About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


C. has two ſounds ; one like k, as
call, clock ; the other as s, as cef-
fation, cinder. It ſounds like k
before a, o, u, or a conſonant ; and like f, before e, i, and y.

CAB. ʃ. A Hebrew meaſure, containing
about three pints Engliſh.

CABA'L. ʃ. [cabale, Fr. xxxxx tradition.]
1. The ſecret ſcience of the Hebrew rab-

2. A body of men united in ſome cloſe
deſign, Addiſon.
3. Intrigue. Dryden.

To CABA'L. v. n. [cabaler, Fr.] To form
cloſe intrigues. Dryden.

CA'BALIST. ʃ. One ſkilled in the traditions
of the Hebrews. Swift.

CABALLI'STICAL. v. a. Something that

C'ABALLISTICK. has an occult meaning. Spectator.

CABA'LLER. ʃ. [from cabal.] He that
engages in cloſe deſigns ; an intriguer.

CA'BALLINE. a. [caballinus, Lat.] Belonging
to a horſe.

CA'BARET. ʃ. [French ] A tavern. Bramhall.

CA'BBAGE. ʃ. [cabus, Fr; braffica, Lat.]
A plant.

To CA'BBAGE. v. a. To ſteal in cutting
clothes. Arbuthnot.

CA'BBAGE-TREE. ʃ. A ſpecies of palm-tree.

CA'BBAGE-WORM. ʃ. An infect.

CA'BIN. ʃ. [cabane, Fr. ; caban, Welch, a
1. A ſmall room. Spenſer.
2. A ſmall chamber in a ſhip. Raleigh.
3. A cottage, or ſmall houſe. Sidney.
4. A tent. Fairfax.

To CA'BIN. v. n. [from the noun.] To
live in a cabin. Shakʃpeare.

To CA'BIN. v. a. To confine in a cabin. Shakʃpeare.

CA'BINED. a. [from cabin.] Belonging
to a cabin. Milton.

CABINET. ʃ. [cabinet, Fr.]
1. A ſet of boxes or drawers for curofities. Ben. Johnson, Swift.
2. Any place in which things of value are
hidden. Taylor.
3. A private room in which confultations
are held. Dryden.
4. A hut, or houſe. Spenſer.

CA'BINET-COUNCIL. ʃ. A council held
in a private manner. Bacon.

CA'BINET-MAKER. ʃ. [from cabinet and
make.] One that makes ſmall nice work
in wood. Mortimer.

CA'BLE. ʃ. [cabl, Welch ; cabel, Dutch.]
The great rope of a ſhip to which the
anchor is faſtened. Raleigh.

CACHE'CTICAL. a. [from cachexy.]

CACHE'CTICK. Having an ill habit of
body. Floyer.

CACHE'XY. ʃ. [xxxxx.] Such a diftemperature
of the humours, as hinders
nutrition, and weakens the vital and animal
functionf. Arbuthnot.

CACHINNA'TION. ʃ. [cachinnatio, Lat.]
A loud laughter.

CA'CKEREL. ʃ. A fiſh.

To CA'CKLE. v. n. [kaeckclen, Dutch.]
1. To make a noiſe as a gooſe. Pope.
2. Sometimes it is uſed for the noiſe of a hen.
3. To laugh; to giggle. Arbuthnot.

CA'CKLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] The voice
of a gooſe or fowl. Dryden.

CA'CKLER. ʃ. [from cackle.]
1. A fowl that cackles.
2. A teltale ; a tatler.

CACOCHY'MICAL. a. [from cacochymy.]

CACOCHY'MICK. Having the
humours corrupted. Floyer.

CACOCHY'MY. ʃ. [xxxxx.] A depravation
of the humourf from a found ſtate. Arbuthnot.

CACO'PHONY. ʃ. [xxxxx.] A bad
found of words.

To CACU'MINATE. v. a. [cacumino, Lat.]
To make ſharp or pyramidal.

CADA'VEROUS. a. [cada^ver, Lat.] Havini; the appearance of a dead carcafs.

1. A kind of tape or ribbon. Shakʃpeare.
2. A kind of worm or grub. H'alton.

CADE. ʃ. [cadelcr^ Fr.] Tame ; fuft
; as a cade lamb.

To CADE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
bre Pii up in fuftneſs.

CADE. ʃ. [cadus, Lat.] A barrel. Philipu

CADEX'CE. ʃ. ^ r , ^ .

CA'DENCY. ʃ. / W^'^-'' Fr.]
1. Fall ; ſtate of ſinking ; decline. Milton.
2. The tall of the voice. Craſhaii:,
3. The flow of verſes, or periods. Dryden.
4. The tone or found. Swift.
5. In horiemenſhip, cadence is an equal
meaſure or proportion, which a horſe obfsrves
in all his motions. Farrier's Dia.

CA'DENT. a. [<:«(/.«, Lat.] Falling down.

CADET. ʃ. [cada, Fr.]
1. The younger brother.
2. The youngeſt brother. Brown.
3. A voluntier in the army, who ferves
in expectation of a commiſſion.

CA'DEW. ʃ. A n'r&w worm.

CA'DGER. ʃ. A hucklkr.

CA'DL. f. A magiſtrate among the Turks.

CADI'LLACK:. ʃ. A ſort of pear.

CA'CIAS. ʃ. [Latin.] A wind from the
north. Milton.

CALhV'RA. ʃ. [Lat.] A figure in poetry,
by which a ſhort ſyllable after a complete
foot is made long.

[Perſick.] A PerHan veſt or gar.

CAG. ʃ. A barrel or wooden vefleJ, containing
four or five gallons.

CAGE. ʃ. [cjge, Fr.]
1. An inciofute of twigs or wire, in which
birds are kept. Sidney, Swift.
2. A place for wild hearts.
3. A priſon for petty malefactors.

To CAGE. v. a. [from the noun, ; To incliife
in a cage. Donne.

CA'IMAN. ʃ. The American name of a

To CAJO'LE. v. a. [cagecller, Fr.] To
flatter; to ſooth. Hudibras.

CAJO LER. ʃ. [from cajole.^ A flatterer ;
a wheedler.

CAJOLERY. ʃ. [cajohrie, Fr.] Flattery.

C/IS1<0N. ʃ. [French.] A cheſt of bombs
or powder.

CA'ITIFF. ʃ. [cattifo, Ital. a ſlave.] A
msan villain; a deſpecable knave. Spenſer, Hudibras.
(i. a CAKE.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CAKE. J . [cueb, Teutonick.]
1. A kind of delicate bread. Dryim.
2. Any thing of a form rather flat than
high Bacon, Dryden.

To CAKE. v. n. [from the noun] To
harden, as dough in the oven. Addiſon.

CALABA'SH TREE. A tree of which the ſhells
are uſed by the negroe? for cups, as alſo for
inſtruments of muſick. Mli/er.

CALAMA'NCO. ʃ. [calamar.cusy Lat.] A
kind of woollen fluff, Tatler.

CALAMINE. or Lapis Calaminarii. ſ. A
kind of foffile bituminous earth, which,
being mixed with copper, changes it into
braſs. Locke.

CA'LAMINT. ʃ. [calamintha, Lat.] The
name of a plant.

CALA'MITOUS. a. [calamiiofus, Latin.]
Miferable ; involved in diſtreſs ; unhappy; wretched. Milton, South.

CALA'MITOUSNESS. ʃ. [from calamitcus.]
Mifery ; diſtreſs.

CALA'MITY. ʃ. [calamiias, Lat.] Misfortune
; caule of miſery. Bacon.

CA'LAMUS. ʃ. [Lat.] A ſort of reed or
ſweet-ſcented wood, mentioned in ſcripture. Exodus.

CALA'SH. ʃ. Uakche, Fr.] A ſmall carriage
of pleaſure.

CA'LCEATED. a. [calcealus, Lat.] Shod ; fitted with ſhoes

CALCEDO'NIUS. ʃ. [Latin.] A kind of
precious ſtone. Woodward.

CALCINA'TION. ʃ. [from calcine ; calci.
nation, Fr.] ^ch a management of bodies
by fire, asrenders them reducible to
powder ; chymical pulverization, B»yh.

CALCI'NATORY. ʃ. [from cakinate.] A
veſſel uſed in calcmation.

To CALCI'NE. v. a. [cakinir, Fr. from
eaix, Lat.]
1. To burn in the fire to a calx, or friable
ſubſtance. Bacon.
1. To burn up. Denham.

To CALCI'NE. v. n. To become a calx
by heat. Newton.

To CA'LCULATE. v.- a- [cakuler, Fr.]
1. To compute ; to reckon,
ft. To compute the ſituation of the planets
at any certain time. Benthy.
1. To adjuſt ; to project for any certain
end. rUlo'ſon.

GALCULA'TION. ʃ. [from calculate..
1. A practice, or manner of reckining ; the art of numbering. Holder.
2. The reſult of arithmetical operation. Hooker.

CALCULA'TOR. ʃ. [from calculate.] A

CA'LCULATORY. a. [from calculate.] Belonging
to calculation.

CA'LCULE. ʃ. [calculus, Lat.] Reckoning
; compute. HoweI.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CA'LCULOSE. v. a. [from calo^Ut, Lat.l

CA'LCULOUS. i Stony ; gritty. Brown, Shakſp.

CA'LCULUS. ʃ. [Latin.] The flone in the

CA'LDRON. ʃ. [chauldron, Fr.] A pot
; bniler ; a kettle. Spenſer, Addiſon.

CALEFA'CTION. ʃ. [from ' fa/f/^c/o, Lat.]
1. The act of heating any thing.
2. The ſtate of being heated.

CALEFA'CTIVY. a. [from calefaclo, Lat.]
That which makes any thing hot ; heating.

CALEFA'CTORY. a. [from calefacio, Lat.]
That which heats.

To CALFFY. v. a. [cahfo, Latin.] To
grow hot ; to be heated. Brown.

CA'LENDAR. ʃ. [calendarium, Lat.] A
tegirter of the year, in which the months,
and ſtated times, are maiked, as feſtivals
and holidays. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

To CA'LENDER. v. a. [callndrer, Fr.]
To dreſs cloth.

CA'LENDER. ʃ. [from the verb.] A hot
preſs ; a preſs in which clothiers ſmooth
their doth.

CA'LENDRER. ʃ. [from calender.] The
perſon who calenders.

CA'LENDS. ʃ. [calerida, Lat.] The fjrft
day of every month among the Romans.

CA'LENTURE. ʃ. [from calio, Latin.] A; diftemper in hot climates ; wherein they
imagine the ſea to be green fields. Swift.

CALF. ʃ. cah'es in the plural, [ce.^lp, Sax.]
1. The young of a cow. Wilkins.
2. Calves of the lips, mentioned by Hofta,
ſignify ſacrifices of praiſe and prayers. Hofea.
3. The thick, plump, bulbous part of the
leg. Sucklins^.

CA'LIBER. ʃ. [calibre, Fr.] The bore;
the diameter of the barrel of a gun.

CA'LICE. ʃ. [calix, Lat.] A cup ; a chalice.

CALICO. ʃ. [from Cakcut in India.] /\i
Indian fluff made of cotton. Addiſon.

CA'LIO. a. [caHdus, Lat ] Hot ; burning,

CALI'DITY. ʃ. [from cal^d.] Htit. Brown.

CA'LIF. ʃ. / [khal,p, Arab ] A title

CA'LIPH. i affumed by the ſuccelTors of
Mahomet among the Saracens.

CALIGATION. ʃ. [from caligo, Latin.]
Darkneſs ; cloudineſs. Brown.

CAH'GINOUS. a. [caliginofni, Lu.] Ob-
I'cure ; dioi.

CALI'GINOUSNESS. ʃ. [from caliginous.]

CA'LIGRAPHY. ʃ. [KaMypa<^U.] Beautiful
writing. Pridi'aux,

CA'LIVER. ʃ. [from caliber.] A handgun
; a harquebuſe; an old muiket. Shak.

CA'LIX. ʃ. [Latin.] A cup.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CALK. v. a. [from calag!, Fr.] To
flop the leaks of a ſhip. Raleigh, Dryden.

CA'LKER. ʃ. [from calk.] The workman
that flops the leaks of a ſhip. EKchel,

To CALL. v. a. [w/<J,' Lat.]
1. To name ; to denominate, Geneſif.
2. To ſummon or invite. Knolles.
3. To convoke ; to fumijion together. Clarendon.
4. To ſummon judicially. Watts.
5. To ſummon by command. Iſaiah.
6. In the theological ſenſe, to inſpire with
ardours of piety. Romans.
7. To invoke ; to appeal to. Clarenden.
8. To proclaim ; to p'lbiiſh. Gay.
9. To make a ſhort viſit. Ben. Johnſon, Addiſon.
10. To excite ; to put in action ; to bring
into view. Cozuley.
11. To ſtigmati?e with ſome opprobrious
denomination. Swift.
12. To call back. To revoke. Iſaiah.
13. To call in. To refume money at intereſt.
14. To call over. To read aloud a lift or
1 5. To call out. To challenge,
pALL. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. A voca! addreſs. Fr.pe,
2. Requiſition. Eo-jkrr.
3. Divine vocation ; ſummons to true religion. Locke.
4. An impulfe. Roſcommon.
5. Authority; command. Denham.
6. A demand ; a claJm. Addiʃon.
7. An inſtrument to ctll birds. Wilkins.
8. Calling ; vocation; employment. Dryden.
9. A nomination. Bacon.

CALLAT. ʃ. , , ],

CALLET. ʃ. ^ .'^'-Shakʃpeare.

CA'LLING. ʃ. [from call.]
1. Vocation ; profeſhon ; trade. Rogers.
2. Proper ſtation, or employment. Swift.
3. Clafs of perſons united by the ſame
employment or profeſſion. Hammond.
4. Divine vocation ; invitation tothe true
religion, Hakewell.

CA'LLIPERS. ʃ. Compaſſes with b'jwed
ſhanks. Moxon.

CALLO'SITY. ʃ. [callofiu', Fr.] A kind
of ſwelling without pain. i^incfy

CA'LLOUS. a. [callus, Lu.]
1. Indurated ; hardned, Wiseman.
2. Hardned ; inſenſible, Dryden.

CA'LLOUSNESS. ʃ. [from callous,']
1. Induration of the fibres. Cheyne.
2. Inlenfibility. Berkley.

CA'LLOW. a. Unfiedged ; naked ; wanting
feathers, Milton.

CA'LLVS. j, [Latin.]
1. An induration of the fibres.

2. The hard ſubſtance by which broken
bones are united.

CALM. a. [^calme, Dutch.]
1. Quiet; feiene; not flcrmy ; not tempefluous. Spenſer.
2. Undiſturb'd ; unruffled. Atterbury.

CALM. ʃ.
1. Serenity; ſtillneſs. Raleigh.
2. Freedom from diſturbance
; quiet; re-
„ P0^«- South.

To CALM. 1'. a,
1. To ſtill ; to quiet. Dryden.
2. To pacity ; to appeaſe, Atterbury.

CA'LMER. ʃ. [from ca/w.] The perſon or
thing which has the power of giving quiet.

CA'LMLY. ad. [from calm.]
1. Without ſtorms, or violence.
2. Without paſſions
; quietly. Prior

CA'LMNESS. ʃ. [from calm.]
1. Tranquillity; ferenity. Denham.
2. Mildneſs ; freedom from paſſion. Shak.

CA'LMY. a. [from calm] Calm ; peaceful. Spenſer.

CA'LOMEL. ʃ. [calomelas.] Mercury fix
times fuhlimed. Wiſeman.

CALORI'FICK. a. [f-^&rr/^BJ, Lat.] That
which has the quality of producing heat.
s Grew.

[French.] A cap or coif.

[«aX©-.] Monks of the
Grtek church.

CALTROPS. ʃ. [cokjiaeppe, Saxon.]
1. An inſtrument made with three ſpikes
fo that which way foeuer it falls to the
ground, one of them points upright.

D'. Addiſon.
2. A plant mentioned in Virgil's Georgick
under the name of tnbulus. Milton.

To CALVE. t: n. [from calf.] To bring
a calf ; ſpoken of a cow. Dryden.

CALVI'LLE. ʃ. r French.] A ſort of apple.

To CALUMNIATE. v. 11. [calumnior, Lat.l
To accuſe falſely, Dryden.

To CALU'MNIATE. v. a. To /lander.
Sf rat.

CALUMNLA.'TION. ʃ. [from calumrdjie.]
A malicious and falſe repreſentation of
words or actions, Ayliffe.

CALUMNI'ATOR. ʃ. [from cilumntatc,.
A fi-rger of accuſation ; a ſlanderer. Addiʃon.

CALU'MNIOUS. a. [from calumny.] Slanderous
; falſely reproachful. Shakʃpeare.

CA'LUMNY. ʃ. [calumnia, Lat.] Slander; filfe charge. Temple.

CALX. ʃ. [Latin.] Any thing rendered
reducible to powder by burning. Digby.

CA'LYCLE. ʃ. [calyculus. Lat.] A ſmall
bud of a plant,

CAMA'IEU. ʃ. A ſtone with various figures
and repreſentations of idndſhips, formed
by nature.

CA'MBER. ʃ. A piece of timber cut arching. Moxon.

SPA'MBRICK. ʃ. [from Cambray.] A kind
of fine linen, Shakʃpeare.

CAME. The preterite of to come. Addiʃon.

CA'MEL. ʃ. [camelus, Latin.] An animal
very common in Arabia, Judea, and the
neighbouring countries. One fort is large,
fit to carry burdens of a thouſand pound?,
having one bunch upon its back. Another
have two bunches upon their backs, fit
for men to ride on. A third kind is
ſmaller, called dromedaries, becauſe of their
ſwifrneſs. Cameh will continue ten days
without drinking. Cj-'mel,

CAME'LOPARD. ʃ. [from came/us and par.
dus, Latin.] An animal taller than an
elephsnt, but not ſo thick.

CA'MELOT. ʃ. [from came.'.] A kind

CA'MLET. ʃ. of fluff originally made by
a mixture of ſilk and camels hair ; it is
novif male with wool and ſilk. Brown.

CAME'RA-OBSCURA. [Latin.] An optical
machine uſed in a darkened chamber,
fo that the light coaiing only through a
double convex glaſs, objeds oppoſite are
repreſented inverted. Addiʃon.

CA'MERADE. ʃ. [from camera, Lat.] A
bofom companion. Rymer.

CA'MERATED. a. [cameratus, Latin.]

CAMERA'TION. a. [cameratio, Lat.]
A vaulting or arching.

CAMISA'DO. ʃ. [camifa, a ſhirt, IraL]
An attack ma'ffe in the dark ; on v.hich
eccafion they put their ſhirts outward.

CA'MISATED. a. Dreſſed with the fiiirt


CA'MiMOCK. ʃ. [cammoc, Saxon.] An
herb ; petty whin, or reſtharrow,

CAMO'yS. a. [camus, Fr.] Fiat of ſhe
nofe, Brown.

CAMP. ʃ. [camp, Fr.] The order of tents,
placed by armies when thev keep the field,

To CAMP. v. a. [from the noun.] To
lodae in tent? Shakʃpeare.

CAMP-FIGHT. ʃ. An old word for combat. Hakewell.

CAMPA'IGN. ʃ. [carrfaigre, Fr.]
1. A large, open, level tract of ground. Temple.
1. The time for which any army keeps
the field, Clarendon.

CAMPA'NIFORM. a. [of campana and
farrna.] Atterm uſed of flowers, which
are in the ſhape of a bell, Harris.

CAMPA'NULATE. a. Campaniſorm.

CAMPE'STRAL. a. [cempcjins, Latin.]
Growint; in rii-id=. Mortimer.

CA'MPKfllE TREE. ʃ. [camphora, Lat.]
There are two iurts of this tree ; one of

Borneo, from which the beſt canipbtre I'a
taken, which is a natural exfudation frona
the tree, v.here the bark has been wounded.
The other fort is a native of Japan.

CA'MPHORATE. a. [from camphora, Lat.]
Impregnated with camphire. Boyle.

CA'MPION. ʃ. [lycknn, Lat.] A plant.

CA'MUS. ʃ. A thin dreſs, Spenſer.

CAN. ʃ. [canne, Sax.] A cup. Shakſp, Dryden.

CAN. t/, ». [konnen, Dutch.]
1. To be able ; to have power, Locke.
2. It expruTes the potential mood ; as, 1
can do it. Dryden.

CANA'ILLE. ʃ. [French.] The lowed

CANA'L. ʃ. [canalit, Lat.]
1. A baion of water in a garden. Pope.
2. Any courſe of water made by art.
3. A pallage through which any of the
juices of the body flow,

CA'NAL-COAL. ʃ. A fine kind of coal.


CANALI'CULATED. a. [canaliculatus,Ldir.]
Made like a pipe or gutter,

CANA'RY. ʃ. [fomthe Canary iſlands.]
Wine brought from the canarich ; fack,Shakʃpeare.

To CAN'A'RY. v. a. To frolick, i^hak.

CANA'RY BIRD. An excellent finging
bird. Cares^.

To CA'NCEL. v. a. [circelier, Fr.]
1. To croſs a writing.
2. To efface ; to obliterate in generaL Roſcommon. Southern.

CANCELLA'TED. a. [from cancel.] Croſsbarred. Grew.

CANCELLA'TION. ʃ. [from cancel] An
expunging or wiping out of an inſtrument.

CA'NCER. ʃ. [canc.r, Lat.]
1. A crabiiſh,
2. The ſign of the fummer fulſtice. Thomfon.
3. A virulent ſwelling, or fore, not to be
cured. H'ljeman,

To CA'NCERATE. 1'. n. [from cancer.]
To become a cancer. L'Eſtrange.

CANCERA'TION. ʃ. A growing cancerous.

CA'NCEROUS. ʃ. [from cancer.] Having
the virulence (-i a cancer. Wiseman.

CA'NCEROUSNESS. ʃ. The ſtate of being

CA'NCRINE. a. [from cancer.] Having
the qualities of a crab.

CA'NDENT.fl. [candens,\a\.] Hot. Brown.

CA'NDICANT. a. [cjndi;aii,Lu.] Growirg
white. D;^,

CA'NDID. a. [cand'uius, Lat.]
1. White, Dryden.
2. Fiir ; open ; ingerous, Locke.

CA'NDIDATE. ʃ. [candidaw, Latin.] A

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


Competitor ; one that ſolicitcs advanceITient.

CA'NDIDLY. ad. [from candid.] Fairly; with Hit trick ; ingenuuuſly. Swift.

CA'NDIDNESS. ʃ. [from 'candid.] Ingenuity
; openneſs of temper. South.

To CA'NDlFY. v. a. [c'lrJifco, Lat.] To
make white. D:il.

CA'NDLE. ʃ. [cand:la, Lat.]
1. A light made of wax or tallow, Hirrounding
a wick of flax or cotton. Riiy.
2. Light, on lumtnarv, Shakʃpeare.

CA'NDLEBERRY TREE. Sweet-willow.

CANDLEHO'LDER. ʃ. [''rom candle and
1. He that holds the candle.
2. He that remotely affifls. Shakʃpeare.

CA'NDLELIGHT. ʃ.; [from cunall and
1. The light of a candle. Swift.
2. The neceſfary candles for ii(e,MoIineaux.

CANDLEMAS. ʃ. [from candle and maj's.]
The fVaft of the purification of theBIelled
Viigiji, which was formerly celebrated with
miny lights in churches. Brown, Gay.

CA'NDLESTICK. ʃ. [from candU ^nApick.]
The inſtrument that holds candles. yiddnon,

CA'NDLESTUFF. ʃ. [from candle and fluff.]
Greaſe ; tallow. Bacon.

CANDLEWA'STER. ʃ. [from candle and
ivajie.] A ſpendthrift. Shakʃpeare.

CA'NDOCK. ʃ. A weed that grows in
rivers. Wakon.

CA'NDOUR. ʃ. [candor, Lat.] Sweetneſs
of temper ; purity of mind ; ingenmtv. Watts.

To CANDY. n,. a.
1. To conſtrve with ſugar. Bacon.
2. To form into congelations. Shakſp.

To CA'NDY. v. a. To g!0w congealed.

CANDY L/5«' ; /oof. [c:itanancey Lat.] A
plant. Miller.

CANE. ʃ. [canna, Lat.]
1. A kind of ſtrong re-d. Harvey.
2. The plant which yields the ſugar.
Other reeds have their ſkin hard ; but the
ſkin of the ſugar cane is ſoft, and the
pith very juicy. It ufiially grows four or
five feet high, and abjut haif an inch in
diameter. The ſtem is divided by knots
a foot and a half apart. They ufiially
plant them in pieces cut a foot and a half
below the top of the flower, and they are
Ordinarily ripe in ten manths. Blackmore.
3. A lance. Dryden.
4. A reed. Mortimer.

To CANE. v. a. [from the noun.] To

CANI'CULAR. a. [canicularis, Lat.] Be
longing to the dog (lir. Brown.

CANI'NE. a. [canin:is, Lat.] Having the
properties of a dog, Addiſon.


CA'NISTER. ʃ. [canifirum, Lat.]
1. A ſmall baſket. Dryden.
2. A ſmall veſſel in which any thing is
laid UP.

CANKER. ʃ. [cancer, Lat.]
1. A worm that preys upon, and deſtrny-,
fru'ts. Spenſa.
2. A fly that prays upon fruits, Tyalt-Ji:,
3. Any thing that corrupts or confumes. Bacon.
4. A kind of wild worthleſs rofe. Pe.uham,
5. An eating or corroding humour. Shak.
6. Corrofion ; virulence. Shakʃpeare.
7. A difeaſe in trees.

To CANKER. v.n. [from the noun.] To
grow corrupt. Stenfr, Prior.

To CA'NKER. v. a.
1. To corrupt ; to corroiie, Herbert.
2. To infect ; to pollute. Addiſon.

CA'NKERBIT. ʃ.ſtr.'.a(/. [from fi7n,^^r and'^, r.
Bitten with an envenomed tooth. Shakſp.

CANNABINE. a. [cannaiir.us, Latin.]

CA'NNIBAL. ʃ. An anthropophagite ; a
man-eater. Davies, Berkley.

CA'NNIBALLY. ad. In the manner of a
cannibal. Shakʃpeare.

CA'NNIPERS. ʃ. Callipers.

CANNON. ʃ. [tanmn,Fc.] Agunlarger
than can be managed by the hjnd.

CA'NNON-BALL. ʃ. The balls which

CA'NNON-SHOT. S are ſhot from gr«t

To CANNONA'DE. v. a. [from cannot.]
To plav the great guns.

CANNONI'ER. ʃ. [from cannon.] The
engineer that manages the cannon. Hayward.

CANNOT. Of can End not. Locke.

CANO'A. ʃ. A boat made by cutting

CA'NOE. ʃ. the trunk of a tree into a hollow
veini. Rakish,

CANON. ʃ. [niy^v.]
1. A rule ; a law. Hooker.
2. Law made by eccleſiaftical councils. Stillingfleet.
3. The books of Holy Scripture ; or the
great rule. Ayliffe.
4. A dignitary in cathedral churches. Bacon.
<; A large ſort of printing letter,

CANONBIT. ʃ. That part of the bit fet
into the horſe's mouth. Spenſer.

CA'NONESS. ʃ. [canoniffa, low Lat.] In
popiſh countries, women living after the
example of ſecular canons, Ayliffe.

CANONICAL. a. [canomcus, low La't.]
1. According to the canon.
2. Conftituting the canon. Raleigh.
3. Regular ; Hated ; fixed by ecdefiaflical
laws. Taylor.
4. Spiritual ; eccleſuftical, A^UFe.


CANO'NICALLY. ad. [from cnnenka!.]
In a maener agreeable to the canon. Government of the Tongue.

CANO'NICALNESS. ʃ. The quality of being

CA'NONIST. ʃ. [from canon.] A profeffo.
r of the caniin law. Camden, Pope. .

CANONIZATION. ʃ. [from canonITic.]
The act of declaring a faint. Addiʃon.

To CA'NONIZE. -r. a. [from canoru] To
declare any man a faint. Bacon.

CA'NONRY. ʃ. [from canon.] hn

CA'NONSHIP. ʃ. eccleſiaftical benefice in
ſome cathedral or collegiate church.

CA'NOPIED. a. [from canopy.] Covered
with a canopy.

CA'NOPY. ʃ. [compeum, low Lat.] A covering
ſpread over the head. Fairfax.

To CA'NOPY. To a. [from the noun.] To
cover with a canopy. Dryden.

CANO'ROUS. a. [canorous, Latin.] Mufical
; tuneful, Brown.

CANT. ʃ. [cantus, Lat.]
1. A corrupt dialeil uſed by beggars and
2. A firm of ſpeaking peculiar to ſome
certain claſs or body of men. Dryden.
3. A wh aing pretenſion to goodneſs. Dryden.
4. Barbarous jargon. Swift.
r. Auflion, Swifl.

To CANT. v. n. To talk in the jargon
of particular prrfeſſions. Granville.

CANT/lT/i. f.
[Iralian.] A ſong.

CANTA'TION. ʃ. [from canto, Lat.] The
act of finging,

CANTER. ʃ. [from cant.] Hypocrite.


of an ambling horſe, commonly called a

CAN7HA RIDES. ſ. [Latin.] Spaniſh
flies ; uſed to raiſe blifters. Bacon.

[Latin.] The corner of the
eye. Wiſeman.

CAT'TICLE. ʃ. [canto, Lat.]
1. A ſong.
2. The ſong of Solomon. Bacon.

CANTI'LIVERS. ʃ. Pieces of wood framed
into the front or other ſides of an houſe,
to fuſtain the eives over it^ Moxon.

CA'NTLE. ʃ. [kant, Dutch.] A piece with
corners. Shakʃpeare.

To CA'NTLE. ʃ. a. [from the noun.] To
cut in pieces. Dryden.

CA'NTLET. ʃ. [from cantk.] A piece ; a fragment. Dryden.

CA'NTO. ʃ. [Ital.] A book, or ſection of
a poem. Shakʃpeare.

1. A ſmall parcel or diviſion of land.
2. A ſmall community^ or ihn, Bacon.


To Canton, v. a. To divide into litilc
parts. Loih.

To CA'NTONIZE. v. a. To parcel out
into ſmall diviſions. Howeh

CA'NTRED. ʃ. An hundred. Coii-el.

CA'NVASS. ʃ. [cane'vas, Fr.] A kind of
cloth woven for ſeveral uſes. Sidney.Waller.

To CA'NVASS. v. a. [cannabaffe'r, Fr.]
1. To fift ; to examine. Woodward.
2. To debate ; to controvert, L'Eſtrange.

To CA'NVASS. v. a. To follicite. Ayliffe.

CANY. a. [from cane.]
1. Full of canes,
2. Conſiſting of canes. Milton.

CANZONET. ʃ. [canxonetta, Italian.] A
little long. Peacham,

CAP. ʃ. [cap, Welch.]
1. The garment that covers the head. Swift.
2. The enſign of the cardinalate. Shakſp.
3. The topmoſt ; xhs\\]^t^. Shakʃpeare.
4. A reverence made by uncovering the

To CAP. To a. [from the noun.]
1. To cover on the top, Denham.
2. To fnatch off the cap, Spenſer.
3. To cap I'cr/ei. To name alternately
verſes beginning with a particular letter.

CAP a pe- 7 From head to foot. Shakſpe

CAP a pii. ; Sw;,

CAP-PAPER. A ſort of coarſe brownift
p?per. Boyle.

CAPABILITY. ʃ. [from capable.] Capacity.

CA'PABLE. a. [capable, Fr.]
1. Endued with powers equ«l to any particular
thing. Watts.
2. Intelligent ; able to underſtand, Shak.
3. Capacious ; able to jeceive, Digby.
4. Suſceptible, Prior-,
5. Qualified for. TiU-^ifen.
6. Hollow. Shakʃpeare.

CA'PABLENESS. ʃ. [from capable.] The
quality or ſtate of being capable.

CAPA'CIOUS. a. [capax. Lat.]
1. Wiile ; large ; able to hold much.
2. Extenfive ; equal togreat deſign. Watts.

CAPA'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from capacious.]
The power of holding ; hrgeneſs. Holder.

To CAPA'CITATE. v. a. [trom capacity.]
T enable ; to qualify, Dryden.

CAPACITY. ʃ. [ci:paciie', Fr.]
1. The power of containing. Da'Oiet,
2. The force or power of the mind. South.
3. Power ; ability, Blackmore.
4. Room ; ſpace, Boyle.
5. State ; condition ; character. South.

CAPA'RISON. ʃ. [M/J^ri/xsrr, Span.] At
ſort of cover for a horſe. Milforr,

To CAPARISON. f. a. [from the noun.]
1. To dreſs in caparilbns. Dryden.

1. To dreſs pompouny, Shakſpeare.
Cape. ſ. [ca^e, Fr.]
1. Headland ; promontory. Arbuthnot.
2. The neck-piece of a cloke. Bacon.

CA'PER. ʃ. [from cjpery Latin. a goat.]
A leap; a jump. Swift.

CA'PER. ʃ. [^ca^paris, Latin.] An acid
pickle. Floyer.

CA'PER BUSH. ʃ. [ccippciris, Lat.] This
plant grows in the South of France; the
buds are pickled for eating.

To CA'PER. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To dance frolickfnmely. SShakʃpeare.
2. To ſhip for merriment. Crajha-w.
3. To dince. Rowe.

CA'PERER. ʃ. [from w/fr.] A dancer. Dryden.

CA'PTAS. ʃ. [Lat.] A writ of execution.

CAPILLACEOUS. a. The ſame with capillary.

CAPI'LLANIENT. ʃ. [capiUamentum, Lat.]
Small threads or hairs which grow up in
the middle of a flower. Quincy.

CA'PILLARY. a. [from c^piUus, Lat.]
Reſembling hairs ; ſmall ; minute. Brown.

CAPILLA'TION. ʃ. [capillus, Latin.] A
ſmall ramification of velſeis. Brown.

CA'PITAL. a. [opitalis, Lat.]
1. Relating to the head. Milton.
2. Criminal in the higheſt degree. Swift.
3. That which afie6ls life. Bacon.
4. Chief ; principal. Hooker, Atterbury.
5. Chief ; metropolitan. Milton.
6. Applied to letters ; large ; ſuch as are
written at the beginnings or heads of books. Taylor, Grew.
7. Capital Stcci. The principal or original
ſtock of a trading company.

1. The upper part of a pillar. Addiſon.
2. The chief city of a nation.

CA'PITALLY. ad. [from .apnal.] In a
capital manner.

CAPITATION. ʃ. [from caput, Latin.]
Numeration by heads. Brown.

CAPI'TULAR. ʃ. [from capitulutr, Lat.]
1. The body of the ſtatues of a chapter. Taylor.
1. A member of a chapter. Ayltffe.

To CAPI'TULATE. v.n. [ixbmcapitulum,
1. To draw up any thing in heads or articles. Shakſpeare.
2. To yield, or ſurrender on certain fiipulations. Hayward.

CAPITULATION. ʃ. Stipulation ; terms
; conditions. Hale.

CAITVITREE. ʃ. [copaiba, Lat.] This
tree grows near a village called Ayipe),
in the province of Antiochi, in the Spaniſh
Weſt Indies. Some of them do not

yitid any of the balfam ; thoſe that do,
are distinguiſhed by a ridge. One of theſe
trees will yield five or fix gallons of balsam-. Miller.

CA'PON. ʃ. [capo, Latin:] A caHrated
cock. Gay.

CAPONNI'ERE. ʃ. [Fr. a term in fortifi.
cat on.] A covered lodgment, of about
four or five feet broad, encompafl'ed with
a jiitle parapet. Hams.

CAPOT. ʃ. [French.] Is when one party
wins all the tricks of cards at the game
of picquet.

CAPO'UCH. ʃ. [ccrpuce, Fr.] A monk's

CA'PPER. ʃ. [from M/i.] One who makes
or ſellss caps.

CAPRE'OLATE. a. [from ofl^TM/^/j, Lat.]
Such plants as turn, and creep by means
of their tendrils, are c^Jpreolate. Harris.

CAPRI'CE. ʃ. f.
[caprue, Fr.] Freak ;

CAPRICHIO. i fancy ; whim, danville,

CAPRICIOUS. e. [capricieux, French.]
Whimfical ; fanciful.

CAPRI'CIOUSLY. ad. [from catriclous.]

CAPRI'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from capricious.
1. Humour, whimfiralneſs. Stutfu

CA'PRICORN. ʃ. [capneornus, Lat.] One
of the ſigns of the zodiack ; the winter
foliHce. Creech.

CAPRIO'LE. ʃ. [French.] Caprioles are
leaps, ſuch as a horſe makes in one and
the ſame place. Without advancing forw-
ards. Farrier'' i D<^,

CAPSTAN. ʃ. [caoejian, Fr-] A cylinder,
with levers 10 wind up any great
weight. Raleigh.

CA'PSULAR. ʃ. a. [capfufa, Lat.] Hoi-

CA'PSULARY. i lew like a cheſt. Brown.

CATSULATE. v. a. [capjula, Lat.] In.

CAFSULATED. I clafcd, or in ; box.

CA'PTAIN. ʃ. [capitain, Fr.]
1. A chief commander. Shakʃpeare.
2. The commander of a company in a
regiment. Dryden.
3. The chief commander of a ſhip. Arbuthnot.
4. Captain Gereral, The general or coniminder
in chief of an array.

CA'PTAINRY. ʃ. [from captain.] The
power over a cettain diftnct ; the chieftair.
ſhip. Spenſer.

CAPTAINSHIP. ʃ. [from captain.]
1. The rank or poſt of a captain. Pſotton.
2. The condition or poſt of a chef commander.Shakʃpeare.
3. The chieftainſhip of a clan. Do'vits.

CAPTATION. ʃ. [from ca[to, Lat.] The
practice of catching favour. King Charles.

CA'RJALAINEN. n. [author, Finnish.]
This is a control
entry added to this Johnson's Dictionary
in case people copy it to other sites.
It goes without say, this was never in the original.

[caplo, Lat.] The act of
taking any perſon,

CAPTIOUS. a. [capthux, Fr.]
1. Given to cavils ; eager to object'. Locke.
2. Infidious ; enfnaring. Bacon.


CA'RAVEL.7 ʃ. [csravela, Span.] A li^M,

CA'RVEL. ʃ. round, old-faſhioned finp.

CA'RAWAY. ʃ. [carui, Lat.] A plant.

CARBONA'DO. ʃ. [carbonnadc,Yr.] Meat
cut acroſs, to be broiled. Shakʃpeare.

CA'PTIOUSLY. ad. [from captious.] With

To CARBONA'DO. v. a. [from the noun.]
an inclination to object. Locke.

CA'PTIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from capnoui.] Inclination
to object ; peeviſhneſs. Locke.

To CA'PTIVATE. v. a. [capaver, Fr.]
1. To take priſoner ; to bring into bondage,
1. To charm ; to ſubdue. Addiſon.

one captive.

CA'PTIVE. ʃ. [captff, Fr.]
One taken in war. Rogers.
2. One charmed by beauty. Shakſp.

CAPTIVE. a. [capti'vus, Latin.] Made
priſoner in war. Dryden.

To CA'PTIVE. v. a. To take priſoner. Spenſer.

CAPTIVITY. ʃ. [capuviti, Fr.]
1. Subjection by the fate of war; bondage. Dryden.
2. Slavery ; ſervitude, Addiſon.

CA'PTOR. f. [from f^;./o.] He that takes
a priſoner, or a prize.

CAPTURE. Y. [cjp'ure, Fr.]
1. The act or practice of taking an-y thing. Denham.
2. A prize.

CAPUCHED. ʃ.r. ffromw/iftCf, Fr.] Covered
over as with a hood. Broiw,

CAPUCHIN. ʃ. A female garment, confirting
of a cloak and hood, made in imitation
of the dreſs of capuchin monks.

CAR. ʃ. [car, Welch.]
1. A ſmall carriage of burden.
2. A chariot of war.
3. The Charles's wain.

Fr.] A ſmall ſort of fire-arms
To cut or hack. Shakʃpeare.

CA'RBUNCLE. ʃ. [carbuticulus , Lat.]
1. A jewel ſhining in the dark. Milton.
2. Red ſpot or pimple. Dryden.

1. Set with carbuncles. Shakʃpeare.
2. Spiitted ; deformed with pimples.
The act of taking CARBUSCULAR. a. Red like a carbuncle.

CAR-BUNCULATION. ʃ. [carbunculatioy
Lat.] The blafling of young buds by hear
or cold. Harris.

CA'RCANET. ʃ. [carcan, Fr.] A chainor
collar of jewels. Shakſpeare. JIakcwelU

CA'RCASS. ʃ. [carquaffe, Fr.]
1. A dead body of any animal. Taylor.
2. The decayed parts of any thing.Shakʃpeare.
3. The main parts, without completion or
ornament, Halt,
4. [In gunnery.] A kind of bomb uſually
oblong, conſiſting of a ſhell or cafe, with
holes, filled with cembuftibles. Harris.

CA'RCELAGE. ʃ. [from carur.^ Prifon

CARCINO'MJ. ʃ. [from xagxTv®-, a crab.]
A cancer^ Quincy.

CARCINO'MATOUS. a. [from carcinoma.l

CARD. ʃ; ['arte, Yr^ charts, Lat.]
1. A paper painted with figures, uſed in
games. Pope. .
2. The paper on which the winds ara
marked. Spenſer, Pope. .
1. The inſtrument with which wool is

To CARD. v. a. [from the neun.] To
comb wool. May-. Swift, Milton, Dryden.

CARABINI'ER. ʃ. [from carabme.] A fort To CARD. v. v. To game,
of light horſe-man. Chambers-. CARDAMO'MUM. ſ. [hi^iR.]

CA'RACK. ʃ. ſ. [caraca, Spaniſh] A large -
ſhip of burden ; ga^'leon. Raleigh, Waller.

CARACGLE. ʃ. [caracole, Fr.] An oblique
tread, traced out in femi-rounds.

To CA'RACCHE. v. n. To move in caracoles.
[CARACr, f/- C^'^'-^^Fr.]
A weight of four grains
A medicinal feed,

CARDER. /. [from wr^.]
1. One that cards wool. Shakʃpeare.
2. Ohe that plays much at cards.

CARDIACAL.7 a. [xa^JIa, the heart.]

CA'RDIACK. i Cordial ; havina the quality
of invigorating,

CA'RMALGY. ʃ. [from na^^a, the heart,
and aXyfB',. pain.] The heart-burn. Quincy.
2. A manner of expreſſing the fineneſs of CARDIHAL. a. [cardinahs, Lat.] Princigold.

C'.cker. pal ; chief. Brown, Clarendon.

CA'RAVAN. ʃ. [caraija^rte, Tr.] A troop CA'P^DINAL. ſ. One of the chief gover-
©J !iodj of merchants or pilgrims. nours of the Rnmiſh church. Shakʃpeare.
Miho)!, Taylor. CA'RDINALATE. 7 / [from cardir\at.]

CARAVA'NSARY. ʃ. A houſe built for CA'RDINALSHIP. [The vffKe and rank.
iS^S teceotion of ijayeil«w, Spenſer. of a cardinaio L'Eſtrange.


CA'E-DMATCH. ʃ. A match made by dipping
pieces of a card in melted fulphur.
Care. ſ. [c^jie, Saxon.]
1. Solicitude
; anxiety ; concern. Dryden.
2. Caution. liltotſon.
3. Regard ; charge ; heed in order to prei'ervation. Dryden.
4. The object of care, or of love. Dryden.

To CARE. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To be anxious or ſolicitous. Knolles.
2. To be inclined ; to bediſpoied. Waikr,
3. To be affected with. Temple.
CA'RECRAZED, a. [from wre and fraz;?.]
Broken with care and ſolicitude. Shakʃpeare.'Jp.

To CAREEN. v. a. [carimr, Fr.] To
caulk, flop up leaks.

CARE'ER. ʃ. [carriere^ Fr.]
1. The ground on which a race is run. Sidney.
2. A courſe ; a race, Shakʃpeare.
3. Full ſpeed ; ſwift motion. Prior.
4. Courſe of action. Shakʃpeare.

To CARE'ER. v. v. To run with ſwift
motion. Milton.

CA'REFUL. a. [from care and full.]
1. Anxious ; lolicitous ; full of concern. Locke. X. 41. Denhem.
2. Provident; diligent; cautious, Dryden.
3. Watchful. Ray.

CA'REFULLY. ad. [from careful.]
1. In a manner that ſhows care. Collier.
2. Heedfully ; watchfully. ./itteriury.

CA'REFULNESS. ʃ. Vigilance ; heedful,
neſs; caution. Knolles.

CA'RELESLY. ad. [from careleſs.] Negligently
; heedleſly. PValler,

CA'RELESNESS. ʃ. Heedleſneſs ; inattention,
chakſpeare, Taylor.

CA'RELESS. a. [from care.]
1. Without care ; without folitude ; unconcerned
; negligent
; heedleſs ; unmindful. Locke.
2. Cheerful ; undiſturbed. Pope. .
3. Unmoved by ; unconcerned at.

To CARE'SS. v. a. [careffer,Yr.] To endear
; to fondle. South.

CARE'SS. ʃ. An ad of endearment. Milton.

CARET. ʃ. A note which ſhows where
ſomething interlim-d ſhould be read ; as, a

CA'RGAION. ʃ. [cargacon, Spaniſh.] A
cargo. Hov)el.

CA'RGO. ʃ. [charge, Fr.] The lading of
a ſhip. Burner.

CA'RICOUS. Tumour, [carica, a f5g.] A
ſweliing in the form of a fig.

CA'RIE^. ʃ. Rottenneſs. Wiſeman.

CARIOSITY. ʃ. [from carious.] Rottenneſs.

CA'PAOUS. a. [cjriofus, Lat.] Rotten.


CARK. ʃ. [ceajic, Saxon.] Care; anxietj'. Sidney.

To CARK. v. a. [ceajican, Saxon.] To be
careful ; to be anxious. Sidney, Decay of Piety.

CARLE. ʃ. [ceopl, Saxon.] A rude, brutal
man ; churl. Spenſer, Berkley.

CA'RLINE THISTLE. [cariina, Lat.] A

CA'RLINGS. ʃ. [Inaftip.] Timbers lying
fore and aft. Harris.

CARMAN. ʃ. A man whoſe employment
it is to drive cars. Gay.

CA'RMELITE. ʃ. [carmelite, Fr.] A fort
of pear.

CARMFNATIVE. a. Carminatives »re{uch
things as dilute and relax at the ſame time,
whatever promotes inſenſible perſpiration,
is carminjti've. Arbuthnot, Swift.

CA'RMINE. ʃ. A bright red or crimfoa
colour. Chamberh

CA'RNAGE. ʃ. carnage, Fr.]
1. Slaughter ; havock. Hayward.
2. Heaps of fleſh. Pope. .

CA'RNAL. a. [carnal, Fr.]
S, Fieſhly
; not ſpiritual. King Charles, Atterbury.
1. Luftful ; lecherous. Shakʃpeare.

CARNA'LITY. ʃ. [from carnal]
1. Fleſhly lu(^. South.
2. Groſtneſs of mind. Milton.

CA'RNALLY. ad. [from carnal] According
to the rieſh ; not ſpiritually.
Hookerf Taylor.

CA'RNALNESS. ʃ. Carnality.

CARNATION. ſ.]carnes, Lat.] The name
of the natural fleſh colour ; from whence
perhaps the flower is named,

CARNE'LION. ʃ. A precious ſtone. Woodward.

CARNE'OUS. a. [cameus, Lat.] Fleſhy. Ray.

To CARNI'FY. v. n. [carnis, Lat.] To
breed fieft. Hale.

CARNIVAL. ʃ. The feaſt held in pnpiſh
countries before Lent. Decay of Piety.

CARNl'VOROUS. a. [from carnis and
voro] Fleſh-eating. Ray.

CARNO'SITY. ʃ. [carnofte, Fr.] Fleſhy
excreſcence. M'''iſeman.

CARXOUS. a. [from caro, camis, Lat.]
Fleſhy. Brown, Ray.

CA'RAB. a. plant.

CARO'CHE. ʃ. [from wr^^-, Fr.] A coach.

CA'ROL. ʃ. Xcarola, Ital.]
1. A ſong of joy and exultation. Bacon, Dryden.
2. A ſong of devotion. Milton.

To CA'ROL. v. r. To fint; ; to warble. Spenſer, Prior.

To CA'ROL. v. a. To praiſe ; to celebrate. Milton.

CA'ROTID. .-?. [carotid::, Lat.] Two ar-
Pv 2. tCi'ica

teries wWch atife out of the aſcending
trunk of the aorta. Ray.

CARO'USAL. ʃ. [from ear^uſe.] A fefl'ival. Dryden.

To CARO'USE. v.ti. [carouſer, Fr.] To
drink ; to quaff. Suckling.

To CARO'USE. v. a. To drink. Denham.

CARO'USE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A drinking match. Pope. .
2. A hearty doſe of tiquour. Davies.

CARO'USER. ʃ. A drinker ; a Poper,

CARP. ʃ. [carpf, Fr.] A pond fiſh. Hale.

To CARP. v. n. [carpo, Lat.] To cenſure
; to cavil. Herbert.

CA'RFENTER. ʃ. [charpentier, Fr.] An
artificer in wood. Fairfax.

CA'RPENTRY. ʃ. [from carpenter.] The
trade of a carpenter. A-Joxon.

CA'RFER. ʃ. A caviller. Shakʃpeare.

CA'RFET. ʃ. [icirpei, Dutch.]
1. A covering of various colours. Bacon.
2. Ground variegated with flowers. Dryden.
3. A ſtate of eaſeand luxury. Shakʃpeare.
4. To be on the carpet, is the ſubject of

To CA'RPET. v. a. [from the noun.] To
ſpread with carpets. » Bacon.

CA'RPING. parti, a. Captious ; cenforious. Watts.

CA'RPINGLY. a. Captiouſly ; cenforiouſly. Camden.

CORPUS. ʃ. [Latin.] The wrift. Wiseman.

CA'RRIAGE. ʃ. [canjge, Fr.]
I. The act of carrying or tranſporting.
5. Conqueſt ; acquiſition, Kno/ies.
3. Vehicle. M'atts.
4. The frame upon which cannon is carried. Knolles.
5. Behaviour ; perſonal manners. Bacon, Dryden.
6. Conduct ; meaſures ; practices.
7. Management ; manner of tranſatlng.

CA'RRIER. ʃ. [from to CJryy.]
1. One who cariies fumething. Buon.
2. One whoſe trade is to carry goods. Swift.
3. A meflengT, Dryden.
4. A ſpecies of pigeons, yk'akon.

CA'RRION. ʃ. [ch^rongc, Fr.]
1. The cattiilc of ſomething not proper
for food. Spenſer, Temple.
1 A name of reproach for a worthlefi woman.Shakʃpeare.
3. Any fledi fa corrupted as not to be fit
tor food. Dryden.

CA'RRION. o. [from the ſubſf.] Relating
to Cdrcaici, ahakeſpart.


CA'RROT. ʃ. [carott, Fr.] Garden roots. Mortimer.

CA'RROTINESS. ʃ. [from carroty.] Red-
neſs of hair.

CA'RROTY. a. [from f<r^^^^] Spoken of
red hair.

To CARRY. v. a. [ckarier, Fr.]
1. To convey from a place, Dryden.
2. To tranſport. Bacon.
3. To bear; to have about one. Wiseman.
4. To convey by force. Shakʃpeare.
5. To effect any thing. Ben. Johnſon.
6. To gain in competition, Shakʃpeare.
1. To gain after reſiſtance. Shakʃpeare.
8. To manage ; to tranſa<. Addiſon.
9. To behave ; to conduct. Clarenden.
10. To bring forward, Locke.
11. To urge ; to bear, Hammond.
12. To have ; to obtain. Hale.
13. To diſplay on the outſide. Addiʃon.
14. To imply ; to import. Locke.
15. To have annexed. South.
16. To move any thing, Addiſon.
17. To puſh on ideas in a train. Hale.
18. To receive ; to endure. Bacon.
J9. To ſupport ; to fuſtain. Bacon.
20. To bear, as trees. Bacon.
21. To fetch and bring, as dogs. /Ijcham.
22. To carry off. To kill. Temple.
23. To carry on. To promote ; to help
forward. Addiſon.
24. To carry throvgh. To keep from failing.

To CA'RRY. v. n. A horſe is ſaid to carry
tvell, when his neck is arched, and holds
his head high,

CA'RRY-TALE. ʃ. A talebearer, Shakſp.

CART. ʃ. [cjTseiE, cjut, Sax.]
1. A carriage in general. Temple.
2. A wheel- carriage, uſed commonly for
luggage, Dryden.
3. The vehicle in which criminals are carried
to execution. Prior.

To CART. v. a. To expoſe in a cart. Prior.

To CART. ʃ. n. To uſe carts for carriage. Mortimer.

CART-HORSE. ʃ. A coarſe unwieldy
horſe. Knolles.

CART-JADE. r. A vile horſe. Sidney.

1. A quantity of any thing piled on a cart.
2. A quantity ſuſſicient to load a carr.

CARTWAY. ʃ. A way through which
a carriage may conveniently travel. Mortimer.

CARTEBLANCHE. [French.] A blank
pjper ; a paper to be filled up with (uch
conditions as the perſon to wiibm it is lent
thinks proper.

CARTEL. ʃ. [cartel, Fr.] A writinp contaimne
lln)ulations, Addiʃon.



CA'R-TER. ʃ. [from can,'] The man who
drives a cart. Dryden.

CA'RTILAGE. ʃ. [cartilagOyLat.] A (mooth
and ſolid body, ſofter than a bone, but
harder than a ligament. AArbuthnot.

CARTILAGI'NEOUS. ʃ. [from cartil-

CARTILA'GINOUS. S i'-] Conſiſting
of cartilages,. Holder.

CARTOON. ʃ. [cartoney\t3\.] A painting
or drawing upon large paper, Watts.

CARTO'UCH. ʃ. [cartouche, Tt.'l A caſe of
wood three inches thick at the bottom,
holding balls. It is fired out of a hobit or
ſmall mortar. Harris.

CA'RTAGE. ʃ. [cartouche^ Fr.] A

CA'RTRIDGE. i caſe of paper or parchment
filled with gunpowder, ui'ed for the
greater expedition in charging guns. Dryden.

CA'RTRUT. ʃ. [from cart and route.] The
track made by a cart wheel,

CA'RTULARY. ʃ. [from charta.] A place
where papers are kept.

CA'RTWRIGHT. ʃ. [from cart and
ivright.] A maker of carts. Camden.

To CARVE. v. a. [ceoppan. Sax.]
1. To cut wood, or Itone. IFifdom.
2. To cut meat at the table.
3. To make any thing by cutting,
4. To engrave. Shakſp.
5. To chuſe one's own part. South.

To CARVE. -J. n,
1. To exerciſe the trade of a ſculptor,
2. To perform at table the office of ſupplying
the company. Prior.

CA'RVER. ʃ. [from ' carve.]
1. A ſculptor. Dryden.
2. He that cuts up the meat at the table. Dryden.
3. He that choofes for himſelf. L'Eſtrange.

CA'RVING. ʃ. Sculpture ; figures carved.

CARU'NCLE. ʃ. [caruncula, Lat.] A ſmall
protuberance of fleſh. Wifewan,

CARTA'TES. ʃ. [from C^rya, a city.]

CARTA'TIDES. ^ Columns or pilaſters under
the figures of women, dreſſed in long
robes. Chambers.

CASCA'DE. ʃ. [cafcade, Fr.] A cataraft ; a water-fall. Friar.
Case. ſ. [caiye, Fr, a box.]
1. A covering} abox ; a ſheath. Ray, Broome.
2. The outer part of a horſe, ^Jdifon.
3. A building unfurniſhed. iVction,

CASE-KNIFE. ʃ. A large kitchen knife. Addiʃon.

CASE-SHOT. ʃ. Bullets incloſed in a cafe. Clarendon.

CASE. ʃ. [carus, Lat.]
1. Condition with regard to outward circumftances. Atterbury.
2. State of things, Bacon.

3. In phyſick ; ſtate of the body.
4. Condition with regard to leanneſs, or
health, Swift.
5. Contingence. Tilktfor,.
6. Queſtion relating to particular perfms or
things. Sidney. 1-,llomfon.
7. Repreſentation of any queſtion. Bacon.
8. The variation of nouns. dark.
9. In cafe. If it ſhould happen. Hooker.

To CASE. v. a. [from the noun.)
1. To put in a caſe or cover. Shakʃpeare.
2. To cover as a cafe. Shakʃpeare.
3. To ſtrip off the covering. Shakʃpeare.

To CASE. ʃ. n. To put cafes. L'Eſtranve

To CASEHA'RDEN. v. a. To harden oa
the outſide. Moxon.

CA'SEMATE. ʃ. [eaſmata. Span.] A kind
of vault or arch of ſtone work.

CA'SEMENT. [cajamento, Ital.] A window
opening upon hinges. South.

CA'SEOUS. a. [cajeui, Lat.] Reſembling
cheeſe ; cheefy. Floſer

CA'SERN. ʃ. [caferne,Tr.] A little room.
or lodgement ereded between the rampart
and the houſes. Hams

CA'SEWORM. ʃ. A grub that mak?s itſelf
a cafe. Flcyer.

CASH. ʃ. [caiſe, Fr. a chert.] Money ; ac
hand. Milton, Pope. .

CA'SH KEEPER. ʃ. A man entruſted with
the money. Arbuthnot.

CA'SHEWNUT. ʃ. A tree. Miller.

CASHI'ER. ʃ. [from cajl,.] He that has
charge of the money. South.

To CASHIER. v-o. [caJfer,Tt.] To diſcard
; to diſmiſs from a port. Bacon, Swift.

CASK. ʃ. [caſque, Fr.] A barrel. Hawey,

CASK. ʃ. [cajque, Fr.] A helmet ; CASQUE. ; armour for the head. Addiſon.

CA'SKET. ʃ. [caijfe, cafette.] A ſmall
box or cheſt for jewels. Davies, Pope. .

To CA'SKET. 1: a. To put in a calket.Shakʃpeare.

CASSAMUNA'IR. ʃ. An aromatick vegetable,
being a ſpeciesof ^^/aw^rt/. Quincy.

To CA'SSATE. v. a. [cajjer, Fr.] To vacate
; to invalidate. Ray.

CASSA'TION. ʃ. [cajfatio, Lat.] A making
null or void.


American plant.

CA'SSIA. ʃ. Aſweet ſpice mentioned by
Mofes. Exodus. XXX.

CA'SSSIDONY Stickodore, A plant.

CA'SSIOWARY. ʃ. A large bird of prey. Locke.

CASSOCK. ʃ. [cafajue,TT.] A cloſe garment.Shakʃpeare.

CA'SSWEED. ʃ. Shepherd's pouch.

To CAST. v. a. cafi ; paff. cafi. [iafler,
1. To threw with the hand. Raleigh.

2. To throw away, as uiele/s or rojtiouſ,Shakʃpeare.
3. To throw dice, or lot?, . Jojhuab,
4. To throw from a high place.Shakʃpeare.
5. To throw in wreſtling. Shakʃpeare.
tt. To throw a net or fnare. i Cor,
7. To drop ; to let fall, ^<Sj.
S. To expoſe. W^'.
9. To drive by violence of weather. Dryden.

SO. To build by throwing up earth. Spenſer, Knolles.
11. To put into any certain ſtate.

PJalm. Ixxvi. 6.
12. To condemn in a trial. Dor.r.c
13. To condemn in a law-ſuit.
Decay of Piery,
14. To defeat. Hudibras.
1tt5. To caihier. Shakʃpeare.
36. To leave behind in race. Dryden.
17. To ſhed; to let fall ; to moult. Fairfax.
18. To lay aſide, as f.t to be worn no
longer. Addiʃon.
19. To have abortions. Gtnefis,
20. To overweigh ; to make to preponderati; ; to decide by overballancing. South, Prior.
21. To compnte^ to reckon; to calculate. Bacon, Addiſon.
22. To contrive ; to plan out. Temple.
23. To judge; to conſider, Milton.
24. To fix the parts in a play. Addiſon.
25. To direct the eye. Pope. .
26. To form a mould. Boyle. Waller.
27. To model ; to form. Watts.
sS. To communicate by reflection or emaciation. Dryden.
29. To yield, or give up. South.
30. To inflict. Locke.
3. o To caji away. To ſhipwreck. Raleigh. Kmlkt,
3.. To caſt atvaj. To waſte in profuſion. Ben. Johnson.
33. To eafl away. To ruin. Hooker.
34. To cafl down. To deject ; to depreſs
the mind. Addiʃon.
^^.To cafoff. To diſcard. Milton.
36. To cajl off. To dilburden one's felf
of. Tilhtjov.
37. To caji off. To leave behind. L'Eſtrange.
38. To caji cut. To turnout of doors.Shakʃpeare.
39. To cafl out. To vent ; to ſpeak.
40. To cafi up. To compute ; to calculate,
e.]. To caji up. To vomit. Dryden.

To CAST. v. n.
1. To contrive ; to turn the thoughts, Spenſer. Pcfct

1. To ?dmit of a form, by cafling «r melting-
3. To warp; to growout of form. iJfo;cort,

CAST. /. [from the verb.]
1. The act of carting or throwing; a
throw. Waller.
2. Stat e its tiin cafl or thrown.
3. The ſp acefarough which any thing is
thrown. Lukr.
4. A ſtroke ; a touch. South, Swift.
5. Motion of the eye. Digby.
6. The throw office,
7. Chance from the caſt of dice. Sou'h,
8. A mould ; a form. Prior.
9. A ſhade; or tendency to any colour. Woodward.
10. Exterior appearance. Denham.

II. Manner; air; mien. Pope.
12. A flight of hawks. SIdny.

CA'STANET. ʃ. [c.2/laneia, Span.] Small
ihel.'s of ivory, or hard wood, which dancers
rattle in their hands. Con^ren/e.

CA'STAWAY. ʃ. [from caſt and away.]
A perſon loft, or abandoned by providence.-. Hooker.

CA'STAWAY. a. Uſeleſs. Rahgb,

CA'STELLAiN.'y. [cajMano, Span.] Conflable
of a caſtie.

CA'STELLAKY. ʃ. [from <:#V.] Themanour
or lordſhip belonging to a caſtle.

CA'STELLATED. a. [(Tomiafle.] Incloſed
within a building,

CA'STER. ʃ. [from to ca^.]
1. A thrower ; he that calls. Popeat
2. A calculator ; ,a man that calculates
fortunes. Addiſon.

To CA'STIGATE. v. a. [cafigo, Lat.]
Tochallife ; to chaſten ; to pimiſh, Shak.

CASTIGA'TION. ʃ. [from to cajiigate.']
1. Penance ; diſcipline. Shakʃpeare.
2. Puniſhment ; correction. Hah,
3. Emendation, Boyle.

CA'STJGATORY. a. [kom cafigate.'^ Punitive.

CASTING-NET. ʃ. A net to be thro.wu
into the water. May.

CA'STLE. ʃ. [cajIcUum, Lat.]
1. A bouſe fortified, Shakʃpeare.
s. C.]sTLES in the air. Projects without
reality. Raleigh.

CASTLE SOAP. ſ. [Cajlile foaJ.] A kind
of ſoap, Addiſon.

CASTLED. a. [from cofile.] Furniſhed with
caſtles. Dryden.

CASTLING. f. [from f.^;?.] An abortive. Brown.

CA'STOR. ʃ. [cjfor, Lat.] A beaver.

CASTOR and POLLUX. [In meteorology.]
A tiry meteor, which at lea f-ems ſometime.
ftKkirgCo apanuf theſhip, inform
ni iraiiJ ; Chaminn.


CASTO'REUM. ʃ. [from cajlor. In pharmacy.
l A liqviid matter incloſed in bdsgs
cr purſeP, near the anus of the caſtor,
falſely taken for his teſticles, Chambcn,

CASTRAMETA'TION. ʃ. [ajjli-amecor.]
The art or practice of encamping.

To CA'STRATE. ^^ a. [cajlro, Lat.]
1. To geld.
2. To take away the obſcene parts of a

CASTRATION. f. [from cafirate.] The
ad: of gelding. Shakſp.

CA'STERIL. ʃ. A mean or degenerate

CA'STREL. ʃ. '''d of hawk.

CASTRE'NSIAN. a. [cajirenjis, Lat ] Belonging
to a camp.

CA'SUAL. a. [cafuel, Fr.] Accidental;
ariſing from chance. Davies, Clarenden.

CA'SUALLY. a</, [from cajual.] Accidentally
; without design. Bacon.

CA'SUALNESS. ʃ. [.from caſual.] Accidentalne.

CA'SUALTY. ʃ. [from cajual.]. Accident ;
a thing happening by chance. South.
s. Chance that produces unnatural death.

CA'SUIST. ʃ. [cafuifie, Fr. from cajus,
Lat.] One that ſtudies and ſettles cafes of
conſcience. South.

CASUISTICAL. a. [from cafulfi.] Relatting
to cafes af conſcience. South.

CASUISTRY. ʃ. [from cajuiji.] The ſcience
of a cal'uift. Pope. .

CAT. ʃ. [}iatx. Teuton, chat, Fr.] A domeſtick
animal that catches mice. Shakſp.

CAT. ʃ. A fort oſſhip.

CAT in the pjn. Turning of the cat in the
pan, is, when that which a man fays ta
another, he fays it as if another had ſaid it
to him. Bacon.

CAT O' NINE TAILS. A whip with nine laſhes,

CATACHRE'SIS. ʃ. [xa'?a'x?i9-<c] Theabuſe
of a trope, when the words are too far
wreſted from their native ſignification ; a
'voice beautiful to the ear.

CATACHRE'SICAL. a. [from catachre-
Lat.] Forced ; far fetched. Brown.

CATACLYSM. ʃ. [xa1«x?,i/V(U©'.] Adeliige
; an inundation. Hale.

CA'TACOMBS. ʃ. [from cata and ki/xSB-,
a hollow or cavity, ; Subtenaneoui cavities
for the burial of the dead.

CATAGMATICK. a. [xara^^^aa, a fracture.]
That which has the quality of conſolidaiing
the parts, Wiſeman.

CATALE'PSIS. ʃ. [KiCiixUs-i!;.] A diſcafe,
wherein the patient is without ſenſe,
and remains in the ſame poituie which the
difeaſe ſeizeth him.

CATALOGUE. ſ.]_y.:iU-iy^.] An -jnu-
SiSr-.uio:! <ji parjicuiais ; a lif;.


CATAMO'UNTATN. ʃ. [from - rit 3r<]
fnsuntam.] A fierce animal, reſembling a
^^^- ^rluthnot.

CA'TAPHRACT. ʃ. [catapbraaa, Lat.)
A horſeman in complete armour. Milton.

CA'TAFLASM. ʃ. [xa7a5rXa<r/.ca.] A poul-. Shakʃpeare, Arbuthnot.

CA'TAPULT. ʃ. [catapuha, Lat.] An engine
uſed anciently to throw R.ont%. Camden.

CA'TARACT. ʃ. [jtala^axl,,'.] A fall of
water from on high ; a cafcade.Shakʃpeare.

CA'TARACT. An inſpiilation of thecryſtalline
humour of the eye ; ſometimes »
pellicle that hinders the fight ; the diſeaſe
cure.1 by the needle. Bacm.

CATARRH. ʃ. [xalapp'iia.] A defluxion
of a ſtrarp ferum from the glands about the
head and throat. Milton, South.

CATARRHAL. v. a. [from catarrh. [Re-

CATARRHOUS.S lating to the catarrh ; proceeding from a catarrh. Floyer.

CATASTROPHE. ʃ. [;«1a<rT^(;4),\]
1. The change or revolution, which produces
the condufion or final event of 9
drama tick piece. Dennis.
2. A final event ; generally unhappy.

CA'TCAL. ʃ. [from cat and call.] A ſqueaking
inſtrument, ul'ed in the piayhouſe to
condemn plays. Pope. .

To CATCH. v. a. preter. I catchtd, or
caught ; I have catched or caught, [ketfcn.
1. To lay hold on with the hand, ; Sam,
2. To flop any thing flying. Addiʃon.
3. To ſeize any thing by purſuit. Shakſp.
4. To flop ; to interrupt falling. Spenſer.
5. To enfnare ; to intangle in a fnare.
6. To receive ſuddenly. Dryden.
7. To laſten ſuddenly upon ; to ſeize. Decay of Piety.
8 . To pleaſe ; to ſeize the ailections ; to
charm. Dryden.
9. To receive any contagion or diſeaſe. Shakʃpeare.CfPope. .

To CATCH. v. ſt. To be contagious ; to
ſpread infeſtion. Addiſon.

CATCH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Seizure ; the act of feizing. Sidney.
2. The act of taking quickly. Bacon.
3. A fbng fung in ſucceilion. Dryden, Prior.
4. Watch,; the poſture of leizing. Addiʃon.
5. An a<fvantage taken ; hold laid on. Dryden.
6. The thing caught ; pro/it. Shakʃpeare.
7. A ſhort interval of action. Locke.
8. A taint ; a ſlight contagion. Glanville.
9. Any thing that catches, as a hook.
13. A fnuil ſwift fdaing ſhip.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CA'TCHER. ʃ. [from catch.]
1. He that catches.
2. That in which any thing is caught.

CA'TCHFLY. ʃ. [from catch and Jly.] A
plant, campion.

CATCHPOLL. [catch poll.] A ferjcant
; a bumbaihff. Bacon. Fhi/ifs.

CA'TCHWORD. ʃ. The word at the corner
of the page under the laſt line, which
is repeated at the top of the next page.

CATECHETICAL. a. [from y.dkx;oi.]
Conlitting of queſtions and anſwers. Addiʃon.

CATECHE'TICALLY. ad. In the way of
queltion and anſwer.

To CA'TECHISE. v. a. [naln^^i,}.]
1. To inſtrudt by aiking queſtions. Shak.
2. To queſtion ; to interrog.ste ; to examine. Shakʃpeare, Swift.

CATECHISER. ʃ. [from to caiechife.] One
who catechizes.

CATECHISM. f. [from xalnx'^a'-] A form
of inihudtion by means of queltioDS and anſwers,
concerning religion. Hooker. 6ot/rb,

CA'TECHIST. ʃ. [:i:^V.x^<rk-] One whole
f.harge is to queſtion the uninllruited concerning
religion. hammend.

CATECHU'MEN. ʃ. [ia%'xuiJity(^.] One
who it yet in the firſt rudiments of chrillianity. Stillingfleet.

CATECHUME'NICAL. a. Belonging to the

CATEGORICAL. a. [from category.] Ab.
folute i adequate ; politive. Ocrendon,

CATEGO'RICALLY. a. Pofjtivel ; expteſsly.

CA'TEGORY. ʃ. [natr.yo^U.] Aclaſs; a
rank ; an order of ideas ; preditamenc. Cheyne.

CATENA'RIAN. a. Rcllling to a ch^in. Cheyne.

To Ca'TENATE. v. a. [Ucimictena, Lat.]
To chain.

CATENA'TION. ʃ. [from catena, Lat.]
Link; regular connexion. Bacon.

To CA'TER. v.n. [frtm cafsi.] To provide
fdod ; to buy in vidhials. Shakʃpeare.

CA'TER. ʃ. [from the verb.] Provider.

CA'TER. ʃ. [quatre, Fr.] The four of
caTcis and dice.

CA'TER COUSIN. ʃ. A petty favourite ; one rela'ed by blood or mind. Rymer.

CATERER. ʃ. [from cater.] The provii; ore 01 purveyor. Ben. Johnſon. itoi.th.
Ca'TENESS. ſ. [from cute ] A woman
employed to provide viftuals. Milton.

CATERIT'LLAR. ʃ. A woim, fuft^ii ed
by ! ave' and Iruits. Bacon.

CATERPI'LLAR. ʃ. A plant.

To CATERWA'UL. i\ v. [tn.m cat.]
1. To nwks a jwiic as cats in rutting time.

2. To make any offenCve or odious noiſe. Hudibras.

GATES. ʃ. Viands ; food ; diſh of meat. Ben. Johnſon.

CATFISH. ʃ. A fea-fiſh in the Welt In..
dies. Philips.

CA'THARPINGS. ʃ. Small ropes in a ſhip< Harris.

CATH.A'RTICAL. ʃ. fl. [xaJagTjxof.] Purg.

CATHARTICK. ʃ. ing. Boyle.

CATHA'KTICALNESS. ʃ. [from cathartt.
cal. Purging quality.

CA'THEAD. ʃ. A kind of foflil.

CA'THEAD. ʃ. [In a ſhip.] A piece of
timber with two ſhivers at one end, having
a rope and a block. Sea Ditii

CATHE'DRAL. a. [from cathedra, Lat.] ,
1. Epiicopal ; containing the fee of a
biſhop. Shakʃpeare.
2. Belonging to an epifcopal church. Locke.
3. Antique ; venerable. Pope. .

CATHE'DRAL. ʃ. The .head church of a
diocefe. Addiʃon.


CATHETER. ʃ. A hollow and ſomewhac
crooked mſtmment, to thruſt into the
bladder, to aihIT: in bringing away the
urine, when the paſſage is llopped. Wiseman.

CA'THOLES. ʃ. [In a ſhip.] Two little
holes allern above the gun-room ports.
Sea Diff,

CATHO'LICIS.M. ſ. [from cathohck.] Adherence
to the catholick church.

CATHOLICK. a. [catholiquc, Fr. xaSo-
At/.o;.] Univerfal or general.
Glanvilk, Rayt

CATHO'LICON. ʃ. [catholiik.] An univeifa!
medicine. Government of the Tovgtie,

CATKINS. ʃ. [kctirhr,, Dutch.] Imperſed
flowers hanging from trees, in man.
ner of a rope or cats tail. Chambcri,

1. A diſmembring knife, uſed by ſurgeons.
i Harris.
2. Cntgut; fiddle firings. Shakʃpeare.

CATMINT. [f^r-ni2. Lat.] The name of
a plant.

CATO'PTRICAL. a. [from catoptrickt-l
Relating to the catoptricks, or viſion by
refieſſion. Arbuthnot.

CATOPI RICKS. ʃ. [y.arozal^r.y.] That
part of opticks which treats of viſion by

CATi'lPE. ʃ. Cateal. VEprange.

CATSEVE. A ſtone. Woodward.

CAT'S- FOOT. ſ. A herb ; aUhoof, ground.

CAT'S-HEAD. ſ. A kind of apple. Mortimer.

CAT'SILVER. ʃ. A kind of foflile.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


I. A long round ſubſtance, that grows
upon nut-trees.
2. A kind of reed. Philips.

CA'T UP. ʃ. A kind of pickle. Swift.

CATTLE. ʃ. Beaſtsof paſture ; not wild
not domeſtick. Shakʃpeare.

CAVALCA'DE. ʃ. [from cavalh.] Aproceſſion
on horſeback.

CAVALI'ER. ʃ. [cavalier, Fr.]
1. A horreman ; a knight.
2. A gay ſpfightly niſhtary man. Shakſp.
3. The appellation of the pjrty of king
Charles the Firſt. Swift.

CAVALI'ER. a. [from the ſubſt.]
1. Gay ; ſprightly ; warlike.
2. Generous ; brave. Suckling.
3. Difdainful ; haughty.

CAVALI'ERLY. ad. '[from ca'valicr.]
Hauehtily ; arrogantly ; diſdainfully.

CA'VALRY. ʃ. [cavalerie, Fr.] Horfetroops. Bacon, Addiſon.

To CA'VATE. v. a. [fa-ro, Lat'.] To hollow.

CAVA'ZION. ʃ. [from cavo, Lat.] The
hollowing of the earth for cellarage.


CA'UDLE. ʃ. [chitedeau, Fr.] A mixture
of wine and other ingredients, given to
women in childbed. Shakʃpeare.

To CAUDLE. v. a. To make caudle.Shakʃpeare.

CAVE. ʃ. [cave, Fr.]
1. A cavern ; a den. Wotton, Dryden.
2. A hollow ; any hollow place. Bacon.

To CAVE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
dwell in a cave. Shakʃpeare.

CAVE'AT. ʃ. A caveat is an int.mation
given to ſome ordinary or eckliaftical
judge, notifying to him, that he oright to
beware how he acts. Ayliffe. Trumhiill.

CA'VERN. ʃ. [caijcrna, Lat.] A hollow
place in the ground. Shakʃpeare.

CA'VERNED. a. [from cavern.]
1. Full of caverns ; hollow ; excavated. Pope.
2. Inhabiting a cavern. Pope. .

CAVERNOUS. a. [from caverr,.] Full
of caverns. Wooditsard.

CA'yESSON. ſ. [Fr. In horſemanſhip.] A
ſort of nofeband, put into the ncfe of a
horſe. Farricr^i Die?,

CAUF. ʃ. A cheſt with hole?, to keep fiia
alive in the water. Fbi/.ps.

CAUGHT. parti. p^Jf. [from to catch.]

CAVIA'RE. ʃ. The eggs of a ſtuigeon failed. Grew.

To CA'VIL. I'.n. [M-ulWff] Toraiſe captious
and frivolous objectioas. Pope. .

To CA'VIL. v. a. To receive or treat with
chjections, Milton.

CA'VIL. ʃ. Falfe or frivolous objections.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CAVILLA'TION. ʃ. The diſpcfitiort to
make captious obiedlion. Hooker

CA'VILLER. ʃ. [ca'uU!ator,Lat.] An unl
fair advetfary ; a captious diſpotant. Addiʃon. ./irterhurv.

CA'VILLINGLY. ad. [from Mw7/,r^.] fn
a cavilling manner,

CA'VILLOUS. a. [from cat'//.] Full of
objections. Ayliffe.

CA'i^lN. ʃ. [French.] A natural hollow.

CA'VITY. ʃ. [cavitas, Latin.] Hullowneſs
; hollowi Berr/ev,

CAUK. ʃ. A coarſe talky ſpar. Woodward.

CAUL. ʃ.
1. The net in which women inclaſe their
hair ; the hinder part of a woman's cap. Dryden.
2. Any kind of ſmall net. Grew.
3. The integument in which the guts are
incloſed. jj^y,

CAULIFEROUS. a. [from cavils, a ſtalk,
and fero.] Atterm for ſuch plants as have
a true ſtalk.

CAULIFLOWER. ſ. [cauUs, Lat.] A ſpecies
of cabbage. Evhn.

To CAU'PONATE. v. tt. [cauſor.o, Lat.]
To ſells wine or viiSuals.

CAU'SABLE. a. [from cauſo^ low Lat.]
That which may be cauſed. Brown.t

CAU'SAL. a. [cauſalii, low Lat.] Relating
to cau.''es. Glannjille,

CAUSA'LITY. ʃ. [cavjditas, low Latin.]
The agency of a cauſe ; the quality of
cauſing. Brown.

CA'U.^ALLY. ad. [from cauſal.] According
to the order of cauſes. Brown.

CAUSA'TION. ʃ. [from cau^o, low Lat.]
The act or power of cauling. Brown.

CA'USATIVE. a. That expreſles axauſe
or reaſon.

CAUSA'TOR. ʃ. [from {aufo.-\ A canfer ;
an authour. Brown.

CAU.SE. ʃ. [caiifa, Lat.]
1. That Viſhich produces or effects any
thing ; the efncient. HcAer. Locke.
2. The reaſon ; motive to any thing.
Houth. Rowem
3. Subject of litigation. Shakʃpeare.
4. Side ; party. Tickdl.

To CAUSE. -o. a. [from the noun.] To
effect as an agent. Locke.

CAU'SELESLY. ad. [JtomcauJeleJs.] Without
cauſe ; without renfon. Taylor.

CAU'SELESS. a. [{iom canfe.l.
1. Original to itſelf. Blackmore.
2. Without juſt ground or motive.

C.A'USER. ſ. [UoTtictiuje. He that cauſes ;
the agent by which an eſſed is produced.Shakʃpeare.

CA'USEY. ʃ. lchajree,Yx.] Away

CA'USEWAY. ʃ. railed and paved, above
the reſt of the ground, i Ct-cn. Pope. .
S CAU'5.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


GA'USTICAL. v. a. [xcuc'itaj.] Belonging

CAU'STICK. ʃ. to medicaments which, by
their violent aflivity and heat, deſtroy the
texture of the part to which they are applied,
and burn iC into an efchar. Wiseman, Arbuthnot.

CA'USTICK. ʃ. A cauſtick or burning application,

CA'UTEL. ʃ. [^iiutda, Lat.] Caution
; ſcruple. Shakʃpeare.

CA'UTELOUS. a. [cautekux, Fr.]
1. Cdutious ; wary. ffotton.
2. Wily ; cunning. Sf:njcr. Shakʃpeare.

CA'UTELOUSLY. ad. Cunningly ; flily ; cautiouſly
; warily. Bacon, Bacon.

CAUTERIZA'TION. ʃ. [from cauunxe.l.
The act of burning ficili with hot irons.


To CA'UTERIZE. v. a. [cauttrifer, Fr.]
To burn with the cautery. Shakſp.

CAUTERY. ʃ. [xaio), uro.] Cautery is
either actual or potential ; the firſt is burning
by a hot iron, and the latter with
cauſtick medicines. Wiſeman.

CA'UTION. ʃ. [caution, Fr.]
1. Piudence, forefight ; provident care ;
2. Security. Sidney.
3. Proviſionary precept. Arbuthnn:,
A. Warning.

To CA'UTION. v. a. [from the noun.]
To warn ; to give notice of a danger. Swift.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


them produced out of one tubercle ; it hath
msje-flowers. The feeds are produced in
large cones, fqaamoſe and turbinated. The
extenſion of the branches is very regular in
cedar trees.

CE'DRINE. a. [cedrinut, Lat.] Of or belonging
to the cedar tree.

To CEIL. v. a. [calo, Lat.] To overlay,
or cover the inner roof of a building. Decay of Piety.

CE'ILING. ʃ. [from ceil.] The inner roof. Bacon, Milton.


CE'LATURE. ʃ. [calatura, Lat.] The
art of engraving.

To CE'LEBRATE. v. a. [celebro, Lat.]
1. To praiſe ; to commend. Addiſon.
2. To diſtinguiſh by ſolemn rites.
a Maccab,
3. To mention in a ſet or ſolemn manner. Dryden.

CELEBRATION. ʃ. [from celebrate.]
1. Solemn performance; ſolemn remembiance. Sidney.^ Taylor.
2. Praiſe; renown ; memoriaL Clarenden.

CELE'BRIOUS. a. [celeber, Lat.] Famous ;
renowned. Grew.

CELE'BRIOUSLY. ad. [from celebriout.]
In 3 famous manner.

CELE'BRIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from cekbriom.]
Renown ; ſame,

CELE'BRITY. ʃ. [celebritas, Lat.] Celebration
; ſame. Bacon.

CA'UTION ARY. a. [from ofl»r;5n.] Given CELE'RIACK. Turncp- rooted celery
as a pledge, or in ſecurity. Southirne.

C.AUTIOUS. a. [from cautus, Lat.] Wary ;
watchful. Swift.

CAUTIOUSLY. ad. In an wary manner. Dryden.

CA'UTIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from cautious.]
Watchtulneſs ; vigilance ; circumſpection. King Charles, Addiʃon.

To CAW. :'. n. To cry as the rook, or
crow. Addiſon.

CA'YMAN. ʃ. American alligator or crocodile,
/r T 1

To CEASE. v. n. [ceffer, ?r. cejfo, Lat.]
». To leave off ; to flop ; to give over. Dryden.
2. To fail ; to be extinit. Hale.
X To beat an end. Dryden.

To ' CEASE. v. a. To put a ſtop to. Shakʃpeare, Milton.

CEASE./ Extinaion ; failure. Shakʃpeare.

CE'ASELESS. a. [ncelTant ; perpetual ; continual. Fairfax.

CE'CITY. ʃ. [cacitas, Lat.] BIindneſs
; privation of fisht. Brown.

CECU'TIENCY. ʃ. [cacutio, Lat.] Cloudi.
neſs of fight. Brown.

CE'DAR. ʃ. [cedrai, hit.] A tree. It is
evergreen ; the leaves are much narrower
thanthofeof the pine-tree, and many of

CELE'RITY. ʃ. [celeritoi, Lat.] Swiftneſs ; Ipeed ; velocity. Hooker^ Digby.

CE'LERV. A ſpecies of farflty.

CELE'STIAL. a. [celejiis, Lat.]
1. Heavenly ; relating to the ſuperiour regions.Shakʃpeare.
2. Heavenly ; relating to the bleſſed ſtate.Shakʃpeare.
3. Heatenly, with reſpect to excellence. Dryden.

CELE'STIAL. ʃ. An inhabitant of heaven. Pope.

CELE'STIALLY. ad. In a heavenly manner.

To CELE'STIFY. v. a. [from cehftis, Lat.]
To give ſomething of heavenly nature to
any thirfg. Brown.

CE'LIACK. a. [xo<Xia, the belly.] Relating
to the lower belly. Arbuthnot.

CE'LIBACY. ʃ. [from ccelehi, Latin.]
Single life. Atterbury.

CE'LIBATE. ʃ. [ccelibatuiy Lat.] Single
life. Graunt,

CELL. ʃ. [cf//a, Lat.]
1. A ſmall cavity or hollow place. Prior.
2. The cave or little habitation of a religious
perſon. Denham.
3. A ſmall and chfc apartment in a priſon.
4. A»y

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


4. Any ſtnall place of leſidence. Milton.

CE'LLAR. ʃ. [cel/a, Lat.] A place under
ground, where flores ate repoficed.

CE'LLARAGE. ʃ. [from cel/ar.] The part
of the building which makes the cellars.Shakʃpeare.

GE1.LARIST. ſ. [re/larius, Lat.] The
butler in a religious houſe.

CELLULAR. a. [cei/ula, Lat.] Conſiſting
of little cells or cavities. Shakſp.

CE'LSITUDE. ʃ. Uel/itudo, Lat.] Height.

CE'MENT. ʃ. [camentum, Lat.]
1. The matter with which two bodies are
made to cohere. Bacon.
2. Bond of union in friendſhip. South.

To CEME'NT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
unite by means of ſomething interpoſed. Burnet.

To CEME'NT. v. n. To come into coniunſtion
; to cohere. Sharp.

CEMENTA'TION. ʃ. [from cement.] The
a 61 of cementing.

CEMETERY. ʃ. [xoi/i^rln^ov.] A place
where the dead are repoſited. Addiſon.

CE'NATORY. a. [ceno, Lat.] Relating to
ſupper. Brown.

CENOBI'TICAL. a. [x»a«c and ^/of .]
in community. Stdltn^eet,

CE'NOTAPH. ʃ. [KEvo.-andla^,;.] A monument
for One elſewhwe. Dryden.

CENSE. ʃ. [«»/«, Lat.] Publick rates. Ba,

To CENSE. v. a. [fff«»/eT, Fr.] To pertume
with odours. Dryden.

CE'NSER. ʃ. [encenfoir, Fr.] The pan in
which incenſe is burned. Peacham.

CENSOR. ʃ. [eenfor, Lat ]
1. An officer of Rome, who had the power
of correſting manners.
2. One who is given to cenſure. Roſcommon.

CENSO'RIAN. a. [from eenfor.] Relating
to the eenfor. Bacon.

CENSO'RIOUS. a. [from cenjor.] Addided
to cenſure ; ſevere. Sprat,

CENSO'RIOUSLY. ad. In a ſevere reflea.
ing manner.

CENSO'RIOUSNESS. ʃ. Diſpoſition to reproach.

CE'NSORSHIP. ʃ. [from ««.] The
office of a eenfor. Brown.

CE'NSURABLE. a. [from cenſure.] Worthy
of cenſure ; culpable. Locke.

CE NSURABLENESS. ſ. Blamableneſs.

CE'NSURE. ʃ. [cenfura, Latin.]
1. Blame ; reprimand ; reproach. Pope. .
ft- Judgment ; opinion. Shakʃpeare.
3. Jud;cial ſentence. Shakʃpeare.
4. Spiritual puniſhment. Hammond.

To CE'NSURE. v. a. [cenſurer, Fr.]
1. To blame ; to brand publickly.
2. To condemn,

CE'-NSURER. ſ. He that blamw. Milton.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CENT. ʃ. [ccntum, Lat.] A hundred ; w,
five per cent, that is, five in the hundred. CENTAUR./, [centaurut, Lat.]
1. A poetical being, ſuppoſed to be compounded
of a man and a horſe. Thomfon.
2. The archer in the zodiack. Thotnfan.

CENTAURY. A plant.

CE'NTENARY. [centenariu:.] The number
of a hundred. Hake-well.

CENTE'SIMAL. ʃ. [centefmus, Latin.]
Hundredth. Arbuthnot.

CENTIFO'LIOUS. a. [ham centum iaAfo-
Hum, Lat.] An hundred leaves.

CE'NTIPEDE. ʃ. [centum in^ pes.) A poiſonous

CE'NTO. f,
[cento, Lat. A ofimpoſition
formed by joining ſcrapes from other au-
<^hop. Camden.

CENTRAL. a. [from centre.] Relating to
the centre. Woodward.

CENTRALLY. «. With regard to the
centre. Dryden.

CE'NTRE. ʃ. [centrum, Lat.] The middle.

To CE'NTRE. v. a. [from the noun] To
place on a centre ; to fix as on a centre. South.

To CE'NTRE. t. n.
1. To reſt on ; to repaſe on. Decay of Piety. Atterbvry,
2. To be placed in the midft or centre. Milton.

CE'NTRICK. a. [from centre.] Placed in
the centre. Donne.

CENTRI'FUGAL. a. [centrum and fugio,
Lat.] Having the quality acquired by bodies
m motion, of receding from the centre,

CENTRIPETAL. a. Having a tendency to
the centre. Cheyne.


CE'NTUPLE. a. [centupkx, Lat.] An

To CENTUPLICATE. v. a. [centum and
plico^ Lat.] To make a hundred fold.

To CENTU'RIATE. v. a. [centurio, Lat.]
To divide into hundreds.

CENTURIA'TOR. ʃ. [from century.] A
name given to hiſtorians, who dilimguiſh
times by centuries. Ayliffe.

CENTU'RION. ʃ. [centurio, Latin.] A
military officer, who commanded an hundred
men. Shakʃpeare.

CE'NTURY. ʃ. [centaria, Lat.] A hundred ; uſually employetf'Ksſpecify time ; as. the
ſecond century. Bosh,

CE'PHALALGY. ʃ. [m^ax^y-) ia.] The

CEPHA'LICK. a. [khhX^.] That which
is medicinal to the head. Arbuthnot.

CERA'STES.f. [xsj^r^.] A ſcipent having
horns. Milton.

CE'RATE. ʃ. [cera, Lat, wax.] A meo.-,
cine made of wax, ^' 'T.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


eE'RATED. a. [ccmtus, Lat.] Waxed.

To CERE. v. a. [from ceray Lat. wax.] To
wax. Wiseman.

CE'REBEL. ʃ. [cerebdlum, Lat.] Part of
the brain. Denham.

CE'RECLOTH. ʃ. [from cere and doth.]
Cloth ſmeared over with glutinous matter.

CE'REMENT. ʃ. [from cera, Lat. wax.]
Cloaths dipped in melted wax, with which
dead bodies were infolded. Shakʃpeare.

CEREMONIAL. a. [from cercKO'iy:\
3. Relating to ceremony, or outward rite. Stillingfleet.
2. Formal ; obſervant of old forms. Donne.

CEREMO'NIAL. ʃ. [from cereivony,']
1. Outward form ; external rite. Swift.
2. The order for rites and forms in the
Roman church.

CEREMO'NIALNESS. ʃ. The quality of
being cerf-m.^nial.

CEREMONIOUS./!, [from ceremony.
1. ConfiiHng of outward rites. tiouth.
2. F'uil of i-Ciemony ; awful. Shakʃpeare.
3. Attentive to the outward rites of reJigion.Shakʃpeare.
4. Civil ; according to the ſtrictt rules of
civility. Addiʃon.
^. Civil and formal to a fault. Sidney.
-CEREMO'NIOUSLY. ad. In a ceremonious
manner ; fnmally. Shakʃpeare.

CEREMO NIOySNESS. ſ. Fondneſs of ceremony.

CE'REMONY. ʃ. [ccrenwria. Lat.]
1. Outward vite ; external form in religion. Spenſer.
2. Forms of civility, Bacon.
3. Outward forms of ſlate. Dryden.

CE'ROTE. ʃ. The ſame with cerate.

CE'RTAIN. a. [certus, Lat.]
3. Sure ; indubitable ; unqueſtionable.
2. Reſolved ; determined. Milton.
3. In an indefinite ſenſe, ſome ; as, a
certain man told me this. f^'iſkins.
4. Undoubting; put pafl doubt. Dryden.

CE'RTAINLY.^fli. [from certain,']
1. Indubitably ; without queſtion, Locke.
n. Without fail.

CE'RTAINjY. J, [from certain.]
1. Exemption from doubt. Locke.
2. That which is real and fixed. Shakſp.

CE'RTES. ad. [certci'l Fr.] Certainly ; in
truth. Hudibras.

CERTIFICATE. ſ. [certlficat, low Lat.]

J. A writing mace in any court, to give
notice to anpther court of any thing dene
therein. Cnuef,
2. Any tefiin-.ony. Addiʃon.

To CE-RT|FY. v. a. [certifer, Fr.] To
give certain information ot. Hammond.

CERTLORjiRI. I. [Latin.] Awntilluiing

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


Ont of the chancery, to call up therec^ords
of a cauſe therein depending. Cowel.

CE'RTITUDE. ʃ. [certitudo, Lat.] Certainty
; freedom from doubt. Dryden.

CERVI'CAL. «. [cer'vicaiii, LU.] Belonging
to the neck. Cheyne.

CERU'LEAN. v. a. [cteruleus, Lat.] BIue ;

CERU'LEOUS. i ſky-coioured. Boyle.

CERU'LIFICK. a. [from cerukouu] Having
the power to produce a blue coiopr, . Grew.

CERV'MEN. ʃ. [Latin.] The wax of the

CEiRUSE. ſ. [cerujfa, Lat.] White lead. Quincy.

CES,VRIAN. a. [from Cafar.] The Ccfarran
fedlion is cutting a child out of the
womb. ^Ji'^^y-

CESS. f. [from cenfe.]
1. A levy ma^e upon the )n|iabitants of a
place, rated according to their property. Spenſer.
2. The act of laying rates.
3. Bounds or limits. Shakʃpeare.

To CESS. v. a. To rate ; to lay chajge on. Spenſer.

CESSA'TION. ʃ. [c'fatlo, Lat.]
A flop ; a reſt ; a vacation. Hayward.
2. A paule of hoſtility, without peace. King Charles.

CESSAiyjr. ſ. [Latin.] A writ that lies
upon this general ground, that the perſon,
againſt whom it is brought, hath, for two
years, omitted to perform ſuch ſervice as
he is obliged by his tenure. Co'wel.

CESSIBILITY. ʃ. The quality of receding,
or giving way. Digb'j,

CE'SSIBLE. fl. [f(^»:, Lat.] Eaſytogive
way. Digiiy,

CESSION. ʃ. [cc/isn, Fr.]
1. Retreat; the act of giving way. ^arop.
2. Re^gnation. Temple.

CE'SSIONARY. a. [from ctjfion.] Implying
a reſignat;on.

CE'SSMENT. ʃ. [from ceſs.] An afTeffment
or tax.

CE'SSOR. ſ. [from cefo, Lat.] He that
ceaſeth or neglecteth ſo long to perform a
duty belonging to him, as that he incuirreth
the danger of law. Cowel.

CE'STLS.f. [Latin.] The girdle of Venu?. Addiʃon.

CETA'CEOUS. a. [from cete, Lat.] Of
the whale kind. Brown, Ray.

CHAD. ʃ. A ſort of fiſh. Carew.

To CHAFF. v. a. [eckavfſcr, Fr.]
1. To warm with rubbing. Sidney.
2. To heat. Shakʃpeare.
3. To perfume. Suckling.
4. To make angry. Hayward, Knolles.

To CHAFF. v. n.
1. To rage ; to fret ; to fume. Pppe.
2, To fjet againſt any thing, Shakʃpeare.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CHAFE. ʃ. [from the- verb.] A heat ; a
rage ; a fury. Hudibras.

CHAFE WAX. ſ. An officer belonging to
the lord high chancellor, who fits the wax
for the fejling of writs. Harris.

CHA'FER. ʃ. [repp.ji, Saxon.] An infeſt ; a ſort of yellow beetle.

CHA'FERY. ʃ. A forge in an iron mill. Philips.

CHAFF. ʃ. [ceap, Saxon.]
1. The huſks of C' rn that are ſeparated
by thrething and winnowing. Dryden.
2. It is uſed for any thing worthlef.

To CHA'FFER. v. n. [kiuffev, Germ, to
buy.] To hagi;le ; to bargain. HSwift.

To CHATFER. v. a.
1. To bu). Spenſer.
1. To exchange. Spenſer.

CHATFEREX. ʃ. [from ci.^er.] A buyer; bargainer.

CHATFERN. ʃ. [from efrbavſcr, Fr. to
heat.] A veſſel for heating water.

CHA'FFERY. ʃ. [from chaffer.] Traſſick.

CHATFINCH. ʃ. [from chaff &ni finch.]
A bird f) called, becauſe it delights in
chaff. Phi.'iDs.

CH.A'FFLESS. a. [from chaff.] Without
chaff. Shakʃpeare.

CHA'FFWEED. ʃ. Cudweed.

CHAFFY. a. Like chaff ; full of chaff. Brown.

CHA'FINGDISH. ʃ. [from chaſe and dip.]
A veſſel to make any thing hot in ; a
portable grate for coals. Brown.

CHAGRl'N. ſ. [chagrin», Fr.] Ill humour
; vexation. Pope. .

To CHaGRI'N. v. a. [chagriner, Fr.] To
vex ; to put nut of temper,

CHAIN. ʃ. [chaine, Fr.]
1. A ſeries of links faſtened one within
another, Geneſis.
2. A bond ; a manade ; a fetter. Pope. .
3. A line of links with which land is
meaſured. Locke.
4. A ſeries linked together. Hammond.

To CHAIN. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fatten or link with a chain, Knolles.
2. To bring into ſlavery. Pope. .
3. To put on a chain. Knolles.
4. To unite. Shakʃpeare.

CHA'INPUMP. ʃ. [from chain and pump.]
A pump uſed in laige Engliſh veſſels,
which is double, lo that one riſes as the other falls. C'^'ambers,

CHA'INSHOT. ʃ. [from chain and fijot.]
Two bullets or half bullets, faſtened together
by a chain, which, vſhen they fiy
open, cut away whatever is before thern. Wiseman.

CHA'INWORK. ʃ.» Work with open ſpaces.

CHAIR. ʃ. [chair, Fr.]
1. A moveable feat. Watts.
2. A feat of juſtice, or of authority. Clarendon.
3. A vehicle born by men ; a fedan. Pope. .

CHA'IRMAN. ʃ. from chair and ;»:?«.]
1. The preſident of an aſſembly. ^Vatts.
2. One whoſe trade it is to carry a chair. Dryden.

CHAISE. ʃ. [chaiſe, Fr.] A carriage of
pleaſure drawn by one horſe. Addiſon.

CHALCO'GRAPHER. ʃ. [x^\Kr.y^cl<p<^,
of ^a):i(.(^, braſs.] An engraver in braſs,

CHALCOGRAPHY. ʃ. [pc^^^yfafx-]
Engraving in braſs.

CHA'LDER. ʃ. A dry Engliſh mea-

CHA'LDRON. ʃ- fure of coals, confiding of

CHA'UDRON. ʃ. thirty-fix buſhels heaped
up. The chaudron ſhould weigh two thouſand
pounds. Chambers.

CHA'LICE. ʃ. [calic, Saxon.]
1. A cup ; a bowl. Shakʃpeare.
2. It is generally uſed for a cup uſed in
acts of worſhip. Stillingfleet.

CHA'LICED. a. [from cj/;, Lat.] Having
a cell or cup. Shakʃpeare.

CHALK. ʃ. [cealc, Saxon.] Chalk is a
white fofliie, uſually reckoned a ſtone, but
by f me ranked among the boles.

To CH-ALK. v. a. [from the noun.]
f . To rub with chalk.
2. To manure with chalk. Mortimer.
3. To mark or trace out as with chalk. Woodward.

CHALK-CUTTER. ʃ. A man that digs
chalk. Woodward.

CHA'LKY. a. [from chalk]
1. Confiding of chalk ; white with chalk.
2. Impregnated with chalk. Bacon.

To CHA'LLENGE. -o. a. [chjhrger, Fr.]
1. To call another to anſwer for an offence
by combat. Shakʃpeare.
2. To call to a conteff. Locke.
3. To accuſe. Shakʃpeare.
4. [In IdW.] To obje<n; to the impartiality
of any one. Ha/e.
e. To claim as due. Hooker, Addiſon.
6. To call any one to the performance of
conditions. Peacham.

CHA'LLENGE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A funimons to combat. Shakʃpeare.
2. A demand of ſomething as due, C-'Hier,
3. [In law.] An exemption taken cither
agiinſt perſons or things ; perſons, as in
alſize to the jurors, or any one or mote of
them, by the priſoner at the bar, Cfivsl.

CHA'LLENGER. ʃ. [from challenge.]
1. One that defies or ſummons another to
combat, Dryden.
3. One that claims ſuperiority. Shakſp.
?, A claimant. Hooker.

CHALY'BEATE. a. [from ehalyhs, tat.]
Ittipregnared with iron or ſteel. Arbuthnot.

CHAMA'DE. ʃ. [French.] The beat of
the drum which declares a ſurrenſer. Addiſon.

CHA'MBER. ʃ. [chamire, Fr.]
1. An apartment in a houſe ; generally
uſed for thoſe appropriated to lodgſhg.Shakʃpeare.
3. Any retired room. Prior.
3. Any cavity or hollow. Sharp.
4. A court oſ jufiice. Ayliffe.
5. The hollow part of a gun where the
charge is lodged.
7. The cavity where the powder is lodged
in a mine.

To CHA'MBER. v. v. [from the noun.]
1. To be wanton ; to intrigue. Romans.
1. To rellde as in a chamber. Shakʃpeare.

CHAMBERER. ʃ. [from chamber,-^ A
man of ustiigne. Shakʃpeare.

CHA'MBERFELLOW. ʃ. [from chamber
and fiiloiu.'^ One that lies in the ſame
c'^imbcr. Spectator.

CHA'MBERLAIN. ʃ. [from chamber.
1. Lord great ch^mberUin of England is
the fixth I fficer of the crown.
2. Lod ſh mberlain of the h )uſho!d has
the overfigh!: o^ all officers belonging to
the king's clumbers, except the precinſt
of the belcinmber. Chambers, Clarenden.
3. A I'e. vant who has the care of the
chimbsrs. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

CHA'MBERLAINSHIP. ʃ. [ixQm chamberlain.
The office of a chamberlain,

CHA MBERMAID. ſ. [from chamber and
p:ad.] A maid whoſe buſineſs is to dreſs
a l?dy. Ben. Johnſon.

To CHA'MBLET. v. a. To vary ; to variegate. Bacon.

CHA'MBREL of a harfi. The joint or
bending of the upper p<irt 0. the hinder

CHAME'LEON. ʃ. [x=,aa;.£i,v.] The chameleon
has four feet, and on each foot three
claws. lis tail is flat, its noſe long, its
back is ſhatp, its ſkin plaited. .Vome
have aflerted, that it lives only upon sir; but it has been obſerved td feed on flies.
This animal is ſaid to aITiiniS the colour
of thoſe things to which i? is applied. Bacon. Dryden.

To CHA'MFER. v. a. [ctair.brer, Fr.] To

CHA'MFER. ʃ. '. A f'mall for'-o-V or gut-

CHA'MFRET. ^ -f r on a colamn.

CHA'MLET. ʃ. See Camfa.ot. Peacham.

CHA'MOIS. ʃ. [ci:amois, Fr.] An animal
of the goat liind. Dsuteronomy.

CHA'MOMILE. ʃ. [;,a;o6a.7xt;fiv.] The
name of an odoriferous plant. Spenſer.

To CHAMP. v. a. [champf^jc, Fr.]

1. To bite with a frequent action of the
teeth. Bacon.
2. To devour, Spiffator.

To CHAMP. v. tt. To perform frequently
the action of biting. Sidney, Wiſeman.

CHA'MPAIGN. ſ. [campagne, Fr.] A flat
open country. Spenſer, Milton.

CHA'MPERTORS. ʃ. [from champerty.]
Such as move ſuits at their proper cofts,
to have part of the gains.

CHA'MPERTY. ʃ. [champart, Tr.] A
maintenance of any man in his ſuit to
have part of the thing recovered,

CHAMPI'GNON. ʃ. [champignon, Fr.] A
kind of muſhroom. Woodward.

CHA'MPION. ʃ. [champion, Fr.]
1. A man who undertakes a cauſe in
ſingle combat. Dryden.
2. A hero ; a ſtout warriour, Locke.

To CHA'MPION. v. a. To challenge.Shakʃpeare.

CHANCE. ʃ. [chance, Fr.]
1. Fortune ; thecauſeof fortuitous events. Berkley.
2. The act of fortune. Bacon.
3. Accident ; caſual occurrence ; fortuitous
event. South, Pope. .
4. Event ; ſucceſs ; luck. Shakʃpeare.
5. Misfortune ; unlucky accident. Shak.
6. Po/Tibility of any occurrence. Milton.

To CHANCE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
happen ; to fall out. Knolles.

CHANCE-MEDLEY. ʃ. [from chance and
medley. '^ In law, the caſual ſlaughter of
a man, not altogether without the fault
of the (layer, Cowel. South.

CHA'NCEABLE. a. [from chance.] Accidental. Sidney.

CHA'NCEL. ʃ. [from caticeHi, Lat.] The
eaſtern part of the church, in which the ||
altar is placed. Hooker, Addiſon.

CHA'NCELLOR. ʃ. [cancellanus, Lat. ehancelier.
1. The chancellnr hath power to moderate
and temper the written law, and ſubjecteth
himſelf only to the Jaw of nature and
ronſcience. Cowel, Swift.
2. Chancellor in the Ecclejiafiicat
Court. A biſhop's lawyer, to direift the
biſhops in matters of judgment, Ayliffe.
3. ChakeſpeT-LOR of a Cithedral, A
dignitary, whoſe office it is to ſuperintend
the regular exerciſe of devotion.

Ch A.KCY.l.l.oti of the Exchequer, fi.n
officer who fits in that court, and in the
exchequer chamber, and, with the reſt of
the court, ordereth thing ; to the king's
be ſt benefit. Co-wel,.
5. CirANCELLOR«/'d» Vnivtrjity. The
principal magiiJrate.

CHA'NCELLORSHIP. ʃ. The office of
r;haijcelior. Camden.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CHA'NCERY. ʃ. [proballly chanctlUry ;
then ſhortened.] The court of equity
and confeience. ' Cowel.

CHA'NCRE. ʃ. [chantre, Fr.] An ulcer
uſually ariſing from venereal maladies. Wiſeman.

CHA'NCROUS. «. [from chaxicre.] Ulcerous.


CHANDELI'ER. ʃ. [chandelier, Fr.] A
branch for candies,

CHA'NDLER. ʃ. [chandc!ier, Fr.] An artifan
whoſe trade it is to make candles. Gay.

CHAiNFRIN. ſ. [old French.] The forepart
of the head of ahorſe. Farrier i DiB.

To CHANGE. v. a. [changer, Fr.]
1. To put one thing in the place of another. Bacon.
2. To reſign any thing for the fake of
another. South, Dryden.
3. To diſcount a larger piece of money B into ſeveral ſmaller. Swift.
4. To give and take reciprocally. Taylor.
5. To alter. Ecclus.
6. To mend the diſpoſition or mind.Shakʃpeare.

To CHANGE. v. n. To undergo change ; to fuftl alteration. Shakʃpeare.

CHANGE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. An alteration of theſtateof anything.Shakʃpeare.
2. A ſucceſſion of one thing in the place
of another. Prior.
3. The time of the moon in which it begins
a new monthly revolution. Bacon.
4. Novelty. Dryden.
5. An alteration of the order in which a
ſet of bells is founded. Norris.
6. That which makes a variety. Judges.
7. Small money, Swift.

CHA'NGEABLE. a. [from change.] % I. Subjed. to change ; ſickle ; inconſtant. Dryden.
2. Poſſible to be changed. Arbuthnot.
3. Having the quality of exhibiting different
appearances, Shakʃpeare.

CHA'NGEABLENESS. ʃ. [from changeable.]
1. Suſceptibility of change. Hroker,
2. Inconftancy ; ſickleneſs. Sidney.

CHA'NGEABLY. ad. Inconſtantly.

CHANGEFUL. a. Inconſtant ; uncertain ; mutable. Pope. .

CHA'NGELING. ʃ. [from change.]
1. A child left or taken in the place of
another. Spenſer.
2. An ideot ; a natural. Dryden.
3. One apt to change , w/iverer. Hudibras.

CHA'NGER. ʃ. One that is employed in
changing or diſcuunting money.

CHA'NNEL. ʃ. [canal, Fr.]
1. The hollow bed of running, waters. Spenſer, Berkley.
z» Any cayity drawn longways, Dryden.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


3. A ſtrant or narrow fea.
4. A gutter or furrow of a pillar.

To CHA'NNEL. v. a. To cut any thing in channels. Wotton. Blachnore.

To CHANT. v. a. [chanter, Fr.]
1. To fing, Spenſer.
2. To celebrate by ſong. Bramball,
3. To fing in the cathedral ſervice.

To CHANT. v. n. To fing. Amos.

CHANr. ſ. S')Dg; melody. Milton.

CHA'NTER. ʃ. A finger ; a ſongſter.
Wonvr. Pope. .

CHA'NTICLEER. ʃ. [from chanter and
clair, Fr.] The cock, from his crow.
Bsn. Johnſon. Dryden.

CHA'NTRESS. ʃ. [from chant.] A woman
fingei. Milton.

CHANTRY. ʃ. [from chant.] Chantry is
a church endowed with revenue for prieſts,
to fing maſs for the fouls of the donors.Shakʃpeare.

CHA'OS. ʃ. [chaos, Lat.]
1. The maſs of matter ſuppoſed to be m
confuſion before it was divided by the
creation into its proper ciafles and elements. Berkley.
2. Confuſion ; irregular mixture. King Charles.
3. Any thing where the parts are undiſtinguiſhed. Pope.

CHAOTICK. a. [from chaos.] Reſembling
chaos ; confuſed. Denham.

To CHAP. v. a. [happen, Dutch.] To
break into hiatus, or gapings. Blackmore.

CHAP. ʃ. A cleft ; a gaping ; a chink. Burnet.

CHAP. ʃ. The upper or under part of a
heart's mouth. Gre^v,

CHAPE. ʃ. [chappe,Yr.] The catch of any
thing by which It is held in its place. Shak.

CHA'PEL. ʃ. [ciipella, Lat.] A chapel is
either adjoining to a church, as a parcel
of the ſame, or ſeparate, called a chapel
of eaſe, Cowel, Sidney, Ayliffe.

CHA'PELESS. a. Without a chape,Shakʃpeare.

CHAPKLLANY. ʃ. A chapellany is founded
within ſome other church, Ayliffe.

CHAPE'LRY. ʃ. [from chapel.] The juriſdiction
or bounds of a chapd.

CHA'PERON. ʃ. A kind of hood worn by
the knights of the garter. Camden.

CHA'PFALN'. a. [from chap and faUu]
Having the mouth ſhrunk. Dryden.

CHA'PITER. ʃ. [diap^tcau, Fr.] Cspitai
of a pillar. Exodi^i.

CHA'PLAIN. ʃ. [capellanut, Latin.] He
that attends the king, or other perſon,
for the inſtrudlion of him and his family.
Cozvel, Shakʃpeare.

GHA'PLAINSHIP. ʃ. [from ch^plam.]
1. The office or buſineſs of a chaplain.
2. The polTellioa or revenue oſ a ch.pcj.


CHA'PLESS. a. [from ch^f.] Without
any fleft about the mouth. Shakʃpeare.

CHA'PLET. ʃ. [chapellt, Fr.]
1. A garland or wreath to be worn about
the head. Suckling.
2. A ſting o^ beads uſed in the Romiſh
3. [In architecture.] A little moulding
carved into round beads.

CHA'PMAN. ʃ. [ceaprnan, Saxon.] A
cheapner ; one that oilers as a purchaier. Shakʃpeare, Ben. Johnson, Dryden.

CHAPS. f. [from c%.]. The mouth of a
beaſt of prey, Dryden.

CHAPr. 7 fart, fafi: [from tr chap.]

CHA'PPED. ʃ. Cracked , cieft. B.Johtijcn.

CHAPTER. ʃ. [:c.jpi.'re, Fr.]
1. A diviſion of a book. Sou'L.
2. Chapter, from copitulum, an aflenjbly
of the clergy of a cathedral. Ccivci.
4. The place in which aITemblies of the
clergy are held. Jlylifft.

CHA'PTREL. ʃ. The capitals of pillars,
or pillaſters, which ſupport arches. Mcx^n.

CHAR. ʃ. A fiſh found only in Winander
meer in Lancaſhire.

To CHAR. ʃ. a. To burn wood to a black
cinder. Woodward.

CHAR. ʃ. [(ypjie, work, Saxon.] Work
done by the day. Dryden.

To CHAR. ^.n. To work at others houſes
by the day,

CHAR- WOMAN. ſ. A woman hired accidentally
for odd work, HSwift.

CHARACTER. ʃ. [charaaer, Lat.]
1. A mark ; a ſtamp ; a repreſentation. Milton.
1. A letter uſed in writing or printing. Holder.
3. The hand or manner of writing,Shakʃpeare.
4. A repreſentation of any man as to his
perſonal qualities. Denham.
t. An account of any thing as good or
bad. Mdiſor.
6. The perſon with his aſſemblage of
qualifies, Dryden.
7. Perſonal qualities ; particular conſtitution
of the mind. Pop';,
8. Adventitious qualities impreflect by a
poſt or office, Atterbury.

To CHA'RACTER. v. a. To inlcribe ; to
engrave. Shakʃpeare.

CHARACTERI'STICAL. ʃ. a. [from r^a-

CHARACTERI'STICK. ʃ. r^asrixc.]
That which conſtitutes the character.


chataiJeriftical.] The quality of being
peculiar to a character.

conſtitutes the character. Pope. .

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CHA'RACTERIZE. v. a. [from cha'
1. To give a characler or an account fi
the perſonal qualities of any man. Htvift.
2. To engrave, or imprmt. Hale.
3. To mark with a particjlar ſtamp or
token. Arbuthnot.

CHARACTERLESS. a. [from ciaraaer.] .-
Without a character. Shakʃpeare.

CHARACTERY. ʃ. [from charaffer.] Impreſſion
; mark. Shakʃpeare.

CHARCOAL. ʃ.', [from to chark, to oum.]
Coal made by burning wood under rurf.

CHARD. ʃ. [chjrde, Fr.]
1. Chards of artichokes are the leaves of
fair artichoke plants, tied and wrapped up
all over but the top, in ſtraw. Chambers.
2. Chards of beet, are plants of white
beet tranſplanted. Mertimer.

To CHARGE. v. a. [charger, Fr.] 1
1. To entruſt ; to commiſſion for a certain
purpoſe. Shakʃpeare.
2. To impute as a debt, Locke.
3. To impute. Pope. , Watts.
4. To impoſe as a taſk, Milton.
5. To accuſe ; to cenſure, ~ Wake.
6. To accuſe. Joh,
7. To challenge, Shakʃpeare.
8. To command. Dryden.
9. To fall upon; to attack. Granville.
10. To burden; to load. Temple.
11. To fill. Addiſon.
; 2. To load a gun. '

CHARGE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Care ; truſt ; cuſtody, Knalles,
2. Precept ; mandate ; command. Hooker.
3. Commiſſion; truſt conferred ; office. Pope.
4. Accuftition ; imputation. Shakʃpeare.
5. The thing entruited to care or manage- .
ment. Milton.
6. Expence ; coft. Spenſer, Dryden.
7. Onſet ; attack. Bacon.
8. The ſignal to fall upon enemies. Dryden.
9. The quantity of powder and ball put
into a gun,
10. A preparation or a ſort of ointment,
applied to the ſhoulder-ſplaits and ſprains
of horſes. Far/ier^s DiB.
11. [In heraldry.] The tharge is that
which is born upon the colour, Peacham.

CHA'RGEABLE. a. [from charge.]
1. Expend ve ; coftly. Wotton. ,
2. Imputable, as a debtor crime. South.
3. Subject to charge ; accuſable. Spectator.

CHA'RGEABLENESS. ʃ. [from charge.
able.] Expence ; coft ; cofllmeſs. Boyle.

CHA'RGEABLY. ad. [from chargeable.]
Expenfively, Afcham,

CHARGER. ʃ. [from charge.] A large
jilb, Denham.


CHA'RILY. ad. [from chary.] Wailly ; frugally.

CHA'RINESS. ʃ. [from chary.] Caution; nicety. Shakʃpeare.

CHA'RIOT. ʃ. [car.rhcJ.MVdch.].
1. A carriage of pleaſure, orstate. Dryden.
t. A car in which men of arms were anciently

To CHA'RIOT. v. a. [from the noun.]
To convey in a charii^t. Milton.

CHARIOTE'ER. ʃ. [from chariot.] He
that drives the chariot. Prior.

CHA'RIOT RACE. ſ. A ſport where chariots
were driven for the prize. Addiʃon.

CHA'RITABLE. a. [charitable, Fr.]
1. Kind in giving alms. Taylor.
2. Kind in judging of others. Bacon.

CHA'RITABLY. ad. [from chariiy-l
1. Kindly; liberally,
2. Benevolently ; without malignity. Taylor.

CHA'RITY. ʃ. [ckarite, Fr.]
1. Tenderneſs; kindneſs ; love. Milton.
2. Goodwill ; benevolence, Dryden.
3. The theological virtue of univerſal
love. Hooker, Atterbury.
4. Liberality to the poor. Dryden.
5. Alms ; relief given to the poor.


To CHARK. v. a. To burn to a black
cinder. Grew.

CHA'RLATAN. ʃ. [charlatan, Tr.] A
quack ; a mountebank. Bacon.

CHARLATA'NICAL. a. [from charlatan.'.
Quakiſh ; ignorant. Cowley.

CHARLATANRY. ʃ. [from charlatan.]
Wheedling ; deceit.

CHARLES'S-WAIN. ſ. The northern conſtellation,
called the Bear. Brown.

CHA'RLOCK. ʃ. A weed growing among
the corn with a yellow flower.

CHARM. ʃ. [charme, Fr. carmen, Lat.]
1. Words or philtres, imagined to have
ſome occult pov.'er, Shakʃpeare, Swift.
2. Something of power to gain the affeictions.

To CHARM. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fortify with charms againſt evil,Shakʃpeare.
2. To make powerful by charms. Sidney.
3. To ſubdue by fume lecrft power.Shakʃpeare.
4. To ſubdue by pleaſure. Waller.

CHA'RMER. ʃ. [from chanr.^ One that
has the power of charms, or enchantments.
- Dryden.

CHA'RMl'NG. particif). a. [from - ci,7r/«.]
Pleaſing in the higheſt degree. Sprat.

CHA'RMINGLY. ad. [from charming.]
Ifi ſuch a manner as to pleaſe exceedingly. Addiʃon.

CHA'RMINGNESS. ʃ. [from charmwg.]
The power of picafing.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CHA'RNEL. a. [charml, Fr.] C ntalning
fleſh (ir carcafes. Milton

CHA'RNEL- HOUSE. ſ. [charnUr,- Fr.]
The place where the bones of the dead
are repoſited. Taylor.

CHART. ʃ. [charta, Lat.] A delirieanoa
of comfts. Arbuthnot.

CHA'RTER. ʃ. [charta, Lat.]
1. A charter is a written evidence. Cowd.
2. Any writing btſtowing privileges or
rights. Raleigh. [South.
3. Privilege ; immunity ; exemption.Shakʃpeare.

CHA'RTER-PARTY. ſ. [dartre fa tie,
Fr.] A paper rel,(ting to a contiaft, of
which each party has a copv. Hale.

CHARTERED. <j. '[from charier.] Privileged.Shakʃpeare.

CHARY. a. [from care.] Careful; cautious.

To CHASE. v. a. {chaffer, Fr.]
1. To hunt.
2. To purſue as an enemy. 'j''^i'^-
3. To drive. Knolles.

CHASE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Hunting; puiſuit of any thing as game. Burnet.
2. Fitneſs to be hunted. Dryden.
3. purſuit. of an enemy. Knolles.
4. purſuit. of ſomething as deſirable. Dryden.
5. Hunting match. Shakʃpeare.
6. The game hunted. Sidney. Gran-jslle.
7. Open ground ſtored with I'uch b'eaſts as
are hunted. Shakʃpeare.
8. The Chase of a gun, is the whole
bore or length of a piece. Chambers.

CHASE-GUN. ʃ. [frojm ch''fe <ind gun..
Guns in the forepart of the Hiip, fired
upon theſe that ace purſued. Dryden.

CHA'SER. ʃ. [from chafe.] Hunter 5' purſuer
; driver. DerJjjm,

CHASM. ʃ. [;<;2r,u«.]
1. A cleft; a gape ; an opening, t.ocke.
2. A place unfilled ; a vacuity. Dryden.

CHA'SSELAS. ʃ. [French.] A fort of

CHASTE. a. [chap, Fr. fa/?//j, Lat.]
1. Pure from all commerce of ſext-J ; as
a cha/le virgin,
2. Pure ; unc^rrupt ; not mixed with
bari)a'rous phraſes,
3. Without obſcenity'. ffa'ts.
4. True to the marriage he^K litus.

CHASTE-TREE. ʃ. [Wſtr,-Lu.] A tres. Miller.

To CHA'STEN. v. a. [cha/lier, Fr.] To
correct ; to pimiſh. Ptcvirbs, Roice.

To CHASTIZE. ʃ. «. [caflgo, Lat.]
1. To puniſh^ to corredi by pnmfliment. Boyle. ' Cm;:.
2. To reduce to crd:'', or obedience.

T CK.'i.-


CHASTI'SEMENT. ʃ. Correſſion ; puniſhment. Raleigh, Berkley.

CHA'STITY. ʃ. [cajlitat, Lat.]
1. Purity of the body. Taylor, Pope. .
2. Freedom from obſcenity. !Shakʃpeare.
3. Freedom from bad mixture of any kind.

CHASTl'SER. ſ. [from ct^'Jiife.] A punirtier
; a corredor.

CHA'STLY. ad. [from cha/ie.] Without
incontinence; purely; without contamination.
Wetton. Dryden.

CHA'STNESS. ʃ. [from chajie.] Chartity ; purity.

To CHAP. v. n. [from cjqueter, Fr.] To
prate ; to talk idly ; to prattle. Spenſer, Milton, Dryden.

CHAT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Idle talk ; prate. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .

CHAT. ʃ. The keys of trees.

CHA'TELLANY. ʃ. [chatcUnie, Fr.] The
diſtrictt under the dominion of a calUe. Dryden.

CHATTEL. ʃ. Any moveable pofſellsion. Hudibras.

To CHATTER. v. fi. [caqueter, Fr.]
1. To make a noiſe aj a pie, or other unharmonious
bird. Sidney, Dryden.
3. To make a noiſe by coUiſion of the
teeth. Prior.
3. To talk idly or careleſly. Watts.

CHATTER. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Noife like that of a pie or monkey.
2. IJIc prate.

CHA'T rERER. ʃ. [from chatter,'] An idle

CHATWOOD. ʃ. Little flicks ; fuel.

CHA VENDER. ʃ. [cl:e-jejne, Fr.] The
chub ; a fiſh. ' PFulton,

CHAUMINTE'LLE. ʃ. [Fr.] A fort of

To CHAW. v. a. [k^Pzven, German.] To
maflicate ; to chew. Donne, Boyle.

CHAW. ʃ. [from the verb.] The chap. Ezekiel.

CHA'WDRON. ʃ. Entrails. Shakʃpeare.

CHEAP. a. [ceapan, Saxon.]
1. To be had at a low rate. Locke.
2. Eaſy to be had ; not reſpected. Bacon, Dryden.

CHEAP. ʃ. Market ; purchaſe ; bargain. Sidney, Decay of Piety.

To CHE'APEN. v. a. [ceapan, Saxon ; to
1. To attempt to p<irchaſe ; to bid far
any thing. Prior.
1. To lelſen value. Dryden.

CHE'APLY. ad. [ixQve\chiap^ At a ſmall
price ; at a low rate. Dryden.

CHE'APNESS. ʃ. [from chep ] Lowneſs
of price. Ten:ple,

To CHEAT. v. a. To defraud; to impoſe
upon ; to trick. liUftfon,


1. A fraud a trick an impoſture,
5. A perſon guilty of fraud. South.

CHE'ATER. ʃ. [from cheat.] One that
practiſes fraud. Taylor.

To CHECK. v. a.
1. To repreſs ; to curb. Bacon, Milton, South.
2. To reprove ; to chide. Shakʃpeare.
3. To control by a counter reckoning.

To CHECK. v. n.
1. To ſtop ; to make a flop.
2. To claſh ; to interfere.

CHECK. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Repreſſure ; flop ; rebuff. Locke, Bacon.
2. Refiraint ; curb. Milton, Rogers.
government. Clarendon.
3. A reproof; a ſlight. Shakʃpeare.
4. A diſhke ; a ſudden diſguſt. Dryden.
5. In falconry, when a hawk forſakes her
proper game to follow other birds. Suckling.
6. The cauſe of reſtraint ; a ſtop. Clarenden.
Clerk of the Check, has the check
and controulment of the yeomen of the
guard. Chambers.

To CHE'CKER. ʃ. v. a. [from echecs, cheſs.

To CHE'QUER. i Fr.] To variegate or
diverſify, in the manner of a cheſs- board,
with alternate colour?. Drayton.

CHECKER. ʃ. Work varied al-

CHE'CKER-WORK. ; ternately. Kings.

CHE'CKMATE. ʃ. [echec eft mat, French.]
The movement on the cheſs- board, that
kills the oppoſite men. Spenſer.

CHEEK. ʃ. [ceac, Saxon.]
1. The ſide of the face bel&w the eye. Donne.
2. A general name among mechanicks for
almoll all thoſe pieces of their machines
that are double. Chambers.

CHE'EKTOOTH. ʃ. The hinder tooth or
tuſk. Joel.

CHEER. ʃ. [chtre, Fr.]
1. Entertainment; proviſions. Locke.
2. Invitation to gaiety. Shakʃpeare.
3. Gaiety ;
jollity. Shakʃpeare.
4. Air of the countenance. Daniel.
5. Temper of mind. Ails,

To CHEER. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To incite ; to encourage ; to inlpirit. Knolles.
2. To comfort ; to confole. Dryden.
3. To gladden. Pope%

To CHEER. v. n. To grow gay or gladſome. Philips.

CHE'ERER. ʃ. [from to cheer.] Gladner ; giver of gaiety, Wotton, Walton.

CHE'ERFUL. a. [from cheer and full.]
1. Cay; full of life ; full of mirth. Spenſer.
2. Having

2. Having an appearance of gaiety.

CHE'ERFULLY. ad. [from cheerful.] Without
dejection ; with gaiety. South.

CHE'ERFULNESS. ʃ. [from cheerful.]
1. Freedom from dejedlion ; alacrity.
7. Freedom from gloomineſs. Sidney.

CHE'ERLESS. a. [from cheer.] Without
gaiety, comfort, or gladneſs. Dryden.

CHE'ERLY. a. [from cheer.]
1. Gay ; cheerful. Ray.
7. Not gloomy.

CHE'ERLY. ad. [from cheer.] CheerfuHy. Milton.

CHEERY. a. [from cheer.] Gay ; ſprightly. Gay.

CHEESE. ʃ. [cyj-e, Saxon.] A kind of
food made by preſſing the curd of milk.Shakʃpeare.

CHE'ESEC.AJCE. ſ. [from cheeſe and cake.]
A cake made of fufc curds, ſugar and
butter. Prior.

CHE'ESEMONGER. ʃ. [from cheeje and
monger.] One who oeals in ckeefe. Ben. Johnson.

CHE'ESEVAT. ʃ. [from cheeſe and 'vat.]
The wooden caſe in which the curds are
prelTed into cheeſe. Glanville.

CHE'ESY. a. Having the nature or form
of cheeſe. Arbuthnot.

CHE'LY. ʃ. [chela, Lat.] The cJaw of a
Ihell fiſh. Brown.

To CHE'RISH. v. a. [chcrir, Fr.] To
ſupport ; to ſhelter ; to nurie up. TiUctſon,

CHE'RISHER. ʃ. [from cheriſh.] An encoura.
er ; a ſupporter. Sprat.

CHE'RfSHMENT. ſ. [ir^mch^riſh.] Encouragement
; ſupport; comfgrc. Sfenj'er,

CHERRY. ʃ. [cerife, Fr. cerafi^s,

CHE RRY-TREE. I Latin.] A tree and
fruit. Hale.

CHERRY. a. Reſembling a cherry in colour.Shakʃpeare.


CHE'RRYCHEEKED. a. [from cherry and
cheek,\ Having ruddy cheeks, Congrcve.

CHE'RRYPIT. ʃ. A child's play, in which
they throw cherry ſtones into a ſmall hole,Shakʃpeare.

CHERSONE'SE. ʃ. [xipa-ovni-o;.] A peninfula.

CHERT. ʃ. [from ijuartx, German.] A
kind of flint. Woodward.

CHE'RUB. ʃ. [3^,'^3.] Aceleftialſpirit,
which, in the hierarchy, is placed next in
order to the feraphim. Calmct. Prior.

CHERU'BICK. a. [from cherub.] Angelick
; relating to the cherubim, Milton.

C:-IL'RUBIN. a. [ixw. cherub.] Angelical,Shakʃpeare.

C'-IERVIL. ſ. [LbsrcphyLn-f Latin.] An
un.belliferous plant. Miller.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CHE'RUP. v. a. [from cheer up.] To
chirp ; to uſe a cheerful voice. Spenſer.

CHE'SLIP. ʃ. A ſmall vermin. Skinner.

CHESS. ʃ. [echec, Ft.] A game, in which
two fets of men are moved in oppoſition. Denham.

CHE'SS-APPLE. ſ. Wild ſervice.

CHE'SS-BOARD. ſ. [from chefi and board.]
The board or table on which the gaqje of
cheſs is plaid, Pr/'o;,

CHESS-MAN. ʃ. A puppet for cheſs,

CHE'SSOM. ʃ. Mellow earth. Bacon.

CHEST. ʃ. [cyrc Sax.] A box of wuod
or other materials. Dryden.

To CHEST. 1'. a. [from the noun.] To
repoſite in a cheſt.

CHEST-FOUNDERING. ʃ. A diſeaſs in
horſes, A pleurify, or peripneumony.
Farrier'' t Difit

CHE'STED. a. Having a cheſt.


CHE'STNUT TREE. ʃ -' -^ '' 1. The fruit of the cheſtnut- tree.
2. The name of a brown colour. Cowil.

CHE'STON. ʃ. A kind of plum.

CHEl^AI.lER. ſ. A knight. Shakſp.

CHEI^AUXde Frife. ſ. A piece of tim3(f
traverſed with wooden ſptkcs, pointed with
iron, five or fix feet long ; uſedin defending
a paſſage, a turnpike, or tournii^uet.

CHE'V;EN. ſ. [chevefne, Fr.] A that h{h\
:he Ume with chub,

CHE'VERIL. ʃ. [cheverau, Fr.] A kid ; kidlpather. Shakʃpeare.

CHEFISANCE. ʃ. [che'vifance, Fr.] Enterprize
; atchievemtnt. Spenſer.

To CHEW. v. a. [cerpyan, Saxon.]
1. To grind with the teeth ; to mafticate. Dryden, Arbuthnot.
2. To meditate ; or ruminate in tl e
thoughts. Prior.
3. To taſte without ſwallowing. Bacon.

To CHEW. v. n. To champ upon ; to ruminate.

CHICA NE. ſ. [chicane, Fr.]
1. The art of protracting a concert by ar.
tifice. Locke.
2. Artifice in general. Prior.

To CHICA NE. v. a. [chicaner, Fr.] To
prolong a conteſt by tricks.

CHICANER. ʃ. [cticancur, Fr.] A petty
fophifter ; a wrangler. Locke.

CHICA'NERY. ʃ. [chican.rie, Fr.] Sophiſtry
; wrangfc. Arbuthnoi.

CHICK. ʃ. [cicen, Saxon : kieckcn,

CHICKEN. S Dutch.]
1. The young of a bird, particularly of
a hen, or ſmalj bird. Daiies. Uale. S-icff,
2. A word of tenderneCj. Shakʃpeare.
3. Atterm for a young girl. Swift.
H 1

CHI'CKENHEARTED. a. Cowardly ; fearful.
The CBI'CKENPOX. ſ. An exomhema-
tous diflemper.

CHI'CKLING. ʃ. [from chi^k.] A ſmall

CHl'CKPEAS. ſ. [from chick and pea.] An

CHI'CKWEED. ^ A plant. W:fcmar.

To CKIDE. v. a. preter. chidw chodi, part.
chid or chidden, [ci&an. Sax. ;
3. To It prove. Waller.
2. To Olive away with reproof. Shakſp.
3. To blame; to reproach. Prior.

To CHIDE. t'. V.
1. To clamour; to ſcold. Swiff.
2. To qviarreJ with. Shakʃpeare.
},. To make a noiſe. Shakʃpeare.

CHI'DER. ʃ. [from chide.] A rebulier ; a
reprover. Shakʃpeare.

CHIEF. a. [fis/'', the head, Fr.]
1. Principal ; mort eminent. Kin^s.
2. Emir.ent ; extraorlinary. Proiierbs.
3. Ctpi'.al ; of the firſt order. Locke.

CHIEFi ʃ. [f.-<in the adjective.] A commander
; a leader. Milton, Pope. .

CHl'EFLE.SS. a. Without a head. Pope. .

CHIEFLY. ad. [from chief.] Principally; eminently; mf re than common. Dryden.

CHIEI'RIE-. ( [from chief.] A ſmall rent
paid to thr- lord Paramount. Spenſer.

CHIEFTAN. ſ. [from chief.]
1. A leader '; s commander. Spenſer.
1. The he<id of a clan. Davies.

CHIE'VANCE-. ʃ. Traſſick, in which money
is extorted ; as tlifcnunt. Bacon.-

CHILBLA'IN. ʃ. [from chill, cold, and
h'.aJ^.] Sres maoe'by froſt. Temple.

CHILD. ʃ. in the plural Child REN. [«;!),
1. An infant, or very young perſon. Denham. Wake.
1. One in the line of filiation, tppoſed to
the parent. Addiʃon.
5. A girl child. Shakʃpeare.
4. Any thing, the preduſt or eſſed of
another. Shakʃpeare.
c;. t:o be ii-iſh Child- .To be pregnant.

To CHILD. v. n. [from the noun.] To
bring childien. Shakſjp. Arbuthnot.

CHI'LDBEARING. farticp. The act of
bearing children. ^ Milton.

CHI'LDBED. ʃ. The ſtate of a woman
'bringing a child. A'bmhnot.

CHILDBIRTH. ſ. [from child and hnth]
Travail; labour. &idney. Dryden.

CHI'LDED. a. Furniſhed with a child.Shakʃpeare.

CHI'LDERMASS DAY. [from child and
rnah.] The day of the week, throughout
the year, anſwering to the day on which
the feaſt of the holy Inaocents is ſolemr.
Ued. C'^--'--

CHILDHOOD. ſ. [from child.]
1. Theſtateof infants ; the time In which
^ we are children. Rogers.
2. The time of life between infancy and
puberty. Arbuthnot.
3. The properties of a child. Dryden.

CHILDISH. a. [from child.]
1. Triſhng; ignorant; fjmple. Bacon.
2. Becoming only children ; trivial; puerile. Sidney, Milton, Roſcommon.

CHI'LDISHLY. ad. [from childiſh.] In a
childiſh trifling way. Hooker. Haytoard.

CHI'LDISHNESS. ʃ. [from childifi.]
1. Puerility ; triflingneſs. Locke.
1. Harmleſſneſs. Shakʃpeare.

CHI'LDLESS. a. [from child.] Without
children. Bacon, Milton.

CHI'LDLIKE. a. [child and like.] Becoming
or befeeming a child. Hooker.

CHILIAD. ſ.rfromy;Xiac.] Athouſand. Holder.

CHILIA'EDRON. ʃ. [from X'..'J A figure
of a thouſand ſides. Locks.

CHILL. a. [cele, Saxon.]
1. Cold ; that which is cold to thetouch. Milton.
2. Having the ſenſation of cold. Rowe.
3; Depreſſed ; dejected ; diſcouraged.

CHILL. f. [from the adjective.] Chilneſs ; cold. Denham.

To CHILL. ʃ. a. [from the adjective.]
1. To make cold. Dryden, Creech.
2. To depreſs ; to deject. Rogers.
3. To blaſt with cold. Blackmore.

CHI'LLINESS. ʃ. [from chilly.] A ſenſation
of ſhivering cold. Arbuthnot.

CHI'LLY. a. Somewhat cold. Philips.

CHI'LNESS. ʃ. Coldneſs ; want of warpith. Bacon.

CHIMB. f. [kime, Dutch.] The end of a
barrel or tub.

CHIME. ʃ. [chirn-.e, an old word.]
1. The conſonant or harmonick found of
many correſpondent inſtruments. Ben. Johnſon.
2. The correſpondence of found. Dryden.
3. The found of bells firuck with hammers.Shakʃpeare.
4. The correſpondence of proportion or
relation. Grew.

To CHIME. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To found in harmony. Prior.
2. To correſpond in relation or proportion; Locke.
3. To agree ; to fall in with. Arbuthnot.
4. To ſuit with ; to agree. Locke.
5. To jingle; to clatter. Smith.

To CHIME. v. a.
1. To make to move, or ſtrike, or found
har.monically. j^ryden.
2. To ſtrike a bell with a hammer.

CHIME'RA. ʃ. [chimxra, Lat.] A vain
and wild fancv. Dryden.

CHIME'RICAL. a. [from chimera. 1 Imaginary
; fantaſtick. Hfeflator,

CHIME'RICALLY. ad. [from chimencai]
Vainly ; wildjy,

CHIMINAGE. ʃ. [from chimin.] A toll
for paſſaf^e through a foreſt, Cciue!.

CHI'MNEY. ʃ. [c/jaaine'e, Fr.]
1. The paſſage through which the ſmoke
aſcends from the fire in the houſe. Swift.
2. The turret raiſed above the roof of the
houſe, for conveyance of the ſmoke.Shakʃpeare.
3. The fireplace. Raleigh.

CHI'MNEY CORNER. ſ. The fireſide ;
the place of idlers. Denham.

CHI'MNEYPIECE. ʃ. [from chimney and
piece.] The ornamental piece round the
fireplace. Swift.

CHl'MNEYSWEEPER. ſ. [from chimney
ani ſweepir.] One whoſe trade it is to
clean foul chiinnies of foot. Shakʃpeare.

CHIN./, [cinne, Saxon.] The part of the
face beneath the under lip. hidney. Dryden.

CHl'NA. ſ. [from Cimsa ] China ware ; porcelain ; a ſpecies of veITcls made m
China, dimly tranſparent, Vope,

CHl'NA- ORANGE. ſ. the ſweet orange. Mortimer.

CHI'NA-ROOT. ſ. A medicinal root,
brought originally from China.

CHI'NCOUGH. ʃ. [kirnken, to pant, Dut.
and caugh.] A violent and convulſive
cough. Floyer.

CHINE. ʃ. [efchine, Fr.]
1. The part of the back, in which the
backbone is found. Sidney.
2. A piece of the back of an animal.Shakʃpeare.

To dHlNE. v. a. To cut into chines. Dryden.

CHINK. ʃ. [cinan, to gape, Saxon.] A
ſmall aperture longwife. Bacon, Swift, South.

To CHINK. v. a. To ſhake ſo as to-make
a found, Pope.

To CHINK. v. H. To found by ſtriking
each other. Arbuthnot.

CKl'NKY. a. [from c/./;;^.] Full of holes ; gaping. Dr-idiJi.

CHINTS. ʃ. Cloth of cotton made in
India. Pope.

CHI'OPPINE. ʃ. A high ſhoe, formerly
worn by hulies, Cotvley.

CHIP. Cheap, Chipping, in the names
of places, imply a market, Gilfon,

To CHIP. v. a. [from chop.] To cut into
ſmall piects. Thomfon.
CmP. ſ. [from the verb.]
A ſmall piece taken oil by a cutting inſtrument. Taylor.

CKI'pVING. ſ. A fragment cut off. Mortimer.

CHIRA'GRICAL. a. [chiragra, Lat.] Having
the gwut in the hand. Urown

CHIRO'GRAPHER. ʃ. [^f, the hand ;
ypa^xw, to write.] He that exerciles writing-. Bacon.

CHTRO'GRAPHIST. ʃ. Chirographer

CHIRO'GRAPHY. ʃ. The art of writing

CHIROMANCER. ʃ. One that foretels
future events by inſpeſſing the hand. Dryden.

CHI'ROMANCY. ʃ. [x^k< t'^e hand, and
^avli:, a prophet.] The art of foietelling
the events of life, by inſpetling the
hand. Brown.

To CHIRP. v. V. [from cheer up.] To
make a cheerful noiſe ; as birds. Sidney.

To CHIRP. v. a. [cheer up.] To make
cheerful. Johnſon.

CHIRP. The voice of birds or infects.

CHI'RPER. /, [from cUrp.] One that

To CHiRRE. -V, n. [ceojiian, Saxon.] To
coo as a pigeon. Juniui,

CHIRURGEON. ʃ. [x^k<^J^y<^.] One
that cures ailments, n.t by internal medicines,
bat outward applications. Surgeon. Swift.

CHIRU'RGERY. ʃ. [from chi,urgeon.-[
The art of curing by external applications. Sidney, Wiseman.


1. Having qualities uſeful in outward applications
to hurts. Mortimer.
2. Manual in general. TfUkins.

CHI SEL. ſ. [cijeau, Fr.] An inſtrument
with which wood or ſtone is pared away. Wotton.

To CHI'SEL. v. a. [from the noun.] To
cut with a chifel.

CHIT. ʃ. [chico, little, Spaniſh.]
1. A child ; a baby,
1. The ſhoot of corn from the end of the
grain. Mortimer.
3. A freckle.

To CHIT. v. a. To ſprout, Mortimer.

CHITCH.AT. ʃ. [from chat.] Prattle
; idle prate. Spectator.

CHI'TTERLINGS. ʃ. [from ſchyteriingb.
Dutch.] The guts.

CHI'TTY. a. [from chit.] Child iſh ; like
a baby.

CHI'VALROUS. a. [from chivalry.] Relating
to chivalry ; knightly ; warlike. Spenſer.

CHI'VALRY. ʃ. [chevaierie, Fr.]
1. Knighthood ; a military dignify. Bacon.
2. Thi; qualifications of a knight ; as valour.Shakʃpeare.
3. The general ſyſtem of knighthood. Dryden.
4. An

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


4. An adventure ; an exploit. Sidney.
5. The body or order of knights. Shakſp.
6. [In law.] A tenure of land by knigtits
ſervice. Cowd.

CHIVES. ʃ. [cive, Fr.]
1. The threads or filaments riſing in flowers,
with feeds at the end. Ray.
2. A ſpecies of ſmall onion. Skinner.

CHLORO'SIS. ʃ. [from x^^?'^. 5'' ; The green-ſickneſs.

To CHOAK. See Choke.

CHO'COLATE. ʃ. [cJbccoLte, Span.]
1. The nut of the cocao- tree.
2. The maſs made by grinding the kernel
of the cocao-nut, to be difTolved in hut
3. The liquor made by a fulution of chocolate.
^'!uthtiot. Pope. .

CHO'COLATE-HOUSE. ſ. [chocolate and
Joouſe.] A houſe where company is entertained
with chocolate. Tat/er.

CHODE. The old preterite, from chide. Geneʃis.

CHOICE. ʃ. [choix, French.]
1. The act of choofing ; c\t^\on. Dryden.
2. The power of choofing ; election. Hooker. Gre-oU.
3. Care in choofing ; curioſity of diſtinction. Bacon.
4. The thing chofen. Milton, Prior.
^. The beſt part of any thing. Hooker.
6. Several things propoſed as obieds of
eleſtion. Shakʃpeare.

CHOICE. a. [choift, French.]
4. Select ; of extraofdinary value.
n. Chary ; frugal ; careful. Taylor.

CHO'ICELESS. a. [from ibtice.] Wlihout
the power of choofing. Hammond.

CHO'iCELY. ad. [from choice.]
1. Curiouſly ; with exact choice. Shakſp.
2. Valuably ; excellently. Walton.

CHOICENESS. ʃ. [from choice.] Nicety ; particular value. Evelyn.

CHOIR. ʃ. [chorus, Lat.]
1. An aſſembly or band of fingers. Waller.
2. The fingers in divine worship. Shakſp.
3. The part of the church where the
fingers are placed. Shakʃpeare.

To CHOKE. v. a. [aceocan, Saxon.]
1. To fuffocate. Waller.
2. To ilop up ; to block up a paſſage. Chapman.
3. To hinder by obſtruction. Shakʃpeare, Davies.
4. To ſuppreſs. Shakʃpeare.
5. To overpower. Luke, Dryden.

CHOKE. ʃ. The filamentous or capillary
part of an artichoke.

CHOKE-PEAR. ʃ. [from choke 3. and pear.]
1. A rough, harrti, unpalatable pear,
2. Any farcaſm that Hops the mouth.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


A CHOKER. ſ. [from choke.]
1. One that chokes.
2. One that puis another to ſilence.
3. Any thing that cannot be anſwered.

CHOKY. a. [from choke.] That which
has the power of fuffocation,

CHOLAGOGUES. ʃ. [x'X<^, ^''«.] Medicines
which have the power of purging

CHO'LER. ʃ. [cholera, Lat. from X^'-]
1. The bile. Woctou.
2. The humour, ſuppoſed to produce irafcibility,Shakʃpeare.
3. Anger ; rage. Shakʃpeare, Prior.

CHO'LERICK. a. [choleruui, Lati]
1. Abounding with choler. Dryden.
2. Angry ; irafcible, Arbuthnot.
3. Offenſive. Sidney, Raleigh.

CHO LERICKNESS. ſ. [from cholerick.]
Anger ; irafcibility ; peeviſhneſs.

To CHOOSE. v. a. [ chnfe, I have chofen
or chofe. [choijir, Fr. ceopan, Sax.]
1. To take by way of preference of ſeveral
things offered. Shakʃpeare.
2. To take ; not to refuſe. South.
3. To feled ; to pick out of a number. Samuel.
4. To eled for eternal happineſs ; a terra
of theologians.

To CHOOSE. v. n. To have the power
of choice. Hooker. Tillotſon,

CHO'OSER. ʃ. [from choofe.] He that has
the power of choofing ; eledor, Drayton, Hammond.

To CHOP. v. a. [happen, Dutch ; eouptr.
1. To cut with a quick blow. Shakʃpeare.
2. To devour eagerly. Dryden.
3. To minte ; to cut into ſmall pieces.
4. To break into chinks. Shakʃpeare.

To CHOP. v. n.
1. To do any thing with a quick motion. Bacon.
2. To light or happen upon a thing.

To CHOP. t'. a. [cenpan, Saxon.]
1. To purcliaſe ; generally by way of truck. Bacon.
2. To put one thing in the place of another. Hudibras.
3. To bandy; to altercate. Bacon.

CHOP. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A piece chopped off. Bacon.
2. A ſmall piece of meat. f^ing.
3. A crack, or cleft. Bacon.

CHOP-HOUSE. ʃ. [chop and houſe.] A
mean houſe of entertainment. Spectator.

ClIO'PIN. ſ. [French.]
1. A French liquid meaſure, containing
nearly a pint of Wincheſter.
2. Atterm uſed in Scotland for a quart of
win« zTieaſure,


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CHOPPING. partlcip. a. An epithet frequently
applied to infants, by way of
commendation. Fentort,

CHOPPING-KNIFE. ſ. [chop and knife.)
A knife with which cooks mince their
meat, Sidney.

CHO'PPY. a. [from chop.] Full of holes
or cracks. Shakʃpeare.

CHOPS. ʃ. [from chaps.l
1. The mouth of abeart. L'Eſtrange.
3. The mouth of any thing in familiar

CHO'RAL. a. [from chorui, Lat.]
1. Sing by a choir, Milton.
2. Singing in a choir. ^mburj}.

CHORD. ʃ. [chorda, Lat.]
1. The firing of a roufical inſtrument. Milton.
s. A right line, which joins the two ends
of any arch of a circle.

To CHORD. v. a. To furniſh with firings. Dryden.

CHORDE'E. ʃ. [from chordj, Lat.] A
contracn;ion of the frcenum.

CHO'RION. ʃ. [x-^fE^v, to contain.] The
outward membrane that enwraps the ſcetus.

CHO'RISTER. ʃ. [from chorus.]
1. A finger in the cathedrals ; a Tinging
2. Afinger in a concert. Spenſer, Ray.

CHORO'GRAPHER. ſ.[xw?', and j.;-a<f.ft-'.]
He that deſcribes particular regions or

CHOROGRA'PHICAL. a. Deſcriptive of
particular regions. Raleigh.

CHOROGRA'PHICALLY. d<f. Inachorographical

CHORO'GRAPHY. ʃ. Theartof deſcribing
particular regions.

CHO'RUS. ʃ. [chorus, Latin.]
1. A number of fingers ; a concert. Dryden, Pope. .
2. The perſons who are ſuppoſed to behold
what pafles in the a<Ss of a tragedy.Shakʃpeare.
3. The ſong between the acts of a tragedy.
4. Verfes of a ſong in which the company
join the finger,

CHObE. The preter tenfe, from To choofe. Dryden.

CHO'SEN. The participle paſſive, from To
choofe. Shakʃpeare.

CHOUGH. ʃ. [ceo. Sax.] A bird which
frequents the rocks by the fea. Bacon.

CHOULE. ʃ. The crop of a bird. Brown.

To CHOUSE. v. a. To cheat ; to trick. Swift.

1. A bubble ; a tool, Hudibras.
2. A trick or ſham.

CHRISM. _/. [;,;,Pi{^'.a, anointment.] Ungucnt
; or unctjoni Hammond.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CHRI'SOM. ʃ. [See Chrism.] A child
that dies within a month after its buth.

To CHRI'STEN. a. [chpiptnian. Sax.]
1. To baptize; to initiace in to chriftianity
by water.
2. To name ; to denominate, Burnet.

CHRISTENDOM. ʃ. [from Chnji and
dom.] The collective body of chriftianity. Hooker.

CHRI'STENING. ſ. [from the verb.] The
ceremony of the firſt initiation into chriftianity. Bacon.

CHRI'STIAN. ʃ. [Chriſtianus, Lat.] A
profeflbr of the religion of Chriſt.

CHRI'STIAN. a. Profeſſing the religion of
Chriſt. Shakʃpeare.

CHRISTIAN-NAME. ʃ. Thenamegiven
at the font, diſtinct from the Gentihtious
name, or furname.

CHRI'STIANISM. ʃ. [chrij}iamfmus, Lat.]
1. The chriftian religion.
2. The nations proſelling chriftianity

CHRISTIANITY. ʃ. [chretiethe, French.]
The religion of chriftians. Addiʃon.

To CHRI'STIAINIZE. v. a. [from chnfiian.]
To make chriftian. Dryden.

CHRI'STIANLY. ad. [from ^brijiian.]
L<ke a chriftian.

CHRI'STMAS. ʃ. [from Chri/i and «a/}.]
The day on which the nativity of our
bleſſed Saviour is celebrated.

A CHRISTMAS BOX. ſ. A box in which
little preſents are colleded at Chriſtmas. Gay.

CHRIST'S-THORN. ſ. A plant.

CROMA'TICK. a. [pcfjwa, colour.]
1. Relating to colour. Dryden.
7. Relating to a certain ſpeciesof anrienc
muſic. Arbuthnot.

CHRO'NICAL. ʃ. a. [from ;)^fon3f, time.]

CHRO'NICK. ʃ. A chronical diftemper is
of length. Brown.

CHRO'NICLE. ʃ. [cronique, Fr.]
1. A regifter or account of events in order
of time. Shakʃpeare.
2. A hiſtory. Spenſer, Dryden.

To CHRO'NICLE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To record in chronicle, or hiſtory. Spenſer.
2. To regifter ; to record. Shakʃpeare.

CHRO'NICLER. ʃ. [from chronicle.]
1. A wnter of chronicles. Donne.
2. A hittorian. Raleigh.

CHRO'NOGRAM. ʃ. [^fV, and yja'^a-.]
An inſcription including the date of any

to a chronogram.

of chronograms, Addiʃon.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CHRONOLOGER. ʃ. [x^Cr^i;, and x^yo;,
doctrine.] He that ſtudies or explains the
ſcience of computing paſt -time. Holder.

CHRONOLO'GICAL. a. [dom chronology.]
Relating to the doctrine of time. half,

CHRONOLO'GICALLY. ad. [from chronological.]
In a chronological manner ;
according to the exact ſeries of time,

CHRONO'LOGIST. ʃ. One that ſtudies or
explains time. Locke.

CHRONO'LOGY. ʃ. [Xf^vo?, time, and
Xdyoc, dodlrine.] The ſcience of computing
and adjuſting the periods of time. Prior.

A CHRONO'METER. ʃ. [%fo'vo? and ^j-
T^ov.] An inlirument for the exact: menfuration
of time. Denham.

CHRY'SALIS. ʃ. [from XS.'''?.
gol^.] Aurelia,
or the firſt apparent change of the
maggot of any ſpecies of infects. Chambers.

CHRY'SOLITE. ʃ. [xe^'^'fj a<^ M^o;.] A
precious ſtone of a duikjf green, with a caſt
of yellow. Woodward.

CHRYSO'PRASUS. ʃ. [xfV?-o?, and frafinui,
green] A precious ſtone of a yellow
colour, approaching to green. Rev, xxi. 20.

CHUB. ʃ. [from cop, a great head.] A river
iiſh. The chevin. Walton.

CHUBBED. a. [from c/j-ai.] Big-headed
like a chub.

To CHUCK. v. n. To make a noiſe like a

To CHUCK. -J. «.
1. To call as a hen calls her young. Dryden.
2. To give a gentle blow under the chin.

1. The voice of a hen. Tewp'e.
2. A word of endearment. Shakʃpeare.

CHUCK-FARTHING. ſ.A play, at'which
the money falls with a chuck inte the hole
beneath. Arbuthnot.

To CHUCKLE. v. v. [fchaecketi, Dut.] To
laugh veken.cntly. Prior.

To CHU'CKLE. :. a. [from chucks']
1. To call as a hen. Dryd.r.
2. To cocker ; to fondle. Dryden.

CHUET. ʃ. Forced meat. Bacon.

CHUFF. ʃ. A blunt clown. L'Eʃtrange.

CHU'FFILY. ad. Stomachfully. Clorijfa.

CHU'FFINESS. ʃ. [from cLuffy,\ Clowntihneſs.

CHU'FFY. ,». [from ctuff.] Surly; fat.

CHUM. ſ.[f/brJK, Armonclc.] A chamber

CHUMP. ʃ. A thick heavy piece of wood. Moxon.

CHURCH. ʃ. [cipce, Sax. w^^:a.Mr. .]
1. The collective bcdv of chriſtians.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. The body of chriftians adhering to one
particular form of worſhip. fVam,
3. The place which chriftians conſecrate
to the worſhip of God. Hooker, Shakʃpeare.

To CHURCH. v. a. To perform with any
one the office of returning thanks, after
any ſignal deliverance, as childbirth.

CHURCH-ALE. ʃ. [from church and ale.]
A wake, or feall, commemoratory of the
dedication of the church. Carczu,

CHURCH-ATTIRE. ʃ. The habit In
which men officiate at divine ſervice. Hooker.

CHURCHMAN. /.[church and man.]
1. An eccleſiallic ; a clergyman. Clarenden.
2. An adherent to the church of England.

CHURCH WARDENS. ʃ. Officers yearly
chofen, to look to the church, churchyard,
and ſuch things as belong to both ;
and to obſerve the behaviour of the pariſhioners. Cowel, Spenſer.

CHURCHYARD. ʃ. The ground adjoining
to the church, in which the dead are buried
; a cemetery. Bacon, Pope. .

CHURL. ʃ. [ceoril. Sax.]
1. A ruiFick ; a countryman. Dryden.
1. A rude, ſurly, ill-bred man. Srdrcy,
3. A miſer ; a niggard. Shakʃpeare.

CHU'RLISH. a. [from chur!.]
1. Rude ; brutal ; harſh ; auftere ; uncivil. Waller.
2. Selfiſh ; avaricious. i Sam.
3. Unpliant ; croſs-grained ; unmanageable. Bacon, Mortimer.
4. Intraflable ; vexations. Crajbaiv,

CHU'RLISHLY. ^(Z. [from churliſh.] Rude-
Iv ; brutally, Howct,

CHU^RLISHNESS. f. [from churliſh.] Brutality
; rugged neſs of manner, Ecclus,

CHURME. ʃ. A confuled found ; a noiſe. Bacon.

A CHURN. ʃ. The veſſd in which the
butter is, by agitation, coagulated. Gay.

To CHURN. v. a. [kemcn, Dutch.]
1. To agitate or ſhake any thing by a violent
motion. Dryden.
2. To make butter by agitating the milk.
Proverbs. Bacon.

CHU'RRWORM. ʃ. [from cypp, Sax.]
An infe.fl that turns about nimbly ; called
alſo a fancricket. Skinner.

CHVLA'CEOUS. a. [from chyle.] Belonging
to chyle. Flayer,

CH'/LE. ʃ. [x.vho';.] The white juice
formed in the ſtomach by digeſtion of the
aliment. ' Arluthnot,

CHYl.lFA'CTTON. ʃ. [from chyle.] The
aifl or proceſs of making chyle in the body. Arbuthnot.

CHYLIFA'CTIVE. a. Having the power
of making chvje,

CHYLOPOE'TICK. ^. ;s^Jaoc, and rro.l^.]
Having the power, of lorming chvle.
^'r. uthnot.

CHY'LOUS. a. [from cky'e,'] Conlirting
of chyle. A'i uthnot.

CHYMICK. ʃ. '' l''h''-<:ch Latin.]
1. Made by chymiſtry. Dryden.
Rflaring t(i chyiKiſtry. F'je
[from cHmical
a chymical manner,

CH Y'MIST. ʃ. [See C H Y M I s T R Y ] A
prof^llbr of chymiſtry ; a philol'opher by
fi'-. Pope. .

CHY'MISTRY. ʃ. Philofophy by fire./4/i^f.

CIBA'RJOUS. a. lavanui, Lat.] ReLtine
to food.

CI'BOL. ʃ. [diou.'e, Fr.] A ſmall fnrt of
onion. Mortimer.

CICATRICE. or Cicatrix. ſ. [cica.
trix, Latin.]
1. The fear remaining after a wound.Shakʃpeare.
2. A mark ; an imprelTure. Shakʃpeare.

CICATRI'SANT. ʃ. [from mrtfrw.] An
ipplita'ion that induces a cicatrice.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

C I p

CI'NCTURE. ʃ. [cinr7ura, Latin.]
1. S imc-thin'.; w rn round the body. Pctr,
2. An ,1.-^,. I. Curs. ' £,4„.
3. A ring or ;iH -ji the top or bott.m of
the ſhih of a cclnmn. Chana'tr',

CI'NDER. ʃ. [candre, Fr.]
1 A rnai's ignited and quenched. Waller.
2. A hot coal that has ceaſed to flan.?
^'^'z; -.ft,
I / r^ ; »iJ«.] A woman
in iieaps of aſhes. Arbuthnot.

CIMERA'TION. ʃ. [from dvera, Lat.]
The edui'tion of any thing b\ fire to aſhes.

CINEKJTIOUS. a. [f/;;.-,r,«j, Lat.] Having
thr form or ſtate of aftes. Chrytie,

CINERULENT. <7. Full of a(hes.

CI'NCLE. ʃ. [(:rgu!ufi!, Lat.] A girth for
a horſe.

CI'NNABAR. ʃ. [drnnharis, Latin.] Cinnabar
is native or fi(aitious : the faſtitious
cinrubar is called verrrai'icn. The particles
of mercury uniting with the particles
ot fulphur, compoſe cinnabar.
If^oodward. Newton.

whuſe trade is to take

CICATPvi'SIVE. a. [from cicatrice.
Hav- CINX^AB-IR o/ Antitr.or.y, is made of mering
the qualities proper to inauce a cica- rurv, fulohur, and crude antimony,

CINNAiMON. ʃ. [c:nr.amoi:7um, Lat.] The

CICATRIZA'TION'. ʃ. [from cicatrice.] fragrant bark of a low tree Jn the idand of
1. The aill of fieal ng the wound. Hatiiy, Ceylon. Chambers.
2. The ſtate of being healed, or flunned CINiil/E. ſ. TFr ] A Five.
over, CINQUE FOIL. ſ. : ar^.e feuiHe^ Fr.] A

To CICATRIZE. v. a. [from cicatrix]
k -d of five ieavio clover.
To apply ſuch medicines to Wounds, or CINQ_!_'F.-PACE. ſ. [cirque .ar, Fr.] A
ulcers, as ſkin them. £iu^cy.

CICHORA'CEOUS. a. [cchorimn, Lat.]
Having the qualities of fuccory. Fhyer,

To CrCURATE. t. a. To tame; to reclaim
from wildnef:;. Brown.

CICURA'TION. ʃ. The act of taming or
reclaiming from wildne's. Rdy.

CI'DER. ʃ. [cidre, Fr.]idra, Ilal.]
1. Liquor made of the juice of fruits preſſed. Bacon.
2. The juice of apples expreſſed and fermented. Philips.

CI'DFRIST. ſ.A maker of cider. Mortimer.

CI'DERKIN. ʃ. [from cider.] The liquor
made of the groſs matter of apples, after
the cider is preflect out. Mortimer.

CIERGE. ʃ. [French.] A candle carried m
pi' ceii; 'ns.

CI'LIARY. a. [iſhum, Lat.] Belonging
to the eyelids. Ray.

CILICIOUS. a. [from citiclum, hair-cloth,
Lat.] MadL» of hair. Brown.

CIME'LIARCH. ʃ. [from Ksi.u^XiajX'- ]
The chief keeper of things of value belonging
to a church. D.El.

CI'METER. ʃ. [cimitarra. Span.] A fort
of ſword ; ihoit and uiuryated, Dryden.
\v.r\'\ if grave dance. hhah-:^benre.

CINQUE PORTS. ſ. [f%«f ^orti, Fr.]
Thoſe havens that lie towards France.
The cirq-ic forls .-.re D ver, .'Sandwich,
Ry. Haftings, W.nchelf;'^, Ri'mney, and

HI'he ; ſome of which, as the n'^mb^r exceeds
five, m'aft be added to the fuh ,nrtitucion.
C iL-el.

CINQUE-SPOTTED. a. Having five ſpots.Shakʃpeare.

CI'ON. ʃ. [ſtor, cr/oor, French.]'
1. A ſpri ut ; a ſhoot from a plant.
Shakſpeare ſh^vel.
2. The ſh)ot engrafted on a ſt'ck Bacon.

CI'PHER. ʃ. [ch.fre. Fr. c//;?, low Lat.]
1. An atithmeticil character, by which
feme numbei :s noted ; a figuie.
2. An arithmetic.! mark, which, ſtand-'
ing for nothing itſelf, increaſes the value
of the other figures. ioitrk,
3. An intertexture of letters. '.'be.
4. A chsrailer in general. Raleigh.
5. A fecvet or occult manner of writing,
r the key to it. Donne.

To CI PHER. v. n. [from the noun.] To
practice arithmetick. Arbuthnot.

To CI'PHER. v. a. To write in occult ^hxracleſs,
Huyiv rd,
U To

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CIIRCINATE. v. a. [cinino, Lat.]
To m:kc ;i rircle. Bailey.

ClRClNA'TION. ʃ. An orbicular motion.

Cl'RCLE. ʃ. [arculus, Latin.]
1. A line continued till it ends where it
begun. Locke.
2. The fi'ace included in a circular line.
3. A round body ; an orb. Iſaiah.
4. Ct nipaſs; incloſure. Shakʃpeare.
5. All affemoiy Furrounding the principal
perſon. Pope.
6. A company. Addiʃon.
7. Any ſeries ending as it begins. Bacon, Dryd.'ti.
8. An 'nconcluſive form of argument, in
which the foregoing proportion is proved
by the following, and the following inferred
fii.ni the foregQi^oing. Watts.
9. CircumlocuLion ; indirect form of words.
3o. CiECLES of the German Empire.
Such provinces and principalities as have a
right to be preſent at diets.

To CI'RCLE. v. a.: [from the noun.]
1. To move round .<ny thing. Bacon.
2. To incloſe ; to furround. Trior.
g. To confine ; to keep together. Digby.

To CIRCLE. I.', n. To move circularly.

CIRCLED. a. Having the form of n circle ;
iLiind. Shakʃpeare.

CI'RCLET. ʃ. [from circle.'^ A circle; an orb. Pope. .

CI'RCLING. parti, a. Circular ; mund. Milton.

CI'RCUIT. ʃ. [circuit. Fr. citcuitus, Latin.]
1. The act of moving round any thing. Davies.
2. The ſpace incloſed in a circle. Milton.
g. Space ; extent ; meaſured by travelling
round. Hooker.
4. A ring ; a diadem. Shakʃpeare.
5. The viſitations of the judges for holding

To CI'RCUIT. 1'. n. To move circularly. Philips.

CIRCUITE ER. ʃ. One that travels a circuit. Pope. .

CIRCUI'TION. ʃ. [c'rculiio, Lat.]
1. The <)<fl f going It und any thing.
1. C imp.'ls ; iiiazi; of argument ; c impreh-
nſion Hooker.

CIRCULAR. .7. [(ircularis, Latin.]
1. R'und, like a circle; cncumſcribed by
a circle. .Steripr. Addiʃon.
a- Succcflive to itſelf ^ always rernrning.
3. Vulgir ; mean ; circumforanti us. Dennis.
4. CiRCUL/F Leifr. A letter direited
t« fevers! [, ionSj who hnve the ſame Intereſt
lu loiiie commijii auair.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


5. Circular Sailing, is that performed
on the ?.rch of a great circle.

CI'RCULARITY. ʃ. [from circular.] A
circuhr form. PrOTin.

CIRCULA'RLY. a. [from circuhzr.]
1. In form of a circle. Bwriet.
2. With a circular motion. Dryden.

To CI'RCULATE. v. n. [from circul-ui.]
To mi^\ e in a circle. Denham.

To CI'RCULATE. I'. :7. To put about.

CIRCULATION. ʃ. [from circulate.l
1. Motion in a circle. Burnet.
2. A ſeries in which the ſame order is always
obierved, and things always return to
the ſame ſlate. Swift.
3. A reciprocal interchange of meaning. Hooker.

CI'RCULATORY. ʃ. [from cirmhte.] A
chymical veſſel, in which that which rifes
from the veſſel on the fire, is collected
and cooled in another fixed upon it, and
falls down ?gain.

CIRCUMA'MBIENCY. ʃ. [from cirrw-ambiert.
; The ?tt of enceji.paſſing. Brown.

CIRCUMA'MBIENT. a. [circum and o:nihi:,
Latin.] Surrounding ; encompalTing.

To CIRCUMA'MBULATE. v. «. [en cum
and ambulo, Lat^] To walk round about.

To CIRCUMCISE. v. a. [circumcido, Lat.]
To cut the prepuce, according to the law
given to the Jews. Swift.

CIRCUMCI'SION. ʃ. [from circumcfe.]
Tke rite or act of cutting ofi the foreſkin. Milton.

To CIRCUMDUCT. v. a. [circumdueo.
Lat.] To contravene ; to nullify. y^7?^?.

CIRCUMDU'CTION. ſ.[from circu:^dtia.]
1. Nullification ; cancellation, Ayliffe.
2. A leading about.

CIRCU'MFERENCE. ʃ. [circumferontia, Latin.]
1. The periphery ; the line including and
furounding any thing. Nc^wton.
2. The ſpace incloſed in a circle. Milton.
3. The external part of an orbicular body.
4. An orb ; a circle. Milton.

To CIRCU'MFERENCE. v. a. To include
in a circulnr ſpace. Brown.

CIRCUMFERE'NTOR. ʃ. [from arcuKfe.
ru.] An inlhument ufsd in furveying,
f 1 meaſuring angles. Cianbus.

CIRCUMFLEX. ʃ. [circumfexus, Lat.] An
accent uſed to regulate the pionunciation
of f)liable.';, including or participating the
acute and grave. Holder.

CIRCU'MFLUENCE. ʃ. An incloſure of

CIRCU'MFLUENT. a. [circumfiuens Lat.]
Fiowing round any thing. Poie.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CIRCU'MFLUOUS. a. [arcurrfous, Lat.]
Environint: with waters. IIJ iron. Pope. .

CIRCUMFORA'NEOUS. a. [cirtur,J'oraneus,
Lat.] Wandering from houſe to h-^uſe.

To CIRCUMFU'SE. v. a. [cir^umfufu,,
Lat.] To pour rounii. Bacon.

CIRCUMFU'SILE. a. [circum and »//,
Lat.] Thdt which xnay be poured round
any thJRg. Pope.

CIRCUMFU'SION. ʃ. The act of ſpreading

To CIRCU'MGYRATE. v. a. [einum and
gyus, Lat.] To roll rcund. Riy.

CIRCUMGVRATI iN. ſ. [from drcumgyrati..
Ti.e act of lunning round.

CIRCUMJA'CENT. a. [cncLwjjcens, Lat.]
Lving round any thing.

CIRCU'Mi'TION. ʃ. [circumitum.] The
act of going round.

CIRCUMLICA'TION. ʃ. [ciuumi^o, Lat.] 1. The a(fi: i^J' binding round.
2. The bond with which any thing is en~


CIRCUMuOCtf'TION. ʃ. [circum.'ocuno,
1. A circuit or compaſs of words; periphr..
fu. Swift.
2. Tue uſe of indirect expreſſions. L'Eſtrange.

CIRCUMMU'RED. a. [circum.^ Walled
ixuno. Shakʃpeare.

may hi fjTd roum. Kay.

To CIRCUMNAVIGATE. v. a. [circum
and na'vi^o ] To lail round.

DiiIT'g round. j^rb.tthnot.

CIRCUMPLICA TION. ʃ. [cinuwpiico,
Lat.] 1. 'she act of enwrarping on every ſide.
7., The ii^'.e. of being snwra^i'ed.

CIRCU;\P0'LAK. a. [ixcTii<:n -urn and fo-
; Round the pole.

ClRCUMFOSI'TION. ʃ. [from cnrwi and
fojitwn.] The act of placing am thing
circu'-'vly. Evelyn.

CIRCUMRA'SION. ʃ. [circumrafio, Lat.]
The act of n!.vi,ie i.r i.ing round,

CIRCUiVROTA'TION. ʃ. [cir.um and
roto, Lat.] The act or whirling roui.d
like i wheel.

To CI'RCUMSCRIBE. v. a. [circum and
Jcrib'., Latin.]
1. To incloſe in certain lines or boundaries,
2. To bound ; to limit ; to confine. Southern.

CIRCUMSCRIPTION. ʃ. [cncw^Jcnitio,
1. DeterITiination of particular form or
magnitude. Ray.
2. Linutation ; confinement.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CIRCUMSCRIPTIVE. a. Tfrom c!-cu,».
f'-nbf. 1 Jnclufing the ſuperficies. Grew.

CIRCUMSPE'CT. a. [nrcumfcaum, Lat.] Cautious ; attrntive ; watchful. Boyle.

ClRv UMSPE CTION. ʃ. [from arcumjpM.-.
Watchtulneſs on every fjde ; caution; ppneial attention. C'c^er.den.

CIRCUMSPECTIVE. a. [circuv^jp.dum,
Latin.] Attentive ; vigilant; cautious.

CIRCUMSFE'CTIVELY. ad. [from circum.
ſpiQ.'ve.'^ CautiouJly ; Vigilantly.

CIRCUMSPi/CTLY. ad. [i:omcircuwſp a 1
Witchfilly ; v!';'anlly. Ray

CIRCUMSPE'CTNESS. ʃ. [from circum'.
ffc^. I
Cauiion ; vigilance. Wotton.

Cl'i<CUMSTANCE. ʃ. [ci,c:.vflamia, Lat.]
1. Something appendant er relative to a
''<^- South.
1. Accident; ſomething adventitious. Davies.
3. Incident ; event. Clarenden.
4. Condition ; ſtate of affairs. Berkley.

To CIRCUMSTANCE. nj. a. To place in
particular litualion, or leJation to the
thir'g^. Dunnt.

CIRCUMSTANT. a. [circunfium, Lat.]
Surrou! ding. Digby.

CIRCUM T-i.KTIAL. a. [circumjlatuialit,
low Lat.l
1. Accidental ; not efftntial. South.
Z- Incidental ; calual. Donne.
; Full of ſmo.] f vents i detailed. Prior.

CIRCUMSTAN-1I4 LITY. j'. The appendage
of circunifldnces.

CIRCUMSI A'N( IALLY. W. [from circui::
fiunii. 1.] 1. According to circuIT.ftance ; not e/Tenfiil.
y. CUnville,
2. Minutely ; exa'f.'y. Broome.

To ClRC'/MSTA/NllATE. v. a. [from
1. To place in part'cular circumftances.
2. To place in a particular condition. Swift.

To CIRCUMVA LLATE. i. „. [arcutnvailo,
Lat.] To incloſe round with trenches
or foinncations.

CIRCUMVALLA'TION. ʃ. [from circum-
vaLate, Lat.] 1. The art or act of cafling up fortifications
round a place. //V.'/j.
2. The lortification thrown up round a
pldce hei'egcd. Ho'wel,

CIRCUMVE CTION. ʃ. [circumveſtiSf

1. The act of carrying round.
2. The ſtnte of being canied rourd.

To CIRCUMVENT. v. a [ciramvcnio,
Lat.] Toritceiv?; to ch.f at. K-'olles.

CIRCUMVE'NTION. ʃ. [from urcum.
U » I. Fraud ;

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. Fraud ; impufture \ cheat ; deliinon.
Sau'h. C'tUiir.
2. Prevention ; pre-cccupation. Shakſp.

To CIR.CUMVEST. i: a. [circumveJ:o,
Lat.] To cover round with a garment.

CIRCUMVOLA'TION.7. arcumvolo, Lat.] ;
The a<ft oF )1v iig round.

To CIR.CUMVOLVE. v. a. [circumvolve,
Lat.] To roil round. Glorf^jile.

CIRCUMV^OLU'IJON. ʃ. [circumvoluius,
Lu ]
1. The act o? rolling round.
2. The tiling roiled round another. Wilkins.

CIRCUS. ʃ. [cirrus, Latin.] An open

Cl'R^E. i ſpace or area for ſports. Sidney. St'Hin^/'/et,

CIST. ʃ. [(»/?-, Latin.] A caſe ; a \cg,'ament
; commonly the inclolure of a tumour.

CISTED. a. [from cij}.] Incloſed in a ci/I,
C- ' L'.

CISTERN. ʃ. [.-y?»-;;a, Latin.]
1. A leceptacle of water for domcflick
ul'er, isouth.
2. A relervoir ; an incloſed fountain.
3. Any watry receptacle. Shakʃpeare.

C16TUS. f.
[Lat.] Rockrofe.

CIT. ſ. [contratUd from. c-W:?t:n.] An in.
habitant of a city. A pert low townlman.

CI'TADEL. ʃ. [citadellt, French.] A turtreſs
; a ca'M;. Dryden.

CI'TAL. ʃ. [from f.-Vf.]
I Reproof; impeachment. Shakʃpeare.
2. Summons ; citation.

CITATION. f. [citaf.o, Latin.]
I The cali.og a oeifun before the judce.
2. Quotation ; from another author.
3. To e pafLige or words quoted. Watts.
4. EiMOicrata'n ; mention. Hamjiy.

CITATORY. a. [from To a-V ] Having
the po.ei or f-ini of citation. /!yliffs.

To CITE. lua. [f.Vo, Latin.]
1. To fijniirji.n to onſwer in a court. Milton.
2. To enjoin ; to call upon another authorilauvely. Prior.
? To quote. Ilo^k^r.

CTER. ʃ. [from c//f.]
1. One who cic^s mt a court.
2. One who qu.-tes ; a quoter. Atterbury.

CI E ji. ʃ. [from «f.] A city woman. Dryden.

CI'THLR.^. ſ. [ciſh^a, Latin.] A kind
of h.fro. Mac.

Cl'TIA-:- y [dtoye French.]
1. A liucmaa of a city. Raleigh.
2. A to nlmJii ; not a gentleman. S'/cA.
3. Au iiſhabiunc, Dryden.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CITIZEN'. a. riaving the qualjticfof act--
tizen. Shakʃpeare.

CITRINE. rt. [:iirinu$, Lat.] L;mon-coioiired.
GrW. Floyer.

CITRINE-/, [from ſw/Wj, Latin.] A
Ipecies of rryrta! of an extremely pure,
clear, and line textjre, ge-nerally free from
flaws and blemiſhes. Our je^yellers cut
flones for rings nut of it, which are generally
miſtaken f r topazes. /////.

CITRON TREE. ſ. [from dirus, Latin.]
One fort, with a pointed fruit, is in grea?
eſteem. Altler. Addiʃon.

CITRON WATER. ſ. Aqua vita;, dilHllcd
with the rind of citr:/ns. Pope.

CI'TRUL. ʃ. Pumpion.
CrrV. ſ. [cite, French.]
1. A large collcction of houſes and inhabitants.
2. In the Engliſh law. A town corporate,
that h.uh a b.ſhop. Cowel.
3. The inhabitants of a certain city.Shakʃpeare.

CITY. a. Ri'Iating tothecity. Shakʃpeare.

Ci'V'Er. ſ. [f/W/fc, Fr.] A perfume from
the civet car. The ciiet, or {avet cat, is
a little animal, not unlike our cat, excepting
that his fnout is more pointed, his
claws leſs dangerous, and his cry different.
Trvovx. Bacon.

CrVICK. a. [civieus,hn\n.^ Relating to
civil honourb ; not military. Pope. .

CI'\TL. a. [civiiis, Latin.]
1. Relating to the community ; political. Hooker. Sfrat,
2. Not in snarchy ; not wild, RoſcomnwJK
3. Not foreign-; inteſtine, Bacon.
4. Not eccletiadical.
<i. Not natiVal.
6. Not milrſary.
7. Not criminal.
8. Civilifed ; not barbarous. Spenſer.
9. Complaifant ; civilifed ; gentle ; well
bred. Dryden.
10. Grave ; fobcr. Milton.
1 1. Relating to the ancient confular or imperial
government ; »s, civil law.

ClVI'LIAN. ſ. [c,v,l:s, Lat ] One that
proſedcs the knowledge of the old Roman
law. Bacon.

CiVi';TTY. ſ. [from nWA]
1. Freed:jm from barbarity. Davies.
2. Politeneſs ; complaifance ; elegance of
behaviour. Clarendon.
3. Rule of decency ; pradlife of politeneſs. Dryden.

To CI'VILIZE. v. a. [from cZ-z///.] To reclaim
from ſavageneſs and brutality. Denham.

CrVILIZER. ſ. [from civilixe.'l He that
reciaims others from a wild and ſavage life. Philips.

CI'VILLY. ad. [from civil.'.
1. [a

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. In a manner i elating to government. Hooker.
2. Politely ; coinplaifantly ; without rude-
Jieff. CiiiiIT,
3. Without gay or gaudy colours. Bacon.

ClZE. ſ. [from /»c//i, Ljt.] The quantity
of any thing, with regard to itsexternal
form. Crew,

CLACK. ʃ. [k'lJtchen, Germ, to rattle.]
1. Any thing that makes a laſting and iraportunate
noil'e. Prior.
2. The Clack of a Mill. A beli that
rings when more corn is -rciniired to be
put in. Betiirton.

To CLACK. v.tj. [from the noun.]
1. To make a chinlling noiſe.
1. To let the tongue run.

CLAD. part. ptet. Clothed ; inverted ; garbed.
I Kings, Swift.

To CLAIM. v. a. [clamer, French.] To
demand of right ; to require authoritatively. Locke.

CIALM. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A demand of any th ng, as due. Dryden.
2. A title to any privilege or pifltjiiion
in the hands of another. Locke.
3. In law. A demand of any thing that
is in the poſſelhon of another. Cowel.

CLAIMABLE. a. That which may he demanded
as due.

CLA'IMANT. ʃ. [from c'alm.] He that
dimands any thing as u.njuilly detained by

A CLA'IMER. ʃ. [from chim.] He that
makes a demand. ^..

To CLA'MBER. v. a. To ijimb with difficulty. Shakʃpeare, Ray.

To CLAMM. v. a. [cla-mnfl^^Sax.] To
clog with any glutinous matter,

CLA'MMINESS. ʃ. [from c/ammy.] Vifcofity
; viſcidity. Mexon.

CLAMMY. a. [from clamm.] Viſcous; glutinous. £,icon. Addiʃon.

CLAMOROUS. a. [from cljJt.our.] V.ciferous
; noify. Hooker, Swift.

CLA'MOUR. ʃ. [c/jwor, Latin.] Outcry;
noiſe ; exclamation ; vociferation. King Charles, Addiſon.

To CLA'MOUR. v.n. To make outcries
; to exclaim ; to vociferate. Shakʃpeare.

CLAMP. ʃ. [clawp, French.]
1. A piece of wood joined to another.
2. A quantity of blicks. Mortimer.

To CLAMP. v. a. [from the noun, ; Ends
ot tables are commonly clamf^ed. Moxon.

CLAN. ʃ. [^klaan, in the Highlands, ſignifies
1. A family ; a race. Milton.
2. A body or fedl of perſons. Swift.

CLA'NCULAR. a. [cl<}nculariui, Latin.]
Ciandeſtine; ſecreti Decay of Piety.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CLANDE'STIN'E. a. [Jund^fanus, Lat.7
i.ecrc:t; n.aden. BUichnore.

CLANDE'STINELY. <id. [from dandeji.
ine.] Secretly
; piiv.tely. Hiuift.

CLANG. ʃ. [clangor, Lat.] A ſharp, ſhriU
''''' Milton, Dryden.

To CLANG. -r/. 71. [clango, Lat.] Ta
clatter ; to make a loud ihrill noiſe.
^ Prior.

CLA'NOOUR. ʃ. [clangor, Lat.] A h.ud
ſhi-ii! louiij. Dryden.

CI.A'I.GOUS. a. [U:mcla,.g.] Ma.'cing a
^'^'^'S- n own.

CLANK. ʃ. [from chug.] A J-^nd ihnlj,
(harp iibik-. Spectator.

To CLAP. v. a. [clappan, Sax.]
1. To ſtrike together with a quick tno~
t'°n- ^.
2. To add one thing to another. Taylor.
2. To do any thing with a ſudden haſty
motion. p,.^,..
4. To celebrate or praiſe by clapping the
hands ; to applaud, Dryden.
5. To infeſt with a venereal poiſon. Wiſeman.
6. To Clap up. To complete ſuddenly. Howe!.

To CLAP. v. n.
1. To move nimbly with a noiſe. Dryden.
2. To enter with alacrity and brhknefa
upon any thing. Shakʃpeare.
3. To ſtrike the hands together in applauſe.
Epilogue to Hen, VIII,

CLAP. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A loud noiſe made by ſudden colliſion.
2. A ſudden or unexpefled act or motion. Swift.
3. An explofion of thunder. Hakewell.
4. An act of applauſe. Addiſon.
5. A venereal infedlion. Pope. .
6. The nether part of the beak of a hawk.

CLa'PPER. ſ. [from fa;.]
1. One who ciaps with n.s hands.
2. The- tongue of a bell. Addiſon.

To CLAPPERCLA'W. rv. a. [from clap
and illiv.] To tongue-beat ; to ſci id. Shakſpeare.

CLA'RENCEUX. or Cla'rencjehx. ʃ.
The ſecond king at arms : ſo named from
the dutchy of Clarence.

CLARE-OBSrURE. ſ. [from clarui, bright,
and ol'fairus, Lat ] L'ght and ſhade in
painting. Prior.

CLA'RET. ʃ. [clairet, Fr.] French wine.

CLA'RICORD. ſ. [from clarui and chorda.
Latin.] A muſical inſtrument in form of
a ſpiiiette. Chamberi.

CLARIFICATION./, {from clarify, \ The
act- of making any thing clear from impurities. Bacon.

To CLA'RIFY. v. a. [clarifer, French.]
1. To purify or clear. Bacon.
2. To

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1 To brighten ; to illum nate. South.

CLA'RION. ʃ. [(r/d/-/n, iuan.] Atrumpet.
Spenſe-. Pope.

CLA'RI'TY. ſ. [clurt; Ftoicu.] Bnginr.'_
l5 , .plrndour. Raei^h.

CLA RY. ſ. An herb. B<JCon.

To CLASH. -i/. r. [kutjen, Dut.]
1. To make a noiſe by ITiuiual coJlificn.
Dunham, li^n-iey.
2. To act with oppoCte power, or cunfrary
direction. South.
3. To coritradift ; oppoſe. Spectator.

To CLASH. I.-. <z. To ihike one thing
againſt another.

1. A noify cojliſion of two bodies. Denham.
2. Oppoſition ; contradiiſhon. Atterbury.

A CLASP. ſ. [i-hL^jpe, Dutch.]
1. A hook to iioJd any thing c!ofe. Addiʃon.
2. An embrace. Shakʃpeare.

To CLASP. v. a. [f-om the noun, ;
1. To rtiut with a chip. Hooker.
2. To c. tch and huld by twining. 'AlUton,
3. To ' .nciorf between the hands. Bacon.
4. To rmorace. Smith.
5. To indole. Shakʃpeare.

CLA'SPLR. ʃ. [from c'eſp,] The tendrels
or thrcTds of crtepim; pi-.nts. Ri'y.

CLASFKNIFE. ʃ. A knae which folds luio
the handle.

CLAjS. / [frnmf/.3/??w, Latin.]
3. A rai.k or order of perſonf. Dryden.
2. A number of boys learning the lame
leflnn. W'atti.
3. A ſet of beings or things. Addiſon.

To CLASS. v. a. To range according to
ſome Aated method pf dif^ribution. Arbuthnot.

CLASSICAL. or CLASsitK. a. lcL£,cui,
Latin.; 1. Re.ating to antique authors. Addifo,;. Fehon.
2. Of the firſt order or rank. Arbuttr.of,

CLASSICK. ʃ. An author of the firſt rank.

CLASilS. ſ. [Latin ; Order ; fort ; body.

To CLA'TTER. v. a. [clitpurse, a rattle.
1. To Ttii'kt a n.-ife by knocking two fono.
^'Us bodies frequently together. Dryden.
2. Ti- uiter a ncl'e by ie n^ ltiui.k togeth.'
r Knolles.
3. To i'lU f'!^ arJ iciy. Duayft e^y.

To Ci ATTER. V. a
1. To linke any thing ſo as 10 m<ik. it
found. Ait. run
2. To diſpiire, jar, or clamour. Milton.

A CLATTER. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. A rHdrng no'femade by frequent colliſion
of ſon rous bodies. Swift.
2. Any tumultuous and confuſed no le. Ben. Johnſon.

CL.WATED. a. [clavatus, hit.] Knobbed.

CLA'UDENT. a. [dauJent, Lat.] Shutting
; .nclofitig.

To CLA'UDICATE. ʃ. «. [claudico.] To

CLAUDICA'TION. The habit of haltino:.

CLAVE. [the preterite of ckave.]

CLA'VELLATED. u. [davellaius, low
Latin.] Made with ujrnt tartar, A chyrnical
term. Arbuthnot.

CLA'VER. ʃ. [clspji. Sax.] Clover.

CLAVICLE. ʃ. [cUwcuh, Lat.] The
coi:,ivb!ne. Brown. tViſeman,

CLAUoE. y. [c!/iufula, Latin.] 1. A l'i.-:,t;e:^e ; a ſingle p.'it if diſcourſe ; a ſubdwillo:! of a larger leaieiice. Hooker.
2. An article, or particular O\,uhtion.

CLA'USTRAL. a. [fc<im cLufiruw.] Lat.]
Ri;latin2 I . a cloyſter. Ayhffi.

CLA'USURE. ʃ. [claujurn, Lat.] Confinement.

A CLAW. /, [clsp^n, Saxon.]
1. The foot of a Dealt or bird, armed with
ſharp nails, Spenſer. Garth.
2. A hand, in contempt.

To CLAW. v. a. ſcl.pan, Saxon.]
1. To tear with nails or claw i. Shakʃpeare.
2. To tear or ſcritch ingenv-ral. Uud:hrc%.
3. To tickle. Shakʃpeare.
4. To Qi.A\\i of. To ſcold. L'Eſtrange.

CLA'WRACK. ʃ. A flatterer ; a wheedlep.

CLA'WED. a. [from claiv.] Farniſhtri or
armed with cla.vs. Gieiv,

CLAY. ʃ. [(/.;, Welch.] U.thuousand tenacious
earth. h'aCtt,

To CLAY. v. a. To cover v. ith clay. Mortimer.

CLAY-COLD. a. Cold as the unanimated
c^rth. R'.we,

CLAY PIT. Api' wi^ere c:?y is dug. Woodward.

CLA'YEY. Confiſhngof cl.-y. Denham?

CLA'YMARL. [^cluy and marl.] A thallcy
clay. Mortimer.

CLEAN. a. [dsne, Saxon.]
1. Fiee from dirt or filrh. Spenſer.
2. Chafle ; innocrnt ; goiineſs.
3. Elrgrnt ; neat ; not unwieldly ; lot incumbred.
/!. Not leprous. Ltv:ttcus,
CLE vN. iid. Quite; perfectiy . l.j'ly ;
cncnpi£ely. Hooker.
1. Ci^E'tN. ni. a. To fiet from dirt.

CL^' A -.L'.LY. ul. T:< a c: Illy manner.

CLEANLINf.S'i. ſ. ['^'^^- ruanly.]
1. Freedom from dirt o. filth. Addiſon.
2. N-atnefV of dreſs; H'y- Sidney,

CL^ AIv'LY. a. [from dear.]
1. Free from dirtineſs ; pure in the perſon. Dryden.
ji That
3. That which in'kes cleanlineſs. Prior.
3. Pure; im 7 oilliate. Glanvtt!e,
4. Nice ; artful. L'Eſtr-arg^e.

CLE'ANLY. iii/. [from c/itfn.] tiegantly;

CLE'ANNESS. ʃ. [from Wfj».]
1. Nectni'a ; /Veedon from lil h.
2. Eaſy exa(£i:neſs ; juſtueſs ; n.tural, nn-
Ijboured correctneſs. Dryden.
3. Purity ; innocence. Pope. .
To Cleanse, v. a. [cla?nj-nn, Saxon.]
1. To free froRi filth or dirt. Prior.
2. To purify from guilt. Proverhi.
3. To free from noxious humours. Arbuthnot.
4. To free from leprofy. Muk.
5. To ſcour. Addiʃon.

A CLE'.ANSER. ſ. [c'^r.p jie, Sax.] Th«t
wh;ch has the quality of evacuating. Arbuthnot.

CLEAR. a. [clair, Fr. c'arus, Latin.]
1. Bright ; trai.ftJicuous ;
pellucid ; tranſparent
; not opacous. Denham,
2. Free from cicuds ; ferencj as a c.'ear
3. Without mixture; pure; unmingled.
4. Perlpicuous ; not oblcure ; not ambiguous. Temple.
5. Indiſputable ; evident ; undeniable. Milton.
6. Apparent ; manifeſt ; not hid. Hacker,
7. Unſpolted ; guihleſs ; itreproacha'.'le. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .
8. Unprepoffefled ; impartial. Sidney.
9. Free from diſtreſs, piofecution, or imputed
guilt. Cciy.
10. Free from dedudlions or incumbrances.

II. Vacant; unobitructed. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .
12. Out of debt,
13. Un.mangled ; at a faſe diſtancee from
danger, Shakʃpeare./i,
14. Canorous founding diftindlly. Addiſon.
15. Free; guiltleſs. Sujan.

CLEAR. ad. Clean ; quite ; completely. L'Eſtrange.

To CLEAR. v. a.
1. To make bright ; to brighten. Dryden.
2. To free from obſcunty. Boyle.
3. To purge from the imputation of guilt; to juſtify. Hayward.
4. To clea fe. Shakʃpeare.
5. To diſcharge ; to remove any incumbrance.
Wiikinu Addiſon.
6. T- free from any thing ofi'enfive. Locke.
7 To clarify ; as to ckar liquors.
8 Tf gain without deduction. Addiſon.

To CLEAR. v.r.
1. I o grow br ght ; to recover tranſparen
»/, Shakʃpeare. Norm,
2. To be diſengaged from incumbra.nce;
orentaingier. onrs. Bacon.

CLE'ARAN :E. ʃ. A certificate that a ſhip
hac be.cn cicii.' <a die cuſtomhoiifr.

CL;:'ARER. ſ. B ighiener ; purifier ; eniignr.
ner. .nddiſeii,

CLEARLY. ad. [from o'ear.]
1. Brightly ; iuminoull^. Hooker.
2. Plainly ; evidrntly. Robert,
3. With diſcernment ; acutely.B.7ii/.-/o«.
4. Without entanglement. Bacon.
5. Without by-e.nds ; honeflly. Tiltomfon.
6. Without dedudiion or coft.
7. Without rtſerve; without ſubterfuge. Davies.

CLE'ARNESS. ʃ. [from clear.]
1. Traiiſparency ; brightneſs. Bacon.
2. Splendour ; luſtre. Sidney.
3. Diftiiiftneſs ; perſpicuity. Addiʃon.

CLEAR I'GHTED. a. [dear and fi/rr.]
D.ſcrrn. ng ; jud'cious. D^r.ham.

To CLE'ARSTARCH. j. a. [char and
fiarch.] To ſtiffen with ſtirch. Addiʃon.

To CLEAVE. v. n. pret. / cLvc, p^rt.
cloi'en, [clcopin. Sax.]
1. To adhere ; to ſtick ; to hold to. Job,
2. To unite aptly ; to fit. Shakʃpeare,
3. To unite in concord. Hooker. h.7iod-s,
4. To be concomitant. Hooker.

To CLEAVE. ʃ. a. preterite, / clovs, I
claiir, I cleft ; part. pafl. claven, or cleft,
[clerpin, Sax.]
1. To divide with violence ; to ſplit. Milton, Blackmore.
2. To divide. Deutronomy,

To CLEAVE. v.n,
1. To part aſunder. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .
2. To fufl'er diviſion. A'eiwton.

A CLE'.WER. [from eleave.] A butcher's
initrument to cut animals into joints.

CLEES. ʃ. The two parts of the foot of
biorts which are cloven-footed.

CLEF. f. [from cUf, key, Fr.] A marfc
at the beginning of the lines of a ſong,
which ſhows the tone or key in which the
p;ei.e is to begin. Chambers.

CLEFT. part. paIT. [from cLave.] Divided.

CLEFT. ʃ. [from cleave.]
1. A ſpace made by the ſeparatlon of parts ; a crack. J^'Woodward.
2. In farriery. Clefts appear on the
bought of the patterns, and are cauſcJ Ia
ſharp and malignant humour.
Farr. D el. Ben. Johnſon.

To CLETTGRAFT. v. a. [cleft^nAgraf.]
To engraft by cleaving the ilock of a tree.
Mo- tirr-r,

CLE'MENCY. [f.Vwen«, Fr. dementia, Lu. ;
Me cy ; remiſſion of feverity. Addiʃon.

CLE'MENT. a. [derrens, Latin.] MiJd ;
gentle; mercifui.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CLEPE. v. a. [ciypian, Saxon.] ^o
caJl. Hhdk.jpejre.

CLE'RGY. ʃ. [tUrge, Fr. .tX^^o;.] The
boily of men ſet apart by due ordination
for the feri'lce of God. Shak^pe^n.

CLE'RGYMAN. ʃ. A mdn in ho .;der£ ;
not ,. I^ick. ^Swift.

CLE'RICAL. fl. [clcrkut, Lat.] Relying
to the ckrgv. Eucon.
A CLKRK. ʃ. ' cItpK, Sax.]
1. A clprgyman. yiyliffe.
1. A ſcholar ; a man of letters. iouth.
3. A man empl.yed under another as a
writer. Shakʃpeare,
4. A petty writer in publick offices. Granville.
«;. The layman who reads the'relponfes to
the congreg tiOa ii» the church, to direct
the re^.

CLERK3KI1\ /. [from derk.]
1. Shakſp.
2. The office of a clerk of any kind.

CLEVE. ) At the b. ginning or end of the

CLIF. J- proper name of a place, denotes

CLIVE. ^ it to be fituated on a rock or

1. Dextrous; fivilfiil. Addiſon.
2. lull: ; fit
; proper ; commodious. Pope.
3. Well-ſhaped ; handſome. Arbuthnot.

CLE'VERLY. ad. [from cU'ver,'\ Dextrouſly
; fitly ; handſomely. Hudikras.

CLE'VERNESS. ʃ. [from clever.] Dexterity
; ſkill.

CLEW. ʃ. c!ypj, Sax.]
1. Thread wound upon a bottom. Roſcommon.
2. A guide ; a direction. ^mith.

To CLEW. v. i/. To clew the Sal-'s, is to
raiſe them, in order to be furled. Harris.

To CLICK. v. n. [cUcken, Dut.] To make
a ſharp, ſucceffive noiſe. Gay.

CLI'CKLER. ʃ. [from cA-V..] A low word
for the fervant of a ſaleſman.

CLI'CKET. The knocker of a door. Skinner.

CLI'ENT. ʃ. [cliens, Latin.]
1. One who applies to an advocate for
courifel and defLnce. Taylor.
2. A dependant. Ben. Johnson.

CLIENTED. parti, a. Supplied with cli-
-;iits. Cunw.

CLIENTE'LE. ʃ. [clientela, Lat.] The
condition or office of a client. Ben. Johnſon.

CLI'ENTSHIP. ʃ. [from client.] The ec ndition
of a client. Dryden.

CLIFF. ʃ. [clivus, Lat. clip, Saxon.] A
flecD rock ; a rock. Bacon.

CLIFT. ʃ. The ſame with Cliff.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CLIMA'CTER. ʃ. [;<a/xaxJ«;.] A certain
prcgreilion of years, ſuppoſed to end in a
dsngITous time. Bacon.

CLIMACTE'RICK. v. a. [from climact-

CLIM.'iClE'RICAL i er.] Containing
a certjin number of years, at the end of
which fume great change is ſuppoſed to bef; il the body. Brown, Pope. .

CLIMATE.'/. [^-Klfxn.]
1. A ſpace upon the ſurface of the earth
meaſured from the equator to the polar
; in each of which ſpaces the long-
C:f day is half an hour longer. From the
pol-ir circles to the poles climates are meaſured
by the increaſe of a month.
2. A region, or tract of land. Dryden.

To CLI'MATE. v. n. To inhabit. Shakſp.

CLI'MA rURE. ſ. The ſame with climate.Shakʃpeare.

CLI'.MAX. ſ. [xx;^4.] Gradation; aſcent
; a figure in rhetorick, by which the
fentence riſes gradually. Dryden.

To CLIMB. v. a. pret. chmh or climbed \
part, c'.omb or chnibed. [climan. Sax.] T)
alcend up any placei Sam,

To CLIMB. t;. a. To aſcend. Prior.

CLI'MBER. ſ. [from c/);?/^.]
1. One that mounts or ſcales any place ; a mounter ; a rifer. Careio,
2. A plant that creeps upon other ſupports.
3. The name of a particular herb. Miller.

CLIME. f. [from climate.] Climate; region'; trad of earth. Milton, Atterbury.

To CLIXCH. v. a. [clynija. Sax.]
1. To hold in hand with the fingers bent. Dryden.
2. To contract or double the fingers. Swift.
3. To bend the point of a nail in the other
4. To confirm ; to fix ; as, to clinch an

CLINCH. f. [from the verb.] Apiun; an
aintiguity. B'jyle. Dryden.

CLINCHER. ʃ. [from clinch.] A cramp;
a holdfaſt. Pope. .

To CLING. ʃ. V. pret. I clung
; part. 1 bavt
clung. [^Klynger, D^niſh.]
1. To hang upon by twining round. Ben. Johnson.
2. Tidy up; to confume. Shakʃpeare.

CLI'NGY. a. [from cling.] Clinging ; adhehv;.

CLINICAL. ʃ. [xXr.4.', to lie down.]

CLI'NIvJK. ; One that keeps the bed. Taylor.

To CLINK. v. n. To utter a ſmall, interrupted
noiſe. Prior.

CLINK. ʃ. [froim the verb.] A ſharp fuccfflive
noiſe. Shakʃpeare.

CLI^'^JANT. ſ. [Fr.] Embroidery ; ſp.;ngles. Shakʃpeare.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CLIP. [i;. a. clippan, Saxon.]
1. To embrace, by throwing the arms
round. Sidney, Ray.
2. To cut with ſheers. Suckling. Berkley.
3. It is particularly uſed of thoſe who
diminiſh coin. Locke.
4. To curtail ; to cut fiiort. Addiſon.
5. To confine ; to hold. Shakʃpeare.

CLI'PPER. ʃ. One thar debafes co:n by
cutting. Addiʃon.

CLIPPING. ʃ. The part cut or clipped
off. Locke.

CLI'VER. ʃ. An herb. MilUr.

A CLOAK. ſ. [/ach, Saxon.]
1. The outer garment. Pope. .
1. A concealment. ^ Peter,

To CLOAK. v. a.
1. To cover with a cloak.
2. To hide ; to conceal. Spenſer.

CLO'AKBAG. ʃ. [from cloak sn^ bag.]' A
portmanteau ; a bag in which cloaths are
carried. Shakſpeare.

CLOCK. ʃ. [docc, Welſh.]
1. The inſtrument which tells the hour. Bacon.
2. It is an uſual expreſſion to f^y, fVkat
it it of the clock, for TVhut kour is it f
Or ten o'clock, for the tenth l:icur.
3. The clock of a flocking ; the flowers
or inverted work about the ankle. Swift.
4. A ſort of beetle.

CLO'CKMAKER. ʃ. An artificer whofe
profeſtion is to make clicks. Denham.

CLO'CKWORK. ʃ. Movement^ by weights
or ſprings. Prior.

CLOD. ʃ. [club, Saxon.]
1. A lump of earth or clay. B- Johnſon.
2. A turf ; the ground. South.
3. Any thing vile, bafe, and eariliy. Milton.
4. A dull fellow ; a dolt. Dryden.

To CLOD. v.n. [from the noun.] Toga--
ther into concretions ; to coagulate. Milton.

To CLOD. v. a. To pelt with clods.

CLO'DbY. a. [from clod.]
1. Conſiſting of earth or clods; earthy.Shakʃpeare.
2. Full <^f clods xinbroken. Mortimer.

CLO'DPATE. ʃ. [fWand pate.^ A ſtupid
fellow ; a dolt ; a thickfcuil.

CLO'DPATED. a. [from cW/ja/s] Dolti(
h : th'iughtieſs. Arbuthnot.

CLO'DPOLL. ʃ. A thickfcull ; a dolt.Shakʃpeare.

To CLOG. v. a. [from hg.]
1. To load with ſomething that mJv hin.
der motion. ^sh-
2. To hinder ; to obſtrufl. Raleigh.
5. To load ; to burthen. Shakʃpeare.

To CLOG. v. n.
1. To coaleſce ; to adhere. Evelyn.
2. To be encumbered or impeded. Sharp.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CLOG. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Any incumbrance hung to hinder motion-
2. A hindrance; an obſtrudlion. Hooker.
3. A kind of additional ſhoe worn by women,
to keep them from wet.
4. A wooden ſhoe. Harvey.

CLO'GGINESS. ʃ. [from cloggy.] The
ſtate of being clogged.

CLO'G'GY. .. [from r%.] That which
has the power of clogging up. Box!:,

CLO'ISTER. ʃ. [claurt'ji, Sax. chuſhlm,
1. A religious retirement. Davies.
2. A D^ifrile ; a piazza.

To CLO'tER. v. a. [from the noun.]
To ſhut up in a religious houſe ; to immurp
from the world. Bacon. Rymer,

CLOISTERAL. a. Solitary; retired.

CLO'ISTERED. part. a. [from cloijier.
1. Solitary ; inhabiting cloifters. Shakſp.
2. Built with periftiles or piazzas. Wvtton,

CLOISTRESS. f. [from clcijler.] A nun.Shakʃpeare.

CLOMB. [pret. of To cUmL] Milton.

To CLOOM. v. a. [clsemian, Sax.] Tt
ſhut with viſcous matter. Mortimer.

To CLOSE. v. a. [clos, Fr. claujus, Lat.]
1. To ilijt ; to lay together. Prior.
2. To conclude ; to end ; to finiſh.
3. To incloſe ; to confin?. Shakʃpeare.
4. To pin ; to unite fratlures. Addiʃon.

To CLOSE. v. n.
1. To coaleſce ; to join its own parts together.
Numbers. Bacon.
2. To Close upon. To agree upon. Temple.
3. To Close with. 7 To come to an
To Close m tvith, ; agreement with ; to unite with,
Shakʃpeare, South, Newton.

CLOSE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Any tiling ſhut ; without outlet. Bacon.
2. A ſmiU field indoſed. Carew.
3. The manner of ſhutting. Chapman.
4. The time of ſhutting up. Dryden.
5. A grapple in wreflling. Bacon. ChopmaK,
6. A pauſe or ceffation. Dryden.
7. A contlufion or end, Milton.

CLOSE. a. [from the verb.]
1. Shut faſt. mikins.
2. Without vent ; without inlet ; private. Dryden.
3. Confined ; (lagnant. Bacon.
4. Como^ft ; ſolid. Burnet.
5. Viſcous ; glutinous, Wilkiv.s.
6. Conciſe ; brief. Dryden.
1. Immediate ; without any intervening
oiſtance or ſpace. Ben. Johnſon, Pope. .
8. Joined one to another. Shakʃpeare.
2. Narrow ; as a chje allev.
X '
10. Adto.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


AJmitting ſmall diſtancee. Dryden.
Undiſcovered. Shakʃpeare.

HIdden ; ſecret ; not revealed. Boyle.
Having the quality ot ſecrecv ; truſtv.Shakʃpeare.
CKitedy ; fiv. Shakʃpeare.
Without wandering; attentive. Locke.
Fall to the p')ii)t
; honne. Dryden.
Retired ; folit^ry.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


iS. Seciaded rVom communicatien.
jg. Diik, cloudy, not clear,

CLOSEBODIED. a. Made to fit the body
ex-aitly, Ayliffe.

CLOSEHANDED. a. Covetous. Arbuthnot.

CLOSELY. ad. [from c/o/?.]
1. WithoLit inlet or omler. # Boyle.
2. Without much ſpace intervening ; nearly.Shakʃpeare.
3. Secretly ; Hi'y. Carew.
4. Without devi:ition. Dryden.

CLOSENESS. ʃ. [from f/o/:-.]
1. The ſtate of being fiiut. Bacon.
2. Narrowneſs ; ſtrantneſs.
5. Want oK air, or ventilation. Swift.
4. Compadneh ; ſolidity. Berkley.
5. Recluſeneſs ; folitude ; retirement. Shakʃpeare.
6. Secrecy ; privacy. Co 'Her.
7. Covetouſneſs ; fly avarice. Addiſon.
S. Ccnnedlion ; dependence. South.

CLOSER. ʃ. [from ckfc.] A finiſher ; a
CI ncluder.

CLO'SESTOOL. ʃ. A chamber implement.

CLOSET. ʃ. [from chje.l.
s. A ſmall rcora of privacy and retirement. Wotton.
2. A private repofitory of curioſities. Dryden.

To CLO'SET. w. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſhuC up, or conceal in a cloſet. Herbert.
2. To take into a cloſet for a ſecret interview. Swift.

CLOSH. ʃ. A diflempcr in the feet of

CLO SURE. ſ. [from f<W.]
1. The act of ITiucting up. Boyle.
2. That by which any thing is cloſed or
fliut. Pope. .
3. The parts inclofing ; incloſure. Shakſp.
4. Conclurion ; end. Shakʃpeare.

CLOT. ʃ. C-incretion ; grume. Bacon.

To CLOT. v. V.
1. To form clots ; to hang together. Philips.
2. To concrete ; to 'coagulate. Philips.

CLOTH. ʃ. plural cloths or chthes. [claS,
1. Any thing W'Oven for dreſs or covering.

2. The piece of limcn Qiread upon a table.
3. The canvafs on which piflures are delineated. Dryden.
4. In the plura). Dreſs ; habit ; garment
; ve/lare. Pronounced do's. Shakʃpeare, Temple.
5. The covering of a bed. Prior.

To CLOTHE. v. a. pret. I clothed ; part.
I have clothed, or clad, [from cloth.
1. To invert with garments ; to cover
with dreſſ. Addiſon.
2. To adorn with dreſs. Ray.
3. To invell ; as with cl&thes, Dryden.
4. To furniſh or provide with clothes.

CLOTHIER. ʃ. [from doth.] A maker
of cloth. Graunt,

CLO THING. ſ. [from To clothe.] Dreſs ; veſture; garm.ents. Fairfax, Swift.

CLOTHSHE'ARER. ʃ. One who trims
tlu' cloth. Hakenuill.

CLOTPOLL. ʃ. [from dot and poll.]
1. ThickilcuU ; blockhead. Shakʃpeare.
2. Head, in ſcorn, Shakʃpeare.

To CLOT TER. 1;. ». [klotieren, Dutch.]
To concrete ; to coagulate, Dryden.

CLO'TTY. a. [from ckt.] Full of clots ;
concreted. Harvey, Mortimer.

1. The dark collection of vapnurs in the
air, Gren\ Rojeommon.
2. The veins, or ſtains in (lones, or other
3. Any ſtate of obſcurity or darkneſs. Waller.
4. Any thing that ſpreads wide ; as a
multitude. Atterbury.

To CLOUD. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To darken with clouds. Pope. .
2. To obſcure ; to make leſs evident. Decay of Piety.
3. To variegate with dark veins. Pope. .

To CLOUD. v. «. To grow cloudy.

CLO'UDBERRY. ſ. [from cloud and berry.]
A plant, called alſo knotberry.

CLO'UDCAST. a. To pped with clouds.Shakʃpeare.

of fnpiter, by whom clouds were ſuppoſed
to be coUcded, Waller.

CLOUDILY. ad. [from cloudy.]
1. With clouds ; darkly.
2. Obſcureiy ; not perſpicuouſly. Spenſer.

CLO'UDINESS. ʃ. [from cloudy.]
1. The ſtate of being covered with clouds ; darkneſs. Harvey.
2. Want of brightneſs. Boyle.

CLO'UDLESS. a. [from cloud.] Clear ; unclouded ; luminous. Pope. .

CLO UDY. a. [from cloud.]
1. Obſcured with clouds. Exodus.
2. Dark ; obſcure ; not intelligible. Watts.
3. Gloomy of look ; not open, nor cheerful. Spenſer.
4. Marked

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


4. Marked with ſpots or veins.

CLOVE. f. [the preterite of cUave.]

CLOVE. ʃ. [dsu, Fr.]
1. A valuable ſpice brought from Ternate.
The fruit or feed of a very large tree. Brown.
2. Some of the parts into which garlick
ſeparates. Tan'.

--fmeiling like f'aitJ. ;

CLO'V'EN. part. pret. [from cleave.]

CLO'VEN-FOOTED. v. a. [cloven and

CLO'VEN-HOOFED ; fiot, or boof.l.
Having the lout divided into two parts. Dryden, Ray. ,

CLO'VER. ʃ. [ckpofi, Sax.^n.]
1. A ſpecies of trcroil. Shakʃpeare.
2. To Hvc in Clover, is to live liKurioiifJv.

CLOVERED. a. [from ckver.] Covered
with clover. To om:Or.

CLOUGH. ʃ. [clojjh, Saxon.] A c!;ff.

CLOUGH. ʃ. [in curnmerce.] An allowance
of two pounds in every hundred
weight for the turn of the ſcile, ihac the
commodity may hold out weight when
fold by retail,

A CLOUT. ſ. [chr, Saxon.]
1. A cloth ictx any mean ute. Swift.
2. A patch on a fn^e or coat.
3. Anciently, the mark of white cloth
at which archers ſhot. Shakʃpeare.
4. An iron plate to an axle tree.

To CLOUT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To patch ; to mend coaſely. Milton.t.
2. To cover with a cloth. Spenſer.
3. To join awkwardly together. yJichani,

CLO'UTED. f.ariicip. a. Congealed'} coagulated. Gay.

CLOUFERLY. a. Clumfy ; awkward. Mortimer.

CLOWN. ʃ. [lown, Saxon.]
1. A rufiuk ; a chut). Sdiiey,
2. A conrſe ill-bred man. Sf-flnior,

CLOWNERY. f. [from <:/ow«.] Hi breeding
; churliſhneſs. L'Eſtrange.

CLO'WNISH. a. [from down.]
1. Confiding of ruflicks or clowns. Dryden.
2. Cuarſe ; rough; rugged. SpetiCr.
3. Uncivil; ili-bred. Shakʃpeare.
4. Ciumfy ; uneaiiily. Piicr,

CLO'WmHLY.'ad. Co.-rfe!y; rudely.

CLO'WNISHNESS / [from e/cw/zi/j.]
1. Rulbcity ; coarien^fs, Locke.
2. Incivility; brutality.

CLOWN'S MUSTARD. ʃ. An herb.

To CLOY. v. a. [ivc'ouer, Fr.]
1. To ſatiate; to fate; to furteit. Sidney.
2. To ſtrike the beak together. Shak 'p.
3. To nail up guns, by ſtriking a ſpike
into the touch hole.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CLO'YLESS. a. [from cloy.] That which
cannot cauſe fatiety- Shakʃpeare.

CLO'YMENT. ʃ. [from cloy.] Satiety ;
repletion. Shakʃpeare.

CLUB. ʃ. [clwppa, Wehh.]
1. A heavy Itick. Spenſer.
2. The name of one of the ſuits of c. is. Pope. .
3. The ſhot or dividend. L'Eſtrange.
4. An adembly of good ſellsov;fs. Dryden.
5. Concurrence ; contribution ; ' int
charce. HuejUrai.

To CLUB. ʃ. ». [from the noun.]
1. To concribute to a common expente.
2. To ' join to one offe<fV. Dryden. King.

To CLUB. 1), a. To pay to a comnvyn
reckn^iing. Fobe.

CLUBHE'.ADED. a. \c'ub ^niibead.] Having
a thick head. Denham.

CLUBLA'W. ʃ. [club and /aw.] The law
of arms. Addiʃon.

CLUBRO'OM. ʃ. [c'ub and room.] The
room in which a club or c<inipany afirnibles. Addiſon.

To CLUGK. v. a. [cloccan, Saxon.] To
call chickens ; as a hen. Roy.

CLU:\!P. ſ. [{ram tump.] A ſhapeleſs piece
of wood.

CLUMPS. f A numbſcull. Sk'nrer,

CLUMSILY. ad. [from clumfy.] Awkwndly. Ray.

CLU'M-.INE?S. ſ. [from dunfy.] Awk.
wardneſs ; ungainlineſs; want of dexte-
'ity. Collier.

CLUMSY. a. [kmpfch, Datch, ſtupid.
; Awkward ; heavy ; artleſs ; unha-Hy. Ray. D<yder.

CLUNG. The preterite and paiticpie of

To CLUNG. ''^. ^. [c!r 3 in, S.!:.on.] To
dry as wood does.

CLUNG. a. [clun^u, Saxon.] Wafled
with leanneſs.

CLU'STER. ʃ. [clyptcp, S.^x^n.]
1. A bunch ; a nuoirer of things of the
fame kind growing or joined together. Bacon. Denkdtn. NcZi'ton.
2. A number of animals gathered toeetf'Cr.
3. A body of pe'^pie collected. Aud:jori.

To CLUSTER. v. n. To grow in bimrbes. Dryden.

To CLU'STER. n,. a. To collect anj thing
into bvdies.

CLUSTER GRAPE. ſ. The ſmall black
grape, cjlled the ctiirant. Monimcr.

CLU'STFRY. a. Growing in clufters.

To CLUTCH. v. a.
1. To hold in the hand ; to gripe; to
gfal^p. Herbert.
2. To contrail ; to double the hand.Shakʃpeare.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CLUTCH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The gripe ; graſp ; ſeizure.
2. The paws, the talons. L'Eſtrange.
3. Hands. Stillingfleet.

A CLU'TTER. ſ. A noiſe ; a buftle ; a
hurry. -^^f-

To CLU'TTER. v. «, [from the noun.]
To make a noiſe or buftle.

A CLY'STER. ſ. [x^v^^^.] An injection
into the anus. Arbuthnot.

To COACE'RVATE. v. a. [coaceriJo, Lat.]
To heap up togecher. Bacon.'

COACERVa'TION. ſ. [from coacervate.]
The act of heaping. Bacon.

COACH. ʃ. [coche, Fr.] A carriage of
pleaſure, or ſtate. Sidney, Pope. .

To COACH. v. a. [from the noun.] To
carry in a coach. Pope. .

COACH BOX. ſ. The feat on which the
driver of the coach fits. Arbuthnot.

COACH HIRE. ſ. Money paid for the
life of a hired coach. FpiSiiter,

COACH-MAN. ʃ. The driver of a coach. South.

To COA'CT. v. a. To ad together in
concert. Shakʃpeare.

COA'CTION. ʃ. [coaBui, Lat.] Compulfion
; force. South.

COA'CTIVE. a. [from ccaH.]
1. Having the force of reſtraining or impelling
; cmpulfory. Raleigh.
7. Afting in concurrence. Shakʃpeare.

COADJU'MENT. ʃ. Mutual affiſtance.
COADjU'TANT. ſ. Helping ; co-operating. Philips.

1. A fellow-helper ; an afliſtant ; an aſſociate.
2. In the canon law, one who is empowered
to perfyrm the duties of anothsr, Ayliffe.

COADJU'VANCY. ʃ. Help ; concurrent
help. Brown.

COADUNI'TION. ʃ. The conjunaion of
different ſubOances into one mafs. Ha'e.

To COAGME'NT. v. a. To congregate.

COAGMENTA'TION. ſ.[from coagm£ni.]
Coacervation into one maſs ; union.
Ben. jfohrpjii.

COA'GULARLE. a. [from coagtdjte.] That
which is capable of concretion. Boyle.

To COAGULATE. v. a. [cw^a/fl, Lat.]
To fnrce into concretions. Bacon. Wooihu.

To COA'GULATE. v. a. To run into
concretions. Boyle.

COAGULATION. ʃ. [from coagulaie,\
1. Concretion : congelation.
2. The body formed by coagulation.

COA'GULATIVE. n. [from coagulate.]
That whicli has the power of cauling consretiou,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


COAGULA'TOR. ʃ. [from coagulate. ]
That which cauſes coagulation. ArbuthKOt.

COAL. ʃ. [col. Sax. kol. Germ.]
1. The common foflll fewel. Denham.
2. The cinder of burnt wood, charcoal. Bacon.
3. Any thing inflamed or ignited. Dryden.

To COAL. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To burn wood to charcoal. Caretv.
2. To delineate with a coal. Camden.

COAL-BLACK. a. [«a/ and black.] Black
in the higheſt degree. Dryden.

COAL-MINE. ʃ. [coal and mine,'] A mine
in which coals ate dug. Mortimer.

COAL-PIT. ſ.[from coal and plt.] A pit
for digging coals. }J'''eodiL'ard.

COAL STONE. ſ. A ſort of cannel coal. Woodward.

COAL-WORK. ʃ. A coalery ; a place
where coals are found. Felten.

COALERY. ʃ. A place where coals are
dug. Woodward.

To COALE'aCE. v. v. [coa/efco, Lat.]
I To unite in mafles. Newton.
2. To grow together ; to join.

COALE'SCENCE. ʃ. [from coalefec] Concretion
; union.

COALITION. ʃ. [coalitum, Lat.] Union
in the maſs or body. Hale, Berkley.

CO'ALY. a. Containing coal. Milton.

COAi-'TA'TION. ſ. [«« and apto, Latin.]
The adjuſtment of parts to each other. Boyle, Broome.

To COA'RCT. v. a. [coar&o, Lat.]
1. To ſtranghten ; to confine.
2. To contratt power. Ayliffe.

COARCTATION. ſ.[{<em coarB.]
1. Confinement ; reſtraniit to a narrow
ſpace. Bacon.
2. Contraction of any ſpace. Ray.
3. Rertraint of liberty. Bramhall,

1. Not refined. Shakʃpeare.
3. Not ſoft or fine.
3. Rude ; uncivil.
4. Groſs ; not delicate. Thomfon.
5. Inelegant ; unpoliſhed. Dryden.
6. Unaccompliſhed by education. Arbuthn,
7. Mean ; nut nice ; vile, Roſcommon.


CO'ARSELY. ad. [from coa'je.]
1. Without fineneſs.
2. Meanly ; not elegantly, Brown.
3. Rudely ; not cwilly. Dryden.
4. Inelegantly, Dryden.

COARSENESS. ʃ. [from «jr/.]
1. Impurity ; unrefined state. Bacon.
2. Ruughnefi) i want of fineneſs.
3. Giofſneſs ; want of delicacy. L'Eſtrange.
4. Roughneſs ; rudeneſs of manners,
5. Meanneſs ; want of nicety. Addiſon.

c o c

COAST. ʃ. [cope, Fr.]
1. The edge or margin of the land next
the ſea ; the ſhore. Dryden.
2. Side. Newton.
3. 7be Coast is dear. The danger is
over. Sidney, Dryden.

To COAST. v. It. To fail cloſe by the
coaft. Arbuthnot.

To COAST. v. a. To fail by. Addiʃon.

COASTER. ʃ. He that fails timorouſly
near the ſhore. Dryden.

COAT. f. [cotte, Fr.]
1. The upper garment. Samuel.
2. Petticoat ; the habit of a boy in his
infancy ; the lower part of a woman's
creſs. Locke.
3. Vefture, as demonſtrativeof the office.
4. The covering of any animaj. Milton, Mortimer.
5. Any tegument. Denham.
6. That on which the enſigns armorial
are portrayed. Dryden.

To COAT. v. a. To cover ; to invert.

To COAX. v. a. To wheedle ; to flatter. L'Eſtrange. Fatquhar.

CO'AXER. ʃ. [from the verb.] Awhcedler ;
a flatterer.

COB. ʃ. The head or top.

COB. ʃ. A ſort of fea-fowl. Philips.

COBALT. ʃ. A marcaſite plentifully impregnated
with arfenick. ffoorityard.

To CO'BBLE. v. a. [kobler, Dinift ]
1. To mend any thing coaſely. Shakſp.
2. To do or make any thing tlumfily. Berkley.

CO'BBLER. ʃ. [from cchMe.]
1. A mender of old ſhoe?. Addiſon.
2. A clumfy workman in general. Shji.-J'p,
3. Any mean perſon. Dryden.

CO'BIRONS. ʃ. [rons with a knob at the
upper end. Bacon.

COBI'SHOP. ʃ. A coadjutant biſhop.

CCBNUT. ʃ. [foi^ and waf
] A boy's game.

CO'BSWAN. ʃ. [cob, head, and /wan.]
The head or leading ſwan. Bei. Johnſon.

CO'BWEB. ʃ. [hpiub, Dutch.]
1. The web or net of a ſpider. Spenſer. L'Eſtran.^e.
2. Any fnare or trap. Sic.fi.

COCCI'FEROUS. a. [yo-^xl; and /Vro,]
PIants are ſo called that have berrief.

CO'CHINEAL. ʃ. [cochinilla, Span.] An
infect gathered upon the opuvtia, from
which a red colour is extracled. Hill.

CO'CHLEARY. a. [from cochha, Lat. a
ſcrew.] Screwform. Brown.

CO'CHLEATED. a. [from eochl'M, Lat.]
Of a ſcrewed or turbinated form, Woodw.

COCK. ʃ. [cocc, Saxon.]
1. The male to the hen. Dryden.
2. The male of any ſmall birds. Arbuthn,
3. The weathercock, that ſhows the direction
of the wind. Shakʃpeare.
4. A ſpout to let out water at will. Pope. .
5. The notch of an arrow.
6. The part of the lock of a gun that
ſtrikes with the flint. Grenv,
7. A conqueror ; a leader. Swift.
8. Cockcrowing. Shakʃpeare.
9. A cockboat ; a ſmallhoit. Shakʃpeare.
10. A ſmall heap of hay. [Properly cop.l. Mortimer.
11. The form of a hat. Addiʃon.
12. The ſtylc of a dial. Chambers.
13. The needle of a balance.
14. Cocli on the Hoop. Triumphant ; exulting. Camden, Hudibras.

To COCK. ʃ. a. [from the noun,; 1. To fee ered ; to hold bolt upright. Swift.
2. To ſet up the hat with an air of petulance. Prior.
3. To mould the form of the hat.
4. To fix the cock of a gun for a diſcharge. Dryden.
5. To raiſe hay in ſmall heaps. Spenſer.

To COCK. v. a. -
1. To ſtrut ; to hold up the head. Addiſon.
2. To train or uſe fighting cocks.
Ber:. Johnſon.

COCKA'DE. ʃ. [from cock.] A ribband
worn in the hat.

A COCKATRICE. ſ. [cock and atteji,
Saxon ; a ſerpent.] A ſerpent ſuppoſed to
rife from a cock's egg. Bacon.

CO'CKBOAT. ʃ. [cock and boJt.] A ſmall
boat belonging to a ſhip. Stillingfleet.

CO'CKBROA I H. ſ. Broath made by boiling
a cock. Harvey.

COCKCRO'WING. ʃ. [cock and crow.]
The time at which cocks crow. Mark.

To CO'CKER. v. a. [coqueſtticr, Fr.] T»
cade ; to fondlr. Locke, Swift.

COCKER. ʃ. One who follows the ſport
of cockfighting.

COCKEREL. ʃ. [from cock.] A young
cock. Dryden.

CO CKET. ſ. A of al belonging to the king's
cuſtion.'-ioure : likewiſe a ſcroll of parchment
delivered by the officers of the cuſtomhouſe
to merchants, as a warrant that
thear merchandize is entered. C'-'zveu

CO'CKFIGHT. ʃ. A match of cocks. Bacon.

CO'CKHORSE. [cock and borfe.] On horſeback
; triumphant. Prior.

CO'CKLE. ʃ. [coqudle, Fr.] A ſmall teſtaceous
fiſh. Locke.

CO'CKLE-STAIRS. ſ. Winding or ſpiral
Irairs. Chambers.

CO'CKLE. ʃ. [corcel, Saxon.] A weed
that grows in corn ; corn-role. Donne.

To CO'CKLE. v. a. [from cockle.] To
(Mntrart irifo wnukles. dy.

COCKLED. i. [iiora cockle. '\ Shelled, or
turbinated, Shakʃpeare.

COCILOFT. ʃ. [cock and loft. ^ The room
over the garret, Dryden.

CO'CKMASTER. ſ. One that breeds game
cocks. L'Eſtrange.

COCK-MATCH. ʃ. Cockfight for a prize. Addiʃon.

1. A native of London. Dorjct.
2. Any effeminate, low citizen, Shakʃpeare.

CO'CK'elT. ſ. [cock and fit.]
1. The area where cocks fight. Ilowel,
2. A place on the lower deck of a man
of »-Mr. liann.

CO'CK-'SCOMB. r. A plant; lobftwort.

CO'CK'SHEAD. ſ. A plant ; fainfoin.

CO'CK-SHUT. ſ. The cloſe of the evening.Shakʃpeare.

CO'CKSPUR. ʃ. Virginian hawthorn. A
ſpecies of medlar.

COCKSURE. [from cock and Jure.] Confidently
certain. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .

CO'CKSWAIN. ʃ. [co33rp^ine, Saxon.]
The officer who has the command of the
cockboat. Corruptly Co xon.

CO'CKWEED. ʃ. A plant, ditunder or

CO'COA. ʃ. [cJCJotal, Spaniſh.] A ſpecies
of palm-tree. The bark of the nut is
made into cordage, and the /liell 'into
drinking bowls. The kernel of the nut
affords a wholeſome food, and the milk
contained in the ſhell a cooling liquor.
The leaves of the trees are uſed for thatching
houſes. This tree flowers twice or
three times in the year, and ripens as
manyfenesof fruits. MiUsr. Hill.

CO'CTILE. a. [coadii, Latin.] Made by

CO'CTION. ʃ. [ocftio, Lat.] The act of
boiling. Arbuikr.ot.

COD. ʃ. [cc'c't)?, S:ix.] Any caſe or huſk
in which feeds are lodged, Mortimer.

To COD. 1'. a. [from the noun.] To inc'r.
f m a cod, Mortimer.

CODDERS. ſ. [from ccd.] Gatherers of
peaſe, -Cy.7.

CODE. ʃ. [codex, Latin.]
I- A book.
2. A book of the civil Ijw. Arbuthnot.

CODICIL. f. [codicil/us, Latin.] An appendage
to a will. '' ''

CODl'LLE. ſ. [ccdiUe, Fr.] Atterm at
ombre. ^'Z'^-

To CO'DLE. v. a. [ciBuh, Lat.] To parboil.

CODLING. ʃ. [from to fodle.] An ajiple
iienera.ly codled. ^'''^«

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


COETFICACY. ʃ. [con and effic^ch. Lat.]
The power of ſeveral things acling together.

COEFfl'CIENCY. ſ. [con and efich, Lat.]
Co-operation ; the ſtate of ailing together
to f !m< fingl'; end. G anvil e.

COEFFI'CIENT. ʃ. [an and efficient ^ Lat.]
That which unites it. aitun with the
action of another.

CO'ELIACK P. #o». A diairhaea or flux,
that ariſes Iium indigeſtion, whereby the
alir.ent comes .^way little altered. Sluir.cy.

COEMPTION. ʃ. [coimptio, Lat.] The
act oſ buying up the whole quantity of
any thing. Bacon.

COEQUAL. a. [from fo« and ryM.'/'j, Lat.]
EqudJ. Shakʃpeare.

COEQUA'LITY. ʃ. [from coequal.] The
ſtate of being equal.

To COERCE. x-. a. [fo^wo, Latin.] To
reſtrain ; to keep in order by lore., Ayliffe.

COE'RCIBLE. a. [from coerce.]
1. That may be lertrained.
2. That ought to be reſtrained.

COERCION. ʃ. [from cnrce.] Penal re-
(haini ; check. HjU. Houth.

COE'RCIVE. a. [from foerce.]
1. That which has the power of laying
reſtraint, Blackmtsre.
2. That which has the authority of redraining
by puniſhment. Hooker.

COESSE'NTIAL. a. [ccn ar'd eJ'entia, Latin.]
Pai ticipating of the ſame effence. Hooker.

COES.SENTLVLITY. ʃ. [from cceffential.]
Participation of the ſame effcnce.

COETA'NEOUS. a. [con and at<sis, Lat.]
Of the ſame age with another. B'oion.
GoverT.miKt of the Tongue. Berkley.

COETE'RNAL. a. [con and a^iernus, Lat.]
Equally eternal with another. Milton.

COETERNALLY. ad. [from coetertial.]la
a'ſtate of equal eternity with another. Hooker.

COETE'RNITY. ʃ. [from coeter,:al.] Having
exiſtence from eiernity equal with another
eterfial bemg. Hammond.

COE'VAL. a. [coavus, Latin.] Of the
fame age. Prior, Berkley.

COE'VAL. /. [from the adje-aive.] A contemporaiy. Pope. .

COE'VOUS. a. [ceavus, Latin.] Of the
fame tg. South.

To COEXIST. v. n. [eon and fx-^, Lat.]
To exi'l at the fan.e time. Male.

COEXISTTANCE. ſ. [uom coex Ji ] Exif!-
enceai the ſame liinr with innotl^ei. Grew.

COEXISTENT. . [fr'm coex J}.] Having
exifience at the Ume tune with another.
B'amka'l. Berkley.

To COEXTE'ND. v. a. [un and extendo,
Lat.] To extend to the ſame ſpace or
duration with another. Grew.

COEXTE'NSION. ʃ. [from csextenJ.] The
ſtate of extfinding to the ſame ſpace with
amther. Hale.

CO'FFEE. ʃ. [Arabick] They have in
Turky a drink called coffle, made of a
berry of the fdme name, as black as foot,
and of a ſtrong ſcent, which they take,
beaten into powder, in water, hot. Bacon.

COFFEEHOUSE. ʃ. feoffee and houſe.] A
houſe wliere coffee is fold. Prior.

COFFEEMAN. ʃ. One that keeps a coffeehouſe. Addiʃon.

CO'FFEEPOT. ʃ. [cffte and pot.] The
covered pot in which Cf!l'e is boiled.
CO FFER. ſ. [coppe, Saxon.]
1. A chert generally for keeping money.
iifi:ifer. L'Eſtrange.
2. treaſure. Bacon.
3. [In fortification.] A hollow lodgment
acroſs a dry moat. Chanbers,

To CO'FFER. v. a. To treaſure np in
cherts. Bacon.

COFFERER of the King's EouJhrAd. ſ. A
principal olTirer of his majerty's court,
next under the comptroiier. Cowet.

COFFIN. ʃ. [cofn, French.]
1. The chert in which dead bodies are put
into the ground, Sidney. Swift.
2. A mould of parte for a pje.
3. Coffin of a horſe, is :he whole hoof
of the foot above the coronet, including
the coffin bone. Forricr^ Dill.

To CO'FFiN. v. a. To incloſe in a-coffin. Donne.

To COG. -z/ a.
1. To flatter ; to wheedle. Shakʃpeare.
2. To obtiude l.v faiſchood. J'liiitfon.
3. To Co(3 a die. To ſecure it, ſo as to
direct its tail. Swift.

To COG. v. n. To lye ; to wheedle.Shakʃpeare.

COG. ʃ. The tooth of a wheel, byWhich
it acts upon another wheel.

To COG. nj. a. To fix cogs in a wheel.

CO'GEMCY. ʃ. [from c^.gtnt.^ Force; rtreiig'h. l.oſke,

CO'GENT. a. [cogun^, Latin.] Forcible,
rertftleſs ; convincing, Bcniley.

CO'GINTLY. ad. [from cogent.] With
rcliflleſs force ; forciblv. Locke.

CO'CGER. ʃ. [frosi to'cog.] A flatterer ; a wheeojer.

COGGlEaTONE. ſ. [cu^gdo, Ita!.] A
little ſto:,e. Skinnc).

CO'GITABLE. a. [from cogito, Latin.]
What may be the luljeft of thoughr.

To CO'GITATE. v. n. ſcogito, Lat.] To

COGITA'TION. ʃ. [c^gitJtio, Lat.]
1. Thought; the act of thinking. Hooker, Berkley.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. Purpoſe ; reflection previous to action.
3. Meditation. iMiU'n

CO'GITATIVE. a. [from cogitn, Lat.]'
1. Having the power of thougin. Berkley.
2. Given to meditatii:n. Wotton. COGNA TION. ſ. .[cognatio, Lat.]
1. PvmdrEd. South.
2. Relation ; participation of the ſame na-
^)^'A'' Brown.

COGNISE'E. ʃ. [In lav,-.] He to whom
a fine in lands or tenements is acknow-
^ ';^g-'''

COGNISOUR. ʃ. [In law.] I^ he that
paffcth or'acknowledgeth a fii.c. Cowell

COGNITION. ʃ. [cognitio, Lat.] Know.
ledge^; complete cowiſtion. Brown.

CO'GNITIVE. a. [from cognitus, Latin.]
Having the power of knowing. South.

CO'GNIZABLE. it. [cognoifable, Fr.]
1. That fails under judicial notice.
2. Proper to be tried, judged, or examined. Ayliffe.

CO'GNIZANCE. ʃ. [conroifance, Yu\
1. Judicial notice ; trial. South.
2. A badge, by which any one is known. Brown.

COGNO'MINAL. a. [cognomen, Lat.] Having
tho ſame name, Bronun

COGNOMINATION. ʃ. [cognomen, Lat.]
1. A furname ; the name of a family,
2. A name added from any accident or
qu-^lify- Browc.

COGNO'SCENCE. ſ.[«^«5, Lat.] Know.

COGNO'SCIBLE. a. [cognofio, Lat.] That
may be knoAn.

To COHA BIT. v. a. [cchabito, Lat.]
1. To dwell with another in the ſame
place. South.
1. To live together as huftiand and wife.

COHA'EITANT. /, .An inhabitant of the
fame place. Decay of Piety.

COF-IABixA'TION, /, [from cohMt.]
1. The ſtate of inhabiting the ſame place
with another.
2. Ths state of living together as married
pei-fiDS. 'Litkr,
COrre'IR. ſ. [coheres, Lat.] One of ſeveral
among whom an inheritance is di-
'^iJed. Tayſcr.

COHE'IRESS. /, A woman who has an
equal ſhare of an inheritance.'

To COHE'RE. v. n. [coharco, Lat.]
1. To rtic.k together. fV-^oatvird',
2. To be well connected,
3. To ſuit ; to fit. Shakʃpeare.s,
A, To 3gr4e.
c6-;t:rfnce. 7 . r , r -i

'. L'^''-.'''''- Latin.]
1. Th:c ſtate of bodi s in which their
parts are joined together, ſo that they refill

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


fift divnlfion and reparation. SQuincy, Berkley.
2. Connexion ; dependency ; the relation
of parts or things one to another. Hooker.
3. The texture of a dilcourle.
4. Conſiſtency in reaſoning, or relating.

COHE'RENT. a. [coharcm, Lat.]
1. Sticking together. Arbuthnot.
2. Suitable to Ibmething elle ; regularly
adapted. Shakʃpeare.
3. Confident ; not contradidory. il^'atts.

COHE'SION. ʃ. [from cohere..
1. The act of flicking together. Nc-.L-ton.
2. The ſtate of union. Black '.ore.
3. Connexion ; dependence. Locke.

COHE'.-.IVE. a. [from cohere.] That has
the power of flicking to another.

COHE'SIVENESS. ʃ. [from cohefive.] The
quility of being cohefive.

To COHl'BIT. I', a. [c'Mbeo, Lat.] To
retrain ; to hinder.

To COHOBAIE. v. a. To pour the diſtilled
liquor upon the remaining matter,
and diſtill it again. Arbuthnot.

COHOBA'TION. ʃ. [from cohohate.] A
returning any diſtilled liquor again upon
what it was drawn from. Swiniy. Crew.

CO'HORT. ʃ. S^cohon, Lat.]
1. A troop of ſoldiers, containing about
five hundred foot. Camden.
2. A body of wauiours. Milton.

COHORTA TION. ſ. [cohortatlo, Latin.] Incitement.

COIF. f. [co^/^, French.] The head -dreſs ; a cap. Bacon.

COIFED. a. [from co//.] Wearing a coif.

CO'IFFUR.E. ſ. [coeffure, Fr.] He.d dreſs. Addiſon.

COIGNE. ʃ. [French.] A corner.

To COIL. v. a. [cueillir, Fi.] To g.nher
into a narrow comp^fs, Boyle.

COIL. ʃ. [koherer, German.]
1. Tumult; turmoil; buftle. Shakʃpeare.
2. A rope wound into a ring.

COIN. ʃ. [coigne, Fr.] A corner ; called
often quoin. Shakʃpeare.

COIN. ʃ. [cuneus.]
1. Money ſtamped with a legal impreſſion. Sidney, Pope. .
2. Payment of any kind. Hammond.

To COIN. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To mint or ſtamp meials for money. Berkley.
2. To forge any thing in an ill ſenſe. Atterbury.

CO'IN AGE. ſ. [from «;«.]
1. Theadlor practice of coining money. Arbuthnot.
2. Coin ; money. Brown.
3. The charges of coining money.
4. Forgery ; invention. Shakʃpeare.

To COINCIDE. v. n. [coir.cido, Lat.]
1. To fall upon the ſame point. Chiya.',
2. To concur. Watts.

COINCIDENCE. ʃ. [from coincide.]
1. The ſtate of ſeveral bodies or lines,
falling upon the ſame point. Berkley.
2. Concurrence ; tendency of things to
the ſame end. Hale.

COI NCIDENT. a. [from coincide.]
1. Falling upon the ſame point. Newton.
2. Cjncurrent ; confident ; equivalent. South, Berkley.

COINDICA'TION. ʃ. [from con and indico,
Lat.] Many ſymptums betokening the
fame cauſe.

CO'INER. ʃ. [from coin.]
1. A maker of money ; a mlnter. Swift.
2. A counterfeiter of the king's flamp.
3. An inventor. Cuinden.

To CC'JOIN. t'. n. [conjungo, Lat.] To
join with another. Shakʃpeare.

CO ISTRIL. ʃ. A coward hawk. Shakſp.

COI.r. ſ. [kotc, a die, Dutch.] A thing
thrown at a certain mark. Carcw,

COI'TION. ʃ. [coitio, Latin.]
1. Copulation; the act of generation.
2. The 3(51 by which two bodies come together. Brown.

COKE. ʃ. ſcojiio.] Fewel made by burning
pit-coal under earth, and quenching
the cindera.

COLANDER. f. [colo, to ſtrain, Lat.] A
fieve through which a mixture is poured,
and which retains the thicker parts.
Mjy. Dryden.

GOLA'TION. ʃ. The art of filtering or

CO'LATURE. ʃ. [from colo, Lat.]
1. The art of ſtraining ; filtration.
2. The matter ſtrained.

CO'LBERTINE. ʃ. A kind of lace worn
by women. Congreve.

CO LCOTHAR. ʃ. Atterm in chymiſtry.
The diy ſubſtance which remains after
diftiilation. SQuincy.

COLD. a. [col^, Saxon.]
1. Not hot ; not warm. Arbuthnot.
2. Chill ; having ſenſe of cold. Shakſp.
3. Having cold qualities ; not volatile. Bacon.
4. Unaffected ; frigid ; without paflicn.
Afcham Rowe.
5. Unaffeding ; unable to move the paſſions. Addiʃon.
6. Reſerved ; coy ; not affectionate ; not
cordial. Clarendov,
7. Chafle. Shakʃpeare.
8. Not welcome. Shakʃpeare.
9. Not haſty ; not violent,
10. Not affeding the ſcent ſtrongly.Shakʃpeare.
11. Not having the ſcent ſtrongiy affeded.Shakʃpeare.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


Cold. ſ. [from the adieflivf.]
1. The cauTc; of the ſenſation vji'cold ; the
privition of Jieat. B.JCun.
2. The ſenſation of cold ; chiineſs. Dryden.
3. A difeaſe cauſed by ofld ; the obllruflion
of perſpiration. Shakʃpeare. Reicomman,

CO'LDLY. ad. [from cold.
1. Without hfdt.
2. Without concerri ; indifferently ; negligently.

CO'LDNESS. ʃ. [from cold.]
1. Want of heat. B'.yl\
2. Unconcern; frigidity of temper.
Hock:!-. Jlr but knot,
3. Coyneſs ; want of kindneſs. Addiʃon. Priof.
4. Chaftity. i'o/i^.

COLE. ʃ. ['c.pl, Saxon.] Cabbage.

COLEWORT. ʃ. [c-ppypr, Sax.] Cabbage. Dryden.

CO'LICK. ʃ. [co'Uut, Latin.]
It ſtricttly is a diſorder of the colon ; but
lopfeiy, ;iny diſorder of the ſtomach or
bowels that is attended with pain.
Slu:ncy. Arbuthnot.

CO'LICK. a. Affeaing the bowels. Milton.

To COLLA'PSE. -y. «. [colLpfus, Lu.n]
To cloſe ſo as that one lide touches the
other. Aluibnot,

COLLA'PSION. ʃ. [from c'dljpfe.]
1. The flare of vedels cloſed.
2. The aCt of clofing or collapfingi

COLLAR. ʃ. [coiare, Latin.]
1. A ring of metal put round the neck. Dryden.
2. The harneſs faflened about thehorſe's
neck. Shakʃpeare.
3. The part of the dreſs that furrounds
the neck,
4. To Jl:/ th; Collar. To diſentangle
himſelf from any engagement or difficulty.
5. y? Collar of Braiun, is the quantify
b.und up in one parcel.

CO'LLAR BONE. ſ. [from aVar and hone.]
The clavicle ; the bones on each ſide of the
neck. Wiseman.

To CO'LL.AR. v. a [from the noun.]
1. To ſcize by the collar ; to take by the
2. Tij Q.(yLI.]^heef, or nther meat ; to
roll it up, and bind it hard and dole Witli
a ſtfing or collar.

To COLLA'TE. v. a. [collatum, Latin.]
1. To compare one thing of the ſame kind
with another. South.
2. To collate books ; to examine if nothing
be wanting.
3. To place in an ecclcfiaftial benefice.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


COLLATERAL. a. [con and htus, Latin.]
1. Side to (ide. Milton.
2. Running parallel.
3. DirFuſed on either ſide. Milton.
4. Thoſe that ſtand in equal relation to
ſome ancellor.
5; Notditefl; mt\mTneAhie. Shakʃpeare.
6 Concurrenr. A:ierburY.

COLLATERALLY. ad. [frotn colLterJ.-.
1. Side by ſide. WUhm.
2. Indirectly. Dryden.
3. It c oJLiteral relation.

COLLATION. ʃ. [coUatio, Litm.]
1. The act of conferring or beſtowing ; gift,
2. Comparifon of one thing of the famfe
k.nd, with another. Grew.
3. In Law. epilation is the beflowJng of
a benefice. Cov;el,
4. A repafr.

COLLATITIOUS. a. [cdbtiſhs, Lat.]
D 'ne by 'he contribution of mariy.

COLLATOR. f. [from <:o7av.]
1. One that compares copies, or manu-
^^'P's- Add,Jo«.
2. One who preſents to an eccleſiaftical
benefice. ^j^ife.

To COLLA'UD. v. a. [coUaudo, Lat.] To
join in praiſing. DtSi,

CO'LLEAGUt. ſ. [collega, Lat.] A partner
in olfire or employment. Milton, Swift.

To COLLEAGUE. v. a. To u ite with. Shakſpeare.

To COLLE'CT. v. a. [eolleSIum, Latin.]
1. To gather together, ff^'attt.
2. To draw many units, into one fum. Locke.
3. To gain from obſervation. Shakʃpeare.
4. To infer ; from premifes.
DiCay of Piety.
5. To Collect himſelf. To recover
from ſurpriſe. Shakʃpeare, Hayward.

CO'LLECT. ʃ. [coll-{ia, low Lat.] A ſhort
comprehenſive prayer, uſed at the ſacrament
; any ſhort prayer. Taylo^-.

COLLECTA'NEOUS. ti. [colkHancus,hsu'\
Gathered up togtther,

COLLECTIBLE. a. [from col.a.] That
which may be gathered from the premifej,

COLLECTION. ʃ. [from cotha.]
1. The act of gathe-ing together.
2. The things gathered. Addisſon.
3. The act of deducing confeqoences. Hooker.
4. A confeſſary ; deduced from preraiſes. Hooker, Davies.

COLLECTI'TIOUS. a. [colha-tius, Lat.]
Gathered up,

COLLE'CTIVE. a. [colleRif, French.]
1. Gathered into one maſs ; sccumulative.
Haker. Watts.
V 3. EmCOL

1. E;npIoyed in deducing conſequences. CO'LLIQUANT. a. [from folllquate.] T!ia£. Brown. which has the power of melting.
3. Acolle^ive noun expreſles a multitude.

To CO'LLIQUATE. v. a. [cilljuo, Lat.]
though itſelf be fingijlar ; as a compnny. To melt ; to diflbive. Boyle, Harvey.

COLLL'CTIVELY. aJ. [from colL-.'iive.] COLLI^UA'TION. ſ. [coWquatio, Latin.]
Ill a general maſs ; in a body ; not ſingly. The melting of any thing whatſoever, lucli

HIile, a temperament or d:ſpo(ition of the animal

COLLE'CTOR. ʃ. [coluB'.r, Latin.] fluids as proceeds from a \i\ compdge?,
1. Agatherer. ^'ludifon, and whe:ein they flow of}' through the fe-
2. A tax gatherer. Temple. cretery glands. Bacon.

COLLE'GATARY. ^ [from «;; and /.^j- COLLI'QyATIV E. a. [from co// jMff. ;
turn a Icicy, Latin.] A perſon to whom Melting ; diflLlvent, Harvey.
is left a legacy in common with one or COLLIQUEF.^'CTION. ſ. [coUi-jwfaciOf
more. C'rjamLi.rt.

CO'lLEGE. ʃ. [cclkgium, Latin.]
1. A community. Dryden.
2. A foclity of men ſet apart for learning
or religion. Bacon.
3. The houſe in which the collegians reſide.
2 ^'g''
4. A college in foreign univerſities is a
ledure read in publick

to a college.

COLLE'GIAN. ʃ. [from college.] An inhabitant
of a college.

COLLE'GLA.TE. a. [collegiatus, low Lat.]
1. Containing a college ; inlfituted after
the manner of a college. Hooker.
2. A collegiate church, was ſuch as was
built at a diſrance from the cathedral,
wherein a number of preſbyters hved together.

COLLE'GIATE. ʃ. [from college.] A member
of a college; an univerſity man.

CO'LLET. ʃ. [Fr. from coUum, Lat. the
1. Something that went about the neck.
Latin.] The act of melting tcgcther. Bacon.

COLLI'.'ON. ʃ. [colUfio, Lat.]
The act of Itriking two bodies together. Milton.
2. The ſtate of being ſtruck together ; a
cliſh. Denham.

To CO'LLOCATE. v. a. [«//ocff, Latin.]
To place ; to ſtation. Bacon.
[from college.] Relating COLLOCA'TION. ſ. [«//eM//o, Latin.]
1. The act of placing.
2. The ſtate of being placed. Bacon.

COLLOCU'TION. ʃ. [colUutie, Latin.]
Conference ; converfation.

To COLLO'GUE. v. a. To wheedle ; to

CO'LLOP. ʃ. [from coal and <?;, a ralher
broiled upon the coals.
1. A ſmall flice of meat. King'' s Cookery.
2. A piece of any animal. L'E/trange.
3. A child. Shakʃpeare.

CO'LLOCiUY. ʃ. [colloquium, Latin.] Conference
; converfation ; talk. Milton, Taylor.

CO'LLOW. ʃ. Black grime of coals.
%- That part of a ring in which the ſtone COLLU'CTANCY. ſ. [colluBor,\aK.] Opjs
fet. pofjnon of nature.

To COLLI'DE. «. a. [ccllido, Lat.]

To COLLUCTA'TION. ʃ. [coUuBatio, Lat.]
beat, to daſh, to knock togethei. Brown. Cm:elt ; contrariety; oppoſition. Bacon, Collier. ſ. [from coal.]
1. A dagger of coals.
1. A dealer in coals.
3. A ſh'p that carries coals,

CO-LIERY. ʃ. [from colLer.]
1. The place where coals are dug.
2. The coal trade.

CO'L-IFLOWER. ʃ. [from c?pl, Sax. and
fi'-.vier ] Cauliflower.

COLLIGA'TION. ʃ. [colhgatio, Lat^.] A
b'lidiig together.

COLL'.MA'TION. ʃ. [from lollimo, Lat.]
A:n I^'ii-

COLLINEA'TION. ʃ. [cMineo, Lat.] The
act of aiming.

CO'LLIQUABLE. a. [from collipate.] Eaſily
_. Harvey.

To COLLUDE. v. n. [colludo, Lat.] To
conſpire in a fraud.

COLLU'SION. [colhfio, Latin.] A deceitful
agreement or compact between two or
more. Cavel. Swift.

COLLUSIVE. a. [from collude.] Fraudulently

COLLU'SIVELY. ad. [from colluſive.] In
a manner fraudulently concerted. Bacon. COLLU'SORY. a. [col.'uJo, Lat.] Carryin?
on a fraud by lecret concert.

CO'LLY. ʃ. [from coal.] The ſmut of
coal. Burton.

To CO'LLY. v. a. To grime with coal. Soak,

COLLVRIUM. [Latin.] An ointment for
the eyes,

COLLIQUAMENT. ſ. [from colUquate'.] CO'LM.^R. ſ. [Fn] A ſort of Pear.
The ſubſtance to which any thing 'is re- CO'LOGN Earth. ſ. A deep Brown. very
Jnced by being melted. light baſtard ochre. H'lli.


CO'LON. ʃ. [k^Xov.]
1. A poiirf [:] uſeJ to mark s pauſe grestf
than that of a comma, and leſs than that
of a period.
2. The greateſt and wideft of all the inteſtities,
about eight or nine hands breaJth
Iing. Sli,incy. Swift, Floyer.

CO'LONEL. ʃ. The chi.f commander of a
regiment, Generjlly founded coPncl. Milton.

CO'L.ONELSHIP. ʃ. [from coloneL] The
office or char^dter of colonel. Swift.

To COLONISE. I', a. [from «/sw)'.] To
pijnt with inhabitants. Howel.

COLON NA'DE. ʃ. [from cokma, Ira).]
1. A perirtyJe of a circular figure, or a ſeries
of columns, diſpoſed in a circle.
2. Any ſeries or ranse of pillars. Pope. .

CO'LON Y. ʃ. [cc/oma, Latin.]
1. A body of people drawn from the mother-
country to inhabit ſome diſtant place.
2. The country planted ; a plantation. DrydeTI.

COLOPHONY. ſ. [from Cohphov, a city
whence it came.] Rofin. Boyle. Flcyer,

COLOQUI'NTLDA. ʃ. [cohcynthis, Lat.]
The fruit of a phnt of the ſame name,
called bitter apple. It is a violent purgative. Chambers.

CO'LORATE. a. [coloraius, Latin.] Coloured
; died, Ray.

COLOR A'TION. ſ. [«Vo, LatIn.]
1. The art or practice of colouring.
2. The ſtue of being coloured. Bacon.

COLORITICK. a. [colorif.us, Latin.] That
has the power of producing colours, Nctvt,


COi^O'SsE. 7 ʃ. [aloj/'us, Latin.] A (la
^ tuecfe:enormous magnitude,

COLOSSE'AN. a. [colffeus, Lat.] Glantlike.

CO'LOUR. ʃ. [«/./, Latin.]
1. The appearance of bodies to the eye; hue ; die. N^i-Jton.
2. The apcearance of blood in the face. Dryden.
3. The tint of the painter. Pope. .
4. The repreſentatiOn of any thing Aiperficially
examined. Swift.
5. Concealment
; pilliation, King Charles.
6. Appear nice ; falſe ſhow. KnoHa.
7. Kind i ſpecies ; character. Shakʃpeare.
8. In the plural, a'Handard ; an enſign of
war. Kr.clks.

To CO'LOUR. v. a. [rohrg, Latin.]
1. To mark with ſome hue, or die.
2. To palliate ; to excuſe. Raleigh.
3. To J make plauſible. Addiʃon.

To CO'LOUR. v. a. To bluCn,

CO'LOURABLE. a. [from cohur.] Specipvis; plauſible. ipitijer. Masker, iirisiff.


CO'LOURACLY. ad. [from ahuralk.]
Speci aifly ; plaufibly. ,Bacon.

CO'LOURLD. part. a. Streaked ; diverſificd
with hues. Bacon.

CO'LOURING. ʃ. The part of the painter's
art that teaches to lay on his colours. Prior.

CO'LOUR 1ST. ſ. [from colour.] A painter
who excels in giving the proper colours to
his deſigns. Dryden.

CO'LOURLESS. a. [from «/o«r.] Without
colour ; tranſparent. Nm-ion. Berkley.

COLT. f. (colt, Saxon.]
1. A younghjrfe, ' Toyhr.
2. A young fool. ſh fellow, Shakʃpeare.

To COLT. v. a. To fnſk ; to frohck.^r/fr.

To COLT. v. a. To befool, Shakʃpeare.

COLTSFOOT. f. [from cc/f and /w.] A

1. An imperfect tooth in young horſes.
2. A love of youthful pleaſure. Shakſp.

COLTER. ʃ. [cultop, Sax.] The ſharp
iron of a plough.

CO'LTISH. a. [from r-/r.] Wanton.

COLU'SRIXE. a. alubnnus, Latin.]
1. Relating to a ſerpent.
2. Cunning ; crafty.

COLU'MBARY. ʃ. '[alumbarium, Lat.] A
dovec't ; a piee inhouſe. Brown.

CO'LUMBINE. ʃ. [cjhmbina, Lat.]. A phnt
with leaves like the meadow-me. Tvlillcr.

COLUMBINE. ʃ. S^uluKhir^uz, Lat.] A
kind of violet colour. Z)/5.

CO'lUMN. / \columna.]
1. A round pillar. Peacham.
2. Any body prtfling vertically upon its
baſe. Berkley.
3. The Jong file or row of troops.
4. Haifa page, when divided into two equal
parts by a Jne paffing through the middle.

COLU'MNAR. ʃ. « [fj-om coLmn.] COLUMNA'RLAN, ^ Formed in columns.


COLU'RES. ʃ. [c'Auri, Latin ; yi,\c,v^oi.]
Two great circl-rs ſuppoſed to paſs through
the poles ct the world : one through the
equinoſhal points Aries and Libra ; the
other through the follJitial points. Cancer
and Capricorn, They divide the ecliptick
into four equal parts, Harris, Milton.n,

COMA. ʃ. [-x'Oj'vta.] A morbid diſpoſition
to fle^p.

COMATE. ʃ. [con and tnate.] Companion.Shakʃpeare.

COMATO'SE. a. [from coma.] Lethargick,

COMB. and Comp, Names, /ituation.

COrvIB. ſ. [ramb, Saxon.]
1. An inſtrument to ſeparate nnd adjuſt
the hair. Nacron,
2. The t?p orcreſt of a cock, Dryden.
Y a 3. Tfls

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


3. Tha cavities in which the bees li'c'ge
their honey. Dryden.

To COMB. -^. a. [from the noun.]
1. To divide-, and arijuſt the hair. Shakʃpeare, Swift.
2. To lay 3r)y thing conrnl:i.g of filaments
fmatih ; as, to comb wccl

COMB BRUSH. ʃ. [comb and brufc.'^ A
biliſh ra ciean combs.

COMB-MAKER. ʃ. One whoſe trade is to
make coijibs. Murtirtier.
To-.6'MBAT. v. 71. [combattre, Fr.] To
fight. Shakʃpeare.

To C'iiV'pAT. W a. To oppoſe. Glan.v ih.

CO'MSA 1 . ſ. Cnteſt ; oaule ; dud. Dryden.

CO'MBATANT. ʃ. [ambattaTit, Fre-'ch.]
I He that fights with an^^her ; anrgonift. Milton.
2. A champion. Locke.

CO'MBER. ʃ. f from cctr.b.] He A.fe
trade is to dITen^angle woo], and lay it
fmonth for the ''p'hDcr,

CO'MBfNATE. a. [from cowbir.-.] Ee,
; pronrafetl. Shakʃpeare.

COMBINA'TION. ʃ. [from eotnhine.]
1. Uninn for fume certain purpof? ; alToriation
; Jeague. Shakʃpeare.
a pnion of bodies ; comnvxture ; c n
junction. Boyle, South.
3. Ccpulation of ideas. Locke.
4. Combination is uſed in matheniaticks,
to denote the v3rijtiin or alterani n
of any rjumoer of quantites, irtters,
ſounds, or 'he like, in all the difTerent
manners poITibl^.

To COMBINE. v. a. [combiner, Fr.]
1. To join together. Milton.
2. To link in union. Shakʃpeare.
3. To .jgr. e; to accord. Shakʃpeare.
4. To join together ; oppoſed to anolyſe.

To COMBINE. v. v.
1. To coaielce ; to unite each with other.Shakʃpeare.
2. To unite in friendſhip or deſign. Dryden.

CO'MRLESS. a. [from a^mh.] Wanting a
comb or crell. Shakʃpeare.

CO.MBU'ST. d. [combujfr.m, Latin.) A
phner not above eight d.grees and a h If
frim the Tun, IS ſaid to be combuji.

COMBP'.sTIBLE! a. [combujium, Lat.] Safc,
p' ible 1 t fire. South.

COMBU'STIBLENESS. ʃ. Aptneſs to take

I Coifl^gration ; buining; confumption
by fire. Burnet.
2. Tun ult ; hiirrv ; hubbub.
Ijoker. Raleigh, Addiʃon.

To COME. v.n. piet. fdwj^, pjrticip. MOTf,
[comaji, Saxon ; kcmen, Dut.]

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. To remove from a diſtant to a nearef
place. Oppoſed to ^0. Knoi'/eS'.
2. To draw near ; to advance t«wardsaia.
3. ip move in any manaer towards another. Locke.
4. To proceed : to idue. 2 Sam.
5. To advance from one ſtage to another.

K'.cUts. Dryden.
6. To change condition either for better
or worfe. Swift.
7. To attain any condition, Ben jfohnfon,
8. To become. Shakʃpeare.
9. To arrive at ſome act or habit. Locke.

JO. To change from one ſtate into another
dffirerl. Bacon, Hudibras.
11. To becomje preſent, and no longer future. Dryden.
12. To become preſent ; no longer abſent. Pope.
13. To haiipen ; to fall out. Shakʃpeare.
14. To follow as a ofui'.eouence. Shakſp.
I ; To ceaſe very lately from ſome act of
ſtate. 2 Sam,
^6 To Co.ME about. J'o come to paſs ;
to fail cut. Shakʃpeare.
17. To Come about. To change; to
come : und. Ben. JohnſoK,
i3. To Come again. To return. Judges.
19. To CoMzat. To reach ; to obtain ;
to gain. Suckling.
20. To Come by. To obtain ; to gain ;
to acq u re. Hooker, Stillingfleet.
21. To Con's, in. To enieA Locke.
22. To CoMz in. To comply ; to yield.
23. To Come ;«. To bevc;iie modiſh.
24. To Come in. To be an ingredient;
to make part f a compofion. Atterburya^,
25 To Come in for. To be early enough
to obtain. Collier.
26. To Come in to. To join with ; to
bring help. Bacon.
27. To Come in to. To comply with; to agree to. Atterbury.
28. To Come «'ſtr. To approach in 'xcellence. Ben. Johnſon.
29- To Come of. To proceed ; as a deſeendant
from anceſtors. Dryden.
30. To Co.ME of. To proceed ; as efi-'ed^s
trorw their caulrs. Locke.
31. To Com & off. To deviate ; to depart
from a rule. Bacon.
32. To Come off. To eſcape. Milton, South.
33. To Come off. To end an atlair. Hudibras.
34. To Cp.M E of[from . To leave ; to forbear.
35. To Come an, Toadvance; to make
progreſs. Bacon, Knolles.
36. To Come «n. To advance to conibat.
37- Ta

27. To Come en. To thrive ; to grow
big. Bacon.
3. To Come ever. To repeat an -\Q.Shakʃpeare.
39. To Cjme oz-er. To revolt. Addiʃon.
40. To Come cjir. To ni'c in di;ii!ation. Boyle.
41. To Come out. To be mad.' puSlick.
42. To Come car. To appear upon tiiil
; to be diſcovered. ^riuthnot,
43. 'J'r? Come out with. To give a vent to.
44. To Come to. To conſent or vie'.d.
45. To Come to. To amount to.
KnniLi. Locke.
46. To Come to himſelf. To recc ver his
fenl'es. Ttinple.
47. To Come to fafs. To be eftertfd ; to fall nut. Hooker. BojU.
48. To Come tip. To grow out of the
ground. Bacon. Templ.e.
49. To Come up. To nuks appearance.
50. To Come up. To come into uſe.
51. To Come up to. To amount Xa.
52. To Come up to. To riſe to. I'Kike.
53. To Co faE up with. To overtake.
54. To Come «po». To invade; to
attack. South.

COME. Be qu.ck ; make no delay. Ger.fis.

COIWE. A particfe of reconcili;it;on.
Come, come, at all I laugh he laughs no d .ubt. Pope.

To COME. In futurity ; not preſent.
Bacoi', Locke.

COME. ʃ. [from the verb.] A ſpr ut : a
cant term. Mortimer.

COMEDIAN. ʃ. [from comedy.]
1. A plater or acti r of coITIick parts.
2. A plnyer in general ; an acrref? or
aft' r. Qtimdeii.
3. A writer of comedies. Peacham.

CO'MEDY. ʃ. [ccmedia, Lat.] A dramatick
repieientation of the lighter faults of
mankind. Pope.

CO'MiiLINESS. ſ. [from cowf/j^.] Grace ;
b~)ii:y , dignity. Sidney. F^ny. Prior.

CO'MF.LY. 1. [from hecome.]
1. Graceful; decent. South.
2. Decent ; according to propriety.Shakʃpeare.

CO'MELY. ad. [from the adjective.] Handf'-
mely ; gracefully. Ajcham,

COMER. ʃ. [from «MY.] One that comes. Bacon. Licke,

CO'MET. f.
[cotr.eta, Latin, a hairy ttar.]
A heavenly bi-ay in the planetary reg'on
appearing ſuddenly, and again dilappearing.
Qanets, pt-pulariy called blazing ſtars, are
diſtinguiſhed from other ſtars by a long
train or tail of light, always oppoſite to the
fun. Crdjljli'M,

CO'METARY. v. a. [from comet. [Ke.^c-

COMr.'TION. ʃ. ing to a comet.] Ch<-yr,e,

CO'MFIT. ʃ.; [from confeci,'] Hudibras.
To CO MFIT. v. a. To preſervedry with
fufrir. -

CO'MFirURE. ſ. [from com^i.] Sweetmeat.


To CO'iMFOXT. v. a. ſc^/or/o/Latin.]
1. To ſtrengthen ; to enliven ; to invigorate. Bacon.
2. To confole ; to ſtiengthe.T the mind
under cabniity. Jol,

CO'MFORT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Support; aliſhance ; countenance. Ba,
2. ConioUtion ; ſupport under cilamicy. Tillotſon.
3. That which gives confolation or ſupp'ort.Shakʃpeare.

COMFORTABLE. a. [i'<om co,,./}./,.]
1. Receiving comfort ; fuſteptibic of comfort. South.
2. Diſpenfing comfort. Dryden.

CO'MtORTABLY. ad. [from comfortjb/e.]
Witn ccmfi rt ; without d^ipair. Hammond.

CO'MF0RTE:<. ſ. [from comfort.]
1. O'le that admmilters confolation in misfortunes.Shakʃpeare.
2. The title of the Third Perſon of ths
Holy Trinity ; the Paraclete.

CO'M'FORTLE.SS. a. [from c-j^nfon.]
vVithout comfort. Sidney, Swift.

CO'MFREY. ʃ. [iom/w, French.] A pi/nt.

COMIC-^L. a. [c'.micus, Latin.]
1. Railing miith ; merry ; diverting.
2. Relating to crmedy ; befitting cimL-dy. Hayward.

CO'MICALLY. r,d. [from co^nical.]
1. In ſuch a manner as raiſes rnirch.
2. In a manner befitting comedy.

CO MICALNESS. ſ. [from corneal ] The
quality of being lomical,

CO'MICK. a. [comic::!, Lat. comique, Fr.]
1. Relating to comedy. Roſcommon.
1. Ra:ring mirth. Shakʃpeare.

CO'MING. ʃ. [from To «»ie.]
1. The act of coming ; approach. Milton.
2. State of being come ; arrival. Locke.

COMINGIN. ʃ. Revenue ; income. Shak.

CO MING. ^arti, a, [from fom..]
1. Fond ; forward ; ready to c ime. Shakʃpeare. Pope.
2. Future ; to come. Roſcommon.

COMI'TIAL. a. [comitia, Lat.] Relating
to the aITembiies of the people.

CO'MITY. ſ. [comitas, Latin.] Courtefy ;


CO'M. v. A. ſ. [y.]u/^a.] The piint V kich
notes the diftinttion of clauſes, ma-ked
tliu5 [,j. Pofi-

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To COMMAND. i'- a. [ccirmanjcr, Fr.]
1. To govern ; to give orders lo,
D cay of Piety.
2. To order ; to direct lo be done.Shakʃpeare.
3. To hap in power. . Gay.
4. To overlook ; to have to ſubject as that
it m.^y he ken or amoyed. Milton.

To COMMA'ND. v. a. To have the ſupreme
airh. nty, South.

COMM-.'ND ( [from the verb.]
1. 'J'he rt'.h: of commanding; pwer ; ſuprtme suth'vity. H'aHcr.
2. Cogent authority ; dsſpotifm. Locke.
'. The act of commanding ; order. Taylor.
4. The power of overlooking. Dryden.

COMMANDER. ʃ. [ffm command.]
1. He th»t has the ſupreme authority ; a
cyjief. Clarenden.
2. A paving beetle, or a very great wooden
mi,!lei. Moxon.'

COMMA'NOERY. ſ. [from command.]
A body of the itingius of Malta, belonging
to the ſame nation.


1. Mindate: command ; order; precept.
% Authority; coactive power.Shakʃpeare.
5. By way of eminence, the precep's of the
oecaiogue given by God to Mofe^. Exodus.

COMMANDLESS. ſ. A woman veſted
\V:'h ſupreme authority. Hooker, Fairfax.

COrIMATE'RIAL. a. [from con and mat:
ria.] Cmfifting of the ſame raattei with
another thing. Bacon.

COMMATFRIA'LITY. ʃ. Reſemblance
to f-meth,nf in its matter.

COME^-INE. ſ. [^commelina, Latin.] A

COM'vlE'MORABLE. a. [from comnemotaie.]
Deferving to be mentioned with

To COMMEMORATE. v. a. [conandmem'.
To, Latin.] To preſervethe memory
bvf mepublicka'^. Fiddes.

COMMEMORA'TION. [. [from commemo,
rate.] An act of ^publick celebration. Taylor.

COMMEMORATIVE. a. [from commemorate]
Tending to preſerve memory of
any thing. Atterbury.

To COMME'NCE. v.n, [commencer, Fr.]
1. To begin ; to take beginning. Ko^^ers.
2. To tak'- a new character. Pope.

To COMME'NCE. 1'. a. To begin ; to
nuke a beginning of ; as to commence a

COMME'NCEMENT. ʃ. [from commence.]
BeginQi.-.6 i
tl»to Woodward.


To COMMEND. -t/. a. [ccmnu-ifdo. Latin.]
1. To repreſent as worthy of notice ; to
recommend. Knolles.
2. To deliver up with confidence. Luke.
3. To mention with approbaliLn. Ciivlcy.
4. To recommend to remembrince. Shak.

COMME'ND. Commendation. Shakʃpeare.

COMME'NDABIE. a. [from conir„e»id.]
LaU'idhle ; worthy of praiſe. Bacon.

COMME'NDABLY. ad. [from comnunda.
lie.] Laudably ; in a manner wi)rihy of
cori.mendation, Carew',

COMMENDAM. [cowmenda, Iov^' Latin.]
C'jmmendam is a benefice, which being red,
is commended to the charge of ſome ſuſſicient
clerk to be ſupplied. Convel. Clarendojti,

COMME'NDATARY. ʃ. [from commendam.]
One who holds a living in commei'.

COMMENDA'TION. ʃ. [from commend.]
1. Recommend:'.tion ; favourable repreſentation. Bacon.
2. Praſe ; declaration of eſteem. Dryden.
3. MelTjce of love. Shakʃpeare.

COMME NDATORY. a. [from cmm.nd.]

FHVouiably reprclerHative ; containing
praifr. Pope.

COMME'NDER. ʃ. [from commend.] Praiſer. Wotton.

COMMENSA'LITY. ʃ. [from commerfa/is,
L r ] Fe.lowibip of table. Brown.

COMMENSURABI'LITY. ʃ. [from commei-.
Jurahle.] Capacity of being compared
with another, as to ih- iiiealure ; or of being
m'-afored by another. Brown.

COMME'NSURAELE. a. [con and menfura,
Lat.] Reducible to furne comnno i meaſure
; as a yard and a foot are meaſured by
an inch.

COMME'NSURABLENESS. ʃ. [from commonjurahle.]
Cumii.enfurability ; proportion. Hale.

To COMME'NSURATE. v. a. [con and
mni'^wa, Lat.] To reduce to ſome common
mcafure, Brown.

COMME'NSURATE. a. [from the verb.]
1. Reducible to ſome common meaſure.
Govei r.v'.'nt of the Tongue.
2. Equal ; proportionable to each other. Glanville, Berkley.

COMME'NSURATELY. ad. [from commenfurate.]
With the capacity of meaſuring,
or being mealuied by ſome uther
thmK. Holder.

COMMENSURA'TION. ʃ. [from commen.
(urju ] Reduſtion of ſome thing' to (ma
cvmrri'iri meaTuie. Bacon, South.

To COMMENT. v.n. [^wwcjror, Latin.; To annotats ; to write notes ; to expound. Herbert.

COMMENT. Annotations en an author; notes ; expuCtion. Hammond.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


COMMENTARY. ʃ. [Mmmentarius, Lat.]
1. An expolition ; annotation; remirk. King Charles.
2. Narrative in familiar manner, Addiſoa.

COMMENTATOR. f. [from comment.]
Expofitur ; annutaior. Dryden.

COMME'NTER. ʃ. [from comment.] An
explainer ; an annotator. Denr.e,

COMMENTl'TIOUS. a. [commentit,i,$,
Lat.] Invented ; imaginary. Chnville.

CO'MMERCE. ʃ. [commeraum, Lat.] Exchange
of one thing for another ; trade; trsſſick. Hooker. 'Tili'ofjon,

To COMME'RCE. v. n. To hold interco'url;'. Milton.

COMMERCIAL. a. [from commerce.] Relating
to commerce or traffick.

CO MMERE'. ſ. A common mother,Shakʃpeare.

To CO'MMIGRATE. v. n. [con ^nimigro,
Latin.] To remove by conlcnt, from one
c untry to another.

COMMIGP-A'TION. ſ. [from commlgrate.]
A removjl of a people from one country
to another. Woodna'-d.

COMMINATION. ʃ. [comminat'io, Lat.]
1. A threat ; a denunciation of puniſhment. Decay of Piety.
2. The recital of God's threatenmgs on
i^ated davs.

COMMrNATORY. a. [from corrmination.]
Denuncia'ory ; threatening.

To COMMI'nGLE. v. a. [commifceo, La:.]
To mix into one maſs ; to mix ; to blend.Shakʃpeare.

To COMMINGLE. v. rt. To unite with
anDther thing. £jcon.

COMMI'NUIBLS. a. [from commiute]
Frangibl'^ ; reducible to powder. Brotw-e,

To COMMINU'TE. v. a. [comminwj, Lat.]
To grmd ; 'o pnlverife. Bacon.

COMMINU'TION. ʃ. [from comminute ]
The ad: of gi inding into ſmall parts ; pulverifation.

COMMI'SERABLE. a. [from commijWate.]
Worthy of c.mpafli-nj pitiable, Bacon.

To COMMI'SERATE. v. a. [con and mi-
Jereorj Lat.] To pity ; to compaſſionate.

COMMISERA'TION. ʃ. [from commiferat-.]
Pity ; compaſſion ; tenderneſs. Hooker. Sprat.

CO'MMISSARY. ʃ. [commijfariut, low Lat.]
1. An officer made occationally ; a delegate ; a deputy,
2. Such as exerelſe ſpiritual juriſdi^ion
111 places of the dioccfe, far diſtant from
the chief city. C'^tcf/.
3. An ofScer who draws up lifls of an
army, and regulates the procuration of
proviſion. Prior.

CO'MMISSARISHIP. ʃ. The efEce of a
coramiffary, ^y£^.


COMMI'SSION. ʃ. [comw'Jfv^ l,w tv.]
1. The act of entruſting any thin^.
7. A truſt ; a warrant by which any truſt
is held. C-Jiue!. Shakʃpeare.
3. A warrant by which a military oiSc-r
is conſtituied, KnolC p;.
4. Charge ; mandate ; office. Milton.
5. Act of committing a cr-.me. Sins of
cominjfion are diſtinguiſhed from fins of'
om.ſſion. South\
6. A number of people joined in a truti
or office,
7. The ſtate of that which is intruded to
a number of joint officers ; as the broad
feal was put into commiffiun.
8. The order by which a faiflor trades for
another pet ſon.

To COMMI'S ION. v. a. To empower; to apooint. DfO'v

To CO.VLVirSSIONATE. v. a. To empnw..
r. Decay of Piety.

COMMI'SSIONER. ʃ. One included in 3
warrant of authority. Ctjrendon

COMMl'SoURE. ſ. [comn:ifura, Latin.]

J.'int ; a t-lace where one p^it is joined to
another. Wotton.

To COMMI'T. v. a.; [commlito, Latin.]
To infruil ; to give in truſt. Shakʃpeare.
2. To put in any place to be kept fate,
3. To ſend to priſon ; to impriſon-

a.- To perpetrate ; to do a fault. Clarenden.

COM.Vll'TMEXT. ſ. [from commit]
1. Adt of lendifig to priLn. Clarendon.
2. An order fur ſending to priſon.

COMMITTEE. f. [from «»;«;.] Theſe
to whom the conlideration or ordering ol; any matter is referred, either by ſome
court to whom it belongs, or by coo'eri; of parries. Cozvel. Clarendon. ff''a,'t:n,

COMMI'ITER. ʃ. [from ccwOT.-f.] Perpetraror
; he that commits. South.

COMMI'TTIBLE. ad. [from , commit.] Liable
to be committed. Brown.

Ti COMMI'X. v. a. [cotnmijcco, Lat.] To
nurigle ; to blend. Newton.

COMMI'XION. ʃ. [from ctimm'x.] Mixture
; incornor'srion. Shakʃpeare.

COMMrXTI'ON. ſ. [from ccmrf.-c.] Mixture
; incorporation. Brown.

COAIMIXTURE. ʃ. [from commix.]
1. The act of mingling ; the ſtate of being
mingled. B<icon.
2. The maſs formed by ming^iing different
thifgs ; compound. Bacon,ffcttot.

COMMO'DE. ʃ. [French ] The head-dufs
of women. Glani'ille.

COMMO'DIOUS. a. [commodus, Latin.]
1. Convenient ; fuicable ^ accommod.^te. Raleigh.
2. Uitful ; ſuitei to wants or neceſfities. Raleigh.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


OMMO'DIOUSLY. ad. [from commdious-l
1. Convemeiitly. CoicUy,
2. Withaut diſtreſs. Milton.
3. Suitably to a certain purpoſe. Hooker.

COMMO'DIOUjNESS. ſ. [from eommodi-
; Convenience; advantage, 'lewple.

CO'MlViODITY. ſ. Uommoditus, Lat.]
1. Intereſt ; advantage; profit. Hooker.
7. Convemencp of time or pjace.
Ben. Johnſoij,
3. Wares ; merchandife. Locke.

COMMODO'RE. ʃ. [corrupted from the
Spa.-liſh comtiidador.'j The captain who
cair.niands i fqaadr n or ſh.ps.

CO'MMON. ʃ. Ycsmmunis, Latin.]
1. BiiiOnging equally to more than one,
1. Having no pi.ficlTor or owner. Locke.
g. Vulgar ; meaj) ; ealy to be had ; not
fca.ce. Duines.
4. Publick ; general. Wukon. Addiſon.
5. Mean ; without birth or deſcent.
^/'^ ler.
6. Frequent ; uſua! ; ordinary. Ecclns. Clarendon.
7. Pr^ftitute. Spedr.'.or.
8. Such verbs as ſignify both action and
iDaction are callc:d cotiuon ; as al'pomor^ I
d'ſpif, or '^'f' diff-i^id ; and ſuch nouns as
arc b ith niaftuhne ond feminine, as parens.

CO'MMON. ʃ. An open ground equally
uf»d ny many perſons. South.

CO'MMON. ud. [from the adjective.] Commonly
; ordinjnly. Shakʃpeare.

1. Equally to be participated by a certain
number. Lai;:.
2. Equally with another ; indiſc-iminately. Arbuthnot.

To CO'MMON. -y. n. [from the noun.]
To have a jomt sight with others in fime
c( mn. n ground.

CO'WMON LAW. Cufloms which have
by 1' ng preicnption obtained the force of
Jaws ; difting'iiſhed from the ſtatute jaw,
wh'icn owes us authority to adls of parliament.

CO'MMON PLEAS. The king's court now
ii»lj in Wtlirrinſter-hjil ; but anciently
moveable. AlJ civil cauſes, both rea! and
perſonaJ, arc, or v.feri' formerly, tried \n
this court, according to the ſtntl laws of
the realm. Co':i'e/.

C0'MM6N--.ELE. <;. [from «?»//2;n.] What
is f:i .< common. Bacon.

CO'MMON AGE. ſ. [from «/?!»ſon.] The
right of f eding on a common.

CO'MMONALTi'. ſ. [coinmunauil, Fr.]
1. The common people. Milton.
Z Tile ualk of ii.?.nk nd. Hooker.

CO'MMONER. ʃ. ; .rer.'^ c:mmon.]
1. Ons of the common people ; a man of
low raak, ^du'Joii,

2. A man.not noble. Priori
3. A member of the houſe of commoi.s.
4. One who has a joint right in C!jmn.oii
ground. Bacoh.
5. A ſtiident of the ſecond rank at the
univerſity of Oxford.
6. A proſtitute. Shakʃpeare.

COMMONl'TION. ſ. [avur.onitlo, Latin.]
Adv ce ; warnmg.

COMMONLY. id. [from cimmou.] Frequently
; uſually. L'ei/i/.k,

CO MMONNE5S. ſ. [from common.]
1. Equal participation among many.
GijO/ernmentof the 'Tongue.
2. Frequentoccurrcnce ; frequency. Swift.

To CO.MMON'PLA'CE. v. a. To reduce
to genet «1 heads. Fehon,

which things to be remembered are ranged
under general heads. Tatlert

1. The vulgar ; the lower people. Z)rjif».
2. The lov.er houſe of parliament, by
whii.h the people are repreſented. King Charles.
3. F'lOi! ; fare; diet. Swift.

COMMON Wt'AL. 7 ʃ. [from ctm-

COMMON WE ALTH. 3 mon and lueal, or
1. A polity; an efiabliſhsd form of civil
life. Hooker. Davie-s. Locke.
2. The publick ; the general body of the
people. Shakʃpeare.
3. A government In which the ſupreme
powcT is lodged in the people ; a republick. Ben. Johnſon, Temple.

CO'MMORANCE. ʃ. / [from commoranl.]

CO'MMOHANCY. ʃ. Dwelling; habitati
in ; reſidence. Hale.

CO VI MORA NT. a. [cmtr.orar.!, Latin.]
Rffident ; dwelling. ./iyliffe.

COMFvlO' 1 ION. ſ. [commotio, Latin.]
1. Tumult; diſturbance ; combullion. Luke, Broome.
2. Perturbation ; diſorder of mind ; agi.
tation. Clarenden.
3. DiCui'iance ; reſtlefſneſs. Woodward.

COMMO'TIONER. ʃ. [from co-n'r.otio!.]
A ililiuibi.T of the peace. Hayward.

To COMMO'VE. v. a. [commowo, Lat.]
To diſhirli ; to unft:ttle. Thomfon,

To CO MMUNE. v n. [communico, Lat ]
To converl'e; to impart ſentiments mutu.
illy, Spenſer, Locke.

COMMUNICABI'LITY. ſ. [from io:i:n!umcji'e.
; The quality of being communicited.

CO?a'vIU'NICABLE. a. [from C'tnmnnicate.]
I That which may become the cummon
poirtrliiun of more than one. Hooker.
2. That which .may be imparted, or recounted. Milton.


COMMU'NICANT. ʃ. [from conmumcati.]
One who is piefewt, as a worſhipper, at
the celebration of the Lord's Supper ; one
who participates of the ble/Ted ſacrament. Hooker. AtUrl'Ury.

To COMMU'NICATE. v. a. [communko,
1. To impart to others what is in our
own power. Bacon, Taylor.
2. To reveal ; to impart knuwledge, Clarendon.

1. To partake of the bJeITtd ſacrament. Taylor.
a To have ſomething in common with
another ; as, the houjet communicate. Arbuthnot.

COMMUNICATION. ʃ. [from commu.
1. The act of imparting benefits or knowledge. Holder.
2. Common boundary or inlet, Arbuthnot.
3. Interchange of knowledge. Swift.
4. Conference ; converfation, Samuel,

COMMUNICATIVE. a. [from communicate.]
Inclined to make advantag-s common
; liberal of knowledge ; not lelfiſh. Evelyn.

Tnumc2tive.] The quality of being communicative. Norris.

COMMU'NION. ʃ. [communio, L«.]
1. Intercourſe ; fellowſhip ; common poſſeſſion. Raleigh. Fiddes,
2. The common or publick celebration of
the Lord's Supper. Clarenden.
3. A common or publick act. Raleigh.
4. Union in the common woiſhip of any
church. Stillingfleet.

COMMU'NITY. ʃ. [communitas, Latin.]
1. The commonwealth ; the body politick. Hammond.
5. Common poſſeſſion, Locke.
3. Frequency ; commonneſs. Shakʃpeare.

COMMU rABI'LITY. ſ. [from commtltable.]
The quality of being capable of exchange.

COMMU TABLE. a. [from wMwa/f.] That
may be cxclinged for ſomething elle.

COMMUTA'TION. ʃ. [from commute'.
1. Change ; alteration. South.
1. Exchange ; the act of giving one thing
for another. Ray.
3. Ranfom ; the act of exchanging a corporal
for a pecuniary puniſhment. BioiCn.

COMMUTATIVE. a. [from c(,mmtue,'\
Relative to exchange.

To COMMUTE. v. a. [commuto, Lat.]
1. To exchange ; to put one thing in the
place of another. Decay of Piety.
2. To buy off, or ranfom o.^e obligation
by another, L'Eſtrange.

To COMMU'TE. i-, n. To attone ; to
bajgain for ex£u;f tior, .j^uti.


COMMUTUAL. a. [con sad mutual.! Mfi'
tual ; reciprocal. p^pg,

CO'MPACT. ʃ. [fcaum,Ln\n.] A contrail-
; an accord ; an agreement, ^outh.

To COMPACT. v.a, [compingo, conpac'
turn, Latin.]
1. To join together with firmneſs ; to cohlolid'te. Roſcommon.
2. To make out of ſomething. Shakʃpeare.
3. To league with. Shakʃpeare.
4. To join together ; to bring into a lyftem. Hooker.

COMPA'CT. a. [con:pn3us, Latin.]
1. Firm ; ſolid ; cloſe ; denfe. AcTvton. Berkley.
7. Brief ; as a compaFi diſcourſe,

COMPA'CTEDNESS. ʃ. [from compaaed.]
Firmneſs ; denſity. Digbyt

COMPA'C'TLY. ad. [Jxoxn compsa.]
1. cloſely ; denfely.
2. With neat foining.

COMPA'CTNESS. ʃ. [from compa^l Firmneſs
; cloſeneſs,

COMPA'CTURE. ʃ. [from compja.] Structure
; compaginaticin. Spenſer.

COMFA'GES.f. [Lat.] Aſyſlemotmany
parts united. Ray.

COMPAGINA'TION. ʃ. [compago, Latin. ;
Union ; ſtrudure. Brown.

COMPANIABLENESS. ʃ. [from company.
The quality of being a good companion. Sidney.

COMPA'NION. ʃ. [compagnon, Fr.]
1. One with whom a man frequently converſes. Prior.
2. A partner ; an aſſociate, Phil-ppiarts,
3. A familiar term of contempt ; a fellow. Raleigh.

COMPA'NIONABLE. a. [from companion.]
Fit for good fellowſhip ; ſocial. d^rendon.

COMPA'NIONABLY. ad. [from companion.
able.] In a companionable manner,

COMPA'NIONSHIP. ʃ. [from compart'on.l
1. Company ; train, Shakʃpeare.
2. Fellowſhip; aſſociation. Shakʃpeare.

COMPANY. ʃ. [compsgnie, Fr.]
1. Perſons alſembled together. Shakʃpeare.
2. An aſſembly of pleaſure. Bacon.
3. Perſons conſidered as capable of converfation. Temple.
4. Converfation ; fellowſhip. Sidney. Guardian.
5. A number of perſons united for the
execution of any thing ; a band, Dennis.
6. Perſons united in a joint trade or partnership.
7. A body corporate ; a corporation. Arbuthnot.
8. A ſubdiviſion of a regiment of foot. Knolles.
9. 7a ^ſſtr CoMP.-^KY.? To alTociate

To keep Co.MJAKV. i with ; to be a
companion to, Shakʃpeare, Pope. .
2. 10. 2o

fa. To kt(p CoMPAKY. To fiequent
houſes of entertainment. Shakʃpeare.

To CO'MPANY. n; a. [from the noun.]
To accompany ; to be aflbciated with. Shakʃpeare, Prior.

To CO'MPANY. v. n. To alFociate one's
felf with. Oririthiatis.

CO'MPARABLE. a. [from to (on.pare.)
Worthy to be compared ; of equal regard. Knolles.

CO'MPARABLY. /id. [from corvparable]
In a Uiinnu worthy to be compared,

COMPA'RATES. ʃ. [from compare.] la
Jogick, the two things compared to one

CO'MPARATIVE. a. [omparath'us, Lat.]
1. Elhmated by compariſon ; not abſolute. Bacon, Berkley.
1. Having the power of comparing.

1. [In grammar.] The comparative degree
expreſles more of any quantity in one
tiling than irt another ; as, ibe right har.d
j'j ttjc fltcngir.

COM'PA RATIVELY. ad. [from comparafj'iv.
; In a ſtate of coniparifon ; according
toeRimate madeby compariſon. Rogers.

To COMPA'Rii. y. a- [coniparo, Lat.]
S. To make one thing the meaſure of
another ; to eSiraate the relative goodneſs
cr badneſs. TiHotfen.
2. To get
to procure ; to obtain. iSpenſer.

COMPA'RE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Comparative ellimate ; compariſon.
2. Simile ; ſimilitude. Shakʃpeare.

COMPA'RISON. ʃ. [ccKparaifon, Ft.]
1. The act of comparing. Grew.
2. The ſtate of being compared. Locke.
3. A comparative eſtimate. Tilktfen,
4. A ſimile in writing or ſpeaking.Shakʃpeare.
5. [In grammar.] The formation of an
adjective through its various degrees of ſigniification
; as ſtrongy ſtronger, ſtrongeft.

To COMPA'RT. -J. a. [cow/iarf;/-, Fr.] To
divide, IFotton.

COMPA'RTIMENT. ʃ. [compartiment, Fr.]
A diviſion of a'pidure, or delTgn. Pope. .

COMPARTI'TION. ʃ. [from compart.]
1. The act of comparting or dividing; 1. The parts marked out, or ſeparated
; a ſeparate part. Wotton.

COMPA RTMENT. ſ. [cmpartimevt, Fr.]
Diviſion. Reacham.

To CO MPASS. t'. a. [compaſſer, Fr.]
1. To encircle; to environ ; to furround. Job.
2. To walk, round any thing, Dryden.
3. To beleaguer ; to befiege. Luke.
4. To graſp ; to incloſe ;a the arms,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


5. To obtain ; to procure ; to attain. Hooker, Clarenden, Pope.
6 To take meaſures preparatory to any
thing ; as, to compaſs the death of the king.

CO MPASS. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Circle ; round. Shakʃpeare.
2. Extent ; reach ; graſp. South.
3. Space; room; limits, yhtrrbury.
4. Encloſure ; circumference. Milton.
5. A departure from the right line ; an
indirect advance.
6. Moderate ſpace ; moderation; due limits. Davies.
7. The power of the voice to expre's the
notes of muſick. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
8. The inſtrument with which circles are
drawn. Donne.
9. The inſtrument compoſed of^ a needle
and card, whereby mariners ſteer. King Charles. Rozue.

COMPA'SSION. ſ. [cow.paJ[ioit,Vi-] Pity; commiferation ; painful ſympathy.

To COMPA'SSION. v. a. [from the noun.]
To pity. Shakʃpeare.

COIVIPA'SSIONATE. a. [from compaJ/Ton.]
Inclined to pity ; merciful ; tender. South.

To COMPA'SSIONATE. v. a. [from the '
noun.] To pity ; to commiferate. Raleigh.

CO.MPA'SSIONATELY. ad: [from compajfionate.]
Mercifully ; tenderly.

CGMPATE'RNITY. ʃ. [con and p-Jtermtas,
Lat.] Goflipred, ox comp^itemity, by the
cannon law, is a ſpiritual affinity. Davies.

COMPATIBILITY. ʃ. [from conpaiible.]
Conſiſlency ; the power of 'co-exiſhng,with
ſomething elſe.

1. Suitable to ; fit for ; conMent with. Hale.
2. Conſiſtent ; agreeable. Broome.

COMPA'TIBLENESS. ʃ. [from ctympatible.]


COMPATIBLY. ad. [from compatible.]
Fitly ; ſuitably.

COMPA'TIENT. a. [from con and patior^.
Lat.] Suffering together.

COMPA'TRIOT. ʃ. One of the ſame

COMPE'ER. ʃ. [compar;, l.wn.] Equal; companion ; colleague. Philips.

To COMPE'ER. v. a. To be equal with ; to mate. Shakʃpeare.

To COMPE'L. v. a. [con.-peilo, Lat.]
1. To force to ſome act ; to oblige ; to
conſtrain. Clarendon.

2. To take by force or violence. Shakʃpeare.

COMPELLABLE. a. [from compel] That
may be forced.

COMPELLA'TION. ʃ. [from cowpdlo. Lat.]
The ilile of addreſs. Duppa.



COMPE'LLER. ʃ. [from compel.] He that
forces another.

GOMPEND. ʃ. [compet,di,.m,h-M.] Abridgment; ſtimmarv ; t-pitDme. f-Futa,

COMPENDIA'RibuS. a. [csmf,nd:^nus,
Lat.] Sh rt ; c intracted.

COVIPENDIO'SITY. ʃ. [from co/rſcrdioi^s.]

GOMPt'NDIOUS. a. [from compendium.]
Short ; fummary ; abridged; compichenſive.

COMPENDIOUSLY. ad. [from compendious.]
Shortly; rummarily. Hooker.

COMPE'NDIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from tcynp^ndious.]
Shortneſs ; brevity. Bev.tley.

[Latin.] Abridgment
; fummary ; hieviate. Watts.

COMPE'NSABLE. a. [from competijtite.]
That which may be recompenfed.

To COMPE'NSATE. v. a. [a^mpenfo, Lat.]
To recompenfe ; to counterbalance ; to
countervail. B^icon. Prior.

COMPENSATION. ʃ.; [from comherjau.]
Recompenfe ; ſomething equivalent. Dryden.

COMPENSATIVE. a. [from comperjate.]
That which cnrnpenfates. .

To COMPENSE. v. a. [compenfo, Latin.]
To compenfate ; to counterbalance.; to recompenfe. Bacon.

To COMFERE'NDINATE. v. a. [compereiidifio,
Lat.] To delay.

COMPERENDINA'TION. ʃ. [from comparendonaie.]

COMPETENCE. 1 . v( . , ,i COMPETENCY.! ^^ [f'^' ^^«^'^']
1. Such a quantity of any thing as is ſuſſicient. Government of the Tongue.
2. A fortune equal to the neceſlities of
life. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .
3. The power or capacity of a judge or

COMPETENT. a. [competens, Lat.]
1. Suitable ; fie ; adequate ; proportionate. Davies.
2. Without defcift or ſuperfluity. Hooker.
3. Reafonable ; moderate. Atterbury.
4. Qualified ; fit. Govern, of the Tongue.
tj. Confident with. Locke.

COMPETENTLY. ad. [frnnmmpe/at.]
1. Reafonably ; moderately. Wotton.
2. .'Adequately ; properly. Bentlt

COMFETIBLE. a. [rompeto, Lat.] Suitable
to ; conſiſtent with. Hammond.


COMPETIRLENESS. ʃ. [from competible.l
Suitableneſs ; fitneſs.

COMPETl'TION. ſ. [con and /;f/;Wff, Lat.]
1. Rivalry; conteſt. Rogers.
2. Claim of more than one to one thing. Bacon.

COMPE'TITOR. ʃ. [ron 3Ti ^ciiier, Lat.]

2. An ODonnenf. Shakʃpeare.

COMPILA'TION. ʃ. [from r^mpllo, Lat.]
1. A colleection from various Huthors.
2. An aſſemblage ; a coacervation.


To COMPI'LE. v. a. [compilo, Lat.]
1. To draw up from var.ous authors.
2. To write ; to comPope. , Temple.
5. To contain ; to coinpriſe. Spenſer.

COMPI'LCMENT. ʃ. [from cmpile.] Co.-
cervation ; the a<ft of heapinii up. //'o.'/tn,

COMPILER. ʃ. [from cy^pde.] A colleflor
; one who frames a compofiti t
from various authors, S'ujif:.

COMPLA CENCE. 7 ʃ. [c9^r,i}ac-entia, ww

COMPf-A'CENCY. ʃ Lat.]
1. Pisafure
; fatistaction ; gratification. Milton. Souſh,
2. The cauſe of pleaſtire
; joy. Milton.
i;. Civility ; complaifance. Clarenden.

COMPLACENT. a. [complacsni, Latin.]
Civil ; affable.; ſoft.

To COMPLA'.IN. v. a. [comphindre, Fr.]
1. To mention with ſorrow ; to lament.
Burnet' s Theory',
2. To inform againſt. Shakʃpeare.

To COMPLA'IN. v. a. To lament ; to bewail. Dryden.

COMPLA'INANT. ʃ. [from «w/./j/;7.
; One
who urges a ſuit againſt another. Collier.

CGMPLA'INER. ʃ. One who complains j.
a lamenter. Goveinment of the Tongue.

COMPLAINT. ʃ. [con:p!jinic, Fr.]
1. Repreſentation of pains or injuries. Job,
2. The cauſe or ſubject of complaint,
3. A malady ; a diſeaſe. A-l/uthnot.
<;. Remonſtrance againrt. Shakʃpeare.

COMPLAISA'NCE. ʃ. [complaiuznce, Fr.]
Civility; deſire of pleaſing ; act of adulation. Dryden, Prior.

COMPLAISA'NT. a. [compla'ifanl , Fr.; Civil ; riefirous to pleaſe. Pope.

COMPL.AISA'NTLY. ad. [from complaifant.]
Cwilly; with deſire to pleaſe.; ceremoniouſly. Pope. .

COMPLAISA'NTNESS. ʃ. [from complaifaiir.]

To CO.VlPLA'NATE. 7 t. a. [from planu!.

To COMPLANE. ʃ. Latin.] To level.; to ri-ihue to a flat ſurface. Derhjm,

COMPLEMENT. f. [complement-jm, Lat.]
1. -P^rfeſtion ; fulneſs ; completion. Hooker.
2. Complete fet.5 complete proviſion.5 the
full (Uiantity. Prur,
3. Adfcititiouscircumftances jappendagfi. Hooker. Sh-.akſpearej,

COMPLETE. a. [complete, Lat.]
1. Perfedl,; full; without any defers.
CoI:/ians. Swift.
2. Finiſhed.; ended ; concluded. Prior.
Z 2. '-i.

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

To COMPLETE. v. a. [from the r.oun.] CO'MPLICE. ſ. [Fr. from complex, Lat.]
To perſpft ; ta finiſh. Walion.

COMPLETELY. ad. [from complete.] Fully ;
perfectly. Blackmore, Swift.

COMPLETEMENT. ʃ. [completement , Fr ]
The act of completing. Dryden.

COMPLETENESS,/. [from wTO^A..] Perfeſtion.
^'S Cij<^rUi.

COMPLETION. ʃ. [from complete.]
1. Accompliſhment ; ad of fulfilling. South.
Utmoſt height ; perfect ſtate. Pop
One who is united with others in an ill
deſign ; a confederate. Clarendont.

COMPLl'ER. ſ. [from comply.] A man of
an eaſy ten^Der.

COMPLIML'NT. ʃ. [compliment, Fr.] An
act or expreſſion of civility, uſually underſtood
to meanleſs than it declares.
Sidne\\ Rogers.

To COMPLIME'NT. v. a. [from the
noun.] To ſooth with expreſſions of reſpect
; to flatter. Prior.

COMPLEX. a. [cmplexiis, Lat.] Compo- COMPLIME'NTAL. a. [from campUmetit.'.
fue ; of many parts ; nut ſimple. Lo

CO'Mt'LEX. ſ. Complication ; collection. South.

COMPLE'XEDNESS. ʃ. [from con,pl,x.]
Complication ; involution of many particular
parts in one integral, Locke.

CO.MPLEXION. ʃ. [complexio, Lat.]
1. Involution of one thing in anuthT. Watts.
2. The colour of the external parts of
any 'j .ly. D.J-uas.
5. The rpnnperature of the body. Dryiciu

COMPLE'XIONAL. a. [from conpl x oii.]
Depending on the complexion or temperament
of thf body. FiJdes.

COMPLEXIONALLY. ad. [from c:;?.--
p'uxioti.] Bv coinp'cxioi), Ercivi,

COVIPLL'XLY. ad. [from cmpkx.] la a
complx minner ; not ſimply.

COMPLEXNESS. ʃ. [from complex.] The
ſtate of being complex.

COMPLE'XURE. ʃ. [from cof-plx.] The
invehitio.-i of one thing with others.

COMPLI'ANCE. ʃ. [from comply.]
1. The act of yielding ; accord ; ſubniiſhon. Rogers.
2. A diſpoſition to yield to others
Expreſ.'ive of reſpect or civility. Pſ^ottotT.

COMPLIME'NTALLY. ad. [from complimental.]
In the nature of a compliment ; cwilly. Broom.

COMPLIME'NTER. ʃ. [from compliment..
One Riven to compliments ; a flatterer.

CO .Ml'LINE. ſ. [compline, Fr. completinum,
low Latin.] The lail act of worſhip at
nipht. Hubberd.

To COMPLO RE. v. «. [comploro, Latin.]
To make lamentation together.

COMPLO T. ſ. [Fteoch.] A confederacy
in lume ſecret crime ; a plot.' lluhberd.Shakʃpeare.

To COMPLOT. v. a. [from the noun.]
To form a plot ; to conſpire. Pope. .

COMPLO'TTER. ʃ. [from compLat.] A
conſpirator ; one joined in a plot. Dryden.

To CO'MPLY. v. a. [cowpler.] To yield
to ; to be obſequicus to. TH'omfon.

CO.MPO'NENT. a. [coinponcns, Lat.] That
which conſtitutes the compound body. Newton.

To COMPORT. v. n. [eowporter, Fr.] To
agree ; to ſuit. Dome.

To COMPO'RT. v. a. To bear ; to endure. Daniel.

COMPLIANT. ^- [from cemp!y.]
1. Yielding ; bending. Mi/ion.
2. Civil ; oſimplaifant.

To CO'MPLICATE. v. a. [eomph'co. Lat.]
1. To entangle one with another ; tojoin,
2. To unite by involution of parts. Boyle.
3. To form by complication ; to form by
the union of ieveral parts into one integr:
il. Locke.

CO'MPLICATE. a. Compounded of a multiplicity
of parts. Watts.

CO'MPLEATENESS. ʃ. [from eomplicate.]
The ſtate of being complicated ; intricacy. Hale.

COMPLICATION. ʃ. [from complicate.]
1. The act of involving one thing in another.
2. The ſtate of being involved one in another.

3. The integral conf.fling of many things
involved. ?Fam. Clarendon. COMPO'RT. ſ. [from the verb.] E.-haviour
; condud. Taylor.

COMPO'RTABLE. a. [from coapirt.] Con-
(iftcFlt. Wotton.

COMPO'RTANCE. ʃ. [{com comport.] Be.
hjviour. Spenſer.

COMPORTMENT. ʃ. [from comport.] Behaviour. Addiſon.,

To COMPO'oE. v. a. [compoſer, Fr.]
1. To form a maſs by joining different
things together. Sprat.
2. To place any thing in its proper torro
and method. Dryden.
3. To diſpoſe ; to put in the proper Ibte. Clarendon.
4. To put together a diſcourſe or ſentence. Hooker.
5. To conſtituteby being parts of a whole. Milton. Watts„
6. To calm ; to quiet. Clarenden.
7. To adjuſt the minid to any buſineſs. Duppa.
%,. Ta

8. To adjuſt ; to ſettle
; as, to compoſe a difference.
9. [With printers.] To arrange the
10. [In muſick.] To form a tune from
the different muſical notes.

CO.MPO'SED. particip. a. Calm; ferious ; even ; fr-dare. Addiſon.

COMPO'yLDLY. ad. [from compofid.] Calmly
; feriouſly. Clarenden.

COMPO'SEDNESS. ʃ. Sedateneſs ; calmneſs.

COMPO'SER. ʃ. [from comfoje.]
1. An author ; a writer. Milton.
2. He that adapts the muſick to words.

COMPO'SITE. a. [con-po/itus, Lat.] The
compojlte order in architecture is the laſt
of the five orders ; ſo named becauſe its
capital is compoſed out of thofL- of the
other orders ; it is alſo called the Roman
and Italick order. Harris.

COME'OSITION. ʃ. [cempofiiio, Lat.]
1. The act of forming an integral of various
dinimilar parts. Bacon, Temple.
2. The act of bringing ſimple ideas into
complication, oppoſed to analyfis. Neioton.
3. A ma Is formed by mingling different
ingredients. Swift.
4. The ſtate of being compounded ; union \
conjunction. Watts.
5. The arrangement of various figures in
a picture. Dryden.
6. Written work. Addiʃon.
7. Adjuſlment ; regulation. Ben. Johnson.
S. Comp3(5l ; agreement. Hooker. Trailer

9. The act of diſcharging a debt by paying
10. Conſiſlency ; congruity. Shakʃpeare.
11. [In grammar, ; The jaming two
words together.
12. A certain method of demonſtration
in mathematicks, which is the reverſe of
the analytical method, or of refoiution. Harris.

COMPOSITIVE. a. Compounded ; or
iiaving the power of compounding. Dift,

COMPOSITOR. ʃ. [from compoje.] He
that ranges and adjuſls the types in printing.

CO'MPOST. ʃ. [Fr. co,r.poſttum, Latin.]
Manure. Evelyn.

To COMI'O'ST. v. a. To manure. Bseon.

COMPO'STURE. ʃ. [from compofl.] Soil ; manure. iilMakſpeare%

COMPO'SURE. ʃ. [from compoje.]
1. The act of compofing or inditing. King Charles.
2. Arrangement ; combination ; order. Holder.
3. The form ariſing from the diſpoſition
of the various parrs, Crajhaiv,
4. Fra^e ; Bi^k-:. Shakʃpeare.

5. Re'ative adjuſtment. TVcttcn.
6. Compoſition ; framed diſcourſe. Atterbury.
7. Sedateneſs ; calmn-fs ; tranquillity. Milton.
8. Agreement ; compo/ltion ; ſettlement
of difference?. Milton.

COMPOTATION. ʃ. [compotmio, Latin.]
The act of drinkin;; together. Philips.

To COMPO'UND. v. a. [coinporo. Lat.]
1. To mingle many ingredients together.
2. To form by uniting various parts.
Exidus. Boyle.
3. To mingle in different poſitions ; to
combine. Addiſon.
4. To iorm one word fj^m two or more
words. Rnleigh.
5. To compoſe by being united. Shakſp.
6. To adjuif a difference by receflinn from
the rigour of claims. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.
7. To diſcharge a debt by paying only
Parf. Gay.

1. To come to terms of agreement by
abating ſomething. Clarendon.
2. To bargain in the lump. Shakʃpeare.
3. To come to terms. Carew.
4. To determine. Shakʃpeare.

CO'MPOUND. a. [from the verb.]
1. Formed out of many ingredients; not
ſingle. B'jcon.
2. Compoſed of two or more words. Bcpe.

CO'MPOUND. ʃ. The maſs formed by the
union of many ingredients. Houih.

COMPOUNDABLE. a. Capable of being

COMPO'UNDER. ʃ. [from to compound.]
1. One who endeavours to bring parties
to terms of agreement. Swift.
2. A mingler ; one who mixes bodies.

To COMPREKE ND. v. a. [conpre/jendo,
1. To compriſe ; to include. Remans.
2. To contain in the mind ; to conceive.

COMPREHE'NSIBLE. a. [comprehen^il^; French.] I .telligible ; conceivable. Loi-yi't.

COMPREHE'NSIBLY. ad. [from cowpreherjil;
le,'\ With great power of ſignification
or underſtanding. Tilktfon.

COMPREHE'NSION. f.{cmprehenfio, Lat.]
1. The act or quality of compriling or containing
; inclufion. Hooker.
2. Summary ; epitome ; compendium. Rogers.
3. Knowledge; capacity; power of the
mind to admit ideas, Dryden.

COMPREHE'NSIVE. a. [from comp,ehcrd.]
1. Having the power to comprehend or
u..derſtand. Pope. .
z, Having the 'juality of compriſing much.


COMPREHE'NSIVELY. ad. In a comprehenſive

COMPREHE'NSIVENESS. ſ. [from comfrehenji-
vs.] The quality of including
much in a tew words or narrow compais.

To COMPRE'SS. v. a. [compreſſui. Lat.]
1. To force into a narrower conipafs.
2. To embrace. ^=/'-

CO'MPRESS. ʃ. [from the verb.] Bolfters
of hnen ra^s. ^uit:cy.

COMPRESS IE i'LITY. ʃ. [from ^w/-.^^/'/-]
The quality of admitting to be brought by
force into a narrower compaſs.

COMPRE'SMBLE. a. [from ww/.'r«/j.]
Yielding to preſſure, ſo as that one pait is
brought nearer to another. Cheyne.

COMPRESSIBLENESS. ʃ. [from ccrp'eL
fibte ] C^pibility of being preiFed cloſe.

-COMPRE'-SION. ſ. [ww/^Tf^o, Lu.] The
ad of bringing the parts of any b-.dy
more near to each other by violence. Bacon, Newton.

COMPRE'SSUREi. ʃ. [from cowjVf/w] The
act or force of the body preiling againit
anoihei;, Boyl<-.

To COMFRrNT. v. ti. [comprimere, Lat.]
To print anther's copy, to the prejuHice
of the riahtful proprietor. I'hd.fs.

To COMPRISE. v. a. [cowp'h, Fr.]. To
contain; to include. Hooker, Roſcommon.

COMPROBA'TION. ʃ. [coiKprcho, Latin.
Proof; attcflation. Brown.

COMl^ROMl'iE. ſ. [comptomlirum, Lat.]
1. A mutual promife of parties at diQcr-
«nde, to refer their contioverfics to arbitrators.
2. A compafl or bargain, in .vliich concfflions
arc mide. SciU'c'Iprai c.

To COMPROMI'SE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To aojult a compift by mutual conctſſions.'
2. To accord ; to agree. S-ljaheſpear?.

COMPROMISSO'RIAL. a. [from compxomife
] Relating to a compromife.

COMPROVi'NCIAL. ſ. [con and provindalA
Belonging to the ſame province.

COMPT. ʃ. [compte, Fr.] Account ; computation
; reckoning. Shakʃpeare.

To COMPT. v. a. [compter, Fr.] To
compute ; to number. We now uie 'la

CO'MPTIBLE. a. Accountable ; ready, to
give ^.ccount. Shakʃpeare.
To^COMFTRO'LL. v. a. To concroll.; to
over-rule ; to oppoſe.

COMPTRO'LLER. ʃ. [from coirptrell.]
Diredor ; ſuperv:for, Temple.

COMPTRO'LLERSHIP. ʃ. [from csmptro!
hr.~\ Superintendence. Care'ii.'.

C.OAJPU'LSATIVELY. ad. By conſtraint.


COMPU'LSATORY. ʃ. [from cs,rpuffor,.
Latin.] Having the force of compelling,Shakʃpeare.

COMPU'LSION. ʃ. [compuJfis, Lu.]
1. The act of compelling to ſomething ;
force. Milton.
2. The ſtate of being compelled. Hil^.

COMPULSIVE. aJ. [from ompu.'fer, Fr.]
Having the power to compel ; forcible.

COMPU'LSIVELY. ad. [from cimpd/ivc]
By force; by violence.

COMPU'LSIVENESS. ʃ. [from compulſive.'.
Fiirce ; compulfion.

COMPU'LSORILY. ad. [from coinpulſcry.]
In a compulfory or forcible manner ; by
violence. Bacon.

GOMPU LSORY. a. [compu'-folre, French.]
Having the power of compelling. Bramhalt,

COMPU'NCTION. ʃ. [comj^onawn, Fr.]
il. The power of pricking ; Ilimulation.
1. Repentance ; contrition. Clarenden.

COMPU NCTIOUS. a. [from rompunaion.]
Repentant ; tender, -Shakʃpeare.rc.

COMPU'NCriVE. a. [from compunaion.]
Cauling remorfe.

COMPURGATION. ʃ. [compu^gutio, Lat.]
The practice of jullifying any man's veracity
by the teſtlmcny of another.

COMPURGATOR. ʃ. [Latin.] One who
bears his teſtiniony to the credibility of
another. Woodward.,

COMPU'TABLE. a. [from compute.] Capable
of being numbered. Hale.

COMPUTA'TION. ʃ. [from compute.]
1. The act of reckoning ; calculation.
2. The fum collected or ſettled by calcu-
1-tion. Addiſon.

To COMPU'TE. v. a. [compvto, Lat.
; To
reckon ; to calculate ; to count. Holder, Pope.

COMPUTE. ʃ. [computus, Lat.] Computation
; calculation.

CO.MPUTER. ʃ. [from corrpuie.] Reckoner ; accountant. S'n'iji.

COMPUrIST. ſ. [compLtrfte, Fr.] Calculator
; one ſkilled in computation.

CO'MRADE. ʃ. [camerade, Fr.]
1. One who dwells in the ſame houſe or
chan-iber. Shakʃpeare.
2. A companion ; a partner. Milnn.

CON. A Latin inſeparable prepofitidn,
which, at the beginning of words, ſignifies
union ; as concourſe, a running together.

CON. One who is en the negative ſide 6(
a queſtion.

To CON. v.di, [connan, Saxon.]
1. To know. Spenſer.
2. To ſtudy. Shakʃpeare, Holder, Prior.
3. 'rQQQ. thanks, 'toKtiink. Shakʃpeare.


To SrOrJCA'MERATE. v. a. [concamero,
Lat.] To arch over ; to vault. Gr<iu,

To CONCATENATE. v. a. [from catou,
L:it.] To link together.

CONCATENA'TION. ʃ. [from cowMrrwaf?.]
A feiies of links. ^outh,

CONCAVA'TION. ʃ. [from concave. I The
zH of making concave,

CONCA'VE. a. [cor.ca-ous, Lat.] Hollow; opp ifed to convex. Burnet.

CONCA'VENESS. ʃ. [from concavc.] Hullowneſs.


CQNCA'VITY. ʃ. [from ccvcave.] Internal
ſurface of a hollow ſpherical or ſpher.
iidical body. M''oodward.

CG.NCA/0- CONCAVE. a. Concave or
hollow on bo'h ſides.

CONCAVO-CONVEX. a. [from ctrcave
and coniiex.'^ Concave one way, and convex
the other. Newton.

CONCA'VOUS. a. [corcavus, Lat.] Concave.

CONCA'VOUSLY. ad. [from comavous.]
With hollowneſs. Brown.

To CONCL'AL. v. a. [covceh, Lat.] To
_hide ; to keep ſecret ; not to divulg''. Broome.

GONCE'ALABLE. a. [from conctaL] Capable
of be;np concealed. Brown.

CONCE'ALEDMESS. ʃ. [from eonce,,!.]
Privacy ; nbſcurily. Dicf.

CONCE ALER. ſ. [from (onaal.] He that
conceals any thing.

CONCE'ALMENT. ʃ. [from conceal]
1. The act of hiding ; kcrefy. GlanvlUe,
2. The ſtate of being hid ; privacy. Addiʃon.
y, Hiding place ; retreat. Rogers.

To CONCE'DE. v. a. [cor^ccdo, Lat.] To
admit ; to grant. Berkley.

CONCETT. ʃ. [concept, French.]
1. Conception ; thought ; idea. Sidney.
2. Underſtanding ; readineſs of appreheniion.

3. Fancy ; fantaſtical notion. Shakʃpeare, Locke.
4. Opinion in a neutral ſenſe. Shakʃpeare.
5. A pleaſant fancy, Shakʃpeare.
6i Sentiment. Pope. .
7. Fondneſs ; favourable opinion. Berkley.
8. Out of Conceit iL'itb. No longer
fond of. TUktjon.

To CONCE'IT. v. a. To imagine ; to believe. South.

CONCE'ITED. partlcip. a. [from conceit.]
1. Endov. ed with fancy. Knol.'rs.
2. Proud ; fond of himſelf ; opinionative.

CONCETTEDLY. ad. [from ccuceiud.]
Fancifully ; whimfically. Dunne.

GONCE'U'EDNE^S. ſ. [from tpmeited.]
Pr.ue ; fondnef? of himf I', Colli.r,


CONCE'ITLFSS. a. [from co'^ceuj Stnpid
; without thought. i:{-ajff6-ar£.

CONCE'lVABLE. a. [from corcc^.e]
1. That may be imagined or thought.
2. That may be underſtood or believed.

CONCE'IVABLENESS. ʃ. [from c.nceiL
ahl'.'j The quality of being conceivable.

CONCE'IVABLY. ad. [from conceivable.]
In a conceivable manner.

To CONCE'IVE. v. a. [eoncevoir, Fr.]
r. To admit into the womb. Pſalm.
2. To form in the mind. Jeremiah.
3. To comprehend ; to underflaud.Shakʃpeare.
4. To think ; to be of opinion. Swift.

To CONjciVE. v. n.
1. To th nk ; to have an idea of. Watts.
1; To become pregnant. Geneſis

CONCE'IVER. j. [from conceitr.] Oae
that underſtands or apprehends. Brown.

CONCENT. ʃ. [eorr,„tus, Latin.]
1. Concert of voices ; harmony. Bacon.
2. C^mllrtency. Atterburv,

To CONCE'NTRATE. v. a. [concentrfr,
Fr.] To drive into a narrow compaſs. Arbuthnot.

CONCENTRA'TION. ʃ. [from rt«,Y«r«,.; Coiledlion into a narrow ſpace round tho
center. Peachan.

To CONCE'NTRE. n;. r. [concertrer, Fr.|
To tend to one common centre. Hale

To CONCE'NTRE. i; a. To emit towards
one centre. Decay of Piety

CONCE'NTRICAL. v. a. [eonecntrkus, Lat. 1

CONCE'NTRICK. ʃ. Having one common
centre. Donne, Berkley.

CONCE PTACEE. ſ. [ronceptaeulum, Lat.]
That in which any thing is contained ; a
velftl. Woodward.

CONCE'PTIBLE. a. [from coneip,o concep.
turn, L'ltin.] Intcliigible ; capable to be-.
underltijod. Ilj/e,

CONCE PTION. ſ. [conceptio, Latin.]
I The act of conceiving, or ouickeningwith
pregnancy. Milton.
2. The ſtate of being conceived. Shakſp.
3. Notion; idea, S:u:[,
4. Sentiment ; purpoſe. Shakʃpeare.
5. Apprehenſion ; knowledge. Daijes.
6. Conceit ; ſentiment ; pointed thought. Dryden.

CONGE'PTIOUS. a. [cenceptum, Lat.] Aptto
conceive ; pregnant. Shakʃpeare.-,

CONCE'PTIVE. a. [conceptiim, Lat.] C.:-
pable to conceive. Brown.

To CONCET<N. v. a. [corcirner, Fr.]
1. To relate to ; to belong to, Lo:':-.
2. To affect with ſome p^lfi ^n.
^iak ʃpeare. TtgITi.
3. To

3. To intereſt ; to engage by intereſt. Boyle.
4. To diſturb ; to make uneaſy. Denham.

1. Bufineſs ; affair. Rogers.
2. Intereſt ; engagement. Burnet.
3. Importance ; moment. Roſcommon.
4. Paſſion ; aftection ; regard. Addiſon.

CONCERNING. prep. Relating to ; with
relation to. Bacon, Tillotſon.

CONCE'RNMENT. ʃ. [from (oncern.]
1. The thing in which we are concerned
cr intereſted ; buſineſs ; intereſt. Tiltotjtn.
2. Relation ; influence, Denham.
;. Intercourſe ; buſineſs. Locke.
4. Importance ; moment, Boyle.
c. Interpofieiiin ; regard ; meddling. Clarendon.
6. Paſſion ; emotion of mind, Dryden.

To CONCERT. v. a. [concerter, Fr.]
1. To ſettle any thing in private.
2. To ſettle ; to contrive ; to adjuſt.

CO'NCERT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Communication of deſigns. Swift.
2. A ſymphony ; many performers playin?
to the ſame tune.

CONCERTATION. ʃ. [concertatio, Lat.]
Strife ; contention.

CONCE'RTATIVE. .-:. [cowcfrwr/wJj Lat.]
Contentious. Dut.

CCNCE'SSION. ʃ. [cor.crjfio, Lat.]
1. The act of granting or yielding. Shak.
2. A grant ; the thing yielded. King Charles.

CONCE'SSIONARY. a. Given by indulgence.

CONCE'SSIVELY. ad. [from concrjioa.]
By way of conceſſion. Bacon.

CONCH. A [concha, Latin.] A ſhelJ ; a
fea-ſhell'. Dryden.

CO'NCHOID. ʃ. The name of a curve.

To CONCI'LLATE. v. a. [concilio, Latin.]
To gain. Brown.


LI A'TION. ʃ. [from conciliiite.] The
z€t of gaining or reronciling,

CONCILIA'TOR. ʃ. [from conciliate.] One
that makes utace between others.

CONCI'L[ATORY. a. [from cor.ciliato]
Relating to reronciliatio.'i. Diti.

CONCI'NNITY. ʃ. [from concinnitai, Lat.]
Decency ; fiitneſs.

CONCI'NNOUS. a. [cordr.nus, Lat.] Becoming
; pleaſant.

CONCI'SE. a. [coiuifus, Latin.] Britf ; (hort. Ben. Johnſon.

CONCI'SELY. ad. [from (owj'f.] Briefly; ſtcrtly, Broorne.

CONCISENESS. ʃ. [from concij!.] Brevity
; flinitneſs. Dryden.

CONCISION. ʃ. [fO'-c'jum, Lat.] Cuuing
oli ; exciſion.


CONCITA'TION. ʃ. [concitatio, Lat.] Th«
act of ſtirring up. Brown.

CONCLAMA TION. ſ. An outcry. Diii.

CO'NCLAVE. ʃ. [conclave, Latin.]
1. A private apartment.
2. The room in which the cardinals meet )
or the airembly of the cardinals. Shakʃpeare, South.
3. A doſe afTembly. ' Gurtb,

To CONCLU'DE. v. a. [fo«f,Wo/ Lat.]
1. To ſhut. Hooker.
2. To collect by ratiocination. Milton.
3. To decide ; to determine. Addiſon.
4. To end ; to finiſh. Bacon, Dryden.
5. To oblige, as by the final determination. Hale, Atterbury.

To CONCLU'DE. v. n.
1. To perform the laſt act of ratiocination
; to determine. Davies, Boyle.
2. To ſettle opinion. Atterbury.
3. Finally to determine. Shakʃpeare.
4. To end. Dryden.

CONCLU'DENCY. ʃ. [from condudent.]
Conſequence ; regular proof. Hii/e.

CONCLU'DENT. a. [from conclude.] Dccilive. Hale.

CONCLU'SIBLE. a. [from conclude.] Determinable. Hammond.

CONCLU'SION. ʃ. [from conclude.]
1. Determination; final deciſion. Hcoier.
2. Chlleſtion from propoſitions premifed ; conſequence. Du-uies. Til'ot;on.
3. The cloſe. Eccks.
4. The event of experiments. Shakʃpeare.
5. The end ; the upſhot.
6. Silence ; confinement of the thoughts.Shakʃpeare.

CONCLU'SIVE. a. [from conclude.]
1. Deciſive ; giving the laſt determination.
Bramball. Rogers.
2. Regularly conſequential, Locke.

CONCLU'SIVELY. ad. [from conchfive.]
Deciſively. Bacon.

CONCLU'SIVENESS. ʃ. [from co-cluſive ..
Power of determining the opinion. Hale.

To CONCOA'GULATE. t. a. To congeal
one thing with anotht'r. Boyle.

CONXOAGULA'TION. ʃ. [from co-coogulate.]
A coagulation by which ditierent
bodies are joined in one mafs.

To CONCO'CT. v. a. [concojt^o, Lat.] .
1. To digeſt by the ſtoit.ach. Hayward.
2. To purify by heat. [from ſon.

CONCOCTION. ʃ. [from corcoB.] Digeſtion
in the ſtomach ; maturation by
heat. Donne.

CONCO'LOUR. a. [c0ncol9r, Latin.] Of
one colour. Brown.

CONCO'MITANCE. ʃ. f. [fromt) co^corritor,

CONGO MITAXCY. ʃ. Lat.] Subſiſtence
together with another thing.
BrnKfl. Granville.


2. The mafj formed by a coalition of ſeparate
particles. Bacon.

CO'NCRETIVE. a. [from concrete.] Coa-. Brown.
/. A maſs formed by


CONCOMITANT. a. [concomifans, Lat.]
Conjoined with ; concurrent with. Locke.

CO'NCOMITANT. ʃ. Companion ; perſon
connected, South.

CX)'NCOMITANTLY. ad. [from concamitant.]
In company with others.

To COiiCOMlTATE. v. a. [concomieaiui, CONCUBINAGE
Lat.] To be connected with any thing. The act of living with. Harvey. married

CO'NCORD. ʃ. [conco'^ia, Latin.]
1. Agreement between perſons or things; peace ; union. Shakʃpeare.
2. A compact. Davies.
3. Harmony ; conſent of ſounds
/. [concubinage, Fr.]
woman not. Broome.

CONCUBINE. ʃ. [concubina, Latin.] A
woman kept in fornication ; a whore. Bacon.

To CONCU'LCATE. v. a. f<:a«a/«, Lat.]
To tread or tr.(mple under foot.
4. Principal grammatical relation of one
word to another. Locke.

CONCO'RDANCE. ʃ. [corcordantia, Lat.]
1. Agreement.
2. A book which Aews in how many
texts of ſcripture any word occurs, Swift.

CONCO'RDANT. a. [concordat, Latin.]
Agreeable ; agreeing. Brown.

CONCO'RDATE. ʃ. [concordat, Fr.] A
compact ; a convention, Swift.

CONCO'RPORAL. a. [from tor.corforo,
Lat ] Of the ſame body. Di'a,

To CONCO'RPORATE. v. a. [con and
eorpus.'^ To unite in one maſs or ſubſtance.

CONCORPORA'TION. ʃ. [from concorporate.]
Union in one mafs, X);ff.

CO'NCOURSE. ʃ. [conturjui, Latin.]
1. The confluence of maoy perſons or
things, Ben. Johnſon.
2. The perſons aſſembled. Dryden.
3. The point of junction or interfeOion
of two bodies. Newton.

CONCREMA'TION. ſ. [from cowemo.
Lat.] The act of burning together. Difi,

CO'NCREMENT. ʃ. [from concrejco, Lat.]
The maſs formed by concretion. Hale.

CONCRE'SCENCE. ʃ. [from tor.crtfco, Lat.]
The act or quality of growing by the union
of ſeparate oarticies, Raleigh.

To CONCRE'TE. v. n. [concreju, Latin.]
To coaleſce into one mafs. Newton.

To CONCRE'TE. v. a. To form by concretion.

CONCRETE. a. [from the verb.]
r. Formed by concretion.
2. In logick. Not abſtract ; applied »o a
ſubjtft. Hooker.

CO'NCRETE. ʃ. A maſs formed by concretion. Berkley.

CONCRE'TELY. ad. [from ctncrete.] In
a manner including the ſubjtft with the
predicate. Norris.

CONCRE'TENESS. ʃ. [from concrete.'lQoi. Shakʃpeare. CONCULCA.'TION. ſ. [conculcatio, Lat.]
Trampling with the feet.

CONCU'PJSCENCE. ʃ. [csrcupifenda, Lat.]
Irregular dtfjte ; libidinous wiſh, Benllev.

CONCU'PISCENT. .. [coicupiſcen, Lat.]
Libidinous ; lecherous. Shakʃpeare.

CONCUPISCE'NTIAL. a. [{rom ccr.cuftſcent.]
Relating to concupiſcence.

CONCUPI'SCIBLE. a. [cor.cupiJc:bU,s,la%-]
Impreſſing deſire. South.

To CONCU'R. v.n. [covcurro, Latin.]' -.
1. To meet in one point. Temple.
2. To agree ; to join in one action. Swift.
3. To be united with ; to be conjoined.
4. To contribute to one common event.


CONCURRENCY. f ^- f'^^°' concur.]
gulation ; collection of fluids into a ſolid
niafs. Diil.-

CONCRE'TION. ʃ. [from concrete.]
! The act of conciecing ; coalition.
1. Union ; aſſociation ; conjunflion.
C 'arendfK,
2. Combination of many agents or circumflances.
3. Afliſtance ; help. Rogers.
4. Joint right ; common claim. JAyliffe.

CONCU'RRENT. a. [from concur.-.
1. Afting in conjuiſhoa ; concomitap..
in agency. Uaie.
2. Conjoined ; aflbciate : concomitant. Bacon.

CONCU'RRENT. ʃ. That which concurs.
Daay of Piety.

CONCU'SSION. ʃ. [cmuj/iq, Lat.] Ti»e
act of (baking ; tremefaction. Bacon.

CONCU'SSIVE. a. [coneuſſhs, Lat.] Having
the power or quality of Shaking. Burnet.

To CONDE^iMN. v. a. [cordemno, Latig.]
1. To find guilty ; to doom to puniſhment.
2. To cenſure ; to blame : contrary to
approve. Locke.
3. To fine. Chronelet.

CONDE'MNABLE. a. [from condemn.]
BIarricable; ciilpable Brown.

CONDEMNATION. f. [andemvatio, Lat.]
The ſentence by which any one is doomed
to puniſhinent. Ifomant,'

CONDE MNATORY. a! [from condemn.]
Etlfi-ng a ſentence of condemnation.
Governm.'nt of the Tongue.

CO'^Dfi'MNER. ſ. [from ttndirm.] A
blamer ; a cenſurer. Tffylor.

CONDE'NSABLE. a. [from conienfate.]
That which is capable of condenfation. Digby.

To CONDENSATE. v. a. [condepfu, Lat.]
To make thicker.

To CONDENSATE. v. ti. To grow thicker.

GONDE'NSATE. a. [condenfatut, Latin.]
Mjde thick ; comprtilbd into leſs ſpace.

CONDENSA'TION. ʃ. [from condenfue..
The act of thickening any body. Op^'oſite
to rarefaction. Raleigh, Berkley.

To CONDE'NSE. v. a. [carderjo, Latin.]
To make any body more thick, cloſe and
weighry. PFoodward,

To CONDE'NSE. v. n. To grow cioſe and
weightv. Newton.

CONDENSE. a. [from the verb.] Thick;
denfe. Berkley.

CONDE'NSER. ʃ. A veſſel, wherein to
crowd the air. Sutncy.

CONDE'NSITY. ʃ. [from condenfe.] The
ſtate of being condenfed.

CO'NDERS. ʃ. [conduire, French.] Such
as ſtand upon high places near the feacoaft,
at the time of hering-fithing, to
make ſigns to the fiffiers which way the
ihole of herrings paileth. Co-wel.

To CONDESCEND. 1^. n. [condefundre,
1. To depart from the privileges of ſuperiority. Watts.
4. To conſent to do more than mere juſtice
can require. Milton.
3. To ſtoop ; to bend ; to yield. Milton.

CONDESCE'NDENCE. ʃ. [condejcendence
French.]- Voluntary ſubmiſſion.

CONDESCE'NDINGLY. ad. [from condefcer.
divg.~\ By way of voluntary humiliation
; by way of kind conceſſion.

CONDESCENSION. ʃ. [from candeſcend.]
Voluntary humihation ; deſcent frotn' ſuperiority.

COMDESCE'NSIVE. a. [from condefcefid.]

CONDi'GN. a. [eondignus, Latin.] Suitable
; defetved ; merited. Arbuthnot.

CONDJ'GNESS. ʃ. [from ctndign.'^ Suitableneſs
; agreeableneſs to deftttts.

CONDrCNLY. ad. [from condign.] Deſervedly
; according to rperit.

CO'NDIMENT. ʃ. [cor.dimenturif, Latin.]
Seafoning ; fauce. Bacon.

CONDISCI'PLE. y. [<ondife!fulus, Lat.] A

To CO NDITE. v. a. [ctnJio, Lat.] To
pickle ; topreſerve by falls. TtJy'or.

CO'NDJTEMENT. ʃ. [from condite.] A
cosjipoſition of conktvcs, D'fl.


CONDI'TION. ʃ. [condition, Fr.]
1. Quality; that by which any thing iS
denominated good or bad. i^baiſʃpeare,
2. Attribute ; accident ; property.
3. Natural quality of the mind ; temper ;
temperament. Shakʃpeare.
4. Moral quality ; virtue, or vice. Raleigh, South.
5. State ; circumftances. Wake.
6. Rank, Shakʃpeare, Clarenden.
7. Stipulation ; terms of compact. Ben. Johnſon, Clarenden.
?, The writing of agreement ; compact.Shakʃpeare.

To CONDI'TION. v. «. [from the noun.]
To make terms ; to flipulate. Donne.

CONDI TIQNAL. a. [from condition.] By
way of ſtipulation ; not abſolute. South.

CONDl'TIONAL. ſ. [fron; the adjective. ;
A limitation. Bacon.

CONDITIONA'LITY. ʃ. [from conditional.]
Limitatico by certain terms. Decay of Piety.

CONDITIONALLY. ʃ. [from conditional.]
With certain limitations ; on particular
tefms. South.

CONDI'TIONARY. a. [from cenditwn.]
Stipulated. Norris.

To CONDl'TIONATE. v. a. To regulate
by certain conditions. Brown.

CONDl'TIONATE. a. Eftabliſhed on certain
terms. Hammond.

CCNDI'TIONED. a. [from condition.] Havl
ing i^ualities or properties good or bad.Shakʃpeare.

To CONDO'LE. v. a. [condoho, Latin.]
To lament with thoſe that are in misfortune. Temple.

To CONDOLE. v. a. To bewail with
another. Dryden.

CONDO'LEMENT. ʃ. [from condole.]
Grief ; ſorrow. Shakʃpeare.

CONDO'LENCE. ʃ. [condoleance, French.]
Grief for the ſorrows of another. Arbuthnot.

A CONDO'LER. ſ. [from condole.] One
that compliments another upon his misfortunes.

CONDONATION. ʃ. [condonatio, Lat.]
A pardoning ; a forgiving.

To CONDUCE. v. n. [conduce, Lat.] To
promote an end ; to contribute.
Titlomfon. Newton.

To CONDUlCE. v. a. To conduct. Wotton.

CONDU'CIBLE. a. [conducibilis, Latin.]
Having the power of conducing. Berkley.

CONDU'CIBLENESS. ʃ. [from conducible.]
The quality of contributing to any end.

CONDU'CIVE. a. [from conduce.] That
which may contribute to any end. Rogers.

CONDU'CIVENESS. ʃ. [from conducive.]
The quality of conducing.



CO'NDUCT. ʃ. [conduit, F.]
1. Management ; (Economy. Bacon.
7. The aiEl of leading troops. Waller.
3. Convoy f efcorte ; guard, \ EJdrai.
4. A warrant by which a convoy is appointed.
5. Behaviour ; regular life. Swift.

To CONJJUCT. v. a. [conJuire, French.]
1. To lead ; to direct ; to accompany in
order to ſhow the way. Milton.
2. To attend in civility. Shnkſpeare.
3. To manage ; as, to conduEt an affair
4. To head an army.

CONDUCTI'TIOUS. a. [conduaitius, Lat.]

HIred. jAyliffe.

CONDU'CTOR. ʃ. [from cerdua.]
1. A leader; one who ſhows another the
way by accompanying him. Dryden.
2. A chief; a general.
3. A manager ; a director.
4. An inſtrument to direct the knife in
cutting. Quincy.

CONDUCTRESS. ʃ. [from condua.] A
woman that directs.

CO'NDUIT. ʃ. [conduit, French.]
1. A canal of pipes for the conveyance of
waters. Davies.
1. The pipe or cock at which water is
drawn. Shakʃpeare.

CONDUPLICA'TION. ʃ. [condupluatio,
Latin.] A doubling.

CONE. ʃ. [xw®-.] A ſolid body, of
which the baſe is a circle, and which ends
in a point.

To CONFA'BULATE. v. ». [confabuh,
Lat.] To talk eaſily together ; to chat.

CONFABULATION. f. [confabulatio, Lat.]
Eaſy converfation.

CONFA'BULATORY. a. [from confabulate.
'\ Belonging to talk.

CONFARREA'TION. ʃ. [confarreatio,
Lat.] The folcmnization of marriage by
eating bread together. Ayliffc.

To CONFE'CT. v. a. [confaus, Latin.]
To make up into ſweetmeats.

CO'NFECT. ʃ. [from the verb.] A ſweetmear.

CONFECTION. ʃ. [confeHio, Latin.]
1. A preparation of fruit, with ſugar ; a
ſweetmeat. Addiʃon.
2. A eompoſition ; a mixture. Shakʃpeare.

CONFE'CTIONARY. ʃ. [from corfaion.'.
One whoſe trade is to make (weetmeatfShakʃpeare.

CONFE'CTIONER. ʃ. [from confection.]
One whoſe trade is to make ſweetmeats.

CONFE'DERACY. ʃ. [ccnj.-deration, Fr.]
League ; unſion^ engagement. Shakʃpeare.

To CONFE'DERATE. v. a. [con/ederer,
French.] To join in a league ; to unite ; to all;, Knotltt,


To CONFE'DERATE. v. n. To league ;
to un\te in league. South.

CONFE'DERATE. a. [from the verb.]
United in a league, Pſalms.

CONFE'DERATE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
One who engages to ſupport another ; an
ally, Dryden.

CONFEDERA'TION. ʃ. [tonfederation, Fr.]
League ; alliance. Bacon.

To CONFER. 1/, «. [confero, Lat.] To
diſcourſe with another upon a ſtated ſubject. Clarendon.

To CONFE'R. v. a.
t. To compare; Raleigh, Boyle.
Zi To give ; to beſtow. Clarendon, Milton.
3. To contiibute ; to conduce. Glanvile.

CO'NFERENCE. ʃ. [conference.] French.]
1. Formal diſcourſe ; oral diſculFikn of any
queſtion. Sidney.
2. An appointed meetitig for diſcuſting
ſome point.
3. Cimparifon. Ajcham,

CONFE'RRER. ʃ. [from «n/fr.]
1. He that converſes.
2. He that befiows.

To CONFESS;. v. a. [ctnfeffer. Fr.]
1. To acknowledge a crime, Shakʃpeare.
2. To diſcloſe the ſtate of the conlcience
to the prieſt. Wake,
3. To hear the confeſſion of a penitent,
as a prieſt.
4. To own ; to avow ; not to deny. Matt,
5. To grant ; not to diſpute, Locke.
6. To ſhow ; to prove ; to atteſt. Pope. .

To CONFE'SS. v. a. To make confeſſion ; as, be is ^ore to the prie/i to conffs.

CONFE'SSEDLY. eid. [from confj/ed.]
Avowedly ; indiſputably. South.

CONFE'SSION. ſ. [from con/ejs.' ;
1. The acknowledgment of a crime.
2. The act of diſburdening the conſcience
to a prieſt. Wake.
3. Profeſſion ; avowal. i T/».
4. A formulary in which the articles of
faith are compriſed.

CONFESSIONAL. ʃ. [French.] Theſest
in which the confeffor fits. Addiſon.

CONFE'SSIONARY. ʃ. [conf.Jioraire , Fr.]
The feat, where the prieſt fits to hear cgnfefljons.

CO'NFESSOR. ʃ. [conftjfeur, French.]
1. One who makes proteflion of his fjith
in the face of danger. Stillingfleet.
2. He that hears confeſſions, and preſonbc.
penitence. Taylor.
3. He who confeſſes his crimes.

CONFE'ST. a. Open ; known ; not con.
cealed ; Race,

C0NFE'6TLY. tfi, Uniiiſputably ; evi.
dently. Decay of Piety.
A aa CONFl'.


CONFI'CIENT. a. That cauſes or procures.

CONFIDANT. ʃ. [confident, French.] A
perſon truſted with private affairs.

To CONFIDE. ʃ. ». [confido, Latin.] To
truſt in ; to put truſt in. Congreve.

CO'NFIDENCE. ʃ. [confidentla, Latin.]
1. Firm belief of another. South.
2. Truft in his own abilities or fortune. Clarendon.
3. Vitious boldneſs. Qppoſed to modefty. Hooker.
4. Honeſt boldneſs ; firmneſs of integrity.
2. Efdras. Milton.
5. Truft in the goodneſs of another. [Jo.
6. That which gives or cauſes confidence.

CO'NFIDENT. a. [from conſide. [
1. AfTured beyond doubt. Hammond.
2. Pofitive ; affirmative ; dogmatical.
3. Secure of ſucceſs. Sidney, South.
4. Without ſuſpicion ; truſting without
limits. Shakʃpeare.
5. Bold to a vice ; impudent.

CONFIDENT. ʃ. [from conſide.] One
truſted with ſecrets. South.

CO'NFIDENTLY. ad. [ham confident.]
1. Without doubt ; without fear. Atterbury.
2. With firm truſt. Dryden.
3. Without appearance of doubt ; poſitively
; dogmatically. Ben. Johnson.

CO'NFIDENTNESS. ʃ. [from confident.]

CONFIGURA'TION. ſ. [atfiguratiotiffr.]
1. The form of the various parts, adapted
to each other. Woodwari,
1. The face of the hotoſcope.

To CONFI'GURE. v. a. [from figura,
Latin.] To diſpoſe into any form. Berkley.

CO'NFINE. ʃ. [confinh, Lat.] Common
boundary ; border ; edge. L%de.

CO'NFINE. a. [confina, L-atin.] Bordering

To CONFINE. ʃ. » To border upon ; to
touch on different territories. Milton.

To CONFI'NE. v. a. [confiner. Ft.]
1. To bound ; to limit.
1. To shut up ; to impriſon ; to immure.Shakʃpeare.
3. To reſtrain ; to tie up to. Dryden.

CONFI'NELESS. fl. [from confine.] Bound-
Iftfs ; unlimited. Shakʃpeare.

CONFI'NEMENT. ſ. [from confine.] Impriſonment
; reſtraint of liberty. Addiſon.

CONFI'NER. ſ. [from confine.]
1. A borderer i one that lives upon confines.
2. A near neighbour.
3. Ofie which touches upon two
regions, Daniel.
different Bacon.

CONFI'NITY. ʃ. [««//i;to, Latin.] Nearneſs.

To CONFI'RM. v. a. [confirmo, Latin.]
1. To put part doubt by new evidence. Addiʃon.
2. To ſettle ; to eftabliſh. ; Mac, Shak.
3. To fix ; to radicate. Wiſeman.
4. To complete ; to petfeſt. Shakʃpeare.
5. To ſtrengthen by new ſolemnities or
ties. Swift.
6. To admit to the full privileges of a
Chriſtian, by impoſition of hands. Hammond.

CONFI RMABLE. a. [from confirm.] That
which is capable of inconteſtible evidence.

CONFIRMA'TION. ʃ. [from confitm.]
1. The act of eflabliftiing any thing or
perſon ; ſettlement. Shakʃpeare.
2. Evidence ; additional proof. Knolles.
3. Proof ; convincing teſtimony. South.
4. An eccleſiaftical rite. Hammond.

CONFIRMA'TOR. Anatteſterj he that
puts a matter paſt doubt. Brown.

CONFI'RMATORY. a. [from confirm.]
Giving additional teſtimony.

CONFI'RMEDNESS. ʃ. [from corfirmed-l
Confirmed ſtate. Decay of Piety.

CONFI'RMER. ʃ. [from confirm.] One
that confirms ; an atteſter ; an eftabliſher.Shakʃpeare.

CONFI'SCABLE. a. [from confifcate.] Liable
to forfeiture.

To CONFl'SCATE. v. a. [confiſquer.] To
transfer private property to the publick, by
way of penalty. Bacon.

CONFl'SCATE. a. [from the verb.]
Transferred to the publick as forfeit.Shakʃpeare.

CONFISCA'TION. ʃ. [from confifcate.] The
act of transferring the forfeited goods of
triminnls to publick uſe. Bacon.

CO'NFITENT. ʃ. [conſiten:, Latin.] One
confeflinp. Decay of Piety.

CO'NFITURE. ʃ. French.] A ſweetmeat ; a confeſtion. Bacon.

To CONFI'X. v. a. confixum, Latin.] To
fix down. Shakʃpeare.

CONFLA'GRANT. a. [confiagrans, Lat.]
Involved in a general fire. Milton.

CONFLAGRA'TION. ʃ. confiagratio, Lat.]
1. A general fire. Berkley.
2. It is taken for the fire which ſhall confume
this world at the confummation.

CONFLA TION. ſ. [confiatum, Latin.]
1. The act of blowing many inſtruments
together. Bacon.
n, A cafling or melting of metal.

CONFLE'XURE. ʃ. [corpxura, Latin.] A

To CONFLICT. v. ». [««^;^o, Lat.] To
iliive; to conteſt ; to fight ,- to ſtruggle.


A CONFLICT. ſ. [corfitSlui, Latin.] -
1. A violent coJliſion, or oppoſition. Boyle.
2. A combat ; a fight between two.Shakʃpeare.
3. Conteſt ; ſtrife ; contention. Shakſp.
4. Struggle ; agony ; pang. Regtn,

CO'NFLUENCE. ʃ. [corfiuo, Latin.]
1. Thejunction or union of ſeveral ſtreams. Raleigh. Brerewood.
4. The act of crowding to a place. Bacon.
3. A concourſe ; a multitude. Temple.

CO'NFLUENT. a. [confuens, Ld.t.] Running
one into another ; meeting. Blackmore.

CO'NFLUX. ʃ. [corfluxio, Latin.]
1. The union of ſeveral currents. Clarendon.
1. Crowd ; multitude collected. Milton.

CONFO'RM. a. [confonms, Latin.] Affuming
the ſame form ; reſembling. Bacon.

To CONFO'RM. -J. a. [conformo, Latin.]
To reduce to the like appearance with
ſomething elTe. Hooker.

To CONFO'RM. v. n. To comply with. Dryden.

CONFO'RMABLE. a. [from conform.]
1. Having the ſame form ; fimiiar. Hooker.
2. Agreeable ; ſuitable ; not oppoſite. Addiʃon.
3. Compliant \ ready to follow directions
; obſequious. Sprat.

CONFO'RMABLY. ad. [from conformable.]
With conformity ; ſuitably. Locke.

CONFORMATION. ſ.French ; conformation
1. The form of things as relating to each
other. Holder.
2. The act of producing ſuitableneſs, or
conformity. Watts.

CONFO RMIST. ſ. [from covform.] One
that complies with the worſhip of the
church of England.

CONFORMITY. ʃ. [from ««/im.]
2. Similitude ; reſemblance. Hooker, Addiſon.
. Conſiſlency. Arbuthnot.

CONFORTA'TION. ʃ. [from conſorto, Lat.]
Collation of ſtrength. Bacon.

To CONFOUND. m. a. [confondre, Fr.]
1. To mingle things. Geneſis.
2. To perplex ; to mention without due
diftin<flion. Locke.
3. To diſturb theapprehenſion by indiſtinct
words. Locke.
4. To throw into conſternation ; to perplex
; to afloniſh ; to ſtupify. Milton.
5. To deſtroy. Daniel.

CONFO'UNDED. fjrt. a. [from confound.]
Hateful ; deteſtable. Grew.

CONFOUNDEDLY. ad. [from confounded.]
Hatefully ; ſhamcfully. Addiſon.

CONFO'UNDER. ʃ. [irorr, confound.] He
who diſtorbS; perplwe?, or deſtroys.


CONFRATE RNITY. ſ. [from con and/«r< termtas, Laim.] A body of men united
for ſome religious purpoſe, Stillirafl.tt

CONFRICA'TION. ʃ. [from con indſheo',
Lat.] The il\ of rubbing againſt any
t'^'ng- Baco,,.

To CONFRONT. v. a. [corfronur, Fr.]
1. To ſtand againſt another 111 lull viev^ ;
» f«<^C. Dryden.
1. To ſtand face to face, in oppuſition to
another. Sidney.
3. To oppoſe one evidence ta another la
open court.
4. To compare one thing with another.
_ Addiſon.

CONFRONTA'TION. ʃ. [French.] The
act of bringing two evidences face to face.

To CONFUSE. v. a. [confufus, Latin.]
1. To diſorder; to diſperſe irregularly.
1. To mix ; not to ſeparate.
3. To perplex, not diſtinguiſh ; to obſcure,
4. To hurry the mind. Popr»

CONFU'SEDLY. ad. [from confujed.]
1. In a mixed maſs ; without reparation. Raleigh.„
1. Indiſtinctly ; one mingled with another. Newton.
3. Not clearly ; not plainly. Clarenden.
4. Tumultuoudv
; haftily. Dryden.

CONFU'SEDNESS. ʃ. [from confujed. 1
Want of diſtinctneſs ; want of clearneſs.
_ Narriu

CONFU'SION. ʃ. [from confuje.]
1. Irregular mixture ; tumultuous medly. Davies.
2. Tumult. Hooker.
3. Indiſtinct combination. Locke.
4. Overthrow ; deſtruction. Shakʃpeare.
5. Afloniſhment ; difiraction of mind.

CONFUTABLE. a. [from confute.] Pofli.
ble to be diſproved. Brown.

CONFUTATION. ʃ. [covfatctio, Latin.]
The act of confuting ; diſprcof.

To CONFU'TE. v. a. [confuto, Latin.]
To cowift of errour ; to diſprove.
„ , , , . Hudibras.

CONGE. ʃ. [con^J, French.]
1. Act of reverence ; bow ; courtefy. Swift.
2. Leave; farewel, Spenſer.

To CONGE. v. n. To take leave.Shakʃpeare.

CO'NGE D'ELIRE. The king's peimiſhoa
royal to a dean and chapter, in time of
vacation, to chuſe a biſhop. Spenſer.

CO'NGE. ʃ. [In architecture.] A moulding
in form of a quarter round, or a ca-
'^etto. Chambfrs.

To CONGE'AL. v. a. [ccngele, Latin.]
; . To turn^ by frolt, from a iiuid to a £0.
J'd ſlate. Spenſer.
». To

2. To bind or fix, as by cold. Shakʃpeare.

To CONGEAL. v. n. To conciere, by
cold. Burtiet.

CONGE'ALABLE. ^. [from congeal.] Suſceptihle
of congelation. Bacon.

CONGE'ALMENT. ʃ. [from congeal.] The
clot formed by congelatiorl. Shakʃpeare.

CONGELATION. ʃ.i liromcovgsal.] State
of being congealed, or made foiid. Arbuthnot, Brown.

CONGE'NER. ʃ. [Latin.] Of the ſame
kind or nature. Miller.

CONGE'NEROUS. a. [congener, Latin.]
Of the ſame kind. Brown, Arbuthnot.

CONGE'NEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from congetieroui.]
The quality of being from the
fame original.

CONGE'NIAL. a. f«« and genius, Lat.]
Partaking of the ſame genius ; cognate,
Wotton. Pope. .

CONGENIA'LITY. ʃ. [from congenial.]
Cognation of mind.

CONGE'NIALNESS. ʃ. [from congenial]
Cognation of mind.

CONGE'NITE. a. [congenitui, Latin.] Of
the ſame birth ; connate. Uak.

CO'NGER. [ [congrus, Latin.] The feaeel.

CONGE'RIES. ʃ. [Lati.n.] A maſs of ſmall
bodies heaped up together. Boyle.

To CONGE'ST. v. a. [congfjlum, Lmn.]
To heap up.

CONGE'STIBLE. a. [from congejl.] That
may be heaped up.

CONGE'STION. ʃ. [congejlio, La,tin.] A
colle<£\ion of matter, as inabſceſſes. Quincy.

CO'NGIARY. ʃ. [(ongiarium, Lat.] A gift
diſtributed to the Roman people or ſoldiery.

To CONGLA'CIATE. i'. n. [conglaaatus,
Latin.] To turn to ice. Brown.

CONGLACLVTION. ʃ. [from corglaci^/e.]
Aft of changing into ice. Brown.

To CONGLO'BATE. v. a. [conghbatus,
Latin.] To gather into a hard firm ball.

CONGLO'BATE. a. Moulded into a firm
ball. aeyne.

CONGLO'BATELY. ad. In a ſpherical

CONGLOBA'TION. ʃ. [from canglobate.]
A round body. Brown.

To CONGLO'BE. i'. a. [conglobo, Latin.]
To gather into around mafs. Pope. .

To CONGLO'BE. v. a. To coaleſce into a
round mafs. Milton.

To CONGLO'MERATE. v. a. [cong:o.
mere, Lat.] To gather into a ball, like a
bail of thread. Grew.

CONGLOMERATE. a. [from the verb.]
1. Gathered mto a round ball, ſo as that
the fibres are diſtinct. Cheyne.
2. Collected ; twilled together,


CONGLOMERATION. ʃ. [from congk'
1. Colledlion of matter into a looſe ball.
2. Fntertexture ; mixture. Bacon.

To CONGLUTINATE. v. a. [conglutino,
Lafm.] To cement ; to reunite.

To CONGLUTINATE. v. a. To coaleſce.

CONGLUTINATION. ʃ. [from conglutifiate.]
The act of uniting wounded bodies. Arbuthnot.

CONGLU'TINATIVE. a. [from conglutinate]
Having the power of uniting

CONGLUTINA'TOR. ʃ. [from conglutinate.]
That which has the power of uniting
woundf. Woodward.

CONGRA'TULANT. a. [from congratulate.]
Rejoicing in participation. Milton.

To CONGRA TULATE. ſ. a. [graru'or,
Latin.] To compliment upon any happy
event. Sprat.

To CONGRATULATE. v. n. To rejoice in
participitation. Swift.

CONGRATULATION. ʃ. [from congratulate.]
1. The act of profeſſing joy for the happineſs
or ſucceſs of another,
2. The form in which joy is profeſſed.

CONGRATULATORY. a. [from congrJ.
tulaie.] Expreſſing joy for the good of

To CONGRE'E. v. a. To agree ; to join.Shakʃpeare.

To CONGRE'ET. v. n. [from con and
greet.] To falure reciprocally. Shakʃpeare.

To CO'NGREGATE. v. a. [congrego, Lat.]
To collect ; to aſſemble ; to bring into
one place. Raleigh, Newton.

To CO'NGREGATE. ʃ. «. To airemble ;
to meet. Denham.

CONGREGATE. a. [from the verb.]
Collected ; compact. Bacon.

CONGREGATION. ʃ. [from congregate.]
1. A coileſtion ; a maſs brought together.Shakʃpeare.
2. An aſſembly met to worſhip God in
publick. Hooker, Swift.

CONGREGATIONAL. a. [from congre.
gation.] Publick ; pertaining to a congregation.

CO'NGRESS. ʃ. [songreffus, Lat.]
1. A meeting ; a ſhock ; a conflift. Dryden.
2. An appointed meeting for ſettlement of
affairs between different nations.

CONGRE'SSIVE. a. [from oongrefi.] Meeting
; encountering Brown.

To CONGRU'E. ʃ. «. [from congruo, Lat.]
To agree ; to be confident with ; to ſuit.Shakʃpeare.

CO'NGRUENCE. ʃ. [congruentia, Latin. ;
Agreement ; ſuitableneſs of one thing to
another. _ ,. CONGRU'-

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CCyNGRUENT. a. [congruent, Latin.]
Agreeing ; correſpondent. Cheyne.

CONGRU'lTY. ſ. [from eovgrue.]
1. Suitableneſs ; agreeableneſs. Glanville.
2. Fitneſs ; pertinence.
3. Conſequence of argument ; reaſon
; conſiſtency. Hooker.

CO'NGRUMENT. ʃ. [from covgrue.] Fitneſs
; adaptation. Ben. Johnſon.

CO'NCRUOUS. a. [congrous, Latin.]
1. Agreeable to ; confident with. Locke.
2. Suitable to ; accommodated to. Cheyne.
3. Rational ; fit, Atterbury.

CONGRUOUSLY. ad. [from congruous.'.
Suitably ; pertinently, Boyle.

CO'NICAL. ʃ^. [conicus, Latin.] Having

CO'NICK. i the form of a cone. Prior.

CO'NICALLY. ad. [from conical.] In
form of a cone. Boyle.

CO'NICALNESS. ʃ. [From conical] the
(late or quality of being conical,

CONICK Section. ſ. A curve line ariſing
from the I'eſtion of a cone by a plane,

CO'NIGK SeBiont. 7 ʃ. That'j.art of geo.

Co NICK.S. ʃ. fnctry which conſiders
the cone, and the curves ariſing from its

To CONJE'CT. v. n. [conjcfim, Lat.] To
gneſs ; to conjefture, Shakʃpeare.

CONJE'CTOR. ʃ. [from ca«/V3.] A guelTer ; a conjefturer. Swift.

CONJE'CTURABLE. a. [from conjeaure.]
PoUible to be guelied.

CONJE'CTURAL. a. [from conjeaure.l
Depending on conjecture. Broom.

CONJECTURA'LITY. ʃ. [from conjeaural.]
That wfeich depends upon gueſs. Brown.

CONJE'CTURALLY. ad. [from conje^urj/,
] By gutiV ; by coujefture. Hooker.

CONJE'CTURE. ʃ. [conjeBura, Latin.]
1. Gueſs; imperfect knowledge. South.
2. Idea ; notion ; conception. Shakʃpeare.

To CONJE'CTURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To gueſs ; to judge by gueſs. South.

A CONJE'CTVRER. ſ. [from conjcawe.]
A gueffer. Addiſon.

CONIFEROUS. a. [cotoi and fero, Lat.]
Such trees are coniferous as bear a fruit,
of a woody fobftance, and a figure approaching
to that of a cone. Of this kind are
fir, pine. Quincy.

To CONJO BBLE. v. a. To concertT

To CONJO'IN. v. a. [conjoindre, Fr.]
1. To unite ; to conſolidate into one. Dryden.
2. To unite in marriage, Shakʃpeare.
3. To afTociate ; to connect. Taylor.

To CONJO'IN. . n. To league ; to unite,Shakʃpeare.

CQNJO'INT. a. [conjolm, Fr.] ynited ; connected,


CONJO'INTLY. ad. [from conjanf.] In
union ; together, Brown.

CONJUGAL. a. [conjugalis, Lat.] Matrimonial
; belonging to marriage, Swift.

CO'NJUGALLY. ud. [from covjugaL] Ma.
trimoniaily ; connubially.

To CO'NJUOATE. v. a. [conjugo, Lat.]
1. To join f to join in marriage ; to unite.
2. To infleift verbs.

CO'NJUGATE. ʃ. [conjugatus, Latin.] Agreeing
in derivation with another word.

CONJUGATION. ʃ. [conjugatio, Lat.]
1. A couple; a pair. Brown.
2. The act of uniting or compiling things
together, Berkley.
3. Theformofinfleding verbs. Locke.
4. Union ; aiſemblage, Taylor

CONJUNCT.^, [cor,junau, Latin.] Coul
joined ; concurrent ; united. Shakʃpeare.

CONJU'NCTION. ʃ. [conjuraio, Latin.]
1. Union ; alfuciation ; league. Bacon.
2. Th3 congreſs of two planets in thefame
degree of the zodiack, Rymer.
3. A word made uſe of to connect the
clauſes of a period together. C'arke

CONJUNCTIVE. a. [corjunaivus, Latin.]
1. cloſely united, Shakʃpeare.
2. [In grammar.] The mood of a verb.

CONJU'NCTIVELY. ad. [from conjunHive.]
In union. Brown.

COXJU NCTIYENESS. ſ. [from conjuna.
've.] The quality of joining or uniting.

CONJU XCTLY. ad. [from conjuna. ;
Joiiitly ; together.

CONJU'NCTURE. ʃ. [ccnjonaure, Fr.]
1. Combination of many circunnilances. King Charles.
2. Occafioji ; critical time. Clarenden.
3. Mode of union ; connection. Holder.
4. ConJiftency, K.CharleSt

CONJURATION. ʃ.: [from conjure.]
1. The term or act of ſummoning another
in ſome ſacred name. Shakʃpeare.
2. An incantation ; an enchantment. Sidney.
3. A plot ; a conſpiracy.

To CONJURE. 1/, a. [ccnjuro, Latin.]
1. To ſummon in a ifacred name. Clarendon.
2. To conſpire. Milton.

To CO'NJURE. v. a. To pradiſe charms
or enchantments. Shakʃpeare.

CO'NJURER. ʃ. [fiam conjure.]
1. An enchanter. Donne.
2. An impoſtor who pretends to ſecret
arts ; a cunning man. Prior.
3. A man of ſhrewd conjedure, Addiʃon.

CONJU'REMENT. ʃ. [from conjure.] Serious
injunction. Milton.

CONNA'SCENCE. ʃ. [«nand nafcor, Lat.]
2. Common birth ; community of birth,
2. The

. The act of uniting or growing: together.

CONNA'TE. a. [from con and natus, Lat.]
Born with another. South.

CONNA'TURAL. a. [con and natural..
1. Suitable to nature. Mitian.
2. United with the being | conneded by
nature. Dovics.
2. Partlcipitation of the ſame nature. Milton.

CONNATURA'LITY. ʃ. [from connatural.]
Participation of the ſame nature. Hall.

CONNA'TURALLY. ad. [from connatural.]
By the 2(51 of nature ; originaliy. Hale.

CONNA'TURALNESS. ʃ. [from conratural]
Participation of the ſame nature ; natural union. Peatfon,

To CONNE'CT. v. a. [conmao, Lat.]
1. To join ; to link ; to unite, 'Boyto
2. To unite, as a cement. Locke.
3. To join in a juſt ſeriesof thought ; as,
the author connectls hit reajons luell.

To CONNE'CT. v. n. To cohere ; to
have juſt relation to things precedent and

CONNE'CTIVELY. ad. [from conma.]
In conjunction ; in union.

To CONNE'X. v. a. [connexum, Latin.]
To join or link together. Ha/f. Vhtlifi.

CONNE'XION. ſ. [from annex.]
1. Union; junction, Atterbury.
1. Juft relation to ſome thing precedent or
ſubſequent. Blackmore.

CONNE'XIVE. a. [from conntx.] H?-!ng
the force of conacx on. }^a:ti.

CONNlCTA'fION. ſ. [Jto^conniSio, Lat, ; A winking.
1. The act of winking.
2. Voluntary blindneſs ; pretended ignorance
; forbearance. iiouth.

To CONNI'VE. ʃ. n. [conniwo, Latin.]
1. To wink. Spectator.
1. To pretend blindneſs or ignorance. Rogers.

[French.] A judge; a critick. S-u'r/t.

To CONNOTATE. v. a. [con and nota,
Lat.] To deſignate ſomething beſides itfglf_. Hammond.

CONNOTA'TION. ʃ. [from connotate.]
Implication of ſomething beſides itſelf. Hale.

To CONNO'TE. v. a. [con and nota, Lat.]
To imply ; to betoken ; to include.

CONNU'BIAL. a. [connubialis, Latin.]
Matrimonial ; nuptial ; pertaining to marriage
; conjugal. Pope.

CO'NOID. ʃ. [xsDvosiS'nj.] A figure partaking
of a cone. Holder.

CONOI'DICAL. a. [from conoid.] Approaching
to a conick form.


To CONQL'ASSATE. v. a. [coijujff.]
To ſhake ; to agitate. Ho'vey.

CONQUASSATION. ʃ. [from con^u^Jate.]

A{;itation ; concuſtion,

To CO NOyER. ». a. [conquerir, Fr.]
1. To gain by conqueſt ; to van. I Mac.
2. To overcome ; to ſubdue. Smith.
3. To furmount ; to overcome ; as, be
co':^ucred his rtluBance.

To CO'NQUER. v. n. To get the victory
; to overcome. Decay of Piety.

CO'NQUERARLE. <j. [from conquer.] Pofſible
to be overcome. South.

CCNQUEROR. ʃ. [from conquer.]
1. A man that has obtained a victory ; a
vittor. Shakʃpeare.
2. One that ſubdues and ruins countries.. Miltart,

CONCiaJEST. ſ. [conjuejle, French.]
1. The act of conquering ; ſubjection. Dav.
2. Acquiſition by vidtory ; thing gained. Milton.
3. Vidory ; fucreſs in arms, Addiʃon.

CONSANGUINEOUS. a. [cenfanguineus,
Lat.] Near of km ; related by birth, not
ajhned. Shakʃpeare.

CONSANGUI'NITY. ʃ. [conjangumitai,
Latin.] Relation by blood. South.

CONSARCINATION. ʃ. [from csnfara-

KC.] The act of patching together,

CO'NSCIENCE. ʃ. [conjcieniia, Latin.]
1. The knowledge or faculty by which we
judge of the goodneſs or wickedneſs of ourſelves. Spenſer.
2. Juſtice ; the eflimate of conſcience. Knolles, Swift.
3. Confciouſneſs ; knowledge of our own
thoughts or actions. Hooker.
4. Real ſentiment ; veracity ; private
thoughts. Clarenden.
5. Scruple ; difficulty, Taylor.
6. Reafon ; reaſonableneſs, Swift.

CONSCIE'NTIOUS. a. [from conſcience.]
Scrupulous; exactly juſt, L'Eſtrange.

CONSCIE'NTIOUSLY. ad. [from confaentious.]
According to the direction of conſcience. L'Eſtrange.

CONSCIE'NTIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from confcientiou!.]
ExaClneſs of juſtice, Locke.

CO'NSCIONABLE. a. [from conſcience.]
Reafonable ; juſt. Shakʃpeare.

CO'NSCIONABLENESS. ʃ. [from confcion.
able. I Equity ; reaſonableneſs.

CO'NSCIONABLY. ad. [from confcionabk.]
Reafonahly ; juſtly, Taylor.

CONSCIOUS. a. [confcius, Latin.]
1. Endowed with the power of knowing
one's own thoughts and a£Iions. Berkley.
2. Knowing from memory. Dryden.
3. Admitted to the knowledge of any
thing. - Berkley.
4. Beajting witneſs by confdence to any
thing. Clarendons,


CO'NSCIOUSLY. ad. [from corfdous.]
With knowledge of one's own actions. Locke.

CO'NSCIOUINESS. ſ. [from anfcious.]
1. The perception of what paſſes in a
man's own mind. Locke.
2. Internal ſenſe of guilt, or innocence.
Covernment of the 'lovgue.

CO'NSCRIPT. a. Atterm uſed in ſpeaking
of the Roman fenators, who we;e
called Patrei conſcripti.

CONSCRIPTION. f. [conſcriptlo, Latin.]
An enrolling. DiB.

To CO'NSECRATE. ii. a. [cor.Juro, Lat.]
1. To make ſacred ; to appropriate to facted
uſes. Hebrews.
3. To dedicate inviolably to ſome particular
purpoſe. Numbers,
3. To canonize,

CO'NSECRATE. a. Confecrated ; ſacred.

CO'NSECRATER. ʃ. [from confurate.]
One that performs the rites by which any
thing is devoted to ſacred purpoſes. Atterbury.

CONSECRA'TION. ʃ. [from cor,jceraxe.]
1. A rice of dedicating to the ſervice of
God, Booker,
2. The act of declaring one holy. Hale.

CO'NSECTARY. a. [from cor.feajrius, Lat.]
Conſequent ; conſequential. Brown.

CO'NSECTARY. ʃ. Dsduaion from premifes
; corollary. Woodward.

CONSECU'TION. ʃ. [conſecutio , Latin.]
1. Train of conlcquences ; chain of deduſtions. Hale.
2. Succeſſion. Newton.
3. [In aſtronomy.] The month of f5?./fcution,
is the ſpace between one conjunction
of the moon with the fun unto another. Brown.

CONSE'CUTIVE. a. [corfautif, Fr.]
1. FollowTng in train. Arbuthnot.
2. Conſequential ; regularly ſucceeding. Locke.

To CONSE'MINATE. v. a. [confemh.o,
Lat.] To fow different feeds together.

CONSE'NSION. ʃ. [conjenfio, Lat.] Agreement
; accord. Berkley.

CONSE'NT. ʃ. [coriſenſu, Latin.]
1. The act of yielding or conſenting. King Charles.
2. Concord; agreement; accora. C'jivl.y.
3. Coherence with ; correſpondence.

4. Tendency to one point. Pope. .
5. The perception one part has of an.ther,
by means of ſome fibres and nerves common
to ſhem both. Shiiacy,

To CONSE'NT. -y. «. [conjcntio, Latin.]
1. To be of the ſame mind ; to agree.
2. To co-operate to the ſame ead.

3. To yield ; to allow ; to admit. Cen-fis,

CONSENTA'NEOUS. a. [anjemaneus, Lat.]
Agreeable to ; conſiſtent with. Hammond.

CON3EN TA'NEOUSLY. ad. [from conſentaneou!.
; Agreeably ; conſiſlently ; luitably, Boyle.

CONSENFA'NEOUSNESS. ʃ. [from conſentaneoui.]
Agreement ; confidence. D.S.

CONSE'NTIENT. a. [confimiem, Latia.]
Agreeing; united in opinion,
Oxford Reafons a^airfl the Covenart.

CO'NSEQUENCE. ʃ. [c^o.je^uenua, Lat.]
1. That which follows from any cauſe or
2. Event ; effea of a cauſe. Milton.
3. Dedudtion ; conclufion. D.cay of Piety.
4. The laſt propoſition of a fyilogiſm introduced
by therefore ; as, what is comrnanded
by our Saviaur is our duly : prayer
is commanded, therefore prayer is sur dutv.
5. Concatenation of cauſes and effects. South.
6. Influence ; tendency. Hammond.
7. Importance ; moment. Swift.

CO'NSEQUENT. a. [corſquens, Lat.]
1. Follov.'ing by rational deduaion.
2. Following as the eftea of a canfc,

1. Coniequence ; that which follows from
previous propoſitions. 1 Hooker.
2. Effect
; that which follows an acting
cauſe. DcTviez.

CONSEQUE'NTIAL. a. [from confequ-:nt.-l
1. Produced by the neceJIary concatenation
of eifeſts to cauſes. Prior.
2. Conclufii'e. Hal'

CONSEQUE'NTIALLY. ad. [from conjc.
1. With juſt deduction of confequpn'-pc. Addiſon.
4. By conſequence ; eventually. io''uiL-.
3. In a regularſeries. .Aidilcfi,

CONSEQUENTIALNESS. ʃ. [from cor.fc.
quential.] Regular conſecutijn of u.fcou

CO NSEQUENTLY. ad. [fro-n conſequen- ..
1. By conſequence i neceilarijy ; inevitably.
2. In conſequence; purfuantly. Sovih.

CON'SEQUF.NTNESS. 7-. [from m/-y«f„r.]
Regular cnnnedlion. D ?fy

COXSE'RVABLE. a. [ir^mcorfervo, Lat.]

C'.pable oſ being kept.

CONiE'RVANCY. ſ. Courts held by the
Lord Mayor of London for the prefervation
of the filliery.

CONSERVA.TION. ʃ. [confervati^, Lat.]

I.- The act of prefervifig ; continuance; prOtecti'on. liWoodward.
2. Prefervation from iiorruption. Bacon.
2. ^ CON€

CONSE'RVATIVE. ad. [from conjeyvo,
Lat.] Having the power of oppofing diminution
or injury. Peacham.

CONSERVA'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.] Preſerver. Clarendon.

CONSE'RVATORY. ʃ. [from f5«ri(, Lat.]
A place where any thing is kept.

CONSE'RVATORY. a. Having a prefervative

To C0N5E'RVE. v. a. [conferva, Lat.]
2. To preſerve without loſs or detriment. Newton.
2. To candy or pickle fruit.

CONSE'RVE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A ſweetmeat made of the inſpiffated
juices of fruit. Dennis.
2. A confervatory, Evelyn.

CONSE'RVER. ʃ. [from confervs.]
1. A layer up ; a repoGter. Hayward.
2. A preparer of confer ves.

CONSE'SSION. ʃ. [confeffio, Lat.] A fitting

CONSESSOR. ʃ. [Latin.] One that fits
with others.

To CONSIDER. v. a. [canjijero, Lat.]
1. To think upon with care ; to ponder ; to examine. Spectator.
3. To take into the view ; not to omit
in the examination. Temple.
3. To have regard to ; to reſpect.
4. To requite ; to reward one for his
trouble. Shakʃpeare.

To CONSI'DER. v. ti.
1. To think maturely. Iſaiah.
2. To deliberate ; to work in the mind. Swift.
5. To doubt ; to hefitate. Shakʃpeare.

CONSI'DERABLE. a. [from oonſider.]
1. Worthy of conſideration ; worthy of
regard and attention. Tillotſon.
2. Reſpectable ; above neglect. Sprat.
3. Important ; valuable. Decay of Piety.
4. More than a little ^ amiddie ſenſe between
little and pyeat. Clarenden.

GONSl'DERABLENESS. ʃ. [from conſiderable.]
Importance ; dignity; moment; value ; deſert ; a claim to notice. Boyle.

CONSI'DER ABLY. ad. [from conſideraN;.]
1. In a degree deferving notice. Roſcommon.
1. With importance ; importantly. Pope. .

CONSI'DERANCE. ʃ. [from co'-ftder.] Conſideration
; reflectian. Shakʃpeare.

CONSI'DSRATE. a. [conſideratus, Lat.]
1. SerioM ; prudent; not rafli. I'i'loijan,
2. Having leſpocl to, regardful. Decay of Piety.
<i. Moderate ; not rigorous,

CGNSI'DERATELY. cd, [from confderate.]
Calmly ; coolly. Bacon.

CONSIDtRATENESS. ſ. [from canjideraii.]

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CONSIDERA'TION. ʃ. [from csifder.]-
1. The act of conſidering ; regard ; notice. Locke.
2. Mature thought ; prudence. Sidney.
3. Contemplation ; meditation. Sidney.
4. Importance ; claim to notice ; worthineſs
of regard. Addiʃon.
5. Equivalent ; compenfation. Hay,
6. Motive of action ; influence, darendosi.
7. Reafon ; ground of concluding. Hooker.
8. [In law.] Conſideration is the mate,
rial cauſe of a contraift, without which
no contract bindeth. Cowel.

CONSI'DERER. ʃ. A man of reflexion. Government of the Tongue.

To CONSrON. v. a. [corſigno, Latin.]
1. To give to another any thing. South.
2. To appropriate ; to quit for a certain
purpoſe. Addiſon.
3. To commit ; to entruſt, Addiſon.

To CONSI'GN. i. n.
1. To yield ; to ſubmit ; to reſign.Shakʃpeare.
2. To ſign ; to conſent to. Shakʃpeare.

CONSIGNATION. ʃ. [from confgn.]
1. The act of conſigning. Taylor.
2. The act of ſigning. Taylor.

CONSI'GNMENT. ʃ. [from conſign.]
1. The act of conſigning.
2. The writing by which any thing is co.!-

CONSi'MILAR. a. [from eonſimilis, LaCj '
Having one common reſemblance.

To CONSrST. v. 71. [corfiflo, Lat.]
1. To ſublift ; not to periſh. Coloffians.
2. To continue fixed ; without diiripation, Brerewood.
g. To be compriſed ; to be contained.
4. To be compoſed. Burnet.
5. To agree ; not to oppoſe. Clarenden.


1. State with reſpect to material exigence. Bacon.
2. Degree of den feneſs or rarity. ^r^tf^i^war.
3. Subftance; form ; make. South.
4. Agreem.ent with itſelf, or with any
other thing.
_. Addiʃon.
5. A ſtate in which things continue 5br
ſome time at a ſtand. Chambers.

CONSISTENT. a. [corfiftens, Latin.]
1. Not contradidory ; not oppoſed. South.
2. Firm; not fluid. Woodward.

CONSrSTENTLY. ad^ [from con/ijlent.]
Without contradiction ; agreeably. Broome.

CONSISTO'RIAL. a. [hotncotfljiory] Relating
to the eccleſiaflical court. Ayliffe.

CO'NSlsrORY. ſ. [conſiſarium, Lat.]
1. The place of juſtice in the court
Chriſtian. Hooker, South.
2. The alſembly of cardinalSr Atter-iiury,
%,, Any fokmn alſembl)'. MtUan.
^ 4. PIacs

ENCE. ʃ. f. [confiflemia y lew

ENCY. ʃ. Latin.]

4. Place of reſidence, Shakʃpeare.

CONSO'CIATE. ʃ. [from coifocio, Latin.]
An accomplice ; a confederate ; a partner. Hayward.

To CONSO'CIATE. v. a. [cc^foao, Lat.]
1. To unite ; to join, Woiton,
«. To cement ; to hold together, Burnet.

To CONSO'CIATE. i, «. To coaleſce ;
to unite. Berkley.

CONSOCIA'TION. ʃ. [from covjociate.]
1. Alliance. Ben. Johnson.
2. Union ; intimacy ; companionſhip. Wotton.

CDNSO'LABLE. a. [from ron/o/e] That
which admits comfort.

To CO'NSOLATE. v. a. [^confo'or, Latin.]
To comfort ; to confole. Brown.

CONSOLATION. ʃ. [corfohmo, Latin.]
Comfort ; alleviation of miſery. Bacon, Rogers.

CONSOLA'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.] A comforter.

CONSOLATORY. ʃ. [from coiJo!ate.] A
ſpeech or writing containing topicks of
comfort. Milton.

CONSO'LATORY. a. [from coifolate.]
Tending to give comfort.

To CONSO'LE. v. a. To comfort; to
cheer. Pope. .

CONSO'LE. ʃ. [French.] In architeaure,
a part or member projeding in manner of
a bracket. Chambers.

CONSO'LER. ʃ. [from confo!e,'\ One that
gives comfort. Warburton.

CONSO'LIDANT. a. [from consolidate.'.
That which has the quality of uniting

To CONSO'LIDATE. v. a. [confiUJer, Fr.]
1. To form into a compact and ſolid body ; to harden. Burnet, Arbuthnot.
2. To combine two parliamentary bills
into one.

To CONSO'LIDATE. 'v, n. To grow firm,
hard, or ſolid. Bacon, Woodward.

CONSOLIDA'TION. ʃ. [from cotſolidate.]
1. The act of uniting into a ſolid mafs. Woodward.
7. The annexing of one bill in parliament
to another.
3. The combining two benefices in one.

CO'NSONANCE. 1 r r r

CO'NSONANCY. ʃ J' {/ce, Fr.]
1. Accord of found. Wotton.
2. Conſiſlency ; congruence. Hammond.
3. Agreement} concord ; frienddiip.Shakʃpeare.

CO NSONANT. a. [cor.ſonans, Lat.] Agreeable
; according ; conſiſtent. Hooker.

CONSONANT. ʃ. [conjoiam, Latin.] A
letter which cannot be founded by itſelf. Hooker.

CONSONANTLY. ad. [from consonant.]
; agreeably. Hooker. jil/ttfon.


CO'NSONANTNESS. ʃ. [from eonſonant.]
Agreeableneſs ; conſiſtency.

CO'NSONOUS. a. [confinus, Latin.] Agreeing
in found ; ſymphonious.

CONSOPIA'TION. ʃ. [from confopio, Lat ]
The act of laying to ſleep. Digby»

CO'NSORT. ʃ. [confors, Latin.]
1. Companion ; partner. Denham.
2. An aſſembly ; a divan ; a confultation. Spenſer.
3. A number of inſtruments playing together.
4. Concurrence ; union. Atterbury.

To CONSORT. v. n. [from the noun.]
To afTnciate with. Dryden.

To CONSORT. v. a.
1. To join; to mix ; to marry. He with
his conſo'ted Eve. Milton, Locke.
2. To accompany. Shakʃpeare.

CONSORTABLE. a. [from conſort.] To
be compared with ; ſuitable. Wotton.

CONSO'RTION. ſ. [cenfonio, Lat.] Partnerſhip
; ſociety.

CONSPE'CTABLE. a. [from fo«//5fiS«j, Lat.]
Eaſy to be feet},

CONSPECTU ITY. ſ. [coK/psflut, Latin.]
Senfe of feeing. Shakʃpeare.

CONSPE'RSION. ʃ. [conſperjio, Lat.] A
ſprinkling about.

CONSPICU'ITY. ʃ. [from conſpicuous.]
Brightneſs ; favourableneſs to the light,

CONSPICUOUS. a. [conſpicous, Latin.]
1. Obvious to the fight ; ſeen at diſtancee. Milton.
2. Eminent ; famous ; diſtinguiſhed. Addiʃon.

CONSPI'CUOUSLY. ad. [from conſpisuous.]
1. Obviouſly to the view. Watts.
2. Eminently ; famouſly ; rpmarkably.

CONSPI'CUOUSNESS. ʃ. [from conjpici^-,
1. Expofure to the view, Boylem
2. Eminence ; ſame ; celebrity. Boyle.

CONSPI'RACY. ʃ. [cor.ſp,ral:o, Latin.]
1. A plot ; a concerted treaſon. Dryden.i
2. An agreement of men to do any thing ; evil part. Cowel.
3. Tendency of many cauſes to dne events. Sidney.

CONSPI'RANT. a. [corſpirans, Latin.]
Conſpiring ; engaged in a conſpiracy ;
plotting. Shakʃpeare.

CONSPIRATION. ʃ. [conſpiratio, Latin.]
A plot.

CONSPIRATOR. f. [(jom conſpiro, Lat ]
A man engaged in a plot ; a plotter.
Samuel, Souſhm

To CONSPI'RE. t/. «. [ceſpiro, Latin.]
1. To concert a crime ; to plot. Shakſp.
Ro'coif- on,
2. To agree together 35^ all things conſpiic
to make him batpj,
Bba €0N.


CONSPI'RER. ʃ. [from ««/»..] A con- CONSTIPA'TION. ſ. [from cenflpate,']
fnir?itor ; a plotter. Shakʃpeare. I. The act of crouding any thing into lefa

CONSPIRING Powers. [In mechanicks.] room, Berkley.
All ſuch as ad in direction not oppoſite to a. Stoppage ; obſtruflion by plenitude.
one another. Harris, Arbuthnot.

CONSPURCA'TION. ʃ. [from conſpurco, CONSTITUENT, a. [corJ!ii:^em, Latin.]
L,n.] Defilement ; pollution. Elemental; effential ; that of which any

CO'NSTABLE. ʃ. [cowes Jiabuli, as it is _jh'g_50]^'ifts. ^ Dryden, Berkley.
1. Lord high covjlable is an ancient officer
of the crown, long difuſed in England,
The funilion of the confiable of England
conſiſled in the care of the common peace
of the land in deeds of arms, and in matters
of war. To the court of the csnfiaLh
and marſh^l belonged the cognizance
of contyafls, deeds of arms without the
realm, and combats and blafonry of arms
within !t. From theſe are derived petty
to-JlibiC!, Cowd. Clarenden.
1. To ever-run the Constable. To

1. The perſon or thing which conflitutes
or ſettles any thing. Ha/e.
2. That which is neceſfary to the ſub-.
lifience of any thing. AinsworthaoK
3. He that deputes another.

To CO'NSTirUTE. v. a. [con/llfuo, Lat.]
1. To give formal exiſtence ; to produce. Decay of Piety.
2. To erect ; to eflabiiſh. Taylor.
%, To depute.

CO'NSTI rUTER. ſ. [from corjliute.] He
that ron/titiites or appoints.
ſpend more than what a man knows him-

CONSTITUTION. ſ. [from coJliiu'e.]
felf to be worth

CONSTABLESHIP. ʃ. [from conſtabh.'.
The office of a conſtable. Carew.

CO'NSTANCY. ʃ. [covflantia, Latin.]
'i. Immutability ; perpetuity ; unalterable
continuance. Hooker.
2. Ccnfillency ; unvsried ſlate. Ray.
3. Refolution ; Ireadineſs, Prior.
4. Lafling afj'ewlian. South.
5. Certainty ; veracity. Shakʃpeare.

CO NSTANT. a. [ctm^Hans, Lat.]
1. Firm ; not fluid. E'.yJe.
2. Unvaried ; u.^ch2nged ; immutable ; dtirable.
3. Firm ; reſolute ; determined. Shakſp.
4. Free from change of affection. S-dney.
5. Certain ; not variou. Jjdction.

CO'NSTANTLY. fl^. [ixcmoonjlam.] \Jn-
variably; perpetually ; certainly ; flpadily,

To CONSTE'LLATE. v. n. [cnrjlellatus,
Latin.] To ſhine with one general light.

To CONSTE'LLATE. n/. a. To unite ſeveral
ſhinitig bodies in one ſplendour. Glanville.

CONSTELLATION. ʃ. [from cerrfielLte..
1. A clufter of fixed ſtars. Iſaiah.
Ao afi'eITibinge of ſplendours. or ex
The act of conſtituting ; enacting; eflabliſhing.
2. State of being ; natural qualities. Berkley, Newton.
Corporeal frame. Arbuthnot.
Temper of body, with reſpect to health. Temple.
Temper of mind. Sidney, Clarendon.
Edabliſhed form of government ; fu'-
tem of laws and cuſtoms. Daniel.
7. Particular law ; eftabliftment ; inſtiiution. Hooker.

CONSTITUTIONAL. a. [from conjiau'
1. Bred in the conſtitution ; radical. Sha^p.
2. C'nſiſtent with the ci.nflitutioi-i ; legal.

CO'NSTI rUTIVE. a. [fr„m conQituu.]
1. Elemental ; effential ; predjctive.
D,ray of Piety.
2. Having the power to enact or eftabl^h. .

To CONSTRAIN. t,. a. [cc^Jiraindrt, Fr.]
1. To comp:l ; to force to ſome action.Shakʃpeare.
2. To hinder by force. Dryden.
3. To neceſlltate. Pope. .
4. To violate ; to raviſh. Shakʃpeare.
^. To confine ; to preſs. Gay.

CONSTRA'INABLE. a. [from conjlrnin..
Liab'e to corſtrainr. Hooker.
ceilenries. Harn'ror-d.

CONSTRA'INER. ſ. [from C07tj}rain.~\ He

CONSTERNATION. ʃ. [from conjicr,w, ſhst conſtrains.
Litio.] Aſtonuhment ; amazement , wonder. South.

To CO'NSTIPATE. v. a. [from covjlipo,
1. To croud together into a narrow room. Berkley.
2. To flop by fil ing up the paſſdg-s. Arbuthnot.
3. To bind the belly.

CONSTRAINT. ʃ. [contrainte,Yr.] Compulfion
; violence ; confinement. Locke.

To CONSTRI'CT. v. a. [coufiriEluir. Lat.; 1. To bind ; to cramp.
2. To contract ; to cauſe to ſhrink. Arbuthnot.

CONSTRI'CTION. ʃ. [from conJlnSi.] Cmtraction
3. C(;mpieliion. Ray.


CDNSTRI'CTOR. J.' {conſtriaor, Latin.]
That which comprefles or cuntracts. Arbuthnot.

To CONSTRINGE. v. a. [conjlingo, Lat.]
To compreſs ; to contrail ; to bind,Shakʃpeare.

CONSTRI'NGENT. a. [(onflnvgeni, Lat.]
Having the quality of binding or compreſſing. Bacon.

To CONSTRU'CT. v. a. [coKſtruBui, Lat.]
To build ; to form. Boyle.

CONSTRU'CTION. ʃ. [ccnfiruaioy Lat.]
1. The act of building.
2. The form of building ; ſtru<5ure. Arbuthnot.
3. The putting of words together in ſuch
a manner as to convey a complete ſenſe. Clarke, Locke.
4. The act of arranging terms in the proper
order ; the act of interpreting ; explanstion.Shakʃpeare.
5. The ſenſe
; the meaning. Collier.
6. Judgment ; mental repreſentation. Brown.
7. The manner of deſcribing a figure in

CONSTRU'CTURE. ʃ. [from conſtru^l.]
pile ; edifice ; fabrick. Blackmore.

Ts CO'NSTRUE. v. a. [corjlruo, Lat.]
- I. To range words in their natural oider. Spenſer.
2. To interpret ; to explain. Hooker.


To CONSTU'PRATE. v. a. [copjlupro,
Lat.] Toviolite; to debauch ; todeiile.

CONSTUPRATIOV. ʃ. [from cenjlupra/e.]
Violation ; defiiement.

CONSUDSTA NTIAL. a. {conſubjlantialis,
2. Having the ſame effence or ſubſirtence.
2. Being of the ſame kind or nature.

Juifflcvtial.] Exiſtence of more than one
in the ſame ſubſtance. I'iamtnond.

To CONSUBSTA'NTLATE. i:a. [con ^nA
fulfiant'ta. Lat.] To unite in one common
fuhftance or nature.

CONSUBSTANTIATION. ʃ. [from conjuiſtantiate.]
The uniun of the body of
our bleſſed Saviour with the ſacramenial
element, according to the Lutherans.
AttIt buty,

CO'NSUL. ʃ. [corfuU Latin.]
1. The chief magifitate in the Roman republick. Dryden.
2. An officer commiſſioned in foreign parts
to judge between the merchants of his nation.

CONSULAR. a. [.o'^fularis, Lat.]
1. Reiatjog to the conful. SfHator,

2. Consular Man, One who had been
^,.'- B,n. Johnſon.. CO NSULATE. ſ. [conjulatus, Lat.
; the
office of cunfui, Addiſon.

CONSULSHIP. ʃ. [from cot^ful/] The
office of conful. Ben. Johnſoi.

To CONSULT. v. a. [confulto, Lat.] To
take counl'el together. Clarenden.

To CONSULT. v. a.
1. To aſk advice of ; as, he confulted hh
2. To regard
; to act with view or re-
^PS.^ to. L-Eſtrange.
3. To plan ; to contrive.
Hebretvs, Clarenden.
4. To ſearch into ; to examine ; as. Id
confult an author.

CO'NSULT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of confulting. Dryden.
2. The efiect of confuhing ; determinat'O'. Dryden.
3. A council ; a number of perſons aſſembled
in delioeration. Swift

CONSULTATION. ʃ. [from eot,fu/t.-\
1. The act of confulting ; ſecret deliberation- Mark.
2. A number of perſons confulted toge-
^^- mfeman.

CONSULTER. ʃ. [from c or,JuIt.] One that
confuks or a/l<;s council. Deuteronomy.

CONSU'MABLE. a. [from confume.] Suſceptible
of deſtruction. Pſ'ilkitis

To CONSUME. t.s. [confutno, Lat.] To
waſte; to ſpend; to deſtroy. Deuteionomy.

To CONSU'ME. v. a. To waſte away ; to
be exhaufted. Shakʃpeare.

CONSU'MER. ʃ. [from rtf-r/t/wr .] 0„e
that ſpends, walles, or deſtroys any thinf. Locke.

To CONSU'MMATE. v. ., Ich^fommer.
Fr.] To complete ; to perfect, Shakʃpeare.

CONSU'MMATE. a. [from the verb.] Complete
; perfect. Addiſon.

CONSUMMA'TION. ſ.rfrop, ecnjutrmate..
1. Completion
; perfeſtion ; end. Addiſon.
2. The eud of ctie preſent fyilem of things. Hooker.
3. De^th ; end of life. Shakʃpeare.

CONSU'MPTION. ʃ. [confumptio, Lat.]
1. The act of confuming ; wafle ; <je--.
ſtru:lion. £eck4.
2. The ſtate of wafting or peiithing,
3. A waHe of muſcular fieft, attended
'ith a heſtick fever, i^inry. Shakʃpeare.

CONSU'MFTIVE. a. [from confute'.]
1. Dsſtructive ; wafting
i exbaufiing. Addiʃon.
2. Difc-afrd with a confumption. Harvey.

CONSU'MPTIVENESS. ʃ. [from cor.f.mp.
tive.] A tendency to a confumption.

CONSUTiLE. a. [corfutiln, Lat.] That

IS fewed or ſtitched together.

To--CONTA'BULATE.-r. a. [«»Mitt/b, Lat.]
To floor with boards.

OONTABULA'TION. ʃ. [contabulatio, Lat.]
A joining of boards toRcſher,

CXi'NTACT. ſ. [romanui, Lat.] Touch ; cloſe union. Newton.

OONTA'CTION. ʃ. [conuaus, Lat.] The
act of touching, Bacon.

CONTA'GION. ʃ. [ctntag!o, Latin.]
1. The cmiſſion from body to body by
^ which diſcafes are communicated. Bacon.
2. infetlion-j propagation of miſchief. King Charles.
3. Peftilence; venomous emanations.Shakʃpeare.

CONTA'GIOUS. a. [from coniagio, Lat.]
Infeflious ; caught by approach. Prior.

CONTA'GIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from contagious.]
The quality of being contagious.

To CONTA'JN. v. a. [contineo, Latin.]
1. To hold as a veſſel.
2. To compriſe ; as a writing, John.
3. To reſtrain ; to with-hold, Spenſer.

To CONTA'IN. v. a. To live in continence. Arbuthnot.

GONTA'INABLE. a. [from contain.] Pofſible
to be contained. Boyle.

To CONTA'MIN.'^TE. v. a. [contamiro,
Lat.] To defiie ; to corrupt by baſe mixture.Shakʃpeare.

CONTA'MINATE. a. [from the verb.]
Polluted ; defiled. Shakʃpeare.

CONTAMINA'TION. ʃ. [from contaminate.]
Pollution ; defilement,

CONTE'MERATED. a. Icontemeratus, Lat.]
Violated ; polluted.

To CONTE'MN. v. a. [contemno, Latin.]
To deſpefe ; to ſcorn ; to ſlight ; to negled. Dryden.

CONTE'MNER. ʃ. [from contemn.] One
that contemns; a deſpel'er. South.

To CONTE'MPER. v. a. [csnten-.pero,
Lat. I To modeiate. Ray.

CONTEMPERAMENT. ʃ. [from contem.
pcro, Lat.] The degree of any quality.

To CONTE'MPERATE. v. a. [from contempero.]
To moderate ; to temper. Wiseman.

CONTEMFERA'TION. ʃ. [from comtmf
1. The act of moderating or tempering. Brown.
- s. Proportionate mixture ; proportion. Hale.

To CONTE'MPLATE. v. a. [contemphr,
Lat.] To ſhidy ; to meditate. Walts.

To CONTE'MPLATE. v. n. To muſe ; to think ſtudiouſly with long attention. Peacham.
C )NTEMPLA'TION. ſ. [from rovt^rvptate.]
1. Mcditati&n ; ſt^dious t.hought dn any
ſubjvd. nbaheJicare,

1. Holy meditation ; a holy exerciſe of the
foul, employed in attention to ſacred things.Shakʃpeare.
5. Study ; oppoſed to action. South.

CONTE'MPLATIVE. a. [from contem.
1. Given to thought ; fludious ; thoughtful. Denham.
£. Employed in ſtudy ; dedicated to ſtudy.
3. Having the power of thought. Ray.

CONTE'MPLATIVELY. ad. [from contemplati'vc.]
Thoughtfully ; attentively,

CONTEMPLA'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.] One
employed in ſtudy. Raleigh.

CONTE'MPORARY. a. [contemporaia,
1. Living in the ſame £ge, Dryden.
2. Born at the ſame time. Cowley.
3. Exiſting at the ſame point of time. Locke.

CONTE'MPORARY. ʃ. One who lives at
the ſame time with another. Dryden.

To CONTEMPORISE. v. a. [con and
tempus, Lat.] To make contemporary.

CONTE'MPT. ʃ. [contemptus, Latin.]
1. The act of deſpefing others ; ſcorn.

EJiher. South.
2. The ſtate of being deſpefed ; vileneſs.

CONTE'MPTIBLE. a. [from contempt.]
1. Worthy of contempt ; deferving ſcorn, . Taylor.
2. Deſpefed ; ſcorned ; neglected. Locke.
3. Scornful ; apt to deſpefe. Shakʃpeare.

COJSITE'MPTIBLENESS. ʃ. [from contemptible.]
The ſtate of being contemptible ;
vileneſs ; cheapneſs. Decay of Piety.

CONTE'MPTIBLY. ad. [from contemp.
tihte.] Meanly ; in a manner deferving
contempt. Milton.

CONTE'MPTUOUS. a. [from contempt.l
Scornful ; apt to deſpefe. Raleigh, Atterbury.

CONTE'MPTUOUSLY. ad. [from con.
teniptuous.] With ſcorn ; with deſpete. Taylor. Tillotfrst,

CONTE'MPTUOUSNESS. j. [from conteniptuous.]
Diſpoficion to contempt.

To CONTE'ND. v. n. [contendo, Lat.]
1. To ſtrive ; to ſtruggle in oppoſition, Deuteronomy.
2. To vie ; to act in emulation.

To CONTEND. v. a. To diſpute any
thing; to conteſt, Dryden.

CONTE'NDENT. ʃ. [from contend.] Antigorjift
; opponent, L'Eſtrange.

CONTE'NDER. ʃ. [from contend.] Combatant
; champion. Locke.

CONTE'NT. a. [contentus, Lat.]
1. Satisfied ſo as not to repine ; eaſy. Locke.

ft. 5ithf\ed(ois not to op^k. Shakʃpeare.
To CONTE NT. v. a. [from the adjedUve.]
1. To fatiify lo as to flop complaint. Sidney. TiHomfon,
2. To pleaſe ; to gratify. Shakʃpeare.

CONTE'NT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Moderate happineſs. Shakʃpeare.
2. Accjuieſcence ; ſatisfaction in a thing
unexamined. Pope. .
3. That which is contained, or included
in any thing. lyoodzixarti,
4. The power of containing ; extent ; capacity.
5. That which is compriſed in a writing. Grew. Addiſon.

CONTENTA'TION. ʃ. [from content.] ?,itisfaction
; content. Sidney.

CONTENTED. part. a. [from contenr.]
Satisfied ; at quiet ; not repining. Knolles.

CONTE NTION. ſ. [content io, Latin.]
1. Strife ; debate ; conteſt. Decay of Piety.
2. Emulation ; endeavour to excel.Shakʃpeare.
3. Eagerneſs ; zeal ; ardour. Rogers.

CONTE'NTIOUS. a. [from coitend.-\ (^arreifom
; given to debate ; perverſe. Decay of Piety.

CONTENTIOUS Jurifdia on. [In law.]
A court v^hich has a power to judge and
determine differences between contending
parties. Chambers.

CONTE'NTIOUSLY. ed. [from contentiou!.]
Perverſely ; quarreiromely. Brown.

CONTE'NTIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from co^tentiou!.]
Proneneſs to conteſt ; perverſeneſs
; turbulence. Berkley.

CONTE'NTLESS. a. [from content.] Difcontented
; diſſatisfied ; uneaſy, Shakſp.

CONTE'NTMENT. ʃ. [from content, the
1. Acquieſcence without plenary ſatisfaction. Hooker. Grew.
2. Gratification. ſt'o'tan.

CONTERMINOUS. a. [csntermlnut, Lh.]
Bordering upon. Hale.

CONTERRA'NEOUS. a. [conterraneus,
; Of the ſame country.

To CONTEST. v. a. [contejier, Fr.] To
diſpute ; to controvert ; to litigate. Dryden.

To CONTE'ST. v. r.
1. To ſtrive ; to contend. Burnet.
2. To vie ; to emulate. Pope. .

CONTE'ST. ʃ. [from the verb.] Diſpute ;
difference ; debate. Denham.

CONT£'STABLE. a. [from contef.] MS.
putable ; controvertible.

CONTESTABLENESS. ʃ. [from co-^teflal!
e.] Foffibility of contefl.

CONTESTA'TION. ʃ. [from coiteJJ.] The
aQ: of conteſting ; debate ; ſtrife.

To CONTE'X. v. a. [context, Lat.] To
weave together, Boyle.


CONTEXT. f. [ontextus, Lat.] The gftneral
ſeries of a diſcourſe. Hamn„iz.

CONTE'XT. a. [from conte:,.] Knit to-'
gether; firm. Dcrl^m.

CONTE'XTURE. ʃ. [from t<yntex.] The
diſpoſition of parts one among another ; the ſyſlem j. the conſtitution.
tfol/on. Blachncre, CONTIGNA TION. ſ. [contig:,at,o, Lat.]
1. A frame of beams or boards joined toe^'.
e- Wcttcn.
2. TheaxElof framing or joining a fabrick.

CONTIGUITY. ʃ. [from contiguous.] Actual
coRtaft ; ſituation. Brown. Hale

CONTI'GUOUS. a. [contiguut, Latin.]
Meeting ſo as to touch. Newton.

CONTIGUOUSLY. ad. [from contiguout..
Without any intervening ſpace«- Dryden

CONTI'GUOUSNESS. ʃ. [from contiguous. 1
cloſe connexion.


CO'NTINENCY. [J' (ff'^ntla, Lat.]
1. Reſtraint
; command of one's felf.
ot n- Drydelf.
2. Chaflity in general. Shakʃpeare.
3. Forbearance of lawful pleaſure. G«w
4. Moderation in lawful pleaſures. Taylor.
5. Continuity
; uninterrupted courſe.

CO'NTINENT. a. [continens, Latin
j^^ '''
1. Chafle; abftcmioui in lawful pleaſures.Shakʃpeare.
2. Reſtrained ; moderate ; temperate. Shakʃpeare.ct
3. Continuous; connected. Brercuoid.

CO'NTINENT. ʃ. [continem, Lat.]
1. Land not disjointed by the ſea from
other lands 5,^,/
2. That which contains any thing.
_ Shakʃpeare.

To CONTI'NGE. v. n. [contingo, Latin.
To touch ; to reach.

CONrrNGENCE. 7 / [from contin^cntA CONTINGENCY. [The quality of beii
; accidental pofiibility.
^^.^w ^r. Brown, South.

CONTI'NGENT. a. [co.tingem, Latin.]
Failing out by chance ; accidental. South.

1. A thing in the hands of chance. Grew.
2. A proportion that falls to any perſon
upon a diviſion.

CONTI'NGENTLY. ad. [Uo^ contingent 1
Acciocntally ; without any ſettled tuie.
li^oo ſward.

Accidentalneſs. i i

CONri'NUAL. a. [cominous, Latin.]
1. Inceflant
; proceeding without intjr-
P^'- Pope. .
2. [In law.] A continual claim is made
from time to time, within every vear and
<!»}' ' Co-ujd


CONTI'NUALLY. ad. [itnm cont-nual-l
1. Without pauſe ; without interruption.
Bn. ov.
2. Without ceaſing. Berkley.

CONTI'NUANCE. ʃ. [from continue.]
1. Succeſſion uninterruped. Addiſon.
2. Permanence in one ſtate. Sidney, South.
3. Abode in a place.
4. Duration ; laſtingneſs. Hayward.
5. Perfeverance. Romans.
6. Progreſſion of time. Pſah'A.

CONTINUATE. a. [continuatus, Lat.]
1. Immediately united. Hooker.
2. Uninterrupted; unhraken, Shakʃpeare.

CONTINUA'TION. ʃ. [from continuatc]
Protraction, or lucceſſion uninterrupted. Ray.

CONTI'NUATIVE. ʃ. [from contisuate.]
An expreſſion noting permanence or duration.

CONTINU.VTOR. ſ. [from contmuate.]
He that continues or keeps up the fenes
or ſucceſſion. Brown.

To CONTI'NUE. v. n. [contlnuer, Fr.]
1. To remain in the fan,e /late. MattLeta.
2. To laſt ; to be durable. Samuel.
3. To perſevere. J<^^-

To CONTI'NUE. v. a.
1. To protract, or repeat without interruptto.
n. .
2. To unite without a chaſm, or intervening
ſubſtance. Mshon.
CONTI'NUEDLY. ad. [from continued.]
Without interruption ; without ceaſing.

CONTI'NUER. ʃ. [from covtinue.] Having
thepower of perieverance. Shakʃpeare.
-eONTINU'ITY. ſ. [continuitas, Lat.]
1. Connexion uninterrupted ; cohelion. Bacon.
2. That texture or cohefinn of the parts
of an animal body. SQuincy, Arbuthnot.

CONTI'NUOUS. a. [continuui, Latin.]
Joined together without the intervention
of any ſpace. Newton.

To CONTO'RT. v. a. [contortus, Latin.]
To twiſt ; to writhe. Ray.

CONTO'RTION. ʃ. [from contort.] Twirt ; wry motion ; flexure. Rny.

CONTO'UR. ʃ. [French.] The outline ;
the line by which any figure is defined or

CO'NTRA. A Latin prepoſition uſed in
compoſition, which f-.^nifies ugaif/L

CONTRABAND. a. [contrah ando, Ital.]
Prohibited ; illegal ; unlawfol. Dryden.

To CO'NTR.lB.]ND. ii. a. [from the adjective.]
To import goods prohibited.

To CONTRA'CT. v. a. [controfTus, Lat.]
1. To draw together ; to flinrten. Donne.
2. To bring two parties together; to make
a bargain. . Dryden.
3. '10 betroth ; to affiiiice. 'iuikr.

4. To procure ; to bring ; to incur'; ts
Oraw ; to get. King Charles.
5. To ſhorten ; to abridge ; to epitomife.

To CONTRACT. v. n.
1. To ſhrink up ; to grow ſhort, Arbuthnot.
2. To bargain; as, to coninfXfor a quan.
tity of froviſions.

CONTRACT. part. a. [from the verb.]
Affianced ; contracted. Shakʃpeare.

1. A bargain ; a compact. Temple.
2. An act whereby a man and woman are
betrothed to one another, Shakʃpeare.
3. A writing in which the terms of a
bargain are included.

CONTRA'CTEDNESS. ʃ. [from contraHed.l
The ſtate of being contracted.

CONTRACTIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from antrac.
iible.] Poffibility of being contracted. Arbuthnot.

CONTRA'CTIBLE. a. [from contract.] Culpable
of contraction. Arbuthnot.

CONTRA'CTIBLENESS. ʃ. [from contrac
tible.] The quality of ſuffering contraction.

CONTRA'CTILE. ^. [from contr^a.] Having
the power of ſhortening itſelf. Arbuthnot.

CONTRA'CTION. ʃ. [contraaio, Lut.]
1. The act of contracting or ſhortening.
2. The act of ſhrinking or ſhriveling.
^ Arbuthnot.
3. The ſtaſe of being contracted ; drawn
into a narrow crmpafs. Newton.
4. [In grammar.] The reduſtion of two
vowels or fylhibles to one.
5. Abbieviation ; as, the writing it full
of contractions.

CONTRA'C'1-OR. ſ. [from contr^^a.] One
of the parties to a contract or bangjan. Taylor.

To CONTRADl'CT. 1'. a. [contradico, Lat.]
1. To oppoſe verbally. Dryden.
2. To be contrary to ; to repugn, Hooker.

CONTRADI'CTER. ſ. [from conlradia.]
One tlijt contradicts ; an oppoſer. Swift.

CONTRADI'CTION. ʃ. [from c^ntrad a.]
1. Verbal oppoſition ; controverfial affertion. Milton.
2. Oppoſition. Hebrews,
3. Inconfirienry ; incongruity. South.
4. Contrariety, in thought or eft'eft. Sidney.

CONTRADICTIOUS ,1. [from contraaia.]
1. Filled with contradictions ; inconſiſtent.
1. Inclined to contradict.

tradiBicuu'l Inconſiſtency. Norris.

CONTRADI'CTORILY. ad. [from c.ptrad-.
Bory] liu-'anſiſtently with hiniWf ;
Opiofltfly to others. B'0-:n,


CONTRADI'CTORY. a. [contradi{lor!us,
1. Oppoſite to ; inconſiſient with. South.
2. [In Jogick.] That which is in the
fulleſt oppoſition.

CONTRADICTORY. ʃ. A propodtion
which cppol'es another in all its terms
; inconſiſtency. Bromhall.

by oppoſite qualities. GlantuLe,

tra and diftingwiſh.] To diſtinguiſhl by
oppol'ite qualities. Loih.

CONTRAFI'SSURE. ʃ. [from contra and
fiffure.] A crack of the ſcull, where the
blow was ii.flifled, is called filTure ; but
in the contrary part, contrafijfure.

To CONTRAI'NDICATE. v. a. [centra
and indico, Lat.] To point out k.me peculiar
ſymptom, contrary to the general
tenour of the maladv. HarITy.

CONTRAINDICATION. ʃ. [from entiiJind.
cati.'j An indication or ſymptom,
which toibids that to be done which the
main ſcope of a difeaſe points out at firſt.

CONTRAMU'RE. ʃ. [contremur, Fr.] An
out wall built about the main wall of a
city. Chjrrbers.

CONTRANI'TENCY:. ʃ. [from conira and
mens, Latin.] Re-a6lion ; a reſiſtency
agdinſt prerture. Dici.

CONTRAFOSI'TION. ʃ. [from cor fr^ and
pofit:on.'^ A placing ovef againſt.

CONrRAREGULA'RIl Y. ſ. [from contra
and reguliii ity. [Contrariety to rule.
Norr is.

CONTRA'RIANT. a. [contrariatj, con.
trurier, Fr.] Inconſiſtent ; contradi(iUiy. Ayliffe.

CONTRARIES. ʃ. [from cortrary.<^ In
Jogick, propoſitions which deſtroy each
other. Watts.

CONTRARI'ETY. ʃ. [from cor.traieta!,
1. Repugnance; oppoſition. Wotton.
2. Inconſiſtency ; quality or poſition de.
ſtrutlive of its oppoſite. Sidney.

CONTRA'RILY. ad. [from contrary.]
1. In a manner contrary. Ray.
2. Different ways ; in different directions. Locke.

CONTRA'RINESS. ʃ. [from contrary.]
Contrariety ; oppoſition.

CONTRATvIOUS. a. [from con!r:!ry.] Oppoſite
; repugnant. Milton.

CONTRA'RIOUSLY. ad. [from contrarious.~\
Oppifi;elv, Shakʃpeare.

1. Converſely, Bacon.
z On the contrary. Davies, Raleigh.


CO'NTRARY. a. [contrarius, Lat.]
1. Oppoſite ; contradiiSory ; ijJt ſimply
different. Davies.
2. Inconſiſtent ; diſagreeing. Tilktjon,
3. Adverſe ; in an oppoſite direction.

CO'NTRARY. ʃ. [from the adjeffive.]
1. A thing of oppoſite qualities.
Coicley. Southern.
2. A propoſition contrary to ſome other. Locke.
3. On the Contrary. In oppoſition ;
on the other ſide. Swift.
4. To thd Contrary. To a contrary
purpoſe. Stillingfleet.

To CO'NTRARY. v. a. [comrarier, Fr.]
T oppoſe ; to thwart. Latimert

CONTRAST. ʃ. [contrafle, Fr.] Oppoſition
and diſhmilitnde of figure', by which
one contributes to the viſib'ility or eſſedt
of another.

To CO NTRAST. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To place in oppoſition.
2. To ſhow another figure to advantage. Dryden.

CONTRAVALLATION. ʃ. [from contra
and'val'i), Lat.] The fortification th^nvn
up, to hinder the fillies of the gariifon.

To CONTRAVENE. v. a. [co-rtra nnd
uenio, Latin.] To oppoſe ; to obft, ud ;
to 'baffle.

CONTRAVE'NER. ʃ. [from conlravene.]
He whj ' ppoſe': another.

CONTRAVE'NTION. ʃ. [French.] Oppoſition. Swift.

CONTRAYE'RVA. ʃ. A ſpecies of birſhwnrt.

CONTRECTA'TION. ʃ. [ctmtrcaatio, Lat.]
A touching.

CONTRI'BUTARY. a. [from con and fWiiitary.'.
Paying tribute to the ſame favereign. Granville.t

To CONTRIBUTE. v. a. [contribuo, Lat.]
To give to ſome common ſtock. Addiſon.

To CONTRIEUTE. v. a. To bear a part
; to have a ſhare in any act or effect. Pope. .

CONTRIBUTION. ʃ. [from contribute.]
1. The act of promoting ſome deſign in
conjunction with other perſons,
2. That which is given by feveraf hands
for ſome common purpoſe. Graunt.
3. That which is paid for the ſupport of
an army Ivin? in a country. Shakʃpeare.

CONIRIBUTIVE. a. [from c:ntr,hute.]
That which has the power or quality of
promoting any purpoſe in concurrence with
other motives. Decaf of Pi,ty.

CONTRIEUTOIl. ſ. [from cor.trihute.]
One that bears a part in ſome comfTio'o
deſign, Shakʃpeare.

CONTRIBUTORY. a. [from contribute..

PTomuting the ſame end ; bringing aſh fiance
to ſome ioint deſign,
.1lo CONTRI'STATE. v. a. [centrifo, Lat.]
To fadden ; to make ſorrowlul. Bacon.

CONTRISTA'TION. ʃ. [from contriJiato]
The act of making fad ; the ſtate of being
made fad. Bacon.

CONTRI'TE. a. [contritus, Latin.]
1. B.ruifed ; much worn.
2. Worn with ſorrow ; harraffed with the
ſenſe of guilt ; penitent. Contrite is foriowful
for iln, from the love of Gad and
deſire of picafing him ; an-d attrite is ſorrowful
for fin, from the feir of puniſhraent. Rogers.

CONTRI'TFNESS. ʃ. [from antrite.] Contrition
; repeJitanre.

CONTRI'TION. ſ. [from contrite.]
1. The act of grinding ; or rubbing to
powder, I^'ewton.
2. Penitence ; ſorrow for fin. Sprat.

CONTRl'VABLE. a. [from ««rr;w.] Pofſible
to ^e phnned by the mind. Wilkins.

CONTRI'VANCE. ʃ. [from conirin,e.]
t. The act of cjntri\-ing \ excogitation,
1. Scheme ; plait. Glanville.
3. A conceit ; a plot ; an artifice. Atterbury.

To CONTRI'VE. i;. a. [contrewver. Fr^]
1. To plan out ; to excogitate. Tillotſon.
1. To wear aw/iy. Spenſer.

To CONTRI'VE. v. n. To form or deſign
; to plan. Shakʃpeare.

CQNTRI'VEMENT. ʃ. [from cantri'vt.]

CONTRI'VER. ʃ. [from contrive.] An inventer. Denham.

CONTRO'L. ʃ. [rontrok^ Fr.]
1. A regifter or account ktyt by another
officer, that each may be examined by the
2. Check ; reſtraint. _. Waller.
3. Power ; authority ; ſuperintendence.Shakʃpeare.

To CONTRO'L. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To keep under check by a counter
2. To govern ; to reſtrain ; to ſubject.
3. To overpower ; to confnte. Bacon.

CO-NTRO'LLABLE. a. [from control.] Sublect
to coniroi ; ſubicct to be over-ruled.

COfJTRO'LLER. ʃ. [from control.] Qnt
that has the power of governing or reſtraining. Dryden.

CONTROLLERSHIP. ʃ. [from controlier .]
The office of a controller.

CONTRO'LMENT. ʃ. [from control]
1. The power or act of ſuperintending or
reſtranaing ; reſtraint. Davies.
%, Oppofnion ; reſiſtance ; eonfutatlos. Hooker.

CONTROVE'RSIAL. a. [from coMroverſy..
Relating to diſputes ; diſputatious. Locke.

CONTROVERSY. ʃ. [controverjia, Lat.]
1. Diſpiite ; debate ; agitation of contrary
opinions. Denham.
2. A ſuit in law, Deuteronomy.
7. A quarreh Jeremiah.
4. Oppoſition ; enmity, Shakʃpeare.

To CO'NTROVERT. v. a. [cantrcverto,
Latin.] To debate ; to diſpute any thing
in writing. Cheyne.

CONTROVE'RTIBLE. a. [from eontro-
vert.] DiſpLitable. Brown.

CONTROVE'RTIST. ʃ. [from controvert..
Diſputant. Milton.

CONTU'MACIOU. ʃ. a. [contumax, Lat.]
Obftinate ; per.rrſe ; ſtubborn. Hammond.

CONTUMACIOUSLY. ad. [from costu.
macious.] Obftinately ; inflexib4y ; pervetfely.

CONTUMA'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from contu,.
maciout.] Obftinacy ; perverſeneſs.

CONTUMACY. ʃ. [from centumacia, Lat.]
1. Obftinacy ; perverſeneſs ; ſtubbornneſs ;
inflexibility. Milton.
2. [In law.] A wilful contempt and diſobedience
to any lawful ſummons or judicial
order. Aylifft,

CONTUME'LIOUS. a. [conrumeliofus, Lat.]
1. Reproachful; rude; farcaſtick.Shakʃpeare.
2. Inclined to utter reproach ; brutal {
rude. Government of the Tongue.
3. Produ^liveof reproach ; ſhameful.
Detay of Piety

CONTUME'LIOUSLY. ad. [from cimtumclioui.]
Reproachfully; contemptuouſly
; rudely. Hooker.

CONTUME'LIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from contw
; Rudeneſs ; reproach.

CO'NIUMELY. ʃ. [contumeha, Lat.] Rudeneſs
; contemptuouſneſs; bitterneſs of language
; r?proach. Hooker, Tillotſon.

To CONTU'SE. v. a. [contufus, Lat.]
1. To beat together ; to bruiſe. Bacon.
2. To bruiſe the fleſh without a breach of
the continuity. Wiseman.

CONTU'SION. ʃ. [from ccrntufo.'.
1. The act of beating or bruiſing.
3. The ſtate of being beaten or bruiſed.
3. A bruiſe. Bacon.

CONVALESCENCE. ʃ. [from cont-ctlef-

CONVALE'SCENCY. 3 co, Lat.] Renewal
of health ; recovery from a diſeaſe.

CONVALESCENT. a. [convahjcens, Lat.]


CONVE'NABLE. a. [convenabh, Fr.] Canſiſlent
with ; agreeable to ; accordant to. Spenſer.

To CONVE'NE. v. n. [convtnio, Latin.]
To come together ; to allennble. Boyle.

To CONVE'NE. v. a.
1. To call together ; to aſſemble ; to convoke. Clarendon.
2. To ſummon judiciarllj'. yfyiiffe,

CONVE'NIENCE. ʃ. , . t . i

CONVE'NIENCY. S / i'^onvenunua.Ut..
1. Fitneſs; propriety. Hooker.
2. Comrsodiouſneſs ; eaſe, Calamy.
3. Cauſeofeaſe; accommodation. D/;y<^«n.
4. Fitneſs of time or place. Sijahiſpean.

CONVENIENT. a. [conveniens, Lat.]
Fit; ſuitable ; proper; well adapted. Tilotfott.

CONVE'NIENTLY. ad. [from fonvement.]
1. CommodJouſly ; without difficulty.Shakʃpeare.
2. Fitly. Wilkms.

CO'NVENT. ʃ. [nnwntui, Latin.]
1. An aſſembly of religious perſons.Shakʃpeare.
2. A religious houſe ; a monaftery ; a
nunnery. Addiſon.

To CONVE'NT. L'. a. [convem'o, Latin.]
To call before a judge or judicature. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.

CO'NVENTICLE. ʃ. [conventiiulum, Lat.]
1. An aſſembly ; a meeting. Ayliffe.
2. An aſſembly for worſhip. Hooker.
3. A ſecret alſembly. Shakʃpeare.

CONVE NTICLER. ʃ. [from ciinienticie.]
One that ſupports or ffe<|uents private and
unlawful aſſemblies. Dryden.

CONVE'NTIOJJ. ʃ. [conwntio, Lat.]
1. The act of coming together ; union; coalition. Bsyle,
2. An aſſembly. Swift.
3. A contract ; an agreement for a time.

CONVE'NTIONAL. a. [from cowention.]
Stipulated ; agreed on by compact. Hale.

OONVE'NTIONARY. a. [from convetition..
Adling upon contract ; ſettled by ſtipulations.

CONVE'RTUAL. a. [coHventutl, French.]
Belonging to a convent ; menaſtick.

CONVE'NTUAL. ʃ. [from con^'ert.] A
monk ; a nun ; one that lives in a convent.

To CONVERGE. v. n.^conwrgo, Latin.]
To tend to one point from different places.

CONVE'RGENT. v. a. [from converge..

CONVE'ROING. ^ Tending to one point
from different places.

CONVE'RSABLE. a. [from converſe.] Qualified
for converfation ; fit for company.

CONVF/RSABLENESS. ʃ. [from tcnver.

fabk.] The quality of being a pleaſing

CONVB'RSABLY. ad. [from convtrJable.]
In a converfabJe manner.

CONVE'RSANT. a. [converfoKt, Fr.]
1. Acquainted with ; familiar. Hooker.
2. Having intercourſe with any ; acquainted,
3. Relating to ; having for its ubject ; concerning. Hooker, Addiſon.

CONVERSATfON. ʃ. [converfatio, Lat.]
1. Familiar diſcourle ; chat ; eaſy talk. Swift.
2. A particular act -of diCcourſing upec
any ſubject.
3. Commerce ; in<ercourſe ; familiarity. Dryden.
4. Behaviour ; manner of acting in common
life. Peter.

CONVE RSATIVE. a. [from csnverf..]
Relating to publick life ; not cintemplative.

To CONVE'RSE. v.n. [converfir, Fr.]
1. To cohabit wiſh ; to hold intercourſe
with. Locke..
2. To be acquainted with. Shakʃpeare.
3. To convey the thoughts reciprocally i.
talk. Milton.
4. To diſcourſe familiarly upon any ſubj-
d. Dryden.
5. To have commerce with a different
ſex. Guardian..
.CONVERSE. ſ. [from the ^erb.]
1. Manner of diſcourſing in familiar life. Pope.
2. Acquaintance ; cohabitation ; familiarity. Glanville.

CONVE'RSELY. ad. [from tonwr/^.] With
change of order ; reciprocally.

CONVERSION. ʃ. [converſto, Latin.]
1. Change f'rom one ſtate into another ;
tranſmutation. Arbuthnot.
2. Change from reproljation to grace.
3. Change frana one religion to aaother.
4. The interchange of terms in ap argurrient
; as, no virtue is vice ; na vice it
virtue. Chambers.

CON\T.'RSIVE. a. [{torn converſe.] Converfable
; ſociabie.

To CONVE'RT. v. a. [converto, Lat.]
1. To change into another ſubſtance ; to
tranſmute. Burnet.
2. To change from one religion to another,
3. To turn from a bad to a good life.
4. To turn towards any point. Brown.
5. To apply to any uſe ; to appropriate. Iſaiah.

To CONVERT. v. n. To undergo a change ;
to be tranſmuted. Shakʃpeare.

CO'NVERT. ʃ. A perſon converted from
one opinion to another'. Stillingfleet.

CONVE'RIER. ʃ. [h-om convert.] One
that mjkfs converts.

CONVER riBI'LITY. ʃ. [from cowertit'e-
l The qu.l:ty of being poſſible to be

CONVERTIBLE. a. [from conwrt.]
1. Suſceptible of change ; tranr-nutable.
2. So much alike as that one may be uſed
for the other. Swift.

CONVE'RTIBLY. ad. [i\om convertible]
Reciprocally. South.

CO'NVERTITE. ʃ. [cotwerti, French.] A
convert. Donne.

CO'NVEX. ad. [ccnwxus, Latin.] Riſing
in a circular form ; oppoſite to concave. Dryden.

CONVEX. r. A convex body. Tukel.

CONVE'XED. f.Jrii. a. [from convex- ]
Protuberant iu a circular form. Bown.

CONVEXEDLY. ad. [from convexd.] In
a convex foim. Brown.

CONVE'X] fY. ſ. [from convex.] Protuberance
in » circular form. Newton.
tONVE'XLY. ad. [from convex.] In a
convex form. Grew.

CONVE'XNES.S. ſ. [from convex.] Spheroidic.-'
l piotiiberance ; convexity.

CONVEXO-CONCAVE. a. Having the
hollovt' on the inſide, correſponding to the
external protuberance. Newton.

To CO.MVE'Y. v. a. [fonveho, Latin.]
1. To carry ; to tranſport from one place
to another. I Kings.
2. To hand from one to another. Locke.
3. To move ſecretly. Shakʃpeare.
4. To bring ; to tranſmit. Locke.
5. To transfer ; to deliver to another. Locke.
6. To impart. Locke.
7. To introduce. Locke.
5. To nnanage with privacy. Shakʃpeare.

CONVE'YaNCE. ʃ. [from convey.]
1. The act of removing any thing.Shakʃpeare.
2. Way for carriage or tranſportatioo. Raleigh.
f. The na!thod of removing ſecretly.

4. The means by which any thing is conveved.Shakʃpeare.
r. D^'livery from one to another. Locke.
6. Ac}, of transrerring property. Spenſer.
n. Writing by which property is transferreJ, Clarenden.
8. Secret rnairagement ; juggling artitice. Hooker, Hudibras.

CONVE'YANCER. ʃ. [from conveyance.]
A lawyer V. ho draws writings by which
pVopeny is transferred.


CONVEYER. ʃ. [from convey.] One who
carries or tranſmits any thing.

To CONVrCT. v. a. [convinco, Latin.]
1. To prove guilty ; to detefl: in guilt. Bacon.
2. To confute ; to diſcover to be fdife. Brown.

CONVrCT. a. Convifled ; deteded in
guilt. Pope. .

CONVICT. ʃ. [from the verb.] A perſon
caſt at the bir. Jlyltffe,

CONVl'CTION. ʃ. [from convip.]
1. Detedf ion of guilt. Cnveh
2. The act of convincing; confutation. Swift.

CONVrCTIVE. a. [from conviB.] Having
the power of convincing.

To CONVI'NCE. v. a. [convinco, Latin.]
1. To force another to acknowledge a conteſted
p.fit ion. TillotjOn.
2. To cowift ; to prpve guilty of. Raleigh.
3. To evince ; to prove. Shakʃpeare.
4. To overpower; to furmount.Shakʃpeare.

CONVINCEMENT. ʃ. [from convince.
; C wiſhnn. Decay of Piety.

CONVINCIBLE. a. [from convince.]
1. Capable of conviction,
2. C-ipable of being evidently diſproved. Brown.

CDNVl'NCINGLY. ad. [from convince.]
Jii ſuch a manner as to leave no room for
doubt. Clarenden.

CDNVl'NCINGNESS. ʃ. [from conviiiang.]
The power of convincing.

To CONVI'VE. v. a. [convivo, Lat.] To
entertain ; to feitt. Shakʃpeare.

CONVrVAL. ʃ. a. [convivalii, Latin.]

CONVIVIAL. ʃ. Relating to an entertainment
; fertal ; ſocial. Denhom.

A low jeſt ; a quibble. Philips.

To CONVOCATE. v. a. [convo.o, Latin.]
T call ti gether.

CONVOCATION-. ʃ. [con-:-oc:itio, Latin.]
1. The act of calling to an affen.bly. Sidney.
2. An aſſembly. Leviticus.
3. An alſembly of the clergy for confultation
upon matters eccleſiaftical ; as the
parliament conſiſts of two diſtrndt houſes,
iO docs this ; the archbiſhops and biſhops
fit ſeverally ; the reſt of the clergy are repreſented
by their deputies. Stillingfleet.

To CONVOKE. v. a. [convoco, Latin.]
To call together ; to ſummon to an aſſembly. Locke.

To CONVO'LVE-. v. a. [corvilvo, Latin.]
coo coo

To Toll together ; to roll one part upon To COOL, -z/, ».
another. Milton. ! To grow leſs hot.

CONVOLU'TED. part, Twiſted ; rolled upon 2- To grow leſs warm with regard to paflljtl'elf.
Woodn-ard. on. Dryden.

CONVOLUTION. ʃ. [conio'utio, Latin ] CO'OLER. ſ. [from cool.]
The act of rolling any thing upon irfelf. I. That which has the power of cooling Grew.
2. The ſtate of rolling together in company. Thomfon.

To CONVOT. v. a. [cawyer, Fr.] 'To
accompany by land or fea, fur the fake of

CO'NVOY. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Attendance on the road by way of defence.Shakʃpeare.
2. The act of attending as a defence.

CO'NUSANCE. ʃ. [conoijance, French.]
Cognifanre ; notice.

To CONVU'LSE. v. a. [cowuljus, Latin.]
To give an irregular and involuntary motion
to the parts of any body. Thonifon,

CONVULSION. ʃ. [ionvulfio, Latin.]
1. hcon'vu.fion is an involuntary contracti.
on of the fibres and muſclcs. iQuincy.
2. Any irregular and violenr motion ; comm'
tion. Temple.

CONVU'LSIVE. a. [co<J-'.ul/if, Fr.] That
which gives tw ches or Pſalms. Hah.

CO'NY. ʃ. [conml, Fr. cunlculus, Lat.] A
rabit ; an animal that burroughs in the
ground. Ben. Johntjc
the body. Harvey.
2. A veſſel in which any thing is made
fool. Mortimer.

CO'OLY. ad. [from cool.]
1. Without heat, or flijrp culd. Thomfon.
2. Without palfion. Atterbury.

COOLNESS. y. [from rw/]
1. Gentle cold ; a ſoft or mild degree of
cold. Bacon.
2. Want of atteſtion ; difinclination. Clar,
3. Freedom from pallion.

COOM. ʃ. [,,-a«;„^ French.]
1. Soot that gathers over an oven's mouth.
2. That matter that works out of the
wheels of carriages. Bailey.

COOMB. A meaſure of corn containing
four buſhels. Baile\\

COOP. f. [kuyps, Dutch.]
1. A barrel ; a veſſel for the prafervation
of liquids.
2. A cage ; a penn for animals ; as poultry
or ſheep. Brown.

To COOP. v. a. [from the noun.] To ſhut
up in a narrow compaſs ; to cage. Dryden.

CONY-BOROUGH. ſ.A place where rab- COOPE'E. ſ. [««/t, French.] Amotion
bits mdke their holes in the ground. in dancing.

To CO'NYCATCH. v. n. To cheat ; to A CO'OPER. ſ. [from coop.] One that
trick. Shakʃpeare.

CO'NYCATCHER. ʃ. A thief ; a cheat.

To COO. v. n. [from the found.] To cry
as a dove or pigeon. Thomfon.

COOK. f. [coyuwj, Latin.] One whoſe profeſſion
is to dreſs and prepare viftuals for
the table. Shakʃpeare.

COOK-MAID. ʃ. [cook and maid.] A maid
that drelTes proviſions. Addiſon.

COOK-ROOM. ʃ. [mo^ and rcow.] A room COOPERA'TION. ſ. [from coop:rTte.]
in which proviſions are prepared for the The act of contributing or concurring to
ſhip'screw. the ſame end. Bacon.

To COOK. -z^.^. [co^:/o, Latin.] COO'PER.ATIVE. a. [Uc^m cooperate.]
1. To prepare viftuals for the table. Promoting the ſame end jointly. Decay of Piety. COOPERA'TOR. ſ. [from cooperate.] He
To prepare for any purpoſe. ^^a^f/Js^arf. that, by joint endeavours, promotes the
makes coops or barrels. Chtid

COOPERAGE. ʃ. [from cooper.] The
price paid for cooper's work.

To COO PERATE. v. a. [con and opera,
1. To labour jointly with another to the
fame end. Bacon, Boyle.
2. To concur in producing the ſame elſeft.

CO'OKERY. ʃ. [from cw..] The'art of
rireiting viftuals. Davies.

COOL. a. [koelen, Dutch.]
1. Somewhat cold ; approaching to cold. Temple.
2. Not zealous ; not ardent ; not fond.

COOL. ʃ. Freedom from heat. Addiſon.
To COOL. v. a. [koelln, Dutch.]
|. To make cool ; to allay heat. Arbuthnot.
2. To quiet paſſion ; tO calm anger. Swift.
fame end with others.

COOPTA'TION. ʃ. [coopto, Latin.] Adoption
; aflumption.

COORDINATE. a. [con and ordinatus,
Latin.] Holding the ſame rank. Watts.

COORDINATELY. ad. [from ^oordinate.]
In the ſame rank,

COO RDINATENESS. ʃ. [from coordinate.]
The ſtate of being coordinate.

COORDINATION. ʃ. [from coordirate.]
The ſtate of holding the ſame rank ; coUateralneſs,



GOOT. ʃ. [c^.tee, ffieach.] A toalUhck CO'PIST. ſ. [from rt/y.] A copyer ; an
water fowl. Dryden. imitator.

COP. ʃ. [kof,Dutch.] The head} chcl

Cp CO'PLAND. ʃ. Apiece of ground which
cf'any thing. termirtates with an acute angle. Difi.

CO'PAL. ʃ. The Mexican term for a gum. COPPED, a. [from cop.] Riſing to a top

COFA'RCEMARY. ʃ. [from c^pJtcemr.] or head. PFiftman.
Joint ſuccenion to any inheritance. Hale. CO'Pi.EL. An inſtrument uſed in chymiilry.

COPA'R.C/.NER. ʃ. [from cov and parti- Its uſe is to try and purify gold and ſilver.
dps, Lat.] Cofarccnen are ſuch as have CO'PPER. ſ. [koptr, Dutch.] One of the
64111! portion in the inheritance of the an
An equa: ſhare of coparceners.

COPA'RTNER. ʃ. [« and ;.Jr/n<r.] One
that has a ſhare in ſome C'^mmon ſtock or
affair. Mtttbn.

COPARTNERSHIP. ʃ. [from c-.partncr.] CO'PPER. ʃ.
T!ic Itatc of bearing an equal part, or
p» ifeffiig :^n equal ſhare. Hale.

CO'FATAIN. <z. [from «^f.] High r.uſed
; pointed. Uanmcr.

COPA'YVA. ʃ. A gum which diſhis from
a tree in Brafil.

COPE. ʃ. [See Cop.]
1. Any thing with which the head is covered.
2. A iacerdotal cloak, worn in ſacred miniſtration.
3. Any thing which is ſpread over the
head. Dryden.
To dOpE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſovtr, ai with a cope. Addiſon.
2. To rewaiL ; to give in return.
3. To contend with ; to oppoſe.Shakʃpeare.

To COPE. v. 71. .
1. To contend; to ſtruggle ; to ſtrive. Philips.
2. To interchange kindneſs or ſentiments.Shakʃpeare.

CO'PESM.VrE. ſ. Companion ; fiiend.

CO'PIE:<. ſ. [from CO/.;'.]
1. O'le that Copies ; a tranrcriber.
2. A plagiary ; an imitator. Ti:kel,

CO'PING. ʃ. [f-rMT. (Ope.] The upper tire
ot mafc.nry ' hich covers the wall.
I things',

COPIOUS. a. [ccp-j. Latin.]
1. Plentiful ; abundant; exuberant; in
great qu;;n'a:i!.3.
2. Aboucilling in words or image; ; not
barren ; not Ci^nc'ifei
|60'PI0l'-SLY. ud. [^yomcopiorn.l
1. pleat. fully ; abundantly ; in great
s. At iitge ; without brevity or concifeneſs ; c.ffuſely. Addiʃon.

CO'PIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from coploui.]
1. Plenty ; abundance ; exuberai.ce.
2. Dlftu<u.n ; exuberance of rtiJc. Dryden.
fix primitive metals. Copper is the moſt
duclile and malleable metal, after gold and
ſilver. Of cpper and lapis calaminaris is
formed braſs ; of copper and tin bell-metal ;
copper and braſs, what the French call
bronze, uſed for figures and ſtatues. Chambers.
A boiler linger than a moveable
pot. JUacin.

COPPER-NOSE. ʃ. [copper and mfe.] A
red nofe. Wiſeman.

COPPER PLATE. A plate on which pictures
are engraven.

COPPER-WORK. ʃ. [coſper and wof..]
A place where copper is manufactured. Woodward.

CO'PPERAS. ʃ. [kpperooff, Dutch.] A
name given to three forts of vitriol ; the
preen, the bhliſh green, and the white.
What is commonly fold for copperas, is an
artificial vitriol, made of a kind of ſtones
found on the feafiiore in Eflex.

CO'PPERSMITH. ʃ. [copper and Jmth.]
One that manufactutes copper. Swift.

1. A little worm in ſhips.
2. A worm breeding in one's hand. Ainsworth.

CO'PPERY. a. [from copper.} Containing
copper. Woodward.

CO'PPICE. ʃ. [coupeau:f, Fr.] Low woods
cut at ſtated times, for fuei. Sidney. Morti.

COPPLE-DUST. [or cupel dujt.] Powder
uſed in purifying it-.etalf. Bacon.

CO'PPLED. a. [from cop.] Riſing in a
conick form. JtWoodward.

COP.SE. ʃ. Short w«od. li^al/er.

To COPSE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
preſerve underwood?, ^ivfjt.

CO'PULA. ;/. [Latin.] The word which
unites the ſubject and predicate of a pfopofitif.
n ; as, Tocks drt di.:'-. J'^stts.

To CO'PULAIE. ʃ. ij. [,opulo, Latin.]
To unite ; to cc.vioin. Bucan.

To CO'PUL.^TE. r. «, To come together
as difturpnt ſexes, Uijmin.

COPULATION. ʃ. [from copulate.] The
coingrefb or embrace of the two feses. Hooker.

CO'PULATIVE. a. [cofuiatirms, Latin.]
Atterm of grammar, Cop'^h'tve propoſitions
are thoſe which have more ſubjects ;
S3. riches a'ld .honours are temptations.


CO'PY. ʃ. [tofie, Fr.]
1. A tranſcripC from the archetype or original. Denham.
9^, An individual book ; as, a good or fair
copy- Hooker.
3. The autograph ; the original ; the arch,
etype. Holder.
4. An inſtrument by which any conveyance
is made in law. Shakʃpeare.
5. A picture drawn from another pidure.

COPY-BOOK. ʃ. [copy And book.] A book
in which copies are written for learners to

COPY- HOLD. ʃ. [cofy ZTiii hold.] A tenure,
for which the tenant hath iiothing
to ſhow but the copy of the rolls m-ide by
the ſteward of his lord's court. This is
called a baſe tenure, becauſe it holds at the
will of the lord ; yet not ſimply, but according
to the cuſtom of the manor : fo
that if a copy-holder bteik not the cuſtom
of the manor, and thereby forfeit his tenure,
he cannot be turned out at the lord's
pleaſure. Co-zoel.

COPY-HOLOER. ʃ. One that is poſſeſſed
of land in copyhold.

To CO'PY. v. a.
1. To tranſcnbe ; to write after an original.

2. To imitate ; to propoſe to imitation. Swift.

To CO'PY. v. a. To do any thing in imitation
of f<mething elſe. Dryden.

To COQUE'T.-y.fl.[from thenoun.]To treat
with an appearance of amorous tenderneſs. Swift.

COQUETRY. ʃ. [uqucterle, French.]
Affectation of amorous advances, Addiſon.

COQUETTE. ʃ. [coquette, Fr.] A gay,
airy gil ; who endeavours to »ttiact notice.

CO'RACLE. ʃ. [ciirivgle, Welch.] A
boat uſed in Wales by fiſhers ; maide by
drawing leather or oiled doath upon a
frame of wicker work.

CO'RAL. ʃ. [coralhum, Latin.]
1. Red coral is a plant of great hardneſs
and rtony nature while growing in the water,
as it has after long expofure to the
air. Hi/1.
2. The piece of coral which children have
about their necks. Pope.

CO'RALLINE. a. Conſiſting of coral.

CO'RALLINE. ſ.Coralline is a ſea plant
uſed in medicine ; but much inferiour to
the coral in hardneſs. Hi//.

CO'RALLOID. or Coral lqidal. ad.
[xo^aXXsiiS'iij.] Refenihling. coral.

CORA'NT. ʃ. [cBurur.tffienQh.] A nimble
ſprightly dance. Wa/Jh,

CO'RBAN. ʃ. [02'T5-] An alms baſket.
a gift , j« alms, ' l^rig Ciar/a,


CORBE. a. [ccu0t, French.] C-oofeed. Spenſer.

CO'RBEILS. ʃ. Little bafleets uſed in fortification,
filled with earth,

CO'RBEL. ʃ. [In archicedute.] The re.
preſentation of a baſket, '

CO'RBEL. or CoRBiL. ſ. A fnort piece of
timber flicking out fix or eight inches from
a wall.

CORD. ʃ. [cort, Welſh ; chorda Lat.] A
rope; aſtring. Blackmore.
2. A quantity of wood for fuel; a pile
eight feet long, four high, and fuur broad

CORD-MAKER. ʃ. [cordini r,^h.] One
whoſe trade is 10 make ropes ; a ropemaker.

CORD- WOOD. ſ. [cordiaiicood.] Wood
p'led uB for fuel.

To CORD. v. a. [from the noun.] To bind
With rope.'.

CORDACiE. ʃ. [from cord.] A quantity
of cords. Ratagb.

CORDED. a. [ham cord.] Made of ropes.Shakʃpeare.

CORDELI-ER. ſ. A Fx^ncifcan tner ; fo
named from the cord wfcichſerves him for
a cindfure. Prior.

CARDIAL. ʃ. [from cor, the heart, Latin.]
1. A medicine that increaies the force of
the heart, or quickens the circulation.
2. Any medicine that increaſes ſtrengch.
3. Any thing that comforts, gladdens,
and exhilerates. Dr.jdtn

1. Reviving; invigorating; rellorative.Shakʃpeare.

2. Sincfere ; hearty
; proceeding ir<.-m the
heart. Hammond.

CORDIA LITY. ʃ. [from cordm!.]
1. Relation to the hesrr. Brown.
2. Sincerity ; freedom from hypocrify.

CO'RDIALLY. ad. [ftpqi /cardtaL] Sincerely
; heartily. South.

CQRDINER. ʃ. [fOrc'oBBw, French.] a
ſhoemaker. Cozccl

CORDON. ʃ. [Fr.] A row of ſtones.
Cp'RDWAlN. ſ. [Cordovan U^xhti.] Spaniſh
leather Spenſer.

CORDWA'INER. ʃ. A ſhoemaker.

CORR. ʃ. [emur, French.]
1. The heart. Shakʃpeare.
2. The inner part of any thing. Raleigh.
3. The inner pare of a fruit which contains
the kernels. Bacon.
4. The matter contained in a boil or lore,
Z?r, . ſ. /-,

CORIA'CEOUS. a. [vr^aceut, . Lat.]
1. Confining of leather.
2. Of a ſubſt^ulte-reiennbling leather. Arbuthnot.

COiyA'NDER. ʃ. .A plant.



CO'RINTH. ʃ. A ſmall fruit commonly
called currant. Brown.e,

CORI'NTHIAN Ortjer, is generally reckoned
the fourth, of the five orders of architedlute.
The capital is adorned with two
rows of leaves, between which little ſtalks
arile, of which the fixteen volutes are
ſcrmed, which ſupport the abacus. Han is,

CORK. ʃ. [.orux, Lat ]
1. A glandiferous tree, in all reſpects like
the ileXj excepting the bark. Mrl'er.
2. The bark of the cork tree uſed for
3. The ſtopple of a bottle. ^'T,- CORKING- PIN. ſ. A pin of the largell
ſize. Swift.

CO'RKY. a. [from cork.] Conſiſting of
cork. Shakʃpeare.

CO'RMORANT. ʃ. [cormorav, Fr.]
1. A bird that preys upon lirti.
2. A glutton.

CORN. ʃ. [c.]in, Sax.]
1. The feeds which grow in ears, not iai
pods. John xii. 2c.
2. Grain yet unreaped, Knolles.
3. Grain in the ear, yet unthreſhed. yd'.
4. An excreſcence on the feet, hard and
painful. Pſ^ifiman,

To CORN. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fait ; to ſprinkle with fait.
2. To granulate.

CORN-FIELD. ʃ. A field where corn is
growing. Shakʃpeare.

CORN-FLAG. ʃ. [con: 3n^Pg.] A'plant :
the leaves are jike ihole of the fleur-de-lys,

CORN-FLOOR.' 7: The floor where corn
is ſtored. Hof. ix.

CORN FLOWER. ʃ. [from c.^n and Jl,iufr.]
The blue bottle. Bacon.

CORN-LAND. ʃ. [,-or« and land.] Land
appropriated ;o the produdlion of grain. Mortimer.

CORN- MASTER. ʃ. [«rn and /«a/?<r.] One
that cultivates c rn for ſale. Bacon.

CORN-MILL. ʃ. [corn and mtU.] A mill
to grind corn into meal. Mortimer.

CORN- PIPE. ʃ. A pipe made by ſlitting
the joint of a green ſtalk of corn. Tickel.

CORNSALLAD. ʃ. Com-falhid is an herb,
whole top-leaves are a fallet of themſelves. Mortimer.

CO'RNAGE. ʃ. [from come, Fr.] A tenure
which obliges the landholder to give
nntifcei.f an invahon by blowing a horn.

CO'RNCHANf'LER. ʃ. [com and chandler.]
One that retails corn.

CO'RNCQTTER. ʃ. [from corn and cut.]
A man whoſe proſsOicn is to extirpate
corns from the foot. Wiſeman.

CO'RNEL. ʃ. [cornus, Lat.]

CORNELIAN TREE. S The Corml-tree
beareth the fiuit commonly called the cornel
or cornelian cherry. Mortimer.


CO'RNEMUSE. ʃ. [French.]' A kind rf
ruſtick flute.

CO'RNEOUS. a. [corneiis, Latin.] Horny ;
of a ſubſtunce reſembling horn. Brown.

CO'RNER. ʃ. [cone!, Welſh.]
1. An angle.
2. A ſecret or remote place.
Proferbs. Davies.
3. The extremities ; the utmoſt limit. Dryden.

CORNER STONE. ʃ. The ſtone that
unites the two walls at the corner. Ilowef.

CORNER-TEETH of a Horfe, are the four
teeth which are placed between the middling
teeth and the tiiſhes. Farrier's DiB,

CO'RNERWISE. ad. [corner and w//<?.]
Dijg nally.

CO'RNET. ʃ. [cornette, French.]
1. A mulical inſtrument blown with the
mouth. Bacon.
2. A company or troop of horſe. Clarendon.
3. The officer that bears the flandard of a
4. Co P. a TT of a Horfe, is the loweſt part
of his pafltrn that runs round the coffin.
Forrier'' i DiEi,
5. A ſcarf anciently worn by doſtors.

CO'RNETTER. ʃ. [from cornet ] A blower
of the cornet. Hakewell.

CORNICE. ʃ. [corniche, French.] The
higheſt projeiſhon of a wall or column. Dryden.

COR'NICLE. ʃ. [from comu, Latin.] A
little horn.

CORNI'GEROUS. a. [comiger, Latin.]
Horned ; having horns. Brown.

CORNO'COPJAS. ʃ. [Lat.] The horn of

To CORNU'TE. v. a. [cornutus, Latin.]
To bellow horns ; to cuckold.

CORNU'TED. a. [comutus, Utin.] Grafted
with horns ; cuckolded.

CORNU'TO. ʃ. [from comutus, Latin.] A
man horned ; a cuckold. Shakʃpeare.

CORNY. a. [from comu, horn, Latin.]
1. Strong or hard like horn ; horny. Milton.
2. [from corn.] Producing grain or corn. Prior.

CO'ROLLARY. ʃ. [corcllarium, Lat. from
1. The condufion. Government of the Tongue.
2. Surplus. Shakſpeare.

CORO'N^.f. [Latin.]The crown of an order.

[corona, Latin.] A crown ;
a garland. Spenſer.

CO'RONAL. a. Belonging to the top of
the head. Wiseman.

CO'RONARY. a. [ccronarius, Latin.]
1. Relating to a crown. Brown.
1. It is applied in anatomy to arteries,

fancied to encompaſs the heart in the manner
of a garland. Bentley.

CORONATION. ʃ. [from corona, Latin.]
1. The act or ſolemnity of crowning a
king. Sidney.
1. The pomp or aſſembly preſent at a curonatinn. Pope.

CORONER. ʃ. [from corova.] An officer
whuſeduty is to enquire, how any violent
death was occiſioned. Shakʃpeare.

CO'RONET. ʃ. [corone!fa,Un].'} An inferiour
crown worn by the nobihty. Sidney, Shakʃpeare.
eO'RPORAL. ſ. [corrupted from caporal,
French.] The loweſt officer of the infantry. Gay.

CO'RPORAL of a Shakſp. An officer that
hath the charge of fetting the watches and
fentries. Iljrrii.

CORPORAL. a. [.rrpr^rel, Fr.]
1. Relating to the body ; belonging to the
body. ^ficrliury,
2. Material; not ſpiritual. Shakʃpeare.

CORFORA'LITY. j. [from ſcr/sra/.] The
quality of being embodied. Raleigh.
CO'RPORALLY. d//. lhomccrpoial.] Bodily.

CO'IirORATE. a. [from corpus, Latin.]
United in a body or community. Swift.

CO'RPORATENESS. ʃ. [from corporate.]
A community.

CORPORA'TION. ʃ. [from corpus, Lat.]
A body politick, authorized to have a common
feaj, one head officer or more, able
by their common conſent, to grant or receive
in law, any thing within the compaſs
of their charter : even as one man. Cowel. Davies.

CO'RPORATURE. ʃ. [from corpus, Lat.]
The ſtate of being embodied.

CORPO'REAL. a. [corpcreus, Lat.] Riving
a body ; not immaterial. Milton.

CORFOR.E'lTy. ʃ. [from corporeus. Lat.]
Materiality; bodilineſs. Stillingfleet.

COlPOillFICATIOM. ʃ. [from corp r.fy.]
The act of giving body or palpabii'ny.

To CO'RPORIFY. i/. a.' [from cor;. (/.r. Lat.]
To embody. Boyle.

COR''S 7

CORPSE. ʃ. / i''P' French.]
1. A body. Dryden.
2. A carcaſe ; a dead body ; a cor.'e. Addiʃon.
5. A body of forces.

CORPULENCE. 1 , , , . , -,

CORPULENCY. ʃ. / ['Z''''^. Lat.]
1. Bulicineſs of body ; flediineſs. Donne.
2. .Spi.litude
; grolFneſs of matter. Ray.

CO'RPULENT. a. [corpulentus, Latin.; Flefty ; bulky. Ben. Johnſoi,.

CORPU'SCLE. ʃ. [corptifniJum, Lat.] A
ſmall body ; an atom, Neii-ton


CORPU'SCULAR. v. a. [hem corpt/f.

CORPUSCULA'RIAN.5 c«'«m, Lat.] Relating
to b'.dies ; compriſing bodies. Boyle, Berkley.

To CORRA'DE. v. a. [corrado, Latin.]
To rub off' ; to ſcrape together.

CORRADLVTION. ʃ. [can and radius, Lat.]
A conjundlion of rays in one point. Bacon.

To CORRE'CT. ?/.«. [(orre^um, Latin.]
1. To puniſh; ; tochaflife; to diſcipline. Taylor.
2. To amend ; to take away faults. Rogers.
3. To obviate the qualities of one ingredient
by another. Prior.
4. To remark faults.

CORRE'CT. a. [corr'aus, Latin.] Revife«
<ir ſin filed with exacttneſs. Felton.

CORRECTION. f. [from wrc^.] '
1. Puniſhment ; dilcipline ; chaſtiſement.Shakʃpeare.
2. A'^ of taking away faults ; amendment. Dryden:.
5. That which is ſubſtituted in the place
of any thing wrong. Watts.
4. Reprehenſion ; animadverfinn. Breivr,
5. Abatement of noxious qualities, by the
addition of ſomething contrary. Dunne.

CORPvE'CTIONER. ʃ. [from co'retlion.]
A jayl-bird. Shakʃpeare.

CORRE'CT !VE. a. [from correB.] Having
the power to alter or obv,ate any bad qualities. Arbuthnot.

1. That which has the power of altering
or chviating any thing amiſs. South.
Z Limitation ; reliriſtion. Hale.

CORRE'CILY. ad. Accurately ; appoſite'y
; exactly Locke.

CORRE'CTNESS. ʃ. [from «r;Y,57.] Accuracy
; exactneſs, Swift.

CORRECTOR. f. [from «rr/<«7.]
1. He that amends, or alters, by puniſhment. Sprat.
2. Ke that revifes any thing to free it from
faults. Stvrj:.
3. Such an ingredient in a compoſition, as
gu?rds agiinll or abates the force of anoth. Quincy.

To CO'RRELATE. v. n. [from con and reia'u!,
Latin.] To have a reciprocal relari.
jn, as father an'd fun.

CO'RRELATE. ʃ. One that flands in the

ODpolite relation. Scutl.

CORRE'LATI VE.r7.rfon and rcLtivus, Lat.]
Having a reciprocal relation. South.

CORRELATIVENESS. ʃ. [from (crreiatit'e.
l The ſtate of being correlative.

CORRELATION. ʃ. [corrcptum, Lat ] Objurgation
; chiding ; reprebenſion ; reproof.
GoTernment of the 'iorgue.

T) CORRESPO'ND. v. n. [on and rcji.an.
da, Latin.]
Ud I. To
t. To fult
; to anſwer ; to fif. Locke.
«. To keep up commerce with ai.other by
alternate letters.

CORRESPO'NDENCE. ʃ. [from corref-

1. Relation ; recipr.cal adiptation of one
thing to another,
2. lattrcourſe ; reciprocal intelligence. King Charles, Denham.
3. Friendſhip ; interchange of offices or civilities. Bacon.

CORRESPONDENT. a. [from icrreffod ]
Suitable ; adapted ; agreeable ; anſwerable. Hooker.

CORRESPO'NDENT. ʃ. One with whom
intelligence or commerce is kept up by
mutual meffages or letters. Denham.

CORRESPO'NSIVE. a. [from correſpQ/jd.]
Anſwerable; adapted to any thing.Shakʃpeare.

CO'RRIDO R. ʃ. [French.]
1. The covert way lying round the fortifications.
2. A gallery or long ifle round about a
building, Harris.

CORRIGIBLE. a. [from corrigo, Latin.]
1. That which may be altered or amended,
2. Puniſhable, HoweL
3. Correffive ; having the power to corrtQ.Shakʃpeare.

CORRI'VAL. ʃ. [con and riva!.] Rival ;
competitor. Spenſer.
CORRI'VALRY. ſ. [from corrival.] Competition.

CORROBORANT. a. [from corroborate.]
Having the power to give ſtrength. Bacon.

To CORRO'BORATE. v. a. [con and rokoro,
1. To confirm ; to eftabliſh. Bacon.
2. To ſtrengthen ; to make ſtrong. Wotton.

CORROBORA'TION. ʃ. [from corrotorate.]
The act of ſtrengthening or confirming. Bacon.

CORROBORATIVE. a. [from corroUrati.]
Having the power of increaſing
«rength. Wiſeman.

To CORRO'DE>. v. a. [corrolo, Latin.]
To eat away by degrees ; to wear away
gradually. Boyle.

CORRO'DENT. a. [from corrode.] Having
the power of corroding or walling.

CORRO'DIBLE. a. [from corede.] Polſible
to be confumed. B'O'ion,

CORRODY. ʃ. [corrodo, Latin»] A defalcation
from an allowance. ylyliffe.
CORROSIBI'LITY. ſ. [from corofble.]
Poffibility to be confumed by a raenſtruum.

CORRO'SIBLE. a. [from corrode.] Pofſible
to be cunAimed by a menſtruum.

CORRO'SIBLENESS. ʃ. [from correfiblt.]
Suſceptibility of cotrofion.

CORRO'SION. ʃ. [coirodo, Latin.] The
powtr of eating or wearing away by degree^. Woodward.

CORRO'SIVE. a. [corroJo, Latin.]
1. Having the power of wearing away.
2. Having the quality to fret or vex. Hooker.

1. That which has the quality of wafting
any thing away. Spenſer.
2. That which has the power of giving
pain. Hooker.

CORROSIVELY. ad. [from corro/ive.]
1. Like a corrofue. Bojle.
1. With the power of corrofion.

CORRO'SIVENESS. ʃ. [from c^rroſtve, \
The quality of corroding or eating away ; acrimony. Donne.

CORRUGANT. a. [from rcrrr.'^^/f.] Having
the power of contracting into wrinkles.
To CORRUGATE v. a. [ccrrugo, \au]
To wrinkle or purſeup, Bacon.

CORRUGATION. ʃ. [from arrugate.]
Contraction into wrinkles. Hooker.

To CORRUPT. v.a, [corrupts, Latin.]
1. To turn frond a found to a putreſcent
ſtate ; to infect.
2. To deprave ; to deſtroy integrity ; to
vtiite. 2 Or. Locke, Pope. .

To CORRUPT. v. a. To become putrid ;
to grow rotten. Bacon.

CORRU'PT. a. [from corrupt.] Vitious ; tainted with wickedneſs.
Epb. IV. 29 Shakʃpeare, South.

CORRU'PTER. ʃ. [from corrupt.] He that
taints or vitiates. yldd:lon.
CORRUPTIBI'LITY. ſ. [from corruptible..
Poffibility to be corrupted.

CORRU'PriCLE. a. [from corrupt.]
1. Suſceptible of deſtruction. Hooker. TiltotJcn.
2. Poinble to be vitiated,

CORRU'PTIBLENESS. ʃ. [from corrupt!.
hie.] Suſceptihility of corruption,

CORRU'PTIBLY. ad. [from corruptihl:.]
In luch a manner as to be corrupted,Shakʃpeare.

CORRUPTION. f. [corrf'ptio, Lat.]
1. The principle by which bodies tend to
the ſeparation of their parts.
2. Wickedneſs ; perverſion of principles. Addiʃon.
5. Putreſcence. Blackmore.
4. Matter or put in a fore,
5. The means by which any thing is vitiated
; depravation. Raleigh.

CORRUPTIVE. a. [from c'}rtupt.] Having
the quality of tainting or vitiating. Raleigh.

CORRU'PTLESS. a. [fron corrupt.] Inſuſceptible
of corruotion ; undecaying.

CORRUPTLY. ud, '[from corru^t.]
6. Wit].
1. With corruption ; with taint.Shakʃpeare.
2. Vitiouſly ; contrary to parity. Camden.
CORRUPTNESS. ſ. [[from corrupt.] The
qualnv of coiriiption
; putreſcence ; vice.

CO'RSy/l/i. ʃ. [French.] A pirate.

CORSE. ʃ. [cerps, French.]
1. A b dy. Spenſer.
2. A dfad body ; a farcafe, Addiʃon.

CORSELET. ʃ. [ccrjdct, French.] A
light armour for the forepart of the body. Fairfax. Price.

CORTICAL. a. [cer/ex, b-rk, Latin.]
Bjrky ; belonging to the rind. Cheyne.

CO'RTICATED. a. [J\on\ cvrticatu!, Lat.]
Reſembling the bark of a tree. Brownr.

CORTICOSE. a. [from corticofui, Latin.]
Full of bark.

CORVETTO. ʃ. The curvet. Peachnm.

CORU':,CANr. ^. [corufco, Latin.] Glittering
by fliſhes ; liartiing.

CORU-CATION. ʃ. [corufcAtio, Latin.]
Ftaſh ; quick vibration of light. Garth.

CORVMSIATED. a. [co'-ym&u!.] Garniſhtfd
with branches of berries.

CORYMBITEROUS. aJ. [orymhus and
fero, Latin.] Bearing fruit or berries in

CORT'MBUS. ʃ. [Latin.]
Amongſt ancient botanifls cluners of berries
: amongſt mcdern botanills a compounded
diſcaus flower; ſuch are the flowers
of daifies ; and common marygold.

COSCrNOMANCY. ſ. [xoVxivc?, a fieve,
and |WavTsia, d.vination.] The art of divination
by mean? of a fieve.

COSECANT. ſ.[In geometry.] The fecant
of an arch, which is the complement
of another to ninety degrees. Harris.

COSIER. ʃ. [from <r5;//;r,old French, to few.]
A botcher. Shakʃpeare.

CO'SINE. ʃ. [In geometry.] The right
line of an arch, which is the complement
of another to ninety degrees. Harris.

COSME'TICK. a. [wa^junTuoj.] Beautifying. Pope. .

COSMICAL. a. [xoV^oc]
1. Relating to the world.
2. Riſing or fetting with thefiin. Brown.

COSMICALLY. ad. [from co^mtcal] With
the fun ; not acronychally. Brown.

COSMOGONY. ʃ. [;coV;x(,;, and yl,r,.] The
rrſe or birth of the woiid ; the creation.

COSMO GRAPHER. ſ. [xia-juoc and y^i-
<))M.] Oae who writes a deſtription of the
world. Brown.

COSMOGRA'PHICAL. a. [from coſmography.]
Relating to the general deſcription
of the world.

COSMOGRA'PHICALLY. ad. [from cof.
mogri'pbicil.] In a manner relating to the
firiwture of the world. Sn^cr;,

COSMO'GRAPHY. ʃ. [x.V^ocand ypa^x'.]
The ſcience of the general ly ſtem or alftctions
of the world. South.

COSMOPO'LITAN. ʃ. [x^Vorand ^oX,-

CO'SMOPOLITE. S Tjjr.] A cir.zen of
the world ; one who is at home in every

CO'SSET. ʃ. A lamb brought up without
the dam. Spenſer.

COST. ʃ. [k'^, Dutch.]
1. The price of any thing.
2. Sumptuouſneſs ; luxury. WaUcr.
3. Charge; expence. Crafranv.
4. Lufs ; fine ; detriment. Knolles.

To COST. v. a. pret. cc^ ; partidp. coji,
[to-fier^ French.] To be bought for ; to
be had at a price. Dryden.

CO'STAL. a. [cefla, Lat. a rib.] Belonging
to the ribs. Brownu

CO'STARD. ʃ. [from cojier, a head.]
1. A head. Shakʃpeare.
2. An apple round and bulky like the
head. Burton.

CO'STIVE. a. [con/iife, Ft.]
1. Bound in the body. Prior.
2. cloſe ; unpermeable. Mortimer.

CO'STIVENESS. ʃ. [from coP've.] The
ſtate of the body in which excretion is ob.
ſtrufled. Locke.

CO'STLINESS. ʃ. [fvomcoJ}ly.] Sumptuouſneſs
; expenfiveneſs. Glanville.

COSTLY. a. [from fs/?.] Sumptuous; expenfive. Dryden.

COSTMARY. ʃ. f<)/7M.Latin.] An herb.

CO'STREL. ʃ. A bottle. Skinner.

COT. 1 At the end of the names of places.

COTE. from the Saxon cot, a cottage.

COAT. ) Chjon.

COT. /. [coe.Sax.] A ſmall houſe; a hut; a mean habitation. Fenton.

COT. ʃ. An abridgement of f«or<ea;i.

COTA'NGENT. ʃ. [In geometry ] The
tangent of an arch which is the complement
of another to ninety degrees.

To COTE. v. a. To leave behind. Chapman.

COTEMPORARY. a. [«« and tempus.
Latin.] Living at the ſame time ; coetaneous. Locke.

CO'TLAND. ʃ. [cot and land.] Land appendant
to a cnttage.

CO TQUEAN. ſ. A man who buHes himſelf
with women's aftairs. Shakʃpeare, Addiſon.

COTTAGE. ſ. [from cot.] A hut ; a
mean habitation. Zeph. ii. 6 Taylor. Pope.

CO'TTAGER. ʃ. [from cottage.]
1. One who lives in a hut or cottage. Swift.
2. One that lives in the COIB non, without
paying rent. Eacsr,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


[from ca.] One who in-
The down of the cotton-
CJoih or flufr' made ci cot-

habits a cot.



To CO'TTON. v. n.
1. To riſe with a nap.
2. To cement ; to unite with. Swift.

To COUCH. v. n. [Loucher, French.]
1. To lie down on a place of repoſe. Dryden.
2. To lie down on the knees, as a beaſt to
reſt. Dryden.
3. To lye down, in ambuſh. Hayward.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


v.ho takes a covenant. A word introduecd
in the civil wars.
Oxford Reafons againſt the CoTtnanf,

CO'VENOUS. a. '[from co'vin.] F'audulent
; colluſive ; tlickii'L. Bacon.

To COVER. v. a. [cowvrir, French.)
1. To overſpread any thing with ſomething
elſe, Shakʃpeare.
2. To conceal under ſomething laid over. Dryden.
3. To hide by ſuperficial appearances.
4. To overwhelm ; to bury. Ward,
5. To ſhelter ; to conceal from harm.
6. To incubate ; to brood on, Addiſon.
7. To copulate with a female.
8. To wear the hat. Dryden.
To lye in a ſtratum. Dillietooomy.

CO'V'ER. ſ. [from the verb.]
5. To ſtoop or bend down, in fear, in
pain. Geneſis.

To COUCH. v. a.
1. To repoſe ; Co lay on a place of repoſe.Shakʃpeare.
2. To by down any thing in a ſtratum.
3. To bed ) to hide in another body.
4. To involve ; to include ; to compriſe. Atterbury.
^, To include ſecretly ; to hide. South.
To lay cloſe to another. Spenſer.
7. To fix the ſpear in the reſt. Dryden.
8. To depreſs the thing that overſpreads the
pupil of the eye. Denham.

COUCH ʃ. [from the verb]
1. A feat of repoſe, on which it is common
to lye'down dreſſed. Dryden.
2. A bed ; a place of repoſe. Addiſon.
3. A layer, or ſtratum. Mortimer.

COUCHANT. a. [couchant, Fr.] Lying
down ; ſquatting, Milton.

[Vrench.] Bedtime ; the
time of viſiting bte at night. Dryden.

CO'UCHER. ʃ. [from coucl\] He that
couches or deorelTes cataracts.

CO'UCHFELLO'W. ʃ. [couch and ///c-.u.]
Bedfellow ; companion. Shakʃpeare.

CO'UCHGRASS. ʃ. A weed. M.riim.r.
t^OVE. ʃ.
1. A ſmall creek or bay.
2. A ſhelter ; a cover.

CO'VENANT. ʃ. [convena„t, Fr.]
-I. A contract ; a lUpulation.
2. An agreement on ccriam terms ; a compa£
1. Hammond.
3. Awriting containing the terms of agreement.Shakʃpeare.

To CO'VENANT. j. v. [from the noun,; 1. To bargain ; to ibpulato South.
from covenant.]
Any thing that is laid over another. Ray.
2. A concealment ; a ſcreen ; a veil. Collier.
X, Shel;er ; defence. Clarendon.

COVER SHAME. ſ. [coven and ſhame.]
iiome appearance to conceal infamy. Dryden.

COVERING. ʃ. [from cover,'\ Dreſs ;
veſlure. Smith.

CO'VERLET. ʃ. [couvrelit, French.] The
ooteimoſt of the bedcloaths ; that under
which all the reſt are concealed. Spenſer.

COVERT. f. [cou-uert, French.]
1. A ſheher ; a dcfencj.
1. A thicket, or hiding place,

CO'VERT. a. [couvert, French.]
1. Sheltered ; not open ; not expoſed.
2. Secret ; hidden ; private ; infidious. Milton.

COVERT. a. [auvnt, Yxench.] The ſtate
ef a woman ſhtltered by matriage under. Dryden.
Ifnuib. Addiſon.

COVERT-WAY. ſ. [from covert and way.
A ſpace of ground level with the field,
three or four fathom broad, ranging quite
round the half moons, or other works toward
the country. Harris.

CO'VERTLY. ad. [{tomcovert.] Secretly ;
cliiffly. Dryden.

CO'VERTNESS. ʃ. [from cover!.] Secrecy; privacy.

COVERTURE. ʃ. [from coi'ert.]
1. Shelter; defence} not expofure. Woodward.
2. In law. The eſtate and condition of a
married woman. Coicel. Davies.

To CO' VET. v. a. [contoiter, French.]
1. To deſire inordinately ; to deſire beyond
due bounds. Shakʃpeare.

COVENANTE'E. ʃ. [from covenant.] A a. To dtfire earneſtly. I Cor.
party to a covenant ; a ttipuiutor ; a bar-

To COVET. v. a. To have a ſtrong degainer.
Jh'itfe. fire. I '7J?.

COVENA'NTER. ʃ. [from fdz-fiw/ir.] Oiic QO'VETABLE, a. [from co'vct.] To be
wifted for,
c o u

CO'VETISE. ʃ. [c:nvo;t7je, French.] Avarice
; covetouſneſs. Cpsnjjr,

CO'VETOUS. a. [convoiteuy, [Fr.]
1. Inordinately deſirous. Dryden.
2. Inordinately eager of money ; avaricious.
2. P((-
3. Defirous ; ejger : in a good ſenſe.

COVETOUSLY. ad. [jxamtovetousP^ A'itritioully
; eagerly, Shakʃpeare.

CO'VETOUSNESS. ʃ. [from covdout.] Avarice
; eagerneſs of gain, TiliOtJon,

CO'VEY. ʃ. [couvee, French.]
1. A hatch ; an old bird with her young
2. A number of birds together. Addiſon.

COUGH. ʃ. [kuch, Dutch.] A convulfion
of the lungs. Smith.

To COUGH. v. n. [kuchen, Dutch.] To
have the lungs convulied ; to make anoiſe
in endeavouring to evacuate the peccant
matter from the lungs, Shakʃpeare, Pope. .

To COUGH. v. a. To eject by a cough. Wiſeman.

CO'UGHER. ʃ. [from cough.'^ One that

COVIN. 7/. A deceitful agreement be-

C'OVINE. i tween two or more to the hurt
of another,

CO'VING. ʃ. [from cove.] Atterm in
building, uſed of houſes that project over
the ground plot, Harris.

COULD. [the imperfect preterite of fa;;.]. Dryden.

CO'ULTER. ʃ. [eul:,r, Latin.] The ſharp
iron of the plow which cuts the earth. Hammond.

CO'UNCIL. ʃ. [covcilium, Lat.]
1. An alſembly of perſons met together in
confultation. Matthew.
2. An aſſembly of divines to deliberate upon
religion. Watts.
3. Perſons called together to be confulted. Bacon.
4. The body of privy connſellsors. Shak.

COUNCIL-BOARD. ʃ. [coumilandward.]
Council-table; table where matters of ſta;e
are deliberated. Clarenden.

CO'UNSEL. ʃ. [con^Hum, Lat.]
1. Advice ; direQion. Clarendon.
2. Deliberation. Hooker.
3. Prudence ; art ; machination. Fro'verbs,
4. Secrecy ; the ſecrets intruHed in conlulting.Shakʃpeare.
5. Scheme ; purpoſe ; deſign. I Cir.
6. Thoſe that plcid a cauſe ; the counlelicrs. Pope. .

To COUNSEL. v. a. [con/ilior, Lat.]
1. To give advice or counfel to any perſon. Ben. Johnson.
2. To advife any thing, Dryden.

CO'UNSELLABLE. a. [from ««n/f/.] Willing
to receive and follow advice. Clar,
c o u

COUNSELLOR. ſ. [from counfel.
1. One that gives advice. Wifd. viii. 9,
2. Connoant ; bofom friend. WalUr.
3. One whoſe province is to deliberate and
advife upon publick affairs. Bacon.
4. One that is confulted in a caſe of law.

COUNSELLORSHIP. ʃ. [from coi<nJdhr..
The office or polt of privy couiilellor.

To COUNT. v a. [compter, Fr.]
1. To number ; tnteli. South.
2. To preſerve a reckoning. Locke.
3. To reckon; to place to an account. Locke.
4. To erteem ; to account ; toconſideras
having a certain charaiSer, Hooker.
5. To impute to ; to charge to, Ro-wc.
To Count, v. n. To tound an account or
fcheme. Swift.
count. ſ. [compte, Fr.]
1. Number, Spenſer.
2. Reckoning, Shakʃpeare.

COUNT. ſ.[comte,Vr.] A title of foreign
nobility ; an earl,

COUNTABLE. a. [from count.] That
which may be numbered, Spenſer

CO'UNTENANCE. ʃ. [countenance, Fr.]
1. The form of the face ; the ſyſtem of
the features, Mikcn.
2. Air ; look, Shakʃpeare.
3. Calmneſs of Jock ; compofure of face. Swift.
4. Conſidence of mien ; aſped of affurance. Clarendon. Sprat,
5. Affection or ill-will, as it appears upon
the face, Spenſer.
6. Patronage ; appearance of favour ; ſupport. Davies.
7. Superficial appearance. y^Lham.

To COUNTENA'NCE. v. a. [from the
1. To ſupport ; to patronife; to vindicate. Brown.
2. To make a ſhow of. Spenſer.
3. To ad; ſuitably to any thing. Shakſp.
4. To encourage ; to appear in defence.

COUNTENA'NCER. ſ.[from countenance.]
One that countenances or ſupports another.

CO'UNTER. ʃ. [from count.]
1. A falſe piece of money uſed as a means
of reckoning. Swift.
2. The form on which goods are viewed and
money told in a ſhop. Dryden.
3. Counter of a Horfe, is that part of
a horſe's forehand that lies between the
Ihoulder and under the neck.
Farriers DiEl.

CO'UNTER ad. [contre, Fr.]
1. Contrary to ; in oppoſition to. South.
2. The wrong way. Shakʃpeare.
3. Contrary ways. Locke.
c o u

To COUNTERA'CT. v. a. f «r/<jvr 2nd
aB.] To hinder any thing from its effect
by .ontrary agency. tiouth.

To COUNTERBA'LANCE. v. a. [counur
anc) balance.'^ To act agamft with an oppolite
weight. Boyle.

COUNTERBA'LANCE. ſ.[from the verb.] Oppoſite weight. LiCic.

To COUNTERBUFF. v. a. [from low.t.r
and b'-'Jj.] To iiBpell ; to ſtrike back. Dryden.

COUNTEREU'FF. ʃ. [courier and buff.] A
ſtroke that produces a recoil. Sidney. Ben. y^hnj-m.

CO'UNTERC ASTER. ʃ. [counter, and
caflir~\ A bookkeeper ]
a caſttr of accounts
; a reckoHT. Shakʃpeare.

CO'UNTERCHANGE. ʃ. [eomiier and
(bange.] Exchange ; reciprocation.Shakʃpeare.

To CO'UNTERCHANGE. v. a. to give
and feceive.

COUNTERCHA'RM. ʃ. [co-m,r and
ch^rm.] That by which a charm is difſolved. Pope.

To COUNTERCHA'RM. j. a. [from caunt.
r and charm.] To deſtroy the efteſt of
an enchantment. Di'cav of Piety.

To COUNTERCHE'CK. v. a. [('omw and
check.l^ To oppoſe.

COUNTERCHE'CK. ſ. [fern the verb.]
Stop ; rebuke. ^h^keſpdm.

To COUNTERDRA'W. v. a. [from ^rc-anter
and t/'^w
; To cniy a deſign by means
of an oiled pjper, whereon the ſtrokes appearing
through are traced with a pencil.
Chembt n,

COUNTERE'VIDENCE. ʃ. [counur and
evicl(:nce'^ Teftimony by which the depoſition
of ſome former witneſs is oppoſed.

To CO'UNTERFEIT. v. a. [cmrefane,
1. To copy with an intent to paſs the copy
for an orig.nai. Waller.
1. To imitate ; to copy ; to reſembie.

CO'UNTERFEIT. a. [from the verb.]'
1. That which is made in imitation of another
; fjrged ; fictit!0us, Locke.
2. Deceitf'il ; hypocrytical.

COUNTERFt!'!'//- U^°'^ the verb.]
1. One who perſonates another ; an impoſtor. Bacon.
2. Something made in imitation of another
; a forgery. Irl/orfon.

CO'UNI ERFEITER. ſ. [from ccunt.rf^n.]
A forger. Camden.

CO'UNTERFEITLY. aJ. [from counterfeit.]
Fdifely ; with forgery. Shakʃpeare.

COUNTERFE'RMENT. ſ. [counter and
fitment. 1 Feiment ocpoſed tof<fiment.
- Md'jor.
c o u

COUNTERFE'SANCE. ʃ. [rjumtrtfaijantf.
Fr.] Thead of counterftiting ; foignry.

CO'UNTTERFORT. [from r,-/«^rr anctyir/.]
Counterfort!, are pillars icrving to ſupporc
walls, ſubject to bulge. Chamber}.

COUNTERGA'GE. ʃ. [from countir and
?;?''] A methiio uſed to meaſure the
joints by tf-inſſtrring the breadth of a mortife
to the p ace where the tcn^n is to be. Chambers.

COUNTERGUA'RD. ʃ. [from count.r and
guird.] A ſmall rampart with parapet
and ditth. Military D.ti.

COUNTERLI'GHT. ʃ. [from c.u.t.r and
light.] A window or IgiiC oppofne to any
thing. Chambers.

To COUNTERMA'ND. v. a. [contrcmander,
1. To order the contrary to what was ordered
before. South.
2. To contradict the orders of another.

COUNTERMA'ND. ʃ. [cor.lrerrand, Fr.]
Repeal of a former order. Shakʃpeare.

To COUNTERMA'RCH. 11.' «. [iounter
and march.] To march backward,

COUNTERMA'RCH. ʃ. [from the verb ]
1. Retr^ csflion ; march backward. Col i r.
2. Change of meaſures ; alteration of conciiift. Burnet.

COUN'TERMA'RK. ʃ. [from cottnitr mA
1. A ſecond or third mark put on a bale of
2. The mark of the goldfmiths company,
3. An artificial cavity made in the teeth of
4. A mark added to a medal a long time
after it is ſtruck, by which the curiuas
know the ſeveral changes in value. Chambers.

To COUNTERMA'RK. i. a. A horſe is
ſaid to be eounterma'ked when his cornerteeth
aie artificially made hollow,
Farier''s Di3.

COUNTERMI'NE. ʃ. [counter and mine.] 1. A well or hole fui.k into the ground,
from which a gallery or branch runs out
under ground, to leek out the enemy's
mine. Military DiEl.
2. Means of oppoſition, Sidney.
3. A ſtratagem by which any contrivance
is defeated. L'Eſtrange.

To COUNTERMINE. v. a. [from the
notin ]
1. To dclveapaſſage into an enemy's mine.
2. To counterwork ; to defeat by ſecret
meal'ures. Decay of Pitty,

COUNTERMO'TION. ʃ. [counter and j«otnn.]
Contrarv motion. I^'gh.

COUNTERMU'RE. ʃ. [co/j/r^wur, French.]
A Will bi':lt up behind another wall. Knolles.
o u

COUNTERNATURAL. a. [counter and
iialuriiL'j Contrary to nature, ſhrmy,

COUNTERNO'ISE. ſ. [c.wit.r anri twje]
A found by which any other noiſe is ovci -
poweied C'la'iiy.

COUNTEIIOTENING. ſ.[countemtMi opn:-
ir,g.] As). aperture on the contrary (ide.

COUNTERPA'CE. ʃ. [counter and p.'Cf.]
Ccntrarv mej'ui e. 8-u'jt,

CO'UNTERLANE. ſ. [covirepolut,. Y,.]
A covfriec ror a bed, or any thing ehe wo-
Vfn in ſquare?. Shakʃpeare.

COUNTERPART. ſ.[cr^nUr ina' pan.]
The corref'pondent part. h^Eſtrang-

COUNTERPLE'A. f. [from ownter and fUa
In a h«i', a rep'!<:3tir.n. Cow^l.

To COUNTEPILOT. f. a. [.'wUer and
/.'fl...] To oppolc one machination by another.

COUNTERPLO'T. ʃ. [from the verb.] An
ariince oopol'-d to wn artifice, l.^ Efii jrge,

COUNTERPOINT. ſ. A coverlet v.ovi n
in fqiistey.

To COUN TERPO'ISE. v. a. [cctviter and
1. To counterbalance ; to be equi-pnnderant
to. Digby.
2. To produce a contrEry siſtion by an
equal weifiht. J^'i.ki'i'.
3. To zA with equal power againſt any
perſon or cauſe. Spenſer.

COUNTERPOISE. ʃ. [from counter and
. , .

1. Equiponderance ; equivslence of weight. Boyle.
2. The ſtate of being placed in the oppoſite
ftale of the balance. Milton.
3. Equipollcnce ; equivalence of power.

COUNTERPO'ISON. ſ.[counter and poiſon.]
Antidote, ./irLuihnot,

COUNTERPRE'SSURE. ʃ. [counter and
pre[fure.] Oppoſite force. Bu'ckmore.

COUNTER PROJECT. ſ. [cwiter and
projiff.^ Correſpondent part of a frheme. Swift.

To COUNTERPRO'VE. w. a. [from ccunter
and prove] To take off a deſign in
black lead, by pafiing it through the roiling-
preſs with another piece of paper, both
being moirtcned with a ſpong'. Chamber:.

To COUNTERRO'L. i/. a. [counter and
rolLj To preſerve the power of detectin.
frauds by a counter account,

COUNTERRO'LMENT. ʃ. [from ctn'^ferrot.]
A counter account. Bacon.

COUNTERSCARP. ʃ. That ſide of the
ditch whicli is next the csmp, Harris.

To COUNTERSrCN. v. a. [from rcunter
AnAfigr.] To ſign an order or patent of
a ſuperiour, in quality of ſecretary, to rendif
the thing more aathentick, Caamlrrs,
c o u

COUNTERTE'NOR. ʃ. [from e^unttr and
/£»or.j One of tJe mean or middle part.
of miiſick ; ſo called, as it were, oppoſite
to the tenor. Horns.

COUNEERTIDE. ʃ. [counter and t,d^.]
Contrsty tide. Dryden.

COUNTER. TI'ME. ſ. [contntemp^, Fr.]
Defence; oppoſſion. Dryden.

COUNTERTU'RN. ʃ. [counter and tum.l
The height and full growrti of the play,
we may call properly the counterturn, which
dc-rtrcys expeflation. Dryden.

To COUNTERVAIL. to a. [contra and
valeo, Latin.] To be equivalent to ; to
have equal force or value ; to act againſt
With eqaal power. i'o'oker. Wrlk'.n;.

CGUNTERVA'IL. ʃ. [from the verb, ; 1. Equal weight.
2. That which has equal weight or value. South.

COUNTERVIE'W. ʃ. [cou^ifr ^ni i.U'w.]
1. Oppofitio.'i ; a poiiure in v.hich two
perſons front eich other. Milton.
2. Omtract. Swift.

To COUNTERWO'RK. v. a. [counter and
Kverk.] To counterad ; to hinder by
contrjrv operations. Pope. .

CO'UNTESS. ʃ. [comitija, comtcjfe. Ft.]
The lidy of an earl or count. Dryden.

COUNTING-HOUSE. ʃ. [count inihcu'e.].
The room appropriated by traders to their
books and accounts, Locke.

CO'UNTLESS. s. [from count.] Innumerable
; without number, Donne'

CO'UNTRY. ʃ. [ccr,tr,% Fr.]
1. A tract of land ; a region. Sprat.
1. Rural parts. Spectator.
3. The place \.hich any man inhabits,
4. The place of one's b-iich ; the natife
foil. Sprst,
5. The inhabitants of any region,Shakʃpeare.

1. RuHick ; rural ; viliaticlr, Norris.
2. Remote from cities or courts, Locke.
3. Peculiar to a region or people.
4. Rude ; ignnrant ; untaught. Dryden.

CO'UNTRYMAM. ʃ. [from country and
man ]
1. One born in the ſame country. Locke.
2. A ruſtick ; one that inhabits the rural
parts, Graunt.
3. A farmer; a huſtandman. L'Eſtranve,

COUNTY. ʃ. [ww//, Fr.]
1. A ſhire ; that is, a circuit or portion
of the realm, into which the whoje land
is divided. Ccivel. Addiſon.
2. An earldom.
3. A count ; a lord. Dailies,

COUPE'S. ʃ. [Fr.] A motion in dancing.

c o u

CO'UPLE. ʃ. [couple, Fr.]
1. A chain oi- tje that holds dogs together.Shakʃpeare.
2. Two ; a brace. Sidney, Locke.
3. A malf and his female. Shakʃpeare.

To CO'UPLE. v. a. [copula, Lat.]
1. Til chain together. ' <v.kcj'pfare.
2. To join one to another. South.
3. To marry ; ſo wed. Sidney.

To COUPLE. v. n. To join in embracs.
Bacon. HuL.

CO'UI'LE- BEGGAR. ſ. [couple and b.ggar.]
One that ma.lfes it his buiincli to many
bepcars to each other. HSwift.

COUl^LET. ſ. [French.]
1. Two vertes ; a pair vi rhimes. Swift.
2. A pair ; as of doves, Shakfpeare.

CO'URAGE. ʃ. [couyage, Fr.] Bravery ; active ſc.-rtitude. A.'idif'^n,

COUR A'CEOUS. a. [from courage.] Biave ; larinir ; bold. A»:o!.

COURA'GEOUSLY. ad. [hotncourageoui ]
Bvely ; rtou^ly ; boiaiv. Ejco/i,

COUilA'GEOU.'NESS. ʃ. [from courageous.]
Bravery ; boldneſs ; ſpint ; courage.

COURA'NT. ʃ. [covrante, French.]

1. A nimble dance. Shakʃpeare.
2. Any thing that ſpreads quick, as a
paper of news.

To COURB. v. a. [ccurbey, Fr.] To bend ;
to bow. Shakʃpeare.

CO'URIER. ʃ. [courier, Fr.] A meitengpr
ſent in harte. Shakʃpeare. Knolles.

COURSE. ʃ. [aurſe, Fr.]
1. Race ; career. Cow'ey.
2. Paffagc from place to place. Denham.
3. Tilt ; act of running in the lifts. Sidney.
4. Ground on which a race is run.
5. Track or line in which a ſhip fails.
6. Sail ; means by which the courſe is performed. Raleigh.
7. Progreſs from one gradation to another.Shakʃpeare.
8. Order of focceſſion. Co'inthiam.
q. Stated and orderly metliod. Shakʃpeare.

IQ. Series of fucccflive and methodical
procedure. Wifein^in.
11. The elements of an art exhibited and
explained, in a methodical ſeries. Chair.bers,
12. ConduQ ; manner of proceeding.

II. Method of life ; train of actions. Prior.
14. Natural bent ; uncontrolled will. Temple.
15, Catamenia. HarTty.
16. Orderly ſtrudlure. Jamei,
\j. [In atchitedlure.] A continued range
ai ſtones.
c o u
18. Series of conſequences. Carth.
19. Number of diſhes ſet on at once upon
the table. Swift, Pope.
20. Regularity ; ſettled rule. S-zvi/f.
21. Empty form. L'Eſtrange.

To COURSE. v. a. [from the mun.]
1. To hunt ; to purſue. Shakʃpeare.
2. To purſue with dogs that hunt in view. Bacon.
3. To put to ſpeed; to force to run.
May's Firgih

To COURSE. v. n. To run ; to rove about.Shakʃpeare.

CO'UR.SER. ſ. [courſier, Fr.]
1. A ſwift horſe ; a war horſe. Fopf.
2. One who purſues the ſport of courling
hares. lianmcr,

COURT. ʃ. [cour, Fr.]
1. The place where the prince reſides ;
the palace. Pope. .
2. The hall or chamber where juſtice is
adminirtred. Atterbuty,
3. Open ſpace before a houſe. Dryden.
4. A ſmall opening incloled with houſes
and paved with broad ſtones.
5. I'erfons who compoſe the retinue of a
prince. Temple.
6. Petions who are aſſembled for the adminiſtration
of juſtice.
7. Any juriſdidtion, military, civil, or
ecclcfiiftical. Spectator.
8. The art of pleaſing ; the art of infinuation. Locke.

To COURT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To woo ; to ſolicit a woman. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To ſolicit ; to feek. Locke.
3. To flatter ; to endeavour to pleaſe.

COURT-CHAPLAIN. ʃ. [court and chap.
Iain.] One who attends the king to celebrate
the holy offices. Swift.

COURT-DAY. ʃ. [c?urt and day.] Day
on which juſtice is lolemnly adminiſtred.

COURT-DRESSER. ʃ. A flatterer. Locke.

COURT-FAVOUR. ʃ. Favours or benefits
beſtowed by princes. L'Eſtrange.

COURT-HAND. ʃ. [court and hand.] The
band or manner of writing uſed in records
and judicial proceedings. Shakʃpeare.

COURT-LADY. ʃ. [court and lady.] A
lady converfant in court. Locke.

CO URTEOUS. a. [eo:irtiis, Fr.] Elegant
of ma.Tncrs ; u-sll-bred. South.

CO'URTEOUSLY. ad. [from courteous.]
Reſpeelfully ; cwilly ; complaifantJy. Calamy.

CO'URTEOUSNESS. ʃ. [from courteom.]
Civility ; complaifance.

CO'URTESAN. ʃ. [corrifana, low Lat.]

CO'URTEZAN. ʃ. A womjn of the town ; a proſtituie ; a Itrumpet. PFetton. Addiʃon.
cow C R A

CO'URTESY. ʃ. [courtoije. Fr.] nant paſſion is fear. SiJ,:ey. South.
1. Elegance of manners ; civility ; com- 2. It is ſometimes uſed in the manner of
plaifance. Clarenden. an adjective. Prior
2. An aa of civility or reſpect. Bacon,. CO'WaRDICE. ſ. [from ccward.] Fear
3. The reverence made by women. Dryden. habitual timidity ; want of courage. '
4. A tenure, not of right, but by the fa- Spenſer Rogers
vour of others. CO'WARDLINESS. ſ. [from cowardlyA
5. Courtesy of England. A tenure Timidity; cowardice.
by which, if a man marry an inheritrice, COWARDLY, a. [from co':vard,'\
that is, a woman felſed of land, and 1. Fearful ; timorous ; pufillanimous; getteth a child of her that comes alive Baton
into the world, though both the child and 2. Mean ; befitting a coward. Shakʃpeare.
his wife die forthwith ; yet ſhjll he keep CO'WARDLY. ad. [In the manner of a
the land during his life. Cowtl. coward ; meanly. KmlUs

To CO'URTESY. v.n. [from the noun.] ToCOWER. ^. „. [cTo/r/jw, Wel/b.] To
1. To perform an act of reverence.Shakʃpeare.
2. To make a reverence in the manner of
ladies. Prior.

CO'URTIER. ʃ. [from court.]
1. One that irequents or attends the courts
of princes. Dryden.
2. One that courts or ſolicits the favour
of another. Sucilinr.

CO'URTUKE. «. Icourt and like.] Eleganr ;
polite, Camd'-n.

COURTLINESS. ʃ. [from courtly.] Elegance
of manners ; complailance ;' civility.
fmk by bending
the kiitts ; to ſti^op - to. Milton, Dryden.

CO'WISH. a. [from to ccio.] Timorous ;
fearful. Shakʃpeare.

COWKEEPER. ʃ. [coiu and keeper.] One
whoſe buhneſs is to keep cows, Broome.

COWL. ʃ. ſcujle, Saxon.]
1. A monk's hood. CamJen,
2. A veſſel in which water is carried on a
pole between two,

COWL-STAFF. f. [fow/ and/^jf.] The
/lafr on which a veſſelis ſuppyrted betweca
two men, Sucklir

CO'UxlTLY. <2. [from «:/r/.] Relating or CO'WSLIP. ſ. [cuplippe, Saxon.] CoiZretainlng
to the court ; elegant ; f^ft ; Jlip is alſo called pagil, and is a Ipccies of
flattering. Pope primrofe. Miller, Sidney, Shakʃpeare.

CO'URTLY. fl^. In the manner of courts;

COWS LUNGWORT. ſ. MuWtn. Miller.
elegantly. Dryden.

CO'XCOMB. ſ. [from cock's Cuinh.]

CO'URTSHIP. ʃ. [from court.] i. The top of the head. Shakʃpeare.
1. The act of ſoliciting favour. Swift. 2. The comb reſembling that of a cock
2. The felicitation of a woman to marri- —l:.] i:. ^ . r 1 ^ .»
age. Addiʃon.
3. Civility ; elegance of manners. Donne.

CO'USIN. ʃ. [coffin, Fr.]
1. Any one collaterally related more remotely
than a brother or fiftc-r. Shakʃpeare.
2. A title given by the king to a nobleman,
particularly to thoſe of the council.
which hcenfed fools wore formerly in their
^2ps. Shakʃpeare.
3. A fop ; a ſuperficial pretender. Pope. .

COXCO'MICAL. a. [from coxcomb.] Foppi/
li; conceited. Dennis.

COY. a. [coi, French.]
1. Modeft; decent. Chaucer.
2. Reſerved ; not acceftible. Waller.

COW. ʃ. [in the plural, anciently klne, or To COY. v. a. [from the adjective, 1
keen, now commonly coias -^ cu, Saxon.] i. To behave with reſerve ; to reject fa-
The female of the bull. Bacon. miliarity. Ro-juc

To COW. v. a. [from coward.] To de- 2. Not to condeſcend willingly. ^'y&a/JfiMrf,
preſs with fear. IJorweh CO'YLY. ad. [from «_y.] With reſerve

COW-HERD. ʃ. [cow and hyp-a. Sax. a Ckapman.
keeper.] One whoſe occupation is to tend CO'YNESS. ſ. [from coy.] R.eſerve uncows.
willingneſs to become familiar, Walton

COW-HOUSE. ʃ. [«w and houſe.] The COZ. ſ. A cant or familiar word, conhouſe
in which kine are kept. Mortimer. tracted from coufin, Shakʃpeare.

COW-LEECH. /. Icow and leech.] One

To CO'ZEN. v. a. To cheat ; to trick ; who profeſſes to cure diftempered cows. to defraud. Clarenden, Locke.

To COW-LEECH. v. a. To profeſs to CO'ZENAGE. ſ. [from cos^en.] Fraud \
cure cows. Mortimer. deceit ; trick ; cheat. Ben. Johnſon

COW-WEED. ſ. [fow and wffi/.] A CO'ZENER. ſ. [from rt2:.'«.] A cheater ; ſpecies of chervil. a defiauder. Shakʃpeare.

COW-WHEAT. ʃ. [from fow and wif^f.] CR AC ʃ. ſcpabba, Saxon.]
A plant. I. A cruftaceous fiſh. Bacon. COWARD. ſ. [couard^ Fr.] 2. A wild apple ; the tree that bears a
1. A poltron ; a wretch whoſe predomi- wild apple. Taylor.
^ « 3. A

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


3. A peeviſh moroſe perſon.
4. A wooden engine with three daws for
launching of fnips. Philipu
e,. The lign in the zodiack, Creuh.

CRAB. a. Sour or degenerate fruit ; as, a
crab cherry,

CRA'B3ED. a. [from crah.]
1. Peeviſh ; moroſe ; cynical ; four.
3. Harfli ; unp!eaſing. Dryden.
3. D:fiicul!: ; perplex- ng. Pnar.

CRA'BBEDLY. ad. [from crabhed.] Peevirtily.

CRA'BBSDNESS. ʃ. [from cral-ted.]
1. Sourneſs of talle.
2. Sourneſs of countenance ; aſperity of
3. DlfBculty.

CRA'BER; ʃ. « The water-rat. Widior,.

CRABS-EYES. f, Whitiſh bodies rounded
on one ſide and depreſled on the other, not
the eyes of any creature, nor do they belong
to the crab ; but are produced by the
common crawfiſh. liill.

CRACK. ʃ. [kracck, Dutch.]
1. A ſudden diſruption.
2. The chink. ; hlfure ; a narrow breach. Newton.
3. The found of any body buriling or
tailing. Dryden.
4. Any ſudden and quick found. Addiſon.
c. Any breach, injury, or diminution; a
Haw. Shakʃpeare.
6. Crazineſs of intellctl.
. A man crazed. Addiʃon.
8. A whore.
9. A boaft. Spenſer.
10. A boafier.

To CRACK. v. a. \kraechcn, Dutch.]
1. To break into chinks. Mortimer.
2. To break ; to ſplit. Donne.
3. To do any thing wi'.h quickneſs or
Imartneſs. /''/'
4. To break prdeſtroy any thing. Shakſp.
e. To craze ; to weaken the intellect. Roſcommon.

To CRACK. v. 71.
1. To burſt ; to open in chinks. Eoyl.
2. To fall to ruin. Dryden.
. To utter a ioudand ſudden found.
A. To boaft : with of. Shakʃpeare.

CRACK-BRAINED. a. Crazy ; without
riaht reaf^^n. Arbuthnot.

CRACK-HEMP. ſ. A wretch fated to the
gallows. Shakʃpeare.

CRACK-ROPE. ʃ. A fellow that delerves

CRA'CKER. ʃ. [from crack.]
1. A noify boafling fellow. Shakʃpeare.
2. A quantity of gunpowder conſiſ.ed fo
a'! to burſt with great noiſe. Boyle.

To CRA'CKLE. v. n. [from crack.'^ To

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


make ſlight cracks ; to decrepitcte. Donne.

CRA'CKNEL. ʃ. [from crjck.] A hard
brittle cake. ^perj't:r,

CRA'DLE. ʃ. [cii3&el, Saxon.]
1. A moveable bed, on which children or
ſick perſons are agitated with a ſmooth
moiijn. Pope. .
2. Infancy, or the firſt part of life. Clarenden.
3. [With fuigeons.] A cafi for a biokea
4. [With ſhipwrights.] A frame of timber
raiſed along the outſide of a Hiip. Harris.

To CRADLE. v. a. To by in a cradle. Arbuthnot.

CRA'DLE CLOATHS. ʃ. [from cr.W.'^ and
cloaths,'^ Bed-cloaths belonging to a cradle.Shakʃpeare.

CRAFT. ʃ. [ſpTj:?, Saxon.]
1. Manual art ; trade, Wotton.
1. Fraud ; cunning. Shakʃpeare.
3. Small failing veſi'els.

To CRAFT. To n. [from -the noun.] To
play tricks. Shakʃpeare.

CRATTILY. ad. [from cr.yfty.] Cunning.
ly ; artful] V. Knolles.

CRAFTINESS. ʃ. [from crafty.] Cunning
; ſtratJgem. j'^^.

CRA'FTS-VJAN. ſ. [craft and man.] Aa
artificer ; a manufacturer. Decay of Piety.

CRA'FTSMASTER. ʃ. [craft and mafter.]
A man ilvilled in his trade. Co/tier.

CRAFTY. a. [from craft.] Cunning ; artful. Davies.

CRAG. ʃ.
1. A rough deep rock.
2. The rugged protuberances of rnck'. Fairfax.
3. The neck. ^p-snſer.

CRA'GGED. a. [from crag.] Full of inequalities
and prominences. Crajhaiu,

CRA'GGEDNESS. ʃ. [from cra^ged.] Fulneſs
of crags or piominent rocks. Brerewood.

CRA'GGINESS. ʃ. [from craggy.] The
ft ate of being craggy.

CRAGGY. a. [from cr^f.] Rugged; full
of prominences ; rough. Raieigh.

To CRAM. . a. [rjiamman, Saxon.]
1. To ſtut^; to fill with more than can
conveniently be held. Shakʃpeare.
2. To fill with food beyond fatiety. King.
3. To thruſt in by force. Dryden.

To CRAM. v. a. To cat beyond fatiety. Pope. .

CRA'MBO. ʃ. A play at which one gives
a word, to which another finds a rhyme,

CRAMP. ʃ. [krampc, Dutch.]
1. A ſpaſm or contrailton of the limbs.
2. A

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


3. A reſtriſtion a confinement ; /KacI'le. L'Eſtrange.
3. A piece of iron bent at each end, by
% which two bodies are held together.

CRAMP. a. Difficult ; k.notty : a low

To CP>.AMP. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To pain with cramps or twiches. Dryden.
s. To reſtrain ; to confine ; to obflnift. Glanville, Burnet.
5. To bind with crampirons.

CRAMP-FISH. ʃ. The torpedo, which benumbs
the hands of thoſe that touch it.

CRAMPIRON. ʃ. See Cramp, ſenſe 3.

CRA'NAGE. ʃ. [cranagium, low Lat.] A
liberty to uſe a crane for drawing up wares
from the vedel?. Cowel.

CRANE. ʃ. [crisn, Saxon.]
1. A bird with a long beak. Iſaiah.
2. An inſtrument made with ropes, pullies,
and hooks, by whith great weights are
raiſed. Thomfoti.
3. A crooked pipe for drawing liquors out
of a oik.

CRANES BILL. ſ. [from crane and bVL]
1. An herb.
2. A pair of pincers terminating in a point,
uſed by furgfons.

CRA'NIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] The ſkul!.

CRANK. ʃ. [a contraction of cranencei.' ;
1. A crank is the end of an iron axis
turned ſquare down, and again turned
ſquare to the firſt turning down, Moxon.
2. Any bending or winding paſſage.Shakʃpeare.
3. Any conceit formed by twitting or
changing a word. RIilion.

1. He3]thy ; ſprightly. Spenſer.
2. Among fiilors, a fiilp is ſaid to be
crai^k when loaded near to be overſet.

To CRA'NKLE. v. n. [from crank.] To
run in and out, Shakʃpeare.

To CRA'NKLE. v. a. To break into unequal
ſurfaces. Phiiif)!.

CRA'NKLES. ʃ. [from the verb.] Inequalities.

CRA'NKNESS. ʃ. [from crank.]
1. Health ; vigour.
2. DifaoP.tion to overſet.

CRA'NNIED. a. [from crar.ry.] Full of
chink?. B'oifn.

CRA'NNY. ʃ. [crcn, Fr. crena, Latin.] A
chink ; a cleft. Burner.

CRAPE. ʃ. [cref^a, low Lat.] A thin fluff
looſely woven. Swift.

CRA'PULENCE. ſ.[crapu!a, a ſurfeit, Lu.]
Drunkennef? ; ſickneſs by intemperance.

CRA PULO'US. a. [crapu.'ofus, Latin.]
Diunken ; ſick with intemperance.

To CRASH. v. V. To make a loud complicated
noiſe, as of many things talhng.
Zi^fbanta. ^mith.

To CRASH. v. a. To break or bruiſe. Shakſpeare.

CRASH. ʃ. [from the verb.] Aloudmi.xed
found. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .

f. [xpaj-i;.] Temperature ; conſtitution.

CRASS. a. [fray/w, Lat.] Groſs ; coarſe ;
nit thin ; not ſubde. Woodward.

CRA'SSITUDE. ſ.[cr<7^/«fi'«, Latin.] Grofſneſs
; coaſenef. Bacon.

CRASTINA'TION. ſ.]ixcim crafilnus, Lat.]

CRATCH. ʃ. [crcche, Fr.] The palifaded
frame in which hay is put for cattle.

CRAVAT. ʃ. A neckcloath. Hudibras.

To CRAVE. v. a. [cpepnn, Saxon.]
1. to ailc with eameitneſs ; to aſk with
ſubmilliin. Hooker. Knolles.
2. To aſk infatiably. Denham.
3. To long ; to wiſh unreaſonably. South.
4. To call for importunatelv, Shakʃpeare.

1. A cock conquered and diſpirited,Shakʃpeare.
2. A coward ; a recreant. Fairfax.

To CRA'VEN. v. a. [from the noun.] To
mnke recreant or cowardiv. Shakʃpeare.

To CRAUNCH. v. a. to cruſh in the
mouth. Swift.

CRAW. ʃ. [kroe, D^iniſh.] The crop or
firſt ſtomach of birds. Raw

CR A'WFI?;h. ſ. A ſmall cruftaceous fifji
f'Mind in brooks. Bacon.

To CRAWL. v. n. [krielcn, Dutch.]
1. To Creep ; to move with a llow motion ; to move without riſing from the ground,
as a worm. Dryden. Grew.
2. To move weakly, and ſlowly. Knolles.
3. To move abour hated and deſpefed.

CRA'WLER. ʃ. from cratvl.] A creeper
; any thing that crecDS.

CRA'YFISH. ʃ. [See Crawfish.] The
river Inbfter. Floyer.'

CRA'VON. ʃ. [crayon, Fr.]
1. A kind of pencil; a roll of pifte to
draw lines with. Dryden.
2. A drawing done with a crayon.

To CR-AZE. v. a. [eerafer, Fr.]
1. To bseuk ; to cruſh ; to weaken. Milton.
2. To powder. Carcw.
3. To crack the brain ; to impair the in-
'e'!'-'-K T.!lomfon.

CRA'Zl^DNESS. ſ. [from craxcd.] Decreoiturf ; brol:enneſs. Hooker.

CRA'ZiNt^S. ſ. [from crax^.] State of
being crazy ; imbecillity ; weaknef'.
E e ; CRAZY.

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

CRA'ZY. a. [ecra'.e, Fr.] CRE'BROUS. a. [from cre^^r, Lat.] Fre-
1. Broken ; decrepit. Shakʃpeare. quent. Di8»
2. Broken wiued'j Mattered in the in- CREDENCE. ſ. [from credo, Latin.]
telled. Hudibras. i. Belief ; credit. Spenſer.
3. Weak ; feeble ; fluttered. 2. TIiat which gtves a claim to credit or. Dryden. Wahe. belief. Hayward.

CREAGHT. ʃ. [an Iriſh word.] Herds of CREDE'ND^. ſ. [Latin.] Things to be
cattle. Davies. belie %ed ; articles of faith. South.

To CREAK. v. ti. [corrupt from crack.] CRE'DENT. a. [credens, Latin.]
To make a harfti noiſe. Dryden. i. Believing ; eaſy of belief. Shakʃpeare.

CREAM. f. [cremor, Latin.] Theunau- z. Having credit ; not to be queſtioned.
ous or oily part of milk. Kin^.Shakʃpeare.

To CREAM. v. n. [from the noun.]

To CREDE'NTIAL. ʃ. [from credevs, Latin.]
gather cream. Shakʃpeare. That which gives a title to credit. Addiʃon.

To CREAM. v. a. [from the noun.] CREDIBILITY./, [from crediMe.] Claim
To ſkim off the cream
2. To take the flov.er and qulnteffence
of any thing.

CREAM- FACED. a. [cream and faced.]
Pale i
coward-hioking. Shakʃpeare.

CREAMY. a. [from c--cam ] Full of cream.

CRE'.-INCE. f.
[French.] A fine ſmall
line, fattened to a hawk's leaſh.
to credit
; poſſibility of obtaining belief ; probability. Tillotſon.

CRE'DIBLE. a. [credibilis, Latin.] Worthy
of credit ; having a juſt claim to belief. Milton.

CRE'DIBLENESS. ʃ. [from credible.] Credibility
; worthineſs of belief; juſt claim
to belief. Boyle.

CREASE. ʃ. A mark made by doubling CRE'DIBLY. ad. [from credible.] In
any thing. Swift.

To CREASE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
mark any thiug by doubling it, ſo as to
leave the imprellion.

To CREATE. ik a. [creo, Latin.]
1. To form out of nothing ; to cauſe to
exiſt. Geneſis.
1. To produce ; to cauſe ; to be the occaſion.
^'S Charles. Roſcommon.
3. To beget. Shakʃpeare.
4. To inveſt with any new character.Shakʃpeare.

CREA'TION. ʃ. [from create.]
1. The act of creating or conferring exiſtence.
. Taylor.
2. The act of inveſting with new character.
3. The things created ; the univerſe.
4. Any thing produced, or cauſed.

CREATIVE. .'. [from create.]
1. Having the power to create.
2. Exerting the act of creation. South.

CREA'TOR. ʃ. [creator, Latin.] The being
that beſtows exiſtence. Taylor.

CRE'ATURE. ʃ. [credtura, low Latin.]
1. A being created. Stillingfleet.
2. An animal not human. Shakʃpeare.
3. A general teim for man. Spenſer.
4. A word of contempt for a human being.
5. A word of petty tenderneſs. Dryden.
6. A perſon who owes his life or his fortune
to an.'th':r. Clarenden.

CRE'ATURELY. a. [from creature.] Having
the qualitie of a creature. Cheyne.

CRE'BRITUDE. ʃ. [from crder, frequent,
Latin.] Frequentnsls, -D'lS. Bacon.
Mdiſcft. Pope. , Bacon, Hooker, Locke.
manner that claims belief.

CREDIT. ʃ. [credit, French.]
1. Belief.
2. Honour ; reputation.
Efteem ; good opinion.
Faith ; teſtimony.
Truft repoſed.
Promife given. '
; power not compulſive. Clarenden.

To CRE'DIT. v. a. [credo, Latin.]
1. To believe. Shakʃpeare.
2. To procure credit or honour to any
thing. WalLr,
3. To truſt ; to conſide in.
4. To admit as a debtor.

CREDITABLE. o. [from credit.]
1. Reputable ; above contempt, Mrbtithnot,
2. Honourable ; eftimaule. Milton.

CRE'DITABLENESS. ʃ. [from creditable.]
Reputation; eftimarion. Decay of Piety.

CRE'blTABLY. ad', [hfimcredaable.] Reputably; without dilgrace. South.

[creditor, Latin.] He to
whom a debt is owed ; he that gives credit
: correlative to debtor. Swift.

CREDU'UTY. ʃ. [credulite', Fr.] Eafineſs
of belief. Sidney.

CREDULOUS. a. [credulus, Latin.] Apt
to believe ; unſuſpecfing ; eaſily deceived,Shakʃpeare.

CRE'DULOUSNESS. ʃ. [from credulous.]
Aptneſs to believe ; credulity.

CREED. ʃ. [from crfd'o]
1. A form of words in which the articles
of faith are comprehended. Fiddes.
2. Any folcmn profeſſion of principles or
opinion. Shakʃpeare.
- - To

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CREEK. y. a. To make a harſh noiſe.Shakʃpeare.

CREEK. ʃ. [cfaecca, Sax. kreke, Dutch.]
1. A prominence.or jut in a winding coaft.
7. A ſmall port ; a bay ; a cove. Davies.
3. Any turn or alley. Shakʃpeare.

CRE'EKY. a. Full of creeks ; unequal ;
winding. Spenſer.

To CREEP. v. n. [prefer, crept ; cpypan,
1. To move with the belly to the ground
without legs. Milton.
2. To grow along the ground, or on other
ſupports. Dryden.
3. To move forward without bounds or
leaps ; as inſiſts.
4. To move (lowly and feebly. Shakʃpeare.
5. To move ſecretly and clandeſtinely. Pſalms.
6. To move timorouſly without fearing,
or venturing. Addiſon.
7. To come unexpected. Sidney, Temple.
'8. To behave with ſervility ; to fawn ;
to bend. Shakʃpeare.

CRE'EfER. ſ. [from creep.
1. A plant that ſupports itſelf by means
of ſome ſtronger body, Bacon.
2. An irc.T uſed to Aide along the grate in
3. A kind of patten or clog worn bywomen.

CREE'PHOLE. ʃ. [creep and Me..
1. A hole into which any animal may
creep to eſcape danger.
2. A ſubterfuge ; an excuſe.

CREE PINGLY. <v,i. [fom creepi!g.] Slowly
: after the manner of a reptile. Sidney.

CREMA'TION. ʃ. [cretraitio, Latin.] A

CRE MOR. ſ. [Latin.] A milky ſubſtance ; a ſoft liquor reſembling cream. Ray.

CRE'NATED. a. [from cre?ia, Lat.] Notched
; indented. Woodward.

CRE'PANE. ʃ. [With farriers.] An ulcer
feated in the midft of the forepart of the
foot. Farrier''! DiH.

To CRE'PITATE. v. n. [crefiio, Latin.]
To make a ſmall crackling no.fe.

CIIEPITA'TION. ʃ. [from crepitate.] A
ſmall crackling nnife,

CREPT. p'rticip. [(torn creep.]Pope. .

CREPUSCULE. ʃ. [crepujculum, Latin!.]

CREPUSCULOUS. a. [crepufcahm, Lat.]
Giimniering ; in a ſtate between light and
darkneſs. Brown.

CRESCENT. a. [from crefeo, Lat.] Increaſing
; growing. Shakʃpeare, Milton.

CRE'SCENT. ʃ. [crejcens, Lat.] The moon
in her ſtate of increaſe ; any iimilitude of
the moon increaſing. Dryden.
C Pv I

CRE'SCIVE. a. [from crefeo^ Lat.] Increaſme
; growing. Shakʃpeare.

CRESS. ʃ. An herb. Pope. .

CRE'SSET. ʃ. [croiffete, French.] A great
light ſet upon a beacon, light-houſe, or
watch tower. Milton.

CREST. ʃ. [crif.a, Latin.]
1. The plume of feathers on the top of
the ancient helmet. Milton.
2. The crn:ment of the helmet in heraldry.
3. Any tuft or ornament on the head.Shakʃpeare.
4. Pride ; ſpirit ; fire. Shakʃpeare.

CRE'STED. a. [from creji
-^ criflatus, Lat.]
1. Adorned with a plume or crert. Milton.
2. Wearing a comb. Dryden.

CREST-FALLEN. a. Dejected ; funk ;
heartleſs ; ſpii-itleſs. Hotuel.

CRE'STLESS. a. [from crejl.] Not dignified
with coat-armour. Shakſpeare.

CRET.ACEOUS. a.^ [cret. chalk. Lat.l
Abounding with chalk ; chalky. Philips.

CRE'TATED. a. [cretatus, Lat.] Rubbed
with chalk. £)/^.

CRE'VICE. ʃ. [from crever, Fr.] A crack -
a cleft, Addiſon.

CREW. ʃ. [probably from cjin'o, Saxon.]
1. A company of people aliociated for any
PurPCe. Spenſer.
2. The company of a ſhip.
3. It is now generally uſed in a bad ſenſe. Addiſon.

CREW. ^^ht preterit of crorv.]

CRE'WEL. ʃ. [kLiuel, Dutch.] Vara
twiſted and wound on a knot or ball.

CRIB. f. [cpybbe, Saxon.]
1. The racJc or manger of a flable.Shakʃpeare.
2. The ſtall or cabbin of an ox.
3. A ſmall habitation ; a cottage.Shakʃpeare.

To CRIB. v. a. [from the noun.] To
ſhut up in a narrow habitation ; to cage.Shakʃpeare.

CRI'BBAGE. ʃ. A game at cards.

CRIBBLE. ʃ. [criirum, Latin.] A corn-
^'^^'^- D.a.

CRIBRA'TION. ʃ. [criiro, Latin.] The
afl of fifting.

1. [from cricco, Italian.] The noiſe of a
2. [from cpyce, Saxon.] flake.] A painful
rtiſhiels in the neck,

1. An infeſt that ſquea.ks or chirps about
ovens 2nd fireplaces. Milton.
2. A ſport, at which the contenders drive
a ball with ſticke. Pope. .
3. A low feat or ilooi.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CRI'ER. ſ. [from cry.] The officer whofe
buſineſs is to cry or make proclamation.
Ecclus. Brercwood.

CRIME. ʃ. [^crimen, Lat. critne, Fr.] An
aft contrary to right ; an offence ; a great
fault. Pope.

CRI'MEFUL. a. [from crime and fulL'\
Wickeri ; criminal. Shakʃpeare.

CRI'MELESS. a. [from c«»;?
] Innocent; without crime. Shakʃpeare.

CRI'MINAL. a. [from cr/W.]
1. Faulty; contrary to right ; contrary to
di;ty. apenſer.
2. Guilty ; tainted with crime ; not innocent. Rogers.
3. Not civil ; as a cr;w/«i2/ profecution.

CRI'MINAL. ʃ. [from crime.]
1. A man accuſtfd. Dryden.
2. A man gviilty of a crime,Bacon.

CRI MINALLY. ad. [from criminal.] Not
innncently ; wickedly ;
guiltily. R'gers.

CRI'MINALNESS. ʃ. [from cri»:i.-Zl.]
Guiluneſs ; want of innocence.

CRIMINA'TION. ſ.[crimn^tio, L-t.] The
act of accuſin^ ; accuſation ; arraignment ; charge.

CRI'MINATCRY. e. [from crimitia, Lat.]
Relating to accuſation ; accuſing.

CRI'MINOUS. a. [crimii2:fus, L-it.] Wicked ; iniquitous ; enormouſly guilty.

CRI'MINOUSLY. ad. [from cnminous.]
Enormouſly ; very wickedly. Hammond.

CRI'MiNOUSNESS. ſ. [from crimiKcus.]
Wicliedneſs ;
guilt ; crime. King Charles.

CRI'MOSIN. a. [criino/irio, Italian.] A
ſpecies of red colour. Sfur.j^r.
CRiMP. a. [from , crunrhi-' . or crinible.]
1. Friable: brittle: eaſily crumbi'-d. Philips.
2. Not confident ; not forcible : a low
cant word. Arbuthn:t.

To CRI'MPLE. v. a. To contract ; to
corrueate. TFijetnan,

CRI'MS'ON. ſ. [cretnofino, Italian.]
1. Red, fom.ewhat darkened with blue. Boyle.
1. Red in penern!. Shakʃpeare, Prior.

To CRI'IMSON. v. a. [from the noun.]
To dye with crim.fon. Shakʃpeare.

CRINCUM. ʃ. [a cant word.] A cramp ;
whimfy. Hudibras.
CRINwE. ſ. [from the verb, ; Bow ; fsrvile
civility. PhiUfs,

To CRINGE. 1: a. To draw together
; to contrart. Shakʃpeare.

To CRINGE. v. n. To bow; to pay court; to fawn ; to flatter. Arbuthnot.

CRrNI'GEROU.'^. a. [cW«'^fr, Lat.] Hairy ;
overgrown with hair.

To CRI'NKLE. To . «. [fr:m Ir'tickelcn, Du..]
To ijO in and cut ; to run i 1 flexures.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CRI'NKLE. v. a. To mould into inequalities.

CRI'NKLE. ſ.[from the verb.] A wrickle ; a linuofity.

CRI'NOSE. a. [from critiis, Lat.] Hairy.

CRINO'SITY. ʃ. [from cri,:ofi.] Hairyneſs.

CRI'PPLE. ʃ. [rpypel, Saxon. It is written
by Dcr.ne crceple, as from creep.] A
lame man. Dryden. Btvtley,

To CRIPPLE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
lame ; to make lame. Addiſon.

CRI'PPLENESS. ʃ. [from c/-;/.//^.] Lameneſs.

CRI'SIS. ʃ. [x^.Vir.]
1. The point in which the difeaſe kills,
or changes to llie better. Dryden.
2. The point of time at which any iifiair
comes to the height. Addiſon.

CRISi.. a. [oiſpjs, Latin.]
1. Curled. Bacon.
2. Indented ; winding. Shakʃpeare.
3. Brittle ; triable. Bacon.

To CRISP. v. a. [criſpo, Latin.]
1. To curl ; to contract into knots. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To twiſt. Miilton.
3. To indent ; to run in and out. Milton:.

c'RISPA'TION. ſ. [from cnjp.]
1. The act of curling.
2. The ſtate of being curled. Bacon.

CRI'SPING-PIN. ſ. [from criſp.] A curling-
iion, JJatah,

CRISPNESS. ʃ. [from criſp.] Curledneſs.

CRI'SPY. a. [from criſp.] Curled.Shakʃpeare.

CRITE'RION. ʃ. [y.pTv^io-j.] A mark by
which any thing is judged of, with regard
to its goodneſs or badiicfs. South.
cRrncK. ſ. [^PITixo;.]
1. A man /Icilled in the art of judging of
liti^rature. Locke.
2. A cenſurer ; a man apt to find fault. Swift.

CRI'TICK. a. Critical ; relating to crittcifm. Pope. .

1. A critical examination ; critical remarks. Dryden.
1. Science of criticifm. Locke.

To CRITICK. v. n. [from the noun.] To
play the critick ; to criticife; Temple.

CRI'tlCAl. a. [from crilick.]
1. Exaii ; nicely juditious ; accurate.
HoldA-. Stillingfleet.
3. Relating to criticifm.
3. Captious ; inclined to find fault.Shakʃpeare.
4. Comniiring the time at which a great
event is deteimined. Brown.

CRVTCALLY. ad. P'rom criica'.] In a
ciiti<al manner; exactly ; curiouſly.
T! cidica i,

CRI'TIC ALNESS. ʃ. [from cn'rical.] Exactneſs
; accuracy.

To CRITICISE. v. a. [from criticl:.]
1. To play thi; ciit;clc ; to judge. Dryden.
2. To animadveit iipoi) as faulty. Locke.

To CRI'TICISE. f.^. [from irinck.] To
cenſure ; to p:ili )udgment upon. ^-Iddiſin.

CRITICISM. ʃ. [fionicr//;W('.]
1. Criticifm is a ſtandard of juJging well.
2. Remark ; animadverſion ; critical obſervations.
. Addiʃon.

To CROAK. v. n. [cjiacezzan, Saxon.] 1. To make a hoarſe low noiſe, like a
frog. Mjy-
2. To caw or cry as a raven or crow.Shakʃpeare.

CROAK. ʃ. [from the verb.] The cry or
voice of a frog or raven. Les.

CRO'CEOUS. a. [coceus, Latin.] Confiding
of faſtVon ; like fafiron,

CROCITA'TION. ʃ. [crodtaiio, Lat.] The
croaking of frogs or ravens.

CROCK. ʃ. [knack, Dutch.] A cup ; any
veITel made of earth,

CRO'CKERY. ʃ. Earthen wnre.

CRO'CODILE. ʃ. [from Hfi,.^; faffVon,
and ^iiXxv, fearing.]
1. An amphibious voracious animal, in
ſhape referTibling a lizard, and fo'jnd in
Egypt and the Indies. It is covered with
very hard ſcalcs, which cannot be pierced ; except under the beliy. It runs with
great ſwiftneſs ; but docs not eaſily turn
itſelf, Grani'die.
2. Crocodile is alſo a little animal, otherwiſe
called flinx, very much like the lizard,
or ſmall crocodile. It always remains
little, and is found in Egypt near the Red
Sea. Treveux.

CRO'CODILINE. a. [crocodilirms, L^vd.]
Like a crocodile. D Ei

CRO'-US. ſ. An early flower.

CROFT. f. [cji'pr, Saxon.] A little cloſe
joining to a houſe, that is uſed for cnrn or
paiiurc. Milton.

CROISA'DE. ʃ. [croijade, Fr.] A holy

CROISA'DO. ʃ. 'war. Bacm.

1. Pilgrims who carry a croſs.
2. Soldiers who light againſt lafidtls.

CRONE. f. [cjvinc, Saxon.]
1. An old ewe.
2. In contempt, an old woman. Dryden.

CRO'NET. ʃ. The hair which grows over
the top of an horſe's hoof.

CRO'NY. ʃ. [a cant word.] An old acquaintance. Swift.

CROOK. ʃ. [croc, French.]
1. Any crooked or bent inſtrument.
2. A ſheephook. Pii$r.
2. Any thing Vest;, Sid:ey,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To CROOK. v. a. [crccher, Fr.]
1. To bend ; to turn into a hook.
1. To pervert from reflltude. Bacon.

CRO'OKBACK. ʃ. [cook and back.] A
man that has gibbous ſhoulders. Shak; peare

CRO'OKBACKED. a. Having bentlhoul--
'^^- Dryden.

CROO'KED. a. [crochcr, Fr.]
1. Bent ; not ſtrant ; curve. Newton.
2. Winding ; oblique ; anfrafluous. Locke.
3. Pcrverſe ; untoward ; without reflitude
f mind. Shakʃpeare.

CROO'KEDLY. ad. [from crooked..
1. Not in a ſtrant line.
2. Untowardly ; not compliantly. Taylor.

CROO'KEDNESS. ʃ. [from crooLd.]
1. Deviation from ſtrantneſs ; curvity.
2. Deformity of a giobnus body. Taylor.

CROP. ʃ. [cjiop, Saxon.] The craw of a
bird. Ra^.

CRO'PFULL. a. [crcp and////.] Satiated; with a full belly. Milton.

CRO'PSICK. a. [cro/.and/f;^.] Sick with
exceſs and debauchery. Tate

CROP. ʃ. [croppa, Saxon.]
1. The higheſt part or end of any thing.
2. The harveil ; the corn gathered off a
f-eid, Roscommon.
3. Any thing cut off. Dryden.

To CROP. v. a. [from the noun.] To cut
oil the ends of any thing ; to mow ; to
reap. Cretch,

To CROP. j.n. To yield harveſt.Shakʃpeare.

CRO'PPER. ʃ. [from crob.-[A kind of
pigeon with a large crop. Walton

CRO'SIER. ʃ. [cro,jer,Yt.-\ The paſtoral
flaff of a biſhop. Bacon.

CROSLET. ʃ. [crojekt, Fr.] A ſmall
croſs. Spenſer.

CROSS. ʃ. [croix, Fr.]
1. One ſtrant body laid at right angles over
another. Taylort
2. The enſign of the Chriſtian religion. Rowe.
3. A monument with a croſs upon it to
excite devotion ; ſuch as were anciently fee
in market-places. Shakʃpeare.
4. A line drawn through another.
5. Any thing that thwarts or obſtructs
; misſcrtune; hindrance ; vexation; oppoſition
; mifadventure ; trial of patience. Ben. Johnſon, Taylor.
6. Money ſo called, becauſe marked with
a croſs. Ilowel,
7. Crofi and Pile, a play with money. Swift.
CR03 . a. [from the ſubſtantive.]
1. Tianfveife ; falling athwart ſomething
dfe. Newton.
2. Oblique ; South.
C Pv o
2. Oblique ; iaterai.
3. Adverſe ; oppoſite.
4. Perverſe ; untractable.
5. Peeviſh ; fretful ; ill-humoured,
6. Contrary ; contradictory. South.
7. Contrary to wiſh ; unfortunate. South.
S. Interchan

CROSS. prep.
C Pv o. Shakſpeare.

CRO'SSNESS. ſ. [from <rrc/x.]. Atterbury. 1. Traufverſeneſs ; interfeſtion,
2. Perverſeneſs ; ceeviftneſs. Collier.

CRO'SSROW. ʃ. [croi, and raiv.^ Alphabet
; to namea becauſe a croſs is placed at
the 'beginning, to ſhow that the end of
learning is piety. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.

CRO'SSWIND. }' [r-o/i and w «i, ; Wind
blowing from the rignt or iefr. Boyle.
1. Athwart ; ſo as to interfeſt any thing.

CROSSWAY. ſ. [croſs and way.] A ſmall. Knolles. obſcure path interfedting the chief road.
2. Over; from ſide to ſide. L'Eſtrange, Shakʃpeare.'

To CROSS. v. a. [from the noun.] CRO'SSWORT. ſ. [from croſs and -zie-r.]
1. To lay one body, or draw one line A planr. Milier.
athwart another. Hudibras.

CROTCH. ſ. [crcc, French.] A ho'<!c,
2. To ſign with the croſs. Bacon.
3. To mark out ; to cancel ; as, to croſs CROTCHET. ſ. [crotchet, French.]
1. [Irj mijſick.] One of the notes or
characters of time, equal to half a minim.
Chamoers. Djxics.
an article.
4. To paſs over. Temple.
5. To move laterally, obliquely, or athwart.
6. To thwart ; to interpoſe obſtradiion. Daniel, Clarenden.
7. To counteradl. Locke.
S. To contravene ; to hinder by authority.Shakʃpeare.
5. To contradict. Bacon.
lO, To debar; to preclude. Shakʃpeare.

To CROSS. v. 17.
1. To lye athwart another thing.
2. To be inconſiſtent. Sidney.

CROSS- BAR. SHOT. ſ. A round ſhot, or
great bullet, with a bar of iron put through
it. Harris.

To CROSS-EXAMINE. v. a. [croſs and
2. A piece of wood fitted into another to
ſupport a building, Dryden.
3. [In printing.] Hooks in which words
are included [thur.]
4. A perverle conceit ; an odd fancy.

To CROUCH. 7;. n. [crochu, cror-ked, Fr.]
1. To fioop low ; to lye cloſe to the
2. To fawn ; to bend ſervilelv, Dryden.

CROUP. ʃ. [cro'uppe, French.]'
1. The rump of a fowl,
2. The buttocks of a horſe,

CROUPA'DES. /. [from croup.] Are higher
leaps than thoſe of corvets. Farrier's Die?.
examir.e.] To try the faith of evidence CROW./, [cjijp;, Saxo.n.]
by captious queſtions of the contrary party. Decay of Piety.

CRO'SS STAFF. ſ. [from croſs and f}a^.]
An inſtrument commonly called the fore-
Haft', uſed by feamen to take the meridian
altitude of the fun or ſtars. Harris.

A CRO'SSBITE. /, [croſs and bi/e.] A
deception ; a cheat. L'Eſtrange.

To CRO'SSBITE. v. a. [from the noun.]
T ' contravene by deception. Cdlicr.

CPO'SSBOW. ʃ. [croſs and bow.] A mif-
A large black bird that feeds upon the
carcafles of beads, Dryden.
2. To pluck a Crow, to be contentious
about th-t which is of no value. L'Eſtrange.
3. A piece of iron uſed as a lever. Southern.
4. The voice of a cock, or the noiſe which
he makes in his gaiety.

CROWFOOT. ʃ. [from crow and foot-l
A flower.
live weapon foimed by placing a bow CRO'WFOOT. ſ. A caltrop. Military Di£i.

To CKOW. pretei it. I creiv, OT croiued \ I
ha've crowed. [cfrſpan, Saxon.]
1. To make the noiſe which a cock makes. Hakewell.
2. To boaft : to bully ; to vapour.

CROWD. ʃ. ['c]vi5, Saxon.]
1. A multitude confuſedly preITed together.
2. A promifcuous medley. EJ]. on Homer.
3. The vulgar ; the populace, Dryden.
4. [from crioth, Wchh.] A fidtile,

To CROWD. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fill with contuſed multitudes. rVatts,
2. To preſs cloſe together. Burnet.
3. To athwart a ſtock. Shakʃpeare.

CRO'SSBOWER. ʃ. A ſhooter with a
croſs-bow. Raleigh.

CRO'SSGRAINLD. a. [croſs and grain.]
1. Having the fibri-s tranſverſe or irregular.
2. Perverſe : tioubleſome ; vexatious. Prior.

CRO'SSLY. ad. [from croſs.]
1. Athwart; fu as to interfeſt ſomething
2. Oppoſitely ; adverſely ; in oppoſition to.
o. Unfortunately,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


3. To incumber by multitudes. CranfiHe.
4. To Crowd Sa:/. [A fea-phraſe.] To
Ipread wide the fails upon the yardsi

To CROWD. v. n.
1. To ſwaim ; to be numerous and confuſed. Dryden.
2. To thruſt among a multitude. Cuiuley,

CRO'WDER. ʃ. [from cro-wd.'l A fiddler. Sidney.

CRO'WKEEPER. ʃ. [croio and kecp.] A
fcarecrow. Shakʃpeare.

CROWN. ʃ. [c9uronne, Fr.]
1. The ornament of the head which denotes
imperial and regal dignity.Shakʃpeare.
1. A garland. Ecclus.
3. Reward ; honprgry diſtinction. i Cor.
4. Regal power ; royalty, Locke.
5. The top of the head. Pope. .
6. The top of any thi.og ; as, of a mcuatain.Shakʃpeare.
7. Part of the hat that covers the head. Shakſp.
8. A piece of money. Sucklhg.
9. Honour ; ornament ; decoration.
Ecchs, jycv. 6.
10. Compleffon ; accompliſhment.

CROWN-IIVIPEIIIAL. ʃ. [corona iwperialis,
Lat.] A plant.

To CROWN. v. d. [from the noun.]
1. To ioveſt with the crown or regil ornament. Dryden.
2. To cover, as with a crov;n. Dryden.
3. To dignify ; to adorn ; to make illuſtrious. Pſalms.
4. To reward ; to recompenfe.
5. To complete ; to perfect. Soath,
6. To terniiiiate ; to fiſhfn. Dryden.

CRO'WNGL.'VSS. ſ. The fineſt ſort of window

CRO'WNFOST. ʃ. A poſt, which, in T^me
buildings, (lands upright in the middle,
between two principal rafters,

CRC'Vv'NSCAB. ſ. A blinking filthy ſcab,
round a horſe's hoof. Fatritr^s\Diff.

CRCWNVv'HEEL. ſ. The 'upper wheel of
a watch. .

CRO'WN WORKS. ſ. [In fortification.]
Bulwarks advanced towards the field to
gain fonre hill or riſing ground. Harris.

CRO'WNET. ʃ. [from frowB.]
1. The ſame with coronet.
2. Chief end ; laſt purpoſe. Shakʃpeare.

CRO'YLSTONE. ʃ. Gryftallized ca'uk.

CRU'CIAL. <s, [cr-jx crueis, Latin.] Tranfverſe
; interfeiting one another. Hharp.

To CRU'CIATE. v. a. [cruaio, Latin.]
To torture ; to torment ; to excruciate.

CRU'CIBLE. ſ. [crucihulum, low Latin.]
^ chymilt's melling pot made qf earth. Peacham.
e R u

CRUCI'FEROUS. a. [oux^ni f,<o, Lat.].
Bearing the croſs.

CRUCIFIER. ʃ. [ham irucify.] He that
inflic to the puniſhment of crutifixion, f/dw.

CRU'CIFIX. ʃ. [crucifixus, Latin.] Arepreſentation
in piifture or fl^tuary of our
Lord ' s paſſion


CRUCI'FIXION. ʃ. [from crudfxus, Lat.]
The puniſhnnent of nailing to a croſs. Addiſon.

CRU'CIFORM. a. [ovx and forma, Lat.]
Having the form of a croſs.

To CRUCIFY. ^,£1. [crucifigo, Latin.] To
put to death by nailing the hands and feet
to a it oſs ſet upright. Milton.

CRUCrCEROUS. a. [cruciger, Latin.]
Bearing the croſs.

CRUD. ʃ. [commonly written curd.] .
concretion ; coagulation.

CRUDE. a. Jcr:id:i!y Latin.]
1. Raw ; Not ſubd'ued by fire.
2. Not changed by any proceſs or prepa^; ration. Boyle.
3. Harſh ; unripe. Bacon.
4. Unconco(Sea ; not well digeRed, Bacon.
5. Not btought to perfeition ; immature. Milton.
6. Having indigefled notions. Afilion,
7. Indigeſted ; not fully concocted in the
intellect. Ben. Johnson.

CRU'DELY. ad. .[from crudi:\ Unripely,; without due preparation, Dryden.

CRU'DENESS. ʃ. [from cruie.] Unripeneſs
; indigeilion.

CRU'DITY.V- [from cra</r.] Indigeflion ;
inconcocUon ; unripeneſs ; want of maturity. Arbuthnot.

To CRU'DLE. v. a. To coagulate ; to
congeal. Dryden.

CRUDY. a. [from crud.]
1. Concreted ; coagulated. Spenſer.
2. [ixvm crude.] Raw; chil!. Shakʃpeare.

CRU EL. s. [cruel, French.]
1. Pleaſed with hurting others ; inhuman ; hard-hearted ; barbarous. Dryden.
1. [Of things] BIoody ; miſchievcus ; deſtruflive.


CRU'ELLY. ad. [from crud.] In a cruel
manner; inhumanly'; barbarouſly. So'.rth.

CRU'ELNESS. ʃ. [from cruel.] Inhumanity
; cruehv. Spenſer.

CRU'ELLY. ʃ. [crriaute. French.] Inhumanity
; Isvjgeneſs ; barbarity. Sf.'ak'ſp.

CRU'ENTATE. a. [c-uentaius, Latin.]
Smeared wrai blood. ~ Glanvile.

CRU'ET. ʃ. [ki-uicke, Dutch.] A vial fur
vinegar or oyl. Swift.

CRUISE. ʃ. ſkruicks, Dutch, a ſmall cup.]
I Ktrgr,

A CRUISE. ſ. [c'c'fe, l^r.] A voyage ia
fearrh of pl^ncie:.

To CRUISE. !'. . [from the noun.} T'.
ruve over the kn iuTear.h of plunder.
ft CR'J'V-iSS,.

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

CRU'ISER. ʃ. [from cruife.'} One that CRUSTA'CEOUSNE'^S. ſ. [from cru/!are.
roves upon the ſea in ſearch of plunſer. Wiſeman.

CRUMR. ʃ. J- I'n^^, Saxon.]
1. The ſoft part of bread ; not the cruſt. Bacon.
z, A ſmall particle or fragment of bread. Thomſon.

To CRUMBLE. -z;. ^. [from crumb.] To
break into ſmall pieces ; to comminute.

To CRU'MBLE. v. a. To fall into ſmall
pieces. Pop'\

CRU'MENAL. ʃ. [from crumena, Latin.]
A purſe. Sf'enſer.

CRU'MMY. a. [from crum.] Soft.

CRUMP. a. [cjiump, Saxon.] Crooked in
the back. L'Eſtange.

To CRU'MPI.E. 1'. a. [from rumple.] To
draw into wrinkles. Addiʃon.

CRU'MPLING. ſ.A ſmall degenerate apple.

To CRUNK. ʃ. v. n. To cry like a

To CRU'NKLE. ʃ. crane. DiB.

CRU'PPER. ʃ. [from croupe, Fr.] That
part of the horſeman's furniture that
reaches from the faddle to the tail, Stdiify.

CRU'RAL. a. [from ci-us cruris, Lalin.]
Belonging to the leg. Arbuthnot.


1. An expedition againſt the infidels.
2. A coin (lamped with a croſs. Shakſp.

CRUSE. See Cruise.

CRUSET. ʃ. A goldfmith's melting-pot.

To CRUSH. v. a. [ecraſtr, Fr.]
1. To preſs between two oppoſite bodies ; to ſqueeze. Milton.
2. To preſs with violence. Waller.
3. To overwhelm; to beat down. Dryden.
A, To ſubdue; to depreſs ; to diſpirit.
^ Milton.

To CRUSH. v. ». To be condenfed. Thomfon.

CRUSH. ʃ. [from the verb.] A colliſion. Addiʃon.

CRUST. ʃ. [crujla, Lat.]
1. Any ſhell, or external coat. Addiʃon.
a. An incruſtation ; collection of matter
into a hard body. Addiſon.
3. The caſe of a pye made of meal, and
baked. Addiʃon.
4. The outer hard part of bread. Dryden.
e. A wade pfeceof bread. Dryden.

T--' CRUST. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To envelop ; to cover with a hard cafe. Dryden.
2. To f.^' with concretions. Swift.

To CRUST. v. n. To gather or contract a
c.uft. Temple.

CRL'STA'Cr.OUS. a. [from crufta, Lat.]
Shelly, withj4iiCh ; not tellaceous. Wood,
out.] The ijuality of havinij jointed ſhells,

CRU'STILY. ad. [from crujly.] Peeviſhly ;

CRU'STINESS. ʃ. [from crujiy.'[
1. The quality of a cruft.
2. Peeviſh/)eſs ; morofeneſs.

CRUSTY. a. [from cruft.]
1. Covered with a cruft. DerLant,
1. Sturdy ; moroſe ; fnappiſh.

CRUTCH. ʃ. [ctoccia, Ital.] A ſupport
uſed by cripples. Smith.

To CRUTCH. v. a. [from crutch.] To
ſupport on crutches as a cripple. Dryden.

To CRY. v. «. [crier, French.]
1. To ſpeak with vehemence and loudneſs.Shakʃpeare.
2. To call importunately. yon, ii. 2.
3. To talk eagerly or inceffantly. Exodus.
4. To proclaim ; to make publick.
5. To exclaim. Herbert.
6. To utter lamentations, Tilloifort.
7. To ſquall, as an infant. Waller.
8. To weep ; to ſhed tears. Donne.
9. To utter an inarticulate voice, as an
animal. Pſalm.
10. To yelp, as a hound on a ſcent.Shakʃpeare.

To CRY. v. a. To proclaim publicUly
ſomething l»ft or found. Crajhanv,

To CRY down. v. a.
1. To blame ; to depreciate ; to decry. Milton.
2. To prohibit,
3. To overbear.

To CRY out. v. n.
1. To exclaim ; to ſcream ; Bacon.Shakʃpeare.
to clamour,
2. To complain loudly. Atterbury.
3. To blame ; to cenſure. Shakʃpeare, Stillingfleet.
4. To declare loud,
5. To be in labour, Shakʃpeare.

To CRY up. v. a.
1. To applaud ; to exalt ; to praiſe. .Fj,
2. To raii'e the price by proclamation.

CRY. ʃ. [cri, French.]
1. Lamentation ; fliriek ; ſcream. Exodus.
2. Weeping ; mourning.
3. Clamour ; outcry, Addiſon.
4. Exclamatio;) of triumph or wonder. Swift.
<;. Proclamation.
6. The hawkers proclamation of wares ; as, the crie.« of London.
7. Acchm^tion ; popular favour. Shake.
8. Voice ; utterance ; manner of vocal expreſſion. Locke.
Q. Importunate call. yeremiafo,
10. Yelping of Jogs, Walter.

XI. Yeh; Cub
11. Yell ; inarticulate noiſe, Ztfb. i. lO.
12. A pack of dogs, Milton, Ainſworth.

CRY'AL. ʃ. The heron.

CRY'ER. ʃ. The falcon gentle. Ainſworth.

CRY'FTICAL. v. a. [xpJ7r7«.] Hidden ;

CRY'PTICK. ʃ. ſecret ; occult. GlanvUk.

CRY'PTICALLY. ai. [from cryptical.]
Occultly ; ſecretly. Boyle.

CRYPTO'GRAPHY. ʃ. [j-.^JwIw and y^i-
1. The act of writing ſecret character5.
2. Secret characters ; cyphers.

CRYPTO LOGY. ſ. [n^iiAui and ^oo^ ]
^Enigmatical language.

CRYSTAL. ʃ. [x^uraxxof.]
1. Cryftals are hard^ pellucid, and naturally
colourleſs bodies, ofregulaily angular
figures. //;//.
2. Ijland cryjial is a genuine ſpar, of an
extremely pure, cleai , and fine texture,
feldom either blemiftied with flaws or ſpots,
or ſtained with any other colour. It is always
an oblique parallelopiped of fix phnes.

3. Cryflal is alſo uſed for a factitious body
caſt in the glaſs-houſes, called alſo ayftal
glaſs, which is carried to a degree of perfection
beyond the common glaſs. Chambers.
4. Cryjlah [in chymiſtry] expreſs falts or
other matters ſhot or congealed in manner
of cryſtal. Bacon.

1. Conſiſting of cryſtal. Shakʃpeare.
2. Bright ; clear ; tranſparent ; lucid
; pellucid. Dryden.

CRY'STALLINE. a. [cryſtallinu:, Latin.]
1. Conſiſting of cryſtal. Boyle.
2. Bright ; clear ; pellucid ; tranſparent. Bacon.

CRY'STALLINE Humour. ſ. The ſecond
humour of the eye, that Hes immediately
next to the aqueous behind the uvea. Ray.

CRYSTALLIZA'TION. ʃ. [from crjjlj/l.xe.]
Congelation into cryftais. The maſs formed
by congelation or concretion.

To CRYSTALLIZE. v. a. [from cryPL]
To cauſe to congeal or concrete in cryftais. Boyle.

To CRY'STALLIZE. -z/. n. To coagulate; congeal ; concrete ; or ſhoot into cryilals. Arbuthnot.

CUB. f. [of uncertain etymology.]
1. The young of a beaſt
; generally of a
bear or fox. iShakʃpeare.
2. The young of a wHale. Walter,
3. In reproach, a young boy or girl. Shakʃpeare.

To CUB. v. a. [from the noun.] To bring
forth. Dryden.

CUBA'TION. ʃ. [cubatio, Lat.] The act
of lying down. Di£i,

CU'BATORY. a. [from cubo, Lat.] Recumbent.

CU'BATURE. ʃ. [from cubf.] The find,
ing exactly the ſolid content of anj- propoſed
body. Harris.

CUBE. ʃ. [from y.vf.cg, 3 die.]
1. A regular ſolid body, conſiſting of fi)£
ſquare and equal faces or ſides, and the
angles all right, and therefore equal. Chambers.

CUBE Root, 7 ʃ. The origin of a cu-

CU'BICK Root. ; hick number.

CU'BEB. ʃ. A ſmall dried fruit reſembling
pepper, but ſomewhat longer, of a greyiſhbrown
colour on the ſurface, and compoff d
of a corrugated or wrinkled external bark,
covering a ſingle and thin friable ſhell or
capfule, containing a ſingle feed of a roundiſh
figure, blackiſh on the ſurface, and
white within. Hill. Flayer,

CUBICAL. ʃ. of / i

CLi3ICK. [ [f'-''.^-]
1. Having the form or properties of a ciibe. Berkley.
2. It is applied to numbers. The number
of four multiplied into itſelf, produceth
the ſquare number of fixteen ; and that
again multiplied by four produceth the cubiik
number of fixtv-four. Hale.

CUBICALNESS. ʃ. [from cubical.] Ths
ſtate or quality of being cubical.

CUBI'CULARY. a. [cubuulum, Latin.]
Fitted for the poſture of lying down. Brown.

CUBIFORM. a. [from ofbe and form.] Of
the ſhape of a cube.

CU'BIT. ʃ. [from c«^;V;«, Latin.] A meaſure
in uſe among the ancients ; which was
originally the diſtancee from the elbow,
bending inwards, to the extremity of the
middle finger. Holden

CU'BITAL. a. [cubitalis, Latin.] Containing
only the length of a cubit. Brown.

CU CKINGSTOOL. ſ. An engine invented
for the puniſhment of feolds and unquiet
women. Cowel. Hud^bran

CU'CKOLD. ʃ. [cocu, Fr.] One that is
married to an adultreſs. ShakeTftarea

To CU'CKOLD. v. a.
1. To rob a man of his wife's file'lty.Shakʃpeare.
2. To wrong a huſband by unchaltity. Dryden.

CiJ'CKOLDYi. a. [from f:,ckold.] Having
the qualities of a cuckold ; poor ; mean.Shakʃpeare.

CU'CKOLDMAKER. ʃ. [cuckold and make.]
One that makes a practice of corrupting

WIVP5. Dryden.

CU ckOLDOM. ſ. [from cuckoU.]
1. The' act of adultery. Dryden.
F t 2 a. ThR

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. The ſtate of a cuckolJ. Arbuthnot.

CU'CKOO. ʃ. [civcceiv, Welfli.]
1. A bird which appears in the Spring ; and is ſaid to Tuck the eggs of other birds,
and lay her own to be hatched [r\ their

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. To ſtrike with talons.

CUFF. ʃ. [cjeffe, French.]
Oiwuy. Part of the
fleeve. Arbuthnot.

CU'IRASS. ʃ. [cmrsjfe, Fr.] A breaſtplate. Dryden.
place. Sidney. Thar.fon.

CUIRA'SSIER. ſ. [from cuii-ajs.] A man
1. A name of contempt. Shakʃpeare. at arms ; a ſoldier in armour. Milton.

CUCKOO-BUD. ʃ. The name of CUISH. ſ. [cuijfe, French.] The armour

CUCCOO FLOWER. ^ a flower. Shakſp. that covers the thighs. Dryden.

CUCKOO SPITTLE. ſ. Wccdjeare, that CU.LDEES. ſ. [colidd, Latin.] Monks in
Ipumous dsw or exudation, found upon Scotland.
plants, about the latter e-iid of May. Brown.

CUCULLATE. v. a. [[ccuucciuUatu!, hooded.

CUCULLATED. ʃ. Latin.]
1. Hooded ; covered, as with a hood or cowl.
2. Having the veſemblance or fiiape of a
hood. Brown.

CU LLION. ſ. [ccgh'viie, a

CUCUMBER. ʃ. [d'C'ifis, Latin.] The Icoundrel.
name of a plant, and fruit of that plant.

CUCURBITA'CEOUS. a. [from cucurbita,
Latin. a gourd, ;
Ciicurbitdccous plants are thoſe which re

CU'LERAGE. ʃ. Arse-sm..rt.

CU'LINARY. a. [culina, Latin.] Relating
to the kitchen. Newton.

To CULL. v. a. [cueillir, French.] To fe.
ietl from others. Hooker, Pope. .

CU'LLER. ʃ. [from eulL] One who picks
or choofe?.
fool, Ital.] AShakʃpeare.

CU'LLIONLY. a. [from cullion.] Having
the qualities of a cullion ; mean ; baſe.Shakʃpeare.

CU'LLY. ʃ. [coglione, Ital. a fool.] A maa
deceived or impoſed upoB. Arbuthnot.
ſemble a gourd ; ſuch as the pumpion and To CULLY. v. a. [from the noun.] To
melon. Chambtrs

CU'CUREITE. ʃ. [cucrbita, hum.] A
chymicai vclTcl, commonly called a /'o./y-

CUD. ʃ. [cu^, Saxon.] That food which
is repoſited in the lirſt ſtomach, in order to
rummation. Sidney.

CUDDEN. ʃ. A clown ; a ſtupid low

CUDDY. ʃ. cloit, Dryden.

To CU'DDLE. v. n. To lye doſe ; to ſquat.
Fi lor.

CU'DGEL. ʃ. [hnife, Dutch.]
1. A ilick to linke with. Lech.
2. To crofi the CvvGELS, is to yield.


To CU'DGEL. v. a. [from the noun.] To
beat with a fsick. South.

CUDGEL-PROOF. a. Able to refifi a ihck.

CU'DWEED. ʃ. [from tW and ^veeJ.] A
plant. Midir.

CUE. o [ifueue, a tail, Fr.]
1. The tail or end of any thing.
2. The laſt word of a ſpeech. Shakʃpeare.
3. A hint; an intimation; a ſhort direclion.
4. The part that any man is to play in his
c. Humour ; temoer of mind.

'CVE'RPO.f. [Spjwſh.] To be in cuerpo,
is to be withf;ut the upper coat. Hiidibia'.

CUFF. ʃ. [K'czftf, abattle-, lulian.] A l-.lu_w
with the lilt; a box ; allroke. Shakſp.

To CUFF;. v. . [from the noun.] To
fight ; to ſcuſtle. Dryden.

To CUFF. v. a.
1. To ſtrike with thefifl. Shakʃpeare.
befool ; to cheat ; to impoſe upon.

CULMI'FEROUS. a. [cu'.mui and fero, Lat.]
Ctitmif^rous plants are luch as have a ſmcoth
jointed ſtalk, ami their feeds are contained
in chaffy hiiſks. Quincy.

To CULMINATE. -». v. [culmen, Latin.]
To be vertical ; to be in the meridian. Milton.

CULMINA'TION. ʃ. [from culminate.]
The tranſit of] a planet through the me.-
ridian. '.

CULPABl'LITY. ſ. [from culpable.] Blameableneſs.

CU'LPAELE. a. [cu!pabilis, Latin.]
1. Ciiininal. Shakʃpeare.
2. Blameable ; blameworthy. Heoker.

CU LPABI ENESS. ſ. [from culpable.]
Biaine ; guilt.

CULPABLY. ad. [from culpable.] Blameably
; criminally. Taylor.

CU LPRIT. ſ. A man arraigtied before his
judge. Prior.

CU'LTER. ʃ. [cid',r, Latin.] The iron of
the plow perpendicular to the ſheare.Shakʃpeare.

To CU'LTIVATE. v. a. [cultiver, Fr.]
1. To forward or improve the produ<^t of
the earth, by manual induſtry. Fclion.
1 To improve ; to meliorate. Wallcr.

CULTIVATION. ʃ. [from cultivate.]
1. The art or practice of improving foils,
and forwarding or meliorating vegetables.
2. Improvement in general ; melioration. South.

CULTIVA'TOH. ʃ. [from cwfWWfe.] One
who improves, promotes, or meliorates. Boyle.


CU'LTURE. ʃ. [cultura, Latin.]
1. The act of cultivation, Woodward.
2. Art of improvement and melioration. T:atlir.

To CU'LTURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To cultivate ; to till. TLoinfon.

CU'LVER. ʃ. [culpjie, Saxon.] A pigeon. Spenſer.

CU'LVERIN. ʃ. [colouvrine, -Pxtnch.] A
ſpecies of ordnance. JP'alUr.

CU'LVERKEY. ʃ. A ſpecies of flower.


To CU'MBER. v. a. [hmberen, to diſturb,
1. To embarraſs ; to entangle ; to obſtruift. Locke.
2. To croud or load with ſomething uſeleſs. Locke.
3. To involve in difficulties and dangers ; to diſtreſs. Shakʃpeare.
4. To buſy ; to diſtract with multiplicity
of cares, Luke.
5. To be troubieſome in any place. Grew.

CU'MBER. ʃ. [komber, Dutch.] Vexation ; embaraITtncnt. Raleigh.

CU'MBERSOME. a. [from cumber.]
1. Troubieſome ; vexatious. Sidney.
2. Burthenſome ; embaraITing. Arbuthnot.
3. Unweildy ; unmanageable. Newton.

CU'MBERSOMELY. ad. [from cumberſome.]
In a troubieſome manner,

CU'MBERSOMENESS. ʃ. [from cumberſome.]
Encumbrance ; hindrance ; obſtruction.

CU'MBRANCE. ʃ. [from cumber.] Burthen ;
hindrance ; impediment. Miliar?,

CU'MBROUS. a. [from cumber.]
1. Troubieſome ; vexatious ; diſhubing, Spenſer.
2. Oppreſſive ; burthenſome. Swift.
3. Jumbled ; obſtructing each other.

CU'MFREY. ʃ. A medicinal plant.

CU'MIN. ʃ. [cumir.um, Latin.] A plant.

To CUMULATE. v. a. [cumulo, Latin.]
To heap together, Woodward.

CUMULA'TION. ʃ. The act of heaping

CUNCTA'TION. ʃ. [cunBatio, Latin.]
Delay ; procraftination ; dilatorineſs. Hayward.

CUNCTA'TQR. ʃ. [Latin.] One given to
delay ; a lingerer. Hammond.

To CUND. v. n. [konnai, Dutch.] To
give notice. i^arezv.

CU'NEAL. a. [cur.eus, Latin.] Rslating
to a wedge ; having the form of a wedg?.

CU'NEATED. a. [cuneus, Latin._[Made
in form of a wcdje.

CU'NEIFORM. a. [from cuneut and forma,
Latin.] Havin'; the form of a wedge.

CU'NNER. ʃ. ^i kind of fiſh leſs th/n an

oyaer, that ſticks cloſe to the rocks,

CU'NNING. a. [from connan, tx.r^'^'
1. Skiltul ; knowing; learned. Shakʃpeare, Prior.
2. Performed with ſkill ; arrtul. Spenſer.
3. Artfully deceitful; trickift ; ſubtle
crafty ; ſubdolous. South.
4. Acted with ſubtilty. &-drev

CU'NNING. ʃ. [cunn.nse, Saxon.] ' '^.
1. Artifice ; deceit ; flyneſs ; fleight ; fraudulent
dexterity. Bacon
2. Art ; ſkill ; knowledge,

CU'NNINGLY. ai. [from cunnir,g.] Artfully; flyly ; craftily. Swirt.

CU'NNINGMAN. ʃ. [cunning and A man. [man who pretends to tell fortunes or
teach how to recover flolen goods. '

CUNNINGNESS. ſ. [from cunning.] Deceitfulneſs
; flyneſs.

CUP. ʃ. [cup. Sax.
1. A ſmall veſſel to drink in, Geneſis.
2. The liquor contained in the cup the
draught. Waller.
3. Social entertainment ; merry bout.
Knolle. Ben. Johnſon.
4. Any thing hollow like a cup ; as, the
hulk of an acorn. Woodward.
S- Cvp andCan. Familiar companions.
_ ^ Swift.
To cup. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſupply with cups. Shakʃpeare.
2. To fix a glaſs-bell or cucurbite upon the
Ikin, to draw the blood in ſcarification.

1. An officer of the king's houſliold.
2. An attendant to give wine to a feaſt.
Notes on the OdvfTev.

CU'PBOARD. ʃ. [cup and bojid. Saxon 1
A caſe with ſhelves, in which vidluals or
earthen v.fare is placed. Bacon.

To CUPBOARD. ^. a. [from the noun.l
To treaſure ; to hoard up. Shakʃpeare.

CUPI'DITY. ʃ. [cuptditas, Latin.] Concupiſcence
; unlawful longing

CUPOLA. ʃ. [Italian.] A dome ; the henuſphencal
fummit or a building. AJd:fon

CU'PPEL. See Coppel. .

CU'PPER. ʃ. [from ^;.] One who applies
cupping-giifles ; a ſcarifier.

CUPWNG-GLASS. ʃ. [from cupzaA glafu] A glals uſed by (carifiers to draw out the
bioo4 by rarefying the air. Wiseman.

CU'PREOUS. a. [cupreus, Latin.] Coppery \
conlifting of cooper. Boyle

CUR. ʃ. [kyrre, Dutch.]
1. A worthleſs degenerate dog.Shakʃpeare.
2. Atterm of reproach for a man.Shakʃpeare.



CU'RABLE. a. [from «re.] That admits
a remedy. Dryden.

CU'RABLENESS. ʃ. [from curable.] Foffibility
to be healed.

CURAcY. ſ. [from curate. ] Employment
of a curate ; employment which a hired
clergyman holds under the beneficiary. Swift.

CU'RATE. ʃ. [curator, Latin.] A clergyman
hired to perform the duties of another.
A pariſh prieff. Dryden. Col'icr.

CU'RATESHIP. ʃ. [from cu,ate.] The
fame with curacy.

CU'RATIVE. a. [from c^re.] Relating to
the cureof diſeaſes ; not prelervative. Brown.

CURA'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.] One that has the
care and lupeiintendence of any thing. Swift.

CURB. ʃ. [courber, Fr.]
1. A curb IS an iron cliain, made faſt to
the upper part of the branches of the
bridle, running over the beard of the horſe.Shakʃpeare.
2. ReAraint ; inhibition ; oppoſition.

To CURB. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To guide a horſe with a curb. Milton.
2. To reſtrain ; to inhibit ; to check. Spenſer, Roſcommon.

CURD. ʃ. The coagulation of milk. Pofti.

To CURD. v. a. [from the noun.] To
turn to curds ; to cauſe to coagulate.Shakʃpeare.

To CURDLE. v. n. [from curd.] To coagulate
; to concrete. Bacon.

To CURDLE. v. a. To cauſe to coagulate. Smith. I layer.

CU'RDY. a. [from cwd.] Coagulated; concreted ; full of curds ; curdled.

CCRE. ʃ. [cura, Latin.]
1. Remedy ; reflorative. Gran^viſh.
2. Act of healing. Luke.
3. The benefice or employment of a curate
or clergynian. Cl'acr.

To CURL. To a, [euro, Latin.]
1. To heal ; to reſtore to healih ; to remedy,
1. To prepare in any manner, ſo as to be
preſerved from corruption. Temple.

CURELESS. a. [cure and Icfs.] Without
cure ; without remedy. Shakʃpeare.

CU'RER. [from cure.] A healer ; a phyſiciaii.

SLtkſpeare. ilarvey,

[couvre jeu, French.]
1. An evening -pcal, by which the conqueror
willed, that every man ſhould rake \.]i his
fire, and put out his light. Cowel. Milton.
2. A cover for a fiie ; a nreplate. Bacon.

CURlA'Li TY. ſ. [curlaHs, Lat.] Tha
priviiej^cs^ uc retinue of a court. Bacon.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CURIO'SITY. ʃ. [from curious..
1. Inquifitiveneſs ; inclination to enquirj',,
2. Nicety ; delicacy. Shakʃpeare.
3. Accuracy ; exattneſs. Ray.
4. An at5t of cunofity ; nice experiment. Bacon.
5. An object of curioſity ; rarity. Addiʃon.

CU'RIOUS. a. [cunofus, Latin.]
1. Inquifitive; deſirous of information.
c. Attentive to ; diligent about.
3. Accurate ; careful not to miſtake. Hooker.
4. DifHcuIt to pleaſe ; ſolicitous of pcrteiſhon. Taylor.
5. Exaft ; nice ; ſubtle. Holder.
6. Artful ; not neglectlul
; not fortuitous. Fairfax.
7. Elegant ; neat ; laboured ; finiſhed. Exodus.
8. Rigid; ſevere ; rigorous. Shakʃpeare.

CU'RIOUSLY. ad. [from curious.]
1. Inquifitively ; attentively ^ Audiouſly. Newton.
2. Elegantly ; neatly. South.
3. Artfully ; exactly.
4. Captiouſly.

CURL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A ringlet of Irair. Sidney.
2. Undulation ; wave : finuoufity ; flexure.


To CURL. v. a. [krolhn, Dut.]
1. To turn the hair in ringlets. Shakſp.
2. To writhe ; to twiſt.
3. To drels with curls. Shakʃpeare.
4. To raiſe in waves, undulations, orfinuolities. Dryden.

To CURL. v. n.
1. To ſhrink into ringlets. Boyle.
2. To r:fe in undulations. Dryden.
3. To twiſt itftlf. Dryden.

CURLEW. ʃ. [courlieu, French.]
1. A kind of water-fowl.
2. A bird larger tiian a partridge, with
longer legs. It fret^uents the corn fields in
Spain. TrcTJOux.

CURMU DGEON. ſ. [cceur mechant, Fr.]
An avaricious churliſh tcliow ; a miſer ; a
niggird ; a griper.

CURMU'GEONLY. a. [from curmudgeon.'.
Avanc.ous ; covetous ; thurliſh ; niggardly. L'Eſtrange.

1. The tree.
2. A ſmall dried grape, properly written
corinth. ^'S'

CU'RREN'CY. ſ. [from c-.rrent.]
1. Circulation ; power of palling from hand
to hand. Swift.
2. General reception.
3. Fluency ; readineſs of utterance.
^ Continuance ; conllant flow. AjUff'e.
5. Ccncial

5. General eſteem ; the rate at which any
thing is vulgarly valued. Bacon.
6. The papers flamped in the Engliſh colonies
by authority, and paſſing for money.

CU'RRENT. a. [currem, Latin.]
Circulatory ;
paſſing from hand to hand. Geneſis.
2. Generally received ; uncontradicted ; authoritative. Hooker.
3. Cummim ; general. Watts.
4. Popular ; ſuch as is eftabliſhed by vulgar
eflimation. Grezv.
5. Faſhionable ; popular. Pope. .
$. PalTable
; ſuch as may be allowed or
admitted. Shakʃpeare.
7. What is now paſſing ; as, the current

1. A running ſtream. Boyle.
2. Currents are certain progreffive motions
of the water of the ſea in ſeveral places. Harris.

CU'RRENTLY. ad. [from current.]
1. In a conſtant motion.
2. Without oppoſition. Hooker.
3. Popularly ; fafliionably ; generally.
4. Without ceaſing.

CU'RRENTNESS. ʃ. [from current.]
1. Circulation.
2. General reception.
^. Eafineſs of pronunciation. Camden.

CURRIER. f. [coriarius, Latm.] One who
dreſſes and pares leather for thoſe yvho
make fiioes, or other things. L'Eſtrange.

CU'RRL^H. a. [from cur.] Having the
qualities of a degenerate dog ; brutal
; lour ; quarrelſome. Fairfax.

To CU RRY. v. a. [coriuK, leather.]
1. To dreſs leather.
2. To beat ; to drub ; to threſh ; to
chaſtiſe. Addiſon.
3. To rub a horſe with a ſcratching inſtrument,
fo as to ſm<.oth his coat. Bacon.
4. To ſcratch in kindneſs. Shakʃpeare.
5. To Curry Favour. To become a favourite
by pett^ officiouſneſs, ſlight kindneffes,
or flattery. Hooker.

CURRYCOMB. ʃ. [from carry and comb.]
An iron inlhument uſed for currying
horſes. Locke.

To CURSE. v. a. [cuppian, Saxon.]
1. To wiflf evil to
; CO execrate ; to devote. Knolles.
2. To miſchief ; to afBiifl ; to torment. Pope.

To CURSE. v. ». To imprecate. Judges,

CURSE. f. [from the verb.]
1. Malediction ; wiſh of evil to another. Dryden.
2. Afflidtion ; torment ; vexation. Addiʃon.

PU'RSED. part, a, [from cttr/^.]

1. Under a curſe ; hateful ; detefiaMe.Shakʃpeare.
2. Unholy ; unfand^ified. Milton.
3. Vexatious ; troubleſome. Prior

CURSEDLY. ad. [from curled.] Miferabiy
; ſhamefully. Pope.

CURSEDNESS. ʃ. [from turſed.] The
ſtate of being under a curſe.

CURSHIP. ʃ. [from cur.] Dogſhip ; meanneſs. Hudibras.

CURSITOR. ʃ. [Latin.] An officer or cleric
belonging to the Chancery, that makes out
original writs. Cowel

CU'RSORARY. a. [from cur/us, Latin.]
Curfory ; haſty ; careleſs. Shakʃpeare.

CU'RSORILY. ad. [from curjor, Latin.]
Haftily ; without care. Atterbury.

CU'RSORINESS. ʃ. [from eurfory.] Slight

CU'RSORY. a. [from curforlus, Latin. ;
Hal!y ; quick ; inattentive ; careleſs. Addiʃon.

CURST. a. Frowaid ; peeviſh ; malignant; malicious ; fnarling. Afcham. Craihatu.

CU'RSTNESS. ſ. [from f.ry?.] Peeviftneſs ;
forwardneſs ; naiigiiity. Dryden.

CURT. a. [from eurtus, Latin.] Short

To CU RTAIL. v. a. [curto, Lat.] To
cut off
; to cut Aort ; to ſhorten. Hudibras.

CU'RTAIL Dog. ʃ. A dog whoſe tail is cut
oft- Shakʃpeare.

CU'RTAIN. ʃ. [cortina, Lat.]
1. A cloth con trailed or expanded at plea-
fure. Arbuthnot.
2. To draw tie Curt AW, To cloſe it
fo as to ſhut out the light. Pope. .
3. To open it ſo as to diſcern the object. Shakʃpeare. Craſhaiu,
4. [In fortifiation.] Tuat part of the
wall or rampart that lies between two ball
ions. Knolles.

CURTAIN- LECTURE. ʃ. [from curtain
and heiure.] A reproof given by a wife
to her huſband in bed, Addiſon.

To CU'RTAIN. v. a. [from the noun.]
To indoſe with curtains. Pope. .

CU'RTATE Dijiance. ʃ. [In adronomy]
The diſtancee of a planet's place from the
fun, reduced to the ecliptick,

CURTA'TION. ʃ. [from curto, to ſhorten,
Latin.] The interval between a planet's
diſtancee from thg fun and the curtate


See Cutlass.

CU'RTSY. See Courtesy.

CU'RVATED. a. [curvatus, Latin.] Bent.

CURVA'TION. ʃ. [curvo, Latin.] The act
of bending or crooking.

CU'RVATURE. ʃ. [from curve.] Crookedneſs
3. inflcxioa ; manner of bending. Holder.

c u s

CURVE. a. [curvut, Latin.] Cooked ; bent ; indecled. Bentley.

CURVE. ʃ. Any thing bent ; a flexure or
crookedreſs. Thomfon.

To CURVE. ʃ. a. [cuivo, Latin.] To
bend ; to crook ; to inflect. Holder.

To CU'RVET. v. n. [corvettan, Italian.]
1. To leap; to bound. Dryden.
7. To friſk ; to be licentJou.

CU'RVET. ʃ. [from the verb.]
3. A lesp ; a bound.
2. A froiick ; a prank.

CURVILI'NEAR. a. [cutvui and linea,
1. Conſiſting of a crooked li..e. Cheyne.
2. Compoſed of crooked lines.

CURVITY. ʃ. [from euwe.] Crookedneſs. Holder.

CU'SHION. ʃ. [coujm, French.] A pillow
for the feat ; a ſoft pad placed upon a chair. Shakʃpeare, Swift.

CU'SHIONED. a. [from cujhion.] Seated
ona cuſhion.

CUSP. ʃ. [cuſpis, Latin.] Atterm uſed to
cxprels the points or horns of the moon, of
other luminary. Harris.

CU'SPATED. ʃ. fl. [from ca/^/j, Lat.]

CU'SPIDATED. S When the leaves of a
flower end in a point. S^uiitcy.

CU'STARD. ʃ. [cw/lard, WelITi.] A kind
of ſweetmeat made by boiling eggs with
Diik and ſugar. It is a food much uſed in
city feaſts. Pope.

CUSTODY. ſ. [cujiodia, Latin.]
1. Impriſonment ; reſtraint of liberty. Milton.
7. Care ; prefervation ; ſecurity. Bacon.

CUSTOM. ʃ. [couJJume, Fr.]
1. Habit ; habitual practice.
2. Faſhion ; commun way of ading.
3. Eftabliſhed manner. i Sam,
4. Practice of buying of certain perſons. Addiʃon.
5. Application from buyers ; as, this trader
has good custom.
6. [In law.] A law or right, not written,
which, being eftabliſhed by long uſe, and
the conſent of our anceſtors, has been, and
is, daily practiſed. Coweh
7. Tribute ; tax paid for goods imported,
or exported. Templ.

CU'STOMHOUSE. ʃ. The houſe where
the taxes upon goods imported or exported
are collected, Swift.

CU'STOMABLE. a. [from ci//ow.] Commnn
; habitual ; frequent.

CUSTOMABLENESS. ʃ. [from cuftomable.]
1. Frequency ; habit.
2. Conformity to custom.

CU'STOP/TABLY. t:d. [from aifromahk.]
According to cuft. m. Hayward.


CU'STOMARILY. ad. [from eujlomary.]
Habrrually ; commonly. Ray.

CU'STOMARINESS. ʃ. [from cuſtomary.'[
Government of ſhi Tongue.

CU'STOMARY. a. [from ciz/ow.]
1. Conformable to eftabliſhed cuſtom ; according
to preſcription. C/anvilU,
2. Habituai. Ti/lolfoti.
3. Ufual ; wonted. Shakʃpeare.

CU'STOMED. a. [from cupm.] Ufual ; common. Shakʃpeare.

CU'.STOMER. ſ. [from cuſtom.] One who
frequents any place of ſalefor the fake of
purch^fing, Roſcommon.

1. A buckler bearer.
2. A veITel for holding wine. Ainsworth.

To CUT. pret. cut ; part. pafl. cut. [from
the French ccuteau, a knife.]
1. To penetrate with a.n edged inſtrument. Dryden.
2. To hew. 2 Chron.
3. To carve ; to make by ſculpture.
4. To form any thing by cutting. Pope. .
5. To pierce with any uneaſy ſenſation.
6. To divide packs of cards. Granville.
7. To interfsft ; to croſs ; as, one line
cuts another.
8. To Cut down. To ſells ; to hew
down. Ktioilts,
9. To Cut down. To excel ; to overpower. Addiſon.
10. To Cut off. To ſeparate from the
other parts. Judges,
11. To Cut off. To deſtroy ; to extirpate
; to put to death untimely. HorueL
12. To CuT off. To refcind. Smalridge.
13. To CuT off, Toiritercept; to hinder
from union. Clarenden.
14. To Cut off. To put an end to; to
obviate. Clarenden.
15. To Cut q^. To takeaway ; to withhold. Rogers.
16. To CuT off. To preclude. Addiʃon, Prior.
17. To Cut off. To interrupt ; to ſilence. Bacon.
18. To Cut 0^. To apoſtrophiſe ; to abbreviate. Dryden.
19. To Cut out. To ſhape ; to form. Temple.
20. To Cut out. To ſcheme ; to contrive.
21. To CuTorrf. To adapt. Ryiner.
22. To Cut out. To debar. Pope. .
23. To Cut oaf. To excel ; to outdo.
24. To CuT ſhort. To hinder from proceeding
by ſudden interruption, Dryden.
25. To CuT p:ort. To abridge; as, /ie
ſoldiers luere cut ſhort of their pay,
26. To Cut up. To divide an animal
into convenient pieces. L'Eſtrange.
27. To Qviup, To eradicate. Job,
: -^0

To CUT 11. n.
1. To make its way by divrding otilruflions. Arbuthnot.
2. To perform the operation of lithotomy. Pope.
3. To interfere ; as, a horſe that cuts.

CUT. fart. a. Picparsd ſcir uſe. Swift.

CUT. ʃ. [from the nouo.]
1. The action of a ſharp or edged inſtrument.
2. The imprellion or ſeparation of continuity,
made by an edge.
3. A wound made by cutting, TFifemfin,
4. A chinnel made by art. Knolles.
5. A part cut oiF from the reſt. Mortimer.
6. Aſmall particle ; a ihred. Hanker.
7. A lot cut oft a fiicif. Locke.
8. A near pafl'age, by which ſome ang'e is
cut off. Hak.
9. A picture cut or carved upon a ſtamp of
wood or copper, and imprelled from it. Brown.
10. The act or practice of dividing a pack
of cards. Swift.
31. Faſhion ; form ; ſhape ; manner of
Cutting into ſhape. SnIJi/igJiut. Addiʃon.
12. A foni or cully. Shakʃpeare.
13. CuT and long tail. Men of all kinds.
Bm. Johnſon.

CUTA'NEOUS. a. [from r^^/u, Latin.]
Relating to the ſkin. Flryer,

CUTICLE. ʃ. [cuticula, Latin.]
1. The firſt and outerrnoft covering of the
body, commonly called the Icarf-ſkin.
This is that foi't ilcin which riſes in a bl;(ter
iipon any burnmg, or the application of a
bliftering.plalfter. It ſticks cloſe to the
ſurface of the true ſkin. Quincy.
1. A thia/Iiin formed on the ſurface of any
liquor. A'ſwtsn,

CURI'CULAR. <7- [from cutis, Latin.] Belonging
to the fivir,.

CUTH. knowledge or ſkill, Camden.

CUTLASS. ʃ. [coutcids, French.] A broad
cutting ſword. Shakʃpeare.

CUTLER. ʃ. [ccutillir, French, ; One
who makes or i'ells knives, Clarendon.

CU'TPUR'SE. ʃ. [cut and purf,.] One
who ſteals by the method of cutting purſes.
A thief; a rcKber. Berkley.

CU'TTER. ʃ. [from r»f.]
1. An agent or inſtrumenl that cuts any
2. A nimble boat that cuts the water.
3. The teeth that cut the meat. Ra-j.
4. An ctncer in the exchequer that provides
wood for the Call.es, and cuts thel'um
paid upon them. dzi'e.',

CUT-THROAT. ʃ. [''ut and throat.] A
ruffian ; a murdti ;r ; an alTaflin. Knolles.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CUT-THROAT. a. Cruel; inhuman |
barbarous. Cureiv.

CUTTING. ʃ. [from cut.] A piece cut
oft; a chop. Bacon.

CU TTLE. ʃ. A fiſh, which, when he is
purſued by a fiſh of prey, throws out a
black liquor. Ray.

CUTTLE. ʃ. [fn.m cuttk.] A foul mouthed
fellow. Hanmer, Shakʃpeare.

CYCLE. ʃ. [cyc/us, Latin ; auxX®-.]
1. A circle.
2. A round of time ; a ſpace in which the
fame revolution begms again ; a periodical
ſpace of time. Holder.
3. A method,or account of a method continued
till the ſame courſe begins again,
4. Imaginary orbs ; a circle in the heavens.

CY'CLOID. ʃ. [from xvyX^ih;.] A geometrical
curve, of which the genefis may
be conceived by imagining a nail in the
circumference of a wheel : the line which
the nail deſcribes in the air, while the
wheel revolves in a right line, js the cycloid.

CYCLO'IDAL. a. [from cycloid. Relating
to a cvclaid.

CYCLOPE'DIA. ʃ. [xvyxi^ and Trxihlz.]
A circle of knowledge; a courle of the.

CY'GNET. ʃ. [from cycnus, Latin.] A
youae ſwan. Mortimer.

CY'LINDER. ʃ. [xJXivJjoy.] A body hav-
ing two flat ſurfaces and one circular.

CYLI'.NDRICAL. ʃtf. [from cylirder.] Far-

CYLI'NDRICK. ʃ. taking of the nature of
a cylinder ; having the form of a cylinder. Woodward.

CYMA'R. ʃ. [properly written /m^Jr.] A
^cht covering ; a ſcarf. Dryden.

CYMATFJM. ʃ. f Lat. from y.vy.^ric-.: ; A member of architecture, whereof one
half is convex, and the other concave. Harris. SpeHator.

CY'MBAL. ʃ. [cymbalum, Latin.] Amu.
(ical inſtrument. Dr

CYNANTHROPY. ʃ. f :'-':^v «-:?, and
a'v^;-rc,-. ; A ſpecies of raadneſs in which
men have the qualities of dogs.

CYNEGETICKS. ʃ. [K-jr-.y^-\,K^.] The
art of hunting.

CYNICAL. 1 a. [xvn^k.] Having tks

CY NICK. ^ qualities of a dog ; curriſh ; brutal ; fnirling ; fatiric^l. Wtlkw.

CY'NICK. ʃ. [av^^xI;.] a philof-pher of
the fnarling or cuirifu fort ; a follower of
D.r.eenes ; a fnarler ; a mtfinthrope, l<i;ak.

CYNOSURE. ʃ. [from ;av:cci.-=.] T.he
ihn near the north pole, by which fail.ori
iiecr. MHirn.
G g CypRESisC

CTPRESS-TREIi. [cypreſſus, Latin.]
1. A tall rtrsit; tree. Its ſtuit is of no uſe ; its leaves are bitter, and the very Imcll and
ſhade of it are dangerous. Hence the Romans
looked upon it to be a fatal tree, and
made uſe of it at funerals, and in mouvntul
ceremonie. The wood of the cyprepuee
is aWays green, very heavy, of a
good ſmell, and never either rots or is
worm eattn, Calmet. Shakʃpeare. Iſaiah.
3. i: is the emblem of mourning.Shakʃpeare.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


CY PRUS. ʃ. A thin tranſparent black fluff.Shakʃpeare.

CYST. ʃ. / [jtJrK.] A bag containing

CY'STIS. S '^om^ morbid matter, Wiſeman.

CY'STICK. a. [from cyft, a bag.] Contained
in a bag, Arbuthnot.

CySTO'TOMY^/. [xJrK and Ta.cv«.] The
act or practice of opening incyfled tumours.

CZAR. ʃ. [written more properly raar'.]
The title of the emperour of Ruſſia.

CZARI'NA. ʃ. [from cTnar.] The emprefe
of Ruſha.