken in by any thing excurfive.
Pope. .
6. Step of a ladder. Clarenden.
7. A kitchen grate. ISpenſer.

RA'NGER. ʃ. [from range.]
1. One that ranges ; a rover ; a robber,
2. A dog that beats the ground. Gay.
3. An officer who tends the game of a
fore ft. Dryden.

RANK. a. [pane, Saxon.]
1. High growing ; ftrongj luxuriant.
2. Fruitful; bearing ftrong plants. 6'afl£(yi.
3. [Ranciduiy Latin.] Strong fcented ;
rancid. Shakeſpeare.
4. High tafted ; ftrong in quality. Ray.
5. Rampant ; high grown. Shakeſpeare.
6. Grofs 5 coarfc. Swift„
7. The iron of a plane is fet rank, when
its edge ftands fo flat below the fole of the
plane, that in working it will take off" a
thick fhaving. Moxon.

RANK. ʃ. [rang, French.]
1. Line of men placed a-bteaft. Shakeʃp.
2. A row, Milton.
3. Range of fobordination, Locke.
4. Clafs ; order. Atterbury.
5. Degree of dignity. Addiſon.
6. Dignity ; high place : as, he i% a man

To RANK. v. a. [r^r^fr, French.]
1. To place a-bftafl. Milton.
2. To raoge in any particular clafs.
3. To arrange mcthGdically, Milton.

To RANK. v. .1. To be ringed ; to be

To RANKLE. v. n. [from rank.] To fefter
; to breed corruption ; to be inflamed
in body or mmd. Spenſer. Sandyt.

RA'NKLY. ad. [from rank.] Cojrfely
; grofly. Shakeſpeare.

RA'NKNESS. ʃ. [from rank.] Exuberance ;
fuperfluity of growth. Shakeſpeare.

RA'NNW. The fhrewmoufe. B>o-.on.

To RA'NSACK. v. a. [jian, Saxon. and
jaka, Swedi/li; to fearch for or feize.]
1. To plunder ; to pillage. Dryden.
2. To fearch narrowly. JFoodward,
3. To violate ; to deflower. Spenſer.

RA'NSOME. ʃ. [rarcon, French.] Price
paid for redemption from captivity or punirtiment.

To RA'NSOME. v. a. [ran^onner, French.]
To redeem from captivity or punifhment.

RA'NSOMELESS. a. [fr«m ranfome.] Free
from ranfome. Shakeſpeare.

To RAXT. v. n. [rjnjcrty Dutch, to rave.]
To rave in violent or high founding language,

RANT. ʃ. [from the verb] High founding
language. Gran'vilU,

RA'NTER. ʃ. [from rant.] A ranting fellow.

RA'NTIPOLE. a. Wild ; roving ; rakifh.

To RA'NTIPOLE. v. n. To run about
wildly. Arbuthnot.

BA'NULA. ʃ. A foft fwelling, poffeffing
thofe filivals under the tongue. Wifeman.

RANU'NCULUS. ʃ. Crowfoot. Mortimer.

To RAP. v. 71. [hfijeppan, Saxon.] To
ftrike with a quick fmart blow, Addiſon.

To RAP. v. a.
1. To affefl with rapture ; to ftrike with
extafy ; to hurry out of himfcif. Hooker.
Pope. .
2. To fnatch away. Milton.
To RAF and rend. To feize by violence.

RAP. ʃ. [from the verb.] A quick fmart
blow. Arbuthnot.

RAPA'CrOUS. a. [rapace, French ; rj/ux,
Latin.] Given to plunder ; fe zing by violence.

RAPA'CIOUSLY. ad. [from rapacious.]
Byraoinej by violent robbery,

RAPA'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from rjpjcious.]
The quality of being rapacious,

RAPACITY. ʃ. [rapacitas, Latin.] Addidednefs
to plunder; exercife of pluader; ravenoufnefs. Sprntt.

RAPE. ʃ. [raptus, Latin.]
1. Violent defl'jration of chaftity. Shakeſpeare.sfp,
2. Privation ; ad of taking away. Chcp,
3. Something fnatched away. Sandys.
4^. Whole grapes plucked from the duHcr.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


5. A plant, from the feed of which oil Is

RA'PID. a. [r.-p.de, French.] Qnick ; fwift.

RA'PIDITY. ʃ. [rapidite, French.] C;'crity
; velocity ; fwiftnefs. Addiſon.

RA'PIDLY. ad. [from rapid.] Swiftly ; with quick motion.

RA'PIDNESS. ʃ. [i'.^m rapid.] Ctlerity; fwiftncf».

RA'PIER. ʃ. A fmall fword ufed ofily in
thrufling. Ps^^.

RAPIER FISH. ʃ. [htf.jh called xiphiast
the fword, which grows level from the
fnout of the fifh, is about a yard long ; he
preys on fifhes, having firft ftabbed them
with this fword. Grtic,

RA'PINE. ʃ. [rapina, Latin.]
1. The act of plundering. King Charles.
2. Violence ; force. Milton.

RA'PPER. ʃ. [from rjp.] One whoftrikes.

RA'PPORT. ʃ. [repport, French.] Relation; reference. Teir.pk,

To RAPT. -y. n. To ravifh ; to put in ecftafy.

RAPT. ʃ. [from rap.] A trance.

1. Ecftafy ; tranfport
; ^violence of any
pleafi.'.g paffion.
2. Rapidity ; ha/le. Milton.

RA'PTURED. a. [from rapture.] Ravifhed ; tranfported. A bad word. TIcmfon,

RA'PTUROUS. a. [from rapture.] Ecftatick
; tranfporting. Collier.

RARE. a. [rams, Latin.]
1. Scarce; uncommon. Shakeſpeare.
2. Excellent; incomparable; valuable to
a degree feldom found. Cowley,
3. Thinly fcattered. Milton.
4. Thin ; fablle ; not denfe. Newton.
5. Raw ; not fully fubdued by the fire.

RA'REESHOW. ʃ. A fhow carried m a
box. Gay.

RAREFA'CTION. ʃ. [rarefaaion, French.]
Extenfion of the parts of a body, that
makes it take up mote room than it did
before. Wotton,

RARETIABLE. a. [from rarefy.] Admitting

Td RA'REFY. v. a. [rarrfer, French.]
To make thin : contrary to condenfc.

To RA'REFY. v. n. To become thin.

RA'RELY. ad, [from rare.]
1. Seldtm; not often ; not frequently.
2. Finely; nicely; accurately. Shakeſp.

RARENESS. ʃ. [froni rare.]
1. Uncommonnefs ; ftate of happening feldom
; infrequeacy.
2« Value arifing from fcarcity, Bacon.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


RA'RITY. ʃ. [rarlte, Fr. rar'itas, Lat.]
1. Uncommonnefs ; infreqiiency, Sptci't.
2. A thing valued for its Icarcity, lShakefp.
3. Thinnefs ; lubtlety ; the contrary to

RA'SCAL. ʃ. [jiapcal, Saxon, a lean bsaft.]
A mean fellow ; a fcoundrel. Dryden.

RASCA'LION. ʃ. One of the loweft people.

RASCALITY. ʃ. [from /-a/ca/.] The low
mean people. South.

RA'SCALLY. a. [from rafcal'^ Mean ; worthlefs. Swift.

To RASE. v. a.
1. To fkim ; to ftrike on the furface.
2. To overthrow; to deftroy ; to root up.
3. To blot out by rafure ; to erafe. MUt.

RASfl. a. [rajch, Dutch.] Hafty ; violent ; precipitate. jijcham.
Rash./, [rfl/c/^, Italian.]
1. Sattin. Minjheiv.
2. An ofBorefcence on the body ; a breaking

RA'SHER. ʃ. A thin fiice of Bacon. Shakef.

RA'SHLY. ad. [from ra/Z^.] Haftily ; violently
; without due conlideration. Smith.

RA'SHNESS. ʃ. [from rtf/'.] Fool ifh contempt
of danger. Dryden.

RASP. ʃ. [jafpOy Italian.] A delicious ber-

RATE. ʃ.
1. l^rice fixed on any thing. L'ch, Dryden.
2. Allowance fettled. /IddifoTt,
3. Degree ; comparative height or valour.
Shakeſpeare. C-'latny.
4. Quantity aflignable. ShakefpearC'
5. That which fets value. Atterbury.
6. Manner of doing any thing ; degree to
which any thing is done. Clarendon.
7. Tax impofed by the parifh. Pricr,

To RATE. v. a.
1. To value at a certain price. Boyle.
2. To chide haftily and vehemently.

RATH. f. A hill. Spenser.

RATH. ad. Early. Spenfir,

RATH. a. [)aa?S, Saxon. quickly.] Early ; coming before the time, Milton.

1. More willingly ; with better liking.
Common Prayer,
2. Preferably to the other ; with better
reafon, Locke.
3. In a greater degree than otherwife.
4. More properly. Shakeſpeare.
5. Especially. Shakeſpeare.
6. To have Kathzr, To defire in preference.

RATIFICATION. ʃ. [from ratify.] The
act of ratifying ; confirmation.
ry that grows on a fpecies of the bramble ;

RA'TIFIER. ʃ. [from ratify,'] The perfon
a rafpberry. Philipt. or thing that ratifies. Shakeſpeare.

To RASP. v. a. [rafpen, Dutch.] To rub

To RA'TIFY. v. a. [ratumfacioy Latin.]
to powder with a very rough file. Moxon. To confirm ; to fettle. Dryden.

RASP. ʃ. A large rough file, commonly

RA'TIO. ʃ. [Latin.] Proportion, Cheyne.
ufed to wear away wood. Moxon.

RA'SPATORY. ʃ. [rafpatoir, French.] A
chirurgeon's rafp. Wifeman.

RA'SPBERRY, or Rajherry. ſ. A kind of
berry. Mortimer.

RASPBERRY-BUSH. ʃ. A f^jecies of bramble.

RASSURE. ʃ. [rajura, Latin.]
t. The act of fcraping or fhaving.
4. A mark in a writing where fomethirjg
has been rubbed out. -^yliff^-

RAT. ʃ. [ratte, Dutch ; rat, French ; ratta,
Spanifh.] An animal of the moufe kind
that infefts houfes and ilups, Brown.
To fmell ^ RAT, To be put on the watch
by fufpicion. Hudibras.

RATABLE, a. [from rate.] Set at a certain
value. Ca"dn.

RA'TABLY. ad. Proportionably. Raleigh.

KATA'FIA. ʃ. A fine liquor, prepared from
the kernefs of apricots and fpirits, Bailey.

ItATA'N. ʃ. An Indian cane. Dia.

RATCH. ? /. In clock-work, a fort of

RASH. ʃ. wheel, which ferves to lift up
the detents every iiour, and thereby make
the clock ftriks, J^aihy.

To RATIO CINATE. v. n. [ratiocinor,
Lat.] To reafon ; to argue.

RATIOCINA'TION. ʃ. [ratiocinatio, Lat.]
The act of reafoning ; the act of deducing
confcquences from premifes. Brown.

RATIO'CINATIVE. a. [from ratiocinate.]
Argumentative ; advancing by procefs of
difcourfe. Hak,

RA'TIONAL. a. [ratien^alii, Latin.]
1. Having the power of reafoning.
2. Agreeable to reafon. Glanville.
3. Wife ; judicious : as, a rational man.

RATIONALIST. ʃ. [from rational.] One
who proceeds in his difquifitions and practice
wholly upon reafon. Bacon.

RATIONALITY. ʃ. [from rational]
1. The power of reafoning.
Government of the Tongue,
2. Reafonablenefs. Brown.

RA'TIONALLY. ad. [from rational] Reafonably
; with reafon. South.

RATIO'NALNESS. ʃ. [from rational.]
The ftate of being rational.

RATSBANE. ʃ. [rat and bane.] Poifon
for rats ; arfenick. Shakeſpeare.

RATTEEN. ʃ. A kind of fluff. Swift.

To RATTLE, v. n. Uatclen, Dutch.]
1. To

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

1. To make a quick fharp noife with frequent
repetitions and collifions, llayvjard,
2. To fpeak ea;^erly and noifiiy. SiLi/r.

To RATTLE. v. a.
l« To move any thing Co as fo make a
rattle or nojfe, Dryden.
2. To ftun with a noife ; to drive with a
nafe. Shakeſpeare.
3. To fcold ; to rail at with clamour.

RATTLE. ʃ. [from the verb]
1. A quick noife nimbly repeated. Prior.
2. Empty and Joud talk. Hakewilt.
3. An inftrument, which agitated makes
a clattering noife. RaUi-gb,
4. A plant.

To RA'VEN. To prey with rapacity,

RAVENOUS, a. [from raven.] Furioudy
voracious ; hungry to rage. Shakeſpeare.

RA VENOUSLY. ad. [from ravtnou:.
With fdging ; voracity,

RAVENOUSNESS. ʃ. [from rav:mus. :\ R .ge for prey ; furious voracity. Hale.

RAUGHT. the ojd prct. and p^rt. pafl", of

RA'VIN. ʃ.
1. Prey
; food gotten by violence.
2. Rapine
; rapscioufnef?. Ray.

RA'VINGLY. ad. [from rat/e.] With frenzy
; with diftraction. Sidney.

RA'TTLEHEADED. ff. [rattle ^nA bead "[To RAVISH. v. a, [r^i/jV, Fr.]
Giddy ; not fteady

RA'TTLESNAKE. ʃ. A kind of ferpcnt.

RATTLESNAKE Root. ſ. A plant, a native
of Virginia ; the Indians ufe it as a
certain remedy againft the bite of a rattlefnake.


RA'TTOON. ʃ. A Weft Indian fox.

To RA'VAGE. v. a. [ravager, Fr.] To
lay wafte ; to fack ; to ranfack ; to fpoil
; to pillage ; to plunder. Addison.

RA'VAGE. ʃ. [railage, Fr.] Spoil ; ruin ;
wafte. Dryden.
1. To conftuprate by fori.e. Shakeſpeare.m
2. To takeaway by violence. Shakeſpeare.
3. To delight ; to rapture ; to tranfport.

RA'VISHER. ʃ. [ravijtur, Fr.]
1. He that embraces a woman by vio«
lence. Taylor.
2« One who takes any thing by violence.
Pope. .

RAVI'SHMENT. ʃ. [raviffemtnt, Fr. from
1. Violation ; 2. Tranfport
violence on the mind
forcible conftupratiorj.
pture ; ccflafy
; pjeafing

RA'VAGER. ʃ. [from ravage.'^ PIunderer; RAW. a. [hji??p, Sax. rowzu, Dut
fpoiler. Swift.

RAU'CITY. ʃ. [raucm^ Lat.] Hoarfenefs ; loud rough noife. Bacon.

To RAVE. v.t:. [reven, Dutch ; rtver.
1. To be delirious ; to talk irratijonally,
Government of the Tongue.
2« To burft out into furious exclamations
as if mad. Sandys.
3. To be unreafonably fond. Locke.

To RA'VEL. v. a. [ra've.'en, Dot.]
1. Not fubdued by the fire.
2. Not cover.ed with the ikin.
3. Sore.
4. Immature ; unripe.
5. Unfeafoned ; unnpe in fkill. Raleigh.
6. New. Shakeſpeare.
7. BIeak ; chill. Spenſer.
8. Not conceded. Bacon.

RA'WBONED. a. [raw zri^ bone.] Having
booes fcarcely covered with flefh.
1. To entangle ; to entwift one with ano- RA'WHEAD. ſ. [raw and bead.] The
ther ; to make intricate - -- -—' ‘- . .- „ _ .
to involve ; to
2. To uiiweave ; to unknit : as, to ravel
cut a tiviji. Shakeſpeare.
3. To hurry over in confufion. Digby.

To RA'VEL. v. n.
1. To fall into perplexity or confufion.
2. To work in perplexity ; to bufy himname
of a fpedre. P'vden,

RA'WLY. ad. [from raw.]
1. In a raw manner.
2. Un/kilfully.
3. Newly. Shakeſpeare.

RA'WNESS. ʃ. [from raw.]
1. State of being raw. Bacon.
2. Un/kilfulnefs. Hakewill,
3. Hi(ty manner. Shakeſpeare.
felf with intricacies. Decay of Piety. Ray. ſ. [raie, Fr. radius, Lat.

; RAVELIN. ʃ. [French.] In forufi cation,
a work that confifts of two faces, that
make a falient angle, commonly called
half moon by the foldiers.

RA'VEN. ʃ. [.hjiaepn, SzxJnJ A large
black fowl. Boyle.

To RA'VEN. nj. a. [jisplan, Sax. to rob.]
To devour with great cagernefs and rapacity.
A beam of light. Milton. Newton.
2. Any iuftre corporeal or intellectual.
3. [/2j)'f, Fr. rj/a, Lat.] A fifh.
4. An herb.
To Ray. v. a. [rayer^ Fr.]
to mark in long lines.
To ftreak ; Shakeſpeare.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


Ray. for array,

RAZE. ʃ. [rayz, a root, Spanifh.] A root
of ginger. Shakeſpeare.

To RAZE. v. a. [rafus, Lat.]
1. To overthrow ; to ruin ; to fubvert.
2. To efface. Milton.
3. To extirpate. Shakeſpeare.

RA'ZOR. ʃ. [rafor, Lat.] A knife with
a thick blade and fine edge ufed in ftjaving-

RA'ZOURABLE. a, [from raxor.^ Fit to
be fiiaved. Shakeſpeare.

RA'ZORFISH. ʃ. A fifh. Careiv,

RA'ZUilE. ʃ. [r^fure, Fr.] Act of eraf.
- ing. Shakeſpeare.

RE. Is an infeparable particle ufed by the
Latins, and from therri borrowefl by us to
clenote iterati. n or backward action : as,
return^ to come back ; refiercuffion^ the
act of driving back,

REA'CCESS. ʃ. [re and accefs,-] Vifit renewer,

To REACH. v. a. [fiscan, Saxon.]
1. To touch with the hand extended.
2. To arrive at ; to attain any thing diftant.
3. To fetch from feme place diftant, and
give. 2 Efdras.
4. To bring forward f;6m a diftant place.
5. To hold out ; to /Iretch forth. Hooker.
6 To attain ; to gain ; to obtain. Cheyne.
7. To transfer. Reive.
3. To penetrate to. > Locke.
9. To be adequate to, Locke.
1O. To exterid to, Addiſon.

II. To extend ; to fpread abroad. Milton.

To REACH, v. n.
1. To be extendci^. Boyle.
2. To be extended far, Shakeſpeare.
3. To penetrate. Addison.
4. To make efforts to attain. Locke.
5. To take in the hand. Milton.

REACH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Act of reaching or bringing by extenfion
of the hand.
2. Power of reaching or taking in the
hand. Locke.
3. Power of attainment or management.
4. Power ; jimit of faculties. JIddifon,
5. Contrivance ; artful fcheme 5 deep
thought. Hayward.
6. A fetch ; an artifice to attain fome diftant
advantage. Bacon.
7. Tendency to diflant confequences.
8. Extent. Milton.

To REACT. v. a. [re and aB.] To return
the impujfe or impreirjon.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


REA'CTION. ʃ. [rtan\on, Fr.] The rec
procation of any impulfe or force imprefl.
cd, made by the body on which fuch impreffion
is made: action and reafiton nc

READ. ʃ. [ji£E.o, Sax.]
1. Counfel. Sternhold,
1. Saying ; faw. Spenſer.

To READ. v. a. pret. read, part. palT.
read. []Tff't>, Sax.]
1. To perufe any thing written.
Shakeſpeare. Pope. .
2. To difcover by characters or marks.
3. To learn by obfcrvation. Shakeſpeare.
4. To know fully. Shakeſpeare.

To READ. v.n.
1. To perform the act of perufing writing.
2. To be ftudious in books, Taylor.
3. To know by reading. Swift.

READ, particip. a. Skilful by reading.

REA'DINC. ʃ. [from read.]
1. Study in books ; perufal of bookr,
2. A If ft u re ; a preleftion,
3. Publick recital. Hooker,
4. Variation of copies. Arbuthnot.

READE'PTION. ʃ. [re and adeptut, Lat.]
Recovery ; eft of regaining. Bacon.

REA'DER. ʃ. [from read^.
1. One that perufes a-ay thing written.
Ben. Johnson.
2. One fludious in books. Dryden.
3. One whofe office is to read prayers in
churches. Swift.

REA'DERSHIP. ʃ. [iiorcKTcader.] The
office of reading prayers. Swift.

REA'DILY. ad. [from ready. ‘\ Expeditefy ; with iittlff hinderance or delay. South.

REA'DINESS. ʃ. [from ready.]
1. Expeditenefs ; promptitude. South.
2. The flate-of being ready or fit for any
thing. Clarenden.
3. Facility ; freedom from hinderance or
obftruction. Holder.
4. Stale of b'jing willing or prepared,

READMI'SSION. ʃ. [re and admiffm.]
The act of admitting again. Arbuthnot.

To REA'DMIT. v. a. [re and admit.] To
let in again. Milton.

To READO'RN. v. a. [re and ador^.] To
decorate again ; to deck a-new. Blackmore.

REA'DY. a. [redo, Swedifh ; h;ia.&e, nimble,
1. Prompt ; not delayed. Tewpfe,
2. Fit for a purpofe ; not to feek.
3. P/epared; accommodated to any defign.
Milton. .
4. Willing ; eager, Spenser.
5. Being

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


5. Being at the point ; not dii?ant ; near.
6. Being at hand ; next to hand.
7. Facil ; eafy ; opportune ; near.
8. Qn^ick
; not done with hefitation.
9. Exjfdite ; nimble ; not embarrafTed ;
not flow. Watti,
10. To wdit? Ready. To make precarationy.

REA'DY. ad. Readily ; fo as not to need
delay. Numh:ri.

REA'DY,. ʃ. Ready money. A low word.

REAFFI'RMANCE. ʃ. [rrand ojfi'mance.]
Second confirmation. Ayhffc,

RE'AL. a. [jee;^ Fr. r^fl/Vi, Latin.]
1. Relating to things not pcifons ; not
perlonal. Bacon.
2. Not fi£^itious
; not imaginary ; true ;
genu in.;, Glanville.
3. I ‘aw, confiflJng of things immoveable,
as hnd. Child.

RE'ALGAR. ʃ. A m-nrra). Bacon.

REA Ll I Y. ʃ. [rtahe,, Fr.]
1. rruiii 5 vcntyj what is, not what
merely fKcms. Addison.
2. Something intrinfically important.

To RE'ALIZE. -a. a. [realifer, Fr.]
1. To brmj in;o being or a€i.
2. To conv» t money into land.

RE'ALLY. .-/ [from r^"/.]
1. With aiiual exiftence. South.
2. la truth i truly ; nat feemimgly.
3. It is a flight corroboration of an rpinion.

REALM. ʃ. [roiaulme, Fr.]
1. A !c .gdom ; a Icing's dom'nion.
2. Kuigiy goverpTT.ePit. Pufe,

REALTY. ʃ. L' ,ilty.

REAfvT. ʃ. [rame, Fr. riem, Dutch.] A
bundle of paper containing twenty quirft.

To REA'NIMATE. v. a. [re and ar.mo,
Lat.] To revive ; lo reflorc to life; Glarfvillc.

To REANN^'X. «. a. [re and ar.nex.] To
annex again. Bacon.

To REAP. v. a. [ji.'pan, Saxon.]
1. To cut cor;, at harveft. ii^kefpeare,
2. To gather ; 10 obtain. Hooker.

To REAP. v. n. To harveft. Pfa!m:,

REA'FER. ʃ. ( from reap.] One that cuts
corn at harveft. Sjr:d.

REA'PINGHOOK. ʃ. [reaping and l^ook.]
A hook uftd to cut corn in harveft. D/v(it?«,

REAR. ʃ. larriere, Fr.]
1. The hinder troop of an army, or the
hinder line of a fleer. AW/ci
2. The laft dafs. ?cacham\

REAR. a. [hpepe, Saxon.]
1. Raw ; half roafted ; half fodden.
2. Early. A provincial word. Gay.

To REAR. v. a. [ajiaepin, Saxon.]
1. To raife up. I Efdras,
2. To lift up from a fall, iip^nfer,
3. To move upwards. Muton,
4. To bring up to maturity. Bacon.
5. To educate ; to inftruct^ Southem,
6. To exjlc; to clevue. Prior.
7. To -oufe
; to ftir up. Dryden.

REA'RWARD. ʃ. [from rear.]
1. The laft troop. Sidney.
2. The end ; the tail ; a train behind.
3. The latter part. Sh^kelpean,

REA'RMOUSE. ʃ. [hpfji-mup, Sax.] The
leather-wnged bat. Ahbot,

To REASCE'ND. v. v. [re and afcend. 1
To climb again.

To REASCE'N'D. v. a. To mount again

REA'SON. ʃ. [raifon, Fr.]
1. ‘i'he power by which man deduces onpropofition
from another, or proceeds from
premifes to coafcquences. Milton.
2. Caufe ; ground or principle. Milton.
{. Caufe efficient. Hale.
4. Final caufe. Locke.
5. Argument ; ground of perfuafion ; motiv6.
_ _
6. Ratiocination ; difcurfive power.
7. Clearnefs of faculties. Shakeſpeare.
8. Right ; jufiice. Spenſer.
9. Realuodbie claim
; juft praflito
10. Rarionale
; juft account. Boyle.
11. Moderation
; moderate demands.
_ AidiC<m,

To REa'SON. v. n. [raifonner, Fr.]
1. To argue rationally ; to deduce confequcnces
juftly from premifes. Locke.
2. To debate ; to difcou/fe ; to taik ; to
take or give an accoi.nt. Shakefpearg,
3. To raiic difquifuions ; to make enqui-
‘‘«= MiliOK,

To REA'SON. v. a. To examine rationa'l^-

REA'SONABLE. a. [raifon, Fr.]
1. Having the faculty of reafon ; endued
with reafon. Sidney.
2. Acting, fpeaking or thinking rational
Jy. Hayward.
3. Juftj rational ; agreeable to reafon,
4. Not immoderate. Shakeſpeare.
5. Tolerable ; being in mediocrity.''
Sidney. Abbot.


Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


REA'SONABLENESS. ʃ. [from reafona.
1. The faculty of reafon.
2. Agreeablenefs to reafon. Clarenden.
g. Moderation.

REA'SONABLY. ad. [from njjonable.]
1. Agreeably to reafon. Dryden.
2. Moderately; in a degree reaching to
mediocrity. Bacon.

REA'SONER. ʃ. [raifonneur, Fr.] One who
reafons ; an arguer. B'.ackmore.

REA'SONING. ʃ. [from reafon, ] Argument.

REA'SONLESS. a, [from reafon.] Void
of reafon, Shakeſpeare.

To REASSE'MBLE. v. a. [«and ajfemble.]
To colka anew, Milton.

To REASSE'RT. v. a. [re and ajfert.] To
affert anew. Atterbury.

To REASSU'ME. i/. a. [reaJfumo, Latin.]
To refume ; to take again. Denham.

To REASSU'RE. v. a. iraffurer, Fr.] To
free from fear; to reftore from t^rrour,

REATE. ʃ. A kind of long fmall grafs that
grows in water, and comphcates itfelf together.

To REAVE, v. a, pret. reft. [jiajpiaB,
Saxon.] To take away by ftealth or violence.

To REBA'PTIZE. v. a. [rebaptifery Fr. re
^nA baptii^e.] To baptize again. Aj/liffe,

REBAPTIZA'TION. ʃ. [rebaptifation, Fr.]
Renewal of baptifm. Hooker.

To REBA'TE. v- « [rebattre,¥t.] To blunt
; to beat to obtufenefs ; to deprive of keennefs.

RE'BECK. ʃ. [rebec, Fr. ribec.ca, Italian.]
A three ftringed fiddle. Milton.

RE'BEL. ʃ. [rebelle, Fr. rebellh, Lat.] One
who oppofes lawful authority.
Shakeſpeare. Fenton.

To REBE'L. v. « . [rebello, Lat.] To rife in
oppofition againft lawful authority. Shakef.

REBE'LLER. ʃ. [from rebel.] One that rebels.

REBE'LLION. ʃ. [rebellion, French ; rebel-
Jio, Latin ; from rebel.] Infurrection againft
lawful authority. Milton.

REBE'LLIOUS. a. [from rebel] Opponent
to lawful authority, Deut. ix. 7.

REBE'LLIOUSLY. ad. [from rebellious.]
In oppofition to lawful authority. Camden.

REBE'LLIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from rebellious.]
The quality of being rebellious.

To REBE'LLOW. v. n. [re and bellow.]
1 To bellow in return ; to echo back a loud
noife. Dryden.

REBOA'TION. ʃ. [reboo, Latin.] The return
of a loud bellowing found.

To REBOU'ND. v. n. [rebondir, French; re
and hound.] To fpring back ; to be reverb.
ated ; to fly back, in confe«juence of

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


motion impreffed and refifled by a greater
}Ower. Newton.

To REBOU'ND. v. a. To reverberate ; to
beat back. Prior.

REBOU'ND. ʃ. [from the verb.] The act
of flying back in confequence of motion refifted
; refilition. Dryden.

REBU'FF. ʃ. [rebuffade, French 5 rebufo,
Italian.] Repercu,lfion
; quick and fudden
refiftance. Milton.

To REBUFF. v. a. [from the noun.] To
b?at back; to oppofe with fudden violence.

To REBUI'LD. v. a. [re and build.] To
reedify ; to reflore from demolition ; to

REBU'KABLE. a, [from reiuke.] Worthy
of reprehenfion. Shakeſpeare.

To REBU'KE. v. a. [reboucher, French.]
To chide; to reprehend ; to leprefs by
objurgation. Heb.xVui^,

REBU'KE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Reprehenfion; chiding expreffion ; ob-
-jurgation. Pope. .
2. In low langviage, it fignifies any kind
of check. L'Eftrange.

REBU'KER. ʃ. [itova rebuke.] A chider
; a repiehender. Hofea v,

RE'BUS. ʃ. [rf^«i, Latin.] Awordreprefentedby
a pidture. Peacham.

To REBU'T. v. a. [rehutery Fr.] To retire
back. Spenſer.

REBUTTER. ʃ. An anfwer to a rejoinder.

ToRECA'LL. v. a. [re and call.] To call
back ; to call again ; to revoke. Hooker.

RECA'LL. ʃ. [from the verb.] Revocation
; act or power of calling back.

To RECA'NT. v. a. [recanto, Latin.] To
retract ; to recall ; to contradict what one
has once faid or done. Swift.

RECANTA'TION. ʃ. [from recant.] Retractation
; declaration contradictcry to a
former declaration. Stillingflea,

RECA'NTER. ʃ. [from recant.] One who
recants. Shakeſpeare.

To RECAPI'TULATE. v. a. [recapttuler,
Fr.] To repeal again diftinctly ; to detail
again. More,

RECAPITULA'TION. ʃ. [from recapitu.
late.] Detail repeated ; diftinct repetition
of the principal points. South.

RECAPI'TULATORY. a. [from recapitulate.]
Repeating again.

To RECA'RRY. v. a. [re and carry.] To
carry back. Wahon,

To RECE'DE. v. n. [rer^^o, Latin.]
1. To fall back ; to retreat. Bentley.
2. To defift. Clarendop.

RECEI'PT. ʃ. [receptum, Lat.]
1. The act of receiving. Wifemap,
2. The place of leceiving. Matthew.
3« A

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


3. A note given, by which meney Is acknowledged
to have been receirved.
4. Reception ; admiftion. Hooker
5. Reception ; welcome. Sidney.
6. Prefcription of ingredients for any compofition.

RECEI'VABLE. a. [from rfc^/ir. ; Capable
nf being received.

To RECEI'VE. v. d. [^reccvoir, Fr. rcclpio,
1. To take or obtain any thinj^ as due.
2. To take or obtain from another.
3. To take any thing communicated.
4. To embrace intellectually. Locke.
5. To allow. Hooker.
6. To admit. Pfa!ms. IVotts,
7. To take as into a vefle). ^Ss,
8. To take into a place or ftate. Mark,
9. To conceive in the mind ; to take intellectually.
10. To entertsin as a gueft. Mi/tor,

RECEI'VEDNESS. ʃ. [from received.] General
allowance. £oyle,

RECEI VER. ʃ. [receveur, Fr.]
1. One to whom any thing is communtcated
by another. Donne.
2. One to whom any thing is given or
paid. Spratt.
3. One who partakes of the blefled facra-
ment. Taylor.
4. One who cooperates with a robber, by
taking the goods which he Aeals.
5. The veffel into which fplrits are emitted
from the ftill, Blackmore.
6. The veflTci of the air pump, out of
which the air is drawn, and which therefore
receives any body on which experiments
are tried. Bentley.

To RECE'LEBRATE. i'. a. [re and celebrate.]
To celebrate anew. B.JobrJin.

RE'CENCY. ʃ. [rccens, Lat.] Newnefs ; new ftate. Wiseman.

REC'.E'NSION. ʃ. [rectrfio, Lat. ; Enumeration
; review, Evelyn.

RECENT, a, [mens, Lat.]
1. New ; not of long cxiftence.
2. Late ; not antique. Bacon.
3. Frefti ; not long oifmined from. Pof:e.

RE'CENTLY. ad. [from recent.] Newly ; freftly. uArbuthnot.

RECE'NTNESS. ʃ. [from ricent] Newnrfs
; frefhuef's. Hale.

RECE'PTACLE. ʃ. [rec^ptaculurr., Latin.]
A vefTel or place into which any thing is
received. Spenser.

RECEPTJBI'LITY. ʃ. [receptus, Latin.]
Poflibiiity of receiving, GJawille,

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


RE'CEPTARY. ʃ. [rcccptus, Lat.] Thing
received. Brown.

RECE'PTION. ʃ. [rccrptus, Lat.]
1. The act of reccivirig. Brown.
2. The ftate of being received.
3. Ad'mifhon of any thing communicated.
4. Readmifllon. Mdtvn,
5. The act of containing. Addiſon.
6. Treatment at fii ft coming ; welcome; entertainment. Hammond.
7. Opinion generally admitted. Locke.
8. Recovery. Bacon.

RE'CEPTIVE. a, [rcceptus, Lat.] Having
the quaJity of admitting what is communicated.

RE'CEPTORY. a. [nc^ptus, Lat. ; Generally
or popularly admitted. Brown.

RECE'SS. ʃ. [recefus, Lat.]
1. Retirement ; retreat} withdrawing ; feceffion. Prior.
2. Departure. Glanville.
3. PIace of retirement
; place of fecrecy; private abode. Milton.
4. Perhaps an abftract.
5. Departure into privacy. Milton.
6. Remifhon or fufpenfion of any procedure.
7. Removal to diftance. Brown.
8. Privacy ; fecrecy of abode. Dryden.
9. Secret part. Hammond.

RECESSION. ʃ. [receff:o,UU] The act
of retreating.

To RECHA'NGE. v. a, [rechanger, Fr.]
To change again. Dryden.

To RECHA'RGE. v. a. [recharger, Fr.]
1. To accufe in return. Hooker.
2. To attack anew. Dryden.

RECHEA'T. ʃ. Among hunters, a ieffon
which the huntfman winds on the horn,
when the hounds have loft their game.

RECIDIVA'TION. ʃ. [recidivus, Latin.]
Backlliding ; falling again. Hammond.

RECIDI'VOUS. a, [recidivus, Lat.] Subje< fl to fall again.

RE'CIPE. ʃ. [recipe, Lat.] A medical prefcription.

RECIPIENT. ʃ. [reripient, Lat.]
1. The receiver ; that to which any thing
is communicated. Gtantille.
2. The veffel into which fpirits are driven
by the ftill. Decjy of Piety,

RECI'PROCAL. a. [recitrocus, Lat.]
1. Acting in vicifhtude ; alternate. Milft
2. Mutual ; done by each to each.
3. Mutually interchangeable, Watu,
4. Reciprocal proportion is, when, in four
numbers, the fourth number is fo much
Itffer than the fecond, as the third is greater
th.a the firft, aad vice verfa.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


RECI'PROCALLY. ad. [from ren'p'-ocal.]
Muruaily; interchangeably. Newton.

RECI'PROCALNESS. ʃ. [from reciprocal.]
Mutual return ; ahernatcnefs.
Decay of Piety.

To RECIPROCATE, v. n. [reciprocus,
Latin.! To aft interchangeably ; to alternate.
. -^T

[reciprocatio, from
reciprocus, Latin.] AUernation ; aft.on mterchanged.
^ ^^^'^Tc

RECISION. ʃ. [recijui, Latin.] The a« ot
cutting oft".

RECI'TAL. ʃ. [from recite.-]
1. Repetition ; rehearfal. Addiſon.
2. Enumeration. Prior.

RECITA'TION. ʃ. [from recite.] Repetition
; rehearral. Hammond.

RE'CITATIVE. ? /. [from renVe.] A kind

RECITATi'VO. S ^^ tuneful pronuciation,
more rnufical than common fpeech,
and lefs than fongj chaunt. Dryden.

ToRECI'TE. ‘v.a. [r^aVo, Latin.] To rehearfe; to repeat : to enumerate"; to tell

RECI'TE. ʃ. Recital. "Temple.

To RECK. v.r. [j\ecan,Saxon.] To care ;
to heed : to mind,; to rate at much.
Sptnjer. M.'Iion.

To RECK. ʃ. a. To heed ; to care for.

RE'CKLESS. a. [peccelear, Saxon.] Care-
Jefs 5 heedlefs; mindlefs. Shakefp. Cowley.

RE'CKLESNESS. ʃ. [from reck.] Careleffnefs ;
neglieence. j| ^'^"^y-

To RE'CKON. v. a. f
jieccan, Saxon.]
1. To number ; to count. Crapaiv,
2. To efteem ; to account. Hooker.
3. To affion in an account. Romans,

To RE'CKON. To «.
1. To compute ; to calculate. ^ddifon.
2. To ftate an account. Shakeſpeare.
3. To charge to account. Ben. Johnʃon.
4. To pay a penally. Sanderjon.
5. To call to punifhment. lilhtjun.
6. To lay ftrefs or dependence upon.

RE'CKONER. ʃ. [from rechn.] One who
computes ; one who calculates coll.

RE'CKONING. ʃ. [from rechn.]
1. Computation; calculation.
2. Account of time. .
‘1. Accounts of debtor and creditor.
-. Daniel.
4. Money charged by an hoft. Shakeʃp.
r. Account taken. z King.
6. Efteem ; account; eRimztion. Looker.

ToRECLAl'M. v. a. [m/^mo, Latin.]
1. To reform; tocorrea. Brown.
2. \Rec!amer,^e] To reduce to the ftate

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


3. To recall ; to cry out againft. Dryden.
4. To tarnc. Dryden.

To RECLI'NE. ‘v.a. [reclino, Latin.] To
lean back ; to lean fide wife. Addiſon.

To RECLI'NE. v. a. To refl ; to repofe ; to lean.

RECLINE, a, [reciinis, Latin.] In a leaning
poftuie. Milton.

To RECLO'SE. v. a. [re and clojc] To
dole again. Pope. .

To RECLU'DE. v. a. [recludc, Latin.] To
open. Harvey.

REClU'SE. a. [reclus, Fr. reclufus, Lat.]
Shut up; retiied. Decay 0f Piety.

RECOAGULA'TJOM. ʃ. Second coagula-
Hori. Boyle.

RECO'GNISANCE. ʃ. [recognifance, Fr.]
1. Acknowledgment of perlon or thing.
2. Badge. Hooker. Shakeſp.
3. A feond of record teftifying the recognifor
to owe un'o the recognifee a certain
fum of money acknowledged in fonne court
of record. Cowel.

To RECOGNI'SE. v. a. [recognofco, Lat.]
1. To acknowledge; to recover and avow
knowledge of any perfon or thing. Dryden.
2. To review; to reexamine. South.

RECOGNISEE'. ʃ. He in whofe favcir the
bond is drawn.

RECO'GNISOR. ʃ. He who gives the recognifance.

RECOGNITION. ʃ. [recognitio, Latin.]
1. Review ; renovation of knowle(^ge.
2. Knowledge confefled, Greiv,
3. Acknowledgment. Bacon.

To RECOI'L. v. a. [reculer, French.]
1. To rufh back in confequence of refiftance.
2. To fall back. Spenser.
3. To fail ; to fhrink. Shakeſpeare.

To RECOI'N. <!/. a. [re and coin.] To coin
over y^ain. Addisʃon.

RECOI'NAGE. ʃ. [re and coinage.] The
^£1 ut coining anew. Bacon.

To RECOLLE'CT. v. a. [recolleBus, Lat.]
1. To recover to memory. Waits,
2. To recover reafun or refolution. Dryd.
3. To gather what is fcattered ; to gather
again. Boyle.

RECOLLE'CTION. ʃ. [from recolha.] Recovery
of notion ; revival in the memory.

To RECO'MFORT. v. a. [re and comfort.]
1. To c mfort or confole again. Sidney.
?. To give new ftrength. ‘ Bacon.

To RECOMME'NCE. v. a. [recommncer,
To begin anew.

To RECOMME'ND. v. a. [recommender,
1. To praife to another.
2. To make acceptable, Dryden.
3. T

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


3. To commit with prayer?. A^i.

RECOMME'NDABLE. a. [rscommend^bl',
French.] Worthy of recommendation or
praife. Glanville.

RECOMMENDATION. ʃ. [recommendation,
1. The act of recommending,
2. That which fecurcs to one a kind reception
from ariorher. Dryden.

RECOMME'NDATORY. a, [from ruommend.]
That wh ch commends 10 another.

RECOMMENDER. ʃ. [from recommend.]
One who recommends. yltterbury.

To RECOMMIT. vaJ. [re ini commit.]
To commit anew. C orendon.

To RECOMPA'CT. v. a. [re and compaEf.]
To join anew. Donne.

To RECOMPE'NSE. n/.a. [recompenfery
1. To repay ; to requite, 2 Cbron.
2. To give in requital. Rom.
3. To compenfatc ; to make up by fomething
equivalent. Knolles.
4. To redeem ; to pay for. Numb.

RE'COMPENSE. ʃ. [recomp:r.fe, French.]
Equivalent ; conn.penfation. Clarenden.

RECOMPI'LEMENT. ʃ. [re and compilement.]
New compilement. Bacon.

To RECOMPO'SE. v. a. [rccompofer, ?r.]
1. To fettle or quiet anew. Taylor.
2. To form or adjuft anew. Boyle.

RECOMPOSl'TION. ʃ. Compofition renewed,

ToRECONCI'LE. v. a. [reconciUer, Fr.]
1. To make to like again. Shakeʃp.
2. To make to be liked aga'n, Clartnd.
3. To make any thing confiftent. Locke.
4. To reftore to favour. Ezekiel.

RECONCI'LEABLE. a. [reccficiliable, Fr.]
1. Capable of renewed kindnefs,
2. Confiftent ; poffible to be made confident.

RECONCI'LEABLENESS. ʃ. [from r^cj/jci/
1. Confidence ;
poffibility to be reconciled.
2. Difpofition to renew love.

RECONCILEMENT. ʃ. [from reccncilc.]
s. Reconciliation ; renewal of kindnefs ;
favour reftored. Milton.
2. Friendfhip renewed. Sidney.
RECONCILr-R. ſ. [from reconcile.]
1. One who renews friendfhip between
2. One who difcovers the confidence between
proDrjfuions. Nortis.
RECONCILIA TION. ʃ. [reconcUiatio, Lat.]
1. Renewal of friendfhip.
2. Agreement of things fseming'y oppofite.
|. Atonement 3 expiatioa« ILbr,

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


To RECONDE'NSE. v. a. [re and condenfe.]
To conaenfe anew,

RECO'NDITE. a. [reconJitus, Uu] Secret
; profound; abftrufe. F'lt.n,

To RECONDUCT. v. a. [reconduity-^t.]
To conduft again.
To RECONJOI N. 1/. a. [re and conj-ir,.]
‘Jo join anew. ‘ Boyle.

To RECO'NQyER. v. a. [ruonquerir.Vr.]
To C'nquer auain, Duviei,

To RECONVENE. v. a. [re in6 c.nvcn:]
To aH'emble ?ne.v. Clarendon.

To RECONSECRATE, a;, a. [reindconftcrote]
To confec.ateanew. Ayliffe.

To RECONVE'V. v. a, [re ZTii convey.]
T" convey again. Durham.

To RECO'RD. v. a. [recordor^hztu.]
1. To legirter any thing fo that irs memory
may not be lof}. Shakeſpeare.
2. To celebrate ; to caufe to be remembered
lolemnly. Fairfax.

RECO'RD. ʃ. [record^ French.] Regi<ler ; aulhrntick rriemoria). Shakefpeare.

RECORDATION. ʃ. [rccordatio,L^vv.]
R< membrance. Shakeſpeare.

1. One whofe buHnefs is to regifter any
events. Denne.
2. Thekeeper of tberollsina city. Swift.
3. A kind of flute ; a wind inftrument.
ToRECOU'CH. v.n. [re and couch.] To
li^ down agiin. U'ctron,

To RECO'VER. v. a. [recowvrer, French.]
1. To reflorc from ficknefs or diforder.
2. To repair. Rogers.
3. To regain. Kroles.
4. To rcleafe. a Tim.
5. To attain ; to reach ; to come up to.

To RECO'\'ER. v. a. To grow weii from
a difeifr. Mt::oii.

RECO'VERABLE. a. [recoui>rahh,YT.]
1. I'.flible to be refl red from ficknefs.
2. PoUib'e to be regaiseJ. CUnrJont

RECO'VERY. ʃ. [from r, cover.]
3. The act of cutting off an entail.

To RECOUNT, v.a. [rfrorr^r, French.]
To relate in detail ; to tell dilfmftly.

RECOU'NTMENT. ʃ. [from recount.] Relation; recital. Shakeſpeare.

RECOU'RED, for Recovered.

RECOURSE. ʃ. [recu'Jus, Latin.]
1. Frcqu'-nt paiijge. Shakeſpeare.
2. Return ; new attack. Brozv,-!,
3. Application as for he'p or prote^Mijc.
fl ‘otton,
4. Accefs, Shakeſpeare.
5 H RE/.
1. ReAoration from fu kiicfs.
2. Power or act of regaiiing.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


RE'CREANT. a^ [rccriant, French.]
1. Cowardly ; meanfpirited ; fubdued ; crying out for mercy. Spenſer.
2. Apoftate; falfe. Mi ion.

To RE'CREATE. c;. a. [recre9,Latin.]
1. To refrefh after toil ; to amufe or divert
in wearinefi'. Taylor. Dryden.
2» To delight ; to gratify. More.
3. To relieve ; to revive. Eafjcy,
RtCREA'TION. /, [from recreate.]
1. Relief after toil or pain ; amufement
in forrow oyJiHrefs. Sidney.
2. RefrelKri^nt ; amufement ; diverfion,

RE'CREATIVE a. [from recreate.] Refreihing
; giving relict afcer labour or pain ;
amufing ; dtvertinj'.'-: Taylor.

RE'CREATIVENESS. ʃ. [from recreaitye.]
The quality of being recreative,

RE'GREMEMT. ʃ. [rccrementum, Latin.]
Drofs ; fpume ; I'uperfluous or ufelefs parts.

RECREME'NTAL. v. a. [from recre.
^ RECREMENTI'rIOUS.5 mnt.] DrofTy.

To RECRIMINATE, v. v. [re and cimir.
or, Latin.] To return one accufation with
another. Stillingfleet.

To RECRI'MINATE. v. a. To accufe in
retu-n. South.

RECRIMINATION. f. {rccrirrar.dlisn, Fr.]
Return of one accufation with another.
Gov. of the Tongue.

RECRJMINA'TOR. ʃ. [from recriminate.]
He that returns one charge with another,

RECRUDE'SCENT. a. [recrudefcens,hzU]
Growing painful or violent again.

To RECRUIT. v. a. [recrutcr, French.]
1. To repair any thing wafted by newfupplies.
Dryden. Ntioton,
2. To fupply an army with new men.

To RECRUIT. v. n. To raife new folclierf.

RECRUIT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Supply of any thing wafted. Clarenden.
2. New foldiers. Dryden.
RICTA NGLE. ſ. [reaangle, Fr. reBanguius,
Latin.] A figure which has one angle
or more of ninety degrees. Locke.

RECTA'NGULAR. a. [reBui, and angu.
lus, Latin.] Right angled ; having angles
of ninety degrees. Wotton.
RECrA'NGULARLY. ad. [from rf<F?^«-
^ular.] With right angles. Brown.

RE'CTffIABLE. o, [Irom rcaify-] Capabic
tu be let right. Brown.

RECTIFICATION. ʃ. [reBification, Fr.]
1. The act of fetting right wftat is wrong.
Fot bes,
2. In chymiftry, reBifcanon is drawing any
thing over again by difhllation, to make it
vet h!|;,her or finer. H'^iurcy.
To RE'CTIFY. V, a. [reBfer, French.]
1. To make right ; to reform ; to redrefa
2. To exalt and improve by repeated diftillation.

RECTILINEAR. v. a. [reBus and hnea,

RECTILI'NEOUS. S Latin.] Confining of
right lines. ‘ Newton.

RE'GTITUDE. ʃ. [reBirude, French.]
1. Straitnefs; notcutvity.
2. Rightnefs ; uprighmefs ; freedom from
moral curvity or obliquity. King Charles.

RE'CTOR. ʃ. [fcBcur', French.]
1. Ruler ; lord ; governour. j^yiiffe,
2. Parfon of an unimpropriated parifh.

RECTORSHIP. ʃ. [reSorat, Fr. from rector,']
The rank or office of reftor.

RE'CTORY,. ʃ. [from reBor.] A rcBory
or parfonage is a fpiritual living, compofed
of land, tithe and other oblations of the
people, feparate or dedicated to God in any
congregation for the fervice of his church
there, and for the maintenance of the mini
fter thereof. Spelman.

RECUBATION. ʃ. [r^ra, Latin.] The
act of lying or leaning. Brown.

RECU'LE, for Recoil, [reculer, Trtnch,;

RECU'MBENCY. ʃ. [from rccumient.]
1. The pofture of lying or leaning. Brown.
2. Reft; repofe. Locke.

RECU'MBENT. a. [rettf»2^m, Latin.] Lying ; leaning, Arbuthnot.

To RECU R. To «. [rzcurro, Latin.]
1. To come back to the thought ; to revive
in the mind. Calamy.
2. [i?ffe«r/V, Fr.] To have recourfe to ;
to take refuge in, Locke.

To RECU'RE. v. a. [re and cure.] To recover
from ficknefs or labour. Spenser.

RECU'RE. ʃ. Recovery ; remedy. Knolles.

RECU'RRENCE. 7 /, [from recurrent, ]

RECU'RRENCY. ʃ. Return, Brown.

RECU'RRENT. a. [recurrent, Fr. recurrem,
Latin.] Returning from time to time.

RECU'RSION. ʃ. [rm/'/w, Latin.] Return,

RECURVATION. 7 /, [recurve, Latin..

RECU'RVITY. S Flexure backward?.

RECU'RVOUS. a. [recwvus, Latin.] Bent
backward. Denham.

RECU'SANT. ʃ. [recufms, Latin.] One
that refufts any terms of communion or
fociety. Clarenden.

To RECU'SE. v.n. [rfrj//o, Latin.] To refute,
A juridical word. ^'ih'

RED. a. [pcd, Saxon ; rhud, WelOi.] Of
the colour oi blood, of one of the primitive
colours, Newton.

ToREDA'RGUE. v. a. [redarguo,Utin.]
To refute. HakewUl.

RE'DEERRIEDy^Aw^ f.-#j. ſ. A plant. .

REDBREAST. ʃ. A (n^^V bird, Co named
from the colour of its breaft. Thom'on.

RE DCOAT. /, A name of contempt for a
foldier. Dryden.

To RE'DDEN. v. a. [from r.^.] To make
red. Dryden.

To RE'DDEN. T/.ff. To grow red. Pope. .

RE'DDISHNEiS. ʃ. [from rejdrjh.] Tendency
to redr.c/s. ^'j/j.

REDDI'TION. ʃ. [from rfd^j, Latin.] Reftitution.

RE'DDITIVE. a. [redJiti'vut^Uiin.] Anfwering
to an inrerrogative.

RE'DDLE. ʃ. A fort of mineral of the metal
kind, of a tolerably dole and even texture :
itisfoft and undluous to the touch, remarkably
heavy, and its colcur of a fine florid,
though not very deep red. Ijtll,

REDE. ʃ. [pi'D, Saxon.] Counfel ; adviccv

To REDE. v. a. [ji3t bin, Saxon.] To advITe.

To REDEEM. v. a. [xdhno, Latin. ; 1. To ranibm; to relieve from any thing
by paying a price. Rutb.
2. To refcue ; to recover. Shakeſp.
3. To recompenfe ; to coirpenfale ; to
make amends for, Shaks peare.
4. To pay an atonement. Shakeſpeareajp.
5. To fave the world from the curie of im,
All ton.

REDEEMABLE. ʃ. [from redeem,'^ Capable
of redempt'on.

REDEE'MABLENESS. ʃ. [from r^i^^mable.]
The Ibie of being redeemable.

REDEE'MER. ʃ. [innxred^tm]
1 . One who ranfoms or redeems. Spenſer.
2. The Saviour of the world. Shakeʃp.

To REDELIVER. v. a. [re and delvcr.'[
To deliver back. ^y^'fi^'

REDELIVERY. ʃ. [from redeliver.'^ The
iSt of delivering back.

To REDEMA'ND. -z/.a. [redemarder, Fr.]
To demand back. Addiſon.

REDEMPTION. f. {redemption,^t, redarptioy
1. Ranfomj r-Ifafe. M:It:t.
2. Purchaie of God's favour by the death
of Chrift. Shakeſpeare.

REDE'MPTORY. a. [from redimptui, Lat.]
Paid for ranfcm. Chapman.

REDHOT. a. [red ^ni hot.] Heated to rednefs,
Baconi. Newton.

REDI'NTECRATE. <2.];rf^jW^rftr«5, Lat.]
Rertored ; renewed ; made new. Eacon.

REDINTEGRA TION. ʃ. [from redmugrafe.]
1. Renovatii.n ; refioration, D.rfPie.y.
2. Redintegration, chymifts call therefloring
any mixed body or matter, whofe form
has been deftroyed, to its farmer nature
and conftitution. Boyle.

RE'DLEAD. ʃ. [rf^and lad.] Minium.

RE'DNE'S. ʃ. [from red.] The qmli^ of
being red. Shakeſpeare.

REDOLENCE. 7/. [from reddent.] Sweet

RE'DOLENCY. ; fcent. Boyle.

RE'DOLENT. a. [reddens, Latin.] Sweet
ot fcenr. Sd'idys,

To REDOU'BLE. v. a. [redou/>/er,FrtinrU. ;
1. To repeat often. Spenſer.
2. To encreafe by addition of the lam:
tty ovf.T and over. Addiſon.

ToRcDUUBLE. v.n. To become twice
as much. yiddi'on.

REDOU'BT. ʃ. [redcute, Fr. riAottj, l(i\.]
The outwork of a fortification ; a fortrefs.

REDOU'BTABLE. a. [redoubtable, Frcn.]
Formid'b'e ; terrible to foes, P pt.

REDOL' BTED. a. [redouble, F.] Dread ; awful ; formidable. Spenser.

To REDOU'ND. v. n. [redundo, Latin.]
1. To befenc back by reatlion. Milton.
2. To conduce in the confequence. u'ld if.
3. To fall in the confequence. ySddifon,

To REDRE'SS. v. a. [r^t/r^cr, F.encr.]
1. To fet right ; to amend. Mil-on,
2. To reiieve ; to remedy ; to cafe. Sidney.

REDP.E SS. ʃ. [from the verb ]
1. Reformation ; amendment, Hooker.
2. Relief; remedy. Bacon.
3. One who gives relief. Dryden.

REDRE'SSIVE. a. Succouring; affording
remedy, Their2''on,

To REDjEA'R. v. n. If iron be too hot,
it will redfear, that is, break undrr the
hammer. Moxon.

REDSHANK. ʃ. [r?d aoLJhank.] A bird.

RE'DSTREAK. ʃ. [rr^ and/r^tf,^.]
1. An apple ; cyder fjuit. Mortimer.
2. Cyder preiled from the redilreak. Smith.

To REDU'CE. "J. a. [reduco, Latin.]
‘I. To bring back. Shakeſpeare.
2. To bring to the former flate. Milan.
3. To reform from any diforder, Clarend.
4. To bring into any itatc of diminution.
5. To degrade ; to impair in dignity.
6. To bring into any ftate of mifcry or
mearnefs. uirbvtknot.
7. To fubdue, Mdtrv,
8. To bring into any ftate more within
re^ch or power.
to . To> reclaim to order. Milton.

JO. To lubjcdl 10 a rule ; to bring into a

REDU'CEMENT. ʃ. The act of bring ng
both, fubduing, reforming or diniioilh at;.

REDU'CER. ʃ. [from reduce.] One thnrednefs.

REDU'CIBLE. a. [from r<ruW.j Polhbie
to be reduced, South.

REDUCIBL[i\ESS. ʃ. [from redudhU]
Q^jiity of being reducible. liorc,
5 H i RLDU'v:- ; fuperfluyiibutbrwt.

REDU'CTION. ʃ. [rccLB'ion, French.]
1. The act of reducing. i^-ak,
2. In arithmetick, ted.^'on brings two or
iiiore numbers of diflerent denominations.
inro onedenomination.

REDUCTIVE, a. [reduSif, French.] H.>v.
ins "^he power of reduci.og. Hale.

REDUCTiVELY. ad. By reduaion 5 by
crnfequence. Hammond.

REDU'N DANCE. 7 /. [redundantta, Lat.]

REDUNDANCY. ʃ. Superfluity} Cnptraound.
ince, Bacon.

REDU'NDANT. a. [r duvdjm, La'an.]
1. Superabundant} exuberant
2. Ufing more words or images than are
ufeful. ^>^«"J'

REDU'NDANTLY. ad. [frdmredundam.]
Superrtiioufly} fuperabundanfly.

To REDU PLICATE, v, a, [re and duplicate.]
To double.

REDUPLICATION. f. [from redvpulic3te.]
The z€t of doubl ng. Digby.

REDU'PLICATIVE. a. [redupUcatif, Fr.]
Doobl", ^'-a^".

RE'DWING. ʃ. A bird.

To REE. -w. «. To riddle ; to fift.
Mot timer.

echo back,

REE'CHY. a. [ixort\ reeh.] Smoky ; footy ;
t,nned. Shakeſpeare.

REFE'CTION. ʃ. [r<?/«?Z/o, Latin.] Refrefh-

RFED /". fneo'&j Saxon ; rfV^/, German.] ment after hunger or fatigue. South.
1. An hollow knotted Ila, which grows REFE'CTORY. ſ. [refeSoirey Fr.] Room

To REENA'CT. v. a. [re and ereSI.] To
ena.fV a!ic>w. Arbuthnot.

To REEMFO'RCE. v. a. [re and etiforce.]
To ftrengthf . with new afliftance. Collier.

REENFO'RCEMENT. ʃ. [re and enforcement.]
Frefn afliftance. fVarJ.

ToREENJO'Y. v. a. [re and e^joy.] To
enjey an^w or a fecond time. Popet

ToREE'NTER. v. a. [re 2ni enter.] To
enter apaifi ; to enter anew. Milton.

To REENTHRO'NE. v. a. To replace in
a throne, Southeme,

REE'NTRANCE. ʃ. [re and entrance.] The
act of entering again, Granville.

REE'RMOUSE. ʃ. [hji^jiemuj', Saxon.] A

To REE'STABLISH. v. a. [re and eftableJb.'[
To eftjblifh anew. Smalndge,

REESTA'BLISHER. ʃ. [from reejiablifh..
One that reeftablirties.

REESTA'BLISHMENT. ʃ. [from rtejiab.
lip.] The zCt of reeftablifhing ; the ftate
of being reeftabhilied ; reftauration.

REEVE. ʃ. [sqiepa, Saxon.] A fteward.

To REEXA'MINE. v. a. [re and examine.]
To examine anew. Hooker.
[re and fci»o.J.] To

To REFE'CT. v. a. [rf/£<f?aj, Latin.] To
Pope. . refrclh ; to reftore after hunger or fatigue.
in wet grounds,
2. A fmall pipe.
3. An arrow.

To REE'DIFY. v. a

out reeds.
‘ Price.
To rebuild ; to build
[from reed.] Being with-

REE'DY. a. [from reed.] Abounding with
j-eeds. Blackmore.

REEK. ʃ. [jiec, Saxon.]
1. Smoke ; fteam i vapour. bbakefp.
2. A pile of corn or hay. Mortimer.

To REEK. v. n. [jiecan, Saxon.] To
fmoke ; to fteam ; to emit vapour.

REE'KY. a. [from reek.] Smoky ; tanned ;
black. Shakeſpeare.

REEL. f. [p^cl, Saxon.] A turning trame
of refrefhment ; eating room. Dryden.

To REFE'L. v. a. [refdh, Latin.] To refute
; to reprefs. Ben. Johnson.

To REFER, v.a. [refero,l.n\n.]
1. To difmifs for information or judment.
2. To isetake for decifion. Shakeſp.
3. To reduce to, as to the ultimate end.
4. To reduce, as to a claf?. Boyle.t

To REFER. v. n. To refpect ; to have relation.

REFEREE'. ʃ. [from refer.] One to whom
any thing is referred. L'Eftrange.

REFERENCE. ʃ. [ham refer.] .
1. Relation ; refpect ; view towards ; alluGon
to. Raleigh.
2. Difmiffion to another tribunal. Swift.
upon which yarn is wound intofkems from REFER.E'NDARY. ſ. [rfferardus, Latin.]
the fpindle.

To PvEEL. v. a. [from the noun.] To gather
yarn off the fpindle. Wilkins.

To REEL. v. a. [roUcn, Dutch ; ragla,
Swed'-] Toftagger; to incline inwalking,
firft ^0 one fide and then to the other.
Shakeſpeare. Sandys.

REELE'CTION. ʃ. [re and eietlion.] Repeated
cleaioD. ^Wf'
One to whofe decifion any thing is referred.

ToREFERME'NT v. a. [re and frment.]
To ffrment anew. Blackmore.

REFE'RRIBLE. a. [from refer.] Capable of
being conlidered as in relation to fomething
elftf. Brown.

ToREFl'NE. v. a. [raJffner,FteDch.]
1. To purify ; to dsar from dxofs and recirement.
2. To

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


1. To make elegant ; to polifh, Peachsm.

To REFI'NE. v. r.
1. To impiovc in point of accuracy or delicacy.
2. To grow pure. Addison.
^, To affetl nicety. yJtt,rhvry.

REFI'NEDLY. ad, [from r.'vf^.] Wub atterted
elegance. Dryden.

REFINEMENT. ʃ. [from r^Jine..
1. The act of purifying, by clearing any
thing from drufs. Norm,
2. Improvement in elegance or purity.
3. Artificial pract^ice. Ro£.
4. Affectation of elegant improvement.

REFINER. ʃ. [from rrfine.]
1. Purifier ; one who clears from drofs or
recrement. Bjcor,
2. Improver in elegance. Hivifc,
3. Inventor of fuperfluous fubtilties.

To REFI'T. v. a. [r,fa!t, French, re and
Jit.] To repair ; to leftore af'er damage.
i'Vcod'W^^rd Dryden.

To REFLE'CT. v. a. [rejiechir, French ; re-
Jl.Bo, Latin.] To throw back. Milton.

To REFLECT, ‘u. n.
1. To throw back light. Shakeſpeare.
2. Tobsndback. Bent'iy.
3. To thrcnv back the thoughts upon the
pact or on themfelve?. Du^fa. Taylor.
4. To confider attentively. Pri r,
5. To throw reproach or cenfure. Swift.
6. To bring reproach. Dryden.

REFLE'CTENT. a. [refeaer.s, Lat.] Bending
back ; living back. I^Jg^'

REFLE'CTION. ʃ. [from r-fea.]
1. The act of throwing back. Cbcyre,
2. The act of bending back. Bentley.
3. That which is reflectled. Shakeſpeare.
4. Thought thrown back upon the part,
5. The action of the mind upon itfelf.
6. Attentive confideration. South.
7. Cenfure. Prior.

REFLE'CTIVE. a. [from rr/c^.]
1. Thri-wing back images. Dry.
2. Confidering things paft ; confidering the
operations of the mind. tnor.

REFLE'CTOR. ʃ. [from r.fuB.] C nliderer.
B yle,

REFLE'X. a. [^'pxus, Latin.] Directed
backward. lla/e. Berc'cy.

REFLE'X. ʃ. [rc-Jhxui, Latin.] Reflection.

REFLEXIBI'LITY^. ſ. [from r./:x.^/.-]
The quality of being reP.cxible. Newcr,

REFLE'XIBLE a. fromrtpxuSf Latin.]
C'-p^blc; to be thrown back. Cheyne.

REFLE'XIVF. a. [rffexm, Latin.] Having
refpeit to fomething palt, Uammond.
Tv E F

RF.FLE'XIVELY. aJ. [from reJJ.xl^e.] U
a bdtkwarJ direction. G.v. of the Torguf,

REFLOA'T. ʃ. [rtf and/wr.jEbbj reflux.

To REFLOU'RISH. v. a. [rt iz^jlour-jh.]
To flourifh anev. Milton.

To RF.FLO'W. v. a. [refuer, Frenchj re and
fo:v. I To flow bnck.

RtFLU'ENT. d. [I'fiutns, Latin.] Running
back. A'-butbmC.

REFLU'X. ʃ. [r.px, French ] Backward
courle of water. Brown.

REFOCILLA'TION. ʃ. [refjcilh, Latin.)
Reltoration of ftiength by refrefhment.

ToREFO'RM. v. a. [rtformo; dun.] Ta
change from worfe to better. Hooker.

To REFCRM. v. ft. To make a charge
from worie to better. Atterbury.

REFO'RM f. [French.] Reformitioo.

REFORMA'TION. ʃ. [re/ormation, Fr.]
1. Change from wurfe to better. Addiʃon.
2. The change of religion from the corruptions
of popery to its primitive ttate.

REFO'RMER. ʃ. [from reform.]
1. 0.1C who makes a change for the better
; an amender. King Charles. Spratt.
2. One of thofe who changed relgion from
porilh corruptions and innovations. Bacon.

ToREFRA'Cr. v. a. [refraaus, Litw.]
To break the natural courfe of rays.

REFRA'CTION. ʃ. [refraaion, French.]
The incurvation or change of determination
in the body moved : in dinptricks, it it
the variation of a ray of light from that
right line, which it would have p^fTed on
in, had not the denfity of the medium
tuined it afidf-. Newton.

REFRACTIVE, a. [from refratl.] Having
the power of refraftion, Netutori,

RE'fRACTORINEoS. ʃ. [from refraaory.]
Sullen obftiaacv. Saundirfon.

REFRA'CTORY. a. [refraaoire, French.]
Obftinate ; perverfe ; contumacious.

RETRAGABLE. a, [refragalilis, Latin.]
Caoable of confutation and convifhon.

ToREFRAI'N. v. a. [refrerer, French.]
To hold back ; to keep from action.

To REFRAIN. v. n. To forbear ; to abft-
in ; to Ipare. Hooker.

REFRaNGIBI'LITY. ʃ. Rffrangibllity of
the rays of light, is their difpohcion to be
refracted or turned out of their way, in
paHing out of one tranfparent body or medium
into an'^ther. Nczaton.

REFRA'NGIBLE. a. Turned out of their
courfe, in palfingfrom o.ne medium to snot
her, Locke.

REFKENA'TION. ʃ. [remifraxa, Latin.]
The act of retraining.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


To REFRE'SH. v. a. [refraifeher, French.]
1. To recieate ; to relieve after pain.
2. To improve by new touches any thing
impaired. Dryden.
:;. To refrigerate; to cool. Ecelfj.

REFRE'SHER. ʃ. [from refrefp.] That
which refrefhes. Thomfon,

REFRE'SHMENT. ʃ. [from refrefh .]
1. Relief after pain, want or fatigue,
s. That which gives relief, as fcod, reft.
South. Spratt.

REFRI'GERANT. .J. [refrigerant, French.]
from refrigerate.^^ Cooling ; mitigaiing
heat. Wifeman.

To REFRI'GERATE. v. ai [refrigero,
Latin.] To ccol. Brown.

REFRIGERA'TION. ʃ. [refrigeratio, Latin.]
The act of cooling i
the ftate of being
cooled. Wilkius.

REFRI'GERATIVE. la. [refrigrruonus,

REFRI'GERATORY. S Latin.] Cooling ;
having the power to cool,

1. That part of a diftilling veffel that is
placed about the head of a ftill, and filled
Trvith water to cool the condenfing vapours.
2. Any thins internally cooling. Mortimer.

REFRIGERIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] Cool refreshment
; refrigeration. South.

REFT. p<3rt. fret, of reave.
1. Deprived ; tiken away. Afcham.
2. Preterite of reavf. Took away . Sf erf.

REFUGE. ʃ. [rtfuge, French ; r'efugium,
1. Shelter from any danger or diftrefs; protetttof!. Milton.
2. That which gives fhelter or protection.
3. Expedient in diftrefs. Shakeſpeare.
4. Expedient in general. VFottan.

To REFUGE. v. a. [refugier^ French.]
To fhelter ; to protefl. Dryden.

REFUGEE'. ʃ. [refugic^, French.] One
who flies to iheiter or protrclion. Dryden.

REFU'LGEKCE. ʃ. [from refulgent.] Splendour
5 brightnefs.

REFU'LGENT. a. [refulgers, Lat.] Bright
; fhining; glicsering ; fplendid. Boyle. Dry.

To REFU'ND. v. n. [refundo, Latin.]
1. To pour back. Ray.
2. To repay whac is received ; to reftore.

REFUSAL. ʃ. [from r<?//./«.]
I- The act of refiifing ; denial of any thing
demanded or fuhcited, Rogers.
2. The preennption ; the right of having
any thing before another ; option.' 5w//?,
ToREFU'isE. v. a. [r^/a/ir, French.]
1. To deny whac is folicited or required.
2. To rejedl ; todifmifs without a grant,

To REFU'SE. v. V. Not to accept. Milton.

RE'FUSE. a. Unworthy of reception ; lefc
when the reft is taken. SpeQator.

RE'FUSE. /, That which reniains difregarded
when the reft is taken. Dryden.

REEU'SER. ʃ. [from refufe.] He who re-
^ufes. Taylor.

REFU'TAL. ʃ. [from refute.^ Refutation.

REFUTATION. /". [refutatio, Latin.] Ths
act of refuting ; the act of proving falfeor
erroneous. Bentley.

To REFUTE. v. a. [refata, Latin.] To
prove faife or erroneous. Milton.
To REGAl'N. v. a. [regagner, French.]
To recover ; to gain anew, Dryden.

RE'GAL. a, [regal, French ; regalis, Latin.]
Royal ; kingly, Milton.

RE'GAL. ʃ. [regale, French.] A mufical
inftrument. Bacon.

REGALE. ʃ. [Latin.] The prerogative of

To REGALE. v. a. [r«|:^2/^r, French.] To
fefrefh ; to entertain ; to gratify. Philip!,

REGA'LEMENT. ʃ. [regalement, French.]
Refrelhment ; entertainment. P'hilipSt

REGA'LIA. f [Latin.] Enfigns of royalty.

REGA'LITY. ʃ. [regalis, Latin.] Royalty
; fovereignty ; kingfhip. Bacon.

To REGA'RD. v. a. [regarder, French.]
1. To value ; to attend to as worthy of
notice. Shakeſpeare.
2. To obferve ; to remark, Shakeſpeare.
3. To mind as an object of grief or terrour,
2. Mac. vii.
4. To obferve religioudy, Rom.xxv.S,
5. To pay attention to. Proverbs.
6. To refped ; to have relation to,
7. To look towards. Sandys.

REGA'RD. ʃ. [regard, French.]
1. Attention as to a matter of importance,
2. Refpect ; reverence. Milton.
3. Note ; eminence. Spenjer,
4. Refpect ; account. Hooker.
5. Relation; reference, Watts.
6. Look ; afpedl directed to another.
7. Profpe^l:; object of fight. Shakeſpeare.

REGA'RDABLE. a. [from regard.]
1. Obfervable. Brown.
2. Worthy of notice. Careiv,

REGA'RDER. ʃ. [from regard.] One that

REGA'RDFUL. a. [regard and full.] At.
tentive ; taking notice of. Haynard, South.

REGA'RDFULLY. ad. [dom regardful.]
1. Attentively ; heedfully,
2. Refpeafully, Shakeſpeare.

REGA'RDLESS.' a. [from regard.] Heed-
‘ lefs ; negligent ; inattentive. Spenser.

REGA'RDLESLY. ad, [ham regardUfs.]
Without heed.


REGA'RDLESNESS. ʃ. [from regardU/s.]
Hecdlefnefs ; negligence ; inattcalion.

RE'GENCY. ʃ. [from regenr.]
1. Authority ; government, Greiv.
2. Vicarious government. Temple.
3. The diftrift governed by a vicegerent.
4. Thofe to whom vicarious regality is intrufted.

To REGENERATE. v. a. [rf^««ro, Lat.]
1. To reproduce ; to prdduce anew. Black.
2. To make to be botn anew ; to renew
by change of carnal nature to a chriftian
life. Addifon.

REGE'NERATE. a. [ngeneratus, Latin.]
1. Reproduced, Shakeſpeare.
2. Born anew by grace to a chriftian life.
Mtltoz. Prake.

REGENERATION. ʃ. [regeneration, Fr.]
New birth ; birth by grace from carnal
affe<aions to a chriftian life. Tit. iii. 5.

REGE'NERATENESS. ʃ. [from rfgenerate.]
The ftate of being regenerate.

RE'GEN'T. a. [regent, Fr. regem, Lat.]
1. Governing ; ruling. Hale.
2. Exercifing vicarious authority. Milton.

1. Governour; ruler. Mi'.tan.
2. Ojc invefted with vicarious royalty.

RE'GENTSHIP. ʃ. [from regent.]
1. Power of governing.
2. Dsputed authority. Shakeſpeare.

REGERMINA'TION. ʃ. [re and g-rmination.].
The act of fprouting again.

RE'GIBLE. a. Governable. Dia,
RE GICIDE. /, [regicide, Latin.]
1. Murderer of his king. Dryden.
2. Murder of his king. Decay of Piety.

RE'GIMEN. ʃ. [Latin.] That care in diet
and living, that is fuitable to every particular
courfe of medicine. Swift.

RE'GIMENT. ʃ. [regewent, old French.]
1. Eflablifhed government ;
polity. Hooker.
2. Rule ; authority. Hjie.
3. A body of fcldiers under one colonel.

REGIME'NTAL. a. [from regiment.] Belonging
to a regiment ; military.
RE GION. ʃ. [reg/on, French ; regiy, Latin.]
1. Trad: of land ; country ; trad of fpace.
2. Part of the body. Shakeſpeare.
3. PIace; rank. Shakeſpeare.

RE'GISTER. ʃ. [rf^'/r^, French i
1. An account of any thing regulnrly kept.
Spenſer. E^con.
2. The officer whnfc bufinefs is to keep
the regiftcr.

To RE'GISTER. v.a. [regijirer, Yrtnzh.]
To record ; to preferve by authrntick
accounts, ^lldJiJoti,

RE'GISTRY. ʃ. [from regifter.l
1. The a<Sl of inferting in the regifter.
2. The place where the regifter is kept.
3. A feries of fids recorded. Timple,

RE'GLEMENT. ʃ. [French.] Regulation.

RE'GLET. ʃ. [regiittt, French.] Ledge of
wood exafily phned, by which printers fepiratc
their lines in p:'ges widely printed.

REGN^INT. a. [French.] Re-gning ; predominant
; prevalent ; having power.

To REGCRGE. v. a. [r^ and ^or^-?.]
1. To voriatup; to throw back. H yiu.
2. To fwallow eagerly. Milton»
3. To fwallow back. Dryden.

ToREGRA'FT, v. a, [reorr^/.r, French.]
To graft again. Bacon.

To REGRA'NT. v. a. [re and grant.] To
grant bark, Aylffe.

ToREGRA'TE. v. a,
1. To ofi'end ; to ihork. Denham.
2. To cngrofs ; to fcreftal. Spenſer.

REGRA'TER. ʃ. [regratttt), Fr.] Fore-
/laijer ; engri fTer.

To REGREE'T. v. a. To refaluts ; to greet
a fecond time, Shakeſpeare.

REGREET. ʃ. Return or exchange of falutation.

REGRE'SS. ʃ. [regreJfuijL^im.] Paffage
bark ; po«.'er of pafiing back. Burnet.

To REGRE'SS. v. n. [regrejfus, Latin.]
To go back ; to return. Brown.

REGRE'SSION. ʃ. [r^grejfus, Latin.] The
act of returning or going oack. Brown.

REGRET. ʃ. [regrety French ; regretto,
1. V"xation at fomething pafl bitternefs
of rsfleclion. South.
2. Grief ; forrow. Clarenden.
3. Difhke; averfion. Decay of Pety.

To REGRET. v. a. [regrttler, French.]
To reocnt ; to grieve at. Boyle.

REGUE'RDON. ʃ. [re and guerdon.] Reward; recompence. Shakeſpeare.

To REGUER'DON. v. a. [from the noun.]
To reward. Shakeſpeare.

RE'GULAR. a. [reguhrit, Latin.]
1. Agreeable to rule
; confident with the
mode prefcribed, Addiſon.
2. Governed by Orid regulations. Pooe,
3. In geometry, regular body is. a folid,
whuf:? furface iS compofed of regular and
equal .rgure?, and whifc foiid angles are all
equal ; there are five forts. I. A pyrmiid
comprehended under four cqu 1 and equilaferal
t'langles. 2. A cube, whofe fur- ‘
faceiscnmpofed of fix cquul fquaref, 3 TnaC
which is bounded by eight equal and equilateral
triangles. 4. ‘f hdt which is contained
dnder twelve equal and equilateral
pentagons. 5. A body cnr.fi (ling of twenty
eqGal and equilateral triangles,
4. InR
4. InAituted or initiated according to eftablillieJ

RE'GULAR. ʃ. [reguVer, French.] In the
Romifh church, all perfons are faid to be
legularz, that do profefs and follow a certain
rule of life, and obferve the three vows
of poverty, chaftity and obedience. Ayhffc,

REGULA'RITY. ʃ. [regularue% French.]
1. Agreeablenetstorule.
2. Method ; certain order, Greta.

RE'GULARLY. ad. [from regular.] In a
manner concordaut to rule. Prior.
To PvE'GULATE. ‘v. a. [re^a/a, Latin.]
1. To adjuft by rule or method, Locke.
7. To direct. Wifeman.

REGULA'TION. ʃ. [from regulate.]
1. The act of regulating. Ray.
2. Method; the effect of regulation.

REGULA'TOR. ʃ. [from regulate.]
1. One that regulates. Grexv,
2. That part of a machine which makes
the motion equable,

RE'GULUS.f. [Latin ‘,regule, French.] The
finer and moft weighty pait of metals.

To REGU RGITATE. v. n. [re and gurget,
Latin.] To throw back ; to pour back.

To REGUR'GITATE. v. n. To be pouied
back. Harvey.

REGURGITATION. ʃ. [from regurgh'ate~\
Reforption ; the act of fwallowing

To REHEA'R. v. a. [re and bear.] To
hear ag-iin. Addiſon.

REHEA'RSAL. ʃ. [from rchearfe.]
1. Repetition} recital. South.
2. The recital of any thing previous to
publick exhibition.

To REHEA'RSE. i'. a. [.^rom rehear.]
1. To repeat ; to recite. Swift.
2. To relate ; to teil. Dryden.,
3. To recite previoufly to publick exhibition.

To REJE'CT. v. a. [rf;V5«r, Latin.]
1. To difmifs withoyt compliance with
propofal or acceptance of offer. Kno'les,
2. To cad off ; to make an abjed, Ifa.
3. Torefufe; not to accept. Locke.
4. To throw afidc,

REJE'CTIOIv. ʃ. [rejcaio, Latin.] The act
of cafting off or throwing afide. Bacon.

REi'GLE. ʃ. [rfe/V, French.] A holluw cut
to e>iide any thing. Careiv,

To REIGN. 4'. n. [regno, Latin ; regtier,
1. Tocnjoy or exercife fuveieign authority,
2. To be predominant ; to prevail, j^^cor.
5. To obtain power or dominion. Romans,

B.E1GN. ʃ. [regrum, Latin.]
1. RoyalauUwnt} ; fovereignty, Pope.
RE ;

2. Time of a king's government. 7homf6n,
3. Kingdom ; dominions. Pope. .

To REIMBO'DY. v. n. [re and iml?ody.]
To embody again. Bo\le.

To REIMBU'RSE. -u a. [re, ;V, and bourfe.
French, a purfe.] To repay; to repair
lofs or expence by an equivalent. Swift.

REIMBU'RSEMENT. ʃ. [from reimburfe.]
Reparation or repayment. Ayhffe,

To REIMPRE'GNATE. v. a. [re and /«-
-pregnate.] To impregnate anew. Brown.

REIMPRE'SSION. ʃ. [re and tm^rejfion.]. [.
fecond or repeated impreffion,

REIN. ʃ. [refnes, French.]
1. The part of the bridle, which extends
from the horfe's head to the driver's or rider.
shand. Shakeſpeare.
2. ufed as an inftrument of government,
or for government. Shakeſpeare.
3. To give the Kzms. To give licenfe.

To REIN, w, a. [from the noun.]
1. To govern by a bridle. Milton.
2. To reftrain ; to controul. Shakeſpeare.

REINS. ʃ. [renes, Latin.] The kidneys; the lower part of the back. Job xix.

To REINSE'RT. v. a. [re and infert.] To
infert a fecond time.

To REINSPIRE. ‘v,a. [re and infpire.] To
infpire anew. Dryden.

To REINS FA'L. v. a. [re and injiah]
1. To feat again. Milton.
2. To put again in poffeffion. Shakeſpeare.

To REINSTATE. v. a. [re and inflate.]
To put £gain in poffefli6n. Addifon.

To REI'NTEGRATE. k;, a. [mniinte.
ger, Latin.] To renew with rtgard to any
ftafe or quality. Bacon.

To REINVE'ST. v. tf. [rcand/ai;e/?.] To
invert anew.

ToREJOI'CE. v. n. [tfjouir, French.] To
be glad ; to joy ; to exult. Milton.

To REJOl'CE. ‘
-u. a. To exhilarate ; to
gladden. Prior.

REJOrCER. ʃ. [from rejoice.] One that
rejoices. -Taylor.

To REJOI'N. v. a, [rejoindrs, French.]
1. To join again. Brown.
2. To meet one again. Pope. .

To REJOI'N. v. n. To anfwer to an anfwer.

REJOINDER. ʃ. [from rejoin.]
1. Reply to an anfwer. Granville.
2. Reply ; anfwer. Shakeſpeare.

REJO LT. ʃ. [rejailler, French.] Shock ; luccuflion. South.

REIT. ʃ. Sedge or fea-weed. Bailey.

To REI'TERATE. v. a. [re and itcro, La.
tin.] Tojrepcat again and again. Milton.

REITERATION. ʃ. [reiteration, French.]
from reiterate.] Repetition. Boyle.

To REJU'DGE. 1;. o. [re s^ni Judge.] To
re-examine; to review ; to recal to a new
trial. Pope. .

To REKI'NDLE. v. a. [re and khdle.] To
fct oil lire again, Cb'-yne, Pope.

To RELATSE. v. v. [rchpfui, Latin.; 1. To flip back ; to fl.dc or lall back,
2. To fall back into vice orcrrour. Taylort
3. To fall back from a flace of recovery to
ficknefs. Wijcmart,

RELA'HSE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Fall into vice or errour once forfafeen.
Milton. Rogers.
t,. Reprelfion from a ftate of recovery to
ficknefs. Spcrjer,
3. Return to any ftste, Shakeſpeare.

To RELA'TE. v. a. [«/ar«i, Latin.]
1. To tell ; to recite. Bacon.
2. To ally by kindred. Pope.
3. To bring back ; to reAore. Spenfer.

To RELA'TE. v. n. To have reference ; to
hcve r'^ff-ei^. Locke.

RELA'TER. ʃ. [from relate.^ Teller; narrator.

RELA'TION. ʃ. [relation, Frrnch.]
1. Manner of belonging to any perfin or
thing. Waller. South.
2. Refpcfl ; reference ; regard. Locke.
3. Coanexion between one thing and another.
4. Kindred ; alliance of kin. Dryden.
5. Perfon related by birth or marriage ;
iciofman; kinCwoman. Szvtfc.
6. Narrative ; talej account ; narration,

RE'LATIVE. a. [relativus, Latin.]
1. Having relation ; refpecting. Locke.
2. C )nfidered not abfoiutely, but as refpect
ing fomething elfe. / South.
3. Particular ; pofitive ; clofe in connection.

1. Relation ; kinfman. Taylor.
2. Pronoun anfwering to an antecedent.
3. Somewhat refpecting fomething elfe.

RE'LATIVELY. ad. [from rehtive.] As
it rtfpeds fumething elfe ; not abfoiutely.

RE'LATIVENESS. ʃ. [from relative.^ The
ftace of having relation.

To RELA'X. Tj.a. [rtlaxo, Latin.]
1. To (lacken ; to make Jefs tenie. Bjcorr,
2. To remit ; to make lefs fevere or rigorou?.
3. To make lefs attentive or laborious.
Vanity of Vy^Jhei.
4. To eafe ; to divert,
5. To open ; to loofe. Milton.

To RELA'X. t'. n. To be mild ; to be rem.
fs ; to be net rigorous. Frier,

RELAXA'TION. ʃ. [relaxation, French.]
1. Diminution of tenfion ; the act of

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


loofening, jArbuthnitt.
2. Ccilation of reftrdint. Barret,
3. Rcmillionj abatement of rigour.
4. Remifhjn of attention or application.

RELA'Y. ʃ. [relaisy French.] Hoilcs on
the road to relieve other';.

To RELEA'SE. v. a. [rJaJcher, French.]
1. To fet free from confinement or fcrvitude.
2. To fet free from pain,
3. To free from obligation. Mi'ion.
4. To quit ; to let go. Dryden.
5. To relax; to Ihcken, Hyoker.

RELEA'SE. ʃ. [reUjche, French, from thf
1. Dfmifhon from confinement, fervituo'e
or pain.
‘ frior.
2. Pvelaxation of a penalty.
3. Remifhon of a claim. Bacon.
4. Acquittance from a debt figned by the

To RELEGATE. v. a. [releguer, French
; rtlefro, Latin.] To banifh ; toexiie,

RELEG A'TION. ʃ. [re/cgatio, Latin.] Exile
; judicial banifhment. -^yl'fff.

To RtLENT. v. n. [raUntir, French.]
1. To foften ; to grow lefs rigid or haid.
2. To melt ; to grow moift. Bc-;le,
3. To grow kfsintenfe. Sidney. Digby.
4. To foften in temper ; to grow lender
; to feel compafljon, Milton.

To RELENT. v. a.
1. To n^cken ; to remit. Spenser.
2. To foften ; to mollify. Sptnjer.

RELE'NTLESS. a, [from relent.
"^ Unpitying
) unmoved by kindnefs or tendernefs,

REiLEVANT. a, [French.] Relieving.

RELEVA'TION. ʃ. [rcUvatio, Latin.] A
raifing or \ h\ng up.

RELl'AXCE. ʃ. [from rely.] Truft ; dependance
; confidence. Woodward. Rogers.

[felf quia, Latin.]
1. That whuh remii."^ ; rh-t which is left
after the !ofs or decay of the rc(h It is
gener Jly ufed in the plural. Spenſer.
2. It is often taken for the body deferted
by the foul. ^ Milton. Pope. .
3. That which is k-pt in memory of another,
With a kied of religious veneration.

RE'LICKLY. ad. [from relid.] in the
manner of relicks. Dontie,

RE'LICT. ʃ. [rcliSle, eld French.] A vidow
; a wife defolate by the death of her
h'lib^.nd. Sprjtt. Garth.

RELIEF. ʃ. [relief, French.]
1. The prominence of a Hgure in flone or
mttal ; the feeming promiasnce of a picture

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


2. The recommendation of any thing, by
the interpofition of fomething dijfferent.
5. Alleviation of calamity ; mitigatijn of
pain or forrow. Mi lion.
4. That which frees from pain or forrow.
5. DJfmiffion of a fentinel from his poft.
6. [Releviam, law Latin.] Lcgd remedy
of wrongs.

RELIE'VABLE. a. [from relieve.] Capable
of relief. Hale.

To RELIE'VE. [rekvo, Latin.]
1. To recommend by the interpofition of
fomething diffimilar. Steprey.
2. To lupport ; to aflift. Brown.
3. To eafe pain or forrow.
4. To fuccour by afliftance. Dryden.
5. To fet a fentmel at reft, by plan -g another
on hi"; poft. Shakeſpeare.
6. To right by law.

RELIE'VER. y. [from rdieve.l^ One that
jclieve?. Rogf^s,

JLELIE'FO. ʃ. [Italian.] The prominence
of a figure or picture. Dryden.

To RELI'GHT. v. a. [r^ and //^-6r.] To
light anew. Pope. .

IIELI'GION,. ʃ. ireVtgio, Latin.]
1. Virtue, as founded upon reverence of
G-id, and expectation of future rewards
and punifhnments. B&n. Jch-f:n.
2. A fyftem of divine faith and wofh;,> as
oppofite to others. Mere. Tillofjor.

RELrCIONIST. ʃ. [from rehg:o,u~\ A higot
to snv religious perfuafion. Swift.

RELI'GIOirS. a. [reltgiojm, Latin.]
1. Pio^iS3 difpofed to the duties of religion.
Ml ‘ton.
1. Teaching religion. Wsiton.
3. Among the Romanifls, bound by the
vows of poverty, chaility and obfdience,
4. Exaa; ftria.

RELI'GIOUSLY. ad. [from religious.]
1. Pionfly ; with obedience to the diitates
of re'igion.
2. According to the rites of religion.
3. Reverently ; with veneration. Vupfa,
4. Exactly; with ftrict obfervaoce. ^(icow.

RELIGIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from religious.]
The quality or ftate of being religious.

To RELI'NQUISH. v.o. [r./i^quo, Latin.]
3. To forfake ; to abandon ; to leave ; to
defert. Davies.
2. To quit ; to rcleafe ; to give up.
5. To ("orbear ; to depart from. Hooker.

RELINQUISHMENT. ʃ. [from relinquip.]
The ‘^(X of forfaking. South.

RE'LISH. ʃ. [from reUchir, French, to lick
^, Tail? ; the eFsd: of a.ny thing 04). the
palate; it is commonly ufed of a pleafing
taile. Boyle.
2. Taftej fmall quantity juft perceptible.
3. L'king ; delight in any thing. Addiſon.
4. Senfe ; power of perceiving ex rlit-nce ;
taft£. ^etd" i Serm.
5. Delight given by any thing ; the power
by which pleafure is given. Addiſon.
6. C-(tj manner. -. Pope. .

To RE'LISH. v. a. [from the noun.]
\. To give a tafte to any thing, Dryden.
2. To tafte ; to have a liking. Shakeʃp.

To RE'LISH. v. n.
1. To have a pleafing tafte. Hakewill.
2. To give pltJiure. Shakeſpeare.
3. To have ^ flavour. M^Woodward.

RELI'SHABLE. a. [from reiip.] Guftable; hav n? a tatte.

To RELI'VE. v. V. [re and /ivt.] To revive
; to live ii new. Spenſer.

To RELO'VE. v. a. [re and love] To love
in return. Boyle.

RELU'CENT. a. [relucem, Latin.] Shininp
; i-riiifparent. Thomfon.

To RELUCT, v.n, [n'/«cf?or, Latin.] Tei
f fuggle again. Decay of Piety.

RELUCTANCE. 7 j. [relu6Ior, Latin.]

RELU'CTANCY. ʃ. UnwiJlin^inefs ; repugnance
Boyle. Rosrers,

RELU'CTANT. a. [reJuSfam, Law. YUnw'illwc,
; adting with repugnance. Iickell,

To RELUCTATE, u.n. [r,/i.<3.r, Latin.]
To rtuift ; to fh u(?gleagainft. Dec. ofPiety.

RELUC FA'TION.^ /. [reluilor, Latin ]
Repugnance ; rcnftance. Bacon.

To RE'-UME. v. a. To light anew ; to rekindle.

To RELU'MINE. v. a. To light anew.

To RELY'. v. tj. [re and lye] To lean upon
with confidence ; to put truft in ^ to
reft upon ; to depend upon. South. Rogers.

To REMAI'N. nj. n. [reman 0, Latin.]
1. To be left out of a greater quanrity or
number. Job xxvii.
2. To continue ; to endure ; to be left.
3. To be left after any ^vent. Locke.
4. Not to be loft. Spenſer.
5. To be left as not compriftd. Locke.

To REMAIN. v. <2. To await i
to be left
to. Spenſer.

REMAI'N. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Relick ; that which is lett. Generally
ufed in the plural. Pope. .
2. The body left by the foul. Pope. .
3. Abode 5 habitation, Shakeſpeare.

REMAI NDER. a. [from terrain.] Remaining
; refufe , left. ‘ Shakefpeare.

1. Y/^-it is kf?, Bac';fi.
2. The body when the foul is deplrted ; remains. Shak^fp or-'.

To REMAKE, v. a, \^re and nuke. ^ Vo
maki- anew, Chri'LHie.

To REMA'ND "J, a, [rtznirraKdo.Lii.]
To /enu oack ; to crll t>ack. Daiici.

REMANENT. ʃ. [remancm^hiUn] The
pare remnining. Bacon.

REMARK. ʃ. [rfkariju', French.] Ohfervation
; e ; notice t<.ken. CoHicr.

To REMA'RK. v. a \remarquer^ French ]
1. To n r ; co obferve. Locke.
2. To diftinguifh ; to point out ; to mark.

REMA'RKABLE. a. Remarkable, Yxtnch.]
Obfervabie ; worthy qC note.
Raleigh. Watts.

REMA'RKABLENESS. ʃ. [from rem.rkable,'.
Obfervablenefs ; worthinefs of obfervation.

REMA'RKABLY. ad. [from remarkable.]
Obfervably ; in a manner worthy of obfervation.
Milton. Watts.

REMA RKER. ʃ. [remarkeur, French.] Obferver
; one that remarks. Watts.

REME'DIABLE. a, [from remedy.] Capable
of remedy.

REMEDIATE, a. [from rmedy.] Mcdicin.
tl ; affording a remedy. Shakeſpeareafp.ars.

REME'DILESS. a. [from remedy.] Not admitting
remedy ; irreparable ; curelefs.

REME'DILESSNESS. ʃ. [from remedileju]

REMEDY. ʃ. [remedium, Latin.]
1. A medicine by v.hich any illnefs is
\ cured. Snifr.
2. Cure of any tineafinefs. tDryden.
3. That which counterafls any evil. Lack!.
4. Reparation ; means of repairing any
hurt. Shakeſpeare.

To REME'DY. v. a. [remedier, French.]
1. To cure; to heal. Hukcr,
2. To repair or remove m"fchief.

To REME'MBER. v. a. [rm^mbrare. Its].]
1. To bear in mind any thing ; not to forget.
P aim:.
2. To recolleft ; to call to mind. Sidney. i
3. To keep ifi mind ; to have prefent f)
the attention. Locke.
4. To bear in mind, with intent of reward
or punifhment. Milton.
5. To mention ; not to omit. Ayiffe.
6. To put in mind ; to force to recoiled ;
to remind. Sidney.

REME'MBERER. ʃ. [from remember.]
One who remembers. Wotton.

REME'MBRAN'CE. ʃ. [rmemlrance, Fr.]
1. Retention in memory. D^niiain.
2. Recollection ; revival of any idea.
3. Honoviiible memory, Out of ufe.
4. Tranfmifhon of a UiX from one to an^-.
ther. Addiſon.
5. Account preserved. Hale»
6. Memorial. Dryden.
7. A token by which any one is k» pt- in
the mciDory Shakeſpeare.
8. Notice of fomething abfent. Shakefp.

REME'MBRANCER. y. [from rem'im.
i . One that reminds ; one that puts in
mind. Taylor.
2. An L^fficer of the exchequer. Bacon.

To REMERCIE. v. a. [m;j<rn^r, French.]
To thank. Spenfer.

To RE'WilGRATE. v.n. [remigro, Latin.]
To remcvr back again. Boyle.t

REMIGRA'TION. ʃ. [from rmigrate.]
Rem<.v<-i back again. Hale.

To REMI'ND. v. a. [re and mind.] To
put io mind ; to force to remember. South.

REMINISCENCE. ʃ. [remirifcew, Lar.]
; recovery of ideas. Hale.

REMINISCE'NTIAL. a. [fr-m remini-
JctiKc] Relating to reminifcence. Brown.

REMI SS. a. [rerris^ Fr. remtjfas, Latin.]
1. Not vigorous; flack. J'Vdodward,
2. Not careful
; flothful, Shakeſp.
3. Not intenfe. Roſcommon.

REMI'SSIBLE. a, [from r^wrV.]' Admit.
ting forgivenefs,

REMISSION. ʃ. [remifion, Fr. rerftiJ^O,
1. Abatement ; relaxation ; moderation.
2. CefTation of intenfenefs. Woodward.
3. In phyfick, remijjion is when a diftemper
abates, but docs not go quite oft" before
it returns again.
4. Rcleafc. Addiſon. Swift.
5. F.rgivenefs ; pardon. Tajhr,

REMISSLY. ad. [from refnifs.]
1. Carelcfly ; negligently ; without clofe
attention. Hooker.
2. Not vlgorouny; not with ardour or
eager nefs ; Hackly. Cijrerder,

REMl'SSNESS. ʃ. [from remifs.] Carclcisneis
; negligence ; coldnefs ; want of ar-«
door. Rogers4

To REMIT. v. a. [remitto, Latin.]
1. To relax ; to make lefs mtcnfe. Ai.licr.
2. To forgive a punifhrnent. Dryden.
3. [^Remettre,tt.] To pardon a fault.
4. To give lip ; to refign. Hjywardt
5. To defer ; to refer. Gov. of the Tongue.
6. To put again in cuflody. tDryden.
7. To lend mo.-iey to a diftant place.
8. To reftore. Hayward.

To REMIT. v. fi.
1. To Hacken ; to grow lik iatcnfe.
; I a % X»
4. To abate by growing lefs caper. South.
3. In phyfick, to grow by intervals lefs
1. The act of putting out of any place.
2. The act of putting away. Arbuthnot.
3. Difmiffion from a port. Swift.
4. The ftate of being removed. Locke.

To REMO'VE. v. a. [removeo, Latin.]
1. To put from its place ; to take or put
away, Shakeſpeare.
2. To place t5t a diftance, Locke.

To REMO'VE. nj.n.
1. To change place.
2. To go from one place to another.
1. Change of place,
2. SufceptibiifL7 of being removed.

REMITMENT. ʃ. [from r^w/r ] The act
of" remitting to cuftody.

REMITTANCE. ʃ. [from remitl
1. The act of paying money at a diftant
r. Sum fent to a diftant place. jAddifon.

REMITTER. ʃ. [remettre,Yx.] In common
law, a reftkution of one that hath
two titles to lands or tenements, and is
feized of them by his latter title, unto his
title that is mue ancient, in cafe where REMO'VE. ſ. [fronft th.everb.]
the latter is defective. Cowel.

RE'MNANT. ʃ. [ixam remanent.] Refidue ;
that which is left. Shakeſpeare.

RE'MNANT. a. Remaining ; yet left.

REMO'LTEN. part, [from remelt.] Melted
again. Bacon.

REMO'NSTRANCE. ʃ. [remonftrance, Fr.]
1. Show ; difcovery. Shakeſpeare.
2. Scronw reprefsntation. Hooker.

To REMO'NSTRATE. v. v. [remonjiro,
Latin ] To make a /irong reprefentatton ;
to iliow reafons,

HE'MOR.4. ſ. [Latin.]
1. A let or (;bftdcle.
2. A fifh or kind of worm that fticks to
fhips, and retards their pafl'age through the
water. Creiv.

To REMORATE. v. a. [ranoror, Latin.]
To hinder.

REMO'RSE. y. [rtm':rfusy Latin.]
1. Fain of guilt. Clarenden.
2. Tendeinefs; pity ; fympathetick forrOAT.
3. Tranflation of one to the place of another.
4. State of being remored. Locke.
5. Act of moving a chefman or draught.
6. Departure y act of going away. WaVer,
7. The act of changing place. Bacon.
g. A flop in the fcale of gradation, Locke.
9. A fmall diftance. Rogers.
10. Act of putting a horfe's fhoes upon
different feet. Swift.

REMO'VED. particip. a. Remote ; feparate
from oth«rs. Shakeſpeare.

REMO VEDNESS. ʃ. [from remo'ved.] The
ftate of being removed ; remotenefs,

REMO'VER. ʃ. [from remove.] One that
removes. Bacon.

To REMOUWT. v. n. [remonter, Fr.] To
mount again. Dryden.

REMU'NERABLE. a. [from remunerate..

REMO'RSEFUL. a. [remorfe and ‘fu'lL ]

To REMU'NERATE. v. a. [remunero.
Tender ; companionate. Shakeſpeare.

REMO'RSELESS. a. [from remorfe'.] Unpitying
5 cruel ; favage. Milton. South.

REMO'TE. a. [rtmoius, Latin.]
Difiant ; not immediate. Locke.
Diftant ; not at hand.
Removed far ofi'j placed not near.
; not clofely connected. Glanv.
6. Alien ; not agreeing. Locke.
7. Abftracted.

REMOTELY. ad. [from remote.] Not
Latin.] To reward ; to repay ; to requite.

REMUNERATION. ʃ. [remuneratio, Lat.]'
Reward ; requital ; recompenfe ; repayment.

REMUNERATIVE, a. [from remunerate.l
Exercifed in giving rewards. Boyle.

To REMU'RMUR. v. a. [re and murmur.
To otter back in murmurs; to repeat in
low hosrfe found?. Pope. .

To REMURMUR. v. n. [remurmuro, Lat.]
To murmur back ; to echo a Jow hoarfc
found. Dryden.
ly i at a diftance. Bacon. ‘Smith. RENA'RD. ſ. [renard, a fox, French.] The

REMOTENESS. f. [from remote.] State of
- being remote ; diftance ; not nearnefs.

REMOTION. ʃ. [from remotuty Latin.]
The act of removing ; the ftate of being
removed to diftance. Brown.

REMOVABLE, a. [from rmoi^e] Such as
Ti^v be removed.

REMO'VAL. ʃ. [from remo-uc ;
name of a fox. Dryden.

RENA'SCENT. a. [renafcens, Latin.] Produced
again ; rifing again into being.

RENA'SCIBLE. a. [rer^/for, Latin.] Poffible
to be produced again.

To RENA'VIGATE. [re and navigate.]
To fail again.

RENCOUNTER. ʃ. [rf«fp«/r^, French.]
1. Clafii; coIliEon. Col/ier,
2. PerREN
2. Peifonaloppofition. Addiſon.
3. Loofe or calual engagement. yIdJifor,
4. Sudden ombat without premeditation.

To RENCOU'NTER. v. n. [rer.cor.tnr, Fr.]
1. To clafh
; to collide.
2. To meet an enemy unexpcctedly,
3. To fkirmifh with another.
4. To fight hand to hand.

To REND. "V. a. pret. and pret. pajf. rent.
ffien&an, Saxon.] To tear with violence ; to lacerate. Pope. .

RENDER. ʃ. l^romrend.] One that rends ;
a tearer.

To RE'NDER. v. a. [rendre, French.]
1. To return ; to pay back. Locke.
2. To reftore ; to give back. Addison.
3. To give upon demand. Proverbi,
4. To invei^ with qualities ; to make.
5. To reprefent ; to exhibit. Shakeſp.
6. To trar.fiate. Burnet.
7. To furrender ; to yield ; to give up.
8. To offer ; to give to be ufed, U-'atis.

RE'NDER. ʃ. [from the verb.] Surrender.

RENDE'ZVOUS. ʃ. [rendes:vous, French.]
^ J. AlT-mb'y ; meeting appointed. Raleigh.
2. A fign that draws men together. Bacon.
3. PIace appointed for afiembly. Oarcn.

To RENDE'ZVOUS v.n. [from the noun.]
To meet at a place appointed,

RENldl'TION. ʃ. [imm render. 1 Surrendering
5 the act of yielding.

RENEGA'DE. ? / r ^ c -/i. i

RENEGA'DO.f ^- C^^'"'^^'^''. Sparafh.]
1. One that apoftatJfes from the faith ; an
apoftate. Addiſon.
1. One who defcrts to the enemy ; a revolter,

To RENE'GE. v. a. [remgOy Lit, renter.
French.] To dil'own. King CharUi,

To RENE W. v. a. [re and neiv.]
1. To renovate
; to reftore the former
ftate. Helreio!.
2. To repeat ; to put again in aft. Dryd.
3. To begin again. Dryden.
4. In theology, to make anew ; to transform
to new life. Rcmars.

RENEWABLE, a. [from renew.] Capable
to be renewed. Sici/t,

RENE'WAL. /, [from renew.] The act of
renewing ; renovation. Forbes,

RENITENCY. ʃ. [from renitent.] That
refiftance in folid bodies, when they prefs
apon, or are impelled one againft another.

RENI'TENT. a. [renitent, Latin.] Adting
againft any impulfe by elaftick power.

RE'NNET. /, A putrediaous ferment.
7 /, A kind of appl«.
; Mtriimers



To RE NOVAiE. t, a. [r:no'vo, Latin^ ;
To renew ; to reftore to the firft Oate.

RENOVATION. ʃ. [rerovatio, Lat.] Renewal
; the act of renewing. Bccon.

To RENOU'NCE. v. a. [renon^er, Fr, re.
nuncio, Latin.] To difown ; to abnegate.

To RENOU'NCE. v. «. To declare 7euol
ciation. Dryden.

RENOU'NCEMENT. /, [from reiwunie.]
Aft of renouncing ; renunciation.

RENO'WN. ʃ. [reromrre^ French.] Fame; celebrity ; praife.widely fpread. WalUr.

To RENO WN. v. a. [rcnommtr, Fr. from
the noun.] To make famous. Pope.

RENO'WNED. particip, a. [from reno^n.]
Famous i celebrated ; eminent ; famed,

RENT. f. [from r^;?^.] A break ; a laceration.

To RENT. ʃ. ſ. [rather to rf«i.] To tear |
to lacerate. Ecciuj,

To RENT, V. ft. To roar ; to blufter.

RENT. ʃ. [rente, French.]
1. Revenue ; annual payment. P«.?«
2. Money paid for any thing held of another.

To RENT. v. a. [renter, French.]
1. To hold by paying rent. Mdifoiu
2. To fet to a tenant.

RENTABLE, a. [from r^»f.] That may
be rented.

RE'NTAL. ʃ. [f:Qm rent.] Schedule or account
of rents.

RE'NTER. ʃ. [from r.nt.] He that holds
by paying rent. Locke.

RENVERSED, a. [renverfe, Tr.] Overturned.

RENUNCIA'TION. ʃ. [renunciatio, Lat.]
The act of renouncing. Taylor.

To REORDA'IN. v. a. [recrdiner,Yxen,\
To ordain again, on fuppofition of ibmc
defeft in the commiftion of miniftry,

REORDINA'TION. ʃ. [from r.cr^am. ;
Repetition of ordination. Aiterburj.

To REPA'CIFY. <v.a. [^re and pscify.] T«
pacify again. "DsnxcU
REPA I'D, patt. of repay.

To REPAIR. v. a. [reparo, Lat. reparer,
X, To reftore after injury or dilapidation.
3. To amend any injury by an e<juivalcnr,
3. To fill up anew, by fomething put ia
the place of what is loft. Milton.

REPAl'R. ʃ. [from the verb.] Reparation ;
fupply of lofs ; reftoration after dilapidation.

To REPAI'R. v. n. [repairer, French.] To
go ; to betake hirhfelF. tope.

REPAI'R. ʃ. [repaire, French.]
1. Refoit ; abok.
2. Ad of betaking himfelf any whither.

REPAI'RER. ʃ. [from repair.] Amen(^er ;
reflorer. South.

REPA'NDOUS. a. [rf/an^w, Latin.] Bent
upwards, Brown.

RE'PARABLE. a. [rf^^ra^Y/'i, Latin.] Capable
of being amended, retrieved. Bacon.

RE'PARABLY. ad. [from reparabh.] In a
manner capable of remedy by reftoration,
amendment or fupply.

REPARA'TION. ʃ. [reparatio, Latin.]
1. The k£1 of repairing. Arbuthnot.
2. Supply of what is wafted. Arbuthnot.
3. Recompence for any injury ; amends.

REPA'RATIVE. ʃ. [from repair.] Whatever
makes amends. Wotton.

REPARTEE'. ʃ. [reparUe, French.] Smart
reply. Dryden.

To REPAPvTEE'. v. n. To make fmart replies.

To REPA'SS. v. a. [r^/^^jT'er, French.] To
pzfs again ; to pafs back. Raleigh.

To REPA'SS. v. n. To go back in a road.

REPA'ST. ʃ. [re and p^Jlus, Latin.]
1. A meal ; act of caking food. Denham.
1. Food ; viduals. Shakeſpeare.

To REPA'ST. v. a. [repaijlre, Fr. from the
noun.] To feed ; to feaft. Shakeſpeare.

REPA'STURE. ʃ. [re and pajiure.] Entertainment.

To REPA'V. v. a. [repnyer, French.]
1. To pay back in return, in requital, or
in revenge. Bncorii
2. To recompenfe. Milton.
3. To requite either good or ill. Btpf.
4. To reimburfe with what is owed.

REPA'YMENT. ʃ. [from r^.pay.]
1. The ad; of repaying, -
2. The thing repaid. Arbuthnot.

To REPExAL. v. a. [rafpdler, French.]
1. To recall. Shakeſpeare.
2. To abrogate ; to revoke. Dryden.

REPEA'L. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Recall from exile. Shakeſpeare.
2.' Revocation ; abrogation. Davies.

To REPEA'T. v.a, fr^/^efo, Latin.]
1. To iterate ; to ufe again ; to do again.
ft. To fpeak again. Hooker.
3. To try again. Dryden.
4. To recite ; to rehearfe. Milton.

REPEA'TEDLY. ad. [from repeated, ; Over
and over i more than once, UtrphertSt

REPEA'TER. ʃ. [from repeat..
1. One that repeats; one that recites.
2. A watch that ftrikes the hours at will
by compreffion of a fpring.

To REPE'L. ‘v.a. [rf/)^^/o, Latin.]
1. To drive back any thing. Hooker.
2. To drive back an aflailant. Dryden.

To REPE L. v. n.
1. To act with force contrary to force impreffed.
2. In phyfick, to repel in medicine, is to
prevent (uch an afflux of a fluid to any particular
part, as would raife it into a tumour.

REPE'LLENT. ʃ. [repellem, Latin.] An application
that has a repelling power.

REPE'LLER. ʃ. [from repel,"] One that repels.

To REPE'NT. va:. [repentir, French.]
1. To think on any thing paft with fonoWg
King Charles. South. .
2. To exprefs forrow for fomething pa ft.
3. To have fuch forrow for fin, as produces
amendment of life. Matthew.

To REPE'NT. T/. a,
1. To remember with forrow. Shakeſpeare.ffp,
2. To remember with pious forrow. Don,
3. It is ufed with the reciprocal pronoun.

REPE'NTANCE. ʃ. [repentance, Fr. fro.-n
1. Sorrbw for any thing part.
2. Sorrow? for fin, fuch as produces newnefs
of life ; penitence. M^bitgiftei

REPE'NTANT. a. [repentant, French.]
1. Sorrowful for the pall,
2. Sorrowful for fin. Milton.
3. Expreffing forrow for fin, Shakeʃp.

To REPEO'PLE. -y. a. [re and people.] To
ftock with peoplfe anew. Hale. <»

To REPERCUSS. ‘v.a. [repercujfus, Lat.]
To beat back ; to drive back. Bacon. ‘

REPERCU'SSION. ʃ. [repercuffjo, Lnm.]
The act of driving back ; rebound. Bacon.

REPERCU'SSIVE. a. [repercujif, French.]
1. Having the power of driving back, of
caufing a rebound,
2. Repellent. Baiom
3. Driven back. rebounding,

REPERTI'TIOUS. a. [repertus^YrtXizh.]
Found ; gained by finding.

REPE'RTORY. ʃ. [repenorium, Latin.] .
treafury; a magazine,

REPETI'TION. /, [repetttio, Latin.]
1. Iteration of the fame thing. Arbuthnoti
2. Recital of the fame words over again.
3. The act of reciting or fehcarfing.
4. Recital from memory, as diftindl from

To REPI'NE. v. r. [re and />/«-] To fret
; to vex hicnfelf; ta oe difconten:ed. Temple.

REPI'N'ER. ſ. [from /r/i'J:?.] One chit iicts
or murmurs.

To REPL/\'CE. v. a. [replacer, Frcr.cli ;
re and/i/jc.-.]
1. To put again in the former place.
1. To put in a new place. Dryden.

To REPLA'NT. v. a, [reflanUr, French.]
To plant anew.

REPLANTA'TION. ʃ. [from reflunt.] The
act of phnting again.

To REPLAl'T. v. a. [re and flait.] To fold
one part often over another.

To REPLE NISH. ‘v. a. [re indf>lenus, Lat.]
1. To rt'jck ; to fill. A^Hiok.
2. To fioifh ; to confummate ; to complete.

To REPLE'NISH. v. «. To be flocked.

REPLETE, a. [rf/)/tf/«j, Latin.] Full;
completely filled. B-iccn.

REPLETION. ʃ. [refhtien, French.] The
fiate of being overfull. Arbuthnot.

REPLE'VIABLE. a. [repkgiabi U^hzthzrous
Latin.] What may be replevined.

To REPLEVIN. 7 v. a. Spenſer. [rephg'O,

To REPLE'VY. ; low Latin.] To take
back or let at lioerty any thing I'eized upon
fecurity given.

REPLICATION. ʃ. [rfplico, Latin.]
1. Rtbjundj repercuflion, iihahefp,
2. Reply ; anfwer, Broo'ne,

To REPLY'. v. rt. [repUqu^r, French.] To
anfwer \ to make a return to an anfwer.

To RE'PLY. v. a. To return for an anfwer.

RE'PLY. ʃ. [rep^ijue, Fr.] Aafwer ; return
to an anfwer. Watts.

REPLY'ER. ʃ. [from rf;>/y.] He that makes
a return to an anfwer. Bacon.

To REPO'LISH. v. a. [repolir, Fr, re and
foUfn, ; To polifh again, Donne.

To REPO'RT. v. a. [rapporter, Fr.]
1. To noife by popular rumour.
2. To give repute. i Jim.
3. To give an account of.
4. To return ; to rebound ; to give bark.

REPORT. ʃ. [from the noun]
1. Rumrur ; popular fame.
2. Pvcpuie ; puolick chatacter.
3. Account returned. [Mac,
4. Account given by lawyers of cafes.
U ‘at (s.
5. Sound ; bud ooifc ; repcrcuftion.

P.EPO'RTER. ſ. [from r-'^^rr.j Reiatcr
; one tijftt gives ?n accoyn:, ll^yivjirii.

REPO'RTINGLY. ad. [from reporting.]
By common fame. Shakefpeare.

REPO'SAL. ʃ. [from repr^fe.^ The act of
repofing. Shakeſpeare.

To REPO'.SE. V. a, [repono, Lat.]
1. To lay to reft. Milton.
2. To piace as in confidence or trult.
3. To lodge ; to lay up. Woodward.

To REPOSE, v. n. [repofer, Fr.]
1. To flecp ; to be at reft. [Cbapmani
2. To rell: in confidence. Shakeſpeare

REPO'SE. ʃ. [repot, Fr.]
;, Sleep ; reft ;
Shakeſpeare. PWipt.
?, Caufeofreft. Dryden.

REPO'SE DNESS. ſ. [from rcpofed.] State
of being at reft.

To REFO'SITE. v. a. [repofitus, Lat.] To
lay up ; to lodge as in a place of fafety.

REPOSITION. ʃ. [from rrpojiie.] The
act of replacing. Wifeman.

REfO^SITORY. ʃ. [repofitor'ium, Lat.] A
place where any thing is lafely laid up.

TO REPOSSE'SS. 1;, a. ire and />#/!.] To
poQefs again. Spenser.

To REPREHE'ND. v. a. [reprebendo, Lat.]
1. To reprove; to chide, Shakeſpeare.
2. To biame ; to cenfure, Philips.
3. To detea of fallacy. Bacon.
4. To charge with as a fault. Bacon.

REEPREHh'NDER. ʃ. [from reprehend.]
Elamer ; cenfurer. Hooker.

REPREHE'NSIBLE. a. [repreherfihle, Fr.]
BIdmcable; culpable; cenfurable.

REPREHE'NSIBLENESS. ʃ. [from reprfkenjikle,\

REPREIIE'NSIBLY. ad. [from reprektn-
Jibie,'\ BIameably ; culpably.

REPREHE'N^ION. ʃ. [nprekerfio, Lat.]
Reproof ; open blame. Udtmimnd.

REPREHE'NSIVE. q. [from rrprchend.]
Given to reproof.

To REPRESE'NT. v. a. [rr^r^/.s^o, Lat.]
1. To exhibit, as if the thing exhibited
were prefent. Milton.
2. To defcribe ; to ftiow in any particular
character. Addiʃon.
3. To fill the place of another by a vicarious
4. To exhibit ; to fhow. Decay of Fiety.

RtPRESENTATION. ʃ. [r.preltntatiQn.
1. Image; likenefs, Stillingfleet.
2. Art of fuppoiting a vicarious character.
3. RefpcdHul declaration.

REPREI^E'NTATIVE. a. [teprejentatif,
1. Exhibiting a fimilitude. Atterbury,
2. Bearing the char,i^tr or pov/cr of aqothei.

j» One exhibiting the likenefs of another.
2. One exercifing the vicarious power given
\>y another. BIount.
3. That by which any thing is fhown.

REPRESE'NTER. ʃ. [from reprejent.]
1. One who fhows or exhibits. Brown.
2. One who bears a vicarious charadier.

REPRESE'NTMENT. ʃ. [from reprejem,
Imag" or idea propofed, as exhibiting the
{ Jjkenefs of fomething. Taylor.

To REPRE'SS. v. a. [reprejfas, Lat.]
1. To cruih ; to put down ; to fubdue.
2. To comprefs, Not proper,

REPRE'SS. ʃ. [from the verb.] Repref-
£on i
aft .of cruihing.
Government of the Tongue.

REPRE'SS ION. ʃ. [from reprefs.] Act of
repreffing. King Charles.

REPRE'SSiVE. a. [from reprcj<.] Having
power to reprefs ; afting to reprefs.

To REPRIE'VE. v. a. To refpete after fentence
of death ; to give a refpete. South.

REPRIE'VE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Refpete
after fentence of death, Clarendon,

To RF.PRIMA'ND. v. a. [r^primander, Fr.]
To chide ; to check ; to reprehend ; to
reprove. Arbuthnot.

REPRIMAND. ʃ. [reprimandc, Fr.] Reproof
; reprehenfion. Addiſon.

To REPRI'N r. v. a. [re and prht..
1. To renew the impreffion of any thing.
2. To print a new edition. Pope. .

REPRI'SaL. ſ. [reprefalia, low Lat.] Something
feized by way of retaliation for robbery
or injury. Pope. .

REPRI'SE. ʃ. [reprife, Fr.] The act of taking
fomething in retaliation of injury.

To REPROA'CH. v. a. [reprocher,Yx.]
1. To cenfure in opprobrious terms, as a
crime. Dryden.
2. To charge with a fault in fevere language.
5. To upbraid in general. Rogers.

REPROACH. ʃ. [reprocte, Fr.] Cenfure ; infamy ; fhame. Milton.

REPROA'CHABLE. a. [reprochabk, Fr.]
"Worthy of reproach.

REPROA'CHFUL. a. [from reproach.
1. Scurrilous; opprobrious. Shakeſpeare.
2. Shameful ; inlaraous ; vile.

REPROA'CHFULLY. ad. [from reproach.]
1. Opprobrioufly ; ignominioufly , fcurriloufly.
2. Shamefully; infamoufly.

REPROBATE, a, [r^/rc^aJ, Lat.] Loft
to virtue ; loft to grace ; abandoned.

RE'PROBATE. ʃ. A man loft to virtue ;
a wretch abandoned to wickednefs. Taylor.

To RE'PROBATE. v. a. [r.probo, Latin.]
1. To difallow ; to rt]t€t. Ayliffe.
2. To abandon to wickednefs and eternnl
deftruction. Hammond.
3. To abandon to his fentence, without
hope of pardon. Southeme.

RE'PROBATENESS. ʃ. [from reprobate,;
The ftate of being reprobate.

REPROBA'TION. ʃ. [reprobation, French.]
1. The act of abandoning, or ftate of being
abandoned to eternal deftru6tion.-
2. A condemnatory fentence. Dryden.

To REPRODU'CE. ‘v. a, [re ^n6 produce.]
To produce again ; to produce anew.

REPRODU'CTION. ʃ. [from reproduce.]
The act of producing anew. Boyle.

REPROO'F. ʃ. [from reprove.]
1. BIame to the face ; reprehenfion. Pope. .
2. Cenfure ; flander. Pfalms.

REPRO'VABLE. a. [from reprove.] Culpable
3. blamable ; worthy of reprehenfion.
To REPRO VE. v. a. [repnuvcr, Fr. ;
1. To blame ; to cenfure.
2. To charge to the face with a fault; to check ; to chide ; to reprehend.
Wbitgifte. Taylor.
3. To refute ; to difprove. Shakeſpeare.
4. To blame for. Care'zc,

REPRO'VER. ʃ. [from reprove.] A reprehender
; one that reproves. South.

To REPRU'NE. v. a. [re and prune, ; To
prune a fecond time. Evelyn.

RE'PTILE. a. [reptile, Lat.] Crer ping
upon many feet. Gay.

RE'PTILE. ʃ. An animal that creeps upon
many feet. Locke. Prior.

REPU'BLICAN. a. [from repuhli^k.] PIacing
the government in the people.

REPU'BLICAN. f. litamrepubHck.] One
who thinks a commonwealth without monarchy
the beft government. Addiſon.

REPU'B'LICK. ſ. [relpublica,!.^^.] Common-
wealth ; ftate in which the power is
lodged in more than one. Ben. Johnson.

REPU'DIABLE. a, [from repudiate.] Fit
to be rejeiled.

To REPU'DIATE. v. a. [repudio, Latin.]
To divorce ; to rejedl ; to put away.

REPUDIATION. ʃ. [from repudiate.] Divorce
; rejection. yjArbuthnot.
1. Inconfiftency ; contrariety. Bentley.
2. Reluftance ; unwillingnefs ; ftruggle of
oppofite paffion. South.


Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


REPU'GNANT. a. [regugnanty Fr.]
1. Difobedient ; not obfeiiuious.
2. Cbntrary ; oppofite. Woodward.

REPUGNANTLY. ad. [from repugnjr.t.]
Contr:idi(ftorily. B'Oivn.

To REPU'LLULATE. v. r. [re and pullu-
/o, Lat.] To bud again. Uowcl.

REPU'LSE. ʃ. [rrpul'e,¥r. r^pulfa, Uun.]
The condition of being driven off or puc
afide from any attempt. f^'"g Charles.

To REPULSE. v. a. [repuIfus.hiX.] To
beat back ; to drive oi^. Knolles.

REPU'LSION. ʃ. [repu/fus, Lat.] The act
or power of driving off from itfelf.

REPU'LSIVE. a. [from repulfe.] Driving
eff ; having the power to beat back or drive
off. Newton.

To REPU'RCHASE. v. a, [re and purchafe.]
To buy again. Shakeſpeare.

RE'PUTABLE. a. [from repute.] Honourable;
not infamous. Rogers.

RE'PUTABLY. ad. [from reputable, ;
Without difcredit. Atterbury.

REPUTA'TION. ʃ. [reputation, Fr.] Credit
; honour ; character of good. Addiſon.

To REPUTE. ʃ. a. [reputOf Latin.] To
hold ; to account ; to think. Donne.

REPU'TE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Charader ; reputation.
2. Eftablifhed opinion. Milton.

REPUTELESS. tf. [iiom repute. ‘\ Difreputable ; difgraceful. Shakeſpeare.

REQUEST,. ʃ. [requefte, Fr.]
1. Petition ; entreaty. Shakeſpeare.
2. Demand ; repute ; credit ; ftate of being
dcCred. Boyle.

To REQUEST. v. tf. [requefier, Fr."| To
afk ; to folicite ; to entreat. Knolles.

REQUESTER. ʃ. [from requeji.] Petitioner; foliciter.

To REQUI'CKEN. v. a. [r^ and quicken.]
To reanimate. Shakeſpeare.

1. A hymn in which they imclorefor the
dead requiem or reft. Shakeſpeare.
2. Reft; quiet ; peace. ia/^dys.
REQUI'RABLE. a. [from require.] Fit
to be required. Hale.
To REQUI'RE. v. a [requiro, Lat.]
1. To demand ; to afk a thing as of right.
2. To make neceffary ; to need. Dryden.
REQUISITE a. [requ,fitui,LiU] Neceffary
; needful ; required by the nature of
things. Wake.

RE'QUISITE. ʃ. Any thing neceffary,

RE'QTJISITELY. ad. [from requljite. ^ Neceiiarily
; in a requifite manner. B^^yle.

RE'QUISITENESS. ʃ. [from requifiie, ]
Nccefflty ; the ftate of being requifife.

REQUITAL. ʃ. [from r^ywVr]
1. Return for any good or bad office ; retaliation.
2. Reward ; recompenfe. South.

To REQUITE. v. a. [requiter, Fr.] To
repay ; to retaliate good or ill ; to recompenfe.
Pope. .

RE'REWARD. ʃ. The rear or laft troop.

RESA'LE. ʃ. [re and fale.] Sale at fecond
^and. Bacon.

To RESALU'TE. v. a. [refaluto, Lat. re-
Juluer, Fr.] To falutc or greet anew.

ToRESAI'L. v. a. [reand/a;7.] To fail
back. Pope. .

To RESCI'ND. v. a. [refcindo, Lat. refcirder,
Fr.] To cut off; to abrogate A
Jaw, Hammond. Dryden.

RESCI'SSION. ʃ. [refcijfion, Fr. rejcjfus,
Lat.] The a£\ of cutting off ; abrogation.

RESCISSORY. a. [refcijfoire, Fr. nfcjus,
Lat.] Having the power to cut off.

To RESCRI'BE. v. a. [refcrilo, Lat.]
1. To write back. Ay^ifff.
2. To write over again. Howil,

RE'SCRIFT,. ʃ. [refcripfum^Lat.] Edia
of an emperour. Bacon.

To RE'SCUE. v. a. [r<r/«rr., old French, ;
To fet free from any violence, confinement,
or danger. Shakeſpeare.

RE'SCUE. ʃ. [refcovffe, oldFr.] Deliverance
from violence, danger, or confinement.

RE'SCUER. ʃ. [from refcue.] Ofc that

RESEA'RCH. ʃ. [recherche, Fr.] Enquiry
; fearch. Rogers.

To RESEA'RCH. v. a. [rechercher, Fr.]
To examine ; to enquire. Wbttor,

To RESEA'T. v. a. [re and feat.] To
feat again. Dryden.
RESEl'ZER. ſ. One that feizes again.

RESEI'ZURE. ʃ. [re and ftizure] RepeatCvi
feizure ] feizure a iccond time.

RESE'MBLANCE. ʃ. [refemhhn:e, Fr. [
Likenefs ; fimilitudc ; reprefentation.

To RESE'MBLE. v. a. [refemhlr, Fr.]
1. To compare ; to represent as like fomething
elfc. Raleigh.

To RESE'ND. v. a. [re and/fW.] To fend
back ; to fend again. Shakeſpeare.

To RESENT, -i^.a. [refer!ir,¥r.]
1. To take well or ill. Bjcch.
2. To take ill ; to confider as an injury.or
affiont. Milton.

RESE'NTER. ʃ. [from refent.] One who
feels injuries deeply. PFotton.

RESE'NTFUL. a. [refent and full.] Malignant
; eafily provoked to anger, and long
retaining it.

RESE'NTINGLY. aJ. [from refenting.]
With deep fenfe ; with ftrong preception ;
with anger. Mere.

KESE'NTMENT. ʃ. [rejentment , Fr.]
1. Strong perception of good or ill.
2. Deep fenfe of injury. Swift.

RESERVA'TION. ʃ. [refervation, Fr.]
1. Referve ; concealment of tomething m
the mind. Sanderjon.
2. Something kept back ; fomething not
given up, Swift.
3. Cuftodyj ftate of being treafured up.

RESE'RVATORY. ʃ. [referwir, French.]
PIace in which any thing is referved or
kept, Woodward.

To RESE'RVE. v. a. [refervo, Lat.]
1. To keep in llore; to fave to fome
other purpofe. Spenſer.
2. To retain ; to keep ; to hold.
3. To lay up to a future time.
Decay of Piety.

RESE'RVE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Store kept untouthed. Locke.
2. Something kept for exigence.
3. Something concealed in the mind.
4. Exception ; prohibition, Milton.
5. Exception m favam. Rogen.
6. Modefty ; cautioSi in perfon«l behaviour.

RESE'RVED. a. [from referve.]
1. Modeft; not loofely free. Walp.
2. Sullen ; not open ; not frank.

RESE'RVEDLY. ad. [from rejerved.]
1. Not with franknefs i not with opennefs
; with referve. Woodward.
1. Scrupuloufly ; coldly. Pope. .

RESE'RVEDNESS. ʃ. [from referved.]
clofenefs ; want of franknefs ; want of
opennefs, Ben. Johnson.

RESE'RVER. ʃ. [from referve.] One that
refer ves.

RESERVOI'R. ʃ. [refervoir, Fr.] PIace
where any thing is kept in ftore. Pope. .

To RESETTLE. v. a. [re indi fettle.] To
fettle again. Swift.

RESETTLEMENT. ʃ. [from refcttle.]
1. The act of fettling again. Norris.
it. The ftate of fettling again. Mortimer.
RESl'ANCE. ſ. [from refiant.] Refidence ;
abode \ dwelling. Bacon.
RESl'ANT. a. [reJj'(ant,Yt.] Refident ; prefent in a place. Knolliu

To RESI'DE. v. n. [refdeo, Lat.]
1. To have abode
to live ; to dwell ; to
be prefenr, Milton.
2. [Rcfido. Lat.] To fink; to fubfide ;
to fall to the bottom. Boyle.

RE SIDENCE. /, [refidence, Fr.]
1. A&. of dwelling in a place. Hale.
2. PIace of abode ; dwelling. Milton.
3. That which fettles at the bottom of liqueurs.

RE'SIDENT. a. [refdeni, Lat.] Dwelling or
having abode in any place, Burnet.

RE'SIDENT. ʃ. [from the adj.] An agent,
minifter, or officer refiding in any diftanc
place with the dignity of an ambafTador.

RESIDE'NTIARY. a. [from refdent.]
Holding refidence. More.

RESl'DUAL. v. a. [from refduum, Lat.]

RESI'DUARY. ; Relating to the refidue ; relating to the part remaining. ^yli'ff^'

RE'SIDUE. ʃ. [refiduum, Lat.] The remaining
; that which is left. Arbuthnot.

To RESIE'GE. v. a. [rf ^ndfiege, Fr.] To
feat again. Spenser.
To RESl'GN. ‘V. a. [refigno, Lat.]
1. To give up a claim or poffeflion. D^fli'.
2. To yield up. Locke.
3. To give up in confidence. Milton.
4. To fubmit ;
particularly to fubmit to
providence. Dryden.
5. To fubmit without refiftance or murmur.

RESIGNA'TION. ʃ. [rejignation, Fr.]
1. The act of refigning or giving up a claim
or poff'eftion. Hayward.
2. Submiffion ; unreCfling, acquiefcence.
3. Submifhon without murmur to the
will of God.

RESI GNER. /, [from refign.] One that

RESl'GNMENT. ʃ. [from r^Jign.] Act of

RESILIENCE. 7 /. [from refdio, Latin.]

RESILIENCY, ; The act of ftarting or
leaping back. Bacon.

RESI'LIENT. a. [refliem, Lat.] Starting
or fpringing back,

RESILI'TION;. ʃ. [reflio, Lat.] The act
of fpringing backj refilience.

RE'SIN. ʃ. [r/fna, Lat.] The fat fulphurous
part of fome vegetable, which is natural
or procured by art, and will incorporate
with oil or fpint, not an aqueous
menftruum, ^iney,

RE'SINOUS. a. [from refn ; refineaux, Fr.]
Containing refin ; conlifting of refin.

RE'SINOUSNESS. ʃ. [from refnous.] The
quality of being refinous.

RESIFl'SCENCE. ʃ. [refpe/cence^Tt.] Wifdom
after the faft ; rcpcntan c

To RESI'ST. v. a. [refip, Lat.")
1. To oppofe ; to ad againft. Shakeſpeare.
2. To not admjt imprftflion or force.

RESISTANCE. 7 . r,,fln^„„ Pr 1

RESI'STENCE. ʃ. -'" L ^C/V"'"", . « ; 1. The act of refifing ; oppofition.
1 Mjc.
2. The quality of not yielding to force or
external impreffion. Bacon.

RESISTIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from refiJiibU, ]
Quality of refilting. Locke.

REiJi'STIBLE. a. [from refifi.] That may
be refifled. Hale.

RESISTLESS, a. [from refij}.^ Irrefiftable
; that cannot be oppofed. Raleigh.

RESOLVABLE, a. [from refolve.]
1. That may be analyfed or fcparated.
2. Capable of folution or of being made
Jefs obfcure. Brown.

RESOLUBLE, a. [refoluble, Fr. ; That
may be melted or dilTolvexJ.

To RESO'LVE. v. a. [re/oho, Lat.]
1. To inform ; to free from a doubt or difficulty.
2. To folve ; to clear. Rogers.
3. To fettle in an opinion. Shakeſpeare.
4. To fix in determination. Dryden.
5. To fix in conflancy ; to confirm.
6. To melt ; to diflblve. yiArbuthnot.
7. To analyfe. Milton.

To RESO'LVE. v. v.
1. To determine ; to decree within one's
felf. Milton.
2. To melt ; to be dJ/Tolved.
Shakeſpeare. Southern.
3. To be fettled in opinion. Locke.

RESO'LVE. ʃ. Refolution ; fixed determination.

RESO'LVEDLY. ad. [from refolved.] With
firmnefs and conftancy. Greiv.

RESO'LVEDNESS. ʃ. [from refolved.] Refolution ; conliancy ; firmnefs.
Decay of Piety.

RESO'LVENT. ʃ. [rejolvent, Latin.] That
which has the power of caufing folution,

RESO'LVER. ʃ. [from refche.)
1. Onejthat forms a firm refolution.
2. One that diflllyes
; one that feparates
parts. Boyle.

RE'SOLUTE. a. [refo/u, Fr.] Determined
; fixed ; conftant ; ftcady ; firm. Shakeſpeare.

RESOLUTELY. ad. [from rejolute.] Determinately
; firmly ; conltantly ; fteadily.
" Roscommon,

RE'SOLUTENESS. ʃ. [from rrfoiute.] Determinatenefs
; Itaie of being fixed in refolution,
Boyle. ‘.


RESOLUTION. ʃ. [refolutio, Lat.]
1. Art of clearing difhiculiioe. Brown.
2. Analyfisj art of feparating any thing
into conftituent parts, Ha'e.
3. Diflblution, ^'^h'.
4. Fixed determination ; fettled thought.
King Charles.
5. Conftancy ; firmnefs ; fteadmels in good
or bad. Sidrey,
6. Determination of a caufe in courts of
juHice. Hale.

RE;S0LUT1VE. a. [rejolutus, Lat. rejolw
tif, Fr.] Having the power to diflblve.

RE'SONANCE. ʃ. [from rejono, Latin.]
Sound ; refound, Boyle.

RESONANT. a. [refonant, Fr.]
Refounding. Milton.

To RESO'RT. v. n. [refortir, Fr.]
1. To have recou rfe. Clarenden.
2. To go publickly. Milton.
3. To repair to. Pope. .
4. To fall back. Hale.

RESO'RT. ʃ. [from the verb]
1. Frequency ; aflembly ; meeting.
2. Concourfe ; confluence. Swift.
3. Art of vifiting. Shakeſpeare.
4. Movement i artive power ; fprmg.

To RESOU'ND. v. a. [rforo, Lat.]
1. To echo
; to found back ; to celebrate
by found. Peachart,
2. To found ; to tell fo as to be heard far.
3. To return founds ; to found with any
noife. Milton.

To RESOU'ND. v. «. To be echoed back.

RESOU'RCE. ʃ. [resource, Fr..] Some
new or unexperted means that offer ; refort
; expedient. Dryden.

To RESO'W. v. a. [re an^/c7f.] To fow
anew. Bacon.

To RESPEA'K. v. n. [re and fpiak.] To
anfwer. Shakeſpeare.

To RESPE'CT. v. a, [nfpeSut, Lat.]
1. To regard ; to have Regard to. Bacon.
2. To confider with a lower degree of reverence.
3. To have relation to,
4. To look toward. Brown.

RESPE'CT. ʃ. [refpeaui.Lat.
1. Regard ; attention, Shakeſpeare.
2. Reverence ; honour. Prior.
3. Awful kindnefs. Locke.
4. Goodwill. Shakefpeare.
5. Partial regard. Proverbs.
6. Reverend chararter, Shakeſpeare.
7. Manner of treating others. Tfotton,
8. Confideration ; motive. Hooker.
9. Relation} regard. Milton.

RESPE'CTER. ʃ. [from «^ect?.] One that
has partial regard. Swift.
‘ 5 K. a RERES

RSSPr'CTFUL. a. [refpeci and full.] Ceremoniouc
: full of outward civility.

RESPE'CTFULLY. aJ. [from refpeSful..
With forae degree c.f reverence. Dryden.

RESFE'CTIVE. a. [ft.m re/pec^.]
1. Farticuiav : relating to parclcuiar perfons
or thiogs/ Burmt.
2. Relative ; not abfolute. 7?''^vrj.
3. Worthy of reverence. Shakeſpeare.
4. Accurate: nice; careful ; cautious.

RESPE/CTIVELY. ad. [from re'petlitje.]
1. ^rticuiirly; as each belongs to each.
2. Relatively; not abfolutely. Raleigh.
3. Part!-ii]y ; with refpect to pnv.te
views. Obfolete. Hooker.
4. With great reverence. Shakeſpeare.

RESPE'RSION. ſ. lre)perJio,LA:\ The
act of forinkling.

RESPIRA'&quot;i ION. ſ. [rejpiration, Fr. rejpirjtio:
ITom rfpiro, Lat.]
1. The act of breathing. Bacon.
2. Relief from toil. Milton.

To RESPI'RE. v. n. [refpero, Lat.]
1. Tohreathe. Dryden.
2. To catch' breath. Milton.
3. To reft ; to take reft from toil,Pope. .

RESPl'TE. ſ. [rejpit, Fr.]
1. Reprieve ; fufpenfion of a capital fentence.
- Miiton: Prior.
2. Paufe; interval. Raleigh.

To RESPITE. ‘v.a. [from the noun.]
1. To relieve by a paufe. Milton.
2. [Refpeter ,-.o\^ Fr.] To fufoend; to
del a.'. Clar-ndo»,

RESPLE'NDENCE. 7 /. [from refphndent.]

RESPLE'NDENCY. ʃ. Lutire ; bnghti;efs; fplericinur. Boyle'.

RESPLE'NDENT. a. [rejplendem, Latin.]
Bright ; fiimiQg ; having a beautiful luftre,
-. JSIeivton,

RESPLE'NDENTLY. ad. [from reJpUndent']
Withluftre; b;ightlyi fplendidiy.

To RESFO'ND. v. n. [r^fpondcoj Lat. re-
Jpondre, Fr.]
1. To anfwer.
2. To correfpond ; to fait. Broome.

RESPO NDENT. ſ. [refpondens, Lat.]
1. An anTwerer \a a fuit. -^y^ff^'
2. One whofe province, in a fet difputation,
is to refute objections. Watts.

RESPONSE. ʃ. [refponfum, Lat.]
1. An anfwer. Hammond.
3.' Apfwer made by the congregation.
3. Reply to an objeITuon ip a formal difputation.

RESPO NSIBLE. a. [from rejponjus^ Lat.]
s. Anfwerable ; accountable.
Covernment of the Tongue,

2. Capable of difcharging an obligation,

RESPO'NSIBLENESS. ʃ. [from rt/porfble..
Stvte of being obliged or qualified to anf'ver.

RESPO'NSION. ʃ. [refponfio, Lat.] The act
of 3nA".ering,

RESi'O'NSIVE. a. [refponfif, Fr.]
1. Anfwering ; making anfwer. AyUffe.
2. Correfpoiident ; fuited to fomething
elfe. Fenton.

RESPO'NSORY. a. [rf//>or/or;ai, Latin.]

C'). staining aniwer,

REST;. ʃ. I'pept, Saxon I
ra/f, Dutch.]
1. Sleep ; repofe. Pope. .
2. The finaJ fleep ; the quletnefs of death,
3. Stiinefs ; cefTd'a'-n of motion, Bacon.
4. (^iet ; peace ; ceffation from difturham.
ir. Daniel.
5. CefTation from bodily L-bour, , ^0^,
6. Support
; that on which any thing leans
or r<-fts. Fairfax.
7. PIace of repofe, Milton.
8. Final hope. Clarenden.
9. Remainder
; what remains. Dryden.

REST. a. [reftei, Fr. quod reflat, Ladn.]
Others J- thufe not included in any propofi
t i r-n.

To RF.ST. i>. n, [from , the noun.]
1. To llecp ; to be afleep ; to flumbcr.
2. To fleep the final fleep; to die.
3. To be at quiet ; to be at peace.
4. To be without motion ; to be ftill.
5. To be fixed in any ftate or opinion.
6. To ceafe from labour. Taylor.
7. To be fatisfied ; to acqulefce. Addiſon.
8. To lean ; to be fupported. Waller.
9. To be left ; to remain. Bacon.

To REST. v. a.
1. To lay to reft. Dryden.
2. To plice as on a fopport,

RESTA'GNANT. a. [rcjia^nans, Latin.]
Remaming without flow ormotion. Boyle.

To RESTA'GNATE. v. n. [re and Jiag.
nate. ; To ftand without flow. Wiseman.

RESTAGNA'TION. ʃ. [from ^refiag'
nate.] The ftate of ftanding without flow,

C'.urfe, or motion.

RESTAURA'TION. ʃ. [refauro, Latin.]
The act of recovering to the former ftate.

To RESTE'M. v. a. [re and flem, ] To
force back againft the current.

RE'STFUL. a. [rejl zzi^ full.] Quiet; being
at reft. Shakeſpeare.

RESTHA'RPvOW. ʃ. A plant. Miller.



RESTI'FF. a. [rejlif, French ; rrfiiv^ Itsl.l
1. Unwilling to ftir ; refokue againft going
forward; chftinate; ftubbnrn. Dryden.
2. Being at reft ; being lefs in motion.

RESTI'FNESS. ʃ. [from rejiiff.] Obftinate
reiudance. King Charles.

RESTI'NCTION. ʃ. [refar.aus, Latin.] The ToJlESTRI'CT. v. a
act of extinguifhing.

RESTRAI'NT. ʃ. [from refirain ; rtjlretnt,
1. Abridgement of liberty. Shakeſpeare.
2. Prohibition. jl^ilion,
3. Limitation; reftri<^ion. Bacon.
4. Reprpftion ;

1. The act of reftoring what is loft' or
taken away. 1'ayhr. Arbuthnot.
2. The act of recovering its former ftite
or pofture. Gniv.

RE'STLESS. a. [from r^y?.]
1. Being without fleep.
2. Unquiet ; without peace. Prior.
3. Unconftant ; unfettled. Dryde.r.
4. Notftill; in continual motion.- MV'or?.

RE'STLESSLY. ad. [from refllefs:] Without
reft ; unauietly. South.

RE'STLESSNESS. ʃ. [from refikfs.]
1. Want of deep. Harvey.
2. Want of reft ; unquietnefs. Herbct.
3. Motion; agitation. Boyle.

RESTO'RABLE. a. [from rejlore-l What
mav be reftored. Swf(.

RESTORATION. ʃ. [from rejicre
i ref^.uration,
1. The act of replacing in a former ftate> Dryden.
2. Recovery. Rogers.

RESTO'RATIVE. a. [from rr^jr.^] That
which has the power to recruit life.

RESTO'RATIVE. ʃ. [from npre.] A
medicine that has the power of recruiting
life. South.

To RESTO'RE. v. a. [reftauro, Latin.]
1. To g ve back what has been loft or
taken away. Dryden.
1. To bring back. Dryden.
3. To retrieve ; to bring back from degeneration,
declcnfion, or ruin to its former
ftate. Prior.
4. To recover paflages in books from corruptiop.

RESTO'RER. ʃ. [from rcjicre,^ One that
reftores, Swift.

To RESTRAIN. v. a. rr(/?r«Wrf,French.]
1. To withhold ; to keep in. Shakeſpeare.
2. To repttfs ; to keep in awe. Locke.
To fupprefs ; to hinder ; to reprefs.
To abridge. CLendon. .
To hold in. Shakeſpeare.
To limit
; to confine, Hcuth,

RESTRAINABLE. a. [from rejirain.^ CipaLJc
to be reitrain^d, Brown.

RESTRAI'NEDLY. u<l. [from rejiratned.]
With r^f r;<.nt ; without latitude. Ham.

P.ESTRA1'NER. ʃ. [from >eftrain.] One
that reftrains : on« that wkhholds. Brovin.
hindrance of will ; act of
IreJfriSJus, Latin.]
To limit ; to confine. /Irbuthnot.

RESTRI'CTION. ʃ. [reftriEilon, French.]
Confinement ; limitation. Temple.

RFSTRI'CTIVE. a. [from reftria.]
1. Expreffirg limitation. Stillingfleet.
2. Styptick ; aftringent. Wifeman.

RESTRI'CTIVELY. ad. [from rejlriaive.]
With limitation. Gov. of the Tongue.

To RESTRI'NGE. w. a, [rejirirgo, Latin.]
To limit ; to confine.

RESTRI'NGENT. ʃ. [rfrirgem, Latin.]
That which hath the power of reftraining,

RE'STY. a. [rcji'ffy French.] Obftinate in
ftanding ftill. Swift.

To RESUBLI'ME. t: a. [re and fu!?lime. ;
To fublime another tirriC, Newton.

To RESU'LT. v. n, [refulter, French ; re-
Julio, Latin.]
1. To fly back. Pope. .
2. To rife as a confequcnce ; to be produced
as the effect of caufes jointly concurring.
3. To arife as a conclufion from premifes.

RKSU'LT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Refilience ; act of flying back. Bacon.
2. Confequence ; effect produced by the
concurrence of co-operating caufes, King Charles.
3. Inference from premifes.
4. Refolve; decifion.

RESU'LTANCE. ʃ. [rejuharce,
The act of refulting,

RESUMABLE. a. [from refume.] What
naay be taken back. Hale.

To RESU'ME. ‘v.a. [rf// wo, Latin.]
1. To take back what has been given,

2. To take back what has been taken away,
3. To take
(gain. Dr,derr,
4. To beg'n .^.gain what was broken off:
5. To refun.e a difcourfe,

RE.:>U'MPTION, /. [refomttion, French; rtfumptui, Latin.] The act of refuming.

RESU'MPTIVE. a. [refumptus, Latin.]

RESLTINA'TION. ʃ. [r^'upinoy Latin.]
The act of ivipg on the back.

To RESU'RVEY. v. a. [re and futiiey-l
To-e\icwj ‘O furvey again. Shakeſpeare.

RESURRE'CTION. ʃ. [refurreaion, Fr.
rejurreaurriy Latin.] Revival from the
dead ; return from the grave. Watts.


To RESU^SCITATE. v. a. [refufcito, Latin.]
; To ftir up anew ; to revive.

RESUbCITA'TION. ʃ. [from refujcitate.]
The act of ftirring up anew ; the act of
reviving, or ftate of being revived. Pope. .

To RETAI'L. v. a. [retailler,Yxtnch.]
x» To divide into fmall parcels. Shakeʃp.
2. To fell in fmall quantities, Locke.
3. To fell at fecond hand. Pope. .
4. To teir in broken parts. Shakeſpeare.

RETAI'L. ʃ. [from the verb.] Sale by fmall
(jusntities. Swift.

RETAI'LER. ʃ. [from retaiW] One who
felis by fmall quantities. Hakeiueli.

To RETAI'N. 1'. a. [retineo, Latin.]
1. To keep ; not to lofe. Loch,
3. To keep ; not to lay afide, Brown.
5. To keep ; not to difmifs. li^ilton.
4. To keep in pay ; to hire. Addiſon.

To RETAm. v. n.
1. To belong to; to depend on. BayU,
2. To keep ; to continue. Djtine,

RETAI'NER. ʃ. [from retaiti,'\
1. An adherent ; a dependant ; a hangeron.
2. In common law, retainer fignifieth a fcr-
ant not menial nor familiar, that is not
dwelling in his houfe, but only ufing or
bearing his name or livery. Co-zvel,
5. The act of keeping dependants, or being
in dependance. Bacon.

To RETAKE. v. a. [re and take.^ To take
again. Clarendon.

To RETAXIATE. v. a. [re and talio. Latin.]
To return by giving like for like ; to
repay ; to requite. Swift.

RETALIA'TION. ʃ. [from retaliate.'^ Requital ; return of like for like. Calawy,

To RETA'RD. "v, a, Iretardo, Latin 3 retarder,
1. To hinder ; to obftruct ii? fwiftnefs of
courfe. Denham.
2. To delay ; to put off. Dryden.

To RETA'Rp. nj. n. To ftay back. Brown.

RETARDA'TION. ʃ. [retardation, Fr.
from retard.] Hindrance ; the act of de.
lymg. Bacon.

RETA'RDER. ʃ. [from retfirJ.] Hinderer ;
obftrutter. Glanville.

To RETCH. v. n. [hjiaecan, Saxon.] To
force up fomethingf.'om thellomath.

RE'TCKLESS. a. Carelefs. Dryden.

RETE'CTION. ʃ. [reteSfui, Latin.] The
act of difcQvering to the view. Boyle.

RETE'NTION. ʃ. [retention, French ; re.
tentio, from retentus, Latin.]
1. The act of retaining. Bacon.
2. Retention and retentive faculty is that
ifate of contraaion in the folid parts,
which maJces them hold faft their proper
contents. Quincy,
3. Memory. Sowb.
4. Limitation. Shakeſpeare.

5. Cuftody ; confinement ; reftralnt.

RETE'NTIVE. a. [retentui^hzun.]
1. Having the power of retention. Philips.
2. Having memory. Glanville.

RETE'NTIVENESS. ʃ. [from retentive.]
Having the quality of retention.

RETICENCE. ʃ. [reticence, French ; reti.
centia, from reticeOf Latin.] Concealment
by filence. DiSf.

RE TICLE. ʃ. [retieulum, Latin.] A fmall
net. Dia,

RETI'CULAR. a. [from reticulum, Latin.]
Having the form of a fmall net.

RETICULATED. a. [reticulata!, Latin.]
Made of network ; formed with interftitial
vacuities. Woodward.

RE'TIFORiM. a. [retifermis, Latin.] Having
the form of a net. Ray.

RETINUE. ʃ. [retenue, French.] A number
attending upon a principal perfon ; a
train ; a meiny. Rogers.

To RETI'RE. v. n. [retirer, French.]
1. To retreat ; to withdraw ; to go to a
place of privacy, Davies.
2. To retreat from danger. 2 Saw. xi,
3. To go from a publick ftatlon. zMac. v.
4. To gi oft' from company. Arbuthnot.

To RETIRE. v. a. To withdraw ; to take
away, Sidney. Clarenden.

RETI'RE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Retreat 5 rcceftion. Shakeſpeare.
2. Retirement ; place of privacy. Milton.

RETI'RED. part. a. [from retire. 1 .Secret ; private. Ben. Johnʃon.

RETI'REDNgSS. ʃ. [from retired.] Solitude ; privacy ; fecrecy. Danne,

RETIREMENT. f. [from retire.]
f. Private abode ; fecret habitation,
2. Private way of life. Thomfon.
3. Aa of withdrawing. Locke.

RETO'LD. part. paff. of retell. Related or
told again. Shakeſpeare.

To RETO'RT. v. a. [«/or/w, Latin.]
1. To throw back. Milton.
2. To return any argument, cenfute, or
incivility. Hammond.
3. To curve back. Bacon.

RETO'RT. ʃ. [retortum, Latin.]
1. A cenfure or incivility returned.
2. A chymical glafsveflel with a bent neck
to which the receiver is fitted. Arbuthnot.

RETO'RTER. ʃ. [from rttort.] One that

RETO'RTION. ʃ. [from retort.] The act
of retorting.

To RETO'SS. v. a. [re and fo/i.] To tofs
back. R<'pe'

To RETOU'CH. v. a, [retoucher, French.]
To improve by new touches. Pop ,


To RETRA'CE. v. a. [rdracer, French.]
To trace back. Dryden.

To RETRA'C n v. a. [retrjflus, Latin ;
rttru:ler, French.]
1. To recall ; to recant. Shakeſpeare.
2. To take back ; to refume. Woodward.

RETRACTATION. f. [retraaMio, Latin.]
Recantation; change of opinion. South.

RETRACTION. ʃ. [from r.traa.]
1. Act of withdrawing fomething advanced.

2. Recantation ; declaration of change of
opinion. Sidney.
3. Act of withdrawing a claim. AT. Cbar.

RETRAI'CT. ʃ. Spcn. [mra/rrtf, French.]
1. Retreat. Obfolete. Bacon.
2. A cafl of the countenance. Obfolete.

RETREA'T. ʃ. [reiraitte, French.]
1. PIace of privacy ; retirement.
2. PIace of fecurity. Alilitn.
3. Adl of retiring before a fuperiour force.

To RETREA'T. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To go to a private abode. MtUon.
s. To take rtielter ; to go to a place of fecurity.
3. To retire from a fuperiour enemy.
4. To go out of the former place. Woodio,

RETREA'TED. fart. adj. [from retreat,.
Retired ; gone to privacy.

To RETRE'NCH. ‘v. a. [retrancher^ Fr.]
1. To cutoff; to pare away, Dryden.
2. To confine, Addifon.

To RETRE'NCH. v. n. To live with lefs
magnificence or expcnce. Pope. .

RETRENCHMENT. ʃ. [retranchement
French.] The act of lopping away.

To RE'TRIRUTE. m.a. [rf/r/^«o, Latin.]
To pay back ; to make repayment of,

RETRIBU'TION. ʃ. [retribution, French.]
Repayment ; return accommodated to the
action. Hall. South.

RETRI'BUTORY. v. a. [from retribute.]

RETRI'BUTIVE. ʃ. Relaying; makia.

RETRIEVABLE. a. [from retricv ] 1 I, at
may be retrieved.

To RETRIEVE. v. a. [rerroawr, French.]
1. To recover ; to reftwrc. Rogers.
2. To repair. Prior.
3. To regain. Dryden.
4. To recal ; to bring back, Bentley.

RETROCE'SSION. ʃ. [reiroceJ.m, Latin.]
The act of p.'ing back.

RETROCOPU'LATION. ʃ. [retro and cc
pu/cJiion.'j Poft-coition. Bfo-^cn,

RETROGRADATION. f. [mrc^rflJu//o;7,
French ; from rttrograde.] The act of goi.
ig backward, Rjy,


RETROGRADE. a. [retrograde, Freflch.]
1. Going backward, Bacon.
2. Contrary ; oppofite. Shakefpeare.

To RE'TROGRADE. v. a. [retro saii gf^-
dior, L:\t]n.] To go backward. Bacon.

RETROGRE'SSION. ʃ. [retro ind gr^Jm,
Latin.] The act of going backwards.

RETROMI'NGENCY. ʃ. [retro indmng.,
Latin.] The quality of ftuling backward,

RETROMI'NGENT. a. [retrt^mdmirgens,
Latin.] Staling backward, Brown.

RE'TROSPECT. ʃ. [retro and fpecio, Lat.]
Look thrown upon things behind or thiqg;8
part, Addifon.

RETROSPE'CTION. ʃ. [from retrojp.a.l
Aft or faculty of looking backwards, ^wift.

RETROSPECTIVE. a. [from ra,ofpia,\
Looking backwards. Pope.

To RETU'ND. v. a. [rctundo, Latin.] To
blunt ; to turn. Rapm

To RETU'RN. v. r, [retourner, French.)
1. To come to the fame place. Proverb,
2. To come back to the fame llate. Lockem
3. To go back. Locke.
4. To make anfwer. Pope. .
5. To come back ; to come again ; torevifit.
6. After a periodical revolutien, to l»egia
the fame again. Milton»
7. To retort; to recriminate. Drydenm

To RETU'RN. v. a.
1. To repay ; to give in requital, Milio-.
2. To give back. 2 Cbrcn.
3. To fend back. Mikm„
4. To give account of« Graur^,
5. To tranfmit. Clartndem.

RETU'RN. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Act of coming back to the fame place.
2. Retrogreffion.
3. Act of com 1)^ back to the fame ftate.
1 Kttigt sx.
4. Revolu if^n ; vicillitude. Bacon.
5. Repay rrent of money laid out in commoaitie> for fale. Bacon.
6. Profit; advantage. Taylor.
7. Remittance ; paymcot from a diftant
pkce, Shakeſpeare.
8. Repayment ; retribution ; requital.
9. Act of reftoring or giving back ; reftiitution.
10. Relapfe. Swift.

RETU'RNABLE. a. Allowed to be reported
back. Hale.

RETURNER. ʃ. [from return.] One who
pays or remits money. Locke.

REVE. ʃ. The bailiff of a fraochife or m«-
nour. Dryden.

To REVEA'L. t-. a. [rcTeh, Latin.]
1. Te

1. To fi:ow
; to difcover; to lay open ; ‘to
difclofe a fecre?. Waller.
t. To impart from heaven. Romans,

REVEA'LER. ʃ. [from reveal.]
1. ‘DifcGv.rer5 one that fhows or makes
known. Atterbury.
2. One that difcovers to view. Dryden.

To RE'VEL. v. n, [raveelen, Dutch.]
1. To feaft withloofe and clamorous merriment.

RE'VEL. ʃ. [from the verb.] A feaft with
loofe and noify jollity. Shakeſpeare.

To REVE'L, v.a. [rcz;e//o, Latin.] To retract
; to draw back. Har'vey.

REVEL-ROUT. ʃ. A mob ; an unlawful
aflembly. Ainsworth. Rowe.

REVELATION. ʃ. Difcovery ; communication
; communication of facred £nd myilerious
truths by a teacher from heaven.

RE'VELLER. ʃ. [from revel.] One who
feafts with noify jollity. Pops,

RE'VELRY. ʃ. [from rfW.] Loofe jollity ;
feftive mirth. Milton.

To REVE'NGE. v. a. [revancher, French.]
1. To return an injury.
2. To vindicate by punifhment of an enemy.
3. To wreak one's wrongs on him that
inflided them. Shakeſpeare.

REVE'NGE. ʃ. [revanche, Treach.] Return
of an injury. Bacon.

RBVE'NGEFUL. a. [from revenge.] Vin-
<lictive 5 fuU of revenge ; full of vengeance.

REVE'NGEFULLY. ad. [from revengeful.]
Vindiftively. , Dryden.

REVE'NGER. ʃ. [from nvenge.]
1. One who revenges ; one who wreaks
his own or another's injuries, Sandys.
2. One who punifhes crimes. Bentley.

REVE'NGEMENT. ʃ. Vengeance; return
of an injury. Raleigh.

REVE'NGINGLY. ad. With vengeance ;
vindiaively. Shakeſpeare.

REVENUE. ʃ. [revenu, French.] Income ;
annual profits received from lands or other
funds. Spenſer.

To REVE'RB. v. a, {reverbero, Latin.]
To ftrike againft ; to reverberate.

REVE'RBERANT. a. [reverberam, Latin.]
Refounding; beating back.

To REVE'RBERATE. v. a. [revsrbero,
1. To beat back. Shakeſpeare.
2. To heat in an intenfe furnace, where
the flame is reverberated upon the matter
to be melted or cleaned. Brown.

1. To be driven back ; to bpund back.
2. To refound,


REVERBERA'TION. ʃ. [rtwrheratton.
French ; from reverberate.] The z€t of
beating or driving back. Addiſon.

REVE'RBERATOR , . a. [reverberutoirc,
French.] Returning ; beating back.

To REVE'RE. nr. a. [rewrecr, Latin.] To
reverence,- to honour ; to venerate ; to
regard with awe. Prior.

REVERENCE. ʃ. [reverentiay Latin.]
1. Veneration ; refped ; awful regard.
2. Act of obeifance; bow 5 courtefy,
3. Title of the clergy. Shakeſpeare.
4. Poetical title of a father. Shakeſpeare.

To RE'VERENCE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To regard with reverence ; to regard with
awful refpect. Dryden. Rogers.

RE'VERENCER. ʃ. [from nverence.] One
who regards with reverence. Swift.

RE'VEREND. a. [reverend, French.]
1. Venerable; deferving reverence ; expect
ting refpect by his appearance. Pope. .
2. The honorary epithet of the clergy.

RE'VERENT. a. [reverens, Latin.] Humble
; expreffing fubmifhon ; teftifying veneration,

REVERE'NTIAL. a. [reverentiel/e, Fr.]
Expreflif^g reverence ; proceeding from
awe and veneration. Donne.

REVERE'NTIALLY. ad. [from reverential.]
With fhow of reverence. Brown.

RE'VERENTLY. ad. [from reverent.] Refpect
; with awe ; with reverence.

REVE'RjER. ʃ. [from revere.] One who
venerates ; one who reveres, Government
of the Tongue,

REVE'RSAL. ʃ. [from reverfe.] Change of

To REVER'SE. v. a. [revcrfusj Latin.]
1. To turn upfide down. Timple,
2. To overturn ; to fubvert. Pope. .
3. To turn back. Milton.
4. To contradict ; to repeal. Hooker.
5. To turn to the contrary. Pope. .
6. To put each in the place of the other.
7. To recall ; to renew. Spenser.

To REVE'RSE. v. n. [rcvirtere, reverfus,
Latin.] To return. Spenser.

REVE'RSE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Change ; vicifhtude. Dryden.
2. A contrary ; an oppofite. Rogers.
3. [Revers, French.] The fide of the coin
on which the head is not impreflect. Camd.

REVE'RSIBLE. a. [r^i.fr/?^/<;, French; from
reverfe.] Capable of being reverfed.

REVE'RSION. ʃ. [reverjion, French ; from
1. The ftate of being to be poffeffed after

the death of the prefent ponVITor. JJam,
2i .SuccelTi-n ; right of hicctnion. South.

REVERSION ARY. a. [f,.m r^ver/ion.]
To br enjoyed in faceefllon. A'liutinot,

To REVERT. v. a. [‘tvirtc, Ljrin.]
1. To change ; to turn to the contrary.
t. To revrrberatir. TIcmlor.

To KEVE'RT. v. r. [rrvirtir, old French.]
To reru n ; to fall back. Bacon.

REVE'RT. ʃ. [from the vet b.] Ritum ;
rc<-ur-Tce. Ptu^h.^m.

KEVE'RTIBLE. a [from rever:.] Returnable.

REVERY. ʃ. [r./y,r;V, French.] Loofe
mufina ; irregular thought. ^-idJiJQn,

To REVL'ST. t/. a. [nv^fttr, nvltir, Ff«
revffiio, Latin.]
1. To CO he igain. Spenser.
2. To reinvefi ; to veft again in a puirdiion
or office.

REVE'STIARY. ʃ. [nv/Iijirs, French.]
PiAce wiit-rc drcUes are rcpolited, dnuien.

REVICTION. ʃ. [r.'vulum, Latin.] Return
U) life. BroiLfi,

To REVl'CTUAL. v. a. [re and v.'lual.]
To ftock with viifluaJs agai.n. Raleigh.

To REVIE'W. v. a. [re and i/.tw.]
1. To look back. Denham.
2. To fee again. Shakeſpeare.
3. To coafider over again ; to retrace ; to
reexanrana. Dydttt.
4. To furvey ; tooverlock; to exam.ne,

REVIE'W. ʃ. [rtveie, French, from the
verb.] Survey ; reexamination. Acierbury,

To REVl'LE 1/ a. [re and -uiU.] To reproach
; to vilify ; to treat with contumely.

REVl'LE. ʃ. Reproach; contumely ; exprobratioa.

REVI LER, /. [from rfvile] One who revi'cs.
Gov. of the Tongue.

REVI'UNGLY. ad. [from revUe.] In an
opprobrious manner ; with contumeiv.

REVISAL. ʃ. [from rtw/c] Review; reexamination.

To REVl'SE, V a. [rcvi/ui, Lain.] To review
; to overlook. Pcpf»

REVl'SE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1 Review ; reexamination. Bcy'e.
2. Among printers, a fetond proof of a
ftieet rorr:£ted.

REVl'SER. ʃ. [>evlJeur,Y:tnch.] Examiner
; fooi'iiniendant.

REVISION. ʃ. lr:vfion, French ] Review.

To REVI'SIT. V a. [r.v'fito, Latin.] To
vifit -.g,in. M-'ton.

REVIVAL. f. [irnm rrvive.] Rcc.li fiom
a ftare of langiour, oblivion, or obfcuriry,

To REVI'VE. ^. r. [r.o/.v.-f, French.]
1. To rttura to life. i Kirgs,

2. To return to vigour or fame; to mY#
from la .Ri ojr or obfcurity. MUion.

To REVi'VE. V. a.
1. To bring to life igain. Milton.
2. Toraife from languour, infer.fibi'ity, or
oblivion. Spcrj t,
3. To renew ; to rccolleiH ; to bring b;:ck
to the memory. Lak.-.
4. To quiiken ; to roofe. Shakeſpeare.

REVIVER. ʃ. [from rfvivt ] That which
invig'.>rat'sor levives.

To REVIVIFICATE. v. a. [revvfier,
French.] To rccal to life.

REVlVIrTCA'TION. ſ. [from - revhifi-
C2te. 1 The atf of recalling to life. Sfeaut.

REVIVI'SCENCY. ʃ. [rfwifco, revfufrf
«r.a, Laii.-s] Renewal of life. Burnet.
RfcU'NiOiV. ſ. [reunion^ French.] Rrlura
to a ftate of junctu:e, cohefiou, or concord.

To REUNI'TE. v. a. [re and unite.
1. To< join agam ; to make one whole a
fecond time ; to join what is divided.
2. To reconcile ; to make thofc at variance

To REUNITE. v. n. To cohere again.

RE'VOCABLE. a. [revocable, Txtnth.]
1. That m^y be lecalled. Bacon.
2. That msy be repealed.

RE'VOCABLENESS. ʃ. [from revocab!e.]
The cjiiality of being revocable.

To RC'VOCaTE. v. a. [rcv:co, LatJn.]
To recall ; to call back. Dan'el's Civ.lVor.

REVOCATION. ʃ. [rev-jcatio,Lu\n.]
1. Ad of recalling. Hcoke'; 2. State of being recalled. llonef.
3. Repeal; reverfal. yjyife.

To REVO KE. v. a. [revcquer, French.]
rtvoci, L.tin.]
1. To repeal; torevetfe. Dryden.
2. To check ; to reprefs,
3. To draw back. Davies.

REVO'KEM^NT. ʃ. [{^omrevoh.] Revocation
; repeal ; leca!. Shakeſpeare.

To REVO'LT. v. a. [rci'ohtr, French.]
1. To fall ifl' from one to another.
2. To change. Shakeſpeare.

REVOLT. f. [rrtclc, French.]
1. DeTertion ; cliange of fid -s. Raleigh.
2. A revolter ; ine who changes fide?.
3. Grofs departure from duty. Shakeſp.

REVcyLTED. part. adj. [from rcvilt.]
Having fwcrved from iiuty. /Ifiltos.

REVO'LT ER. ſ. [from revolt.] One who
chmgcj fidfS; a defcrt-r. Miltont

T. REVOLVE, -y. «. [rtvolv;, Latin.]
1. To roll ilia circle ; toperf.nni a revo-
Juti'p. Chyne. H'atts.
2. To f.'.ll in a regular courfe 01 ch-tng-ng
poPIcfTovs ; to devolve. J^ynff--,
5 L T ;

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


To REVO LVE. v. a. [revoho, Latin.]
1. i'o mil any thing round. Mti'on.
2. To ronfider ; to meditate on, Shakeʃp.

KEVOLU'TION. ʃ. [reuolution, French.]
r.'vjiuiui, Latin.]
1. Courfc of any thing which returns to
the point at which it began to move.
2. Space meafured by feme revolution
3. Changs in the ftate of a government or
4. Rotation in general ; returning motion.

To REVO'MIT. v. a. [re and njoniit.] To
^omit ; ti vomit again. Hakeioill.

REVU'LSION. ʃ. [revu/fus, Ln\v.] The
act of revell ng or drawing humours from
a remote part of the body. Ba^on,

To REWA'RD. v. a. [remi award.]
1. To give in return. i Sam. xxiy,
2. To repay ; to recompenfe tor fomething
eood. Mil'on.

REWA'RD. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Recompenfe given for good. Dryden.
2. It is foHT-times ufed with a mixture of
irony, for punii^iment or recompenfo of

REWA'RDABLE. a. [from reward.] Worthy
of reward. Taylor.

REWARDER. ʃ. [from rfward.] One
that rewards ; one that recompenfes.

To REWO'RD V. 4. [re and iiord ] To
repeat in the fame words. Shakeſpeare.

RHABA'RBARATE. a. [from rhabatbcra.
Latin.] Impregnated or tindured with
rhubarb. F'oyer,

RHABDOMANCY. ʃ. [‘^d^^^ and ^av-
]Ei'a.] Divination by a wand, Brown.

RHA'PSODIST. ʃ. [from rhapfody.-] One
who writes without regular dependence of To RHYME, v, n.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


One who teaches the fcience of rhetorick.

RHETORI'CIAN. a. Suiting a mafter of
rhetonck. Blackmore.

RHEUM. ʃ. [fEu^a.] A thin watery matter
oozing through the glands, chiefty about
the mouth, Quincy,

RHEU'MATICK. a. [fey^altK'^.] Proceeding
from rheum or a peccant watery
humour, Floycr.

RHEU'MATI?M. ſ. [piv^uclt^fAlg.] A
painful diftemper fuppofed to proceed from
acrid humours.

RHEUMY. a. [from rkeum.] FuUoffharp
moifture. Dryden.

RHINO'CEROS. ʃ. [fivand x?>?.] A vaft
beaft in the Eart- Indies armed with a hora
in hi? font. Shakeſpeare.

RHOMB. ʃ. [rhombe, French ; po^S©'.]
A parallelogram or quadrangular figure,
having its four fides equal, and confifting
of parallel lines, with two oppofite angles
acute, and two obtufe. Harris.

RHO'MBICK. a. [from rbcmb.] Shaped
like a rhomb,

RHO'MBOID. ʃ. [‘^ofASoiih:;.] A figure
apprnaching to a rhomb. Greiv,

RHOMBOI'DAL. a. [from rhmhoid.] Approaching
in fhape to a rhomb, Woodw.

RHU'BARB./ [rhabarbara, Latin.] A medicinal
root (lightly purgative, referred by
b()tanifls to the dock. Wifcman.

RHYME. ʃ. [pu-V^?.]
1. A harmonical fucceftion of founds.
2. The confonance of verfes ; the correfpondence
of the lafi found of one verfe to
the laft found or fyllable of another.
3. Poetry; a poem, Spenſer.

RHYME or rtajon. Namber of fenfe,
one part upon another. Jfatti.

RHA'PSODY. ʃ. [pavf-«Jia.] Any number
of parts joined together, without neceilary
dependence or natural cojjneilion.

RHE'TORICK. ʃ. [p.;;cax«\]
1. The act of fpeaking not merely with
propriety, but with art and elegance.
2. The power of pSrfuafion ; oratory.

RHETORICAL. a. [rhetoricus, Latin.]
Pertaining to ihetorick ; oratorial ; figurative.

RHETO'RICALLY. ad. [from rhct:ricJ.]
Like an orator ; figuratively ; with intent
to move the paffions.

To RHETO'RICATE. v.n [rhetoricor, low
Latin.] To play the orator ; to attack the
paffion"'. Decay of Piety.

B.HLTORI'CIAN. ſ. [rhetoridtn, French.]
1. To agree in found, Dryden.
1. To> make verfes. Shakeſpeare.

RHY'MER. 7 /. [from rhyme.] One

RKY'MSTER. S who makes rhymes ; a
verfilier. Shakeſpeare.

RHYTHMICAL. a. [pv^fxuo:.] Harmonicil
; having proportion of one found to

RIB. ʃ. [pibbe, Saxon.] A bone in the
1. Of thefe there are twenty- four in number,
‘ijixi. twelve on each fide the twelve
vertebra? of the back ; they are fegments
of a circle. [, ii^uiriey,
zl Any piece of timber or other matter
which ftrengthens the fide. Shakeʃp.

RI'BALD. ʃ. [ribauld, Fr, ribaldo, Italian.]
A loofe, rough, mean, brutal wretch,

RIBALDRY. ʃ. [ribavdie, old French.]
Wean, lewd, brutal language, Dryden.


New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


RI'BAND. ʃ. [riband-, ruban, Yt.] \^\eX.
of fiik ; a nirrow web of (ilk, which ii worn
for ornament. Glanvillc,

RIBBED. a. [from rih.]
1. Furnifhed with ribs.
2. Inclofed as the body by ribs.

RIPBON. ʃ. See Riband,

To RI IROAST. v. n. [ribiuA roaj}.] To
^edt fnuriHjy. Butur.
RI'BWORT. ſ. A plant.

RIC. ʃ. Ric denotes a puwerful, rich, or valijnt
maTi. Gihjon,

RICE. ʃ. [cryzj, Latin.] 0:ic of the elcu-
J( nt grains.

RICH. fl. Iriche, Fr. pica, Saxon.]
1. Wealthy; abounding in weakh ; abounding
in money or pofTcflions. Seed.
2. Valuable ; eliJmable ; precious ; fplendid.
3. Having any irigredients or qualitit^s m a
great quantity or degree. WaUer.
4. Fertile ; fniirfui. Philips.
RI't-HED. a. [from r;ci>.] Er.riched. Obrolc'te,

RI'CHES. ʃ. [richrjfet, French.]
1. Wealth ; money or pcireffion. JJamm,
1. Splendid fumptuou5 appearance. Milton.

RI'CHLV. ad. [from r.vi^.]
I With riches ; wealthily ; fplendidly ; Mil or.

2. PIenteoufly,
3. Trolvj abundantly,

RICHNESS. ʃ. [from rich.]
1. Opulence ; weahh,
2. Finery ; fplendour.
3. Fertility ; fecundity ; fruitfulnefs,
4. Abundance or perfeftion of any quabty,
e. Pampering qualities. Dryden.

RICK. ʃ.
1. A pile of corn or hay regularly heaped
up in the open field, and fheUeied from
wet. Swift.
2. A heap of corn or hay piled by the gathfrcr.

RI'CKETS /. [rachitis, Latin. A name
given to the diflemper at its appearance by
Giijfon,'^ The rickctt is a diilempcr in children,
from an unequal diftribution of nourishment,
whereby the joints grow knotty,
and the limbs uneven. iiu'm-y.
RI'CK.ETy. a. [from r;ci.'/<. ; Difeal'ed with
the rickets, Ariwhrot.
RI'CKLUS. ſ. A plant. Ainfworth.

RJ'CTURE. ʃ. [riaura, Latin.] A gaping.

RID. pret. o? ride.

To RID. v. a. [from hjii'o'Dinj Saxon.]
1. To fet free ; to redeem. Exodus.
2. To clear ; to difencumber.
Hooker. Ben. Johnſon. Addiſon.
3. TodifpaUh. Shakeſpeare.
4. To drive away ; topretsawiy; to de-
Itroy, Shak.ft .rt,

RIDDANCE. ʃ. [from r;./]
1. Deliverance. Ihoktr,
2. Difcnrumbrance ; lofs of fomething one
is glad to lofe. Shakeſpeare. <uur,(.
3. Adl of clearing away any (aciunbr^rices,
RI'ODEN. the participle of r/Wr. //jV,
RI'DDLE. ſ. |n^'»:t» Saxon.]
1. An enigmi ; a puzzling quclllon ; a dark
problem. Milton.
2. Any thing puzzling, Hudibraf,
3. A foa-fe or open licve. Mortimer.

To RI DDLE. v. a.
1. To folve ; to unriddle. Dryden.
2. To feparate by a coaife fieve. Mor(,

To Rl'DDLE 1;. w. [from the noun.] To
foesk amb'guoiifly or obfcurely. Shakefp.

RI DDLINGLY. ad. [from riddle.] U \nc
nunner of a riddle. Dance.

To RIDE. t.'. r. preter. rid or r:de ^ parr,
rid or ridden. [jU'sin, Saxon 3 rijden,
1. To travel on horfeback. Shakefp.
2. To travel in a vehicle ; to be bcrne, noc
to walk. Burnet.
3. To be fupported in motion. Shakefp.
4. To manage an hmfe. Dryden.
5. To be on the water. Knolhs. Hjyw.
6. To be fupported by fomething fubfervient,

To RIDE. V a. To manage infolently at
will. Swift.

RID2:R. ſ. [from rij0.-\
1. One who is carried on a horfe or in a
vehicle. Prior.
2. One who manages or bieaks horfef.
3. An inferted leaf.

RIDGE. ʃ. fhpi33. Saxon ; rig^ Danifh.]
rugge, Dutch.]
1. The top of the back. Hud'hrast
2. The rough top of any thine.

MH-or. Ray.
3. A fleep protuberance. Dryden.
4. The graund thrown up by the plow.

PJa/ms. ^Vccdward.
5. The top of the rocfrifing to an acut«
angl?. Mix-jr.
6. Ridges of a horfe's mouth are wri.^kies
or rifitigs of the flefh in the to it of the
mouth, running acrol's from one fide of the
jjw to the other. Farrier's D,a.

To RIDGE. v. a. [from the noun, ; To form
a ridee. M 1 6n,

RI'DGLING. 7 /. [o'visrejicula, Lat. ^/fl/.]

RI'DGlL. ʃ. A ram half caftrated,

RI'DGY. a. [from ridge.] Rifing in a ridg

RI'DICULX. ʃ. [ridicuhim, Latin.] Wit of
ihit fpecies that provokes hugbter, Swift.
5 L i la

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


To RI'DICULE. T.«7. [from the noun.] To
expofe to laughter ; to tteat with contemptaous
merriment. Terr.ph.

R-IDI CULOUS. a. [ri4i(ulus, Lat.] Worthy
of laughter ; exciting contempiuous merriment,
Milton. South.

RIDJ'CULOUSLY. ad. [from ridinkus.]
In a manner worthy of laughter or contempt.

RIDICULOUSNESS. ʃ. [from ridici^Ious.]
The quality oF being ridirulous. Stil'ir^fl,
"KVDlliQ. particip, a. Err.p'ojed to travel
on any occafion, ^ylijfe.

RI'DING. ʃ. [fvomride.] A diftria vjfited
by an ( fficer.

RI'DINGCOAT. ʃ. [riding and coat.] A
coat made to keep out weather, Swift.

RI'DINGHOOD. ʃ. [ridirgs^u^ hood.] A
hood ufed by women, when they travel,
to bear off the rain. Arbuthnot.

RIE. ʃ. An efculent g-ain.

RIFE. a. [j-iype.Saxoa; r.'?/, Dutch.] Prevalent
; abounding. It is now cnly ufed ef
epidemical diftempers. Arbuthnot.

RI'FELY. ad. [from r//>.] Prevalently ;
abundantly. Knolles.

RITENESS. ʃ. [from rife.] Prevalence; abundar,ce. Arbuthnot.

To RITLE. v. a. [rifer, Fr. njfeUn,
Dutch. ; To rdb ; to pillage ; to plunder,

RI'FLER. ʃ. [from rife.] Robber; plunderer
; pillager.

RIFT. f. [from f /'Of:.] A cleft ; a breafh
; an opening, Bacon. Dryden.

To RIFT. "v a. [from the noun, ; To cleave ; to fplit. Pope. .

To RIFT. v. n.
1. To burft ; to Open. Bacon.
2. [ivicx'fr, Danifh. ; To belch ; to break

RIG. ʃ. Rig, ridge, feem to fignify the top
of a hill falling on each fide \ from the
Saxon. hpijj 5 and the Iflandick, hriggur,
both fignifying a back. Gibjon.

To RIG. v. a. [from rig or ridge.]
1. Todjefs; to accoutre. L'Eft-'ange.
1. To fit with rackhne. S^ut/j.

RIGADOO'N. ʃ. [r/^We^, French.] A

RIGA'TION. ʃ. [rigJtio, Lnm.] The ad
of watering. D/i?,

RI'GGER. ʃ. [from rig.] One that rigs or

RI'GGING. ʃ. [from rig.] The fails or tacklingofafhip.

RI'GGISH, a. [from rig^ a whore.] Wanton
; whorifh. Shakeſpeare.

To RI'GGLE. ‘V' a, [properly to loUggle.]
To move backward and torward.

^IGHT. a, [yiij,'^, Saxon ; rfi^i),% Dutch.]
1. Fit ; proper ; becoming ; funabie ; true; jiot erroneous, Holder.

2. Not miftaken
; palTing a true judgment.
3. Juft ; honeft ; equitable. Ffolms,
4. Happy ; conveniepit. Addison.
5. Not left. Brown.
6. Strait ; not crooked. Locke.
7. Perpendicular.

RIGHT. iiue'jcB. An expreftion of approbation.

RIGHT. ad.
1. Pt©peily
; juftly; exactly ; according
to truth. Rofcommoa,
2. In adirect line.
3. la a great degree ; very, Ben. Johnſon.
4. It is ftill fifed in titles: as, I'lght bcnour.
able; right reverend. Feacharv,

1. Juftice ; not wrong. Bacon. Milton.
2. F/eedom fro.TQ errour. Prior.
3. Juft claim. Milton.
4. That which juftly belongs to one.
5. Property ; intereft, Dryden.
6. Power ; prerogative. Milton.
7. Immuuity, privilege. Clarenden.
8. The fide not left, Milton.
9. To Rights. In a direct line ; ftranght.
10. To Rights. Deliverance from errour.

To RIGHT. v. a. To do juftice to ; to
eflablifh in poff(?lTions juftly claimed ; to
relieve from wrong. Taylor. Waller.

RI'GHTEOUS. a. [jnhtp're, Saxon.]
1. Jaft; honeft; virluOus ; uncorrupt.
2. Equitable. Dryden.

RI'GHTEOUSLY. ad. [from righteous.]
Honeftly ; virtuoufly. Dryden.

RIGHTEOUSNESS. ʃ. [from rigbteour^.]
Juftice ^honefty ; virtue
; goodnefs. Hooker.

RIGHTFUL. a. [right lind full.]
1. Having the right ; having the juft claim,
2. Honrft; juft. Prior.

RI'GHTFULLY. ad. [hc^T^ rightful.] According
to light ; according cu juftice.

RI'GHT-IIAND. ʃ. Not the left. Shakeſ.

RI'GHTFULNESS. ʃ. [from rightful] Mo.
ral reft i tilde. Sidney.

RI'GHTLY. ad. [from right.]
1. According to truth ; properly ; fuitably ;
not erroneoufly, Milton.
2. Honeftly ; uprightly, Shakeſpeare.
3. Exactly. Dryden.
4. Straitly; directly. Ajcham,

RI'GHTNESS. ʃ. [from right.]
1. Conformity to truth ; exemption from
being wrong ; reditude. Rogers.
2. Straitnefs, Bacon.

RI'GID. a. [rigidus, Latin.]
1. Stiff; nt:"\o be bent; unpliant. 7?.jj>,
2. Severe; R 1 N
a Severe ; inflexible, Denham.
3. Sharp ; cruel. Piiaps.

RI'GIDITY. ʃ. [r/^/i/V, Fierch.]
1. StiITnefs. Arbuth.nof,
2. Stift'nefs of appearance ; want of eafy or
ai'V c-legince. jrotton,

RI'GIDLY. ad. [from rigid.]
1. St ffly ; unpliantly.
2. Severely ; inflexibly.

RI'GIDNESS. ʃ. [from r'gid.] Severity ;

RIGLET. ʃ. [r,guht,Yizr.ch.] A flat th n
fquare piece of woud. Mox'^ti.

RI'GOL. ʃ. A circle. In Shakeſpeare. a

RIGOUR. ʃ. [rigor, Utn.]
1. Cold ; ftiffnefs. Milton.
2. A convulfive fhudderii^ with fcnfe of
col«J. A-lutlnt.
3. Sfverity ; flernnefs ; want of condejcenfnr,
to others. Denham.
4. Severity of conduit. Sprait,
5. Striflnefs ; unabated exactnefs. G'law.
6. R'ge; cruelty ; fury. Spenſer.
7. Hardnefs ; not tlexibility ; folidity ; n^C
foftneff. Dryden.

RI'GOROUS. a. [from rigour.-\ Sevfre ; allowing
no abatement. R-.gers.

RI'GOROUSLY.^i, [from rigorout.] Severely
5 without tendernefs or mitigation.

RILL. ʃ. [riiu.'us, Latin.] A fmalj book ;
a little ftreamlet. Milton.

To RILL. nj. n. [from the noun.] To run
in fmall fl:reams. Pr:or,

RI'LLET. ʃ. [corrupted from r'.vuLt.] A
fmall ft ream. Careto

RIM. ʃ. [fiima, Saxon.]
1. A b rder ; a margm. d^reiv,
2. Th^t which enciicles fomething elfe.

RIME. ʃ. [hjiim, Saxon.]
1. Hoar frofl. Bjccr.
2. A hol<r ; a chink. Brown.

To RIME. v. V. [from the noun.] To freeze
with hoar froft.

To RI'MPLE. ‘v.a. To pucker ; to con
tnft into corrugitions. fViftman.

RI'iMY. <J, [from r/V^jf.] Steamy ; foggy; mifty. Ilarvef.

RTND. ʃ. [pir.^t), Saxon ; rirdt, Duwrh.]
B»rk 5 hii/k. Boyle. Milton. Dryden.

To RIND. v. n. [from the nourn.] To decorticate
; to bark ; to hu/k.

RING. ʃ. [hpms, Saxon.
1. A circle ; in orbicular Ifne'. Nezvtoi,
2. A circle oi" g.ld or fonxe other matter
worn as an ornament. Addiſon.
3. A circle of metal to be held by.
^, A circular courfe. Sirath.
5. A circle made by perfons ftanding
jpund, Jtlayward.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


6. A number of bdls harmonically tuned.
7. The found of bells or any other fonol
^'"'' ^^^"^ Bacon. Matoa.
8. A fo'ani of any kind. Bacon.

To RI\G. v. a. put. and part. pafl". ,urg.
[Kji! 5 in, 83xon.]
1. To fhikc bells or any other fonorous
body, fo as to make it found. Shakeʃp.
2. [Kromr/ff^.] Toencircie. Shakefp.
3. To fit with r^n-s. Shakeſp.
4. To reft/ain a hi g by a rirg iq hU nofe.

To RING. -t. n.
2. To found as a bdl or foncrous rretal.
2. To p^raflife the art of making mufick
withbcl's. Holder.
3. To found ; to refound. Locke.
4. To utrrr as a bell. Shakeſpeare.
5. To tinkle. Dryden.
6. To be filled with a bruit or report.

RING-BONE. ʃ. A hard callous n.bftance
growing in the hollow circle of the little
paftern of a ho.-fe : it fometimes goes quite
round like a r:ng. Furrier's DiSI.

RI'NGDOVE. ʃ. [rbirgelduyve, German.]
A kind of pigeor. Mortimer.

RINGER. ʃ. [from ring.] He who rings.

RINGLEA'DER. ʃ. [r:t,g and l.ader.] The
he?dof a riotous body. ‘ Bacon.

RI'NGLET. ʃ. [diminutive of r/rp-.]
1. A fmdl ring. ‘ " p^pg.
2. A circle. Shakeſpeare.
3. A curl. Milton.

RI'NGSTREAKED. a. [ri'-g zrA /IreakedA
Cuciilaily ftrfjkcd. Cereji ,

RI'NGTAIL. ʃ. [ring and tail.] A kind of
^'"^- Bailei,

RI'NGWORM. ʃ. [rmz and -woftn ] A circular
tp.tttr. l^'ifeman.

To RINSE. v.d. [from rfJ.;:, German.]
1. To wafh ; to cleanfe by w.fl)np.
2. To wa/J; the foap out of d ahs. King.

RI'NSER. ʃ. [from rinle.] One that wdiljc.
or rinlts ; a wafher.

RIOT. ʃ. [rio-te, old French.]
1. Wild and loofc .^eftivtty. Muton.
2. A fedition ; an u.rjar. Milton.
3. To run V^\oy . "lo move or aft without
controU or reftraint. Swift.

To RI'OT. v. r. [riottir, old French.]
1. To revel ; to be difllpated in luxurious
enjoyments. Daniel.
2. To luxuriate ; to be tumultuouf. Pope. .
3. To banquet li xurioufly.
4. To raife a fediti n or uproar.

RIOTER. ʃ. [Trorn riot.]
1. One who is dilFipated in luxury.
2. One who rnifcs an' uproar.

RI'OTISE. ʃ. [from mr.j a/Tolutencf. -
luxury. Sp-'nfer.

RPOTOUS. a. [riotteux, French.]
1. Lux'irious ; wanton ; licentioufly feilWe.
t. Seditious; turbulent.

RI'OTOUSLY. ad. [from riotous.]
1. Luxuixoufly i with licentious luxury.
1. Seditioufly; turbulently.

RI'OTOUSNESS. ʃ. [tram riotous.] The
ftate of being riotous.

To RIP. ‘v.a. [hpypan, Saxn.]
1. To tear ; to literate ; to cut afunder by
a continued 3d of the knife. Dryden.
2. To take £way by laceration or cutting.
-». Todifclofe; to fearch out ; to tear up ; to bring to view. lioo^^r. Clarenden.

RIPE. a. [nipe,Sa3Ccn; ry;, Dutch.]
1. Brought to perfeaion in growth ; mature.
cc ^""'
2. Refembling the ripenefs of fruit.
3. Complete ;
proper for ufe. Sta>-^Jp> 4. Advanced to the perfeaion of any quality.
5. Finifhed ; confummate,
6 Brought to the point of taking effect ;
fully matured. jidaijon.
7. Fully qualified by gradual improvement.

To RIPE. v. w. [from the adj.] To ripen ; to gr.^w ripe ; to be matured. Donne.

To RIPE. v. tf. To mature ; to make ripe,

RI'PELY. ad. [from ri>.] Maturely ; at
the fit time.

To RI'PEN. «. ». [from rtpe.^ To grow

To RI'PEN. ^»a

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


7. To afcend ; to move upwards. Ntr.vtoif,
8. To break out from below the horizon,
as the fun. Milton.
9. To take beginning ; to come into exiftence,
or notice.
10. To begin to aft. Milton. Dryden.
11. To appear in view. Addiſon.
12. To change a flation ; to quit a fiege.
13. To be excited; to be produced.
14. To break into military commotions ; to make infurredlions. Pope. .
15. To j?e roufed ; to be excited to af^ion.
16. To make hoftile attack. Deut.
17. To grow more or greater in any refpe6l.
18. To increafe in price. Locke.
19. To be improved. Tatler.
20. To elevate the ftile, Roſcommon.
at. To be revived from death. Mhtt,
22. To come by chance. Spen'e"-,
23. To be elevated in fituation. Dryden.

RISE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of rifing.
2. The act of mounting from the ground.
Eruption ; afcfnt. Bacon.
Place that favours the z€t of mounting
Creech. Locke.
6. Appearance of the fun in the eaft.
7. Eflcreafe in any refpect.
8. Encreafe of price, 7tmplet
9. Beginning ; original. Locke.
10. Elevation ; encreafe of found. Bacon.
To mature ; to make RI'SER. ſ. [from rz/i-.] One that rifes.
5. Elevated place.
Pope. . Swift.

RI'PENESS. ʃ. [from r;>e.]
1. The ftate of being npe 5 maturity.
2. Full growth.
- Perfeaion; completion. Hooker.
Firnefs ; qualification. Shakeʃp.

RI'PPER. ʃ. [from r//).] One who rips
; one
who tears : one who lacerates

RISIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from rijihle.] The qua.
lity of laughing. Arbuthnot.

RI'SIBLE. a. [rifihiVn, Latin.]
1. Having the faculty or power of laughing.
Gov, of the longue,
2. Ridiculous; exciting laughter.

RISK. ʃ. [rifyue, Fr, riefgo, Spanifh.] Hazard
; danger ; chance of harm^ South.

To RI'PPLE. .. «. To fret on the furface, To RISK. v. a. [rifyuer, Fr.] To hazard ; as water fwtftly running. ‘ ‘
^' ‘" ^ "'"''' ‘"

RI'PTOWELL. ʃ. A gratuity, given to
tenants, after they had reaped their lord's

To RISE. .' « P'^^.- ‘‘"J" » P^'.' ‘‘v'^"'
fivra"> Saxon; reifen, Dutch.]
1. To change a jacent or recumbent, t# an
eicft pofture, Shakeſp.
2. To get up from reft. DaniePs Civ. fr,
3. To get up from a fall. Milton.
1. To fpring ; to grow up. Milton.
r. To gain elevation of rank or fortune.
r Otivay.
^, To fwetl. UvUicuu
to put to chance ; to endanger, uAddifon.

RI'SKER. ʃ. [from r//^. ; He who rifks.

RITE. ʃ. [«V, Fr. r;Vtf.«, Latin.] Solemn
act of religion ; external obfervance.

RI'TUAL. a. [r;Va</, French.] Solemnly
ceremonious ; done according to fome religious
inftitution. Prior.

RI'TUAL. ʃ. [from the adj.] A book in
which the rites and obfervances of religion
are fet down. Addiſon.

RI'TUALIST. ʃ. [froror;r«tf/.] OnefkiUed
in the ritual,

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


KryAGE. ʃ. [French.] A bank ; a coaft.

RIVAL. ʃ. [rivalii, Latin.]
1. One wh. is in purfuit. of the fame thing
which another man purfucs ; a competitour.
2. A competitour in lovf, SiJnty.

RI'VAL. a. Standing in competition ; making
the fame claim ; cmulou'. Shak^.P'

To RI'VAL. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To rtand in competition with another \
to oppofe. South.
2. To emulate ; to endeavour to pqual or
excel. Dryden.

To RI VAL. v. n. To be competitours.

RIVA'LITY. 7 /. [rivalitatf Latin.] Com-

RI'VALRY. ^ petition i emulation.

RI'VALSHIP. ʃ. [from rival.] The ftate or
chara^er of a rival.

To RIVE. v. a. part, rifen. [pypt, broken,

To range ; to
Saxon riji Dutch.] To fpiit ; to
cleave ; to divide by a blunt inftrument.

To RIVE. v. a. To be fp lit ; to be divided
by violence. Woodward.

To RIVE. for dttive or direct. Shakeſp.

To RI'VEL. v. a. [jepiplt'o, Saxon.] To
contract into wrinkles and ccrtugations.

RIVEN. part, of rive.

RI'VER. ʃ. [rivi^re, French.] A land current
of water bigger than.a brook. Addif.

RIVER-DRAGON. ʃ. A crocodile. A
name given by Milton to the king of Egypt,

RIVER-GOD. ʃ. Tutelary deity of a river.

RIVER-HORSE. ʃ. Hippopotamus.

RI'VET. ʃ. A failening piq clenched at
both end?. Shakeſpeare. Dryden.

To RI'VET. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To faflenwith rivets. Ben. ychnjor.
2. To faften ftrongly ; to make immovebbip.

RI'VULET. ʃ. [ri'vulut, Latin.] A fmall
river; a brook ; a fireamlet. Bentley.

RIXDO LLAR. ʃ. A German coin, worth
about four fhilhn^s and fix-Dence ftcrling.

ROACH. ʃ. A fiHi: he is ‘accounted thwater
fheep, for his fimpiicity and fooJlOinefs

ROAD. ʃ. [rade, French.]
1. Large way ; path, Suck'ing.
2. [R^idyFr.] Ground where fhips may
anchor. S^^dys.
3. lorode; incurfion. Kt.r.llts,
4. Journpy. li'Iiltvn.

To ROAivI. v. n. [rcm'z.yrt^ Italian.] To
Yvaaacr without any tfcruin purpofe ; to

To RO.^M. v. a. wander
over. Milton.

ROA'MER. ʃ. [from rod/w.] A rover ; 4
r?n)bier ; a wanderer.

ROAN. a. [rou Tiy French.] Bay^ forrel, or
black, withg:ey or white fpotsinterfperfed
very thick. Farrier" i DtSI,

To ROAR. t: n. [piran, Saxon.]
1. To cry as a lion or other wild beaft.
2. To cry in diftrefs. Shakeſpeare.
3. To found as the wind or fca. Pope. .
4. To make a loud n')ife, Milton.

ROAR. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The cry of the lion or other beaft,
2. An outry of diftrefs.
3. A clamour of merriment. Shakeſpeare.
4. The found of the wind or fca.
5. Any loud noife. Dryden.

ROA'llV. a, [better rory ]
rer^J, Latin.]
Dsviy. Fairfax.

To ROAST. v. a. [rcjien^ German ; 3 p T.
t 5, Saxon. roafted.]
1. To drefs meat, by turning it round before
the fire. Swift.
%, To impart dry heat to f^efli. Swift.
3. To drefs at the fire without water.
4. To heat any thing violently, Shakeſp.

ROAST. for roifhd. Prior.
‘To rule the ROAST. To govern ; to manage
; to prefide. Shakeſpeare.

ROB-. ʃ. Infpiirated juices. Arbuthnot.

To ROB. v. a. [r^ber^ old Ff, robbare,
1. To deprive of any thing by unlawful
force ; to plunder. Addiſon.
2. To itt free ; to deprive of fomething
bad. Shakeſpeare.
3. To take away unlawfully. Bacon.

ROBBER. f. [from roi.] A thief ; one that
robs oy force, or ftcals by fecret m-ans.

ROBBERY. ʃ. [roberie, old French.] Theft
ncrpe rated by force or with privacy.
^ .

ROBE. C {rohbe,YT.robba,\tz]:\in.] A gown
of ibte ; a drefs of dignity. Shakeſp.

To ROBE. v. a. [from the noun.] To drefs
pompoully ; to invefb. Pope.

RO BERT. ʃ. An herb.

ROSF/RSMAN. 7 /. In the old ftatutes,

ROBt'ilTSMAN. ; a fort of bold and
f.our robbers or night thieves, faid tp be fa
c:illed ft om Rob:nhood.

RO'!^lN. 7 / [ruherula\

fo named from his red breaft. Huckirg,

ROBO'REOUS. «J. [ra^Br, Latin.] Made of

i.Strong; Z a, [foh'^Jius, Latin.]

1. Strong ; finewy ; vigorous ; forceful.
2. Boifterous; violent ; unwieldy. Dryd.
3. Requiiing ftrength. Locke.

ROBU'STNESS. ʃ. [from robuft.]Stxcnv^i^ i
vigour, Arbuth

ROCAMBO'LE. ʃ. A fort of wild ga.lick.

ROCKE-ALUM. ʃ. \_rcche, F<. a rocli.] A
purer kind of a!um.

RO'CHET. ʃ. [^odtt, Fr. rocvs, low Lat.]
1. A furplice ; the white upper garriKnt
of the prieft officiating. Clea've'ar.d.
2. A fifh. Ainsworth.

ROCK. ʃ. [roc, roche, French.]
1. A vaft inals of ftone. Pope. .
% Protedli jd ; defence. A fcriptural I'enff.
5. A diftaff held in the ha'.d, from which
the wuol was fpun by twirling a bail beiow.
Ben yohr.jcn.

To ROCK. v.a, [ref^wfr, French.]
1. To fhake ; to ajove backwards and forwards.
B'^yl' .
2. To move the cradle, in order to procure
flee p. Dryden.
3. To lull ; to quir-', Shakeſpeare.

To ROCK. v. a. To be violently agitated ; to reel to and fro. J'-jung,

ROCK- DOE. /". A fpecies of deer. Crew.

ROCK ruby". ſ. The garner, when it is
cf a very (Irong, but not deep red, aed has
a fair caft of the b!ue. //'//.

ROCK-SALT. ʃ. Mineral f.dr. Wondi.v.

RO'CKER. ʃ. [from rcc/i.] One who recks
the cradle. Dryden.

RO'CKET. ʃ. [r(,cl:etto, Italian.] An'artificial
firework, being a cylindrical cafe of
paper filled with nitre, charcoal, and fulphur,
and which nnounts in the air to a
confiderable height, and there burfts. Add.

RO'CKET. ʃ. A plant. Muler.

ROCKLESS. fl. [from «a.] Being without
rocks. Dryden.

RO'CKROSE. ʃ. [;?5t-tand ro/^.] Aplant.

RO'CKWOllK. ſ. [r'jck and wor/t.] Stones
fixed in mortar, in imitation of the alperi'.
ies of rocks. Addiſon.

RO'CKY. a. [from reck]
1. Full of rocks. Sandys.
2. Refembling a rock. Milton.
3. Hard ; ftony ; obdurate, Shakeſp.

ROD. ʃ. [roede, Dutch.] [
s. A long twig. ‘ Bcyh.
2. A kind of fcepter. Shakeʃp.
3. Any thing long and flender. Granx-ii/r,
4. An inftruiuent ror meafuring. Arbuih.
5. An inftrument of correction, made of
twigs. Spenfer.

RODE pret.nfr/Vc. Muton,

RODOMONTA'DE. ʃ. [from a h<ro of
Ariofto, called Rodomonte.] An empty
noify blufteror bjalr ; a rsnt. Dryden.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


To RODOMONTA'DE. ^. ».- [from the
noun.] To brag thrafonically ; to boali
like Rodomonte.

ROE. ʃ. fji3. pa toeip, Saxon.]
1. A fpecies of deer. Arbuthnot.
2. The female of the hart. Sandys.

ROE. ʃ. [properly rojn or rone ; rann, Dan. ;
The egi-s of fifh. Shakeſpeare.

ROGA'; ION. ʃ. [legation, VrtnzW.] Litany
; fnpDlicatior, tkoker. ‘fayl.r,

ROGATION-WEEK. ʃ. The week imir.
cduteiy preceeding Whitfunday : the
Monday, Tuefday, and Wednefday, called
rogation days, becaufe of the extraordinary
prayers and proceffions then made for the
fruits of the earth, or as a preparation for.
the devotion of holy thurfday. DSi.

ROGUE. ʃ. [of uncertain etymology.]
1. A wandering beggar ; a vagrant ; a vagabond.
2. A knave ; a difhoneft fellow ; a villain ; a thief. South.
3. A name of flight tendernefs and endear.
ment. Shakeſpeare.
4. A vv.-g.

To ROGUE. v.fi. [from the noun.]
1. To wander ; to play the vagibond. Car,
2. To piiy knavifh tricks.

RO'GUERY. ʃ. [from rogue.]
1. The life of a vagabond. Donne.
2. Knavifh tricks. Shakeſpeare.
3. W.ggery ; arch tricks.

RO'GU£SH!P. ʃ. [from rogue.] The qua-
Jirics or perfonage of a r gue. Dryden.

RO'GUISH. a. [fro,-n rogue.
1. Vagrant ; vagabond. Spenser.
2. Knavifh; fradulent. Swift.
3. W:iggifh ; wanton ; flightly mifchievous.

RO'GUISHLY. ad. [from roguifh.] Like a
rogue 5 Itnavifhly ; wantonly.

RO'GUISHNESS. ʃ. [from rogwjh.] The
qusii'ies of a rogue.

RO'GL'Y. a, [ham rogue.] Knavifh ; wanton.


To ROI'^T. [v.n. [r/>r, I Hand ick, a

To ROI'STER. ʃ. vioL^ntman.] To behave
turbulently ; to aft at dilcretion ; to
be at r'rre quarter ; to biuller. ^huhlp,

ROI'Sl'EK, or roifterer. ſ. [from the verb.]
A turbulent, brutal, lav;lefs, bluftsring

To ROLL. v. a. [roubr,Yt. ro//.w, Dutch.]
1. To move any thing by vclutation, or
fuccefiive application of the different parts
of the farface, to the ground. Mark,
2. To move any thing round upon its axis.
3. To move in a circle. Milton.
4. To produce a periodical revolution.
5. To wrap round upon itfcJf.
6. To enwrap ; to involve in bandage,
7. T»

7. To form by rolling into round mafTes.
8. To pour in a ftrcam or waves. Topt.

To ROLL. v. n.
1. To be moved by the fucceffive applicacation
of all parts of the furface to the
ground. Temple.
2. To lun on whcelr. Dryden.
3. To perform a periodical revolution.
4. To move with appearance of circular
direftion. Milccn. Dryden.
t;. To float in rough water. Pope. .
6. To move as waves or volumes of water.
7. Tofluftoate; to move tumultuoufly.
FrierPope. .
8. To revolve on its axi?. S-indys.
q. To be moved tumultuoufly. Milton.

ROLL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of rolling ; the ftate of being
2. The thing rolling. Thomfon.
3. Mafs mace round. Addiſon.
4. Writing rolled upon itfelf. Spenſer.
5. A round body rolled along, Mortimer.
6. [HqIuIus, Latin.] Publick writing.
Ezra. Hale.
7. A regifter ; a catalogue. Sidney. Davies.
8. chronicle. Dryden.
9. Warrant. Shakeſpeare
10. Part ; f.ffi:e. L'Eftrange.

RO'LLER. ʃ. [from ro//.]
1. Any thing turning on its own axis, as a
heavy ftone to level walks. Hamm. Ray.
2. Bard^ge ; fillet. Shakeʃp.

RO'LLINGPiN. ʃ. [rolling in6 pin.] A
round piece of wood tapering at each end,
with which pafte is moulded. Wiseman.

ROLLYPOGLY. ʃ. A fort of game, in
which, wheu a ball rolls into a certain place,
it wins. Arbuthnot.

RdMAGE. ʃ. [ramage, French.] A tumult
; a buftle ; an attive and tumultuous
fearch for any thing. Shakeʃp.

ROMa'NCE. ʃ. [rcwan, French ; TO}nanz,a,
1. A military fable of the mid<lle ages ; a
tale of wild adventures in war and l«vf.
Milton. ff'^alUr. Dryden.
2. A lie; a fi(flion.

To ROMANCE. v.n. [from the noun.]
To lie ; to forge.

ROMA'NCER. ʃ. [from rcm^««.] A lier; a forgfr of tales. 7ate.

To RO'MANIZE. v. a. [from roman, Fr.]
To latinize ; to fill with modes of the Roman
fpcech. Dryden.

ROMA'N'TICK. a. [from romance.
1. Refembling the talcs 0! romances ; wild.
2. Improbable ; fair«.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


3. Fanciful; full of wild fcencry.

ROMISH. a. [from Rome.] PopiOi. jiyhffe,

ROMP. ʃ.
1. A rude, awkward, boifterous, untaught
girl. ./Arbuthnot.
2. Rough rude play. [from ion,

To ROMP. v. n. To phy rudely, lioifily,
iM boifte'oufly. Hivi/t,

RO N DEAU. ʃ. A kind of ancient poetry,
commonly confifting of thirteen verfes ; of
which eight have one rhyme and five another:
it is divided into three couplets, and
at the end of the fecond and third, the beginning
of the rondeau is repeated in .an
equivocal fenfe. Trtvoux,

RONT. ʃ. An animal ftinted in the growth,

RO'NDLES. ʃ. [from round.] A round
mafs. Peacham.

RO NION. ʃ. A fat bulky woman.

ROOD. ʃ. [from rod.]
1. The founh p^rt of an acre in fquare
meafure, Swift.
2. A pole ; a meafure of fixteen feet and a
half in long meafure. Milton.
3. The crofs. Shakeſpeare.

ROOF. ʃ. [hjarp, Saxon.]
1. The cover of a houfe. Sidney.
2. The vault; the infide of the arch that
covers a building. Hooker.
3. The palate
; the upper part of the
mouth. Bacon.

To ROOF. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To cover with a roof. Creech.
2. To inclcfe in a houfe. Shakeſpeare.

ROO'FY. a. [from roc/.] Having roofs.

ROOK. ʃ. [hfxnc, Saxon.]
1. A bird rffembling a crow : it feeds not
on carrion, but grain. Dryden.
2. A mean man at chefs. Dryden.
3. A cheat ; a trickifh rapacious fellow.

To ROOK. v. n. To rob ; to cheat.

ROO'KERY. ʃ. [from rook.] A nurfsry of
ro(;ko. Pope:

ROOKY. a. Inhabited by rooks.

ROOM./ [pum,Saxon; raw., Gothick.]
1. Suace; i x;<'nt of place. Mlun.
Z- Space or piace unoccupied, Bentley.
3. Way unobibuded. Creech.
4. PIace of another ; ftead. Calamy.
5 UnobftruOed opp'.rtunity. Addison.
6. An apartment in a houfe.
Suckling, Stillingfleet.

ROO'MAGE. ʃ. [from r««w.] Space , pl^ce.

ROO'MINESS. ʃ. [from ro.my.] Space ;
quantity of extent,

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


ROO'MY. a. [from rcoOT.] Spacious; w'lde
; Jarge. Dryden.

ROOST. f. [hpoj-c, Saxon.]
1. That on which a bird fits to fleep.
2. Theaft of fleeping. Denham.

To ROOST. v. n. [roy^<:«, Dutch ; r<?/.]
1. To fleep as a bird. L'Eftrange.
2. To ) lodge. In burlefque.

ROOT. ʃ. [rot, Swedifh 5 roed, Dmifii.]
1. Thit pait of the plant which refts in the
ground, and fupplies the rtems with nouli/
hmeat. Evelyn. Bacon.
2. The bottom ; the lower part. Milton.
<?. A plant of which the root is efculent.
4. The original ; the firft caufe. D^vies.
<;. The firft: anceflor. Shakeſpeare.
6. Fixed refidence. Dryden.
7. Impreffion ; durable effeft. Hooker.

To ROOT. v. n. [from the noun]
1. To fix the root ; to ftrike far into the
earth, Shakeſpeare.
2. To turn up earth.

To ROOT. -y. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fix deep in the earth. Dryden.
2. To imprefs deeply. South.
3. To turn up out of the ground ; to radicate
; to extirpate. Raleigh.
4. To deftroy ; to banifh. Granville,

ROO'TED. a. [from roo/.] Fixed ; deep ; radical. Hammond.

ROO'TEDLY. <i<^. [from roo^^^. ; Deeply; ftrongly. Shakeſpeare.

ROOTY. ad. [from roor.] Full of roots.

ROPE. ʃ. [pap. Sax. reep, roop, Dutch.]
1. A cord ; a (tring; a halter. Hudibris.
1. Any row of things depending: as, a
rope of onions


RORI'FLtJENT. a. [roj and y/«o, Latin.]
Flowing with dew. D £i.

RO'SARY. ʃ. [rofatrum, Latin.] A bunch
of beads, en which the Romanifls number
their prayers. Cleaveland. Taylor.

RO'SCID. a. [rofddus, Latin.] Dewy ; abounding
with dew. Bacon.

ROSE. ʃ. [refe, Fr. rofa, Latin.] A flower.

To fpeak under the Rose, To fpeak any
thing with fafety, fo as not afterwards to
be difcovered. Brown.

ROSE. pret. of rife. Milton.

RO'SEATE. a. [from ro/e.]
1. Roly; fuUofrofes. Pope. .
2. BIooming, fragrant, purple, as a rofe.

RO'SED. a. [from " the noun.] Crimfoned ; flufhed. Shakeſpeare.

RO'SEMARY. ʃ. [rofmarifius, Latin.] A
pbnt. Miller.

ROSE-NOBLE. ʃ. An EngliHi gold coin,
in value anciently fixteen fhillings.

RO'SEWATER. ʃ. [roje and water.] Water
difhiled from rofes. Wtfemar,

RO'SET. ʃ. [from rofe."] A red colour for
painters. Peacham.

ROSIER. ʃ. [rofier, French.] A rofebufh.

RO'SIN. ʃ. [rejine, Fr. rejina, Latin.]
1. Infpifl'ated turpentine ; a juice of the
pine. Garth,
2. Any inrpiffated matter of vegetables that
diITolves in fpirit, Arbuthnot.

To RO'SIN. v. a. [from the noun.] To
rub with rofin. Gay.

RO'SINY. a. [from rojin.] Refembling

RO'SSEL. ʃ. Light land, Mortimer.

To ROPE. v. a. [from the noun.] To draw RO'STRATED. a. [rofiratus, Lat.] Adorned
with beaks of fhips. Arbuthnot.

ROSTRUM. ʃ. [Latin.]
1. The beak of a bird.
2. Thebeakof a fhip,
3. The fcaffold whence orators harangued,
4. The pipe which conveys the diftilling
liquor into its receiver in the common alembicks,

RO'SY. a. [rofeus, Latin.] Refembling a
rofein bloom, beauty, colour, or fragrance.
Dryden. Priir,

To ROT. v. n. [fiotap, Saxon ; rotten,
Dutch.] Toputrify; to Jofe the cohefion
of its parts. M'^ood'ward,

To ROT. v. a. To make putrid ; to bring
to corruption. Dryden.

ROT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A diftemper among fheep, in which
their lungs are wafted. Ben. Johnson.
2. Putrefaction ; putrid decay. Philips.
out into vifcofities ; to concrete into glutinous
filaments. Dryden.

RO'PEDANCER. ʃ. [rope and dancer.] An
artift who dances on a rope. Wilkins,

RO'PINESS. ʃ. [from ropy.] Vifcofity ; glutmoufnefs.

RO'PEMAKER. or roper. ſ. [rope and maker.]
One who makes ropes to fell.

RO'PERY. ʃ. [from rope.] Rogue's tricks.

RO'PETRICK. ʃ. [rope and trick.] Probably
rogue's tricks ; tricks that defetve
the halter. Shakeſpeare.

RO'PY. a. [from ropi

for roen.]
Vifcous ; tenacious; Dryden.
[French.] A cloak

RORA'TION. ʃ. [roris, Latin.] A falling
of dew.

RORID. ʃ. [roridus, Lat.] Dewy. Brown.

RORI'FEROUS. a. [rof and/fr.?, Latin.] RO'TARY. (7, [re/j, Latin.] Whirling as
Pioducing dew. ^^<^^ a wheel. Dia,


Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


ROTATED. a. [rotatus, Latin.] Whirled

ROTA TION. ʃ. [rotation, Fr. rotJtIo,
-Latin.] The act of whirling round like a
wheef. Nciuton.

ROTA'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.] That which gives
a circular motion. Ifijemin.
Rote. ſ. [p.r, Saxon. merry.]
1. A harp ; a lyre. Spenſer.
2. Words uttered by mere memory with.
out meaning} memory of words without
comprehenlion of the fenfe.
Hudibras. Swift.

To ROTE. v. a. To fix in the memory,
without informing the underAanding.

RO'TGUT. /". Bidbcer. Harvey.

ROTHER NAILS. ʃ. Among fhipwnghts,
nails with very full heads ufed for /afl«ning
the rudder irons of fhips. Bailey.

ROTTEN. a. [from rat.]
1. Putrid; Cirious; putrefcent. Sandys.
2. Not firm ; not trufty. Shakeʃp.
3. Not found ; not hard. Knolles.

ROTTENNESS. ʃ. [from r^r^.'?.] State of
being rotten ; carioufnefs; putrefaftion.

ROTU'ND. a. [rotundus^hmn.] Round ; circular ; fpherical. Addifon.

ROTU'NDIFOLIOUS. a. [rotundus ^nifoiluwy
Latin.] Having round leaves.

ROTU'NDITY. ʃ. [rotunditas, Lat. rotondite\
Fr, from rotund.^ Roundoefs ; fphericity
; circularity. Bentley.

ROTU'NDO. ʃ. [rotondo, Italian.] A building
formed round both in the infide and
outlide \ fuch as the Pantheon at Rome.

To ROVE. v. V, [roffvtr^ Danifh.] To
ramble ; to range ; to wander. Watts.

To ROVE. v. a. To wander over.
Milton. Gay.

RO'VER. ʃ. [from TOve.]
1. A wanderer ; a ranker.
2. A fickle inconftant man,
3. A robber ; a pirate. Bacon.
4. At RovKKS. Without any particular
aim. South.

ROUGE. ʃ. [rouge, Fr.] Red painf,

ROUGH. a. [hpuh, bjiuhje, Saxon ; nuiv,
1. Not fmooth ; rugged ; having inequalities
on the furface. Burnet.
2. Auftere to the tafle : as, rough tvine.
3. Harfh to the ear. Pope. .
4. Rugged of temper ; inelegant of man-
ners ; not loft. Convky.
5. Not gentle ; not proceeding by eai'y
operation, Clarendon,
6. Harlh to the mind ; fevere, Locke.
7. Hard featured ; not delicate. Dryden.
8. Not polished ; not finifhed by art.
9. Terrible ; dieadfai, Milton.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


10. Rugged ; difordered in appearanc \
ccarfc. Ps/i'tr,
; I. TempeHuous ; flormy ; bnifterous.

To ROU'GHCAST. v. a. [roughi^nd caft.]
1. To mould without mcety or clegance ;
to form with alpcrities and inequalities.

2. To form any thing in its fiift ndiments.

ROU GHCAST. ſ. [rcugb and caj}; 1. A lude model ; a form in its rudiments.
2. A kind of plaiHer mixed with peb: lef,
or by fome other caufe very unfvrn en he
Surface. Shakeſpeare.

ROU'GHDRAUGHT. ʃ. [rougtj and
draugbt.] A draught in its rudiments.

To ROU'GHDRAW. v. a. [rcugb and
draw.] To trace coarfely, Dryden.

To ROU'GHEN. I', d. [from roa^£>.] To
make rough. Swift.

To ROU'GHEN. v. v. To grow rough.

To ROUGHHEW. via, {roughzvi^b:^.]
To give to any thing thefirft appearance of
form. Hudibras.

ROUGHHEWN. paftk'p. a.
1. Rugged ; unpolilliea
; uncivil ; unrefined.
2. Not yet nicely fini/Tied. liowcl.

ROU'GHLY. ad. [from ro:-^^.]
1. With uneven futtace ; with afperitiM
on the furface.
a- Harftiy ; uncwilly ; rudely. Spenser.
3. Severely ; without tendernefs. Dryden.
4. Aurtcrely to the t.^fle.
5. Boifteroufly ; tempeftuoufly,
6. Harfhly to the car,

ROUGHNESS. ʃ. [from ro-^gk.]
1. Superficial alperity ; unevcnnefs of furnace.
2. Auflerenefs to the tafle, Brown.
3. Tafte of aftringency. SpSiator.
4. Harfh nefs to the ear. Dryden.
5. Ruggednefs of temper; coarfenefs of
manners ; tendency to ludenefs. Denham.
6. Abfence of delicacy. Addifon.
7. Severity ; violence of difcipllne.
S. Violence of operation in medicines.
9. Unpolifhed or unfinifhed ftate,
10. Inelegance of crefs or appearance,
11. Tempeltuoufnefs ; ftorminefs,
12. Coarfcnefs of features.

ROUGHT. old pret. of reach. Reached.

To ROU'GHWORK. v. a. [rc.gb ^nd
ivcrk] To work coarfeiy over without the
leaft nicety. Moxon.

ROU'NCEVAL. ʃ. SeePFA. Tujer.

ROUND. a. [rand^ Fr. rondo, Italian.
1. Cylindrical. Mhcn»
5 M a 2. UircU"
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


2. Circular. Milton.
3. Spherical ; orbicular. Milton.
4. Smooth ; without defeft in found.
5. Not broken, Arbuthnot.
6. Large ; not inconfiderable. Addiſon.
7. PIain ; clear ; fair ; candid ; open.
8. Quick; briik. Addiſon.
9. PIain ; free without delicacy or ttferve
; almoft rough. Bacon.

%. A circle ; a fphere ; an orb. Shakeſp.
2. Rundle ; ftep of a ladder.
Governmetit of the Tongue.
3. The time in which any thing has palfed
through all hands, and comes back to the
firft. Prior.
4. A revolution ; a courfe ending at the
point where it began. Smith.
5. A walk performed by a guard or officer,
to furvey a certain diftndl.

ROUND. ad.
1. Every way ; on all fides. Genefn,
2.]n a revolution. Addiſon.
3. Circularly. Milton.
4. Not m a direct line. Pope.

ROUND. p^ef>.
1. On evc^-ry fide of, Mtlfon,
2. About ; circularly about, Dryden.
3. All ever. Dryden.

To ROUND. %>. a.
1. To (urround ; to encircle, Prior.
2. To make fphericsl or tiicubr. Cheyne.
3. To raife to 4 relief. Addiſon.
4. To move about any thing, Mitton,
5. To mould into fmoothnefs, Swift.

To ROUND. -y. n.
1. To grow round in form, Shakeſpeare.
2. To whifpc', Ba^on,
3. To go refunds. MlIter.

1. Ample ; txtenfive, Locke.
2. Indired ; loofe. FeltiU.


1. ^Ronddet^ French.] A kind of ancient
poetry. Sp''nfcr.
2. A round form or fig;ue. Howel,

ROU'NDER. ʃ. [from round.] Circumteience; inci fure. Shakeſpeare.

ROU'NDHEAD. ʃ. [round ^nA head.] A
puritan, fo named from the practice once
pievalent among them of cropping their
h-ir round. UpeBator.

ROU'NDHOUSE. ʃ. [round and houje.] The
conftable's prITon, in which diforderly
perions, found in the ftreet, are co-fined.

ROU'NDISH. a. [irov^ round] Somewhat
round \ approaching to roundnefs. Boyle.

ROU'NDLY. ad. [from round.]
1. l.-i a lound foroi 3 in a round manner.

2. Openly ; plainly ; without refcrvp.
3. Bri/kiy ; with fpeed. Locke.
4. Com^iletely
; to the purpofe ; vigoroufly
; in earneft. Davies.

ROUNDNESS. f. [from ro««^.]
1. Circularity ; fphericity ; cylindrical
form. Watts.
2. Smoothnefs. Spenſer.
3."Horfeftyj cpennefs ; vigorous meafures.

To ROUSE. v. a.
1. To wake from reft. Pope. .
2. To excite to thought or aftion.
Addison. Atterbury.
3. To put into action. Spenſer.
4. To drive a beail from his laire.

To ROU ^E. v. n.
1. To awake from flumber, Pope.
2. To be excited to thought or sft'f^n.

ROUSE. ʃ. [rufch, German.] A d ofe of
iiquor latho too large. Shakeſpeare.

ROU'SER. ʃ. [from roufe.] One who roufes.

ROUT. ʃ. [rot, D-»tch'.]
1. A c:amarou!> multitude ; a rabble ; a
tumultuous croud. Rolcommon.
2. Confufjon of any army defeated 01 riifper'ed.

To ROUT. v. n. To difhpate and put into
contyifion by defeat. Clarenden.

To ROUT. v. «. To aflfemble in clamorous
and tumultuous croud?. Bacon.

ROU rE, /. [route, Fr.] Road ; way.

ROW. ʃ. [reih, German.] A rank or file; a number of things ranged in a line.

To ROW. v. 71. fpcpan, Saxon.] To impel
a veffel m the water by oars. Gay.

To ROW. v. a. To drive or help forward
by oats. Milton.

RO'WEL. ʃ. [rouelle, Fr.]
1. The points of a fpur turning on an axis.
2. A feton ; a roll of hair or filk put intp
a wound ti» hinder it from heahng, and
provoke a difr harge.

To RO'WEL. v. a. To pierce through the
ikin, and keep the wound open by a rowel.

RO'WEN. ʃ. A field kept up till after Michaelmas.

RO'WER. ʃ. [from roio.] One that manages
an oar. Addiſon.

RO'YAL. a. [roial, Fr.]
1. Kingly ; belonging to a king ; becoming
a king; regal. Granville,
2. Noble ; illurtrious. Shakeſpeare.

RO'YAUST. ʃ. [from royal'] Adherent
to a king. South.

To RO'Y.


To RO'VALIZE. v. a. [from royji.] To
make royal. Shakeſpeare.

RO'VALLY. ad. [from royal ] In a kingly
manner ; rcgaJly ; as becomes a king.

RO'YALTY. ʃ. [roia!tr\?r.]
1. Kingfhip ; charadlcr or office of a king.
Shakeſpeare. Locke.
2. State of a king. Fnor.
3. Emblems of royalty. Milton.

To ROYNE. v. a. [rogner^Tt.] To gnaw ;
to hire. Spenſer.

RCVNISH. a. [rogneaux, Fr.] Paltry ; forry ; mean ; rude. i)hakefpeare.

To RUB. v. a. [riubio, Wdfh ; reiben,
German, to wipe.]
1. To clear, or imooth any thing by paffing
fomething over ix. ; to fcour ; to wipe ;
to petfricate.
7. To touch fo as to have fomething of
tha^ which touches behind. Addisʃon.
3. To move one body upon anothtr.
4. To chftrufl by collifion. Shakefpeara.
5. To poii.Ti ; to retouch. South.
6. To ren'.ove by fridlicn. Collier.
7. To to'ach hard, Sidney.
8. To rub down. To clean or curry a
hone. Dryden.
9. To Rub up. To excite ; to awaken.
10. To Rub up. To polifh ; to retjuch.

To RUB. a;, w,
1. To fret ; to make a fr:6^ion. Dryden.
2. To get through difficulties.


RUB. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Collifion ; hindrance ; obnrudion.
Shakeſpeare. Crjjhatu,
2. Frication ; act of rubbing.
3. Inequality of ground, that hinders the
motion of a bowl. Shakeſpeare.
4. Difficulty ; caufe of uncafinefs.

RUB-STONE. ʃ. [r«^and/o«^.j A ftone
to fcour or fharpen. lujfer,

RU'BBER. ʃ. [from rub..
1. One that rubs.
2. The inftrument with which one rubs.
3. A coarfe file. AUxon.
4. A game ; a conteft ; two garnet out of
three, Ccllier.
5. A whetHone.

RUBI'CAN. a. [rubrcan, Fr.] Rubicon co-
Jour of a horfe is one that is bay, forrcl,
or black, with a light, grey, or white
upon the flunks. Farrier'' s Diff.

RU'BBAGE. 7 . _. ,.

RU'BBISH. ʃ. / [f^fomry^.]
1. Ruins of building ; fragments of matter
ufed in building. H^otton. Dryden.
%, Confuficn ; mingled mafs. Arbuthnot.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


3. Any thing vile and worthlefs.

RUBBLE STONE. ʃ. Stones rubbed and
worn by the water, at the Jattcr end of
^^^ ^^5"?e. Jy.odward.

RU'BICUND. a. [rubiro.de, Fr. rub^cundus
Lat.] Iiiciining to rednefs,

RU'BIED. a. [from Tuby,j Red as a ruby.

RUBITICK. a. [ruber and facio, Latin.]
Making red. q.

To RUBIFY. i.:a. To make red.

RU'BIOUS. a. [rub.ui, Lat.
; Ruddy ; red. Not ufed. Shakeſpeare.

RU/BRICATED. a. [from r.3r;V^, Latin.l
Smeared with red.

RU'BRICK.y. [rubr:que, Fr. rubrica, Lat.T
Direaions printed in books of law and in
prayer books ; f , termed, bccaufe they
were originally diftinguifhed by being m

RU'BRJCK. R,d. iv/^,„;

To RU'BRICK. v. a. [from the aoun.] To
adrn with icd.

RU'BiFORM. a. [raber, Lat,zn^form-\
Having the form of red. Newton RUBY. y. [from ruhir, Lat.]

I.&quot; A p:cci.-u£ ftone of a red colour, next
in hardnefs and value to a diamond.
Rf^^nefs. Shakeſpeare.
3. Any thing red. Milton.
4. A blain ; a blotch ; a carbuncle.

RU'BY. a. [from the noun.] Of a red co-


RUGTA'TION. ʃ. [ruHo, Lat.] A belching
ar:ling from wind and indigestion.

To RUD. v. a. [jiu&u, Sax.] To make

RU'DDER. ʃ. [roedr,Tyut.] ^ .
1. The i.nitrument at the ftern of a veflel,
by which Its cuurle is governed. Raleigh.
2. Aiy thing that guides or governs the

RUDDINESS. ʃ. [from ruddy.] The quality
nt approaching te rednefs. Wiseman.

RUDDLE. ʃ. [ruduL Kl.nd.ck.] R.d earth.

RU'DDOCK. ʃ. [ruhecula, LaT.] A kind of
^"'^- Care^,

RU'DDY. a. [jiubn, Saxon.]
1. Approaching to rednefs
; pale red.
2. Yellow. Dryden.

RUDE. a. fpe'oe, Saxon ; rudis^ Lat.]
1. Rough ; lavage
; coarfe of manners; uncivil ; brutil. Shakeſpeare.
2. Violent
i tumultuous ; boifterous ; turbulent.
3. Harfh ; inclement. ff'alur,
4. Ignorant ; raw ; untaught. Wotton.
5. Rugged ; uneven ; fhapdtfs.
6. Artielsj inelegant, Spenſer.
7. Such

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


7. Such as may be done with ftrength without
art. Dryden.

RU'DELY. ad. [from rude.-]
1. la a rude manner. Shakeſpeare.
2. Without exactnefs ; without nicety ; coarfely, Shakeſpeare.
3. Unfkilfully. Dryden.
4. Violently ; boifteroufly. Spenſer.

RU'DENESS. ʃ. [rudeje, Fr.]
1. Coarfenefs of manners ; incivility.
2. Ignorance ; unfkilfulnefs. Hay-ward.
5. Artleffnefs ; inelegance ; coarfenefs.
4. Violence ; boifteroufnefs, Shakeſpeare.
5. Storminefs ; rieour. Evelyn.

HU'DERARY. a. [rudera, Lat.] Belonging
to rubbifh. „ Did,

EUDERA'TION. ʃ. [n architecture, the
laying of a pavement with pebbles or little

RU'DESBY. ʃ. [from rude.] An uncivil
torbulent fellow. Shakeſpeare.

RWDIMENT. ʃ. [rudimentum, Lat.]
1. The firft principles ; the iirft elements
©f a fcience. Milton.
2. The fifft part of education. Wotton.
3. The firft, inaccurate, unfhapen begmning.

RUDIME^NTAL. a. [from rudimerie.] Initial
5 relating to firft principles. Spsclator.

To RUE. v. a. [jiecppan, Saxon. ; To
grieve for \ to regret ; to lament. Donne.

RUE. ʃ. [ruta, Lat.] An herb called herb
©f grace, becaufe holy water was fprinkled
with it. More.

RUETUL. ^. [ra^and /a//.] Mournful;
woful ; forrowful. Dryden.

SUE'FULLY. ad. [f/om rap/w/.] Mournfully
; forrowfully. More,

RUE'FULNEiS. ʃ. [from rueful.] Sorrowtuluers
; mournfulfjefs.

RUE'LLE. ʃ. [French.] A circle^ an af.
fembly at a private houfe. Dryden.

IvUFF. ʃ. A puckered linen ornament,
formerly woin about the neck. Drayton.
2. A fmall river fifh. Walton.
5. A ftate of roughnefs. Chapman.
4. New ftate. VEjtiange.

RUFFIAN. ʃ. [ruffiano, Italian.] A brutal,
boifterous, mifchievous fellow ; a cutthroat
; a robber ; a murderer.
Wayward. Addifon.

RUFFIAN. a. Brutal 3 favagely boilterous.

To RU'FFIAN. v. n. [from the noun.] To
rage ; to raife tumults ; to play the ruffian,

To RU'TFLE. ». a. [ruyffekn, Dutch, to
1. To diforder; to put Out of form ; to
m:kke lels fmooUi. Boyle.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


2. To difcompofe ; to difturb; to put out
of temper. Glanville.
3. To put out of order ; to furprife.
4. To throw diforderly together.
5. To contraa into plaits. Addiſon.

To RU'FFLE. v. n.
1. To grow rough or turbulent.
2. To be in locfe motion ; to flutter.
3. To be rough ; to^jar ; to be in contention.

RU'FFLE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. PIaited linen ufed as an ornament.
2. Difturbance ; contention ; tumult.

RU/FTERHOOD. ʃ. [n falconry, a hood
to be worn by a hawk when ihe is firft
drawn. Bailey.

RUG. ʃ. [rugget, Swedifh.]
1. A coarfe nappy woollen cloath.
2. A coarfe nappy coverlet ufe for mean
beds. Stvtfr,
3. A rough woolly dog. Shakeſpeare.

RU'GGED. a. [ri^ggit, Swedifh.]
1. Rough 5 full of unevennefs and afperity.
2. Not neat ; not regular, Shakeſpeare.
3. Savage of temper ; brutal ; rough.
4. Stormy ; rude ; tumultuous ; turbulent
; tempeftuous, Shakeſpeare.
5. Rough or harfh to the ear. Dryden.
6. Sour ; furly ; difcompofed. Shakeſpeare.
7. Violent; rude ; boifterous. Hudibras.
8. Rovgh ; fhaggy. Fairfax.

RU'GGEDLY. ad. [from rugged.] In a
rugged manner.

[from rugged.]
t. The A..te or quality of being rugged.
2. Roughnefs ; -fpeiity. Ray.

RUGIN. ʃ. A nappy cloth. Wifeman.

RU'GINE. ʃ. [rugine, Fr.] A chirurgeon.s
rafp. Sharp.

RUGO'SE. a. [ri/^o/wi, Lat.] Full of wrinkles.


RU'IN. ʃ. [ruine, Fr. ruina, Lat.]
1. The fall or deftrudlion of cities or edifices.
2. The remains of building demolifhed.
3. Deftruction ; lofs of happinefs or fortune
; overthrow. Dryden.
4. Mifchiefj bane, Milton.

To RU'IN. v. a. [ruiner, Fr.]
1. Tolubvert; to demoiifh, Dryden.
2. To deftroy ; to deprive of felicity or
fortune. Wake.„
3. To

3. To impoverirti. Addiſon.

To RU'IN. v. n.
1. To fall in ruin?. Milton.
2. To run to ruin. Sandys.
3. To be brought to poverty or mifery.

To RUI'NATE. v. a. [from ruin.]
1. To I'ubverc ; to demolifti. Shakeſpeare.
2. To bring to meannefs or mifery irrecoverable.

RUINA'TION. ʃ. Subverfion ; demolition.

RU'INOUS. a. [ruinofut, Lat. ruir.eaux,
1. Fallen to ruin ; dilapidated ; demolifhed,
2. Mifchievous; pernicious ; baneful ; deftrud\
ive. Swift.

RU'INOUS LY. ad. [from ruinous.]
1. In a ruinous manner.
2. Mifchievoufly ; deftructively.
Dec->y of Piety.

RULE. ʃ. [r^gula, Lat.]
1. Government ; empire ; fway ; fupreme
command. PU if>s.
1. An inftrument by which lines are drawn.
3. Canon; precept by which the thoughts
or actions are directed. Tillotjov.
4. Regularity ; propriety of behaviour.

To RULE. v. a, [from the noun.]
1. To govern ; to controU ; to manage
with power and authority. Dryden.
2. To manage. l Mac.
3. To fettle as by a rule. Atterbury.

To RULE. v. n. To have power or command.

RULER. ʃ. [from rule.]
1. Governour ; one that has the fupreme
command. Raleigh.
2. An inftrument, by the direftion of
which lines are drawn. Moxon.

RUM. ʃ.
1. A country parfcn. Swift.
1. A kind of fpirits diftilled from molofles.

To RU'MBLE. v. a. [romme/en, Dutch.]
To make a hoerfe low continued noife.
Shakeſpeare. Suckling, Rofcommon

RU'MBLER. ʃ. [from rumble.] The perlon
or thing that rumbles.

RU'MINANT. a. [rutninans, Latin.] Having
the property of chewing the cud.

To RU'MINATE. v. a. [rumino, Lat.]
1. To chew the cud. ArbuibrGt.
2. To mufe ; to think again and again.
Fairf.x. Watrs.

To RU'MINATE. t/, a. [rumwo, Lat.]
1. To chew over again.
2. To mufe on ; to meditate over and
over again, Shakeſpeare.


RUMINA'TION. ʃ. [ruminatio, Lat, from
1. The property or act of chewing the
cud. Arbuthnot.t.
2. Meditation ; reflectirn.
Shakeſpeare. Thomfon.

To RU'MMAGE. v. a. [ranmen^ German ; rimari, Lat.] To fearch ; to plunder ; Co

To RU'MMAGE. v. n. To fearch places.

RU'MMER. ʃ. [refw^r, Dutch.] Aglafs ;
a drinking cup, Pbtlipt,

RU'MOUR. ʃ. [rum'ur, Fr. rumor^ Lat.]
Flying or popular report ; bruit ; fame,
Milton. Dryden.

To RUMOUR. v. a. [from ihenrun.] To
report abroad ; to bruit. Dryden.

RU'MOURER. ʃ. [from rumour.] Reporter ;
fpreader of news. Shakepeare.

RUMP. ʃ. [r:<m/^, German.]
1. The end of the backbone.
Spenſer. Swift.
2. The buttocks. Shakeſpeare.

To RU'MPLE. v. a. [rtmpekn, Dutch.]
To crufh or contrac^ into inequalities and
corrugations. Blackrmre,

RU'MPLE. ʃ. [hpympelle, Saxon.] Pucker
; rude plait. Dryden.

To RUN. v.n. pret. ran. [y/inan, Saxon |
rennen, Dutch.]
1. To move fwiftly ; to ply the legs ia
fuch a manner, as that both feet are at
every ftep off the ground at the fame time ; to pifi with very quick pace.
Dryden. Swift.
2. To ufe the legs in motion. Locke.
3. To move in a hurry. Ben. Johnʃon.
4. To pace on the furface, not through
the air. Exodus.
5. To rufh violently. Dryden. Burnet.
6. To take a courfe at fea. Arts.
7. To contend m a race. Swift.
8. To fly; not to ftand. Shakeſpeare.
9. To ftream ; to flow. Bacon. Milton.
10. To be liquid ; to be fluid.
Bacon. AddifoH,
11. To be fufible ; to melt. Moxon.
12. To pafs ; to proceed. Temple. Luke.
13. To go away ; to vamft. Addifcr,
14. To have a legal courfe ; to be praclifed.
15. To have a courfe in any direftion.
16. To paA in thought or fpcech. Fehon,
17. To be mentioned curfoniy or in few
words. Arbuthnot.
18. To have a continual tenour of any
kind. Suunderjin.
19. To be bufied upon, Swift.
20. To be popularly known. TempU; 21. To hjvc receptign, luccefs, or continuirKe,
22. To

12. To go on by fucceffion of partf,
23. To proceed in a tfain of condiif^.
24. To pafs into feme charge. Milton.
25. To proceed ma certdin order. D>yden,
26. To be in force. Bacon.
27. To be generally received. Knolles.
28. To be carried on in any manner.
29. To have a track or courfe. Bvyle,
30. To pafs progreffively. Cheyne.
31. To make a gradual pjogrefs. Pope. .
32. To be predominant. lVi)odward,
33. To tend in growth. Felton.
34. To excero pus or matter, Lei'it. xiii.
35. To become irregular ; to cliange to
fomething w^ld. Granville.
36. To get by artifice or fraud. Hudibras.
37. To fall by hafre, paliion, or foJiy into
fault or misfortune. KnclUs.
3S. To fall ; to pafs. Vy'otti.
39. To have a general tendency. Swift.
40. To proceed as on a ground or pnncipie.
41. To go on with violence. t'lvi/r.
1^.2. To RuK afs£r. To fearch for ; to
endeavour at, though cut of the way.
43. i'oKvti awaywith. To hurry w^ithout
confent. Locke.
44. To Run in with. To clofe ; to of mply.
45. To Run on. To be continued.
46. To Run over. To be fo full as to 0-
veiflow. Dryden.
47. To be fo much as to overflow. Digby.
48. To Run out. To be at an end. Swift.
49. To RuNtftf. To fpread exuberantly.
Hammond. Taylor.
50. To Run Oft/. To expatiate. Broome.
51. To Run out. To be wafted or txha
lifted. Ben. Johnson. Swift.

To RUN. v.a.
1. To pierce ; to ftab, Shakeſpeare.r,
2. To force ; to drive. Locke.
3. To force into any v^ay or form. Febon.
4. To drive with violence. Kno'aes.
5. To melt. Feiton.
6. To incur. Calamy.
7. To venture ; to hazard. Clarenden.
8 To import or export without duty.
9. To profecutc in thought. Collier. Feiton.
10. To pufh. Mdif-ir.

XI. To Run down. To chafe to wearinefi.
iz. To Run down. To crufh ; to overbear,
13. To Run o'vir. To recount curftriiy.

Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com


14. To Run over. To confider curforily.
i<;. To run through. South.

RUN,/. [from the verb.]
1. Act of running. L'Eftrange.
2. C'jurfe ; motion. Bacon.
3. Fiow ; cadence. Brcome,
4. C^)urfe; procefs,
5. Way of management ; uncontrolled
courfe. Arbuthnot.
6. Long reception ; continued fuceefs.
7. Modifh clamour. Swift.
8. ^t the long Run. In fine ; in conclufion
; at the end. Wiseman.

RU'NAGATE. ʃ. [revrgat, French.] A fugitive
; rebel ) apoftaie. Sidney. Raleigh.

RU'NAWAY. ʃ. [run and away.] One
that files from danger ; a fugitive. Shakeſp.

RU'NDLE. ʃ. [oi round.]
1. A round ; a ftep of a ladder, Duppa,
2. A pcritrochium ; fomething put round
an axis. fViikins,

RU NDLET. ſ. A fmall barrel. Bacon.

RUNG. pret. and part. pafl". of ring. Milton.

RU'NNEL. ʃ. [from run.] A rivulet ; a
fmall brouk, FairfaX'

RU'NNER /. [from raw.]
1. One that runs.
2. A racer. Dryden.
3. A mefienger. Swift.
4. A fhooting fprig. Mortimer.
5. One of the ftones of a mill. Mortimer.
6. A bird. Ainsworth.

RU'NNET. ʃ. [jefiunnen, Saxon. coagulated.]
A liquor made by fteeping the ftomach
of a calf in hot water, and ufed to
coagulate milk for curds and theefe. More,

RU'NNION. ſ. A paltry fcurvy wretch.

RUNT. ʃ. [runte, in theTeutonick diaieds,
fignifits a bull or cow.] Any animal ftnali
below the natural growth of the kind,

RU'PTION. ʃ. [tuptui, Latin.] Breach ;
fi iution of continuity. Wiseman.

RU'PTURE. ʃ. [r»/>/«r^, -French, from rt/^.
/«->, Latin.]
1. The act of breaking; ftate of being
bitken ; foiuti^n of continuity. yfr/'://i6«or.
2. A breach of peace ; open hoftility.-
3. Bu'ftennefs; hernia ; preternatural erupi
ion of the gur. Shakeʃp.

To RU'PTURE. v. a; [from the noun.]
To break ; to burft ; to luffcr difruption.

RUPTUREWORT. y. [herniaria, Latin.]
A plai.t. Miller.

RU'RAL. a. [}ural, French; ruralis, Latin.]
C untry ; exifing m the country, not in
Cities ; fuiting the country ; refembling the
country, Sidney. Thomfon.

RURA'Liry. 7 /. [from rural.] The qua.

RU'RALNESS. ʃ. Jicy of being lurJ. Da.

RURJCOLIST. ʃ. [ruricolj, Latin.] An
inhabitant of the country. Diff,

RU'RIGEN'OUS. a. [rura zaiglgno.Lat,
B -rn in the country. D £i.

RUSE. ʃ. [French.] Cunning ; artificf ; little ftratagem. Ray.

RUSH. ʃ. [pij-c, Saxon.]
1. A plant: they are planted w"th gre^t
care on the banks of the Tea in Holland in
order to prevent the water from wafhmg
away the earth ; for the ro"ts if thefe
rujhes fallen themfelves very deep in the
ground, and mat themfelves near the furface,
fo as to hold the earth clufdy together.
Miller. Dryden.
2. Any thing proverbially worthlels.
RUSH- CANDLE. ſ. [rujh and candie.] A
fmall blinking taper, made by Gripping a
rufti. Milton.

To RUSH. v. Tt. [liri?opan, Saxon.) To
m-jve with violence
; to go on with tumultuous
rapidity. Sl^rctt.

RUSH. ʃ. [from the verb.] Violent courfe.

RU'SHY. a. [from rujh.]
1. Abounding with rufheJ. H'hom^on,
2. Made of rufhes. Tickel.

RUSK. ʃ. Hard bread for ftores. Rauigh.

RU'SMA. ʃ. A brown and light iron fjbftance
to take off hair. Crtiv.

RU'SSET. a. [roujfet^ French ; rujfus^ Lat.]
1. Reddifhly Brown.
2. Neuton feems to ufe it for grey.
3. Coarfe; homefpnn ; ruftick. Shakeʃp.

RU'SSET. ʃ. Country drei's. Dryden.

RU'SSET. 7 /. A name given to feve-

RU'jSETING. ; ral forts of pejrs or apples
from their colour. Mortimer.

RUST. ʃ. [pupr, SaKon.]
1. The red delquamation of old iron.
Hooker. Miy.
2. The tarnlfhed or corroded furface of any
metal. Dryden.
3. Lofs of power by inaftivify.
4. Matter bied by corruption or degeneration,
King Charles.

To RUST. v. «. [from the noun.]
1. To gather roft ; to have the furface tarnifhed
or corroded. Dryden.
2. To degenerate in idlenefr.

To RUST. nj.a.
1. To make rurty. Shakefpeare.
2. To impair by time or inactivity.

RUSTICAL. a. [rufticusy Latin.] rw/?/^a',
French.] Rough ; favage ; boiAerous ;
brutal ; rude. Brown.

RUSTICALLY. ad. [from ru/iical.] Sa-

vagely; rudelv; inrlegjntJv. DrydeH,

RU'STICALNESS. ʃ. [from 'rujiicjl.] The
quality of being ruUiCJi ; rudenefs ; favagenefs.

To RUSTICATE. v. n. [rupi.or, Latin.]
To refide in the C' untrv. Pj/^.

To RU'STICATE. v. a. To bin^th nto the
country. SpeUtzr.

RUKTI'CITY. ʃ. [rujlcie', French ; ruftidt.
i, Latin.]
1. Q^^alitcs of one tha^ lives ‘n the country
; fimplicity
; artlcfineL ; rudc-ncA ;
favagene/s. Woodward.
2. Rural appearance.

RU'SilCK. a. [ru/ious, Latin.]
1. Rural; country. S'dnry,
2. Rude ; untaught ; inelegant. ff'atn.
3. Brutal ; fav3g^. Pope. .
4. Artiefs
; honeft ; fimple.
e: PI^io; unadorned. M'l'err,

RU'STICK. ʃ. A clown ; a fwain ; an inhabitant
of the country. South.

RU'STINESS. ʃ. [from ru/ly.] The ftate of
being rufty.

To RUSTLE. ʃ. n. [hpirtlan, Saxon.] To
make a low continued rattle. Shakeſpeare.

RU'SFY. a. [from ruji.]
1. Covered with ruftj infected with ruft.
2. Impaired by inafll', ity. Scaie^pe^rcm

To RUT. ‘v.r:. [ruit, French.] To dcliie
to come together. ufed of deer,

RUT. ʃ. fr«‘, French.]
1. Copulation of deer. Bacon.
2. The track of a cart wheel,

RUTH. y. [from rue.] Mercy; pity; tendernefs
; forrow for the mifery of another,
Fairfax. Mtlt.n.

RU'THFUL. a. [ruth ind/uH.j Rueful; wnful ; forriwful, Cjrew,

RUTHFULLY. ad. [from ra.'^/./.]
1. Wofully; fadly. J^W/rr.
2. Sorrowfully; mournfully. Spenur.
3. Wofully. In irony. Chapman.

RUTHLESS. a. [from ruth.] Cruel; pitilefs; unc'jmpaffionate
; birbarous.

RU'THLESSNESS. ʃ. [from ruttlef:.] Wint
of OltV,

RUTHLESLY. ad. [from ruchUfs.] Without
pity ; cruelly; barbaroufly.

RUTTIER. ʃ. (routure, French.] A direction
>,i the road or cc.uifi at Tea.

RU'TTISH. a. [from rv'.] Wanton;, libidinous; Ulacious; luftful ; lecherous,

RYE. ʃ. [pyje, Saxon.] A coarfe kind of
bread-rorn. ylrbuthnot.

RYE'GRASS. ʃ. A kind of /Irong erafs.



Join on FB