About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally, the italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


T. a. conſonant, which, at the beginning
and end of words, has
always the ſame ſound nearly
approaching the d ; but before
an i, when followed by a vowel, has the
ſound of an obſcure s : as nation, ſalvation; except when ſ precedes t : as, chriſtian, queſtion,

TA'BBY. ʃ. [tahi, tab'mo, Italian ; tabis,
French.] A kind of waved fiik. Swift.

TA'BBY. a. Brinded ; brindled. Addiſon,

TABEFA'CTION. ʃ. [tibefacio, Lat.] The
act of wafting away.

To TA'BEFY. ij. n. [tahefacio, Latin.] To
walte ; to be exenuated by diſeaſe. Harv,

TA'BARD. ʃ. [taberda, low Latin ; ta-

TA'BERD. ʃ. ' bard, Fr. ; A long gown ;
a herald's coat.

TA'BERDER. ʃ. [from taberd.] One who
Wfars a long gown,

TA'BERNACLE. ʃ. [tabsrr.ack^ Fr. taber.
naculum, Latin.]
]. A temporary habitation ; a caſual dwelling. Milton.
2. A ſacred place ; a place of worſhip. Milton.

To TA'BERNACLE. v n, [from the
noun.] To enſhine; to houſe. ychn.

TA'BID. a. Ualidus, Latin.] Wafted by
diſeaſe; confun ptive. Arbuthnot.

TA'BIDNESS. ʃ. [from tabid. ^ Confumptiveneſs
; ſtate of being waſted by diſeaſe.

TA'BLATURE. ʃ. [from tahle.^ Painting
on walls or ceilings,

TABLE. f. [tabula, h7it\n.
1. Any flat or level ſurface. Sandp.
2. A horizontal ſurface raiſed above the
ground, uſed for meals and_oth-r purpoſes.
l-9ikt, Addiſon.

3. The perſons firting at table. Shakʃpeare.
4. The fare or entertainment itſelf : as, bt
keeps a good table,
5. A tablet ; a ſurface on which any thing

IS written or engraved. Hooker, Davies, Dryden, Berkley.
6. A picture, or any thing that exhibits a
view of any thing. Shakʃpeare, Addiſon.,
7. An index ; a collection of heads. Exelynm
8 A fynopfis ; many particulars brought
into one view. Ben. Johnſon.
9 The palm of the hand. B^n. Johnſon.
10. Draughts ; ſmall pieces of wood ſhifted
on ſquares. Taylor.
11. To turn tie Tables, To change the
condition or fortune of two contending
parties. L'Eſtrange, Dryden.

To TA'BLE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
board ; to live at the tabic of another. South. Felton,

To TA'BLE. v. a. To make into a catalogue
; to ſet down. Shakʃpeare.

TA'BLEBEER. ʃ. [table and beer.] Beer
uſed at vlftusis ; ſmall beer.

TA'BLEBOOK. ʃ. [table and bock.] A book
on which any thing is graved or written
without ink. Shakʃpeare.

TA'BLECLOfH. ʃ. [r^^/<r and r/s/i..]^ Linen
ſpread on a table. Camden.

TA'BLEMAN. ʃ. A man at draughts. Bacon.

TA'BLER. ʃ. [from table.] One who boards. Ainſworth.

TA'BLETALK. ʃ. [table and talk.] Cmverfation
at meals or entertainments. Shakſp, Dryden, Atterbury.

TABLET. A [from M/7r.]
1. A ſmall level ſurface.

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

2. A metlicine in a ſquare form. Bacon.

TA'CTILE. a. [taSwiis, taifunif Latin.|
3. A ſurface writtea on or painted. Dryd. SuſceptiWeof touch. Hale.

TABOUR. ʃ. [tabouri.tabQur, o]AYr.]

TACT I'LITY. ʃ. [from rfl<f?//f.] Perccpli-
A ſmall drom : a druin beaten with cnt
flick to accompany a pipe. Shakʃpeare.

To TA'BOUR. v. n. [tabortT,o\^ French.]
To ſtrike iightly and frequently. Nah.

TA'BOURER. ʃ. [from tabour.] One who
beats the tabjur, Shakʃpeare.

TABOURET. ʃ. [from tahur.] A ſmall
drum or tabjur.
ſmall drum. Shakʃpeare.

TA'BRERE. ʃ. Tabourer. Spectator.

TA'BRET. ʃ. A tabour. Gene/n,

TA'BULAR. ʃ. [tahularis, Latin.]
1. Set down in the form of tables orWynopfes.
2. Formed in ſquares ; made into hminag.


To TA'BULATE. v. a. [tahula, Lat.] To
redute to ribles or fynopfes.

TA'BULATED. a. [tabula, Latin.] Having
a a^t ſurface. Grew.

TA'CHE. ʃ. [from tack.] Any thing taken
hold of ; a catch ; a loop ; a button. Exodus.

TA'CHYGRAPHY. ʃ. [raxv? and ypa<^:.]
The art or practice of quick writing,

TA'CIT. a. [tacite, Fr. taci.'us, Latin.] Silent
; implied ; not expreſſed by words. Bacon, Locke.

TA'CITLY. ad. [from tacit.] Silently ;
without oral expreITi-n Addiſon, Rogers.

TACITU'RNITY. ʃ. [taaturnitas, Latin.]
Habitual ſilence. Donne, Arbuthnot.

To TACK. v. a. [tacher. Brown.]
1. To fallen to any thing. Herbert, Grew, Swift.
%, To join ; to unite ; to ſlitch together. Dryden, Swift.

To TACK. v. n. f probably from /af./f.]
To turn a i^iip. Brown, Temple, Addiſon.

TACK. ʃ. [from the verb.]
It A ſmall nail.
2. The act of turning ſhips at fea. Dryden.
2. To hold Tac K. To lafc ; to hold out.
Tuffer. Hudibras.

TA'CKLE. ʃ. [tacel, Welſh.]
1. An arrow. ability by the touch.

TA CTION. ʃ. [taction, Fr. taBio, Latin.]
The act of t niching.

TA'DPOLE. ʃ. [tab, toad^ and pola, ayoung
one.] A v' ung ſhapeleſs frog or toad, conſiſt'ng
only of a body and a tail ; a porwiggle. Shakʃpeare, Ray, Spectator.

TA'EN. the poetical contraction of r^iAf?;.

TA'FFETA. ʃ. [taffetas, Fr. taffetar. Span.]
A thin ſilk. Shakʃpeare.

TAG. ʃ. [tag, Iſlandiſh.]
1. A point of metal put to the end of a firing.
2. Any thing paltry and mean.
Whitgift. Shakʃpeare.

TA'OTAIL. ʃ. [tag and tail] A worm
which has the tail of another colour-. Carew, Walton.

To TAG. v. a.
1. To fit any thing with an end : as, t»
tag a lace,
2. To append one thing to another. Dryd.
3. To join : this is propeily to tack. Swift.
Tail. ſ. [t^rjl, Saxon.]
1. That which terminates the animal behind
; the continuation of the vertebrae of
the back hanging looſe behind, fVall. More,
2. The lower part. Dsuter,
3. Any thing hanging long ; a cat- kin. Harvey.
4. The hinder part of any thing. Butler.
5. To turn Tail. To fly ; to run away. Sidney.

To TAIL. v. n. To pull by the tail. Hudibras.

TAI'LED. a. [from w;7.] Furni|hed with a
tail. Grew.

TAI'LLAGE. ʃ. [tailler, French.] A piece
cut out of the whole ; a ſhare of a man's
ſubſtance paid by way of tribute. Cowei,

TAILLE. ʃ. The fee which is oppoſite to
fee/imple, becauſe it is ſo minced or pared,
that it is not in his free power to be dif-
-poſed of who owns it ; but is, by the firſt
giver, cut or divided from all other, and
tied to the ilfue of the donee.
2. Weapons ; in/truments of action. Butler.

TAI'LOR. /- [tailleur. French.] One whofe
3. The ropes of a ſhip. Spenſer, Shakʃpeare.-'ſp. Milton, Dryd. Addiſ.

TA'CKLED. a. [from tackle. [Made of
ropes tacked together. Shakʃpeare.

TA'CKLING. ʃ. [from taMe.]
1. Furniture of the ma/l. Abbot, Bacon.'Garlh,
2. Inſtruments of action. Walton.

TACTICAL. ʃ. <^» [Ta«7iHi?. raTTft) ; toe-

TA'CTICK. ʃ. ticfue, French.] Relating
to the art of ranging a battle.

TA'CTICKS. ʃ. [-roLKliK^.] The art of rnnging
men in the field of battle. Dryden.
buſineſs is to make cloaths. Shakſp, Camden. Hctvel. Collier.

To TAINT. v. a. [re;Wrf, French.]
1. To imbue or impregnate with any thing,

2. To /lain ; to fully. Shakʃpeare, Chapman, Milton.
3. To infea. Har'vey. Arbuthnot, Pope. .
4. To corrupt. Swift.
5. A corrupt contraction of attaint.

To TAINT. v. n. To be infeaed ; to be
touched. Shakʃpeare.


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TAINT. ʃ. [reintf, French.]
1. A cin^lure ; a ſtain.
2. An in(ect, Sr'^TOH,
3. Infectif^n. LcfjJf, Prior.
4. A ſpot ; a foil ; a blemiſh. Shakʃpeare, Milton.

TA'INTLESS. a. [from Mm. ; Free from
infection. Swift.

TA'INTURE. ʃ. [tdnture, French.] Taint ;
tinge ; deHlement. Shakʃpeare.

To TAKE. t/. ſ. preterite tock, part. pzlF.
/a^f«, ſometimes ro&jfr. (/dyJj, lll and iſh.]
1. To receive what is offered.
/>7rf.», P//7/>i.
2. To ſeize what is not given. Dryden.
3. To receive. Deuter.
4. To receive with good or ill will. Shakʃpeare.rſp, Knolles, Clarendon, Swift.
5. To lay hold on ; to catch by ſurprize
or artifice. Eccluſ. Clarendon. Pope. .
6. To fnatch ; to ſeize. Hale.
7. To make priſoncr. Shakſp, Knolles.
8. To captivate with pleaſure ; to delight; to engage, Shakʃpeare.fſp, Decay of Piety, Locke. fVake.
9. To ſurprize ; to catch. Collier.
10. To entrap; to catch in a fnare. Z Canf,

11. To underſtand in any particular ſenſe
or manner. Raleigh. Bacon, Wake.
12. To exact, Leviticus.
13. To get ; to have ; to appropriate. Geneſis.
14. To uſe; to employ, Watts.
I 5. To blaſt ; to infed. Shakʃpeare.
16. To judge in favour of. Dryden.
17. To admi^ any thing bad from without. Hudibras.
18. To get ; to procure. z Mac.
19. To turn to ; to practiſe. Bacon.
ao. To cloſs in with ; to comply with. Dryden. Roiue. Locke.
ai. To form ; to fix. Clarenden.
22. To catch in the hand ; to ſeize. Ezikiel, Dryden.
23. To admit ; to ſuffer. Dryden.
24. To perform any action.
2. Sam. Bacon, Hakewell, Dryden. Prisr. Addiʃon, Tatler, Swift.
t5. To receive into the mind. Bacon, Watts.
26. To go into. Carr.den, Hale.
27. To go along ; to follow ; to perfue. Dryden.
aS. To ſwallow ; to receive. Bacon, Brown.
29. To ſwallow as a medicif,e. South, Locke.
30. To chooſe one of more. Milton, Locke.
31. To copy. Dryden.
32. To convey ; to carry ; to tranſport. Shakʃpeare. judgtt.

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33. To faffen on ; to ſciee. Mark. Temple. Dryden.
34. Not ſo refuſe ; to accept. Dryden, Locke.
35. To adopt. Exodus.
36. To change with reſpect to place. Luke, Ray.Addin,
37. To ſeparate. Locke, Blackmore.
38. To admit. i Timothy, Swift.
39. To pcrliie ; to go in, Milton, Dryden.
40. To receive any temper or diſpoſition
of mind. laiah. Dryden.
41. To endure; to bear. 'L'Eſr. Swift.
42. To draw ; to derive. Till tfan,
43. To leap ; to jump over. Shakſp.
44. To aHunie. Shakʃpeare.
4<; To allow; to admit. Locke, Boyle.
46. To receive wjth ſmdneſs, Dryden.
47. To carry out for uſe. Mark.
48. To ſuppoſe ; to receive in thought |
to entertain in opinion. Bacon, Clarenden. Tate, Locke, Pope. .
49. To direct, Dryden.
50. To ſeparate for one's felf from any
quantity. Ifaiab. Genefii, Dryden.
51. Not to leave ; not to onriit. Locke, Arbuthnot.
52. To receive piiyments, Shakʃpeare.
53. To obtain by menfuration. Camden, Swift.
54. To withdraw. Spectator.
55. To ſeize with a tranſitory impulfe. Arbuthnot.
56. To compriff ; to comprehend.
Atterbury. Locke.
57. To have recourſe to. L'Eſtrange.
58. To produce ; or fuflFcr to be produced. Spenſer.
59. To catch in the mind. Locke.
60. To hire ; to rent. Pope.
61. To engage in; to be active in.Shakʃpeare.
62. To fuftcr
; to ſupport. Addiʃon, Dryden.
63. To admit in copulation. Sandys.
64. To C3lch eagerly, Dryden.
65. To uſe as an oathor expreſſion, Exodus.
66. To feize as a diſeaſe. Bacon, Dryden.
67. To Take away. To deprive of. Clarendon, Dryden.
68. To Take away. To ſet aſide ; to
remove, Locke.
69. To Take care. To be careful ; to
be fulicitous for ; to ſuperintend. 1 Cor,
70- To Take courſe. To have recourſe
to meaſures. Bacon, Hammond.
7t, To Take down. To cruQi ; to reduce
; to (uppreſs. Spenſer, Addiſon.
72. To Take down. To ſwallow; ta
take by the mouth. Baconft
73. To Tak E from. To derogate ; to detract. Dryden.

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74. To Take from. To deprive ©f. Locke, Shakſp.
75. To Take heed. To be cautious; to
beware. Milton, Dryden.
76. To Take heed to. To attend.
; . Euluf.
jj. To Take in. To compriſe ; to comprehend. Burnet, Addiʃon. Denhant,
78. To Take in. To admit. Sidney, Bacon,Wotton. pryd. Locke.
79. To Take /;;, To win. Knolles. Suckling.
80. To Take in. To receive.
A^i. Milton.
Si. To Take in. To receive mentally. Hale. Waits,
82. To TAKE oatk. To ſwear,
^Xic-A'. Bacon.
83. To Take off. To invalidate ; to deſtroy
; to remove. Shakſp. Sanderſon.
84. To Take off.
To withhold ; to
withdraw. Bacon, Wake.
85. To Take 0/. To ſw allow. Locke.
S6. To Take off To purchafe.
Locy^v. Swift.
87. To Take cjf. To copy. Addiſon.
S8. To Take 0/: To find place for. Bacon.
89, To Take p^. To remove. Bacon, Wake.
90, To Take order with. To check ; to
take courſe with. Bacon.
91. To Take o«/. To remove from within
any place. Shakſp.
92. To TAKt part. To ſhare. Pope. .
93. To Take. place. To prevail; tohave
effetl. Dryden, Locke.
94. To Take up. To borrow upon credit
or intereſt. Shakſp, Swift.
95. To Take up. To be ready for ; to
engage with. Shakſp.
96. To Take up. To apply to the uſe of. Addiʃon.
97. To Take up. To begin. Ezek. South.
98. To Take up. To faflen with a ligature
pafl'ed under. Sharp.
99. To Take w/;. To engroſs ; to engage. Dryden. Dupfa.
100. To Take ;//;. To have final recourſe
to, Addiſon.
101. To Take «^, To ſeize ; to catch ; to arreſt. Spenſer, Shakſp.
102. To Take up. To admit. Bacon.
103. To Take up. To anſwer by reproving
; to reprimand, L'Eſtrange.
104. To Take up, To begin where the
former left oft'. Dryden, Addiſon.
aoq. To Take up. To lift. Shak. May.
106. To Takt. i/p. To occupy. Hayward. fJammond. Clarenden, South.
107, To Take .up. To accommedate ; ip^djuſt. Shakʃpeare.

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108. To Take «j&. To compriſe. Dryd.
109. To Take up. To adopt ; to affume.
Hajnm. Temp. South. Atterb,
110. ^To Take up. To collecl ; to^ exaſk
a tax. Knolles.
111. To Take upon. To appropriate to ;
to affume ; to admit to be imputed to. Shakſp. Heb. Bacon, Dryden.
112. To Take upon. To affume ; trt
claim authority. Shakſp. Felton.

To TAKE. ij. n.
1. To direct the courſe; to have a tendency
to. Bacon, Dryden.
2. To pleaſe ; to gain reception. South, Berkley.
3. To have the intended or natural eftect. Bacon, Dryden.
4. To catch; to fix. Bacon.
5. To Take after. To learn of; to reſemble
; to imitate. Hudibras, Atterbury.
6. To Take :k. To incloſe. Mortimer.
7. To Take in. To lelTcn ; to contrail
as, he took in his fails.
8. To Take /«. To cheat ; to gull.
9. To Take ;';7/^<2«i. To undertake. Clar.
10. To Take in with. To refort to. Bac,

II. To Take on. To be violently aftected. Shakſp, Bacon.
12. To To K E o«. To grieve; to pine. Shakſp.
17. To Take /o. To apply to; to be
fond of. Locke.
i^. To Take j'o. To betake to ; to have
recourſe. Dryden.
I (J. To Take ?//>. To flop. Glanv, South.
16. To Take://). To reform. Locke.
ij. To Take up with. To be contented
with. South, Berkley.
18. To Take up with. To lodge; to
dwell. L'Eſtrange, South.
ig. To Take w/V^. To pleaſe. Bacon.

TA'KEN. the participle paſt. of take. South, Denham.

TA'KER. ʃ. [from take.] He that takes. Denham.

TA'KING. ʃ. [from take.] Seizure; diſtreſs. Butler.

TALE. ʃ. [tale, Saxon.]
A narrative ; a ſtory. Watts.
2. Oral relation. Shakſp.
3. Number reckoned. Hooker.
4. Reckoning; numeral account. Carew, Butler.
5. Information ; diſcloſure ofany thing
ſecret. Shakſp, Bacon.

TALEBE'ARING. ʃ. [tale and bear.] The
^di of informing. Arbuth.

TALEBE'ARER. ʃ. [t(ik and hear,\ One
who gives officious or malignant intelligence.

L'Eſtrange, South.

TAXENT. ʃ. [talentum, Latin.]
1. Ar^/w^ſignified ſo much weight, or a

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


/iim of money, the value dificring accord- ing to the different ages and countr.cs. Arbuth, Shakſp.
2. Faculty ; power ; gift of nxurc.
Cianniior. Dryden.
n^. Quality ; nature. Uarendou. Swift.

TA'LISMAN. ʃ. A magic::! charaacr.

TALISMA'NICK. a. [from talijman.'.
Magical. Addiſon.

To TALK. T/. n. [taclcn, Dutch.]
1. To ſpeak in converfalion ; to ſpeaK.
fluently and familiaxlv. Shakʃpeare.'eſp. Waller, Addiſon.
2. To ſprattle; to ſpeaK. impertinently. Milton.
3. To give account. Milton, Addiſon.
4. To ſpeak ; to reaſon ; to confer. Jeremiah, Collier, Watts.

TALK. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Oral converfation ; fluent and familiar
ſpeech. KmlUs. Locke.
2. Report ; rumour. -Locke.
. Subject of diſcourſe. Milton.

TALK. ʃ. [talc, Fr.] Stones compof^.-! of
plates generally parallel, and flexible, and
elaſtick. Woodward.

TA'LKATIVE. a. [from talk.] Full of
prate ; loquacioi'S. Sidney, Addiʃon.

TA'LKATIVENESS. ʃ. [from talkative.]
Loquacity; garrulity. Go-i;, Tongue. Swift.

TALKER. f. [from talk.]
1. One who talks. Watts.
2. A loquacious perſon 3 a pratler.

S/::ikcfj>, Locke.
3. A boafler; a bragging fellow. Taylor.

TALKY. a. [from 7j/^.] Conſiſting of
talk. Woodward.

TALL. a. [tdl. Welſh.]
1. High iu flature. Shakſp, Milton.
2. High ; lofty. Milton.
3. Sturdy ; lofty. Shakſp.

TA'LLAGE-. ʃ. [taillage, French.] Import
; excifc. Bacon.

TA'LLOW. ʃ. [talgc, Daniſh.] The grcafe
or fat of an animal ; fuet. Abbot. ^-wift.

To TA'LLOW. ʃ. a. [from the noun.]
To sveaſe i'to ſmear with tallow.

TA'LLOWCHANDLER. ʃ. [taller and
chandelier, Fr. ; One who makes candles
of tallow. Hayjcy.

TA'LLY. ʃ. [from tailler, to cut, Fr.]
1. A ſtick notched or cut in conformity
to another fl;ick. Garth. Prior.
2. Any thing made to ſuit another. Dryd.
Totally, v. a. [from the noun.] To
; to ſuit
; to cut out for any thing. Prior,Pope. .

To TA'LLY. v. w. To be fitted ; to conform
; to be ſuitable. Addiſon.

TA'LMUD. ʃ. The book containing

THA'L.M UD. I the Jewiſh traditkns,

rabbinical conſtitutions and explications
of the law.

TA'LNESS. ʃ. [from tall.] Height of ſtature
i proccrity. Spenſer. Hay^o.

TA'LON. ʃ. [tahn, French.] the claw of
a bird of prey. Bacon. Prier,

TA'MARIND rr<?^. ſ. [tawan'ndns, Latin.]
The flower of the tamarind tree becomes
a flat pod, containing many flat angular
feeds ſwrrounded with an acid blackiſh
pulp. Miller.

TA'MARISK. ʃ. [tamarifce, Lat.] The
flowers of the tamarijk are rofaceous.

TA'MBARINE. ʃ. [tambomiii, Fr.] A
tabor ; a ſmall crum. Spenſer.

TAME. a', [zame, Saxon ; taeniy Dutch.]I
Not wild ; domclHck. Addiſon.
2. Cruſhed ; ſubdued; depreſſed ; dejecteii. Shakſp, Roſcom.
3. Spiritleſs ; unanimated.

To TAME. v. a. [tcmean, Saxon.]
1. To reduce from wildneſs ; to reclaim; to make gentle. Shakſp.-
2. To ſubdue; to cruſh ; to depieſs 3 to
conquer. £cn. Johnſon.

TA'MEABLE. a. [from tame.] Suſceptiveof
taming. kyilkiis,

TA'MELY. a. [from ww^.] Not wildly ;
meanly ; ſpiritleſly. Shakʃpeare, Dryden, Swift.

TA'MENESS. ʃ. [from tame]
1. The quality of being tame ; not wildneſs.
2. Want of ſpirits 3 timidity. Rogers.

TA'MER. ʃ. [from tame.] Conqv>eror ;.
ſubduer. Pope. .

TA'MINY. ʃ. A woollen fluff'.

TA'MKIN. ʃ. The ſtopplc of the mouth
of a great gun.

To TA'MPER. v. a.
1. To be buſy with phyſick.

2. To meddle ; to have to do without
fitneſs or neceſfity, Bofam. Addiſon.
3. To deal ; to practiſe with. Hudibras.

To TAN. v. a. [tannen, Dutch.]
1. To impregnate or imbue with bark. Grew, Swift
2. To imbrown by the fun. Donne. Cleavelavd,

TANE for taken, ta\-n. - Mciy,

TANG. f. [tanghe, Dutch.]
1. A flxong taſte ; a taſte left in the
2. Reliſh5 taſte. Atterbury.
3. Something that leaves a fling or pain
behind it. Shakſp.
4. Sound ; tone. Holder.

To TANG. nj. n. To ring with. Shakſp.

TA'NGENT. ʃ. [tangent, French 3 tangens,
Is a right line perpendicularly raif-
$ ti

iti on the extremity of a radius, which
tQuches a circle ſo as not to cut it.

TANGIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from tang!/;^.] The
quality of being perceived by the touch.

TA'NGIBLE. a. [from tango, Latin.]
Perceptible by the touch. Bacon. Jjocke.

To TA'NGLS. v. a. [See entangle.]
1. To implicate ; to knit together.
2. To enfnare ; to entrap. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
3. To embroil ; to embarraſs.

To TA'^^GLE. v. n. To be entangled.

TA'NGLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] ^A knot
of things mmgled in one another. Milton.

TAWISTRY. ʃ. The IriA holdVheir lands
by taniſtry, which is no more than a
perſonal eſtate for his life time that is
tanifi. by'reaſon he is admitted thereunto
by eleilion. Spenſer.

TANK. f. [tan^ney VtQnth.] A large ciftern
or bafon. Dryden.

TA'NKARD. ʃ. [tankaerd, Dutch. ; A
large vellei with a cover, for ſtrong drink. Ben. Johnson. S-Swift.

TA'NNER. ʃ. [from tan.] One whofe
trade is to tan leather. Moxoti.

TA'NSY. ʃ. A plant. Miller.

TA'NTALISM. ʃ. [Ucm tantalize.] A puniſhment
like that of Tantalus.

To TA'NTALIZE. v. e. To torment by
the ſhow of pleaſures which cannot be
reached, Addiʃon.

TA'NTLING. ʃ. [from Taniahn.] One
feized with hopes of pleaſure unattainable.Shakʃpeare.

TA'NTAMOUNT. ʃ. [French.] Equivalent. Locke.

To TAP. v. a. [tappen, Dutch.]
1. To touch lightly ; to ſtrike gently.
2. To pierce a veITel ; to broach ^ veſſel. Shakʃpeare, Addiſon.

TAP. ʃ. [from the yerb.]
1. A gentle blow. Addiſon, Gay.
2. A pipe at which the liquor of a veſſel
is let out. Denham.

TAPROOT. ʃ. The principal fiem of the
root. Mortimer.

TAPE. ʃ. [taeppan, Sax.] A narrow fillet
or band. Gay, Pope. .

TA'PUK'S' [tapeji, Sax.] Awax.candle ;
a lighty 'iaylor,

TA'PER. a. Regularly narrowed from the
bottom to the top ; pyramidal ; conical. Dryden. Grew.

To TA'PER. v. n. To grow ſmaller. Ray.

TA'PESTRY. ʃ. [tapeprie, tapifferie, tapis,
French ; tapetum, Latin.] Cloth woven
iA regular figures^ Dryden, Addiſon.


TA'PET. ʃ. \tapetia, Lat.] Worked or
figured fluff. Spenſer.

TA'PSTER. ʃ. [from tap.] One whofe
buſineſs is to draw beer in an alehouſe. Shakſp. Hotvcl. Swift.

TAR. ʃ. [taſte, Sax. tarre, Dutch.] Liquid
pitch. Camden.

TAR. ʃ. A ſailor ; a ſeaman in contempt. Swift.

To TAR. v. a. [from theneun.]
1. To ſmearover with tar.
2. To teaze ; to provoke. Sha^eſp.

T'ARA'NTULA. ʃ. [Italian.] An infec:
whoſe bite is only cured By muſick.t. Sidney, Locke.

TARDA'TION. ʃ. [tarda, Latin.] The
act of hindering or delaving.

TA'RDlGRADOUS. a. [tardigradus, Lat.]
Moving ſlowly. Brown.

TA'RDILY. ad. [from tardy.] Slowly ;
fluggiſhly. Shakſp.

TA'RDITY. ʃ. [tarditaz, Latin.] Slo'wneſs
; want of velocity. Digby.

TA'RDINESS. ʃ. [from tardy.] Slowneſs ;
ilut^giſhneſs ; unwillingneſs to action or
motion. Shakſp.

TARDY. a. [tardus, Lat.]
1. Slow ; not ſwift. Sandyt.
2. Sluggiſh; unwilling to action or motion. Dryden, Prior.
3. Dilatory ; late ; tedious. Waller, Dryden.
4. Unwary. Hudibras.
c. Criminal ; offending. Collier.

To TA'RDY. v. a. [tarder, Fr.] To de-
Jay ; to hinder. Shakſp.

TARE. ʃ. [from teeren, Dutch.] A weed
that grows among corn. Hooker, Decay of Piety, Locke.

TARE. ʃ. A mercantile word denoting the
vleight of any thing containing a commodity
; alſo the allowance made for it.

TARE. preterite of tear. Dryden.

TARGE. ʃ. [rapga, Sax.] A kind

TA'RGET. ʃ. of buckler or ſhield born
on the left arm. Spenſer, Milton.

TA'RGUM. ʃ. A paraphraſe on the pentateuch
in the Chaldee language.

TA'RIFF. ʃ. A cartel of commerce. Add,

TARN. ʃ. A bog ; a fen ; a marſh.

To TA'RNISH. v. n. [ttrnir, French.]
To fully ; to foil ; to make not bright. Collier. Thomfoit,

To TA''RNISH. v. n. To ioſe brightneſs. Collier.

TARPA'WLING. ʃ. [from tar..
1. Hempen cloathfmeered with tar. Dryd.
2. A ſailor in contempt. Denms,

TARRAGON. ʃ. A plant called herbdragon.

TA'RRIANCE. ʃ. [from tarry.] Stay ;
deliv ; perhaps fojourn. Shakſp.


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1. A ſort of ſmall dog;, thtt hunts the
fox or otter out of his hole. Dryden.
2. One that tarries or ſtays.

To TA'RRY. v. a. [/a;;g;r, French.]
1. To ſtay ; to continue in a place.
2. To delay ; to be long in coming.

PJhL Dryden.

To TA'RRY. v. a. To wait for.Shakʃpeare.

TA'RSEL. ʃ. A kind of hawk. Shakʃpeare, Prior.

TA'RSUS. ʃ. TheTpace betwixt the lower
end of the focil bones of the leg, and the
beginning of the five long bones that are
jointed with, and bear up, the toes. Wiſeman.

TART. a. [reapr, Sax. tatrtig, Dutch.]
1. Sour ; acid ; acidulated ; ſharp of
2. Sharp ; keen ; ſevere. Shakʃpeare, Wotton.

TART. ʃ. [tarte, French ; tarta, Italian.]
A ſmall pie of fruit. Bacon.

TA'RTANE. ʃ. [tartamy Italian.] A veſſel
much uſed in the Mediterranean, with
©ne mail and a three-cornered fail. Addiſon.

TA'RTAR. ʃ. [tartarui, Lat.]
1. Hell. Shakſp.
2. Tartar is what ſticks to wine caſks,
like a hard ſtone, either white or red, as
the colour of the wine from whence it
comes : the white is preferable, the beft
is the tartar of the rheniſh wine.
^Jirrcy. Boyle.

TARTA'REAN. a. [tartarus, Lat.] Helliſh. Milton.

TARTA'REOUS. ʃ. [from tartar.]
1. Conſiſting of tartar. Grew.
2. Helliſh. Milton.

To TA'RTARIZE. v. a. [from tartar.]
To impregnate with tartar.

TA'RTAROUS. a. [from tartar.] Containing
tartar ; conſiſting of tartar.

TA'RTLY. ad. [from tart.]
1. Sharply ; ſcurly ; with acidity.
2. Sharply ; with poignancy ; with feverity.
3. With fourneſs of aſpeG. Shakſp.

TA'RTNESS. ʃ. [from tart.]
1. Sharpneſs ; fo^urneli ; acidity. Mortimer.
2. Sourneſs of ^temper ; poignancy of
language. Shakſp.
Task. 7. [rj/I-i^, French ; tajla, Italian.]
1. Something to be done impoſed by another. Milton.
2. Employnient ; buſineſs.
jitttiiurj. Pope. .

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


3. To tah to Task. To reprove; tm
reprimand. VEttrange. Addiſon.

To TASK. v. a. [from the noun ; To
burthen with ſomething to be done.
hkak-:(p. Dryden.

TA'SKER. ʃ/. [tajk and mafier..

TASKMASTER. i One who impof^-s
taſks. Milton. isouth,

TAbSEL. ſ. [taij'c, French.] An ornamental
bunch of iilk, or glittering ſubſtance-
s. Spenſer. Sandy:,
ta-zel! \ ^' ^ ^^' ^'>-

TA'SSELLED. ʃ. [from t.^Jfcl.] Adorned
with talfels. Milton.

TA'SSES. ʃ. Armour for the thighs.

TA'STABLE. a. That may be taſted ; dvoury. Boyle.

To TASTE. v. a. [tajier, to try, French.]
1. To perceive and diſtinguiſh by the palate,
2. To try by the mouth ; to eat at leaſt
in a ſmall quantity. Milton.
3. To efiay firſt. Knolles, Dryden.
4. To itd ; to have perception of.

To TASTE. v. n,
1. To try by the mouth to eat. Milton.
2. . To have a ſmack ; to produce on the
palate a particular ſenſation. Bacon, Swift.
3. To diſtinguiſh intellectually. Swift.
<3 . To reliſh intellectually ; to approve. Milton.
5. To be tinflured, or receive ſome quality
or character. Shakſp.
6. To try the icliſh of any thing. Davies.
1. To have perception of, Wif'd,
5. To take enjoyment. Milton.
9. To enjoy ſparingly, Dryden.

TASTE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of tafting ; guſtation. Milton.
2. The iewii by which the reliſh of any
thing on the palate is perceived. Bacon, Waller.
3. That ſenſation which all things taken
into the mouth give particularly to the
tongue. Lc4:k£,
4. Intellectual rcliſh or diſcernment. Hooker, Milton.
c. An eſſsy : a trial ; an experiment. Shakʃpeare.'ſp.
6. A ſmall portion given as a ſpecimei^. Bacon.

TASTED. a. [from tajle.] Having a particular
reliſh. Bacon.

TASTER. ʃ. [tajieur, Fr.]
1. One wkotukes thefirrt eflay of food.
2. A

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

6» A dram cup. j^hifzv.

TA'STEFUL. a. [fap and full.] High re.
liſhed ; favoury. Pope. .

TASTELESS. a. [from tap.]
1. Having no power of perceiving taſte.
2. Having no reliſh or power of ſtimujating
the palate. Boyle.
3. Having no power of giving pleaſure ; inſipid. - Rogers.
4. Having no intene6>:ual guſt. Addiſon.

TASTELESSNESS. ʃ. [from tajielejs.]
1. Inſipidity ; want of reliſh.
2. Want of perception of taſte.
3. Want of intellectual reliſh.

To TA'TTER. v. a. [tor^jian, Sax.]
To tear ; to rend ; to make ragged. Shakſp, Pope. .

TATTER. ʃ. [from the verb.] A rag ; a fluttering ra?. L'Eſtrange.

TATTERDEMA'LION. ʃ. A ragged fellow.


To TA'TTLE. «y. «. [tatercn, Dutch.]
^.-._^To prate ; to talk idly.
^ \ Spenſer, Locke, Addiſon.

TA'IpXE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Prate ;
idle (iwhat ; trifling talk. Swift. Wattz.

TA'TTL\PR. ʃ. [from mtlc.-\ An idle
talker ; 'V prater. Ta\Ic>:

TATTO'0.]/-. The beat of drum by which
ſoldiers are^^warned to their quarters.
/ Pncr.

TA'VERN://. [ta'ucrſw, French ; iakrria,
Latin.]; A houſe where wine is fold, and
drinke/rs a)-e entertained. Shakſp.

TA'VE'RNER. ʃ. [from ta^.'cm

TA'VERNKEEPER. ^ manor hep-, ta-

TAVERNMAN. ^ ^^rwVr, French.]
One who keeps a tavern. Camden.

TAUGHT. preterite and part. paflTive of
teach. Milton.

To TAUNT. v. a. [tatifer, Fr. tanden,
1. To reproach ; to infult ; to revile ; to
ridicule. Shakʃpeare.
9. To exprobate ; to mention with upbraiding. Shakſp.

TAUNT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Infult ; ſcoft-' ; reproach. Shakſp, Prior.

TA'UNTER. ʃ. [from taunt.] One who
taunts, reproaches, or inſuits.

TA'UNTINGLY. ad. [from taunting..
With infult; ſcoflingly ; with contumely
and exprobration. Shakſp, Prior.

TAURICO'RNOUS. a. [tauruz and cornu,
Lat, ] Having horns like a bull.

TAUTO'LOGICAL. a. [from tautology.
Repeating the ſame thing.

TAUTOXOGIST. ʃ. [from tautology.] One who repeats tediouſly.

TAUTO'LOGY. ʃ. [T^vloUyU.I Repetition
of the ſame words, or of the ſame ſenſe
ia differejit words, Dryden. Mdifoitt

To TAW. ʃ. a. [/0Ti;(.7r, Dutch; t:a|)iarr ;
Saxon.] To dreſs white leather common-
ly called alum leather, in contradictinclion
from tan leather, that which is drellec
with bark.

TAW. ʃ. A marble to play with. Swift.

TA'WDRINESS. ʃ. [from taiudry.'^ Tinfel
finery; finery too ofl:entatiou§.

TA'WDRY. a. [from Saint Awdrey, or
Saint Etheldred ; as the things bought at
Saint Etheldred's fair.] Meanly ſhowy ; ſplendid without coft. Spenſer, L'Eſtrange, Dryden, Addiſon.

TA'WER. ʃ. [from jw.] A dreller of
white leather.

TA'WNY. a. [tane, tanne', Fr.] Yellow>.
like things tanned. Peacham, Milton, Brown, Addiʃon.

TAX. f. [taxe, French i
taxe, Dutch.)
1. An impoſt ; a tribute impoſed ; an excife
; a tallage. Dryden, Arbuth.
2. Charge ; cenſure. Clarenden.

To TAX. ^. a. [taxcr, Fr.]
1. To load with impoſts. 2 Kings.
2. To charge ; to cenſure ; to accuſe. Shakſp, Raleigh, Milton. Decay of
Piety. Dryden, Addiſon.

TA'XABLE. a. [from ta,x.] That may be

TAXA'TION. ʃ. [taxation, Fr.]
1. The act of loading with taxes ; impofl- ; tax. Sidney.
2. Accufation ; ſcandal. Shakſp.

TA'XER. ʃ. [from tax.] He who taxes. Bacon.

TEA. ʃ. [French.] A Chineſe plant, of
which the infunon has lately been much
drunk in Europe.

IFaller. Addiſ Spe^. Arbuth, Swift.

To TEACH. 1'. a. preter. and part. pafl.
taught, ſometimes t'eachcd, which is now
obſolete. [zsecan, Sax.]
1. To infl:rua ; .to inform. Ifa. Milton.
2. To deliver any doclrine or art, or
words to be learned. Milton.
3. To ſhow ; to exhibit ſo as to impreſs
upon the mind. Shakſp, South.
4. To tell ; to give intelligence. Tuſſer.

To TEACH. v. n. To perform the office
of an inſtructor. Shakſp. Mic,

TE'ACHABLE. a. [from teach.] Docile ; ſuſceptive of infl:iuaion. Watts.

TE'ACHABLENESS. ʃ. [from teachable.]
Docility ; willingneſs to learn ; capacity
to learn.

TE'ACHER. ʃ. [from teach.]
1. One who teaches ; an infi;ru6lor ; preceptor. Hooker, Milton, South. Blackm,
2. A preacher ; one who is to deliver doctrine
to the people. South.
1^^ QXtede, A torch: a flambeau. Spenʃ.


TEAGITE. ʃ. A name of contempt uſei
for an Iriſhman.

TEAL. J,'[teelingb, Dutch.] A wild fowl.

TEAM. ʃ. fryme, Saxon. a yoke.]
1. A numb;;r of horſes or oxen drawing
at once the lame carnage.
Spenſh-. Roʃcommon, Dryden.
2. Any number paſſing in a line. Dryden.

TEAR. f. (zeaji, Sax. taare, Daniſh.]
1. The water which violent paſſion forces
from the eyes. Bacon, Milton.
2. Any moiſture trickling in drops. Dryden.

TEAR. ʃ. [from the verb.] A rent ; a

To TEAR. pret. tcre, anciently part. paſt.
torn:, [za?jian, Saxon.]
1. To pull in pieces; to lacerate; to
rend. Shakſp.- Gen. Arbuth.
2. To laniate ; to wound with any ſharp
point drawn along. Shakſp. yer.
3. To break by violence. Dryd, a. Phil.
4. To divide violently ; to ſhatter. Locke.
5. To pull with violence ; to drive violently. Dryden.
6. To take away by ſudden violence. Waller, Addiſon.

To TEAR. v. It. [Avrſw, Dutch.] To fume; to rave ; to rant turbulently, L'Eſtrange.

TE'ARER. ʃ. [from to tear.] He who
rends or tears,

TE'ARFALLING. a. [tear and fall. [
Tender; ſhedding tears. Shakſp.

TE'ARFUL. a. [KV2r and /«//.] Weeping; full of tears. Shakſp, Pope. .

To TEASE. v. a. [taefan, Saxon.]
1. To coinb or unravel wool or flax,
2. To ſcratch cloth in order to level the
3. To torment with importunity. Addiſon, Prior.

TE'ASEL. ʃ. [zffi -1. Saxon ; dipjaeus, Lat.]
A plant of ſingular uſe in raiiing the knap
upon woollen cloth. Miller.

TE'ASER. ʃ. [from teajc.] Any thing that
torments by inceflant importunity.

TEAT. ʃ. [teth, Wellh ; tir. Sax. tette,
Dutch.] The dug of a beaſt. Brown, Locke, Prior.

TE'CHNICAT. rt. [Ts;^^vtx'>c.] Belonging to
arts ; not \a commonorpopular uſe. Locke.

TE'CHY. a. Peeviſh ; fretful ; irritable. Shakſp.

TECTO'NICK. a. [Tixlcwxa;.] Pertaining
to building.

To TED. 1!. a. [zeatan, Saxon.] Toby
graſs newly mown in rows. Mrlt. Maxim.

TE'DDER ox tether,
f. [///ir/fr, Dutch.]
1. A rope with which a horſe is tied in
the field that he may not paſture too wi^e.

2. Any thing by which one is retrained.'. Bacon. Childt,

TE DRUM. ʃ. An hymn of the church,
fo called from the two firſt words oif the
Latin. Shakſp, Bacon.

TE'DIOUS. a. [tedi.ux, French; tadium,
1. Weariſome by continuance ; troul)lefomc
; irkſome. Milton.
2. Weariſome by prolixity. Hooker.
3. Slow. Ainsworth.

TE'DIOUSLY. ad. [from tedioui.] In ſuch
a manner as to weary.

TE'DIOUSNES-S. ſ. [from tedious.]
1. Weariſomeneſs by continuance.
2. Weariſomeneſs by prolixity. Hooker.
3. Prolixity ; length. Shakſp.
4. Unc-afmeſs; tireſomeneſs ; quality'of
wearying. Hooker, Donne. Daiics.

To TEEM. v. a. [team, Saxon. offspring.]
1. To bring young. Shakſp.
2. To be pregnant ; to engender young. Dryden.
3. To be full ; to be charged as a breeding
animal. Addiſon.

To TEEM. v. a.
1. To bring forth ; to produce. Shakſp.
2. To pour. Swift.

TE'EMFUL. a. [zeampul, Saxon.]
1. Pregnant ; proliſick.
2. Brimful. Airfiv,

TE'EMER. ʃ. [from teem.] One that
brings young.

TE'EMLESS. a. [from ſc^/w.] Unfruitful; not proliſick. Dryden.

TEEN. ʃ. [einan, Saxon ; tench^ FIcmJſh,
to vex.
; Sorrow ; grief, Spenſer. i>bak.

To TEEN. -f, a. [from zinan, to kindJe.
Saxon ] To excite ; to provoke to do a

TEENS. ʃ. [from teen for ten.] The years
reckoned by the termination teen ; as,
thirteen, fourteen. Cra:;-jille.

TEETH. the plural of /oor/j. Jot.

To TEETH. v. n. [from the nonn.] To
breed treth. A'l'^ub.

TE'GUMENf. ʃ. [tegumentum, Lati:^, ]
Cover ; the outward part. Bacon. Wiſemar. Bay,

To TEH-KE. v.n. To laugh; to titter.

T'EIL tree.
f. Linden or lime tree. Jfa.

TEINT. ʃ. [te^frtc, French.] CclotJr
; touch of the pencil. Dryden.

TE'LARY. a. [tela, a web, Lat.] Spnnine
webs. Frczin,

TE'LESCOPE. ʃ. ; [tlaO^ and.>xo77.'x-.] A
long glaſs by which dillant obje<fis are
viewed, }Fjr:s,

TELESCO'PICAL. a. [from telefcope \ Belonging
to a teleſto^e ; ſteing at a diliance.
6 G To
T fi M

To TELL. v. a. preerite and part. paff.
tolc^ zell I. ^d«^nJ taeier^ tcUen, Dut,
ia r.y ' an ſh.]
1. To utter ; to expreſs ; to ſpeak. Milton.
2. To relate ; to reh<»arſe ; to ſpeak.
MlIron. Dryden, Pope. .
^ To each ; to inform. Shakʃpeare. Sovderfon,
4. To diicover ; to betray. Numbers.
c. To count ; to number. Waller, Prior.
6. To make exiu(cs. A low word. Shakʃpeare.

To TELL. To «.
1. To give an account ; to make rerorr,
Pfulms. Milto.
«. To Tell on. To inform of. 1 Sam.

TE'LLTALE. ʃ. [tell -^nd Ki/e.] One who
gives malicious information ; one whu carries
officious inteiagence. Shakʃpeare, Fairfax, Milton.

TE'LLER. ʃ. [from \.//.]
1. One who tfUs Or relates,
1. One who numb-rs.
3. A tellr is an officer of the exchequer, of
which the e are tour in number : their buſineſs
is 10 receive all monies due to the
king, and give the clerk of the pell a bill
to charge him therewith : they alſo pay all
perſons any money payable to them by the
king, by warrant from the auditor of the
receipt. Co weI.

TEMERA'RIOUS. a. [temeraire, Fr. temeror'uSy
1. Raſhj heady. L'Eſtrange.
2. C.releſs ; heedleſs. Ray.

TEME'RITY. ʃ. [temtn'tai, Lat.] Raſhnef.
; unreaſonable contempt of danger. Cowley.

To TEMPER. v. a. [temp^ro, Lat.]
1. T- m.x ſo as that one part qualifies the
ether. M.'lon.
2. To compound ; to form by mixture.Shakʃpeare.
3. To mingle, Exeikiel, Addiſon.
4. To bdt together to a proper conſiſtence. Wi^d.
5. To accommodate ; to modify,
6. To ſoften ; to mollify ; to aſſuage ; to
footh. Spenſer, Shakʃpeare, Otway.
7. To form metals to a proper degree of
hardneſs. Milton, Boyle, Dryden.
8. To govern. i>penſer,

TEMPER. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Djc mixture of contrary qualities. Raleigh. ArluthnoU
2. Middle courſe ; mean or medium. Swift.
3. Conftitution of body. Burnet.
4. Diſp flincn of mind. Locke.
||. Coiittitutional Irame of mind.Shakʃpeare.

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6. Calmneſs of mind ; moderation. Ben. Johnſon.
7. State to which metals are reduced. Shakʃpeare, Sharp.

TE'MPERAMENT. ʃ. [temperamentum,
1. Conftitution ; ſtate with reſpect to the
predcminance of any quality. Locke.
2. Medium ; due mixture of oppoCtes. Hale.

TEMPERAME'NTAL. a. [from temperament.
j C'inſtitutional. Brown.

TEMPERANCE. f. [tewperantia, Latin.]
1. Moderation ; oppoſed to gluttony and
drunkenneſs. Milton, Temple.
2. Patience ; calmneſs ; fedateneſs ; moderation
of p^irion, Spenſer.

TEMPERATE. a. [temperatui,l.zt.]
1. Not excelfive i moderate in degree of
any quality. Bacon.
2. Moderate in meat and drink. Wiſeman.
3. Free from ardent paſſion. Shakʃpeare, Brown.

TE'MPERATELY. ad. [from temperate.]
1. Moderately ; not exceffively. Addiſon.
2. Calmly ; without violence of paſſion.Shakʃpeare.
3. Without gluttony or luxury, Taylor.

TE'MPERATENESS. ʃ. [from temperate..
1. Freedom from excelFes ; mediocrity.
2. Calmneſs ; coolneſs of mind. Daniel.

TE'MPERATURE. ʃ. [tempiratura, Lat.]
1. Conftitution of nature ; degree of any
qualities, Jlbbot. Watts.
2. Mediocrity ; due balance of contrarie.
ties. Davies.
3. Moderation; freedom from predominant
paction. Spenſer.

TE'MPERED. a. [from temper.] Diſpoſed
with regard to the paſſions. Shakʃpeare.

TE'MPEST. ʃ. [temp'Jias, Lat.]
1. The utmofl violence of the wind,
.dbbot. Donne.
2. Any tumult ; commotion 3 perturbation.

To TE'MPEST. v. a. [from the noun.] To
diſturb as by a tempeſt. Milton.

TE'MPEST-BEATEN. v. a. [tempeſt and
beot.] Shattered with ſtorms. Dryden.

TE'MPEST. TOST. a. [temp ſt and pofi.]
Driven about by florms. Shakʃpeare.

TEMPESTI'VITY. ʃ. [tempeſtivm, Latin.]
Seafonableneſs. Brown.

TEMPE'STUOUS. a. [ttmpeflueux, Fr. from
tempeſt.] Stormy ; tuibulent. Milton, Collier.

TE'MPLAR. ʃ. [from the Temple.] A ſtudent
in the law. Pope. .

TE'MPLE. ʃ. [temple, Fr, templum, Latin.]
1. A place appropriated to aits of religion. Shakʃpeare.g,

2. The upper part of the ſides of rte head. Arbuthnot, Pope. .

TE'MPLET. ʃ. A piece of timber in building-. Moxon.

TE'MPORAL. a. [temf oralis, Lat.]
1. Mcafured by time ; not eternal. Hooker.
2. Secular ; not eccleſiaflical. Shakʃpeare, Swift.
3. Notſpiritual. Taylor. Rogers.
4. Placed at the temples. Arbuthnot.

TEMPORA'UTy. ʃ. / \^ttmpoTalite,^Yx,

TEMPORALS. ʃ. from tempora/.] Secular
pofleſhuns ; not ccclefiaſtick rights. Cowel, Bacon.

TE'MPORALLY. ad. [from temporal.]
With reſpect to this life. South.

TEMPORALTy. ʃ. [from temporal.]
1. The Idity ; (ecular people. ^bhot,
2. Secular pofreſſions. Ay\'ffe.

TEMPORA'NEOUS. a. [tempcris, Latin.]

TE'MFORARINESS. ʃ. [from tmf.nxry.]
The ſtate of being temporary.

TE'MPORARY. a. [tempus, Lat.] Lifting
only for a limited time. Bacon, Addiſon.

To TE'MPORIZE. v. «. [tempcrifer, Fr.]
1. To delay ; to procrailinate. Shakʃpeare.
2. To comply with the times or occaſion?-,

TEMPORIZER. ʃ. [ttmporifeur, Fr. from
temp:rixe \ One that complies with times
or 'ccdli ns ; a trimmer, Shakʃpeare.

TFM.HBREAD. If \t.mfen,temi,DM\i.]

TEM ED BREAD. ʃ. Bread made of flower
better fitted than common.

To TEMPT. v. a. [terao, Lat. tenter, Fr.]
1. To follicit to ill ; to intice by preſenting
ſome plesfure or advantage to the
mind. Shakʃpeare. 1 Cor. Taylor.
2. To provoke, Shakʃpeare.
5. To try; to attempt, Dryden.

TEMPTA'TION. ʃ. [ttntatiofif Fr. from temp.]
1. The act of tempting; follicitation to
ill ; enticement. Milton.
2. The ſtate of being tempted. Duppa.
3. That which is offered to the mind as a
motive to ill. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

TEMPTABLE. a. [from /ſw/r.]
1. One who foliicits to ill ; an enticr. Shakʃpeare. Thktfon,
2. The infernsl foUicitor to evil. Hammond.

TE'MULENCy. ʃ. [temuhfitia, Lu.] Inebri.
tion ; intoxication by liquor.

TE'MULENT. a. [temukntus, Lat.] Inebriated ; intoxicated.

TEN. a. [ty 1. Sax. tier, Dutch.] The
decimal nuHiOer ; twice five. Bacon, Dryden.

TE'NABLE. a. [tenable, French.] Such
as may bs maintained againſt oppofition ;

ſuch as may be held againſt attack?,
Buc-.n. Clarenden, Addiſon.

TENA'CIOUS. a. [ter.ax, Lat.]
1. Graſping hard ; inclined to hold fft ;
not willing to let go. South.
2. Retentive. Locke.
3. Havinp parts diſpoſed to adhere 10 each
other ; cohefive, Newton, Arbuthnot.

TE'NANCY. ʃ. Tempor,.ry potre/Ti in of
what belongs to another. Wotton.,

TE'NANT. ʃ. [tenart.Y .]
1. That h >lds of another ; one that 00
certain conditions has temporary pollefllon
and uſes the property of another. Pope, Shakſp.ft,
2. One who reſides in any phce. Thomfon.

To TE'NANT. v. a. ; from the noun.] To
hold on certain conditi fiF. Addiſon.

TE'NANTABLE. a. [from r-n^n'.] Such
as may be held by ^ tenan'. Suckling, Decay of Piety.

TE'NANTLESS. a. [from tenant ; Unoccupied
; urplTeired. Shakʃpeare.

TE'NANT- SAW. ʃ. [corrupted from ten'.n.

TENCH. f. [tince, Saxon; r/wcj, Latin.]
A pond riſh. Hale.

To TEND. v. a. [contracted from attend..
1. To watch ; to guard ; to accompany as
an afliſtant of defender. Spenſer. cpr,
2. To attend ; to accompany. Milton.
3. To be attentive to. Milton.

To TEND. v. n. [terdo, Lat.]
1. To move towards a certain point or
place. Wotton, Dryden.
2. To be directed to any end or purpofe. Temple. Ttilomfon,
3. To contribute, Hammond.
4. To wait; to expert. Shakʃpeare.
5. To attend ; to wait aa dependants or
fervants. Shakʃpeare.
6. To attend as ſomething inſeparable. Shakʃpeare.

TE'NDANCE. ʃ. [from tend.]
1. Attendance; ſtate of expectation. Spenſer.
2. Perſon ; attendant. Shakʃpeare.
3. Altenddnce ; act of waiting.Shakʃpeare.
4. Care ; act of tending. Shakʃpeare, Milton.


TE'NDENCY. ʃ. [from tend.]
1. Direction or courſe towards any place or
object. Taylor.
2. Direction or courſe toward any infer-
ence or reſult ; drift. Locke.

TE'NDER. a. [tendre, French.]
1. bolt; eaſily imprefied or injured. Milton.
2. Se;.ſible; eaſily pained ; ſoon fore. L'Eſtrange, Locke.
3. EffeTEN
3. Effeminate ; cmafculatc} delicate. Spenſer.
4. Exciting kind concern. Shakʃpeare.
5. Compaſſionate ; anxious for another's
good. Hooker, Milton.
6. Suſceptible of ſoft paſſions. Spenſer.
7. Amorous ; lafcivious. Uudibras.
8. Expreſſive of the fofier paſſions.
9. Cireful not to hurt. Milton.
10. Gentle ; mild ; unwilling to pain.Shakʃpeare.
; I, Apt to give pain. Bacon.
12. Young ; weak: as, tender age.Shakʃpeare.

To TE'NDER. v. a. [tendre, French.]
1. To offer ; to exhibit ; to propoſe to
acceptance. Hooker, Milton.
2. To hold ; to eſteem. Shakʃpeare.
3. To regard with kindneſs. Shakʃpeare.

TE'NDER. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Offer i prpofal to acceptance. Dryden, South, Addiſon.
2. [Frorjl the adjective.] Regard ; k nd
concern. Shakʃpeare.

TE'NDER-HEARTED. a. [tend.r .nd
hsurt.]^ Of a fotfc compAlIionate diſpt^fxtjon.

TE'NDERLING. ʃ. [ficm tevd.r.l
1. The fiifl horns of a deer.
2. A ſo diifig,

TE'NDERLY. ad. [from tender.] In a tender
manner ; niiialy ; gently ; ſoftly ;
kindly ; without harſhnſh'. Shakʃpeare, Milton. Garth. P-ps.

TE'NDERNESS. f. [tcidrejf. Fr. from
1. The taſte of being tender ; ſuſceptibility
of impreſſions. Bacon. Arbuttn4.
2. State of being e&fily hurt ; lorenafs. Locke, Addiſon, Berkley.
3. SuſceptiVility of thfl ſofter paſſions. Shakʃpeare. Addiſon.
4. Kind attention ; anxiety for the good of
another. Bacon.
5. Scrupulouſneſs ; caution. Wotton, South.
6. Cautious care. Covernment of the Tofigtte,
7. Soft pati'ios of expr^rſtion.

TE'NDlNOUS. a. [tindi>iis, Lat.] Sinewy; containing tendons ; -ccnfiſhng of tendons.

TE'NDON. ʃ. [teytdo, Latin.] A ſinew ;
a ligature by which the joints are moved. Blackmore.

TENDRIL. ʃ. [tendrillov, French.] The
ciaſp of a vine, or other climbing plant.
Mill 071. Dryden, Ray.

TENE'BRICOSE. ;^ «. [tevebricofn$, terebrofusy
Lat.] Dark ;
ubra. Lat.] Dark-


fit la ; giopm.


TE'NEMENT. ʃ. [tenement, Fr. tenement
turn, law Latin.] Any thing held by a te-
- nant. Locke, Pope. .

TE'NENT. ʃ. See Tenet.

TENE'RITY. ʃ. [tenentai, tener, Latin.]
Tenderneſs. Ainsworth.

TENE'SMUS. ʃ. Needing to go to {tool. Arbuthnot.

TE'NET. ʃ. [from tenet, Latin. be holds.]
It is ſometimes written tenent, or they
hold.] Poſition ; principle ; opinion. Decay of Piety, South, Prior.

TE'NNIS. ʃ. A play at which a ball is
driven with a racket. Shakʃpeare. Howel.

To TE'NNIS. v. a. [from the noun.] To
drive as i ball. Spenſer.

TENON. ʃ. [French.] the end of a timber
cut to be fitted into another timber. Moxon.

TE'NOUR. ʃ. Itenor, Lat. teneur, Fr.]
1. Continuity of ſtate ; conl^ant mode ; manner of continuity. Sidney. Crajha'w. Spratt.
a- Senfe contained ; general ccurſe or drift. Shakʃpeare, Locke.
2. A found in muſick. Bacon.

TEASE. a. [ccttjuj, Lat.] Stretched ; ſtiffj'
o'. lax. Holder.

TEN>.E. ʃ. [t^nipi, ¥r. tetrf-uf, Lat.] Avan,
tioj) of ttie verb to ſignify time. Clarke.

TE'NSENESS. ʃ. [from ^^ykj Gontractioi
» i tension : the coatiary to laxity,

TE'NSIBLE. a. [tfnjus, Lat.] Capable of
being cjctended. Bacon.

TE'NSILE. a. [tetifilis, Lat.] Cap<tble of
extenſion. Bacon.

TE'NSION. ʃ. [t'vfion, Fr. tenfus, Latin.]
The act of ſtretching ; not laxation ; the
ſtate of being ſtretched ; not laxity. Blackmore.

TE'NSIVE. <z. [/5«/«5, Latin.] Giving a
ſenſation of ſtiffneſs or contraction. Floyer.

TE'NSURE. ʃ. [tenfus, Lat.] The ad of
ſtretching, or ſtate of being ſtretched ; t^e
contrary to laxai'on or laxity, Bacon.

TENT. ʃ. [tentey Freoch ; tentorium^ Lat.]
1. A ſoldier's rjioveable lodging place,
commonly made of canvas extended upon
poles. Knolles.
2. Any temporary habitation ; a pavilios. Milton.
3. [Tente, French.] A roU of lint p«it
in 10 a fore. Shakʃpeare, Wiſeman.
4. A ſpecies of wine deeply red, chiefly
from Gallicia in Spain.

To TENT. v. «. [from the noun.] To
lodge as in a tent ; to tabernacle.

To TENT. v. a. To ſearch as with a medical
tent, Shakʃpeare, Wiſeman.

TENTA'TION. ʃ. [tentatiOy Lat.] Trial ; temptation. Brown.

TE'NTATIVE. a. [tentative^ Fr. tent<K.
Lat.] Trying ; eſſaying.


TE'NTED. a. [from rtf^r.] Covered with
terns, Shakʃpeare, Pope. .

TE'NTER. ʃ. [undo, tentut, Lat.]
1. A hook on which things are ſtretchcd.
2. To be on the TzSTS-KS. To be on rhe
ſtretch ; to be in difficulties. Hudibras.

To TENTER. T/. a. [frojtJ the noun.] To
ſtretch by hooks. Bacon.

To TENTER. v. n. To admit extenſion. Bacon.

TENTH. a. [r-opa, Saxon.] Firſt after
the ninth ; orrfinal of ten. Boyle.

TENTH. f. [from theadjective.]
1. The tenth. Dryden. Locks.
2. Tithe. Philips.
3. Tenths are that yearly poition or tribute
which all livings eccicfiaftical yield to the
king. Cowel.

TE'NTHLY. ad. [from tenth.] In the
tenth place.

TENTI'GINOUS. a. [tentiginis, Lat.] Stiff ;

TE'NTWORT. ʃ. A plant. Ainſworth.

TENUIFO'LIOUS. a. [tcnuii and folium
y Lat.] Hving thio leaves.

TENU'ITY. ʃ. [?s;7«7rflj, Lat.] Thinneſs
; exility
; ſmallneſs ; minuteneſs ; not grolTneſs. King Charles, Berkley.

TE'NUOUS. a. [tenuis, Lat.] Thin ; ſmill ;
minute. Brown.

TE'NURE. ʃ. [tenure,tr.] Tenure is the
manner whereby tenements are holden of
then lords. Raleigh, Dryden.

TEPEFA'CTION. ʃ. [tepefacio, Lat.] The
act of warming to a ſmill degree.

TE'PiD. a. [tepidus, |.at. ; Lukewarm ; warm in a ſmall degree. Milton.

TEPI DITY. ʃ. [from tepid. '^ Lukewarmneſs.

TE'POR. ʃ. r.v^sr, Lat.] Lukewarmneſs ;
gentle he<<t. Arbuthnot.

TERATO'LOGY. ʃ. [Ti^al^ and Xsya,.] Bombaft.

TERCE. ʃ. [tierce, Fr.] A veHei containing
forty- two gallons of wine; the third
part of a butt or pipe. A:nſworth,

TEREBI'NTHINATE. v. a. [tcnbinthine,

TEREBI'NTHINE. ʃ. Fr. terebinihum.
Lat, ] Confiding of turpentine ; mixed
with turpeotme. Flayer.

To TE'REBRATE. v. a. [tereho, Latin.]
To bore ; to perforate ; to pierce. Brown, Denham.

TEREBRA'TION. ʃ. [from terebrate.] The
a(i> of bor g or piercing. Bacon.

TERGE'MINOUS. a. [tergeminus, Litio.]

TERGIVERSATION. ʃ. [ter^um and ver. h Lat.]
3. Shift ; ſubterfuge ; evaſion, Bramhall.
1. Change ; ſicklcneſs. Clarendon.

%IRM. f,
[hr/ninus, Luir, ;

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1. Limit; boundary. Saeit,
2. Tns word by which a thing is expreſlect.
Bnon. Burnet, Swift.
3. Words ; language. Shakʃpeare. Miltolt,
4. Condition ; flipulat:on. Dryden, Berkley.
5. Time for which any thing lafls. Addiʃon.
6 [In law.] The time in which the tribunals,
or places of judgment, are open
to all that lift to complain of wrong, or to
f^ek their right by courſe of law or action ;
the reſt of the year is called vacation. Of
theſe terms there are four in every year,
dur ng which matters ofjuſtice are diſpatched
: one is called Hillary term, which begins
the twenty-third of January, or if
that be Sunday, the next day following,
and ends the twenty- firſt of February ; another
is called Eafier term, which begins
eighteen days after Eaſter, and ends the M -nday next after Aſcenfian-day ; the
third IS Trinity term, beginning the Friday
next after Trinity Sund.y, and endir/g the
Wedne day-fortnight after; the fom-rh i«
Michaelmas term, beginning the fixth of
November, or, if that be Sandjy, the
next day after, and ending the iwentyeighch
of November. Halt,

To TERM. v. a. [from the noun.] To
name ; to call. Locke.

TE'RMAGANCY. ʃ. [from termagant, ]
Turbulence ; tumulruouſneſs. Barker.

TERMAGANT. a. [zyji and mas^in, Sax.]
1. Tumultuous ; turbulent. Shakʃpeare.
2. Q^arrcllonr.e ; ſcolding ; furious. Arb»

TE'RMAGANT. ʃ. A Icold ; a brawling
turbulent woman. Hudibras, Tatler.

TE'RMER. ʃ. [from term.
; One who
travels up to the term. B^'f. yubnfir,

TERMINABLE. a. [from terminate.] Limuable
; that admits of bounds.

To TE'RMIN'ATE. v. a. [rerw/w«, Latin; tfrnane-, Fr.]
1. To bound ; to limit, Locke.
2. To put an end to.

To TERMINATE. v. n. To be limited ;
to end ; to have an end ; to attain its end. South, Dryden.

TERMINATION. ʃ. [from t.rminuc.-.
1. The act of limiting or bounding.
2. Bound ; limit. Brown.
3. End ; conclufiin.
4. End of wards as varied by their ſignificalions.
~ Watts.
5. Word ; term. Shakʃpeare.

TERMI'NTHUS. ʃ. [TE>^aSi^.] A tumour.

TERMLESS. a. [from term.^ Unlimited ; boundleſs. Raleigh.

TE'RMLY. ad. [from tem.^ Term by
term, Bacon.

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TETINARY. ʃ. [tertiarius.fermo, Lat.';

TERNION. ʃ. The number three. Holder.

TE'RRACE. ʃ. [terrace,Te. terraecia, Itdl.]
A ſmall mount of earth covered with grafg. Temple, Dryden.

TERRA'QUEOUS. a. [terra i^d aqua, Lat.]
Compoſed of land and water. f^JWoodward.

TERRENE. a. [terrenus, Lat.] Eanhljr ;
terreſtrial. Hooker, Milton.

TE'RRE BLUE. ʃ. [ttrre and bUu^ Fr.] A
ſort of earth. H^'eodward.

TE'RRE- VERTE. ʃ. [French.] A fort of
earthi Dryden.

TE'RREOUS. a. [terreus, Lat.] Earthy ;
conſiſting of earth. Glanvil'e. Brown.

TERRE'STRIAL. a. [ternJirU, Lat.]
1. Earthly ; not celeftial,
Sf>er)fir. Dryden.
%, Confiſing of earth ; terreous.

To TERRE STRIPY. v. a. [terrejiris and
/<»«o, Latin.] To reduce to the ſtate of
earth. Brown.

TERRE'STRIOUS. a. [terreſtris, Latin.]
Terreous ; earthy ; conſiſting of earth. Brown.

TE'RRIBLE. a. [terrible, Fr. from ternbibtlis,
3. Dreadfull formidable ; cauHng fear. Milton, Prior.
2. Great ſo as to offend t a colloquial hyperbole.
Clanndan. TiHomfon.

TE'RRIBLENESS. ʃ. [from tembU.] FormidabJeneſs
; the quality of being terrible :
dread fulneſs. Sidney.

TE'RRIBLY. ʃ. [from terrible.]
1. Dreadfully ; formidably ; ſo as to raiſe
fear. Dryden.
%, Violently ; very much, Swift.

TERRIER. ʃ. [terrier, Fr. from terra,
1. A dog that follows his game underground. Dryden.
2. A furvcy or regifter of lands, Ayltffe.
3. A wimble ; auger or borer, ylinſw.

TERRI'FICK. a. [terrifcus, Lat.] Dreadful; cauting terrour. MiltOh, Philips.

To TE'RRIFY. v. a. [terror and fado,
Latin.] To fright ; to ſhocJc with fear ;
to make atraid. Knolles, South, Blackmore.

TE'RRITORY. ʃ. [temtortum, law Latin.]
Land ; country ; dom nion ; diſtrict. Hayward, Denham.

TE'RROUR. ʃ. [terrcr, Lat. terreur, Fr. ;
1. Fear comcr-unicated, Milton.
2. Fear received. Knolle. Blackmore.
3. The caaſe of fear. Prior, Milton.

TERSE. a. [ttrjus, Lat.]
1. Smooth. Brown.
2. Cleanly written ; neat. Dryden, Swift.

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TE'RTIAN. ʃ. [tertiana, Lat.] Is an ague
intermitting but one day ; ſo that there arc
two fits in three days. Harvey.

To TE'RTIATE. v. a. [terth, tertius, Lat.]
To do any thing the third time,

TESSE'LLATED. a. [tefſellsa, Lat.] Variegtted
by ſquares. Woodward.

TEST. ʃ. [teji, Fr. teſta, Italian.]
1. The cupel by which refiners try their
2. Trial ; examination : as by the cupel. Shakʃpeare, Clarenden.
3. Means of trial, Ben. Johnson.
4. That with which any thing is compared
in order to prove its genuinneſs. Pope. .
5. Diſcriminative chaiadterifticfc. Dryden.
6. Judgment ; diftindVion. Dryden.
7. It ſeems to ſignify any veſſel that holds
fire. Dryden.

TESTA'CEOUS. a. [teflacem, Lat.]
1. Conſiſting of ſhells ; compoſed of ſhells,
2. Having continuous, not jointed ſhells |
oppoſed to cruftaceous. - Woodward.

TE'STAMENT. ʃ. [tefiament, Fr. tefia.
mentum, Lat.]
1. A will ; any writing directing the dif.
pofal of the poſſeſſions of a man deceaſed. Hooker, Dryden.
ft. The name of each of the volumes of
the holy ſcripture.

TESTAME'NTARY. a. [tefiamentarius,
Lat.] Given by will ; contained in wills. Atterbury.

TE'STATE. ^T. [fe/?j/ai, Latin.] Having
made a will. Ayliffe.

TESTATOR. f. [tefator^ Lat.] One who
leaves a will. Hooker, Taylor.

TESTA'TRIX. f [Latin.] A woman who
leaves a will.

TE'ITED. a. [from teji.] Tried by a teſt,Shakʃpeare.

TE'STER. ʃ. [tejie, French, a head.]
1. A ſixpence. Locke, Pope. .
2. The cover of a bed.

TE'STICLE. ʃ. [tefiiculus, Latin.] Stone. Brown. Wiſeman.

TESTIFICATION. ʃ. [tftificatto, Latin ;
from teſtify. The act of witneſſing. Hooker, South.

TESTIFICATOR. ʃ. [from trjiifar, Lat ;
One who witneſVts.

TE'STIFIER. ʃ. [from te/iify.] One who

To TE'STIFY. v. ſt. [teſtificor, Latin ] To
witneſs ; to prove ; to give evidence. John, Milton.

To TESTIFY. v. a. To witneſs ; to give
evidence of any point. John.

TE'STILY. ad. [from teſty, ] Fretfully; peeviſhly ; morofely.

TESTIMO'NIAL. ʃ. [tefimonial, Fr. te^^i.

montum, Lat.] A writing produced by any
one as an evidence for himself. Burnet. Aylifft,

TE'STIMONY. ʃ. [tejiimonium, Lat ]
1. Evidence given ; proof, S^et'jer, Dryden.
2. Publick evidences. Milton.
3. 0?enatteſtation ; proſtflion. Milton.

To TE'STIMONY. «. a. To witneſs.Shakʃpeare.

TE'STINESS. ʃ. [from t.Jiy.] Moruleneſs. Locke.

TESTU'DINATED. a. [teJJudo, Latin. ;
Roofrd ; arche<<.

TESTUDI'NEOUS. a. [reſtudo.Lat.] Reſembling
the flifll of a tortoiſe.

TE'STY. a. [lefie, Fr. tefiurdo, Italian.]
Fretful ; peeviſh \ apt to be angry. Locke. TaiLr.

TE'TOR'Y. a. Froward ; pccvih.Shakʃpeare.

TETE A TETE. ʃ. [F.cnch.] Cheek by
jowl. Prior.

TETHER. f. [See Tedder.] A ſtring
by which horſes are held from paſturing
too wide. Shakʃpeare, Swift.

To TE'THER. v. a. [from the noun.]- To
tie up.

TETRA'GONAL. a. [TE7faV.'v^.] Square.

TETRAPE'TALOUS. a. [Ties-ape; and
«rITaXiv.] Are ſuch flowers as conſiſt of
four leaves round the flyle, MilUr,

TETRARCH. ʃ. [tetrarcha^ Lat.] A Roman
goversor of the fourth part of a province, Ben. Johnson.

TETRA'RCHATE. ʃ. [TilfOLfx^cL. ; A

TE'TRARCHY. ʃ. Roman government.

TETRA'STICK. ʃ. [T=7p«V,;^;f.] An epigram
or ſtanza of four verſes. Pope. .

TETRICAL. v. a. [telricus, Lat.] Fro-

TE'TRICOUS. S wardj pcrTcrſe ; four. Knolles.

TE'TTER. ʃ. [terrji, Saxon.] A ſcab ;
a ſcurf ; a ringworm. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

TEW. f. [towe, a hempen rope, Dutch.]
1. Materials for any thing. Sinner,
2. An iron chain. Ainſworth.

To TEW. v. a. [z pian, Saxon.] To work.

TE'WEL. ʃ. [tuyau or tuyoi, French.] In
the back of the forge, againſt the fifcpiace,
is fixed a taper pipe in it above five
inches long, called a tiioel, which romes
through the back of the forge. Moxon.

To TEWTAW. v. a. To beat ; to break.

TEXT./ [tfxtu, Lat.]
1. That on which a comment is written.
2. Sentence of ſcripture. iscu:h.

TE'XTILE. a. [uxttln, Latin.] Wu»en; capable of being woven. ffilvrs,

TE'XTiVfAN. ʃ. [text and man.) A man
r^ady io ^uot^tioD of tez^s. Sanderſon,

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TE'XTRINE. a. [texrrita, Lat.] Relating
to weavinf?. Denham,

TE'XTUARY. a. [from text..
1. Contained in the text. Brown.
2. Serving as a text^ authoritative.


TEXTUARIST.7 / [textuairt.Yx.] One

TE'XTUARY. ^ ready in the text of ſcrip.
ture ; a divine well verſed in ſcripture,

TE XTURE. ʃ. [texim, Lat.]
1. The act of weaving, Brown.
ft. A web ; a thing woven, Thomfon.
3. Manner of weaving with reſpect either
to form or matter, Milton, Pope. .
4. Diſpoſition of the parts of bodies. Milton, Newton.

THAN. ad. [Sanne, Saxon.] A particle
placed in compariſon after the comparative
adjective. Ben. Johnson. Qongreve,

THANE. ʃ. [«e3n, Saxon.] An old title
of honour, perhdps equivalent to baron.Shakʃpeare.

To THANK. v. a. [tSincian, Sax. dancken,
1. To return acknowledgements for any
favour or kindneſs. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
2. It is uſed often in a contrary or ironical
ftnfe. Milton, Dryden.

THANK. ʃ. / [JS-incaj-, Saxon; dancke,

THANKS. ʃ. Dutch, ; Acknowledgment
paid for favour or kindneſs ; expreſſion
of gratitude, Shakʃpeare, Bacon, Milton.

THA'NKFUL. a. L«ancj:jl, Saxon.] Full
of gratitude ; ready to acknowledge good
received. Bacon, Dryden.

THA'NKFULLY. ad. [from thankful.]
With lively and grateful ſenſe or ready acknowledgment
of good received. Shakʃpeare, Taylor.

THA'NKLESS. a. [from tbark.]
1. Unthankful; ungrateful; making no
acknowledgment. Spenſer. Pope.
2. Not deferving, or not likely, to gain
thanks. Wotton. Crajhaw,

THA'NKLESSNESS. ʃ. [from thankleſs,.]
Ingratitude ; Failure to acknowledge good
received. Donne.

THANKOFFERING. ʃ. [thank and offers
j»g-] Offering paid in acknowledgment
of mercy. Watts.

THANKSGIVING. ʃ. [thankt and give.]
Celebration of mercy. Hooker. Nrh. Tillotſon.

THA'NKWORTHY. a. [thank and worthy.
1. Deferving gratitude. Daxits,

THARM. ʃ. [Seapm, Sax. darm, Dutch,
the gut.] Inteitincs twilled fur ſcveial

THAT. proroun. [thota, Gothick ; 5sr,
Saxon ; dui^ Dutch.]
1. N 'c this, but the other. Shakʃpeare.
2. Wtjich ; relating to an antecedent thing. Shakʃpeare. Ccfiuley,
V Who i

3. Who ; relating to an antecedent perfoo. Tickell.
4. It ſometimes ſerves to fave the repetition
tit a word or word:? foregoing. Convlcy,
5. Oppoſed to this, as the other to me.
6. When this and that relate to foregoing
words, this is referred like Z)/c or lecy to the
latter, and that like ;//:? or a/iJ to the .former.
7. Such as. Milton.
8. That which ; what. Shakʃpeare.
9. The thing. ' Numbers,
10. The thing which then was, Cow/ey.
11. By way of eminence. Cowley,
12. That. As being. Hooker.

THAT. conjuTiaion.
1. Becauſe, Waller. Cowley.
2. Not a conſequence. Locke.
3. Noting indication. Bacon.
4. Noting a fioa! end, Cowley.

THATCK. ʃ. ['6^^t,^iX.fira1V,Sktr.ner.]
Straw laid upon the top of a houſe take.cp
out the weather. Swift. Watts.

To THATCH. v. a. [^KCiiP,, Saxon.] To
cover as with Bacon, Dryden.

THA'TCHER. ʃ. [horn thatch.] Or.ewhcfe
trade is to cover houſes with ſtraw. Swift.

To THAW. v. n. [^ pan, Saxon ; d'geft,
1. To grow liquid after conregelation ; to
tnelt. Donne. -Milton, Boyle.
2. To remit the cold which had cauſed froſt.

To THAW. v. a. To melt what was coftgealed.Shakʃpeare.

THAW. ʃ. [from the verb.] L-quefaction
of any thing congealed ; warmth ſuch as
liquifies congelation. Shakʃpeare.n. Tf'ilkins. Dryden.

THE. article, [de, Dutch.]
1. The article noting a particular thing. Shakʃpeare. Corvley.
2. Before a vowel e is commonly cut off in verſe.
3. Sometimes he is cut off. Cowley.

THEA'TRAL. a. [theatral,¥r. theatraih,
Latin.] Belonging to a theatre.

THE'ATRE. ʃ. [theatre, French 'y theairum,
1. A phce in which fli?ws are exhibited ; a play houſe, Shakʃpeare, Bacon.
2. A place riſing by ſteps like a theatre. Milton, Dryden.

THEA TRICK. ʃ. a. [tbcat>um, Ut'm.]

THEATRICAL. ʃ. Scenick ; ſuiting a
theatre i pertaining to a theatre. Decay of piety. Pope. .

THEA'TRICALLY. ad. [from theatrical.]
In a manner ſuiting the ſtage, Swift.

THEE. the oblique ſingular of /;£>;«. Qowley,

THEFT. ʃ. [from thief.
1. The act of ſtealing. Cowel.

2. The thing ſtolen. ExoduSs

THEIR. ʃ. [tSeti)ia, of them, Saxon.]
1. Of them : the pronoun poſſeffive from
they. Dryden.
2. Theirs is uſed when any thing comes be»
tween the poſſeſſive and ſubſtantive. Hooker, Roſcommon.

THEM. the oblique of they. mikins,

THEME. ʃ. [theme, Fr. bsf^a.]
1. A ſubject on which one ſpeaks or writes. Shakʃpeare, Roſcommon.
2. A ſhort diſſertation written by boys on
any topick.
3. The original word whence others are
derived. Watts.

THEMSE'LVES. ʃ. [See THEY and Self.]
1. Theſe very perſons. Hooker
2. The oblique caſe of they and ſelves. Locke.

THEN. ad. [than, Gothick ; San, Saxon ;
dan, Dutch.]
3. At that time. Clarenden.
2. Afterwards ; immediately afterwards ; ſoon afterwards. Bacon.
3. In that caſe ; in conſequence. Dryden.
4. Therefore ; for this reaſon. Milton»
5. At another time:- as now and then^ at
one time and other, Milton.
6. That time. Milton.

1. From that place, Milton.
2. From that time. Iſaiah.
For that reaſon. Milton.

THE'NCEFORTH. ad. [thence andforth.l
From that time. Spenſer, Milton.

THENCEFO'RWARD. ad. I thence and
forward.] On from that time,

THE'OCRACY. ʃ. [theocratie, Fr. ^'i.
and y.^alict)'] Government immediately fu.-
perintended by God. Burnet.

THEOCRA'TIGAL. a. [tbeocratique, Fr.
from theocracy.] Relating to a government
adminiſtred by God. Burnet.

THEO'DOLITE. ʃ. A mathematical inn.
rnment for taking heights and diſtancees,

THE'OGONY. ʃ. [^soyo.U.] The generafi; n of the gods.

THEOLO'GIAN. ʃ. [tk^clogus, Latin.] A
divine ; a profeſſor of divinity, Milton.

THEOLO'GICAL. a. [theol.gia, Lat.]
Relating to the ſcience of divinity. Swift.

[from theological.] According to the principles of theology.

THEO'LOGIST. ʃ. [th;o!ogus, Latin.] A

THEO'LOGUE. ʃ. divine ; one f^udiousin
the ſcience of divinity. Bacon, Dryden.

THE'OLOGY. ʃ. [tbeohgie, Fr. ^loT^oyU.]
Divinity. Hayward. Thomfon,

THE'OMACHIST. ʃ. He who fights againſt
the gods.

THE'OMACHY. ʃ. [^i@- and fjiaxn.]
The fight againſt the gods by the giants,


THEORBO. ʃ. [tiorSa, Italian.] A large
Jute for playing a thorough bals, iITed by
the Italians. Bailey.

THE'OREM. ʃ. [-^e^^vr^a.] A poſition Jaid
down as an acknowkogeo truth. Hooker. Graunt,

THEOREMA'TICAL. v. a. [from theo-

THEOREMA'TICK. > rem.] Com-

THEORL'MICK. S Pſ»'''=<. '/^«-
or-ms ; confirting in theorem?. Grew.

THEORETICAL. ʃ. r [tb.ordijue, Fr.

THEORE'TICK. ʃ. ) ^iu^^nrncl:.]

THEO RICAL. l^'S [theonque, Fr.

THEO'RICK. i C from ^ico^U.]
Speculative ; depending on theory or ſpecu-
Idtionj leiniiriating in theory or Speculation. Shakʃpeare, Boyle, Burnet.

THEO'RICK. ʃ. [from the adjective.] A
ſpe culatift ; one who knows only ſpeculation,
not practice. Shakʃpeare.'

THEORE'TICALLY. a. [from theoretick.]
Speculstively ; not praftically.

THEO'RICALLY. a. [from theorick.] Specuiuively; not practically.

THE'ORIST. ʃ. [from theory.] A ſpeculatift
; <>n<r given to ſpecuhtion. Addiſon.

THE'ORY. ʃ. [thetr-.e^ \x. hio^fta ] Specu-
Jation ; not practice ; Icherr.e; plan or
fyftem yet ſubſifting only in the mind. Hooker, Bacon. South.

THERAPE'UTICK. o. [^i^cmivliy.ka Curative
; teaching or endeavouring the cue
of diſeaſes. Watts.

THERE. ad. [f/5)(7r, Gothick ; iShakſp. Sax.
djtr, Dutch.]
1. I:i that place. Fote,
2. It is oppoſed to herr; Locke, Milton.
3. An exclamation directing f»mething at
a diliance. Dryden.

THE'REABOUT. ʃ. ad {there and ahout

THE'REABOU TS. ^ thereabouts is therefore
l:fs proper.]
1. Near that place. Shakʃpeare.
2. Nearly ; near that number, quantity,
or ſtrfte. Dwvici. Suckling. Newton.
3. .C:incerning that m-Uter. Luke.

THEREA'FTER. ad. [there and after.] Accf> idi->g to that
; accordingly. Peacham.

THEREAT. a. [there inti at.]
1. At that ; on that account. Hooker.
2. At that plate. Matthew.

THEREBY'. ^(i. [there zr\A by.] Byih.t ;
by mean? of that. titrbirt.

THE'REFORE. fl^. f-r^rfand/or.]
1. For that; for this ; for this reaſon ; in c'jnſequence. Lucres W<Ji,
1. To return for this ; in recompfn!'c for
this or f .r that. Matthew.

THEREFRO'M. ad. [there and/row;.] From
that ; from th'. Jof.

THEREI'N. ad. [there and in.] In that ; in th-s. Bacon.

THEREINTO'. ad. [there 8.nd irto.] Into
that; into this. Luke. Ba(cnt

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THEREO'F. ad. [there and 0/.] Of that ;
('f this. Hooker, Swift.

THEREO'N. ad. [-.here IT\^ orf.] O^ that.
Mdik. Woodward.

THEREO'UT. ad. [there and out.'^ Our of
that. Spenſer.

THERETO' 7 ad. [there and to, or

THEREUNTO' i unto. [To that.
H^okfr. Tili.tjon,

THEREUPO'N. ad. [there ^T\^ upon.]
1. U: on ll^ I ; in cnf-rcjuence of that. Hooker, Shakſp. Djtia. Locke, Swift.
1. ImmeHi.Jtely.

THERLU'NDER. od, [there and under.]
Under ihat. Raleigh.

THEREWI'TH. ad. [ſhere 3' d luith.

I. With that. Jj\ ſir Divie!,
2. Imm'.'^iarely.

THEREWITHA'L. a. [there and iitihil.]
1. Over and a0.ve, Daniel.
2. At the (ams t.me. Shakʃpeare.
3. W ſh that. ap-T'Jr-,

THERIACAL. a. [-^nft'^iva ] M:n.li
phyi Cdl, Ba-'-n,

THERMOMETER. ʃ. [th rnym:ire, Fr.
^iifxl; and y.^fO';.] An inl. u.r.ent for
me'iuring the htat of the aifr, or if. any
ma'ier. Brown.

\:. a. ^ from themiom

TKcter. ^ Relating la ll;c me^lure of heat.

THE'RMOSCOPE. -f. [thervoi'cof.r^ Fren.
Cspjw.f n^ c::o-:co.] An inſtrument by
which the degrees of heat are diſcoveie.d. Arbuthnot.

THESE. pronoun the plural of r£vj,
1. Oppoſed to ſhofe. Dryden.
2. ^Ibfe relates to t^e perf ns or things
laſt mentioned ; and tloje to the firſt. Woodward.

THE'^IS. ʃ. [theſe.^'^x,^yiu] A poſition;'
{.'ithing laid down affiimativLly . r negatively. Prior.

THE'SMOmETE. ʃ. [^s^/uc^Itaj.] A

THE'URGY. ʃ. [3=^p:/ia.] The power of
doing ſupernaturrtl things byla.vtul means,
as by praye to God.

THEW. ʃ. [$)-.p, Saxon.]
1. Quality ; manners. Spenſer.
2. In Shakʃpeare it ſeems to ſignify Drawn,
or bulk.

THEWED. a. [from theu,.] Educated; h<ibituated, Spenſer.

THEY. ʃ. [In the ob'iaue caſe tL?!:, the
plural of he orjhe. |
Jf». Saxon.]
1. The men ; the w^.t-n ; 'hf perfns. Shakʃpeare. Ben. Johnſon.
2. Thoſe men ; thoſe wrn;n ; . >^- fed to
fnie others. Prior.

THICK. a. [Sicce, Saxon ; d.ck, Dutch.]
1. Not thin,
2. Djnfe; not rsje ; g'oſs ; rraſs, Raleigh. Arbuthnot.

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3. Not crear ; not tranſparent ; muddy ;
fecultnt, lemple.
4. Great in ciicuoiferesce ; not fiencer.
5. Fr-;juent ; in q>jick ſucceſſion ; with
Jittie '.nterjr.Jiri 'n.
Knolht. IFoiton. Shakſp. Rifcemmon,
6. cloſe ; n'~.t dividca by much (race ;
crowded. Dryden, Addiſon.
7. Not eaſily pervious ; ſet with things
cloſe to each other. Dryden.
8. Coatfe ; not thin. Bacon.
9 Without piopc? intervals of articula-

THICK. ʃ. [from ths adjective.]
1. The ih'tki-ft [>aJt or time wh^n any
thing is thickeſt. Knolles.
2. Thick and thin. Whatever is in the
wsy. Hudibras.

THICK. ad.
1. F/eq-ieotly ; faſt. Denham.
2. C^clisly. Dryden, Norris.
3. To a great depth. Addiſon.
4. Thick and thr'tfold. In q'lick ſuccefii
n ; in great numbers. L'Eſtrange.

To THI'CKEN. v. a. [from tbick.]
1. To make thick.
2. To make ci' ſc; to fill up interſtices,

3. To condenf'? ; to concrete, Arbuthnot.
4. To ſtrengthen ; to ch!-fiim» Shakſp.
5. To n?^.ke tn quent.
6. To make cloſe or numerous,

To THI'CKEN. ij.n.
1. To grow ih'ck.
a- To grow dejife or muddy. Shakſp.
3. To concrete , to be corjl-iidated. Prior.
4. To grow f;lole or numerous. Tatler.
5. To gr.w<juick. Addiſon.

THI'CKET. ʃ. [^icceru, Saxon.] A cloſe
knot or tufr of Uees ; a cloi'e wood.
Coapmotn. Raleigh.

THI'CKLY. ad. [from thick. [D^icply ; to
a great Quantity. Boyle.

THI'CKNESS. ʃ. [from thick.]
1. The Hate of beng thick ; denficy.
2. Quaniity of macter ioterpoſed ; ſpace
taken up by matter inteiodfed. Boyle.
3. Quantity laid 00 quantity to ſome conſidera'ble
dey.th. Bacon.
4. Confuiente ; gro/i'ieſs; not rareneſs
; ſp.mtude. Bacon.
g. Imperviouſner. ; cloſeneſs. Addiſon.
6. Wairt of ſhrtrpneſs ; want of quickneſs.

THICK-SCULLED. a. Dull ; ſtupid. Dryden.

THI'CKSET. a. [.huk and /.?.] cloſe
oianled. Dryden. Grew.

THI'CKSKIN. ʃ. [rlhic^ndp-;,.] A coaſe
groſsman. Shakʃpeare.

THIEF,/ [^«if, Saxon i
d!r/\ Dutch.]

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1. One who takes what belongs to another. Shakʃpeare, John.
2. An excreſcence in the fnuitof a candle.

THIEF-CATCKER. , y [thief Sc catch

THIEF LEADER. C f.][tb,ef 8c /.W.]

THIEF-TAKER. S lltbtef & take.]
One whoſe buſineſs is to detect thieves. L'Eſtrange. B'-amjicn.

To THIEVE. v. ». [from ro/f/.] To ſtsui; to pradiſe theft.

THE EVERY. ʃ. [from thie've.]
1. The practice of (dealing. Spenſer, South.
2. That which is fl-olen. IShakʃpeare.

THI'EVISH. a. [from thtef.]
1. Givch to ilcaliJigj pradiſing th-ft.Shakʃpeare.
2. Secret; fly. St'^kſpeare,

THI'EVLSHLY. aJ. [from thievtjh.] Like
a thiei.

THri.VISHNESS. ʃ. [from rhie'viſh.] Dif«
pofincn 10 ſteal ; habit of ſteali'.-g.

THIC-H. ʃ. [S^uh, S.<xonj die, Dutch.]
'i he ihigh incjuces bii between the buttocks
and the knee. The thigh ocne is the
hngeſt of all the bones in the body.
^tncy. Gittfji!.

THIIK. pronoun. [$)]c, Saxon.] Thn
<ame. Obſolete. Spenſer.

THILL. ʃ. [^iile, Saxon.] The ſti^fts of a
w ggon. Mortimer.

THILL. HOUSE 7/. [tb:lUn?. h,rle.yi\iz

THI'LLER. ʃ. [aft horſe ; the horſe
that goes between the ſhafrs.
Tiffer. Shakʃpeare.

THI'MBLE. ʃ. [(rcmthun.o /?eIQ A metal
cover by which womm ffcuie meir fingers
from the needle. Shakʃpeare.

THIME. ʃ. [thymus, Latin ; thym, French.]
A fragrant htrb from which the bees ;.re
ſuppoſed to draw honey. Spenſer.

THIN. ^. [Sin, Saxon ; dunn, Dutch.]
1. Not thick. FXodus„
2. Rare ; not denfe. Wiſdom, Bacon.
3. Not cloſe
; ſeparate by large ſpj-ces.
lio cummon,
4. Not cloſely comp3'ct or accumuiaied. Milton.
5. Etile ; ſmall. Dryden.
6. Not c. arſe ; not greſs in ſubſtance.
7. Not abounding. Bacon.
8. Not fai I not bulky ; lean ; flinr.j flender.


THIN. ad. Not thickly. Milton.

To THIN. i>. a. [from the adjective.]
1. To make thiu or rare ; not to thicken. Arbuthnot.
2. To mJce leſs cloſe or numerous. Dryd.
3. To attenuate. Blackmore.

THI'NuY. ad. [from thin,} Not thickly ;
cot Cickly, Brown.

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THIN'E. frcncun. [their, Gothick ; ^in,
Saxon ; d:jn^ Dutch.] Belonging or relatir> g ta thee. Shakʃpeare.

THING. ʃ. [^mj, Saxon ; ding, Dutch.]
1. Wnatever js ; n )C a perſon. Shakſp.
2. It 4s uſed in contempt. i^ivjt.
3. It is uſed of perſons in contempt, or
Sometimes with pity. Shakʃpeare.
4. !t is uſed by Shakʃpeare once in a (tn(t
of h n iir.

To THIN'K. 1', n. prefer, thought. [5encean.
Saxonj ^f»ciJc«, Dutch]
1. To have ideas ; to compare terms or
things ; to reaſon ; to cogitate. Locke. Dryden.
2. To judge; to concliide ; to determine.
3. To irtend. Shakʃpeare.
t 4. To imagine; to fancy. Butnet.
5. Timuſe^ to in;d.ta'e. Dryden.
6. To recoijein
; to observe. Shakʃpeare.
7. To judge; to conclude. O'zvrfr.
8. To ccnlider; to doubt. Berkley.

To THINK. v. a.
1. To imagmc; to image in the mind; to
conceive. Shakʃpeare.
2. To bfliev? ; to eſteem. Sidney.
2. To Th in K much. To grudge. Milton. ThJomfon.
4. To Think ſcom. To diſdain. Eſtrbcr,

THI'NKER. ʃ. '[from //j.;:/.] One who
thinks '^ a certain madner. Locke.

THINKING. ʃ. [iry^m think. '[Imagination
; cogitaiii-n; judgment. Shakʃpeare, Addiʃon.

THI'NLY. ad. [?roTn tbm.]
1. Not thickly.
2. Not cloſely ; not numerouny. Dryden.

THI'NNESS. y. [from tb.r.]
1. The contrary to thicknffs ; exility ; tenuity. Donne. Newton.
9. Paucity ; ſcarcity. Dryden.
3. Rarsnef? ; not ſpi/ntude. South.

THIRD. a. ['SprSi, Saxon.] The firſt afr
«T the ſecond. Shakʃpeare.

THIRD. ʃ. [from the a.jefiive.]
1. The third part, Addiſon.
1. The fixtieth part of a ſecond, Hooker.

THI'RDBOROUCH. ʃ. [ri;;r^and lorough,;
An under-conflahle.

THI'RDLY. ^d. [from third.] In the third
p'3ce. Bacon.

To THIRL. v. a. [?iijvi\n, Saxon.] To
pierce; to perforate. Ainsworth.

THIRST. ʃ. [«ypr' S3X. derfi, Dutch.]
1. 'i'he p.»in laricied for want of drink; want of drink. Denham. Arf,utbnct,
2. Eagerneſs ; vehement deſire. Fairfax.
3. Draught. Milton.

To THIRST. v. n. [«ypr«^n. Sax. de^ffen,
1. To teel want of dri.'^k ; to be thatfty or
a;huft, Exfdust Milton.

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2. To have'a vehement deſire for any thln»,

To THIRST. v. a. To want to drink, t'rior.

THIRSTINESS. ʃ. [from rL,rfi.] Thr flaie
of being thirſty. Pt'ottun.

THIRSTY. a. ffrr-pi-nj, Saxon.]
1. Suffering want of oriiik ; pair.ed. for
want of drink. Shakʃpeare.
2. Poficirrd with any vchamentodlre : as,
hlorj thrifty.

THIRTE'EN. a. [55p-.fm°, Saxon 1 Tea
;nd three. Bacon.

THIRTE'ENTH. a. -[from ihirteer ; Sjitot.
iSi, Saxon.] The third after the tenth,

THIRTIETH. o. [from ri;/Vry ; Spitee-
38;, Saxon.] The tenth thrjce to.d-. Hale.

THIRTY. a. [Sinttis, Saxon.] Thrice

THIS. p'on^.un. [ti^, Saxon.]
1. Trittt which is preſtnt ; what is nov7
mentioned, Shakʃpeare.
z The ne.xt future. Cr'fn,
3. This is uſed for this time. Dryden.
4. The Lft part. Dryden.
5. It is often oppoſed to r^^. Pope. .
6. When this and that reſpect a fortiifi ſentence, this rchtes to the ktter, that to
the former member. Hooker.
7. Sometimes it is opp^ftd to the other.
-. Dryden.

THI'STLE. ʃ. [ti^-c], S3X. dp I, Dutch ; c'ardous, Latin.] A prick y weedgriwing
Jnc^rn fifl-c. Miiler. Shakʃpeare.

THV ^TLE. go.'deft. f, A plant. Mi/.'er,

THT-.TLY. a. [from thtjile] Overgr. wH
v'ith thirties. Themfcn,

THI'THER. ad. [Xich^p, Saxon.]
1. To that place: it is oppoſed to hither. Denham,
2. To that end ; to th't point.

THI'THEllTO. ad. Itbitber »n^ to.] To
thit end ; ſo hr,

THI' THERWARD. ad. [thither and ty ird.]
Towards thu place. Aiilt k.

THO. ad. [S;nne, Sax n ]
1. Then. Spenſer.
2. Tho^ contracted for though.

To THOLE. v. n. To wait awhile. Ainsworth.

THOXG. ʃ. [«jnr.s,«p^r3. Saxon. ( A
ſtrap or ſtring of leathef. Ai^-'tlon. Dryd.

THORA'CICK. a. [from ^i-^r.;e.] Bdongin?:
to th2 breaſt. Arbuthnot.

THO'RAL. a. [from ri6or«r, Latin.] Relating
to the bed. ^y'-'Jfe,

THORN. f. [^/j^r/r»s Gothick ]
1. A prickly tree (
ieveral kinds. Gentfit.
2. A prickle growing on the thorn biſh. Milton.
3. Any thing troublſſome. Southern.

THO'RNAPPLE. ʃ. A plant. Mortimer.
6 H a THOr.NT

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THORNBA'CK. ʃ. A fea.fiſh. jirbuth.

THO'P.LxtUT f A ſort of fea.fiſh,
Aif ('worth,

TKO'.Ny. a. [m>i'-. thorn]
1. full of thorns ; Ipiny ; rough ; prickly.
Randoffb. Dryden.
2. Pricking ; vexatious. iibkep'^are.
3. Dffi '!i perplexing. iipinjcr,

THO'ROUGH. Z.^'^?/.
[the woid through
extended into two lyllables.]
1. By way of making paſſage or penetration.
2. Bv mt-ans of. Shakʃpeare.

i^ Complete i full; perfect. Spenſer, Clarenden.
2. Pafling through. Bacon.

THORO'UGHFARE. ʃ. [thsrough and
for?,'^] A palfdge through ; a paſſage without
any flip or let. Shakʃpeare.

THOROUGHLY. ad. [from thorough.
'[ C. mpietely ; fully. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

THO'ROUGHSPED. a. [thorough and /ped.]
finiſhed in principles ; choroughpacea. Swift.

THOROUGHPA'CED. a. [thorough and
pace.] Perfed in what is undertaken ;
complete. Swift.

THOROUGHSTICH. ad. [thorough and
Jitrh.] Completely ; fully. L'Eſtrange.

THORP. ʃ. From the Saxon Shakſp. ſign fies
a village. Gibſon.

THOSE. pror. The plural of r>6a?. Shakʃpeare. Denhditi,

THOU. ʃ. [Sa. Saxon ; du, Dutch ; in the
the oblique cafe? ſingular thee, ^l-, Saxon ;
in the plural j?(r, ^e, Saxon ; m the oblique
cafes plural you, e p, Saxon.]
1. The ſecond pronoun perſonal. Shakſp.
2. It is ul'ed only in very familiar or very
ſolemn language.

To THOU. v. a. [from the noun.] To
neat with familiariy. Shakʃpeare.

THOUGH. conjur.aion. [$eah. Sax. tbauby
1. Notwithſtanding that ; although.
Waller. Watts.
2. yfs Though. As ifj like 8s if. Geneſis.
It is uſed in the end of a ſentence to fa-
'iar language: however ;
yet. Dryden.

THOUGHT. the preterite and part. pn[f. of
thrk. Addiſon.

THOUGHT. ʃ. [from the preterite of to
1. The operation of the noind ; the act of
2. Idea ; image formed. Milton.
3. Sentiment ; fancy ; imagery. Dryden.
4. Reflection ; particuiarconſideration.Shakʃpeare.
5. Cunof ption
; preconceived notion. Mdt.
€i, Opinion ;
judgment, Jc^, Dryd, Pope. .
7. Meditation} ferious conCderation, Roſcommon.
8. Deſign ; purpoſe. Jertmiah,
9. Silent cootemplation. Shakʃpeare.
10. Soliicitude; care ; concern. Milton.
11. Exp'^clation. Shakʃpeare.
12. A ſmall degree ; a ſmall quantity. Swift.

THO'UGHTFUL. a. [thought and ſtdl.-\
1. Contemplative ; full of reflecttion ; full
of meditation. Dryden.
2. Attentive ; careful. Philips.
3. Promoting med'tation ; favourable to
mufing, Pi^p't
4. Anxious; fjllicitous. Prior.

THO'UGHTFULLY. ad. [from thought.
ful] With thought or conſideration ; with

THO'UGHTFULNESS. ʃ. [from thought'
1. Deepmeditatio'-'.
2. Anxiety ; foiiicitude.

THO'UGHTLESS. a. [from thought.
1. Airy; gay ; diſhpated.
2. Negligent ; careleſs, Rogers.
3. Stut^id ; dull. Dryden.

THOUGHTLESSLY. ad. [from thought.]
Without th:ught ; careleſly ; ſtupidly.

THO'UGHTLESSNESS. ʃ. [from thoughtleſs.]
Want of thought ; abſence of thought.

THO'UGHTSICK. a. [thought andfc/;.]
Uneaſy with refieſtion. Shakʃpeare.

THO USAND. a. or ʃ. [iSuj-en?), Saxon ;
duyfend, Dutch.]
1. The number of ten hundred.
2. Proverbsally, a great number. Spenſer.

THOUSANDTH. a. [from thouſand.^ The
hundredth ten times told ; the ordinal of
a thouſand. Dryden, Swift.

THOWL. ʃ. A piece of timber by which
Cars are kept in their places when a rowing.

THRALL. ʃ. [«|isJ, Saxon.]
1. A ſlave; one who is in the power of
anrther. Shakʃpeare, Davies, Milton.
2. Bondage ; ſtate of ſlavery or confinement. Hudibras.

THRALL. v. a. To enl
into the power of another.Shakʃpeare.

THRA'LT:0M. ʃ. [from tbraU.] Slavery ; ſervitude. Sidney, Sandys.

THRA'PPLE. ʃ. The windpipe of any ani-'

To THRASH. v. a. [^.pj-can, Saxon ;
derjcien. D'-itch.]
1. To beat corn to free it from the ch-ff. Shakʃpeare, Ray.
2. To beat; to drub. Shakʃpeare.

To THRASH. v. n. To labour; to druoge. Dryden.


THRASHER. ʃ. [from tbrajh.^ One who
thr^'hrs c » n, Locke.

THRA'-HING-FLOOR. ʃ. An area oſ ;
wh;^htiirn is beaten, Dryden.

THRA'SONICAL. a. [from Tir^z/o, a'buafter
in Id comedy. ; Boaftful ; braggiog.Shakʃpeare.

THR WE. ʃ. [S,,: p, Saxon.]
1. A herd ; a dr-.ve. Out of uſe.
2. 'he numbtr <-t twi dozt-n.

THREAD. ʃ.. i«ja.'5, Sa>. JraiJ, Dutch]
1. A (mail Jiiie ; d loidll twiſt. Boyle, South.
2. Any thing continued in a courſe ; unitrn
'enu . Burnet, Arbuth.

THRE'aDBARE. a. [thread and bare.
1. Dc'piivid of the nap ; woic t>) the naked
^ireads. Spenſer, Shakʃpeare.
1. W>rnout; 'rite. Swfr, Child,

To TH'.EAIX <!/. a. [from the noun.]
1. To pil rhraugij with a thread. Shakſp.
2. To - pi;:, 'htough; to pierce through,Shakʃpeare.

TH E' D X. a. [from rirf^i.] Made of
-1;. K Shakʃpeare.

To : H.<EAP. v. a. A country word de-
'.'> rn; '.I areiie much or contend. Ainf'nv,

THREAT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Menace ;
d line ati:-n of ill.

To THREAT \ v. a. f tSjieatian,

To THREATEN. ʃ. Saxon.]
I o menace ; to denounce evjj, Milton.
2. T-jnicnace; to terrify, or attemjt to
ty r.t)-. Milton, Pope. .
3. I menace by a<£>ion, Dryden.

THRE'ATENER. ʃ. [from thrtaten.] Mcnacer
; o.e that threatens. Shakſpeare. Milton.

THRE'ATENINGLY. ad. [from threaten.]
With mrnate ; in a threatening manner.Shakʃpeare.

THRE'ATFUL. a. [threat iixA full.] Full
o.' threats ; n:iracious. Spenſer.

THREE. a. ,[«j-ii?, Saxonj <fr>-, Dutch.]
1. Two and one. CreechPope. .
1. Povfvbially a ſmall num'oer. Shakſp.

THRE'EFOLD. a. [«pe«p jife, Saxon.]
rhrice repeated ; confuting of three. Raleigh, Pope. .

THRE'EFENCE. ʃ. [three and pence.] A
ſmall ſilver coin valued at thrice r penny.

THRE'EPENNY. a. [trioMaris, Lat.] Vulgar

THRE'CPILE. ʃ. [/-6r«and/;7-.] An old
name fr good velvet. Shakʃpeare.

THREPI'LEO. a. Set with a thick pile ;
in another place it ſeems to mean piled o.^e
in another. Shakʃpeare.

THREESCO'RE. a. [dne and/core.] Thace
twenty ; ſixty. Shafts p. Brown, Dryden.

THRENO'DY. ʃ. [ifrnxU.] AfoPgofia.


THRE'SHER. ʃ. properly thrajher,

THRESHOLD. ʃ. [«ri'rpat'» Saxon.]
The ground or Hep unaer the duor ; entra.'
ice ; gate ; door. iShakʃpeare, Dryden.

THREW. preterite of r^ro«/. Pope. .

THRICE. dd. [from three.]
1. Three times. Spenſer.
2. A word of amplificarion. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

To THRID. v. a. [this IS corrupted from
thread.] To Aide through a nirrcw paſſage. Pope.

THRIFT. ʃ. [from thrive.]
1. Profit ; gain ; riches gotten. Sidney. Shakʃpeare.
I 2. Parfimony ; frugality ; good hulLandry. Raleigh, Dryden.
3. A plant. Milter,

THRIFTILY. ad. [from thrifty.] Frugagally
; parſimoniounv. Swiftm

THRIFTINESS. ʃ. [from thrifry.] Frugality
; huſbandry. Spenſer, Wotton.

THRI'FTLESS. a. [from thrtjc] Profuſe ; extravagant. Spenſer.

THRIFTY. a. [from thrift.]
1. Frugal ; ſparing ; not profuſe. Shakʃpeare. Swifl,
2. Well huſbanded, IShakʃpeare.

To THRILL. v. a. [^yji'im, Saxon.] To
pierce ; to bore ; to penetrate. Spenſer, Milton.

To THRILL. -y. «.
1. To have the quality of piercing. Spenſer.
2. To pierce or wound the ear with a ſharp found. Spenſer.
3. To feel a ſharp tingling ſenſation.Shakʃpeare.
4. To paſs with a tingling ſenſation. Shakʃpeare. jAddiſon.

To THRIVE. v. n. pren.' throve, thrived.
part, thriven. To proſper ; to grow rich |
to advance in any thing dehred. Sidney, Watts.

THRIVER. ʃ. [from thrive.] One that
profoers ; one that grows rich. Hayward.

THRI'VINGLY. ad. [from thri'ving.] la
a profſcrous wav.

THROAT. ʃ. [Spote, Saxon.]
1. The forepart of the neck. Shakſp.
2. The main road of any place. [from fon,
3. To cut the Thjlo.^t^ To murder ; to
kill by violence. L'Eſtrange.

THRO'ATPILE. ʃ. [throat ZT\^ pipe.] The
weaf-m ; the winJpipe.

THRO'ATWORr. ʃ. [throat and icon.] A

To THROB. v. n.
1. To heave ; to beat ; to riſe as the breaſt. Addiʃon, Smith.
2. To beat ; to palpitate. Wiſeman.

THROB. f. [from the verb] Heave; beat; itrokc or calpitati j/i. Addiſon.


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THROE. ʃ. [from ^pcpim, tofuſer, Sax ]
1. The pain of trav.al ; the angniſh of
bringing children. Milton, Dryden. Bogers.
2. Any extreme agony ; the ifinal and mc rtal
ſtruVgle.- Spenſer, Shakʃpeare.

To THROE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
put in agvonies. Shakʃpeare.

THRONE. ʃ. [ſhrofius, Lat. &pov©-.]
1. A royal feat ; the feat of a king. Milton, Dryden.
.E. Theſeat ofa biſhop. ^y^'ff'''

To THRONE. ʃ. a. [froTD the noun.] To
enthrone ; to ſet on a royal (eat. Shakſp, Milton, Pope.

THRONG. ʃ. [^'pans, Saxon.] A croud ;
a aiultitude preſſing againſt each other.
Cr^iſhavu. Waller.

To THRONG. v. n. [from the noun.] To
cr.>ud ; to come in tumultuous multitudes. Shakʃpeare. Tatlcr,

To THRONG. v. o, To oppreſs or incommode
with crouds or tumuhs. Shakſpeare. Luke. M-''t'>r.

THRO'STLE. ʃ. [S,v j-tb, Saxon.] The
thruHi ; a ſmallfinging bird. Shakʃpeare, Walton.

THROTTLE. f. [from threat, ; Thewindppp. Brown.

To THRO'TTLE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To choak ; to fuffocate ; to kill by flopping
the breath. Dryden, Swift.

THROVE. the preterite of thrive. Locke.

THROUGH. prep, [pujih, Saxon ; dcor.
1. From end to end of. Dryden.
2. Noting paſſage, Dryden. ^'eivlon,
3. By tranſmiſſion. Tfmjle. Cheyne.
4. Bv me;ins of. EccluJ, Wbiigift. Prior.

1. From one end or ſide to the other. Bacon. Oldham,
1. To the end of any thing. South.

THRO'UGHERED. a. [thtough and bred,; Compiettly educated ; con)plete]y taught,

THROUGHLI'GHTED. a. [through ^x^ii
light.] Lighted on both ſides. Wotton.

THRO'UGHLY. ad. [iti^m through.]
1. Compietely; fully ; entirely ; wholly. Spenſer. Tilomfon.
2. Without rrſerve ; fincevely. Tdktjjv,

THROUGHO'UT. pnp. [through and out.
Quite through ^ in cvt;ry pan of.
Huohr. Bacon, Ben. Johnſon.

THROUGHOUT. ad. Every where ; in
every part. Dryden.

THROUGHPA'CED. a. [through unA pace.]
perfe<fr ; complete. Mere,

To THROW. prefer, threiv. part, paſſive
tbrotvn. v. a. [^papan, Saxon.]
1. To fling; to caſt ; to ſend 10 a diſtant
place by auy projedlile force, Knolles.

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2. To toſs; to put with any violencp or
^^rnxAt, Milton. B-.rkly.
3. To lay careleſly, or in haHe. darsnden,
4. To venture at dice. Shakʃpeare.
5. To cjft ; to ſtrip off. Shakʃpeare.
6. To emit in any manner. Addiʃon, Watts.
7. To ſpread in hafle, Pope.
8. To dvetturn in wre/liing. South.
9. To drive ; to ſend by force. Dryden, Addiſon.
10. To make to act at a diftjnce.Shakʃpeare.
11. To repoſe. Taylor.
12. To change by any kiad of violence. Addiʃon.
13. To turn.
14. To Throw atvay. To !oſe ; to ſpcnd
in vain. Otway. D.nbjm,
15. To Throw away. To r^jea. Taylor.
16. To Throw by. To reject ; to ay
aſide as of no uſe. Ben. Johnſon, Locke.
17. To Throw down. To ſubvert ; to
overturn. Addiʃon.
18. To Throw o/' To expel. Abuth.
19. To Throw off. To rejet> ; to renounce-. Dryden. .^pratt.
20. To Throw out. To exert ; to bring
fO' th into aft. Spenſer, Addiʃon.
21. To Throw out. To ſtillance; to
If-ave behind. Addiʃon.
22. To Throw out» To eject ; to expel. Swift.
23. To Throw oar. To reject ; to exclude. Swift.t
24. To Throw up. To reſign angrily.
25. To Throw up. To emit : to eject; to brine up. Arbuthnot.

To THROW. v. n.
1. To perform the act of caſting-
2. To caſt dice.
3. To Throw fl^oa/. To caſt about ; to
try expedients. Spenſer.

THROW. ʃ. [from the verb]
1. A caſt ; the act of caſting or throwing. Addiʃon.
2. A caſt of dire
; the manner in which
the dice fall when they are caſt. Shakʃpeare, South, Berkley.
3. The ſpace to which any thing is thr.-)\vn, Shakſpeare. Addiſon.
4. Stroke ; blow. Spenſer.
5. Effort; violent fally. Addiſon.
6. The agony of childbirth : in this ſenſs
it IS written rj6roe, ^outh Dryden.

THROWER. ʃ. [from th'cw.] O^-e that
throws. Shakʃpeare.

THRUM. ʃ. [thraum, Iſlandick.]
1. The ends of wea --ers threads,
2. Any coarſe yarn. Shakʃpeare, Bacon, King.

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To THRUM. v. a. Ti> grate ; to play
coarfly. Dryden.

THRUSH. ʃ. [«riirc, Saxon.]
1. A ſmall finging bird, Cjreiu. Pope. .
2. Small, round, I'uperficial olcerations,
which appear firſt in the mouth ; but as
they proceed itofn the obſtru<Qion of the
cmiffaries of the rjlivs, by the lentor and
viſcoſiiy of the humour, they may atfect
every part of if.e alimentary o\i(\. except the
thick guts : the nearer they approach to a
white clour the leſs dangerous. Arbuth.

To THRUSr. v. a. [irufitn, Latin.]
1. To puſh iny thing into matter, or between
bodes. Jifvehtions,
2. To puſh ; to remove with violence ; to
drive. Stcrfsr. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
3. To flab.
4. To compreſs. Judges.
5. To impel ; to urge. Shakʃpeare.
6. To obtrude ; to intrude. Shakſp>, Locke.

To THRUii'l'. v. r,
3. To make a hoſtile puſh.
2. To f^uf eze in ; to put himſelf into any
pldce by violence. Dryden.
3. To intrude. R'ave,
4. To puſh forwards ; to come vii I. n'ly ;
to thtong, Chacrran. Knolles.

THRUST. ʃ. [from the verb!]
1. Hoftjje attack with any pointed weapon. Sidney, Dryden.
2. Afi'^ult; attack. M re.

THRU'STER. ʃ. [from r/>«/?.] He that

To THRYFA'LLOW. v. a. [thrice and
falkiij.^ To give the third plowing in Summer,

THUMB. ʃ. [«uma, Saxon.] The Lhoit
lirorg finger anſwering to the other four. Dryden, Broome.

THU'MB-BAND. ʃ. [thurr.b and band.] A
twiit of any materials maae th ck as a
man's th imb. Mortimer.

To THUMB. i>. n. To handle aukwardiv.

THU'MBSTAL. ʃ. [xhumb &n6 jUl.] A
thill. iiJe.

THUMP. f. [/-65W.'o, I'.alian.] A hard heavy
dea«J cull blew with lom'^th;ng blunt.
Hud bras. Dryden, Waller.

To THUMP. v. a. To beat v^'ith Hull heavy
blows. Shakʃpeare.

To THUMP. v.V. To fall or ſtnke with
a dull heavy blow. Hudibras, Swift.

THU'MPER. ʃ. [from tbutrp.] The perſon
or th'Pg thft I humpJ.

THUNDER. ʃ. [iSun'&eji, Sunop Saxon
; dorder, Dutch.]
1. Thurder is a moſt bright flame riſing
on a ſuddra, moving with great violence,
and with a very rapid velocity, through the
a-r, according to any deterininition, and
tommcniy ending with a Icud n'i(e cr
3. Any loud noiſe or tumultu^ius violence. Spenſer. Rotutm

THU'NDER. v. n. [from the noun.]
To nuke thunder, Shakſp, Sidney, Pope. .

To THU'NDER. v a.
1. To e.mit with noiſe and terrour. Dryd.
2. To publiſh any denuucidlion or threat,

1. LighieniDg; the arrows of heaven, King Charles, Denham.
2. Fulmination ; dciuuciation properly cede
fi. ſt ica!. Hakewell.

THU'NDERCLAP. ʃ. [tlLnſer and cap.]
Expl.(ion of thundci. Spenſer, Dryden.

THU'NDERER. ʃ. [from f^tt;:^fr.] The
pnwcr that thunders. ff^aller,

THUNDEROUS. a. [from /i.//W^r.] Producing
thuncer. Milton.

THU'NDERSHOWER. ʃ. [thunder and
y/t'ywtr.] A rain dcc>mpanied with thunder,

THU'NDERSTONE. ʃ. A Aone fabulouſly
fiappo'ed to be emiited by thuader ; thur —
derb lit. Shakʃpeare.

To THU NDERSTRIKE. v. a. [trundfr
andjlrike.^ To biallor hurt with lightening,
S uney. Addiʃon.

THURI'FEROUS. a. [thunfer. Lat.] Bearing

THURIFICATION. ʃ. [thurii and fjcio,
Latin.) The act of fuming with incenſe; the z(X of burning incenſe. Stillngfleet,

THU'RSDAY. ʃ. [thorJgday,D.nl{h. Tb r
w.s the ſon of Odin, yet in ſome of the
northern parts they worſhipped the ſuprem?
deity under his name. Stillingfleet.'\
The fifth dav of the week,

THUS. ad. [=!S'^y, Saxon.]
1. In this manuer ; in this wife,
^Hooker, Hale, Dryden.
2. To this degree ; to this quantity. Bacon. Tiu'c.rfon. IVuke,

To THWACK. v. tf, [Sacciin, Saxon.] To
iirike with ſomething blunt and heavy ; to
threſh ; to bang. Shakʃpeare, Arbuth.

THWACK. ʃ. [from the verb ] A heavy
hard blow. Hud bras. Addiſon.

THWART. a. [^^yp. Saxon ; d%vars,
1. Traofverſe ; croſs to ſomething elſe. Milton.
2. 'Perverſe ; inconvenient ; miſchievous.

To THWART. v. a.
:. To croſs ; to lie or come croſs any
thing. Milton. Thomfon,
2. To fro.'s ; to oppoſe ; to traveric. Shakʃpeare.fſpe S^ut. Pope. .

To THWART. v. n. To be oppoſite. Locke.

THWA'RTINGLY. ad. [Uor^ thwarting.]
Oopohiely ; with or>pufuwu,


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THy. pronofiu. [til, Saxon.] Of thee ; belo
,ging to thee. Co'zwey. Milton.

THYSE'LF pronoun reciprocal. [tby and jeif.]
1. It is commonly uſedin the obi quecales,
or following 'he verb, Shakʃpeare.
7. In poetical or ſolemn language it it f( metimes
uſed n the nominative. Dryden.

THIklNE ivGod. ʃ. A precious wood.

THYME. ʃ. \_thym,Tx. thymus, Latin.) A
pi nt. Miller.

TI'AR. ʃ. [tiara, Latin.] A drtfs for

TI'ARA. ʃ. the head ; ^ o.dem. Milton, Dryden. To pe.

To TICE. v. a. [from ititice.] To draw .
to allure. Herbert.

TICK. ʃ.
1. Score ; truſt. Hudibras, Locke.
2. The louſe of dogs or flbec:. Shakſp.
3. The caſe which holds the feathers of 4

To TICK. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To run on ſcore.
2. To truſt ; to ſcore. Arbuthnot.

TI'CKEN. ʃ. The ſame with tick. A

TI CKING. ʃ. ſort of ſtrung linen for bedding. Bailey.

TI'CKET. ʃ. [etiquet, French.] A token of
any right or debt upon the delivery of
which admiſſion is granted, or a cl?jm ac.
knowledged. Spenſer, Collier.

To TI'CKLE. v. a. [titil.'o, Latin.]
1. To 2fff<£t with a prurient ſcnfation by
flight touches. Bacon, Dryden.
2. To pleaſe by fight gratifications. Sidney, Dryden, Locke.

To TICKLE. v. n. To feel tjtiUation. Spenſer.

TI'CKLE. a. To ttering ; unfixed ; unftable. Spenſer, Shakʃpeare.

TI'CKLISH. a. [from tick/e.]
1. Senſible to titillationj eaſily tickled. Bacon.
2. To ttering ; uncertain ; unfixed, Woodw.
3. Dfin.ult ; nice. Swift.

TI'CKLISHNESS. ʃ. [from tickljb.] The
ſtate of being tickliſh.

TI'CKTACK. ʃ. [/A/<5?^f, French.] A game
at tablps. Bailey.

TID. a. [icy't)'&'ji, Sax.] Tender ; ſoftj nice.

To TI'DDuE. ʃ. a/, a. [from tid.] To uſe

To TI'DDER. S tenderly ; to fondle.

TIDE. ʃ. [ty&, Saxon ; tijd, Dutch and If-
1. Time ; ſeaſon ; while. Spenſer, Wotton.
2. Alternste ebb and flow of the fe».
That motic-n of the water called tides is a
riſing and failing of ſh<r ſea : the cauſe of
this is the attractlicn of the Moon, whereby
the part of the water in the great ocean
which is neareſt the Moon, being moſt
frrongly ettrad\ed, is raiſed higher than the
reit ; and the part oppoſite ic it being leaſt

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attracted, is alſo higher than the reſt ; and
tbefe two opp'ſite riſes of the ſurface of
the vl'ater in the great ocean foll(<wing the
motion of the Moon from eaſt fj weſt, and
flf ſking againſt the large co^fts of the continents,
from thfn:e rebound- back again,
and ſo makes floods and ebbs in narow feas'
and rivers. Locke.
3. Flood. Bacon.
4. Stream ; courſe. Shakſp. R'ilt. Fbiips,

To TIDE. 'V a. ! from the noun.] To drive
w th th- ;''refim. Dryde:

To I IDE V. n. To pr.ur a flood ; tobeagiated
by 'he tide. FhtlipSt

TI'CEGATE. ʃ. [tide ^ni^ gate.^ Agate
th oueh which th- tide pafl^es into a bafon,

TIDE-MAN. ʃ. [/mV and maT.] A tidewaire.
^.r cufty mh uſe < fiicer, who watches
on lio-rd of njerchantfla ps till the duty of
g'ods be pa'd. Bailey.

TI DEWAITER. ʃ. [tide and wfl;V.] An
officer who watches the landing of gor)ds
at the cu(n)mhonfe. Swift.

TIDILY ad. [liom tidy.] Neatly ; readily.

TI'DIN'ESS. ʃ. [from tidy. ; Neatneſs ;

TI'DINGS. ʃ. [ti.&Jn, Saxon. to happen.]
New.' ; £n accou.'.t of ſomething that has
happened,, Spenſer, Milton, Rogers.

TIDY. a. [tidt, Iſlandick.]
1. Seaſenable. Tujer.
2. Neat ; ready. Gay.

To TIE. ʃ. a. [riin, rjj^n, Saxon.]
1. To bind ; to faſten w.th a knot. Knolles.
2. To knit ; to complicate, B^^rKet,
3. To hold ; to faften. Fairfax.
4. To hinder ; to obſtruct. Shak. fVailer,
5. To oblige ; to conſtrain ; to reſtrain ; to confine. Hooker. S'illingfleet. Atterb.

TIE. ʃ. [from the verb ]
1. Knot ; faflening.
2. Bond ; rblignjon. Bacon, Waller.

TIER. ʃ. [tiere, old Fr. tuytr, Dutch.] A
rrw ; a rank. Knolles.

TIERCE. ʃ. [tirs, tiercier, French.] A vcfi'cl
holding the third part of a pipe. Ben. Johnſon.

TI'ERCET. ʃ. [from tiers, Fr.] A triplet ;
three lines,

TIFF. ʃ.
1. Liquor ; drink. Philips.
2. A fit of peeviſhneſs or fullenneſs ; a pet.

To TIFF. v. a. To be in a pet ; to quarrel.

TIFFANY. ʃ. [tiff^r, to dreſs up, old Fr.]
Very thin fiik. Brown.

TIGE. ʃ. [laaTchitecture.] The ſhnft of a
column from the aſtragal to the capital.

TI'GER. ʃ. [tigre, Fr. tigris, Latin.] A
fierce bealt of the leonine kind. Shakʃpeare. Teacham.

TIGHT. a. [didy, Dutch ]
1. Teaſe ;

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1. Tenfc ; cloſe ; not lonfe. Moxon, Swift.
2. Free from fluttering rags ; leſs than
neat. Guy, Swift.

TI'GHTEN. v. a. [from tight ] To
f^raiten ; to make cloſe.

TI'GHTER. ʃ. [from tighter.] A ribband
or ſtring by which women ſtranten their

TIGHTLY. ad. [from tigbt.').
1. cloſely ; not Joofely.
2. Neatly; not idly. Dryden.

TIGHTNESS. ʃ. [from tight.] cloſeneſs ; not looreneſs, Woodward.

TI'GRESS. ʃ. [from tlger.'^ The female of
the tiger. Addiſon.

TIKE. ʃ. [tekt, Dutch.]
1. The louſe of dogs or ſheep. Bacon.
2. It is in Shakʃpeare the name of a dog.

TILE. ʃ. [tijle, Sax. tegd, Dutch.] Thin
plates of baked clay uſed to cover houſes. Milton. Moxor,

To TILE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To cover with tiles. Bacon, Swift.
2. To cover as tiles. Donre.

TILER. ʃ. [tuilhr, Fr. from r;7^.] One
whoſe trade is tg cover houſes with tiles.; Bacon.

TILING. ʃ. [frobr/7tf.] The roof covered
with tiles. ! Luke.

TILL. ʃ. A moifey box. Swift.

TILL. ^rep. [ti^ Saxon.] To the time of.
Till new. TV the preſent time. Milton.
Till then. TO that time. Milton.

TILL. corjundon.
1. To the /me. Milton, Dryden.
2. To the/egree that. Taylor, Pope. .

To TILL. vja. [ty'ian, Sax. ter.ln, Dutch.]
To cultivz/e ; tohuſtand: commonly uſed
of the huiandry of the plough. Milton.

TI'LLABLJ. a. [from till.] Arable ; fit
for the pfugh. C-jrciu.

TILLAGS/. [from rrW.] Huftmdry; the
act or piitice of plowing or culture.
/ Bacon. lWoodward.

TI'LLER//. [from r/7/.]
1. Hulifldmanj ploughman.
/ Cariiv. Geneſis. Prior.
2. A ll ; a ſmall drawer. Dryden.

TI'LLYIVLLY. v. a. A word uſed for-

TI'LLY'ALLEY. ^ merly when any thing
ſaid wi rejcftqd as trifling or impertinent,Shakʃpeare.

TI'LMiN^- ʃ. [till and man.] One who
tills in huft?ndman. TuJJer,

TILT. f. [tyb, Saxon.]
;nc ; any covering over head. Denham.
2. The cover of a boat. Sanays. Gay.
3. [military game at which the combatan
run againſt each other with lances on
fetijeback. Hbrhjpfare, KrMlti,

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4. A thruſt. Addi^tnl

To TILT. n).a, [from the noun.]
1. To cover like a tilt of a boar,
2. To carry as in lilts or tournament?,
3. To point as in tilts. Philipsm
4. [Tillen, Dutch.] To tuin up lb as to
run out.

To TILT. v. n.
1. To run in tilts, Milton.
2. To fight with rapiers. Shakʃpeare. CoVacr»
3. To ruſh as in combat. Coltiir,
4. To play unfteadily. Milton, Pope. .
5. To fall on one ſide. GretO.

TI'LTER. ʃ. [from tilt.] One who tilts ;
one who fights, Hudfbras. Granville.

TILTH. f. [from ////.] Hulbandry; culture,Shakʃpeare.

TILTH. a. [from r;7/.] Arable; tilled. Milton.

TI'MBER. ʃ. [tymbpiAn, Saxon. to Imld.]
1. Wood fit for biiilding. Bacon. TfcodiVA
2. The main trunk of a tree, Shakʃpeare.
3. The mam beams of afabrick,
4. Materials ironically. Bacon.

To TI'MBER. v. n. [from the noun.] T ;
light on a tree. L'Eſtrange.

To TIMBER. v. a. To furniſh with beams
or timber.

TI'MBERED. a. [from timber -y timbre, Fr.]
; formed ; contrived. Wotton, Brown.

TI'MBERSOW. ʃ. A worm m wood. Bacon.

TI'MBREL. ʃ. [iimbre^ French.] A kind of
muſicalinſtrument played by pulfation.
Sandvs. Pope. .

TIME. ʃ. [tima, Saxon; tym, E.fe.]
1. The me-ift. re of duration Ldke Greitf,
2. Space of time. Dan, Milton. S-^i/t»
3. Interva!. Bacon.
4. Sej'f'jn ; proper time. Ealuf,
5. A conſiderable ſpice of duration ; continuance ; proceſs of time. Dryden, Woodward.
6. Age ; particular part of time. Brown, Dryden.
7. Pdft time. Shfikripcarr,
8. Early time. Bacon. 'liogtrs,
9. Time conſiderd as affording opp'^rtunity. Clarendon.
10. Particular quality of the prclent. South.
11. Particular time. Dryden, Addiſon.

XZ. Hour of childbirth. Clarenden.
13. Repetition of any thing, or mention
with retercnco to repetition. Milton, Berkley. ^icifr%
14. Mjfical meafore. Shakſp. TVailcr. Denham.

To TIME. v. a. [lam the noun.]
6X' -
I- To

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1. To adapt to the time ; to bring or do TINE. ſ. [tltine, Iſlandick.]
at a proper~time. ' L'Eſitange. Addiʃon.
2. To regulate as to time, ^Addiʃon.
3. To meaſure harmonically. Shakſp.

TIMEFUL. a. Seafonable ; timsly ; early.

TI'MELESS. a. [from thne.l
1. Unſeaſonable ; done at an improper time. Pope. .
2. Untimely ; immature ; done before the
proper time. iShakʃpeare./i>,

TI'MELY. a. [from ^/W.] Seafonable ;
ſuſſiciently early, Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

TI'MELY. ad. [from titne.] E^rly ; ſoon. Shakſpeare. Prior.

TI'MEPLEASER. ʃ. [//Wand /^/a/^.] One
who complies with prevailing notions whatever
they be, Shakʃpeare.

TI'MESERVING. a. [time and jerve.]
Meanly complying with preſent power. South.

TIMID. a. [t!tKide,Fe. thnidtis, hit.] Fearful
; timorous ; vsanting courage, Thomf,

TIMl'DITY. ʃ. \_tiviidiii\ Fr. from timid.]
y the ſpJkf of s. Mortimer.
1. The tooth of a harrow
3. Trouble; diſtreſs, Spenſer.

To TINE. a. tf. [«ynan, Saxon.]
1. To kindle ; to light ; to ſet qn fire. Spenſer.-
2. [rman, Saxon, toput.] To ſhut.

To TINE. v. n,
1. To rage
; tofmart. Spenſer.
1. To fight. Spenſer.

To TINGE. v. a. [t'mgo, Latin.] To mipregnate
or imbue witti a colour er taſte. Addiſon.

TI'NGENT. a. [tingens, Latin.] Having
the power to tinge. Boyle.

TI'NGLASS. ʃ. [tin and glaſs.] Bifmuth.

To TI'NGLE. v.n. [tittgclen, buuh.]
1. To feel a found, or the continuance of
a found, Brown.
2. To feel a ſharp quick pain with a ſenſation
of motion. Pope. .
3. To feel either psin or pleaſure with
a ſenſation of motion. Arbuthnot.
Fearfulneſs ; timorouſneſs ; habitual cow- To TINK. 1;. «. ytimio^ Latin ; tincian.
ardice. Bacon.

TIMOROUS. a. [//Wr, Latin.] Fearful ;
full of fear and ſcruple. Brown, Prior.

TI'MORO'USLY. ad. [from timorous.]
Fearfully ; with much fear. Shakʃpeare, a. Philits.

[from timorouu ]
Fearftilneſs. Swift.

TIMOUS. a. [from r/W.] Early ; timely. Bac.

TIN. ʃ. [ten, Dutch.]
1. One of the primitive metals called by
the chemiſts juoiter. Woodward.
s. Thin plates of iron covered with tin.

To TIN. v. a. [from the noun.] To cover
with tin. Boyle.

is made of. Woodward.

To TINCT. v. a. [tifiaus, Lat. leir.r, Fr.]
1. To flain ; to colour ; to ſpat ; to dye. Bacon. Boyle.
2. To imbue with a taſte. Bacon.

TINCT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Colour ; ilain; ſpot. Shakʃpeare. Thornfon.

TI'NCTURE. ʃ. [teinture, Fr. linciura,
from tinilus, Latin.]
1. Colour or taſte ſuperadded by ſomething. Wotton. S uth. Dryden. Prjjr. Pope. .
2. Extract of ſome drug made in ſpirits
; an infuſion. Boyle.

To TI'NCTURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To imbue or impregnate with ſome cilour
or taſte. Blackmore.
2. To imbue the mind. Atterbury.

To TIND. v. a. [few^ai, Gothick ; tsn.
&^n, Saxon.] To kindle ; to ſet on fije,

TI'NDER. ʃ. [tynbjie, Saxon.] Any thing
eminently iniiammable placed to catch fire. Atterbury.
Welſh, ; To make a fiarp ſhrill noiſe

TI'NKER. ʃ. [from tink.] A mender of
old braſs. Shakʃpeare.

To TI'NKLE. v. n. ['inter, Fren, timio,
1. To make a ſharp quick noiſe ; to clink. Iſaiah, Dryden.
2. To hear a low quick icife. Dryden.

TINMAN. ʃ. [//« and »i?7.] A manufacturer
of tin, or iron tinneoover, Prior,

TI'NPENNY. ʃ. A certaiicuſtomarydu.
ty anciently paid to the tithngmen, Bailey.

TI'NWORM. ʃ. An infeſt. Bailey.

TINNER. f [from tin ; zii, Saxon.] One
who works in the tin mines Bacon.
A mineral ; what cur bor.x

TI'NSEL. ʃ. [etincelle, Frenci.]
1. A kind of fnining cloth. Fairfax.
2. Any thing ſhining with fai'eluſtre ; any
thing fiiewy and of little valu. Dryden, Norris.

To TI'NSEL. v. a. [from the noun.] To
decorate with cheap ornamens ; to adorn
with luſtre that has no value. Cleaz-eJard,

TINT. ʃ. [teirite, Fr. tinta,ltal\n.] A dye ;
a colour. Pope. .

TINY. a. [tint, tynd, Danifi.] Little; ſmall ; puny. Shakʃpeare, Swift.

TIP. ʃ. [tip,tiſkit?, Dorch.] 'opj end;
point ; extremiry. Sidney. S^sth. Pips,

To TIP. v. a. [from the noun ]
1. To top; to end; to cover on he end.
Mil:on Hudibfu. Pope. .
2. To ſtrike ſlightly ; to tap, Dryden. Swift.

TI'PPET. ʃ. [t eppet, Saxon.] Something
warn about the neck. Bacon.

To TI'PPLE. ij. n. To drink luxriouſly
; to waile life over the cup. Shakſp.

To TI'PPLE. v. a. To driH:c in lusury cr
ercs/'s, C!eateh'^d.

TI'PPLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Drink ; liqiicr.

TIPPLED. a. [from /i>//^.] Tjpfy ]
dru.k. Dryden.

TITPLER. ʃ. [from /;/>^/^.] A fotdſh drunkard.

TI'PSTAFF. ʃ. [tip and pf.]
1. An officer with a ſtaff tioped with meta!.
2. The ſtaff itſelf ſo tipt. Bacon.

TIPSY. a. [from tiiple.] D:unk. Shakʃpeare, Milton.

TI'PTOE. ʃ. [tip and toe.] The end of the
toe. Shakʃpeare. Herbert

TIRE. ʃ. [tuyr, Dutch.]
1. R?nk ; row.
2. A head dieſs, Shakſp. Crapaiv,
3. Furniture ; apparatus. tbili^s.

To TIRE. v. a. [tipnn, Saxr'B.]
1. To fatigue ; to make weary ; to harraſs. Dryden.
2. It has often out added to intfnd the figrification. Bacon. T.ckcJ,
3. To dreſs the head. Kings.

To TIRE. ʃ. n. To tail with wearineſs.

TIREDNESS. ʃ. [uom tired.] State of
being tired ; wearineſs, Hakewell.

TI'RESOME. a. [from //rr] Weariſome ;
fatiguing; tedious. Addiſon.

TI'RESOMENESS. ʃ. [from tireſome.] Ji€t
or quahty of being tireſome.

TI'REWOMAN. ʃ. A woman whoſe buſineſs
i« to make dreſſes for the head. Locke.

TI'RINGHOUSE. If. [tire and bouſe, or

TI'RIN GROOM. ʃ. rooyn.] The room in
which players drels for the llage, . Shakʃpeare, Wotton.

TI RWIT. ʃ. A bird.

'TIS. contracted for it it. Shakʃpeare.

TI'SICK. ʃ. [corrupted from pbtbijick.]

TI'SICAL. a. [iox phitbifical.] Confumptive,

TI'SSUE. ʃ. [tijjue, Fr. npan, to wea'ue,
Norman Saxon.] Cloth interwoven with
gold or ſilver. Dryden.

To TI'SSUE. v. a. [fr.^m thj noun. | To
interweave ; to variegate. IVbtian.

TIT. ʃ.
1. A ſmall horſe : generally in contempt. Denham.
2. A woman : in contempt. Dryden.
3. A tity.ouſe or tomtit. A bird.

TITBIT. ʃ. [properly r/V^;V.] Nice bir
; n ce food. Arbuthnot.

TITHEABLE. a. [from tithe.] Subj-ct ro
the payment of tithcf. Swift.

TITHE. ʃ. [zec^a, Saxon.]
1. The tenth part ; the part afligned to the
maintenance of the mmiſtry. Shakʃpeare.fſp.
2. The tenth part of any thing, Shakſpeare.
3. Small part; ſmall portisn. Bacon.

To TITHE. v. a. [tctSun, Saxon.] To
tax; to pay the tenth part.
i>pej:fir. Deuter.

To TITHE. To r. To pay tithe. rujjer.

TITHER. ʃ. [from mZ.^.] One who gathem

TI'THYMAL f. [tithyntaHe^T. tithymaHut.
L^in ] An herb. Ainsworth.

1. TithtKg IS the number or company of
ten men with their families knit together
in a ſociety, all of them being bound to the
king for the peaceable and good behaviour
of each of their ſociety : of theſe companies
there was one chief perſon, who, from
his office, was called tithingman. Ccivel.
2. Tithe ; tenth part due to the prieſt. Tuſſer.

TI'THINGMAN. ʃ. [tithing and man.] A
pe:ty peace officer. Spenſer.

To TITILLATE. v. n. [m/7/o, Latin.] To
tickle. Pope.

TITILLA'TION. ʃ. [tiiiHation, French $
titilaiiOf Latin.; 1. The a<fl of tickling. Bacom
2. The ſtate of being tickled, Arbuthnot.
3. Any flight or petty pleaſure, Granville.

TI'TLARK. ʃ. A bird. iralton,

TITLE. ʃ. [titulus, Latin.]
1. A general head compiiſing particulars. Hale.
2. Any appellation of honour, Milton.
3. A nanne ; an appellation. Shakʃpeare.
4. The firſt page of a book, telling its name
and generally iis ſubject. Swift.
5. A claim of right. South.

To TITLE. v. a. [fom the noun.] To
er title ; to name ; C'> call. Milton.

TI'TLELESS. a. [irotn title. '\ Wanting a
name or appellation. Shakʃpeare.

TI'TLEPAGF. ʃ. [title and page.] The page
containing the title of a book. Dryden.

TI'TMOUSE. or r/>. ſ. [/;;V, Dutch.] A
ſmall ſpecies of birds. Dryden.

To TI'TTER. v. n. To laugh with re
ſtraint. Pope. .

TI'TTER. ʃ. [from the verb.] A reſtrained

TITTLE. ʃ. [I ſuppoſe from tit.] A ſmall
particle ; a point., a dot,
Chrendon. Milton, South. Swift.

TITTLETATTLE. ʃ. [dle talk ;
prattle ; empty gabblr. Prior.

To TITTLETATTLE. 1: n. [from tattle.]
To prate idly. Sidney,

TITUBA'TION. ʃ. [titi^bo, Latin.] The
act of flumblig.

TI TULAR. a. [titulaire, Fr.] Nominal {
having only the title. Bacon,

TITULARITY. ʃ. [from titular] The
ſtate of being titular. Brown.

TITULARY. a. {tituaire^Tttath.]
6 la I. C.aT
1. Confining in a title. Bacon.
2. Relating to a title. Bacon.

TI'TULARY. ʃ. [from the acij.] One that
has a t:tJc or right. -^y^'S^.
Ti'Vy. a [A word expreſſing ſpecd, horn
iantivy, the note of a hunting horn.]. Dryden.

TO ad., [zo, Saxon ; te, Dutch.]
1. A particle coming between two verbs,
and noting the ſecond as the object of the
fixR. Smalridge.
2. It notes the intention : as, the rais'd a
war.ro call me back. Dryden.
3. After an adjective it notes itsobject:
as, born to beg. Sandys.
4. Noting futurity : as, we are ſtill to feck. Berkley.
C To and again. 7 Backward and for-
^' \To and fro, ; wa»^d.

TO. prepoſition.
1. Noting motion towards : oppoſed to
from. Sidney, Smith.
2. Noting accord or adaptation. Milton.
3. Noting addreſs or compellation : as,
here's to you all. Denham.
4. Noting attention or application.
5. Noting addition or accumulation. Denham.
6. Noting a ſtate or place whither any one
goes : as, away to horſe. Shakʃpeare.
7. Noting oppoſition : as, foot to foot. Dryden.
S. Noting amount : as, to the number of
three hundred. Bacon.
^. Noting proportion ; noting amount : a?,
three to nine. Hooker.
20. Noting poſſefion or appropriation.
31. Noting perception: as, ſharp to the
iz. Noting the ſubject of an affirmation :
as, oath to the contrary. Shakʃpeare.
33. In compariſon of: is, no fool to the
finner. Milton.
34.- A5 far as, Arbuthnot.
35. After an adjective it notes the objed. Shakʃpeare.
36. N' ting obligation, Dryden.
37. Reſpedling. Shakʃpeare.
38. Njting conſequence, Dryden.
39. To wards. Dryden.
40. Noting prefence. Swift.
41. Noting effect, Wiſeman, Clarenden.
42. After a verb to notes the object. Shakʃpeare.
43. Noting the degree. Boyle.

TOAD. ʃ. [toSe, Saxon.] An animal reſemblin ;
a frog ; but the frog leaps, the
toad crawls: the toad is acconnted venoITious. Bacon, Dryden.

TO'ADFISH. ʃ. A kind of fea-fiſh.

TO'ADFLAX. ʃ. A plant.

TO'ADSTONE. ʃ. [toad and ſtone.] A centreuon
lupfcied to U four.d ift the head of
g tO»d» Brfim,

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TO'ADSTOOL. ʃ. [toad and flool'\ A plant
like a muſhroom. Not efculent. Bacon.

To TOAST. v. a. [toftum, Lat.]
1. To dry or heat at the fiic. Shakʃpeare, Brown.
2. To name when a health is drunk. Prior.

TOAST. f. [from the verb ]
1. Bread dried before the fire. Bacon.
2. Bread dried and put into liquor. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .
3. A celebrated woman whcfe health is
often drunk. Addiſon.

TOASTER. ʃ. [from tooji} He who toaſts. Prior.

TOBA'CCO. ʃ. [from Tobaco or Tobago in
America ; The flower of the tobacco conſiſts
of one leaf. Miller.

TOBA'CCONIST. ʃ. [from tobacco, 1 A
preparer and v^-nder ca tobacco.

TOD-. ʃ. [toite ba:ir, Gciman.]
1. A buſh ; a thick ſhrub. Spenſer.
2. A certain weight of wool, twenty-eight
pounds, Shakʃpeare.

TOE. ʃ. [ta, Saxon ; teen, Dutch. ; The
divided extremities of the feet ; the fingers
of the feet. Milton, Prior.

TOFO^RE. ad. [topojian, Saxon] Before,Shakʃpeare.

TOFT. ʃ. [toftum^ law Latin.] A place
where a meffuage has flood, C'J'wel.

TO'GED. a. [togatus, Lat.] Gowned ; dreſſisd in gowns. Shakʃpeare.

TOGETHER. ad. [tos^JSepe, Sax.]
1. In company. Milton.
2. Not apart ; not in ſeparation, Bacon.
3. In the ſame place, Davies.
4. In the ſame time, Dryden.
5. Without intermiſſion, Dryden.
6. In concert, Addiſon.
7. In continuity. Milton.
8. To gether w/Vi', In union with. Dryden.

To TOIL. v. n. [tili?n. Sax. tuylen^ Dut.]
To labour. Shakʃpeare, Prior.

To TOIL. v. a.
1. To labour ; to work at. Milton.
2. To weary ; to overlabour, Shakʃpeare.

TOIL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Labour ; fatigue. Milton.
2. Any net or fnare woven or melhed. Shakʃpeare. Knolles.

TO'ILET. ʃ. [toilette, Fr.] A dreſſing table. Pope. .

TO'ILSOME. a. [from toil, ] Laborious ;
weary. Pope. .

TO'ILSOMENESS. ʃ. [from toilſome.] Weariſomaneſs
^ iabcriouſneſs,

TO'KEN. ʃ. [zacn, Saxou ; teycken, Dut.]
1. A ſign. Pſalm.
2. A mark. South.
3. A memorial of friendſhip ; an evidence
of remembr«tn<.e. Shakʃpeare. Dtaytun,

To TOKEN. <!/. a. [from the noun.] To
make known. Shakʃpeare.

TOLD. pret. and part. pafl.. of ^//. Mentioned
; related. Milton.

To TOLE. v. a. To train ; to draw by
degrees, Locke.

TO'LERABLE. a. [^tokrable^ Fr. toUrabi.

HI, Lat.]
1. Supportable ; that may be endured or
ſupported. Hooker. TiHo'fon,
2. Not excellent ; not contemptible ;
paflable. Swift.

TO'LERABLENE S. ʃ. [from toUrable.]
The ſtate of being tolerable.

TO'LERABLY. fl^. [from tolerable.
1. Supportably ; in a manner that may be
2. Paflably ; neither well nor ill ; moderately
well. Woodward, Addiſon.

TO'LERANCE. ʃ. [toUrantia, Lat.] Power
of enduring; ad of enduring. Bacon, Hammond.

To TO'LERATE. m. a. [tohro, Lat. toUrcr.
Fr.] To allow ſo as not to hinder ; to fuller. Hooker.

TOLERATION. ʃ. [toUro, Lat.] Ailow«
ance given to that which is not approved. South.

TOLL. ʃ. [z j!1. Saxon ; to\ Dutch.] An
exciſe of good. Cowel. Bacon, Arbuthnot.

To TOLL. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To pay toll or tollage. Hudibras.
2. To take mil or tollage. 'I'fjfer,
3. To found as a ſingle bell. Shakʃpeare, Stillingfleet, Swift.

To TOLL. v. a. [toſhf Lat.]
1. T'l rng u bell. Graunt.
2. To take away ; to vacate ; to annul.
3. To take away. Bacon.

TO'LLBOOTH. ʃ. [to'.UiiA booth.] A pnfon.

To TO'LLBOOTH. v. a. To impriſon in
atollb.otb. C riet,

TOLLGA'THERER. ʃ. [ro.V and gather.]
The officer that takes toll.

TO'LSEY. ʃ. The facias whhtol/booth,

TOLUTATION. ʃ. [ro/«.'«, Latin.] The
3i\ of pacing or ambling. Brown.

TOMB. ʃ. [tombi, tombrau,Ti.] A n^onument
in which the rie-d are encloſed. Shakʃpeare, Peacham, Dryden, Prior.

To TOMB. v. a. [from the noon.] To
burv : to entomb. May.

TO'MBLESS. a. [from tomb.] Wanting a
tomo ; wanting a ſepulchral monument.Shakʃpeare.

TO'MBOY. ʃ. A mean fellow; ſometimes
a wild coarie girj. Shakʃpeare.
70ME. ſ. [Fr. Te.u-^f.]
1. One volume of many.
2. A bjck. moker,

TOMTIT. ʃ. [See Titmouse.] A titflit-
Uf.' ; afoQall bird, Sp^Q^tor,

TON. ʃ. [tonne^ Fr, Sec Tun.] A metfure
or weight. Bacon.

TON. ʃ. I the names of places, are deriv-

TUN. i ed from the Saxon zun, a hedge
or wall, and this ſeems to be from bun, a
hill. Gibfon.

TONE. ʃ. [ton, Fr. tonus, Lat.]
1. Note; found. Bacon.
2. Accent ; found of the voice. Dryden.
3. A whine ; a mournful cry. Hudibras.
4. A particular or affected found in ſpeaking.
5. Elaſticity ; power of extenſion and contra
«ion. Arbuthnot.

TONG. ʃ. [See To N G s.] The catch of a
buckle. Spenſer.

TONGS. ʃ. [zany, Saxon ; tang, Dutch.]
An inſtrument by which hold is taken of
any thing. Dryden, Mortimer.

TONGUE. ʃ. [zuns, Sax. tongbe^ Dutch.]
1. The inſtrument of ſpeech in human beings. Shakʃpeare.t. Milton, Dryden.
2. The organ by which animals lick. Milton.
3. Speech ; fluency of words. Dryden, Locke.
4. Speech, as well or ill uſed. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
5. A language. Milton, Watts.
6. Speech as oppoſed to thoughts, i John.
7. A nation diſtinguiſhed by their language, Iſaiah.
8. A ſmall point : as, the tongue of a bo'
9. To Lo'd theTo UGxsz, To be ſilent. Addiʃon.

To TONGUE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
chide ; to ſcold, Shakʃpeare.

To TONGUE. v. n. To talk ; to prate.Shakʃpeare.

TO'NGUED. a. [from tongue.] Having a
Concur, Donne.

TO'NGUELESS. a. [from tongue.]
1. Wanting a tongue ; ſpeechleſs.Shakʃpeare.
2. Unramed ; not ſpoken of. Shakʃpeare.

TO'NGUETAD. ʃ. [tongue and pad.] A
great talker. Taller.

TONGUETI'ED. a. [tongue and tie.] Having
an impediment of ſpeech. Shakʃpeare, Holder.

TO'NICK. ʃ. r, r- 1

TONICAL. $ ' [''F''. F'-']
1. Being extended ; being elaſtick. Bacon.
1. Relating to tones or ſounds.

TO'N'NAGE. ʃ. [from ton.] A cuſtom or
impolt due for merchandiſe after a certain
rite in every ton, Cowel. Clarenden.

TO'NSIL. ʃ. [tonfil'a, Lat.] TonJiU or almonds
are two round ghinds placed on the
ſides of the bafis of the tcng-je, under the
common membrane of the fauces, with


which they are covered ; each of them hath
a large oval finus, which opens into the
aucef, and in it there are leſſer ones, which
diſcharge themſelves, through the great fijiiis,
of a mucous and ſlippery matter, for
the moiſtening and lubricating theſe parts.

TONSURE. ʃ. [tonfura, Lat.] The act of
clipping the h$ir. Addiſon.

TOO. ad. [teg, Saxon.]
1. Over and above ; overmuch; more
than enough. 8pran. Watts.
2. Likewiſe ; alſo. Oldham,

TOOK. the preterite, and ſometimes the
participle paſſive oUah. South, Swift.

TOOL. ʃ. [zol, zool, Saxon.]
1. Any inſtrument of manual operation. Bacon, Addiſon.
2. A hireling; a wretch who ads at the
command of another. Swift.

To TOOT. v. n. To pry ; to peep ; to
ſearch narrowly and flily. Spenſer.

TOOTH. ʃ. plural teeth. [zv^, Saxon ;
tsr.d, Dutch.]
The tdeth are the hardeſt and ſmootheft
bones of the body; they are formed into
the cavities of the jaws, and about the
ſeventh or eighth month after birth they
be^in to pierce the edge of the jaw, tcitr
the periofteum and gums, which being very
ſenſible create a violent pain : about the
ſeventh year of nge they are thruſt out by
new teeth which then begin to ſprout, and
if theſe teeth be loft they never grow
again ; but ſome have been obſerved to
ſhed their teeth twice ; about theone-andtwentieth
year the two laſt of the molares
ſpring up, and they are czWei dentei fjpientia.
S^umcy. Shakʃpeare, Ray.
2. Taſte ; palate. Dryden.
3. A tine, prong, or blade. Newton.
4. The prominent part of whei^ls. Moxon, Ray.
5. To oth and nail. With one's utmoſt
violence. L'Eſtrange.
6. To ri^e Teeth, In open oppoſition. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
7. To c<]Ji in theTz-ETH. To inſuit by
open exprobration. Hook:'?-,
8. In ſpite of tteT^-ETH. N^twithſtanding
any power of injury of defence. Shakʃpeare, L'Eʃtrange.

To TOOTH. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To furniſh with teeth ; to indent.
Gniv, Mortimer.
1. To lock in each other. Moxnn,

TOOTHA'CH. ʃ. [tooth and ach.] Pain in
the tctt'!. Shakʃpeare.

TO'OTHDRAWER. ʃ. [tooch ^vA draw.]
One whoſe buiineſs is to extiaft painful
teeth. C!e<3'vela)id, Wiſeman.

TO'OTHED. a. [from tooth.] Having tetth.

TOOTHLESS. a. [from tooth.] Wanting
te«th ; deprived of teeth. Dryden, Ray.

TOOTHPICK. ʃ/. Uooth and pick.]

TO'OTHPICKER. ʃ. An inſtrument by
which the teeth are clcanfed.
Honvtl. Sandy:.

TO'OTHSOME. a. [from tooth.] Palatable
; pleaſing to the taſte. Carew.

TO'OTHSOMENESS. ʃ. [from tootbſome.]
Pleaſ^ntneſs to the taſte.

TO'OTHWORT. ʃ. [dentaria, Lat.] A
plant. Miller.

TOP. ʃ. [toppf WeI.<Ji ; zop, Saxon ; top,
1. The higheſt part of any thing. Shakʃpeare. Cow!ey,
2. The ſurface ; the ſuperficies. Bacon, Dryden.
3. The higheſt place, Locke, Swift.
4. The higheſt perſon. Shakʃpeare.
5. The utmoſt degree, Spratt,
6. The higheſt rank. Locke.
7. The crown of the head. Shakʃpeare.
8. The hair on the crown of the head ;
the forelock. Shakʃpeare.
9. The head of a plant. Watts.

JO. An inverted conoid which children fet
to turn on the point, continuing is motion
with a whip. Shakʃpeare.

II. To pis ſometimes nfed as an adjeftive
to expreſs lying on the top, or being at the
top. Mortimer.

To TOP. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To riſe aloft; to be eminent. Denham,
2. To predominate. Locke.
3. To do his beft, Dryden.

To TOP. v. a.
1. To cover on the top ; to tip. Waller, Addiſon.
1. To riſe above. ,,'j L'Eſtrange.
3. To outgo; to furpsfs. Shakʃpeare, Collier.
4. To crop, Evelyn.
5. To riſe to the top of. Denham.
6. To perform eminently : as, he tops bii

TO'FFUL. a. [top and full.] Full to the
top ; full to the brim. Shakʃpeare, Watts, Swift.

TOPGA'LLANT. ʃ. [tcp and gallant.]
1. The higheſt faii.
2. It is proverbially applied to any thing
elevated. Bacon.

TOPHE'AVY. a. [ftp and he^'vy ] Having
the upper part too weighty for the lower. Wotton.

TO'PKNOT. ʃ. [tcjp and knot.] A knoc
worn by women on tlje ti'p of the head. L'Eſtrange.

TO'PMAN. ʃ. [top and man.] The fawer
at the top, Moxon.


TO'PMOST. ʃ. Uppermoſtj higheſt. Dryden, Addiʃon.

TOPPRO'UD. a. [top and ^TO'ud.] Proud in
the higheſt degree. Shakʃpeare.

TOFSA'IL. ʃ. [top and /aiV.] The higheſt
fail, Knolles, Dryden.

TOPA'RCH. ʃ. [T;'7r(^ and ai>x>^.] The
principil man in a place. Brown.

TO'PARCHY. ʃ. [from tcparch.] Command
in a ſmall di/lrid.

TOPA'Z. ʃ. [topaf-, Fr. tcpaziut, low Lat.]
A yellow gem. Bacon, Sandys.
To Pope. v. n. [tcppen, Dutch ; Poper ^ Fr.]
To drink hard ; to drink to exceſs. Dryd.

TO'PER. ʃ. [from r:^.%] A drunkard.

TOPHA'CEOUS. a. [f,om rc/ji>u., Latin.]
Gritty ; flony. Arbuthnot.

TOPHET. ʃ. [.r.-:r< Heb.] HdJ ]
a ſcriptural
name. Milton, Burnet.

TO'PICAL. a. [from ro-^r'^.]
1. Relating to ſome general head.
2. Local ; confined to ſome particular place. Brown, Hale.
3. Applied medicinally to a particular part. Arbuthnot.

TO'PICALLY. ad. [from topical.] With
application to ſome particular part. Brown.

TO'PICK. ʃ. [up-que, Fr. t.V©.]
1. A general head ; ſomething to which
Other things are referred. South, Dryden, Swift.
2. Things as are externally applied to any
particular part. Wiſeman.

TO'PLESS. a. [from top.] Having no top.

TOPO'GRAPHER. ʃ. [tott©- and j.pi<;,>;.]
One who writes deſcriptions of particui^r

TOPO'GRAPHY. ʃ. [topcgrafbie, Fr. ts'-
w^ and yfa^o) ] Deſcription of particular
places, Cromwell.

TOPPING. a. [from ro/.] Fine ; noble; gallant,

TO'PPINGLY. <2. [from /./-/'/,-] fine; gay; gallant.

To TO'PPLE. -y. n. [from tcp.] To fall
forward ; to tumble down. Shakʃpeare.

TOPSYTU'RVY. ad. With the bottom
upward. Spenſer, South, Swift.

TOR. ʃ. [zcp, Saxon.] 1. A tower ; a turret.
1. A high pointed rock or hill.

TORCH. ʃ. [torche, French ; torcia^ Ital.
intortitium, low Latin.] A wax light bigger
than a candle. Sidney, Milton, Dryden.

TORCHBEARER. ʃ. [torch and btar.] One
w.^. fi office is to cairy a torch. Sidney.

TO'RCHLIGHT. ʃ. [torch and l}ght.] Light
kindled to ſupply the want of the fun. Bacon.

TO'RCHER. ʃ. [from torch.] One that
gives light, Shakʃpeare.

TORE. Preterite, and f^'metimes partxJpTc
pa (live of tear. Spenſer.

To TORME'NT. ʃ. [tsurmenter.TT.]
1. To put to pain ; to harr.ls with anguiſh
; to excruciate, Shakʃpeare.
2. To teaze ; to vex with impottunity,
3. To put into great agitation. Milton.

TO'RMENT. ʃ. [tourment, French.]
1. Any thing that gives pain, MattheM,
2. Pain ; miſery ; anguiſh.
3. Penal anguiſh ; torture. Sandys, Dryden.

TORMENTOR. ʃ. [from torment.]
1. One who torments ; one who gives pain. Sidney, Milton, South.
2. One who inflicts penal tortures. Sandys.

TO'RMENTIL. ʃ. [tormentiUa ^ Lat.] Septfoil.
A plant. The root has been uſed
for tanning of leather, and accounted the
bell aſtringent in the whole vegetable kingdom. Miller.

TORN. part. paſt. of tear. Exodus.

TORNA'DO. ʃ. [tcrnadoj SpaniA.] A hurricane.

TORPE'DO. ʃ. [Lat.] A fiſh which while
alive, if touched even with a long ſtick,
benumbs the hand that ſo touches it, buc
when dead is eaten fafely.

TO'RPENT. a. [tcrp:us,\^x.'[Benumbed; ilruck motionleſs ; not active, Evelyn.

TO'RPID. a. [tcrpidus.Lat.] Numbed ;
motionleſs ; ſluggiſh , not active. Ray.

TO'RPIDNESS. ʃ. [from t^rp,d.] The
ſtate of being torpid. Hale.

TO'RPITUDE. ʃ. [from tcrp.d.] State of
being motionleſs, Denham.

TO'RPOR. ʃ. [Latin.] Dulneſs ; numbneſs. Bacon.

TORREFA'CTION. ʃ. [tcrrefacio, Latin.]
The act of drying by the fire. Boyle.

To TO'RRIFY. 'v, a. [tomfer, Fr. torrefa'.
a'Of Li
1. To dry by the fire. Brown.

TORRENT. ʃ. [torrent, Fr.torrens,L2it.]
1. A ſudden ſtream raiſed by funsmer
ihowers. Saf.dys,
2. A violent and rapid ſtream ; tumultuous
current. Raleigh. C^rendoni

TORRENT. a. [torrent, Lat.] R<tling
in a rapid ſtream. Milton.

TO'RRID. a. [torridut, Lat.]
1. Parched ; dried with beat, Harvey.
2. Burning ; violently hot. Milton.
3. It is particularly applied to the regions
or zone between the tropicks. Dryden, Prior.

TO'RSEL. ʃ. [torfe, Fr.] Any thing in a
twiſted form. Moxon.

TO'RSION. ʃ. [torjio, Lat.] The act of
turning or twiſting.

TORT. ʃ. [tort, Fr. tcrtutn, low Latin.]
Miſhief ; injury ; calamity, Fairfax.

TO'RTILE. a. [isriits, Lat.] Twiſted ;

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TO'RTION. ʃ. [from form, Latin.] Tor- TOSS. ſ. [from the verb.]
ment ; pain. I. The a<a of tofling. Addiſo^i,

TORTIOUS. <T. [from ror/«] Injurious ; 2. An affected manner of raiſing the head,
doing wrong, Spenſer, Dryden. i^ixxft,

TO'RTIVl;. a. [from tortui, Lat.] Twiſt- TO'SSER. ſ. [from toj^.] One who throws i
ed ; wreathed. Shakʃpeare.

TO'RTOISE. ʃ. [tortue, Fr.]
2. An animal covered with a hard ſhell
: there are tortolfes both of land and water,
2. A form into which the ancient ſoldiers
uſed to throw their troops, by bending
down and holding their bucklers above their
heads ſo that no darts could hurt them. Dryden.

TORTUO'SITY. ʃ. [from tortuout.]
Wreath; flexure. Brown.

TO'RTUOUS. a. [from ſcr/ap/a5, Lat.]
1. Twiſted ; wreathed ; winding. Milton, Boyle.
2. Miſchievous. Spenſer.

TO'RTURE. ʃ. [tortura,l.zX.]
1. To rments judicially inflicted ; pain by
which guilt is puniſhed, or confeſſion extorted. Dryden.
2. Pain ; anguiſh ; pang. Shakʃpeare.

To TO'RTURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To puniſh with tortures. Milton.
2. To vex ; to excruciate ; to torment. Addiſon, Bacon.

TO'RTURER. ʃ. [from torture.] He who
tortures ; tormenter. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.

TO'RVITY. ſ.]_torvitai, Lat.] Sourneſs ;
feverity of countenance.

TO'RVOUS. a. [torvusy Lat.] Sour of aſpedl
; ſtern ; ſevere of countenance. Denham.

TORY. ʃ. [A cant term, an Iriſh word ſignifying
a ſavage.] One who adheres to the
antient conſtitution of the ſtate, and the
apoſtolical hierarchy of the church of England,
oppoi'ed to a whig. Swift.

To TOSEI. v. n. [Of the ſame original with
/e/Zf.] To comb wool.

To TOSS. v. a. [tajfepy Dutch.]
1. To throw with the hand, as a ball at
play, Dryden.
2. To throw with violence. Woodward.
3. To lift with a ſudden and violent motion. Dryden, Addiſon.
4. To agitate ; to put into violent motion.
5. To make reſtleſs ; to diſquiet. Spenſer, Milton.
6. To keep in play ; to tumble over. Addiʃon.

To TOSS. v. n.
1. To fling ; to winch ; to be in violent
commotion. Milton, Harvey, Tillotſon, Addiſon.
2. To be toffed. Shakʃpeare.
3. To Toss up. To throw a coin into
the air, and wager on what ſide it ihall
fall, Brampſtor.
one who flings and writhes.

TO'SSPOT. ʃ. [toji and pot.] A Poper and

TOST. preterite and part, paſt. of toſs. Milton.

TO'TAL. a. [totus, Lat. total, Fr.]
1. Whole ; complete ; full. Milton, Prior.
2. Whole ; not divided, Milton.

TOTA'LITY. ʃ. [totaUte\Yr.] Complete
fum ; whole quantity.

TO'TALLY. ad. [from total.] Wholly; fully ; completely, Atterbury.

T'OTHER. contracted for r^<? o/-6^r.

To TOTTER. v. n. [tateren, Dutch.] To
ſhake ſo as to threaten a fall. Shakʃpeare. Pſalms. Dryden.

TOTTERY.? a. [from totter.] Shakeng;

TO'TTY. ʃ. untteady ; dizzy. Spenſer.

To TOUCH. w. a. [toucher, Fr. toetjm,
1. To reach with any thing, ſo as that
there be no ſpace between the thing reached
and the thing brought to it. Spenſer. Geneſis.
2. To come to ; to attain, i John, Pope. .
3. To try as gold with a ſtone. Shakʃpeare.
4. To affedl ; to relate to. Haoker, Milton.
5. To move; to ſtrike mentally ; to melt.
6. To delineate or mark out. Pope. .
7. To cenſure ; to animadvert upon. Hayward.
8. To infect; to ſeize flightjy. Bacon.
9. To bite ; to wear; to have aneffecton. Moxon.
10. To ſtrike a muſical inſtrument. Pope. .
11. To influence by impulfe ; to impel forcibly. Milton.'
12. To treat of perfunctorily. Milton.
13. To Touch up. To repair, or improve
by flight ſtrokes, Addiſon.

To TOUCH. v. n.
1. To be in a ſtate of junflion ſo that no
ſpace is between them.
2. To fatten on ; to take eflfea on. Bacon.
3. To TaUCH at. To come to without
flay, Cowley. Locke.
4. To Touch o». To mention ſlightly. Locke, Addiſon.
5. To Touch o« or upon. To go for a
very ſhort time. Addiſon.

TOUCH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Reach of any thing ſo that there is no
ſpace between the things reaching and
2. The ſenſe of feeling. Bacon, Davies.
3. The

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3. The act of touching. Sidney. iiShakʃpeare, Milton.
4i Examination as by a (}one. Shakʃpeare. llayward,
5. Teft ; that by which any thing is e«amined.
6. Proof ; tried qualitic. Shakʃpeare.
7. Single act of a pencil upon the p.cturt-. Dryden.
8. Feature ; lineament. Shakʃpeare. Dryden.
9. Act of the hand upon a muiicdl and rument. Shakʃpeare.
10. Power of exciting the affcctioni. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
11. Something of paſſion or atfection.
12. Particular relation ; ſenſible relation. Bacon.
13 A ſtrcke. Addiſon, Prior, ^.wip.
14. Animadverſion ; confure. King Charles.
J5. Exiſt pcitorrRance of agreenienr.
More L'Eſtrange.
16. A faiall quantity inrcrmingled. Shakʃpeare, Holder.
17. A hint ; flight notice given. Bacon.
18. A' c^nt word for a flight elfay. Swift.

TO'UCHABLE. a. [from touch.] Taneible
; that may oe touched.

TO'UCH-HOLE. ʃ. [cuch and ko!e.] The
hole through which the ſtre is conveyed to
the powder in the gun. Bacon.

TOUCHINESS. ʃ. [from touching.] Peeviſhneſs
; irafcibility, King Charles.

TO'UCHING. prep. With reſpect, regard,
or relation to. hooncr, iiO'Jtb.

TOUCHING. a. [from touch.] Pathetick ;
affecting ; moving.

TOUCHINGLY. ad. [from touch.] With
Jeeiing emotion ; in a pathetick manner.

TOUCHMENOT. ʃ. An herb.

TO'UCHSTONE. ʃ. [touch and Jiorr.]
1. Stone by which metals are exam.ned. Bacon, Collier.
2. Any teſt or criterion. Dryden.

TOUCHWOOD. ʃ. [touch and luood.] Rotten
wood uſed to catch the fire ſtruck from
the flint. Howel.

TO'UCHY. a. [from touch.] Peeviſh ; irritable
y irafcible \ apt to take fire. A
low word. Collier.

TOUGH. a. [toh, Saxon.]
1. Yielding without fratture ; not brittle. Bacon.
2. Stiſtr; not eaſily flexible. Dryden.
3. Not eaſily injured or broken.Shakʃpeare.
4. Viſcous ; clammy ; ropy.

To TO'UGHEN. v.n. [from tough.] To
grow tough. Mot timer,

TO'UGHNESS. ʃ. [from tough.]
If Not briuUaeſs \ flexibility.


4. ViCcofity ; tenacity ; chmmineſs ; g!utinouſneſs. Arbuthnot.
3. FirmneOs ngainſt injury. Shakʃpeare.

TOUPE'T. ʃ. [Fr.] A curl ; an arni^cial
lck of hair. Swift.

TOUR. ʃ. > tour, Ttench.]
1. Ramble ; roving joumey. Addiſon. /^riutbrcr,
2. Turn ; revolution. Blackmore.

TO'URNAMENT. ʃ. Uournamemum, low

TO'URNEY. ʃ. Latin.]
1. Tilt ; jurt ; military ſport ; mock en-
<^<^'''ter. Daniel. Temple,
2. Milton uſes it ſimply for encounter.

To TOURNAY. v. a. [from the noun. 1
To tiit in the lifts. Spenſer.

TOURNI^UET. ʃ. [French.] A bandage
uſed in amputations, ſtrantcned or relaxd
by the turn of a handle. Sf^arp,

To TOUSE. v. a. To pull ; to tear ; to haul \
to dng : whence tovjer. Spenſer. Snot/f TOW. ſ. [zop^ Saxon.] Fla'x or hemp
be. ten and combed into a filamentous ſubſt.

To TOW. v.a [t-on, leohan, Sax. togheriy
tld Dutch.] T) draw by a rope, particularly
through the water. Shakʃpeare. TOWARD. 7 .

TOW.VRIJS. ʃ. ^''f' L^cp^P^, Sax.]
1. Id a direction to. Numbers. Milton.
2. Near to : as, the danger now comes towards
3. With reſpect to ; touching ; regarding. Sidney. Milton.
4. With tendency to. Clarenden.
«;. Nearly ; little leſs than. Swift.

TOWA RD. 7 ad. N.ar ; at hand : ia

TOWA'RDS. I a ſtate of preparation.Shakʃpeare.

TOWA'RD. a. Rcjdy to do or learn ; not

TO'WARDLINESS. ʃ. [from towardfy.]
Docility ; compliance ; xeadineſs to do or
to learn. Raleigh.

TO'WARDLY. a. [from forward.] Ready
to do or learn ; docile ; compliant with
«lty- Bacon.

TO'WARDNESS. ʃ. [^from toward.] Do-
«^i''fy. South.

TO'WEL. ʃ. [touaille, Fr. touaglio^ Ital. A ] cloth on which the hands are wiped. Dryden.

TO'WER. ʃ. [zrrx, Sax. tour, Fr.]
1. A high building ; a building raiſed above
the man edifice. Geneſis.
2. A fortreſs ; a citadel,
3. A high headdreſs. Hudibras.
4. High flight ; elevation.

To TOWER. v. «. To foar ; to fly or rife
iligh. Dryden.

TOWER-MUSTARD. ʃ. [turritis, Lr.]
A plant, Mil/er.
6 JC TO'W»

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TOWERED. a. [from tcwer.] Adorned or i. To follow by the footſtepr, or remamdeFended
by towers. Milton. ing marks. Burnet. Temple.

TO'WERY. a. [from tower.] Adorned or 2. To follow with e^aanef?. Denhem.
gyiarded with towers. Pope. . 3. To mark out. Locke, Swift.

TOWN. ʃ. [zun, Saxon ; tuyn, Dutch.] TRA'CER. ſ. [from trace] One that traces.
1. Any walled collection of houſes. Jof.
2. Any collection of houſes larger than a
village. Shakʃpeare.
3. In England, any number of houſes to
which belongs a regular market, and which
is not a city or fee of a biſhop,
4. The court end of Loonon. Pope.
5. The people who live in the capital. Pope.

TO'WNCLERK. ʃ. [town and cJerk.] An
officer who manages the publick buſineſs of
a place. ASJs.

TOWNHO'USE. ʃ. [town and hr^fe.] The
hall white publick buſineſs is tranſacted. Addiſon.

TO'WNSHIP. ʃ. [towti and /v>.] The
corporation of a town. Raleigh.

TO'WNSMAN. ʃ. [town and wan.]
1. An inhabitant of a place. Shakʃpeare. Davies. Clarenden.
2. One of the ſame town.

TO'WNTALK. ʃ. [town ^ti^ talk.] Common
prattle of a place. L'Eſtrange.

TO'XICAL. a. [toxicumſhzt.] Poifonous ;
containing poiſon.

TOY. ʃ. [toyeny toogben, Dutch.]
1. A petty commodity ; a trifle ; a thing
of no value. ^hot.
2. A plaything ; a bauble. .Addiſon.
3. Matter of no importance. Shakʃpeare.
4. Folly ; trifling practice ; ſilly opinion. Hooker.
5. PIay ; ſpoſtj amorous dalliance. Milton.
6. Odd flory ; ſilly tale. Shakʃpeare.
7. Frolick ; humour ; odd fancy. Hooker, Shakʃpeare.

To TOY. v. ». [from the noun.] To trifle; to daily amorouſly ; to play.

TO'YISH. a. [fronwcy.] Triſhng; wanton.

TO'YISHNESS. ʃ. [from toy!p.] Nugacity
; wantonneſs. Glanville.

TOYSHOP. ʃ. [toy and fijop.] A fli-p
where playthings and little nice manufactures
are fold. Pope. .

To TOZE. v. a. [Sec Tows E and Te.-^se.]
To pull by violence or impetuofity.Shakʃpeare.

TRACE. ʃ. [trace, Fr. traccia, Italian.]
1. Mark left by any thing paſſing ; foot'
ftcgSa Milton.

TRACK. ʃ. [trac, oA F«tnch ; tracaa.
1. Mark left upon the way by the foot or
other wife. Milton, Dryden, Berkley.
2. A road ; a beaten path, Dryden.

To TRACK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
follow by the footlteps or marks left in the
wav. Spenſer, Dryden.

TRA'CKLESS. a. [from t<ack.] Untrodden
; marked with no footfleps. Prior.

TRACT. ʃ. [tragus, Lu.]
1. Any kind of exceeded ſubſtance.
2. A region ; a quantity of land. Raleigh, Milton.
3. Continuity ; any thing pratraded, or
drawn out to length. Howel.
4. Courſe ; manner of proceſs.Shakʃpeare.
5. It ſeems to be uſed by Shakʃpeare. for track.
6. A treatife ; a ſmall book.
2. [tra&abilii Ln. Swift.

1. Manageable; docile; compliant ; obſequious; pracfticable ; governable. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
2. Palpable ; ſuch as m=y be handled. Holder.

TRA'CTABLENESS. ʃ. [from traaable.
The ſtate of being tractable ; compliance ;
obſequiouſneſs. Locke.

TRA'CTATE. ʃ. [traBatus, Lat.] A
tieatife; a tract ^ a ſmall book. Brown, Hale.

TRA'CTION. ʃ. [from tragus, Lat.] The.
act of drawing ; the ſtate of being drawn. . Holder.

TRA'CTILE. a. [tr^SJus, Lat.] Capable
to be drawn out or extended in length ;
du£iile. Bacon.

TRACTI'LITY. ʃ. [from traBile.] The
quality of being tracthe. Denham.

TRADE. ʃ. [tratta, Italian.]
1. Traſſick ; tonmmesce ; exchange. Raleigh, Temple.
2. Occupation ; particular employment
whether manual or mercantile. Spenſer, Dryden, Arbuthnot.
3. Inſtruments of any occupation. Dryden.
4. Any employment not manual ; habitual
exercife. Bacon.
s. Remain ; appearance of what has b«en. To TRADE. v. n. [from the noun.]. Temple. 1. To traffick ; to deal ; to hold commerce.
g. [From tirajjh, Fr.] Harneſs for beaſts Luke, Arbuthnot.
of draught. Milton, Pope. 2. To act merely for money, Shakʃpeare.

To TRACE. v. a. [tracer^ Fr, tracciare. 3. Having a trading wind. Milton.
Italian.] T<»

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To TRADE. v. a. To ſells or exchange in
commerce. Ezekiel.

TRADE-WIND. ʃ. [trade and wind.] The
monſoon ; the periodical wind betwf'en the
tropicks. Dryden. A'buthnot. Cheyne.

TRA'DED. a. [from tr«de.^ \txki ; prac
tired. Shakʃpeare.

TRA'DER. ʃ. [from trade.
1. One engaged in merchandiſe or comhicrce. Shakʃpeare, Dryden. Child.
2. One long uſed in the methods of money
getting ; a practitioner.

TRA'DESFOLK. ʃ. [trade and/o/;t.] People
employed m trades. Swift.

TRADESMAN. ʃ. [trade and man.] A
ſhopkeeper. Prior, Swift.

TRA'DEFUL. a. [trade andfull.] Commercial
; buſy in traffick. Spenſer.

TRADITION. ʃ. [tradition, Fr. traditio,
1. The act or practiſe of delivering accounts
from moyth to mouth without written memorials..

2. Any thing delivered orally from age to
age. Milton, Pope. .

TRADITIONAL. a. [from tradition.]
1. Delivered by tradition ; dcſcending by
--oral communication. Tillotſon.
2. Obſervant of traditions, or idle rites.Shakʃpeare.

TRADITIONALLY. ad. [from trjditic
1. By tranſmiſſion from age to age. Bw.
2. From tradition without evidence of written
memorials. Brown.

TRADITIONARY. a. [from tradif.on.]
Delivered by tradition. Dryden. Tilktfon.

TRA'DITIVE. a. [from trado, Lat.] Tranfmitted
or tranſmiſhble from age to age. Dryden.

To TRADU'CE. v. a. [traduco, Lat. t'\.duircy
1. To cenſure; to condemn ; to repreſent
as blameable ; to calumniate. Hooker. Gzv. of the 7orgue,
2. To propagate ; to encreaſe by deriving
one from another. Diivies. Hale.

TRADUCEMENT. ʃ. [from traduce.]
Cenfure ; obloquy, Shakʃpeare.

TRADU'CER. ʃ. [from traduce.] A falſe
cenſurer ; a calumniator.

TRADU'CIBLE. a. [from traduce.] Such as
may be derived. Hale.

TRADU'CTION. ʃ. [from traduce.-.
1. Derivation from one of the ſame kind ; propagation. Clwville. Dryden.
2. Tradition
; tranſmiſſion from one to
another. Hale.
3. Conveyance. Hale.
4. Tranſition. Bacon.

TRA'FFICK. ʃ. [trajique, Fr. trafficc, Ital.]
it CoDunerce \ merchandiſing ; large trade. Shakʃpeare. Addiſ^n.

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2. Commodit'es ; ſubject of traflick. tJ^ji

To TRA'FFICK. v. n. ' [traſqutr, Fr, traf.
f:^re, Italian.]
1. To piadliic commerce ; to merchandife. Bacon.
2. To trade meanly or mercenarily.
Shciki' peart. Rowe»

TRAFFICKER. ʃ. [traſqu^ur, Fr. from
traffick.] Tr.'der; merchant. Shakʃpeare.

TRA'GACANTH. ʃ. [tragacamba, Latin.]
A ſort of gom ; it proceeds from the innſion
of the root or tiu k of a plant ſo called,

TRAGE'DIAN. ʃ. [trnga:djs, Latin.]
1. A writer of tragedy. Stillingfleet.
2. An ?ſtor of tragedy. Dryden.

TRA'GEDY. ʃ. [trogKdia, Lat.]
1. A dramatick repreſentation of a fericus
action. Taylor. Rythin
2. Any mournful nr dreadful event.
iſha^ef^rare, King Charles.

TRA'GICAL. ʃ. r '
i .
1. Relating to trspedy. Spenſer.
2. Mournful ; calamitous; forlO\^^>lJ
dreadful. Shakʃpeare.

TRA'GICALLY. ad. [from trag!Cjl.]
1. To a tragical manner ; in a manner befitting
tragedy. Dryden.
2. Mournfully ; ſorrowfully ; calamitouf-

TRA'GiCALNESS. ʃ. [from tragical.]
Mournfulneſs ; calamitouſneſs.
D:j:ay of Piety.

TRAGICO'MEDY. ʃ. [trag!Comed:e, Fr.]
A drama compowiided of merry and f=rious
events. Denham, Gay.

TRaGICO'MICAL. a. [trag'com>que,Vv.]
1. Rilating to tragicomedy. Gay.
2. Conſiſting of a mixture of mirth wuh

TRAGrCO'MICALLY. ad. [from tragico.
mical.] In a tragicomi .1I manner. Eram,

To TRaJECT. t; a. [trjj^aus, Lat.] To
call through ; to throw.
G!a inlU. Grew. Newton.

TRAJE'CT. ʃ. [ira'j aus, Latin.] A ferry ; a pa/rage for a water-carriage. Shakʃpeare.

TRAJF.CnON. ʃ. [trajeBio, Lat.]
1. The zft of darting through. Boyle.
2. Emiſſion. Bacon.

To TRAIL. v. a. [trailer, Fr.]
1. To hunt by the track.
2. To draw along the ground. Sk. Dryd.
3. To draw after in a long floating or waving
body. Pope.
4. To draw ; to drag. Milton, Swift.

To TRAIL. v. 71. To be drawn out ia
length. Spenſer, Dryden.

TRAIL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Track followed by the hunter. Shak.
2. Any thing drawn to length. Dryd. Ro^v.
3. Any thing drawn beWnd in long undoiafJons. Spenſer. Pep:,
6 K a To

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To TRAiiSr. v. a. [trainer, French.)
1. To draw along. Milton.
2. To dtaw; to entice ; to invite.Shakʃpeare.
3. To draw by artifice or Itratagem.Shakʃpeare.
4. To draw from act to by pcriu; fjon
or promife ; Shakʃpeare.
5i To educate ; to bring up : commonly
with up. Shakſp. 2 Mac» Milton.
6. To breed. Or form to any thing. Geneſis, Dryden.

TRAIN. ʃ. [/rs/«, French.]
1. Artifice
; ſtratagem of enticement. Spenſer, Fairfax.
2. The tail of a bird.

JSown. Hakewell, Ray.
3. The part of a gown that falls behind
upon the ground. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.
4. A ſeries ; a conſecution. Locke, Addiſon, Watts.
5. Proceſs ; method ; ſtate of procedure. Swift.
6. A retinue ; a number of followers. Shakʃpeare.ſp. Milton, Dryd, Addiſ, Smalridge.
7. Aa orderly company ; a proccfllon. Dryden.
8. The line of powder reaching to the
mine. Butler.
9. Tk AiN of artHle'-y. Cannons accompanying
an army. Clarenden.

TRAINS A'NDS. ʃ. The militia ; the p;i. t
of a comminity trained to n^attial exeicife. Clarendon.

TRAINO'IL. ʃ. [train and oil.] Oii drawn
by coction hom the fat of the wHale.

TRA'INY. a. [from train.] Belonging to
tram oil. (j^y.

To TRAIPSE. v. a. To walk in a careleſs
or fluttiſh manner. Pope. .

TRAir. ʃ. [trait, French.] A ſtfoke ; a
i«ch. Broome.

TRA'ITOR. ʃ. [trait, e, Fr. traditor, Lat.]
One who. being truſted betrsys.
D'^drn. R^.vft.

TRA'ITORLY. a. [from r/.^/V.] Treacherous
; perfidious. Shakʃpeare.

TRAi TOROUS. a. [from traitor.] 'Treacherous
^ perfidious. Danitl. Ben. John (on,

TRAI'TOROUSLY. ad. [from traitorous.]
In a manner ſuiting traitors
; perfidtouſly. Donne, Clarenden.

TRA'ITRESS. ʃ. [from traitor ] A woman
Whob-trayc. Dryden, Pope. .

TRALATI'TIOUS. a. [from trarjl/us,
Latin.] Metaphoric;.! ; j,ot literal.

TRALATI'TIOUSLY. ad. [from tra:atincut.]
; not literally. IJalder.

To TRALl'NEATE. n^.n. [/,^«j and/,/;.]
To deviate from any direction. Dryden.

TRA'MMEL. ʃ. [tramail, French.]
1. A net in which birds or fiſh are caaght. Carew.

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2. Any kind of net, Spevff,
3. A kind of rtiackles in which horſes arc
taught to pace. Dryden.

To TRA'MMEL. v. a. [from ths noun.]
To catch ; to intercept. Shakʃpeare.

To TRAMPLE. v. a. [trampe, Daniſh.]
To tiead under foot with pride, conrtn.pti
or elewatinn. Matthew, Milton.

To TRA'MPLE. v. n.
1. To tread in contempt. Government of the Tongue.
2. To tread quick and loudly. Dryden.

TRA'MPLER. ʃ. [from trample.] One that

TRANA'TION. ʃ. [trano, Latin.] The act > of ſwirnming over.

TRANCE. ʃ. [trarfe, French ; tranſitus.
Latin.] An extafy ; a ſtate in which the
foul is rapt into viſions of future or diſtant
things. Sidney, Milton.

TRA'NCED. a. [from trance.] Lying in a
trance or rxtafy. Shakʃpeare.

TRA'NGRAM. ʃ. [A cant word.] An odd
intricately contrived thing. Arbuthnot.

TRA'NNEL. ʃ. A ſharp pin. Moxon.

TRA'NQUIL. a. [tranjuide, Fr. tranquil-
/aj, Latin.] Quiet ; peaceful ; undiftui bed.Shakʃpeare.

TRA'NQUILLITY. ʃ. [tranquiilt.as, Lat.]
Qnjet ; peace of mind ^ peace of condition
; freedom from perturbation. Pope.

To TRANSA'CT. v. a. [/nzr;/flf/«J, Lat.; 1. To manage
; to negotiaie ; to condudl
a trtaty or affairs.
2. To perform ; to do ; to carry on.


TRANSA'CTION. ʃ. [from tranſaa.] Ne
goti:ition ; dealing between man and man ;
management. Clarendon.

TRANSANIMATION. ʃ. [trans and anima.]
Conveyance of the foul from one
body to another. Brown.

To TRANSCE'ND. v. a. [tranſcenda, Lat.]
1. To paſs ; to overpals. Bacon. Davies.
2. To ſurpaſs ; to outgo ; to exc^-d ; to :
txcei, Walltr, Denham. < 3. To fiirmount ; to riſe above. HoweL

To TRANSCE'ND. v. n. To climb. Brown.

TRANSCE'NDENCE. ʃ. / [from tran.

1. Excellence ; unuſual excellence ; ſupercminence.
2. Exaggeration ; elevation beyond truth. Bacon.

TRANSCE'NDENT. a. [trarſcendens, Lat.]
Excellent ; fi>premely excellent ;
others. Cr^Jba'zu. Bp. Sarderfn. liogers,

TRANSCENDENTAL. a. [tranjcendentaliSf
low Latin.]
1. General ; pervading many particulars,
2. Supereminent ; pafli.og others. Grew.


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TRANSCE'NDENTLY. ad. [from trjnſcendert.]
Excellently ; ſupereminently. South.

To TRA'NSCOLATE. v. a. [trans and
coIo, Latin.] To ſhain through a fieve or
colander. llariny.

To TRANSCRI'BE. v. a. [tranſcribo, Lat.
tranſcrire, French.] To copy ; to write
from an exemplar. Clarenticr. Rogers.

TRANSCRI'BER. ʃ. [from trarſcridc.] A
copier ; one who writes from a copy. Addiſon.

TRA'NSCRIPT. ʃ. [frarſcr{;,(um,Lnm.]
A copy ; any thing written from an O'iginal. South.

TRANSCRIPTION. ʃ. [from trarſcriptus,
; The act of copying. Brown. Brere^vood.

TRANSCRI'PTIVELY. a. [from trar.
frf'ff.] In manner of a copy. Brown.

To TRANSClTR. v. r. [tranjcurro, Latin.]
To run or rove to and fro, Bacon.

TRANSCURSION. ʃ. [from trarfcurfus,
Latin.] Ramble; po/T^ge through; paſſage
beyond certain limits. Bacon. Tf^otion,

TRANSE. ʃ. a temporary abfeflce of the
; an ecftacy. Milton.

e/ement.] Chapge of one element into another.

TRANSE'XION. ʃ. [trans andf-xur, Lat.]
Change from ne ſex to another. Bacon.

To TRA'NSFER. ʃ. a. [transfero, Latin.]
1. To convey, or make over, from one to
another. Spenſ<r. Dryden. Atterbw^'. Prior.
2. To remove , to tranſport. Bacon, Dryden.

TRANSFIGURA'TION. ʃ. [tran^fgura.
tiony French.]
1. Chapg- of form. Brown.
2. The micacuious charge of our blefl'cd
Saviour's appearance on the mount. Blackmore.

To TRANSFIGURE. v. a. [trans and figuroy
Latin.] To transform ; to changi- with
reſpfft to outward appearance. Boyle.

To TRANSFI'X. v. a. Itrariifxus, Latin.]
To rierte thrduoh. Dryden. Ferton,

To TRANSFO'RM. v. a. [trant and forma,
Latin.] To mttamorphofe; tochargewuh
regard to external form. Sidney, Davies.

To TRANSFO'RM. v. n. To bcmetamorph
feH. Addiſon.

TRANSFORMATION. ʃ.< [from trarffo'tr.]
Change oſ ſhape ; ſtate of being
changed with regard to form. Shakʃpeare, Watts.

TRANSFRETA'TION. ʃ. [trans and freturn,
Latin.] paſſage over the fea.

To TRANSFU'SE. v. a. [t'anfufus, Lat.]
Jo pour out of one into another.

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TRANSFU'SION. ʃ. [trans/ufut, Latin.]
The act of pouring out of une into another,
Boyl'. Denham, Dryden. Baker.

To TRANSGRE'SS. v. a. [tranſgrejfut,
1. To paſs over ; to paſs beyond.
2. To violate ; to break. ſkokir. Wakf,

To TRANSGRE'SS. v. n. To offend by
violating a law. Wijdom,

TRANSGRE'SSION. ʃ. [tranſgrejfjon, Fr.
from f^arj^reſs..
1. Violation of a law ; breach of a command. Milton, South.
2. Offence ; crime ; faulr. Shakſp.

TRANSGRE'SSIVE. a. [from tr^rfgreſt.]
Faulty ; culpable ; apt to break laws.

TRANSGRE'SSOR. ʃ. [tranſgreffeur, Fr. ;
Lawbreaker ; violator of command ; offender.

TRA'NSIENT. a. [rr^«/c«i, Latin.] Soon
paft ; ſoon paſſing ; ſhort ; momentary. Milton, Swift. P»pe,

TRA'NSIENTLY. ad. [from /rjr/frr.] la
paſſage ; with a ſhort paſſage ; not extenfively. Dryden.

TRA'NSIENTNESS. ʃ. [from traT:Jient.'[
Shortneſs of continuance ; ſpeedy tuffage,

TRANSI'LIENCE. ʃ. [from tranſilto,

TRANSI'LIENCY. ʃ. Latin.] Leap from
thing to thing, Granville.

TRA'NSIT. ʃ. [tranſitui, Latin.] In aſtronomy,
the pafTing or any planet juſt by or
under any fixt flar ; or of the moon in particular,
covering or mowing dole by any
other planet Hartit,

TRANSI'TION. ʃ. [travftio, Latin.]
1. Removal ; palTjge. Woodward.
2. Change. Woodward, Pope.
3. PafTige in writing or converfation from
one ſubjfct to another. Milton, Dryden.

TRANSITIVE. a. [rrjr/?//^:/. Latin.]
1. Hjv ng the p iwer of paſſing. Bacon.
I- [In grammar.] A verb rr<J_^rri/? is that
which ſign'fiesan action, conceived as having
an tffeſt upon ſome objeil : as, I ſtrike
the earth. Clarke.

TRA'NSITORILY. ad. [from trarfirvry.]
With ſpeedy evaneſcence ; with ſhort continuance.

TRA'NSITORINESS. ʃ. [from tranjitcry.]
Speedy evaneſcence.

TRA'NSITORY. ʃ. ['ranfitorius, from tran-
JeOy Latin.] Continuing but a ſhort time ;
ſpcedily vaniſhne. Donre. Til'otjov,

To TRANSLATE. v. n. [tra>jlafus, Lat.]
1. To tranſport ; to remove. JJehre^ui.
2. It is particularly u£fd of the remofal of
a biſhop from one fee to another. Camden.
3. To transfer from one to another ; to
convey. a Sam, Eccluſ, Peacham.
4. To change, Shakʃpeare.
5. To

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5. To interpret in another language,
Roſcommojj. Duie,
6. To explain. Shakʃpeare.

TRANSLATION,/. {tranjlatw, Lai. tranſlation,
1. Removal ; act of removing. Harvey, Arbuthnot.
2. The removal of a biſhop to another fee. Clarendon.
\, The act of turning into anochcr language.
4. Something made by translation ; veiſion. Hooker.

TRANSLATOR. ʃ. [ITcvn travjhte.] One
that turns any thing into another language. Denham.

TRANSLATORY. a. [from tranjlate.]
Tiansferring. Arbuthnot.

TRANSLOCATION. ʃ. [trans and locus,
Latin.] Removal of things recipiocally to
each others places. Woodward.

TRANSLU'CENCY. ʃ. [from tranjlucent.]
Di^iphanci'.y ; tranſparency. Boyle.

TRANSLU'CENT. ʃ. [trans and lucem or

TRANSLU'CID. ʃ. lucidus, Lat.] Tranſpsrent
; diaphanous ; clear. Bacon, Pope.

TRA'NSMARINE. a. [tranſmarinus, Lat.]
Lying on the other ſide of the ſea ; found
beyond fea. Howel.

To TRA'NSMEW. v. a. [tratiftnuer, Fr.]
To tranſmute; to transform; to metamorphofe
; to change. Spenſer.

TRA'NSMIGRANT. ʃ. [tranjmgrarsyhzt.
Faffing into another country or ſtate. Bacon.

To TRA'NSMIGRATE. v. n. [trarjwi.
gro, Latin.] To paſs from one place or
country into another. Dryden.

TRANSMIGRATION. ʃ. [from tranjnii.
grate.] paſſage from one place or rtale iato
another. Hooker, Denham, Dryden.

TRANSMISSION. ʃ. f/r/'r/w/^o;r,Fren.
tranſmiJJ'uif Latin.] The act of ſending
from tine pkce to another.
Bu<on. Hale, Newton.

TRANSMI'SSIVE. a. [from tranſrufus.
Latin.] Tranfmitted ; derived from one to
another. Prior, Pope. .^ Granville.

TRANSMITTAL. f. [ircr^ tranjmit.] The
act of tranſmitting ; tranſmiſtion. Swift.

TRANSMUTABLE. a. [tranſmuahle, Fr.
[from tranſmute.] Capable of change ; poſſible
to be changed into another nature or
ſubſtance. Brown, Arbuthnot.

TRANSMUTABLY. ad. [ijom tranjmute..
With capacity of being changed into another
ſublilance or nature.

TRANSMUTATION. ʃ. [tranſmutation,
Fr. from tranſmuto, L'^tin.] Change into
another nature or ſubſtance. The great
aim of alchemy is the tranſmutationof bafe
metals into gold. Bacon, Newton, Berkley.

To TRANSMU'TE. ». n. Itrarfmuto, Lat.]

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To change from one nature or ſubſtance to
another. Raleigh.

TRANSMUTER. ʃ. [from tranſmute.] One
that tranſniutes.

TRA'NSOM. ʃ. [tranſinna, Latin.]
1. A thwart beam or lintel over a door.
2. [Among mathematicians.] The vane of
an inſtrument called a croſs ſtaff, being a
piece of wood fixed acroſs with a ſquare
focket upon which it Aides.

TRANSPA'RENCY. ʃ. [from tranſparent.]
Clearneſs ; diaphaneity ; tranſlaceoce; power of tranſmitting light. Addiʃon, Arbuthnot.

TRANSPA'RENT. a. [tranſparent, Fren.]
Pervious to the light ; clear ; pellucid; diaphanous ; tranſlucent ; not opaque. Dryden Addiſon. Pops,

TRANSPI'CUOUS. a. [trans and ſpcio,
Latin.] Tranſparent ; pervious to the fight. Milton, Philips.

To TRANSPI'ERCE. v. n. [tranſpiercer,
French.] To penetrate ; to make way
through ; to permeate. Raleigh, Dryden.

TRANSPIRATION./ [tranſpiration, Fr.]
Etniſhon in vapour. Brown, Sharp.

To TRANSPI RE= v. a. [trarſpiro, Latin.]
To emit in vapour.

To TRANSPI'RE. v. n. [tranſplrer, Fr.]
1. To be emitted by inſenſible vapour. Woodward.t
2. To eſcape from ſecrety to notice.

To TRANSPLA'CE. v. a.'[trim and place.]
To remove ; to put into a new place. Wilkins.

To TRASPLA'NT. m. a. [trans and pknto,
1. To remove and plant in a new place.
Roſccntmon. B-^con,
2. To rerrovp. Aiilton. Clarenden.

TRANSPLANTATION. ʃ. [tranjplantation,
1. The ,T(ft of tranſplanting or removing to
another f>il. Suckhng.
2. C<anveyance from one to another.

3. Removal of men from one country to
another. Broome.

TRANSPLA'NTER. ʃ. [from trairj'f.lant.]
One that franſplants.

To TRANSPO'RT. v. a. [trans and pot to,
1. To convey by carriage from place to
place, Raleigh, Dryden.
2. To carry int6 baniſhment: as a felon. Swift.
3. To ſentence as a felon to baniſhment,
4. To hurry by violence of paſſion. Dryden, Swift.d
5. To putanto ecftafy ; to raviſh with pleasure. Milton, Decay of Piety.

TRANSPORT. f. [tran/port,?!:, from the
5 J. Tranft

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1. Tranſportation ; carriage ; conveyance. Arbuth.noX,
1. A vefrd of carriage
; particularly a veſſel
in which ioldiers are conveyed. Dryden, Arbuthnot.
2. Rapture ; ecfracy. South.

TRANSPO'RTANCE. ʃ. [froni trjrſprc]
Conveyance ; carriage ; removal. Shakſp.

TRANSPORTATION. f. [from tra«f>ort.]
1. Removal ; cooveyance ; carriage.
2. Baniſh-ment for felony.
3. Kf(lain.!< violence of pafljon. South.

TRaNSPO'RTER. ʃ. [from tranſf^crf.] One
that rranſport?. Cartxv.

TRANSPO'SAL. ʃ. [from fravſpof.] The
act of putting things in each other's place. Swift.

To TRANSPOSE. v. a. [(rar.ſpa/cr, Fi.]
1. To put each in the place of other.
2. To put our of olace. Shakʃpeare.

TRANSPOSITION. ʃ. [tranſpofi'ion, Fr.]
1. The 3d of putting one thing in the
place of another.

To TRAP. v. a. [tfiappan, Saxon.]
1. To enfnarc; to catch by a fnare or
ambufb. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
1. To adorn ; to decorate. Spenſer, Shakſ.

TRAPDOOR. ʃ. [trap and door.] A door
opening and ſhutting unexptftediy. R^y,

To TRAPE. v. a. To run idly and fluttiſhly

TRAPES. ʃ. [I ſuppoſe from trape.] An
idle Ihtternly woman. Coy.

TRA'PSTICK. ʃ. [trap^ndſick.] A ſtick
with which boys drive a wooden biJJ,

TRAPE'ZIUM. ʃ. [TpTrE^iivj tra^ef-. Fr.]
A quadrilateral figure, whoſe foot lidesarcr
not equal, and none of its ſides parailel. Woodward.

TRAPEZOID. ʃ. [romr'.^iov and s.^f^.]
An irregular figure, whoſe four ſides are
not parallel.

1. Ornaments appendant to the faddle. Milton.
2. Ornaments; dreſs ; embeliiſhments. Shakʃpeare, Dryden, Swift.
2. The ſtate of being put out of one place TRASH. ſ. [trot, Iſlandickj drujen, Germ.]
into another. Woodward.

To TRANSSHA'PE. v. a. [frars and ſh^pe.]
To transform ; to bri.^g into another {h<ipe. Shakʃpeare. ʃpeare.

To TRANSUBSTA'NTIATE. v. a. [irar.
Ju'jfiantier, French.] To change to another
lubltance. Donne. Milton.

far.ttJtion, Fr] A nnir<!culous operation be
lieved in the Romiſh church, in which the
elements of the euchanfi: are ſuppoſed to be
changed into the real body and blood of
Christ. Lock-.

TRANSUDA'TION. ʃ. [from frarfude.]
The act of palling in ſwcat, or perſpirable
vapour, throuch any integument. Boyle.

To TRANSU'DE. i/. n. [trans and fudOy
Latin.] To paſs through in vapour. Harvey.

TRANSVE'RSAL. a. [tranſverfa!, Fren.]
Running crofſwife. Ha:e.

TRANSVE'RSALLY. ad. [from trarfver-
/<j/.],In a croſsdirection. Wukins,

TRANSVE'RSE. a. [trarfx'erfus, La:in.]
Being in a croſsdirection. Blackm. Berkley.

TRANSVE'RSELY. ad. [ttoia trafi/wrfe.]
In a croſs direction. Stillingfleet.

TRANSU'MPTION. ʃ. [trans and ſwr.o,
Latin.] The act of taking from one place
to another.

TRAP. ʃ. [tjiappe, Saxon ; trape, French ;
trappola, Italian.]
1. A fnare ſet for thieves or vermin. Taylor.
2. An anjbuſh ; a ſtratagem to betray or
catch unawares. Caiamy,
3. A play at f?buh a ball it driven with a
j^ck, King.
1. Any thing worthleſs ; droſs ; cregs.Shakʃpeare.
1. A worthleſs perſon. Shakʃpeare.
3. Matter improper for food. Garth.

To TRASH. v.a.
1. To Jop ; to err p. Shakʃpeare.
2. To cruſh ; to humble. Hammond.

TRA'SHY. a. [itcmirajh.] Worthleſs; vile; uſeleff. Dryden.

To TRA'VAIL. v. n. [travaihr, Fr.]
1. To ^labour ; to toil.
2. To be in labour ; to fufrer the pains of
childbirth. J.aiub. South.

To TRA'YAIL. v. a. To hirrals ; to tire. Hayward, Milton.

TRA'VAIL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Labour; toil; fatigue. Hook, Spenſer.
2. Labour in childbirth. Bacon.

woodrn frame for ſhoeing unruly horſes.

To TRA'VEL. v. n.
1. To make journeys. Milton, Dryden.
2. To paſs ; to go ; to move. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .
3. To make journeys of curioſity, Watts.
4. To labour ; to toil, Hooker, Shakſp.

To TRA'VEL. v. a.
1. To paſs ; to journey oVer, Milton.
1 T^ force to j.urney. Spenſer.

TRAVEL. ʃ. [travaily French.]
1. Joumey ; act of palling from place to
place. Dryden, Prior.
2. Journey of curioſity or inſtruction. Bacon, Addiſon.
Labour; toil.
Labour in childbirtb». Daniel, Milton, Dryden.
5. TaAT


5. Travels, Account of occurrences
and obſervations of a journey. Bacon, Watts.

TRA'VELLER. ʃ. [travalUeur, French.]
1. One who goes a journey ; a wayfarer. Spenſer.
2> One who viſits foreign countries. Bacon, Locke.

TRA'VELTAINTED. a. [/r^-c/f/and taivt-.
fd.'j Harraffed ; fatigued with travel.Shakʃpeare.

TRA'FERS. ad. [French.] Athwart ; acroſs.Shakʃpeare.

TRA'VERSE. ad. [a traveri,Yr.] Cwff.
wife ; athwart, Bicor. Hayward.

TRA'VERSE. prep. Through cioiſwire.


TRA'VERSE. a. [traKverfus, Latin ; traverſe,
Fr.] Lying acroſs ; lying athwart. Hayward, Wotton.

1. Any thing laid or built croſs. Bacon.
ft. Something that thwarts, croffes, or obllrufts
; croſs accident ; thwarting obſtacie. Dryden, Locke.

To TRA'VERSE. v. a. [trawrfer, Fr.]
1. To croſs ; to lay athwart. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
2. To croſsby wayofoppofirion ; to tiiwart
with obſtacles. IFottoti, Dryden. jArbuth.
3. To oppoſe ſo as to annul. Baker.
4. To wander over ; to croſs. Milr. Prior.
5. To furvey ; to examue thoroughly. South.

To TRA'VERSE. v. n. To uſe a poſture
of oppofiiion in fencing. Shakſp.

TRA'VESTY. a. [traveJii,Tr.] Dieflcd
fo as to be made ridiculous,

TRAUMA'TICK. a. [Tpai;^a7iHo?.] Vulnerary. Wiſeman.

TRAV. ʃ. [tray, Swediſh.] A ſhallow
wooden veflei in which meat or fi{h is carried. Moxon, Gay.

TRA'YTRIP. ʃ. A kind of play. Shakſp.

TRE'ACHEROUS. a. [from trcach:ry.]
Faithleſs ; perfidious ; guilty of deſerting or
betraying. Swift.

TRE'ACHEROUSLY. ad. [from treacherous.;
Fauhleſsly ; perfidiouſly ; by treaſoQ
; by ſtratagem. Donne, Otway.

TRE'ACHEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from treacher9us,
2. The quality of being treacherous ;

TRE'ACHERY. ʃ. [tricherie, French.] Perfidy
; breach of faith.

TREA'CHETOR. ʃ. [from tricher, tri-

TRE'CHOUR. ʃ. c^'f^r, French.] A
traitor ; one who betrays ; one who violates
his faith or allegiance, Spenſer.

TRE'ACLE. ʃ. [tfiacle, Fr. theriaca, Lat.]
1. A medicine made up of many ingredients. Boyle, Floyer.
2. Moloflcs ; the ſpume of ſugar.

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To TREAD. v. n. pret. trod ; part. pafl.
trodden, {trudan, Gothick ; Z]\ t>in. Sax.
treden, Dutch.]
1. To ſet the foot, Shakʃpeare, Milton.
2. To trample ; to ſet the feet in ſcorn or
malice. Shakʃpeare.
3. To walk with form or (late. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
4. To copulate as birds. Bacon, Dryden.

To TREAD. 1/ a.
1. To walk on ; to feel under the foot. Shakʃpeare, Prior.
2. To preſs under the foot. Swift.
3. To beat ; to track. Shakʃpeare.
4. To walk on in a formal or ſtately manner. Dryden.
5. To cruſh under foot ; to trample in
contempt or haired. Pſalms,
6. To put in action by the feet. ycB.
7. To love as the male bird the female. Dr,

TREAD. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Footing} liep wJch the foot. Shakʃpeare, Milton, Dryden.
2. Way; track ; path. Shakʃpeare.
3. The cock's part in the egg.

TRE'ADER. ʃ. [from tread.] He who
trends. Iſaiah.

TRE'ADLE. ʃ. [from tread.]
1. A part of an engine on which the fe?t
aft to put i: in motion, Moxon.
2. The ſperm of the cock. Brown. DerbnTK,

TRE'ASON. ʃ. [trabifon, Vvench.] An offence
committed againſt the dignitj and
majefty of the commonwealth; it is divided
into high treaſon and petit treaſon.

HIgh treaſon is an offence a gain'1: the ſecurity
of the commonwealth, or of the king's
mojefty, whether by imagination, word,
or deed ; as to compaſs or imagine treajon.
or the death of the prince, or the queen
tonfort, or his ſon and heir-apparent ; or
to deflower the king's wife, or his eldeft
daughter unmarried, or his eldeft fon's wife ;
or levy war againſt: the king in his realm,
or to adhere to his enemies by aiding them ; or to counterfeit the king's great ſcal, privy
feal, or money ; or knowingly to bring
falſe money into this realm counterfeited
like the money of England, and to utter
the ſame ; or to kill the king's chancellor,
treaſurer, juſtice of the one bench or of
the other ;
juſticcs in eyre, juſtices of afſize,
juſtices of oyer and terminer, when in
their place and doing their duty ; or forging
the king's feal manual, or privy ſignet
; or diminithing or impairing the current
money: and, in ſuch treaſon, a man
forfeits his lands and goods to the king : and
it is called treaſon paramount. Petit trea.
fon is when a fervant kills his matter, a
wife her huſband ; ſecular or religious kills
his preiate ; this treaſon gives forfeiture to

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every lord within his own fee : both treaſom
are capital. Cnicel,

TRE'ASONArlLE. v. a. [from tre.-f:n ]

TRE'ASONOUS. S Having the n^. ure
or euilt of treaſon. Shakʃpeare. Cur nJ.n.

TRE'ASURE. ʃ. [trrfor, French.] Wealth
hoarded ; richer accunm ated. Shakʃpeare.k'.

To TRE'ASURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To hodid ; to repoſit ; to lay up. South, Rowe.

TRE'ASURER. ʃ. [from treajure ; rrjoir.r,
French.] One who has care of money ; one
who has charge of t re Aire. Shakʃpeare. Ra'effrb.

TRE'ASURERSHI?. ʃ. [from trfjfure.]

OSce or diſ^nity of tre^^fu'cr. H.zh'zci'l.

TREASUREHOUSE. ʃ. [t,t,i''urezn.] houje.]
PIate where hoarded riches arr Jcepc. Hooker. 7'jv!or.

TRE'ASURY. ʃ. [fr.-^vn treajure; trffrren'e,
French.] A place in w.h'ch rich'« :)re ^c
cumulated. ffotron. Temple, Watts.

To TREAT. v. a. [traU'r, Fr. traBo, Lat.]
1. To negociare ; to ſettle. Dryden.
2. [TrjBo, Latin.] To diſcourſe on,
3. To uſe in any manner, good or bad. Spenſer.
4. To handle ; to manage ; to cary on. Dryden.
5. To rn'ertain with evpence.

To TREAT. v.n. [f;a//er, Fr. tfiahziin.
Six n.]
1. To diſcourſe ; to make diſcorſhip?. Milton, Addiſon.
2. To practiſe negotiation. 2 Mjc.
3. To come to terms of accommodation. Swift.
4. To make gratuitous entertainments.

TREAT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. An entertainment g van, Dryd. ColUer,
2. Something given ^t an enlertainnrent. Dryden.

TRE'ATABLE. a. {traitahl:,Y(.] M derate
; mt violent. H^'C'ur. Ttrrp/e.

TRE'ATISE. ʃ. [traaatus. Lat.-.] D.fcourſf
; written tractat-. Shakep. Dnd.

TRE'ATMENT. ʃ. [rmimmt, Fr.] UOge ; manner of uſing gooJ or bad, Dryden.

TRE'AT'/. ſ. [traite\ French.]
1. Negotiation; 36^ of treating. - Spenſer.
2. A compa<ll of accommodation relating
to publicly act irs, Bacon.
3. For entreaty : ſupplic^rion ; petition. Spenſer, Shakʃpeare.

TREBLE. a. [triple, Fr, triplut^ tnp.x,
1. Threefold; triple. Shakſp. Sanfys.
2. Sharp f.f found. Bj or.

To TREBLE. v. a. [trpl.r, French.] T)
muit piy' by three ; to n.ake the ce as
much. ^p-nffr, Crttch,

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To TRE'BLE. -^ n. To become thrfefr.H.

TRE'BLE. ʃ. A ſharp found. Bacon, Dryd.

TRE'BLENESS. ʃ. [from tr.hU.] The « t«
of heng treb.'e. Bacon.

TRE'BLY. ^d [{r>m treld.'.] Thrice cold
in threefold number or quantity. Dryden Ray.

TREE. f. [/r/V, in>ndi'k; trr^,D^m{li.]
1. A large veger-blrnfing, with ne woocjy
ftem, to a conſideiable heighr. Burnet, Locke.
2. Any thing branched out. Dryden.

TREE ^frmmder. [. A phnr.

TREE of life. ſ. [iigr.um vtiee, Lat.] An
evergreen : the wood is ſteamed by turners.

TREE prinirofe.
f. A plant.

TREEN. old plur. of r-^^. Ecn J-.hfon,

TREElnJ. a. Wv.oQL-n; made of w.-.rjd.

TRE'FOIL. ʃ. [tr:foli.m, Latin.] A plant. Peacham.

rRE'JLLAGE. ʃ. [French.] A coitejcturc
of piles to ſupport c'pr'iers, mking a Jiſtinct
inci fure of any part of a garrten.

Tr.E>LLr^\ f. [French.] IsaPru^ure ,f
iron, wood, or ofi, the p;r:s cro ;.^g
each offer like a Lattice. Trevoux,

To TRE'MBLE. v. a. [(rcmbUr, Fr. tr mo,
1. To ſha.'ce as wi:h fear or celt/ ; to fliiver
; to qu ke ; to ſtudde-.Shakʃpeare.
2. To quive- ; to tort-^r. Barret,
?. To quaver ; to ſhake.-Js a f und. Bacon.

TRE'MBLI NG LY. ad. [from trcm^j r:g. I So
as to fluke (>r quiver, Toc;^,

TREME'NDOUS. a. [tremerdm, Latin.]
Dreadful ; hjrrible; £ikniſhng!v terrible. Pope.

TREMOUR. ʃ. [tremor, Latin.]
1. T.'.e ſtate of tre-nbluig. Hantley. jjrb.
2. Q]iiverir)2 or vibratory motion. Newt.

TRE'MULOUS. a. [trmului, Latin.]
1. Trembling; fearful. Decay of Pirtf.
2. Quivering; vibratory. Ilold>r

TRE'MULOUSNES^\ ʃ. [from tremu ota ;
T-Hf fl'a'e of cjU've ing.

TREN. ʃ. A fiſh ſpear.

To TRENCH. v. a. [trencher] French ]
1. To cut. Sl'akeſp;j>e.
2. To cut or d^g into pits nr ditches.
A'Jdt^'r. Evelyn.

TRENCH. ʃ. [trarchc, French.]
1. Apirorditrh. Dryden, Mortimer.
2. Earth thrown up to defend (o)diers in
their approach to a town, or to guard %
camp. Shakʃpeare. Prior.

TRE'NCHANT. a. [r.-wZc r, Fr.] Cutling
; nrnp. Buder.
6 L tre'nche:;.

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TRE'NCHER. ʃ. [from trench; tretichoir,

TREY. ʃ. [tres, Ut. trois,¥r.'} A three at

TRI'ABLE. a. [from try.]
1. Poſſible to be experimented ; capable of
tri.l. Boyle.
2. Such as may be judicially examined,

TRI AD. ʃ. [trias, Lat. triade, Fr.] Three
3. A piece of wood on which meat is cut
Jit Uble, Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
2. The table Shakʃpeare.
3. Food ; plrafuſes of the t-ble, Howh.

TRE'NCHl'RFLY. ʃ. [trencher ix\^ jiy.]
One hiiC haunts tables ; a parafife.

VF.ſtrange. ^ - -

TRE'NCHcRMAN. ʃ. [^r^nr^^^fr and man.]

TRI'AL.y. [from /ry.]
A ferder ; to edter. Sidney, Shakʃpeare.

TRfe'NCHERMATE. ʃ. [trcrcher andwfl/f.]
A table cornpanicn ; a parafice. Hooker.

To TREND. 'y. r. To tend ; to lie in any
parfiou!-.r direction. Dryden.

TRENTALS. ʃ. [t^ente, French.] A number
of njalle?, to the tale of thirty. Ayliffe.

TRE'NDLE. ʃ. [tjienbel, Saxon.] Any
thing 'urned round.

TREFA'N. ʃ. [tr,paTJ,Yrtnch.]
1. An inſtruITienc by which ch'rurgeons
cut out round pieces of the fkull.
2. A fnare ; a ſtratagem. Roſcom, South.

To TREPA'N. v. a.
1. To perforate with the trepan. Wiſeman, Arbuthnot.
2. To catch ; to enfnare. EutUr, South.

TREPHI'NE. ʃ. A foidll trepan ; a ſmaller
inſtrumentof perforation managed by one
hand. Wij.man.

TREPIDA'TION. ʃ. [trcpidatio, Latin.]
1. The ſtate of trembling. Bacon, Donne, Milton.
1. State of terrour. Wotion.

To TRE'Si-'ASS. v. a. [t>e^pajſcr^ Fr.]
1. To tronfgreſs ; tooITcnd. Lif, Norris.
2. To enter unlawiully on another's ground. Prior.

TRE'SPASS. ʃ. [tr^ſpafs, French.]
1. Tianfgreliicn ; biience, Shakſp. Milt.
2. Unlawful entrance on another's ground.

TRESPASSER. ʃ. [from rreſpjjjs.]
1. -AIT oftVncier
; a tranſiivcfl'or.
2. One who enters unlawfully on another's
ground. Walton.

TPvESSED. a. [from rrf^/, French.] Knotted
or curled. Spenſer.

TRE'ISES. ʃ. withrut a ſingulsr. [irfe,
French.] A knot or curl of hair. Shakʃpeare. Milton,

TRE'STLE. f.'[trefleau, French.]
1. The frame of a table.
2. A moveable form by which any thing is

TRET. ʃ. [Probably from tritut, Latin.]

An TRICOMA'NES. ʃ. A plant.
allowance made by merchants to retailers, TRICE. ſ. A ſhort time ;
which is four pound: in every hundred
weight, and four pounds for wafle or refuſe
of a commodiry. Bailey.

TRt'THINGS. ʃ. Taxes ; impofls.

TREVE'T. ʃ. [Sjiiep t, Saxon; trepied,
French.] Any thing that ilaiids en three
1. Ttftj examination, Shakʃpeare.
a Experience ; act of examining by experience.
3. Experiment ; experimental knowledge.
4. Judicial examination. Convel, Shakſp.
5. remptatiO.'i ; tett of virtue. Milton, Rogers.
6. State of being tried. Shakʃpeare.

TRIA'NGLE. ʃ. [/r?a«^/f, French.] A figure
of three angles. Locke.

TRIA'NGULAR. a. [triangularis, Latin.]
Having three ar-gles, Spenſer. Roy,

TRIBE. ʃ. [triLus,Lit\n..
1. A diſtinct body of the people as divided
by family or fortune, or any other character!

HIck. Ben. Johnson.
a It is often t'fed in contempt. Roſcom.

TRI'BLET. or TRiBO'ULET. ʃ. A goldfmith's
tool for making rings. Ainſworth.

TRIBULAH ION. ʃ. [tnl^uluior, French.]
Persecution ; diſtrels ; vexation ; diſturbance
«f life. Hooker, Milton. AtterLury,

TRIBU NAL. ʃ. [tribunal, Latin and Fr.]
1. The (cat of a judge. i^hjhſp. WalLr,
2. A cc'uit of juſtite, Milton.

TRI'BUNE. ʃ. [trihunui, Latin.]
1. An officer of Rome chofen by the people.Shakʃpeare.
1. The commander of a Roman legion.

TRIBUNI'TIAL. v. a. [tribunitius, Lat.]

TRIBUNI'TIOUS. ʃ. Suiting a tribune ;
relating to a tribune. Bacon.

TRI'BUTARY. a. [tribulaire, Fr. tributa.
rius, Latin ]
1. Paying tribute as an acknowledgment
of ſubmiirion to a mafter. Dryden.
3. Sutjert ; ſubordinate. Prior.
3. Paid in tribute.

TRI'BUTARY. ʃ. [from /r/^«/tf.] One who
pays a ſtated fum in acknowledgment of
ſubiection. Davies.

TRi'BUlE. ʃ. [tribut, Fr.tributt.m, Lat.]
Pjyment made inacknowlfdgment ; ſubjection.
Numbers, Milton.
inflant ; a
ſtroke. Suckling. Swift, Berkley.

TRICHO'TOMY. ʃ. Diviſion into three
parts, Watii.

TRICK. ʃ. [treik, Dutch.]
1. A fly fraud. Raleigh, South.
z, A dexterous artifice, Pope.
3. A

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3. A vicious practice. Dryden.
4. A juggl-^ an ancick ; any thing done
to cheat jocofely. Prior.
5. An unexpected effcf^. Shakʃpeare.
6. A practice ; a manner ; a h^hr.
7. A number of cards laid reguLrly up in

To TdlCK T/. a. [from the noun ; trtckcr,
1. To cheat ; to impoſe on ; to defraod.
2. To drefj ; to decorate ; to adorn. Drayton. Shak^p Sandys.
3. To perform by flight of hmd, or with
a light touch. Pope. .

To TRICK. v. n. To Jive by fraud. Dryden.

TRICKER. ʃ. The catch which being pulled
diſcng<!;e3 the cock of the gun, ih^t it
mav eiv? fire. Boyle.

TRI'CKING. ʃ. [from trich ] D ffs ; ornarr,
er;r. Shakʃpeare.

TRiCKISH. a. [fro-n rr>, ^] Ki'^viſhly
artful ; fraudulently cunning ; miſchievouſly
fiiStle. Pope. .

To TRI'CKLE. v. n. To f-11 in drocs ; to
rill in a llender ſtreim. Bacon. Drsd. Pope. .

TRI'CKSY. a. [uomtrck.] Pretty.Shakʃpeare.

TRICO'RPORAL. a. [tricorporus, Latin.]
Having three bodies.

TRIDE. a. [an.ong hunters ; tr:d'f Fren.]
Short and ready. Bailey.

TRI'DENT. ʃ. [m/f«^F'. tridem^Ux.]
A three foiked ſcepire of Neotunc.
Sandy. Addiʃon.

TRI'DENT. a. Having three tee;h.

TRI'DING. !. [zpi^D^s, S:xun.] The
third part of a country or rtiire.

TRI'DUAN. a. [from triduum, Latin.]
1. Lilting ſhree days.
2. Happ-ning every third day.

TRIE'NTNIAL. a. [tri£nn:i,'L\t. triential.
1. L ſting three years. King Charles. Kazvel.
2. Happening every third year.

TRI'ER. ʃ. [from try.]
1. One who rres experimentally. Boyle.
2. One who examines judicially. IJale,
3. Teft ; one who brings to the teſt.Shakʃpeare.

To TRITALLOW. v. a. To plow land the
third nme befo e f. wi.Tg. Alortimer.

TRITID a Cut or divided into three

TRIFI'STULARY. a. [tres and f/luh,
Latin.] Having three pipes.

To TRIFLE. v. a. [trxfcUr, Di:tch.]
1. To act or talk without weight or dignity
; to act with levity. Hooker.
2. To moclc; to play the fool. Shakʃpeare.
3. To injulge light ai/.uremenc.

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4. To be of no Importance. Spenſer.

To TRI'FLE. v.M. To make of no imporfance,Shakʃpeare.

T.'^I'FLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] A thing of
no moment. Dryden.

TRITLER. ʃ. f/r/.'/aar, Dutch.] One v ho
afts with levity ; one who<alks with folly. Bacon, Watts.

TRIFLING. a. [from m>V.] Wanting
worth; unimportant; wanting \.](righr.

TRITLINGLY. ad. [from /r;/'«?.] Without
weight ; without dignity ; without importance. Locke.

TRITORM. a. [tnſtrmiiy Latin-] Having
a triple ſhape, Milton.

1. A catch to hold the wheel en ſteep
2. The catch that being pulled L^ofes the
cork ci th? f^un. Licke.

TRIGI'NTALS. ʃ. A number of mailVs
to the tile of thirty. Ay:iffe,

TRI'GLYPH. ʃ. [Inarchiteaore.] A member
of the frize of the Donck oriiei ſet directly
over every pillar, and in certain
ſpaces in the intercoUimnarions, Hurrii,

TRI'GON. ʃ. [trigone, French.] A triangle.

TRI'GONAL. a. [from trigon,'] Triangular ; having three corner?, Woodward.

TRIGONG'METRY. ʃ. [trigor.synetrie,Yr,-\
Trigo'nometry is the art of meaſuring triangles,
or of Calculating th-r fid^s of any
triangle fought, and this is plain or ſpherical.


TRIGOVOME'TRICAL. a. [from tngono'

TT'try ] Ptiraining to trigonomr tiy.

TRILATERAL. a. f tr.larerj!, French ; trcs and Ijtus Latin.] H-i\ ins; three ſides,

TRILL. ʃ. [ir.lh, Italian.] Quaver ; tremuLuſneſs
of muſick. Addiʃon.

To TRILL. v. a. [from the noun.] Tout,
ter quavering. Themjjn,

To TRILL. v. n.
1. To trickle ; to fall in drops or flender
ſtreams. Shakʃpeare.
2. To play in tremulous vibrati )f.s of
founri. Dryden.

TRI'LLION. ʃ. A million of iralii ns of

TRILU'MIXAR. la [triLfnirarit, Ut-I

TRILUMINOUS. ʃ. Having th. re light'.

TRIM. a. r^tTfiymmeS, S xrn.] Ni> '; fnitaj; d/elFtd uy. Tujjer' Dryden.
To i RIM. V. a. [Zfiimman, S-.xon, to
bji d.]
1. To fit rut. Shakʃpeare.
2. To dreſs ; to decorate

B''Ccn. jyoucn. Dryden.,
3. To ſh'.ve ; to clip. z Sum. li^'ivel,
^. To make n;a' ; to adjuſt. Shakʃpeare. Bt/:. ^obnfon.
ih I 5. T»

T Pv I

t;. To balance a vefieU Sp^Slator.
6. r his often «/.- emphatica). Shakʃpeare.^ri',

To TRIM. ru.r. To balance; to fl'.iaudte
birj'Kttn two parties. South, Dryden.

TRIM. ʃ. Djeisj geer; ornjments. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
[from turn.] Nicci)r ; Sf c r.fer . Aji- ham,
[from trim.] One who
bdianfe partes; a turn-

L'Eſir^vge. Swift.
Orn m:n.


changes lides tn
1. A piece of wood inferced.

TRI'MMING. ʃ. [fronwnww tal apptrndiiges to a coat or gown. G.-rih,

TRI'NAL.' a. [trir.us, LatJ Threefold.


TRINE. ʃ. [trheyTr. trimu, Latin.] An
aſptd of plinets placed in 'thtee angles of
a trigon, in which they a;e Aippoſed by aſtrologers
to hi eminently benign.
M'JtJTi. Creech.

To TRINE. v. a. [from the noun.] to
pvit in a trine aſpect. Dryden.

TRi'NIi'Y. ʃ. r.'r.'»?V3J, Lat. rr/^V, Fr.]
The incnnipthenlible union of the three
perſons in the Godhead. Locke.

1. To ys ; orfjaments of dreſs.
>tJt:ey, Swift.
2. Things of no great value ; t>.ckie ;
tnolt. L'Eſtr2vge.

TRIOBOLAR. a. [rmZ-o/a^/i, Latin.] Vae; n.e<>n ; worthleſs, Coeyti,

To TRIP. o. a. [treter, Fr. tr pper^ Dot.]
1. To ſupplant ; to throw by it?iking the
ktt no0i the j^round by a luddeii motion.Shakʃpeare.
2. To catch ; to deteſt. Shakſpear.

To TRIP. v. V.
1. To fall by lofing the hold of the feet. Dryden.
2. To fail ; to err ; to be deficient. Hooker. ^cuth. .Addiſon.
3. To ſtumb'e ; to ti.ubate. Locke.
4. To nm I'ghtiy. Shakʃpeare. Cr^/baiv, Dryden, Prior.
5. To t-'kc a ſhovt vi,ya^?-.

TRIP. ʃ. [from thq ve'ly ;
1. A ſtroks or Cdtch by which the wrefll'-r
ſupplants has antagonift. Dryden, Addiʃon.
2. A itumble by which the fvothold is
3. A failure ; a miſtake. Dryden.
4. A ſhorl voyag; or ; nirney. f/pe,

TRIPARTITE. a. [trif>ar ie, Fr. tnpjr.
titus, Lk.] Divided if.Cu three parta ;
having three coireſpondent copies.Shakʃpeare.

TRIPE. ʃ. [.''/>', Fr. trippa, Italian >ind
1. The iriteſtines ; the gu^s. ^i''
2. It IS uſed in ludicrous Ir^nguage for tne
humin belly.

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TRI'PZDAL. a. [trei and pes, Lat.] Having
three feet.

TRiPE'TALOUS. a. [rr« and -s^jTctXov.]
H3v;rga rt wcx conſiſtingof three leaves,

TRITHrHONG. ʃ. [triphthorgue, Yr.trei
and <^'-jo[yn.] A coaiition of tnrte vowels
to form one found : as, eau ; eye,

TRi'PLE. a. [triple, Fr. trJpLx, tn'pJus,
1. Threefold ; conſiſting of three conjoined.
^ Milton. Wclhr.
2. Treble; three times repeated. Burnet.

To TRIPLE. v. a. [from the adjective.]
1. To treble ; to make thrice as much,
or as many. JHooke>\ S'rviff,
2. To make threefold. Dryden.

TRIPLET. ʃ. [from triple.]
1. Thiee of a kind. Swift.
2. Three verſes shyming together. Dryden.

TRt'P;-IC.A,TE. a. [from irl^lx, Latin.]
Marie thtlce as much. IJairis.

TRIPLICATION. f. [from triplicate.] Tie
act of trebing or adding three together.

TRIPLl'CITY. ʃ.; [tripliciie, Fr. from mphx,
Lat.] Trebleneſs ; ſtite of being
threehdJ. Bacon, Watts.

TRI'PMADAM. ʃ. An herb. Mortimer.

TR'IPOD. ʃ. [aipin, Latin.] A (eat with
three feet, ſuch as that from which the
prJeITef'i of Apt Ho deii<'ered oracles.

TRI POLY. ʃ. A ſharp cutting ſand. Newton.

TRI'POS. ʃ. A tripod. Ben. Johnſon.

TRIPPER. f. [from /;/>] One who trips-

TRI'PPING. a. [from trip.] Quick ;
n'mble. Milton.

TRIPPING. ʃ. [from trip.] Light dance. Milton.

TRI'PTOTE. ʃ. [triptoton, Lat ] Triptote
js a noim uſed but in three cafes. darkt

TRiPU'DIARY. a. [tripudium, Lat.] Per-
, formed by oancing. Brown.

TRIPUDI4'T10N. ʃ. [tripudium, Lat.] Aft
of dancing.

TRI'PrINGLY. ad. [from tripping.]
With sgiiiry ; with ſwift motion.Shakʃpeare.

TRIRE'ME. ʃ. [triremis, Lat.] A galley
with three benches ri oars on a ſide.

TRISECTION. ʃ. [tr(s and ſetlio, Latin.]
Diviſion into three equal parts.

TRI'STFUL. a. [tnjiis, Lat.] . Sad ; melancholy
; gloorry, Shakʃpeare.

TRISU'LC. ʃ. [trifulcu!, Lat.] A thing of
thrt-e points. Brown.

TRISYLLA'BICAL. a. [from trifylLbie.]
Conii.'ting of three ſyllabics.

TRLSY'LLABLE. ʃ. [tiijylLba, Latin.]
A wcid confining of three Ivllables.

TRITE. a. [trttus, Latin.] Worn out
; ſtale ; ccITinion ; not cew. Roger,


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TRITENESS. f. [from trite] Stahneſs ;
comnv'.- rirr<;.

TRITHE'li^M. ʃ. [rps:,- and ^ik.] The
cpiniufj which holds three diſtinct goo?.

TR'ITURABLE. a. [triturj/,/c', Tf. f,om
tntur^t.'.] P>;frible Co be pounded or c.>niminuted. Brown.

TRITURATION. ʃ. [t't'iuro, Latin.] Reduction
of any ſubliances to powder ujion a
rtone with a muller, ascolouis are ground. Brown.

TRI'VET. ʃ. Any thing ſupported by three
tfct. Chapman.

TRI'VIAL. ʃ. [trivialis, Lat.]
1. Vie ; worthleſs ; vulgar. Roſcommon.
2. Light; trifling
; unimportant ; incorſider.
Tbie. Dryden, Rogers.

TRI'VIALLY. ad. [frotn trivia/.]
1. Communly; vulgarly. Bacon.
1. L;^hly ; inconfjiieribiv.

TRI'VIALN'ESS. ʃ. [f,omVr/Wfl/.] '
1. Commonneſs ; vulgarity.
2. Lightneſs ; Bninnporrnnce.

TRIUMPH. f. [triumpbui, Lat.]
1. Pomp with which a victory iS publickiy
celebrated,. Bacon.
2. S:a:e of being vidorious. Milton. Dyler.
3. Vidory ; conque(^. Milton. Fcp:.
4. J;y for ſucceſs. Milton.
5. A conquering card row called trump.

To TRTUfvIPH. v. a. [tru.Kpho,L\t.]
1. To ceiebraie a victory with pomp ; to
rej>ice for vidlury. yob. Dryden.
2. To obtain v;^o:y. Knolles.
3. To infult upon an advantage gai'^ed.Shakʃpeare.

TRIU'MPHAL. a. [iriumfbalii, La.] UiVd
in celebraiing victory. Bacon. Swift.

TRIU'MPHAL. ʃ. [friwrpbala, Lat.] A
token of victory. Milton.

TRIU'IMPHAN'T. a. [trium^bar.s, Lat.]
1. Celebrating a vidlory. Shakʃpeare, South.
a Rejoicing as for victory. Milton.
3. Victorious ; graced with conqueſt. . Pope.

TRIU'MPHANTLY. ^^.[from triurrpham.]
1. In a triumphant m.n.Ter in token of
victory ; joyfully as for vi<'Aory. Crenvill'.
2. Vifſtoiioutly with ſucceſs. Shake^p arc.
9. With infolcRt exultation. .^o'^ih,

TRIU'MPHER. ʃ. [item triumph.] One
who triumph?. Shakʃpeare. Peach-m.

TRIU'MVJUATE. ʃ. [^trwnvrr^tus or

TRIU'MVliU. S trtunMri, Lat.] A
coalition or concurrence of three men. Shakſpeare. S'lvjt.

TRI'UNE. a. [(res and ukus, i.at.] At once
three and err, Burnet.

To TROAT. v. a. [With hun'ers. ; To
cry w i liutk does at ruran^ time.

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TRO'CAR. ʃ. [trois quart, French.] A
chlr'irc:ical inſtrum;r?t. Shakſp.

TROCHA'ICAL. ,>. [frochi-i^ue, Fr, trol
cLiiciii, Lat, ) C. nfiaing of tr. Khtes.

TROCHA'Nl'E^'.S. ʃ. [Tf6;^='W.V;£;.] Twc
proLiir.-j of the thigh bone, called rotator
major and minor, in which the tendons of
many muſcles frminate.

TRO'CHEE. ʃ. [!ro:hd:Ui, LU.] T^svat'D-.]
A toot uſed in Latin poetry, conſiſting of a
long and ſhort ſyllable.

TROCHl'LICKS. ʃ. [t-.o;^;;.] Theſcience
of Forar-ry motion. Brozutt,

TRO'CHINGi. ʃ. The branches on a deer's

TROCHI'srH. ʃ. [Tfox'Vxi^. ; A kind
oftabktcr Jt2;r;^e. Bacon.n.

TROCIE. the preterite of ?r?^^. Judg's.

TROD;^. /, [from t> ode, prct. of ^r
Footing. Sp Jr.

TROD. ʃ. Participle paffive of tread.

TRO'DUEN ; Luke, Milton, Milton.

TRO'GLODViE. ʃ. [rp>y>o^An;.] One
who inhabits civts of the car h. Arbuth.

To TROLL. v a, [troUn, to r,Jl, Dutch. ; To move circularly ; to drive about. Ben. Johnſon.

To TROLL. v.ti.
1. To roll ; to run round. Swift.
2. To fiſh for .! pike with a rod which h?s
a ptillf; towards the bottom. Gay.

TROLLOP. ʃ. A n-tternlv, ſcoſe woman.

TROOP./ ,troofc, Di ch. ;

1. A company ; a number of people collected
together. Shakʃpeare, Locke.
2. A body of ſoldiers. Dryden.
3. A ſmall body of cavalry.

To TROOP. To n. [from t/.tr noon.]
1. To march in a body, Shakſp, Milton.
2. To march in bade. Shakʃpeare, Chapman.
3. To march in company. Shakʃpeare.

TROOPER. ʃ. [from troop.] A hone ſol-
dier. Grew.

TRO'r^E. ʃ. [t^ottC^^.] A change of a word
from its original ſignification ; a^, the
clouds '^rr-rf/ rain ior fo-ffbciu. Hudibras.

TRO'PHIED. a. [it.cn trophy.] Adorned
with trophies. Pope. .

TROPHY. ʃ. [tropbaum, Lat.] Something
taken from an enemy, and ſhown or treaſured
up in proof of vitlcry. Shakʃpeare, Pope.

TRO'PICAL. a. [from trope.
1. Rhetorically changed from the cripinil
meanino', Brt^wt. Scw.b,
2. Placed near the tropick ; belonging to
the tropick.

TRO'PICK. ʃ. [tropicus, Lat.] The line
ai which the fun turns b^ck, of which the
North has the tropick of Cancer, and the
South. the Tropick of Capricorn. Dryden.

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TROPOLO'GICAL. a. [Tpi7rS»-and Xc'^®^.]
Varied by tropes ; changed from the original
import of the words.

TROPOLOGY. ʃ. f rpcVf^ and Xoj/©-.] A
rhetorical mode of ſpetch including tropes,
or a change of ſome word from the original
meaning. Brown.

TRO'SSERS. ʃ. [froujfii, Fr.] Breeches ;
hoſe. Shakʃpeare.

To TROT. w. n. [trotter, Fr. trotton^ Dut.]
1. To move with a high jolting pace. Shakʃpeare. Denham.
2. To walk faſt, in a ludicrous or contemptuous ſenfe.

TROT. ʃ. [trot, Fr.]
1. The jojting high pace of a horſe.
2. An eld woman. Shakʃpeare.

TROTH. ʃ. [Tfiet'JS, Shakſp.] Truth ;
faith; fidelity. Shakſp, Daniel, Addiſon.

TRO'THLESS. a. [from troth.] Faithleſs ; treacherous. Fairfax.

TRO'THPLIGHT. a. [troth and iUgbt.]
Betrothed ; affianced. Shakʃpeare.

To TRO'UBLE. v. a. [trouhler,¥r.]
1. To diſturb ; to perplex. Shakʃpeare, Locke.
2. To ſhift ; to grieve. Sidney. Thlotſon,
3. To diſtreſs ; to make uneaſy. Milton. I M'lc.
4. To buſy ; to engage overmuch. Luke.
5. To give occaſion of labour to. Locke.
6. To ſeize ; to vtx. Shakʃpeare.
7. To d farder ; to put into agitation or
commotion. Shakſp, John. Daves.
8. To mind with anxiety. Clarenden.
9. To ſue for a debt,

TRO'UBLE. ʃ. [trouble, Fr.]
1. Diſturbance ; perplexity. Mlhov.
2. Affliſhon ; calamity. Shakʃpeare.
3. Moleſtation ; obſtruction ; inconvenience. Milton.
4. Uneaſineſs ; vexation. Milton.

TRO'UBLE-STATE. ʃ. [trouble and ſtate.]
Diſturber of a community ; publick makebate. Daniel.

TRO'UBLER. ʃ. [from trouble.] Difturber;
confiunder. Spenſer, Waller, Atterbury.

TRO'UBLESOME. a. [from troulh.]
1. Full of molsſtation ; vexatious ; uneaſy
; affliftive. Shakʃpeare, Tillotſon.
2. Burdenſome ; tireſome ; weariſome. Pope.
3. Full of tcizing buſineſs. Sidney.
4. Slightly harraffing. Milton, Shakſp.
5. Unſeaſonabiy engaging ; improperly importuning. Spenſer.
6. Importunate ; teizing. Jlrbuthnot.

TRO'UBLESOMELY. ad. [from trouhk-
Jome.] Vfxatiouſly ; weariſomely ; unſeaſonabiy
; importunately. Locke.

TRO'UBLESOMENESS. ʃ. [from froa^,.-
1. Vwwdcflſneſs i
uneefincft, Bacon.

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2. Importunity ; unſeaſonableneſs.

TRO'UBLOUS. a. [from trouble.] Turr.ultuous
; confuſed ; diſordered
; put into cmxmotion. Spenſer. Danu!.

TRO'VER. ʃ. [trowver, French.] In the
common law, is an action which a man
hath agaitif^ one that having found any of
his goods refuſeth to deliver them.

TROUGH. ʃ. [zji' 5, tiioh, Sax. troch,
Dutch.] Any thing hollowed and open
longitudinally on the upper ſide. Abbot, Dryden.

To TROUL. v. n. [trollen, to roll, Dut.]
1. To move volubly. Milton.
2. To utter volubly. Shakʃpeare.

To TROUNCE. v. a. To puniſh by an indi£
lmeat or information. Dryden.,

TROUPE. ʃ. [trouffe, F . truip,

TRO'USERS. ʃ. Erfe.] Breeches ; hofe. Spenſer. TPIjemin,

TROUT. ʃ. [tpuht, Sax.]
1. Delicate ſpotted fiſh inhabiting brooks
and quick ſtreams, Cartiu.
2. A familiar phraſe for an honeſt, or
perhaps for a ſilly fellow. Shakʃpeare.

To TROW. v. n. tjuc^i'-n, Saxon ; trte.
Daniſh.] To think ; to imagine; to conceive. Sidney, Hooker, Shakʃpeare, Gay.

TROW. interjetl. An exclamation of enquiry.Shakʃpeare.

TRO'WEL. ʃ. [truelle, Fr, truUa, Lu.] A
tool to tsice up the mortar with, and
ſpread it on the bricks. Moxon.

TROY WEIGHT. ʃ. [from Troj^j, Fr.]

TROY. ʃ. A kind of weight
by which gold and bread are weighed, confiſhng
of theſe denominations : a pound
zzz 12 ounces ; ounce :rr: 20 pennyweights
; pennyweight r= 24 grains.
The Engliſh phyſicians make uſe of troy.
weight after the following manner.
Ounce 12 Pound.

TRU'ANT. ʃ. Uruandy old Fr. treuwant,
Dutch.] An idler ; one who wanders idly
aboutj neglecting his duty or employment.
To play the truant is, in ſchools, to ſtay
from ſchool without leave. More,

TRU'ANT. a. Idlcf
; wandering from buſineſs
; Ic'zy i
loitering. Shakʃpeare.

To TRU'ANT. ʃ. n. To idle at a diſtancee
from duty ; to loiter ; to be lazy.Shakʃpeare.

TRU'ANTSHIP. ʃ. [from truant.] idlenef'
; negligence ; neglect of ſtudy or buſineis,


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TRU'BTAIL. ʃ. A ſhort ſquat woman.

TRUBS. ʃ. [tubtr, Lat.] A ſort of herb. Ainſworth.

TRUCE. ʃ. [truga, low Lat.]
1. A teiwporaiy peace ; a ce(fation of hoftjlities.
Hookc. Shakſp. 2 Tim. Dryden.
2. Cclldtiiin ; intermiſſion ; ſhort quiet. Milton.

TRUCIDA'TION. ʃ. [from trucido, Lat.]
The art of killing.

To TRUCK. v. n. [troqjtr, Fr. truccare,
Italian.] To traffick by exchange.

To TRUCK. t. a. To give in ench3nge ; to exchange. L'Eſtrange. Htvijt.

TRUCK. ʃ. [from the vrro.]
1. Exchange i trall^ck by exchange. L'Eſtrange, Dryden.
2. Wooden wheels-for carriage of cannon.

TRU'CKLEBED. or trundkbtd. ſ. |
trocUbtd \ from trcchua^ Lat. or rpo;^.?.]
A bed that runs on wheels under a ragher
bed. Shakʃpeare, Hudibras.

To TRU'CKLE. v. n. To be in a ſtate of
fui)jc;tion o- 'nſcriority. Cleavel. Norris,

TRU'CULENCE. ʃ. [irucuUnda, Lat.]
1. iiavageneſs of manners.
2. Terribleneſs of aſpect.

TRU'CULENT. a. [trucuUntui, Lat.]
1. Ssvdge
; barbarous. Ray.
2. Ternble of aJpc£V,
3. Deſtrudive ; cruel. Harvey.

To TRUDGE. v. n. [truggiolare, Italian.]
To travel hboriouſly ; 10 jog on ; to march
heavily on Shakʃpeare, Dryden. Lock^.

TRUE. a. [7J^?cpa, zpupa, Saxon.]
;, Not falſe i noterroneou; ; agreeing with
f-ii^. Spenſcf. Cowley.
2. Not falſe ; agreeing with our own
3. Fare from the crime of falſehood ; €-
4. Ccnainc ; not counterfeit. Mih. Atterb.
(;, Faithful
; not perfidious ; fleady. Shakʃpeare. Roſcommon.
6. H'neſt; mt fraudulent. Shakʃpeare.
7. Exaft ; truly conformable to a rule. Prior.
8. Riphtful. Milton.

TRUEBO'RN. a. [true and bom. ^ Having
a tight by birth. Shakʃpeare.

TRUEBRL'D. a. [true and lr,d.] Of a
ripht breed. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

TRUEHE'ARTED. a. [true and hearf.]
Honeſt ; taithful. Shakʃpeare.

TRU'ELOVE. ʃ. Anherb,cz\]eik:ria Paris.

TRUELOVEKNOT. ʃ. [true, hve,

Lines drawn through each ether with ma
ny iavoliitions, conlideieJ as the enr.biem
of interwoven aficclion. Uudbrjs.

TRU'ENr:SS. ʃ. [from true.] Sincerity ; itilncis. £i2cc/Kt

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TRUEPE'NNY. ʃ. [true and fi^rſty.] A
familiar phraſe for an honeſt trilow.Shakʃpeare.

TRUFFLE. ʃ. [trujie, t ruffe, French ; la
Iiaiv, the uſual nieihjd for the finding of
truffi:s, or ſubte.'raneous murtirooins, called
by the Italians taitufili, and in Latin
tubcra tern, is by tying a cord to a pig,
and driving him, obſciving where he begins
to not. Ray.

TRUG. ʃ. A hod for morta.-.

TRULL. ʃ. [frul/a, Italian.] A I^w whore ; a vagrant ſtrumpef. Shakʃpeare.

TRULY. ad. [from /ru..]
1. According to truih ; not falſrly ; faithfully. Sidney, Hooker.
2. Really
; without falLcy.
3. Exaaiy ; jultly. South.
4. Indeed. Wotton.

TRUMP. ʃ. [from pe, Dutch, and old Fr.
trombj, ic.lian.]
1. A trumpet ; an inſtrument of warlike
mulick. Shakʃpeare. ʃpeare H'^jiey,
2. A winning card ; a card that has particular
privileges in a game. Pope. , Swift.
3. To put to or upon the Tru.mps. To
put t(i 'he Idft expedient. Dryden.

To TRUMP. v. a. [from the rjoun.]
1. To win with a tiuap card.
2. To Trump up. To devife ; to forge,

TRU-'MPERY. ʃ. [frompene, French ]
1. Something falhciouſly ſplendid.Shakʃpeare.
2. Falfehood ; empty talk. Raleigh.
3. Something of r.o value ; tv.Aei. Milton.

TRU'xVIPET. ʃ. [from pettc, Fr. and Dut.]
1. Aq inſtrument of martial mudtk founded
by the breath. Ali.tsn. RMon.mon,
1. In military ſtilc, a trumpeter. Slar,
3. One who celebrates ; one wh.) prai/es,
Biiion. Dryden.

TRUMPET-FLOWER. ʃ. [bignom.-^, Lat.]
A tubuious Bower. Milcr,

To TRUMPET. v. a. [troKpstter^Yt.] To
pubi.ſh by found of trurapet : to proclaim. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.

TRU'MPETER. ʃ. [from Trumpet.]
1. One who ſounds a trumpet. Shakʃpeare. H-yward,
2. One who proclaims, publishes, or dr-
Duunces. Bacon, South.
3. Afiſh.

TRU'MiET-TONGUED. a. [/r.v;r^./ and
tjrgue.] Having tongues voLiterous as a
tru.T-rft. Shakʃpeare.

To TRU'N'CATE. v. a. [tn:nco, Lat.] To
'm.Minj ſo lop ; to cut ſhott.

TRU'NC.^TION. ʃ. [from truncate.^ The
zi\ o^ lopping Oi maiming.

TRU'NCfiEON. ʃ. [tror.^on^ French.]
1. A ſhoit 11.1 lij a club ; a cud^'.-!. Shakʃpeare. UayuarJ.
2. A fl.u'of comm-n.J. Shakʃpeare.

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To TRU'NCHEON. t. a. [from the noun.]
To beat With a truncheon. Shakʃpeare.

TRUNCHEONEE'R. ʃ. [from truncheon.
; One armed with a truncheon. Shakʃpeare. ſp.

To TRU'NDLE. v. r. [tpei,'»l, « bowl,
Saxon.] To roii ; to b'-wlaiong. Adiſon.

TRU'i\DLE. ʃ. 1 zjiiu^^, Saxon.] Any
roufid rolling thing.

TRU'NDLE-TAIU. ʃ. Round tail.
iſhahj, eare.

TRUNK./ [t'-ur^u^, h^t.tro-ru-,Y.]
1. The body of a tree. Berkley.
2. The body without the limbs of an anijnai.Shakʃpeare.
3. The main body of any thing. Ray.
4. A cheſt for c! aths ; a i'mali cheſt commonly
lined with paper. Dryden.
5. The probofcis of an elephant, or ether
animal, Milton, Dryden.
6. Along tuba through w hi eh pellets of
clay pre blown. Bacon.

To TRUNK. v. a. [trucco, Latin.] To
truncate ; to maim ; to Icp, Spenſer.

TRUNKED. ^. [from tunk,} Havf _
trunk. Ilowel.

TRUNK-HOSE. ʃ. [trunk and hof.] Large
brteches formerly wo?n. Prior.

TRU'NNIONS. ʃ. [trogroTi!, Fr.] The
knobs or bunchings of a gun, that bear it
on the cheeks of a carriage. Bailey.

TRU'SION. ʃ. [irudo, Lat.] The ad of
thnilting or puſh'np. Berkley.

TRUSS. ʃ. [troujf^, Fr.]
1. A bandage by which ruptures are retrained
from lapfing. Wiſeman.
2. Bundle ; any thing thruſſ; cloſe together.
Sit^'jjer. Addiſon.
3. Trouſe ; breechc?.

To TRUSS. i>,a. [trcuffv, French.] To
pack up cloſe together. Spenſer.

TRUST. ʃ. [traufr, Runirk.]
1. Conſidence} rehance en another.Shakʃpeare.
2. Charge received in confidence. Dryden.
3. Confident opm'on of any event.
4. Credit given without examination.
5. Credit without payment. ' Raleigh.
6. S3nr;ething coip.:n;tced to one's faith. Bacon.
7. Depofit ; ſomethi.'^g committed to charge,
of which an ;jccouni muft be given. Swift.
8. Fidelity ; ſtirpoſed honeſty. i'obn.
9. State tf him to whom ſome'hinfi s er--
truſted, Careridon. Denham.

To TRUST. v. a. [fiof,; the noun.]
1. To place coi>iidcfice in ; to conſide in.
B-^^i Jchvfo>j.
3. To believe ; t ^ credit. Shakſpeare.
3. To admit in confidence to the lower
over any thirf. Taylor.
4. To commit with coaS'.dc. of. Dryden.

5. To venture confidently. Milton.
6. To ſells upon credit.

To TRUST. -o.v.
1. To be confident of ſomething future.
2. John.
z To have cnſidence ; to rely ; to depend
without doubt. Iſaiah, Milton.
3. To be credulous ; to bs won to confi-
dence. Shakʃpeare.
4. To expect:. L'Eſtrange.

TRUSTEE'. ʃ. [from trufi.]
1. One entruſted with any thing, l^oyhr.
2. One to whom ſomething is cr-mmittrd
for the uſe and behoof of ancAher. Dryden.

TRU'STER. ʃ. [from truji.] One who
trufls. Shakʃpeare.

TRUSTINESS. ʃ. [from .T'/j.] Honeſty ; ſideiry ; faithfuneſs. Grew.

TRU'STLESS. ʃ. [from /ruji ] Unfaithful
; uncf.mftant ; not to be trotted. Spenſer.

TRU'STY. a. .[from truji.]
1. Honeſt ; fathful; true; fit to be
tiufted. Shakſpeare. Addiſon.
2. Strong ; fioutj ſuch a> will nut fail. Spenſer, Dryden.t

TRUTH,/. f2ji»rpS,, Saxon.]
1. Ihe contrary to falſehood ; conformity
of no'ions to thin&s. Locke.
2. Conformity of words to thoughts. Milton.
3. Purity from falſehood. Shakʃpeare.
4. Fidfiity ; canftancy. Hor-g,
5. H ;n?liy ; v; tue. Shakʃpeare.
6. It is uſed ſometimes by way of conceſſion. Matthew.
7. Exactneſs; conf.rmlty to rule. Mortimer.
8. Re^jity. Hooker.
9. of a Truth, or 7'« Truth. In reality.
2. K Tigs,

TRUIJNA TION. ʃ. [tmt'tr.a, Lat.] The
acl of weighing ; e.'tamindtion by the .cale. Brown.

To TRY. v. a. [triir, Fre^'.ch.]
1. To examine ; to make experiment of. Shakespeare.
1. To experience ; toafTay ; to have knowledge
or experience of. Dryden.
3. To fromioi. is a judge.
4. To bring, before a ju<iici-'l tribunal.
5. To bring to a decifijn, with out emphatical. Dryden.
6. To act on as a teff. Shakʃpeare.
7. To biir^g as to a teſt. M. >'>«.
8. To tiiiy ; ſo attempt. Milton.
9. To purify ; to refine. Milton.

To TRY. v. V. To endeavour ; to attcrrot.

TUB. ʃ. [tohhe, tuhhe, Da'ch.]

1. A i-rgecpf n vf-nir of wo(;d. Milton.
2. A fl.ne of f-uivation. Shakʃpeare.

TUBR. ʃ. Itubu!^ Lat.] A pipe ; a fiphoft; a Icn^ b'.dy, R fnmtwn.


TUBERCLE. ʃ. [tubetculum, Lat.] A ſmall Aveiling or excreſcence on the body; ! a pimple. liarziey.

TU'BERbSE. ʃ. A flower. Mortimer.

TU'BEROUS. a. [imhercux, Fr. from tuber,
Latin.] Having prominent knots or
excreſcences. Woodward.

TU'BULAR. a. [from tuhut, Lat.] Reſembling
a pipe or trunk ; at nliſing of a
pipe; Jong and hoJIow ; riftuiar. GrfM.

TU'BULE. ʃ. [tubuhi, Latin.] A ſmall
pipe, or fiftular body. I'Foodiva'-d.

TUBULATED. ʃ. n. [from tuhu,u:, Lat.]

TUBULOUS. ʃ. Fillular ; longitucinally
hollow. Denham.

TUCK. ʃ.
1. A long narrow ſword. Shakʃpeare, Hudibras.
2. A kind of net. Cj'ew.

To TUCK. v. n. [from true ken, Germ.]
1. To cruſh together ; to hinder fri)m
ſpreading, Addiſon, Prior.
2. To incloſe, by tucking clothes round. Locke.

To TUCK. v. fj. To contract. Shakſp.

TU'CKER. ʃ. A ſmall piece of linen that
fliiries the breaſt of women. Addiʃon.

TU'EL. ʃ. [tujeau, Fr.] The anus. Skinner.

TUE'SDAY. ʃ. [tiiſp:^, Saxonj tuv,
Saxon. is Mais.j The ihird day of the

TU'FPAFFETY. ʃ. [from tufied and taſſeſ>-.]
A vitl'.us kind of ſilk. D;^nne.

rUFT. ʃ. [tuffe, French.]
1. A number of thread or ribbands, fl wery
leaves, or any ſmall bodies joined together.
More, Dryden.
2. A clufter ; a plutnp. Sidney, Milton.

To TUFT. v. a. To adorn with a tutt.

TU'FTED. a. [from tuft.] G. -.v-.o ,n
tufts i.r clufter;. Milton. Pope. .

TU'FTY. a. [from tuft] Adorned with

To TUG. v. a. [r-'cjin, Saxon.]
1. :o pull w:th Urength long continued in
the utmoſt exertii-n. Chapman. Rojammon.
2. To pull ; to pluck. Hudibras.

TUG V «.
1. To pull ; to draw. Sandyt, Boyle.
2. To Jabuur ; to contend ; to (truet'e. Shakʃpeare. Hi'iu. Crajhwiv.

VG. ʃ. [from the verb, ] Pall perti rmed
With the I'imoit ellbrt. Dryden.

U'GGER. [from tug.^ One that tugs
rr pulls r.^rb.

UITION. ʃ. [tuitiof {torn tutor ^ Latin ]
Ouardianſhip ; (upermtendent. Sidney, Locke.

U'LIP. ʃ. [tflpe, Fr. tulipa, Latin.] A
flower. Hshcii'iU,

U-LIPTREE. ʃ. A tree.

T p M

To TU'MBLE. v. n. [tember, Fr. tomme.
lin, Dutch ; tombolare, Ita,ian.]
1. To iiW ; to cyme luddenly to the ground. Shakʃpeare.
2. To fall in great quantities tum-ii-.u .uſly. Prior.
3. To roll about. Sidney.
4. To play tricks by various librations of
the body. RoiL't.

To TU'MBLE. v. a.
1. To turn over ; to throw about by way
of erammation. Collu-r.
2. To throw by chance or violence- L-^cke,
3. To throw down. Dryden.

TU'MBLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] A U\\.


TU'MBLER. ʃ. [from tumble. ] 0.e who
(hews poſtures or feats of activity, l^uhns,

TU'MBREL. ʃ. [tombereau, Fi.] A dungcart.

TUMEFA'CTION. ʃ. [lum^f^fiie, Latin.]
Swelling. Arbuthnot.

To TU'MEFY. v. a. [tumefacio. Lat.] To
ſwell ; to make toſwell. Sharp.

TU'MID. a. [tumidut, Lat.]
1. Swelling; puffed up.
2. Protuberant ; raited above the level.
3. Pompous ; boaftful ; puffy ; faiſely
ſubl.me. Boyle.

TUMOUR,/. [tumor, Latin.]
1. A morDid ſwelling. Wiſeman.
2. Affected pomp ; falſe mag > f.cence ;
puffy grapoeur. L'Eſtrange.

TU'MOROUS. a. [from tumour..
1. Swelling ; protuberant. Wotton.
2. Fa'luous ; vainly pompous ; falſdv m^gi; inctnt. Wotton.

To TUMP. amrng gardeneis, to fence trees
about V. ith eanh.

To TU'MULATE. v. n. [tumulo, Latin.]

To Iweii. Boyle.

TUMUL03E. a. [tumulofus, Lci.] Full
o' hiJiP. Bailey.

TU'MULT. ʃ. [tumult-, Fr.tumu/tus, Lat.]
1. A promifcuous commotion in a multitude.
2. A multitude put into wild commotion
3. Aftirj an irregular violence ; a wild
commotion. Milton, Addiʃon.

TUMU MUARILY. ad. [from tumultuary.]
In a tumuifuaiy marntr.

TUMU'LTUARINESi. ʃ. [from tumultuary.'.
Turbulence ; inclination <ir diſpoſition
t' r 'mults or commo'ioi.s.ArCZ)^r/rji

TUMU'L UARY. a. [tu^uJuaire, Ft,
from lumu.t.] I
1. Diſorderly ; promifcuous ; confufcd.
liacon, Glanvale,
2. Reſhels
; put into irregular commotion.

To TUMU LTUATE. t>. r, [iu.r.uuu'or.
Lat.] To make a tumult.


TUMULTUA'TION. ʃ. [i'romiumu/tuatc]
Irregular and confuſed agitation. Boyle.

TUMU'LTUOUS. a. [from tumult ; tumultueiix,
2. Coverfng^ integument ; tunick. Harvey. Denhatz,

TU'NICLE. ʃ. [from tunich\ Cover ; integument.
-Ray, Bailey.
1. Put into violent commotion ; irregu- TU'NNAGE. ſ. [from /««.]
larly and confuſedly aaggiitated. I. Content of a veſſel me. Milton, Addiʃon.
2. Violently carried on by diſorderly multitudes.
:' ipeiijcr,
3. Turbulent; violent. Shakʃpeare, Knolles.
4. Full of tumults. Sidney.

TUMU'LTUOUSLY. ad. [from tunndtmus.]
By act of the multitude ; with confuſion
and violence. Bacon.

TUN. ʃ. [tunne. Sax. tonne, Dutch.]
1. A large caflc. Milton.
2. Two pipes ; the meaſure of four hogſheads.
1. Any large quantity proverbially.Shakʃpeare.
A' A drunkard. In burleſque. Dryden.
5. The weight of two thouſand pounds'.
6. A cubicle ſpace in a ſhip, ſuppoſed to
i-ontaina tun.

To TUN. v. a. [from the noun.] To put
into caflis : to barrel. Bacon.

TU'NABLE. a. [from tune.] Karmonious. ;
muſical. Shakſp, Milton. H-Jder.

TU'NABLENESS. ʃ. [from tunable.] Harmony
; melodiouſneſs.

TUNABLY. ad. [from /««^^^.] Harmoniouſly; melodiouſly.

TUNE. ʃ. [toon, Dutch.]
1. Tune is a diverſity of notes put together. Locke, Milton, Dryden.
3. Sound ; note. iSi:ak£jp.
3. Harmony; order; concert of parts. King Charles.
A. State of giving the due ſounds : as, the
fiddle is in tune.
Proper ſtate for uſe or application ; right
iiſpoſition ; fit temper ; proper Immour. Locke.
6. State of any thing with reſpect to order. Shakſp.

To TUNE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To put into ſuch a ſtate, as that the
proper fouiids^ may be produced. Dryden.
2. To /ing harmonicully. Milton, Pope. .

To TUNE.v. /J.
1. To form one found to another. Drayton, Milton.
1. To utter nMi the voice inai-ticulaie

TU'NEFUL. rt. [tune^wiXfJL] Mufic^l ; harmonious. Milton, Dryden.

TU'NE<.ESS. a. [from tune.] Unharmdnious; unmuſical. Shcnjcr. Ccnvhy.

TU'NER. ʃ. [from tune ] One who tunes.Shakʃpeare.

IX^'NICK. ʃ. [tmiqucy Fr. tunica, Lat.] ,
1. F^rt oithe-Roman dreiV. Arbliſh.
leaſured by the
tun. Arbuth.
2. Tax laid on a tun ; as to levy tujinage
and poundage.

TU'NNEl,. j.
1. The fliaft of a chimney; the pafllige
for the ſmoak. ^penf'er. Wott,
2. A funnel ; a pipe by which liquor is
poured into veſſels. Bacon.
3. A net wide at the mouth, and ending
in a point.

To TU NNEL. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To form like a tunnel. J)erham,
2. To catch in a net.

TU'NNY. ʃ. [tonnen, Italian} thynnm, Lat.]
A fea-fiſh. Carew.

TUP. ʃ. A ram. This word is yet uſed in

To TUP. v. a. To but hke a ram.

TURBAN. > ʃ. [ATurkiſhword.]The

TU'RBANT. S cover worn by the Turks

TU'RBAND.jy on their heads. Bacon. Hoiuel, Dryden. '

TU'RBANED. a. [iwrn turban.] Wearing
a turban. Shakſp.

TU'RBARY. ʃ. [turharia, low Lat.] The
right of digging turf.

TU'RBID. a. [turbidus, Latin.] Thick ;
muddy ; not clear. Bacon, Philips.

TU'RBiDNESS. ʃ. [from turbid.] Mudnineſs
\ thickneſs.

TU'RBINATED. a. [turhinatus, Latin.]
1. Twiſted; ſpiral. Berkley.
2» Among botanifts plants are called turbinatedf
as ſome parts of them reſemble,
or are of a conical figure. DiB,

TU'RBINATION. ʃ. [from turbinated.'.
The art of ſpinning like a top.

TU'R.BITH. ʃ. [turpetbus, Latin.] Yellow
precipitate. Wiſeman.

TU'PvSOT. ʃ. [turbot, French and Dutch.]
A delicate hHi. Peacham, Dryden.

TU'RBULENCE. ʃ. [turbulence, Fr.

TU'RBULENCY. [turbid.ntia, Latin.]
1. Tumult; confuſion. Milton, Dryden.
2. Tumultuouſneſs ; liableneſs to confuſion. Swift.

TURBULENT. a. [turbulentus, Lat.]
1. Raiſing agitation ; producing comm^ji-,
tion. Milton.
2. Expoſed to commotion ; liable to agi-
tation. Milton.
;^. Tumultuous; violent. Dryden. Berkley

TU'RBULENTLY. ad. [i\om turbulent.
Tumukuouſly ; violently. [

TU'RCISM. ʃ. [turcifmn, low Lat.] The
leligion of the Turks, Dr. Maine. Ancrb.


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TU'RCOIS. ʃ. [turcois, Dutch.] A precious

TURD. ʃ. [riri'&, Savon.] Excrement.

TURF. ʃ. [-cyjipy Saxon; torf, Dutch.]
A clod covered with graſs ; a part of the
ſurface of the grounJ.

SLikeſp. Bacon, Milton, Dryden, Pope. .

To TURF. v. a. [from the noun.] To
cover with turfs. Murtimer.

TU'RFINESS. ʃ. [from turf.] The ſtate
of abounding with turfs.

TURFY. a. [from /^//. ; Full of turfs.

TU'RGEN r. a. [turgens^ Lat.] Swelling ; protuberant; tumid. [Thomfon.

TURGE'SCENCE. ʃ/. [tur^efecnce.h^t.]

TURGE'SCENCY. ʃ. The act of ſwelling
; the ſtate of being ſwollen. Brown.

TU'RGID. a. [turgidus, Latin.]
1. Swelling; bloated; filling more room
than before. Boyle. Phillifs.
2. Pompous; tumid; faſtuous ; vainly
magnificent. Watts.

TURGI'DITY. ʃ. [from turgid.] State of
being r.yollen. Arbuthnot.

TU'RKEY. ʃ. [gaUir.a turcica, Latin.] A
large domeſtick. fowl brought from Turkey. Bacon. Gay.

TU'RKOIS. ʃ. [turquoifcy Frencl.; from
turkey.] A blue ſtone numbered among the
meaner precious ſtones, now diſcovered to
be a bone impregnated with cupreous particles. Woodward.

TUOIKSCAP. ʃ. An herb. Aivyworth.

TURM. ʃ. [turmay Latin.] A troop. Milton.

TU'RMERICK. ʃ. [turmerica, Latin.] An
Indian root which makes a yellow die.

TURMOIL. ʃ. Trouble; diſturbance; harrafiing uneaſinefi. ^p^'[' .^^'.

To TURMOl'L. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To harraſs with commotion. Spenſer, Dryden.
2. To weary ; to keep in unquietnei's. Milton.

To TURN. v. a. [tufinan^ Sax. toumtr,
Fr. from torro, Latin.]
1. To put into a circular or vertiginous
motion. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
2. To put the upperſide downwards. Addiʃon.
2. To change with reſpect to poſition,
4. To change the ſtate of the ballance.Shakʃpeare.
5. To bring the inſide out. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
€. To chanee as to the poſture of the body. Milton, Pope. .
7. To form on a lathe by moving round,
8. To form ; to ſhape. Tatldy.
9. To transform, to metamorphoft ; to
tranſmute. Taylor.

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10. To make of another colour. F/yy-y.
11. To change; to alter, Shakʃpeare.
12. To maki- a reverſe of fortune. Dryd.
13. To tranſlate. Pope. .
14. To change to another opinion, or party,
woifc or .better ; to convert; to pervert.
15. To change with regard to inclination
or temper. Pſalms.
16. To alter from one eftedl or purpoſe to
another, Ilosker. Taylor, Tillotſon.
17. To betake. Temple.
18. To transfer. 1 Chrcn.
19. To fall upon. Bacon.
20, To make to naufcate. Pope. .
'2.1. To make giddy, Pope. .
22. To infatuate; to maka mad. Dryd.
13. To direct to, or from any point. Milton, Locke.
24. To direct to a certain purpoſe or propenſion. Addiʃon, Prior, Pope.
25. To double in. Swift.
26. To revolve ; to agitate in the mmd.
27. To drive from a perpendicular edi;e ;
to blunt. AfJ-^arK.
28. To drive by violence; to expel. Knolles.
29. To apply. Milton, Temple.
30. To rcverſe ; to repeal. Da.ter.
31. To keep paſſingin a courſe of exchange
or traffick. Temple. C')llier.
32. To adapt the mind. Addiſon:.
33. To put towards another. Exodus.
34. To retort ; to throw back. Atterbury.
35. -To Turn away. To diſmiſs from
ſervice ; touifcard. Sidney. Arbtith.
36. To Turn haik. To return to the
hand from which it was received. Shakeʃ.
37. To Turn off. To diſmiſs contemptuouſly.Shakʃpeare.
'3^'i. T</ Turn- off. To ^ive over; ^to reſign. Decay of piety.
39. r.TuRN^. To deflca. Addiſon.
40. T:) TvRS 01-cr. To transfer, ^(dnty.
41. To Turn to. To have rccouxfe to a
book. Creto. Locke.
42. 73^2 Turned 5/. To advance to
an age beyond. Addiʃon.
43. To Turn over. To refer. Knolles, Dryden.
44. To Turn over. To examine one leaf
of a book after another. Swift.
4v To Turn over. To throw off the
ladder. ^ Butlit\

To TURN. v. n.
1. To move round ; to have a circular or
vertiginous motion. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To ſhow regard or an^er, by directing
the look towards any thine. Bacon, Locke.
3. To move the body round. Milton, Dryden.

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4. To trove fic;m its place. Wiſeman.
<;. To change poſture. Cheyne.
6. To have a tendency or direction.
7. To move the face to another quarter. Dryden.
S. To depart from the way ; to deviate. Dryden.
5. To alter ; to be changed ; to be tranſformed. Milton, Taylor.
10. To become by a change. Brown, Boyle.
11. To change ſides. Dryden, Swift.
12. To change the mind, conduct, or
determination. ' Pro'verbi. Milton.
To change to acid. Shakʃpeare.rſp. Bacon.
To be brought eventually. Locke. JAddiʃon.
To depend on, as the chief point. Swift, Pope. .
To grow giddy. Shakʃpeare.
To have an unexpected conſequence
or tendency. Wake.
18. To Turn <zw^_y. To deviate from a
proper courſe. Pronjerbf. Bacon.

JO. To rerurn ; to recoily Milton.
20. To be directed to, or from any point. Milton.
31. TbTuRNo^, To divert one's courſe.

TURN. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of turning ; gyration.
2. Meander ; winding way. Dryd, Addiſ.
3. A walk to and fro. Shakſp.
4. Change ; viciffitude ; alteration. Hooker.
5. Manner of proceeding ; change from
the original intention or lirſt appearance. Swift.
6. Chance ; hap. Col,
7. Occafion ; incidental opportunity.

8. Time at which any thing is to be had
pr done. Raccn. Denham.
5. Actions of kindneſs or malice. Fairfax, South.

JO. Reigning inclination. Swift.

II. A ilcp of the ladder at the gUows. Butler.
32. Convenience. Spenſer, Clarenden.
The form ; caſt ; ſhape ; manner. Dryden. Addiſon. Watts.
The manner of adjuſting the words of. Addiʃon. A-luthnot.
One after another. Dryden, Prior.

TU'RNBENCE. ʃ. [turn and bench.] A
term of turners. Moxon.

TURNCOAT. ʃ. [/«r« and coat.] One who
fcifakes his party or principles ; a renegade.Shakʃpeare.
^VllN^R. ſ. [from turn.] One^'^hofe
a ſentence.
35. By Turns.

trade Is to turn in a lathe. Dryd. Moxon.

TU'RNING. ʃ. ; from turn.] Flexure ;
winding ; meander. Mdtoiu

TU'RNINGNESS. ʃ. [from turravg.] Quality
of turning ; tergiverfation ; ſubterfuge. Sidney.

TU'RNIP. ʃ. A white efculent root. Miiier.

TURNPIK E. ʃ. [turn and pike, or pique- ]
i . A croſs of two bars armed with pikes
at the end, and turning on a pin, fixed to
hinder horſes from entering.
2. Any gate by which the way is obſtructed. Arbuthnot.

TU'RNSICK. a. [turn and ſick.] Vertiginous
; giddy. Bacon.

TURNSO'L. ʃ. [Heliotropium, Latin.] A
plant. Miller.

TU'RNSPIT. ʃ. [?«?« and j^/>.] He that
anciently turned a ſpit, inſtead of which
iacks are now generally uſed. Swift.

TU'RNSTILE. ʃ. [turn unijilc.] A turnpike. Butler.

TU'RPENTINE. ʃ. [turpentina, Italian; terebinthina, Latin.] The gum exuded by
the pine, the jan;per, and other trees of
that kind. EccM. Peacham.

TU'RQUOISE. ʃ. See TuRKOis. Shakſp.

TU'RPITUDE. y. [turpitudo, Latin.] Effential
deformity .6|i!f words, thoughts or
actions ; inherent vileneſs ; badneſs. Shakʃpeare, South.

TU'RRET. ʃ. [turris, Latin.] A ſmall
eminence raiſed above the reſt of the building
; a little tower. Fairfax, Pope. .

TU'RRETED. a. [from mrret.] Formed
like a tower ; riſing like^ a tower. Bacon.

TU'RTLE. ʃ. [cuptle, Saxon ;

TU'RTLEDOVE. i tortarclla, Italian ;
turtiiry Lat.]
1. A ſpecies of dove. Shakſ. Gen. Wisem.
2. It is uſed among ſailors and gluttons
for a tortoiſe.

TUSH. intcrj. An expreſſion of contempt.

Pſalms. Camden.

TUSK. ʃ. [tyxap, Saxon ; tu/Kcn, old Friſick.]
The long toolh of a pugnacious
animal ; the fang ; the holding tooth. Bacon, Dryden. Swith.

TU'SKED. v. a. [from tujk.] Furniſhed

TU'SKEY. ʃ. with tulks. Dryden, Grew.

TU'SSUCK. ʃ. [diminytiveof/«;s».] A tuft
of graſs or twigs. Grew.

TUT. interj. A particle noting contempt. Shakʃpeare.

TU'TANAG. ʃ. The Chineſe name for ſpeL
ter. Woodward.

TU'TELAGE. ʃ. [tutclle, tutelage, Fr. tutehy
Latin.] Guardianſhip; ſtate of being under
a guardian. Drtimtpond.

TUTELiiR. la. [tutela^hmn.] Hav-

TU'TELARYo. ʃ. ing the charge or guardian/

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dianſhip of any perſon or thing; protect
ing; deſenſive; guardian. 'Ttm. Dryd.

[tutor, Latin ; tuteur, French.]
One who has the care of another's learnin
and morals. Shakʃpeare. Butkr.

To TUTOR. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To inſtruct ; to teach ; to document. Shakʃpeare, Hale.
2. To treat with ſuperiority or feverity.

TUTORAGE. ʃ. [from tutor.] The authority
or ſolemnity of a tutor.
Government of the Tongue.

TU'TORESS. ʃ. [from tutor. [Diredreſs ;
inſtructreſs; governeſs.

TU'TTY. ʃ. [/:///rf, low Latin ; tuthieyYv.]
A ſublimate of zinc or calamine collected
in the furnace. Ainsworth.

TU'TSAN. or parkkaves. ſ. A plant.

TUZ. y. A lock or tuft ot hair. Dryden.

T'WAIN. a. [zp.jjen, batpn, both twain,
Saxon.] Two. Shakſp, Dryden.

To TWANG. v. n. [A word formed from
the found.] To found with a quick ſharp
noifc. Shakſp, Philips, Pope. .

To TWANG. v. a. To make to found
ſharply. Shakſp.

TWANG. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A ſharp quick found. Butkr. Pope. .
2. An affected modulation of the voice. South. Arbuth.

TWANG. A word making a quick action,
accompanied with a ſharp found. Prior.

TWA'NGLING. a. [from tiuang.^ Contemptibly
noifv. Shakſp.

To TWANK. v. ;;. To make to found. Addiſon.

'TWAS. Contraaed from ;/ 7i;^j. Dryden.

To TWA'TTLE. v. a. [fchwatzcn, Ger.]
To prate ; to gabble ; to chatter. L'Eſtrange.



TWA'YABLADE. ʃ. [Ophris, Lat.] A
polvpetalous flower. Miller.

To TWEAG. ʃ. v. a. To pinch ; to ſqueeze

To TWEAK. [betwixt the fingers. Butkr.

TWEAGUE. ʃ. Perplexity ; ludicrous

TWEAK. [diſtreſs. Arbuthnot.

To TWEE'DLE. j. a. To handle lightly. Addiʃon.

TWEE'ZERS. ſ. [.r/<7, French.] Nippers,
or ſmall pincers, to pluck oft' haiis. Pope.

TWELFTH. a. [tp:Ip:a, Saxon.] Second
1 Kings.

TWE'LFTHTIDE. ʃ. The twelfth day after
Chriſtmas. 'Tyjfer.

TWELVE. a. [rpelp, Sax.] Two and
ten. Shakſp, Dryden.

TWE'LVEMONTH. ʃ. A year,' as conſiſting
of twelve months. Holder, Evelyn.

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TWEtVEPENCE. ſ. [tuche and pence.]
A ſhilling.

TWE'LVEPENNY. a. [tivehe and perry.]
g Sold for a ſhilling. Dryden.

TWE'LVESCORE. ʃ. [t-wd-ue and jcore.]
Twelve times twenty. Dryden.

TWENTIETH. a. [tpenzcojo^a, Sax.l
Twice tenth. Ben. Johnſ.

TWE'NTY. a. [rp^nzij, Saxon.]
1. Twice ten. Swift.
2. A proverbial or indefinite number. Bac.

TWI'BIL. [t-uy for tivo, and bill.] A halbert.

TWICE. ad. [7pi5 «, Sax. t^vees, Dutch.]
1. Two times. Spenſer.
2. Doubly. Dryden.
3. It is often uſed in compoſition. Shakſp, Creech.

To TWI'DLE. v. a. To touch ligi^.tly.
Wiſeman .

TWIG. ʃ. [rpij, to 55a, Saxon ; tivygy
Dutch.] A ſmall ſtoot of a branch ; a
ſwitch tough and long. Raleigh. Sandy:.

TWI'GGEN. a. [from iivig.]
Mz<ie of
twigs. Shakſp. Crcii:

TWIGGY. a. [from rw.-V.] Full of twigs.

TWI'LIGHT. y; [rccW/W'/, Dutch ; rpeoneleohz,
Sax.] The dubious or faint light
before funrifc, and after funſet ; obſcure
light ; uncertain view. Donne. Cleave!.

1. Not clearly or brightly illuminated ; obſcure ; deeply fliaded. Milton, Pope. .
2. Seen by tv;inght. Milton.

TWIN. ʃ. [zpinn, Sax. tnveelirgen, Dutch.]
1. One of ſeveral children born at a birth.
Cleaveland. Otway.
2. Gemini, the ſign of the zodiack. Creech.

To TWIN. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To be born at the ſame birth. Shakſp.
2. , To bring two at once. Ti'JJer.
3. To be paired; to be ſuited. Shak. Sand.

TWINBO'RN. a. [tzvin and born.] Born
at the ſame birth. Shakſp.

To TWINE. U' a. [zpinan, Saxon ; t':vyran,
1. To twiſt or complicate ſo as to unite,
or form one body or ſubſtance out of two
or more. Exodus.
2. To unite itſelf. Cr.;Jhaw.

To TWINE. v.n.
1. To convolve itſelf ; to wrap itſelf
cloſely about. Pope.
2. To unite by interpoſition of p^rts.

'^. To wind ; to make flexures. Swift.

TWINE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A twiſted thread. Spenſer, Dryden.
2. Twifl ; convolution. Milton.
3. Embrace ; ad of convolving itſelf
round, Philips.

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To TWINGE. v.a, [ſw/«|iſw, German.]
1. To torment with ſudden and ſhort pain.

2. To pinch ; to tweak. Hudibras.

TWINGE. ʃ. [from the verh.]
1. Short ſudden ſharp pain. Dryden.
1. A tweak ; a pinch. L'Eſtrange.

TWINK. ʃ. [See TWINKLE.] The motion
of an eye ; a moment. Shakſp.

To TWI'NKLE. v. n. [zpinchan, Saxon.]
1. To ſparkle ; to flaſe irregularly ; to
quiver. Shakſp, Fairfax, Boyle. Newt.
2. To open and ſhut the eye by turn. L'Eſtrange'
3. To play irregularly. Donne.

TWINKLE. 1 r re .1. u n

TWINKLING. ʃ. / [fr<^t^everb.]
1. A ſparkling intermitting light ; a motion
of the eye. Spenſer, Dryden.
2. A ſhort ſpace, ſuch as is taken up by
a motion of the eye. Spenſer, Dryden.

TWI'NLING. ʃ. [diminutive of ?it;/«. ; A
twin lamb ; a lamb of two brought at a
birth. 7////fr.

TWINNER. ʃ. [from twin.] A breeder
of twins. To '^JJ^f'

To TWIRL. ru. a. [from whirl] To turn
round ; to move by a quick rotation. Bac.

TWIRL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Rotation ; circular motion,
2. Twiſt ; convolution. Woodward.

To TWIST. v. a. [^ezpij-an, Saxon; twificn, Dutch.]
1. To form by complication ; to form by
convolution. Shakſp, Taylor, Prior. Littlet.
2. To contort; to writhe. Pope. .
;5. To wreath; to wind ; to encircle by
fbmething round about. Burnei.
4. To form ; to weave. Shakſp.
5. To unite by intertexture of parts. Waller.
6. To unite ; to infinuate. Decay of Piety.

To TWIST. v. n. To be contorted ; to be
convolved. Arbuth, Pope. .

TWIST. ʃ. [from the verb.]
3. Any thing made by convolution, or
winding two bodies together. Addiʃon.
2. A ſingle firing of a cord. Moxon.
3. A cord ; a firing. Herbert, Dryden.
4. Contortion ; writhe. Addiʃon.
;;, The manner of twiſtinsr. Arbuth.

TWrSTER. ſ. [from twiſt.] One who
twiſts ; a ropemaker.

To TWIT. v. a. [ebpizan, Saxon.] To
ſneer ; to flout ; to rtpioach. Spenſer. Tilhtfn.

To TWITCH. v. a. [tpiccjan, Saxon.]
To vellicate ; to pluck with » quick motion
; to fnatch. Dryden, Pope. .

TWITCH./ [from the verb.]
1. A quick puil ; a ſudden vellication. Hudibras.

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2. A painful contraction of the fibres. Blackmore, Prior.

TWI'TCHGRASS. ʃ. A plant. Mortimer.

To TWI'TTER. ^. n.
1. To make a ſharp tremulous intermitted
noiſe. Dryden.
2. To be ſuddenly moved with any inclination.


TWI'TTER. ʃ. Any motion or diſorder of
paction. Hudibras.

TWITTLETWA'TTLE. ʃ. Tattle ; gabble.


TWIXT. A contraction of betwixt. Milton.

TWO. a. [iwai, Gothick ; tpu, Saxon.]
One and one. Shakſp.

TWO'EDGED. a. [two and ed^e.] Having
an edge on either-ſide. Pope. .

TWOTOLD. a. [two and fold.] Double. Hooker, Prior.

TWOTOLD. ad. Doubly.](^atth.

TWO'HANDED. a. [two and hand.]
Large ; bulky ; enormous of magnitudS. Dryden.

TWO'PENCE. ʃ. A ſmall coin. Shakſp.

To TYE. v-. a. To bind. See Tie.

TYE. ʃ. SeeTiE. A knot ; a bond or

TY'GER. ʃ. See Tiger.

TYKE. ʃ. A dog, or one as contemptible
and vile as a dog. Shakſp.

TY'WIBAL. ʃ. [tymbctl, French.] A kind
of kettle-drum. Prior.

TYMPANITES. ʃ. [Tv/U'^ctyirn?.] That
particular ſort of dropfy that ſwells the
belly up like a drum, and is often cured
by tapping.

TY'MPANUM. ʃ. A djum; a part of the ear.

TY'MPANY. ʃ. [from tympanum, Lat.]
A kind of obſructed flatulence that ſwells
the body like a drum. Hammond. Suckling. Roſcommon.

TY'NY. a. Small. Shakſp.

TYPE. ʃ. [type, Fr. typm, Lat. rvTioq.]
1. Emblem; mark of ſomethin^. Shakſp, Prior.
2. That by which ſomething future is
prefigured. Milton. lillotfok,
3. A llamp ; a mark. Shakſp.
4. A printing letter.

TYTICK. ʃ. f [typique, Fr. typicusy

TY'PICAL. ʃ. Lat.] Emblematital ; fis
; urative of ſomethine; elſe. Atterbury.

TY'PICALLY. ad. [from typical.] In a
typical manner. Norn's.

TY'PICALNESS. ʃ. [from typical.] The
ſtate of being typical.

To TY'PIFY. -z/. a. [from type.] To figure
; to ſhow in emblem Hammond.

TYPO'GRAPHER. ad. [ryVof and y^a<|)«.]
A printer.

TYPOGRA'PHICAL. a. [from typography.]
1. Em.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. Emblematical ; figurative,
2. Belonging; to the printer's art.

1. Emblematically ; figuratively.
2. After the manner of printers.

TYPOGRAPHY. f. [typcgrapbie, French; typografihia, Latin.]
1. Emblematical, figurative, orhieroglyphical
repreſentation. Brown.
2. The art of printing.

TY'RANNESS. ʃ. [izom tyrant.] A ſhe
tvrant. Spenſer.

TYRA'NNICAL. ʃ. a. [Ti/^^wixs;.] Suit-

TYRA'NNICK. ʃ. ing a tyrant ; adling
like a tyrant ; cruel ; deſpotick. ; imperious. Shakſp. Roſc. Taylor. Denhatn.

TYRA'NNICALLY. ad. [{torn tyrannical.]
In manner of a tyrant,

TYRA'NNigiDE. ſ. [tyrannus and cado,
Latin.] The act of killing a tyrant.

To TY'RANNISE. v. a. [tyrsmfer, Fr.
from tyrant. '\ To play the tyrant ; to acl

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


with rigour and impcrio«fneſt.
llouker. Ijtcle.

TY'RANNOUS. a. [from tyrant.] Tyrannical
; deſpotick ; arbitrary; ſevere. Sidney, Temple.

TY'RANNY. ʃ. [tyrannisy Lat.]
1. Abſolute monarchy imperiouſly adminſtered. Milton.
2. Unreſiſted and cruel power. Shakſp.
3. Cruel government ; rigorous command. Shakſp, Bacon.
4. Severity ; rigour ; inclemency.Shakʃpeare.

TY'RANT. ʃ. [Ti'^avv@>^; tyrannm, Latin.]
1. An abſolute monarch governing imperiouſly.
2. A cruel deſpotick and ſevere matter. Sidney. South.

TYRE. f. [Properly r//T.] See Tire. Hakewell.

TYRO. ʃ. [Properly //Vc] On€ yet not
mafter of his art ; one in his rudiments.


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