About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


N. A ſemivowel; has in Engliſh an
invariable ſound: as, no, name,
net; it is ſometimes after m almoſt:
ſoſt; as, condemn, contemn.

To NAB. v. ſ. [nappa, Swediſh.] To catch

NADIR. ʃ. [Arabick.] The point under
foot directly oppoſite to the zenith. Creech.

NAFF. ſ. A kind of tufted ſea-bird.

NAG. ʃ. [nagge, Dutch.] A ſmall horſe.
A horſe in familiar language. Prior.

NAIL. ʃ. [ncEft, Saxon.]
1. The horny ſubſtance at the ends of the
fingers and toes. Dryden.
2. The talons of birds and beaſts.
3. A ſpike of metal by which things are
faſtened together.
4. A Stud ; a boſs,
5. A kind of meaſure ; two inches and a
6. On the nail. Readily; immediately ; without delay. Swift.

To NAIL. v. a.
1. To faſten with nails. Milton.
2. To ſtud with nails. Dryden.

NA'ILER. ʃ. [from nail.] A nai!-maker,

NA'KED. a. [nnch, Saxon.]
1. Wanting cloaihs 3 uncovered ; bare. Bacon.
2. Uusrmed ; defenceleſs ; unprovided.
3. Plain; evident ; not hidden. Shakʃpeare.r'ſp,
4. Mere ; ſimple ; abCtraded. Hathr,

NA'KEDLY. ad. [
1. Without covering.
2. Simply ; merely. Hi/lder,
3. Difcoverably ; evj<Jently, Dun:d.

NA'KEDNESS. ʃ. [from naked.]
1. Nu'iiry ; want of covering. I^l-ltpi,
2. Waoc of proviſion for uefcnce, Gtr,

3. Plainneſs ; evidence; want of concealment.Shakʃpeare.

NAME. ʃ. [nama, Saxon.]
1. The diſcriminative appellation of an individual.Shakʃpeare.
2. The term by which any ſpecies is diſtingui/
3. Perſon, Dryden.
4. Reputation; character.
5. Renown; ſame; celebrity. Bacon.
6. Power delegated. Shakʃpeare.
7. Fictitious imputation. Dryden.
8. Appearance; not reality. Shakʃpeare.
9. An opprobrious appelLcion. Granville.

To NAME. I'.a.
1. To diſcriminate by a particular appellation.Shakʃpeare.
2. To mention by mme. Eccluj,
3. To ſpecify ; to nominate. Locke.
4. To utter; to mention. Ge>-,

NAMELESS. a. [from name,']
I; Kut diſtinguiſhed by any diſcriminative
appellation. Denham.
2. One of which the name is not known. Atterbury.
3. Not famous.

NA'MELY. adi, [from »tfm?.] Particularly; <perially. Hooker, Addiʃon.

NA'MER. ʃ. [from name,\ One who calls
any by name.

NA'MESAKE. ʃ. One that has the firre
njnne with another. Addiʃon.

NAP. ʃ. [hnceppan, Saxon.]
1. Slumber ; a /})ort flerp. Sidney.
2. [hnopp3j Saxon.] Down; villous ſubſtance. Spenſer.„

To NAP. v. a. [hnceppan, Saxon.] To
Ileep ; to be drowſy or ſecure. Hudibras. CireTc.
4. M a NAP£.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


NAPE. ʃ. The joint of the neck behmc!. Bacon.

NA'PERY. ʃ. [naperia, Italian.] Tablelinen.

NA'PHEW. ʃ. [tjapui, Latin.] An herb.

NA'PHTHA. ʃ. [njphtha, Latin.] Napbtba
is a very pure, clear, and thin mineral
fluid, of a very pale yellow, with a cart of
brown in it. It is ſoft and oily to the
touch, of a ſharp and unpleaſing taſte, and
of a briſk and penetrating ſmell ; of the
bituminous kind. It is extremely ready to
take fire. It is principally uſed externally
in paralytick cafes.

NAPPINESS. ʃ. [from nappy.] The quality
of'having a nap,

NA PKIN. ʃ. [from nap.]
1. Cloaths uſed at table to wipe the hands.
2. A handkerchief. Obſolete. Shakſp.

NA'PLESS. a. [from nap.] Wanting nap; threadbare. Shakʃpeare.

NA'PPY. a. [from nap] Frothy ; ſpumy. Gay.

NARCISSUS. ʃ. [Latin; naniji, French.]. Addiʃon. Thorn fon,

NARCOTICK. a. [vagxa'a- . narcou^ue, Fr.]
Producing torpor, or liupetaction, Quincy, Brown.

NARD. ʃ. [tiardus, Latin.]
1. Spikenard.
2. An odorous ſhrub. Ben. Johnſon.

NARE. ʃ. [warn, Latin.] A noſtrit. Hudibras.

NA'REWHale. ʃ. A ſpecies of whale. Brown.

NA'RRABLE. a. [from narre.] Capable to
be told.

NARRA'TION. ʃ. [narratio, Latin.] Account
; relation ; hiſtory. Abb^t.

NA'RRATIVE. ,fl. [r^arrat'ifvtYx. from
narro, Latin.]
1. Relating ; giving an account. Ayliffe.
2. Storytelling ; apt to relate things paſt. Pope.

NA'RRATIVE. ʃ. A relation ; an account. South.

NA'RRATIVELY. ad. [from narrative.]
By way of relation. Ayliffe.

NARRA'TOR. ʃ. pzarraf^ar, French.] A
A teller ; a relacer. Watts.

To MA'RXIFY. v. n. [from narrow, Lat.]
To relate ; to give account of. Shakʃpeare.

NA'RROW. a. [ne fiu, Saxon.]
1. Not broad or wide. Shakʃpeare.
2. Sm-11; of no great extent. Brown.
3. Covetous ; avaritious. Sidney.
4. Contracted ; ui g.nerous. i^pratt,
5. Ne-^r ; withm a ſmall diſtan.e, Dryd.
6. Cioie ; vigi'ant ; attentive. Milton.

To NA'RROW. v. a.
1. To dimimih with reſpect to breadth. Brown. Templ,

2. To contract ; to impair in dignity. Locke.
3. To contract in ſentiment. Pope. .
4. To confine ; to limit. Watts.
5. [In farriery.] A horſe is ſaid to narretv,
when he does not take ground enough.

NA'RROWLY. ad. [from nar.otv.]
1. With little breadth or wideneſs.
2. Contractedly; without content. Swift.
3. Cloſely ; vigilantly. Shakʃpeare.
4. Nearly ; within a little. Swift.
5. Avaritiouſly ; ſparingly.

NA'RROWNESS. ʃ. [from narrcw.]
1. Want of breadth, Addiſon.
2. Want of comprehenſion. Locke.
3. Confined ſlate; contractedneſs. Denham.
4. Meanneſs ; poverty. South.
5. Want of capacity. Burntt.

NA.^. [from ne bas or has not.] Spenſer.

NA'SAL. a. [nafus, Latin.] Belonging to
the nofa. Holder, Brown.

NA'STY. a. [najl, rat, German, wet.]
1. Dirty ; filthy ; ſordid ; nauſeous ; polluted. Swift.
2. Obſcene; leud.

NASTILY. ad. [from najiy.]
1. Dirtily ; filthily ; nauſeouſly. Bacon.
2. Obſcenely ; groſsly.

NA'STINESS. ʃ. [from najiy.]
1. Dirt ; filth. Hayward.
2. Obſcenity ; groſſneſs of ideas. South.

NA'TAL. a. [natal, French.] Native ; relating
tn nativity. Camden, Prior.

NATA'TION. ʃ. [natatio, Latin.] The act
ofſwimming. Bacon.

NA'THLESS. ad. [na, that is r.oty the lejs,
Saxon.] Nevertheleſs. Milton.

NA'THMORE. ad. [na the more.] Never
the more. Spenſer.

NA'TION. ʃ. [nation^ Fr. natio, Latin.] A
people diſtinguiſhed from another people. Raleigh.

NA'TIONAL. a. [national, Tr. from nation.]
1. Publick ; general ; not private; not
particular. Addiſon.
2. Bigotted to one's own country,

NATIONALLY. ad. [from national] With
regard to the nation. South.

NATIONALNESS. ʃ. [from national.] Reference
to the people in general.

NA'TIVE. a. [nativus, Latin ; natifvCf
1. Produced by nature; n«t artificial. Davies.
2. Natural ; ſuch as is according to nature. Swift.
3. Conferred by birth. Denham.
4. Pertaining to the time or place of birth,Shakʃpeare.
5. Original, Milton.

NA'TIVE;>. ʃ.
1. One born in any place ; original inhabitant. Bacon.
1. Offspring.

NATIVENESS. ʃ. [from native.] State of
being produced by nature.

NATIVITY. ʃ. [ranvif/, French.]
1. Birth ; iliue lato life. Bacon, Shakʃpeare.
1. State or place of being produced. Milton.

NATURAL. a. [raturel, French.]
1. Produced or effected by nature.
2. Illegitimate. Temple.
3. Beſtowed by nature. Swift.
4. Not forced ; not farfetched ; dittated
by nature. Wotton.
5. Tender ; affectionate by nature.Shakʃpeare.
6. Unaffected ; according to truth and reality. Addiſon.
7. Oppoſed to violent ; as, a natural death,

NA'TURAL. y. [from nature.]
1. An idiot ; a fool. Shakſp, Locke.
2. Native ; original inhabitant. Raleigh.
3. Gift of nature ; nature ; quality. Wotton.

NATURALIST. ʃ. [from natural] A ſtudent
in phyſicks. Addiſon.

NATURALIZA'TION. ʃ. [from naturalixt.]
The act of inverting aliens with the
privileges of native ſubject?. Bacon.

To NATURALIZE. v. a. [from natural.]
1. To in veil with the privileges of native
ſubjects. Davies.
2. To make eaſy like things natural. South.

NATURALLY. ad. [from natura'.]
1. According to unaſſiſted nature. Hooker.
2. Without aſſiſtation. Shakʃpeare.
3. Spontaneouſly.
Naturalness. [from natural.]
1. The ſtate of being given or produced
by nature. South.
2. Conformity to truth and reality ; nat
atteſtation, Dryden.

NATURE. ʃ. [r.atura, Latin.]
1. An imaginary being ſuppoſed to preſide
over the material and animal world. Shakʃpeare. Coidey,
2. The native ſtate or properties of any
thing. Hale.
3. The conſtitution of an animated bwdy.Shakʃpeare.
4. Diſpoſition of mind. Shakʃpeare.
5. The regular courſe of things. Shakſp.
6. The conipals of natural exiſtence. Granville.
7. Nafural affection, or' reverence, Pope.
8. The it-te or operation of the material world. Pope.
9. Sort ; ſpecies. Dryden.

JO. Sentiments or images adapted to nature. Addiſon.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


II. Phyſicks; the ſcience which teaches
the qualities of thing , Pjpe

NATU'RITY. ʃ. [f.m nature.] The ſtate
of being produced oy nature. Brown.

NA'VAL. a. [naval, French.]
1. Conſiſting of ſhips. Waller.
2. Belonging to ſhips. Temple\

Nave. ʃ. [n.p, Saxon.]
1. The middle part of the wheH in which
the axle moves. Shakʃpeare.
2. [From navii, nave, old French.] The
middle part of the church difljncl from the
aides or wings. Ayliffe.

NA'VEL. ʃ. [napela, navela, Saxon.]
1. The point in the middle of the beljy,
by which embryos communicate with the
parent. Brown.
2. The middle ; the interiour part. Milton.

NA'VELGALL. ʃ. Naijclgall is a br uife on
the top of the chine of the back, behind
the faddle, right againſt X\\& navel.

NA'VELWORT. ʃ. At^. herb. Miller.

NA'VEW. ʃ. [»<7/>.r, Lat. naveau,Yr.]hn.
herb. Miller.

NAUGHT. a. [naht, na/jhiht, Saxon.]
Bad ; corrupt ; worthleſs. Hooker.

NAUGHT. ʃ. Nothing. This is commonly,
though improperly, written nought.Shakʃpeare.

NA'UGHTILY. ad. [from naughty.] Wickedly
; corruptly.

NA'UGHTINESS. ʃ. [from naughty.] Wickedneſs; badneſs. Sidney.

NA'UGHTY. a. [from naught, ] Bad ;
wicked ; corrupt. Sidney.

NA'VIGABLE. a. [naxigable,Yltnch.'^^ Capable
of being palled by ſhips or boats. Raleigh.

NA'VIGABLENESS. ʃ. [from navigable.]
C'uacirv to be paſted in veflcls.

To NA'VIGATE. v.n. [naiigo.L-^t.] To
fiiil ; to paſs by water. Arbuthnot.

To NA'VIGATE. v. a. To paſs by ſhips
or boats. Arbuthnot.

NAVIGATION. ʃ. [navigation, French.]
1. The act or practice of paſſing t)y water. Bacon.
2. VfftVIs of navigation, Shakʃpeare.

NAVIGATOR. ʃ. [navigoteur, French.]
bailor ^ leaman ; traveller by water. Brere,

NA'ULAGE. ʃ. [naulum, hilxn.] The
freight of p.n^ngers in a ſhip.

NAU'MACHY. ʃ. [nauniachie, Fr. r^uma-.
c^/j, Latin.] A mock ſea fight.

To NAU'SEATE. v. n. [from r::«;fo, Lat.]
To gr. w ſqueamiſh; to tuxn away with
diſguſt. Watts.

To NAU'SEATE. v. a.
1. To loath ; to reject with diguſt. Brown.;.
2. To ſtrike with diſguſt. SiL-if.

NAU'SEOUS. a. [from »c7.f<7, Lat, tj^v/'V,
Freich ] Loithſome ; diſguſtful. Denham.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


NAU'SEOUSLY. ad. [from naujecus.^ '
Loathsomely; diſguſtfully. Dryden.

NAU'SEOUSNES;;. f. [from nauſeous.'[
Loathſomeneſs ; quality of raiſing diſguſt. Dryden.

NAU'TICAL. v. a. [nauticus, Latin.] Per-

NAUTICK. ʃ. taining to ſailors. Cam.

NAU'TILUS. ʃ. [Latin ]
w^j/r//.^, French.]
A ſhdl fiſh furniſhed with ſomething analogous
to oars and a fail. Pope. .

NA'VY. ʃ. [from ff^fa, Latin.] An a (Tern
bay of ſhips ; a fleet. Clarenden,

NAY. ad. [«ir, Saxon. or ne aye.l
1. No ; an adverb of negation. Denham.
s. Not only ſo but more. Ben. Johnſon.
3. Word of refuſal. ' A^^.

NA'YWORD. ʃ. [nay and nvcrd.]
1. The faying nay. Shakʃpeare.
2. A proverbial reproach ; a bye word.Shakʃpeare.

NE. ad. [Saxon.] Neither ; and not. Spenſer.

NEAF. ʃ. [«?^, TOanrlick.] Afi(>. Shakſp.

To NEAL. 1'. tf . [onceian, Saxon.] To temper
by a gradual and regulated heat. Digby, Moxon.

To NEAL. v. a. To be tempered in fire. Bacon.

NEAP. ^. [nepp!o.&, Saxon ; ns^pti^, Focr.]
Low ; decreſcent. uſed only of the tide, Hakewell.

NEAR. prep, [nep, Saxon.] At no great
di fiance from ; cloſe to ; nigh. Dryden.

NEAR. ad.
1. Almoſt.
2. At hand ; not far off. Dryden.
3. Within a little, Bacon.

NEAR. a.
1. Not diſtant. Geneſis.
2. Advanced towards the end of an enterpriſe
or diſquiſition. Hooker.
3. cloſe ; not rambling. Dryden.
4. cloſely related. Leviticus.
c. Intimate ; familiar; admitted to confidence,Shakʃpeare.
6. To uching ; preſſing ; affecting ; dear.Shakʃpeare.
7. Parſimonious, inclining to covecouſneſs.

NEAR hand. cloſely. Bacon.

NEA RLY. ad. [from near.]
1. At no great diſtances. Atterbury.
2. C.ofely ; preſſingly. Milton. HSwift.
3. In a aggardly manner.

NEA'RNESS. ʃ. [ho'mnear.]
1. Cloſeneſs ; not remoteneſs. Hooker, Duppa.
2. Allijnce of blood or aftection. Bacon.
3. Tendency to avarice ; caution of expence. Bacon.

NEAT. ʃ. [neat ryzen, Saxon.]
1. Black cattle: ; u.xen. Shakʃpeare. May.
2. A cow or ox. Shakʃpeare.

NEAT. a. [net, French.]

1. Elegant, but without dignity. Pope. .
7. Cleanly. Milton.
2. Pure ; unadulterated ; unmingled. Chapman.

NE'ATHERD. ʃ. [nea^yjib, Saxon.] A cow
keeper ; one who has the care of black
cattle. - Dryden.

NEATLY. a. [fro^m neat..
1. Elegantly, but without dignity ; ſpruce-
ly. Shakʃpeare.
1. Cleanh'ly.

NEA'TNESS. ʃ. [from vcaf.]
1. Spruceneſs ; elfgance without dignity. Hooker.
2. Cleanlineſs.

NEB. ʃ. [nebbe, Saxon.]
1. Nofe
; beak ; mouth. Retained in the
north. Shakʃpeare.
1. [In Scotland.] The bill of a biid.

NEBULA. f [Latin.] It is applied to appearances,
like a cloud in the human body ; as to fiJms upon the eyes

NE'BULOUS. a. [«<'^tt/o/«i, Latin.] Mifiy ;

NECESSARIES. ʃ. [^xomn,c^_[fary.] Things
not only convenisrst but neeofai. Hamm,

NE'CESSARILY. ad. [from necejary.]
1. Indjſpenfabiy. Hooker.
2. By inevitable conſequence. Hooker.

NE'CESSARINE'S. ʃ. [from neojjary.]
The ſtate of being neceſfary.

NE'CESSARY. a. [nec<ffonus, Latin.]
1. Ncedfu! ; indilpenfabiy requiſite,

4. Not fi-ee ; fatal ; impelled by fate.
3. Concluſive; deciſive by inevitable conlequince. Milton.

To NECE'.SSITATE. v. a. [ſtowT/eceJ/uas,
Latin.] To make necdlary ; not to leave
free. Duppa.

NECESSITA'TION. ʃ. [from necectita'.e.]
The act of making neceſfary ; fatai conripulfjon.

NECE'SSITATED. a. [from necej/iry.] In
a ſtate of want. Shakʃpeare.

NECE'SSITOUS. a. [from necrfiry.] PrtU
feH with poverty. Clarenden.

NECE'SSITOUSNESS. ʃ. [from «fc#^oa;.]
Poverty ; want ; need. Burnett.

NECE'SSITUDE. ʃ. [necejfitudo, Latin. ;
1. Want; need. Hale.
2. Frienſhip,

NECE'SSITY. ʃ. [n'c^Jfuas, Latin.]
1. Cogency ; compuhion ; fatality. Milt.
2. State of being necelVary ; indiſpenf^blenef?.Shakʃpeare.
3. Want ; need ; poverty. Clarendon.
4. Things neceſidry for human life.Shakʃpeare.
5. Cogency of argument ; inevitabic conſequence. Raleigh.

NECK. f. [hneca, Saxon ; w«i^ Dutch.]
1. The

NEE 3^ E G
1. The part between the head and body.Shakʃpeare.
2. A long narrow part. Bacon.
3. On the r.eck
immediately after.Shakʃpeare.
4. To break the neck of an aftiir ; to
hinder any thing being done ; or, to do
do more than hair.

NE'CKREFF. ʃ. [neck : and beef.] Thecoarfc
flcſh i :;.„ neck of cattle. Swift.

NE'CKCLOATH. ʃ. [neck and chath.^ That
wh '-M men wear on their netk. Gay.

NE'CKERCHlEf. ʃ. A gorget

NE'CKAIEE ; kerchief lor
n.ar.'s neck.

NECKLACE. f. [n'ckztiA hce.] An ornamental
(Iring of beads or precious ſt-i-nes,
\vor:i bj' women on their neck. Arbuth.

NE'CKWEED. ʃ. [neck and lOced.] Hemp.

NECROMANCER. ʃ. [vsjcp^- and ixmH',.'[
to pierce death, and perforated at the other
to receive the thread. Dryden.
2. The ſmall Heel bar which in the mariners
compaſs ſtands regular!) north and
fouth. Burnet.

NEE'DLE-FISH. ʃ. [needU and fip.] A
kind of lea fiſh. Ji ooJ-ward.

NEE'DLEFUL. ʃ. [needh and /-//.] As
muLh thread as is generally put at one time
in tl.;.- .-edie,

NEE'DLER. If, Utomreedle^ He

NEE'DLEMAKER. ʃ. who makes needlei.

NEE'DLEWORK. |. [needle za<^ work.]
wo- I. The buſinets of a fempfl.-eſs.
2. E .broidery by the needle. yAddiſoft.

NEE'DLESSLY. dJ. [fro:r, nadlcji.] Unneceſl-
jrily ; without need. Holder.

NEE'DLES NESS. ʃ. [from medlefi.l^ UnnecelVanneſs. Locke.

NEE'DLES. a. [from n^fj.] UnnecerTary ; p. or ^equifue.
Hooker, Shakʃpeare.
One who by charms can converſe with the

NEE'DMENT. ʃ. [ijomneej.'^ Something
nceclLry. Spenſer.

NEEDS. ad. [ntbep, Saxon. u'lwilling.]
Necelurily ; by conjuulfion ; mdiſpenfably,

NEE'DY. a. [from reed.] Poor ; neceſlitcus; diſtreflect by poverty. Spenſer.

NE'ER. ifornsier.] Hudibras.

To NEESE. v. a. [ryje, Daniſh ; nie^ev,
Dutch.] To intti^ ; to diſcharge fl-tulerxits
bythenofe. 7. Kingt.

NEF. ʃ. [old French, (xoranave.] theb.dy
of a church. Jd-'ifur,

NEFA'RIOUS. a. [mfarius, Latin.] Wickfd
; ab .minable. yiy i^f,

NEGA'TION. ʃ. [negatio, Latin ; negauon.

X. D:;nial ; the contrary to afKrmation.
Bcnil-'j, Rogers.
2. Daſcriotion by negative. f'/'a(ts,

NE'GATIVE. a. [ncgc:::/^ Fr. negativus,
1. Denying; contrary to affirmative.
2. L^:ii-lying only the able.nce oſ loaiething. South.
3. Having the power to withhnid, though
no- to cotnpcl. King Charles.

1. A propofition by which ſomething is
denied. Milton.
2. A parricle of denial ; as, rot. Cl.wvJ.

NE'GATIVELY. ad. [t'lotn negative.]
1. With aenial ; in the torm tf denial
; not .'ihrmativ'ely. Boyle.
2. In form of ſpeech implying the abſence
of fomething. Hooker.

To NE'GLECT. v. a. [negleaui, Latm.]
1. To omit by careleiloeCs. Aiatthew,
2. To treat with ſcornful hecdlelTneſs.
3. To pol>pon'-'. Shakʃpeare.

NEGLECT. ʃ. [reghaji, Latin.]
1. Inghoſts
of the Hea, S'Vbifi

NE'CROMANCY. ʃ. [vsxpa? and /c^.'^i,'; necr m tice, French.]
1. The act of revealing future events,
by communication with the dead. Erozv-
2. Enchantment ; conjuration. yibbcr.

NE'CTARED. a. [from ne^iar.] Tmged
with r.ectr. Milton.

NECTA'REOUS. a. [veBarcu!, Latin.] Reſembling
nedlar ; ſweet as nedtar. Pope.

NE'CTARINE. a. liioiArrMar.] Sweet as
nc<Sdr. Milton.

NE'CTARINE. ʃ. [mEiarire, French.] A
fruit of the plum kind. This fruit dilTers
from a peach in having a ſmooth rind ;ind
the fleſh firmer. Milton.

NEED. f. [neob, Saxon; nood, Dittch.]
1. Exigency ;
prtfling diſhcuhy ; neifinty.Shakʃpeare.
2. Want ; diſtreſsful poverty. Shakſp.
3. Want ; Lck of any thing for uſe. Baker.

To NEED. v. a. To want ; to lack. Matr,

To NEED. v. n.
1. To be wanted ; to be necelLiry. S^crf.
2. To have necelhty of any thing. Luke.

NEE'DER. ʃ. [from need.] One that wants
a.nv thing. Shakʃpeare.

NEE'DFUL. a. [need zrA fu'i] NVceir^ry ;
indir^enfably rcquiſite. Common Prayer.

NEE'DFULLY. ad. [from medſh/.j Necd-
farily. Jja:. Joer.

NEEDFULNESS. ʃ. [from neeafuf.] Nec-'

NEE'DILY. ad. [froni vf^^^.] In poverty; poorJv.

NEE'DINESS. ʃ. [from needy.] Want; poverty. Bacon.

NEE'DLE. ʃ. .[na:'t,l, Saxon.]
1. A ſmall iniliument pointed at one end

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1. Inftance of inattention.
2. Careleſs treatment.
3. Negligence ; frequency of neglect. Denham.
4. State of being unregarded Prior.

NEGLE'CTER. ʃ. [from a«5^/i<3.] One who

NEGLE'CTFUL. a. [negka in^fuV.]
1. Heedleſs ; carefeleſs ; inattent ve. Arbuthnot.
«. Treating with indifference. L c^f.

NEGLE'CTION. ʃ. [from neguEt.] The
ftace of being negligent.

NEGLE'CTFULLY. ad. [from neg'eafull
With heedleſs inattention.

NEGLIE'CTIVE. a. [from mgleSf.] Inattentive
to, or regardleſs of. King Charles.

NEGLIGENCE. ʃ. [neg/igerce, Fr. «egli.
gentiu, Latin.] Habit of omitting by heed,
leirntls, or of acting careleſly. -^h-kejp.

NE'GLIGENT. a. [negligent, Fr. neghgens,,
1. Careleſs ; heedleſs ; habitually inattentive.
2. Chron.
2. Careleſs of any particular. Baruch,
3. Scornfully regardieſs, Swift.

NE'GLIGENTLY. ad. [from negligent ]
1. Careleſsly i
heedleſsly ; without exactueſs. Bacon.
3. With ſcornful inat'ention.

To NEGO'TIATE. v. r. [mgocirrt French.]
To have intercouric of buſineſs ; to traffick
; to treat. Bacon.

NEGOTIA'TION. ʃ. [negoration^ Fr. from
neg tiate.] Treaty of bulueſs. Hoiu.

NEGOTIATOR. ʃ. [negoaateur^ Fr. from
negotiate,'\ One employed to treat with
others. ii'uift,

NEGO'TIATING. a. [from mgniate.]
Employed in ntgotiation.

NE^ORO. ʃ. [Spaniſh ; ncgrcy French ] A
blackmoore, Brown.

NEIF. ʃ. [jieji, Iſlandick ; neefy Scott.ſh.]

To NEIGH. v. n. [hnassari, Saxon.) To
utter the voice of a horſe. Smith.

NEIGH. ʃ. [from the verb.] The voice of
an horſe. Shakʃpeare.

NEI'GHBOUR. ʃ. [nthjebuji, Saxon.]
1. One who hves near to another. Claren.
2. Qoc who lives in familiarity with another.Shakʃpeare.
3. Any thing next or near. Shakʃpeare.
4. Intimate \ confidant. Shakʃpeare.
5. [In divinity.] One partaking of the
fame nature, and therefore entitled to good
offires. Sprott.

To NEIGHBOUR. v. a. [from the noun.]
To adjoin to ; to confine on. Shakʃpeare.

NEIGHBOURHOOD. ʃ. [tiomne.ghbour.]
1. PJace adjoining. Addiſ^n.
z^ State of oting neat each other. Swift.

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3. Thoſe that live within reach of communication.

NEI'GHBOURLY. a. [from neighbour. 1 Becoming
a neighbour ; kind ; civil. Arbuthnot.

NEI'GHBOURLY. ad. [from neighbour.]
With fecial civility.

NEI'THER. conjunci. [napJS ja, Saxon. »c
1. Not either. A particle uſed in the firſt
branch of a negative ſentence, and anſwered
oy nor ; as, fight neither with ſmall nor
great. i Kings.
2. It is ſometimes the ſecond branch of a
negative or prohibition to any fentence ; as,
ye ſhall not eat of it, neither fliail ye touc-h
it. Geneſis.

NEI'THER. ʃ.>ro«(j«a. Not either ; nor one
nor otht^r. Dryden.

NEO'PHYTE. ʃ. [neophyte, Fr. veoj and
^juſw.] One regenerated; a convert,

NEOTE'RICK. a. [neotericus, Latin.] Modern ; novel ; late. Grew.

NEP. ʃ. [nepefa, Latin.] An herb.

NE'PENTHE. ʃ. [v^' and TrivS®-.] A drug
that drives away all pains. Pope. .

NE'PHEW. ʃ. [nepos, Latin i nevet^,¥r.]
1. The ſon of a brother or ſiſter. Locke.
2. The grand ſon. Out of uſe. Hooker.
3. Ddſcendant, however diſtant. Out of

NEPHRI'TICK. a. [v£cf>g Jik(^ ; mfbreujt/s,
1. Belonging to the organs of urine,
2. Troubled with the iiuRe. Arbuthnot.
5. Good og-iinfl the (ione. Woodward.

NE'POTISM. ʃ. [w^Z-oMytt!', French.] Fondneſs
for nephews. Addiſon.

NERVE. ʃ. [^nefvui, Latin.] The nerves are
the organs of ſt- mation paſſing from the brain
to ill parts at the body. Shakʃpeare.
1. It is uſed by the poets for ſinew or tendon. Pope.

NERVELESS. a. [from w^rt/^.] Without
ft'ength. Dunciad,

NE'RVOUS. a. [nerwfus, Latin.]
1. Well ſtrung ; ſtrong ; vigorous. Pope. .
2. Relating to the nerves.
3. Having weak or diſeaſed nerves. Cheyne.

NE'RVY. a. [from net ve.j Strong; vigorous.Shakʃpeare.

NE'SCIENCE. ʃ. [from nefcio, Latin.] Ignorance
; the ſtate of not knowing. Granville.

NESH. a. [nepc, Saxon.] Soft ; eaſily hurt.

1. Attermination added to an adjective to
change it into a ſubliantive, denoting /?<2ic
or quality ; as, poiſonous, poiſonouſneſs j'from
nipj-e, Saxon.
2. The termination of many names of
places where there is a headland or pro-
.montory ;
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montory; from nepe, Saxon. a headland ;
as Inverness.

Nest. ʃ. [n^j-r, Saxon.]
1. The bed formed by the bird for incubation. Deuterommy.
2. Any place where animals are produced. Berkley.
3. An abode ; place of reſidence. Shakſp.
4. A warm cJof'e habitation. Spenſer.
5. Boxes or drawers ; little pockets or conveniences.

To NEST. v. n. [from the noun.] To build
neſts. Jlozvef.

NE'STEGG. ʃ. [rejl and egg.] An egg
left in the neſt. Hudibras.

To NESTLE. 1'. H. [from nej}.'^ To ſettle ; to harbour. Bacon.

To NESTLE. i'. a.
1. To houſe, as ih a neſt. Donne.
2. To cheriſh, as a bird her young. Chapman.

NE'STLING. ʃ. [from nej}le.] A bird juſt
taken out of the neſt.

NET. ʃ. [nati, Gothick ; net, Saxon.] A
texture woven with large interſtices or
meſhfs. Taylor.

NE'THER. a. [necJSer, Sax. neder, Dut.]
1. Lower ; not upper. Peacham, Dryden.
2. Being in a lower place. Milton.
3. Lifernal ; belonging to the regions below. Dryden.

NETHERMOST. f. [ſuperLof nether.]
Lowe It. Pſalms.

NE'TTLE. ʃ. [netel, Saxon.] A flinging
herb well known.

To NE'TTLE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
fting ; to irritate. Berkley.

NETWORK. ʃ. [net and tvork.] Any
thing reticulated or decuſlated, at equal
diſtancees. Spenſer.

NE'VER. ad^ [ne ever, naeppe, Saxon.]
1. At no time.
2. In no degree. South.
3. It ſeems in ſome phraſes to have the
Tenfe of an adjective. Not any. Matthew.
4. It is much uſed in compoſition ; as, nea/
friending, having no end. Milton.

NE'VERTHELESS. ad. [never the lej:.]
Notwithſtanding that. Bacon.

NEUROLOGY. f. [v-fJpovand TvoVof.] A
deſcription of the nerves,

NEU'ROrOMY. ʃ. [vsypev andTE^va;.]
The anatomy oF the nerves.

NEUTER. a.^Kcuter, Latin; neutre^Yt.]
1. Indifferent ; not engaged on either ſide. Addiſon.
2. [la grammar.] A nouiy^^pjj^ies
no Tex. ^fj^Dryden.

NEUTER. ʃ. One indifferent and unengaged. Addiʃon.

NEUTRAL. a. [neulral, Fr.]
1. Indifferent ; not cnggKd on either ſide, w Bacon.

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2. Neither good nor bad. Davies.
3. Neither acid nor alkaline. Arbuthnot.

NEUTRAL. ʃ. One who does not a<^ nor
engage on either iide. Bacon.

NEUTRALITY. ʃ. [neutralue, Fr.]
1. A ſtate of indifference, of neither
friendship nor hoſtility. Addiſon.
2. A ſtate between good and evil. Donne.

NEUTRALLY. ad. [from ;7fafra/. ; Indifferently.

NEW. a. [nci.Lyd, Welſh ; neop, Saxon ;
neuf, Fr.]
1. Not old ; freſh. Burnet.
2. Modern. Temple.
3. Not antiquated ; having the effect of
novelty. Pope.
4. Not habituated. Hooker.
5. Renovated ; repaired, ſo as to recover
the firſt ſtate. Bacon.
6. Freſh after any thing. Dryden.
7. Not of ancient extraction. Addiſon.

NEW. ad. This is uſed in compoſition for
nenvl^f. Sidney, Cowley.

NEWFA'NGLED. a. [new and fangle.]
Formed with vain or fooliſh love of novelty. Atterbury.

NEWFA'NGLEDNESS. ʃ. / [from «.w-

NEWFA'NGLENESS. ʃ. fargled.] Vain
and fooliſh love of novelty. Sidney.

NEWEL. ʃ. -.
1. The compaſs round which the ſtaircafe
is carried. Bacon.
2. Novelty. Spenſer.

NE'WING. ʃ. Yeft. Ainsworth.

NE'WLY. ad. [from «iw.] Freſhly ; lately-. Spenſer.

NE'WNESS. ʃ. [from «f7y.] Freſh neſs ;
lateneſs ; novelty ; recentneſs ; ſtate of
being new. Sidney, South.

NEWS. ʃ. without the Angular, [from we^y ;
nouveites, Fr.]
1. Freſh account of any thing. Waller.
2. Papers which give an account of the
tranſactions of the preſent times. Pope. .

NE'WS-MONGER. ʃ. [news and monger.
One whoſe employment it is to hear and
to tell news. Shakʃpeare.

NEWT. ʃ. [Newt is ſuppoſed by Shnner to
be contracted from an evet.] 'Eft ; ſmall
lizard. Shakʃpeare.

NEW-YEAR'S-GIFT. ʃ. Prefcnt' made
on the firſt day of the year. Shakʃpeare, Stillingfleet.

NEXT. a. [nexr, Saxon.]
1. Neareſt m place. Bacon.
2. Neareſt in any gradation. Clarenden.

NEXT. ad. At the time or turn jrnmediacely
fucceeding. Addiſon.

NI'AS. ʃ. [niais, French.] Simple, ſilly,
and fooliſh. Berkley.

NIB. ʃ. [nchbe; Dutch.]
1. The bill or beak of a bird,
2. The point of a pvn, Denham.
4. N Nl'BBEC,

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NI'BBED. a. [from nib.^ Having a nib.

To Nl'BBLE. v. a. [from tii'b, the beak or
1. To bite by little at a time ; to cat ſlowly.
- Shakʃpeare, Clarendon.
2. To bite a^ a fiſh does the bait. Gay.

To NI'BBLE. i>. n.
1. To bite at. Shakʃpeare.
4. To cai-p at ; to find fault with. Milton.

KIBBLER. ʃ. [from nibble.] One that
bites by little at a time.

NICE. a. [nepe, Saxon. loft.]
1. Accurate in judgment to minute exactpeſs.
It is often uſed to expreſs a culpable
delicacy. Sidney.
2. Scrupulouſly and minutely cautious.Shakʃpeare.
3. Faftidiously ſqueamiſh. Milton.
4. Easy injured ; delicate.
5. FjyTmed with minute exactneff. Addiſon.
7. Refined. Milton.

NI'CELY. ad. [from race.]
1. Accurately ; riimutely ; ſcrupulouſly.
2. Delicately, Atterbury.

NI'CENESS. ʃ. [from nice,]
1. Accuracy ; minute exactnef?, Dryden.
1. Superfluous delicacy or exactneſs. Sidney.

NI'CETY. ʃ. [from nice.]
1. Minute accuracy. Prior.
2. Accurate performance. Addiſon.
3. Faftidious delicacy ; ſqueamiſhneſs. Spenſer.
4. Minute obſervation ; pundlilious diſcrimination
; ſubtilty. Locke.
5. Delicate management ; cautious treatment. Swift.
6. Effeminate ſoftneſs.
7. Niceties in the plural, dainties or delicacies
in eating.

NICHAR. ʃ. A pla-nt. Milton.

NICh'E. j'.' [French.] A hollow in which
a ſtatue may be placed. Wotton.

NICK. ʃ. [nicke^ Teutonick, the twinkling
of an eye.]
3. Exaft point of time at which there is
neceirity or convenience. Suckling.
2. A notch cut in any thing.
3. A ſcore ; a reckoning. Shakʃpeare.
4. A winning throw. Prior.

To NICK. . a. [from the noun.]
1. To hit ; to touch luckily ; to perform
by ſome flight artifice. Hudibras.
s. To cut in nicks or notches.Shakʃpeare.
3. To ſuit, as tallies cut in nicks.
4. To defeat or cczen. Shakʃpeare.

NICKNAME. ʃ. [nom de ni^ue, Freijch.]

A name given in ſcoff or contempt. Ben. Johnſon.

To NICKNA'ME. v. a.i To call by aa
opprobrious appellation. Denham.

To NI'CTATE. v. a. [niBo, Latin.] To
wink. Ray.

NIDE. ʃ. [tndus, Latin.] A brood : as, a
nide of pheaſants,

NI'DGET. ʃ. [corrupted from nithing or
niding.] Camden.

NIDIFICA'TION. ʃ. [nidificatio,hn\n..
The act of building neſts. Denham.

NI'DING. rt. [from ni«, Saxon. vileneſs.]
Niding^ an old Engliſh word ſignifying abject,
baſe minded. Carew.

NIDO'ROUS. a. [nidoreux, from nidor.y
Reſembling the ſmell or taſte of roaſted
fat. Bacon.

NI'DOROSITY. ʃ. [from fiidorou5.-\ Eruſtation
with the taſte of undigefled roaflmeat.

NIDULA'TION. ʃ. [niduhr, Latin.] The
time of remaining in the nefl, Brown.

NIECE. ʃ. [niece, mef>cp, Fr. neptis^ Lat.]
The daughter of a brother or fifler.

NIGGARD. ʃ. [ninggr, Iſlandick.] A miſer
; a cuririudgeon. Sidney.

NI'GGARD. a. Sordid ; avaricious ; parcimonious,
£Dryden, Shakʃpeare.

To NI'GGARD. v. a. [from the noun.]
To flint. Shakʃpeare.

NI'GGARDISH. a. [from niggard,^ Having
ſome diſpoſition to avarice.

NI'GGARDLINESS. ʃ. [from niggardly.]
Avarice ^ ſordid parcimony. Addiſon.

NIGGARDLY. a. [from niggard.] Avaricious
; ſordidly parcimonious. Hall, Dryden, Sidney.

NI'GGARDLY. ad. Sparingly ; parcimoniouſly.Shakʃpeare.

NIGGARDNESS. ʃ. [fromtt niggard.] Avarice
; ſordid parcimony. Sidney.

NIGH. prep, [nyh, Saxon.] At no great
diſtancee from. Garth.

NIGH. ad.
1. Not at a great diſtancee, John. Phil,
2. To a place near. Milton.

NIGH. a.
1. Near; not diſtant ; not remote. Prior,
2. Allied cloſely by blood. Knolles.

To NIGH. v. n. [from the particle.] To
approach ; to advance ; to draw near. Spenſer.

NI'GHLY. ad. [from nigh the adjective.]
Nearly ; within a little. Locke.

NI'GHNESS. ʃ. [from nigh, ] Nearneſs ; proximity.

NIGHT. ʃ. [naiitSi Gothick ; nihc. Sax.]
The time of darkneſs; the time from
fun-ſet to fun-rife. Shakʃpeare. Craſhaio,

To-NIGHT. adverbially. In this night ;
at this night. ^of,


NIGHTBRA'WLER. ʃ. [mgb( and irau-ler.
; One who raiſes diſturbances in the
night. Shakʃpeare.

NI'GHTCAP. ʃ. [night and cap.] A ci.
worn in bed, or in undreſs. Swift.

NI'GHTCROW. ʃ. [nigbt and crciv.] A
bird that cries in the night. Shakʃpeare.

NI'GHTDEW. ʃ. [right and de-cv.] Dew
that wets the ground in the night, Dryden.

NI'GHTDOG. ʃ. [night and dog.] A dog
that hunts m the night. Shakʃpeare.

NI'GHTDRESS. ʃ. The dreſs worn ac night. Pope.

NI'GHTED. a. [from night.] Darkened ;
clouded ; black. Shakʃpeare.

NI'GHTFAREING. ʃ. [night and fare.]
Travelling in the night. Gay.

NI'GH IFIRE. ʃ. [raght and fre.] Ignis
fatous ; Will-aWiſp. Heriert.

NI'GHTFLY. ʃ. [mght and/y.] Moth
that flies in the night. Shakʃpeare.

NI'GHTFOUNDERED. ʃ. [from night and
founder.] Loft or diſtreſſed in the night. Milton.

NIGHTGOWN. f. [night itx^ gown.] A
looſe gown uſed for an undreſs. Pope. .

NI'GHTHAG. ʃ. [nigkt and hag.] Witch
ſuppoſed to wander in the night. Milton.

NI'GHTINGALE. ʃ. [from night, and ga-
Ian, Saxon, to fing.]
1. A ſmall bird that fings in the night
with remarkable melody ; Phiſomel. Shak.
1. A word of endearment. Shakʃpeare.

NIGHTLY. ad. [from night.]
\. By night. Addiſon.
1. Every night. Shakʃpeare.

NIGHTLY. a. [from right.] Done by
night ; ading by night. Dryden.

NI'GHTMAN. ʃ. [mght and tmn.] One
who carries away ordure in the night.

NI'GHTMARE. ʃ. [night, and according
to Temple. mara, a Ipirit.] A morbid oppreſſion
in the nigh^, reſembling the preſſurc
of weight upon the breart. Shakʃpeare, Arbuthnot.

NI'GHTPIECE. ʃ. [n:ght 2 and piece.] A
picture ſo coloured as to be luppoſed (ten
by candle light. Addiſon.

NIGHTRAIL. ʃ. [night and reji, Saxon.
a gown.] A looſe cover thrown over the
drels at night. Addiſon.

NI'GHTRAVEN. ʃ. [night in6 ra^en.] A
bird ſuppjfed of ill omen, that cries loud
in the night. Spenſer.

NI'GHTRULE. ʃ. [mght and ru!e.] A tumult
in the night. Shakʃpeare.

NI'GHTSHADE. ʃ. [mht pcaba, Saxon.]
A plant of two kinds, common and deadly
cight.ſhade. Milton.

NI'GHTSHINING. ʃ. [night and ſhine.]
Shewing br:ghtnel.s in the night.

NI'GHTWALK. ʃ. [raght and walk.] W^lk
in the night.

NI'GHTWALKER. ʃ. [night and waJk]

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One who roves in the night upon iJ] de«
'''gns- Afcham.

NI'GHTWARBLING. [»/^Arand warble..
Singing in the night. Milton.

NI'GHTWARD. a. [night and laard.] Approaching
towards night. Milton.

NI'GHTWATCH. ʃ. [night and tuatch. ; A period of the night as diſtinguiſhed by
change of the watch. Pſalms.

NIGRE'SCENT. a. [nigreſcens, Latin.] Growing black.

NIGRIFICA'TION. ʃ. [niger ^nifacio. 7
The act of making black.

NIHI'LITY. ʃ. [nibi/ite, Fr. nihilum,Ut.l
Nothingneſs. fTatts,

To NILL. v. a. [from ne will.] Not to
will ; to refuſe. Ben. Johnſon.

NILL. ʃ. The ſhining ſparks of braſs in
trying and melting the ore.

To NIM. ʃ. a. [ncmen, Dutch, to take.l
To ſteal. Hudibra^.

NI'MBLE. a. [Uoxnnim.] Quick ; active ;
ready ; ſpecdy ; lively ; expeditious. Spenʃ.

NI'MBLENESS. ʃ. [frovcv nimble.] Quickneſs
; activity ; ſpeed. Hooker.

NI'MBLEWITTED. a. [nimble ^ni iuit.]
; eager to ſpeak. Bacon.

NI'MBLY. ad. [from nimble.] Quickly \
ſpeedily ; actively. Davies. Btyle,

NI'MBLESS. ʃ. Nimbleoeſs. Spenſer.

NI'MIETY. ʃ. [nimietas, ſchool Latin.]
The ſtate of being ton much.

NI'MMER. ʃ. [from nim.] A thief ; a pil.

NI'NCOMPOOP. ʃ. [corruption of the Lat.
nvn compos.] A fool ; a tr;fier. Addiſon.

NINE. ʃ. [nijon, Saxon.] One more than

NI'XEFOLD. ʃ. [nine and fold.] Nine
times. Alhon. Gay.

NI'NEPINS. ʃ. [nine and p-.n.] A play
where nine pieces of wood are let up on
th.- ground to be thrown down by a bowl. Peacham.

NI'NESCORE. a. [nim and ſcore.] Nine
times twenty. Addiſon.

NI'NETEEN. a. [n: 3 -^ntyne, Saxon.] Nine
and ten.

NINETEENTH. a. [rijonrer JSa, Saxon.]
The ordinal of ninetctn ; the ninth after
the tenth,

NINETY. a. [hua'anisor.rij, Saxon.]
Nine times ten.

NINTH. a. [ne^^a, Saxon.] That which
precedes the tenth. Bacon.

NI'NTIETH. a. [hun&'-,i5onteo2;o£i. Sax.]
The tenth nine times told.

NI'NNY. ʃ. [ninno, a child, Spaniſh.] A
fool ; a ſimpleton. Swift.

NI'NNYHAMMER. ʃ. [from ninny.] A
ſimpleton, Addiſon.

To NIP. v. a. [nijpen, Dutch.]
1. To pinch ot^' with the nails ; to bite
with the teeth. Bacon.
4. N ; a. Tq

1. To cut off by any flight means. Mortimer.
2. To blaſt ; to deſtroy before full growth. Arbuthnot.
4. To pinch as froſt. Shakʃpeare.
5. To vex; to bite. Spenſer.
6. To ſatirife ; to ridicule ; to taunt farcaſtically.

NIP. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A pinch with the nails or teeth.
2. A ſmall cut. Shakʃpeare.
3. A blaſt. Sidney.
4. A taunt ; a ſarcaſm.

NITI'ER. ʃ. [from «//>.] A fathift.

NI'PPERS. ʃ. [from »//>.] Small pincers.

NI'PPINGLY. ad. [from nip,'] With bitter

NI'PPLE. ʃ. [nypele, Saxon.] > 1. The teat ; the dug. R^y'
3. The orifice at which any animal hquar
is ſeparated. Denhanj.

NI'PPLEWORT. ʃ. [Lawpjar.a.] A very
common weed.

NISI PRIUS. ʃ. [In law.] A judicial
writ, which lieth in caſe where the inqueſt
is panelled, and returned before the juliices
of the bank ; the one party or the other
making petition to have this writ for the
eaſe of the country. It is ſo called from
the firſt words of the writ, vifi apud talem
locum priui venen- 1.

NIT. ʃ. [hnitu, Saxon.] The egg of a
louſe. Denham.

NI'TENCY. ʃ. [nitentia, Latin.]
1. Luſtre ; clear brightneſs.
2. [From >2/W.] Endeavour ; ſpring. Boyle.

NI'THING. ʃ. A coward, daflard, poltroon.

NI'TIDo. a. [n'ltidui, Lat.] Bright ; ſhining
; luiirous. Boyle.

NI'TRE. ʃ. [nitre, Fr. mtrum, Lat.] The
fait which we know at this time, under
the name of nitre or falt-petre, is a cryfr
talline pellucid, but ſomewhat whitiſh ſubſtance,
of an acrid and bittenſh taſte, imprelling
a peculiar ienit of co!dn«fs upon
the tongue. This fait, though it afiord',
ky means of fire, an acid ſpirit capable of
pwTolving almoſt every thing, yet maniteHs
no ſign of its containing any acid at
all in Its crude ſtare, Nure is of the number
of tlrfefalts which are naturally blended
in imperceptible particles in earths,
liones, as the particles of metals in their
ores. The earth from which nitre is made,
b'^th in Perlia and the Eaſt-Indies, is a
kind of yellowiſh marl found in the bare
cliff's of the fidsfs of kills expoled to the
Rorthein and eaſtern Wiods^ From this

marl the fait is ſeparated by water ; hni
the cryſtals into which it ſhoots, as we receive
them from the Eaſt-Indies,are ſmall,
imperfect, and impure. Earths of whatever
kind, moiſtened by the dung and excrement
of animals, frequently afford »/-
tre in large quantities. The earths at the
bottom of pigeonhouſes, and thoſe of ſtables
and cow-houſes, all afford nitre, on
being thrown into water and boiled. In
France, where very little n/'/r^ is imported,
they make it from the rubbiſh of old mortar
and plaifter of buildings. There is no
queſtion but a manufactory of nitre might
be eftabliſhed in England to as much advantage
as that of France. The natrum
or nitre of the ancients, is a genuine, native,
and pure fait, extremely different
from our nitre, and from all other native.
falts ; being a fixed alkali.

NI'TROUS. a. [ritreux, Fr, from nitre.]
Impregnated with nitre. Blackmore.

NI'TRY. a. [from nitre.] Nitrous. Gay.

NITTILY. ad. [from «/^0' 3 Loufily.

NI'TTY. a. [from nit.] Abounding with
the eggs of lice,

NI'VAL. a. [nivalisJ Latin.] Abounding
with Inow, Di£i,

NI'VEOUS. a. [ni'veuSy Lat.] Snowy, Brow.

NI'ZY. ʃ. A dunce ; a ſimpleton.

NO. ad. [na, Saxon.]
1. The word of refuſal. Calamy.
2. The word of denial. Bacon.
3. It ſometimes ſtrengthens a following
negative ; no not. Waller.
No. a.
1. Not any ; none. Pope. .
2. No one ; none ; not any one. Smalridge.

To NOBI'LITATE. v. a. [mbilito, Latin.]
To make noble.

NOBI'LITY. ʃ. [tiMitas, Latin.]
1. Aotiquity of family joined with ſplendour. Dryden.
2. Rank or dignity of ſeveral degrees,
conferred by ſovereigns. Nobility in England
is extended to five ranks ; duke, marquis,
earl, viſcount. baron.
3. The perſons of high rank. Shakʃpeare.
4. Dignity ; grandeur. greatneſs. Sidney.

NO'BLE. a. [noble, Fr. mbilis, Lat.]
1. Of an ancient and ſplendid family,
2. Exalted to a rank above commonalty. Dryden.
3. Great; worthy; illuſtrious. Milton.
4. Exalted ; elevated ; ſubhme, Dryden.
5. Magnificent ; ſlately.
6. Free ; generous ; liberal.
7. Principal ; capital : as, the heart is
one of the nsbls parts,

NO BLE. ʃ.
1. One of high rank, Bacon.
2. A

1. A coin rated at fix Hiillings and eightpence. Camden, Bacon.

NO'BLE iiverwort. [Hepattca.] A plane.

NO'BLEMAN. ʃ. [noBIi and man.] One
who 18 ennobled. Dryden.

NOBLENESS. ʃ. [from rol^le.]
1. Greatneſs ; worth; dignity ; magnanimity. Shakʃpeare, Taylor.
7. Splendour of defecnt.

NO'BLESS. ʃ. [r,ci>:cjfe, Fr.].
1. Nobility. This word is not now uſed. Spenſer.
2. Dignity ; greatneſs. Ben. Johnson.
3. Noblemen collectively. Shakʃpeare.

NO'BLY. ad. [from nohle.]
1. Of ancient and ſplendid extraction. Dryden.
2. Greatly ; illuſtriouſly. Shakʃpeare.
3. Grandly ; ſplendidly. Addiſon.

NO'BODY. ʃ. [as and'^c^^.] No one ;
not any one. Clarenden.

NO'CENT. a. [nceens, Latin.]
1. Guilty; criminal. Bacon.
2. Hurtful; miſchievous. Milton.

NOCK. ʃ. [ncechia, Italian.]
1. A ſlit ; a nick ; a notch.
2. The fundament. Hudibras.

NOCTA'MBULO. ʃ. [nox and ambulo, Lat.]
One who walks in his ſleep. Arbuthnot.

NOCTI'DIAL. a. [noBis and diei.] Comprinng
a night and a day. Holder.

NOCTI FERGUS. a. [nox^ndfero.] Bringing

NOCTI'VaGANT. a. [noai'vagui, Latin.]
Wandering in the night,

NO'CTUARY. ʃ. [from ncSiU^Lat.] An
account of what pafles by night. Spe^ator,

NO'CTURN. ʃ. [noaurne, Fr. noaumus,
Latin.] An office of devotion performed
in the night. Stillingfleet.

NOCTURNAL. a. [ncaurnus, Uun.]
Nightly. Dryden.

NOCTU'RNAL. ʃ. An inſtrumentby which
obſervations are made in the night.

To NOD. v. n. [Of uncertain derivation.]
I- To decline the head with a quick motion.Shakʃpeare.
2. To pay a flight bcw. Shakʃpeare.
3. To bend downwards with <juick motion.
4. To be drowſy. Addiſon.

NOD. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A quick declination of the head. Locke.
2. A quick declination. Shakʃpeare.
3. The motion of the head in drowſineſs. Locke.
^. A flight obeifance. Shakʃpeare.

NODA'TION. ʃ. [from r.odo.] The act
of making knots.

NO'DDER. ʃ. [from nJ^.] One who makes
nods. Pope.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


NO'DDLE. ʃ. [hnol, Saxon.] A head ; in
contempt. Ben. Johnson. SlUUngfleet,

NO DDY. ʃ. [from r.audm, F.cnch. ; A ſimpleton
; ar. idiot. L'Eſtrange.

NODE. ʃ. [^nudui, Lat.]
1. A knot ; a knob.
2. A ſwelling on the bone, Wifitnant
3. Interfection. Holder.

NODO'SITY. ʃ. [from nodoJui,- Lat.] Complication
; knot. Brown.

NO'DOUS. a. [ncdofus, Lit,} Kn ttvj full
of knots. Brown.

NO'DULE. ʃ. [nodulus, Latin.] A ſmall
-ump. Woodward.

NO'GGEN. a. Hard ; rough ; harſh.
E Ciipe of King Charles.

NOGGIN. ʃ. [r.ojfel, German.] A ſmall
mug. Arbuthnot.

NOl'ANCE. ʃ. [See Annoiance ] Mif«
chief; inconvenience. Shakʃpeare.

To NOIE. v. a. To annoy. Ah old word
difufdd. Tuſſer.

NOI'ER. ʃ. [from no;>.] One who annoys.

NOI'OUS. <7. [«o/o/o, Italian.] Hurtful ;
miſchievous. Spenſer.

NOISE. ʃ. [noiſe, Fr.]
1. Any kind of found. Bacon.
2. Outcry; clamour; boaſting or importunate
talk. Baker.
3. Occafion of talk. Addiſon.

To NOISE. ʃ. n. [from the noun, l To
ſound loud. Milton.

To NOISE. v. a. To ſpread by rumour,
or report. Luke, Wotton, Berkley.

NOISEFUL. a. [noiſe end ful/.] Loud ;
clamorous. Dryden.

NOI'SELESS. a. [from noiſe.] Silent ;
without found. Shakʃpeare.

NOISINESS. ʃ. [from noify.] Loudneſs
of lound.

NOI'SEMAKER. ʃ. [noiſe and maker.] Clamourc:-.


NOI'SOME. a. [noiofo, Italian,; 1. Noxious; miſchievous; unwholeſome. Hooker.
2. Offenſive
; diſguſting. Shakʃpeare.

NOISOMELY. ad. [from noiſome.] With
a ſcetid ſtench ; with an infectious ſte.m.

NOISOMENESS. ʃ. [from mtſome.] Aptneſs
to diſguſt ; offenſiveneſs. South.

NOI'SY. a. [from «:;>.]
1. Sounding loud.
2. Clamorous ; turbulent. Smith.

NOLL. ʃ. [hnol, Saxon.] A head ; a noddle. Shakʃpeare.

NOLI tfte tangere, [Lat.]
1. Kind of cncerous ſwelling.
2. A plant. Mortimer.

NOLI'TION. ʃ. [nohao, Lat.] Unwillingnsl^'.

NO'AIBLES. ʃ. The entrails of a deer.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


N'OMENCLA'TOR. ʃ. [Lat. nomendateur,
Fi.] One who calls things or perſons by
their proper names, Addiſon.

NOMENCLA'TURE. ʃ. [nomenclature^ Fr.
nomendaturay Lat.]
3. The act of naming. Bacon.
a. A vocabulary ; a dictionary. Brown.

NOMINAL. a. [mminalisy Latin.] Refering
to names rather than to th ngs. Locke.

NO'MINALLY. ad. [from votninal.] By
name ; titularly.

To NO'MINATE. v. a. [nomino, Latin.]
1. To name ; to mention by name. Wotton.
2. To entitle. Spenſer.
3. To ſet down ; to appoint by name.Shakʃpeare.

NOMINA'TION. ʃ. [nomination, Fr. from
nominate, ]
1. The act of mentioning by name. Wotton.
7. The pi.wer of appointing. Clarenden.

NOMINATIVE. [nominatify Fr.] The
caſe that primarily deſignates the name
of any thing.

NON. v. a. [Latin.] Not. It is never
uſed ſepara'ely, but ſometimes prefixed to
words with a negative power. Pierce.

NO'NAGE. ʃ. [non and age.] Minority ;
time of life before legal maturity.
Crap'aio. Hale.

NONCE. ʃ. [Tha original of this word is
uncertain.] Purpoſe ; intent ; deſign.


NONCONFO'RMITY. ʃ. [non and corformity.]
1. Refuſal of compliance. Watts.
2. Refuſal to join in the eftabliſhed religion. South.

NONCONFO'RMIST. ʃ. [non and conformijl.]
One who refuſes to join in the eftabliſhed
worſhip. Swift.

NONE. a. [ne ane. Sax.]
1. Not one. Addiſon.
2. Not any, Fenian.
3. Not other, Geneſis.
4. None of ſometimes Cgnifies only emphaticsliy
not, Pſalms.

NONE'NTITY. ʃ. [non and entity.]
1. Nonexiſtence, Berkley.
2. A thing not exiſting. South.

NONEXI'STENCE. ʃ. [non and exiſtence.]
Inexiſtence ; ſtate of not exiſting. Brown.

NONJU'RING. a. [non and jurOy Latin.]

JSilonging to thoſe who will not ſwear allegiance
to the Hanoverian family. Swift.

NONJU ROR. ʃ. [from non and juror.]
One who who conceiving James II. unjuſtly
depoſed, refuſes to ſwear allegiance tp
thoſe who have ſucceeded him.

NONNATURALS. ʃ. [non naturalla> ]
Fhvficiafis reckon theſeto be Cxi, viz, air,

meat and drink, ſleep and watchiflg, motion
and reſt, retention and excretion, and
the paſſions of the mind. Brown.

NONPAREIL. ʃ. [nonandpareil,Yr.]
1. Excellence unequalled. Shakʃpeare.
2. A kind of apple.
3. Printers letter of a ſmall ſize, on which
ſmall Bibles and Common Prayers are printed.

NONPLUS. f. [«o« and /./«!, Lat.] Puzzle
; mability to fay or do more. South, Locke.

To NO'NPLUS. v. a. [from the noun.]
To cenfound ; to puzzle. Hudibras, South.

NONRE'SIDENCE. ʃ. [non and reſidence..
Failure of reſidence. Swift.

NONRE'SIDENT. ʃ. [tion and refdent.]
One who negleds to live at the proper
place. Swift.

NONRESI'STANCE. ʃ. [non and rejiſtance.]
The principle of not oppofing the
king ; ready obedifn:e to a'ſuperiour.

NO'NSENSE. ʃ. [non and ſenſe.]
1. Unmeaning or ungrammatical language. Pope.
3. Trifles ; things of no importance. Thomfon.

NONSE'NSICAL. a. [from nonſenſe.] Unmeaning
; fooliſh. Ray.

NONSE'NSICALNESS. ʃ. [from nonſenfical]
Ungrammatical jargon.

NONSO'LVENT. ʃ. [non indfohent.] One
who cannot pay his debts.

NONSOLU'TION. ʃ. [non and folufiott.]
Failure of folution, Broome.

NONSPA'RING. a. [non and ſparing.]
Mercileſs ; all-deſtroying. Shakʃpeare.

To NONSUIT. -y. ^. [nomndſuit.] To
deprive of the benefit of a legal proceſs
for ſome failure in the management. Swift.

NOO'DLE. ʃ. [from noddle of noddy.] A
fool ; a ſimpleton.

NOOK. ʃ. [from een hoecky German.] A
corner. Davies.

NOON. ʃ. [non, Sax.]
1. The middle hour of the day. Dryden.
2. It is taken for midnight. Dryden.

NOONDAY. ʃ. [noon and day.] Midday.Shakʃpeare.

NOO'NDAY. a. MerictionaL Addiſon.

NOO'NING. ʃ. [from noon.] Repoſe at

NOO'NTIDE. ʃ. [noonz-ndtide.] Midday.Shakʃpeare.

NOO'NTIDE. a. Merictional. Shakʃpeare.

NOOSE. ʃ. [nofada, entangled.] A running
knot which the more it is drawn
binds the cloſer. Sandys.

To NOOSE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
tie in a hoofe. Government of the Tongue.

NOPEo ʃ. A kifsd of bird csikd a bull-
^nch Q$ redtailt


J^OR. anjunSI. [ne er.]
1. A particle mat king the ſecond or ſubſequenc
branch of a negative propofuion.Shakʃpeare.
2. Two negatives are ſometimes joined,
but ill. Shakʃpeare.
3. Nor isſometimes uſed in the firſt branch
lor neither ; as,
I nor Jovcmyfelf, nor thee. Ben. Johnſon.

NORTH. ʃ. [nopS, Saxon.] The point
oppofuc to the lun in the meridian.Shakʃpeare.

NORTH. a. Northern. Numbers.

NORTHEAST. ʃ. [n.ordooj}, Dutch.] The
point between the north and eaſt. Arbuthnot.

NO'RTHERLY. a. [from zorth.^ Being
towards the north. Denham.

NO'RTHERN. a. [from north.] Being in
the north. Shakʃpeare.

NORTHSTA'R. ʃ. [northing par. [The
poleftar. Shakʃpeare.

NO'RTHWARD. a. [vorth and peaj\.D,
Saxon.] Being towards the north.

NORTHWARD. ʃ. ad. [north and

NO'RTHWARDS. ^ ps3ja&, Saxon.]
Towards the north. Shakʃpeare.

NORTHWEST. f. [north and .-weji.] The
point between the north and weſt. Brown.

NORTHWI'ND. ʃ. [vorth and w.'W.] The
wind that blows from the north. Milton.

NOSE. ʃ. [na-pe, nopa, Sax.]
1. The prominence on the face, which is
the organ of ſcent and the emunſtory-of
the brain. Locke.
2. The end of any thing. Holder.
3. Scent ; fagacity. Collier.
4. To lead by the Nose. To drag by
force : as, a bear by his ring. To lead
blindly. Shakʃpeare.
5. To thruji one''i NosE into the affairs of
others. To be a buſy body.
6. To put one^s NosE out of joint.] To
put one out of the atteſtions of another.

To NOSE 1'. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſcent ; to ſmell. Shakʃpeare.
2. To face ; to oppoſe.

To NOSE. v. n. To look big ; to blufler.Shakʃpeare.

NOSE'BLEED. ʃ. [noſe and bleed.] A kind
of herb.

NO'SEGAY. ʃ.i [«c/> and^ar)'.] A pofie
; a bunch of flowers. Shakʃpeare, Pope. .

NO'SELESS. a. [from nofe.]
Wanting a nofe. Shakʃpeare.

NOSE SMART. ʃ. [noſe and ſmart.] The
herb creffes.

NO'SLE. ʃ'. [from rro/f.] The extremity of
a thing : as, the noſle of a pair of beilowF.

NO'SOLOGY. ʃ. [v»Ve;and^o>o;.] Doc-
Uiae of diſeaſes.


NOSOPOE'TICK. a. [vaVoj and Tra:?^,.]
Producing diſcafe:. Art-ut' ,.o'

NO'STRIL. ʃ. [nofe, an.^ «ypl, ahoJc, Sax. ; The cavity in the nofe. Bacon.

NOSTRUM. f [Latin.] A medicine nor
yet made publick, but remaining in ſome
ſingle hand. Stillingfleet.

NOT. ad. [ne auht, Saxon nict, Dutch.]
1. The particle of negation or refulal. Spenſer.
2. It denotes ceflfation or extindlioD. No

NO TABLE. ad. [notable, Fr, notabilis, Lat.]
1. Remarkable
; memorable ; obſervabie. Sidney. Clarendun.
2. Careful; buftllng. Add-.ſcr.

NOTABLENESS. ʃ. [from notable.] Appearance
of buſineſs.

NO'TABLY. ad. [from notable.]
1. M-mofibly ; remarkably. Bacon.
2. With conſequence ; with ſhow of importance. Addiʃon.

NOTARIAL. a. [from notary.] Takea
by a notary. Ayliffe.

NO'TARY. ʃ. [rtotaire, Fr. from notarius,
Latin.] An officer whole buſineſs it is to
take notes of any thing which may con--
cern the publick. Hooker.

NOTATION. ʃ. [notatio, Latin.]
1. The act or practice of recording any
thing by marks: as, by figures or letters. Cocker.
1. Meaning; ſignification. Hamm^.rJ.

NOTCH. ʃ. [r:occhia, Italian.] A nick ; a
hollow cut in any thing. Grew.

To NOTCH. v. a. [from the noun.] To
cut in ſmall hollows. Grew.

NOTCHWE'ED. ʃ. [notch and weed.] An
herb called orach.

NOTE. [for ne tnAe.] May not. Spenſer.

NOTE. ʃ. [nota, Lat. note, Fr.]
1. Mark; token. Hooker.
2. Notice ; heed. Shakʃpeare.
3. Reputation; conſequence. Abbot.
4. Reproach ; ſtigma. Shakʃpeare.
5. Account ; information ; inteii.-gerce.Shakʃpeare.
6. Tune; voice. Hooker.
7. Single found in muſick, Dryden.
8. State of being obſerved. Bacon.
9. Short hint; ſmall paper, Shakʃpeare.

JO. Abbreviation ; ſymbol, Baker.
11. A ſmall letter. Dryden.
12. Written paper. Swift.
13. A paper given in cOiifeflion of a
debt. Arbuthnot.
u. Exolanatory annotation. TtU'r.

NOTEBOOK. f. [ror- and ^0'...] .A book
in which notes and mcaaorandutns are letdown.Shakʃpeare.

To NOTE. v. a. [noto, Latin ; nottr, Fr. ;
1. To obſerve ; to rt.T.ark ; ;o heed ; tc
accend, w.-^.;.^:-.

2. To deliver ; to ſet down. Hooker.
3. To charge with a crime. Dryden.
4. [In muſick.] To ſet down the notes
of a tune.

NO'TED. fart. a. [from note.] Remarkable
; eminent ; celebrated. Boyle.

NOTER. ʃ. [from note.] He who takes

NOTHING. ʃ. [no and thing ; nathivg, Scottiſh.;
1. Negation of being ; nonentity; univerſal
negation ; oppoſed to ſomething. Berkley.
2. Nonexiſtence. Shakʃpeare.
3. Not any thing ; no particular thing. Addiʃon.
4. No other thing. Wake.
5. No quantity or degree. Clarenden.
6. No importance ; no uſe. Spenſer.
7. No poſſeſhon or fortune. Shakʃpeare.
8. No difficulty ; no trouble. Ray.
9. A thing of no proportion. Bacon.

JO. Trifle
; ſomething of no conſideration.Shakʃpeare.

IT. Nothing has a kind' of advefbial ſignification.
In no degree. Knolles.

NO'THINGNESS. ʃ. [from nothing.]
1. Nihility ; nonexif^ence. Donne.
2. Thing of no value. Hudibras.

NO'TICE. ʃ. [notice, Fr. notitia, Lat.]
1. Remark. ; heed ; obſervation ; regard. Locke.
2. Iriformation ; intelligence gTye'n or received.Shakʃpeare.

NOTIFICATION. ʃ. [notification^ French,
from notify. [Aft of making kfiown. Hold.

To NO'TIFY. v. a. [r.otifier, Fr. notifico.
Lat.] To declare ; to make known. Hooker. Whitgifte.

NO'TION. ʃ. [nation, Fr.]
1. Thought ; repreſentation of any thing
formed by the mind, JSfcivton.
2. Sentiment ; opinion. Atterbury, Shakʃpeare.

NO'TIONAL. a. [from notion.]
1. Imaginary; ideal. Prior.
2. Dealing in ideas, not realities. Glanville.

NOTIONA'LITY. ʃ. [from notional.]
Empty, ungrounded opinion. Glanville.

NO'TIONALLY. ad. [from notional.] In
idea ; mentally. Norris.

NOTORI ETY. ʃ. [noioricte\ Fr. from notorious.]
Publick knowledge ; publick expofure. Addiʃon.

NOTO'RIOUS. a. [rotorius, Lat. notoire,
Fr.] Publickly known ; evident to the
world; apparent ; not hidden. Whitgifte.

NOTO'RIOUSLY. ad. [from notorious.]
Publickly; evidently. Clarenden.

NOTO'RIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from notonoui.]
Publick ſame.

To NOTT. v. a. To ſhear. Ainſworth.

NO'TWHEAT. ʃ. [n^r and tuhcat.] Of
N o trwheat
there are two forts ; French, which
is bearded, and requireth the beſt foil, and
notwheat, ſo termed becauſeit is unbearded.

NOTWITHSTA'NDING. conj. This word
is properly a participial adjective, as it is
compounded of not and withſtanding, and
anſwers exactly to the Latin non ohjiante.]
1. Without hindrance or obſtruction from. Decay of Piety.
2. Although. Milton.
3. Nevertheleſs ; however. Hooker.

NO'TUS. f [Latin.] The ſouthwind. ikf/7.

NOVA'TION. ʃ. [novatio, Latin.] The
introduction of ſomething new.

NOVA'TOR. f [Latin.] The introducer
of ſomething new.

NOVEL. a. [novellui, Latin.]
1. New ; not ancient, King Charles,
2. [In the civil law.] Appendant to the
rode, and' of later <;naction, Ayliffe.

NO'VEL. ʃ. [nouveitcy French.]
1. A ſmall tale. Dryden.
2. A law annexed to the code. Ayliffe.

NOVELIST. ʃ. [from novel.]
1. Innova-torj aliertor of noVelty. Bacon.
2. A writer of novels.

NO'VELTY. ʃ. [nouveautiy French.] Newneſs ; ſtate of being unknown to former
times. Hooker.

NOFE'MEER. f [Latin.] The eleventh
month of the year, or the ninth reckoned
from March.

NO'VENARY. ʃ. [novenariui, Latin.]
Number of nine. Brown.

NOVE'RCAL. a. [novercalis, from nover.
ca, Latin.] Having the manner of a ſtepmother.

NOUGHT. ʃ. [ne auht, Sax.]
1. Not any thing ; nothing. Fairfax.
2. To ſet at nought ; not to value ; to
flight. Proverbs.

NO'VICE. ʃ. [no'vice, Fr. novitius, Latin.]
1. One not acquainted with any thing ; a
freſh man. Shakʃpeare.
2. One who has entered a religious houſe> but not yet taken the vow.

NO'VITIATE. ʃ. [noviciat, Fr.]
1. The ſtate of a novice; the time In
which the rudiments are learned. South.
2. The time ſpent in a religious houſe, by
way of trial, before the vow is taken.

NO'VITY. y. [novitas, L&t'm.] Newneſs ; novelty, Brown.

NOUL. The crown of the head. See Noil. Spenſer.

NOULD. Ne would ; would not. Spenſer.

NOUN. ʃ. [nom, French; ncmcn, Latin.]
The name of any thing in grammar. Clarke.

To NOU'RISH. v. a. [ſtourrier, French.]
nutrio, Lat.] '
1. To encreaſe or ſupport by food. Thomfon.
2. To ſupport ; to maintain. Shakʃpeare.
3. Ta

3. To encourage ; to ſoment. Hooker.
4. To train, or edccite. 1 Tim.
5. To promote gruwth or ſtrength, as food. Bacon.

To NOU'RISH. v. a. To gain nouriſhment.
Unuſual. Bacon.

NOU'RISHABLE. a. [from »o«/A] Sufc< rptive of njuriſhment. Grew.

NOU'RISHER. ʃ. [from nouriſh.] The per-
Ion or tjiing that nounllier.
V Shakʃpeare, Bacon.

NOU'RISHMENT. ʃ. [nour,J.ment, Fr.]
1. That which is given or received, in orricr
to the ſupport or cncrsaſe of growth or
ſtrength ; food ; ſuſtenance. Newton.
2. Nutrition; ſupport of ſtrength. M/-'r.
3. Suftentationj ſupply of things needful. Hooker.

NO'URISHING. ʃ. The nurſe ; the nurſling. Spenſer.

NOTRITURE. ʃ. [nourriture,Tienih.] Ed
Illation ; in'biution. Spenſer.

To NOU'SEL. v. a. To nurſe up. Spenſer.

NOW. ad. [nu, Saxon.]
1. At this time ; at the time preſent. Tillotſon.
2. A little while ago. Shakʃpeare.
3. At one time ; at another time. Pope. .
4. It is ſometimes a particle of connexion ;
as, if this be true, he is guilty ; now this
is true, therefore he is guilty. Rogers.
5. After this ; fince things are fo, in familiar
ſpeech, L'Eſtrange.
6. Now and then ; at one time and another
; uncertainly. Dryden.

KOW. ʃ. Preſent moment. Cowley.

NOWA'DAYS. ad. In the preſent age.

NO'WED. a. [noue, French.] Knotted; inwreathed. Bacon.

NOWES. ʃ. [from nou, old French.], The
marriage knot, Crjjhaiu.

NO'WHERE. ad. [no and where.] Not in
any place. Ti'lo'fon.

NO'WISE. ʃ. Not any manner or degree. Bailey.

NO'XIOUS. a. [noxius, Latin.]
1. Hurtful; harmful ; baneful. Brown.
2. Guilty ; criminal. BramhaU.

NO'XIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from ;;e./o«:.] Hurtfuiner:
; infalubrity. Hammond.

NO'XIOUSLY. ad. [from ncxious.] Hurtfully
; perniciouſly,

NO'ZLE. ʃ. [from no/>.] The noſe ; the
fnout ; the end. Arbuthnot.

To NU'BBLE. v. a. To bruiſe with handy
cuffs. Ainſworth.

NU'BIFEROUS. a. [nublfer, Lat.] Bringing

To NUBILATE. v. a. [rubi/o, Latin.] To

NUBILE. .. [rK^/'.V, Fr. .j76^/7/i, Latin.]
MarfJ»i€il'i'e i
fit for marjijgj. Priir,

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NU'CIFEROUS. a. [nu.es aad/ero, Lzf.]

NU'CLEUS. ʃ. [Latin.] A kernel; any
thing about which matter is gathered or
congl<.bate<4. Woodward.

NUDATION. [ix.^mnudo, Lat.] ine^ft
f miking bare or naked,

NU'DIl y. ʃ. [nud.tc, Fr. nudus, Latin.]
Naked parts. Dryden.

NU'EL. See Newel.

NUGA'CITY. ʃ. [nugacii, Latin.] Futility
; trifling talk or behaviour. /ur ;

NUGA'TION. ʃ. [n^^or, Latin.] The act
or practice of trifling. Bacon.

NUGATORY. a. [nugatorhis , Lat.] Trifl-
Jng ; fiHile. Berkley.

NUISANCE. ʃ. [nuijance^ French.]
1. Something n'lxious or offenſive. South.
2. [In law] Something that incommodes
the neighbourhood.

To NULL. v.a, [«u//;<i, Latin.] To annul
; to annihilate. Milton.

NULL. a. [nuli'us, Latin.] Void ; of no
force ; ineffectual, Swift.

NULL. ʃ. Something of no power, or no
meaning. Bacon.

NULLIBI'ETY. ʃ. [from tiullihi, Latin.]
The ſtate of being nowhere.

To NU'LLIFY. v. a. [fr< m nullus, Latin.]
To annul ; to make void,

NU'LLITY. ʃ. [nullite', French.]
1. Want of f>rce or efficacy. South.
1. Want of exiſtence. Bacon.

NUMB. a. [benumen, Saxon.]
1. To rpid; chill; motionleſs. Shakſp.
2. Producing chillneſs ; benumbing.Shakʃpeare.

To NUMB. v. a. To make torpid ; to
deaden ; to ſtupify. Shakʃpeare.

NU MBENESS. ʃ. [from numbed.^ 'interruption
of ſenſation. Pi ifctnan.

To NU'MBER. v. a. [ncmbrcrj Fr. numsro,
1. To count; to tell ; to reckon how
many. Nuirbers,
2. To reckon as one of the ſame kiad.

NU'MBER. ʃ. frofri^f.French.]
1. The ſpeoes of quantity by which it is
computed how ma.ny, Shakʃpeare.
2. Any particular aggregate of units ; as,
evin ar odd. Shakʃpeare.
3. Miny ; more than one. Addiʃon.
4. Multitude that may be counted. MUt.
c. C >mpar5tive multitude. Bitcon.
6. Aggregated multitude. Bacon.
7. Harmony ; proportions calculated by
number. Milton.
8. Vcifes ; poetry. Po[>e.
9. I;i the noun is the variation or change
of term-nation to ſignify a r.urr.her more
than one. Clarke.
4. O NUM.


NU'MBERER. ʃ. [from number.] He who

NU'MBERLESS. a. [from number.] Innumerable ;
more than can be reckoned. Denham. SwiJt.

NU'MELESS. ʃ. [nomblcs, French.] The
entrails of a deer. Bailey.

NU'MBNESS. ʃ. f from numb.] Torpcr ;
deadnt-fs; ſtupefaction. Milton.

NU'MERABLE. a. [numerabilis, Latin.]
Capable to be numbered.

NUMERAL. ad. [vufneral,'Fvtnch.] Relating
to number 3 conſiſting of number. Locke.

NU'MERALLY. ad. [from numeral] According
to number. Broior.

NUMERARY. a. [numerus, Latin ] Any
thine belonging to a certain number.

NUMERATION. ʃ. [numeration, French.]
1. The art of numbering. Locke, Brown.
2. The rule of arithmecick which leeches
the notation of numbers and method of
reading numbers regularly noted.

NUMERA'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.]
1. He that numbers.
2. [Numeratcur, Fr.] That number which
ſerves as the common meaſure to others.

NUME'RICAL. a. [from rumerus, Latin ]
1. Numeral ; denoting number. Locke.
2. The ſame not only in kind or ſpecie?,
but number. South.

NUME'RICALLY. aJ. [from numerical.]
Reſpecting ſameneſs in number. Boyle.

NU'MERIST. ʃ. [from numerus, Latin.]
One that deals in numbers. Brown.

NUMERO'SITY. ʃ. [from numeroſu!, Lat.]
1. Number ; the ſtate of being numerous. Brown.
1. Harmony ; numerous flow.

NU'MEROUS. a. [numeroſui, Latin.]
1. Containing many ; conſiſtng of many ;
not few. Waller.
2. Haimonious ; conſiſting of parts rightly
numbered \ melodious ; muſical.

PFaVer. Dryden.

NU'MEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from numereui.]
1. The quality of being numerous.
2. Harmony ; n:iuficalners. Dryden.

NU'MMARY. a. [from nawiw&s, Lat.] Relating
to^pioney. Arbuthnot.

NU'MSKULL. ʃ. [rumh and p^ull]
1. A dullard ; a dunce ; a dolt ; a blockhead.
2. The head. In burleſque.

NU MSKULLED. a. [from numjhull.] Dull; ſtupid ; doltiſh.

NUN. ʃ. A woman dedicated to the ſeverer
duties of religion, feduded in acloifter from
the world. Milton.

NUN. ſ. A kind of bird. Ainsworth.

NU'NCIATURE. ʃ. [from nuncio, Latin.]
The office of a nuncio.

[Ital:an, from ««nſw, Latin.]

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1. A meſſenger ; one that brings ti/lings.Shakʃpeare.
2. A kind of ſpiritual envoy from thePope. , Atterbury.

NU'NCHION. ʃ. A piece of viduals eaten
between meals. Hudibras.

NUNCUPA'TIVE. v. a. Uuvcupatif, Fr.]

NUNCUPA'TORY. ʃ. Publickly or ſolemnly
declaratory ; verbally pronounced.

NU NDINAL. v. a. [mrdinal, Fr. from

NU'NDINARY. ʃ. nunditia, hi<m.] Belonging
to fairs. '

NUNNERY. ʃ. [from nur.] A houſe of
nuns, of women dedicated to the ſeverer
duties of religion. Dryden.

NU'PTIAL. a. [nuptial, French ; nuftiaiis,
Latin.] Pertaining to marriage.

NU'PTIALS. ʃ. [nuptia.LzUTi.] Marriage. Dryden.

NURSE. ʃ. [nourrice, French.]
1. A woman that has the care of another's
child. Raleigh.
2. A woman that has care of a ſick perſon.Shakʃpeare.
3. One who breeds, educates, or protects, ,Shakʃpeare.
4. At old woman in contempt, hlackm.
^, The ſtate of being nurſed. Cleaveland,
6. In ctmpuſition, any thing that ſupplies
food. Walton.

To NURSE. nj. a. [wowrr/r, French.]
1. To bring up a child not one's own,. Exodus.
2. To bring up any thing young. Dryden.
3. To feed ; to keep ; to maintain. Addiʃon.
4. To tend the ſick.
5. To pamper ; to foment ; to encourage. Davies.

NU'RSER. ʃ. [from nurſe.]
; One that nurſes. Shakʃpeare.
2. A promoter ; a ſomenter.

NU'RSERY. ʃ. [from nurſe.]
1. The act or office of nurſiag. Shakſp.
2. That which is the ob]zC(. of a nurJe's
care. Milton.
3. A plantation of young trees to be tranſplanted
to other ground. Bacon, Addiʃon.
4. Place where young children are nurſed
and brought up. Bacon,
5. The place or fit<ite where any thing is
foftered or brought up. Shakʃpeare.

NU'RSLING. ʃ. [from nurſe.] One nurſed
up; a fondling. Dryden.

NU'RTURE. ʃ. [contract^ed from noumture,
1. Food ; diet. Milton.
2. Education ; inſtitution. Spenſer.

To NU'RTURE. v. a. [from the noun ;
1. To educate ; to train ; to bring up. Wotton.
2. To nurture up\ to bring by care and
food to maturity, Berkley.


To NU'STLE. To a. To ioralt ; to cheriſh. Ainſworth.

NUT. ʃ. [hnu-r, Saxon]
1. The fruit of certain trep? ; it conſiſts
of a kernel covered by a hard ſhell. Arbuthnot.
2. A ſmall body with teeth, which correſpond
with the teeth of wh-el.f, Ray.

NU'TBROWN. a. [^lut and browti,'] Rrown
like a nut kept long. Milton.

NU'TCRACKERS. ʃ. [nut and crack.] An
indrument uſed to encloſe nuts and break
them. AUifov.

NUTGALL. ʃ. [nut and gall ] Excrefecnce
of an oak. Brown.


NU'THUBER. > f. A bird. Ainfjo.


NU'THOOK. ʃ. [nut and book.] A ſt ck with
a honk at the end. Shakʃpeare.

NU'TMEG. ʃ. [nut and muguec, Fr.]. The
nutrr.eg is a kernel of a large fruit not unlike
the peach, and ſeparated from that and from
its inve/iient coat, the nnce, before it is
ſent over to us ; except that the whole fruit
is ſometinnes ſent over in preſerve, by way of
ſweet-meat eras a curioſity. The nutmeg
as roundiſh, of a compact texture, and its
ſurface furrowed : it is of an extremely
agreeable ſmell and an aromatick taſte.
The tree which produces them is not unlike
our pear-tree in its manner of growth : its
leaves, whether green or dried, have, when

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


bruiſed, a vtry fragrant ſmel! ; and the
trunk or bra/iche', r ut or broken off, yield
a red liquor like blt>d. //;//.

NUTSHELL. f. [nut and ſhell] Thi hard
ſubſtance that incloſes the kernel of the nut.Shakʃpeare.

NU'TTREE. ʃ. [nvt and tree.] A tree that
b-irsnuts; a hazle. Dryden.

NUTRICA'TION. ʃ. [nutricatio, Latin.]
Manner r f deeding or being fed. Brown.

NU'TRIMENT. ʃ. [nutrimentum, Latin.]
Food ; aliment. South.

NUTRIME'NTAL. a. [from nutriment]
Rdving the q-jnlicies of food. Arbuthnot.

NUTRITION. ʃ. [nutrition, French.] The
eft or quahty of nouriſhing. Glanv,

NUTRITIOUS. a. [from niitrio, Latin.]
Having the quality of nouriſhing. Arbuth.

NUTRITIVE J. [from arr;£>, Lat.] Nouri/
hinp ; nutrimental.

NUTRITURE. ʃ. [from nuirio, Lat.] The
power of nouriſhing. Harvey.

To NU'ZZLE. v. a. [corrupted from nurjlt.]
1. To nurſe , to ſofter. Sidney.
2. To go with the noſe down like a lug. Arbuthnot.

NYMPH. ʃ. [wu^,.]
1. A goddeſs of the wopds, meadow.'^, or
waters. Davies.
2. A lady. In poetry. Wa'Jcr.

NYS. [A corruption of ne n.] None is ; not
is, Spenſer.