About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


P. A labial conſonant, formed by a flight
compreſſion of the anterior part of the
lips ; as in pull, pelt. It is confounded
by the Germans and Welſh with b.

PA'BULAR. a. [pabulum, Latin.] Affording
aliment or provender.

PABULA'TION. ʃ. [pabulum, Latin.] The
act of feeding or procuring provender.

PA'BULOUS. a. [pabulum, Latin.] Alimenta] ; atfording ailment. Brown

PACE. ʃ. [pat, French.]
1. Step ; ſingle movement in walkine, Milton.
2. Gait ; manner of walk. Sidney
3. Degree of celerity. Shakʃpeare.
4. Step ; gradation of buſineſs. Temple
5. A meaſure of five feet. Hodder.
6. A particuilar movement which horſes
are taught, though ſome have it naturally,
made by lifting the legs on the ſame ſide
together ; amble. Hadibras

To PACE. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To move on ſlowly. Spenſer.
2. To move, Shakʃpeare.
3. [uſed of horſes.] To move by raiſing
the legs on the ſame ſide together.

To PACE. v. a.
1. To meaſure by ſteps. Shakʃpeare.
2. To direct to go. Shakʃpeare.

PA'CED. a. [from pace.] Having a particular
gait. Dryden.

PA'CER. ʃ. [from pace.] He that paces.

PACIFICA'TION. ʃ. [pacification, French.]
1. The act of making peace. South.
2. The act of appeaſing or pacifying. Hooker.

PACIFICA'TOR. ʃ. [pacificateur, French,
from pacify.] Peace-maker. Bacon.

PA'CIFICATORY. a. [from pacificator.]
Tending to make peace.

PACI'FICK. a. [pacifique, Fr. facificus.
Lat.] Peace making ; mild ; gentle; appeaſing. Hammond.

PACI'FIER. ʃ. [from pacify.] One who

To PA'CIFY. v. a. [pacifier, Fr. ſcifio,
Lat.] To appeaſe ; to ſtill refentment ; to quiet an angry perſon, Bacon

PACK. ʃ. [pick, Dutch.]
1. A large bundle of any thing tied up for
carriage. Qeave/and,
2. A burden; a load. L'Eſtrange.
3. A due number of cards. Addiʃon.
4. A number of hounds hunting together. Dryden.
5. A number of people confederated in
any bad deſign or prattjce. Clarenden.
6 Any great number, as to quantity and

To PACK. v. a. [padin, Dutch.]
1. To bind up for carriage, Otway.
2. To ſend in a hurry. Shakʃpeare.
3. To fort the cards ſo as that the game
ihall be iniquitouſly iecured. Shakʃpeare.
4. To unite picked perſonsin ſome bad deſign.

To PACK. -u, V.
1. To tie up gnodj, Ckaveland.
2. To g« off in a hurry; to remove in
bafte, '

3. To concert bad meaſurcs ; to confederate
in ill. Carivp.

PA'CKCLOATH. ʃ. [pack'> and chatb.] A
cloath in which g>;oos are tied up.

PACKER. ʃ. [from pack] One who binds
up bales for carriage,

PA'CKET. ʃ. [pJcquet, French.] A ſmall
pick ; a mail of letters. Denham,

To PACKET. v. a. [from the noun.] To
bind i;p in parcels. Swjfc.

PA'CKHORSE. ʃ. [park and borfe.] A
horſe of burden ; a Doife employed in carrying
goods. Locke.

PA'CKSADDLE. ʃ. [pick and faddU.] A
faddle in which burdens are laid. Hi-wel,

PA'CKTHREAD. ʃ. [p^ck 2.nd thread.]
Strong thread uſed in tying up parcels. Addiſon.

PA'CKWAX. ʃ. The aponeurofes on the
ſides of the neck. Ray.

PACT. ʃ. [pa^i, Fr, paHum, Latin.] A
contrart ; a bargain ; a covenant. Bacon.

PA'CTION. ʃ. [pjaior. Yx.pj6ih,Utm.]
A bargain ; a covenant. Hayward.

PACTI TIOUS. ʃ. [paaio, Lat.] Settled by

PAD. ʃ. [from pas'?), Sax.]
1. The road ; a foot path. Prior.
2. An eaſy paced horſe. Dryden.
3. A robber that infeſts the roads en foot.
4. A low ſoft faddle. Hudibras.

To PAD. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To travel gently,
2. To rob on foot.
3. To beat a way ſmooth an4 leveL

PAPAR. ʃ. Grouts ; coarſe flour. Wotton.

PA'DDER. ʃ. [from pad.] A robber ; a
foot highwayman. Dryden.

To PA'DDLE. v. a. [patouiller, Fr.]
1. To row ; to beat water as with oaps. L'Eſtrange.
2. To play in the water. Collier.
3. To finger. Shakʃpeare.

PA'DDLE. ʃ. [pattal, Welſh.]
1. Aa oar, particularly that which is uſed
by a ſingle rower in a boat.
2. Any thing broad like the end of an oar, Deuteronomy.

PA'DDLER. ʃ. [from paddle.] One who
paddles. Ainſworth.

PA'DDOCK. ʃ. [pib3. Saxon ;/.3JJf, Dut.]
A gren frog or toad. Dryden.

PA'DDOCK. ʃ. [corrupted from parrack.]
A ſmall mdofure for deer,

PADELI'DN. ʃ. [pas de lion, Fr. pei leonit.
Lat.] An herb. Ainsworth.

PA'DLOCK. ʃ. [padde, Dutch.] A lock
hung on a itaple to hold cj\ a link.

To PA'DLOCK. v. a. [from the ooun.]
To frtf>?r. ith a padlock. Arbuthnot.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


PA'DOWPIPE. ʃ. An herb. Ainsworth.

PA'AN. ʃ. A ſong of triumph. Ptft.

Pagan. f. [.najampc, Saxon.] p:igar>u<y
Latin.] A Heathen ; ortt not a Chriſtian,

PA'GAN. a. Heatheniſh. Shakʃpeare.

PA'GANISM. ʃ. [pagumfme, Fr.from/>^-
^J«.] Heathenilm, Hooker.
Page. ſ. [page, French.]
1. One ſide of the leaf of a book. Taylor.
2. [pctge^ Fr.] A young boy attending
on a great perſon. Donne.

To PAGE. t', a. [from the noun.]
1. To mark the pages of a book.
2. To attend as a page, Shakʃpeare.

2. A ſtatue in a ſhow.
2. Any ſhow ; a ſptftacle of entertainment.Shakʃpeare.

PA'GEANT. a. Showy ; pompous ; often
tatious. Dryden.

To PA'GEANT. v. a. [from the noun.]
To exhibit in ſhows ; to repfefent.Shakʃpeare.

PA'GEANTRY. ʃ. [from page.^f^t.] Pomp f
ſhow. Gonjernment of theTortgue.

PA'GINAL. ʃ. [pagina, Latin.] ConVifting
of pages. Brown.

PA'GOD. ʃ. [probably an Indian word]
1. An Indian idol. Stillingfleet.
2. The temple of the idol. Pope. .

PAID. a. the preterite anti participle paſſive
of pay, Dryden.

PAl^GLES. ʃ. Flowers ; alſo called cowilips.

PAIL. f. {pails, Spaniſh.] A wooden veſſel
in which milk or water is commonly
carried. Dryden.

PAI'LFUL. ʃ. [pail and full] The quantity
that a pail will hold. Shakʃpeare.

PAILMA'IL. ʃ. Violent ; boiſterous. Digby.

PAIN. ʃ. [peine, Fi.]
1. Puni&ment denounced, Sidney.
2. Penalty ; puniſhment. Bacon.
3. Senfation of unsafmcfs. Bacon.
4. [In the plural.] Labour ; work ; toil. Waller.
5. Labour ; talk. Spenſer.
6. Uneaſineſs of mind. Prior.
7. The throws of child-birth. i Sam.

To PAIN. ʃ. a. [from the noun.]
1. To afRi6t ; to torment ; to make uneaſy. Jeremiah.
2. [With the reciprocal pronoun.] To
labour. Spenſer.

PATNFUL. a. [pain and full.]
1. Full of pain ; milefable ; beſet with
affliftj.on. Milton.
2. Giving pain; afPJflive. Addiſon.
3. Difficult i requiring labour.Shakʃpeare.
^. Inciuſtrious ; laborious, Dryden.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


PAINFU'LLY. ad. [from painfulI
1. With great pain or affl;ction.
1. Laboriouſly ; diligently. RaleiigBi

PAINFU'LNESS. ʃ. [from fai«ful.]
1. Affliction
; ſorrow ; grief. South.
2. Induſtry ; laboriourneſs. Hooker.

PAI'NIM. ʃ. [payen, Ftcach.] Pagan; infidel. Peacham.

PAI'NIM. a. Pagan ; infidel. Milton.

PAI'NLESS. a. [from pain.] Without
pain»; without trouble. Dryden.

PAINSTA'KER. ʃ. [p'>ins and take.] Labourer
; laborious petfun. Gay.

PAINSTAKING.^, [paim and take.] Laborious
; induſtrious.

To PAINT. nj. a. [pandre, Fr.]
1. To repreſent by aelineation and colours; Shakʃpeare.
2. To cover with colours repreſentative of
ſomething. Shakʃpeare.
3. To repreſent by colours, appearances,-
or images. Locke.
4. To deſcribe ; to repreſent. Shakʃpeare.
5. To colour ; to diverſify. Spenſer.
6. To deck with artificial colours.Shakʃpeare.

To PAINT. To n. To lay colours on the
face. Popea

PAINT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Colours repiefentative of any thing. Pope.
1. Colours laid on the face. Anorti

PAI'NTER^ / [from pamt.] One whtf
profeOes the art of rcprelencing objects
by colojr.'. Dryden.

PAINTING. f. [from paint.]
1. The act of repreſenting oojefls by deli.
ieation and colours. Dryden.
2; Piflure ; the painted reſembbnce.Shakʃpeare.
3. Colours laid on, Shakʃpeare.

PAI'NTURE. ʃ. [peinture, French.] The
art of painting. Dryden.

PAIR. ʃ. [paire, Fr. far, Lat.]
1. Two things ſuiting one another, as a
pair of gloves.
2. A man and wife. Milton.
3. Two of a fort ; a couple ; a brace. Suckling.

To PAIR. f- n. [from the noun.]
1. To be joined m pairs; to couple, Shak.
2. To ſuit ; to fit as a counterpart. Shak.

To PAIR. t'. a.
1. To join in couples. Dryden.
2. To unite as curreſpondent or oppoſite.

PA'LACE. f [palais, Fr.] Aroyalhouſe; an houſe eminently i'plendid. Shakʃpeare.c.

PALA'CIOUS. a. [iwm palace.] Royal |
noble ; magnificent. Gmun},

PALA'NQUJN. ʃ. [s a kind of covered carriage,
uled in the eailern countries, that ist
fttppwted on the riiouldoci of fla^«;s.

A r.

PALATABLE. a. [i,o<r\ ptiate ] Guftfui
; plealing to the laſte. rhilips,

PALATE. ʃ. [pahrum, Lat.]
1. The inſtrumciu of tarte. ſhkeivil/.
2. Mental teliſh ; incelledual taAe. Taylor.

J^A'LATICK. a. [from pafate.] Belonging
to the palate, or roof of the mouth. Hooker.

PA'LATINE. ʃ. [pahfin, Fr. from pjlatinus
-ji pj/atium, Lat.] One invclleO with
regil r ghts and prerf>gitives. Dj%>its.

PA'LATINIi. a. Foireliing r.ya! privileges.

PALE. a. [pale, Fr. palUdus, Lu.]
1. Not ruddy ; not freſh of colour ^ wan ;
white of look. Shakʃpeare.
2. Not high coloured ; approaching to
tranCparency. Arbuthnot.
3. Not bright ; not ſhining ; faint of luſtrc;
oiiK. Shakʃpeare.

To PALE. v. a. [from the adjective; To
m-'ke pale. Prior.

PALE. ʃ. [p^Ius, Latin.]
1. Narrow piece of wood joined above and
below to a rail, to indoſe grounds.Shakʃpeare.
2. Any indofure. Hooker, Milton.
3. Any diſtri(fl or territory, ChrenJon,
4. The pa'e is the third and middle part
of the ſcutcheon. Peacham.

To PALE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To indoſe with pales. Mortimer.
2. To indoſe ; to encompaſs. Shakʃpeare.

PA'LEEYED. a. [pau unAeye.] Havng
eyes dimmed. Pope.

PALEFACED. a. [pale and fute.] Hi'vi
ig the face wan. Shakʃpeare.

PA'LELY. dd, [from pak.] Wanly ; nut
freſhly ; not riiddily.

PA'LENESS. ʃ. [from pale.]
1. Wanneſs ; want of colour ; want of
freſhnefr. Pope.
2. Want of colour ; wantofluſtre.Shakʃpeare.

PA'LENDAR. ʃ. A kind of coaſting veflcl.

PA'LEOUS. ʃ. [pahay Latin.] PIuſky; chaPi'y. B'ozvn,

PA'LETTE. ʃ. [pakttf, French.] A light
boair. on Vvt;ich a painter holds his colours
when he paints. T:ck(U.

PA'LFREV. ʃ. [palejroy, Fr, ] A fn.Ul
horſe fit for laoics. Dryden.

PA'LFRLYtD. a. [from fa'frey ] Kiding
on a palfrev. Tichdl,

PALIFlCA'hON. ʃ. [,W:/j, Latin.] The
adf or practice of making ground firm with
piles. Jl'otton.

I^A'LINDROME. ʃ. [Tra'A.v and ^fofx'iu. ; A word or ſentencs which is the fjaier^ad
back'A'ard or forwards: as, madam-^ or
ibis ſt.aCence; SuLi dura a rud:i>iu

PA'LINODE. ʃ. /-. [Q-aXr.M^'a.] Are,

PA'LINODY. X cantation. Sandys.

PALISA'DE. f f. [palifade, Fr.] Pales

PALiSA'DO. ʃ. ſet by way of ind.jfure of
defence. .. Broome.

To PALISA'DE. v. a. [from the noun.]
to incluſe with palifad»s.

PA'LISH. a. [from pah.Ji Somewhat pale.

PALL. ʃ. [palHum, Latin.]
1. A cloak or mantle of itate. Milton.
2. The mantle of a,T archbiſhop. Aybffc,
3. The covering thrown over the dead. Dryden.

To PALL. v. a. [from the naufl.] To
cloak ; to invert. Shakʃpeare.

To PALL. n;, n^. To grow vapid ; to become
inlipid. Addiſon.

To PALL. v. a.
1. To make inſipid or vapid. Atterbury.
2. To impair ſpntelineſs ; to diſpirit. Dryden.
3. To weaken ; to impair. Shakʃpeare.
4. To clov,% Tatkr,

PA'LLET. ʃ. [from paiUe, ſtraw. ;
1. A ſmall bed ; a mean bed. Wciton,
2. [pd.tte, French.] A (mall meaſure,
formerly uſed by chiiurgeons, Hakewell.

PALLMA'LL. ʃ. [fila and maUeus, Lat.
pa'e male, French.] A play in which the
ball is ſtruck with a mallet through aa
iron ring.

PAXLIAMENT. f. [paliufn, Lat.] A dreſs; a robe. Shakʃpeare.

PA LLIARDISE. ʃ. [paiihrdife, Fr.] Foinication
; whoring. Obſolete.

To PA'LLLATE. v. a. [piU.o, Lat.]
1. To cover with excule, Swift.
2. To extenuate ; to ſoften by favourable
repreſentation?:. Dryden.
3. To cure imperfectly or temporarily,
not radicailv,

PALLIATION. ʃ. [palliatior, Fr.]
1. Extenuation ; allcviition ; favourable
repreſentatjon. ^'^g Charles,
2. Imperfect or temporary, not radical
cure. Bacon.

PA'LLIATIVE. a. [palliatif, ?r. from palbate.]
1. Extenuating; favourably repreſentative.
2. M tigaring, not reniovr g ; not radically
curative. Arbuthnot.

PA'LLLATIVE. ʃ. [from palliate.] Something
rfiſhgating. Swift.

PALLID. a. [/>j/W;/J, Latin.] Pale ; not
high coloured. Spenſer.

PALM. f. [/>i/mtf, Lat.]
|. A tree ; of which the branches were
worn in token of vi-tory. Thsie are twenty-
one ſpecies of this tree, of which the
n ofl remaikable arr, the greater /o//.': or
dits-trec. The fi^-uſpuba grows m Spain,
PortugdJ ;

Portugal, and Italy, from whence the
leaves are ſent hither and made into flagb.'
2. Victory ; triumph, Dryden.
3. The inner part of the hand, [pjima,
Lat.] Bacon.
4. Ameaſure of length, compriſing three
inches. Denham.

To PALM. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To conceal in the palm of the hand,
as jugglers. Prior.
2. To impoſe by fraud. Dryden.
3. To handle. Prior.
4. To ſtroak with the hand. Ainsworth.

PA'LMER. ʃ. [from palm.] A pjlgtim :
they who returned from the Holy Land
carried palm. Pope. .

PA'LMER. ʃ. A crown encircling a deer's

PA'LMERWORM. ʃ. [palmer and worm.]
A worm covered with hair, luppoied to
be ſo called becauſe he wanders over all
plants. Boyle.

PALMETTO. ʃ. A ſpecies of the palmtree:
in the Weſt-Indies with the leaves
the inhabitants thatch their houſes. Thomſon.

PALMITEP-OUS. a. [palma and fero,
Lat.] Bearing palms. DiB.

PA'LMIPEDE. a. [palma and /.fi, Latin.]
Webfooted. Brown.

PA'LMISTER. ʃ. [from palma.] One who
deals in palmiſtry.

^alma, Latin.] The
cheat of foretelling fortune by the lines of
the palm. Chdvs'und,

PA'LMY. a. [Jxompalm.] Bearing palms. Dryden.

PALPABI'LITY. ʃ. [from palpabh.] Qviality
of being perceivable to the touch.
Mart. Scribl,

PA'LPABLE. ʃ. [palpable, Fr.]
1. Perceptible by the touch, Milton.
2. Groſs'; coaſe.j eaſily deteſted. Tillot.
3. Plain ; eaſily perceptible. Hooker.

PALPABLENESS. ʃ. [from pahable.]
Qjuality of being palpable ;
plainneſs ;

PA'LPABLY. ad. [from palpable.]
1. In ſuch a manner as to be perceived by
the touch.
2. Groſsly ; plainly. Bacon.

PALPA'l ION. ʃ. [palpatio, p^lpor, Lat.]
The act of fei;^ling.

To PA'LPITATE. v. a. [p.lpito, Latin.]
To beat as the heat t ; to flutter,

PALPITA'TION. ʃ. [pala:auov, French.]
Beating or panting ; that alteration in the
pulfe of the heart, which makes it felt.

PA'LSGRAVE. ʃ. [p^l'/gn^ff,^ German.]
A count or earl who has the ov6;fcei?!g of
d parate.


PA'LSICAL. a. [from paljy.] Affliaed
with a pjjfy ; paralytick.

PA'LSIED. a.[ITompalJy.] Difcafed with
a palfy. Decay of Piety.-

PA'LSY. ʃ. [paralyfis, Lat.] A privation
of motion or ſenſe of feeling, or both.
There is a threefold diviſion of z palfy \
the lirſt is a privation of motion, ſenſation
remaining. Secondly, a privation of ſenſation,
motion remaining. And lafliy, a
privation of both together. Quincy.

To PALTER. v. n. [from paſtron, Skinner.]
To ſhift ; to dodge, Shakʃpeare.

To PALTER. v. a. To ſquander : as, he
palters his fortune,

PA'LTERER.-/. [from palter.] An unliiicere
dealer ; a ſhifter.

PALTRINESS. ʃ. [from paltry.] The (late
of being paltry.

PA'LTRY. a. [poltron, French.] Sorry; worthjeſs i deipicable ; contemptible ;
mean, J^dufor,

PA'IY. a. [from pale.] Pale. Shakʃpeare.

PAM. ʃ. [probably from palm, vidory.]
The knave of clubs. Pope. .

To PA'MPER. v. a. [pambcrare, Italian.]
To glut
i to fill with food ; to faginate.

PA'MPHLET. ʃ. [par un filet, Yr.] A ſmall
book, properly a book fold unbound. Clar,

To PA'MPHLET. v. k. [from the noun.]
To write ſmall books. Hozoel.

PAMPHLETEE'R. ʃ. [?TOva pamphlet.] A
ſcribbler of ſmall books. Swift.

To Pan. v. a. An old word denoting to
doſe or join together.
Pan. ſ. [ponnc, Saxon.]
1. A veſſel broad and ſhallow. Spenſer.
2. Tke part of the lock of the gun that
holds the powder. Boyle.
3. Any thing hollow: as, the brainpan.

PANACE'A. ʃ. [panacea, Fr. 'S^Avdniia, ]
An univerſal medicine.

PANACEA. ʃ. An herb.

PA'NCAKE. ʃ. [pan and caie.] Thin
pudding biked in the frying-pan. Mart,

PANA'DO. ʃ. [from /J^rn, bread.] Food
mads by bulling bread in water. Wiſeman.

PANCRA' nCAL. a. ' [^rav and n^aVoq.]
Excelling in all the gymnaſtick exercifes. Bacon.

PA'NCREAS. ʃ. [Tray and xplac] The /»««-
creai or ſweet- bread, is a gland of the
conglomerate fort, fituated between the
bottom of the ſtomach and the vertebras of
the loin?. It weighs commonly four or
five ounces.

PANCREAMICK. a. [from pancreas,]
Contained in the pancreas. Ray.

PA'NCY. ʃ. [from panacea.] A flower ;

PA'NSY. ʃ. ^ '^''^ °f violet. < Lock;.

PA'NDECT. ʃ. ^andiSicJ, Lat.] A treatise

tife that comprehends the whole of any
(cience. Swift.

PANDE'MICK. a. [TTCf and ^n/^oj.] Incident
to a whole people. Harvey.

PA NDER. ſ. [hovn Pandarus, the pimp in
the iforyof Jm'.'uf and Crejfida.] A pimp ; a male bawd ; a procurer. Dryden.

To PA'NDER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
pimp ; to be ſubſervient to luft or paifioB.

PA'NDERLY. a., [from pander.] P.mping; pimplike. Shakʃpeare.

PANDICULATION. ʃ. [pardicu/avs, Lat.]
The rc-.'^leſsne^s, ſtretchisf, and uneaſineſs
that uAially accompany the cold fits
of an intermitting fever, I^Ioyer,

FANE. ʃ. [paneau, Fr.]
1. A ſquare of glaſs. Pope. .
2. A piece mixed in variegated works with
other pieces. Donne.

PANEGY'RICK. ʃ. [pantiyrigue, Fr. tr«-
fiV^Ji;-] An elogy ; an encomiallirk p'cce.

PANEGY'RTST. ʃ. [from fanegyricki pantgyrfie,
Fr.] One that writes praiſe; encomiart. [^amdt:!.

PA'NEL. ʃ. [pareau,?T.]
1. A ſquare, or piece of any matter inferted
between other bodies. Addiſon.
2. A ſcheduleor roll, containing the nemes
of ſuch jurors, as the ſhcrjſp provides to
paſsupon a trial. Cowel.

PANG. ʃ. [bavg, Dutch, uneaſy.] Extreme
pain ; fuoden paroxyfm of torment. Denham.

To PANG. v. a. [from the noun.] To
torment < ruelly. Shakʃpeare.

PA'NICK. a. Violent without cauſc.

PA'NNADE. ʃ. The curvet of a horſe. Ainsworth.

PA'NNEL. ʃ. [pameel^ Dutch.] A^kind of
ruft.rk (aodle. Hud.bras,

PA'NNEL. ʃ. The ſtomach of a hawk.

PA'NNrCLE.7 r « .I «^ i> i,

PA'NNICK. l^' ^ P'^'- Peacham.
P.ANNj'ER. ſ. [panier, French.] A baſket .
a wicker vclTei, in which fruit, or othtr
things, are csrried on a horſe. Addiſon.

PANOPLY. ʃ. [7.-avo7r>aa.] Complete armour. MiltCV,

To PANT. 1'. r. [patiteler^ old French.]
1. 1 o palpitate ; to beat as the heart ui
fudcen terror, or atter hard khjur.
2. To have the bresft heaving, as for
want of breath. Dryden.
3. To play with Intermlfllon. Pope. .
4. To long ; to wiſh e;rnertly, Pope.

PANT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Palpitation ; iuotion of the heart. Htakeſprare,


PA'NTALOON. ʃ. [parrafon, Fr.] A man's
garment anciently worn. Shakʃpeare.

PANTESS. ʃ. The difficulty of breathing
in a hawk. Ainſworth.

PANTFIE'ON. ʃ. [7rav3£.ov.] A temple
of all rhc god^.

PA'NTHER. ʃ. [Trav-S'^: pantbera,h^l..
A ſpotted wild beaſt ; a lynx ; a pard. Peacham.

PA'NTILE. ʃ. A gutter tile.

PA'NTINGLY. ad. [from /»tf«//H^.] With
palpitation. Shakʃpeare.

PA'NTLER. ʃ. [paretier^ French.] The
officer in a great family, who keeps the
bread. Shakʃpeare. Hanmer.

PA'NTOFLE. ʃ. [fantoufie, Vvtnch.^ A
fl'opc-. Peacham.

PANTOMIME. f. [tt.; and ^r^o; ; pen.
tomime, Fr.]
1. One who has the power of univerſal
mimickry ; one who exprelFes his meaning
by mute action. Hudibras.
z, A ſcene ; a tale exhibited only in gefture
and dumb- ſhow, Arbuthnot.

PA'NTON. ʃ. A ſhoe contrived to recover
a narrow and hoof bound, heel,
Farrier^t Diff.

PA'NTRY. ʃ. [paneterie, Fr. f>anarium,
Lat.] The room in whkh proviſions are
r.4)0lited. Wotton.

PAW f. [^j^, Italian ; fappe, DaUh ; papilla, Latin.]
1. The nipple ; the <iug ſucked. Spenſer.
2. Food made torinfanjf, with ſcread boiled
in water, Donne.
3. The pulp of fruit,

PAPA. ʃ. [Tryrrvai.] A fond name for
father, uſed in many languages, Swift.

PAPACY. ʃ. [pjpautc, Fr. frompapa, the
popp.] Popedom ; office and dignity of
biſhops of Rome. Bacon.

PA'PAL. a. [papal, French.] Popiſh
; belonging to the pope; annexed to the
biſhoprxk of Ronne. Raleigh.

PA'i^AW. ſ. A plant.

PAPA'VEROUS. a. [papavereut^from papa-
very Lat.] Rtſembling poppicJ. Brown.

PA'PER. ʃ. [papier, French ; papyrus^ Lat.]
1. Subftance on which men write ^nd
print ; made by macerating ine-i rags in
water. Shakʃpeare.
2. Piece of paper. Locke.
3. Single ſheet printed, or written. Shakʃpeare.

PA'PER. <7. Any thing flight or th;n.

To PATER. v. ^. [from the n'>ur.] To
i-egifter. Scjkr-a-e,

PA'PERMAKER. ʃ. [paper in^.muk,.^\
One who makes paper.

PA'PERMILL. ʃ. [paper and mill.] A mill
4. ^ m

In which rags are ground for paper, SBai»
pAPE'SCENT. a. Containing pap ; inclinable
to pap. Arbuthnot.
fAPVLlQ. ſ. [pr, papillon, Fr.] A butterfly
; a moth of various colours. Rjy,

PAPILIONA CEOUS. a. [from papliOy
Latin.] The flowers of ſome plants are
called papilionaceous by botanifts, which
reprerent ſomething of the figure of a butterfly,
with its wings diſplayed : and here
the petala, or flower leaves, are always of
a diffbrm figure : they are four in number,
but joined together at the extremities ; one of theſe is uſually larger than the
reſt, and is ere(cted in the middle of the

PA'PILLARY. v. a. [from papilla. '\ Hav-

PA'PILLOUS. 3 ing emulgecjt ve/Tels, or
reſembiances of paps. Denham.

PAPI'ST. ʃ. [papip, Fr. papijia, Latin.]
One that adheres to the communion of the
pope and church of Rome. Clarenden.

PAPl'STICAL. a. [from paplji.] Popiſh; adherent to popery. fVbitgifte.
PAPI'STRY. ſ. [from papift.] Popery ; the
1 do^rine of the Romiſh church. Whltgifte,

PA'PPOUS. &. [pappofus, low Latin.] Having
that ſoft light down, growing out of
the feeds of ſome plants, luch as thiſtles. Ray.

PA'PPy. a. [from pap.] Soft ; fucculent ;
eaſily divided. Burnet.

TAR. ʃ. [Latin.] State of equality ; equivalence
; equal value. Locke.

PARA'BLE. a. [parabilis, Latin.] Eaſily
procured. Brown.


PARACENTE'SIS. ʃ. [7r«^-flKHv7«^,f.] That
operation, whereby any of the venters are
perforated to let out any matter ; as tapping
in a t>mpany,

PARACE'NTRICAL.? a. [7r«Pa and xlv-

PARACE'NTRICK. $ ^gov.] Deviating
from circularity. Cheyne.

PARA'DE. ʃ. [parade, Fr.]
1. Shew i oflcntation. Granville.
2. Military order. Milton.
3. place where troops draw up to do duty
and mount guard.
4. Guard ; poſture of defence. Locke.

PA'RADIGM. ʃ. [^a^ahiyiA.a.] Exampie.

PARADISFACAL. a. [from paradife.]
Suiting paradife
; making paradife. Burnet.

PA'RADISE. ʃ. [Traga^iJ^of.]
1. The blifsfiil regions, in which the firſt
pair was placed. Milton.
2. Any place of felicity. Shakʃpeare.

PA'RADOX. ʃ. [paradcice, Fr. Tra^aio^oq..
A tenet contrary to received opinion ; an
aflertion contrary to appearance. i^pratt.

PARADO'XICAL. a. [from paradox.]
1. Having the nature of a paradox. Norris.
2. Inclined to new tenets, or notions contrary
to received opinions

PARADO'XICALLY. ad. [horn paradox.]
In a paradoxical manner. Collier

PARADOXrCALNESS. ſ. [from paradox.]
State of being paradoxical.

PARADOXO'LOGY. ʃ. [from paradox.]
The uſe of paradoxes. Brown.

PA'I^ABLE. ſ. [-JTflfaCoXM.] A ſimilitude; a PARAGO'GE. ſ. [TTct^ayMyn.] A figure
relation under which ſomething elſe is figured.

FJfR/iBOLA. ſ. [Latin.] The parabola
is a conick fetlion, aiiſing from a cone's
being cut by a plane parallel to one of its
ſideSj or parallel to a plane that touches one
ſide of the cone. Bentle)\

PARABO'LICAL. v. a. [paraboli^ue, Fr.

PARABO'LICK. ʃ. from parable.]
1. Exprelſed by parable or ſimilitude. B'-o.
2. Having the nature or form of a parabola. Ray.

PA'RABOLICALLY. ad. [from parabolic
1. By way of parable or ſimilitude. Brown.
1. In the form of a parabola.

PARA'iSOLlSM. ſ. [In algebra, the diviſion
of the terms of an equation, by a known
quantity that is involved or multiplied in
thefi^ft term.' DiB.

PARA'BOLOip. ſ. [Traga^oXii and LJ©-.]
A paraboliform curve in geometry, whefe
ordinates are ſuppoſed to be in ſubtriplieate,
ſubquadruplicate^ &c, ratio of their
jreſpective abſciffx, ' flarris.
whereby a letter or ſyllable is added at the
end of a word.

PA'RAGON. ʃ. [paragonf from parage,
equality, old French.]
1. A model ; a pattern ; fonnething ſupremely
excellent. Shakʃpeare.
2. Companion ; fellow. Spenſer.

To PA'RAGON. v. a. [paragonner, Fr.]
1. To compare. Sidney.
2. To equal. Shakʃpeare.

PA'RAGRAPH. ʃ. [paragrapbe, Fr. Tragaj/.
acf)>]\] A diliinſt pan of a diſcourſe. Swift.f

PARAGRA'PHICALLY. ad. [from paragraph.]
By paragraphs.

PARALLA'CTICAL. ʃ. a. [from paral-

PARALLA'CTiCK. ; lax.] Pertaining
to a paralbx.

PA'RALLAX. ʃ. [7raga>Xa^<j.] The diſtancee
between the true and apparent place
of any ſtar viewed from the earth. Milton.

PA'RALLEL. a. [TragaXX^iXor.]
1. Extended in the ſame dire(flion, and
preferving always the ſame diſtancee. Brown.
2. Haying the faipe ſendency, Addiſon.
^. Con?

3. Continuing the referablance through
many parricnl.us ; equal. Watts.

PA'RALLEL. ʃ. [fr< m the adjective.]
1. Lines containing their courk-, and ſtill
remaining at the lame diſtancee from each
other. Pcfi!.
St. Lines on the globe marking the latitude.
3. Direction corjformable to that of another
line. Gartk.
4. Reſemblance ; conformity continued
through many particulars. Denham.
5. Comparifon made. Addiſon.
6. Any thing reſembling another. South.

To PA'RALLEL. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To place, (0 as always to keep the ſame
direction with another Ime. Brown.
2. To keep in the ſame direction ; to level.Shakʃpeare.
3. To correſpond to. Burnet.
4. To be equal to ; to reſemble through
many particulars. Dryden.
«;. To compare. Locke.

PARALLELISM. f. [paralldijmey French.]
State of being parallel. Ray.

PARALLE'LOGRAM. ʃ. [7r«gaAX»)Xo; and
y^ofxua. ; In geometry, a right lined
quadrilateral figure, whoſe oppoſite ſides
are parallel and equal. Harris, Brown.

PARALLELOGRA'MICAL. a. [from p-tralU'ogram,'.
Having the propeities of a

PARALLELO'PIPED. ʃ. A ſolid figure
contained under fix parallelograms, the
oppoſites of which are equal and parallel
; or it is a prifm, whoſe baſe is a parallelogram
: It is always triple to a pyramid
of the ſame baſe and height. Newton.

PA'RALOGISM. ʃ. [7ra§aX5>t<r/^o,-.] A
fdlfe argument. Arbuthnot.

PA'RALOGY. ʃ. FaJfe reaſoning.

PA'RALTSIS. ['TTctrjT,v(n<: ] A palfy.

PARALY'TICAL. [a. [from paralyjis \

PARALYTICK. ʃ. paralytlqut, E:.]VfU
fied ; inclined to palfy. Prior.

PARAMO'UNT. a. [per and woa«r.]
1. Superiourj having the higheſt jorifdi(
ſtion ; as lord paramount^ the chief of
the ſcigniory. Granville.
t. Eminent; of the higheſt order. Bacon.

PA'RAMOUNT. ʃ. The chief. MiUcn.

PA'RAMOUR. ʃ. [pir and amour^ Fr.]
1. A lover or woer, Spenſer.
2. A miſtreſs. Shakʃpeare.

PA'RANVMPH. ʃ. [TTx^a and vi^<}>^.]
1. A brideman ; one who leads the bride
to her marriage. Milton.
2. One who countenances or ſupports another. Taylor.

PARA'PEGM. ʃ. [vagaTnfy/Lia.] A brazen
table fixed to a pUlar, on which laws and
proclamations were anciently engravad

alſo a tafele, containing an account of
the riſing and ſcttingof the ſt.nrs, ecl.pfes
of the fun and moon, the ſeaſons of the
year, &r. Brown.

PARAPET. f. [parapet, Tr.^ A wall breait
high. Ben. Johnſon.

PARAPHIMOSIS./ [tra,-«<?>.>»o-.;.] D.fealc
when the prasputium cannot be drawa
over the plans.

PARAPHERNA'LIA. ʃ. [Lat. parcpLerrat/
Xy Fr.] Goods in the wife's diſpofai.

PA'RAPHRASE. ʃ. [7raf;<>fa7,f.] A loofff
interpretation ; an explanation in many
words. Dryden.

To PA'RAPHRASE. v. a. [7rtff«>;a{6u.]
To interpret with laxity of exprcHio'n ^ to
tranſiate looſely. dtil/irfjl'ct,

PA'RAPHRAST. ʃ. [wa^:i<p^:trr.c.] A lax
interpreter ; one who explains in many
words. Hooker.

PARAPHRA'STICAL.7 tf. [from para-

PARAPHRA'STICK. ʃ. phraſe.] Lax m
interpretation ; not literal ; not verbal.

PARAPHRENI'TIS. ʃ. [TTcga and t^Eu'r.-.]
Paraphrenitit is an inflammation of the
diaphragm. Arbuthnot.

PA'RASANG. ʃ. [parafavga, low Latin.] A Perfian meaſure of length. Locke.

PA'RASITE. ʃ. [paraſitey Fr. parofita]
Lat.] One that frequents rich tables,
and eirns his welcome by flattery. Bae,

PARASI'TICAL. 7 a. [from paraſite.]

PARASI'TICK. i Flattering
; wheedling. Hakewell

PA'RASOL. ʃ. A ſmall ſort of canopy oc
umbrello carried over the head. DtS,

PARASYNA'XIS. ʃ. A conventicle.

To PA'RBOIL. v. a. [patbouUkr, French.]
To half boil. Bacon.

To PARBREAK. v. n. Ibreckcr, Dutch.]
To vomit.

PA'RBREAK. ʃ. [from the verb.] Vomir. Spenſer.

PA'RCEL. ʃ. [parcelle, French ; panicula,
1. A ſmall bundle.
2. A part of the whole taken feo.arately.Shakʃpeare.
3. A quantity or mafs. Newton.
4. A number of perſons, in contempt.Shakʃpeare.
5. Any number or quantity, in contempr. L'Eſtrange.

To PA'RCEL. v. tf.[from the noun.]
1. To divide into portionr; South.
1. To make up into a mafs. Shakſpeare.

PARCE'NER. ʃ. [In common law.]
When one dies poſſeITed of an eſtate, and having
ififue only daughters, or his fillers be h
heirs; ſo that the lands deſcend to thoſe
daughters or fillers: t.hcfe are called ^iJ'-frmrt%
4. S . PAR.


PARCE'NERY. ʃ. [from parſomer,Vr.]
A holding or occupying of land by joint
tenants, otherwiſe called coparceners. Cowel.

To PARCH. v. a. To butn ſlightly and ſuperficially. Shakʃpeare.ct

To PARCH. t>. n. To be ſcorched.Shakʃpeare.

PA'RCHMENT. ʃ. [parchemin, French.]
pe'gamenay Lat.) Skins dreſſed for the
writer. Bacon.

FA'X<CHMENT. MAKER. ſ. [parchment
and maksr.'j He who dreſſcs parchment.

PARD. ʃ. y. [pardusypardaljs^ Lat.]

PA'RDaLE. ʃ The leopard ; in poetry,
any of the ſpotted beaſts. Shakʃpeare.

To PA'RDON. v. a. [pardonmr, Fr.]
1. To excuſe an offender. Dryden.
2. To forgive a crim«,
3. To remit a penalty. Shakʃpeare.
4. Pardon me, is a word of civil denial,
or flight apology. Shakʃpeare.

PA'RDON. ʃ. [pardon, Fr.]
1. Forgiveneſs of an offender.
2. Forgiveneſs of a crime ; indulgence.
3. Remiſhoft of penalty.
4. Forgiveneſs received. South.
5. Warrant of forgiveneſs,^ or exemption
from puni/Jhment. Shakʃpeare.

PARDONABLE. a. [pardonable, French.]
Venial ; excufable. Dryden.

PA'RDONABLENESS. ʃ. [from pardonable,;
Venialoeſs ; ſuſceptibility of pardon.

PA'RDONABLY. ad. [from pardonable..
Venially ; excufably. Dryden.

PA'RDONER. ʃ. [from pardon.)
1. One who forgives another. Shakʃpeare.t
1. Fellows that carried about the pope's
indulgencies^ and fold them to luch as
would buy them. Cowef.

To PARE. v. a. To cut off extremities or
the ſurface ; to cut away by little and little
; to diminish. Hooker.

PAREGO^RICK. a. lira-^nyo^iMq-'l Having
the power in medicine to comfort, molhfy
and aſſuage. DSl.

PARE'NCHYMA. ʃ. [icct^iyx^fAa.] A
ſporgy or porous lubflance ; a part through
which the binod is ſtrainfd.

PARENCRY'MATOUS. v. a. [from pa-

PARENCHY'MOUS. ʃ. renchyma.] Relating
to the parenchyma ; ſpongy, Grew.

PARE'NESIS. ʃ. [TTA^xivicn;.] Perfuafion. Dia.

PA'RENT;. ʃ. [par^m, Lat.] A father or
mother. Hooker.

PA'RENTAGE. ʃ. [from parerit.] Extraction
; birth ; condition withreſpeiH: to parents. Shakſpeare.

PARE'NTAL. a. [from parent.] Becoming
parents ; pertaining to parents. Brown.


PARENTA'TION. ʃ. [from parenfo, tat.]-
Something done or ſaid in honour ut the

PARE'NTHtSIS. ſ. [parertbefe^Tr. <;ra.d,
ty and TiSy^^u ; A ſentence ſo included
in another ſentence, as that it may be
taken out, without injuring the ſenſe of
that which incloſes it :. being commonly
marked thus. Watts.

PARENTHE'TICAL. a. [fron. parentbt.
fn ] Pertaining to a parenthefis.

PA'RER. ʃ. [from pare,\ An mſtrument
to cut away the ſurface, Tuffer,

PA'RERGY. ʃ. [ma^a. and l^j-cv.] Something
unimportant ; ſomething done by
the by. Bacon.

PA'RGET. ʃ. PIafter laid upon rooſs of
rooms. Woodward.

To PA'RGET. v. a. [from the noun.] To
plaſter; to cover with plaſter. Government of the Tongue.

PA'RGETER. ʃ. [from parget. 1 A plaſtertr.

PARHELION. ʃ. [Tra^a and r.xioq.] A
muck i'uu. Boyle.

PARIETAL. a. [from ^arm, Lat.] Con.
ftituring the ſides or wails, Shakſ.

PARI'ETARY. ʃ. [panetaire, Fr. pants,
Lu.] An herb. Ainsworth.

PA'RING. ſ. [from pare.-^ That which
is pared off any thing ; the rind. Pope. .

PARIS. ʃ. An herb. Ainsworth.

PA'RLH. ʃ. [parochra, low Lat, p'arrcijfe.
Ft, Tra-^oixta. ; The particular charge
of a ſcrcuJar prieſt. Our realm was firſt divided
into pariſhes by Honorius, archbiſhop
of Canterbury, in the year of our
Lord 636. Sidney. Cowtl,

1. Belonging to the pariſh j, having the
care of the pariſh. .^yW''
2. Maintained by the pariſh. Gay.

PARI'SHIONER. ſ. [parroijfuny Fr. from
pjriſh.] One that belongs 10 the pariſh. Donne.

PA'RITOR. ʃ. [for apparitor.] A beadle ;
a ſummoner of the courts of civil law. Dryden.

PA'RITY. ʃ. [parite, Fr. parifat, Latin.
1. Equality ; reſemblance. HaiL

PARK. ʃ. [pe?pjiuc. Sax.] A piece of
ground incloſed and ſtored with wild beaſts
of ch.jfe, which a man may have by preſcription
or the k<ng's grant, Cowet.

To PARK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
intJoſe as in a park. Shakʃpeare.

PARKER. ʃ. [from park.] A park-keeper. Ainsworth.

PA'RKLEAVES. ʃ. An herb. Ainsworth.

PARLE. ʃ. [from parkr, French.] Conviivfarion ; talk ; oral treaty. Daniel.

To PA'Ri-EY. V, n, [from parler, Fr. ;
To treat by word of mouth ; to talk ; to
diſcufs any thing orally. Broome-

PA'RLEY. ʃ. [from the verb.] Oral
treaty ; tnljc ; conference ; diſcuſtion by
word of mouth. Prior.

parliamenturn, low
Lat.] The alſembly of the king and three
e-ſtates of the realm ; namely, the lords
ſpiritual, the lords temporal, and commons
; which aſſembly or court is, of all
others, the higheſt, and of greateſt authority. Cowel.

PARLIAME'NTARy. a. [from parliatKeat.]
Enacted by parliament ; ſuiting the
parliament ; pertaining to parliament. Bacon.

PA'RLOUR. ʃ. [parloir, Fr. parlatorio,
1. A room in monafleries, where the religious
meet and converſe.
2. A room, in houſes on the firſt floor,
elegantly forniſhed for reception or entertainment. Spenſer.

PA'RLOUS. a. Keen ; ſprightly ; wiggiſh. Dryden.

PA'RLOUSNESS. ʃ. [from parlsM.] Quickneſs
; keenneſs of temper.

PARMA-CITY. ʃ. Corruptedly for ſperma
ccti. Ainſworth.

PA'RNEL. ʃ. [the diminutive of />arr&n«//<2. ; A punk ; a flut. Obſolete.

PARO'CHIAL. a. [parochiaUt, from par0-
chia, low Lat.] Belonging to a panſh. Atterbury.

PA'RODY. ʃ. [parodie, Fr. Trapa;?;'..] A
kind of writing, in which the words of an
authour or hi5 thoughts are taken, and by
a flight change adapted to ſome new purpose. Pope.

To PARODY. v. a. [parodier, Fr. from
parody.'^ To copy by way of parody. Pope.

PARO'NYMOUS. a. [7ngop'vo^3^.] Reſembling
another word. Watts.

PA'ROLE. ʃ. f paro'.e, French.] Word
given as an aflurance. CUaueland.

PARONOMA'SU. ʃ. [7raja;o^ct(r;a.] A
rhetorical figure, in which, by the change
of a letter or ſyllable, ſeveral things are
alluded to. Di^.

PA'ROQUET. ʃ. [parroquet or perrcquet.
French. ; A ſmall ſpecies of parrot.

PARONY'CHIA. ʃ. [va^atrjx^x.] A
preternatural ſwelling or fore under the
root of the nail in one's finger ; a whitlow.

PAROTID. a. [traj^t^.c.] Sahvaryjfo
named becauſe near the ears. Grew.

PA'ROTIS. ʃ. [tETaga^lf.] A tumour in
the glandules behind and about the ears,
generally called the emundtories of the
Wain ; though, indeer, they ate the ex-

ternal fountains of the faliva of the mouth.

PA'ROXYSM. [^..oei;^^Jj.] A fit i periodical
exacerbdiion of a dileife. lUrvev,

PA RRICIDE. ſ. [parncida, Lat.]
1. One who deſtroys his father. Shakſpeare.
2. One who deſtroys or invades any to
wh< m he owes particular reverence.
3. The murder of a father ; morder of
one to whom reverence is due. Dryden.

PARRICl'DAL. v. a. [from parricida,

PARRICJ'DIOUS. i Latin.] Relaung
to parricide ; committing parricide,
_ Brown.

PA^RROT. ſ. [perrojuet, French.] A pa/-
tjcoloured bird of the ſpecies of the hooked
bill, remarkable for the exaft imitation
of th? human voice, Dryden.

To PA'RRY. v. n. [parer^ French.] Toput
by tbrufts ; to fence. Locke.

To PARSE. v. a. [frop part, Latin.] To
reſolve a ſentence into the elements or parts
o^^pwch. Aicham.

PARSIMO'NIOUS. a. frompc^rfitnony.]
; frugal ; ſparing. Addiſon.

PARSIMONIOUSLY. ad. [from parjmonious.]
Frugally ; ſparingly. .Jw//?.

PARSIMO'NTOUSNESS. ʃ. [from par/i.
momoui.'^ A diſpofuion to ſpare and fave,

PARSIMONY. ʃ. [parſimoniay Latin.]
Frugality ; covetouſneſs ; niggardlineſe.

PA'RSLEY. ʃ. [perJU, Welfl,.] A pT^t'.

PA'RSNEP. ʃ. [paJUnaca, Latin.] A plant.


PA'RSON. ʃ. [parocheanut]
1. The prieſt of a pariſh ; one that has a
parochial charge or cure of fouls, Clarendon.
2. A clergyman. Shakʃpeare.
3. It is applied to the tcachprs of the

PA'RSONAGE. ſ. [from p^rfon.] The
benefice of a pariſh. Milton.

PART. f. r/'^rj, Lat.]
1. Something leſs than the whole ; a portion
; a quantity taken from a larger quantity. Knolles.
2. Member. Locke.
3. That which, in dlvlfion, falls to each. Dryden.
4. Share ; concern. Pope. .
5. Side ; pajty. Daniel.
6. Something relating or belonging. Shakſpeare.
7. Particutar office or charafter. Bacon.
8. Character appropriated in a play.Shakʃpeare.
9. Bufineſs ; duty. B>icor.
j«, A^ion ; condu^. Shakʃpeare.
i;. RePAR
Jl. Relation reciprocal. Milton.
12. In good part ; in ill part ; as well
done ; as ill done. Hooker.
13. [In the plural, ; Qnalities ; powers ;
faculcies. Sidney.
14. [In the plural.] Quarters ; regions
; diliri(tts. Sidney.

PART. ad. Partly ; in ſome meaſure.Shakʃpeare.

To PART. v. a.
1. To divide ; to ſhare ; to diftiibute.
2. To ſeparate; to diſunite. Dryden.
3. To break into pieces. Leviticus.
4. To keep aſunder. Shakʃpeare.
5. To ſeparate combatants, Shakʃpeare.
6. To fecern. Prior.

To PART. v. V.
1. To be ſeparated. Dryden.
2. To take farewel. Shakʃpeare.
3. To have ſhare. Iſaiah.
4. [Partir^ Ft.] To go away ; to ſet out,
5. To Part ^itb. To quit ; to rtſign; to loſe. Taylor.

PA'RTABLE. a. [from part. ^ Diviſible; ſuch as may be parted. Camden.

PA'RTAGE. ʃ. [partage, Fr.] DiviGon ; act of ſharing or parting. Locke.

To PA'RTAKE. ʃ. «. Preterite, / partcok:
participle paſſive, partaken, [p^rt
1. To have ſhare of any thing ; to take
ſhare with. Locke.
2. To participate ; to have ſomething of
the property, nature, or right. Bacsr,
3. To be admitted to ; not to be excluded. Shakʃpeare.
4. Sometimes with in before the thing
partaken of, Locke.
5. To combine ; to enter into ſome deſign. Hale.

To PARTA'KE. v.a.
1. To ſhare ; to have part in. Milton.
2. To admit to part ; to extend participation. Spenſer.

PARTA'KER. ʃ. [from partake.]
1. A partner in poſſeſhons ; a ſharer of
any thing ; an affuciate with. Hooker, Shakʃpeare.
2. Sometimes with in before the thing
partaken. Shakʃpeare.
3. Accomplice ; afTocIate. Pſalms.

PA'RTER. ʃ. [from part.] One that parts
or ſeparates. Sidney.

PA'RTERRE. ʃ. [parterrey Fr.] A level
diviſion of ground. Miller.

PA'RTIAL. a. [partial, Fr.]
1. Inclined antecedently to favour one
party in a cauſe, or one ſide of the queſtioa
more than the other. Mai,
2. Inclined to favour without reaſon. Locke.

3. Affe6ling only onepart ; ſubſifting only
in a part ; not univeilai. Bwnet,

PARTIALITY. ʃ. [partialis/, Fr. from
partial.] Unequal ſtate of the judgment
and favour of one above the other. Spenſer.

To PARTIALI'ZE. v. a. [partial,fer,^t.
from partial.] To make partial.Shakʃpeare.

PA'RTIALLY. ad. [from partial.]
1. With unjuſt favour or diſhke.
2. In part i not touſly, Regers,

PARTIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from partible^] Diviſibility
; ſeparability.

PARTIBLE. a. [from part.] Diviſible
; ſeparable. ^'g^y.

PARTI'CIPABLE. a. [from participate.]
Such as may be ſhared or partaken.

PARTI'CIPANT. a. [participant, Fr.
from participate.] Sharing ; having ſhare
or part. Bacon.

To PARTI'CIPATE. v. n. [participio,
1. To partake ; to have ſhare,Shakʃpeare.
2. With 0/. Hayward.
3. With /n. Minion,
4. To have part of more things than one.
5. To have part of ſomething common
with another. Bacon.

To PARTI'CIPATE. v. a. To partake
to receive part of ; to ſhare. Hooker.

PARTICIPA'TION. ʃ. [participation, Tit,
from participate.]
1. The ſtate of ſharing ſomething in common. Hooker.
2. The act or ſtate of partaking or having
part of ſomething. Stillingfleet.
3. Diſtribution ; diviſion into ſhares. Raleigh.

PARTICI'PIAL. a. [partidpia'is, Latin.]
Having the nature of a participle.

PARTICI'PIALLY. ad. [from participle.]
In the ſenſe or manner of a participle.

PA'RTICIPLE. ʃ. [participiujny Lat.]
1. A word partaking at once the qualities
of a noun and verb. Clarke,
2. Any thing that participates of different
things. Bacon.

PA'RTICLE. ʃ. [particule, Fr. particu.'a,
1. Any ſmall portion of a greater ſub.
2. A word unvaried by inflexion. Hooker.

PARTI'GULAR. a. [particuHer, Fr.]
1. Relating to ſingle perſons ; not general. Sidney.
2. Individual ; one diAinſt from others. South.
3. Noting properties or things peculiar. Bacon.
4. AtPAR
4. Attentive to things fing'.c and dIAinff.
5. Single; not general. Sidney.
6. Odd ; having ſomething that eminently
diſtinguirties him from others.

1. A ſingle inſtance ; a ſingle point. South.
2. Individual ; private perſon. L'Eſtr.
3. Private intereſt. Hooker, Shakſp.
4. Private charafter ; ſingle fehf ; ſtate of
anindivid-ja). Shakʃpeare.
5. A minute detail of things ſingly enumerated.
6. Diftin6l not general recital, Dryden.

PARTICULARITY. ʃ. [farticularite, Fr.
from particular.'.
1. Diſtinct notice or enumeratlen ; not general
aflertion. Sidney.
2. Singleneſs ; individuality. Hooker.
3. Petty account ; private- incident. Milton.
4. Something belonging to ſingle perſons.Shakʃpeare.
5. Something peculiar. Addiſon.

To PARTI'CULARIZE. v. a. [parttcularifer.
French.] To mention dittini^ly ; to
detail ; to ſhow minutely. yltterbury.

PARTI'CULARLY. ad. [from particular]
1. Diſtinctly ; ſingly ; not univerſally. South.
2. In an ext^raordinary degree, Dryden.

To PARTICULATE. v. a. [{lom particu.
lar.] To make mention ſingly. Camden.

PA'RTISAN. ʃ. [partijan, French.]
1. A kind of pike or halberd. Shakſp.
1. [From ^arr;, French.] An adherent to
a fiction. Addiſon.
3. The commander of a party.
4. A commander's leading ſtdff, Alnjiv,

PARTI'TION. ʃ. [partition^ Fr. paniiio,
1. The act of dividing ; a ſtate of being
divided. Shakʃpeare.
2. Diviſion ; ſeparation ; diſhnotion. Hooker.
3. Part divided from the reſt ; ſeparate
part. Milton.
4. That by which different parts are ſeparated. Rogers.
5. Part where reparation is made. Dryden.

To PARTI'TION. v. a. To divide into
diſtinct parts. B^'con.

PA'RTLET. ʃ. A name given to a htn ; the original Cgnification being a ruff or
band. Hall.

PA'RTLY. ad. [from part.] In ſome measure
; in ſome degree. Addiſon.

PA'RTNER. ʃ. [from part.]
1. Partaker ; iharer ; one who has part in
any thing. Milton.
^. One who daqces with another.Shakʃpeare.


Td PA'RTNER. v. a. [from the noun- ;
To join ; to aflbciatc with a partner.Shakʃpeare.

PA'RTNERSHIP. ʃ. [from partner.]
1. Joint intereſt or property. Dryden.
2. The union of two or more in the ſame
trade. L'Eſtrange.

PA'RTOOK. Preterite of /^r/j^<?.

PA'RTRIDGE. ʃ. [/.^r/m, Welfli.] A bird
of game. i Samuel.

PARTU'RIENT. a. ^parturient, Latin..
About to bring forth.

PARTURI'TION. ʃ. [from parturio, La-t.]
The ſtate of being about t,o bring forth. Brown.

PARTY. ʃ. [partie, French.]
1. A number of perſons confederated by
fimiiarity of deſigns or opinions in oppoſition
to others. Locke.
2. One of two litigant?. Shakʃpeare.
3. One concerned in any affair, Shakſp.
4. Side
; perſons engaged againſt each other. Dryden.
5. Cauſe ; ſide, Dryden.
6. A feleft aſſembly. Pope. .
7. Particular perſon ; a perſon diſhnſt
from, or oppoſed to, another. Taylor.
8. A detachment of ſoldiers.

PARTY-COLOURED. a. [party and co.
ioured.] Having diverſity of colours. Dryd.

PARTY- JURY. ſ. [m law.] A jury in
ſome trials half foreigners and half natives,

PA'RTY-MAN. ſ. [patty and man.] A
factious perſon ; an abettor of a party.

PA'RTY-WALL. ſ. [party and tualt.] Wall
that ſeparaies one houſe from the next. Moxon.

PARVIS. ʃ. [French.] A church or church
porrh, Bailey.

PA'RVITUDE. ʃ. [from ^ari/ar, Latin.]
Littleneſs ; minuteneſs. GlawiMe,

PA'RVITY. ʃ. [from parvus, Lat.] Littlcneſs
; minuteneſs. Ray.
P/iS. ſ. [French.] Precedence ; right of going
foremoſt. Arbuthnot.

PA'SCHAL. a. [pafcal, French.]
1. Relating to the palfover.
2. Relating to Eaſter.

PASH. ʃ. [paz, Spaniſh.] A klfs. Shakſp.

To PASH. v. a. [perjfen, Dutch.] To
ſtrike; to cruſh. Dryden.

PASQUE-FLOWER. ʃ. [pulfatilla, Latin.]
A plant.

PA'SQUIL. ʃ. / [''rom paſquino, a

ftatue at Rome, to

PA'SQUINADE. ) which they affix any
lampoon.] A lampoon. Howel.

To PASS. v. n. [pojjer, French.]
1. To go
; to mave from one place to another
; to be progrelTive. Shakʃpeare.
2. To go ; to make way. Dryden.
3. To make tranſition from one thing to
a.^other. Temple.
4. To

^ To vaniHi ; to be loft, Dryden.
5. To be ſpent ; to go away. Locke.
^. To be at an end; to be over. Dryden.
7. To die ; to paſs from the preſent life to
another ſtate. Shakʃpeare.
S. To be changed by regular gradation. Arbuthnot.
9. To go beyond bounds. Obſolete.Shakʃpeare.

JO. To be in any ſtate. Ezekiel.
; I. To beena£^ed. Clarenden.
J2. To be effected ; to exiſt. Booker.
13. To gain reception ; to become current. Hudibras.
14. To be practiſedartfully or ſucceſsfully,Shakʃpeare.
35. To be regarded as good or ill. Atterb.
36. To occur^ to be tranſaded. Watts
11. To be done. Taylor.
18. To heed ; to regard. Shakʃpeare.
29. To determine finally ; to judge capitaJJy. Shakʃpearea
20. To be ſupremely excellent.
21. To thruſt ; to make a puſh in fencing. Shakʃpeare.
22. To omit. Prior.
23. To go through the alimentary duſt. Arbuthnot.
9.]. To be in a tolerable ſtate, L'Eſtrange.
a5. To Pass away. To be loft ; to glide
off. Locke.
26. To Pass away. To vaniſh.

To SJASS. v. a.
1. To go beyond. Hayward.
2. To go through 3 as, the horſe paſſed
the river.
3. To ſpend ; to live through. Collier.
4. To impart to any thing the power of
moving. Denham.
5. To carry haftily. Addiſon.
6. To transfer to another proprietor.'. Herbert.
7. To ſtrain ; to percolate. Bacon.
8. To vent ; to let out. Watts.
Q. To utter ceremoniouſly. Clarenden.

JO. To utter ſolemnly, L'Eſtrange.

II. To tranſmit. Clarenden.
12. To put an end to. Shakʃpeare.
13. To iurpaſs; to excel. Ezekiel.
34. To omit ; to neglect. Shakʃpeare.
35. To tranſcend ; to tranſgreſs. Burnet.
26. To admit ; to allow. 2 FZingt.
J7. To enaft a law. Swift.
38. To impoſe fraudulently. Dryden.
19. To pradiſe artfully ; to make ſucceed.


C.O. To ſend from one place to another.
a I. To Pass away. To ſpend ; to waſte.
22 To Pass ^y. To excuſe ; to forgive. Milton.
43. To Pass by. To neglect; to diſregard. Bacon.

24. To Pass over. To omit ; to let go
unregarded. Dryden.

PASS. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A narrow entrance ; an avenue.Shakʃpeare.
2. paſſage ; road. Raleigh.
3. A permiſſion to go or come any where. Spenſer.
4. An order by which vagrants or impotent
perſons are ſcnt to their place of abode.
5. Pufti ; thruſt in fencing. Shakſp.
6. State; condition. Sidney.

PA'SSABLE. a. [pajſible, Fr. from paſs.]
1. Poſſible to be paired or travelled through
or over. a Ma^.
2. Supportable ; tolerable ; allowable.Shakʃpeare.
3. Capable of admiſſion or reception. Collier.
4. Popular ; well received. Bacon.

PASSA'DO. ʃ. [Italian.] A puſh ; a thruſt.Shakʃpeare.

PA'SSAGE. ʃ. [ſpoffage, French.]
1. Ad of paſſing ; travel ; courſe ; journey. Raleigh.
2. Road ; way. South.
3. Entrance or exit ; liberty to paſs.Shakʃpeare.
4. The ſtate of d^cay. Shakʃpeare.
5. Intellectual admittance ; mental acceptance. Digby.
6. Occurrence ; ha^. Shakʃpeare.
7. Unſettled ſtate, letnpk.
8. Incident ; ttanfaction. Hayward.
9. Management} conda»ct. Davieu
10 Part of a book ; finale place in a writing.
Evd'oit, French. Addiſon.

PA'S:.ED. Preterite and participle oip^fs.

PA'SSENGER. ʃ. [pajfager, French.]
1. A traveller ; one who is upon the ri^ad
; a waytaret, Spenſer.
2. One who hires in any vehicle the licerty
of travelling. Sidney,

PASSENGER/a/coff. ſ. A kind of migratory
hawk. Ainsworth.

PA'SSER. ʃ. [from /^/5.] One wl-oiaffes ;
one that 's upon the road. Caretv.

PASSIBI'LITY. ʃ. [pa/ftbi/ifey Fre. from
paj/ible.] Quality of receiving imp-eliions
from external agents. Hakezoill,

PA'SSIBLE. a. [piJfiblf.Yr.poſſibilit, Lat.]
Suſceptive of impreſſions from external
agents. Hooker.

PA'SSIBLENESS. ʃ. [from pajible.] Quality
of receiving impreflions from external
agents. Brerewood.

PA'SSING. participial a. [from ^-2/5.]
1. Supreme ; ſurpaſſing others ; eminent. Fairfax.
2. It is uſed adverbially to enforce the
meaning of another word. Exceeding.Shakʃpeare.

PA'SSINCBELL. ʃ. [f>aj/}rginilcl/.] The
bell which rin^s at the hour of departure,
to cibtdin prayers for the paffing foul : it is
ohen uſed for the bell, which rings immediately
after death. Daniel.
Pa'SSION. ſ. [pjjlo'T, Fr. fflj/lo, Latin ]
1. Any eftect cauſed by external agency. Locke.
2. Violent commotion of the mind. Milton.
3. Anger. Wati',
c. Zcdl ; ardour. Addiſon.
5. Love. Dryden.
6. E^gernef?. Swift.
7. Emphatically. The laſt furTering of ihc
redeemer of the world. Ah.

To PA'SSION. v. n. [pajſtoner, Fr. from the
noun.] To be extremely agitated ; to exprel's
great commonon of mind. Obfolate. Shakʃpearea.

PA'SSION- FLOWER. ſ. [granjdtlla, Lat ] A plant.

PA'SSION- WEEK. ſ. The week immediately
preceding Eaf^er, named in commemoration
of our Saviour's crucifixion.

PA'SSIONATE. <7. [pafſtorrj, French.]
1. Moved by paſſion ; cauſing or exprelling
great commotion of mind. Clarenden.
2. Eaſily moved to ang-jr. Prior.

To PA'SSIONATE. v. a. [from pajfion.]
An old word.
1. To afte(ft with p3fli')n. Spenſer.
2. To expreſs paſſionatelv, Shakʃpeare.

PA'SSIONATELY. ad. [from p.^Jfionate,']
1. With paſſion ; with deſire, love or
hatred ; with great commotion of mind. South, Dryden.
1. Angrily. Locke.

PA'SSIONATENESS. ʃ. [from p^J/ionate.]
1. State of being ſubj£(ct to pafliun.
2. Vehemence of mind. Boyle.

PA'SSIVE. a. [pajjl'vu:, Latin.]
1. Receiving impreſſion from ſome external
agent. South.
2. Unreſiſting ; not oppofing. Pope. .
3. Suffering; not acting.
4. [In grammar.] A verb pa(Ji-V£ is that
which fgnifies palficn. Cla'ks.

PA'SSIVELY. ad. [from pajfive.] With a
paffiVe nature, Dryden.

PA'SSIVENESS. ʃ. [from ppf:v-. 1
1. Qjuality of receiving iiDpreliion from
external agents.
2. Paflibility ; power of ſuffering.
D(cay of Piety.

PASSI'VITY. ʃ. [{rom paſſivt.^ Pafliveneſs.

PA'SSOVER. ʃ. [pa]i and ovtr.]
1. A feaſt inſtituted among the Jew?, in
memory of the time when God, ſmiting
the firſt-born of the Egvptianr, paJ/'eJcv/'r
the hibi rations of the Hebrews. John.
2. The ſacrifici killed, Exodu:,


PA'SSPORT. ʃ. [pjjjport, French.] P?rniiſſion
:)feg:fls. HUncy. Scurh'

P.'IST. particifial a. [from ^a/i.]
1. Not prcknt
; not to come, Swift.
2. Spent ; gone through 3 undergone.
P/IST. ſ. ElJiptically uſed for paſt time.
1 (nion,

PAST. prefofiſhn.
1. Beyono m time, Hebrciv:.
2. Nr) longer capable of. IJayward,
3. Beyond ; out of reach of. C'/my,
4. B-ryond ; further than. Numhcrs,
5. Ab;ve; more than. Spenſer.

PASTE. ʃ. [p.p, French.]
1. Any thing mixed up ſo as to be viſcoui
and tenacious. Dryden.
2. Flour and \vater boiled together ſo as to
make a cement.
3. Artificial mixture, in imitation of precious

To PASTE. v. a. [pafler, Fr. from the
noun.] To faſtenwitn paſtr. I. ok'.

PASTEBOARD. ʃ. [pafte:, and board.^ M^ffes
made anciently by parting one board on
another : now made ſometimes by macerating
paper, ſometimes by pounding old cordage,
and carting it in fo^ms. Addiſon.

PA'STEEOARD. a. Made of pafleboard.
Mortimer i

PA'.STr.L. ſ. An herb.

PA'STERN. ʃ. [pajiuron,Yitlit\i.]
1. The knceof an horſe. Shakʃpeare.
2. The legs of any human creatue. Dryden.

PA'STIL. ʃ. [paftiUui, Lat. pafitlle, French.]
A roll of parte. Peacham.

PA'STIME. ʃ. [paft and ti»:e.] Sport; amuiement
; diverllon. fPatts,

PA'STOR. ʃ. f^.7/or, Latin.]
1. A ſhepherd. Dryden.
2. A clergyman who has the care of a.
flock; one who has feuls to feed w:\h
fonnd doctiihe. Swift.

PA'STORAL. a. [pajJcraht, Latin.]
1. Rural; rurtick ; beleeming fnepherds ;
im^tatin? ſhe[.herds. Sidney.
2. Re'-itng to the care of fouls. Hooker.

PASTORAL. ʃ. A poen in which any action
or p-iſhon is repreſented by its eii'eO.s
upon a country life, in which ſpeakers take
upon them the character of ſhepherds ; an
idy) ; a Hue .lick. iral.h.

PA'.-)TRY. ſ. [pofiifferie, Fr. Uompajte..
1. The act of making piej. King.
2. Pies or baked pirte. TuJ/er.
3. The plate where paſtry is made.

PA'STRY-COOK. ſ. [pj/try and coik ]
One whoſe trade is to make and ſells things
bjkedinp.rte. Arbuthnot.

PASTURABLE. a. [from pufure.] Fit fvr

PA'STURACE. ʃ. [paj^urage, French ]
4. To I. The

1. The buſineſs of feeding cattle'. Sp?njer.
2. Lands gtazed by catdi. Addiſon.
3. The uſeof paſture. Arbuthnot.

PA'STURE. ʃ. [paflure, French.]
1. F'lod ; the act of feeding. Bnwn,
a Ground un which cattle ſted. Locke.
3. Human cultuie ; education. Dryden.

To PA'STURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To place in a paſture.

To PA'STURE. v. n. [fr?m the noun.] To
graze on the ground. Milton.

PA'STY. ʃ. [i^ajiey French ] A pye^f crull
raiſed without a diſh. Shakʃpeare.

PAT. a. [Uam pas, Dutch, ^.^jnB^r.] Fit ;
convenient ; exactly ſuitable. Atterbury.

PAT. ʃ. [p.me. French.]
1. A light quick blow ; a tap. Collier.
2. Small lump of matter beat into ſhape
with the hand.

To PAT. v. a. [from the noun ] To ſtrike
lightly ; to tap.
- Bacon.

PA'TACHE. ʃ. A ſmall ſhip. ^Jn[iv.

PA'TACOON. ʃ. A Spaniſh coin worth
four ſhillings and eight pence Engliſh. Ainsworth.

To PATCH. v.v. [;«d'?s;fr, Daniſh.] ^c;^-
zari\ Italian.]
1. To cover with a piece ſcwed on. Locke.
2. To decorate the foce with ſmall ſpots of
black ſilk. Addiſon.
3. To mend clumfily ; to mend ſo as that
the original ſtrengih or beauty is loft. Dryden.
4. To make up of ſhreds or different pieces. Raleigh.

PATCH. ʃ. [/>f««o, Italian.]
1. A piece lerved on to cover a hole. Locke.
2. A piece inferted in ir.ofaick or variegated
3. A ſmall ſpot of black ſilk put on the
face. Suckling.
4. A ſmall particle ; a parcel of land.Shakʃpeare.
5. A paltry fellow. Obfokte. Shakſ.

PA'TCHER. ʃ. [from patch.] Oue that
patches ; a botcher.

PA'TCHERY. ʃ. [from pitch.] B>cchery; bungling work ; forgery. Shakʃpeare.

PATCHWORK. ʃ. [patch and work.^ ]
Work made by fewing ſmall pieces of different
colours interchangeably together. Swift.

PATE. ʃ. The head. Spenſer, South.

PA'TED. a. [from .p'te.^ Having a pate.

PATEFA'CTION. ʃ. [patefaah, Uiin.]
Aft or ſtate of opening. Ainsworth.

PATEN. ʃ. [paina, Latin.] A plate.Shakʃpeare.

PA'TENT. a. [peters, Latin.]
1. Open to the perufai of all : as, letters

2. Something appropriated by letters patent.

PA'TENT. ʃ. A writ conferring ſome exclulive
right or privilege. Shakʃpeare.

PATENTEE. ʃ. [<itQm patent ] One who
has a patent. Swift.

PATER-NOSTER. ʃ. [Latin.] The Lord's
prayer. Camdeti„

PATE'RNAL. a. [paterrus, Latin.]
1. Fatherly ; having the relation of a father. Hammond.
2. Hereditary ; received in ſucceſſion from
one's father. Dryden.

PATERNITY. ʃ. [from /)affrnr/.', Latin.]
Fatheiſhip ; the relation of a father. Arbuthnot.

PATH. f. [p }S, Saxon.] Way ; ro-d} track. Dryden.

PATHETICAL. ʃ.t. [7r«S«1ixa.:.] Affeſt-

PATHE'TICK. ʃ. ing the paſſions ; paſſionate
; nnoving. Swift.

PATHE'TICALLY. ad. [from pathetical..
Jn ſuch a manner as may ſtrike the paſſions. Dryden.

PATHETICALNESS. ʃ. [from patbedcal..
Ciuality of being pathetick ; quality of
moving the paſſions.

PATHLESS. a. [from patb.] Untrodden ;
not marked with paths. Scindys,

PATHOGNOMONICK. a. [7?a^oj.va>^oy; xij, ; Such ſigns of a clifcale as are infepalable,
defigriing the eſſence or real nature
of the difeaſe ; not ſymptomatick.

PATHOLOGICAL. a. [from pathology.
Relating to the tokens or diſcoverable officials
of a diftemper.

PATHOLOGIST. ʃ. fW-^^ and Xs>a>.]
Oi.e who treats of pathology.

PA THOLOGY. ʃ. [r^^o.-and -kiyu.] That
part of medicine which relates to the diftemperS ;
with their difterences^ cauſes and
effcdls incident to the human body.

PATHWAY. f. {path TiXi^ way.] Abroad;
Itnttly a narrow way to be paillsd on foot.Shakʃpeare.

PATIBLE. a. [from ^a^/or, Latin.] Sufſcrable
; tokrabJe. DiEi,

PATIBULARY. a. [pstilulalre, Fr. from
patibulum, Lat.] Belonging to the gallows,

PA'TIENCE. ʃ. [patienttj, Latin.]
1. The power of fulieriogj indurance ; the power of expelling long without rage
or diſcontent ; the power of ſupporting
injuries without revenge, Matthew.
2. Sufterance
; peimiſſion, Hooker.
3. An herb. Mortimer.

PA'TIENT. a. [patiem, Latin ]
1. Having the quality of enduring. Ray.
2. Calm under pain or afBidfion. Dryden.
3. N'jt revengeful againſt injuries.
4. Not eaſily^rov^'ked. [TbeJfaJ,
5. Not

5. Not haſty ; not viciouny eager or impetuous. Prior.

PATIENT. ʃ. [f>jt;eTit. French.]
1. That which receives imprcllions from
external agents. Gov. of the -I'tngtif,
2. A perſon diſeaſed, Addtj^n.

To PATIENT. v. a. [fati^ntrr, French.]
To com pole ooe's fe'f. Shakʃpeare.

PA/TIENTLY. ad. [hc^m f>atier/.]
1. Without rage under pain or afiiiſſion. M'ton.
2. Wi'hout vicious impetuofity. Caliimy.

PATINE. ʃ. [^ſtr/flJ, Latin.] Thecoveroſ
a chalice. Ainſworth.

PA'TLY. ad. [from fat.] Commociouſly 3

PATRIARCH. ʃ. [fatriarcha, Latin ]
1. One who governs by patrrnal right; the father and ruler of a family.
3. A biſhop ſuperior to archbiſhops. Raleigh.

PATRIA'RCHAL. <7. [fatriarchat, Fr.
froD5 fatriarch.]
1. Belonging to patriarchs; ſuch as was
pollefled or enjoyed by patriarchs. I'.'orris.
2. Belonging to hierarchical patriarchs.

PATRIARCHATE. ʃ. [patriarLbaf, Fr,

PA'TRIARCHSHIP. ʃ. from patrmrch. [A biſhoprick ſuperior toarchbiſhopricks. Ayliffe.

PATRIA'RCHY. ʃ. Jurifdiction of a patriarch
; patriarchate. Brerewood.

PA'TRICIAN. a. [patrUius, Latin.] Senatorial
3. niible; not plebeian.

PATRI'CIAN. ʃ. A nobleman. Dryden.

PATRIMO'NIAL. a. [from patrimony.]
PoflelTied by inheritance. Temple.

PA'TRIMONY. ʃ. [pa'.rmomum, Latin.]
An elUte poireired by mheritarice. Davies.

PATRIOT. ʃ. One whoſe ruing paſſion is
the love of his country. Tickel.

PATRIOTISM. f. [from patriot.] Love of
one's country ; zeal for one's country.

To PATRO'CINATE. v. a. [patrocinor.
Latin.] To patroniie ; to protett; to defend.

PATROL. ʃ. [patrouille, old French.]
1. The act of going the rounds in a garrifon
to obſerve that orders are kept.
2. Thoſe that go the rounds. Thomfont.

To PATROL. -p. «. [patrcutller, Fr.] To
go the rounds in a camp or garrifon. Black.

PATRON. ʃ. [patronus, Utin.]
1. One who countenances, ſupports or protects. Prior.
1. A guardian faint. Spenſer.
3. Advocate ; defender ; vindicator. Locke.
4. One who has donation of ecclcfiaftical

PATRONAGE. f. [from patron.]
1. Support ; protection. Sidr^y. Creech.
2. Guardianſhip of faints. ^Addiʃon.
3. D,ination of a benefice ; right of conſcrrmg
a bi-ntfice.

To PATRONAGE. v.n. [5,om the noun.]
Topitroni'e; to protef?. Soaki-ff^ear-.

f from /-^^r -^^.5, Latin.]
Proteding ; ſupporting
; guarding ; defend-

PATRONESS. ʃ. [feminine of ^^^ro;:.]
1. A (eijidle that defends, countenances or
Supports. i'otrfux.
2. A female guardian faiif.

To PATRONISE. v. a. [from patron.] To
P'otfd ; to rupport; to defend ; to cuint
«<«to Bacon.

PATRON'Y'AriCK. ʃ. [,r:.T.ovt;^.cc.] Nome expreſſing the name of the farher or
««ft.r. Broome.

PA TTEN of a pilLr.
f. Its baſe.

PATTENMAKER. ʃ. [patten and maker ] He that makes pattens.

PATTEN./ (/xu;«, French.] A ſhoe of

WO' A with an jron ring, worn under the
common fli' e by women, Camden.

To PA'TTER. v.p, [from /-a///>, Fr. the
foot.] To make a ncile like the quick flcps
of many feet. Dryden.

PATTERN. ʃ. [/>:rro.;, French ; patroon.
Ditch ]
1. The original propoſed to imitation ; the
; that which is to be copied. Hooker. Grew. Rogers.
2. A ſpecimen
; a part fuown as a f-mple
of the reſt. Swift.
3. Aninſtance; an exsmple. Hooker.
4. Any thing cut cut in paper to direct the
cutting of cloth.

To PATTERN. v. a. [patronner,French..
1. To make in imitation of ſomething ; to copy. Shakʃpeare.
2. To ſerve as an exiranle to be followed.Shakʃpeare.

PAVAN. ʃ/ A kind of light tripping

PA'ViN. I dance. Ainſtvonh.

PAU'CILOQUY. ʃ. [faucil^uium,'hiim..
Sparing and rare ſpeech.

PAU'CirY. ʃ. [pauotai, LiiK\n.]
1. Fewneſs; ſmallneſs of number. Boyle.
2. Smjllneſs of quanciry. Brown.

To PAVE. v. a. [patio, l,ii'n.]
1. To lay with brick or flone ; to flor
with ſtone. Shakʃpeare.
1. To make a palT^g? eaſy. Bacon.

PAVEMENT. ʃ. [pavmant.m, Latin.]
Stones or bricks laid on the ground ; ſtone
floor. Addiſon.

PAVER. ʃ. / [from fove ] One who Ins

PA'VIER. ʃ. w,th ſtones. Gas-.

PAVILION. f. (/iJi;//o«, French.] Aren't;
a temporary or moi-eahle hou'e. S !rd\i.

To PAVI'LION. i;. a. [from the r>.n.]'
1. To furnish with tent?. Mutort.
2. To be ſhcltcred by a tent,
4. To 2


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


LAUNCH. ʃ. [panfe, Fr. fartfe^t, Latin. .
The be^.v ; the region of the guts. Bacon.

To PAUNCH. v. a. [from the noun.] To
pierce or rip the belly ; to exenterate.

PAU'PER. ʃ. [Latin.] Apoorperſon.

PAUSE. ʃ. [/'rfv/a, low Latin ; ^auo,;.]
1. A flop: a placeortimeof intermiſtion. Milton.
7. Suſpenfe ; doubt. Shakʃpeare.
3. B eak ; paragraph ; apparent ſeparatioa
of the parts of a diſcourſe.
4. Place of ſuſpending the voice marked in
5. A flop or intermiſſion in muſick.

To PAUSE. n). n.
3. To wait ; to flop ; not to proceed ; to
forbear for a time. Mdrov.
1. To deliberate. Knolle;.
3. To be intermitted, Tickdl'.

PAU'SER. ʃ. [from pauſe.] He who pauſes
; ' he who deliberates. Shakʃpeare.
pAW. ſ. [paien, \Niel(h.]
1. The t®ot of a bveaſt of prey. More.
2. Hand, P'-yden.

To PAW. v. n. [from the noun.] To draw
the fore foot along the ground. Pope. .

To PAW. v. a.
1. To ſtrike with a draught of the fore
foot. Tickell.
2. To handle roughly.
3. To fawn ; to flatter. Air^/zvortl',

PAWN. a. [pa.'id, IhiXch^ /-an, French.]
1. Something given to pledge as a lecurity for
Jiioney borrowed or promife made. Howel.
2. The ſtate of being pitdged. Shakſp.
3. A common man at cheis. ^injivoitb.

FA'WED. a. [from patu.]
1. Having paws.
2. Broad footed. JUnj-worth.

To PAWN. v. a. [from the noun.] To
pledpe ; to give in pledge. Shakʃpeare.

FA'WNBROKER. ʃ. [pawn and broker.
One who lends money upon pledge. Arbuthnot.

To PAY. nj. a. [paier, French.]
1. To diſcharge a debt. Dryden.
2. To difmifr one to whom any thing is
due with his money.
3. To atone ; to make amends by ſuffermg,'
4. To beat. Shakʃpeare.
5. To reward; to recoijnpenfe. Dryden.
6. To give the equivalent far any thing
bought,' Locke.

PAY. ʃ. [from the verb.] Wages ; hire ; fnonev given in return for ſervice, Temple.

PA'YAELEo a. [p^a/jW^, French.]
1. Due; to be paid. Bacon.
1. Such as there is power to pay. South.

PA'YDAY. ʃ. [poyTand day.] Day on which
«iebts are to be diſcharged or wages paid.


PA'V'ER. ſ. [poieur, French.] One that

PA'YMASTER. ʃ. [pay and nia/ler.'^ One
who is to pay ; one from whom wages
or reward is received. Taylor.

PA'YMENT. ʃ. [from pay.]
1. The act of paying.
2. The diſcharge of debt or promife.
3. A reward. South.
4. Chaftifementi found beating, ^irjiu.

To PAYSE. v. a. [uſedby Spenſer. for poife.
; To balance.

PA'YSER. ʃ. [forpoifer.] One that weighs. Carew.

PEA. ʃ. [pijum, Latin ; pip, Saxon.] A
plant. The ſpecies are (ixteen.

PEACE. ʃ. [p)ix, French ; pax, Latin.]
1. Reſpete from war. Addiſon.
2. Quiet from ſuits or diſturbgnces. Davies.
3. Reft from any commotion.
4. Stilneſs from riots or tumults.
5. Reconciliation of differences. Iſaiah.
6. .A ſtate not hof^ile. Bacon.
Rfft ; quiet; content^ freedom from
terrour ; heavenly reſt. Tillotſon. .
8. Silence ; ſuppreſſion of the tj?oughts. Dryden.

PEACE. interjeSiion, A word commanding
ſilence, Crajhaiv.

PEA'CE-OFFERING. ſ. [peace and ofſcr.]
Among the Jews, a ſacrifice or gift ortered
to God for atonement and reconciliation for
a crime or offence. Ltv.

PEA'CEABLE. a. [from peace.]
1. Free from war ; free from tumult. Swift.
2. Quiet; undiſturbed, Spenſer.
3. Not violent} not bloody. Hale.
4. Not quarrelſome ; not turbulent. Geneſift

PEA'CABLENESS. ʃ. [from peaceable.
Quietneſs ; diſpolition to peace. Hammond.

PEA'CEABLY. ad. [from peaceable.]
T, Without war ; without tumult. Swift.
2. Without diſtarbance. Shakʃpeare.

PEA'CEFUL. a. [peace and full.]
1. QjJet ; not in war. Dryden.
2. Paciſick; mild. Dryden.
3. Undiſturbed; ſtill ; ſecure. Pope. .

PEA(CEFULLY. ad. [from peaceful.]
1. Quietly ; without diſturbance. Dryden.
2. Mildly; j',ently.

PEA'CEFULNESS. ſ. [from peaceful.]
Quiet ; freedom from diſturbance.

PEA'CEMAKER. ʃ. [peace and w^/^<?r.]
One who reconciles differences. Shakſp.

PEACEPA'RTED. a. [peace and pirte'd!]
Difmified from the world in peace.Shakʃpeare.

PEACH. ʃ. [pefche, French.] A roundiſh
fleſhy fruit, having a longitudinal furrow,
inclofing a rough rugged ſtone. Miller.


To PEACH. v. V. [corrupted from {»i/>fach.]
To accuſe of ſome crime. Dryden.

PEACH-COLOURED. a. [peach and co.
lour.^ Of a colour like a peach, Shakſp.

PEA CHICK. ſ. [pea and ch:ck.] Thechicken
of a peacock. So^'ifrn,

PEA'COCK. ʃ. A fowl eminent fur the
beauty of his feathers, and pariicuUriy df
his tail, SanJ^i.

PEA'HEN. ʃ. [/i^a and it>i;»
; />JT/<z, Latin.]
The female of the peacock.

PEAK /'. [peac, Saxon.]
1. The top of a hill or eminence. Prior.
2. Any thing acuminated.
3. Theriſing forepart of a head-dreſs.

To PEAK. v.v.
1. To look ſickly. Shakʃpeare.
2. To make a mean figure ; to fneak.Shakʃpeare.

PEAL. ʃ. A fuccCſſion of loud ſounds : as,
of orlif, ihunder, cannon. Hayward.

To PEAl v. w. [from the noun.] To play
ſolemnly and loud. Milton.

To PEAL. v. a. To affail with noiſe.

PEAR. ʃ. [poire, French.] A fruit more
produced toward the foot-ftalk than the
apple, but is hollowed like a navel at the
extreme part. The ſpecies are eighty four.

PEARL. ʃ. [pe-le, French
per/a, Spaniſh.]
Pearls, though eſteemed of the number of
gems, are but a diftemper in the creature
that produces them : The fiſh in which
p:arh are mofl frequently found is the
oyrter. The true ſhipe of the pearl is a
perftdt round ; but ſome of a conhderable
lize are of the ſhape of a pear : their colour
ought to be a purs, clear and brilliant

PEARL. ʃ. [alL'/go, Latin.] A white ſpeck
or film growing on the eye.

PEA'RLED. a. [from /far/.] Adorned or
ſet with pearls. Maton.

PEA'RLEYED. a. [peſtrUjii eye.] Having
a ſpeck in the eye.


PEA'RLPLANT. C ʃ. Plants.


PEA'RLY. a. [from pearl.]
1. Abounding with pearls ; cor^tair:ang
pearls. Woodward.
2. Reſembling pearls. Drayt'.r.

PEARMAl'N. ſ. An apple. Mortimer.

PEA RTREE. ſ. ſpear and tree.] The tree
that be^r. pears. Bacon.

PEASANT. ʃ. [p:irant,-FTer)ch.] A hind; one whoſe buſineſs is rural labour. Spenſer.

PEa'SANTRY. ſ. Peaſintsj rulticks; country people. Locke.

PEA'SCOD. If. [pea, cod and Pell.] The

PEA'SHELL. I huſk that contains peas. Walton.

PEASE. ʃ. F'jod of peaſe. T/.^^r.
3. '


PEAT. ʃ. A ſpecies of turf uf^d for fire. Bacon.

PEAT. f. [from ^-oV, Fr, ) A little foodlin ; a dari'Hg ; a dejr play tbling. Doinr.

PEBBLE. IJ. [pa-Doij-r.na.Sax.l

PE'BBLESTbNTE. [A ſtons d.Jhnrt frotn
flints, beint? not in layers, but in one hnmo.
geneousmaA. ^tdnev,

PE'BBLE.CRVSTAL. ſ. Cryrtal \n form
of nod.lies. f'yoodward.

PEBDLED. n. [horrs prlble.] Sprinkled or
abounding with pebbles. Tbimhrt,

PE'BBLY. a. [from />o'.//.] Full of peboles.

PECCABI'LITY. ʃ. [from ^.rr«^/.] St^te
of being ſubjetfl to fin. Decay of Piety

PE'CCABLE. a. [irovn pecco,Uun.] Inci.
dent to fin.

PECCADI'LLO. ʃ. [Spaniſn; peccadilb,
French.] A petty fault ; a inght crime ; a venial offence. Atterbu'v.

PE'CCANCY. ʃ. [from peccant.] Bad qua-
^'ty« mfeman.

PE'CANT. a. [peccant, French]
1. Guilty ; crifuin^.'. South.
2. Ill diſpoſed ; corrupt ; bad ; o^enfive
toth.»body. Arbuthnot.
3. Wrong ; bad ; deficient ; unformal.

PECK. ʃ. [from pocca.] ^ .
1. The fourth part of a buſhe], Hudibras.
2. Pioverbially, [In low language, ] \
great deal. HuckUng.

To PECK. v. a. [becquer, French : picken,
Dutch.] '^ '
1. T-) ſtrike with the beak as a bird,
2. To pick up food with the baak, Addiſ.
3. To llrike with any pointed inſtrumen't,
4. To ſtrike ; to majce blows. iiouth.

[irorr^ peck.]
1. One that pecks,
2. A kind of bird : as, the ^oc^.pecker. Dryden.

PE'CKLED. a. [corrupted from jpeck'ed.]
Spotted ; varied with ſpots. Walton.

PECTl'NAL. ʃ. [from />r<7f«, Lat. a comb.]
There are fiſhes is peainais, ſuch as hav?
their bones maiie laterally like a comb. Brown.

PECTI'MATED. a. [from ;,r<?7^/7, Latin.]
Formsd like a comb. Bto-iur.

PECTINA'TION. ʃ. The ſtate of bting
peſtinated. Brown.

PECTORAL. a. [from peaorals.h^un.]
Belonping to the breaſt. Wif'wan,

PE'CTORAL. ʃ. [paorak, Lat. pcitora^,
French.] A breaſt plate,

PECU'LATE. ʃ/. [p:culatus,L:it. p^culaC,

PECULATION. S French.] Robbery of
the publick ; theft of pubiiik money.

PECU LATOR. ſ. [Latin.] Rubber of the

PECU'LIAR. a. [peculiaris, from pcculiumy
1. Appropriate; belonging to any one with
excluhon of others.
2. Not common to other things.
3. Particular ; ſingle. Milton.

1. The property; the excluſive property. Milton.t.
2. Something ableinded from the ordinary
iurifdiaion. Carew.

PECULIA'RITY. ʃ. [from peculiar.'^ Particularity
i ſomething found only in one. Swift.

PECU'LTARLY. ad. [itow peculiar.
1. Pirticulariy ; fingiy. Woodward.
s. In a manner not common toothers.

PECU'NIARY. a. [p^cumanus, Lat.]
1. Relating to money. Brown.
2. Confiſhog of money. Bacon.

PED. ʃ.
1. A ſmall packfaddle. 1'uJJ'er.
2. A baſket ; a hamper. Spenſer.

PEDAGO'GICAL. a. [from pedagogue.]
Suiting or belonging to a ſchooimafter.

PEDAGOGUE. / [r%:oayxylq.] One who
teaches boy? 9 a ſchooimafter ; a pedant. Dryden),

To PE'DAGOGUE. v. a. ['rrtkiUyooyiu'l
To teach with ſuperciliouſneſs. Prior.

PE'DAGOGY. ʃ. '['STCia.^ctytinyict.] Themafterſhip ;
diſcipline. South.

PE'DAL. a. [psdaliSf Latin.] Belonging to
a foot.

PE'DALS. ʃ. [pidalis, Lat. p'^dalei, French, ]
The large pipes of an organ. Dref.

PEDA'NEOUS. a. [/»^^/<3nfa, Latin.] Going
on foot.

PEDANT. ʃ. [pedant, French.]
1. A ſchooimafter. Dryden.
2. A man vain of low knowledge. Swift.

PEDA'NTICK. la. [pedantejjue , Fr. from

PEDA'NTICAL. ʃ. pedant.] Awkwardly
oftentatious of learning. Hayward.

PEDA'NTICALLY. ad. [from pedanticai]
With awkard oftentation of literature. Dryden.

PE'DANTRY. ʃ. [pedanterie, Fren.] Awkward
oftentation of needleſs learning.
Frozen. Cowley.

To PE'DDLE. v. n. To be buſy about
trifles. Ainſtvorth.

PEDERE'RO. ʃ. [pedrero,Sp3niſh.] A
ſmall cannon managed by a ſwivel. It is
frequently written />arfrfro.

PE'DESTAL. ʃ. [piedfial, French.] The
lower member of a pillar ; the bafis of a
ftatue. Dryden.

PEDE'STRIOUS. a. [fedejiriiy Latin.] Not
winged ; going on foot. Brown.

PE'DICLE. ʃ. [from pedis, Lat. pedicuJe,
French.] The footftalk, that by which a
kaf or fruit is fixed to the tree, Bacon.


PEDI'CULAR. a. [pedicularis, Latin.] Having
the phthyriafis or iouſy diftemper. Ainsworth.

PEDIGREE. ʃ. [pere and degre, Skinner.]
Genealogy ; lineage ; account of deſcent. Camden.

PE'DIMENT. ʃ. [/>'J/i, Latin.] In architecture,
an ornament that crowns the ordonances,
finiſhes the fronts of buildings,
and ſerves as a decoration over gates, Diif,

PEDLERi ʃ. One who travels the country
with ſmall commodities. Shakʃpeare.

PE'DLERY. a. [from fedlcr.] Wares fold
by pedlers. Swift.

PE'DDLING. a. Petty dealing; ſuch as
pedlers have. Decay of Piety.

PE'DOBAPTISM. ʃ. [Trai-Jo? and ^anlio-fxa.]
Infant baptiſm.

PE'DOBAPTIST. ʃ. ['rtctihq and ^-xiſtrM-]
One that holds or practires infant baptiſm.

To PEEL. v. a. [peler, Fr. from peHis.]
1. To decorticate ; to flay. Shakʃpeare
2. [From /^///ifr, to rob.] To plunder. According
to analogy this ſhould be written
piI!. Milton.

PEEL. f. [/><?/'/», Latin.] The ſkin or thin
rind of any thinp,

PEEL. ʃ. [p^elle, French.] A broad thin
board with a long handle, uſed by bakers
to put their bread in and out of the oven,

PEELER. ʃ. [from peel ]
1. One vſho ſtrips or flays.
2. A robber; a plunderer. Tuſſer.

To PEEP. v. n.
1. To make the firſt appearance. Spenſer.
2. To look fliiy, cloſely or curiouſly.
SpenJcT. Cteaveland. Dryden.

PEEP. ʃ.
1. Firſt appearance: as, at the peep uni.
firſt break of day.
2. A fly look. Swift.

PEE'PER. ʃ. Young chickens juſt breaking
the ſhell. Bramjiead.

PEE'PHOLE. ʃ. [peep and bole.]

PEE'PINGHOLE. ʃ. Hole through which
one may look without being diſcovered. Prior.

PEER. ʃ. [/.5/V, French.]
1. Equal ; one of the lame rank. Davies.
2. One equal in excellence or endowments. Dryden.
3. Companion ; fellow. Ben. Johnſon.
4. A nobkman ; of nobility we have five
degrees, who are all nevertheleſs called
peen, becauſe their effeniial privileges are
the ſame Dryden.

To PEER. v. n. [By contraction from appear.]
1. To come juſt in fight. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To look narrowly ; to peep. Sidney.

PEE'RAGE. ʃ. [pairte, Fr. from /'«'.]
1. The dignity of a peer, Swift.
2. The body of peers. Dryden.



PEE'RDOM. ʃ. [from far.] Peerage. Ainsworth.

PEr.'RESS. ſ. [female of ^«r.] The lady
of a peer
; a woman ennj'olcd.

PEE'RLESS. a. [frGm/>ctr.] Unequalled ;
having no peer. Milton.

PEE'RLESSNE.S. ſ. [from pe.rUfs.] U;iiverfdl

PEE'VISH. a. Petulant ; waſpift ; eaſily
oITendid ; irritable ; haid to plcale. Swift.

PEEVISHLY. ad. [from p. eviſh.] Angrily
; quenilourty ; morofeiy. Ilayxvard.

PEEVISHNESS. ʃ. [from petr'iſh.j Ira-
; queruloufncls ; frelfulneſs ^ perverſeneſs.
^ing ChatUs,

PEG. ʃ. [p'ggtt, Teutonick.]
1. A piece of wood driven into a hc.Ie.
1. Thff pins of an inſtrument in which the
firings areH^rained. Shakʃpeare.
3. 70 take a Peg loxver. To depreſs ; to
ſink. Hudibras.
2. The nickname of Margaret.

To PEG. v. a. To Idftcn with a peg. Evelyn.

PELF. f. [In low Latin>. ʃ. f//>^.] Mjney ;
riches, Sidney, Swift.

PE'LICAN. ʃ. f/)//<:<7«a;, low Lat.] There
are two forts of pelicans '^ one lives upon
fiſh ; the other keeps in deſcrts, and feeds
upcn ſerpents : \h.t pilican is ſuppoſed to
admit its young to Juck blood from its

PELLET. ʃ. [from pila, Lat. pehte, Fr.]
1. A little ball. Sardyi,
2. A bullet
; a ball. Ray.

PE'LLETED. ad. [from pellet.] Confuling
of bullets. Shakʃpeare.

PE'LLICLE. ʃ. [pellicula, Latin.]
1. A thin ſkin. Sharp.
2. It is often uſed for the film which gathers
upon liquours impregnated wi th fait
or other ſubſtancef, and evaporated by hear.

PELLITORY. ʃ. [parietaria, Lzam.] An
herb. Miller.

PE'LLMELL. ʃ. [p^Jlem^jle, French.] Confuledly
; tumukuouſly ; one among another. Hudibras.

PELLS. ʃ. [pellis, Latin.] Clerk of the/r.7;,
an officer belonging to the exchequer, who
enters every teller's biil into a parchment
roll CdWtA pellis acctptorum, the roll of receipt5. Bailey.

PELLUCID. a. [/^AW/War, Latin.] Clear 3
tranſparent \ not opake ; not dark.

PELLU'CIDITY. ʃ. [from pellucid,]

PELLU'CIDNESS. ʃ. Tranſparcncy ; dear,
; not opacity. Kill,

PELT. ʃ. [from pel'.n, Lu^n]

2. The quarry of a hawk all torn.

PELT-MONGER. ſ. [p-Uio,LiU pe.ts.nA
monger,'] A dealer in raw h?des.

To PELT. v. a. \poliiin, German, Skinner.
1. To ſtrike With ſomething thrown.
1. To throw; to caſt. iJrydea,

PE'LTING. a. This word in Shakʃpeare.
fipriifies paltry ; pitiful.

PE'L^iS. ſ. [Latin.] The bwer part of
the belly.

PEN. ʃ. [pcnnsi, Latin.]
1. An laitrument of wilting, Dryden.
2. Feather.- Spenſer.
3. Witig. Mllion,
4. [From pennan, Saxon.] A ſmall incloſure
; a coop. L'Eſtrange.

To PEN. v. a. [pennan and'pinban, Sax.]
1. To coop ; to ſhuf up ; to incjge ; to
impriſon in a narrow place. Bacon.
2. [From the noun.] To write. Digby.

PENAL. a. [pinal,Fi:. from ^of'ij, Lat.]
1. Denouncing puniITiment ; enacting puniſhment. South.
2. uſed for the purpoſes of puniſhment ;
vindictive. Milton.

PE'NALTY. ʃ. [from penalty, old

PENA'LITY. ʃ. French.]
1. Puniſhment ; cenſure ; judicial infliction. Brown.
2. Forfeiture upon non-performance.Shakʃpeare.

PE'NNANCE. ʃ. [penence, old French.] Infliſtion
either publick or private, fullered
as an expreſſion of repentance for fin. Bacon.

PENCE. ʃ. The plural of penny, Mattb,

PE'NCIL. ʃ. [perio'lum, Latin.]
1. A ſmall bruſh of hair which painters d:p
in their colours. Dryden.
2. A black lead pen, with which cut to a
point they write without ink. Watts.
3. Any inſtrument of writing without ink.

To PE'NCIL. v. a. [from the noun.] To
paint. Shakʃpeare.

PE'NDANT. ʃ. [/>f«</tf»7r, French.]
1. A jewel hanging in the ear. Pope.
2. Any thing hanging by way of ornament. Waller.
3. A pendulum. Obſolete, I^igby.
4. A ſmall flag in ſhips.

PE NDENCE. ʃ. [from ptr.dco, Lat.] Slopeneſs
; inclination. Wotton.

PE'NDENCY. ʃ. [from pendeo, Lat.] Suſpence
; delay of decTiuu, Ziyhffe,

PE'NDENT. a. [pender.s, Latin.]
1. Hanging. ShakeCprart,
2. Jutting over. Shakʃpeare.
3. Supported above the ground. Milton.
Pt'NDING. ſ. [perd-n't lite.] Depending ; icratining yet undecidd, -^yl'fff'



PENDULO S ITY. 7 ʃ. [from pet^duhus.]

PE'NDULOUSNESS. ^ The lUce of hanging
; keſpenrioDi Brown.

PENDULOUS. a. [pendulus, Lat.] Hanging
; not fucported below. Ray.

PE'NDULUM. ʃ. [perjulus. Lat. .penduk,
Frer.] Any weight hiing p as that it may
caſily fvcing backwards arjd forwards, of
which the great law i?, that its ofcillations
are always performed in equaj time.

PE'NETRABLE. a. [p netrahk, Ii.pcnarahilis,
1. Such as may be pierced ; ſuch as may
admit the entrance of another body. Dryd

2. Suiceptive of moral or int.ellediual inipreſſion. Shakſpeare.

PENETRABILITY. ʃ. [horn, p-nelrable.]
Surceptibility of impreliioa ficm another
body. Cheyne.

PENETRAIL. ʃ. [p^r:ttral!a, Latin.] Interi'-
ur pzrts. Ha'vey.

PE'NETRANCY. f.]\torr^pennrani.] Pow^-
er of entering or piercing. Ray.

PE'NETRANT. a. [penetrant, Yx.^ Having
the power to pierce or enter ; ſharp ;
ſubtiJe. Bo^i.

To PENETRATE. v.a, [per.eiro, Latin ;
pnetrer, French.]
1. To pierce
; to enter beyond the fur..
face ; to make Wcjy incoa body, Arbuth.
2. To affed the mind.
3. To reach the meaning.

To PENE TRATE. v. «. To make way. Locke.

PENETRATION. ʃ. [pinetration, Fr. from
1. The act of entering into any body. MUt,
2. Mental entrance into any thing abſtruſe.
3. Acuteneſs ; fagecity. Wucts,

PENETRATIVE. a. [[rom penetrate.]
1. Piercing ; ſharp ; lubtile. ffottor,
2. Acute : fagaciDiis ; ciicerning. Swift.
3. Having the power to imprels the mmd.Shakʃpeare.

PE'NETRATIVENESS. ʃ. [from ptnetra.
tive/j The quality of being penetrative.

PE'NGUIN. ʃ. [atijermageilarticus, Latin.]
1. A bird, thougi) he be no higher than a
large gocfe, yet he weighs ſometimes fixteen
pounds. Grezc.
2. A fruit very common in the Weſt In.
dies, of a fiiarp acid flavour. MUkr.

FUNI'NSULA. ʃ. [Latin ; peneir.fula.] A
piece of land almpft furroumJed by the ka.

PENI'NSULATED. a. [from peninjula.]
Almoſt furn. untied by water.

PENITENCE. f. [j.Knittntia.h^Un.] Repentance
; fonow (or crimts ; contrition
for fin, with amendment of life or change
ef the iifTeflicns. Dryden.


PE'NITENT. a. [penitent, Fr. pcenitens.
Latin.] Repentant ; contrite for lin ; ſorrowfal
for paſt tranſgreſſions, and reſolutely
i<meriding life. Mtllon,

1. One ſorrowful for fin. Bacon.
2. Otis under cenſures of the church, but
admitted to pennance. Stillingfleet.
3. One under the direction of a confeflbr,

FENITE'NTIAL. a. from peniterce.]Y.xpreſſing
penitence ; enj'jinedi as pennance.

PENITE'NTIAL. ʃ. [p^'nitericiel, Fr. pcemtentiale,
low Latin.] A book oireding the
degrees of pennance. Ayliffe.

PENITL'NTIARY. ʃ. [fenitencicr , Fr.
pceriitentiarius, low Latin.]
1. One who preſcribes. the rules and meafares
of pennance. Bacon.
2. A penitent ; o»e who does pennance.
3. The clace where pennance is enjoiiisd.

PE'NITENTLY. ad. Uzomperitent.] With
repentance ; with furrow for lin ; with contrition.

PENKNI'FE ʃ. [pen and knife.] A knife uſed
to cut pens. Bacn.

PE'NMAN. ʃ. [pen and mj?!.]
1. One who profciFcs the art of writing.
2. An authour ; a writer. Addiſon.

PE'NN ACHED. a. [pevr.acke, French.] Is
only applied to flowers when the ground of
the natural colour of their leaves is radiated
and diverſified neatly without any
confuſion. I'rei'oux, Evelyn.

PE'NNANT. ʃ. [pennon, French.]
1. A ſmall flag, eniign or colours.
2. A tackle for hoifti.'^g things on board. Ainsworth.

PE'NNATED. a. [pennatus, Latin.]
1. Winged.
2. Pe'inated, among botaniils, are thofe
leave.: of plants that grow directly one againſt
another en the ſame rib or flalk ; as thofe
<;f aſh and walnut-tree^ ^ir.cy,

PE'NNER. ʃ. [from .en.]
1. A writter.
2. A pencafe. AinpwortB.

PENNI'LESS. a. [from ;>e««>-.] Moneyleſs ;
poor ; waiuing money.

PE'NNON. ʃ. ^[pennon, French.] A ſmall
flag or colour. Shakʃpeare.

PE NNY. ſ. plural /iſwcf. [penij, Saxon.]
1. A ſmall coin, of which twelve make a
ſhilling : a penny is the radical denominan.
tion from which Engliſh coin is numbered. Dryden.
2. Proverbsally. Shakʃpeare, Taylor.
5. Money in general. Dryden.

PENNYROYAL. 01 pudding graſs. J.
/e'st^n, Latin.]

PENNYWEIGHT. ſ. [penny and weight.]
A vleighs

A weight containing twenty- four grains
troy weighr. Arbuthnot.

PE'NNYWISE i, [/»f«n;»and w./f.] One
who faves ſmall fums at the hazard of
Jaiger. Bacon.

PE'NNywORTFi. ſ. [penny 7and worth..
1. As much as is bouglit for a pcr.ny.
2. Any purchaſe ; any thing bought or fold
/or money. South.
3. Something advantageouſly bought ; a
purchaſe got tot leſs than it is worth.
4. A ſmal] aninti'v. i>nifi.

PE'NSILE. a.' [p.n/li:, Latin.]
1. Hanging ; fulpended. Bacon.
2. Supported above the ground. Pricr,

PE'N'SILENESS. ʃ. [from fe-Ji'e.] The
ftue of hanging,

PE'NSION. ʃ. [prr/sori, French.] An aliowance
made 10 any one without an eqravalent. Addiʃon.

To PE'NSION. v. a. [from the noun, ; To
ſupport by an arbitrary a]lnw:ince» A>idifon.

PE'NSIONARY. a. [p'.7iJ'ionnatre,?ie^'\ih.]
Maintained by penſion?. Donn:.

PE'NSIONER. ʃ. [from ^«>«.]
1. One who is ſupported by an allowance
paid at the will of another ; a depitndant.
2. A ſlave of ſtate hired by a ſtipend to
obev his mafter. Pope. .

PE'NSIVE. a. [penfsf,TT.pinfi'vo,\rz\\^n.]
1. Sorrowfully thoughtful ; ſorrowful ; mournfully ferious. Pope. .
1 It is generally and properly uſed of perſons. Prior.

PE'NSIVELY. ad. [from ptnfivi.] With
melancholy ; ſorrowfully. Spenſer.

PE'NSIVENESS. ʃ. [from perftve.] Melancholy
; ſorrowfulneſs. Hooker.

PENT. par. pair, of p^n. Shut up. Milton.

PENTACA PSULAR. a. [Tra-.la and cap^u-
/jr.] Having five cavities.

PE'NTACHORD. a. ['7r£v7= and;;^^.^,;.] An
inſtrument with five firings.

PENTAE'DROUS. a. [7Tiv7= and jj.-a.]
Having five ſides. Woodward.

PE'NTAGON. ʃ. [7riv7£ and j.o»vm.] A figure
with five angles. Wotton.

PENTA'GONAL. a. [from pentagon.]
Quinquangular ; having five anglts.

PENTA'METER. ʃ. [P'rJametrum.Lnm.]
A Latin verſe of five feet. Addiſon.

PENTA'NGULAR. a. [miPrcand angular.
Five cornered, Grew.

PEN TAPE'TALOUS. a. [rfvli and p^raia,
Latin.] Having fi^c petals.

PENTASPAST. a. [Tiv7« and 9-~ax.] An
engine with five pniiics. D:cf,

PENTA'STICK. ʃ. [tt^vIc and ri'x^.] A
compoſition conſiſting of five verſes.

rt'NTASTVLB. ſ. r^-^l. and} rryv'^.] U

architctflure, a work in which are five row.
of coliiinns.

PE'NTATEUCH. ſ. [7r:^7a and tsCxo; i
pntateujue^ Frtnzh.] The five books o.

M'.)fe^ Berkley.

PENTHCOST. ʃ. [TTcvlixc,-':' ; pcntacojic,
French.] A ſcaſt amoitg the Jews.Shakʃpeare.

PENTECOSTAL. a. [from ^ «raoy?.] Belonginf,
to Whitfuntide. Sjnaerjort

PE'NTHOUSE. ʃ. f/)cH.', fromp.rte, Fr.
and hcuju.] A ſhed hanging out a flope from
the n-.ajn wall, Knolles.

PE'N IICL. ſ. [p;r.dia, I-.alian ] A flopin; roof. IP^otton.

PE'NTILE. ʃ. f/>.'»rand/.7f.] A tile formed
to cover the floping p.Ttt of the roof. Moxon.

PEXT ;//!. pan. a. [pfr.t, from/»^« and t^.]
Shut <;o. Shakſpeare.

[L-'.tin.] The iait fyl-
Jable but one.

PENU'MBRA. ʃ. ſp.T:e and u'r.ha,Ln\n.]
An imperfi i.'^ ihadow. Newton.

PENURIOUS. a. [from p^ruria, Latin.]
1. Niggardly ; ſparing ; not liberal ; ſordidlymean. Prior.
2. Scanty not plentiful. Addiſon.

PENURIOUSLY.' ad. [from penurious.]
Sparin^ly ; not plentifully,

PENURIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from p.-ruricus.l
Nig^ardlineſs ; parſimony. Addiſon.

PE'NURV. ʃ. [penuria, Lit\v.] Poverty;
indigence. Il-joker,

PE'ONY. ʃ. [pa^nia, Latin. ^ A flower.

PE'OPLE. ʃ. [p up'e, Fr. pcpulut, Latin.]
1. A nation ; thoſe who tompoſe a community. Shakʃpeare.
2. The vulgar. ykallert
3. The commonalty ; not the princes or
4. Pcrfcms of a particular claſs. Bacon.
5. Men, or perfuns in general. Arbuth.

To PEOi^LE. v. a. [;>^j//>;cT, French.] To
ſtock with inhabitant^. Prior.

PETAS TICKS. ſ. [^£:ra.'va) ] Medicines
which are good to help the rawneſs of the
ſtomach and dipeſt crudities. DEI,

PE'PPER. ʃ. [p'per. Lat. poicre, French.]
We have three Kinds of p pp r the black,
the white, and the lung, which are three
difTcient fruits produc;:d by three diſhnit
plants. Thomfon.

To PE'PPER. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſprinkle with pepper.
2. To bs«ii to mangle with ſhot orblows.

PETPERBOX. ʃ. [p'pp:rzrA lox.] A box
for holding pepper. Shakʃpeare.

PE'Pt'ERCORN.'/. [pſpp?r3T)Q ie'n.] Any
thing of inconſidersble vuiue,

PE'PPERMINT. ʃ. [pff>psr&niK:int.] Mint
eminently hof.

PE'PPERWORT. ʃ. [f>ſp^r and aort.] A
plant. Milrr.

PE«'PTICK. a. [TiiirliKk-] What helps digeſtion.

PERA'CUTE. ʃ. [peracufus, L3K\n.], Veiy
(hmp , very violcfit,

PERADVL'NTURE. ad. [par adventure,

1. Perb^^ps; maybe; by chance. Drgby. South.
[peragro, Lat.]
2. D 'ubt ;

To wander ovtr»

The act of pafiing through any ſtate or
ſpace. Holder.

To PERAMBULATE. v. a. [pirambuk,
1. To walk through.
1. To Airvev, by paiiing through. Davies.

PERAMBULATION. ʃ. [from pcramd:ulate.]
1. The act of pafiing through or wandering
over. Bacon.
2. A travelling furvey. He-ive!,

PE'RCASE. ad. [/)dr and f^/c] Perchance ]
peihaps. Bacon.

PE'RCEANT. a. [pet cant, Fr.] Piercing ;
penetrating. Spenſer.

PERCEi'VABLE. a. [from ^^m/V.] Perceptible
; ſuch as.falls under perception. Locke.

PERCEl'VABLY. ad. [from perceivable.]
In luch a manner as may be obſerved or

To PERCEI'VE. v. a. [p^rdpio, Latin.]
1. To diſcover by ſome fervfable effects. Shakʃpeare.
2. To know ; to obſerve. Locke.
3. To besffeiRed by. Bacon.

PERCEPTIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from perceptible.]
1. The ſtaic of being an objed of the ſenſes
2. Perception ; the power of perceiving.

PERCE'PTIBLE. a. [pcrcep'ible, F»^ pereſp
usy Latin.] Such as may be known or
oblerved. Bacon.

PERCE'PTiELY. ad. [from p'rcept-bie.]
In ſuch a manner as may be perceived. Pope. .

PERCEPTION. ʃ. [/>;rff/,/ .'Off, Fr. pe<c>ptio,
1. The power of perceiving ; knowledge ; confciouſneſs. Berkley.
2. The act of perceiving ; obſervation.
3. Notion; i-iea. Hah.
4. The ſtate of being affected by ſomething. Bacon.

PERCE'PTIVE. a. [perceptus, Lat.] Having
the power of perceiving. Granville.

PERCEPTPVITY. ʃ. [from perccpthvt.].
The power of perception or thinking.

PERCH. ʃ. [perca, Latin.] The perch is
one of the fiſhes of prey : he has a hooked
or hog bilk, which is armed with ſtiflt
briflles, and all his ſkin armed with thick
hnrd ſcalc?. H^alton,

PERCH. ʃ. [perlica, Lat. perebe, French.]
1. A meaſure of five yards and a half} a
2. ſperebef Fr.] Something on which birds
rooft or fit. Dryden.

To PERCH. -zvn. [f)erchcr,.Fr. from the
iinun.] To fit or rcoft as a bird, ^perfer,
[from peragraie.]

To PERCH. f, a. To plate on a perch More.

PERCHA'NCE. ad. [per and chance.] Perhaps
; peradventure. Wvtton,

PE'RCHERS. ʃ. Paris candles afed in England
in ancient times ; a!f) the larger fort
of wax candles, which were uſually ſet upon
the altar. Biiiley.

PERCI'PIENT. a. [pnciphm, Latin.] Perceiving
; having the power of perception. Berkley.r

PE'RCIPIENT. ʃ. One that has the power
ot perceiving. Glawville,

PE'RCLOSE. ʃ. [per and chje.] Conclufion ;
laſt part. Raleigh.

To PE'RCOLATE. v. a. [^?rca/o, Latin. ;
To ſtrain. Hale.

PERCOLA'TION. ʃ. [from percolate.] The
act of ſtraining ; purification or ſeparation
by ſtraining. Ray.

To PERCU'SS. v. a. [percujj'us, Latin.] To
ſtrike. Bacon.

PERCU'SSION-. ʃ. [percujp.o, Latin.]
1. The act of ſtriking ; ſtroke. hJeivton,
1. Effeſt of found in the ear. Rymer,

PERCUTIENT. ʃ. [percutiem, Lat.] Striking
; having the power to ſtrike. Bacon.

PERDI'TION. ʃ. [perditto, Latin.]
1. Deftiuſtionj ruin i death. Shakſp.
2. Loſs. Shakʃpeare.
3. Eternal death. Raleigh.

PE'RDUE. ad. cloſe ; in ambuſh.

PE'RDULOUS. a. [from perdo, Lat.] Loft ;
thrown away. Bramhall,

PE'RDURABLE. a. [p-rdu^able, Fr. per.
dure, Latin.] Lafiing^ long contmued.Shakʃpeare.

PE'RDURABLY. ad. [from perdurable, ;
Laſtingly. Shakʃpeare.n,

PERDURA'TION. ʃ. [/^r^«ro, Lat.] Loiig
continuance. Aiijiootth,

PERE'GJL a. [French.] Equal. Obſolete. Spenſer.

To PE'REGRINATE. v. n. [peregrinus.
Latin.] To travel ; to live in foreign countries.

PXREGRINA'TION. ʃ. [from pfregnrus,

Latin.] Trave] ; abode in foreign countries.

PE'REGRINE a. [pfregrin, old Fr. perc
f;naj, Latin.] Foreign ; not native ; not
domenick. Bacon.»,

To PE'REMPT. v. a. [p;rmptus, Lat\n.]
To kill ; to cruſh. A law term. yJyl'JI'-.

PE'REMPTION. ʃ. [prempih, Lat. />eremf> tion, Fr.] CVuſh ; txtintlion, L^w
term, Ayhfft.

PERE'VIPTORILY. ad. [Uam ffrtmptoTy.]
Abſolutely ; politively ; fj as to cut off all
farther debate. CUrfudon.

PERE'MPTORINESS. ʃ. [from ptren:ptory.]
Pofidveneſs ; abf^lutedeciſion ; dogmatifm.

PEREMPTORY. ^. [penmptorius, low
Ln. p^nrrptotre, Yt.] Dogmatical ; abſolute ;
ſuch as deſtroys all further expollulaMon. South.

PERE'NNIAL. a. [pr^vr.l!, Latin.]
1. Lifting through the year. Cueyre.
2. Perpetual ; unceaſing Uarvey,

PERE'NNITY. ʃ. [U<^. p-rermtas, Latin.]
EoualUy of Idfting through all fealons ; perpetuity. Denham.

PERFECT. a. [perfe51u^,LzUT\.]
1. Complete ; confumniate; finiſhed ; neither
defective nor redundant. Hooker.
a Fully informed ; fuiiy ſkilful. Shakſp.
3. Pure i blameleſs
; clear; immaculate,Shakʃpeare.
4. Saſe ; out of danger. Shakʃpeare.

To PERFECT. f. a. [perftEius, from per-
Jicio, Latin.]
1. To finim ; to complete; to confummate
; to bring to its due ſtate, Waller.
2. To make ſkilful ; to inſtrudt fully.Shakʃpeare.

PE^RFECTER. ſ. [from ^ r/f<S.] One that
makes perfect. Pope. .

PERFECTION. ʃ. [perfcalo, Lat. perfaton,
1. The ſtate of being perfect. Mkon.
2< Something that concurs to produce ſupreme
excellence. Dryden.
3. Attribute of God. Atterbury.

To PERFE'CTIONATE. v. a. [perfeBion-
«?r, French.] To make per fedl ; to advance
to pefection. Dryden.

PERFE'CTiVE. a. [from perfa.] Conducing
to b'ing to perfection. Ray.

PERFE'CTIVELY. ad. [from perfective.]
In ſuch a manner as brings to perfeſtion.

PERFECTLY. ad. [from perj,a.]
1. To the higheſt df^ree of excellence.
2. To tally ; completely. Boyle.
3. Exaf^ly ; accurately. Locke.

PE'RFECTNESS. ʃ. [tTom per/ea.]
1. Complcteneſs.
£. Goodnets ; virtue. A ſcriptural word.

3' Slviii, Shakʃpeare.

PEKFl'DIOUS. a. [perJiJui,L^U perjide,
French.) Treachcious ; f.<ife to truſt ;
R'lihy of vif)Iatrd fai'h. Widciv and Cat,

PERFIDIOUSLY. .^d. [from perf.dk u^..
Tre:.'chernully ; by breach of faith. Hudibr.

PERFI'DIOUSNESS. ʃ. [(um perfidhui..
The quality of beinu perfidious. Milton.

PERFIDY. ʃ. [p:rjiſh, Lat. perfidie, Fr.]
Treachery; want of faith; breach of faith.

PERFLABLE. a. [from />^r/;, Lat.] Having
the wind driven through.

To PERFLATE. v. a. [pcfo, Latin.] To
blow through. Arbuthnot.

PERFLATION. ʃ. [from perfate.] The
sdl of blowing throuiih. JiWoodward.

To PERFORATE. v. a. [^'fr/cro, Latin.]
To pierce with a too) ; to bore. Blackmore.

PERFORATION. ʃ. [from perforate.]
1. The act of piercing or bo/ing. More,
2. Hole ; place bored, Ray.

PERFORATOR. ʃ. [from perſcrato^ The
inſtrument of b ring. Shakſp.

PERFO'RCE. a^. [per &ni force.] By violence
; vi(,lently, Shakʃpeare.

To PERFORM. v. a. [performare, Ital^o.]
To execute ; to do ; to dilcharge ; to atchieve
an undertaking. Sidney.

To PERFO'RM. v. a. To ſucceed in ^n
attempt. Watts.

PERFO'RMABLE. a. [from p-rform.] Practicable
; ſuch as may be done. Brown.

PERFO'RMA NCE. ʃ. [from perform.]
1. Completion of ſomething dtiigned ; ^xccution
of ſomething promiſed. South.
2. Compoſition ; work. Dryden.
3. A<f\»on ; famcthing done, Shakſp.

PERFO'RMER. ʃ. [from perform ]
1. One that pciform. any thing.Shakʃpeare.
2. It is generally applied to one Uiat makes
a publick exhibition of his ſki!l.

To PERFRrCAFE. v. n. [perfrko, Ux.'.
To rub over, Dia,

PERFU'MATORY. a. [from perfuTKe.]
That which perfumes.

PER'rU'ME. ſ. [parfume, French.]
1. Strong odour of ſweetneſs uſed to give
ſcents to other things.
2. Sweet odour ; fragrance. Pope. .

To PERFU'ME. v. a. [from the noun.]
To ſcent ; to impregnate with ſweet ſcent. Bacon.

PERFU'MER. ʃ. [from p^r/;.rj'.] One whofe-
trade is to iell things made to gratify the
<cent. Swift.

PERFU'NCTORILY. ad. [perfurBori}.
Latin.] Carelrfly; negligently Clarend.

PERFUNCTORY. a. [p:rfunaorii, Lat.]
Slight ; careleſs ; negligent. Woodward.

To PERFUSE. v. a. [perfufuif Latin.] To
tincture; to overſptead, Harvty.


PERHA'PS. ao. ^<r and bap.] Peradven'jrf
\ u may be. F:atman. Umith.

'[TTEgjttTrra).] Amulet; chaim worn as a prefervative againſt diſeaſes
or miſchief. ^ Shakʃpeare.

PERICARDIUM. ʃ. [it'^ and xa^Va, ]
TIytfericardtum is a thin membrane of a
conick figure- that reſembles a purſe, and
contains the Ke.^.rt in its cavity. Sluir.cy.

PERrCARFIUM. ʃ. [peTicarpe,?^.] In botany,
a pellicle or thin membrane cncompaſſing
the fruit or grain of a plant. Ray.

PERICLITA'TION. ʃ. [from periditcr,
Lat. pericittef , Fr.]
1. The ſtate of being in danger,
2. Trial ; experiment.

PERICRA'NIUM. ʃ. [from tts^^: and cramum'\

T[\z pericranium is the membrane
that covers the ſkull. l^jncy,

PERICULOUS. a. [pericuhfus, Litm.]
Dangerous ; jeopardous ; hazardous. Brown.

PER-IE'RGY. ſ. [TTS^i and i>/iy.] Needlds
caution in an operation 3 unneccliary diligence.

PERIGE'E. ʃ. / [w5f; and y',.

PERIGE'UM. ʃ. Fr. Is a point in the
heavens, wherein a planet is fiid to be in
its neareſt diſtancee poſſible from the earth. Brown.

PERIHE'LTUM. ʃ. [Trsg; and ^'Xtoj.] h that
point of a planet's orbit, wherein it is
neareſt the fun. Cheyne.

PE'RIL. ʃ. [peri\t\\ jfre///^f/, Dutch.]
1. Dangf r ; hazard ;
jeopardy. DjnieJ.
2. Denunciation ; danger denounced.Shakʃpeare.

PE'RILOUS. a. [perikvx, Fr. from ;>er/7.]
1. Dangerous ; hazardous ; full of danger. Pope.
2. It ;s uſed by way of emphafis, or ludicrous
exaggeration of any thing bad. Hudibras.
3. Smart; v.uty. Shakʃpeare.

PL'RILOUSLY. ad. [honi penlzas.] Dangerouſly.

PE RILOUSNESS. ſ. [from perilous.] Dang^-. Raleigh.

PERI'METER. ʃ. [tt;^'; and (Air^zoo ]
Fr.] The compaſs or lum of all
the ſides which bound any figure of what
kind ſoever, whether redtilinear or mixed. Newton.

PE'RIOD. ʃ. [periode, Fr. TrsjtoJo?.]
1. A circuit.
2. Time \i which any thing is performed,
fo as to begin again in the ſame manner. Watts.
3. A ſtated number of years ; a round of
time, at the end of which the things compriſed
within the calculation ſhali return
to the ſtate in which they were at begin-

JRg. Holder.
4. The end or conclufion. Addiſon.
5. The ſtate at which any thing teiminates.
6. Length of duration. Bacon.
7. A complete ſenteqce from one full liop
to another. Ben. Johnſon.

To PE'RIOD. v. a. [from the noun.] 'To
put an end to, A bad word. Shakʃpeare.

PERIO'DICK. ʃ. a. [periodtque, Fr, from

PERIO'DICAL. ʃ. [period.]
1. Circular i making a circuit ; making a
revolution. Watts.
2. Happening by revolution at ſome ſtated
time. Berkley.
3. Regular; performing fonpc action at
ſtated times. Addiſon.
4. Relating to periods or revolutions. Brown.

PERIODICALLY. ad. [from periodical.]
At ſtated periods. Brooir.?.

PERI'OSTEUM. ʃ. [^ic\ andcVrov.] Ail
the bones are covered with a very ſenſible
membrane, called the periojitum, Cheyn>\

PERi'PHERY. ſ. tts^; and of£j«.] Circum.-
ference. Hurvey.

To PERIPHRASE. t'. a. [peripbraſcr, Fr.]
To expreſs one word by many ; to exprelg
by circumlocution,

PERITHRASIS. ʃ. [7r£gi4>^aa!;.] Circumlocution
; uſe of many words to expreſs
the ſenſe of one. Brown. Watii,

PERIPHRA'STICAL. a. [from peripbra-
Ji-.] Circumlocutory ; expreſſing the ſenſe
of one word i« many

PERI'^NEU'MONY. If. [ws^Und ttvew-

PERirNEUMO'NIA. ʃ. /^wv.] An inflammation
of the lungs. Arbuthnot.

To PE'RISH. v.V. [perir, Fr. pereo, Lat.]
1. To die to be deſtroyed ; to be loft; to come to nothing. Locke.
2. To be in a perpetual ſtate of decay. Locke.
3. To be loft eternally. Moreton.

To PE'RISH. v. a. To deſtroy ; to decay.
Nat in uſe. Collier.

PE'RISH ABLE. a. [from ſcrip.] Liable
to periſh ; ſubjectl to decay ; of ſhort duration. Raleigh.

PERISHABLENESS. ʃ. [from peripable.]
Liableneſs to be dedroyed ; liableneſs to
decay. Locke.

PERISTA'LTICK. a. [itm^i-K-hee ; perifinitique,
Fr.] Fd^iſhltick motion is that vermicular
motion of the guts, which is made
by the contra€lion of the ſpiral fibres,
whereby the excrements are prelled downwards
and voided. i^luiKcy.

PERISTE'RION. ʃ. The herb vervain.


PERISTY'LE. ʃ. [perijm, Fr.] A circular
range of piliars. Arbuthne:.


pJt'RISySTOLE. ſ. [TTs^: and c-yroXri.]
The pauſe or interval betwixt the two
motions of the heart or pulfe. DiEi,

PERITONEUM. ʃ. [TrE^jTovaiov.] This
lies immediately under the muſctcs of the
lower belJy, and is a thin and ſoft membrane,
which encloſes all the bowels.

PE'RJURE. ʃ. [pC'jurui, Lat.] A perj ued
or forr>^ora perſon. Shakʃpeare. Jpfarc.

To PE'RJURE. v. a. [/>erjuro, Latin.] To
forſwear ; to taint with perjury.

PE'RJURER. ʃ. [from perjure.] One that
(wears foifely. Spenſer.

PERJU'RY. ʃ. [ferjurium^ Lat.] Falfe
oath. Shakʃpeare.

PE'RIWIG. ʃ. [perruque, Fr.] ^Adfcititious
hair ; hair not natural, worn by way of
ornament or concealment of bildneſs.

To PE'RIWIG. 1/, a. [from the noun.]
To dreſs in falſe hair. Swit,

1. A ſmall ſhell fiſh ; a kind of fiſh fnail. Peacham.
4. A plant. Bacon.

To PERK. v. ſt, [from perch^ Skinner.]
To hold up the head with an aftV(^ted
briſkneſs. Pope. .

To PERK. v. a. To dreſs ; to prank.Shakʃpeare.

PERK. a. Pert ; briſk ; airy. Spenſer.

PE'RLOUS. a. [from peTiloui.] Dangerous; full of hazard. Spenſer.

PE'RMAGY. ʃ. A little Turkiſh boot.

PE'RMANENCE. ʃ. [from permanent.]

PE'RMANENCy. ʃ Duration ; connitm-
Cy ; continuance in the ſame ſtare. Ha'e.

PE'RMANENT. a. [permanent, Fr. per.
manem, Lat.] Durable ; not decaying ;
unchaneed. Hooker, Dryden.

PE'RMANENTLY. [from permanent.] Durably
; laſtingly. Boyle.

PERMA'NSION. ʃ. [from permaneo, Lat.]
Continuance. Brown.

PE'RMEABLE. a. [from ſktot^o, Latin.]
Such as may be palled through. Boyle.

To PE'RMEATE. v. a. [pemeo, U^.] To
paſsthrough. Woodword.

PE'RMEANT. a. [pcrmeans, Lat.] PaHi.-.g
through. Brown.

PEKMEA'TION. ʃ. [from permeate.] The
act of paſſing through.

PERMI'SCIBLE. a. [from permijceo. Lat.]
Such as may be mingled.

PERMl'SSIBLE. a. Qermfus, Lat.] What
may be permitted.

PERMI'SSION. ʃ. [permlJ/ion, Fr.perm'fu!,
Lat.] Allowance ; grant of liberty. Milton.

fERMi'SSIVE. a. [from ^.'r»:/Wo, Lat.]

1. Granting liberty, not favour ; not hindering,
though not approving. Milton.
2. Granted ; fuftcr^d wthout hindrance; not authorifed or favoujed. Mdton

PERMI'SSWELY. ad. [from /.^r.w/^x;,.; B/ oare allowance ; without hindrance. Bacon.n,

i^ERMI'STION. y. [from put, Lat.] The
ad of mixing,

To PE'RMir. -u. a. [p^rmitto, Ut. per.
mettre^ F .]
1. To allow without command. Hooker.
2. To lufter, without authonfing or approving.
3. To allow ; to ſuffer. Locke.
4. To give up ; to reſign. Dryden.

PERMI'T. ʃ. A written permiſſion from
an officer for tranſporting of goods from
pliCS to place, ſhowing the duty on them
to have been paid,

PERMITTANCE. f. [from /.?m,V.] Allowance
; forbearance of oppoſition ; permiſſion.

PERMIXTION. ʃ. [from permifiui, Lat.]
The z€t of mingling ; the ſtate of being
'^'g'f'l- Brerewood.

PERMUTA'TION. ʃ. [permutation, Fr.
p rmutatio, Lat.
; Exchange of one for
another. r^^.

To PERMU'TE. v. a. [permuto, Lat. pL
muter, Fr.] To exchange.

PERMU'TER. ʃ. [pcrmutant, Fr. from p^r.
mutf.] An exchanger ; he who permutes.

PERNl'CIOUS. a. [pernwofus, Lat. per,
nicieux, Fr.]
1. Miſchievous in the higheſt degree ; de-
^^'<^'ve. Shakʃpeare.
1. [Pernix, Lat.] Quick. i^iiton,

PERNI'CfOUSLY. ad. [from p^muhus.l
Deſtructively ; miſchievouſly ; ruinauſly,

PERNICIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from perraciou,.]
The quality of being pernicious.

PPRNPCITY. ʃ. [from ^^r«yx.] Swift.
neſs ; celerity. /j^-

PEROR.VnON. ſ. [peroratio,Lzit.] The
conciufion of an oration. Smart

To PERPEND. v. a. [perpe„do, Lat.] To
weigh in the mind ; to conſider attentivc-
'y. Brown.

PERPE'NDER. ʃ. [pcrpgne, Fr.] A coping

PE'RPENDICLE. ʃ. [perp-ndicuk, French,
p;rp:ndiculum, Lat.] Any thing hanging
down by a ſtrant line.

PERPENDICULAR. a. [pcrpmdicularh,
^'^ .^ '
1. Ciofllng any ether line at right angles.
2. Cutting the horizon at right angles.

PERPENDI'CULAR. ʃ. A line crofling
the horizon at lighi angle., fVogd-ward.


PERPENDl'CULARLT. ad. [(:om terpendicular,'.
1. In ſuch a manner as to cut another
line at risht angles.
2. In the direction of a ſtrant line up and
down. ^''''

dicuIarA The ſtate of being perpendicular. Watts.

PERPE'NSION. ʃ. [from pnpend.^ C nſideration.

To PE'RPETRATE. v. a. [perpetro, Lat.]
To commit ; to aft. Always man ill
ſenſe. ^y^'.

PERPETRATION. ʃ. [from perpnrate.]
- I, The act of committing a crime. Wotton.
2. A bad action. . King Charles.

PERPETUAL. a. [perpstueL, Fr. perpetous,
i- n
1. Never ceaſing; eternal with rclpett to
futurity. .

2. Continual: uninterrupted; perennial. Arbuthnot.
.». Perpetual ſcrew. A ſcrew which afls
aeainſt the teeth of a wheel, and continues
its action without end. Wilktns.

PERPE'TUALLY. ad. [from perpetual.]
Conflantly ; continually ; incelfantiy. Newton.

To PERPE'TUATE. ʃ. a. [perpttuer, Fr.
perpstuo, Lat.)
1. To make perpetual ; to pieſerve from
extinaion ; to eternize.
2. To continue without ceffation or intermiſſion. Hammond.

PERPETUA'TION. ʃ. [from perpetuate.]
The act of making perpetual ; incellant
continuance. ^ ^r^'.'-

PERPE'TUITY. r. [perpetmtas,lat.]
1. Duration to all tutunty. Hooker.
2. Exemption from internliſhon or cefiafion.

-i. Something of which there is no end.
^ South.

To PERPLE'X. v. a. Ip'rphxus, hitm]
3. To diHurb with douOttul notions ; to
entangle; to make anxious; toteazewith
luſpenfe or ambiguity ; to diſtraa.
^ Dryden.
2. To make intricate ; to involve ; to
complicate. ^'^^'>-
- To plague; to torment; to vex.

PERPLE'X. a. [pef-pley, ¥r. perph^c.s,
Lat.] Intricate; diſhcult. Glanville.

PERPLE'XEDLY. ad. [from perplexed.]
intricately ; with involution.

PERPLE'XEDNESS. ʃ. [from perplexed, ]
; Embaraffment ; anxiety.
a! Intricacy ; iavolation^ 4JfScuUy.


^ERPLE'XirV. ſ. [perp:cxue\^i..
1. Anxiety; dillraction of mind, i^penf^r,
2. Entanglement ; intricacy. Sul/inrfi-e-'.

PERPOTA'TION. ʃ. [;,,. and />'.ro, Lat.]
Theaa of or»rik ng largely.

gained by a place or office over and
above the ſettled wages. Addiʃon.

PERQUISITION. ʃ. [pnquifitus, Lat.
An ] accurate'enquiry ; a thorough ſearcht

PERRY. ʃ. [pQri,Yx. from /.o/W.) Cyder
made oſ pears. Mortimer.

To PrRSECUTE. v. a. [pcrfecuter, fr,
perjrcutui^ Lat.]
1. To harrals with penalties ; to perfue
with malignity. y.^t,
2. To perlue with repeated afts: of vengeance
or enmity. Dryden.
3. To importu.ne much.

PERSECUTION. ʃ. [p.rjecutior,, Fr per-
JecuttOy Lat.]
1. The aa or practice of perfecuiing. Addiſor.
a- The ſtate of being perfecuted. Strait.

PE'RSECUIOR. ʃ. [perjauteur, Fr. from
perfecute, ] One who harrafles others with
continued malignity, Milton.

PERSEVERANCE. ʃ. [perfeierance^Yx,
perfeverantia^ Lat.] Perfiflence in any
deſign or atttmpt ; Iteadineſs in purſuit.s ; conllancy in progreſs. King Charles.

PERSEVE'RANT. a. [perfeverant, Fr,
perfeverans, Lat.] Perfilling ; conſtant. Ainſworth.

To PERSEVE'RE. i: n. [perfefero, Lat.]
To perlilt in an attempt ; not to give
over ; not to quit the deſign. Wake.

PERSEVE'RINGLY. ad. [from perjcvere.]
With perfeverance.

To PERSl'ST. v. a. [p^rjijlo, Ln. perfijier,
Fr.] To perſevere; to continue
firm ; not to give over. South.

PERSl'STANCE. ʃ. . r. ^ in ,

/' T^^om /^.r/7/?.]
1. The ſtate of perfi.ling; ſtcadineſs ; conllancy
; perfeverance in good or bad.
Government of the TonguCt
Sty Obflinacy ; obduracy ; contumacy.Shakʃpeare.

PERSl'STIVE. a. [from fe-fift ] Steady ; not receding from a purpuſe ; perfevering, Shakʃpeare.

PE'RSON. ʃ. [perſonm, Fr. perſona, Lat.]
1. Individual or particular man or womatf. Locke.
2. Man or woman cunſidered as oppoſed to
things. Spratt.
3. Human Being. Dryden.
4. Man or woman conſidered as prelent,
afiing or ſuffering. Shakʃpeare.cʃpeare.
5. A general looie term for a human being,
4. One's

5. One's ſtlf ; not a represent Jilve, Dry.
7. Rxteriour appearance. Shakſpeare.
8. Man or woman reptcfented in a rttlit!
ous dialogue. B3ker,
q. ChIT?€ttT. Hjy-cvard,
to. Chjracter of officr, South.

II. [In grammar.] The quality of the
iioun that mod I ties the verb Sidney.

PERSONABLE. a. [from f'tr/on.]
1. Hind (bine ; graceful; of good appearance.
2. [Iilaw.] Or>e that may maintain any
pie. in A iudicial court.

PERSO NAGE. ʃ. [ferſonogf, F.'.]
1. A coniiderable pclon ; man or woman
ofeminence. Sidney,
2. Ettciiour appearance ; air ; ſtaturc.
3. Character a/Tumed. Addiſon.
^. Ch^'t€tzt repreſented. Broome.

PERSONAL. a. [perjlae/, Fr. terjloahs,
1. Beiopging to men or women, not to
things i not real. Hooker.
7. Aft',£ting individuals or particular peopk
; peculiar ; proper to him or her ; relating
to one's private actions or character. Rogers.
3. Preſent ; not acting by repreſentative.Shakʃpeare.
4. Exteriour ; corporal. Addiſon.
5. [In law.] Something moveable ;
ſomething appendant to the perſon. Da,
6. [In gram.msr, ] A perſonal verb is
that which has all the regular modification
of the three perſons ; oppoſed to imperſonal
that has only the third.

PERSON'ALITY. ſ. [t':om perſonal.] The
'xiſtence or individuality of any one. Loc.

PERSON'ALLY. ad. [ixotn ferjoeal.]
r. In pcflon ; in prefence ; not by repreſentative. Hooker.
2. With reſpect to an individual ; particularly. Bacon.
3. With regard to numerical exiſtence. Ro.

To PE'R^ ONATE. v. a. [from perſona,
1. To repreſent by ; fictitious or afTumgd
charaifter, ſo as to paſs for the perfoq repreſented. Bacon.
2. To repreſent by action or appearance ;
to A&. Crajbaiu.
3. To pretend hypocritically, with the rioprocal
pronoun. Swift.
4. To counterfeit ; to feign. Hammond.
5. To refcnible. Shakʃpeare.
6. To make a repreſentative of, as in
plflure. Outofuſe. Shakʃpeare.
7. To deſcribe. Outofuſe. Shakʃpeare.

PERSONATION. ʃ. [from ptrfonau.]
Counterfeiting of another perſon. Bacon.

PERSONIFICATION. ʃ. [from perfsnify.]
Profopopcfia ; the change of things to per.
fonsv Milton.


To PERSONIFY. n;. a. [kom ptrfon.] To
change from a thing to a pcrlon.

PE'RSPECTIVE. ʃ. [perſptSiiJ, Fr. ptrjpuio,
1. A glals through which things are viev^-
e<l- Temple.
2. The ſcience by which things are ranged
in pitflure, according to their aj-pearanca
in their real fituauon. Addiſon.
3. View viſto, Dryden.

PE KSPECTIVE. a. Relating to the ſcience
of vifjon
; optick ; ootical. Bacon.

PERSPICACIOUS. a.' [per'pUax, Lat.]
QuTkfigh'ed ; ſharp of fight. Ho-.tb,

PERSPICA'CIOUSNE^S. ſ. [from />.ry^rcacioui.]
Qnyrkneſs of fight. Brown.

PERSPiCA'ClTY. ſ. [/>-^rj>;V-c.'/,Fr<-nch.]
Q^jjckneſs of fight. Brown.

PERSPI'CIENCE. ʃ. [perſp-ciens, Latin.] The a;t of looking ſh^rply.

PER >PIC!L. ſ. [per!p:cdium, Latin.] A
glaſs thrtu^h which ihmgs are vjtwed ; an optick claf.^ Crafraiv.

PERSPICU'ITY:. ʃ. [pcr/pUuii/, Fr.from
1. Clearneſs to the mind ; eaſineſs to be
uoderilood ; freedom from obſcurity cr
ambiguity. Locke.
2. Tranſparency ; tranſiucency ; diaphaneity.

PERSITCUOUS. a. [prrſplcous, Lat.]
1. Tranſparenci clear; ſuch as may b«
ſcen through. Peacham.
2. Clear to the underſtanding ; not obſcure
; nr»t ambiguous. IShakʃpeare, Spratt.

PERSPI'CUOUSLY. ad. [from p:rſpicu.
cz/i.] Clearly ; net obſcurely. Bacon.

PERSPI'CUOUSNESS. ʃ. [from perf^kuoaj.]
Clearneſs ; freedom from obſcurity.

PERSPI'RABLE. a. [from perſpire.]
1. Such as may be emitted by the cuticular
pores. Brown.
2. Perſpiring ; emitting perſpiration. Bac,

PERSPIRATION. f. [fr.^m perſprre.] Excretion
fay the cuticuiar }^oxq%'. Arbuthnot.

PERSPl'RATIVE. a. [from perſpire.] Performing
the act of perſpiration.

To PERSPI'RE. v. a. [perſpiro, Lat.]
1. Ti> perform excretion by the c'uticular
2. To be excreted by the ſkin, Arbuthno.,

To PERSTRl'XGE. v. a. [per/, Lat.]
To graze upon ; to glance upon. Di&.

PERSUA'DABLBE. a. [from perjuade. ;
Such as may be perſuaced.

To PERSUA'DE. v. a. [perſuadio. Lat.]
1. To bring to any particular opinion.
2. To inſtuence by argument or expcftulation.
Ftrfuajion ſeems rather appitcabic
to the paſſions, and arg-jvunc to the rea-
Iba ; but this is not always o&ſerved, Sid.
3. T.

g. To Inculcate by argument orexprftulation. Taylor.
4. To treat by perſuafion. Shakʃpeare.

PERSUA'DER. ʃ. [from ferjuade.] One
who influences by perſuafion ; an importunate
advifer. Bacon.

PERSUA'SIBLE. «. [perſuafibilis^h^t. per-
JuaJibUf Pr.] To be influenced by perſuation.
Government of the Tongue.

PERSUA'SIBLENESS. ʃ. [from p£rjuajible:\
The quality of being llexible by perſuafion.

PERSUA'SION. ʃ. [perſuafion, Fr, from
perſuafuiy Lat.]
1. The act: of perſuading ; the act of influencing
by expoſtulation ; the act of
gaining or attempting the paiſions. Otway.
2. The ſtate of being pAfuaded ; opinion.Shakʃpeare.

PERSUA'SIVE. a. [perjuafif, Fr. from
perſuade.'j Having the power of perſuading
3. having influence on the paſſions.

PERSUA'SIVELY. ad. [from perſuafiw.]
In ſuch a manner as to perſuade. Milton.

PERSUA'SIVENESS. ʃ. [from perfu^ffve.]
Influence on the paſſions. Hammond.

[perſuaforius, Latin.
from perſuade, ] Having the power to
perſuade. Brown.

PERT. a. [pert, Welfli.]
1. Lively ; bnik ; ſmart. Milton.
2. Saucy ; petulant} with bold and garrulous
loquacity. Collier.

To PERTA'IN. -y. ». [pertineo, Lat.] To
belong ; to relate. Hayward. Peacham.

PERTEREBRA'TION. ʃ. [per and terebratio,
Lat.] The act of boring through.

PERTINA'CIOUS. a. [from pertinax.]
1. Obltinate ; ſtubborn ;
perverſely reſolute.
2. Rcfolute ; conſtant ; ſteady. South.

PERTINA'CIOUSLY. ad. [from pertir.afzoa;,
; Obfl^inately ; ſtubbornly. King Charles, Milton.

PERTINA'CITY. ʃ. [pertinacia,

PERTlNA'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. Lat. from pertinacious.'.
1. Obftinacy ; ſtubbornneſs. Brown.
2. Refolution ; conſtancy.

PE'RTINACY. ʃ. [from pertinax.]
1. Obftinacy ; ſtubbornneſs ; perfiftcncy. Duppa.
2. Refolution; ſteadineſs; conſtancy. Taylor.

PE'RTINENCE. ʃ. / [from pcrtineo, Lar, ;

PE'RTINENCY. ʃ. Juftneſs of relation to
the matter in hand ; propriety to the purpoſe
; appofitf neſs. Berkley.

PE'RTINENT. a. [pertinem, Lat. pertinenty
1. Related to the matter in hand 3
juſt to
the purpoſe ; not uſeleſs to the end propoſed
; appyfjt^, Bacon.

1. Relating,. regarding ; concerning;

PE'RTINENTLY. ad. [from pertinent. ;
; CO the purpoſe^ Taylor.

PE'RTINEN INESS. ſ. [from pertinent.]
Appoſiteneſs. Did.

PERTJ'NGENT. a. [pertingens, Latin.]
Reaching co ; touching.

PE'RTLY. ad. [from pert.]
1. Briikly
; ſmartly. Popei,
2. Saucily
; petulantly. Swift.t

FE'RTNESS. ʃ. [from pert.]
1. Briſk folly ; faucineſs ; petulance. Pope. .
2. Petty livelineſs 3 ſpritelineſs without
force. Watts.

PERTRA'NSIENT. a. [pertranſiens, Lat.]
Palling over. DiB,

To PERTURB. ʃ. v. a. [perturbo,

1. To diiquitt ; 10 diſturb ; to deprive of
tranquility. Sandys.
2. To diiorder ; to confuſe ; to put out
of regularity. Brown.

PERTURBA'TION. ʃ. [perturbdtio, Lat.]
1. Diſquiet of mind ; deprivation of tranquility. Ray.
2. Reftleflneſs of paſſions. Bacon.
3. Diflurbance ; diſorder ; confuſion .
commotion. Bacon.
4. Cauſe of diſquiet. Shakʃpeare.
5. Commotion of paſſions. Ben. Johnson.

PERTURBA' rOUR. ſ. [perturbator, Lat.]
Raiſer of commotions.

PERTU'SED. a. [pertufus, Lat.] Bored ;
punched ; piercea with holee.

PERTU'SION. ʃ. [from p^rtufus, Lat.]
1. The act of piercing or punching.
2. Hole made by punching or pieicing. Bacon.

To PERVA'DE. t/. a. [pervado, Lat.]
1. To paſs through an aperture ; to permeate.

2. To paſs through the whole extenhon. Berkley.

PERVA'SION. ʃ. [from pervade.] The
act of pervading or paſſing through. Boyle.

PE'RVERSE. a. [pervers, Fr. perverfut,
1. Diſtorted from the right. Milton.
2. ObHinate in the wrongs ſtubborn ; untractable. Dryden.
3. Pc.ulant ; vexatious. Shakʃpeare.

PERVE'RSELY. ad. [from perve.f.] With
intent to vex ; peeviſhly ; vexatiouſly ;
ſpitefully ; rroſsly. Decay of Piety.

PERVE'RSENE. F. ſ. [from perverſe.]
1 Petulance ; peeviſhneſs 3 ſpiteful crolTneis. Donne.
z, Perver^on ; corruption, Not in uſe. Bacon.



PERVE'RSIO^J>. ʃ. [perv.rſion, Fr. from
ſcrvcrJ£.] The act of -pqr crting ; ch^n.e
to worfe. ^tvift,

PERVERSITY. ſ. [perver/u/, Fr. from
p<rvtrfe.j Perverlenef:.]

To PERVE'RT. i: a. [pirvetto^ Lat.]
1. To diſtort from the true end or purpoff. Dryden.
2. To corrupt ; to turn from the righr. Milton.

PERVE'RTER. ſ. [from pervert.]
1. On- that changes an) thing from good
to bid
; a corrupter. South.
2. One who difturts any thing from the
right purpoO. Stillingfleet.

PERVERTIBLE. a. [from pervert.] I'h it
may btf eofiiy perverted. Ainſworth.

PERVICA'CIOUS. a. [p-rvicr.x. Latin.; Spitefully obltinate ;
petviſhly con'umicious.

PERVICA'CIOUsLY. ad. [from pervicac:-
jus. ; With f^ueful obliinacv.

PERVICA'CIOUSNESS. l ʃ. [p^vicact'a,

PE'lVlCA'virV. > Lat.] Spite-

PERVICA'CY. ʃ. fd obſtinacy.

PE'RVIOUS. ad. [per-jius, Lat.]
1. Admitting pafftge ; capable of being
permeated. Taylor.
2. Pervnding
; permeating. Prior.

PE'RVIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from psr'vious.]QnAlity
of admit ing a paſſage. Boyle.

PER'U'K.E. ſ. [peruquf, Fr.] A cap of
falſe hair ; a periwig. Pſ^'ifſman.

To PERU'KE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
dreſs in adfcititious hair.

PERU'KEMAKER. ʃ. [peruke and maker.]
A maker of perukes ; a w gmaker.

PERU SAL. ſ. [from peruſe.] The act of
re^dina. Atterbury.

To PERU'SE. v. a. [per and uſe.]
1. To I cad. Bacon.
2. To chierve ; to exa.Tiine. Shakʃpeare.

PERU'SER. ʃ. [from peruſe.] A reader ;
examiner, Woodward.

PESA Dh. ſ. A motion a horſe makes.
Farrier^ DiB,

PE'SSARY. ʃ. [pejfarie, Fr.] Is an ob-
Jong form of medicine, made to thruſt up
into the uterus upjn ſome extraordinary
occalicns. Arbuthnot.

PEST. ʃ. [pep, Fr. pefiis, Lat ]
1. PIague ; peſtilence. Pope. .
2. Any thing miſchievous or deſtructive.

To PE STER. v. a. [pefler, Fr.]
1. To diſturb ; to perplex ; to harraſs ; to tuimoiL Swift.
2. To encumber. Milton.

PE'STERER. ʃ. [from pe/ier.] One that
peſters or diſturbs.

PESTEROUS. a. [{rom pe^r.] Encumbering
; cumb«rfomc. Bacon.

PEST HOUSE. ſ. [from p:Ji and houſe.] An

h-iſp'tiJ for perfans infected with the

PESITFFROUS. a. [from pe/li/er, Utm.]
1. Dfdrudive ; miſchievous. Shakʃpeare.
2. P;;Uileniial ; malignant ; infectious. Arbuthnot.

PE'STILENCE. [pejlilevce, Fr. p'p.lentia,
Lat.] PIigii^ ; pert ; contagious diftemper,Shakʃpeare.

PL'STILEN r. a. [peſtilent, Fr. p-ſhiens,
1. Pro iiicing pi 'gurs ; malignant, Berkley.
2. Miltf hievfiis ; deſtrtiſhve. Knolles.

PESTlLE NTIAL. a. [p-.jitlciuicl, French ; P'ftiUm, Lat.]
1. Partaking of the nature of peſtilence ; producing pe'ſilence ; infectious ; contagious. Woodward.
2. Miſchievous i deſtructive ; pernicious. South.

PE'STILENTLY. ad. [from pejlilent.] Miſchityoully
^ deltni(ft-ively.

PESTILLA'TION. ʃ. [pijliHum, Lat.] The
act of pounding wr brcaKing m a mortar. Brown.

PESTLE. ʃ. [p-ftiſhm, Lat.] An inſtruraent
Wich which any thing is broken in a
mortar. Locke.

PESTLE of Perk, f, A gammon of Bacon, Ainsworth.

PET. ʃ. [deſpet, Fr.]
1. A flight paſſion ; a flight fit of anger. Milton.
2. A lamb taken into the houſe, and
brought up by hand. Hanm.r,

PETAL. ʃ. [petaium, Lat.] Petal is a.
term in botany, ſignifying ihole fine coloured
leaves that coi.-^oſe the rtcwers of all
plants. S!uincy.

PETA'LOUS. a. [from /^m/.] Having petals.

PETAR. ʃ. f. [pttard, French

PE'TARD. ʃ. Italan.] An engine of metal,
almoii in the ſh^pe of an hat, about
ſeven inches deep, and about five inches
over at the mouth ; when charged with
fine powder well beaten, it is covered with
a madrier or plank, bound down faſt with
ropes, running through handles, which
are round the rim near the mouth of it
this petnrd is applit^d to gates or barriers of
ſuch places as are deſigned to be ſurprized,
to blow thtm up. Military D Ei. Hudibras.

PETECHIAL. a. [from fetechia-, Latin.]
Pefti!entijily f^)otted. Arbuthnot.

PETER- WORT. ſ. This plant differs
from St. John'f-wort. Miller.

PE'lTT. a. [French.] Small ; inconfidfrable. South.

PETITION. ʃ. ^p;titio, Lat.]
1. Requeſt ; intrcaty ; ſupplication ; prayer.
2. Single branch or article of a prayer. Dryden.
4. X Ta


To PETI'TION. v. a. [from the noun.]
To foliciſe ; to ſuppUcate. Addiſon.

PETI'TIONARILY. ad. [from pet ithna ry.]
By way of begging the queſtion. Brown.

PETI'TIONARY. a. [from petition.)
1. Supplicatory} coming with petitions. Shakʃpeare.
7. Confaininsj prtitionsor requeſts. Swift.

PETITIONER. ʃ. [from petition.] One
who offers a pctitorj. South.

PETI'TORY. a. [petitorius, Lat. pttiioire,
Fr.] Petitioning ; claiming the property
of any thing. Ainſw.rth,

PE'TRE. ʃ. [from /?rr^, a ſtone.] Nit.-e ;
fait pet re. Boyle.

PETRE'SCENT. <». [pctreſcens, Lat.]
Growing Oone ; becoming (lone. Boyle.

PETRIFA'CTION. ſ. [from /^t//-,/ .', La.]
1. The act of tiiMiing to ſtone ; the ſtate
of being turned to ſtone. Brown.
2. That which is made ſtone. Cheyne.

PETRrFACTIVE. d. [from pttnfacio, Lat.]
Having the power to form Itone. Bacon.

PETRIFICATION. ʃ. [petrification, Fr.
from pitrify.] A b'.dy formed by changing
other matter to ſtonp. Boyle.

PETRIFICK. a. [petrificus, Lat.] Having
the power to change to ſtone. Milton.

To PE'TRIFY. v. a. [pefrfi'?r, Fr. petra
and fio, Lat.] To change to ſtone.

To PE'TRIFY. v. n. To become ſtone. Dryden.

PETRO'L. ʃ. [petrol', French.]

PETRO'LEUM. S A liquid bitumen,
black, floating on the water of ſprmgs. Woodward.

PE'TRONEL. ʃ. [petrinaU F^] A piſtol; a ſmall gun uſed by a horſeman. Hudibras.

PETTICOAT. ʃ. [petit and coat.] The
lower part of a wom^m's dreſs. Suckling.

PETTIFO'GGER. ʃ. [corrupted from pet.
tivogutr ; petit and rvoguer, French.] A
petty im<)ll-rate Liwyer. iiwiſc.

PETTINESS. ʃ. [from ^^^O'O Smallncls ; Iittleneſs ; incoahderableueſs ; unimportance.Shakʃpeare.

PETTISH. a. [from pd.] Fretful ; peevifti.

PETTI'SHNESS. ſ. [from pettip.] Fret
fulneſs ; peeviſhncls. Collier.

PETTITOES. ʃ. [petty and toe.]
1. The feet of a ſucking pig.
2. Feet in contempt. Shakʃpeare.

VE'tTO. [Itaiian.] The hresft ; ligurative
by privacy.

PETTY. a. Ip tit, Fr.] Small ; inconſiderable
; infcnourj little. Stillingfleet.

PETTCOY. ʃ. An herb.

PETULANCE. ʃ. [fetu'a-^ce, Tt.petu-

PE'TULANCY. i /u/7/M, Lat.] Saucineſs ;

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peeviftineſs ; wantonneff. Clarryidon.

PE'IULANT. a. [peiulum, Latin petulant,
1. Saucy; perverſe. Watts.
2. Wantoni Sp^i'tator.

PETULANTLY. ad. [from p^itulant.]
With petulance ; with faucy pcrtneſs.

PEW. ʃ. [puyey Dutch.] A feat incloſed in
a church. Addi on,

PE'WET. ʃ. [pie-wit, Dutch.]
1. A water Jowl. Careio,
2. The lapwing.

PE;WTER. ʃ. [peauter, Dtttch ]
1. A compound of metals ; an artificial
metal. Bacon.
2. The plates and diſhes in a houſe. Addiſon.

PEWTERER. ʃ. [from p'.-wter, ; A
fmith who works in pewter. Boyle.

PH.ENOMENON. ʃ. This has ſometimes
fbcur.omena in the plural. [^ii4'.o^,£vov.] Aa
appearance in the works of nature. Newton.

PHAGEDE'NA. ʃ.: [-t^xyi^anva. -, from^iyw,
tdo, to eat.] An ulcer, where the ITiarpne(
s of the humours eats awjy the ſteſh.

PHAGEDE'NICK. v. a. [phagedouaue,

PHAGEDE'NOUS. ʃ. Fr.] Eating ; corroding.

FHA'LANX. ʃ. [phalarx, Latin.] A troop
of men cioTely embodied. Pope. .
PK ANTA'SM. 7 ʃ. [<pcivla.s-fji,a, ^pu'^lag-Ui

PHANTA'SMA. £ phantafme, phantajie,
Fr. ; Vain and airy appearance ; ſomething
appearing only to imagination. Raleigh.

PHANTA'STICAL.7 See Fantasti-

PHANTA'.^TICK. ʃ. cal.

PHA'NTO.VT. ſ. [pb-jntoifie, Fr.]
1. A ſpedlre ; an apparition. Atterbury.
2. A fancied viſion. Rogers.

PHARISAICAL. a. [from phanjee] Ritual ; externally-religious, fi .m the feci
of the Pharifees, whoſe leligion conſiſted
almoſt whoily in ceremonies. Bacon.

PHARMACE'UTICAL. 7 a. l<pa^fxanBvli.

PHARMACE'UTICK. I xoj, from '<pa^-
Relating to the knowledge or
art of phaimacy, or preparation of medicine's.

PHARMACOLOGIST. ʃ. [^^^axcy and
7^iyM.] One who writes upon ſtrugs.

PHARMACO'LOGY. ʃ. [-floj^a^cv and
Xiyoo.] The knowledge of drugs and medicines.

PHARMACOPOEI'A. ʃ. [<bd^iuaxov ?nd
ITonw.] A dITpenfatory ; a book containing
rules for the compoſition of medicines. ''

PHARMACO'POLIST. ʃ. [<pd^fxa: ov and
7ro^£w.] An apothecary ; one who ſtUs

PHA'R- , ;

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PHA'xRMACY. ſ. [from ^'-.'.ua^ssv.] The
irt or pract ce of preparing medicines ; the
trade of an a£Othecary. Garth.

FHA'ROS 7 ʃ. [U^mf.barot in Egypt.]

PHARE. ^ A light-houſ: ; a lanternff'^m
the ſh re to direct fjilois. Arbuthnot.

PHARYNCO TOMV. ſ. [^i^vy^ and te.
/tcvw.] The act of making an inciſionanto
the wind- pipe, uſed when ſome tumour
in the throat hinders reſperation.

PHA'SELS. ʃ. [fLjJeoli, Latin.) French
beans. Ainsworth.

PHA'oI^. ſ. [In the plural pbafei, ( ^j^ac-jf; ſhaj'ey Fr.] Appearance exhibited by any
body ; as the changes of the moon. Creech.

PHASM. ʃ. [4>a5-,a«.] Appearance; phantom
; fjncied apparition. Hammond.

PH£ AS ANT. ſ. [pbafianus.'^ A kind of
vii'd cock. P(p^,

Pr-iEER. ſ. A companion. See Fees,

To PHEE'SE. '^'. ^. [perh-.ps to/fiR^.] To
C' mb ^ to fleece ; to curry, Shakʃpeare.

PHENl'COPTER. ſ. [.:.v.xoV7ej(^-.] A
kind of bird. Huktiviil.

PHE'NIX. ʃ. [>:ivi^] The bird wiach is
I'uppuſed to exiſt hngle, and to riſe again
from its own aſhes. Milton.

PHENOMENON. ʃ. [<;>a;'vc.u£»5v
; pheno.
merCy Fr. it is therefore often written ^i)^-
wcm.o:.] .
1. Appearance; vifb'e quality. Burnet.
2. Any thing that l^rikes by any new appearance.

PHl'AL. ſ. [pliula, Lat. fblCle, Fr.] A
fr.al! bottle. Newton.

PHILA'NrHROPy. ſ. [4)iXea) and av&^a,-
no;.] Love of mankind; goodnature.

PHILl'PPICK. a. [from the inveſtives of
D--moſthenes againſt Phtlip of Macedon.]
A:-.y inveſtive declamation.

PHIL'o LOGER. / {^iMhoyo;.] One whofe
cljief lludy u language ; a gtiSWimarian ; a
tritick. Spratt.

PHILO'LOGICAL. a. [from /i)//W>?j .]
Critical ; granr.matical. Watts.

PHILO'LOGIST. ʃ. [<^iKQKoyoq,'\ A critick ; a graninr.arian.

PHILO'LOGY. ʃ. [4^iKor.oyU ; pbilo'cgie,
Fi.j Criticiinij gramniatical iearning.

PHI'LOMEL. ʃ. [ from Philomela.

PHILOME'LA. ʃ. changed into a bird.]
The nightingale, Shakʃpeare,

PHl'i.O.'VlOr. a. [corrupted from /ett/y/.
morte, a dead leaf.] Cjloured like a dead
leaf. Addiſon.

PHILO'SOPHEME. f. r<J>«Xoo-o>|ua.] Principle
of reaſining ; theorem. i^yaiti.

PHILO SOPHER. ſ. [philojophus, Lat.] A
man deep in knowledge, either moral or
natural. Hooker.

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f. A rtonedrMmed
of by alchcmiiJs, which, by its touch,
converth baſe metals into gold.

PHILO.^OPHICK. 7^,,, ,, . ^ 1
PHL.OSUTHIUAL. ʃ ^\P^'<>fop'yque,'9:..
1. Belonging to philufophy ; ſuitable to a
philofopher. Milton.
2. Skilled in philofophy, Shakʃpeare.
3. Frugal ; abftcmious. Dryden.

PHILOSO'PHICAI.LY. ad. [ftem pfih/bpiicuJ.
; In a phiivfophicalmanncr ; rationally
; wiſely. Berkley.

To PHILOSOPHIZE. tj. a. [from phi/o-
Jopf.'j.] To play the philofupher ; to real.
n 1 ke a phi.'ofopher. L'Eſtranae,

PHl'LOSOPHY. ſ. [phi/jjcphia, Lat.]
1. Knowledge natural oſ moral.
2. Hypothcfjs or fydem upon which natural
efteds are explained. Locke.
3. Reafoning ; argumi ntation, Rogers.
4. The cour.e of ſciences read in the

PHl'LTER. ſ. [<pl>'],cv
i philtre, Fr.] Some,
thing to cauſe love. Dryden.

To PHl'LTER. v. a. [from the noun ; To
charm to love. Government of the Tongue.

PHIZ. ʃ. [A r.diculous cuntiaction from
phy/iogtiomy.] The f-ice. Stepney,

PHLEBO/rOMIST. ſ. [from fX,-^ and
r-fx\x.] One that cpens a vein ; a bloodletter.

To PHLEBOTOMIZE. 1; a. [pblebotomi.
fer,¥r.] Toletbiood.' Howel.

PHLEBO'TO.Viy. ſ. [<^\t3orefjnx,^ BIoodletting
; the act or pradicc of opening a
vein for medical intentions. Bacon.

PHLEGM. ʃ. [<p\cyij,c.]
1. The watry humour of the b.-dy, which,
when it predominates, is ſuppoſed to produce
nugginineſs or dulneſs. Roſcommon.

2. Water. Boyle.

PHLE'GMAGOGUES. ʃ. [<^Kiyfxc, and
ayo}.] A purge of the maker lorr, ſuppoſed
to evacuate phlegm and leave the
other humnurs. PIover

PHLEGMA' nCK. a. [:f\iyfxa''a-^k.]
1. Abounding in phlegm. Arbuthnot.
2. Generating phlegm. Brown.
3. Watry. Nfivton,
4. Dall ; cold ; frigid. Southern.

FHLE'GMON. ʃ. [<p\iyf^ov^.] An inflamrjation
; a burning tumour. t'liſeman,

PHLE'GMONOUS. ^. [from phlegmon.]
Inflammatory ; burning. Hartrey.

PHLEME. ʃ. [from pthbotomut, Lat.] An
inſtrument which is placed on the vein
and driven into it with a blow.

PHLOGi'STON. ſ. [<i>>.oyITI;,from <p\Ey<u.]
1. A chemical liquour excremely inflammable.
2. The inflammable part of any body.
4X2 PHO'.

FHO'NICKS. ʃ. [from 4>i;v'?.] The doc
trine of f>)unds.

PHONOCAMPTICK. a. i;.«v>; andxa,a7r-
'Ja;.] Having the power to inflea or turn
the found, and by tha^ toaiter it. Denham.
1. The morr-in^ flar. P(pf.
2. A chemical ſublUnce whi.h, exp:ifed to
the air, takes fi-e. Cheyne.

PHRASE. f. [t^a^i?.]
1. An idiom ; a mode of ſpeech peculiar to
a language.
2. An expreſſion ; a mode of ſpeech. Milton.
3. Stile ; expreſſion. Shakʃpeare.

To PHRASE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
ftile ; to cjill ; to term. Shakʃpeare.

PHRASEO'LOGY. ʃ. [<}>,-^V:j and Aej^w]
1. Stile ; diarion. Swift.
2. A phraſe bnok.

PKRENi'TIS. ſ. [tjsvinc.] Madnef?.

PHRENE'TICK. v. a. [<j^^^£v>:1i>'.o? ; plrenc-

FHRE'NTICK. ʃ. /:f«/f, French.] Mad ; inflamed in the brain ; frantick. To ^oodw,

PHRE NSV. ſ. [from <J>5=vt'rt? ; phrtnefie,
French ] M'iidneVs ; frantickneſs. Milton.

PHTHI'SiCAL. a. [<pSr;:r<y.cj.] WafHng.

PHTHI'SICK. ʃ. [t&''',^] A confamption.

PHTHI'SIS. ʃ. [<}>^i<rij.] A confunr-.ption. Wiſeman.

PHYLA'CTERY. ʃ. t>:;X«xl:f;o';.] A bandage
on which was iincribed iurrſe memorable
fentence. Ilarr.m'.nd.

PHY'SICAL. a. [from phyſich.]
1. Relating to nature or to nati.ral philofnphy ;
not moral. Hammond.
2. Pertaining to the ſcience of healing.
3. Mcdicinil ; helpful to health. Shakſp.
4. Reſembling phyſick.

PHY'SiCALLY. ad. [from phyſcall Ac
cording to nature ; by natural operation ; not morally. Stillingfleet.

PHYSrCIAN. ſ. [phyſtciev.Tx. from phy-
Jick.] One who profcffes the artof healing. Bacon.

PHY'SICK. ʃ. [<});r:M):.] The ſcience of
2. Medicines ; remedies. Hooker.
3. ; In common phraſe.] A purge.

To PHY'SICK 'u. a. [from the noun.] To
purge ; to treat with pliylkk ; to cute. Shakſpeare.

PHYSICO'THEOLOCY. ʃ. [from phyſico
and the^ogw] Divinity enforced or iiluſtrated
by natural philufophy.

PHYSIO'GNOMER. ʃ. [from phyſio-

PHYSIO'GNGIVIIST. ʃ. gnomy.] One who
3. idges of the tamper or tuture fortune by
tilt fealurcE hi the Uce, Beachcm,

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7 a. [<^'j<T.
\ Vl>CCf.

PHYSIOGNO'MICK. la. L<})ycrJoy &V^e-

PHYSIOGNO'MONICK. vi>cc?.] Drawn
from the contemplation of the face ; converfant
id crntt-mpiation of the face.

PHY-IO'GNOMY. ſ. [<|pyrto;,v«ucvr^.]
1. The art f diſcovering the temper,
and foreknowing the fortune by the (eatures
of the face. Bacon.
2. The face ; the caſt of the look. Hudibras.

PHYSIO'LOGICAL. a. [hf^rts ſh^jfio rgy
Relating to the doctrine of the natural
conliituiion of things. B:y!e,

PHYSIO'LOGIST. ʃ. [from phyſio!ogy:\ A
writer of natural obilofophy,

PHYSIOLOGY. ʃ. [4.uV;j and >,H>a,-.j T!->e
doih-ine of the coijfluuti n of the works
of nature. Bailey.

PHYSY. ʃ. The ſame wvhfuſee,

PHYTIVOROUS. a. [<^SUv -^M 'voro.]
That ears graſs or any vegetable. Ray.

PHYTO'GRAPHY. ʃ. L<j,J^iy and y^a>a;. J' A deſcripMon or pia'^ts.

PHY'TOLOGY. ʃ. [<sj;av and ?.£>&;.] The
diictrine of plants; botanical diſcourl'e.

[piaculuni, Latin.] An enormous
crime. Hozuel.

PL^'CULAR. v. a. [piacularis, piaculuIT?,

PIA'CULOUS. ʃ. Latin.]
1. Expiatory; having the power to atone.
2. Such as requires expiation. Brown.
3. Criminal ; attrociouſly bad. Giar.'vilte.

PIAMATER. ʃ. [Latin.] A thin nd de-
licate membrane, which lies under the dura
mater, and covers immediately the ſubſtance
of the brain.

1. A bird ; the leder wood pecker.
2. The magpie.

PI'ASTER. ʃ. [piajira, Italian.] An Italian
coin, about five ſhillings ſterling m value.

PIA'ZZA. f. [Italian.] A walk under a
roof ſup'ported by pillars. Arbuthnot.

PICA. ʃ. Among printers, a particular ſize
of their types or letters.

PICARO'ON. ʃ. [from ;>/cdr«, Italian.] A
robber ; a plunflerer. Temple.

PI'CCAGE. ʃ. [/iiVc^|;/ttffj, low Latin.] Money
paid at fairs for breaking ground for

To PICK. v. a. [picken, Dutch.]
1. To cull ; to chuſe ; to fdctt ; to glean.
2. To take up; to gather ; to find induſtriouſly. Bacon.
3. To ſeparate from any thing uſeleſs or
noxious, by gleaning cut cither part. Bacon.
4. To clean, by gathering iff gradually any
thing adhering. More,
5' l^i

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5. [Pi^uer^ Fr.] To pierce ; to (Irike with
a /lITo imtiument. Ty'iftman.
6. Taftnke with bil! or be^k ; to peck.
7. [Picare, Italian.] To roh. Shak.ſp.
8. To open a lock by a p')inted inſtrument.
9. To Pick a hole in cne''i coat. A ptoverbia:
expreſlion for one finding fault with

To Vl'C':<^. v.n.
1. To l cat ſlowly and by ſmall morfel?. Dryden.
2. To do any thing nicely and leifurtily. Dryden.

PICK. ʃ. A Hiarp pointed iron tirl.

FICKAPACK. ad. [from pack.] In manner
of a ra-^k L'EſUangc.

PI'CKriXE. ſ. [ſkk and /7.r'.] An'axe not
maui- to cut but pierce ; m axe with a fliaip
poait. Milron.

PI CKBACiC. a. On the b^ck. Hudibras.

I I'CKED. a. [p:'juel Fr.] Sharp ; frnart.

To rrCfCEER. v. a. [ficare, Italian.]
1. To pirate ; to pillage ; to rob.
2. To make a fly-ng ſki-miſh. Ainſworth, Hudibras.

PICKER. ʃ. [from pick.]
1. One who picks or culls. Mortimer.
2. A pickaxe ; an inſtrumeqt to pick with. Mortimer.

PICKEREL. ʃ. Urom pike.] A fa.all pike.

PICKEREL WEED. ſ. [from pik^.] A w.-
ter plant, from which pikes are fabled to
be generated. J-Fa/ton,

PI'CKLE. ʃ. [p hi, Dutch.]
1. Any kind of fdit liquour, in which fleſh
or other fybilance is preſerved. Addiſon.
2. Thing kepi in pickle.
3. C mdition ; ſtate. Shakʃpeare.

PI'CKLE or pightel. ſ. A ſmall paiccl of
land indoſed with a hcdf, which in foniC
countries is called a p'r.^^t?. Phiiifs.

To PI'CKLE. vj. a. [from the noun.]
1. To pieſerve in pickle. Dryden.
2. To ſeaſon or imbue h ghly with any
thine bad.

PI'CKLEHERRING. ʃ. [pichJe and berrir,g.]
A jack- pudding ; a merry-andrew ; a zany ;
a buffoon. Addiʃon.

PI'CKLOCK. ſ. [p-ck and hck.]
1. An ini^rument by which locks are opened. Brown.
4. The perſon who picks locks.

PI'CKPOCKET. ʃ. [pick and pmket, or

PICKPURSE. ʃ pu'fe] A thief who
fteais, by putting his hand privately into
the pocket or purſe. Berkley.

PICKTOOTH. ſ. [p ck and tootb.] An idſtrument
by which the teeth are cleaned.

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PICKTHA'NK. ʃ. [lick and tbmk ] An
oftiioub fellow, who does what ht is not
drlired. tai'fax. L'Eſt^ange. i>outh.
rice. ſ. [pi^us, Latin.] A piinted perſon.

PICTORIAL. a. [from pisior, Latin.] Produced
by a painier. Brown.

PICTURE. ʃ. [piSIura, Latin.]
1. A reſemblance of perfous or things in
colours. Shakʃpeare.
2. The ſcience of painting.
3. The works of painters. Stillingfleet.
4. Any reſemblance 01 repreſentation. Locke.

To PI'CTURE. y. a. [from the noun.]
1. To paint ; to repreſent by painting. Brown.
2. To repreſent. Spenſer.

To PI'DDLE. v. n.
1. To pick at t^ble; to feed ſqueamiſhly,
and without appetite. ^Swift.
2. To trifie ; to attend to ſmall parts rather
than to the main.

FIDDLER. f. [irovopddle.] One that eats
ſqueamiſhly, and'withv^ut appetite.

1. Any cruft baked with ſomethinp in it. Dryden.
2. [Pica, Latin.] A magpie ; a particolou-
ed bird. Shakʃpeare.
3. The old popiſh ſervice book, ſo called
from the rubnck.
4. Cock and pie, was a flight exprffllon in. Shakʃpeare. of which 1 know not
the mcaoirg.

PIEBALD. a. [from p:V.] Of vaiious colours
; diverſified in colovir, Locke.

PIECE. ʃ. [piue, French.]
1. A pitch.
2. A part of a whole ; a fragment, j^Bs.
3. A part. Milton.
4. A picture- Dryden.
5. A compoſition ; performance. Addiſ.r.
6. A ſingle g'eat gun. Knolles.
7. A hand gun. Chrym.
8 A coin ; a ſingle piece of mcney. Prio-.
9. In ridicule and contempt: as, iprcceot'
a iawyer.
10. y^ Piece. To esch. More.
Ti . Of a Piece luitb. L'ke ; of the
fame fort ; united ; the ſame with the reſt,
To Piece. v. a. [from the noun ]
1. To enlarge by the addition of a piece. Bacon.
2. To join ; to unite.
3. To Piece out. To encreaſe by addition.Shakʃpeare.

To PIECE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
join ; to coalel'ce ; 10 be compaden. Bacon.

PIECER. ʃ. [from pitce.] One that pieces.

PiE'CELESS. a. [from piece. ; Whole ; compact i
compa^ ; not made of ſeparate picce§. Donne.

PIECEMEAL. ad. [pice and mel, Sax.]
J pieces ; in fragments. Hi^dihrai. Pope. .

PIECEMEAL. ad. Single; frpargre; divided.
Gov, of the Tongue.

PIE'D. a. [from /i/V.] Variegated ; partico.
loured; Drayton.

PIE'DNESS. ʃ. [iwmpied.] Variegation; riiverfuyof colour. Shakʃpeare.

PIE'LED. ʃ. a. Bald. Shakʃpeare.

Pi'Ei'OWDER f<j:/rr. ſ. [from pied, foot,
and pouldre, duſty.j A court held in fairs
for redreſs of all diſorders committed therein.

PIER. ʃ. [pierre, French,'] The columns on
which the arch of a bridge is raiſed. Bac,

To PIERCE. v. a. [piercer, FI ench.]
1. To penetrate ; to enter ; to force.Shakʃpeare.
2. To touch the paſſions ; to aff^-a.Shakʃpeare.

To PIERCE. v.tj,
1. To make way by force. Bacon.
2. To ſtrike ; to move ; to zffe&. Shakſ,
3. To enter ; to dive. Sidney.
4. To atteſt fevevely. Shakʃpeare.

PIERCER. ʃ. [from /;/>rrf.]
1. An inſtrument that boits or penetrates.
2. The part with which infers perforate
bodies. Ray.
5. One who perforates.

PIE'RCINGLY. a. [Uow pierce.] Sharply.

PJE'RCINGNESS. ʃ. [from //m 7-:^.] Power
of piercing. Drham,

PI'ETY. ʃ. [p'etas, Lat. piete, French.]
1. D'fcharge of duty to God. Peachnm.
2. Duty to parents or thoſe in ſuperiour

PIG. ʃ. [%^^ Dutch.]
1. A young fow or boar. Fhyr,
2. An oblong maſs of lead or unforged iron.
« Pope. .

To PIG. ʃ. a. [from the noun.] To farrow ;
I to bring pigs.

PI'GEON. y. [p^^eon, French.] A fowl bred
jn a cote or a ſmall houſe ; in ſome places
called dovecote. Raleigh.

PI'GEONFOOT. ʃ. An herb. Ainſworth.

PIGEONLIVERED. a. [pigeon and liver.]
Mild; ſoftj gentle. Shakʃpeare.

PI'GGIN. ʃ. [In the northern provinces^ a
ſmall veſſel.

FIGHT. [old preter. and part, pa (T. of />/<:£'.]
Pitched i
placed ; nxjd ; determined.
Sp'vjer, Shakʃpeare.

PI'GMENT. ʃ. [pigtrencuvi, Latin.] Paint ; colour to be laid on any body. Boyle.

PI'GMY. ʃ. [pigmeeus, Latin.] A ſmall nation,
fabled to be devcured by the cranes.

PIGNORA'TION. ʃ. [p'gr.or&^LzK.] The
act of pledging.

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PI'GNUr. ſ. [pig and i,ut.] An eartV nut.

PI'GSNEY. ʃ. [p.^^.Sax. a girl.] A word
uf endearment to a girl.

PIGWIDGEON. ʃ. Any thing petty or
^ITidll. Cleaveland.

PIKE. ʃ. [pique Ft. his fnout being ſharp. ;
1. The pike is the tyrant of the freſh waters.
Bacon obſerves the pke to be the
longeſt lived of any freſh water fiſh, and yet
he computco ; to be not uſually above forty
years. fValton.
2. [Pique, Ft.] A long lance uſed by the
foot ſoldiers, to keep off the horſe, to
which bayonets have Succeeded. Ijayward,.
3. A fork uſed in hulhindry. Tujf^ir.
4. Among turners, twoiion ſprigs b<;tweeh
which any thing to be turned is faflened. Moxon.

PI'KED. a. [pigi'c, French.] Shakſp. acuminat<?
d ; ending in a point. Shakſp.

PI'KEMAN. ʃ. [pike and man.] A ſoldier
armed with a pike. Kno/les.

PI'KESTAFF. ʃ. [pike and Jlaff.] The
wooden frame of a pike. Taller.

PILA'STER. ʃ. [p'bjhe. French.] A ſquare
column ſometimts infuUted, but oftencr fet
within a wai!, and-<irj!y ſhow-ing a fourth
or 3 fifth p.rtof its th.ckneſs. Dt^.

1. A furred gown or caſe ; any thing lined
with fur. Hanmer»
2. A fiſh like a he ring.

PILE. ʃ. [pile, Fr.pJ,, Dutch.]
1. A ſtroiig- piece (-f v^ood dtiven into the -
ground to make firm a tonnduion. Knoll'S,
2. A heap ; an accumulation. Shakſp.
3. Any thing heaped together to be burned.
4. An edifice ; a building. Pof>e.
5. A hair, [pilui, Latin.] Shakſ.
6. Hairy furtace ; nap. Grew.
7. [F/7«»;, Latin.] The bead of an arrow. Dryden.
8. ©C ſide of a coin ; the reverſe of creſs. Locke.
9 [In the plural, pila.] The haemorrhoids.

To PILE. v.a,
1. To heap ; to coarervate. Shak/p.
2. To fill with ſomething heaped. Abhot,

Pi'LEATED. a. [pileui, Latin.] Intheform
of a cover or hat. Woodward.

PI'LER. ʃ. [from pile.] He vyho accumulate?.

To PI'LFEPv. v. a. [pilfer, French.] To
fteai ; to gain by petty robbery. Bacon.

To PI'LFER. v. n. To praaiſe petty theft.Shakʃpeare.

PI'LFERER. ʃ. [from pifer.] One who
fie-'is petty things. Atterbury.

PI'LFERINGLY. ad. With petty lanceny ;

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PI'LFERY. ʃ. [from pUfir.] Petty theft.

PILGRIM. ʃ. [felgrim, Dutch.] A traveller
; a wanderer ; particularly one who travels
'.n a religious account. UtiHingJlfet,

To PI'LGRIM. -i/ ; [from tUe noun.] To
wandti ; to ramble. Grew.

PI'LGRIMAGE. ſ. [pelirinage, French.] A
long journey ; travel ; moreuſually a juurney
on account of devotion. Dryden.

PILL. ʃ. [p.Uula, Latio.] Medicine m^de
into a (niall ball or ipaff, Crajkaiv,

To iMLL. v. a. [pilkr, French.]
1. To rob ; to pli>r,der. make'p?are,
2. For ^e<;^ ; to ſtrip off the bark. Ge»,

To TILL. v. r. To be ilript away ; toccme
oft' in rtikrs or Icoria:. 7ob,

PI'LLAGE. ſ. [pUage, French.]
1. PIunder i ſomething got by plundering
or pilling. Shakʃpeare.
1. The art of plundering. Shakʃpeare.

To PI'LLAGE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
plunder ; to ſpoil. Arbuthnot.

PI'LLAGER. ʃ. [from />/.'j^f.] A plunderer ;
a ſpoiler.

PI'LLAR. ſ. [pilier^ Fr. pUajiro, Italian.]
1. A cciumn, WqUoti,
2. A fMpporter ; a maintainer, Shakſp.

PI'LLARED. a. [from pilbr.]
1. Supported by columns. Milton.
% Hving the form of a column. Thomf.

PILLION. ʃ. [from /)///«W.]
1. A ſoft laddie fee behind a horſeman for
a woman to fi: on. Swift.
2. A pdd ; a paof.el ; a low fiddle, f'penſer,
3. The pod of tbt faddie that touches the

PI'LLOP.Y. ſ. [pi'lori, Fr. p'llorium, low
Latin.] A frame creeled on a pillar, and
mide with hules and folding boards, through
which the headi and hands of criminjls are
put. M'atti.

To PI'LLORY. «/ a. [p'l'crur, Fr. from
the noun.] To puniſh with the pillory.
Gov. of the Tongue.

PI'LIOW. ʃ. [pyle, Sax. pj/^ive, Dutch.]
A bag of dowja or feathers laid under the
heart to fl-ep on. Donne.

To Fl LLOvV. v. a. To reſt any thing on
a pillow, Mltcr.

PIXLOWBRER. ʃ. T.he cover of a pil-

Pi'Ll.OWCAsE. i low. Swift.

HLOSii Y.y. [itumphfus, Latin.] Hairine.
s. Bacon.

PI'LOr. ſ. [pilcte. Fr. pr/oof, Dutch.] He
whoſe office ib to liter the ſhip. Ben. Johnson.

To PI'LOT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
(leer ; 10 dirtcl in the courſe.

PI'LOrAGE. ſ. [pi/jrag^,FT. from piht.]
1. Pilot's ſkilij knowledge of coafts. Raleigh.
1. A pilot's hire. Ainsworth.

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PI'LSER. ʃ. The moth or fly that ronsinto
a candle fljmr.

PIME'NTA. ʃ. [piment, French.] A kind
of ſpice called Jamaica pepper, all-ſpice.

PIMP. ʃ. [pirge, Fr. SHnner.^ One who
provides gratifications for the luft of others ; a procurer ; a pander. Addiſon.

To I'IMP. iy. .7. [from the noun.] To provide
.gratifications for the luft i>f others ;
tr. pander, 6>y//r.

PI'MHERNEL. ſ. [p:mpernella,Lil\n.] A

PI'MPING. a. lprKp!emerfch,3v,cikmm,
Dutch.] Little. SkJnner.

PI'MPLE. ſ. [pon:pute, French.] A ſmali
red puftule. Addiſon.

PI'MPLED. tf. [from p-wpl,.] Having red
; full of pimplts : as, his face is

PIN. f. le^plngU, French.]
1. A ſhoit wire with a ſharp point and
round head, uſed by women to fallen their
a Any thing inconſiderable or of little y?.-
li^e. Spenſer.
3. Any thing driven to hold parts together
; a peg; a bolt. Milton.
4. Any flender thing fixed in another body.Shakʃpeare.
5. That which locks the wheel to the
6. The central part. Shakſpeare.
7. The pegs by which mu/icians intend or
relax their ſtrings.
8. A note ; a ſtrain. L'Eſtrange.
9. A horny induration of the membranes
of the eye. Shakʃpeare.
10. A cylindrical roller made of wood.
It. A noxious humour in a hawk's foot.

To PIN. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To faſttn with pins, Pope.
2. To faſten; to m-ke faſt. Shakſp.
3. To jsjin; to fit. Sh;i?ſp. Digby.
4. [Pinban, Sax.] To ſhut up ; to inclo/e ;
10 confine. Hooker.

PINCASE. ʃ. [pin and ca/e.] A piiKU-

PINCERS. ʃ. [finreit^, French.]
1. An indrument by which nails are
drawn, or any thing is gripped, which requirfs
to be held hard. Spenſer.
2. The claw of an animal. Addiſon.

To PINCH. To a. [/.WiYr, French.] '
1. To ſqueeza between the fingers or with
the teeth. Shakʃpeare.
2. To hold hard with an inrtrument.
3. To ſquceze ;he fi.ſh till it is pained or
Lvid. Shakſpeare.
4. To preſs between hard bodies.
5. To gall ; to fret, :^hchſpfare.
'^. Te

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6. To gripe ; to oppreſs
; to ſtranten. Raleigh.
7. To dilTreſs ; t.'> pain. Thomfon.
8. To prcTs; to drive to difficulties.
9. To try throughly ; to force out what is
contained within. Collier.

To PINCH. rv.n.
1. To a6l with force, ſo as to be felt ; to
bear hard upon ; to be puzzling. Dryden.
2. To ſpare ; to be frugal. Dryden.

PINCH. ʃ. \pincon, French, from the verb. ;
1. A painful ſqueeze with the lingers. Dryden.
2. A gripe ; a pain given. Shakʃpeare.
3. Oppreſſion ; diſtreſs inflif>ed. L'Eſtr.
4. Difficulty ; time of dftieſs. L'Eſtr.

PINCHFIST. ʃ/. [p'-nchy f.ji , zwd. pen-

PI'NCHPENNY. ʃ. ry]K miſer.

PI'NCUSHION. ʃ. [pln and cuJbion.] A
IVnal! bag l^utfed with bran or wool on
which pins are ſtuck. Addiſon.

PI'NDUST. ʃ. [f/'J and Jz//.] Smdl particles
of metal made by cutting pins. Digby.

PINE. ʃ. [plnut, Latin.] A tree.

To PINE. v. a. [pmian, Sax. pijmn, Dutch.]
1. To languiſh ; to wear away with any
kind of miſery. Spenſer.
2. To languiſh withdeſire. Shakſ.

To PINE. v. a.
1. To wear out ; to make to languiſh. Shakſpeare,
2. To grieve for ; to bemoan in ſilence. Milton.

PI'NEAPPLE. ʃ. A plant.

PINEAL. a. [pinsale, French.] Reſembling
a pineapple. An epithet given by Da
Cartes to the gland which he imagined the
feat of the foul. Arbuthnot.

PI'NFEATHERED. a. [pin and feather.] .
Not fledged ; having the feathers yet only
beginning to ſhcot. Dryden.

PI'NFOLD. ʃ. [pn,'t)in. Sax. to ſhut up,
and fold. ^ A place in which beaſts are confined. Milton.

PI'NCLE. ʃ. A ſmall cloſe ; an inciofare.

PI'NMONEY. ſ. [pin and money.] Money
allowed to a wife for her private expences
without account. Addiſon.

PI'NGUID. a. [pinguis,'Ln\n.^ Fat; unctuous. Mortimer.

PI'NHOLE. ʃ. [pin and ioh.] A ſmall ho!-,
ſuch as is made by the perforation of a pin,

PINION. ʃ. [pigfion, French.]
1. The joint of the wing remoteſt from
the boriy.
2. Shakſpeare ſeems to uſe it for a feather
or quill of the wing.
3. Wing. Pope.

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4. The. tooth of a ſmaller wheel, aaſwering
to that of a larger.
1. Fetters for rhs hands.

To PINION. To a. [ from the noun.]
1. To bind the wings. Bacon.
2. To contiae by binding the wings.
3. To bind the arm to the body. Dryden.
4. To couhne by binding the elbows to the
ſides. Dryden.
5. To ſhackle ; to bind. Herbert.
6. To bind 10. Pope. .

PINK. ʃ. [from tir,k, Dutch, an eye.]
I A lauii fragrant flower of the gilliflower
kind. Baront
2. An eye; commonly a ſmall eye: as,
pi':k-eyc!i. Shakʃpeare.
3. Any thing ſupremely excellent.Shakʃpeare.
4. A colour uſed by painters. Dryden.
5. [Pinque, Fr.] A kind of heavy narrow-
Iteroſd ſhip. Shakʃpeare.
6. A fiſh ; the mincw.

To PINK. v. a. [Uoxvip:nky Dutch, an eye]
To woik in oyicc holes ; to pierce in ſmall
hchs. Prior.

To PINK. v. n. [/p/'ffc/^t?;;, Dutch.] Towink
with the eyes. L'Eſtrange.

PI'NMAKER. ʃ. [//« a.nd wj^T.] He who
makes pins.

PI'NNACS. ʃ. [pinnafe,¥r. pi^nacia, Ital.]
A boat belonging to a ſhip of war. It ſeems
formerly to have lignified rather a ſmall
floup or bark attending a larger ſhip. Raleigh.

Pi'NNACLE. ſ. [pinnule, Fr. pinna, L:it.]
1. A turret or elevation above the reſt of
the building. Clarenden.
2. A high ſpiring point. Cowley.

PI'NNER. ʃ. [from pinna, or pirdon.]
1. The lappet of a head which flies looſe. Addiſon.
2. A pinmaker.

PI'NNOCK. ʃ. The torn. tit. Ainſw.

PINT. ʃ. [pinr, Saxon.] Half a quart \ in
medicine, twelve ounces ; a liquid meaſure. Dryden.

PI'NULES. ʃ. [In aſſioncmy, the fights, of
an all to hi be. Z)/l7.

PIO'NEER. ʃ. [pionitr, Crom pion, obſolete,
Frj] One whoſe buſineſs is to level the
road, throw up works, or ſink mines in military
operations. Fairfax.

PI'ONING. ʃ. Works of pioneers. Spenſer.

PI'ONY. ʃ. [paonia,L3iV.n.] A large flower,

PIOUS. a. [p'lus, Lat. pieux, French.]
I C.^reful of the duties owed by created
beings to God ; godly ; religious; ſuch as
is cue to ſacred things. Milton.
2. Careful of the duties of near relation.
3. Practiſed under the appearance of religion. King Charles.


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PI'OUSLY. ad. [from f/.-MJ.] In a pi -us
manner ; religiouſly ; with regard, ſuch as
is due to ſacred things. Philips.

PIP. ʃ. [pif^pe, Dutch.]
1. A dtfluxion with which fowls ars
troubled ; a horny pellicle that grows en
the tip of their tongues. Hudibras.
2. A ſpot on the cards. Milton.

To PIP. v. n. [p'pio, Latin.] To chirp or
cry as a bird. Bjyle.

PIPE. ʃ. [fib, Welſh i fipe, Saxon.]
1. Any long hollow body ; a tube.
2. A tube of clay through which the fume
of tobacco is drawn into the mouth.
3. An inſtrument of hand muſick. Roſcom.
4. The organs of voice and respiration ; as,
the w\n6-pipe. Peacham.
5. The key of the voice. Shakʃpeare.
6. An office of the exchequer. Bacon.
7. [Piſp, Dutch.] A liquid meaſure co:3-
taining two hogſheads. Shakʃpeare.

To PIPE. T/. «. [from the noun.]
1. To play on the pipe. Camden.
2. To have a flirill found. Shakʃpeare.

PI'PER. ʃ. [from f '/>£.] One who plays on
the DJpe. Rei;.

PI'PETREE. ſ. The lilac tree.

PI'PING. a. [from pipe.]
1. Weak; feeble ; ſickiy. Shakʃpeare.-ſp,
-1. Hot ; boiling.

PiVKIN. ſ. [Diminutive of//>f.] A ſmall
earthen boiler. Pep''.

PI'PPIN. ʃ. [pppyghe, Dutch. Skinner.]
A ſharp apple. ^'^.

PIQUANT. a. [piquant, French.]
1. Pricking} piercing ; ſtimulating. Addiſon.
1. Sharp ; tart
; pungent ; ſevere. Bacon.

PI'QUANCY. ʃ. [from piquint.] Sharpneſs ;

PI'QUANTLY. ad. [from /j^j/^wr] Sharply
5 tartly. Locke.

PIQUE. ʃ. [pique, French.]
1. An ill w'ill
; an offence taken; petty
malevolence. Decay of Piety.
2. A ſtrong paſſion. Hudibras.
3. Point; nicety; punf^ilio. Dryden.

To PIQUE. v. a. [p'quer,Yrtnch.]
1. To touch with envy or virulency ; to
put into fret. Piior,
2. To offend; to irritate. Pſp'^.
3. To value ; to fix reputation as on a
point. Locke.


PIQUEE'RER. ʃ. A robber; a plunderer. Swift.

PIQUE'T. ʃ. [piqu:t, French.] A game at
cards. Prior.

PI'RACY. ʃ. [tITsioaleU.] The act or practice
of robbing on the fea, Wa'.Ur.

PI'RATE. ʃ. ['mv.^cLTr,;.]
1. A fea- robber, .^^rsn,

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2. Any robber; particularly a bookrcllcr
u ho fe z's the copies of uthtr men.

To PI'RATE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
rob by fea. Arbuthnot.

To PI'RATE. v. a. [pirater^Yitndi.] To
take by rchbery,Pope. .

PIRA'TICAL. a. [/.T^f/cr/i, Latin.] Predatory
; robbing ; conliliing in robbery.

PISCA'TIONT. ʃ. [pifcaiio, Latin.] The act
or prafiice of fithing. Brown.

PISCARY. ʃ. A privilege of fithing.

PI'SCATORY. a. [pijcaioriut, Latin.] Reiating
to fiſhes. Addiſon.

PISCIVOROUS. a. [^/c/i and vsro.] Fim.
eating; living on fiOi. Ray.

PISH. inter], A contemptuous exclamation. Shakſpeare.

To PISH. v. n. [from the interjcft.on.] To
fxpreſs contempt. Pope. .

PrSMIRE. ʃ. [m; pi, Six>. ʃ. /m/frf, Dutch.]
An ant; an emmet. Prior.

To PISS. 1/. n. [p'JJc'-y Fr. piJJ'en, Dutch.]
To make water. L'Eſtrange.

PISS. ʃ. [from the verb.] Urine ; animal
water. Pope. .

PI SSABED. ʃ. A yellow flower growing in
the graf .

PI'SSBURNT. a. Stained with urine.

PISTA'CHIO. ʃ. [piſtacchi, Italian.] The
p'flachio IS a dry Iruit of an oblong figure,
r,Jl,ch nur. Hill,

PISTE. ʃ. [French.] The track or tread a
hirfeman makes upon the ground he goes

PISTI'LLATION. ʃ. [piftiUum, Lat.] The
2^\ of pounding in a mortar, Brown.

PI'STOL. ʃ. [piſh'e, piſhlet, French.] A
ſmall handgun. Clarenden.

To PI'STOL. t;. ^. [^7?o/cr, French.] To
ſhoot with a pift'.>I.

PI'STOLE. ʃ. [piſtole, French.] A coin of
many countries and many degrees of vjlue,

PISTO'LET. ʃ. [dimiautive 0^ pjioi
; A
litt.'e pil^ol. Donne.

PI'STON. ʃ. r/>/>^, French.] The moveable
part in ſeveral machines ; as in pumps
and ſryinges, whereby the fusion or attraction
is cauſed ; an embolus.

PIT. ʃ. [pit, Saxon.]
1. A h'Je in the ground. 'Ba:sn.
2. Abvfs ; profundity. Milton.t,
3. Th-! grave. Pſalms.
4. The area on which cocks fight,
5. The middle part of the theatre. Dryden.
6. A'>y hdlow of the body : as, the /)/V of
the ſtomach.
7. A dint made by the finger.

To PIT. ni. a. To ſink in hdlows. Sha^p,

PITAPAT. ʃ. [pjucpane, Fr:ach.]
4. Y I. A
1. Aflutter; a palpitation. L'Eſtr.
1. A light quick ſtep. Dryden.

PITCH. ʃ. [pic, Sax. pix, Latin.]
1. The reiin of the pme extracted by fire
and inſpifTited. Prcverbs,
1 [Vtompit7$^Tr. Skinrxr.] Any degree
uf elevation or height. Shakʃpeare.
3. Higheſtrife. Shakʃpeare.
4. State with reſpeil: to lowneſs or height.
5. Size ; ſtature. Spenſer.
6. Degree ; rate. Denham.

To PITCH. v. a. [appicc'tare, Inh^n.]
1. To fix
; to plane.
FairfuX. KnoVei. Dryden.
2. To order regularly. Hooker.
3. To throw headlong ; to caſt forward.Shakʃpeare.
4. To ſmear with Pitch. Gen, Dryd.
5. To darken. Shakʃpeare.
6 To pave. Ainjworch.

To PITCH. v.n.
1. To light ; to drop. Mortimer.
2. To fallheadlo-og. Dryden.
3. To fix choice. Hudibras.
4. To fix a tent or temporary habitation.
I Mac,
ri'TCHER. ſ. [picher, French.]
1. An earthen veſſel ; a water pot.Shakʃpeare.
2. An inſtfument to pierce the ground in
which any thing is to be fixed. Mertmer,

PI'TCHFORK. ʃ. [plich:m6ſcrk.] A fork
with which corn is thrown upon the waggon. Swift.

PITCHINESS/. [from pilchy.-j Blac.kneſs ;

Pi'TCHY. a. [from pitch.]
1. Smeared with pitch. Dryden.
2. Having the qualities of pitch. Woodward.
3. Black ; dark; diſmal. fWor.

il'TCOAL. ſ. [^itzvAcoal] Fcffile coa). Mortimer.

PI'T-MAN. ſ. [pit and man.] He that in
fawing timber woiks below in the pit.

PIT- SAW. ſ. [pit andiſa^v.] The large
faw uſed by two men, of whom one is in
the pit. M0XO12.

PI'TEOUS. a. [from /.r.7.]
1. Sorrovfful; mournful ; exciting pity. Spenſer.
2. Compsſſionate ; tender. Prior.
3. Wretched ;
paltry ; pitiful. Muton.

PITEOUSLY. ad. [ixQm piteous.] In a
piteous manner. Shakʃpeare.

PITEOUSNESS. ʃ. [ltQ-cc, piteous.] Sorrowfulneſs
; tendernefi.

PITFALL. ʃ. [pit and/d//.] A pit dug and
covered, into which a paſſenger falls unexpectediy. Sandys.
PITH. ſ. [pitte, Dutch.]

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1. The marrow of the plant ; the ſoft part
in the midft of the wood. Bacon.
2. Marrow. Donne.
3. Strength ; force. Shakʃpeare.
4. Energy ; cogency ; fulneſs of ſentirnent ;
cluſeneſs and vigour of thought and fiile.
5. Weight i moment ; principal part.Shakʃpeare.
6. The quinteſcence ; the chief part.Shakʃpeare.

PITHILY. a'd. [from pitby.] With ſtrength; wich cogency ; with force.

PITHINESS. ʃ. [from pitby.] Energy; ſtrength. Spenſer.

PITHLESS. a. [from pith.]
1. Wanting pith. Shakʃpeare.
2. Wanting energy ; wanting force.

PITHY. a. [from piih.]
1. Conſiſting of pith. Philips.
2.- Strong ; forcible ; energetick. Addiʃon.

PI'TIABLE. a. [pitoyable, Fr. from pity.l
Deferving pity. Atterbury.

PITIFUL. a. [pity andfull.]
1. Melancholy ; moving compaſſion. Spenſer.
2. Tender ; compaſſionate. Shakſp.
3. Paltry ; contemptible ; deſpecable. Dryden.

PITIFULLY. ad. [from pitiful.]
1. Mournfully ; in a manner that moves
compaſſion, Milton.
1. Contemptibly ; deſpecably. Clariffa,

PITIFULNESS. ʃ. [{xam pitiful]
1. Tenderneſs ; meicy ; compalfion. Sidney.
2. Deſpecableneſs ; contemptibleneſs.

PITILESLY. ad. [from pitileſs.j Without
mercy. ,

PI'tlLESNESS. ſ. Unmerci fulneſs.

PITILESS. a. [from pify.] Wanting pity ;
wanting compaſſion ; mercileſs, Fairfax.

PITTANCE. ʃ. [pitance, Fr. pietantij,
1. An allowance of meat in a monaſtry.
2. A ſmall portion. Shakʃpeare.

PITUITE. ʃ. [pituite, Fr. pituita, Latin.]
Phlegm. Arbuthnot.

PITUITOUS. a. [pitnitofus, Lat. pituiteux,
French.] Conſiſting of phlegm. Arbuth.

PITY. ʃ. [pitie, Fr. pieta^ Lalian.]
1. Comp?firion ; ſympathy with miſery ;
tenderneſs for pain or uneaſineſs. Calamy.
2. A ground of pity ; a ſubject of pity or
of grief. Bacon.

To PI TY. 1/. a. [pitoyer, French.] To compaſſionate
miſery ; to regard with tender-t
neſs on account of unhappineſs. Addiſon.

To PITY. v. n. To be compaſſionate.

PIVOT. ʃ. [/&/^(3r, French.] A pin on which
any thifjg turns. Dryden.

PIX. ʃ. f//Vw, Latin.] A little cheſt or box,
in which the conſecrated hoft is kept.

PLA'CABLE. a. [pbcableſs, Latin.] W.!-
Jing or po/Tible to be appeaſed. MUtoti.

PLACABI'LITY. ʃ. [from fl>cable.]

PLA'CABLENE.SS. ^ Willingneſs to be
; poHibiJity to be appeaſed.

PLACA'RD. ʃ. [plakJirt, Dutch. ; An

PLACA'RT. ʃ. ediaj a declaration ; a

To PLA'CATE. ^.^7. [placeo,L^Xm.] To
appeaſe ; to reconcile. This word is uſed
in Scotland. Forbes.

PLACE. ʃ. [place, French ]
Pariicular portion of ſpace. Addiʃon.
Locality ; ubiety ; local relation. Loih.
Local exiſtence. Revelation.
Space in general. Davies.
Separate room. Shakʃpeare.
A feat ; reſidence; manficn. John.
7. Paffage in writing. Bacon.
S. Ordinal relation. Sp'ctator.
9. Exiſtence ; ſtate of being ; validity; rtate of actual operation. Hayward.
10. Rank ; order of Priority. Shakſp.

IT. Precedence ; Priority. Bev. y^hrfon.
12. Office ; publick character or employ
ment. Knolles.
13. Room; way; ſp ace for appearing or
adting give.o-by ceſſion. Dryden.
14. Ground ; room. Hammord.

To PLACE. v. a. [placer^ French.]
1. To put in anyplace, rank or condition. Exodus, Dryden.
2. To fix; to ſettle ; to eftabliſh. Locke.
3. To put out at intereſt. Pope.

PLA'CER. ʃ. [from /)/<2«.] One that places. . Spenſer.

PLA'CID. a. lptacidus,L2iUn.]
1. Gentle ; quiet ; not turbulent. Bacon.
1. Soft ; kind ; mild.

PLA'CIDLY. ad. [from placld.] Mildly; gemly. Boyle.

PLA'CIT. ʃ. [placitum, Latin.] D:cree ;
f^etermination. Granville.

PLA'CKET. or/>/dyaer. ſ. A petticoat

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PLA'GUILY. ad. [fI oiu plaguy.] V«?tN
ou(]y; horribly. Dryden.

PLA'GUy. a. [from plague.] Vexacious /
troublcſome. Dofine,

PLAICE. f. [plate, Dnizh.] A flat fiſh.

PLAID. ʃ. A ſtriped or variegated cloth
; an outer 1 ofc weed worn much by the
highlanders in Scotland.

PLAIN. ad.lphnus, Latin.]
1. Smooth; level ; flat; free from protubfrances
or excreſcencies. ^'penſer.
2. Void of ornament ; ſimple. Dryden.
3. ATIeſs ; not f'jbtle ; not ſpecious ; not
Jc.-irned ſimple. Hammond.
4. Honeſtly rough ; open ; fincere ; noc
fofc in language. Bacon.
5. Mere; bare, Shakeʃ.peare,
6. Evident
; clear; aifcernible ; not obscure. Denham.
7. Not varied by much art.

PLAIN. ad.
1. Not obſcurely,
2. Diſhnftjy ; articulately. Mirk,
3. Simply ; with rough fincerity. Addiʃon.

PLAIN. ʃ. [t./^wf, French.] Level ground ;
open ; flat ; often, a field of battle. Hayward. D ivies.

To PLAIN. v. a. [.lom the noun ] To level
; to make even. Hayward.

To PLAIN. v.n, [plaindrtyjepbini, Yr,'\
To lament; to wa;J. Sidney.

PLAINDEA'LING. a. [plain and deal.]
A<^ing without art. L'Eſtrange.

PLA'INDEALING. ʃ. Management void of
arf- Dryden.

PLAINLY. ad. [from plain.]
Lsvelly ; flatly.
N t ſubcilly ; not ſpeciouſly,
\V thout ornament.
Without oloſs; fincerely. Pope. .
In earnefl: ; fairly. Clarenden.
6. Evidently; clearly; not obſcureiv. Shakʃpeare. Milttn,
^idn y.

PLA'GIARISM. ʃ. [from plagiary.] Theft; literary adoption of the thou|,hts or works
of another. Swift.

PLA'GIARY. ʃ. [from plagium, Latin.]
1. A thief in literature ; one who ſtcah the
thoughts or writings of another. Softh.
2. The crime of literary theft. Brown.

PLAGUE. ʃ. [^/^^A^ Dutch ; Tr^nyri.]
1. Peffilc'^.ce ; a difeaſe eminently contagious
and diſtinctive. Bacon.
2. Sta'e of mfeiy. Pſilms.
3. Any thing trcubleſome or vex^t-nus. L'Eſtrange.

To PLAGUE. nj. a. [from the noun.]
1. To infect with pefſilence.
2. To trouble ; to teaze ; to vex ; to harraſs
; to torment ; to afflitl. Collier.
7. Shakʃpeare. PLA'INNESS. ſ. [from piain.]
1. Levelneſs ; flatneſs.
2. Want of ornament ; want of ſhow.
D sdtn.
3. Oppenneſs ; rough fincerity. Sidney.
4. Artleilneſs ; ſimplicity. Dryden.

PLaINT. ſ. [plainte, FKnch.]
1. Lamentation; complaint ; lament. Sidney.
2. Exprobration of injury. Bacon.
3. Exprffllon of ſorrow. fVotton.

PLA'INTFUL. a. [p'aint and/;///.] Complai ine ; audibly ſorrowful. S'dnty.

PLAINTIFF. f. (plainttf, French.] H^ttK.t
commences a fuic in law againſt another ; opnoſed to the defendant. Dryden.

PLAINTIFF. a. [phiniif, French.] Complain
ng. A wcra not in uſe. Prior.
4. V 2. ^ PLAINP

PLAINTIVE. a. [/,'<;//;///', French.] Complaining
; lamenting ; expreliiveot fotrow.

PLA'INWORK. ʃ. [phin and work.]
Needlework as diſtinguiſhed from embroidery. Pope. .

PLAIT. ʃ. [corrupted fiow pUght or plyght.]
A fold ; a double. Davies.

To PLAIT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fold ; to double. Pope. .
1. To weave ; to braid. i Peter.
1. To intangle ; to involve. Shakſp.

PLAI'TER. ʃ. [from phit.] He that plaits.

PLAN. ʃ. [p!an, French.]
1. A ſcheme ; a form ; a model. Addiſon.
2. A plot of any building, or ichnography. Prior.

To PLAN. v. a. [from the noun, ] To
fcheme ; to form in deſign. Pope. .

PLA'NARY. a. Pertaining to a plane. Did.

PLA'NCHED. a. [from /./a«f-6.] Made of
boards. Shakʃpeare.

PLA'NCHER. ʃ. [plarubIT, French.] A
board ; a plank. Bacon.

PLA NCHING. ſ. [In carpentry, the laying
the fioors in a buildit g.

PLANE. ʃ. [planus, Latin.]
1. A level ſurface. Cheyne.
2. [PIanPf^t.] An inſtrument by which
the ſurface of boards is imoothed. Maxon,

To PLANE. v. a. [phner,Yvtnch.]
1. To level
; to ſmooth from inequalities. Arbuthnot.
2. To ſmooth with a plane, Moxon.

PLANE-TR.ee. ſ. [plitanui, Lat. plane,
platune, Fr.] The introduction of this tree
into England is owing to the great lord
chancellor Bacon, Miller.

[planeta, Lat. -nrXavao;.]
PIanets are the erratick or wandering ſtars,
and which are not like the fixt ones always
in the ſame pohtirsn to one another: we
now number the earth among the primary
planets, becauſe we know it moves round
the fun, as Saturn, Jupiter, M'^rs, Venus
and Mercury do, and that in a path or
circle between Mirs and Venus : and the
moon is accounted among the ſecondary

PLANIFO'LIOUS. a. [planus and foUuKt,
Latin.] Flowers are ſo called, when made
up of plain leaves. Dici,

PLANIME'TRICAL. a. [from plammetry.]
Pertaining to the menfuration of plain ſurfaces.

PLANIME'TRY. ʃ. [planus, &niixn^ioo.]
The menfuration of plain ſurfaces.

PLANIPE'TALOUS. a. [phrus, Laf. and
TTETtt^ov.] Flatleaved, as when the (mail
flowers are hollow only at the bottom, but
flat upwards, as dandelion and fuccory.

To PLA'NISFi. v. a. [from p^ane.] To po-
Jiſh ; to ſmooth. A word uſed by manufa.

PLA'NISPHERE. ʃ. [planus, 'Liit.zn^ſphere.'.
A ſphere projeded on a plane.

PLANK. ʃ. [planche, French.] A thick
ſtrong board. Chapman.

To PLANK. nj. a. [from the noun.] To cover
or lay with planks. Dryden.

PLANOCO'NICAL. a. [planus and conus.]
Level on one ſide and conical on others, Grew.

PLA'NOCONVEX. ʃ. [planus and convexus.]
Flat on the one ſide and convex on the
other. Newtots,

PLANT. ʃ. [pb nte, It. planta, l.n\n..
1. Any thing produced from feed ; any
vegetable produdlion.
2. A fapling. Shakʃpeare.
3. [P.'anta, Lat.] The fole of the foot.

To PLANT. v. a. [planto, Latin ; planter,
1. To put into the ground in order to grow ;
to fet
; to cultivate.
2. To procreate ; to generate. Shakſ.
3. To place ; to fix. Dryden.
4. To ſettle
to eftabliſh : as, to plant a
colony. Bacon.
5. To fill or adorn with ſomething planted
: as, he planted the garden or the country. Pope. .
6. To direct properly: as, to plant a cannon.

PLA'NTAGE. ʃ. [plantago, Latin.] An
herb. Shakʃpeare.
p'anets or latellues of the primary, fince
PLA'NTAIN. ſ. [plantain, French.]
(he moves round the earth. Bacon. i. An herb.

PLANETARY. a. [planetaire, French,
from f.lanet.]
1. Pertaining to the planets. Grant-illc.
2. Under the denomination of any particular
planet, Dryden.
3. Produced by the plinets. Shakſ.
4. Having the nature of a planet ; erratick. Blackmore.

PI.ANE'TiCAL. a. [from jb/anrr.] Pertaining
to planets. Brown.

PLANE'TSTRUCK. a. [pbmt and ſhike.]
lilaſted. iiKckling.
1. More,
2. A tree in the Weſt Indies, which bears
an efculent fruit. Waller.

PLA'NTAL. a. [from //aw.] Pertaining to
plants. Glanville.

PLANTATION. ʃ. [plantatio, Lat.]
1. The act or practice of planting.
2. The place planted. King Charles.
3. A colony. Bacon.
4. Introduction ; eftabliſhment, King Charles.

PLA'NTED. a. [from plant.] This word
feems in Shakʃpeare. to ſignify, ſettled ;
well grounded.


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PLA'NTER. ʃ. [pbnteur, French.]
1. One who fows
tivator. Dryden.
2. One who cultivates ground in the Welt
Indian colonic?, Locke.
3. One who diileminates or introduces. Addiſon.

PLASH. ʃ. [fl^che, Dutch.]
1. A ſmall lake of water or puddle. Ba:.
2. Branch partly cut off and bound to other
branches. M'ortimer.

To PLASH. v. a. [ffjfer, French. ; To
interweave branches. Evelyn.

PLASHV. a. [from phJb.] Watry ; filled
with puddles, Betterton,

PLASM. ʃ. [TrXaViua.] A mould ; a matrix
in which any thing is cact or formed.

PLA'STER. [from wXa^a.]
1. Subftance made of water and ſome abforbent
matter, ſuch as chalk or lime well
pulverifed, with which walls are overlaid. Watts.
2. A glutinous or adhefive ſalve. Shakʃpeare.cJ.

To PLA'STER. v. a. [p/af,rer, French.]
1. To overlay as with plafier. Bacon.
2. To cover with a medicated plafler.

PLA'STERER. ʃ. [fbjirier, French, from
1. One whoſe trade is to overlay walls with
plaſter. Shakʃpeare.
2. One who forms figures in plaſter. Wot.

PLA'STICK. a. [T^XariKo?.] Having the
power to give form. Prior.

FLA'STRON. ʃ. [French.] A piece of leather
ftuffed, which fencers uſe, when they
teach their ſcholars, in order to receive the
piiſhes made at them, Dryden.

To PLAT. nj. a. [from /.'a/'.'.] To weave ;
to make by texture. Addiſon.

PLAT. ʃ. [plct, Saxon.] A ſmall piece of
ground. Milter,

PLA'TANE.y. [platane, French.]
Latin.] The plane tree. Milton.

PLATE. f. [plate, Dutch ; pla que, 'French.'.
1. A piece of metal beat out into breadth.
2. Armour of plates. Spenſir,
3. [^PIatj, Spaniſh.] Wrought ſilver. Ben. Johnson.
4. [PIat, French, piatta, Italian.] A ſmall
ſhallow veſſel of metal on which meat is
eaten. Dryden.

To PLATE. n), a. [from the noun.]
1. To cover with plates, Sandys.
2. To arm with plates. Shakʃpeare.
3. To f beat into lamina or plates. Newt.

PLATEN. ʃ. Among printers, the ſlit part
of the preſs whereby the impreſſion is made,

PLA'TFORM. ʃ. [plat, flat, French, and
form, ]
1. The ſketch of any thing horizontally
delineated ; the ichnography, Sandys.
2. A plice laid out after any model. Pcfr,
3. A level place before a fortilicarinn.Shakʃpeare.
4. A ſcheme; apian. Woodward.

PLA'TICK. j';.-.7. In aſtrology, is a ray
caſt from one planet to another, not exaiily,
but within the orbit of its own light. Bailey.

PLATO'ON. ʃ. [a coiruption of pdoton,
French.] A ſmall ſquare body of mulkct
«^ers. ^ickelf.

PLATTER. ʃ. [from plate.] A large diſh,
generally of earth. Dryden.

PLAU'DIT. ʃ. , ,

PLAU'DITE. }/ Appi^ufc. Denham.

PLAUSIBI'LITY. ʃ. [plaujibilit/, French.]
; ſuperficial appearance ot'
right, Swift.

PLAU'SIBLE. a. [plauftbU, French.] Such
as gains approbation ; ſuperficially pleaſing
or taking ; ſpecious ; popular, Clarend.

PLAU'SIBLENESS. ʃ. [from pJaufbk..
Specioul'neſs ; ſhow of right, Sanderſon,

PLAU'SIBLY. ad. [from p.'aujible.]
1. With fair ſhow ; ſpeciouſly. Collier.
2. With applauſe. Not in uſe. Bacon.

FLAU'SiVE. a. [from phudc^Latin.]
1. Applauding.
2. Plauſible. Shakʃpeare.

To PLAY. v. n. [plejan, Saxon.]
1. To ſport ; to frolick ; to doſomething
not as a taflc, but for a pleaſure. Mil/on,
2. To toy ; to act with levity. Milton.
3. To be difmifTed from work. Shakſp.
4. To trifle ; to act wantonly and thoughtleſly.
5. To do ſomething fanciful. Shakſp.
To practiſelarcaſtick merriment. Pope. .
To mock ; to praft^fe illufion. Shakſ.
8. To game ; to contend at ſome game,Shakʃpeare.
9. To do any thing trickiſh or deceitful. Addiʃon.
10. To touch a muſical inſtrument, Ghn,
31. To operate ; to aft. uſed of any
thing in motion. Chiyr.e,
12. To wanton ; to move irregularly. Dryden.
13. To perſonate a drama. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
34. To repreſenſa character,
15. To act in an/certain character. Collier.

To PLAY. v. n.
1. To put in action or motion: as, he
played his cannon.
2. To uſe an inſtrument of muſick. f^',,
3. To act a mirthful character. Mil -y
4. To exhibit dramatically. Shakſpeare.
To act ; to perform. i^idr

PLAY. f.
1. Aſtion not impoſed ^ not work.
2. AmufcITient ; iporr M'.

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3. A drama ; a comedy or tragedy, or any
thing in which characters are reprefenied
by dialogue and action. Dryden.
4. Game} praaicc of gaming ; conteſt at
a game. Shakʃpeare.
5. Practice in any conteſt Tilhtjon.
6. Aſtion ; employment; office. Dryden.
7. Practice: action 3 manner of ading. Sidney.
^. Act of touching an inſtrument.
9. Irregular and wanton motion.

JO. A ſtate of agitation or ventilation. Dryden.
11. Room for motion. Morti.
12. Liberty of acting ; ſwing. Addiſon.

PLA'YBOOK. ʃ. [play and book.] Book of
dramatick compclitions. Swift.

PLA'YDAY. ʃ. [play and day.] Day exempt
from tsſksor work. Swift.

PLA'YDEBT. ʃ. [p^^y and debt.] Debt
contracted by gammg. Arbuthjnot.

PLA'YER. ʃ. [ITompIay.]
1. One who plays.
2. An idler ; a lazy perſon. Shakſp.
g. After of dramatick ſcenes, Sidney.
4' A mimick. Dryden.
c. One who touches amuſical inſtrument.
» 1 Samuel XV \,
6. One who afts in play in any certain
manner. i^fj'-^^-

PLA'YFELLOW. ʃ. Jpl^y and fellow.]
Companion in amuſement. Spenſer.

PLA'YFUL. a. [play and full] Sportive ; full of levity. Addiʃon.

PLATGAME. ʃ. [play and game.] PIay of
^ ^ fZ^-^;-

PLA YHOUSE. ſ. [play and bx,uſe.] houſe
where dramatick performances are repreſented.

FLA'YPLEASURE. ʃ. [play andpleaſure..
Idle amuſement. £flCo«.

PLA'YSOME. a. [playaniſme.] Wanton; full of levity.
r T

PLAYSOMENESS. ʃ. [from f%>»J^. ;
Wantonneſs ; levity.

PLAYTHING. ʃ. [pl^y and thatig.] Toy; thing to play with. Otway.

PLAYWRIGHT. ʃ. [play and wnght.] A
maker of plays. ^0/'..

PLEA. ʃ. [p!atd, old French.]
1. The act or form of pleading.
2. Thing offered or demanded in pleading.Shakʃpeare.
3. Allegation.
^ -JJf
4. An apology; an exenſe. Mtkon.

To PLEACH. v. a. [plejjer, French.] To
bend ; to interweave. hhahjpeart.

To PLEAD. v.n. [plaider, Ejench.]
1. To argue before a court of juſtice.
2. To ſpeak in an argumentative or perſuafive
way for or againſt ; to reaſon with
another ^fy^f^'
3. To be offsred as a plea, Uryden,

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To PLEAD. v. a.
1. To defend; to diſcufs. Shakʃpeare.
2. To allege in pleading or argument. Spenſer.
3. To offer as an excuſe. Dryden.

PLEADABLE. a. [from plead.] Capable
to be iKeged in plea. Dryden.

PLEA'DER. ʃ. [plaideur, French.]
1. One who argues in a court of juſtice. Swift.
t. One who ſpeaks for or againſt. Shakſp.

PLEADDING. ʃ. [{ram plead.] Aft or form
of pleading. Swift.

PLEA'SANCE. ʃ. [plaifatjce, Fr.] Gai«ty; pleaſantry. ^ Spenſer.

PLEA'SANT. a. [plaijavt, French.]
1. Delightful
; giving delight, Pſohm,
2. Grateful to the Senfes. Milton.
3. Good humoured ; cheerful, Addiſon.
4. Gay ; lively ; merry. Rogers.
5. Triſing ; adapted rather to mirth than
uſe. Locke.

PLEA'SANTLY. ad. [from pleaſar.t.]
1. In ſuch a manner as to give delight.
31. Gayly; merrily; in good humour. Clarenden.
3. Lighi.ly; ludicrouſtr. Broome%

PLEA'SANTNESS. ʃ. [frow ple^fant.]
1. Delightfulneſs ; ſtate of being pleaſant. Sidney.
2. Gaiety ; cheerfulneſs ; merriment. Tillotſon.

PLEA^SANTRY. ſ. [plaifanterie, French.]
1. Gaiety ; merriment. Addiʃon
2. Sprightly faying ; lively talk. Addiʃon.

To PLEASE. v. a. [p/aceo, Lat. plaite, Fr.]
1. To delight; to gratify ; to humour.
Wifdom xvii.
2. To ſatisfy; to content. Shakʃpeare.
3. To obtain favour from. Milton.
4. To ^e Pleased. To like. A word
of ceremony, Dryden.

To PLEASE. v. n.
1. To give pleaſure. Milton.
2. To gain approbation. Hofea.
3. To like; to chuſe-Pope. .
4. To condeſcend ; to comply. Shakſp.

PLEA'SER. ʃ. [from pleaje.] One that courts

PLEA'SINGLY. ad. [from pleaſing.] In
ſuch a manner as to give delight. Pope. .

PLEA'SINGNESS. ʃ. [^iom pleaſing.] Quality
of giving delight.

PLEA'SEMAN. ʃ. [pleaJe and man.] A
pickthank ; an ofiicious fellow. Shakſp.

PLEA'SURABLE. a. [ixoxn pleaſure.] Delightful
; full of pleaſure. Bacon.-

PLEASURE. ʃ. [plafir, French.]
1. Delight} gratification of the mind 'or
ſenſes. South.
2. Looſe gratification. Shakʃpeare.
3. Approbation. Pſaltns.
4. What the will diſtates, Shakʃpeare.
5. Choice;
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5. Choice ; arbitrary will. Brown.vTt.

To PLEA'SURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To pleaſe ; to gratify. JUlomfon,

PLEA'SUREFUL. a. [pleaſure and /W/.]
PJearint; delightful. Obſolete. Abbot.

PLEBEIAN. ʃ. [ſhbcTcK, French, flebaus,
Latin.] One of the lower people. Swift.

1. Popular ; conCfting of mean perſons. King Charles.
2. Belonging to the lower ranks. Miion»
3. Vulgar ; low ; common. B.:con.

PLEDGE. ʃ. [pUige, Fr. fieggio, Italian.]
1. Any thing put to pawn.
2. A gage ; any thing given by way of warrant
or ſecurity ; a pawn.

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PLENTIFUL. a. [plen'y and fuIl.] Copious; abundant; exuberant; fruitful. Rjlavh.

PLE'NTIFULLY. ad. [(xocn ſkm/u/.] Copiouſly,
abundantly. Addiſon.

PLE'NTIFULNESS. ʃ. [from phnt./u/.]
The ſtate of being plentiful ; abundance; fertility.

PLE'NTY. ʃ. [from pL-nm, full.]
1. Abundance ; ſuch a quantity as is more
than enough. Locke.
2. Fruitfulneſs
; exuberance.
3. It is uſed, I think, barbarouſly ^oc
4. A ſtate in which enough is had and enpy^.
Joel, ii. 26.
3. A ſurety ; a bail ; an hoſtage. Raleigh.

To PLEDGE. -::. a. [flger, French, fieggiare,
1. To put in pawn. Ftpe.
2. To give as warrant or ſecurity.
3. To ſecure by a pledge. Shakʃpeare.
4. To invite to drink, by accepting the
cup or health after another. Shakʃpeare.

PLEONASM. ſ. [pUcTinfir.us , Latin.] A
figuie of rhetorick, by which more words
are uſed than are neceſſ^rv.

PLESH. ʃ. [A word uſeJ by Spenſer inſtcad
oſp/jp.] A puddle; a boggy ma rſh.

PLE'THORA. ʃ. [f,om ttXk^x^cc.] The
ſtate in which the veſſels are fuller of humours
than is agreeable to a natural ſtate or
health. Arbuthnot.

PLE'DGET. ʃ. [//^^^if, Dutch.] A ſma11 PLETHORETICK. 7 ^, [from plthora. 'i
mafs of lint. Wneman. H

PLE'IADS. ʃ. [ſhiades, Lat. TrXaa^E;.]

PLE'IADES. y A northern conſtellation. Milton.

PLE'NARILY. ad. [from pUr.ary.] Fully ;
completely. Ayliffe.

PLE'NARY. a. [from plenui, Latin.] Full ; PLEU'RISY. ſ. [t/Xs

PLETHO'RICK. ʃ. Having a full habit. Arbuthnot.

PLE'THORY. ʃ. [p'ethore, French, from
TrXnS-a/^a.] Fulneſs of habit. Arbuthnot.

PLE'VJN. ʃ. [pkuvine, Fr. pUtina, law
Lat.] In law, a warrant or allurance. DiEt,
complete. tVatti

PLE'NARY. ʃ. Deciſive procedure. Ayliffe.

PLE'NARINESS. ʃ. [from plenary.] Fulneſs
; completeneſs,

PLE'NILUNARY. a. [from flenilurdum,
Lat.] Relating to the full moon. Brottm.

PLE'NIPOTENCE. ʃ. [from pUnm and potemia,
Latin.] Fulneſs of cower.

PLE'NIPOTENT. a. [plera^otens, Latin.]
Inveſted with full power. Milton.

PLENIPOTE'NTIARY. ʃ. [pknipetentionre,
French.] A negotiator inveſted with full
power. Stillingfleet.

PLE'NIST. ʃ. [from plenus, Lat.] One that
holds all ſpaceto be full of matter. Boyle.

PLE'NITUDE. ʃ. [pleri-.udo, from pUnus,
Latin ; pUrutude, French.]
1. Fulneſs ; the contrary to vacuity. Bentley.
2. P>.epIetion ; animal fulneſs
; plcthory. Arbuthnot.
3. Exuberance; abu.sdance. Bacon.
4. Completeneſs. Prior.

PLE'NTEOUS. a. [from pUnty
1. Copious ; exuberant ; abundant. Milton.
2. Fruitful ; fertile. Milton.

PLE'NTEOUSLY. ad. [from pUnte^ui.]
Copiouſly ; abundantly ) exuberantly.Shakʃpeare.

PLE'NTEOUSNESS. ʃ. [from pUnteoui.]
inflammation of the pleura, remedied by
evacuation, ſuppuration or expectoration,
or all together.

PLEURI'TICAL. ʃ. ,. . .

PLEU'RITICK. ^^- [from f/f«ri/y.]
1. diſeaſed with a pleurify. Arbuthnot.
2. Denoting a pleurify. Wiſeman.

PLI'ABLE. a. [pliableJ ſtompHer, French,
to bend.]
1. Eaſy to be bent ; flexible. South.
2. Flexible of diſpoſition ; eaſy to be pecfu.

PLI ABLENESS. ſ. [from pliable.]
1. Flexibility ; eaſineſs to be bent.
2. Flexibility of mind. South.

PLIANCY. ʃ. [from pliant.] Eafineſs to be
bene. Addiſon.

PLIANT. a. [pliant, French.]
1. Bending; tough; flexile; lithe ; limber,
2. Eaſy to take a form.
3. Ealily complying.
4. Eaſily perſuaded.

PLIANTNESS. ʃ. [hem pliant.] Flexibility
; toughneſs. Bacon.

PLI'CATURE. ʃ. [p'icatura, from pltco,

PLICA'TION. ʃ. Latin.] Fold; double.

PLI'ERS. ʃ. [from /)/)'.j An inſtrument by
which any thing is laid hold on to bend if. Moxon.
flexible ; Addiſon, Dryden, Bacon, South.
Abuadancs \ fertility, Geneſis^

To PLIGHT. j. a. [;plichten, Dutch.]
1. To

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1. To ple(^ge ; to give as ſurety, Shakſp.
2. To braid ; to weave. Spenſer.

PLIGHT. ʃ. [plihr, Saxoj.]
1. Condition ; ſtate. Shakʃpeare.
2. Good cafe. 7f#'''.
3. Pledge i gage, [from the verb.]Shakʃpeare.
4. [From to plight.] A fold ; a pucker ;
adoublej'a purfle; a plait. Spenſer.

PLINTH. }. [7rXiv&if.] In archlteaure, is
that ſqudre member which ſerves as a foundation
to the baſe of a pill'ir. Hanii.

To PLOD. v. n. [pkeghen, Dutch, Skinner.
1. To toil ; to moil ; to drudge ; to travel.
2. To travel laboriouſly, Shakʃpeare.
3. To ſtudy cloſely and dully. Hudibras.

PLO'DDEll. ʃ. [from /'W.] A dull heavy
laborious man. Shakʃpeare.

PLOT. ʃ. [pier, Saxon.]
1. A f'.n all extent of ground, 1't'Jfer.
2. A plantation laid out. Sidney.
3. A form ; a ſcheme ; a plan. Spenſer.
4. A conſpiracy ; a ſecret deſign formed
againſt another. Dan.
5. An intrigue ; an affair complicated,
involved and embarralTed. Roſcommon.
€. Stratagem ; ſecret combination to any
ill end. Milton.
7. Contrivance ; deep reach of thought. Denham.

To PLOT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To form ſchemes of miſchief againſt
another, commonly againſt thoſe in authority. Dryden.
3. To contrive ; to ſcheme, Wotton.

To PLOT. 'v,a.
1. To plan ; to contrive.
2. To deſcribc according to ichnography. Carew.

PLO'TTER. ʃ. [from plot.]
1. Conſpirator. Dryden.
2. Contriver- Shakʃpeare.

PLO'VER. ʃ. [pluvier, Trench ;
Latin.] A lapwing. Carezv,

PLOUGH. ʃ. [pics, Saxon.]
1. The inſtrument with which the furrows
are cut in the ground to receive the
feed. Mortimer.
1. A kind of plane.

To PLOUGH. v. n. To practiſe aration
; to turn up the ground in order to fow feed. Mortimer.

To PLOUGH. v. a.
1. To turn up with the plough. Dryden.
2. To bring to view by the plough. Wood.
5. To furrow ; to divide. Addiſon.
4. To tear ; to furrow. Shakʃpeare.

PLOU'GHBOY. ʃ. [plough and boy.] A boy
that follows the plough ; a coarſe ignorant
boy. Watts.

PLOUGHER. ʃ.' \J\ompiovgh.] One who

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ploughs or cultivates ground. Spenſer.

PLOUGHLA'ND. ʃ. [plough and land.] A
farm for corn. Donne.

PLOU'GHMAN. ſ. [plough and man.]
1. One that attends or uſes the plough. Taylor.
2. A groſs ignorant ruſtick. Shakʃpeare.
3. A ſtrong laborious man. Arbuthnot.

PLOU'GHMONDAY. ʃ. The monday after
twelfth-d3y, Tvjfer,

PLOUGHSHA'RE. ʃ. [ſhugh and ſhare.]
The part of the plough that is perpendicular
to the coulter. Sidney.

To PLUCK. v. a. [ploccian, Saxon.]
1. To pull with nimbleneſs or force ; to
fnatch ; to pull ; to draw ; to force on er
off; to force up or down. Gay.
2. To ſtrip of feathers. Shakʃpeare.
3. To pluck up a heart or ſpirit, A proverbial
expreſſion for taking up or refuming
of courage, Knoll,

PLUCK. f. [from the verb.]
1. A pull ; a draw ; a ſingle act of plucking. L'Eſtrange.
2. The heart, liver and lights of an animal.

PLU'CKER. ʃ. [from pluck.] One that
plucks, Mortimer.

PLUG. ʃ. [pluggy Swediſh ; pluggbe, Dutch.]
A ſtopple ; any thing driven hard into another
body. Boyle, Swift.

To PLUG. v. a. [from the noun.] To flop
with a plug. Sharp.

PLUM. ʃ. [plum, plumtjieop, Saxon.]
1. A fruit. Locke.
2. Raifin ; grape dried in the fun, Shakſp.
3. The lum of one hundred thouſand
pounds. Addiſon.
4. A kind of play, called how many plums
for a penny. Ainſworth.

FLU'MAGE. ʃ. [plumage^ French.] Feathers
; ſuit of feathers. Bacon.

PLUMB. f. [plomb, French.] A plummet; a leaden weight let down at the end of a
line. Moxon.

PLUMB. ad. [from the noun.] Perpendicularly
to the horizon. R'^y,

To PLUMB. ʃ. a. [from the noun.]
1. To found ; to ſearch by a line with a
weight at its end. Swift.
2. To regulate any work by the plummet.

PLUMBER. ʃ. [plomb'.er, French.] One
who works upon lead. Commonly written
and pronounced plummer.

PLU'MBERY. ʃ. [from plumber.] Work?
of lead ; the mianufactures of a plumber.

PLU'MCAKE. ʃ. [plum and cake.] Cake
made with raiſins. HudibraSo

PLUME. ʃ. [p'ume, French, plumj, Latin.]
1. Feather of birds. Milton.
2. Feather worn as an ornament. Shakſp.
3. Pride ; towering mien, Shakʃpeare.
4. To keq

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4. To ken of honaur ; prize of conteſt.
5. PIume is a term uſed by botanifts for
that part of the feeJ of a plant, which in
its growth becomes the trunk.

To PLUME. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To pick and adjuſt feathers. Mortimer.
2. [//-^OTcT, French ; To ſtrip off feathers. Ray.
3. T.-> ſtrip ; to pill. Bacon.
4. To place as a plume. Milton.
5. To adorn with plumes. Shakʃpeare.

PLUMEA'LLUM. ʃ. [alumen plumojum, La~
tin.] A kind of afbeftus. Wilkins.

PLUMI'GEROUS. a. [pluma ?and gero,L^-
tir.] Having feathers ; feathered,

PLU'MIPEDE. ʃ. [pluma and pes, Latin ]
A fowl that has feathers on the foot. Di^.

PLU'MMET. ʃ. [from plumb.
1. A weight of lead hung at a ſtring, by
which depths are fjunded, and perpendicularity
is diſcerned, Milton.
2. Any weiehr. Duſpa.

PLUMO'SITY. ʃ. [from p!,>mous.] The
ſtate of having feathers.
iPLU'MOUS. a. [plumiux, French, plumofus,
Latin.] Feathery ; rel'embling feathers. Woodward.

PLUMP. a. Somewhat fat ; not lean ; fleck ; full and ſmooih. L'Eſtrange.

PLUMP. ʃ. [from the adjective.] A knvt ;
a luft ; a cluffer ; a number ſomed in one
miſs. S^reiyr.

To PLUMP. v. a. [from the adjective.]
To fatten ; to fArell ; to make large. Bo)Ie,

To PLUMP. v. v. [from the adverb.]
1. To fall like a ſtone into the water.
2. [From the adjective.] To be ſwoilen. Ainſworth.

PLUMP. aJ. With a fuHdeo fJl. B. John.

PLU'M'^ER. ʃ. Something worn in the mouth
to 'well rut the checks. ySwift.

PLU'MPNESS. ʃ. tulneſs; diſpofitMn towards
fiilne's. Nclvton,

PLU MPORRIDGE ʃ. [plum and porridge.]
P«''irdi;r.]v th plums. Addiſon.

PLU'MPUDDING. ʃ. [plum and pudding.]
Puoding made with nurns.

PLU'MPY. a. PIump ; tat. Shakʃpeare.

PLU'MV. a. [from p ume.] Feathered ; tovfTC'-
with fr.thers. Milton.

To PLU'NDER. 1/. a. [plarder,Ti, Dutch.]
1. To pJiij^e ; to rob in an holciic way. Dryden.
2. To rob as a thief. Pope. .

PLU'NDER. ſ. [from the verb.] P.-l-ue; !p' il^ g)tten'in war. Cnvay,

PLU'NDERER. ʃ. [from plunder.]
1. Kodilc pillager ; ſpoiler.
1. Arb;<fi a robber. ^Jdifott.

To VLimCE. v. a. [picnger, French.]
1. To put ſuddenly underwater, or under
any thing ſupplied liquid, S)ryden,

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2. To pot into any ſtate ſuddenly. Dryden.
3. To hurry into any difticfs. Watts.
4. To force in ſuddenly. Watts.

To PLUNGE. V. n,
1. To ſink ſuddenly ioto water ; to dive. Shakʃpeare.
1. To fall or ruſh into any hazard or diſtreſs.
billot fan,.

1. Act of putting or ſinking under water.
2. Difficulty ; ſtrait ; dillreſs. Baktr.

PLU'NGEON. ʃ. [mergui, Latin.] A f;«
bird, Ainſworth.

PLU'NGER. f [from plunge ] Oae that
plung?s ; a diver,

PLUJiVKET. ſ. A kind of blue colour.

PLU'RAL. a. [pluraiis, Latin.] Implying
more than one, Shakʃpeare.

PLU'RALIST. ʃ. [pluralilie, French.] Oae
that holds more eccleſialtical benefices thaa
one with cure of fouK. Co:!ier»

PLURA'LITY. ʃ. [pluralit/, French.]
1. The ſtate of being or having a greater
number. Bacon.
2. A number more than one. Hammond.
3. More cures of fouls than one.
if. The greater number ; the majority. L'Eſtrange.

PLU'RALLY. ^jJ. [from p/ura!.] ]n a ſcnic
implying more than one.

PLUSH. ʃ. [p/uche, French. A kind of villous
or ſhcii;2y cloth ; ſhjg. Boyle.

PLU'SHER. ʃ. A ſea fiſh. Carew.

PLUVIAL. v. a. [from pluvia, Latin.;

PLUVIOUS. I Rainy ; relating to rain. Brown.

PLU'VIAL. ʃ. [ſhvtcil, French.] A pneit's
cope. Ainsworth.

To PLY. v. a. [p'ien^ to work at any thing,
eld Dutch.]
1. To work on any thing cloſely and importunately. Dryden.
1. To employ with diligence; to keep
b'jfy ; to ſet on work, Ht>dibras.
3. To practiſe diligently. Mihcn.
4. To foiick importunately. South.

To PLY. v. n.
1. To work, or offer ſervice. Addiſon.
1. To jio m halle. Milton.
3. To dufy < ne's felf. i)r^den.
A. [Pher^ Fr.] To bend. L'Eſtrange.

FLV. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Bent ; turn; form; cart; biafs.
s. Piait ; fold. Arbuthnt.

PLY'ERS. ʃ. See PIiers.

PNEUMATICAL. ʃ. r i x -.

PNEUMATICK. [' L'^;.«^'»^>--]
1. Moved by wina ; leiative t.) wind. Locke.
2. Cinfi'lm? of ſpir-.t or wind.^ B 'co-.

PNEUMATICKS. ʃ. [pn^umat yi/<, French ]
3. A branch of mechanicks^ which con-
4. Z riders
ſiders the doarine of the air, or laws according
to which that fluid is condenfed,
ratified, or gravitates. Harris.
2. In the ſch.^ols, the doarine of ſpiritual
lubftances, as God, angels, and the fouls of

PNEUMATO'LOGY. ʃ. [mivfAaroJ^oyU-]
The dod>rine of iViritual exiſtence.

To POACH. v. a. [oeijfs poche», French.]
1. To boil ſlightly. _. Bacon.
a To begin Aithout completing: from
the practice of boiling eggs ſlightly.
Bacon i
3. [Pocher, French, to pierce.] To flab ; to
pu'Tce. Carezu.
4. [From poche, a pocket.] To plunder
by ſtealth. Gartb.

To POACH. To «. [from feche, a bag, Fr.]
I . To (leal game ; to carry off game privately
in a big. Oldham,
2. To be damp. Mortimer.

POA'CHARD. ʃ. A kind of water fowl.

POA'CHER. ʃ. [from poach.] One who
ſteals game. More,

POA CHINESS. ſ. Marſhineſs; dampneſs.
A cant word. Mortimer.

POA'CHY. a. Damp} marftiy. Mortimer.

POCK. ʃ. [Uouipox.] A puftule raiſed by
the ſmallpox.

POCKET. ʃ. [pocca, Saxon; pochet, Fr.]
the ſmall bag inferted into cloaths. Priory

To POCKET. v. a. [pocheterj French,
from the noun.]
3. To put in the pocket. Pope. .
3. To Pocket /.'/). A proverbial form
that denotes the doing or taking any thing
clsndeſtinely. Prior.

PO'CKETBOOK. ʃ. [pocket and book.] A
paper book carried in the pocket for haſty
notes. f^a(^^'

PO'CKETGLASS. f. [pocket and glaſs ;
Portable looking- glaſs. Swift.

PO'CKHOLE. ʃ. [pock and hole.] Pit or
fear made by the ſmallpox, Dent:e.

PO'CKINESS. ʃ. [from pocky.] The ſtate of
being pocky.

POCKY. a. [from pox.] Infeſted with
the pox. Denham.

POGU'l.ENT. a. [pocuhm, Latin.] Fit for
drink. Bacon.

POD. f.
[bode, Datch, a little houſe.] The
capf'ile of legumes ; the caſe of feeds. . Mortimer.

PODA'GRTCAL. a. [Tro^ay^iKhf ^ro^dy^a.]
1. AfHifted with the gout. Brown.
2. Gouty ; relatin.^ to the gout.

PO'DDER. ʃ. [from pod.] A gatherer of
peaſecods. Di0,

PODGE. ʃ. A puddle ; a plafli. Skinner.

PO'EM. ſ. [poemi, Latin ; Wn^ua.] The
rvovk of a poet ; « nisirical compoſition.
Ben. Johnſont

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PO'ESY. ʃ. [p„f,. French ; ſcrp, Latin ; 1. The art of writing poems. Ben. Johnſon.
2. Poem ; metrical compoſition ; poetry. Brown.
3. A ſhort conceit engraved on a ring or
other thing, Shakʃpeare.

PO'ET. ʃ. [poete, French ; poeta, Latin ;
TToiJjTK?.] An inventor ; an author of fiction
; a writer of poems ; one who writes in
meaſure. Milton.

POE'TAS'TER. ſ. [Latin.] A vile petty

PO'ETESS. ʃ. [from poet
; pica poetris, Latin.]
A ſhe poet.

POE'TICAL. ʃ>. [ircir^li-Aogi poeti^ue, Fr.

POE'TICK. lpoeticus,LAt.] Expreſſed in
poetry ; pertaining to poetry ; ſuitable to
poetry. Hale.

POE'TICALLY. fli. [from poetical.] With
the qualities of poetry ; by the fidlion of
poetry. Raleigh.

To POETI'ZE. v. a. [poetifer, French, from
poet.] To write like a poet. Donne.

POE'TRESS. ʃ. A ſhe poet. Spenſer.

POE'TRY. ʃ. ['ffoinr^ict.]
1. Metrical compoſition ; the art or practice
of writing poems. Cleaveland.
2. Poems ; poetical pieces. Shakʃpeare.

POIGNANCY. f. [from poignant.]
1. The power of ilimulating the palate; ſharpneſs. Swift.
2. The power of irritation ; aſperity,

POI'GNANT. a. [poignant, French.]
1. Sharp ; {Emulating the palate, Locke.
2. Severe ; piercing ; painful. South.
3. Irritating; ſatirical ; keen,

POINT. f. [poina, point, French.]
1. The ſharp end of any inſtrument. Temple.
2. A firing with a tag. Shakʃpeare.
3. Headland ; promontory, Addiſon.
4. A fling of an epigram. Dryden.
5. An indiviſible part of ſpnce. Locke.
6. An indiviſible part of time ; a moment,
.7. A ſmall ſpace. Prior.
8. Pun(Slilio ; nicety. Milton.
9. Part required of time or ſpace ; critical
moment ; exact place, Atterbury; 10. D.'gree ; f^ate. Sidney.
; I. Note of diftini^ion in writing ; a flop.
12. A ſpot; a part of a ſurface divided by
ſpots ; diviſion by marks, into which any
thing is diſtinguiſhed in a circle or other
plane : as, at tables the ace or fife point,
13. One of the degrees into which the circumference
of the horizon, and the mariner's
campafr, is divided. Bacon.
14. Particular place to which any thing
is directed. Brown.
15. Reſpect ; regard. Shakʃpeare.
16. An

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16. An aim ; the act of aiming or ſtriking,Shakʃpeare.
l-j. The particuhr thing required. Roſc,
18. Particular} inſtunce ; example. Temple.
19. A ſingle pofitlon ; a ſingle aHertion ;
a ſingle part of a complicated queſtionj a
ſingle part of any whole, Baker»
20. A note ; a tune. Shakʃpeare.
21. Pointblank ; directly : as, an arruw is
ſhot to iht pointblank OT white mark.Shakʃpeare.
20. Point dt vife ; exact or exactly m the
point of view. - Bacoh,

To POINT. v. tf. f from the noun.]
1. To ſharpen ; to forge or grind to n po'nt. Addiʃon.
1. To direct towards an objei^-, by way of
forcing it on the notice. Milto>:.
3. To direct the eye or notice. Pope.
4. To ſhow as by directing the finger. Addiſon.
5. [Po/«rtfr, French.] To direct toward, a
6. To diſtinguiſh by flops or points.

To POINT. 1: v.
1. To note with the finger ; to force upon
the notice, by directing the finger towards
it. Ray.
2. To diſtinguiſh words or ſentences by
points. F(,rL's.
3. To indicate as dogs do to ſportfmen. Gay.
4. To ſhow. Swfr.

POI'NTED. a. OT participle, [from point.]
1. Sharp ; having a ſharp point or pic. Pope. .
2. Epigrammatical ; abounding in cunceits.

POINTEDLY. ad. [from ſcintid.] In a
pointed manner, Dryden.

POI'NTEDNESS. ʃ. [from fainted.]
1. Sharpneſs ;
pickedneſs with aſperity. Ben. Johnſon.
2. Epigrammatical ſmartneſs, Dryden.

POI'NTEL. ʃ. Any thing on a point. D.rb.

POI'NTER. ʃ. [from point.]
1. Any thing that points. IFctti,
2. A dog that points out the game to
ſportf^ien. C./y.

POI'N TINGSTOCK. ʃ. [pointing andfock. ;
Something made the object of ridicuJe.Shakʃpeare.

POI'NTLESS. a. [from point.] BIunt ; net
ſharp ; obtuſe, - Dryden.

POI'SON. ʃ. [/>o'/<?«, French.] That which
deſtroys or injures life by a ſmall quantity,
and by means not obvious to the ſenſes ;
venom. James..

To POI'SON. v. a. [from the noun, ]
1. To infect with poiſon.
2. To attack, injure or kill by poiſon given,
a Mac, x.
3. To corrupt ; to tain^ Shakʃpeare.

POI'SON-TREL. ſ. [t.xicodendror.] A
Fl^nt. M.tier.

POI'IONER. ſ. [from pofon.]
1. One who poilons, Dryden.
2. A corrupter. S:urh.

POI'SONOUS. a. [from poifyn.] Vcnomous
; having the qur.Lties of poiſon.

POISONOUSLY. ad. [from pvfonous.] V«.
nom'Mjfly. South.

POISONOUSNESS. /, [from poiforous.]
Thj quality of being poiſonous ; vcao-

POI'TREL. ʃ. [po'Brel, French.]
1. Aimourfor the brealt of a horſe.
Sk nner.
2. A gravine: tool. Mrfioonb.

POIZE. ʃ. [pvds, French.]
1. Weight ; fofce of any thing tending to
the center. Spyrf^^r.
2. Balance ; equipoize ; equilibrium. Berkley.
3. A regulating power. Dryden.

To POIZE. v. a. [peſcr, French.]
1. To balance
; to hold or place In equiponderance. Sidney.
2. To be equiponderant to, Shakʃpeare.
3. To weigh. South.
4. To oppreſs with weight. Shakʃpeare.

POKE. ʃ. [pocca, Saxon. pche, French.]
A pocket; a ſmall bag. Camden, Drayton.

To POKE. v. a. [/'5^.r, Swediſh.] To feel
in the dark ; to leaich any thing with a
long inſtrument, Brown.

PO'KER. ʃ. [from poke.] The iron bar
with which men ſtir the fire. Swift.

PO'LAR. a. [poliire, French, from Lat.]
Fouiid near the pole ; lying near the pole ;
ifluing from the p( le. Prior.

POLA'RITY. ʃ. [from polir.] Tendency
to the pol?. Bacon.

PO'LARY. a. [po'aris, Latin.] Tending to
the pcle ; having a direction toward the
polep. Brown.

POLE. ʃ. [poh/t, Latin; pde, French.]
1. The extremity of the axis of the earth
; either of the points on which the world
turn?, Milton.
2. A Jong ſtafT, Bacon.
3. A tall piece of timber crc(fted, Shakʃpeare. f.
4. A meaſure of length containing five
yard; and a half. Sp mer,
5 An inſtrument of rreafuring. Bacon.

To POLE. v. a. [from the noun.] To furniſh
with poI-S. Mortimer.

PO'LEAXE. ʃ. [pole and ax^.] An axe fixed
to a long pole. - howel,

PO'LECAT. ʃ. [Po/^orPoY/Z»cat.] The fitchew
; a ſtinking animal. L'Eſi arge,

PO'LEDAVIES. ʃ. A ſort of coarſe chwh.
4. Z 2 PO'Lfi.

POLE'MICAL. v. a. [7roX£/>^t>to?.] Contro-

POLEMICK. ʃ. veriialj diſputative.

POLE'MICK. ʃ. Diſputant ; controvertift. Pope. .

POLE'MOSCOPE. ʃ. [ttoXe/^©- and Q^ianixA
In opticks, is a kind of crooked
or oblique perlpedtive gUTs, contrived for
feeing objedis that do not lie diiedly before
the eye. Dia.

PO'LESTAR. ſ. [pole And fiar.]
1. Aftar near the pole, by which navigators
compute their northern latitude ; cy.
nofure ; lodeliar. pryde.u
2. Any guide or difeſtcr.

PO'LEY-MOUNTAIN. ſ. [poUum, Latin.]
A plant. Miller.

PO'LICE. ʃ. [French.] The regulation aiid
government of a city or countiy, ſo far as
.regards the inhabitants.

PO'LICED. a. [from police'] Regulated ; .
formed into a regular coutfe of adminiſtration. Bacon.

PO'LICY. ʃ. [ntcXiiiU ]
piliiia, Lat.]
1. The art of government, chiefly with
xeſped^ to foreign powers,
2. Art ; prudence ; management of affairs
; ſtratagem. Shakʃpeare.
3. [Poli^a, Spaniſh.] A warrant for money
in The publick funds.

To PO'LISH. v. a. [polio, Lat. polir, Fr.]
1. To ſmooth ; to brighten by attrition; to gloſs. Gra^r/iUe.
2. To make elegant of manners. Milton.

To PO'LISH. v. n. To anſwer to the aft
of poliſhing; to receive a gloſs. Bacon.

PO'LISH. ʃ. [poll, poliffure, Fr.]
1. Artificial gloſs ; brightneſs given by attrition. Newton.
2. Elegance of manners. Addiſon.

PO'LISHABLE. a. [from /.j///.] Capable
of being poliſhed,

PO'LISHER. ʃ. [from po'ifr.] The per-
fon or inſtrument that gives a gloſs. Addiſon.

POLI'TE. a. [
politics, Lat.]
1. Gioffy ; imootli; Netutbri.
2. Elegant of manners. Pr>pe.

POLITELY. ad. [i\om polife.] With tlegun'.
e of manners ; genieeily.

POLI'TENESS. ſ. [p^litfffe, Fr. from po-
lite.] Eiegance of manneſs ; gentility; good breediijg. Swift.

POLI'TiCAL. a. [7:oX(7t;<o;.]
1. Relating to politicks ; relating to the
sdminiitration of publick afi^'jirs. Rogers..
7. Cunning ; ſkilful.

POLITICALLY. ad', [from poHticaK]
1. With relation to publick adminjiiration,
2. Artfully ; politickly. KnoVet,

POL'ITICA'STER. ſ. A {)ctty igncant
pie'enfier to politicks.

POLTI'CIAN. ſ. [poii'ci.ny Fr.]
1. One verſed in the arts of government |
one ſkilled in politicks. Dryden.
2. A man of artifice ; one of deep contri-.
vance. MiltoK,

PO'LITICK. a. [TroXtlixJ-.]
1. Political
; civil. Tewple.
2. Prudent ; verſed in affairs. Shakʃpeare.
3. Artful ; cunning. Bacon. -

PO'LITICKLY. ad. [from politick.] Ar\.
fully ; cunningly. Shakʃpeare.

POLITICKS. ſ. [politique, Fr. 9reX;hxfl\]
The ſcience of government ; the art or
practice of adrniniſtring publick affairs. Addiſon.

PO'LITURE. ʃ. The gloſs given by the aft
of polirtiing.

PO'LITY. ʃ. [7roXITeirt.] A form of government
; civil coriftitution. Hooker.

POLL. ʃ. [polle, pol, Dutch/ the top.]
1. The head. Shakʃpeare.
2. A catalogue or lift of perſons ; a regiſter
of heads. ^bjkſpeare,
3. A fiſh called generally\ a chub. A chervil.

To POLL. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To lop the top of trees. Bacon.
2. In this ſenſe is uſed, polled ſheep. Mortimer.
3. To pull off hai? from the head ;
,t<>; clip ſhort ; to ſhear. Ezekiel. 4
4. To mow ; to crop. Shakʃpeare.
5. To plunder ; to ſt ip ; to pill. Spenſer, Bacon.
4. To take a lifl or regifter of perſons.
5. To enter one's name in a lift or regifter. Dryden.
6. To infert into a number as a voter,

PO'LLARD. ʃ. [from poll,']
1. A tree lopped. Bacon.
2. A clipped coin. Camden.
3. The chub fift.

PO'LLEN. ʃ. A fine powder, commonly
underſtood by the word farina ; as alſo a
f irt of fin<^ bran. Bailey.

PO'LLENGER. ʃ. Bruſhwood. Tujer.

PO'LLER. ʃ. [from poll.]
1. Robber ; pillager ; plunderer. Bacon.
2. He who votes or polls.

PO'LLEVIL. ʃ. [/W/andtW/.] Pdkvil is
a large ſwelling, infi-immation or impof- 1
thuii<e in the horſe'a poll or nape of the
neck. Farrier'^s DiSi,

PO'LLOCK. ʃ. A kind of fiſh, Cartw,

To POLLUTE. v. a. [polluo, Lat.]
1. To make unclean, in a religious ſenſe ; I
to defile. Shakʃpeare.
2. To taint with guilt. Milton.
3. To corrupt by mixtures of ill, Dryden.
4. Milton uſes thns word in an uncommon

POLLU'TEDNESS. ʃ. [from /9 7.w£.] Dafi.
emtnt the liiie of being poliuied.

POLLUTER. ʃ. [from fjllute.] Defiicr ; corrupter. Dryden.

POLLUTION. ʃ. [pollutio, Lat.]
1. The act of defiling. ^y^'fff-
2. Theſtateof being defiled ; defilemenc. Milton.

PO'LTRON. ʃ. A coward ; a nidgit ; a
fcoundrel. Shakʃpeare.

PO'LY. ʃ. [polium, Lat.] An herb, jinijzu.

PO'LY. [ttoXl'.] a prcri» often found in
; he compoſition of words derived from the
Greek, and intimating multitude : as,f>oiygort,
a figure of many angles.

POLV'ACOUSTICK. a. [ttoXC i und a yJ^ ]
Any thing that multiplies or magnifies

POLY'ANTHOS. ʃ. [woXJ^and av7<^.]
A plant. Mi/'er.

POLYE'DRICAL. v. a. [from 7ri\vi^^(^ ;

POLYL'DIIQUS. S r^h^dre^ Fr.] Hivirg
many fiHes. Wccdward,

POLY'GAMIST. ʃ. [from /»5/j^vwy.] One
that holds the lawlulneſs or more wives
than one at a time.

POLY'GAMY. ʃ. [^poJygav:ie^ Fr. Tr.jXij-a-
/:.;«.] Piurality of waves. Graur.t.

PO'LYGLOT. a. [^^oKvyXw-rt^ ; prjlygiotte.
Fr.] Having many languages. ſhivel.

PP'LYGON. ʃ. [TToUq in^ yxv.a.] A figure
of many angles. IVutls,

POLYGONAL. a. [from /)%o«.] Haiing
many angles.

PO'LYGRAM. ʃ. [7:Q\C; and y^cLix[j.a.] A
figure conſiſing of a great number of hue.

POLY'GRAPHY. ʃ. [770: u; and y^^a^^n.] The art of wririny in ſcvcral unuſual man-
ners or cyphers.

POLY'LOGY. ʃ. [ttoxJj and Xc>.o.:.] Talkativeneſs.

POLY'MATHY. ʃ. [tt^/.u? and ^av'^ava;.]
The knowledge of many aits and ſciences ;
alſo an acquaintance with many dfi'erent

POLY'PHONISiVT. ſ. [tio^-j; and .»;;r,]
Multiplicity > f Aiund. DcrLair.

POLYPE'TALOUS.fl. [TroWjand TT.Tahov.]
Having many petals.

fOLY'FODY. jr. [folypodru7r.Lm:\.] A
plant. Bacon.

PO'LYPOUS. a. [from fofypjs.] Having
the nature of a polypus ; having ma.ny
feet or roots,

fOLY'PUS. ſ. [^oXv^Bg; polyp:, Fr.]
1. folypui ſignifies any thing in general
with many roots or ſcer, as a ſwelling in
the noſtrils ; but it is Jikcwife applied to
a tough concretion of grumous blood in the
heart and arteries. SQuincy.
2. A ſea animal with many feet. Pope.

FO'LYSCOPE. ʃ. [tioXv; and ^xcttIo;.] A
multiplying glaſs.

POLY'SPAST. ʃ. [polypafu, Fr.] A machine
conſiſtinp of manj pullies.

POi-Y'SPERMOUS. a. [weXyjand ^Tr?;-^.]
Thof. plants are thus called, which have
more than four feeds ſucceeding each flower,
and this without any certain order or
nurr.ber. SJuincy.

POLYSYLLABICAL. a. [nom polyſyllable.]
Having many ſyllables ; pertaining
to a polyſyllable. Did,

POLYSYLLABLE. ʃ. [wjXyjaad ^yXXa/^^.]
A word of many ſyllables. HJder,

POLY'SYNDETON. ʃ. [-noXixrv-ililoy.^ \
figure of thetorick by which the copulative
is often repeated : as, I came and
Uw and ovctam?.

POLYTHEISM. ʃ. [ttoxJ; and Qil;.] The
dot>rine of plurality of gods. Stillingfleet.

POLY'THEIST. ʃ. [-rrcXviz^ni ^ih;.] One
that hulds plurality of gods.

PG'MrtCE. ſ. [pomaceum, Lat.] Thedroſs
of cyder prefiirtg.

POMACEOUS. a. [hoxn pomum, Uun. '.
Confirtingof apples. Philitt.

PO'.MADE. ſ. [pomade, Fr. pomado, IcaJ ; A fr.3gr.:nl uintjiient.

POMANDER. ʃ. [porrme d'amlre, Fr.]
A ſwrcet bail ; d periumed ball or powder. Bacon.

POMA'TUM. ʃ. [Latin.] An o!ntm.nt.

To POME. v. n. [pommer, Fr.] To grow
to a rr.und head l>kc an apple,

POMEC.'TRON. ſ. [porr.e'aaideror.'l A
cit;ron apple. DiSI.

POMEGRA.'NATE. ſ. [p-tKum granatum,
1. The tree. Shakʃpeare.
2. The fruit. Peacham.

PO'MEROY. ʃ/. A fort efapule.

PO'MEROYAL. ʃ. A:pJ'ivo'(b,

PO'MIFERO'JS. a. [pomif'.r, Latin.] A
t^rm aupiied to plants which have the
hrgeſt Jruir, and are covered with thick
hard rind.

POMMLL. ʃ. [porreau, Fr.]
1. A round bajj or kn:-b. Sidney.
1. The knob that bdlances the blade of
the ſword. Sidney.
5. The protuberant part of the faddie bct-
re. Dryden.

To POMMEL. ʃ. a. To beat black and
blue ; to bru'fe ; to punch.

POMP. f. [f>Tj:pa, Lat.]
1. Splendour ; pride. Shaiep^ji'f.
2. A [iioctilion of ſplendour and oilentation. Dryden. ^Jdtfcn,

PO^MPHOLYX. ſ. Pcmpholyx is a white,
li^ht and very triable fobl^ance, found in
cruds adhering to the domes of the furnaces
and to the covers of the large crucibles.

POMPION. ʃ. [pompon, Tt.] A pufiikin.

PO'MPIRE. ʃ. f/ic^-WOT and /yrai, Latin.]
A ſort of pearmain. Ainsworth.

PO'MPOUb. a. [pjmpeux, Fr.] Splendid ;
maguiſhcent ; grand. Pope. .


PO'MPOUSLY. ad. [from pmpous. 2 Magnificently
5 ſplendidly. Dryden.

PO'MPOUSNESS. ʃ. [Sxompo>«poui.] Magn.
ficeace; ſplendour ; ſhowineisj oftentatiouſneſs. Addiſon.

POND. ʃ. A ſmall pool or lake of water ;
a bafon ; water not running or emitting
any ſtream. Woodward.

To POND. v. a. To ponder. Stevj^r.

To PO'NDER. v. a. [pordero, Latin.] To
weigh mentally ; to coniider ; to attend. Bacon.

To PO'NDER. v. n. To think ; to muſe.
With 0!t. Dryden.

PO'NDERAL. a. [from pondus, Lat.] Eſtrmated
by weight ; diſtinguiſhed from nurrxtTz]. Arbuthnot.

PO'NDERABLli. a. lU^m ponder0, Latin.]
Capable to be weighed ; menfuraiile by
^cale?. Brown.

PONDER ATION. ſ. [from />o;;J.ro. Lat.]
The act of weighing. xirbuthtm,

PONDERER. ʃ. [from ponder.'l He who

PONDERO'SITY. ʃ. [from fonderouz.]
; gravity ; heavineſs. Brown.

PONDEROUS. a. [ponderojus.]
1. Heavy ; weighty. Bacon.
2. Important ; momentous. Shakʃpeare.
3. Forcible ; ſtrongiy impulſive. Dryden.

FO'NDERqUSLy. ad. [from ponderous.]
Wnh great' weight.

PO'NDEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from ponderous.]
Heavineſs ; weight
; gravity, Boyle.

PO'NDWEED. ʃ. A plant. Airf-wonh.

PO'NENT. a. [toventc, Italian.] Wefiern. Milt073.

PONIARD. f. {pn'gfiard, Fr. pug!o, Latin.]
A dagger
; a ſhort ſtabbing weapon. Dryden.

To PO'NfARD. v. a. [polgnardier^'Fi.] To flgb with a poniard.

PONK. ʃ. A nodlurnal ſpirit.] a hag. Spenſer.

PO'NTAGE. ʃ. [pom, psntis, bridge ; Duty
P^id for the reparation of bridges. Ayliffe.

PO'NTIFF. ʃ. [ponttfex, Lat.]
1. A prieſt ; a high prieſt. Bacon.
2. ThePope. .

PONTI'FICAL. a. [pontifical, Fr. pontificalls,
1. Belonging to an high prieſt.
2. Popiſh. Baker.
3. Splendid ; magnificent. Shakʃpeare.
4' [From ^»i and /tfao.] Bridge-building. Milton.

PON II'FiCAL. /, [pontificale, Latin.] A
book containing rites and ceremonies eccleiiaftical. Stillingfleet.

PONTITICALLY. ad. [from pontifical.]
In a pontifical manner.

PONTIFICATE. ʃ. [pontificatus, Lat.] Papacy
; popedom. Mdijen,

PO'NTIFICE. ʃ. [pom and faeio.] Bridgework
; edifice of a bridge.

PO'NTLEVIS. ʃ. [rt horſemanſhlp, is a
diſorderly reſiſting action of a horſe in diſobedience
to his rider, in which he rears
up ſeveral time3 runnipg. Bailey.

PO'NTON. ʃ. [Fr.] A flo;iting bridge or invention
to paſs over water : it is made of
two great boats placed at ſome diſtancee
from one another, both planked over, as
is the interval between them, with rails on
their ſides. Military Diii,

PO'NY. f. Aſmallhorſe.

POOL. ʃ. [pul, Saxon.] A lake of ſtanding

POOP. ʃ. [pouppe, Fr. puppisy Lat.] The
hindmofl pare of the ſhip, Knolles.

POOR. a. [pauvre, Fr, povre, Spaniſh.]
1. Not rich ; indigent ; neceſlitous ; oppreſſed
with want. Pops,
2. Triſhng} narrow ; of little dignity,
force or value. Bacon.
3. Paltry ; mean; contemptible, Davies.
4. Unimportant. Swift.
5. Unhappy ; uneaſy. Waller.
6. Mean ; depreſſed ; low ; dejected. Bacon.
7. [A word of tenderneſs.] Dear. Prior.
8. [A word of flight contempt.] Wretched. Baker.
9. Not good ; not fit for any purpoſe. Shakʃpeare.
10, 7be Poor. Thoſe who are in the
loweſt rank of the community ; thoſe who
cannot ſubſift but by the charity of others. Spratt.

II. Barren ; dry: as, a^wrfoil.
12. Lean ; ſtarved ; emaciated: aSf^psor
horſe. Ben. Johnson.
13. Without ſpirit ; flaccid.

POORLY. ad. [hoTCt poor.]
1. Without wealth. Sidney.
2. Not proſperouſly
; with little ſucceſs. Bacon.
3. Meanly ; without ſpirit. Shakʃpeare.
4. Without dignity. Wotton.

POORJOHN. ʃ. A ſort of fiſh.

POO'RNESS. ʃ. [from poor.]
1. Poverty; indigence ; want. Burnet.
2. Meanneſs ; lownefis ; want of dignity. Addiſon.
3. Sterility ; barrenneſs. Bacon.

POO'RSPIRITED. a. [poor and ſpirit.]
Mean ; cowardly. Dennis.

cowardice. South.

POP. ʃ. [poppyfmoy Lat.] A ſmall ſmart
quick found. Addiſon.

To POP. v. n. [from the noun.] To move
or enter with a quick, ſudden and unexpect
ted motion, Shakʃpeare, Swift.

To POP. v. a.
1. Te
1. To put out or in ſuddenly, fl!ly or uor
expectedly. Shakʃpeare.
2. To ſhi ſt. Locke, Pope. . ſ. [p.JpJ, Lat. TTcTrTra:.]
1. The biſhop of Rome. Peacham.
2. A ſmall fiſh, by ſome called a ruiYt.

POTEDOM. ʃ. [pope and dom.] Papacy ;
papal dignity. Shakʃpeare.

PO'PERY. ʃ. [from Pope. .] The religion of
the church of Rome. Swift.

PO'PESEYE. ʃ. [pope and eye.] The gland
Surrounded with fat in the middle of the

PO'PGUN. ʃ. [pop and gun.] A gun with
which children play, that only makes a
noiſe. Cheyne.

POPI NJAY. [papegay, Dutch ;
papagayo, Spaniſh.]
1. A parrot. Aſham.
2. A woodpecker,
3. A trifling fop. Shakʃpeare.

POPISH. a. [from /.'/?.] T-'Jght'by the
pope ; peculiar to popery. Hooker.

PO'PISHLY. ad. [from popljh.] With tendency
to popery ; in a'popiſh manner.

PO'PLAR. ʃ. [peupUer, Fr.pcpu!us, Latin.]
A tree.

PO'PPY. ʃ. [popi5, Say. papavrr, Lat.] A
plant. Of this are eighteen ſpecies.'

PO PULACE. ʃ. [p-'puigce, Fr. from p-pu-
/us, Lat.] The vulgar ; the multitude.

PO'PULACY. ʃ. [fepuJace, Fr.] The common
people ; the inukitudc. Decay of Piety.

PO'PULAR. a. [pr.pulaite, Fr. p^iubr-a,
1. Vulg?r ; plebeian. Milton.
2. Suitable to the common people. Hooker.
3. Beloved by the people ; -leaſing to the
people. Hooker^ Clarenden.
4. Studious of the favour of the people. Addiſon.
5. Prevailing or raging among the populace
: as, a ^^/v^ITr diflemper.

POPULARITY. ʃ. [populantai, Lat.]
1. Gratiouſneſs .mung the people; ſtate
of being favoured by the people. Dryden.
2. Repreſentation ſuited to vulgar c nception. Bacon.

PO PULARLY. d;7. [hoxt\ p^pular.]
1. In a popular manner ; ſo as to plcafe
the crowd. Dryden.
2. According to vulgar conception,

To PO'PULATE. ʃ. n. [from p-puhs, people.]
To t.reed people. Bacon.

POPULATION. ʃ. [from ppularc.] The
ſtate of a country with rcl^ect to numbers
of people. Bacon.

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POPULO'SITY. ʃ. [from p-pulous.] Populouſneſs
; multitude of people. Brown.

PO'PULOUS. a. [populofus, Lat.] Full of
people; numcroally inhabited. AI Iron,

POPULOUSLY. ad. [from populous.] With
much people,

PO'PULOUSNESS. ʃ. [from p-pubus.j The
ſtate of abounding with people. Temple.

PO'RCELAIN. ʃ. [porcehine, Fr.]
1. Chuia ; china ware. Brown.
1. [Portulaca, Ldt ] An herb. Ainsworth.

PORCH. f. [p-.'che,^^ porticus, Lat.]
1. A roof ſupported by pillars before a
door ; an entrance. Ben. Johnson.
2. A portico ; a covered walk.Shakʃpeare.

PO'RCUPINE. ʃ. [pore eſpeox f/rV French.]
The f.oicupin?, when full grown, is as
large as a modera!% pig : the quills, with
which its whole body is covered, are black
on the ſhoulders, thighs, ſides and belly ;
on the back, hips and loins they are variegated
with white and pale brown: there is
no other difference between the porcupine
of Malacca and that of Europe, but that
the former grows to a larger ſize. Hill.

PORE. ʃ. [pore, Fr. tt^j©^.]
1. Spiracle of the ſkin ; pa/rdg;e of perſpiration. Bacon.
2. Any narrow ſpiracle or paſſage.

To PORE. v. n. To look with gresr intenfeneſs
and care. Shakʃpeare.

POREBLIND. a. [commonly written /arb:
ind.] Nearfighted ; ſhortfighted. Bacon.

PO'RINESS. ʃ. [from /ory.] Fullneſs of
P^r^-^. f-f^'iſeman.

PORI'STICK mefbcd. [TTCs-nxc;.] la mathematicks,
is that which determmes when,
by what means, and how many different
ways a problem may beſolved. Di^,

PORK. ʃ. [pore, Fr. ponus, Lat.] Swinea
fleſh un faked. Floyer.

PO'RKER. ʃ. [from porh] A hog ; a pig. Pope.

PO'RKEATER. ʃ. [perk and eater.] One
who feeds on pork. Shakʃpeare.

PO'RKET. ʃ. [from pork.] A you.og hog. Dryden.

PO'RKLING. ʃ. [.^rom pork ] A young
pip. Tuſſer.

POROSITY. ʃ. [from porous.] QuaJiry
of having pores. Bacon.

PO'ROUS. a. [poreux, Fr. from pore.] Havinp
ſmall ſpirdclcs or paſſages. Milton.

POROUSNESS. ʃ. [from porous.] The
qu'rv of having pnres. D'zH

POMPHYRE 7 ʃ. [from -no^^'^cL; pori

PO'R. HYRY. ʃ. fbyric.f^ Lat.] Marble
of a pi'ticuUr kind. Locke.

PORPOISE I f. [rorc P'iJoK^fT.] The

PQ'RtUS. i lea-hog. Locke.


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PORRA'CEOUS. a. [porraceui, Lat. forrace,
Fr.] Greeniſh. Wiſeman.

PO'RRET. ʃ. [forrum, Lat.] A ſcail/on. Brown.

PO'RRiDGE. ʃ. [from forrum, a Jeek. ;
Food made by boiling meat in water ;
broth. Shakʃpeare.

PO'RRIDGEPOT. ʃ. [porridge and pot.]
The pot in which meat is boiled for a itH'

PO'RRINGER. ʃ. [from porridge.]
1. A veflcl in which broth is eaten. Bacon.
2. It ſeems in Shakʃpeare.'s time to have
been a word of contempt for a headdreſs.Shakʃpeare.

PORRE'CTION. ʃ. [porrefiis, Latin.] The
act of reaching forth.

PORT. f. [port, Fr./»or/«f, Lat.]
1. A harbour ; a faſe ttation for fli'ps.
«. [Porta, Lat.] A gate. Shew all thy
praiſes within the ports of the daughter of
Sion. Pſalms.
^. The aperture in a ſhip, at which the
gun is put out. Raleigh.
4i Carriage ; airj mien ; manner} bearing. Fairfax.

To PORT. v. a. [porta, Lat. porter, Fr.]
To carry in form, Milton.

PO'RTABLE. a. [portabilis, Lat.]
1. Manageable by the hand,
2. Such as may be borne along with. one. South.
3. Such as Is tranſported or carried from
one place to another. Locke.
4. Sufferable ; ſupportable. Shakʃpeare.

PO'RTABLENESS. ʃ. [ixoxn portable.] The
quality of being portable.

PORTAGE. ʃ. [portage, Fr.]
1. The price of carriage.
2. Porthole. Shakʃpeare.

PO'RTAL. ʃ. [portail, Fr. pcrtelh, leal.]
A gate i the arch under which the gate
opens. Sandys.

PO'RTANCE. ʃ. [h^m porter, Fr.] Air
; mien ; port; demeanour. Spe

PORTA'SS. ʃ. A breviary ; a prayer book. Camden.

PORTCU'LLIS. ʃ. f. [portecovHJe, Fr.] A

PO'RTCLUSE. ʃ. ſort of machine like a
harrow; hung over the gates of a city, to
be let down to keep ouc an euemy. Spenſer.

To PO'RTCULLIS. v. a. [from the noun.]
To bar ; to ſtut U|:. Shakʃpeare.

PO'RTED. a. [p'rter, Fr.] B^riiC in a
certain or regular oider.

To PORTE'ND. v. a. [porterdo,^^^] To
foretoken ; to foreſhov^ as omens. Roſcommon.

PORTE'NSION. ʃ. [from portend.] The
aflt of ſoſtokeriirg; Eyo-ivr.-

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PORTE'NT. ʃ. [portentum,Uia; Omcri
of ill
; prodigy toretokening milery. Dryden.

PORTE'NTOUS. a. [portertofus, Lat. from
portent.] Moniirous ; prodigious ; foretokening
iil. Roſcommon.

PO'RTER. ʃ. [power, Fr. frbm po,ta, L»t.
a gate.]
1. One that has the charge of the ga>e. Ben. Johnſon.
2. One who waits at the door to receive
melTages. Pope. .
3. Oae who carries burthens for hire.

PO'RTERAGE. ʃ. [from portsr.] Money
paid for carriage.

PO'RTESSE. ʃ. A breviary.

PO'RTGLAVE. ʃ. [p.rter and gfaive, Fr.
and Erfe.] A ſword-bearer. Ainfihorth.

PO'RTGRAVE. ʃ. [/,orM, Latin. and

PO'RTGREVE. ʃ. grave, Teut. a keeper.]
The keeper of a gate. Obſolete.

PO'RTICO. ʃ. [porticus, hit. portico, Ital.]
A covered walk ; a piazia. Dryden.

PORTION. ʃ. [part ion, Fr. portio, Lat.] 1. A part. Waller.
2. A part afligned ; an allotment ; a dividend. Waller.
3. Part of an inheritancs given to a child ;
a fortune, Prioro
4. A wife's fortune.

To PO RTION. 1/, a. [from the noun.] -J
1. To divide ; to parcel. JRowe. \
t. To endow with a fortune. Pope. .

PO'RTIONER. ʃ. [from p:<rti6n.] One
that divides.

PO'RTLINESS. ʃ. [from portly.] Dignity
of mien
; graadeur of demeanour.

PO'RTLY. a. [from ^jr^]
1. Grand of mien. Sp'.nfero
2. Bulky ; ſwelling. Shakʃpeare.

PO'RTMAN. ʃ. [pert and man.] Aa inj,
habitant or burgeis, as thoſe of the cinque

PORTMA'NTEAU. ʃ. [pcrtemanteau, Fr.|
A chefl or bag in which cloaths are carried,

PO'RTRAIT. ʃ. [prurtrait, Fr.] A picture
drawn after me life. Priori

To PO'RTRAIT. v. a. [pourtraire, Fr.]To
draw ; to portray, Spenſer.

PO'RTRAITUKE. ʃ. [pourtraiture, Fren.]
Piclure ; paintfd reſemblance. Brown.

To PO'RTRAY. v. a. [pourtraire, Fr.]
1. To paint ; to deſcribe by piilur«j». Dryden.
2. To adorn with pidlures. A:'i/ ok,'

PO'RTRES^. ʃ. [from porter.] A feiYule
guardian of a gate. tivft.

PO'RWiGLE. ʃ. A tadpole or young frog
not yet fully ſhaped, Brown.

P o s

Pb-'RY. a. [foreux, Fr. from pire.] Full
of pores. Dryden.

To POSE. v. a.
1. To puzzle ; to gravel ; to put to a ſtand
or ſtop. Herbert.
2. To appoſe ; to interrogate. Bacon.

PO'SER. ʃ. [from p.fe.] One that alketh
queſtions to try capacities ; an examiner. Bacon.

POSITED. a. [psjitus, Lat.] Placed ;
ranged. Hale.

POSITION. ʃ. [pofitioTS, Fr. pofitio^ Lat.]
1. State of being placed ; iuuation. Temple.
2. Principle laid dowh. Hooker.
3. Advancementof any principle. Brown.
4. [In grammar.] The ſtate of a vowel
placed before two conſonants.

POSITIONAL. a. [from fofuion.] Reſpect
ling poſition. Brown.

PO'SITIVE. a. [pofilivus, Lat.]
1. Not negative ; capable of being affirmed ; real ; abſolute. Locke.
2. Abſolute ; particular ; direct ; not implied. Bacon.
3. Dogmatical ; ready to lay down notions
with confidence. Rymer,
4. Settled by arbitrary appointment. Hooker.
5. Having the power to enaft any law.
6. Certain ; aflured. Ainſworth.

PO'SinVELY. ad. [from poſitive.]
1. Abſolutely ; by way of direct poſition. Bacon.
Si Not negatively. Berkley.
3. Certainly ; without dubitatlon. Dryden.
4. Peremptorily ; in ſtrong terms. i>pratt,

PO'SITIVENESS. ʃ. [from pc/itive. ;
1. Attualneſs ; not mere negation.
NorI is,
2. Peremptorineſs ; confidence.
Government of the Tongue.

POSITI'VITY. ʃ. [fn.m fojin^e.] Peremptorineſs
; confidence. A low word.

PO'.TTURE. ʃ. [pcfitura^ Lat.] The manner
in which any thing is placed.

PO'SNET. ʃ. [from bijfiret, Fr.] A little
bafon ; a porringer ; a ſkillet. Bacon.

PO'aSE. ʃ. [Latin.] . An armed power.
A low word. Bacon.

To POSSE'SS. v. a. [pojejfut, Lat.]
1. To have as an owner ; to be mailer of ;
to enjoy or occupy actually. Carew.
2. To i'eize ; to obtain, Hayward.
3. To give pofi'eflion or command of any
thing ; to make mafter of. Shakʃpearea,
4. To fill with ſomething fixed. Addiſon.
5. To have p.owcj over, as an unclean
Ipuit» B»Jiir}im',n,
6. To affect by inteſtine power«. Shakʃpeare.

POSSE'SSION. ʃ. [P'M^on, Fr. poſſeffio,
Lat.] The ſtate of owning or having in
one's own hands or power.

POSSESSIVE. a. [poffeffivus, Lat.] Having

PO'SSESSORY. a. [poffejfoire, Fr. from
po(ftli.] Having poſſeſſion. Ho-wel.

PObbESSOUR. ʃ. [p'PJfor, L2a, fojfejfeur,
Ft.] Owner ; mailer ; proprietor.

PO'SSET. ʃ. [pofca, Lat.] Milk curdled
with wine or any acid. Suckling.

To POSSET; 1/. a. [from the noun.] To
; to curdle : as milk with acids.Shakʃpeare.

POSSIBI'LITY. ʃ. [p:[fihilite, Fr.] The
power of being in any manner ; the ilateof
being poſſible, Norris.

POSSIBLE. a. [poJfiile, Fr. poſtiitis, Lat.]
Having the power to be or to be done ;
not contrary to the nature of things. Locke.

PO'SSIBLY. ad. [from poſſM.]
1. By any power really exilling. Hooker. Miltonit
2. Perhaps; without abfiiidity. C/ijrfncicB,

POST. ʃ. [/#, Fr.]
1. A hifty mcdenger ; a courier who come.
and goes at ſtated times. Ben Johnſon.
2. (iaick courſe or manner of travelling. Dryden.
3. Situation; feat, Burnet.
4. Military ſtation. Addiſon.
5. Place ; employment ; office. Collier.
6 A piece of timber fee erect, Wotton.

To POST.> v. n. [p:Mi Fr. from the
noun.] To travel with ſpeed. Daniel. U'allh

To POST. v.a.
1. To fix opprobriou.'ly on poſts. King Charles.
2. [P^P^r, Fr.] To place ; to ſtation ; to
fix. Addiʃon.
3. To regiſter methodically ; to tranſcribe
from otiC bock into another. Arbuth.
4. To ^elay, Shakʃpeare.

PO'STAGE. ʃ. [from poJi.] Money paid for
conveyance of a letter. Dryden.

PO'STBOY. ʃ. [poji and boy.'^ Courier ; bey
that rides paf^. Tatlet ,

To PO'STDATE. -y. a. [poJi, after, Latin ]
and date.] To date l.ter than the real

POSTDILU'VIAN. a. [poJi and dilwvium,
Latin.] Poller. or to the flood. fVotdiv.

POSTDILU'VIAN. ʃ. [poJl and diluvium,
Latin.] One that lived hnce the flood.

PO STER. ʃ. [from pji.] A courier ; om
that travels haftily. Shakʃpeare.

POSiE'RIOR. a. [^j,'?<rr;V, Latio.]
5 A 2< Hap P o s
1. Happening after; placed after ; following. Bacon.
2j BukwaH. Pope.

POSTF.'RJORS. ʃ. [/-o/ymVtf, Latin.] The
hinder parts. Swift.

POSTi^'RIORITY. ʃ. [poprhrite, French ; from po/urior.] The ſtate of being after; ovpcf.tp topiioriry. Hale.

POSTE'RITY. ʃ. [popntas, Latin.] Succeeding
generations jdekenAznts. Smalridge.

PO'STERN. ʃ. [poſterne, Dutch.] A in,all
gate ; a little door, Fairfax.

POSTEXI'STENCE. ʃ. [poff and exiſterce.]
Future exiſtenci-. Addiʃon.

PO-'ITHA'CKNEY. ʃ. [poji and backr.ey.]

HIred pofſh<.rfcs. Wotton.

POSTHA'STE. ʃ. [poJi and hcip.] Hafte
like that of a courier. Hakew'tll,

PO'STHORSE. ʃ. [poJi and horſe.] A horſe
i>aſtoned f-r the uſe of couriers. Shakſp.

PO'STHOUSE. ʃ. [p^,J} and hovje.] Pofloffice
; houſe where letters are taken and
diſpatche«-^. Watts.

POSTKUMOUS. a. [popkumus, Lat. pofl.
kume, French.] Done, had, or publiſhed
sfter one's death, Addiſon.

PO'STICK. ?;. [/)£/?/6W, Latin.] Backward. Brown.

PO'STIL. ʃ. [p'.fiiHc, Fr. p^fiilh, Latin.]
Gloſs ; marginal notes.

To PO'STIL. i>. a. [from the noun.] To
gloſs ; to illuſtrate with naarginal notes. Bacon.

POSTI'LLER. ʃ. [from /?3/?;7.] One who
gloiics or illuirrates with marginal notes. Bacon.

POSTI'LLION. ʃ. [pojiillon, French.]
1. One who gu'dts the firſt pair of a ſet of
fix horſes in a coach. Tatler.
7. One who guides a pofl: chaiſe.

POSTLIMi'NIOU5. a. [po/i/rmimum, Lat.]
D >ne or contrived ſubſequently. South.

POSTMA'STER. ʃ. [po/ and wayZ^r.] One
who has charge of publick conveyance of
letters. Spectator.

preſidf s ov -r the ports or leuer-carriers.

POSTML'RI'DIAN. a. [poſtmeudianus, Lat.]
Being in the afternoon. Bacon.

PO'STOFFICE. ʃ. [pojl and fjfice.] Office
where letters are delivered to the port ; a
podhouſe. Swift.

To POSTPO'NE. v. a. [pcſpono , Ut'in.]
1. To put oIT; to delay, Dryd. Roarers,
2. To let in value below ſomething elſe. Locke.

PO'STSCRIPT f. [p^fizn6ſcriptum, Lat.]
The paragraph added to the end of a letter. Addiſon.

To PO'STULATE. v. a. [poſtuk,l.zt,prfiu.
ier^ French.] To beg or atfume without
proof. Bto^w,

PO'STULATE. ʃ. [poJJulatum, Latin.] Pi>.
ſition ſtippoſed or aflumed without proof. Watts.

POSTULA'TION. ʃ. [^o/?k/^^/o, Lat.] The
act of ſuppofing without proof ; gratuitous
alTumpiion. Hale.

POSTULATORY. a. [from popiate.]
1. Afluniing without proof.
2. Aflumed without proof. Brown.

PO'STURE. /. [p'>Me, Fr.poſttura, Latin.]
1. Place; fUuation. Ha/e.
2. Voluntary collocation of the parts of
the body with reſpect to each other. South.
3. State ; diſpoſition. Clarenden.

To PO'STURE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
put in any particular place or diſpoſition. Grew.

POSTULATUM. ʃ. [Latin.] Poſition affumed
without proof. Addiſon.

POSTUREMA'STER. ʃ. [pojlure and }nafter.
; One who teaches or practiſes artificial
cdntortions of the body. Spe^ator,

PO'SY. ʃ. [contraaed from^ee^]
1. A motto on a ring. Addiſon.
2. A bunch of flowers. Spenſr,

POT. ʃ. [pot, Fr, pctte, Idandick.]
1. A veſſel in which meat is boiled on the
fire, Dryden.
2. Veſſel to hold liquids. John
3. Veſſel made of earth. Mortimer.
4. A ſmall cup. Prior.
5. To go to ^or. To be deſtroyed or devoured. L'Eſtrange.

To POT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To preſerve ſeaſoned in pots. Dryden.
2. To incloſe in pots of earth. Evel\n.

PO'TABLE. a. [potable, Fr. potahiljs, La'c]
Such as may be drank ; drinkable.

PO'TABLENESS. ʃ. [from potable. '\ Drinkableneſs.

PO'TAGER. ʃ. [from pottage. '\ A porringer. Grew.

POTA'RGO. ʃ. A Weſt Indian pickie. King.

POTASH. ʃ. Potaſh is an impure fixed alcaline
fair, made by burning from vegetables
: we have five kinds, i. The German
potaſhy fold under the name of pearl- ; aſhes.
2. The Spaniſh. called barilla, made I
by burning a ſpecies of kali, a plant.
3. The home-made pztaſh, made from lem.
4. The Swediſh, and
5. Ruffian
kinds, with a volatile acid matter combined
with them ; but the RuflTian is
ſtronger than the Swediſh, which is made
of decayed wood only: the Ruffian ^w^.
is greatly preferable to all the other kinds. Woodward.

POTA'TION. ʃ. [potatioy Latin.] Drinking
bout ; draught. Shakʃpeare.

POTA'TO. ʃ. [I ſuppoſe an American
word.] An elculent root. PP^alker,

POTBE'LLIED. a. [pot md helly.] Having
a ſwoln paunch.

POTBELLY. ʃ. [fee and MIy.] A fswelling
paunch. Arbuthnot.

To POTCH. v. a. [pocher, French.]
1. To thruſt; to pi)ſh. Shakʃpeare.
1. [Por^^r, French.j To poach ; to boil
flightJy. Wiſeman.

POTCOM[\ANION. ʃ. A fellow drinker ;
a good fellow at caroufals.

POTEACy. ʃ. r^;/f«//j, Latin.)
1. Power ; influence. Shakʃpeare.
2. Efficacy ; ſtrength. Shakʃpeare.

POTENT. a. f/)3rfffj, Latin.]
1. Powerful ; forcible ; Urong ; efficacious. Hooker.
2. Having great authority or dominion
as, pottnt monarch?.

PO'TENTATE. ʃ. [potentat, Fien.] Monarch
; prince ; Sovereign. Daniel.

POTENTIAL. a. [potenciel, Tr. potentia/is,
1. Exiting in poſſibility, not in act, Ra.
2. Having the effect without the external
sctual property. Shakʃpeare.
3. Efficacious ; powerful. Shakʃpeare.
4. [In grammar.] Potential is a mood denoting
the pnfllbility of doing any action.

POTENTiA'LITY. ʃ. [from potential.]
Pviffibility ; not actuality. Taylor.

POTENTIALLY. ad. [from potential.]
1. In power or poſſibility ; not in act or
poſitively. Berkley.
2. In efficacy ; not in actuality. Boyle.

PO'TENTLY. ad. [from potent.] Powerfully
; forcibly. Bacon.

PO'TLNTNESS. ʃ. [from potevf.] Powerfulneſs
; might ; power.

POTGUN. ʃ. A gun which makes a ſmall
fmart noiſe. Swift.

POTHA'NGER. ʃ. [pot and hanger.] Hook
or branch on which the pot is hung over
the fire.

POTHECARY. ʃ. [from apothecary.] One
who compounds and (ells phyſick.

POTHER. ʃ. [poudrey Fr. duſt.]
1. B'lftle; tumult ; flutter. Guardian.
2. Suffocating cloud. Drayton.

To POTHER. v. a. To make a bluftering
ineſtedual effort. Locke.

POTHERB. f. {pot and berb.] An herb fit
for the p'-t. Dryden.

PO'TH.OOK. ʃ. [pot and hook.] Hooks to
i&^ttn p.ts or kettles with ; alſo ill formed
or ſcrawling letters or characters.

PO TION. ʃ. [ponon, Fr. potio, Latin.] A
draught \ commonly a plnfical drauph..

POTLID. ʃ. [pot and lid.] The cover of a
pot. Denham.

POTSHE'RD. ʃ. [pot and ſhard.] A fragment
of a broken pot. Sandys.

PO TTAGE. ʃ. [p'^ttigi' ,Yr, frompot.] Any
thing boUsd or decoited for food, dnejis.
P o u

POTTER. ʃ. [poricr, Fr. from p-.t.] A
maker o.' earthen vcljcly. Momn-'r.

POTTERN-ORE. ʃ. Which ſerves the
potters to glaze their earthen veſſels. Boyle.

POTTING. f. [from pot.] Drw.king. Shakʃpeare.riʃpeare,

POTTLE. ʃ. [from pot.] Liquid mealure
containing four pints. Ben. Johnson.

POIVA'LIANT. a. [pot and vuhunt.]
Heated with courage by ſtrong dnnk.

POIULENT. a. [p rulentus, Litm.]
1. Pretty much in drink.
2. Fit to drink.

POUCH. ʃ. [poche, French.]
1. A ſmall bag ; a nocket. Shakſp.
2. Applied ludicrouſly to a big be!!y or a

To POUCH. v. a.
1. To pocket. Tiufr.
2. To ſwallow. Diſharr.
3. To pont ; to hang down the lid.

POU'CHMOUTHED. a. [pouch ^.ndrromb.
ed.] BI;ibberlipped. Ainfiorib,

POVERTY. ʃ. [pauvretc', French.]
1. Indigence ; neceſfity ; want of riche'. Rogers.
2. Meanneſs ; defrfl. Bacon.

POU'LDAVIS. ʃ. A ſort of fail cloath.

POULT. ʃ. [^^.uUt, French.] A young dlicken.

POU LTERER. ʃ. [from pvult.] One whofc
trade is to ſells fowls ready for the cook.

POU'LTICE. ʃ. [p^tdtii, Latin.] A catapiaſm
; a ſoft mollifying application. i'-zt-;/?.

To POU LTICE. v. a. [from the noun. [To apply a poultice or cataplafm.

POU'LTIVE. ʃ. [A word uſed by T^.r'>V.]
A poultice.

POU'LTRY. ʃ. [poult^ French.] Domeſtick
fowls. Dryden.

POUNCE. f. [^wzsfff, Italian.]
1. The claw or talon of a bird of prey. Spenſer.
2. The powder of gum ſandarach, ſo called
becauſe it is thrown upon paper through
a perforated box.

To POUNCE. v. a. [pongcnare, Italian.]
1. To pierce
; to perforate. Bacon.
2. To pour or ſprinkle through ſmall perforations. Bacon.
3. To ſeize with the pounces or tal >ns.

POU'NCED. a. [from pounce.] Furmſhed
with claws or talons, Thomfon.

POU NCETEOX. ʃ. [pourc. and box.] A
ſmall box perforated. Shakʃpeare.

POUND. f. [pontj. punt>, Saxon.]
1. A certain weight, confiling in tioy
weight of twelve, in averdupuis of fixteen
2. '^ihe'fum of twenty ſhillings. Peacham.
3. [From pin'omj Sax.j.] pi.'ifold ; an
5 A A
o w
Ifldofore ; a priſon in which beads are incloſed. Swift.

To FOUND. v. a. [punian, Saxon.]
1. To beat
i to grind with a peſtlc. Berkley.
2. To ſhut up ; to impriſon, as in a pound. Spectator.

POU'NDAGE. ʃ. [from pQund.^.
1. A <:ertaiQ fum <}edu£ted from a pound. Swift.
2. Payment rated by the weight of the
commodity. Cla^erfdon.

POU'NDER. ʃ. [from f>out!d.]
1. The name of a heavy large pear. Swift.

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The part of a ſhip in which the gunpotv.
der is kept. fValler.

POWDER-CHESTS. ʃ. Wooden triangular
cheſts filled with gunpowder, pebbleſtones
and ſuch like materials, ſet on fire
when a ſhip is boarded by an enemy.

PO'WDERING-TUB. ʃ. [powdenrAtub,;
]|. The veflcl in which meat is falted.
2. The place in which an infeſted lecher
is phyſicked to preſerve him from putrefaſtion.Shakʃpeare.

PO'WDERY. a. [poudnux, Fr. from powder.]
Duſty ; friable. Woodward.
2. Any perſon or thing denominated from PO'WER. ſ. [pouvoiry French.]
a certain number of pounds: as, a ten pounder,
a gun that carries a bullet of ten
pounds weight. Swift.
3. A peſtle.

POU PETQN. ʃ. [povpe'e, French.] A puppet
or little baby.

POU PICTS. ʃ. lo cookery, veal flakes and
flices of Bacon, Bailey.

To POUR. 11. a. [biuriu, Welſh.]
1. To iet ſome liquid out of a veſſel or
into ſome place or receptacle. Exodus.
2. To emit; to give veU to ; to u^nd forth; to let out ; to itn'^ in a continued c^urſe.

To POUR. v. n.
1. To ſtream ; to flow.
2. To ruſh tumultuouſly. Pope. .

POU'RER. ʃ. [fium ;;oar.] One that pours.

POUSSE. ʃ. The old word for paiſe. Spen.

POUT. ʃ./ ^ ^ .
1. A kind of fiſh ; a cod-fii};.
2. A kind of bird, CatreiVt

To POUT. v. n. [huter^ French.]
|. To look fuilen by thruſting out the lips. Shakʃpeare.
2. To gape ; to hang prominent. Wisem.

PO'WDER. ʃ. [poudre, French.]
1. Duft ; any budy comminuted. Exodus.
2. Gunpowder. Hayward.
3. Swee' riufl; for the hair. Herbert.

To PO'WDER. v. a. [from the noun.] .
1. To reduce to duſt; to comminute ; to
pound ſmall.
2. [Poudrer, Fr.] To ſpr inkle, as with
<3uft. B.nnne,
3. To fajt
; to ſpriakle with fait. Cleaveland.

To PO'WDER. v. n. To come tumultuouſly
and violently. JSEſtran^e.

PO'WDERBOX. ʃ. [poHiider and box.] a
box in which powder for the hair is kept.

FO'WDERHORN. ʃ. [pravder and hoTn.]
A horn faſe in which powder is Iccpt for
guns. Swift.

PO'WDERMILL. ʃ. [po-wder and mill.]
The mill in which the ingredietjts for gunpowder
are ground and mingled. Arbuth.

F^WDER-HOCM- ʃ. S^^^v^dtt and rnin,\
1. Command ; authority ; dominion; influence.Shakʃpeare.
2. Influence ; prevalence upon. Bacon.
3. Ability; torce; reach. Hooker.
<j. Strength ; motive force. Locke.
5. The moving force of an engine. Wilkins.
6. Animal ſtrength ; natural ſtrength. Bacon.
7. Faculty of the mind. Dauies,
8. Government ; right of governing.
9. Sovereign
; potentate. Addiſon.
10. One inveſted with dominion. Davies.
11. Divinity. Davies.
iz- Hoft ; army; military force. Knollesl
i-^. A large quantity ; a great number.

PO'WERABLE. a. [how power»] Capable
of performing any thing. Camden.

PO'WERFUL. a. [po-icer and full.]
1. Inveſted with command oc authority 2
2. Forcible ; mighty, Milton.
3. EtTu-ari.'us.

PO'WtR?ULLY. ad. [from powerful] Potently
; mightily ; efficacio'olly ; forciblyi. Tillotſon.

PO'WERFULNESS. ʃ. [from powerful ]
Power ; efficacy ; might. Hokeiv Ih

PO'WERLESS. a. [hampoiuer.] Weak ;
impotent. Shakʃpeare.

POX. ʃ. [poccar Sa;?on.]
1. Poftules; effloreſcencies
j^ exanthematous
2. The venereal diſeaſe. Wiſemav,

POY. ʃ. [appoyo, Spaniſh ; appuy, poids,
French.] A lOpedancer's pole.

To POZE. v. a. To puzzle. See Pose
and Appose. Glan'vide.

PRA'CTICABLE. a. [praaicable, French.]
1. Performoble; feal^ble ; capable to be
praiſhfed. L'Eʃtrange.
2. Afisiiable ; fit to be affiiled.

PRA'CTICABLENESS. ʃ. [from praB^.-
cable.] Pcilibilify to be pei formed.

PRA'CTICABLY. ad. [from praaicabk.]
In ſuch 9 npiajpne? as may be performed,

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PRA'CTICAL. a. [f>ra{licut, Latin.] Re-
Jaiing Co action ; noC merely ſpecuUtive.

PRA'CTICALLY. a^. [from praaicai.]
1. In relation to action.
2. Bv pract ce ; in real hf\. Howel.

PRA'CTICALNESS. ʃ. [from practiical.]
The quality of being practical.

PRA'CTICE. ʃ. [7r;«x1ixrr.]
2. The h-»bit of doing any thing,
2. Uſe; cjllomary u(e. Tate.
3. Dfjterity acquired by habit. Shck^J.
4. Actjal performance, diſtinguiſhed from
5. Method or art of doin^ any thing.
6. Medical treatment of difeales.Shakʃpeare.
7. Exerciſe of any profenion.
8. Wicked ſtratagem ; bad artifice. Sidney.

PRA'CTICK. a. [Tr^axJua,-.]
1. Relating to action ; not merely theoretical.
2. Sly; artful. Spenſer.

To PRA'CTISE. v. a. [nr^a.)^uk..
1. To do habitually. PJahm.
2. To do ; not merely to piofeſs : as, to
Jtrz&Ks law or phyjtck,
3. To uſe in order to habit and dexterity.

To PRA'CTISE. -z;. n.
1. To have a habit of acting in any manner
formed. Waltr,
2. To tranſaf^ ; to negotiate ſecretly. y^d,
3. To try artificef. Granville,
4. To uſe bad arts or ſtratagems.
5. To uſe medical methods. ^len.pte.
6 To f:{ercireany pr.:'feſſion.

PRA'CTISANT. ʃ. [from fraaiſe,'] An
agent. Shakʃpeare.

PRA'CTISER. ʃ. [from praaiſe.]
1. One that practiſes any thing ; one that
doe? any thing habitually. South.
2. One who preſcribes medical treatment.

PRACTI'TIONER. ʃ. [from />rfl<7;W.]
1. He who is engaged io the actual exercife
of any art. Abuthnot.
2. One vſho uſes any fly or dangerous arts.
3. One who docs any thing habitually. South.

TR^CO'GNirA. ʃ. [Latin.] Things previouſly
known in order to underſtand ſomething
elſe. Lock;.

PRAGMA'TICK. v. a. [ir^dyfxa'r^.]

PRAGMA'TICAL. $ Meddling ; impertinent; y buiy ; afTuming bufmeſs without
invitation. Swift.-.

PRAGMATICALLY. ad. [Jtcvr\ pragmatical.]
Meddlingly ^ impertmently.

fRAQMA'TICALNI-3S. '/. [from pmg.

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ntat'tcal.] The quality of intermeddling
without right or call.

PRAISE. ʃ. [prip, D Itch.]
1. Renown ; commeodation ; ſame; honour
; celebrity. Dryden.
2. Glorification; tribute of gratirudc ;
laud. Milton.
3. Ground or reaſon of praiſe. Dryden.

To PRAISE. v. a. (/>r;;/«.», Dutch.]
1. To commend ; to applaud ; to celebrate.
2. To glorify in worOiip. P'almi.

PRAl'SEFUL. a.[praijeindfull.] Lai.oable ;
commendable. Chapman.

PRAISER. ʃ. [from praiſe.] One who
prajfcs ; an applauder ; a commender. Sidney.

PRAISEWO'RTHY. a. [prciſe and worthy.]
Commendable ; deferving praiſe. Ben. Johnſon.

FRAME. ʃ. A flat bottomed bou.

To PRANCE. -u. a. [prorken, Dutch.]
1. To ſpring and bound in high mettle.
2. To ride gallantly and oftentatiouſly. Addiſon.a
3. To move in a warlike or ſhowy manner. Swift.

To FRANK. v. a. [pron.ken, Dutch.] To
decorate ; to dreſs or adjuil to ofle-xtation.
Spfnſer. Milton.

PRANK. ʃ. A frolick; a wild flight; a
ludicrous trick ; a wicked ad. Raleigh.

PRA'SQN. ʃ. [7r^-3V:v.] A lesk : alſo a Tea
weed as green as a leek. Bailey.

To PRATE. v. n. [pratcn, Dutch.] To
talk carclcfly and without wrjght ; to
chatter ; to tattle. Ciejveland,

PRATE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Taitle ; flghc
talk ; unmeaning loquacity. Derbdm,

PRA'TER. ʃ. [from fra^f.j' An idle talker; a chatterer. Southern.

PRA'TINGLY. ad. [from prate.] With
tittle tattle ; with loquacicv.

PRA'TTJ^-E. ʃ. [Fr. prattica^ Italian.]
A licence fjr the martsr of a ſhip t© traffick
in the ports of Italy upon a certificate,
that the place^ from whence he came, is
not annoyed with any infc£tious diſeaſe.

To PRA'TTLE. v. n. Tt> talk lightly ; to
chatter ; to be trivially loqudcious, Locke.

PRATTLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Empty
talk ; trifling loquacity. Shakʃpeare.

PRA'TTLER. ʃ. [from prattle.] A tnfl'n?
tall<ev ; a chatterer. llerb.rt.

PRA'VITY . ʃ. [pra-Litat, Latin.] Corruption
; badneſs; milignity^ Scuch.

PRAWN. ʃ. A Imail cru'itaceous fl.'h l.ke a
lliiimp, but larger. Shakʃpeare.

To PR.AY. v. 1:. [prier^Yr, pregarefliAa
1. To mi.ke p<.-tit;oi]s to heven. Shakʃpeare. Tavlor.
«^ To entreat ; to aſk ſubmiſſively. Dryd.
3. I Pray, is a ſlightly ceremonious form
of inttoducing a queſtion, Berkley.

To PRAY. v. a.
1. To ſupplicate ; to implore ; to addreſs
with petitions. Milton.
2. To aſk for as a ſupplicant. y^y^'ffe.
1. To entreat in ceremony or firm. Ben. Johnson.

PRA'YER. ʃ. [prl'-re, French.] ^ .
1. Petition to heaven- Tay.or.
2. Entreaty; ſubmiffive importunity. Stillingfleet.

PRA'YERBOOK. ʃ. [prayer and hsok.] B ck
of publick or private devotions. Shakſp.

PRE. [pr'X, Latin.] A ^article which
marks Priority of timeorr'.nk.

To PREACH. v. n. [pradico, Lat. frefcher,
French.] To pronounce a publick diſcourſe
upon ſacred ſubjects. Decay of Puty.

To PREACH. v. a.
1. To proclaim or publilh in religious orations.
ft. To inculcate publickly ; to teach with
eatnefineſs. Dryden.

PREACH. f. lpreJche,Vx.] A diſcourſe ; a
religious oration. Hooker.

PREA'CHER. ʃ. [prefcheur, French ; from
1. One who diſcourſes publickly upon re-
3igious luojea^ Crajhaiv.
1. One who inculcates any thing with carneGneſs
and vſhemence. Swift.

PRE/i'CHMENT. ʃ. [from pr^jch.'}^ A fermnj)
mf^nrioned in contempt. L'Eſtrange.

PRE'AMBLE-. ʃ. [preambule, Fr.] Something
previous ; intcodu6tion ;
preface. Clarenden.

PREA'MBULARY. v. a. [from preamble]

PREA'MBULOUS. ʃ. Previous. Not m
uſe. Brown.

PREAPPREHE'NSION. ʃ. [pre and appre.
bend,'] An opinion form;a before examination. Brown.

PREA^.E. ʃ.: Preſs; crowd. Spenſer.

PREA'SING. part. a. Ciouding. Spenſer.

PRE'BEND. ʃ. [ptabenda, low Latin.]
1. A ſtipend granted in cathedral churches. Swift.
2. Sometimes, but improperly, a ſtipendiary
of a cathedral ; a prebendary. Bacon.

PRE'BENDARY. ʃ. [prabendarimy Latin.]
A ſtipendiary of a cathedral. Spenſer.

PRECA'RIOUS. a- [precarhn, Latin.] Dependant; uncertain, becauſe depending on
the will of another ; held by courtefy.

PRECA'RIOUSLY. ʃ. [from precarious.]
Uncertainly ; by dependence; dependently.

PRECA'RIOUENESS. ʃ. [from frecarioui.]
Uncertainty ; dependence on others.

PRECAU'TION. ʃ. [precaution, Frerch.]
Piercrvative caution ;
preventive meaſures. Addiſon.

To PRECAU'TION. v. a. [precautlonerl
French.] To warn beforehand. Locke.

PRECEDA'NEOUS. a. Pievious ; antecedent. Hale.

To PRECE'DE. v. a. [pracedr^, Latin.]
1. To go before in order of time. Dryden.
2. To go before according to the adjuſtmentofrank.

PRECE'DENCE. 1 ^ r, . , ,

PRECEDENCY. ʃ. /' [from /.r^cei^, Lat.]
1. The act or Hate of going before; Priority.
2. Something going before ; ſomething part,Shakʃpeare.
3. Adjuſtment of place. Hale.
4. The foremoſt place in ceremony. Dryden.
5. Superiority. Locke.

PRECE'DENT. a. [pteeedent.Tr. p,aceder.
i; Latin.] Former; going before. Shakʃpeare, South.

PRE'CEDENT. ʃ. Any thing that is a rule
or example to future times ; any thing done '
before of the ſame kind.Shakʃpeare.

PRECEDENTLY. ad. [from precedent,
adj.] Beforehand.

PRECE'NTOR. ʃ. [pracenior, Lat. precen.
teury French.] He that leads the chuir.

PRE'CEPT. A [praccptu}f2,Latin.] A rule
authoritarively given ; a m.mdate. Dryden.

PRECE'PTIAL. a. Conſiſting of precepts.Shakʃpeare.

PRECE'PTIVE. a. [pracepti'vus, Lat.] Containing
precepts ; giving precepts. L'Eſtrange.

PRECE'PrOR. ʃ. [piaceſtory Latin.] A
teachev ; a tutor. Blackmore.

Pi?.ECE'SSION. ʃ. [p-acejusy Latin.] The
act of going bc^)ie.

PRECI'NCT. ʃ. [p-aclnBusy Latin.] Outward
limit ; boundary. Hooker.

PRECIO SITY. ʃ. [from pretiofus, Latin.]
1. Value; preciouſneſs.
2. Any thing of high price. More,

PRE'CIOUS. a. [precieux, Fr. pretiojus,
1. Valuable ; being of great worth. Addiʃon.
2. Coftly ; of great price: as, a precious
from. Milton.

PRECIOUSLY. ad. [from ^ra-/o«5.] Valuable; to a gfest price.

PRE'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from precicui.] Valu.
bleneſs; worth; price. Wilkins.

PRE'CIFICE. ʃ. [froccipitiuw, Latin.] A
headlong ſteep ; a fall perpendicular.

PRECIPITANCE. ʃ/. [Uorixprecip'tarM.]

PRECIPITANCY. ʃ. Raſh hufle ; headlong
hurry. Milton.

PRECITITAiNT. a. [pracipltam, L'ltin.]
1. Failing
1. Falling or ruthing headlong. PIil'pu
2. HalH ; urged wjch violent hafle. P-pe.
3. Raflily hurried. King Charles.

PRECI'PITANTLY. ad. [hcmpredpi'ant.]
In headl(»np kafte ; in a tumultuous hurry.

To PRECIPITATE. v. a. [praapito L'.t ]
1. To throw headlong. fViIkins.
2. To haſten unexpfdedly. Harney.
3. To huiry blindly or raſhiy. Bacon.
4. To throw to the bottom. Atterm of
chymiſtry oop )i'ed to Tublime. Grew.

To PRECI'l^ITATE. v. n.
1. To tall headlong. Shakʃpeare.
2. To tall to the bottom as a ſediment. Bacon.
3. To haſten without juſt preparation. Bacon.

PRECIPITATE. a. [from the verb.]
1. Steeply falling. Raleigh.
2. Headlong ; haſty ; raſhly hafly.
3. Hafty ; violent. Pope. .

PRECIPITATE. ʃ. A corrofive medicine
made by precipitating mercury, t^'iieman.

PRECIPITATELY. aJ. [from precii^itate.]
1. Headlong ; ſteeply down.
2. Haftily; in blindhurry. Pope. .

PRECIPITA'TION. ʃ. [from preciptiaie.]
1. The act of throwing headlong.Shakʃpeare.
2. Violent motion downward. Woodward.
3. Tumultuous hurry ; blind hafte, Wood.
4. In chymirtry, lubiidency ; contrary to
lublimation. ffo>dward,

PRECITITOUS. a. [pradpim, Latin.]
1. Headlong; ſleep. King Charles.
2. Hifty ; ſudden. Brown, Evelyn.
3. Raſh ; heady. Dryden.

PRECI'SE. a. [p'aciful,h\x:\n.]
1. Exact\ ; ſtrict ; nice ; having ſtrifl and
determinate limitatons. Hooker.
2. Formal ; finical. Addiſon.

PRECI'SELY. ad. [from precije.]
1. Exa<5^1y ; 1 icc)y ; accurately. Newton.
2. with ſuperftitious formality ; with too
much ſcrupulofuy.

PRECI'SENESS. ʃ. [from preciſe.] Exaftnf.
ls ; rigid nicety. Wat'a.

PRECKSIAN. ʃ. [from p-fcife.]
1. One who limits or leitrains. Shakſ.
2. One who is ſuperftitiouſly rigorous. Watts.

PRECI'SION. ʃ. [preciftcn, French.] Exadt
hmitatiiin. Pope. .

PRECI'SIVE. a. [f(cm precifus, Lat.] Exactly
Lmiting. ff^'adi.

To PRECLU'DE. 'v a. [p'adudo, Latin. I
To ſhut out or hinder by ſyme anticipation.

PRECOCIOUS. a. [pracocis, Lat. precccey
French.] Rtpe before the time. Brown.

PRECOCITY. f. [from praodiui.] Ripencls
before the time. Hai^;!,

To PRECOGITATE. -o, a. [pro'eogifo.
Lat.] To conſider or Icheme beforehand,

PRECOGNI'TION. ʃ. ſpr^ and ccgr.uio,
Lat.] Previous knowledge ; antecedent

PRECONCEi'T. ſ. [pra and conc: if. 1 An
opinion previoulty formed. Hooker.

To PRECONCEl'VE. v. a. [j»a and «neeive.]
To form an opinion beforehand ;
to imagint; beforehand. South.

PRECONCl'PTION. ſ. [pra^ and concepti.
o«.j Opinion previouſly fornicc.

PRECONTRACT. ʃ. A contract previous
to another, Shakʃpeare.

To PRECONTRA'CT. t. a. To contract
or bargain beforehand. J}y1iffe„

PRECU'RSE. ʃ. [from pracurro, Latin.]
Forerun nine. Shakʃpeare.

PRECU PvbOR. ſ. [pracurj.r, Lat.] Forerunner
; harbinger. P'.pr,

PREDA'CEOUS. a. [i: om prada, Latin.]
Livijig by prey. Denham.

PRE'DAL. .. [from prada, Lu.] Robbing
; pract^iſing plunder. Sa. Boyjc,

PREDATORY. a. [p-iedatorius, Lat.]
1. PIundering; practiſing rapine. Bacon.
2. Hungry; preying ; rapacious; ravenous. Bacon.

PREDECEA'SED. a. [pra and deceaſed.]
Dead before. Shakʃpeare.

PREDECESSOR. ʃ. [predcceJlur.Vr. ;
1. One that was in any ſtate or place before
another. Prior.
1. Aoceſtor,

PREDESTINA'RIAN. ʃ. [from predejli-
Tiate.] One that holds the dcdlrinc of predeftination. Decay of Piety.

To PREDE'STINATE. v. a. [predtjiiner

Fr.] To appoint beforehand by irreverſible
decree. Shakʃpeare.

To PREDE'STINATE. v. n. To hold predeitination.
In ludicrous language. Dryden.

PREDESTINATION. ʃ. [prede/lt nation,
Fr.] Fatal decree; pre-ordination. Raleigh.

PREDESTINATOR. ʃ. One that holds
predeftination or the prevalence of pre-eiUbliHicd
nceeflity. C^iuley,

To PREDE'STINE. v. a. [pra and def.
tine.] To decree beforehand.

PREDETERMINATION'. ʃ. [prtdeterr^i.
nation^ Fr.] Determination made beforehand. Hammond.

To PREDETE'RMINE. i/. a. [^.-^and determine.]
To doom or confine by previous
decree. Hale.

PRE'DIAL. [pradium, Lat.] Confining .-f
farms. Aylfft,

PREDI CABLE. a. [predicahle, ^r.pradicauilis,
Lat.] SucU as ni3y be affirmed
of foincthiDg ;

fJElEDI'CABLE. ʃ. [pradUdhife, Latin.] A
Jogical term^ denoting one of the five things
whi«h cai> be affirmed of any thing. Watts.

PREDI'CAMENT. ʃ. [j^redkament, Fr.
fradicatncntumy Lat.]
1. A chfs or arrangement of beings or
ſubſtances ranked accoroing to their natures:
c^lied alſo caugorcma or category. Digby.
2. Clafs or kind deſcribed by any definitive
maiks. Shakʃpeare.

PREDICAME'NTAL. a. [from predicament.]
Relating to predicaments.

PRE'DICANT. ʃ. [pradicam, Lat.] One
that iffiinis any thing.

To PRE'DICATE. v. a. [prtsdico^ Lat.]
To affirm any thing of another thing. Locke.

To PRE'DICATE. -z;. «. To affirm or ſpeak. Hale.

PRE'DICATE. ʃ. [pradkatuniy Lat.] That
which IS aftirmed of the ſubject ; as, man is

PREDICA'TION. ʃ. [pro'dicatio, Lat. from
predicate.] Affirmation concerning any
thing. Locke.

To PREDI'CT. v. a. [pradiBus, Lat.]
To foreteii ; to fore/liow.
Government of the' Tongue.
Prediction. ſ. [froediaio, Lat.] Hrophefy
; declaration of ſomething future. South.

PREDl'CTOR. ſ. [from predia.] Foreteller. Swift.

PREDiGE'STION. ſ. [pra and digeſtion..
Digeflion too ſoon performed. Bacon.

To PREDISPO'SE. v. a. [prcs and drſpojx.]
To adapt previouſly to any certain purpoie. South.

PflEDISFOSI'TION. /. [/'r<!P and diſpcji.'ion.]
Previous adaptation to any certain purpoſe.

PREDO'MINACE. ʃ. [pra and domi-

PREDO'MINANCY. y r,o, Lat.] P.eva-
Jence; ſuperiority ; aſcendency ; ſuperior
influence. . Brown.

predominant, Fr<]
Prevalent ; ſuprettie in infiuence ; aſcendenc. Shakʃpeare.

To PREDOMINATE. v. n. [predominer.
Fr.] To prevail; to be alcendent ; to
be ſupreme in influence. Newton.

To PRE'ELEGT. v. a. [pr^ and eleSi.] To
; chuſe by previous deciee.

PRE'EMINENCE. ʃ. [pre(miiience,¥T.]
1. SuDsri'-nty of excellence. yAddiʃon.
2. pietedence; Priority of place. Hooker.
-3. S'Jperlority of pov^er or influence. Brown.

PRE'EMINENT. a. [preeminent, Fr.] Excellent
above others. Aiiiton. <Sprart.

PRE'EMPTION. ſ. [pr<£irnptio, Latin.] The
right of purchaiing before another, Garewt

To PREEN. v. a. [/»m>e», Dutch.] Td
trim the feathers or birds, to enable them
to glide more eaſily through the air; Bailey.

To PREENGA'GE. v. a. [pra and engage.]
To engage by precedent ties or contracts. Rogers.

PREENGA'GEMENT. ʃ. [from preen.
gage.'j Precedent obligation. Boyle.

To PREESTA'BLISH. v. a. [pra and ejiabliſh.]
To ſettle beforehand.

PREESTA'BLISHMENT. ʃ. [from freeftablip.]
Settlement beforehand.

To PREEXI'ST. v. a. [pra and exifo.
Lat.] To exifi: beforehand. Dryden.

PREEXI'STENCE. ʃ. [prewfience,¥t.]
Exiſtence beforehand ; exiſt:ence of the foul
bsfore its union with the body. Addiſon.

PRE'EXISTENT. a. [precxifient , Fr.] Exiſtent
beforehand ; preceding in exifiencei. Pope.

PRE'FACE. ʃ. [preface, Fr.] Something
ſpoken introductory to the main deſign ;
introduction ; ſomething proemial. Peacham.

To FRETACE. v. ti. [prafari, Lat.] To
fay ſomething introductory. Spe^ator,

To PRETACE. 'v, a.
1. To introduce by ſomething proemial. Southern.
2. To face; to cover. Ckavehnd,

PRE'FACER. ʃ. [from preface, ] The
writer of a preface. Dryden.

PRETATORY. a. [from preface.] Introductory. Dryden.

PRETECT. ʃ. [prafeaus, Lat.] Governor
; commander. Ben. Johnſon.

PREFE'CTURE. ʃ. [prefaure, Fr. prafcBura,
Lat.] Command ; office of go.

To PREFE'R. v. a. [preferer, Fr. frafefo.
i» To regard more than another. Romans.
2. To advance ; to exalt ; to raiſe. Pope. .
3. To offer ſolemnly ; to propoſe publickly
; to exhibit. Daniel. Sandys.

PRE FERABLE. a. [preferablet Ft. from
prefer.'^ Eligible before ſomething eife. Locke.

PRE'FERABLENESS. a. [from preferable.]
The ſtate or being preferable.

PRETERABLY. ad. [from preferable.]
Jn preference ; in ſuch a mangier as to
prefer one thing to another. Dennis4

PREFERENCE. ʃ. [preference^ Fr. from
prefer.] The act of preferring ; eſtimation
of one thing above another ; elettioa
of one rather than another^ Spratt.

PREFE'RMENT. ʃ. [from prefer.]
1. Advancement to a higher ſtation.Shakʃpeare.
2. A place of honour or profit. L'Eſtrange.t
3. PrePRE
g. Preference ; act of prefering. Brown.

PREFE'RER. [from prefer.] One who

To PREFI'GURATE. v. a. [pra: and fgu-
To, Lat.] To ſhow by an antecedent repreſentation.

PREFIGURA'TION. ʃ. [from prrjigura(e..
Antecedent reore/'entation. Noms.

To PREFI'GURE. i/. a. [pr^ and/^aro,
Lat.] To exhibit by antecedent te^^icfentation.

To PREFI'NE. v. a. [prafinio, Lat.] To
limit befoichand. Knolles.

To PREFI'X. v. a. [prafigo^ Lat.]
1. To appoint beforehand. Sandys.
2. To ſettle ; to eftabliſh. H>k.

PREFI'X. ʃ. [prafxurr, Lat.] Some particle
put before a word, to vary its ſignification.
C'arke. Brown.

PREFI'XION. ʃ. ſpr,fx''or, Fr. from pre.
^x.] The act of prelixing.

To PREFO'RM. v. a. [pra and/orw.] To
form beforehand. Shakʃpeare.

PRE'GNANCY. ʃ. [from pregnant.]
1. The ſtate of being with young. R^^y,
2. Fertility ; fruitfulneſs ; inventive power
; acuteneſs. Swift.

PRE'GNANT. a. [pragnans, Lat.]
1. Teeming ; breeding. Prior.
2. Fruitful ; fertile ; impregnating. Dryden.
3. Full of conſequence, Woodward.
4. Evident ; plain ; clear ; full,Shakʃpeare.
5. Eaſy to produce any thing. Shakʃpeare.
6. Free; kind. Shakʃpeare.

1. Fruitfully
2. Fully ; plainly ; clearly. South.

PREGUSTATION. ʃ. [pro: and gujio,
Lat.] The act of rafting before another.

To PREJU'DGE. v. a. [prejuger, Fr.] To
determine any queſtion beforehand ; gene,
rally to condemn beforehand. Swift.

To PREJU'DICATE. v. a. [pra and judico,
Lat.] To determine beforehand to
diſadvantage. Sandys.

PREJU'DICATE. a. [from the verb.]
1. Formed by prejudice} formed before
examination. Watts.
1. Prejudiced ; prepofle(red. Brown.

PREJUDICATION. ʃ. [itotnprejudicate.]
The act ci judging beforehand.

PREJUDICE. ʃ. [prajud-.clum, Lat.]
1. Prepoljtflion ; judgment formed beforehand
without exdmiiation. Clarenden.
2. Mfchiefj detriment; hurt; injury. Bacon.

To PREJUDI'CE. -y. a. [from the noun.]
1. To prep'jffeh with unexamined opinions
; to fill With prejudices. Prior.
2. To obſtruct or injure by prejudices previouſl ;
raiſei. M''bit^tf;».

3. To injure ; to hurt ; to dimlnlſh ; to
impair. Prior.

PREJUDI'CIAL. a. [prejuJiciabk, Fr.]
1. Obſtructive by means of oppoſite prj;-
2. Contrary ; oppoſite. Hooker.
3. Mifihievous
; hurtful; injurious; detrimental. Atterbury.

PREJUDl'CIALNESS. ſ. [from prejudtci.
al.] The ſtate of being prejudicial ; miſchievouſneſs.

PRE'LACY. ʃ. [from prelate.]
1. The dignity or pcft of a prelate or eccleſiallick
of the higheſt order. Ayliffe.
2. Epifcopacy ; the order of biſhops. Dryden.
3. B.ſhops. Hooker.

PRE'LATE. ʃ. [prelat, Fr. prabtus, Lat.]
An eccleſiailick of the higheſt order and
^'gnity- Shakʃpeare.

PRELATICAL. a. [from prelate.] Relating
to prelate or prelacy,

PRELA'TION. ʃ. [pretlatm, Lat.] Preference
; fetting of one avjve the other.

PRE'LATURE. ʃ. [prcelatura, Lat.]

PRE'LATURESHIP. [The ſtate or dignil
ty of a prelate.

PRELE'CTION. ʃ. [pralSilo, Lat.] Reading
; lefture. Hale.

PRELIBA'TION. ʃ. [from pralibo, Lat.]
Tafte beforehand ; offuſion previous to
ta'^ing. More.

FRELI'MINARY. a. [preliminaire, Fr.]
Previous ; introductory
; proemial,

PRELI'MINARY. ʃ. Something prev?ouT ;
preparatory meaſures. Notes on Iliad.

PRELU'DE. ʃ. [praludium, Lat.]
1. Some ſhort flight of muſick played befure
a full concert.
2. Something introductory ; ſomething
that only ſhows what is to follow. Addiʃon.

To PRELU'DE. v. a. [prehder, Fr. pr^.
ludoy Lat.] To ſerve as an introduction ;
to be previous to. Dryden.

PRELU'DIOUS. a. [from prelude.] Previous
; introductory, Clea'veand»

PRELUDIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] P/elude. Dryden.

PRELU'DIVE. a. [from prehde.] Previous
; introductory
; proemial. Thomfon.

PREMATU'RE. a. [pramaturus, Latin.]
Ripe too ſoon ; formed before the time; too early ; too ſoon ſaid, or done ; too
haſty. Hammond.

PREM.'^TU'RELY. a. [from premature..
Too early ; to qſoon; with too ha ſty ripeneſs.

PRExMATU'RENESS. 7 ʃ. [from ^rr;;;^,

PREMATURITY. ʃ. 'ture.] Too great
hafte ; unlcafonable earlineſs,


To PREME'DITATE. v. a. [prameditcr,
Lat.] To contrive or form beforehand ; to conceive beforehand, Dryden.

To PREME'DITATE. %'. «. To have
forrned in the mind by previous meditation
; to think beforehand. Hooker.

PREMEDITA'TION. ʃ. [pramedttatio,
Lat.] Ati of meditating beforehand.

PRE'MICES. ʃ. [primitlay Lat. prenices,
Fr.] Firſtfiuits. Dryden.

PRE'MIER. a. [French.] Firſt ; chiei. Camden.

To PREMI'SE. v. a. SpramiJJ'us, Latin.]
1. To exflaia pieviouſl)( ; to Jay down
premiſes. Bumct.
2. To ſend before the time. Shakʃpeare.

To PREME'RjT. v. a. [pramercor, Latin.]
To deierve before. King Charles.

PRE'MISES. ʃ. [pram'ffa, Lat.]
1. Pſupofi>ions antecedently ſuppoſed or
proved. Hooker.
2. In low language, houſes or lands.

PREMISS. f. [pramJfum,Li\.] Antecedent
propoſition. fVafts.

PREMIUM. ʃ. [p^an-.tum, Lat.] Something
given to invite a loan or a bargain. Addiʃon.

To PREMO NISH. v. a. [pra^rmmo, Lat.]
To wain or admoniſh beforehand,

PREMO NISHMENT. ſ. [from premonipj.]
Previous information. PFottor.

PREMONi'TION. ſ. [from p emonift?, ]
Previous notice ;
previous inteli'jience. Chapman.

PREMO'NITORY. ʃ. [from pta and n.on(
0, Lat.] Previouſly adviſing.

To PREMO NSTRATE. v. a. [pr<£ and
monfiro, Lat.] To ſtiviw beforehand.

FREMUNIRE. ʃ. [Lain.]
1. A v^rit in the common law, whereby
a penalty is incurrab e, as infringing ſome
iiature. BramhaU.
2. The penalty ſo incuneJ.
3. A difficulty ; a diftieſs.

PREMUNI'TION. ʃ. [from pramunio.
Lat.] An anticipation of objection.

To PRENO'MINATE. v.o. [prcemmino,
Lat.] To forename. Shakʃpeare.

PRENOMINATION. ʃ. [praand nomiro,
Lat.] The privilege of bcing named hrfl. Brown.

PRENO'TION. ʃ. [prenotion, Fr.] Foreknowledge ; preſſicnce.

PRENTICE. ʃ. [from aſprentice.] One
bound to a maflei ; in order to infiru£\ion
in a trade. ^buh^peare.

PRE'NTICESHIP. ʃ. [i ovn prentice.) The
fervi.ude of an appreiUlce. Pope. .

PREN'UiVClA'nON. ſ. [prariuncio, Lat.]
The £6t of telhnir before.

PREO'CCUPANCy. ſ. [from preoicupate.]
The act of taking poſſefllon before another.

To PREO CCUPATE. v. a. [preoccuper,
1. To anticipate. Bacon.
2. To prepoſſeſs ; to fiil with prejudices.

PREOCCUPA'TION. ʃ. [preoccupation, Fr.]
1. Anticipation,
2. i'repofieſſion.
3. Anticipation of objection. South.

To PREO'CCUPY. v. a. To prepoſſeſs; to occupy by anticipation of prejudices.

To PRE'OMINATE v. a. [p^a and cmi-
«6r, Lat.] To prognoft;cate ; to gather
froni omens any future event. B'o-iun,

PRE'Oi'lNION. ſ. [pra and opinio, L^f.]
Opinion antecedently tormea ; prepoifeſſion. Brown.

To PRE-ORDAIN. v. a. [pra and ordain.]
To ordain beforehand. Hammond.

PREO'RDINANCE. ʃ. [/)^and ordinance.]
Antecedent decree ; firit decree.Shakʃpeare.

PREORDINATION. ʃ. [from prtoruain.]
The ?Ct of preordaining,

PREPARATION. ʃ. [pr^epa^atio, Lat.]
1. Ihe act of preparing or previouſly fitting
any thir g to any purpoſe, fVuke,
2. Previous meaſures. Burnet.
3. Ceremonious introdufli'in. Shakʃpeare.
4. The act of sniking or fitting by a regular
proteſs. Arbuthnot.
5. Anything made by proceſs of operation. Brown.
6. Accompliſhment ;

PREPA'RATIVE. a. [from paratif, Fr, ]
Having the power of prepaiing or qualifying. South.

PREPA'RATIVE. ʃ. [frepjratif, Fr.]
1. That which has the power of preparing
or previouſly fitting. DiCiy of Piety.
2. Thst which is done in order to ſomething
e)ie. South.

PREPA'RA'IIVELY. ad. [from prepara.
ti%/d.j Pieviouſly ; by way of preparation. Hale.

PREPA'RATORY. a. [preparatoire, Fr.]
1. Antecedently neceſl^ry. li'lotſon,
2. Introdudury ; previous ; antecedent. Hale.

To PREPA'RE. v. a. [praparo, Lat.]
1. To fit for any thing ; to adjuſl: to any
uſe ; to make ready for any purpoſe.
^ Blackmore.
2. To qualify for any purpoſe. Addiſon.
3. To make ready beforehand. Milton.
4. To form ; 10 make. Pſaimv
5. To make by legular proceſs: a&> ^e
prepared a medicine.


PRE'PARE. v.n.
1. To rake previous meaſurer. Pſachim.
2. To m-ke every thing ready ; to put
things an order. Shakʃpeare.
3. To make one's Mi ready ; to put nim-
Iclt in a ſtate of expc<^Uti''n.

PREPA'RE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Preparatii
n; previous meaſures. Shakʃpeare.

PREPA'REDLY. fli. [from pr^par^d.] By
proper precedent mealures. iihakſpeare.

PREPA'REDNESS. ʃ. [from prepare.]
State or act o\ bcng prepared : as, ie'i in a
preparednffs yor hit final exif,

PREFA'RER. ʃ. [»rom prepare]
1. One that prepares
; one that prcviou fly
fits. M^off»n.
2. That which fits for any thing. Mrt.

PREPE'NSE. la. [jrat-enfus, LU.] Fore-

PREPE'NSED. ^ thought ; preconceived ;
contrived beforehand : as, milrce prepenff-.

To PREPO'NDER. v. a. [from fn ponderate.
'\ To outwcieh, h'oiton.

PREPONDERANCE 7 ʃ. [from pr^pon-

PREPO'NDERANCY.Jy^rjfe.] The itate
of outweighing ; ſuperiority of weight. Locke.

To PREPO'NDERATE. v. a. [praponderol
1. To outweigh ; to overpower by weight.
Glar Villi.
7. To overpower by ſtronger influence.

1. To exceed in weight, Berkley.
2. To fxceed in influence or power analogous
to weight. h'Cke.

PREPONDERA TION. ſ. [from puponde.
rate,\ The ad or ſtate of outwcigli ng any
thing. Waiti.

To PREPO'^E. T/. a. [pr^pof,ry French.]
To put before.

PREPOSI'TION. ʃ. [prpfirn, French; prapofitto, Latin.] Li ^r.:nimar, a particle
givrning a cafe. Car'^e.

PREPO'SITOR. ʃ. [pr^pofitor, Latin.] A
fchoiar appointed by the mafter to overlook
the reſt.

To REPOSSESS. v. a. [pra and po/./s.]
To fill with an opinion unexaniined ; to
prt-jud ce. Wj'-man,

PREPOS: E'SSION. ſ. [i-Qm prcp^^j] ji.]
1. Preoccupation; firſt po^rellion. Ilam.
2. Prejudice ; preconceived opinion. <S(uth,

pr^po/irrus, Latin.]
1. Having that fit ſt whitn ougnr to be
hit; wrong; absurd; perverted, Drrham.
2. Applied to perſons : ſcoliſh ; ^bfurd. Shakʃpeare.

PREPOSTEROUSLY. a. [from pr.pofie.
rou!.] In a wrong fuuation ; abfurdtv.


PRE POSTER OUSNESS. ſ. [from ^r^poie.
rons.] Ahfurduy ; wrong crder or n.t'liod.

PRE'POTENCY. ʃ. [prap-.tentta, Latin.]

Superior power; predominance. Brown.

PREiU'CE. ʃ. [prc?put,um, Litm.] Th»f
which covers the gidn» ; iorclkin. IVtje,

To PRE'REQUIRE. v. a. [pro: and r>qur,.] To drm-inc I'lev ouſly. Hammond.

PRERE'QL'ISliE. a. [pr^ and r^quijite.]
Something previouſly nec^fTary. Ha't.

PRERO'G.ATIVE. ſ. [prungntya, low
Latin.] An exclulive or peculiar privilege.

HIJricy, Knoltti.

PRERO'GATIVED. a. [from prtrogativi..
Having an exclulive privilege ; having prerogative. Shakʃpeare.

PRESA'GE. ʃ. [pr.fige, French ; pra/agium,
Latin.] Prognouick
; prefenſion of futuiify. Addiſon.

To PRESA'GE. [prejigfr, French ; frajagio,
1. To foreoode; to foreknow; to foretel ;
to prophely. Milton.
2. To foretoken ; to foreſhow. Shakſp.

PRESA'GEMENT. ſ. [from /,r<./7^;.] '
1. Forebodement
; prelcnſion. fVotton,
1. Foretoken. Brown.

PRE'SBYTER. ʃ. [TrsE^^JTEj©^.]
1. A prieſt. Hooker.
2. A preſhyterian. Butler.

PRESBYTE'RL^N. a. [v:'.TBvrtp'B'.]Con.
lifting of elders ; a term for a modern forni
of eccle'iaftical government. King CharLs.

PRESBYTE'RIAN. ʃ. [from preſhyter.]
An aLibtttcr of prefbytery or calviniftical
dilcipline. Swift.

PRESBYTE'RY ʃ. [from preſhyter.] Body
or eiders, whether prieſts or laymen.

PRESCIENCE. ʃ. [prejcunce, French.]
Foreknowledge ; knowledge of future
'hings South.

PRE'SCIENT. a. [praj^clens, Latin.] Foreknowing; prophetK k. ctatorr,

PRE'SCIOUS. a. [prajcius, Latin.] Having
f.rrkn(swl-dge. Dryden.,

To PRtSCI'ND. v. a. [p'cs'chJc, Latin.]
To cut off; to abſtract. No'ris,

PRESCl'NDENT. a. [prahndem, Latin.]
Abſtr.aine. '. Cheyne.

To PR ESCRIBE. v. ^. ſpr^ſcrlh, Latin ]
1. To ſet down authoritatively ; to order ;
to direct. Hooker.
2. To dirreT- rredically. Swift.

To Pi<ESCRI'BE. v. r>.
1. To inHuence by long cuſtom. Brown.
2. To > intlu-nce arbitrarily. L eke,
3. I
?r feme, French.] To form % c«jib m
which has the force of law. A^bwhroi,
4. To write medical directions and li rrtiS
of medicine. Prt:.

PRE'.^CRIPT. a. [p-o'Jrr-pfus, Latin.] D,-
retted ; accura'.cly laid down in a prece6r.

PRE'-'CRIPT. ʃ. [prafrriptvm, Latin.] Diicdtion; prece-^J ; modtl preſcribed. Milt,
5 B 2 PRE.


PRESCRIPTION. ʃ. [prefjcnp-io, U^'w.]
1. Rules produced and avitborifeo by long
cuſtom ; cuſtom continued till it has-the
force of law. South.
2. Medical receipt. Temple.

PRE'SEANCE. ʃ. [prefeance, French.] Priority
of place in fitting. Caniv.

PRE'SENCE. j. [prejence, French ; prafentiJ,
1. State of being preſent ; contrary to abſence.Shakʃpeare.
2. Approach face to face to a great perforags.
3. State of being in the view of a ſuperior. Milton.
4. A number afiembled before a great perſon.Shakʃpeare.
5. Port; air; ipien ; def^ieanour. Collier.
6. Room in which a prince ſhows himſelf
to his court. Spenſer.
7. Readineſs at need ;
quickneſs at expedients. Waller.
,8. The perſon of a ſuperior, Milton.

PRESENCE-CHAMBER. ʃ. [prefence and

PRESENCE-ROOM. ʃ. chamber or
rocm.] The room in which a great perſon
receives company. Addiʃon.

PRESE'NSION. ʃ. [praJetjfio, Latin.] Perception
beforehand. Brown.

PRE'SENT. a. [preſent, French ; »p'afer.Sy
1. Not abſent ; being face to face ; being
at hand. loylor.
2. Not paſt ; not future. Prior.
3. Ready at hand ; quick in emergencies. L'Eſtrange.
4. Favourably attentive} not negle^lful ; propitious. Ben Johnſon.
5. Unforgotten ; not neglectfoJ. Watts.
6. Not abſtraded ; not abſent of mind ;

To PRESENT. An elliptical expreſlBon for
the preſent time ; the time now exiſhng.

To PRESENT. [a preſent, French.] At the
preſent time; now. Addiſon.

PRE'SENT. ʃ. [preſent, French.]
1. A gift; a donative; ſomething ceremoniouſly
given. Shakʃpeare.
t, A lett<'r or mandate exhibited. Shakſ.

To PRESE'NT. v. a. [pra^fn'o, low Lat.]
1. To place in theprefence of a ſupenor. Milton.
2. To exhibit to view or notice. Shakſp.
3. To ofter ; to exhibit. Milton.
4. To give formally and ceremoniouſljr. Prior.
5. To put into the hands of another. Dry.
6. To favour with gifts. Dryden.
7. To prefer to eccleſuflical benefices. Atterbury.
8. To offer openly. Hayward.
9. To introduce by ſomething exhibited to
the view or notice, Spenſer.

16. To lay before a court of judicature, as
an object of enquiry. Swift.

PRESENTA'NEOUS. a. [prtefcntaneus,
Latin.] Ready; quick; immediate. Harvey.

PRESE'NTABLE. a. [from preſent.] What
may be preſented. Ayliffef

PRESENTA'TION. ʃ. [prefntation, Fr.]
1. The act of preſenting. Hooker.
2. The act of offering any one to an eccleſiaftical
benefice. Hale.
3. Exhibition. Dryden.

PRESE'NTATIVE. a. [from preſent.] Such
as that preſentatlons may be made of it.

PRESE'NTEE. ʃ. [from jT-rf/mV, French.]
One preſented to a benefice. Ayliffe.

PRESE'NTER. ʃ. [itax^ preſent.] One that
preſents. L'Eſtrange.

PRESE'NTIAL. a. [from preſent^ Suppofing
actual prefence, Norris.

PRESENT!A'LITY. ʃ. [from preſential.]
State of being preſent. South^.

To PRESE'NTIATE. v. a. [from preſent,;
To make preſent. Grew.

PRESENTI'FICK. a. [prafens and J^cie,
Latin.] Making preſent.

PRESENTI'FICKLY. ad. [from preſenti-
Jick.] In ſuch a manner as to make preſent. More.

PRE'SENTLY. al [from preſent.]
1. At preſent ; at this time; now. Sidney.
2. Immediately ; ſoon after. South.

PRESE'NTMENT. ʃ. [from preſent.]
1. The act of preſenting. Shakʃpeare.
2. Any thing preſented or exhibited ; repiefentation. Milton.
3. In law, p'-efentment is a mere deni/nciation
of the jurors themſelves, or ſome o«
ther officer, as juſtice, conſtable, ſearcher,
furveyor?, and, without any information,
of an offence inquirable in the court to
which it is preſented. Cowel.

PRE'SENTNESS. ʃ. [from preſent.] Prefence
of mind ;
quickneſs at emergencies. Clarendon.

PRESERVATION. ʃ. [from prefrve.]
The act of preferving ; care to preſerve,

PRESE'RVATIVE. ʃ. [preferi;atif,French.]
That which has the power of preferving ; ſomething preventive. Hooker.

To PRESE'RVE. v. a. [prafervo, low Lat.]
1. To fave; to defend from deſtruct ion or
any evil ; to keep. z'Titn. iv. 18,
2. To ſeaſon fruits and other vegetables
with ſugar, and in other proper pickles,

PRESE'RVE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Fruit
preſerved whole in ſugar. Alortimer.

PRESERVER. f. [from preſerve.]
1. One who preſerves ; one who keeps
from ruin or miſchief. Addiſon.
2. He who makes preſerves of fruit.


To PRE'SIDE. v. n. [from prafi-ho, Latin ;
prtfiJir, French.] To be ſet over ; to have
authority over. Dryden.

PRE'SIDENCY. ʃ. [preſidence, French, from
prejidsnt.] Superintendence, Ray.

PRE'SIDENT. ʃ. [prafidfm, Latin.]
1. One placed with authority over others ; one at the head of others, Wat::.
2. Givernour ; prefect. Brerewood.
^. A tutelary power. fVal/er.

PRE'SIDENTSHIP. ʃ. [from prejidert.]
The office and place of pre/ident. Hooker.

PRESI'DIAL. a. [p^afidium, Latin.] Relating
to a garriffin.

To PRESS. v. a. [;)rf/tfr, French.]
1. To ſqueeze; tocruſh. Mrlton.
2. To diſtreſs ; to cruſh with calamities.Shakʃpeare.
3. To conſtrain ; to compel ; to urge by
neceſfity. Hcekr.
4. To drive by violence. Shakʃpeare.
5. To afted ſtrongly. ^.'Zjxviii. 5.
6. To enforce ; to inculcate with argument
or importunity. Felton,
7. To urge ; to bear ſtrongly on. Boyle.
8. To cooipreſs ; to hug, as in embracing. South.
9. To act upon with weight. Dryden.
10. To make earneſt. Bacon.
11. To force into military ſervice. Shakſ.

To PRESS. v. n.
1. To act with compulſive violence ; to
urge ; to diſtreff. Tiliotſon.
2. To go forward with violence to any
Ubjea. Knolles.
3. To make invafion ; to encroach. Pope.
4. To croud ; to throng. Mar. iii. 10.
5. To come unfcafonably or importunately.
6. To urge with vehemence aud importunity. Bacon.
7. To act upon or influence. Addiʃon.
8. To PRESS »/>on. To invade ; to poſh
againſt,Pope. .

PRESS. f. [preſſoir, French, from the verb.]
1. The inſtrument by which any thing is
rruſhed or ſqueezed. Hag. ii. 16.
2. The inſtrument by which books are
printed. Shakʃpeare.
3. Crowd ; tumult ;T throng. Hooker.
4. A kind of wooden caſe or frame for
cloaths and other uſes. Shakʃpeare.
5. A commiſſion to force men iutomilit'd-
ry ſervice. Raleigh.

PRE'SSBED. ʃ. [preſs and bed.] Led fo
formed as to be ſhut up in a cafe.

PRE'SSER. ʃ. [from fr^jj.] One that preſſes
or works at a preſs. Swift.

PRE'SSGANG. ʃ. [preſs and garg,\ A
crew that ſtroles about the Urcets to force
mf!n into naval fei vice,

PRE'SSINGLY. ad. [UoTaprfJfing.] With
force ; tloſely.

PRE'SSION. ſ. [from ^-f/j] The act of

PRE'SSITANT. a. Gravitating ; heavy.

PRE'SSMAN. ʃ. [preſs and man.]
1. One who forces another into ſervice ;
one who forces away. Chapman.
2. One who makes the impreſſion of print
by the preſs : diſtinct from the compofitor,
who ranges the types.

PRE'SSMONEY. ʃ. [preſs and money.] Money
given to a ſoldier when he is taken or
forced into the ſervice. Cay%

PRE'SSURE. ʃ. [from preſs.]
1. The act of preſſing or cruthing.
2. The ſtate of being prerted or crushed.
3. Force acting againſt any thing; gravitation; preſſion. Afioton,
4. Violence inflicted ; oppreſſion. Bacon.
5. Affliſtionj grievance ; diſtreſs.
6. Impreſſion ; ſtampj character made by
impreſſion. Shakʃpeare.

PREST. a. [prefi or pret, French.]
1. Ready ; not dilatory.
2. Neat} tight.

PREST. ʃ. [pre/i, French.] A loan. Bacon.

PRESTIGA'TION. ʃ. [frafiigathy Latin.]
A deceiving ; a juggling ; a playing legerdemain.

PRE'STIGES. ʃ. [prafiigia, Latin.] Illofions
; impoitures ; juggling tricks.

PRE'STO. ʃ. [preſto, Italian.] Quick; at
once. Swift.

PRESU'MABLY. ad. [from />r5/tſw?.] Without
examination. Brown.

To PRESU'ME. v. n. [prefumer, French; prafumo, Latin.]
1. To ſuppoſe ; to believe previouſly without
examination. Mii'tcn,
2. To ſuppoſe ; to affirm without immediate
proof. Ben. Johnſon.
3. To venture without poſitive leave. Milton.
4. To form confident or arrogant opinions. Locke.
5. To make confident or arrogant attempt?. Hooker.

PRESU'MER. ʃ. [from p'efume.] One that
preſuppoles ; an arrogant perſon, H'otton,

PRESU'MPTION. ʃ. [pra-fumptus, Latin ;
prefumption, French ]
1. Suppoſition previouſly formed. KChar,
2. Conſidence grounded on any thing preſuppoſed. Clarendon.
3. An argument flxong, but not di-manifrative. Hooker.
4. Arrogance; confidence blind and adventurous; preſumpruoufseſs. Dryden.
5. Unredfonable coliſideacc of divjne favour.

PRESU'MPTIVE. a. [prefompcve^TrnHKh.]
1. Taken by previous ſuppofirion. Locke.
2. S!ippoſe<i: as, rbe ptefumptive heir .
oppuſed to the heir appaiefit,
3. CorPRE
3. Confident ; arrogant ;
prefunoptuous. Brown.

PRESU'MPTUOUS. a. lfref^m/>iuei^x, Fr.]
1. Arrogant ; confident ^ ti;foltnt. Shakſp.
2. Irreverent with relpctt to holy things. Milton.

PRESU'MPTUOUSLY. ad. [from frtjumptUOUi
1. Arrogantly; irreverent'y. Addiʃon.
2. W:th vain and groundleſs confidence in
d:vine favour. Han:mor,d,

PRESU'MPTL'OUSNESS. ʃ. [from preſumptuous.]
Quality of bong preſumptuous
; confidence; irreverence.

PRESUPPO'SAL. ʃ. [pra and ſuppcjal.
Suppofal previouſly formed. Hooker.

To PRESUPPOSE. v. a. [fnf'proffr, Fr,
pra ?kT\i Juſp'je.] To ſupp^'le as previous. Hooker.

PRESUPPOSITION. f. [pr^ſuppoſition, Fr.]
Suppofiiion previouſly formed.

PRESURMI'SE. ʃ. [prc£ and Jurmife.^ Sur.
mife previoudy formed, Shakʃpeare.St

PRETE'NCE. ʃ. [pra'enfut, Latin.]
1. Afalſe a gument grounded up(^n fictitious
poſtula'e,'. TH'orfofi.
2. The act oſ ſhowing or alleging what is
not real. Clarenden. Woh.
3. AlTrmption ; fl?-m to notice, Et'elyn.
4. Claim true or falſe. M. Iton.
5. Something threatened, or held out to
terrify. Shakʃpeare.

To PRETE'ND. v. a. Tpy^^ndo, Laua.]
1. To hold out ; to ſtretch forward. Dry.
2. To portend ; to fnreſhow. Hayward.
3. To make any appearance of having; to allege fa lily. Milton.
4. To ſhow hypocritically, D. of Piety.
5. To hold out as a deluſive appearance. Milton.
6. To cla'm. Dryden.

To PRETEND. v. v.
1. To put in a claim rru'y f r faiſely. Dry.
2. To preſume on ability to do any thing; to profeſs prcTumptuouſly. Brown.

PRETE'NDER. ʃ. [from fr'terd.] One
who lavs claim 'o any thing. Pope.

PRETE'NDINGLY. ad. [froru pret.rd'rg]
Arrogantly ; prerumpruoiilly. Collier.

PRETE'NSION. ʃ. [iracterjio, Latin.]
1. Claim true or falte. Swift.
7. Fiftirious appearance. Bruor,

PRE'TER. ʃ. [jro'tr, Latin.] A particle,
which pref7Ked to words of Latin original,
f gnifies bf/ide.

PRE'TERIM PERFECT. ad. In grammar,
denotes the tenfe net perfe^Iy p^ft.

PRETERIT. a. [praierit, French ; prate-
X'tus, Latin.] Pali.

PRETERI'TION. ʃ. [preUritwr, French ; from fret frit.'} The a<ll of going paſt ; the
ſtate ri being psf.,

PRE'TERI^^£SS. ʃ. [fiorr pretnt ] State

of being paſt ; not prefence ; not futurity,

PRETERLAPSED. a. [pradrbpfui. Latin.]
Paft and gone. talker,

PRETERLEGAL. a. [prefer and legal.]
Not agreeable to Jaw. King Charles.

PRETERMISSION. ʃ. [pretmmjfion, Fr.
pr.^urmijfio, Latin.] The act of omitting.

To PRETERMIT. v. a. [praUrmttto, Latin.]
To paſs by. Bacon.

PRETERNATURAL. a. [praur and ratural]
Different from what is natural ; irregular. South.

PRE'FERNATURALLY. ah {horn preternatural.]
In a manner different tr<>m
the common order of nature. Bacon.

PRE'TERNATURALNESS. ʃ. [from ;>reternatural.]
Manner different from the order
of nature.

PRE'TERPERFECT. a. [pr^teritum per.
ft&'jm, Latin.] A grammatical term appliel
to the tenfe, which denotes time
abf( lutely paO.

PRETERPLUPERFECT. a. [prateritum
plujqu m perftBuniy Latin.] The grammatical
epithet for the tenfe denoting time
relatively pait, or paſt before ſome other
paft time.

PRETE'XT. ʃ. [pra'exiut, Latin.] Pretence ;
falle appearance ; falſe allegation. Daniel.

PRE'TOR. ʃ. [pra'or, Latin.] The Roman
judge. It. is now ſometimes taken for s
mayor. Spectator.

PRETORIAN. a. [p-atonanuiyhztm ; pretonen,
French.] Judicial ; exercifed by
the pretor. Bacon.

PRE'TTILY. ad. [from pretty.] Neatly ; elegantly ; pleaſingly. Bacon.

PRE'TTINESS. ʃ. [from pretty.] Beauty
without dignity. More,

PRETTY. a. [praet, finery, Saxon ; p^etto,
Italian ; prat, pratttgh, Dutch.]
1. Neat; elegant. Watts.
2. Beautiful without grandeur or dignity. Spectator.
3. It is uſed in. a kind of diminutive contempt
in poetry, and in convetfation. Ad,
4. Not very ſmall. Abbot.

PRE TTY. ad. In ſome degree. Newton.
Atterbury. Baker.

To PREVAIL. v. ». [prevalotr, French.]
r. To be in force ; to have effect ; to
have power; to have int^iience. Locke.
2. To ovcicome ; to gain the ſuperionry. King Charles.
3. To gain influence ; to operate offeduaiiy.
4. To pr ifu^de or induce by entreaty. Clarendon.

PREVAILING. a. [h^m prevail] Predominapt
; havma moſt inrtuence. Rowe.

PREV.AILMENT. ʃ. [from prevail.] Prevalence,



PRE'V^ALENCE. ʃ. f. ^prevalence, French;

PRE'VALENCY. ʃ. fravaUntla, luwLatin.]
Superiority ; intiucnce; predurninance.


PRE'VALENT. a. [prava'ens, Latin.]
1. Victorious ; gaining ſuperionty, South.
2. Predominant ; powerful. Milton.

PRE'VALENTLY. aJ. [from prevaUnr.]
Powerfully, forcibly. Prior.

To PREVA'RICATE. v. n. [prevariior,
Latin.] To cavil ; to quibble ; to ſhuffle. Stillingfleet.

PREVARICA'TION. ʃ. [pravar.catio, Litn.]
Shuffle; cavil. Addiſon.

PREVARICA'TOR. ʃ. [pravaricator^\i.
tin.] A caviller ; a ſhufiHer.

PREVE'NIENr. a. [pravmiem, Latin.]
Preceding; going before ; preventive.

To PREVE'NE. 1;. a. [praverao, Latin.]
To hinder.

To PREVE'NT. v. a. [pravemc, Latin ;
prevenir, French.]
1. To go before as a guide ; to go before,
making the way eaſy. Common Prayer,
2. To go before ; to be before ; to anticipate. Bacon.
3. To preoccupy ; to preengage ; to attempt
fiift. King Charles
4. To hinder ; to obviate ; to oortrudt. Atterbury.

To PRE'VENT. v. «. To come before the
time. Bacon.

PREVE NTER. ʃ. [from prevert ]
1. One that goes before. Bacon.
2. One that hinders ; an hinderer ; an obſtrucler.

PREVE'NTION. [privtntion, French, from
p auenium, Latin.
1. The act of going before. Milton.
2. Preoccupation ; anticipation,' Shakſp.
3. Hinderance^ obſtruifv^ on. Milton.
4. Pſej'jdi'c ; prcpoirection. Dryden.

PREVE'NTIONAL. a. [Uors^ previmion.]
Ttnoing to prevention.

PREVENTIVE. ^. [from prevent.]
1. T'.nding to hinder. Bacon.
2. Preſtrv3tive ; hindering ill. Brown.

PREVE'NTIVE. ʃ. [Uotr^pre'vent.^ A prefervative
; that which prevents; an antidote.

PREVE'NTIVELY. ad. [from pre'veniive.]
In ſuch a manner as tends to prevention. Brown.

PREVIOUS. a. [praviut, Latin.] Antecedent; going before ; Prior, Burnet.

PRE'VIOUSLY. ad. [from previous.] Beforehand
; antecedently. Prior.

PRE'YIOUSNLSS. ʃ. [ixon\ previoui] Antecedence.

PREY. ʃ. [prada, Latin.]
1. Something to be devoured; ſomething
tobelcixed ; ravine; plunder. Clarendon..

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2. Ravage ; depredation. Shakʃpeare.
3. Animal of prey, is an animal that lives
on other animals. L'Eſtrange.

To PREY. v. n. [from ior, La|in.]
1. To feed by violence. Shakʃpeare.
2. To plunder; to rob. Shakʃpeare.
3. To corrode; towaſte. Addiſon.

PRE'YER. ʃ. [from p,ey.] Robber; devourer
; plunderer.

PRrAPI>M. ʃ. [priapijmui, Lu. priapiſme,
Fr.] A pietcrnatural tenfi.n. Bacon.

PRICE. ʃ. [prix, French ; ptatium, Latin.]
1. Equivalent pai^ for any thmjj. Bacon.
2. Value; eftimation; ſuppoſed excel-
'«.^'- Bacon.
3. Rate at which any thing is fold. Locke.
4. R:ward ; thing purchaſed at aay rate. Pope.

To PRICE. v. a. To pay Aw. Sp^rfir,

To PRICK. v. a. [tjucian, Saxon.]
1. To pierce with a ſmall puncture. Art.
2. To form or erect with an acuminated
poi^t. Bacon.
3. To fix by the poin\ Newton.
4. To hang on a point. Sandys.
5. To nominate by a punflure or mark.Shakʃpeare.
6. To ſpur ; to goad ; to impel ; to in-
7. To pain; to pierce with remorfe,
A£ii li. 37,
8. To make acid, Hudib>as,
9. To mark a tun/..

To PRICK. v. n. [prijken, Djtch.]
1. To dreſs one's lelf for ſh^w.
2. To come upon the ſpur. Spenſer. Mil 01,

PRICK. y [ſp'CC3. baxon.]
1. A ſharp ileiider inſtrument ; any thing
by which a puncture is made. Davies.
2. A thorn in the mind ; a tofing and
tormenting thought; remorſe of conſcience.Shakʃpeare.
3. A ſpot or muk at which archer, aim.
4. A pont ; a fixed place. Shakʃpeare.
5. A puncture. Bnjiin.
6. The print of a hare in the g-rounj.

PRI'CKER. ʃ. [from prick.
1. A ſharp-pointed inſtrument. Moxon.
2. A light horſeman. Hayward.

PRI'CKET. ʃ. [from pruk.] A buck in his
fecor.d year. Alanwood.

PRI'CKLE. ʃ. [from priJ.] Small ſharp
poin'', like that of a brier. ff^at'ts.

PRI'CKLINESS. ʃ. [f. cm prickly.] Fulneſs
of ſharp points.

PRICKLOUjE. f. [prick andlcuſe.-\ A word
of contempt for a taylor. L'Eſtrange.

PRICKSONG. ʃ. [prick and ſong.j Song
frt to mulkk. Shakʃpeare.

PRICKLY. a. [from prick. ] Fall of Oi-irp
poincs, Bacon,


PRICKMADAM. ʃ. A ſpecles of houſe.

PRI'CKPUNCH. ʃ. Moxon.

PRICKWOOD. ʃ. A tree.

PRIDE. ʃ. [pjut or ppy^, Saxon.]
1. Inordinace and unrealonable felf €fteem. Milton.
2. Infolence ; rude treatment of others. Milton.
3. Dignity of manner; loftineſs of air.
4. Generous elation of heart. Smith.
<;. Elevation ; dignity. Shakʃpeare.
6. Ornament ; ſhow ; decoration, Milton.
7. Solendour ; oftentation. Dryden.
8. The ſtate of a female beaſt ſoliciting the
male. Shakʃpeare.

To PRIDE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
make proud ; to rate himlelf high.
Gov. of the Tongi

PRIE. ʃ. [ſuppoſe an old name of privet.

PRIEF for f roc/. Sl^erfer.

PRi'ER. ʃ. [from pry.^ One who enquires
too narrowly.

PRIEST. ʃ. [pjieort, Saxon ; frejlre^ Fr.]
1. One who officiates in ſacred offices. Milton.
2. One of the ſecond order in the hierarchy,
above a deacon, below a biſhop.

PRI'ESTCRAFT. ʃ. [prufl and craft.]^z.
ligious frauds. Spectator.

PR^E'STESS. ʃ. [from pnf:\ A woman
who (fficiated in heathen rites. Addiʃon.

PRIE'STHOOD. ʃ. [from /5nV7?.]
1. The office and charadltr of a prieſt.
2. The order of men f.-'t apart for holy
offices. Dryden.
3. The ſecond order of the hierarchy.

PRIE'STLINESS. ʃ. [from pnejlly.] The
appearance or manner of a prieſt,

PRIESTLY. a. [from /r/W.] Becoming a
piieil ; facerdotal ; belonging £0 a prieſt. South.

PRIE'STRIDDEN. a. [pneji and ridden ]
Managed or governed by prieſts. Swift.

To PRIEVE for^rOT-f, Sp'-njer.

PRIG. ʃ. A pert, conceited, fancy, pragmat'cal,
litde fellow. Sp.&ator,

PRILL. ʃ. A birt or tiirbot. ySinſworth.

PRIM-. a. [by contncWonhom primitive.]
Fovmal ; preciſe ; a (defied ly nice. Swift.

To PRaM. v. a. [from the adjective.] To
deck up preciſely ; to form to an affeded
nicety. 1

PRIMACY. ʃ. [primaiie, French.] The
chief eccleſialilcai flation. Clarenden.

PRIMAGE. ʃ. The freight of a ſhip. Ainf.

PRIMAL. a. [primus, Latin.] Firſt. A
word not in uſe- Shakʃpeare.

PRI'MARILY. ad. [from primary.'^ Qng!-
nally; in the hvft intention Brown.

PRI'M.-ilUNESS. ʃ. [from primary.'^ The

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ſtate of be'ng firſt in act or intention. Nor.

PRI'MARY. a. [primarius, Latin.]
1. Firſt in intention. Hammond.
2. Original ; firſt. Raleigh.
3. Fidt indignity; chief; principal. Bent.

PRI'MATE. ʃ. [primal, French ; primas,
Latin.] The chief ecclcfiaſticki Ayliffe.

PRI'MATESHIP. ʃ. [from primate.] The
dignity or office of a primate.

PRIME. ʃ. [primus, Latin.]
1. The firſt part of the day ; the dawn ; the morning. Milton.
2. The beginning ; the early days, Milton.
3. The beſt part. Swift.
4. The ſpring of life, Dryden.
5. Spring. Waller.
6. The height of perfeſtion. Woodward.
7. The firſt canonical hour.
8. The firſt part ; the beginning.

PRIME. a. [prir^jus, Latin.]
1. Early ; blooming. Milton.
2. Principal; firſt rate. Clarenden.
3. Firſt; original, Locke.
4. Excellent. Shakʃpeare.

To PRIME. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To put in the firſt powder; to put
powder in the pan of a gun. Boyle.
2. [Primer, French, to begin.] To lay
the firſt colours on in painting,

PRI'MELY. ad. [ſtota prime.]
1. Originally; primarily; in the 6rft
place. South.
1. Excellently; ſupremely well,

PRI'MENESS. ʃ. [from />r/W.]
1. The ſtate of being firſt.
2. Excellence.

1. An office of the bleſſed virgin. Stilling.
2. A ſmall prayer-book in which children
are taught to read, Locke.

PRIME'RO.f. [Spaniſh.] A gam^a. ca.ds.Shakʃpeare.

PRIME'VAL. 'la.[primavus,hi\\n.] OPRLME'VOUS
yriginal ; ſuch as Vv ac at firſt.

PRIMITIAL. a. [primitius, primitia, Latin.]
Biing of the firſt production. Ainf.

PRI'MITIVE. a. [primitif, Fr, primittvus,
1. Ancient ; original ; eflabliſhed from the
beginning. Milton.
2. Formal ; affectedly ſolemi? ; imitating
the ſuppoſed giavity of old times.
3. Original; primary; not derivative.M/,

PRI'MITIVELY. ad. [from primitive.]
1. Originaliy ; at firſt. Brown.
2. Primarily ; not derivatively.
3. According to the original rule. South.

PRI'MITIVENESS. ʃ. [from primitive.]
State of being original ; antiquity; conformity
to antiquity.

PRIMOGE'NIAL. a. [primigcn'us, Latin.]
Firſtborn; original; primary ; conſtituent; elemental, Boyle\

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PRIMOGE'NITURE. ʃ. [pritnogcnilure.
French.] Seniority ; t-lderſhip ; ſtate of
being firſtborn, (7gv of the Torque.

PRIMO'RDIAL. a. [p-inior(jium, Latui.]
Original ; exiſting frcni the beginning. Bo^ I.

PRIMO'RDIAI. ʃ. [from the adj.] Or.< gin ; firrt principle.

PRIMO'RDI AN. ʃ. See Pi. w m .

PRIMO'RDIATE. a. [from fr-.frordkm,
Latin.] Original: exiſing from the firſt. Boyle.

PRI'MROSE. ʃ. [primula vrii, Latin.]
1. A flower. Shakʃpeare.
2. Pritnroſe is uſed by Shakʃpeare for gay
or ſtewcry.

PRINCE. ʃ. [prince, Fr. prircept, Latin.]
1. A lovereign ; a chief ruler. Milton.
2. A ſovereign of rank next to kings.
3. Ruler of whatever ſex. Camden.
4. The (on of a king ; inEnglarx! only the
eldeft foo ; the kinſman of a ſovereign. Sidney.
5. The chief of any body of men. Peacham.

To PRINCE. v. n. To play the prince ;
to take eſtate. Shakʃpeare.

PRI'N'CEDOM. ʃ. [from prince.] The rank,
eſtate or power of the pcince ; ſovereignty. Milton.

PRINCELIKE. a. [prince zz\i like.] Becoming
a prince. Shakʃpeare.

PRI'NCELINESS. ʃ. [from princely.] The
fta'e, manner or dignity of a prince,

PRI'NCELY. a. [fiovn prince.]
1. Having the appearanceof one high born.Shakʃpeare.
4. Having the rank of princes. Sidney.
3. Becoming a prince ; royal ; grand ; auguſt.

PRI'NCELY. ad. [from p'ince.^ In a princeike

PRINCES-FEATHER. ʃ. The herb amaranth,

PRI'NCESS. ʃ. [p i^'flf', French.]
1. A ſovereign jacy ; a woman having favereign
command. Granville,
f. A ſovereign lady of rank^ ncjct to that
of a queen.
3. The daughter of a king, Shakſ.
4. The wife of a prince : as, the princels
of Wahi.

PRINCIPAL. a. [principalis, Latin.]
1. Princely. Spenſer.
2. Chief ; of the firſt rate ; capital ; effcntial.Shakʃpeare.

PRI'NCIPAL. ʃ. ffrr^m the adj.]
1. A head ; a chief ; not a ſecond. Bacon.
2. One primarily or originally engaged ;
not an acccſſary or auxili-ary. Swift.
3. A capital fum placed ojt at intereſt. Swift.
4. The prelJdent or governour.

PRINCIPA'LITY. ʃ. [pnr.ctpuultg, Fr.]

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1. Sovereignty; fopreme power. Sidney.l
2. A prince ; oncinveited with ſovereignty, Miltoni
3. The country which gives title to »
prince : as, the principality of IFalas. Temple.
4. SiipTiority
; predominance. Taylor.

PRINCIPALLY. ad. [from principal.]
Chiefly ; above all ; above the reſt. Newton.

PRI'NCIPALNESS. ʃ. [from principal.]
The ſtate of beirvg principal.

PRINCIPIA'TION. ʃ. [from princpiuT.
Latin.] Analjfij into conſtitucnt or elemental
parts. Bacon.

PRINCIPLE. ʃ. [prirdpiuw, Latin.]
1. Elcmencj coaftitucnt part ; primordial
ſubſtance, f^'attt,
2. Original Ciiuſe, Dryden.t,
1. Being productive of other being ; operative
cauſe, Milton.
A, Fundamental truth ; original poſtulate ;
6rft pofuionfrom which othersare deduced. Hooker.
5. Ground of action; motive. Addiʃon.
6. Tenet oa which morality is founded. Addiʃon.

To PRI'NCIPLE. v. tt. [from the noun.]
1. To eftabliſh or fix in any tenet ; to impress
with any tenet good or ill. South.
«. To eftabliſh firmly in t\\t mind, toik'e,

PRI'NCOCK. ʃ. [from prirk, or f-nm

PRI'NCOX. i cock.] A ccx:omb ; a c nceited
perſon ; a pert young ropuc. Shakſp.

To PRINK. v. n. [pronken, Dutch.] to
prank ; to deck for ſhow.

To PRINT. v. a. [imp'imer, errp-einf, Fr ]
1. To mark by preliing any thing upon
another. Dryden.
2. To impreſs any thine, ſo as to leave its
3. To form by impreſſion. Roſcommcn;
4. To impreſs words or make books, not
by the pen but the preſs. Pope. .

To PR INT. v. a. To publiſh a book. P<,p

PRINT. ʃ. [tirprdnte, French.]
1. Mirk or form made by impreſſion.
Chtiptnar; 2. Tbat which being impre-Ted leav«;s its
3. Pictures cut in wood or copper to be
imprelTed on Poper.
4. Picture mide by impreſſion. TJ^oVt.-.
5. The form, ſize, arrangerrient , or otK-r
qualities of the types ukdin printing haoks. Dryden.
6. The ſtate of being published by the ^nntcr.Shakʃpeare.
7. Single dieet printed and fold. Ad.lif'm.
8. Formal method. LvcJtf,

PRI'NTER. ʃ. [from print.]
1. One that prints books. ^'ih'.
2. Oae that Haias Udcq,

PRI'NTLESS. a. [from />r;V.] That which
Jeaves no impreſſion. Shakſ, Milton, Prior, a. [fr/ſpr, Latin.] Fumerj being
before ſometbing elſe ; antecedent ; anterior. Rogers.

PRI'OR. ʃ. [prieur, French.] The head of
a convent of monks, inferior in dignity to
an abbot. Addiſon.

PriorESS. ʃ. [from Prior.'l A lady ſuperior
of a convent of nuns, Dryden.

PRI'ORITY. ʃ. [from /r/or, adj.]
1. The ſtate of being firſt; precedence in
time. Hayward.
2. Precedence in place. Shakʃpeare.

PRI'ORSHIP. ʃ. [from />r/<Jr.] The ſtate or
office of Prior, PriorY. ſ. [from /»r;V.] A convent in
dignity below an abbey. Shakʃpeare.

PRI'SAGE. ʃ. [from priſe.] A cuſtom
whereby the prince challenges out of every
bark loaden with wine, containing leſs than
forty tuns, two tuns of wine at his price,

PRISM. ʃ. [wgiWtttt.] Aprijni of glaſs is a
glaſs bounded with two equal and parallel
triangular ends, and three plain and well
poliſhed ſides, which meet io three parallel
linrs, running from the three angles ri
one end, to the three angles of the other
end, Newton.

FRISMA'TICK. a. [prijmatique, Fr. from
prifm.] Formed asa prifrn. To pe,

PRISMA'TICALLY. ad. [from prifmatick.]
In the form of a prifm. Boyle.

PRISMO'ID. ʃ. [TTgiWxaandsj^®.] A body
approaching to the fotm of a prifm.

PRFSON. f. [/^-rVon, French.] A ſtrong hold
in which perſons are confined ; a gaol. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

To PRI'SON. v.a, [from the noun.]
1. To empriſon ; to ſhut up in hold ; to
reſtrain from liberty.
2. To captivate ; to enchain. Milton.
3. To confine. Shakʃpeare.

PRI'SONBASE. ʃ. A kind of rural play,
connmonly called priſonhars. Sandyt,

PRFIONER. ʃ. [priſonnier^ French.]
1. One who is confined in hold. Bacon.
2. A captive ; one taken by the enemy. Bacon.
3. One under an arreſt. Dryden.

PRI'SONHOUSE. ʃ. Gaol ; hold in which
one is confined. Shakʃpeare.

PRI'SONMENT. ʃ. [from ^ajow.]^ Confinement
; impriſonment ; captivity. Shakſ.

PRI'STINE. a. [prijlinus, Latin.] Firſt ; ancient ; original. Philips.

PRI' THEE. A familiar corruption of pray
thee, or I pray thee. L'Eſtrange.

PRI'VACY. ʃ. [from private.]
1. State of being ſecret ; ſecrecy,
2. Retirement ; r«treat. Dryden.

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3. Privity ; joint knowledge ;
great familiarity. Arbuthnot.
4. Taciturnity.

PRI 'A'DO. ſ. [Spaniſh.] A ſecret friend. Bacon.

PRI'VATE. a. [priva.us, Latin.]
1. Not open ; Icec. Shakſp. MiltOBt
2. Alone ; not accompanied.
3. Being upon the ſame terms with the
reſt of the community ; particular ; oppoſed
to publick. Hooker.
4. Particular ; not relating to the publick. Digby.
5. /^Private. Secretly ; not publick-
Iv ; not openly. Glanville.

PRI'VATE. ʃ. A ſecret meffage. Shakſ.

PRI'VATEER. ʃ. [from pri'vate.'l A ſhip
fitted out by private men to plunder enemies. Swift.

To PRI'VATEER. m. a. [from the noun.]
To nt out ſhips ag?,inſt enemies, at the
charge of private perſons.

PRI'VATELY. ad. [from pri'vate.] Secretly
; not openly. Shakʃpeare.

PRIVATENESS. ʃ. [from private.]
1. The ſtate of a man in the ſame rank
with the reſt of the community.
2. Secrecy ;
privacy. Bacon.
3. Obſcurity ; retirement, Wotten,

PRI'VATION. ʃ. [/.^xWno, Latin.]
1. Removal or deſtructionof any thing or
quality. Davies.
2. The act of the mind by which, in conſidering
a ſubject, we ſeparate it from any thing appendant,
3. The act of degrading from rank or office. Bacon.

PRI'VATIVE. a. [frr't^ar/W.', Latin.]
1. Caufing privation of any thing,
2. Conſiſting in the abſence of ſomething ; not p' fitive. To y'or,

PRI VATIVE. y. That of which the effence
is the abſence of ſomething, as fileoce
is only the abſence of found. Bacon.

PRI'VATIVELY. ad. [from privative.'.
By the abſence of ſomething neceſfary to be
preſent ; negatively. Hammond.

PRI'VATIVENESS. ʃ. [ixoxnprivative\
Not.ation of ablence of ſomething ſhat ſhould
be preſent.

PRI' VET. ʃ. Evergreen. Miller.

PRI'VILEGE. ʃ. [privilege, Fr, privil(gi„
wn, Latin.]
1. Peculiar advantage. Shakʃpeare.
1. Innmiinity; publick right. Dryden.

To PRI'VILEGE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To invert with rights or immunities ; to
grant a privilege. Dryden.
2. To exempt from cenſure or danger. Sidney.
%t To expnpt from paying tax or import.

PRI'VILY. ad. [from privy.] Secretly.
privafclr, Spenſer.

PRI'VITY. ʃ. [privaut/, Fr. (torn pnvy.]
1. Private communication. Spenſer.
2. Confciouſneſs; j>ant knowledge. Hooker.

PRI'Vy. a. [pri-u^, French.]
1. Private ; not publick ; afllgned to fe«
crct uſes. Shakʃpeare.'^p-jr,:
2. Secret ; clandeſtine. a Mac,
3. Secret ; not ſhown. Esiek,
4. Admitted to ſecrets of ſtate. Spectator.
5. Confcious to any thing ; admitted to
parricipition. Daniel.

PRI Vy. ſ. Place of retirement ; necemry
hi-u''e. Swift.

PRIZE. ʃ. [prix, French.]
1. A reward gained by conteſt with competitors. Addiʃon.
2. Reward gained by any performance. Dryden.
3. [Pri'e, Fr.] Something taken by adventure
; plunder. Pope. .

To PRlZE. v. a. [/>rf/ffr, French.]
1. To rate ; to value at a certain price.
2. To eſteem ; to value highly. Dryden.

PRIZER. ʃ. j>r/V,rar, French.] He that values.Shakʃpeare.

PRIZEFIGHTER. ʃ. [pri7^e and fghur.]
One that fights publickiy for a reward. Brown.

PRO. [Latin.] For ; in defence of.

PROBABILITY. ʃ. [probabil taz, laiin.]
Likelihood ; appearance of tru;h ; evidence
ariiing frefm the preponderation of argument.

PRO'BABLE. a. [fr'.bahU,'Fr. frohabdii,
Latn.] Likely ; having more evidence
than the contrary. Hooker.

PRO'BABLY. aJ. [from probable.] UkeU ;
m likelihood. Swift.

PROfBJT. ſ. [Latin.] The proof of wills
and teſtaments of perſons deceaſed in the
ſpiritual court, either in common form by
the oath of the executor, or with, witneſſe.

PROBA'TION. ʃ. ſprobatio, La fin.]
1. P;oof; evidence ; tertimony. Shekef.
2. The act of proving by ratiocination or
teſtimony. Locke.
3. [^Probation, Ft.] Trial ; examination. Bacon.
4. Trial before entrance into monartick
life; noviciate. Pope. .

PROBA'TIONARY. a. [from probation.]
Sfrving for t'ldl.

PRO'BA TIONER. ʃ. [from probation.]
1. One who IS upon trial. Dryden.
1. A novice. Day of i^icff.

PROBA'TIONERSHIP. ʃ. [from 'p^ohationer.]
State of being a probationer ; noviciate,


PRO'BATORY. a. [from probo, Int'w.l
T,nr»'tf?'''''- Brjmbalf,

PROB^TUM EST, A Latin expreſſion adi
ded to the end of a receipt, ſignifying it is
t' ifd or prov(d. Prior.

PROBE. ʃ. [from /)r9.5, Latin.] A flendei
wire by which ſurgeons ſcarch the depth of
^^<ls. mfeman,

PROBE-SCISSORS. ʃ. [probe and ſciſhr.l
Sciflbrs uſed to open wounds, of which the
blade thruſt into the orifice has a button at
„ ^I'e ^<^- m/ema».

To PROBE. To a. [probo, Latin.] To ſearch
; to try by an inſtrument. South.

PROBITY. ʃ. ſprobia, Fr. probitat, Lat.l
Honeſty ; fincerity ; veracity. Fiddet,

PRO'BLEM. ʃ. ['TTioBxraAx.] A queſtion

PROBLEM A'TICAL. a. [prolUntatifUf,
French.] Uncertain ; unſettled ; diſputed ; diſputable. ffgy/g

b/emati al] Uncertainly.

PROBO'SCIS. ʃ. [prcLfcis, Latin.] A fnout ; the trunk of an elephant ; but it is uſed
ajfo for the ſame part in every creature.

PROCA'CIOUS. a. [procax, Latin.] Petulant
; looſe.

PROCA'CITY. ʃ. [from procacious.] Petulance.

PROCATA'RCTICK. a. [TTioKala^^U^.l
Fo'crunning; antecedent. Harvey.

PROCATARXIS. ʃ. [Treoxara.?'?-! The
pre-exiſtent cauſe of a diſeaſe, which cooperates
with others that are ſubſcquent. Quincy.

PROCE'DURE. ʃ. [procedure, FrenchT]
1. M.mncr of proceeding ; management; condu(ft. South.
2. Act of proceeding ; progreſs ; proceſs ; operation. Hale.
3. Produce ; thing produced. Bacon.

To PROCEE'D. v. n. [prccrdo, Latin ]
1. To paſs from one thing or place to another. Dryden.
2. To go forward ; to tend to the end deſigned. Ben. Johnſon.
3. To come forth from a place or from a
fender. j,tn,
4. To go or march in ſtate. Anon,
5. To iſſue ; toarife; to be the effeſt of ; to be produced from. Shakʃpeare.
6. To profecute any deſign. Locke.
7. To be tranſacted ; to be carried on. Shakʃpeare.'ſpfart.
8. To make progreſs; to advance. Milton.
9. To carry on juridical procefj. Clarendon.
10. To tranſact ; to act ; to carry on any
any aifjir meth-'dically. Milton.
I I. To take offsft ; to have its courſe. Ayliffe.
5 C a jz, Ta
p R d PRO. Milton.
Produce : as, the proceeds
^£. To be propagated ; to come by generation. Milton.
13. To be produced by the original effici
enc caofe.

of an eſtate.

PROCEE'DE|>. ſ. [JTora proceed. 1 One who
goes forward ; one who n;akes a progreſs. Bacon.

PROCEEDING. ʃ. [procedf, French.]
3. Prigreifs frona one thing to another : ſeries
of conduct ; ttanfaction. Swift.
t. Legal procedure.

PROCE'LLOUS. a. [procelIoJ\js,Ut-] Ternpcfluous,

PROCE'PTION. ʃ. Preoccupation ; act of
taking ſomething ſooner than another,
rCifTg Charles

PROCLI'VOUS. a. [procli'vis, Latin.] Inclined; tending by nature.

PROCO'NSUL. ʃ. [Latin.] A Roman officer,
who governed a province with confular
authority. Peachaftt.

PROCO NSULSHIP. ʃ. [from /.roco«/«/.]
The office of a proconful.

To PROCRA'STINATE. v. a. [procr^Jli-
«or, Latin.] To defer ; to delay ; to pot
of[from day to day. Shakʃpeare.

To PROCRA'STINATE. t. n. To be dilatory.

PROCRASTINA'TION. ʃ. [procrafiinatiOj,
Latin.] D;'lay; dilatorineſs. D. of Piety.

PROCRaSTINA'TOR. ſ. [frorp ſwre/Zj.
rats,'^ A dilatory perſon.

PRO'CREANT. a. [p ocream, Lat.] Preduflive
; pregnanf. Shakʃpeare.

PROCE'RITY. ʃ. [from /ro^rfei, Latin.]

To PRO'CREATE. <p. a. [j&roaw, Latin.]
Talnffs ; height of ſtature.]

PRO'CESS. ſ. [prnceffus, Latin.]. Addiſon.
Tendency ;
progreffive courſe. Hooker.
2. Regular and gradual progreſs. Knolles.
3. Courſe ; continual flux or psfl'age. Hale.
4. Methodical management of any thing. Boyle.
5. Courſe of law. Hayward.

PROCE'SSION. ʃ. [prcceJfio,UUf>.] A train
marching in ceremonious ſolemnity. Hooker.

To PROCESSION. v. n. [from the noun.]
Togo in proceſſion. A low word.

PROCE'SSIONAL. a. £ from fracef.on.]
Relating to proceſſion.

PROCE'SSIONARY. a. [from procej/ion.]
Ci^nſiſting in proceſſion. Hooker.

PKO CHRONISM. ſ. [ttjoxpoW^'^.] An
error in chronology ; a dating a thing before
it happened, DiSI.

PRO'CIDENCE. ʃ. [p^oc!deKtia, Lat.] Failing
down ; dependence below its natural

PRO'CINCT. ſ. [yrof/fi^tfj, Latin.] Complete
preparaiicn ; preparation brought to
the point of aiſtion. Milton.

To PROCLAIM. v. a. [/>r'<r/dmo, Latin.]
s- To promulgate or denounce by a folepsn
<IT legal publication, D^wf.
$. To tell openly, Locke.
1. To outlaw by publick denunciation.Shakʃpeare.
To generate ; to produce. / Bentby.

PROCREATION. ʃ. [procreatio, Latin.]
Generation ; pfodu^lion. Raleigh.

PRO'CREATIVE. a. Generative ; productive. Hale.

PRO'CREATIVENESS. ʃ. [from pr^crea.
tive.] Power of generation. D. of Piety.

PROCREA'TOR. ʃ. [from procreate.] Generator
; begetter.

PRO'CTOR. ʃ. [contracted from ^roſwra/cf,
1. A jpanager of another man's affairs. Hooker.
2. An attorney in the ſpiritual court. Swift.
3. The magiſtrate of the univerſity.

To PROCrOR. v. a. [from the noun.] T»
manage. Shakʃpeare.-

PRO'CTORSHIP. ʃ. [from /r9<?7or.] Office
or dignity of a proctor. Clarenden.

PRO'CUMBENT. a. [procumbem^hzixn.l
Lying down ; prone.

PRpCU'RABLE. a. [from procure.] To
be procured ; obtainable ; acquirable. Boyle.

PRO'CURACy. ſ. [from procure. '\ The
maisagement of any thing.

PROCURA'TION. ʃ. [from procure. '] The
ad of procuring. Woodward.

PROCURACTOR. ʃ. [procurAteur, French.]
Manager ; one who tranſadts affairs far
another. Taylor.

PROCLAl'MliR. ʃ. [f701xi proclaim. [One PROCURATORIAL. a. [from />r5<-«raror.]
Made by a proſtor. yAyliffe.

PROCU'KATORY. a. [from procurator,.
Tending to procuration.

To PROCU'RE. 1/, a. [procuro, Latin.]
1. To roiinagc ; to trauLfl for another,
2. To obtain ; to acquire. Mittoe»
3. To perſuade ; to prevail on. Herbert.
4. To contrive ; to (orw.ud. Shakſ.
tp PRO'CURE. v. n. To bawd ; to pimp. Dryden.
tnat pubiiſhes by aathority, Milton.

PROcLAMa'TI'ON, ʃ. [proclamation Lat.]
';. Puoiica'ion of jtathority.
2. A fiecl iration of the king's will openly
publiſhtd among the ptoole. Clarenden.

PROCLrVlTV. ſ. [p>ochvifas,Utw.]
if. Tendency ; natural inclination
; propenſion.
.Readiineſs : facility of attaining.
. '''' '
? Wot(On>


PROCU'REMENT. ʃ. The act of procur-

JDg. Dryden.

PROCU'RER. ʃ. [from procure.]
1. One that gains ; obttfincr. Tfalton,
2. pimp; pandar, Soi^th,

PROCU'RESS. ʃ. [from procure.] A bawd.

PRODI'GAL. a. [prodlgut, Latin.] Profuſe
; waſteful ; expenflye ; lavirti. Fhilips.

PRO'DIGAL. ʃ. A waaer ; a ſpendthrift.
Ben. Johnfon.

PRODIGA'LITY. ʃ. [prodigals/, French.]
Exirjvagance ; profuſion ; waſte ; exceffive
liberality. Ganvilie.

PRO'DIGALLY. ad. [from prodigal.] Profuſely
; waſtefully; extravagantly.
» Ben. Johnson, Dryden.

PRODI'GIOUS. a. [prodigicfui, L'ltin.]
Amazing ; aſtoniſhing ; monſtrou. Bacon.

PRODI'GIOUSLY. ad. [{rom prodigious.]
Amazingly ; aſtonithingly ; potentouſly ;
eootmouſly. Ray.

PR0DI'GI6U.^NESS. ſ. [from prodigious.]
Enormouſneſs ; portentouſneſs ; amazing

PRO'DIGY. ʃ. [prodigium, Latin.]
1. Any thing out of the ordinary proceſs
of nature, from which Omens are drawn ; portent. Addiſon%
2. Moriiler. Ben. Johnſon.
3. Any thing afioniffiing for goed or bad. Spectator.

PRODI'TION. ʃ. [proditioy Latin. jTreaſon
; treachery. Ainſworth.

PRO'DirOR. ʃ. [Latin.] A traytor. Not
in uſe. Shakʃpeare.

PRODITG'RTOUS. a. [from />ro^;>5r, Lat.]
1. Trayterous; treacherous ; perfidious. Danid.
2. Apt to make diſcoverie?. Wotton.

To PRODU'CE. v. a. [p>oduco, Latin.]
1. To offer to the view or notice, Iſaiah.
2. To exhibit to the publick. Swift.
3. To bring as an evidence. Shakſ.
4. To bear ; to bring forth, as a vegetable. Sandys.
5. To cauſe ; to eſſed ; to generate ; to
beget. Bacon.

PRODUCE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Product ; that which any thing yields
or brings. Dryden.
2. Amount ; profit ; gain ; emergent fum
or quantity. Addiʃon.

PRODUCENT. f. [from produce.] One that
exhibits ; one that offers, Ayliffi.

PRODUCER. >L [ficm produce.] One that
generates or produces. Suckling.

PRODUCIBLE. a. [from produce.]
1. Such as may be exhibited. South.
2. Such as may be generated or made. Boyle.

PRODU'CIBLENESS. ʃ. [from productJ,ie.]
T?iie fa:« of teing f foducible. Boyle.

PRO'DUCT. ʃ. [produaus, Latin.]
1. Something produced, as fruits, fiilt.
metalr. Sff^fai^,
Tfatts. Milton.
', Latin.]
2. Work ; compoſition.
3. Thing confcquential ; effect.

PRODU'CTILE. a. [from produce.
Which may be produced.

PRODU'CTION. ʃ. [from produa.]
1. The a6l of producing. Dryden.
2. The thing produced ; fruit ; produG.
3. Compoſition, Swift.

PRODUCTIVE. a. [from produce.^ Having
the power to produce ; fertile ; generative
; efficient. Milton.

PKCyEM. ſ. [7rgo3i/x4ev ] Preface ; introduction. Swift.m

PROFANATION. ʃ. [from /)ro/^«o, Lat.)
1. The act of violating any . thing lacred. Donne, South.
2. Irreverence to holy things or perſons. Shakſpeare.

PROFA'NE. a. [from profj»us, Latin.]
1. Itieverent to ſacred names or things.
! Not ſacred ; ſecular. Burnet.
3. Polluted ; not pure. Raleigh.
4. Not purified by holy rites. Dryden.

To PROFA'NE. v. a. f^ro/j«e, Latin.]
1. To violate ; to pollute. Milton.
2. To put to wrong uſe. Shakʃpeare.

PROFA'NELY. ad. [ſtorr. profane.] Witk
irreverence to ſacred names or things.
a Ejdrat,

PROFA'NER. ʃ. [(lom profane.'^ Polluter; violater. Hooker.

PROFA'NENESS. ʃ. [from ^r«/j«..] Irreverence
of what is ſacred. Dr'ide

PROFE'CTION. ʃ. [proſtclio, Latin.] Advance
; progreſſion. Brown.

To PROFE'SS. v. a. [profffusyhiim.]
1. To declare himſelf id ſtrong terms of
any opinion or paſſion. Milton.
2. To make a ſhow of any ſentiments by
loud declaration. Shakʃpeare.
3. To declare publickly one's ſkill in any
art or ſcience, ſo as to invite employment.

To PROFE'SS. v. n.
1. To declare openly. Shakʃpeare.
2. To declare friendiiip. Shakſ.

PROFESSEDLY. ad. [from profeſſed.] According
to open declaration made by himſelf. Dryden.

PROFE'SSION. ʃ. [from t'ofeſs.]
I . Calling ; vocation ; kfl»wn employment.
2. Declaration. Swift.
3. The act of declaring one's it\f of any
party or opinion. Ti'LtJon,

PROFE'SSIONAL. a. [from proſſſion.] Relating
to a faiucu/ar calling or proſtflion.



PROFE'SSOR. ʃ. [^ro/#r/r, French.]
_ .
y. One who declares himſelf of any opinion
party. Bacon.
», One who publickly practiſes or teaches
»n art. SwiJ^.
2. One who is viſibly religious. Locke.

PROFE'SSORSHIP. ʃ. [from frof.for.]
The ſtation or office of a publick teacher.

To PRO'FFER. v. a. f^o/^ro, Latin.]
1. To propoſe; to offer. Milton.
2. To attempt. Ainsworth.

PRO FFER. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Oft'er made ; ſomething propoſed toacceptahce.

3. EflTay ; attempt. Bacon.

PRO'FFERER. ʃ. [from frofer.] He that
offers. CoWer.

PROFI'CIENCE. ʃ. [from fro/cj^ La t.]

FROFi'CIENCY. ; Profit ; advancement
in any thing ; improwment gained. Rogers.

FROFrcIENT, ʃ. [p'ofciens, Latin.] One
who has made advancement in any ſtudy or
buſineſs. Boyle.

PROFI'CUOUS. a. [proficous, Latin.] Advantageous
; uſeful. Philpt.

FROFIXF. ʃ. [p^ofJet French.] The lide
face ; half face. Dryden.

PRO'HT. ʃ. f^rc/r. French.]
1. Gaia ; pecuniary advantage. Swift.
2. Advantage ; acceflior> of good. Bacon.
1. Improvement ; advancement ; proficiency.

To PRO'FlTr V. a. [froſiter, French.]
1. To benefit ; to advantage. Job.
2. To improve ; to advance, Dryden.

To PROFIT. v. n.
2. To gain advantage. Arbuthnot.
2. To make improvement. Dryden.
3. To be of uſe or advantage. Prior.

PRO'FITABLE. a. [prcjitable, Fr. from
1. Gainful ; lucrative. Bacon.
1. Uſeful ; advantageous^ Arbuthnot.

FRO'FITABLENESS. ʃ. [from pro^table.]
1. Gninfulneff.
2. Ulefulneſs ; advantagecuſneſs.

PRCyPITABLY. ad. [ſtoca profiiable.]
1. Gainfuiiy.
2. Advantageouſly ; uſefully. TFake.

PROFITLESS. a. [from ^ro/^] Void of
gain or advantage. Shakſ.

PRO FLIGATE. a. [profagatus, Latin.]
Abandoned} ioft to virtue and decency 3
ſhamelsfs. Roſcommon.

PROFLIGATE. ʃ. An abandoned ſhameleſs
wretch. Swift.

T© PRO'FLIGATE. v. a. [profigOy Lat.]
To drive away. Harvey.

PRO'FLIGATELY. ad. [from ^ro//^<z?<'.]
&i>3melc%. iw/^.


PRO'FLIGATENESS. ʃ. [from profligate..
The quality of being profligate.

PROTLUENCE. ʃ. [from />../».«/.] Progreſs
; courſe. Wotton.

PRO FLUENT, a. [from profuem, Latin.]
Flowing forward. Milton.

PROFO'UND. a. [profundui,\.%t\a.]
1. Deep ; deſcending far below the ſurface ; low with reſpect to the neighbouring places. Milton.
1. Tntcllectually deep ; not obvious to the
3. Lowly ; humble i ſubmiſs ; ſubmiffive. Duppa.
4. Learned beyond the common reach. Hooker.
5. Deep in contrivance. Uofa,

1. The deep ; the main ; the fea. Sandys.
2. The abyfs. Milton.

To PROFO'U^JD. v. n. [from the noun.]
To dive ; to penetrate. Gtanvilet.

PROFO'UNDLY. a. [from profound.]
1. Deeply ; with deep concern. Shakſ.
2. With great degrees of knowledge ; with
deep infight. Dryden.

PROFO'UNDNESS. ʃ. [from profound.]
1. Depth of place.
2. Depth of knowledge. Hooker.

PROFU'NDITY. ʃ. [from profound.] Depth
of phce or knowledge, Milton.

PROFU'SE. a [profujus, Lat.] Laviſh ; too
liberal ; prodigal ; overabounding. Addiſ,

PROFU'SELY. ad. [from profuje.]
1. L^viſhly ; prodigally.
2. With exuberance. Thomfon.

PROFU'SENESS. ʃ. [itow profuſe.] Laviſhneſs
; pred gality. Dryden, Atterbury.

PROFU'SION. ʃ. [profurio, Latin.]
1. Laviſhnei's ; prodigality ; extravagance,
2. Laviſh expence ; ſuperfluous effuſion. Hayward.
3. Abundance ; exuberant plenty. Addiſon.

To PROG. v. n.
1. To rob ; to ſteal.
2. To ſhift meanly for prcviſions. VE^r,

PROG. f. [from the verb.] Viaualsj proviſion
of any kind. Swift. Congreve,

PROGENERA'TION. ʃ. [prog.nero, Lat.]
The act of begetting ; propagation.

PROGE'NITOR. ʃ. [progcmtui, Latin.] A
forefather ; an anceflor in a direct line. Addiʃon.

PRO'GENY. ʃ. ſprogenie, old Fr. progtnies,
Latin.] Offspring ; race ; generation. Addiʃon.

PROGNO'STICABLE. a. [from prognojii.
cate.] Such as may be foreknown or foretold. Brown.

To PROGNO'STICATE. 1: a. [from prog-
7io(i'.ck.] To^foretell ; to foreſhow. Clarend.

PROGNOSTICATION. ʃ. [from progn'jfiicute.]
1. Th

1. The act of foreknowing or foreshowing,
2. Forett4cen. ^ Sidney.

PROGNOSriCA'TOR. ſ. [fvavn frogmjiU
cate.] Furetcllcr ; forcknowcr. Gov. of the Tongue.

PROGNO'STICK. a. [Tr^oyvaiq-iKou] Fore--
tokening iilc^ie or recovery.

PROGNO'SnCK. ſ. [from the adj.]
1. The ſkili of foretcHing diſeaſes or the
event or diſeaſcs. Arbuthnot.
1. A pteditlion. Sv.fc,
3. A token forerunning. South.
pRO'GRti,S./r [progret, Fr. ſtoii\progrfj[fus,
1. Ccviife ; proceſſion ; paflape. Shakſp, Milton, Pope. .
2. Advancement i motion forward. Bacon. Swffc.
5. Intellectual improvement ; advancement
in knowledge. Locke.
4. Removal from one place to another.
5. A journey of ſtate ; a circuit. Baar,

To PRO'GRESS. ſ. n. [progredior, Latin.]
To move forward ; to paſs. Shakʃpeare.-J,

PROGRE'SSION. ʃ. [prog>t/Jio, Latin.]
1. Pſoceſs i regular and gradual advance.

2. Motion forward, Bacon.
3. Courſe ; paſſage, Shakſ.
4. Intelieitiial advance. Locke.

PROCRE'SSIONAL. a. [from prcgref-
JioH.] Such at are in a ſtate of encreaſe or
advance. Brown.

PROGRE'SSIVE. a. [progrefftf,Titnch.]
Going forward ; advanang. Brown.

PROGRE'SSIVELY. ad. [from pttgrfjfi've.l
Bv gradual rteps or regubr courſe, Holder.

PROGRE'oSIVENESS. ſ. [from progref.
five.] The ſtate of advancing.

To PROHi'BIT. v. a. [probibeo,L^i'\n.]
1. To forbid ; to interdnil by authority. Sidney.
2. To debar; to hinder. Milton.

PROHI BITER. ſ. [from prohibit.] Forbidder
; inteidider.

PROHIBITION. ʃ. [;.roi./^;W<?ff, French.]
Forbiddance ; interdift ; act of forbidding. Milton.

PROHI'BITORY. a. [from prohibit.] Implyin?,
pruhibitio. ; forbidding. Ayliffe.

To PROJECT. v. a. [projtaus, Latin.]
1. To .throw out ; to caſt forward, Pope.
2. To exhibit a form, as of the image
thrown on a mirrour. Dryden.
3. [Projctter, Ft ] To ſcheme ; to torm
in the mind ; to contrive. South.

To PRO'JECT. v. n. To j«t out ; to
ſhoot forward ; to ſhoot beyond ſomething
next it.

PROJECT. ʃ. [projet, Fr, from the verb.]
Scheme ; c.Btnv4rite, Rog^ri,


PROJE'CTILE. ʃ. [from the adj.] A body
piir in motion. CheynCm

PROJE'CTILE. a. [pri^eail(, French] InapelJed
forward. Arbuthnot.

PROJECTION. ʃ. [from projed ,\
1. The act of ſhooting forwards. Broiifm.
t, [^ProjeSion, Fr.] PIan ; 4dioeation,
3. S heme ; plarf of a^ion.
4. In chemiſtry, crifis of an operation.

PROJE'CTOR. ʃ. [from frojea.]
1. One who forms ſchemcs or de«'igns. Addiʃon. Rogersm
2. One wiio forms wild impraOicabtte
fchemes. P^.m

PROJE'CTURE. ʃ. [projeaure, Fr. pro}^.
turn, Latin.] A jutting dut.

To PROIN. v. a. [a corruption of ^««.]
To lop ; to cut ; to trim ; to prwne. Ben. Johnſon.

To PROLATE. v. a. [prolatum,lj^un.] T©
pronounce ; to utter. HovnL

PROLATE. a. [/ro.WttJ, tatid.] Oblat« ;
flat. Ci«>i«<.

PROLA'TION. ʃ. [prolatus, Latin.]
Pronunciation : utterance. Jt/i/> 2. Delay
; act of deferring.

PROLE'GOMENA. ʃ. [w^.X^ye'/^va.] Pr«-
vious diſcourſe ; mCroduilory [obſervati-


PROLE'PSig. ſ. [y^cand}ac.] A form of
rhetorick, in which objcaions are arytici> pated. Bramhaiim

PROLE'PTICAL. a. [Uota prelepfi.] Previous
; antecedent. GlativilUm

PROLE PTICALLY. ai, \iiQTnp,o!ep:icml.
By way of anticipation. Clsriff^.

PROLETARIAN. a. Me^n i wretch«<l
vile ; vulgar. Hudibras.

PROLIFICA'TION. ʃ. [proUt and fadi.
Latin.] Generation of children, Brown.

PROLI FICK. ʃ. tf. [proHfique, French, ]

PROLITICAL. i Fruitful ; generatite ;
pregnant ; productive. Dryden.

PROLI'FICALLY. a. [from prolifik.] Fruitfully
; pregnantly.

PROLl'X. a. [prolixui, Latin.]
1. Long; tedious
; not concik, i^'gh.
2. Of long duration. Aylt^tm

PROLI'XIOUS. a. [from /)ro/;x.] Dilatory ; tedious. Shakʃpeare.

PROLI'XITY. ʃ. f^ro/zWe, French.] Tediouſneſs
; tireſome length ; want of br«.
vity. Boyl:

PROI.I'XLY. ji. [from ^r.//x.] At great
length ; tediouſly. Dryden.

PROLI XNESS. ſ. [from />«//>.] Tediouſneſs.

PROLOCU'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.] The foreman;
the ſpsaker of a convocation/ S-uife.

PROLOCU'TORSHIP. ʃ. [from pr«/««-
dr.j The office or dignity sf p:olotutor.


fROXOGUE. ſ. [v^ixoy^-l
1. Pjeface; introduction to any diſcourſe
or performance. Milton.
2. Something ſpoken before the entrance
of the aflors of a play. Shakʃpeare.

To PROXOGUE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To introduce with a formal preface.Shakʃpeare.

To PROLO'NG. v. a. [prohnguer, French.]
1. To lengthen out ; to continue ; to draw
out. Milton.
2. To put off to a diſtant time, Shakſp.

FROLONGATION. ʃ. [prolongation, Fr.
fi ©m prolong,']
1. The act of lengthening. Bacon.
2. Delay to a longer time. Bacon.

PROLUSION. ʃ. [prolujioy Latin.] Entertainments ; performance of dive»fion.

PRO'MINENT. a. [prominent^ Lat.] Standing
out beyond the near parts ; protuberant
; extant. Brown.

PROMINENCE. ʃ. [prominentia, Lat.]

PRO'MINENCY. ʃ. Protuberance ; extant
parr. Addiſon.

PROMI'SCUOUS. a. [promijcous, Latin.]
Mingled ; confuſed ; undiſtinguiſhed.

PROMI'SCUOUSLY. ad. [from promifcw
«»r.) With confuſed inixture ; indiſcriminately. Sandys.

PRO'MISE. ʃ. [promijfum, Latin.]
1. Declaration of ſome benefit t(J be confered. Dryden.
2. Performance of promife ; grant of the
thing promifcd. -43i.
3. Hopes ; expectation, Shakʃpeare.

To PRO'MISE. v. a. [promttto, Lat.] To
make de«laration of ſome benefit to be confered. Temple.

To PRO'MISE. v. n.
1. To affure one by a protnife. Dryden.
2. It is uſed of alTurance, even of ill,Shakʃpeare.

PRO'MISEBREACH. ʃ. [breach and pro.
mije,'] Violation of promife. Shakʃpeare.

PRO'MISEBREAKER. ʃ. [pron-.'ije and
break.] Violator of promifes. Shakſp.

PRO'MISER. ʃ. [ixovapromije.] One who
promifes. Ben. Johnſon.

PRO'MISSORy. a. Containing profeflion
of ſome benefit to be confered. Arbuthnot.

PRO'MISSORILY. ad. [from promiJ[fory.]
By way of promife. Brown.

PRO'MONT. ʃ. / [promontotium,

PRO'MONTORY. ʃ. Latin.] A headland ;
a cape ; high land jutting into the fea.

To PROMOTE. v. a. [prcmotui, Lat.]
1. To forward ; to advance. Milton.
2. [Protrouvoiry Fr.] To elevate ; to
exalt ; to prefer. Milton.

PROMO'TER. ʃ. [p'-omotevr, Fr.]

1. Advancer 3 forwarder ; encourager. Atterbury.
2. Informer ; makefcate. Ti{fer,

PROMO'TION. ʃ. [promotion, Fr.] Advancement
; encouragement ; exaltation
to ſome new honour or rank ; pteferment. Milton.

To PRO'MOVE. v. a. [promoveo, Latin.]
To forward ; to advance ; to promote. Suckling.

PROMPT. a. [prompt, Fr.]
x< Quick ; ready; acute ; eaſy. Clarendon.
2. Quick ; petulant. Dryden.
3. Ready without hefitation ; wanting no
new motive, Dryden.
4. Ready ; told down : as, prompt payment.

To PROMPT. v. a. [prontare, Italian.]
1. To afljil by private inſtrudlion ; to help
at a loſs. AJcham, Stillingfleet.
2. To incite ; to inſtigate. Shakʃpeare.
3. To remind. Brown.

PRO'MPTER. ʃ. [from prompt.l
1. One who helps a publick ſpeaker, by
fuggefting the ward to him when he falters.Shakʃpeare.
2. An admoniſher ; a reminder,


PROMPTITUDE. ʃ. [pron-ptitude, Fr.]
Readineſs ; quickneſs.

PRO'MPTLY. ad. [from pron-ft.] Readily
; quickly ; expeditiouſly. Taylor.

PRO'MPTNESS. ʃ. [from ^rcwff.jReadineſs ; quickneſs ; alacrity. South.

PRO'MPTURE. ʃ. [hem prompt.] Suggeſtion
; motion given by another,Shakʃpeare.

PRO'MPTURY. ʃ. [promptuarturn, Latin.]
A ſtorehouſe ; a repofitoiy ; a magazine. Woodward.

To PROMULGATE. v. a. [p'omulgo, Lut.]
To publiſh ) to make known by open decliratioo. Locke.

PROMULGA'TION. ʃ. [promulgatio, Lat.]
Publication ; open exiiibition. South.

PROMULGATOR. ʃ. [from promulgate.]
PubliHier ; open teacher. Duay of Piety.

To PROMU'LGE. -y. a. £ from promulgo,
Lat.] To promulgate ; to publilh ; to
teach openly.

PROMU'LGER. ʃ. [from promulge.] Publiſher
; promulgator. Atterbury.

PRONA TOR. ſ. A muſcle of the radius,

PRONE. a. [pronus, Lat.]
1. Bending downward ; not erect. Milton.
2. Lying with the face downwards : contiary
to lupine. Brown.
3. Precipitous ; headlong ; going downwards. Milton.
4. Declivous
; Hoping. Blackmore.
5. Inclined; pripenie; diſpoſed. South.

PRO'NENESS. ʃ. [from //o«f.l
1. Tha

1. The ſtate of bending duwnwards ; not
credljiers, Brown.
2. The ſtate of lying with the fdcc downwards
; not rupinentfb.
3. Defecnt ; declivity.
4. Inclination ; propenſion ; diſpoſition to
ill. Hooker.

PRONG. f. [^ror-/^f«, Dutch, tofqiircze ;
A fork. 6ardys. Hudi!»a^.

PRONITY. ʃ. [from pf one.] Pruneneſs.

PRONOUN. ʃ. [prg^.onir, Lat.] W rds
uſed jnftead vi Nouns or Narr.es. Ctcrif.

To PRONOU NCE. 1/. a. [fronenar, Fr.
fronuncio, Lat.]
1. To Ipeak ; to utter. J.r^miah,
2. To utter ſolemnly ; to utter coifident-
\'<i, Shakʃpeare.
3. To form or articulate by the organs of
Ipecch. tiolder.
4. To utter rhetorically.

To PRONOU'NCE. v. w. To ſpeak with
confidence or authmity. South.

PRONOU'NCER. ʃ. [from pranounce.] One
who pronounce:. A^'ifff'

PRONUNCIA'TION. ʃ. [proru7icijtio,L7iu]
The d£t or mode of utterance. Holder.

PROOF. ʃ. [from provj.]
1. Evidence ; teſtimony ; convincing token. Locke.
2. Teft ; trial ; experinnent. Milton.
3. Firm temper ; impenetrability. Dryden.
4. Armour hardened till it will abide a
certain trial. Shakʃpeare.
5. In printing, the rough diaught of a
ſheet when firſt pujled,

Impenetrable ; able to .reſiſt. Collirr.

PROOFLESS. a. [from frso/. ; Unproved;
wanting evidence. Boyle.

To PROP. ʃ. a. [proppen, Dutch.]
1. To ſupport by ſomething placed under
or againſt. M'l'on.
2. To ſupport by /landing uader or againſt. Creech.
3. To fuſtain ; to ſupport. Pope. .

PROP. ʃ. [pr'ppc, Dutch.] A ſupport ; a
flay ; that on which any thing rell^. Davies.

PRO'PAGABLE. a. [from propagate ]
Such as may be ſp' cad.

To PRO'PAGATE. v. a. [prpago, Lat.]
1. To continue or ſpicad uy gcncranon or
fuccflive piodu^ion. Oiway,
2. To > extentl
; ſo widen. Shakʃpeare.
3. To c<irry on from plact to p. ace ; to
promote. Newton.
4. To encre^fe ; to promote. Shakʃpeare.
5. To gener^'te.

To PRO PAGATE. v. ». To have < ffſpring. Milton.


PROPAGATION. ʃ. [prcpagsth, Latin.]
Continuance or diifuſion by generation of
fucceffive production. fVrfemart,

PROPAGATOR. ʃ. [from prop 1^0 te.]
1. Oi)c \\ho continues by lucccllive pro.
2. A ſpreader ; a promoter. Addiſon.

To PROPE'L. v. a. [propeLt, Latin.] To
driver rw-rd. Harney,

To PROPE'ND. v. n. [properjfo Lat.] To
inchne to noy part ; to be diſpoſed in favour
(f any th ng. ^hulefi^eare,

PROPE'NDENCY. ʃ. [from proper.d.]
1. Inclination or tendency of deſire to any
2. -From propertdof Lat. to weigh.] Preconſiderrati-
o ; attentive deliberation ; perpendency.

PROPE'NSE. a. [p'cpfr.fjs^ Lat.] Inclined
; diſp fed. Milton.

PRO.'E'NSION. ʃ. [;ro/.:n/o, Lat. from

PROPENSITY. ʃ y.-';.f/7y. ;
1. Inclinuionj oiſpoUtion to any thing
good or bad. B'^gers,
2. Tedency. Digby.

PRO'PER. a. [p^opriut,Lzun.]
1. Prcuiiar ; Kot belonging to more ; not
common. Davies.
2. Noting an individual. f-yacti,
3. O e's own. Shakʃpeare.
4. Natural ; original. Milton.
5. Fit
; accommodated ; adapted ; ſuitable ; quvlihsd. Dryden.t
6. E>;<.c^j accurate ; juſt.
7. N>r figurative. Bur.-7et»
8. It ſeemi in Shakſpeare to ſignify, mere ;
c u re.
9. [Pnpre, Fr.] Elegant ; pretty. Hebr,

JO. Tail ; iulty ; handſome with bulk,Shakʃpeare.

PROTERLY. ad. [from fſp-r.]
1. Fitly ; r)itably.
2. In n i\nCt ſenſe. MiltOtta

PRO'PERNli SS. ſ. [frorij prcptr.'[
1. The qu.-.lity of being proper.
2. Tallnrf?.

PROPERTY. f. [frnm^ro^fr.]
1. Peculiar quality. Hooker.
2. Quality; d;ſpoIition, South.
3. R'ghtof p fTcfnan. Locke.
4. Polfeflion held in one'3 own ri^ht. Dryden.
5. The thing p^fTeired. Shakʃpeare.
6 Nearneſs or ri^ht. Shakʃpeare.
7. Something ul'eful ; an appe/jd?ge. Dryden.

To PROPE'RFY. v. a. [from the n un.]
1. To iaveſt with qua'itie. Shakʃpeare.
2. To ſeize or retain as ſomething owned {
to aporopriate ; to hold. Shakſpeare.

PROPHA'SIS. ʃ. [7rfa<f>ta-i?.] In medicine,
a forelcn wledge of diſeaſe?.

PROPHE'cY. ſ. [7r,'>«{»n1c;a.] A declaration
5 D CI

of fumething to come ; prediction.Shakʃpeare.

PRO'PHESIER. ʃ. [from proſkefy.] One
who prophefies:

To TRO PHES\^. i\ a.
1. To predid; to foretell ; to pregnoflicate. Shakſpeare.
2. To forellhow. Shakʃpeare.

To PRO'PHESY. v. ſt,
1. To utter preiiſtions. Shakʃpeare.
2. To preach. A ſcriptural ſenſe.

PRO PHET. ſ. [7rgct>5'T»5?.]
1. One who tells to lure events ; a predider
; a foreteller. Dryden.
2. One of the ſacred writers empowered
by God to foretel luturity. Shakʃpeare.

PROPHETESS. y. [^ropheteffe^ Fr. from
prcphtt.'l A woman that foretells future
events. Peacham.

PROPHE'TICK. v. a. [prophet>que, Fr.]

PROPHETICAL. ,5 Forefeeing or foretelling
future even's. Stillingfleet.

PROPHE'TICALLY. ad. [{rom prophaical..
With knowledge of futurity; in
mannfr of a prophecy. Hammond.

To PRO'PHETIZE. v. w. To give predictions.

PROPriYLA'CTICK. a. [7r^o<pvXaKli-^k.]
P.evennve; prefeivative. Watts.

PROPI'NQUITY. ʃ. ſpr.'pirquiras, Latin.]
1. Nearneſs ; proximity ; neighbourhood.
2. Nearneſs of time. Brown.
3. Kindred ; nearneſs of blood.Shakʃpeare.

PROPI'TIABLE. a. [from propitiate.]
Such as may be induced to favour ; ſuch
as may bs made propitiou?.

To PROPl'TIAl E. v. a. [prcpiiioy Lat.]
To induce to favour ; to gain ; to conciliate
; Co make propitious. Stillingfleet.

PROPITIA'TION. ʃ. ſprcpitiation,¥i.]
1. The h€i of making propitious.
2. The atonement ; theoflcting by which
propitiouſneſs is chtaired, I Job.

PROPITIA'TOR. ʃ. [from p'^cfitiate.] One
that propitiates.

PROPl'TIATORY. a. [propiciatotrey Fr.]
Having the power to make propitious.

PROPI'TIOUS. a. [ptopitiusy Lat.] Fovourao!
e; kind. Addiſon.

PKOPl'TIOUSLY. ad. [from propitiout.]
Favourably ; kindly. Roſcommon.

PROPI'TIOUSNESS. ʃ. [i:ora propitious..
Favourableneſs ; kindneſs. Tanple.

PROPLA SM. ſ. [7rjoand7rXaV|C/.rt.] Mould ; matrix. P^oodward.

PROPLA'STICE. ʃ. f7re07rXar'J<fl.] Th«
art of making moulds for calling.

PROPO'NENT. ʃ. [from proponem, Latin.]
One that makes a propofai. Dryden.


PROPO'RTION. ʃ. [Fr. prrpmio, Lat.]
1. Comparative relation of one thing to
another ; ratio. Raleigh, Taylor.
2. Settled relation of comparative quantity
5 equal degree. Addiſon.
3. Harmon'ck degree. M-dton,
4. Symmetry ; adaptation of one to another.
5. Form

1. To adjuſl by comparative relation. Addiʃon.
2. To form ſymmetrically. Sidney.

PROPO'RTIONABLE. a. [^tom proporti.
Off.] Adjuſted by comparative relation; ſuch as is fir. Milton.

PROPO'RTIONABLY. ad. [from propor.
tion'j According to proportion ; according
to comparative relations. Rogers.

PROPORTIONAL. a. [fropo^tionel, Fr.]
Having a ſettled comparative relation
; having a certain degree of any quality compared
with ſomething elſe. Cocker. Nfivton,

PROPORTIONALITY. ʃ. [from prrportionjl..
The quality of being proportional. Grew.

PROPO'RTIONALLY. ad. [from proportr-.
onal.] In a ſtated degree, Newton.

PROPORTIONATE. a. [ixoxr^ proportion.]
Adjuſted to ſomething elſe, according to
a certain rate or comparative relation.

To PROPO'RTIONATE. nj. a. [from pr-o.
portion.'^ To adju!>, according to ſettled
rates, to ſomething elſe. Berkley.

PROPO'RTIONATE.^ESS. /, [from pro.
porticrj'jte.] The ſtate of being by compariſon
adjuſted. Hale.

PROPO'SAL. ʃ. [from propoſe.]
1. Scheme or deſign propounded to coniideration
or acceptance. Addiſon.t,
2. Offer to the naind. South.

To PROPO'SE. v. a. [propoſsr, Fr.] To
offer to the conſideration. Watts.

To PROPO'SE. v. n. To lay ſchemes.Shakʃpeare.

PROPO'SER. ʃ. [Uon\ propoſe,'] One that
offers any thing to conſideration. Swift.

PROFOSI'TION. ʃ. [prepoſltiojiy Fr. p>9-
pofltio, Lat.]
1. A ſentence in which any thing is affirmed
or decreed. Hammond.
2. Propofai ; offer of terms. Clarenden.

PROPOSI'TIONAL. a. [from propo/ttion.]
Conſidered as a propoſition. Watts.

To PROPOUND. v. a. [propono, Lat.]
1. To offer to conſideration ; to propoſe,

2. To offer ; to exhibit, Shakʃpeare.


PROPOU'NDER. ʃ. [from pr-p^und.] Hc
that prop. U'ds ; he that dft'eis.

PROPRI'ETARY. ʃ. [prrpriaaire. Fr. from
popriety.] Poffrflur in his own right.
Goveirment of the Forgue.

PROPRI'ETARY. a. Belonging to a tcrtain
owner, Cniu.

PROPRI'ETOR. ʃ. [from propriuj, L.un.]
A p iir ll'jr in his own right. R gers,

PROP:U'ETRE=;S. ſ. [from p-cprutor. ; A female pufltlTjr in her own ri^ht.


PROPRI'ETY. ʃ. [prop'ietai, Lat.]
1. Peculiiri y of polleflion 3 excluſive
right. Suckling.
2. Accuracy ; j'lftneſs. Locke.

PROPT. for'p'opp-J. [from prop.'l Surtamed
by ſome jTop. Pope. .

To PROPU'CN. v. a. [pcpugno, Latin.]
To defend ; to vindicate. Hammond.

PROPUGNA'TION. ʃ. [propugnatio, from
prcpugno, Lat.] Defence. Shakʃpeare.

PROPU'GNER. ʃ. 'from /)ro,^K^r7.] 'A defender. Government of the Tongue.

PROPU'LSION. ʃ. [propu'fus^ Lat.] The
s^ of ariving forward. Bacon.

PRORE. ʃ. [prora, Latin.] The prow ;
the forepart of the ſhip. Pope.

PROROGATION. ʃ. [prorogatio,hi\m.]
1. Continuance ; ſtate of lengthening out
to a diſtant time ; prolongation. South.
2. Interruption of the ſcſſion of parliament
by the. reg 1 authority. Swift.

To PRORO'GUE. 1;. a. [prorogo, Lat.]
1. To protracl ; to prolong. Dryden.
n. To putoft'; to delay. Shakʃpeare.
3. To interrupt the feſſion of parliament
to a diſtant time. Bacon.

PRORUPTION. ʃ. [prorup'u, Lat.] The
act of burſting our. Brown.

PROSA'ICK. a. [profarjue, Tr]] Belonging
toptoſe ; reſembling profe.

To PROSCRI'BE. v. a. [jbroſcriio, Latin.]
1. To cenſure capicall^.-^ to djom to deſtru£
tion. Roſcommon.
1. To inrerdift. Not in uſe. Dryden.

PROSCRI'BER. ʃ. [fom pr.ſcribe.] One
that dooms to dertrudim. Dryden.

PROSCRIPTION. ʃ. [proſcriptio, L»tm.]
Doom to death or conſiſcation. Ben. Johnson.

PROSE. ʃ. [frofj, Lat.] Language not reſtrained
to hdrmonick ſounds or ſet number
ofſyllsbles. Sii'l/t.

To PRO'SECUTE. v. a. [proffcutus, Lat.]
1. To perfuc ; to continue endeavours after
any thing. Milton.
2. To continue ; to carry on, Hayward.
3. To proceed in conſideration or diſquiſition
of any thing, Hooker.
4. To perfue by law ; to ſue criminally.

PROSECUTION. ʃ. [from frofnut,'.]
}. Pwſuit
; endeavour to cairy en. Swtk,

2. Suit aeainſt a man^ in a crim-ml cauſe,

PRO'SECUTOR. ʃ. [from p'o^ecute.] Qac
that carries on any thing ; a pcifuer of
any purpoſe ; one who perfucs another by
law in a criminal cauſe.

PROSELYTE. ʃ. [nioa^Xvit^.] A convert
; one brought over to a new opinion,
C eave/ur:J,

To PRO'SELYTE. v. a. To convert.
Ccnjernment of the ^Jong:,e,

PROSEMINATION. f. [pro/em, natui, La-.]
Propapation by ſctd. iJa e,

PRO O'DIAN. ʃ. [from profody.] 0:.e
flcilled in metre or pr. fudy. Brown.

PROSODY. ʃ. [TT.ca^^^a.] The .part of
grammar which teach s the fiund and
quantity of fyhable;, and the measures of
vi-r e,

PRO-OrOPOE'IA. ʃ. [7r,OT:^7ron:da ] Perſonificat
o . ; figuie by which things are
m3de pf-rf .ns. Dryden.

PROSPECT. f. [proJfeSui.'L^ul
1. View of lomcthing dilbnt. Milton.
2. Pidce which ati'oids an extended view. Milton.
3. Series of objects open to the eve. Addiʃon.
4. Object of view. Prior.
5. View into futurity ; oppoſed to letro-
Ipea. Smub,
6. Regard to ſomething future. Milton.

To PROSPE'CT. v. a. [pro/peS? us, Utin.]
To look forward. Die'/,

PRO'SPE'CTIVE. a. [frow pro/pea.]
1. Viewing ?.t a diſtancee.
2. Aa^ng with fortfight. Child.

To PRO'SPER. v. a. [pre/pro, Latin.] To
make happy ; to favour. Dryden.

To PROSPER. v. a. [projperer, Fr.]
1. To be proſperous ; to be ſucceſstul. Iſaiah.
2. To thrive ; to come forward, Cowley

PROSPE'RITY. ʃ. [proſperitas, Lat.] Sue
ccIs ; atedinmtnt of wuhes ; good fortune. Hooker.

PRO'SPEROUS. a. [pro/perus, L-it.] Succeſsful
; fortunate, Milton.

PRO'S FEROL'SLY. ad. [from projpjrous.]
Succeſsfully ; fortunate]). Bacon.

PRO'SPEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from pro(pefom.]

PROSPI'CIENCE. ʃ. [from pro/picio, Lat.]
The act of K oking forward.

PROSTERNATION. ʃ. [from profemo,
Lat.] Dfjection ; depreſſion ; ſtate of
being caf} down. Wiſeman.

PRO'STETHIS. ʃ. [TT^otrr.y.t;.] In forgery,
that which fills up what is wanting.

To PRO'STITUTE. 1'. a. [prc/lituo, Lat.;
1. To ſells to wickcdneſs ; 10 expoſe to
crimes for a reward. Addiſon.
2. To expoſe uson vile terms, [fromfon.
5 D a FRO'.


PRO'STITUTE. a. [proJUfutus, LaMn.]
Vicious for hire ; ſold to infamy or wickedneſs.

PRO'STITUTE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A hireling ; a mercenary ; one who is
ſet to lale. Dryden.
2. A publick iUumpet. Dryden.

PROSTITUTION. ʃ. [foptution, French,
from pruflitutf.]
1. The act of fe(ting to ſale; the ſtate of
being ſet to ſale.
2. Ths life of a publick ſtrumpet. Addiſon.

PROSTRATE. a. [prefiratus, Latin.]
1. Lying at lenyith. Fairfax.
1. Lying at mercy. Shakʃpeare.
-3. Thrown down in humbleft adoration.

PRO'STRATE. v. a. [proſtratus, Lat.]
1. To lay fldt ; to throw down. ILyicarJ.
2. To tKrow down m adoration Dhppa.

PROSTRATION. ʃ. [from projiraie.]
1. The act of failing down in adoration. South.
2. Dfjection ; depreſſion. Arbuthnot.

[TTjoc-yX®-.] A building
that has only pillars in the front.

PROSY'LLOGISM. ʃ. [fro and fyl/ogijm.]
A projyllag ſm is when two or more ſyllogiſms
are conne^ed together. TFatts.

PROTA'SIS. ʃ. [TT^oTaa-if.]
1. A maxim or propoſition.
~ a. In the ancient drama, the firſt part of
comedy or tragedy that expiaios the argument
of the piece. I^'^'

PROTA'TICK. a. [TTjoTttTixo?] Protattck
perſons in pi 7s give th? relation.

To PROTE'CT. v. a. [frouBus, Latin.]
To defend ; to cc^ver from evil ; to ſhield.

PROTECTION. ʃ. [protection, French.]
1. Defence; (belter from evil. Swift.
2. A pifTport ; exemption fiofu being molefted.

PROTE'CTIVE. <». [from proteaj Deſenſive
; ſhelte ing. Thomfon.

[p-oieBeur, French.]
1. Defender: ſheltererj ſupporter,
2. An ofJicer who had heretofore the care
of the kingdom in the king's minority.Shakʃpeare.

PROTE'CTRESS. ʃ. [prottarxce, French.]
A woman that protects.

To PROTE'ND. v. a. [protendo, Latin.]
To hold cut ; to ſtretch forth, Dryden.

PROTE'RVITY. / [protervitas, Latin.]
Peeviſhncfb} petulance.

To PROTE'ST. -o. n. [protefior, Latin.] To
give a foleipn declaration of opinion or reſolution. Denham.

To PROTE'ST. v. a.
1. To prove ; ^o ſhow | to give evidence

4. To call as a witneſs. Milton.

PROTE'ST. ʃ. [from the verb.] A ſolema
declaration of ooinion ag3inſt ſomething.

PROTESTANT. a. [from proteji.] Bilonging
to protectants. / Addiſon.

PROTESTANT. ʃ. [proujiant, French.]
OiiC of thoſe who adhere -to them, who,
at the beginning of the reformation, protectpd
agaiitft the church of Rome./f. Char.

PROTESTATION. ʃ. [protefiat,ot, Fi.]
A ſolemn declaration of refoiution, fa^ or
opinion. Hooker.

PROTE'STER. ʃ. One who protefls ; one
who utters a f'.lcmn declaration, Atter.

PROTHO'NOTARY. ʃ. [p>otonotarim.
Lit n. ! The he.-id legifter. Brerewood.

PROTHONOTARISHIP. ʃ. [from /)ro/>6on:
t.;ry.] The office i-^r dignity of the principal
rcimfter Carew.

PROTOCOL. ʃ. [from . tt^wt.^ and xoXXr'.]
The or'ginai copy of any writing, Ayliffe.

PRO TOMA'RTYR. ʃ. [7rgo?T(^ and ^a^-
Iz;^, ) The firſt martyr. Atterm applied
to St. Stephm.

PROTOPLAST. f. !>gai'T©-and wXarof.]
Or'g:n?l ; thine firſt f rmed. Harvey.

PROTOTYPE. f. [Tr.coTOTvnov.] The original
of a copy ; exemplar ; archetype, Wotton, Stillingfleet.

To PROTRA'CT. v. a. [proir^aus. Latin.]
To draw out ; to delay ; to lengthen ; to
ſpin to length. Knolles.

PROTRA'CT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Tedi-
0U.1 conunuance. Spenſer.

PROTRA'CTER. ʃ. [from ^ra^r^a]
1. One who draws out any thing to tedious
2. A mathematical inſtrument for taking
and meaſuring angles.

PROTRA'CTION. ʃ. [from />rc/r.<??.] The
act of drawing to length. Daniel.

PROTRA'CTIVE. a. [from /.ro.'r^,??.] Dilatory
; delaying ; ſpinning to length.Shakʃpeare.

PROTRETTICAL. a. [TrjJIgJTrljKo;.] Hortatory
; Aisf'Tv, Woodward.

To PROTRU'DE. -z/. a. [pretrudo, Latin ]
To thru IT f' rward. l^'oodward.

To PROTRU'DE. v. n. To thruſt itſelf
forward. Bacon.

PROTRU'SION. ʃ. \protruJus, Latin.] The
act of thiufting forward ; thruſt
; puſh. Locke.

PROTU'BERANCE. ʃ. [protubero, Latin.]
Something ſweli ng above the reſt
; prominence; tumour. Hale.

PROTUBEP>ANT. a. [hotn frotuberate.]
Swelling prominent, Ray.

To PROTU'BERATE. v. n. [pntubero,
Latin.] 1 o ſwell forward ; to ſweli out
bey.'nd the parts adjbcenr. Shakſp.

PKQUD. a. [pjiu'^e, Saxon.]
i,Tco p p. o
1. To o much plesfed with hlmMf. J'^'afts.
2. Elated ; valuing himſelf. Dryden.
3. Arrogant ; haughty ; impatient. Miit.
4. Daring ; prclumptuous. / Drayton.
5. Lofty of mijn ; grand of perſon. MUf.
6. Grand ; lofty ; ſplendid ; magnificent.
7. Odentatious ; ſpeciou? ; grand. Shakſ.
8. Salacious; eager for the male. Brown.
9. Fungous ; exuberant. Arbuthnot.

PROU'DLY. ad. .from fraud.] Arrogantly
; oſtentatiouſly ; in a proud manner. Dryden, Addiſon.

To PROVx. v. a. [probo, Latin ; prouvtr,
French.; 1. To evince ; to ſhow by argiment or
teflimony. Atterbury,
2. To try ; to bring to the teil. Milton.
3. To experience, Davies.

To PROVE. v. r,.
1. To make trial. Bacon.
2. To be found by tx'^tncnct- Shakʃpeare.
3. To fuc(;eed. Bacon.
4. To be found in the event. Wjllir.

PRO'VEABLE. a. [from /rcw.] That may
be proved.

PROVE'DITOR. ʃ. [prcreditore, Italian.]

PROVE'DORE. ʃ. One who undertakes to
procure. fiipplies for an army.

PROVENDER. ʃ. [i>ro'vende, French.] Dry
foed for orutes ; hay and corn. Shakſp.

PROVERB. ʃ. [prov£rbiuT:i, Latin.]
1. A ſhort ſentence frequently repeated by
the people ; a faw ; an adage. Addiʃon.
2. A word, n'msorobſeivation commonly
received or uttered. To b. [ii.

To PROVERB. v. a.
1. To mention in a proverb. Mlhon.
2. To pr'.'vide with a proverb. Shakſp.

PROVE'RBIAL. a. [proverbial, French]
1. Mentioned in a proverb. Temple.
2. Reſembling a proverb ; ſuitable to a
proverb. Brown.
3. Compriſed in a proverb. Pope. .

PROVE'REIALLY. ad. [ham proverbial.]
In a proverb. Brown.

To PROVl'DE. v. a. ſprovides, Latin.]
1. To procure beforehand ; to get ready; to prepare. Milton.
2. To furniſh ; to ſupply. Bacon.
3. To ſtipulate.
4. To Provide againſt. To take meaſures
for ccunteratting or ofcaping any ill.
5. To Provide for. To take care of
beforehand. Shakʃpeare.

PROVIDED /i)jf. Upon theſe term?^ ; this
flipnlation being made. L'Eſtrange.

PROVIDENCE. f. [prcv-denti'a, Latin.]
1. Foresight; timely care ; forecali ; the
aO of^providing. Sidney.
2. The care of God over created beings; (divine ſuperintendence, Kakitrb.

3. Prudence; frugality; reaſonable and
moderate care of exprnce. Dryden.

PRO'VIDENT. a. [provdens, Latin.] Forcc.
fting ; cautious ; prudent with reſpect to
friuiry. WaU^.

PROVIDZ'XTIAL. a. [from p-cvuence..
EtIV(fted by providence ; refernble to providenc.
Woodwa d,

PROVIDENTIALLY. ad. [from providentiaL]
Bv th- care of providence. Addiſ.

PROVIDENTLY. ad. [from p^cvdert.]
With forefight ; with wife precaution. Boyle.

PROVIDER. ʃ. [from provide] He who
pr-'viops nr pr. cures. Shakʃpeare.

PROVINCE. f. [p^'vivcia, Latin.]
1. A cofiq>jeied countiy ; a country go.
verned by a dclrgate. Ttnp'e,
2. The proper office or buſineſs of any one.
3. A repion ; a tract. WaUi»

PROVINCIAL. a. [prcvinciaU French..]
1. Relating to a province. Shakʃpeare.
2. Appendant to the provincial country. Brown.
3. Net of the mother country ; rude; unpoliſhed. Dryden.
4. Belonging only to an archbilhop's juriſdi£
lir>n ; n ^t cecumenical. Ayliffe.

PROVINCIAL. ʃ. [provincial, French, from
prcv'-nce] A ſpiritual governour. Still,

To PROVI'NCIATE. v. a. [from /.roi;rW.]
To turn to a province. Howel.

To PROVj'NE. v. n. [provigner, French.]
To lay a ſtuck or branch of a vine in the
g'ound to take root for more increaſe,

PROVI'SION. ʃ. [prov-Jion, French ; pro,
t'i/io, Latin.]
1. The act of providing beforehand. Sid.
2. Meaſures taken beforehand. Milton.
3. Accumtrlatioa of Itores beforehand; Itock collecled. Knol/es.
4. Victuals ; food ; provender. Clarendon.
5. Stipulation ; terms ſettled. Doviei,

PROVI'.'iIONAL. a. [provijionel, French,
from pr.viſion.] Temporarily eftabliHied; provided for preſentneed. A^liffe,

PROVI'SIONALLY. ad. [from provfion.
al. ; By way of proviſion. Locke.

BROVISO. ʃ. Stipulation; caution; proviſional
rondirlon. Spenſer.

PROVO'CAl ION. ʃ. [p-rv^catio, Latin.]
1. An act or cawfe by which anger is raif.
ed. Smith.
2. An appeal to a judge. -^y^'ffe,

PROVO'CATIVE. ʃ. [from provoke.] Any
tiling which revives a decayed or cloyrd
appetite. Addiſon.

PROVOCATIVENESS. ʃ. [from provo>.
cative.] The quality of being provocative.

To PROVOKE. v. a. [provocoyh^u]
1. To rouſe ; to excite by ſomerhing. Dry.
2. :o

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2. To anger ; to enrage ; to offencl ; to
incenſe, Clarenden,
3. To cauſe ; to promote- Arbuthnot.
4. To challenge. Dryden.
5. To induce by motive ; to move ; to in -
Cite. Burnet.

To PROVO'KE. v. V.
1. To appeal. A Latiniſm. Dryden.
1. To produce anger. Taylor.

PROVO'KER. ʃ. [from p'-ovoke.]
1. One that raiſes anger. Gov of the Ton.
2. Cawfer; promoter. Shak-^ſp-'are.

PROVO KINGLY. ad. [from f-nvAing.]
In ſuch a jnanner as to raiſe anger. Decay of Piety.

PRO'VOST. ʃ. [pjiapart, Saxon.]
1. The chief of auy body: as, the provoft
afa coinge.
2. The executioner of an army, llayward,

PRO'VOSTSHIP. ʃ. [from fr^'voji.] The
office of a provoll. Haktivil'.

PROW. ʃ. [prcue^ French ; proa, Spaniſh,
from Latin.] The head or forepart of a
ſhip. Peacham,

PROW. a. Valiant. 5;>f«/<;r.

PRO'WESS. ʃ. [Aroitf«2a, Italian.] Bravery
; valour; military galiantry, Sidney.

PRO'WEST. a. Braveſt ; moſt valiant.V^i«.

To PROWL. v. a. To rove over. Sidney.

To PROWL. v.n. To wander for prey ; to
prey ; to plunder. Tuſſer.t

PRO'WLER. ʃ. [from prcie!.] O.e that
roves about for prev. Thomfon.

PRO'XIMATE. a. [^r^x/wai, Latin.] Next
in the ſeries of ratiocination ; near and immediate.

PROXIMATELY. crd. [from proximate.]
Immediately ; without intervention. Berkley.

PRO'XIME. a. [prcx'.mus, Latin.] Next; immedi?te. Watts.

PROXI'MITY. ʃ. [proximitasy Latin.]
Nearneſs. Hayward.

PRO'XY. ʃ. [By contraction from procuracy.]
1. The agency of another.
2. The fjbftitution of another ; the agency
of a ſubſlitute. South.
3. The perſon ſubſtituted or deputed, L'Eſtrange.

PRUCE. ʃ. PrufTian leather. Dryden._

PRUDE. ʃ. [prude, French.] A woman over
nice and ſcrupiilous, and with falſe affeC'
tation. Swift.

PRU'DENCE. ʃ. [prudence^ French ; prudertia,
Latin.] Wifdom applied to practice. Hale.

PRU'DENT. a. [prudent^ French ; prudetis,
Latin 3
1. Practically wife. Milton.
2. Forefeeing by natural inſtin£V. Milton.

PRUDE'NTIAL. a. [iiow prudent.] Eligible
nu principles of prudence, -lillofn. Rogers.

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PRUDS'MTIALS. ʃ. Maxims of prudence
or praflical wifdom. Watts.

PRUDENTIALITY. ʃ. [from prudenttai]
Eligibility on principles of prudence. Br,

PRUDE'NTIALLY. ad. [from p^udentia'.]
According to the rules of prudence. South.

FPU'DENTLY. ad. [from prudent.] DiU
crectly; judiciouſly. Bacon.

PRU'DERY. ʃ. [from prude.
1. Overmuch nicety in conduit.

PRU'DISH. a. [from prude.] Affeaedly

1. To iop ; to diveſt trees of their ſuperfluities. Davies.
2. To clear from exrrercencies. Bacon.

To PRUNE. v. n. To dreſs ; to prink. A
ludicrous word. Dryden.

PRUNE. ʃ. A dried plum. Bacon.

PRU'NEL. ʃ. An herb.

1. A kind of fluff of which the clergymens
gowns are made. Pope.
2. A kind of plum.

PRU'NER. ʃ. [from prune] One that crops
trees. Denham.

PRUM'FEROUS. a. [prunum and fero.
Latin.] PJum-bearirg.

PRUNINGHOOK.7 ʃ. A hook or knife

PRU'NINGKNIFE. ʃ. uſed in lopping trees. Philips.

PRU'RIENCE. If. [from prurio, Latin.]

PRU'RIENCY. ʃ. An itching or a great defre
or appetite to any thing. Swift.

PRU'RIENT. a. [pruriens, Latin.] Itchinp. Ainſworth.

PRURI'GINOUS. a. [prurio, Latin.] Tending
to an itch.

To PRY. ru n. [of unknown derivation]
To peep narrowly. Shakʃpeare.

PSALM. ʃ. [v|.aX^«;.] A holy ſong. Peach.

PSA'LMIST. ʃ. [iiim pjalm.] Writer of
holyſongs. Addiſon.

PSA'LMODY. ʃ. [^ciKfxoo^'.ct ] The act or
practice of fingire holy ſongs.

PSALMO'GRAHHY. ʃ. [4«Xy.J; and y^I-
<^cu.] The act of writing p!alms.

PSA'LTER. ʃ. ^f-«x^»,'f!oy.] The volume of
pfil.-r.s; a pſalm-book,

PSA'LTERY. ʃ. A kind of harp beate.a
with flicks. Sandy.

PSEU'DO. ʃ. [from ^^^^^^.^ A prefix,
which, being put before words, ſignifies
falſe or counterfeit: as^ pjeud^pofile^ a
counterfeit apoſtle,

PSEU'DOGRAPHY. ʃ. Faiſe writing.

PLEU'DOLOGY. ʃ. [^-\iv^o\oyU.] Falfehood
of ſpeech. Arbuthnot.

PSHAW. inter']. An expreſſion of contempt. Spectator.

PTI'SAN. ʃ. [Ttti^tran.] A medical drink
made of barley dccodted with raiſins and
liquorice. Garth.

u c

PTY'ALISM. ʃ. [nlviUT^ot-] Salivation ; cft'ufi. n of ſpiitlf.

PTYSMAGOGUE. ʃ. [ni^Tfxa and ^yu ] A rri'-dicine which diſcharges ſpittie.

PUBERTY. ʃ. [fuhertas, Latin.] The
time of life in which the two ſexes begin
firſt to be acquainted. Berkley.

PUBE'SCENCE. ʃ. [from pubefco, Latin.]
The ſtate of arriving at puDerty. Brown.

FUBE'SCEN'T. a [fjubefur.s, Latin.]
Arriving at puberty. Brown.

PUBLICAN. f. [Uam pulUcus, Latin.]
1. A toll-gatherer. MjttL.lx.
2. A noan that keeps a houſ^i of general

PUBLlCA'TION. ſ. [from puilico Latin.]
1. The act of publiſhing ; the act of notifying
to the world ; divulgation. [looLr,
2. Edition ; the act of giving a book to the
publick. Pope. .

PU'Bf-ICK. a. [j)ib'!que,Yr. puh:icus,Lait.]
1. Belonging to a ſtdte or nation ; not pri-
Vdte. Hooker.
2. Open ; notorious; generally known.
3. General ; done by many. Milton.
4. Regarding not private iatcrelT, but the
good of the community. CLrendon.
5. Open for general entertainment. Adciij,

PUBLICK. ʃ. [from publtcui, Latin.]
1. The general body of mankind, or of a
{late or nation. Addiſon.
2. Open view ; general notice. Locke.

PU'BLICKLY. ad. [from publkk.]
1. In the name of the community. Addiſ.
2. Openly ; without concealment. Bacon.

PU'BLICKNESS. ʃ. [from publick.]
1. State of belonging to the community. Boyle.
2. Openneſs ; ſtate of being generally
known or pubJick.

PU'BLICKSPIRITED. a. [publ/ck and ſpir/

V.] Having regard to the general advantage
above private good, Dryden.

To PU'BLISH. v. a. [pubUcr, Yxcnzh.]
1. To diſcover to mankind ; to make generally
and openly known.
2. To put forth a both into the world. Digby.

PUBLISHER. ʃ. [from publ:JIj.-\
1. One who makes publick or generally
known. Atterbury.
2. One who puts out a book into the
world. Prior.

PUCE'LAGE. ſ. [French.] A ſtate of virginity.

PUCK. ʃ. [perhaps the ſame with puf.]
Some ſpritc among the fairies, common in
romances. Corbet.

PU'CKBALL orpvelfijl. ſ. A kin ; of mulhroom
hill of duſt.

To PU'CKER. v. a. To gather into corrugations
i to cont'td into folds or plication?,

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PU'DDER. ʃ. A tumult ; a turbulent tnl
irregular buAle. Locke.

To PU'DDER. v. V. [from the noun.] T»
m-ike a tumult ; to make a bufilc. LicUTo

PU'DDER. v. a. To perplex; to diftuih. Locke.

PU'DDING. ʃ. [pud,rg^ Swediſh.]
1. A kind of food very vanouſly compounded,
but gcficrally made of meal,
milk, and eggs. Prior.
2. The gut of an animal. Shakʃpeare.
3. A bcwei ſtuffed with certain mixtures
vt meil and other ingredients. Prior.

PU'DDING 'IE. ſ. [pudding and pie.-\ A
pudding with meat baked in it. hudiiras,

PU'DDINGTIME. ʃ. [pudding 2.ni time.]
1. The time of dinner ; the time at whick
pudding, anciently the firſt diſh, is ſet upon
the tabic.
1. Nick of time ; critical minute, Eudib,

PUDDLE. f. [hence /.jo/.] Aſmallmuddy.
lake ; a dirty plaſh. //j//.

To PUDDLE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
muddy ; to pollute with dirt ; to mix dirt
and water. Sidney.

PU'DDLY. a. [from puddle.] Muddy; dirty
; miry. drew,

PU'DDOCK or purrock. ſ. [for paddock or
pirrock.] A provincial word for a ſmall incloſure,

PUDENCY. f. [pudem, Latin.] Modeſty ;
ſhameficedneſs. Shakʃpeare.

PUDI'CITY. ʃ. [pudic'.te, French, from/»-
diciri], Latin.] Mdctty ; chaftity.

PUEFE'LLOW. ʃ. A partner. Shakʃpeare.

PUERILE. a. [putrile, French; /iw^r/Y/j,
Latin.] Childiſh ; boyiſh. Pope. .

PUERI'LITY. ʃ. [puerilitas, Latin.] Childirtineſs; boyiſhneſs. Dryden.

PU'ET. ʃ. A kind of water fowl. IFdlton.

PUFF. ʃ. [pof, Dutch.]
1. A quick bla:t with the mouth, Philips.
2. A ſmall blaſt of wind. Raleigh.
3. A muſhroom.
4. Any thing light and porous : as, puff
5. Something to ſprinkle powder on the
ha'r. Ainsworth.

To PUFF. v. n. [bcfen, Dutch.]
1. To ſwell the cheeks with wind.
z. To blow with a quick blaſt. Shakſp.
3. To blew with ſcornfulneſs. South.
4. To breathe thick and hard. L'Eſtrange.
5. To do or move with hurry, tumour, or
tumultuous agitation, Herbert.
6. To ſwell with the wind. Boyle.

To PUFF. v. a.
1. To ſwell as with wind, Ray.
2. To diive or agitate with blacts of wind.Shakʃpeare.
3. To drive with a blaſt of breath ſcornf.
illy. Dryden.
4. To ſwell or blow up with praiſe. Bacon.

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5. To ſwell or date with pride. Shakſp.

PU'FFER. ʃ. [\xompuff.] One that pufts.

PU'FFIN. ʃ. [puffir.o, Italian.]
1. A water fowl. Can-zv.
2. A kind of fiſh.
3. A kind of fungus filled with duſt,

PUFFINGAPPLE. ʃ. A ſort of apple.

PU'FFINGLY. ad. [how puff.rg.]
1. Timidly ; with ſweih
2. With ſhortneſs of breath.

PU'FFY. a. [from puf.]
1. Windy; flatulent. Wiſeman.
2. Timid ; tureid. Dryden.

PUG. ʃ. [pij-., Saxon.] A kind name of a
monkey, or any thing tenderly loved. Addiʃon.

PU'GGERED. a. Crowded ; complicated.

PUGH. interj. A word of contempt.

PU'GIL. ʃ. [pugille, French.] What i^aken
up between the thumb and two firit fingers. Bacon.

PUGNA'CIOUS. a. [pvgnsx, Latin.] Inrl
nable to fight ; quajtelfonne ; fighting,

PUGNA'CITY. ʃ. [from pugnjx, Latin.]
Quarrelſome'neff ; inclination to fight.

PU'iSNE. a. [^«;i;j^, French.]
1. Young; younger ; later in time. Bacon.
2. Petty; inconſiderable ; {m4\. Shakeſp.

PUISSANCE. ʃ. [puiffance, Fr.] Power; ſtrength ; force. DeſtruSiion ofTroy .

PUISSANT. a. [p^\IJ'ant^ French.] Power,
ful ; (Irong; forcible. Raleigh.

PUl'SSANTLY. ad. [from puljfant.] Powerfully; forcibly.

PUKE. ʃ. Vomit ; medic'ne cauſing vomit.

To PUKE. v. n. To ſpew ; to vomit.Shakʃpeare.

PU'KER. ʃ. [from />K^?.] Medicine cauſing
a vomit. Garih,

PULCHRITUDE. ʃ. [pukhritudo, Latin.]
Beauty ; grace ; handſomeneſs. More,

To PULE. v. n. [piauhr, French.]
1. To cry like a chicken, Bacon.
1. To whine ; to cry ; to whimper. Locke.

PU'LICK. ʃ. An herb. Ainsworth.

PULICOSE. a. [/w/jVo//f, Latin.] AJbounding
with fleas.

PU LIOL. ſ. An herb.

To PULL. n). a. [puUian, Saxon.]
^ J. To draw violently towards one. Ben. Johnson.
2. To draw forcibly. B^jyward.
3. To pluck; to gather. Mortimer.
4. To tear; to rend. Lam'iW.z,
5. To 'Pvi.-L down. To ſubvert; to demoliſh.
6. To Pull down. To degrade. Roſcom.
1. To Pull up. To extirpate ; to eradicate. Locke.

PULL. ʃ. [from the verb.] The act of pulling
; pluck. Shakʃpeare.

PU'LLER. ʃ. [from /«//.] One that pulls. Shakſpeare.


PU^LLEN. ʃ. Poultry.

PU'LLET. ʃ. [pculet, French, ] A young
hen. Brown.

PU'LLEY. ʃ. [poulie, French.] A ſmall
wheel turning on a pivot, with a furrow
on its outſide in which a rope run?, Gull»

To PULLU'LATE. ^. n. [pullulo, Latin ;
pulluhr, French.] To germinate; to bud.

PULMONARY. a. Belong ng to the lungs,

PU'i.MONARY. ſ. [fuhionaire, French.]
The herb lungwort. Ainsworth.

PU'LMONICK. a. [from pulmo, Latin.] Belong
ng to the lungs.

PULP. f. [pu'pa, Latin j/i/Z/f, French.]
1. Any ſoft mafs. Bacon.
2. The ſoft part of fruit. Raw

PU'LPIT. ʃ. [pulpttum, Latin.]
1. A place raiſed on high,^ where a ſpeaker
ſtands. Shakſpeare.
2. The higher deſk In the church where
the fermon is pronounced. Dryden.

PULPOUS. a. [from /.j/,^.] Soft. Philips.

PU'LPOUSNESS. ʃ. [from puſpom ] The
quality of being pulpous.

PU'LPY. a. [from /»«/;>.] Soft ; pappy. Arbuthnot.

PULSA'TION. ʃ. [Ju pulJauo, Lat.] The
act of beating or moving with quick ſtrokes
againſt any thing oppofing. Har'vey,

PULSA'TOR. ʃ. [from puUo, Latin.] A
ſtriker ; a beater.

PULSE. ʃ. [pul^uiy Latin.]
1. The motion of an artery as the blood is
driven through it by the heart, and as it is
perceived by the touch.
2. Ofcillation; Vibration. Newton.
3. To feel one's PuLSE. To try or know
one's mind artfully.
4. [Ftompuli.] Leguminous plants. M/7f.

To PULSE. T/. ti. [from the noun.] To
beat as the pulfe. Ray»

PULSION. ʃ. [from pu!fus, Latin.] The
act of driving or of forcing forward : in
oppoſition to fuſtion. More,

PU'LVERABLE. a. [from /.r//i/fm, Latin.]
Poſſible to be reduced to dnfl. Boyle.

PULVERIZA'TION. ʃ. [from />«/a;fr/«.]
The act of powdering ; reduſtion to duſt
or powder.

To PU'LVERIZE. v. a. [from puheris,
Latin.] To reduce to powder ; to reduce
to duſt. Boyle.

PU'LVERULENCE. ʃ. [puherulertia, Lat.]
Duftineſs; abundance of durt.

PU'LVIL. ʃ. [pulvillum, Latin.] Sweet
ſcents. Gay.

To PU LVIL. V a. [from the noun.] To
ſprinkle with perfumes in powder. Corgt

PU'MICE. ʃ. A fl'g or cinier of ſome foflJJ,
originally bearing another form, and only
reduced to this ſtate by the violent action
of fire : it is a lax and ſpungy matter full
of Ifctle pores and cavities, found in roafles

of different ſizes and ſhapff, of > pale,
whuiITi, grey colour: the pumrce is found
about the burning mountains Etna, Vefu-
viiis and Hccla. Bacon.

PU'MMEL. ʃ. See Pommel.

PUMP. ʃ. [porrpe, Dutth and French.]
1. An engine Oy which water is drawn up
from welis : its operation is performed by
the preifure of the air.
1. A ſhoe with a thin fole and low heel,Shakʃpeare.

To PUMP. v. n. [p mpetiy Dutch. ; To
work a pump ; to mrow out water by a
pump. Decay of Piety.

To PUMP. ''.a.
1. To raiſe or throw out by means of a
2. To examine artfully by fly intermgator:
e-. Otway,

PUMPER. f. [from p-ump.] Theperfoaor
the inſtrument that punips. Boyle.

PU'MPION. ʃ. A plant. MnUr.

PUiV. ʃ. An equivocation; a quibble ; an
expreliion where a word has at once different
meaninjjs, Addiʃon.

To PUN. v. n. [from the noun.] Toquibble ; to uſe the ſame word at once in different
fen I'es. Dryden. Tal/er.

To PUXCH. v. a. [pohpnner, French.]
To bore or perforate oy ariving a ſharp in
firument. Wiſeman.

PUNCH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
\i. A pointed mſtrument, which, driven
by a blow, perforates bodies. Moxon.
2. A liquor made by mixing ſpirit with
water, fjgar, and the juice of iemens.
3. The buffcon or harlequin of the puppecſhjw. Gay.
4. In contempt or ridicule, a ſhort fat.

PUNCHEON. ʃ. [;'5/;:co«, French.]
1. An inſtrument driven ſo as to make a
hole or impreſhon. C^mJen,
2. A meaſure of liquids,

PU'NCHER.-/. [from punch.] An inſtrument
that makes an impreſſion or ho!e.

PUNCTI'LIO. ʃ. A ſmall nicety of behaviour
; a nice point of exaclneſs. Addiʃon.

PUNCTI'LIOUS. ʃ. [from punailio.] Nice ; exaff ; pimclu ; to ſuperltition. Rogers.

PUNCriLIOU^NESS. y. [iron) puaiauui.]
Nicety ; iXidlneſs of behaviour.

PU'NCTO. ʃ. [pu>:to, Spaniſh.]
1. Nice point of ceremony. Bacon.
2. The point in fencing. Shakʃpeare.

PUNCTUAL. a. [puucluel, French.]
1. Compriſed m a point ; conſiſting in a
point. Milton.
1. Exact ; nice ; punctil:0us. Bacon. Atter.

PUNCTUA'LITY. ʃ. [from fur.Elual.l
Nicety ; ſcrupulous e)52<i^aeſs, Jiowell


PUNCTUALLY. aJ. [f,om />a«57W]
; rxa.:l]v5 ſcruuu' .ully. Ral. Hat.

PU'NCTUALNESS. ʃ. [fom pa„clual.] .
Ex2an»!si n;cety. Felun.

PUNC rU.V nO.V. ʃ. [punaum, Latin.]
The ad r methnd of pointing. Addiʃon.

PU'NCTURE. ʃ. [punRus. Latin.] A ſmall
prick ; a hole made witfi 3 vers ih rp
point. Brown. iyii^man.

To PUNCTULATE. nj. r. 'puna-Auwy
Latin.] To mark with imairſp MS,

PU'NDLE. ʃ. A ſhort and fatwman. AinL

PU'NGAR. ʃ. [/.j^a/«i, Latin.] A fiſh.

PUNGENCY. f. [ixQxn pungir.t.]
1. Power of prick ng. Arbuthnot.
2. Heat on the tongue ; acridneſs.
3. Power to pierce the mini, Iljrnmoncf,
4. Acrim -niou(n-fs ; keenn-Cu Stiiii'tgf,

PU'NGENI\ cr, [pu':gcns, Latin.]
1. Pricking. Pope. .
2. Shirp in the t'-ngue ; acrid. Ne:v:on,
3. Piercing; ſharp. Sxvf:.
4. Acnmon; >us ; b ting. Drydei:,

PU'NICE. ʃ. A w llouſe ; a ougg.

PUN'CEOUS. a. [pun:ccu, Latin.] Purple.

PU'NINESS. ʃ. [froni pay.] Pettineſs ;

To PU'NISH. v. a. [punio, Latin.]
1. To chaflife; to arfiid with oenaltics.
Lty XXVI, iS,
2. To revenge a fault with pain or death.

PU'NISHABLE. a. [puwff bit, French,
from puniſh.] Worthy of puniſh-nent ;
capable of uuniſhment. Hooker, Taylor.

PU'NISHABLENESS. ʃ. [from pwf'Jb l:. ;
The quality of deſcrving or aomicting puniſhment.

PU'NISHER. ʃ. [from f^ui'Jb.] One who
infii.:s pains for a crime. /M.lton.

PUNISHMENT. ʃ. [pu',if.m^rjf, F'cnc
Any inrtiction impoſed in vengeance f a
crime. Spenſer. 2 Mac. vii. 36. 'Jo'', xxx'. 3, Dryden Locke.

PUNI'TION / \pu'iition,Ttench-jpu-lf!o,
Latin.] PunilTiment. Atnjivjrtt.

PU'NITIVE. a. [t:om purh, Latin.] Awardingor
inflidting puniſhment. I.'am,

PU'NITORY. ʃ. [from /)tt';/o, Latin.] Punithing
; tending to puniſhrnenc.

PUNK. ʃ. A whore ; a common proflittite.
Uudibras. Dryden.

PU'NSTER. ʃ. [from ;»».] Aquibblcrj a
Jow wit who endeavours at reputntion by
double meaning. Arbuthnot. Addiſon.

PU'NY. a. [puisite, French.]
1. Young.
2. Inferior ; petty ; of an under rate. Shakʃpeare. Alt Itor,

PU'NY. ʃ. A young unexperienced unGejfoned
wretch. S:u:b.

To PLT. 1%^, [itorti puppy. '\ To brin ;
<; E for:ix

forth whelps : uſed of a bitch bringiBg

PU'PIL. ʃ. [pufilla, Latin.]
1. The apple of the eye. Bacon, Ray.Niivt.
2. A ſcholar ; one under the care of a tutor. Shakʃpeare. Fairfax Locke.
3. A ward ; one under the care of his
guardian. Dryden. 7'ickell,

PU'rJLAGE. ʃ. [from /«;//.]
1. State of being a ſcholar. Locke.
2. Wardſhip ; minority. Sf^enſtr.

PU'PILLARY. a. [pupi/Iaire, French, f>upillarny
Latin.] Pertaining to a pupii or

PU'PPET. ʃ. [poup/ey French; /5if/.«j, Latin.]
1. A ſmall image moved by men in a
mock- drama ; a wooden tragedian. Pope. .
2. A word of contempt. Shakʃpeare.

PU'PPETMAN. ʃ. [puppet and man,^ Ma.
fter of a puppet-ſhow. Swift.

PU'PPETSHOW. ʃ. [puppet and fvow.]
A mock drama performed by wooden images
moved by wire, Swift, Arbuthnot.

PU'PPY. ʃ. [poupc'e, French.]
1. A whelp ; progeny of a bitch, Shakſp.

To PU'PPY. v. n. [from the noun.] To
bring whelps,

PURBLI'ND. a. Nearfighted ; ſhortfighted.Shakʃpeare.

PURBLI'NDNESS. ʃ. [from purblind.]
Shortneſs of fight.

PURCHASABLE. a. [from purchafe.^Th^t
may be purchsfed or bought. Locke.

To PU'RCHASE. v. a. [peurchafer, Fr.]
1. To buy for a price. Shakſp. Gen. xxv.
2. To obtain at any expence, as of labour
or danger. Milton.
3. To expiate or recompenfe by a fine or
forfeit. Shakʃpeare.

PURCHASE. f. [pcurchai, old French.]
1. Any thing bought or obtained for a
price. Locke.
2. Any thing of which poſſeſſion is taken.Shakʃpeare.

PU'RCHASER. ʃ. [from purchafe.] A
buyer ; one that gains any thing for a
price. Bacon, South, Addiſon.

PURE. a. [pur, pure, French ; purus, Lat.]
1. Not filthy ; not fuUied. Frcv.xxx.
2. Clear ; not dirty; not muddy. iV^^wfy.
3. Unmingled ; not altered by mixtures ;
mere. Taylor.
4. Not connected with any thing extrinſick.

PF:lkim. Watu.
5. Free ; clear. Philips.
6. Free from guilt ; guiltleſs ; innocent.
Prov. XX. 9. Milton.
7. Incorrupt; not vitiated by any bad
practice or opinion. Tickell.
S. Not vitiated with corrupt modes of
ſpeech. AJcham.
9. Merc: as, a ^urt villain, Clarendon.



TO. Chafte; modeft.

PURELY. ad. [from pure.
1. In a pure manner; not dirtily; not
with mixture. Iſaiah 1. 25,
2. Innocently ; without guilt.
3. Merely. Clarendon.

PU'RENESS. ʃ. [from pure.]
1. Clearneſs ; freedom from extraneous or
foul admixtu-res, Sidney, Temple.
2. Simplicity ; exemption from compoſition. Raleigh, Dryden.
3. Innocence ; freedom from guilt. Common Prayer.
4. Freedom from vitious modes of ſpeech.

PU'RFILE. ʃ. [pourfle'.', French.] A fort tf
ancient trimming for womens gown?. Bailey.

To PU'RFLE. v. a. [pourfiler, French :,pro~
flare, Italian.] To decoiate with a wrought
or flowered border. Spenſer.

PU'RFLE. If, [pourfHeey French.] A

PU'RFLEW. ʃ. border of embroidery.

PURGATION. ʃ. [purgation, Y.&nzh.]
1. The act of cleanſing or purifying from
vitious mixtures. Burnet.
2. The act of cleanſing the body by downward
evacuation. Bacon.
3. The act of clearing from imputation of
liuilr. Shakʃpeare.

PU'RGATIVE. a. [purgatif, French, pur,
gati-tus, Latin.] Cathartick ; having the
powir tocauſe evacuations downward. Bacon. Donne, Wiſeman.

PU'RGATORY. ʃ. [j>urg:tcrium, Latin.]
A place in which fouls are ſuppoſed by the
papi.Os to be purged by fire from carnal im.
purities, before they are received into
heaven. Stillingfleet.

To PURGE. t/. a. [purgo, Latin.]
1. To cleanſe; to clear. Bacon.
2. To clear from impurities, Shakʃpeare, Woodward.
3. To clear from guilt. Shakſp. Heb. ix. 14.
4. To clear from imputation of guilt. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.
5. To ſweep or put away impurities. Decay of Piety.
6. To evacuate the body by liool. Camden, Bacon.
7. To clarify ; to defecate.

To PURGE. v. n. To have frequent ſtools.

PURGE. ʃ. [from the verb.] A calhartick
medicine ; a medicine that evacuates the
body by flood. Shakʃpeare, Arbuthnot.

PU'RGER. ʃ. [from ;.«/-gr]
1. One who clears away any thing noxious,Shakʃpeare.
1. Purge ; cathartick. Bacon.

PURIFICA'TION. ʃ. [^«r//ffar/o/', French ; purifj^atio, Latin.]
1. The act of making pure, Boyle.
2. The act of cleanſing from guilt, Tayler,
3. A

3. A rite performed by the Hebrews after

PURIFICATIVE. la.[from purify.] Hav-

PU'RIFICATORY. ʃ. ing power or tendency
to make pure.

PU'RIFIER. ʃ. [from p:nify.] Cleanfer; icfiner. Ma/.

To PURI'FY. v. a. [punjicr, Fr. pur>Jlco,
1. To make pure.
2. To free from any extraneous admixture. Burnet, Dryden.
3. To make dear. HtJney,
4. To free from guilt or corruption.
Tirui. South.
5. To free from pollution, as by luſtration,
6. To clear from barbarifms or improprieties. Spratt.

To PU'RIFY. v. n. To grow pure. B^met.

PU'RIST.y. [purjie, Yxcnch.] One fu perftitiouſly
nice in the uſe of words.

PU'RITAN. ʃ. [from /)f.'«.] A feſtary pretending
to eminent purity of religion.
i'and rfan,

PURITA'NICAL. a. [from puritan.] Relating
c<» puri'ans. ll'^ahon,

PURITANISM. ʃ. [from /»r/rjn.] The
notions of a puritan. iValton.

PU'RITY. ʃ. [puriie, Fr. puritat, Latin.]
1. Cleanneſs ; freedom from fouſneſs or
dirt. Prior. Thomſon.
2. Freedom from guilt ; innocence. PVake,
3. Ch-ftity ; freedom from contamination
of ſexes. Shakʃpeare.

PURL. ʃ. [from purfii.]
1. An embroidered and puckered border,
6 idney. Bacon.
%, A kind of medicated malt liquor, in
which wormwood and aromaticks are infuſed.

To PURL. v. n. To murmur ; to flow with
a gentle noiſe. Bacon. Mi/ten,

To PURL. v. a. To decorate with fringe
or embroidery. Ben. Johnson.

PU RLIEU. ſ. The grounds on the borders
of a foreſt ; border ; incloſure. Shakſp. Spiaatcr.

PU'RLINS. ʃ. [In architectlure, thoſe pieces
of timber that lie acroſs the rafters on the
inſide, to keep them from ſinking in the
middle. Bailey.

To PURLO IN. v. a. To ſteal ; to take by
thtft. Milton, Denham.

PURLO'INER. ʃ. [from purloin.] A. thief; one that ſteals clandeſtinely. L'Eſtrange.

PU'RPARTY. ʃ. [p'ur and parti, French.]
Share; part in diviſion. Davies.

PU'RPLE. a. [pourpre, Ti. purpureus, Lut.]
1. Red tinctured with blue. Shakʃpeare, Wotton.
2. Id poctrjr, red, Dryden.


To PU'RPLE. To a. [purpura, Latin.] To
make red ; to colour with purple.
Dome. Milton.

PU'RPLES. ʃ. [without a ſingular.] Spots
of a livid red, which break out in malignant
fevers ; a purple fever.

PU'RPLISH. a. [from purple.] Somewhat
purple. Boyle.

PU'RPORT. ʃ. [pourporte, French.] Delign
; tendency 1 1 a writing or diſcourſe.]. Norris.

To PU'RPORT. v. a. [from the noun.]
To intend ; to tend to ſhow. Bic. Rowe.

PU'RPOSE. ʃ. [promos, ſt.prop'>fitum. Lat.]
1. Intention; deſign. IShakſp, Knolles.
2. Eftect; confcquence. Cc/ZiVr. Baker.
3. Inftance; exan.ple. L'Eſtra>:g.,

To PURPOSE. i;. a. [from the noun.] To
intend ; to deſign ; to reſolve. Hooker, Prior.

PU'RPOSELY. ad. [from purpoſe.] By de.
ſign ; by intention. Hooker, Pope. .

PU'RPRISE. ʃ. [pourpris, old Vx. purprijum,
law Latin.] A dole or incloſure ; as alſo
the whole compaſs of a manour. Bacon.

PURR. ʃ. A ſea lark. Ainsworth.

To PURR. 1;. a. To murmur as a cat or
leopard in pleaſure.

PUR:>E. ſ. [W/^, Fr. ;>'zt'ri, Welſh.] A
ſmall bag in which ii.oney is contained. Shakʃpeare, Knolles. Mdffof).

To PURSE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To put into a purſe. Dryden.
2. To contract as a purſe. Shakʃpeare.

PU'RSENET. ʃ. [purſe in^net.] .-^/uet of
which the mouth is drawn together by a |
ft' ing. Mortimer.

PU'RSEPROUD. a. [purſe and proud.]?uii.
fed up with money.

PURSER. ʃ. [Wotn purſe.] The paymafter
f a rti p.

PURLIN ESS. 7 ʃ. [from purfy.] Short-

PU RSIVENESS. ʃ. neſs of breath.

PU'RSLAIN. y. [pirtuiaca, i.zi.] A plant.

PURSU'ABLE. a. [from purjue.] What
may t)e purOjed.

PURbU'ANCE. ſ. [from purjue.] Profecuti> n ; prtcels,

PURbU'ANF. a. [from purjue.] Done ia
confequonce or profecucion of any thing.

To PURSU'E. v. a. [pourjuivre, French.]
1. To chaſe ; to foUuw in holiſhty.Shakʃpeare.
2. To profecute. Prov.
3. To imitate; to follow as an example. Dryden.
4. To endeavour to attain. Pn.r,

To PURSU E. v. n. To go on ; to proceed. Boyle.

PURSU'ER. ʃ. [from purjue.] One who
follows in hoſtility, Milton, Denham.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


PURSU'IT. ʃ. [/>5ar/a/«c%. French.]
1. The act of following with holuie intention,
2. Endeavour to attain Dryden, Rogers.
3. Pjofecution. Clarendon.

PU'RSUIVaNT. ſ. [powfuwant^ French.]
A ſtate mefrenger ; an .lUencUnt on the heralds. Spenſer, Dryden.

PU'RSY. a. [py-'Jfif, Fr.] S'hottbreathed
and r'ac. Shakſp. Hudibra^.

Te ii.uck of an animal. Ex. HudibrOi.

To PU'RVEV. v. a. f^owrw/r, French.]
1. To piovidc with conveniencies. Spenſer.
2. '1~0 provrurc. Ibcmf-in.

To FU'RVEY. v. a. To buy in proviſions. Milton.

PURVE'YANCE. ʃ. [Jxow. jAirvey.]
1. Provfion. Stenfc-.
2. Fi 'curement of viftujis. Bacon.

PURVt'V'QK. ſ. [from pu'i'ey,'\
1. One chat pr^ividcs Victuals. Rakish.
2. A urccurer ; a pimp. Dryden, Addiſon.

PU'RVIEW. ʃ. [pou.'vru, French.] ProVifo ;
piovidJEg clauſe. hlah.

PU'RULF.NCE. If. [from puruletit.] Ge-

PU RULENCy. ʃ. neraujn of puis or matter-

PU'RULENT. a. [purulent, Fr. purtthntin,
Latin.] Conſiſting of pus or the running
of wounds. Bacon, Arbuthnot.
pus. ſ. [Latin.] The naatter of a wejl digeiled
fore. Arbuthnot.

To PUbH. v. a. f/)o//^«r,,French.]
1. To ſtrike with a thruſt; Exodus.
a To force or drive by impulfe of any
thing-. Job.
3. To force not by a quick blow, biit by
continued violence. Shakſp. Pſalms.
4. To pre fs forward. Dryden, Addiʃon.
5. To urge ; to drive. Addiʃon.
6. To enforce ; to diive to a conclufion.
7. To importune ; to teaze.

To PUSH. -y. «.
1. To made a thrnft. Dryden, Ray.
2. To make an effort. Dryden.
3. To make an attack. Daniel.

PUSH. f. r from the vert).]
1. Thruft ; the ad\ of ſtriking with a
pointed inſtru vent. Krioilcs.
2. An impulle ; fo.ce impreſſsd. Addiſon.
3. Alldult} atLack. Shak jp. Watts.
4. A forcible ſtruggle ; a ſt rong effort. Shakʃpeare, Addiſon.
5. Exig nee ; trial. L'Eſtr, Atterbury.
6. A lu^Uifn emergence. Shakʃpeare.
7. A pjinpie; an elBoieſcence ; a wheal. Bacon.

PU'SHER. ſ. [from pufo.] He whopuſhts

PU'SHING. <?. [frQZi)^«/.] Enterpriſing ; yjgoryus,


PU'SHPIW. ʃ. [pup and pir.] A ſhi!d'3
play, in which pins are puſhed alternately.


PUSILLANIMITY. ʃ. [pufiUammite, Fr.]
Cowardice ; meanneſs of ſpirir.

SL'^'kſpeare: South.

PUSILLA'NIMOUS. a. [puJUhmme, ¥r.]
M-anſpirited ; narrowaiinded ; cowardly. Bacon, Spectator.

I'nimoui.] Meanneſs of ſpirit.

PUSS. ʃ.
1. The fondling name of a cat.

L'Eſtrange, Watts.
1. The ſportfrnan's term for a hare. Gay.

PU'STULE. ʃ. [pujiulc, Fr. pujiuh, Latin.]
A ſmall ſwelling; a pimpie ; a puſh ; aq
efiloteſcence. Arbuth.not.

PU'STULOUS. a. [from pufiu/e.] Full of
puftules; pimply.

To PUT. v.a.
1. To lay or repcfit in any place. Milton, Mortimer.
1. To place in any ſituation. Milton, L'Eſtrange..
3. To place in any f^ate or coBdition. Shakſp. Gen. Sufan.
4. To repoſe. 2 King Charles. ; C!:'rcn.
5. To truſt
; to give up. Exodus.
6. To expoſe ; to apply to any thing. Locke.
7. To pulh into action. Milton. Su-ijr,
8. To apply. 1 Sam. Dryden.
9. To uſe any action by which the phce or
iſtate of any thing is changed. Shakſp. Taylor. Wah,

JO. To cauſe; to produce. Locke.
; I. To compriſe ; to conſign to writing.
11. Chron.
12. To add. Eccl.
13. To place in a reckoningt Lecke,
14. To reduce to any ſlate, Shakſp.
15, To oblige ; to urge. Bacon. B'-yle.
16. To propoſe; to ſlate. z Cbr. Swift.
17. To form ; to regulate.
18. To reach to another. H^b,
19. To bring into any ſtate of mind or
temper. Knolles, Clarenden, Locke.
20. To offer ; to adva.'ice. Dryden, Atterbury.
21. To unite ; to place as an ingredient. Locke.
22. To put by. To turn off; to divert. Taylor. Grew.
23. To put by. To thruſt aſide. Sidncy. Cotvl-y.
24. To put down. To baffle ; (0 repreſs; to cruih. Shakʃpeare.
25. To put doun. To degrade. Spenſer. z Cbr,
26. To put down. To bring into difuſe. Bacon, Dryden.
27. To put dowKt T© confute, Shakſ.
28. To PuT/cr.'Z). To proptfe. Judges,
29. To PVT forrb To extend. Geneſis.
30. To put forib. To emit, as a ſprouting
plant. Bacon.
31. To put forth. To exert. Milton, Taylor.
32. To put in. T<'> interpole. Collier.
33. To put in p'afl'cc. To uſe; to exlercife. Dryden.
34. To put 0//, To divert; to lay aſide.
Nebem. Exodus, Addiſon.
35. To put o^. To defeat or delay with
ſome artifice or excole. Bacon, Boyle.
36. To put off. To delay ; to defer ; to
procraftimte IP'ake.
37. ?& Put 0^. To paſs fallaciouſly. Rogers.
38. To put of. T-> diſcard. Shakſ.
39. To put oy. To - recOITimend ; to vend
or ob'rude. Bacon, Swift.
40. To put on or a/fl«. To impute ; to
41. To put o« or upon. To invefl with,
as cloachs or cove.'iag. Shakʃpeare, Ben. Johnson, Knolles. L'EſTrarge.
42. To put on. To forward; to promote
5 to incite. Shakʃpeare.
43. To put ck or up-n. Ti> impoſe ; to
inriid. 2 King!. L'Eſtrange.
44. To put on, ToalluTe; to takr. Shakſp, Dryden.
45. To put 6i;fr. To refer. bhakeſp.
46. To put oar. To place at ufury.

47. To VvT out. To extinguiſh.
Judges. Milton.
43. To put out. To emit, as a plant.
49. To put out. To extend ; to pioc-uoe.
50. To PuToar, To expel ; to drive trtm.
i>penſer. Bacon.
51. To put out. To make publick. Dryden, Addiſon.
52. To put out. To diſctncerr. Ba<^on.
53. To put /o. To kiii oy ; to puniſh
by. Bacon. Clarend-jn.
54. To put to it. To diſtreſs ; to perplex
; to preſs hard. Dryden, Addiſon.
55. To put ro. To aſſiſt with. Sidney. Knolles.
56. To put to death. To kill. Bacon, Hayward.
57. To put together. To accumulate into
one fum or m -Is. Burnet.
f^%. To put up. To paſs tinrevenged.

L'Eſtrange, Boyle.
59. To put up. To emit; to cauſe tc> germinate
as planes. Bacon.
60. To put up. To eiſpoſe publickly
61. To put up. To ſtart. Addiʃon.
62. To put up. To hoard. Speln.an,
63. To put :./>. To hide, Shakſp.

64. To put upon. To incite ; to infllgate. Clarendon. Ti1 lot/on.
65. To put i/^or. To impoſe ; 'o layup«
on. Shakſpeare.
66. To put upon trial. To expoſe or fuoiiDon
to a ſolemn and judicial examination. Locke, Arbuth.nia,

To PUT. v. n.
1. To go or move. Bacon.
2. To ſhoot or germinate, B 'cop,
3. To ſteer a vctrc!. Addiʃon.
4. To VvT firth. To leave a port, Shakſp.
5. To put forth. To germinate ; to bud ; to ſhoot f lit. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.
6. To Pur ?n. To enter a haven. Pt/>r,
7. To put infer. To claim ; to ſtand candidate
for. Locke.
8. To PIt in. To offer i claim. Shakʃpeare, Brown.
9.ToPvToff. To leave'jand. Addiſon.
10. To put ti^-r. To fnii croſs. AbbtH.
11. To put to /ea. To fetfail ; to begin
thec'iuiff. Bacon.
12. To Put up. To offsr oner's felfa
candidate. L'Eſtrange.
13. To put r//), TosTdvance to ; to bring
one's lelf furv^'ard. Swift.
14. To put up with. To ſuffer without

PUT. f. [from the verb.]
1. An action of diſtrels. L'Eſtrange.
1. A niſtick ; a clown. Brainjlon,
3. Put off. Excuſe; ſhift. L'Eſtrange.

PU'TAGE. ʃ. [putainj French.] In law,
p-nitituti n on the woman's pjrr.

PU'TANISM. ʃ. [putarafme, French.] The
manner or living, or trade of a proſtitute.

PUTATIVE. a. [pufatif, Fr. from puto,
Latin.] Suppoi'ed ; reputed. Ay'r.ffe.

PU'TIIX a. [/>;/;/^aJ, Latin.] Mean 9 low ;

PU'TIDNESS. ʃ. [from put-.d.^ Meanneſs 3

PU'TLOG. ʃ. Vutbgs are piece? of timber
orſhort polps ^Dout ſeven foot long, to
bf-ar the boards they ſtand on to work, and
to by b ii k« ard mortar upon. Moxon.

PU'TRFDIN'OUS. a. [{roioputredo, Lat.]
Stiiiki'ii; ; rctren, Floyer.

PUTREFA CTION. ſ. [putrefafion, Fr.]
The llate of growing rotten ; the act ct'
m.-king rotten. Quincy, Thomfon.

PUTREFA'CTIVE. s. [from putrefuco,
Latin.] Miking rotten. Brown. M'lj.man,

To PU'TREFY. v. a. [putnfir^ Fr. putrefocii,
Ldtin.] To make rutien ; to corrupt
with rottenneſs. inhakeſpeBacon. Teivple. Arbuthnot.

To PU TREFY. v. a. To ror.
Ifjiah. Bacon.

PUTRE'SCENCE. ʃ. [from /);/:ro'co, Latin.]
TIic ſtate of rotting. Brown.

P u z

PUTRESCENT. a. [futrefcetis, Lat.] Grow.
ing rotten. Arbuthnot.

PUTRID. a. [putn'de, Fr. futridus, Lat.]
Rotten ; corrupt. Waller.
Futridityer is that kind of fever, in which
the humours, or part of them, have ſo little
circulatory motion, that they fall into an
inteſtine one, and putrefy, which is commonly
the caſe after great evacuations, great
or exceffive heat. ^ivcy.

PU'TRIDNESS. ʃ. [from ^M/r/W.] Rottenneſs.

PUTTER. ʃ. [from ^a^]
1. One who puts. L'Eſtrange.
2. FuTTER ew. Inciter ; inſtigator,

PU'TTINGSTONE. ʃ. [In ſome parts of
Scotland, ſtones are laid at the gates of
great houſes, which they all puttingJht^es,
for trials of ſtrength. Pope. .

PU'TTOCK. ʃ. [derived, by Minpeiv, from
huteo, Latin.] A buzzard. Shakʃpeare, Peacham.

PU'TTY. ʃ.
1. A kind of powder on which glaſs is
ground. Neiaon.
2. A kind of cement uſed by glazier;.

To PU'ZZLE. v. a. {ioi fofile, from poſe. Skinner.] To perplex ; to confound ; to
embarrals ; to entangle. Shakʃpeare, Clarenden.

To PU'ZZLE. v. n. To be bewildered in
one's own notions ; to be awkward.

'^\IT:L\S2. f.
[from the verb ] Embaraſſment
; perplexity. Bacon.

PU ZZLER. ſ. [from puzzle.] He who

PY'GARG. ʃ. A bird, ſhfacrtb,


PY'GMEAN. «, [from pygmy.] BelonginS
to a pygmy. Mlton'

PYGMY. ʃ. [pygmee, Fr. wy>',aai©-.] A
dwarfJ one a of nation fabled to be only three
ſpans high, and after long wars to have
been deſtroyed by cranes. Berkley.

PYLO'RUS. ſ. [ttz/X&'^o;.] The lower orifice
of the ſtomach.


PY'RAMID. ʃ. [pyr.>n:ide, Fr. 7r^Pan.I^]
In geometry, is a fohd figure, whole baſe is
a polygon, and whoſe ſides are plain triang
es, their feverai points meeting in one.

PYRA'MIDAL. 1 a. [from pyramid.]

PYRAMl'DICAL ; Having theform of a
pyramid. Locke.

PYRAMI'DICALLY. ad. [from pyramidical.
; In form of a pyramid. Broome.

PY'RAMIS. ʃ. A pyramid. Bacon.

FYRE. ʃ. [pyra, Latin.] A pile to be burnt. Dryden, Pope. .

PYRI'TES. ʃ. [from irS:^.] Fneiione.


PYROMANCY. ʃ. [7n;fo/AttVTE.'a.] Divinarion
by fi:e. ^y^'ff'-

PYROTE'C'HNICAL. a. [pyrotechnique, Fr.
troin pyrotechnicks.] Engaged or ſkilful in

PYROTE'CHNICKS. ʃ. [ttvp and rsp^j^.]
The art of employing fire to uſe for pleaſure
; ſhe art of fireworks.

PYROTE'CHNY. ʃ. [pyrotechnie, French.]
The art of monaging hre. Rjle,

PY'RRHONISM. ʃ. [from Pyrrho.] Scepticifm ; univerſal doubt.

PYX. ʃ. [pyxis, Latin.] The box in which
the Romanics keep the hoft.