About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


H Is in Engliſh, as in other languages, a note of aſpiration, ſounded only
by a ſtrong emiſſion of the breath, witnout any conformation of the organs of
ſpeech, and is therefore by many grammarians accounted no letter. The h in Engliſh
is ſcarcely ever mute at the beginning of a word ; as houſe.

HA. interject. [ha, Latin.]
1. An expreſſion of wonder, ſurpriſe, ſudden queſtion, or ſudden exertion. Shakſp.
2. An expreſſion of laughter, Dryden.

HAAK. ʃ. A fiſh. Ainsworth.

HA'BEAS CORPUS. [Latin.] A writ, the
which, a man indicted of ſome treſpafs, being laid in priſon for the ſame,
may have out of the King's Bench, thereby to remove himſelf thither at his own
coſts. Cowel.

HABERDA'SHER. ʃ. One who ſells ſmall
wares ; a pedlar. Bacon.

HABERDINE. ʃ. A dried ſalt cod. Ainſworth.

HA'BERGEON. ʃ. [haubergeon, French.]
Armour to cover the neck and breaſt. Hudibras.

HABI'LIMENT. ʃ. [habilement, French.]
Dreſs ; clothes ; garment. Swift.

To HABI'LITATE. v. n. [habiliter,
French.] To qualify; to entitle. Bacon.

HABILITA'TION. ʃ. [from habilitate.]
Qualification. Bacon.

HA'BILITY. ʃ. [habilite, French.] Faculty
; power.

HABIT. ʃ. [habitus, Latin.]
1. State of any thing: as, habit of body.
2. Dieſs ; accoutrement. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
3. Habit is a power or ability in man of

doing any thing acquired by frequent doingi. Locke.
4. Cuſtom ; inveterate uſe. South.

To HA'BI r. v. a. [from the noun.] To
dreſs ; to accoutre ; to array. Clarenden.

HA'BITABLE. a. [habitable, Fr.] Capable
of being dwelt in. Doine,

HA'BITABLENESS. ʃ. [from haiuable.]
Capacity of being dwelt in. More.

HA'BITANCE. ſ.IhabitattOfLsm.] Dwelling
; abode, Spenſer.

HA'BITANT. ʃ. [/jfl/;;Vtf^r, French.] Dweller ;
one that lives in any place. Pope.

HABITA'TION. ʃ. [hahttation, French.]
1. The act of dwelling ; the ſtate of a
place receiving dwellers.
2. Place of abode ; dwelling. Milton.

HABITA'IOR. ʃ. [Latin.] Dweller ; inhabitant. Brown.

HABITUAL. a. [habituel.] Cuſtomary ;
accuſtamed ; inveterate. South.

HABITUALLY. ad. [from habitu^il.] Cuſtomarily
; by habit. Arbuthnot.

HA'BITUDE. ʃ. [hsbitudo, Latin.]
1. Relation; reſpect. Hale.
2. Familiarity ; converſe ; frequent intercourſe. Dryden.
3. Long cuſtoiB ; habit; inveterate uſe. Dryden.
4. The power of doing any thing acquired
by frequent repetition. Dryden.

HA'BNAB. ad. [hap ne hap.] At random ;
at the mercy of chance. Hudibras.

To HACK. v. a. [paccan, Saxon.]
1. To cut into Irnail pieces ; to chop. Sidney.
2. To ſpeak unreadily, or with hefitation.Shakʃpeare.

To HACK. v. r. To turn hackney or prc-
(lltutf, Shakʃpeare.



HA'CKLE. ʃ. Rawſilk; any filmy fnbftance
unſpun. Wahon,

To HA'CKLE. v. a. [from hack.] To
dreſs flax.

HACKNEY. f. \hacnai, Welſh.]
1. A pacing hoile.
2. A hired horſe ; hired horſes being iifual!
y taught to pace. Bacon.
3. A hireling ; a proſtitute. Roscommon.
4. Any thing let out tcr hire. Pope.
5. Much ulVd ; common. Hjrziey.

To HA'CKNEY. v. a. [from the noun.]
To practiſe in one thing; to accuſtom to
the rnafi. Shakʃpeare.

HA'CQUETON. ʃ. [haquet^ old French.]
Some piece of armour. Spenſer.

HAD. The preterite and part. paſſ. oſhave.Shakʃpeare.

HA'DDOCK. ʃ. fbadot, French.] A feafi/
h of the cod [find. Carew;.

HAFT. f. [papt, Saxon.] A handJe ; that part of an inſtrument that is taken
into the hand. Drydens.

To HAFT. -y. a. [from the noun.] To
ſet in a haft.

HAG. ʃ. [ pnejej-ſp, a goblin, Sa.xc^n.]
1. A fury ; a the monfler.
2. A witch ; anenchantreſs. Shakʃpeare.
3. An old ugly woman. Dryden.

To HAG. v. a. [from the noun.] To
.torment ; to harraſs with terrour. Hudibras.

HA'GARD. a. [hjgard, French.]
1. Wild ; untamed; irreclaimable. Spenſer.
2. [Hager, German.] Lean, L'Eſtra
3. [Hagi, Welſh.j Ugly ; rugged ; deformed. Smith.

1. Any thing wild or irreclaimable.Shakʃpeare.
2. A ſpecies of hawk. Sandy:.

HA'GGARDLY. a. [from haggard. [Deformed
; ugly. Dryden.

HA'GGESS. ʃ. [from keg or hack.] A
mafs of mejt incloſed in a membrane.

HA'GGISH. a. [from hag.] Of the nature
of a hag i deformed; horrid.Shakʃpeare.

To HA'GGLE. v. a. [corrupted fromhaikU
or back.] To cut ; to chop ; to mangle.Shakʃpeare.

To HA'GGLE. t>. n. To be tedious in a
bargain ; to be long in coming to the price.

HAGGLER. ʃ. [from haggle.]
1. One that cuts.
2. One that is tardy in bargaining.

HA'GIOGRAPHLR. ʃ. [Xyi©' and
^fa'^a.] A holy writer. The Jews divide
the holy ſcriptures of the Old Tellament
into the law, the prophets, and the

AH. inUrjtSi. An exprellion of fudrien
fj effort. Dryden.


HAIL. f. [h^jiil, Savon.] Drops of rain
frozen in their falling. Locke.

To HAIL. v. n. To pi'ur down hail. IJa.

HAIL. inieij. [hffil, health, Saxon.] A
term of falutatu.n. Milton.

To HAIL. £/. n. [from the noun.] To fain
te ; to call to. Dryden.

HAI'LSHOT. ʃ. [hail and fict.] Small ſhot
fcatteted ſke hail. Hayward.

HAILSTONE. ʃ; [hat! and pre.] A partide
nr ſingle ball of hail. Shakʃpeare.

HAI'LY. a. [from hail] ConfilHngot hail. Pope.

HAIR. ʃ. [hsji, Saxon.]
1. One of the common teguments of the
body. When we examine hairs with a
mitroſcope, we find that they have each a
round bulbous root which lies pretty deep
in the ſkin, and . hich draws their nour:ſhment
from the forrounding humours : that
each hair c nfids of five or fix others, wrapt
up in a Ciimmiin tegument. putney,
2. Afinglc'hair. SShakʃpeare.
3. Any thing proverbinliy ſmall. Shakʃpeare.
4. Courſe ; 'tder; grain. Shakʃpeare.

HAIRBRAINED. a. [valher hare.hr. red.]
Wild ; inegular. y.tdgts.

HAI'RBEL. ʃ. The name of a nower
; the hyacinth.

HAIRBREADTH. ʃ. [hainni breadth.]
A very Imal! diflarjce. fudges.

HA'IRCLOTH. ʃ. [/Wr and c/«i.] Stuff
made of hair, very rough and prickly,
wnrn f metimes in mortification, Gre^v.

HAIRLA'CE. ʃ. [hatrsndlace.] The fillet
with which the women tie up their hair,

HA'IRLESS. a. [from hair.] Without
hair. Shakʃpeare.

HAIRINESS. ʃ. [from hairy.] The Hate
of being covered with hair.

HAIRY. a. [from /^:V.]
1. Overgrown with hjir, Shakʃpeare.
2. Conſiſting of hair. Dryden.

HAKE. ʃ. A kind of liſh. Cjreit>.

HA'KOT. ʃ. [Uamhuh.] Akindoffiſh.

HAL. The Saxon p5 lie, ;, e. a hall.

HA'LBERD. ʃ. [balcharde, French.] A
bat:le-ax fixed to a long pole. Pope. .

HALBERDIER. ʃ. [bjUhardler, French.]
OaK who is armed with a halberd.

HA'LCYON. ʃ. [halcyo, Latin.] A bird
that breeds in the fed : there is always a
calm during her incubation. Shakʃpeare.

HALCYON. a. [from the noun.] PIacid ;
quiet ; flilL Denham, Hale, a. Healthy; found; hearty. Spenſer.

To Hale. v. a. ^hjh, Datch.] To drag
by force ; topuil violentiy. San:i. Brown.



HA'LER. ʃ. [from bale.] He who pulls
and hales.

HALF. ʃ. [pealp, Sayon.]
1. A moiety ; one part of two ; an equal
paft. Ben. Johnson.
2. It ſometimes has a plural ſignificacion
when a number is divided.
Half. ad. in pait; equally. Dryden.

HALF-BLOOD. ʃ. One not born of the
fame fj'her and mother. Locke.

HALF-BLOODED. a. [half and hlaod.]
Mejr. ; degenerate. Shakʃpeare.

HALF-FACED. a. [half and faced] Showing
only part of the face. Shakʃpeare.

HALF-HEARD. a. Imperfectly heard. Pope.

HALF MOON. ʃ. The moon in its appearance
when at half increaſe or decreife.

HALF PENY. ʃ. ^Urzl half- pence, [kaf
and peny.] A copper coin, of which two
make a peny. Dryden.

HALF-PIKE. ʃ. [half zT^i pike.] Theſmall
pike carri'd by officers. Ta:ler.

HALF-SEAS c-jjer. A proverbial exprrflion
for any one far advanced. It is commonly
uſed of one half drunk. Dryden.

HALF SPHERE. ʃ. [bi'f and f^here.]
Hemiſphere. Ben. Johnſon.

HALF-STRAINED. a. [balfmiſtrained.]
Half-bred; imperfect. Dryden.

HALF-SWORD. ʃ. cloſe fight. Shakſp.

HALF-WAY. ad. [half and way.] 'in
the middle. Granville.

HALF-WIT. ʃ. [i<7y and w/t.] A blockhead
; a fooliſh fellow. Dryden.

HA'LIBUT. ʃ. A foit of fiſh. Avjzv.

HA'LIDOM. ʃ. Our bleſſed lady, Spenſer.

HA'LMASS. [pili3 and Kfl/j.] The feaſt
of All-fouls. Shakʃpeare.

HA'LITUOUS. ad. [halitus, Latin.] Vaporous
; fumous, Boyle.

HALL. ʃ. [pd, Saxon.]
1. A court of juſtice.
2. A manour-houſe ſo called, becauſe in
it were held courts for the tenants. Milton.
3. The publick room of a coiporation.
4. The firſt-large room of a houCe. Milton.

HALLELU'JAH. ʃ. [n'fV'n] PrjiU ye the
Lord. A ſong of thankſwiving. Milton.

HA'LLOO. hitirj. [^i'/oj, letus go!J A
word of encouragement when dogs are let
looſe on their game, Dryden.

To HA LLOO. v. n. [iia/^r, French.] To
cry as after the dogs. Sidney.

To HA'LLOO. v. a.
1. To encourage with ſhouts. Prior.
2. To chaſe with ſhouts, Shakʃpeare.
3. To call or ſhout to, Shakʃpeare.

To HA'LLOW. v. a. [pilgian, palig, Saxan,

1. To conſecrate ; to make holy. Hooker.
2. To reverence as holy ; balLived be thy

HALLU'CINATION. f. [hdluciriam, Lat.]
Errour ; blunder ; miſtake. Addiſon.

HALM. f. ſpealm, Saxon.] Straw.

HA'LO. }. J\ red circle round the fun or
moon. Ne'!vtor:.

HA'LSENING. a. [bah, German.] Sounding
harthly. Carew.

HA'LSER. ʃ. [from pjlf, neck, and j-eel,
a rope.] A rope leſs than a cable. Chapman.

To HALT. v. n. [pealt, Saxon. lame.]
1. To limp ; to be lame. Dryden.
2. To flop in a march. Addiſon.
3. To befitate ; to ſtand dubious, i Kings.
4. To fail ; to faulter, Shakʃpeare.

HALT. a. [from the verb.] Lame ; crippled. Luke.

HALT. f. [from the verb.]
1. The act of Jimping ; the manner of
2. l^-^lte, French.] A fl:op in a march.
Mi 'ton.

HA'LTER. ʃ. [from bah.] He who limps.

HA'LTER. ʃ. [p;a!rtj-ie, S.;xon.]
1. A rope to hang malefactors. Shakſp.
2. A cord ; a ttrong firing, Sandys.

To HA'LTER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
bind with a cord. Attethury.

To HALVE. v. a. [from halfbdvei.] To
divide into two parts,

HALVES. inteyj. [from bilf] An expreſſion
hy which any one lays claim to an
equal ſhare, Cleavelaitd.

HAM. [Saxon pam, a houſe ; farm.]

HAM. ʃ. [pam, Saxon.]
1. The hip; the hinder part of the articulation
of the thigh. Wiſeman.
2. The thigh of a bog failed. Pope.

HA'MATED. a. [hamatus, Latin.] Hooked
; ſet with hooks,

To HAMBLE. v. a. [from ham.] To cut
the ſinew; ; to hamſtring.

HAME. ʃ. [p3ma, Saxon ] The sollarby
which a horſe draws in a waggon,

HA'MLET. ʃ. [pam, Saxon.] A ſmall
vijlige. Bacon.

HA'MMER. ʃ. [pimeji, Saxon.]
1. The inſtrument confiding of a long
handle and heavy head, with which any
thing is forced or driven. Brown.
2. Any thing deſtructive. EakewiU,

To HA'MMER. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To beat with a hammer. Sandys.
2. To forge or form with a hammer. Dryden.
3. To work in the mind ; to cort-ive by
intfijleaual labour. Shakʃpeare.

To HA'MMER. v. n.
1. To work ; to be buſy. Shakʃpeare.
2. To

S, To be in agitation. Shakʃpeare.

HA'MMERER. ʃ. ['rom hammer.] He
who works with a hammer.

HA'MMERHARD. ʃ. [hammer and hard.]
Hammerhard is when you harden iron or
ileel with much hammering on it.

HA'MMOCK. ʃ. [pamaca, Saxon.] A
ſwinging bed. Icmpli.

HA'MPER. ʃ. [hanaperium.] A large baſket
for carriage. Swift.

To HA'MPER. v. a.
1. To ſhackle ; to entangle in chains,
2. To enfnare ; to inveigle; Hudibras.
3. To complicate ; to entangle. Blackm.
4. To perplex ; to embarraſs by many lets
and troubles. Hudibras.

HA'MSTRING. ʃ. [i-aw andj7r/»^.] The
tendon of the ham. Shakʃpeare.

To HA'MSTRING. v. a. prefer, and parr,
pall, hamſtring. To lame by cutting the
tendon of the ham. Dryden.

HA'NAPER. ʃ. [bar.aperium, low Latin.]
A treafury ; an exchequer. Bacon.

HA'NCES. ʃ. [In a ſhip.] Falls of the
iife-rails placed on bannifters on the poop
and quarter-deck down to the gangway. Harris.

HANCES. [In architecture.] The ends of
elliptical arches. Harris, Moxon.

HAND. ʃ. [par.'D, pin.©, Saxan.]
1. The palm with the fingers. Berkley.
2. Meaſure of four inches.
3. Side, right or left. Exodus.
4. Part ; quarter; ſide, Swift.
5. Ready payment. Tillotſon.
6. Rate; price. Bacon.
7. Terms ; conditions. Taylor.
8. Aft ; deed ; external action. King Charles.
9. Labour; act of the hand. Addiſon.
10. Performance. Shakʃpeare.
11. Power of performance. Addiſon.
12. Attempt; undertaking. Spenſer.
13. Manner of gathering or taking. Bacon.
14. Workmanſhip ; power or act of manufacturing
or making,
15. Manner of acting or performing. Dryden.
16. Agency ; part in action. South.
17. The act of giving or preſenting.
2. Safruel.
1. AQ: of receiving any thing ready to
one's hand. Locke.
19. Care; neceſiity of managing. Pope\
20. Difcharge of duty. Hooker.
2. Reach; nearneſs : as, at band, within
r1each. ^ Boyle.
22. Manual management. Dryden
23. State of being in preparation. Shakʃpeare.


24. State of being in preſent agitation,Shakʃpeare.
25. Cards held at a game. Bacon.
26. That which is uſed in oppoſition to
another. Hudibras.
27. Scheme of action, Ben. Johnſon.
28. Advantage ; gain ; ſuperiority. Hayward.
29. Competition ; conteſt. Shakʃpeare.
30. Tranfmifilon ; conveyance. Col,
31. Poffeſſion ; power. Hooker.
32. Preffure of the bridle. Shakʃpeare.
33. Method of government} diſcipline
; reſtrainer. Bacon.
34. Influence ; management. Daniel.
35. That which performs the office of a
hand in pointing. Locke.
36. Agent; perſon employed, Swift.
37. Giver, and receiver. Tilhtjon,
38. An ador ; a workman ; a ſoldier. Locke.
39. Catch or reach without choice. Milton.
40. Form or call of writing. Denham. Felton,
41. Hand over head. Negligently ; raflily. L'Eʃtrange.
42. Hand ſo Hand, cloſe fight.Shakʃpeare.
43. Hand in Hand, In union; conjointly. Swift.
44. Hand /« Hand. Fit ; pat. Shakſp.
45. Hand to mouth. As want requires. L'Eſtrange.
46. To hear in ViA an. To keep in expectation
; to elude. Shakʃpeare.
47. ^0 be Ha n d and Glove. To be intimate
and familiar.

To HAND. :. a. [from the noun.]
1. To give or tranſmit with the hand. Brown.
2. To guide or lead by the hand. Donne.
3. To ſeize ; to lay hands on. Shakſp.
4. To manage ; to move with the hand. Prior.
5. To tranſmit in ſucceſſion ; to deliver
down from one to another. Woodward.
Hand is much uſed incompoſition for that
which is manageable by the hand, as a
handjaiu ; or born in the hand, as a band'

HAND-BASKET. ʃ. A portable basket. Mortimer.

HAND-BELL. ʃ. A bell rung by the hand. Bacon.

HAND-BREADTH. ʃ. A ſpace equal to
the breadth of the hand. Arbuthnot.

HA'NDED. a. [from hand.]
1. Having the uſe of the hand left or right.
2. With hands joined. Milton.

HANDER. ʃ. [fromhar.d.] Tranfmitter; conveyor in ſuccellio.T, Dryden.


HA'NDFAST. ʃ. [band and /a/?.] Hold ; cuſtody, Shakʃpeare.

HANDFUL. ʃ. [ba>:d and/a//.]
1. As much as the hand can gripe or contain.
2. A palm ; a hand's breadth ; four )nc;ies. Bacon.
3. A ſmall number or quantity. Raleigh, Clarendon.

HAND-GALLOP. ʃ. A llow ealy gallop,
in whnh the hand preſſes the bridle to hinder
increaſe of ſpced. Dryden.

HAND-GUN. ʃ. A gun wielded by the
hand. CuiKdc-n.

HANDICRAFT.'/, [handi^nicrafi.] Manual
occupation. t^-.vifi.
Handicraftsman. ſ. [handicraft and
wan.] A manufdflurer ; one employed in
manual occupation. Swift.

HA'NDILY. a. [from handy. '\ With ſkill
; with dexterity.

HA'NDINESS. ʃ. [from handy.] Readineſs
; dexterity.

HA'NDIWORK. ʃ. [hardy and -VKrh.]
Work of the hand ; product i^f Isbour ; ni; nijfaſture. L'Eſtrang.

HA'NDKERCHIEF. ʃ. _[/j^;;J and kirdiet.]
A p:ece of fillc or linen uſed to wijx; the
face, or cover the neck. Ar'/'uthnut,

To HA'NDLE. v. a. [handel.r,, Duich.]
1. To touch ; to feel with the hand. Loc.
2. To manage; to wield. Shakſpeare.
3. To make familiar to the hind by fiequent
touching. Temple.
4. To treat in diſcourſe. Shakʃpeare, Atterbury.
5. To deal with ; to practiſe. Jt>e»:ah.
6. To treat well or ill. Clarenden.
7. To pi«<£iife upon ; to do with. Shak.

HA'NDLE. ʃ. [pin>BIe, Saxon.]
1. That part of any thing by which it is
held in the hand. Taylor.
1. That of which uſe is made. South.

HA'NDLESS. a. [hand i.ni Icfs.] Without
a hand. Shakʃpeare.

HA'NDMAID. ʃ. A maid that waits at
hand. Fairfax.

HA'NDMIL. ʃ. [hand &nd mill.] A mill
moved by the hand. Dryden.

HANDS off. A vulgar phraſe for keep off ;
forbciar, L'Eſtrange.

HA'NDSAILS. ſ.Sails managed by,the hand. Temple.

HA'NDSAW. ʃ. A faw manageable by the
hand. Mortimer.

HA'NDSEL. ʃ. [bar: (el, Dutch.] The firſt
act of uling any thing ; the fiilt act of ſale. Herbert.

To HA'NDSEL. v. a. To uſe or do any
thing the firlf time. CowUy,

HA'NDSOME. a. [bandfjem, Dutch.]
1. Ready; gainly ; convenient. Spenſer.
2. Beautiful with dignity ; graceful. Add,

3. Elegant; graoeful. Fe/torr.
4. Ample ; liberal : as, a hoKdJome fortune.
5. Generous ; noble : as, a hatidCcme ^Qion,

To HANDSOME. v. a. [from the adjective.]
To render elegant or neat. Donne.

HA'NDSOMELY. ad. [from bandfeme.]
1. Conveniently ; dexte..uf]y. Spenſer.
Z- Beautifully
; gracefully.
3. Elegantly ; neatly. fi^'ifd.
4. Linerally ; generouſly. Addiʃon.

HA'NDSOMENESS. ʃ. [from landſome.]
Beauty ; grice ; elegance. Boyle.

HANDVICE. ʃ. [band and vice.] A vice
to hold ſmall wctk in. Moxon.

HA'NDWRITING. ʃ. [hand and writing,\
A cafl or form of writing peculiar to each
hand. Cockburn.

HA'NDY. a. [from bjrd.]
X. Executed or performed by the hand. Knolles.
2. Re»ly; dexterous; ſkilful. Dryd.eri.
3. Convenient. Mcx-'n.

HANDYDANDY. ʃ. A play in which children
change hands and places. Shakʃpeare.

To HANG. v. a. pieter and part. palT,
banged or bung, anciently hong,
1. To lu.pend ; to f^flen in ſuch a manner
as to be fuſtained not below, but above. South.
z. To place without any fojid ſupport.
3. To choak and kill by /uſpending by the
neck. Shakʃpeare.
4. To diſplay ; to ſhow aloft. Addiʃon.
5. To lee tail cslow the proper iituation.
6. To fix in ſuch a manner as in ſame directions
to be moveable, i Adac.
7. To adorn by hanging upon. Dryden.
8. To furnifti with ornaments or draperies
faſtened to the wall. Bacon.

To HANG. v.n.
1. To be ſuſpended ; to be ſupported above,
net below. '
2. To depend ; to fall looſely on the lower
part ; to dangle. ^ Z Mac. Dryden.
3. To bend forward. Addiſon.
4. To float ; to play. Pricy.
5. To be ſupported by fom.ething raiſed
above the ground. Addiſo'i.
6. To reſt upon by embracing. Peacham.
7. To hover ; to impend, Aferbury,
K. To be looſely joined. Shakʃpeare.
9. To diag ; te be incommodiouſly joined. Addiʃon.
10. To be compad or united. Addiſon.]
I. To adhere. Addiʃon.
12. To relf. Shakʃpeare.
13. To be in ſuſpenfe ; . to be in a ſtate of
uncertainty. Deuteronomy.,
14. To be delayed ; to linger. Milton.
15, To be dependant on, Shakʃpeare.

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16. To be fixed or ſuſpended with attention. Pope.
17. To have a ſteep declivity. Mortimer.
18. To be executed by the halter. Pope. .
19. To decline ; to tend down. Fcpe,

HA'NGER. ʃ. [tronn havg.]^ That by which
any thing hangs : as, the pot hangers,

HA'NGER. ʃ. [Irom -^an^.] A ſhere broad
ſword, .

HA'NGER-ON. ʃ. [from bang.] A dependant. Brown, Swift.

HA'NGING. ʃ. [from havg.] Drapery
hung or faſtened againſt the walls of rooms. Prior.

HA'NGING. participial a. [from havg.]
1. Foreboding death by the halter. ,Shakʃpeare.
2. Requiring to be puniſhed by the halter.

HA'NGMAN. ʃ. [bang und man.] The publick
executioner, SjJr'y.

HANK. ʃ. [hank, Iſlandick.] A ſkein of

To HA'NKER. v. n. [hankeren, TjfJtch.]
To long importunately. Hudibras, Addiſon.

HANT. for hai not, or have not. Addiſon.

HAP. ʃ. [anhap, in Welſh, is njisfortune.]
1. Chance; fortune. Hooker.
2. That which happens by chance or fortune. Sidney.
3. Accident ; caſual event ; misfortune. Fairfax.

HAP-HAZARD. ʃ. Chance ; accident. Locke.

To HAP. v. n. [from the noun.] Tocome
by accident ; to fill out ; to happen. Bacon.

HA'PLY. ad. [from hap.]
1. Perhaps ; peradventure ; it may be. Swift.
7. By chance; by accident. Milan.

HA'PLESS. a. [i'xcm hap.] Unhappy; unfortunate
; luckleſs. Smith.

To HA PPEN. v.fi. [from hap.]
1. To fall out ; to ihance ; to come to
pafs. Tillotſon.
2. To lif;ht ; to fall by chance. Graunt.

HA'PPILY. ad. [from happy.]
1. Fortunately : luckily ; ſucceſsfully.
2. Addreſsfully ; gracefully ; without labour.
3. In a ſtate of felicity.

HA'PPINESS. ʃ. [from hapty.]
1. Felicity ; ſtate in which the deſires are
fati'.fied. Hooker.
2. Good luck ; good fortune.
3. Fortuitous elegance. Denham.

HA'PPY. a. [from hap.]
1. In a ſtate of felicity. Sidney, Milton. Aidifin,
2. Lucky ; ſucceſsful ; fortunate. Boyle.
3. Addrefeful ; ready, Swift.

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HA'QUETON. ʃ. A piece of armour. Spenſer.

HARANGUE. ʃ. [harangue, French.] A
ſpcKch ; a popular oration. Swift.

To HARANGUE. v. n. [haranguer, Fr.]
To make a f| eech.

HARA'NGUER. ʃ. [from harangue.] An
orator; a publick ſpsaker.

To HA'RASS. v. a. [haraJJ'er,Yrtvich.]To
weary; tofarigue, yjdaifou.

HARASS. f. [from the verb.] Wafte; diſturba:=ire. Milton.

HA'RBINGER. ʃ. [herberger, Dutch.] A
forerunner ; a precurfor. Drydenm

HA'RBOUR. ʃ. [herherge, French.]
1. A lodging; a place of entertainmenf; Drydenr
2. A port or haven for ſhipping,Shakʃpeare.
3. An afylum ; a ſhelter.

To HA'RBOUR. v. „. [from the noun.]
To receive entertainment ; to fojourn. Philips.

To HA'RBOUR. v. a.
1. To emertain ; to permit to reſide,
2. To ſhelter ; to ſecure. Sidney.

HA'RBOURAGE. ʃ. [herbergage, French.]
Shdter; entertainment, Shakʃpeare.

HA'RBQURER. ʃ. [from harbour.] One
that entertains another.

HA'RBOURLESS. a. [from harbour.] Without

HARD. c. [pcapb, Saxon; iari, Dutch.]
1. Firm ; lelifting penetration or ſeparation.Shakʃpeare.
2. Difficult ; not eaſy to the intellect.
5. dney,
3. Difficult of accompliſhment. Dryden.
4. Painful ; diſtreſsful ; laborious. Clarendon.
5. Cnie! ; oppreITive ; rigorous. Atterbury.
6 Sour ; rough ; ſevere, Shakʃpeare.
7. Unfavourable ; unkind. Dryden.
3. Infeniible; untouched. Dryden.
9. Unhappy ; vexatious. Temple.
10 vehement ; keen ; ſevere: is, z hard
11. Ura'eafonable ; nnjuſt, Swift.

12. Forced ; not eaſily granted. Burnet.
13. Powerful. ' P^'atts.
14. Auftere; rough, as liquids. Bac.n.
15. Harlh ; itift ; conſtrained, Dryden.
16. Not plentiful ; not proſpeious, Dryd.
17. Avaricious; faultily ſparing.

HARD. ad. [hardo, German.]
1. cloſe ; near. J'-dgei.
2. Diligently; laboriouſly ; inceff-intly. Atterbury.
3. Uoeaſily; vexjtiouſly, Shakʃpeare.
4. Vehemently ; diſheſsfully. L'Eſtrtmge.
5. pjft ; nimbly, L'Eſtrange..
6. With difHcjJty. Paon.
7. Tern'

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7. Tempeſtunuſly ; boifterouny. Taylor.

HA'RDBOUND. a. [hard and bouvd.]
Coftive. Pope. .

To HA'RDEN. v. a. [from hard]
1. To make hard ; to indurate. Woodward.
2. To confirm in effrontery ; to make impudent.
3. To confirm in wickedneſs ; to make
obdurate. Addiſon.
4. To make inſenſible ; to ſtupify, HSwift.
5. To make firm ; to endue with conſtancy. Dryden.

HA'RDENER. ʃ. [from harden.] One that
makes any thing hard.

HARDFA'VOURED. a. [bard and favour.]
Coarſe of feature.

HARDHA'NDED. a. [hard^ and hand.]
Coarſe \ mechanick. Shakʃpeare.

HA'RDHEAD. ʃ. [hard &ai bead.] Claſh
of heads, Dryden.

HARDHE'ARTED. a. [barJ and heart.]
Cruel ; inexorable ; mercileſs ; pitileſs. Arbuthnot.

HARDHE'ARTEDNESS. ʃ. [from hardhearted.]
Cruelty ; \.;ant of tenderneſs. South.

HA'RDIHEAD. ʃ. [from hardy.] Stout-

HA'RDIHOOD. ^ neſs; bravery. Obfo.
lere. Milton.

HA'RDIMENT. ʃ. [from hardy.] Courage
; ſtoutneſs ; bravery. Shakʃpeare, Fairfax.

1. Hardſhip ; fatigue, Spenſer.
2. Stoutneſs ; courage ; brayery.
^ - Shakʃpeare.
3. 'Eſtront<!ry ; .confidence.

HARDLA'BOURED. a. [bard inii hhour.]
.Elaborate ; Hudibr. Hiuift.

H'A'RDLY. ad. [from hard]
1. With difficulty ; not eaſily. South.
2. Scarcely ; leant ; not lightly. Swift.
3. Giudgingly ; as an iajuiy. Shakʃpeare.
4. Severrly ; unfavourably. Hooker.
5. Rijorouſly ; oppreſſively, Swift.
6. Unwelcomely ; harſhly. L'jike.
7. Not ſoftly ; not tenderly ; not delic:
itely. Dryden.

HA'RDMOUTHED. a. [bard and mouth.]
Dilobedjent to therein; not ſenſibleof the
bit. Dryden.

HA'RDNESS. ʃ. [from hard.]
1. Darity ; powtr of reſiſtance in bodies.
2. D'.fiiciiUy to be urderſtood. Shakʃpeare.
3. Difriculty to be accompliſhed. Sidney.
4. Scarcity ; penury. Swfr.
5. Obduracy ;
profiigateneſs. South.
6. Coaiſeneſs ; harſhneſs of look. Ray.
7. Keenneſs ; vehemence of weather or
ieafons. A-Jo.tinnr.

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8. Cruelty of temper ; ſavageneſs ; harfnneſs.Shakʃpeare.
9 Stifſneſs ; harſhneſs. Dryden.
10. Faulty parfiniony ; ſtingineſs,

HA'RDOCK. ʃ. [ſuppoſe the famfe with
burdock, Shakʃpeare.

HARDS. ʃ. The refuſe or coaſer part of

HA'RDSHIP. ʃ. [from hard.]
t. I'y'jry ; oppreſſion. Swift.
2. lns( iivenience ; fatgue. Sp'dt,

HA'RDWARE. ʃ. [hard and wars.] Manufactures
of metal.

HA'RDWAREMAN. ʃ. [ka'dzvare and
n.an.] A maker or ſeller of metalline
maniif ^ures. Swift.

HA'RDY. a. [hard;, French.]
1. Bold ; brave; ſtout ; daring. Bacon.
2. String ; hard ; firm. South.

HARE arid ; ERE, liitr'ering in pronunciation
en y, ſignify both aa army and a lord,
; Gibfon.

HARE. ʃ. [hapa, Saxon.]
1. A Irrjsli (juaoii.ped, remarkable fo^ timidity,
vigilance, anO fecundity. Mere.
2. A conſtellation. Creech.

To HARE. v. a. [harier, French.] To
fright. Li:ckc,

HA'REBEL. ʃ. [hare and, bell.] A bltis
flower cmpaniform. Shakʃpeare.

HA'REBRAINED. a. [from /ja;-^ the.Teib
ana brain] Volatile; unfsttled ; wtld. Bacon.

HA'REFOOT. ʃ. [iareanifM.]
1. A bud,
2. An hsib.

HA'RELIP. ʃ. A fiITure in the upper Up
with w_nt of ſubilance. Quincyi

HA'RESEAR. ʃ. [hupltururn, Latin.] A
,< : Milder.

HARIER. ʃ. [(:om hare.] A dog for hunting
hares. Ainf-^o'th,

To HARK. ti. V, [contracted from hcarken.]
To li ſten. Hudibras.

HARK. inter'], [Ft is originally the itnperative
of the verb hark.] Liii ! hear ! lirien !

HARL. ʃ.
1. The filaments of fj^x.
2. Any filarnontcus ſublfance. Mortimer.

HA'RLEQUIN. ʃ. [Menage derrives it from a
famous comedian that frequented M.
Ilarli:y''i hou<e^ wham his friends called
Harh^iiivo, little Hurley.] A buſtobn who
plays tricks to divert the popuiace ; a
Jick-?Adding. Pitor.

HA'RLOT. ʃ. [herlcdes^ Weiſh, a girl.] A
whor;- ; ?. firumpet. Dryden.

HA'RLOTRY. ʃ. [from harlot.]
1. Tjie trade of 3 harlot; fornication. Dryden.
2. A nsree of contcinpl for a w:on-.an. Shakʃpeare.c^pcari,
3. L 2 KARM.

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HARM. ʃ. [hsapm, Saxon.]
1. Injury ; crime; wickeaneſs.
2. Miſchief ; detriment ; hurt. Swift.

To HARM. v. a. To hurt ; to injare.

HA'RMFUL. a. [oarm '^ni fulL] Hurtful; miſchievous. Raleigh.

HA'RMFULLY. ad. [from harmful] Hurtfully
; ncxl.^uſly. A'chan:.

HA'RMFULNESS. ʃ. [from harfnful.]
Hurtfiiln°f5 ; miſchievouſneſs.

HA'RMLESS. rt. [from h^rm.]
1. Innocent ; innoxious ; net Hurtful, Shakʃpeare.
2. Unhurt ; undamaged. Raleigh.

HA'RMLESSLY. ad. [from harm/cjs.] innocently
; without hurt ; without crime,
D.cly ofButy.

HA'RMLESSNESS. ʃ. [from harmlefi.] Innocence
; freedom from injury or hur-t. Donne.

HA'RMONICAL. v. a. [d^fxo-ay.o; s harmo-

HA'RMONICK. S 'F^. French.] Adapted
to each other ; muſical, Pof>e,

HARMO'NIOUS. a. [Larmonieux, French,
from harmovy.2
1. Adapted to each other ; having the parts
proportioned to each other. Cow'ey,
2. Mufical. Dryden.

HA'RMONIOUSLY. ad. [item barmnr- OKI.]
1. With j-uft adaptation- and peoportion of
parts to each other. » Berkley.
2. Mufically ; with concord of ſounds.

HARMO NIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from barmoni.
6n».] Proportion ; muſicalneſs.

To HARMONIZE. v. a. [from Larwevyt']
To adjuſt in fit proportions. Dryden.

HA'RMONY. ʃ. [af^ov.'a.]
1. The juſt adaptation of one part to another. Bacon.
2. Juft proportion of found. Watts.
3. Concord ; correſpondeot ſentiment.

HA'RNESS. ʃ. [harno'n, French.]
1. Armour ; deſenſive furniture of war,Shakʃpeare.
2. The traces of draught horſes, particularly
of carriages of pUafure. Dryden.

To HA'RNESS. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To dreſs in armour. Rsvie,
2. To fix horſes in their traces. Bale.

HARP. ʃ. [he<)pp, Saxon.]
1. A lyre ; an inſtrumeni ſtrung with wire
and ſtruck with the finger. Dryden.
2. A conſtellation. Creech.

To HARP. v. ti. [harper, French.]
1. To play on the harp. I Cor.
2. To touch any paſſion. Shakʃpeare.

HA'RPER. ʃ. [from harp.^ A player on
the harp. 1i(kcll,

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HA'RPING Iron. ſ. [from harpago, Lat.]
A bearded dart with a line faſtened to the
handle, w th which whales are rtruck and
caugh'. Waller.

HARP'OONER. ʃ. [harponeur,YxinQ\i.]
He thar throws the harpoon.

HARPOON. ʃ. [harpon,Yrtac\i.] A harpine

HA'RPSICORD. ʃ. A muſical inſtrument.

HA'RPY. ʃ. [harpyla, Latin.]
The huriiei werea klr-d of birds which h3d
the fjces of women, and foul long claws,
very filthy creaiirres. Raleigh.
2. A ravenous wretch. Shakʃpeare.

HA-RQUEBUSS. f: [See Anq^uEBus.] A

HA'RC^EBUSSIER. fr [from har^uehufs.]
One armed with a har-^ueboſs, Knolles.

HARRIDA'N. ʃ. [corrapted from haridelle,
French, a worn-out Tvorthleſshorſe.] A
decayed ſtrumpet. -' Swift.

HARROW. ʃ. [charroue,fitnch.] A frameof
timbers croffing iach other, and fee
with teeth. Mortimer.

To HARROW. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To break with the harrow, Shakſp.
2. To tear up ; to rip up. Roiue,
3. To pillage ; » ſtrip ; to lay waſte. Bacon.n.
4. [From hepjiain, Sax.] To invade ;
to harraſs with incurſions.
-1;. To diſturb ; to put into eommotion.

HARROW. inter'). A.T exdamation of ſudden-

HA'RROWER. ʃ. [from Wrcw.]
1. He who harrows.
2. A kind of hawk. - Ainsworth.

To HA'RRY. v. a. [barer, French.]
1. To teaze ; to hare ; ; to ruffle.Shakʃpeare.
2. In Scotland it ſignifier to rob, plunder,
or oppreſs.


J.' Auflere ; roughly four. Denham.
2. Rough to the ear. Dryden.
3. Crabbed; moroſe ; peeviſh. Taylor.
4. Rugged to the touch. Boyle.
5. LTnplcjfing ; rigorous. Dryden.

HA'RSHLY. a. [from ha-p.]
1. Sourly ; auftereiy to the palate.
2. With violence ; in oppoſition to gentieneſs. Milton.
3. Severely; morofely; crs'obedly. Addiſon.
4. Ruegedly to the ear. Shakʃpeare.

HARSHNESS. ʃ. [from harjh.l
1. Sourneſs ; auftere taſte. Bacon.
2. Roughneſs to the ear. Dryden, Pope. .
3. Riiggedneſs to the t^uch. Bacon.
4. Crjbbedneſs ; peeviſhneſs.

HART. f. [p.vpt, Saxon.] A he deer
of the large kimJ ; the male of the roe.



HA'RTSHORN. ʃ. Spirit drawn from horn.

HA'RT HORN. ʃ. An herb. Ainsworth.

HA'RT-ROYAL. ʃ. A plant.


HA'RTWORT. ʃ. A plant. MilUr.

HA'RVEST. ʃ. [hspFT^j Saxon.]
1. The ſeaſon of reaping and gathering the
corn. L'Eſtrange.
2. The corn ripened, gathered and inned.Shakʃpeare.
3. The produITt of labour. Dryden.

1. The ſong which rfife reapers fing at the
fejft made for having inned the harveſt. Dryden.
2. The time of gathering harveff, Dryden.
3. The opportunity of gathering treafute,Shakʃpeare.

HA'RVEST-LORD. ʃ. The head 'reaper
»t the harvell. To Jf^'^-

HA'RVESTER. ʃ. [fronti harvcfi.^ One
who works at the harveſt.

HA'RVESTMAN. ʃ. A labourer in harveſt-
To Hash. .. ;:. [hachcr, French.] To
mince ; to chop into ſmall pieces, and
mingle. Garth.

HASK. ʃ. This ſeenns to ſignify a caſe or
habitation made of ruſhes or flags. Spenſer.

HA'SLET. ʃ. [a bundle ; hazier, Fr.]

HA'RSLET. ʃ. The heart, liver, and iighs
of a hog, with the windpipe. and part of
the throat to ſt.

HASP. ʃ. [hspr, Saxon.] A claſp folded
over, a ſtaple, and faflened on with^ pad-
lock. Mortimer.

To HASP. v. a. [from the noun.] Xt>fliut
with a haſp. .

HA'SSOCK. ʃ. [hdjcck, German.] A'ſhick
mat on whii;h men kneel at church.
- ,' '. [4jHif0r.

HAS-t. ' The fdcond perſon ſingulSr' oH'ave.

HASTE. ʃ. [;«^y?^, French.] ,_,

I. Hiii'ry';' ſpeed ; aimblerteſs j''prfiipfiat!
on. ' . Dryden.
2. Paſſion' ; vehemence. ^'
1. To make halle ; to be in a hurry.
1. To moVe with ſwiftneſs. Denham.

To HASTE. ʃ. v. a. To puſh forward ;

To HA'STEN. ^ to urge on ; to ^jrecipitate. Prior.

HA'STENER. ʃ. [from ksfien.] O.ne that
haflens or hurries.

HA'STILY. a. [from %'?y.]
1. In a hurry ; ſptedily 'j nimbly ; quickly. Spenſer.
2. Raſhly ; precipitately. Sviifc.
3. P.'lI;onately ; with vehemence.

HASTINESS. ʃ. [from Lajiy..
1. Hafle ; ſpeed. Sidney.
2. tiurry; pijcipitatioa. Dryden.

3. Angry teſtineſs ; paſſionate vehemenor.

HA'STINGS. ʃ. [from hajly.] Pe«s thac
come early. Mortimer.

HA'STY. a. [b'jlif, French.]
1. Qilick
; ſpeedy. Shakʃpeare.
2. Paſſionate; vehement, ProverLs.
3. Raſh ; precipitate. EccL
4. Early rip-?. Iſaiah.

HA'STY-PUDDING. ʃ. A pudding made
of milk and fiuur, boiled quick together.

HAT. f. [haer, Saxon.] A cover for tH-|f
heada Dryden.

HA'TBAND. ʃ. [hat m^ band. ^^ Aſtring
tied round the hat. Bacon.

BA'TCASE. ʃ. [hat and C'^e.^ A /light
box for a hat Addiſm.

To HATCH. v. a.: Ihechn, German.]
1. To produce young from eggs. Milton.
2. To quicken the egg by incubation. Addiʃon.
3. To produce by precedent aftibn.
4. To form by meditation ; to contrine. Hayward.
5. [Yiomtacler, to cut.] To, ſhade by
lines in drawing or graving. Dryden.

To HATCH. -1A.K.
1. To be in the ſtate of growing quick.
2. To be in a ſtate of advance towards

HATCH. ʃ. [from the verb.]' '
1. A brood exchiied from the egg,
2. The act of~excIufion from the egg, [
3. Difcloſure ; diſcovery. Shakʃpeare.]
4. [Hseca, Saxon.] The half dbp^. Shakʃpeare.
5. [Ifl the plural;] The doors or cpeniag!:
by which they deſcend from one deck
or fl'Or of a IT:ip' to another. Dryden.
6. ^obewd^rHA!r'cr:zz\,''j':i\)s ifl a
ſtate of igtxominy;' poverty^ or'depreſTioii.

To HA'TbHEL. v. a. [hach'ehn; Gern7ak]
't'o'b'cat flax fb ay to ſeparkte the- nttrOus
from the brittle part;- . ' ; J'FohdtOifrd.

HA'TC'H-EL. ʃ. [from the verb ; hache/,
Gtrman.] The inſtrument wicfa^ which
flax is beaten. n

HATCHELLER. y. [Mi^''iatchef.]'';':A
beater of ſtax. / ' ',

HA'TCHET'. ʃ. ^bacheru, French.], ^'
A (mail axe. ' ' 'Crajhaiu.

HA'TCHET^fACf;/' An ngly Ym: -

HA'TCHMEl^'^. ʃ. [corrupted Cs>K-'-.
ch:fv:mint.^ Arfnorialefcutcheon placed-
over a door at a funeral. Shakʃpeare.

HATCH WAY. ʃ. [^a/fiw and ?i;j^. ; The
way over or thtotreh the hatches.

To HATE. v. a. [barian, Saxon.] To
deceft ; to abhor ; to abominate, ; jShakʃpeare.


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HATE. ʃ. [hate, Saxon ] Malignity ; deteffation.

HATEFUL. a. [/jate and fuU.]
1. That which tauſes abhorrence. Shakʃpeare, Peacham, Milton.
2. Abhorrent ; deteſſing ; malignant ; ms-
Jevflenr. Dryden.

HA'TEFULLY. a. [from hateful.]
1. Odiouſly ; abominably.
2. Malignantly ; maliciouſly. Chapm/jn.

HA'TEFULNESS. ʃ. [from hateful.] Odiouſneſs.

HA'TER. ʃ. [from hate.] One that hates. Sidney.

HATRED. ʃ. [from hate.] Hate ; illwill
; malignity. South.

To HA'TTER. v. a. To haraſs; to weary. Dryden.

HA'TTER. ʃ. [from bat.] A maker of hats. Swift.

HA'TTOCK. ʃ. [attock, Erfe.] A ſhock
of corn. - Dm.

HAU'BERK. ʃ. [hauberg, old French.] A
coat of mail, Spenſer.

To HAVE. v. a. pret. and part. paſt. had.
[habbnn, Saxon f hehben, Dutch, ;
1. Not to be without. ABs.
2. To carry ; to wear. Sidney.
3. To makeuſeof, jfud^es.
4. To poſſeſs. Exidu!.
5. To bear ; to carry ; to be attended with
or united to, as an accident or concomitant.Shakʃpeare.
6. To obtain ; to enjoy, John.
7. To take ; to receive, Dryden.
8. To be in any ſtate. i Sam,
9. To put ; to take. '^11'.
10. To procure ; to find. Locke.
11. Not to neglect ; not to omit. i,bak,
12. To hold ; to regard. Pſalms.
33. To maintain ; to hold opinion. Bacon.
14. To contain. Shakʃpeare.
15. To require ; to claim. Dryden.
16. To be a huſband or wife to another.
17. To be engaged, as in a taſk. Etok. Add.
18. To buy. Qjllter.
19. It is moſt uſed in Engliſh, as in other
European languages, as an auxiliary verb

TO make the tenfes. Have the preterperfedV,
and hadx.] it preterplupej^fect.
20. Have af, or with, is an expreſſion
denoting reſolution to makeſome attempt. Dryden.

HA'VEN. ʃ. [hatrn, Dutch.]
1. A port ; a harbour ; a faſe flatinn for
ſhips. Denham.
1. A ſtelter ; anafjlum. Shakʃpeare.

HA'VENER. ʃ. [from haven.] An overſeer
of a port. Caniv,

HA'VER. ʃ. [from have.] Pofleſſor ; hoider.Shakʃpeare.

HA'VER is a common word in the northern
counties fox oat:. Peacham,


HAUGHT. a. [hai^t, French.]
1. Htinghty ; infoitiiu
; prnud. Soiikefn.
2. High ; proudly magnanimous. Spenſer.

HAUGHTILY. ad. [from haughty. }i'ru<^<i-
Iv ; arrogantly. Dryden.

HA'UGHTINESS. ʃ. [from hjiuzh:y. ;
Pride ; arfrgance. Dryden.

HA'UGHTY. a. [hautair.e, French.]
1. Frtua ; lofty ; inſolent ; arrogant ; contemptuciu!. ClureKdon.
2. Proudly great. Prior.
3. Bolii ; aovent^fous, Spenſer.
Having. ſ. lir'm bavc.]
1. 1'olu.fllon
; eſtate ; fortune.Shakʃpeare.
2. The act or ſtate of pofllfling. Sidney.
5. Behaviour ; regularity. Shakʃpeare.

HA'VIOUR. ʃ. [for behaviour.] Condud ;
manners. Spenſer.

To HAUL. v.a, [Ziij/fr, French, to draw.]
To pull ; to draw ; to drag by violence. Denham.

HAUL. ʃ. [from the verb.] Pull ; violence
in dragging. Thomfon.

HAUM. ʃ. [healm, Saxon.] Straw.

HAUNCH. ʃ. [hancke,Dni<:h; bar:che, Fr.
anta, Italian.]
1. The thigh ; the hind hip. Locke.
2. The rear ; the hind part. Shakʃpeare.

To HAUNT. v. a. [banter, French.]
1. To frequent ; to be much about any
place or perſon. Sidney. t
2. It is uſed frequently in an ill ſenſe of
one that comes unweleome. ._ Swift.
3. It is eminently uſed of apparitions.

To HAUNT. v. r. To be much about ; to
apprar frequently. Shakʃpeare.

HAUNT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Place in which one is frequently found. L'Eſtrange, Pope. .
2. Habit of being in a certain place. Arbuthnot.

HA'UNTER. ʃ. [from haunt.] Frequenter
; one that is often found in any place. Wotton.

HA'VOCK. ʃ. [bafg, Weiſh.] Walt? ;
wide and gsneral dcvaſtation. Addiſon.

HA'VOCK. interj. A )VOsd of encouragement
to /l.HughiL-r. Shakʃpeare.

To HA'VOCK. v. a. [from the nuun.] To
waſte ; to deſtroy. Milton.

HA'UTBOY. ʃ. [haut^ni. hois.] A wind
inrtrument. Shakʃpeare.

HA'UTBOY Strawherry, See STR.-iw-

HAW. ʃ. [ha^, Saxon.]
1. The berry and feed of the hawthorn.
e. An excreſcence in the eye.
3. [h^s', Saxon.] A ſmall piece of ground
adjoining to an houſe. Carezv,

HA'WTHORN. ʃ. [hrjg J5 jin, Saxon.]

A ſpecies of medhr ; the thorn that bears
haws. Miller.

To HAW. v. n. To ſpeakſlowly with frequent
intermiſſion and heiitation.


HAWK. ʃ. [habeg, Weiſh.]
1. A bird of prey, uſed much anciently in
ſport to catch other birds. Peacham.
2. [Hoch, We!(h.] An effort to force
phlegm up the throat.

To HAWK. v. r. [from bawhl
1. To fly hawks at fowls. Priof.
2. To fly at ; to attack on the wing. Dryden.
3. [Hoch, Welſh.] To force up phkgm
with a noiſe. Wiſeman.
4. To ſells by proclaiming in theſheets.

HA'WKED. a. [from haivL] Formed like
a hawk's bill, Brown.

HA'WKER. ʃ. [from icf/t, German.] One
who ſellss his wares by proclaiming them in
the ſtreet. Pope. .

HA'WKWEED. ʃ. A plant. MiJ/er.

HAWSES. ſ. [of a ſhip.] Two round
holes under the ſhip's head or beak,
through which the cables paſs. Harm,

BAY. ʃ. [hej, his, Saxon.] Grah dried
to fodder cattle in wint^T.
Camden. May.
To dance the Hay. To dance in a ring. Dryden.

HAYy f, [from iv;V, French.] A net which
indofes the haunt of an aiiimal. Mortimer.

HA'YMAKER. ʃ. [bay and mcik-.] One
employed in drying graſs for hav. Pope. .

HA'ZARD. ʃ. [hjzard, French! ;
1. Chance ; accident : fortuitous h^p. Locke.
2. Dmger ; chance of danger. Rogers.
3. A game .ft dice. Sw:fi.

To HA'ZARD. v. a. [haxarder ,V'.cn<ih.]
To expoſe to chance. thyiuara.

To HA'ZARD. To 11.
1. To try the chance. Shakʃpeare.
2. To adventure. Wathr.

HAZARDABLE. a. [from hiz,ard ] Venturef
irae ; liable to chance. Brown.

HA'ZARDER. ſ.]hombazard.^ He who

HA'ZARDRY. ʃ. [from hszjid ] Temerity
; precipitation. Sterjir.

HA'ZARCOUS. a. [haxardtux, Fr. from
bazard.'^ Dangerous ; expoſed to chance. Dryden.

HA'ZARDOUSLY. ad. [fit>m b^zardoui.]
With danger or chance.

HAZE. ʃ. Fog ; mi ſt.

To HAZE.- v. n. To be foggy or miſly.

To HAZE. v.e. To fnghioiie. Ainsworth.

HA'ZEL. ʃ. A nut- tiee. Mi.'l.r.

HAZEL. a. [from the noun.] Light
brown ; of the colour of hazle.

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HA'ZELLY. a. Of the colour of hazel; a light br;;wn. Manimer,

HA'ZY. a. [from j&a?-^.] Dark ; f'Jggy
mifty. Burnet.

HE. pronoun, gen. him ; plur, thej ; gta.
them, [he, Saxon.; 1. The man that was named before. Milton.
2. The man ; the perſon. Daniel.
3. Man or male being. Dryden.
4. Male: as, a Atf bear, a^&^gnat. Bacon.

HEAD. ʃ. [heapjtj, heap'©, Saxon.]
1. The part of the animal that contain.
the brain or the organ of ſenſation or
thought. Dryden.
2. Perſon as expoſtd to any danger or penalty. Milton.
3. Denomination of any animals. Arbuthnot.
4. Chief ; principal perſon ; one to whora
the relt are ſub ordinate. Tilhijos,
5. Place of honour ; the firſt place. Addiʃon.
6 Place of command. Addiʃon.
7. C untenance ; preferce. Dryden.
8. L'nderllanding ; faculties of the mind, L'Eſtrjvge,
9. Face; front; forepart. Dryden.
10. R;fi:lance ; hoſtile oppoſition. South.
ir Spontaneous refokition. Davies.
12 State of a deer's horns, by which his
age is known. Shakʃpeare.
13. Individual. Giaitni,
11. The top of any tWng trigger than the
reif. Watts.
15. Place of chief refort. Canndon.
16. The fore part of any thing, as of a ſhip. Raleigh.
17. That which rifas on the top. Aiort,
18. The blade of an ax. Deurer,
19. Upper part of a bed. CeneJJs,
20. The brain. Pcf>e,
21. Dteſs of the head. Swiiji,
22. P.mcipal topicks of diſcourſe. Atterbury.
23. Source. of a ſtream. P^al,igh.
24. Cr;fis ; pitch. Addiʃon.
25- Power; intiucnc. ; force; ſtrength ;
domnion. Swift.
26. Bcdy ; confluy. Bacon.
27. i'cwei ; armed force. Shakʃpeare.
28. Liberty in running a hcrfe. Shakep,
29. It is very improperly applied to roots. Gay.
30. Hf.^d and Ears, The whole perſon.
31. Head and ſheulders, By force vioi.-
n'ly. Tilton,

T HEAD. v. a. [frocn the noun.]
1. To lead; to influence; to direct ; to
j'overn. Prior.
1. Tij behead ; to kill by taking away the
hcid. Shakʃpeare.
3. Ta

3. To fit any thing with a head, or principal
part. Spenſer.
4^ To ]op trees, Mortimer.

HS.'ADACe. ſ. Pain in the head. Sidney.

HE'ADBAND. ʃ. [h-^d and band.]
1. A fillet for the head ; a topknot. Ij.
2. The bsnc to each end of a book.

HE'ADBOROUGH. ʃ. [^.aiand borough.]
A conſtable ; a ſuburdinate conſtable. Camden.

HE'ADDRESS. ʃ. [btid and .A-e/j.]
1. The cnvarinp; of a woman's head. Vofe,
4. Any thing jclembling a headdreſs. Addiʃon.

HE'ADER. ʃ. [frr,,-. head.
1. One that htuds niils or pins, or the
s. The firf. brick ,u the angle. Moxon.

HE'ADGARGLE. ʃ. A difeaſe in catt!--.

HE'ADINESS. ʃ. [from hiady:\ Hurr; ; raihneſs; ſtubbonineſs; prec pitnioij ; 00-
ftinacy. Spenſer.

HE'ADLAND. ʃ. [head and land.]
1. Proir.onrary ; cape. Dryden.
2. Grouna under hedges. '^Jf^r,

HE'ADLESS. a. [from head.]
1. Without an head ; belieaded. S(>evfer,
2. Without a chief. Raleigh.
3. Oi>ftinate ; inconſiderate ; ignorant.

HEADLONG. a> 1. R,;<h ; thoughtleſs,
2. Sudaen; precipitate. Sidney.

HE'ADLONG. a. [head and long.]
1. With the head foremott. Pope. .
2. Raſhly ; without thought ;
precipitately. Drydenl,
3. Haftily ; without delay or reſpete. Dryden.
4. It is very negligently uſed by Shakʃpeare.

HE'ADMOULD-SHOT. ſ. [htad, mould, and
pot.] This IS when the futures of the
IkuU, genernlly the cor.-nal, ride ; that
is, have their edges ſhot over one another. Quincy.

HE'ADPIECE. ʃ. [head in6 piece.]
1. Armour for the head; helmet; motion.
2. Underfanding ; force of mind.

HE'ADQUARTERS. ʃ. [head and quarters.]
The place of general rendezvous, or lodgment
for ſoldiers. Collier.

HEADSHIP. ʃ. [f.'cm£.W.] Digniry; authority
; chief place.

HEADSMAN. ſ. [head and man.] Exe-.
cutioner. Dryden.

HE'ADSTAL. ʃ. [head and ſtall.] Part
»f the bridle that covers the head. Shakſ.

HE'ADSTONE. ʃ. [h'ad aaijione.] The
fiittoi capiui llone. Psalms.

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HEADSTRONG. a. [head and ſtrong.]
Unreſtrained ; violent ; ungovernable. Hooker, Philips.

HEADWORKMAN. ʃ. [head, work, and
man.] The foreman. Swift.

HE'ADY. a. [from head.]
1. Raſh ; precipitate ; haſty ; violent. Ben. Johnſon.
2. Apt to affe^ the head. Boyle.

To HEAL. v. iz, ſhselan, Saxon.]
1. To cure a perſon ; to rellore from hurt
or ſickneſs. Watts.
2. To cure a wound or diftemner. Wiſeman.
3. To perform the act of making a fore
to cicatrize. Wiſeman.
4. To reconcile: as, he ifeM/i'fl all diffenſions,

To HEAL. v. n. To grow well. Shakſp.

HEALER. ti. ſ. [from heal.] Oije who
cures or heals. Jf.

HE'ALING. participial a, [from heal.]
M'id ; mollifying; gentle; affuafive.

HEALTH. ʃ. [from psel, S.xcn.]
1. Fiecdoi;! from bodiiy pain or ſickneſs.
2. Welfare of mind ; purity ; goudneſs. Bacon.
3. Salvation ſpiritual an ; temporal. Pſ,
4. Wiſh of happineſs in dtinking. Shakſ.

HEALTHFUL. a. [health and fill.]
1. Free from ſickneſs. South.
2. Well diſpoſed. Shakʃpeare.
3. Wholeſome ; falubrious. Bacon.
4. Salutary ; -predudtive of ſalvation.
Com, Pſaysr,

HEALTHFULLY.' ad. [from healthful]
1. Inhc:.!'.!-,
2. Wholfomdy-

HEALTHINESS. ʃ. [from healthful.]
1. State of biiing well.
2. Wholſomeneſs ; falubrious qualities.

HE'ALTHILY. a. [from healthy.] With-
Oiit ſickneſs.

HE'ALTHINESS. ʃ. [from healthy.] The
ſtate of health.

HE ALTHLESS. a. [from health.] Weak ; ſickly ; infirm, Tayliy.

HE'ALTHSOME. a. [from health.] Wbolſome
; faiutary. Shakʃpeare.

HEALTHY. a. [from health.] In health ; tree from ſickneſs. Arbuthnot.

HEAM. ʃ. [In beaſts, the ſame as the afterbirth
in women,

HEAP. ʃ. [heap, Saxon.]
1. Many ſingle things thrown together ; a
pile. Dryden.
2. A crowd ; a throng ; a rabble. Bacon.
3. Clufter ; number driven together. Dryden.

To HEAP. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To

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1. To throw en heaps ; to pile ; to throw
together. Ezek.
2. To accumulate ; to lay up. Job.
3. To add to ſomethingelſe. Shakſp.

HE'APER. ʃ. [isombeap.] One that makes
piles or heaps

HE'APY. a. [from heap.] Lying in heaps.

To HEAR. v. n. [hyjtan, Saxon.]
1. To enjoy the lenie by which words are
diſtinguiſhed. Holder.
13. A Lard heatt is cruelry.
14. To find in the He A R T

wholjy averſe
To be noc
3. Secret meaning ; hidden I'ntenti.-.n.
16. Conſcience. Shakʃpeare.
ſenſe of good or ill.
17. Strength; power. Bacon.
; 8. Utm.ft degree. Shakʃpeare.
20. It is much uſed in comporraoa tor
m.'nri, or affedtion.
2. To liflen ; to hearken. D:nbm.

HEART- ACH. ſ. [heart and ^ achA Scr-
3. To be told ; to have an account. ABs, row; pin<j; anguiſh, Shakʃpeare.

To HEAR. -z,. a.1. To perceive by the ear. zChro. Overpowering ſorrow. Shakʃpeare.
2. To give an audience, or allowance to
ſpeak. A51i. a woman's curls. Iludiiras.
3. To attend ; to liften to ; to obey.

HEARTBREAK/, [he^rt and ireak.]

HEART BREAKER. ſ. A cant name fur

HEART-BREAKING. ad. Overpowering
Matth. with ſorrow.


Having the heart inflamed. Shakʃpeare.

HEART- BURNING. ſ. [heart and l'urn.]
1. Pain at the ſtomach, commonly from
an acrid humour. Woodward.
5. To try ; to attend judicially
4. To attend favourably. Deuter.
6. To acknowledge. , Frier.

HEARD ſignifies a keeper ; ziheardbearht,
a glorious keeper. Gibſon.

HE'ARER. ʃ. [from hear.^ One who attends
to any doctrine or diſcourſe. Ben. Johnson.

HE'ARING. ʃ. [from hear.]
1. The ſenſe by which ſounds are perceived.
2. Audience. Shakʃpeare.
3. Judicial trial. Addiſon.
4. Reach of the ear. Hooker.
St nſer.
Overpowering Hakewell.
[heart and iurn.]
2. Difcontent ; ſecret enmity. Hiuifr,

HEART- DEAR. a. Sincerely beloved. Shakʃpeare.

HEART-EASE. ʃ. Quiet ; tranquillity.Shakʃpeare.

HEART- EASING. ad. Giving quiet. Milton.

To HE'ARKEN. v. n. [heajicrnn, Saxon.] .
1. To liften by way of curioſity. Rogers, Pope.t
t. To attend ; to pay regard. Vope.

HE'ARKENER. ʃ. [from hearken.]
ftener ; one that heaikens. i. Pained in mind, Taylor.

HEARSAY. [hear and fay,'] Report; 3. Mortally ill ; hurt in the conſtitution,
rumour. Raleigh, Shakʃpeare.

HEARSE. ʃ. [of unknown etymology.]
1. A carriage in which the dead are con-
veyed to the grave. The tendons or nerves ſuppoſed to brace
2. A temporary monument ſet over a grave. and fuſtain the heart. Spenſer. Taylor, Shakʃpeare.

HEART-STRUCK, a.HEART-FELT. a. Felt in the conſcienceHEART PEAS. ſ. A plant. Miller.Li- HEART-SiCK. it.HEARTS-EASE. ſ. A plant. Mortimer.HE.'iRT-STRING. ſ. [firing Ttni hart.

HEART. ʃ. [heopt, Saxon]
1. The nmfcle which by its contraction
and dilatii.n propels the blood through the
tourſe of circulation, and is therefore conſidered
as the fuurce of vital motion.Shakʃpeare.
li The chief part ; the vital part. Bacon.
3. The inner part of any thing. Abbot.
4. Petfon ; character. Shakʃpeare.
5. Courage ; ſpirit. Clarenden.
6. Seat of Uvl:Pope. .
7. Atleſtion; inclination. Dryden.
8. Memory. South.
9. Goodwill ; ardour of zeal. Clarend.
10. Paſſions ; anxiety ; concern. Shakeʃ.

II. Secret thoughts ; recellts of the mind.
12. Diſpoſition of njind, iifiney.
1. Driven to the heart ; infixed forever
in the mind. Shakʃpeare.
2. Shocked with fear or difmay. Miitcn,

HEART SWELLING. ad. Rankling in the
mind. Spenſer.

1. With the afitctions yet unfixed.
2. W th the vitals vet unimpaired.

HEART WOUNDED. ad. Filled with paſſion
c f love or gref. Pope. .

HE'.ARTED. a. It is only uſed in compoſition
: as, hard hearted.

To HE'ARTEN. v. a. [from f^art.]
1. To encuurage ; to animate ; to ſtir up.
2. To meliorate with raannir. May.
3. i^4 HSARiH.

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HEARTH. ʃ. The pavement of a room in
which a fire is made. Dryden.

HE'ARTILY. a. [from hearty.]
1. Sinceiely ; actively ; diligently; vigorouny.
2. From the heart ; fully. Prior.
3. Eagerly ; with deſire, Addiʃon.

HE'ARTINESS. ʃ. [from hearty.]
1. Sincerity ; freedom from hypocrify.Shakʃpeare.
1. Vigour; diligence; ſtrength. Taylor.

HE'ARTLESS. a. [from heart.] Without
courage ; ſpiritleſs, Cowlcy.

HE'ARTLESSLY. ad. [from heartlefi.]
Without courage ; faintly ; timidly.

HE'ARTLESSNESS. ʃ. [from heanleſs.]
Want of courage or ſpirit ; dejection of

HE'ARTY. a. [from heart.]
1. Sincere ; undiſſembled ; warm ; zealous.
2. In full health.
3. Vigorous ; ſtrong. Pof,
4. Strong ; hard ; durable. Wotton.

HEARTY-Hale. a. [heart and Hale.]
Good for the heart. Spenſer.

HEAT. ʃ. [hear, hac-r, Saxon.]
1. The ſenſation cauſed by the approach
or touch of fire.
2. The cauſe of the ſenſation of burning. Hooker.
3. Hot weather. Addiʃon.
4. State of any body under the action of
the fire, Moxon.
5. One violent action unintermitted. Dryden.
6. The ſtate of being once hot. Dryden.
7. A courſe at a race. Dryden.
S. Pimples in the face ; flufti. Addiſon.
9. Agitation of ſudden or violent pailion. Sidney.

JO. Faction ; conteſt ; party rage. King Charles.

IT. Ardour of thought or elocution. yJdd,

To HEAT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To makehot; to endue with the power
of burning, Daniel.
2. To cauſe to ferment. Mortimer.
3. To make the conſtitution feveriſh.
I Arbuthnot.
4. To warm with vehemence of paſſion or
deſire, Dryden.
c. To agitate the blood and ſpirits with
action. Dryden.

HE'ATER. ʃ. [from heat.] An iron made
hot, and put into a box- iron, to ſmooth
and plait linnen,

HEATH. ʃ. [enca, Latin.]
1. A plant.
2. A place overgrown with heath. Shakſ.
3. A place covered with ſhrubs of whatever
kind. Bacon.

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HEATH-COCK. ʃ. [heath and cock.] A
large fowl that frequents heaths. Carew.

HEATH- PEA.«5. ſ. A ſpecies of bitter

HEATH- ROSE. ʃ. [heath and rofe.] A
plant. Ainſworth.

HE'ATHEN. ʃ. [heydert, German.] The
gentiles ; the pagans ; the nations unacquainted
with the covenant of grace.

HE'ATHEN. a. Gentile; pagan.- Addiʃon.

HE'ATHENISH. a. [from heathen.]
1. Belonging to the geptiles. Hooker.
2. Wild ; ſavage ; rapacious; cruel. South.

HE'ATHENISHLY. a. [from heathen.]
After the manner of heathens.

HE'ATHENISM. ſ. [from heathen.] Gentilifm
; paganifm. Hammond.

HEATHY. a. [from heath.] Full of
heath. Mortimer.

To HEAVE. v. a. pret. keaued, anciently
hove ; part, heaved, or hoven.
1. To lift ; to raiſe from the ground. Milton.
%, To carry. Shakʃpeare.
3. To mife ; to lift, Dryden.
4. To cauſe to ſwell, Thomfon.
5. To force up from thetreaſt. Shakſp.
6. To exslt ; to elevate. Shakʃpeare.
7. To puff; to elate, Hayward.

To HEAVE. v. n.
1. To pant ; to breath with pain. Dryd.
2. To labour. Atterbury.
3. To riſe with pain ; to fvireli and fall. Prior.
4. To keck ; to feel a tendency to vomit.

HEAVE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Lift ; exertion or effort upwards. Dryden.
2. Riſing of the breaſt. Shakʃpeare.
3. Eſtrurt- to vomit.
4. Struggle to rife. Hudibras.

HEAVE Offering. ſ. An offering among
the Jews. Numben,

HEAVEN. ʃ. [heopon, Saxon.]
1. The regions above ; the expanfe of the
ſky. Raleigh, Dryden.
1. The habitation of God, good angels,
and pure fouls departed. Milton.
1. The ſupreme power; the ſovereign of
heaven, Temple.
4. The pagas gods ; the celeftials. Shakʃpeare.
5. Elevation ; ſublimity. Shakʃpeare.

HEAVEN-BORN. Deſcended from the
ctleftial regions. Dryden.

HEAVEN-BRED. Produced or cultivated
in heaven, Shakʃpeare.

HEAVEN-BUILT. Buiit by the agency of
gods. Pope. .

1. Raiſei

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1. Raiſed towards the ſky. Peps.
2. Taught by the powers of heaven. Pope. .

HE AVENLY. a. [from kfaven]
1. Refeinbling heaven ; ſupremely excelient. Sidney.
2. Celeftial; inhabiting heaven. Dryd.

1. In a manner reſembling that of heaven. Pope.
2. By the agency or influence of heaven. Milton.

HE'AVENWARD. ad. [heaven and peapb,
Saxon.] Towards heaven. Prior.

HEAVILY. ad. [ſpom hea-uy.]
1. With great ponderouſneſs.
2. Grievouſly ; affliftively. ' ClUer,
3. Sorrowfully ; with an air of dejection. Clarendon.

HE'AVINESS. ʃ. [from heaiy.]
1. Ponderouſneſs ; the quality of being
heavy ; weight. M-^ilkins,
2. Dejection of mind ; depreſſionof ſpirit. Hooker.
3. Inaptitude to motion or thought. Arbuthnot.
4. Oppreſſion ; cruſh ; affliſtion,
5. Deepneſs or richneſsof foil. Arbuthnot.

HE'AVY. ad. [heapi;,, Saxon.]
r. Weighty ; ponderous ; tending ſtrongly
to the center. Wilkins.
2. Sorrowful ; dejected ; depreſſed.Shakʃpeare.
3. Grievous ; oppreſſive ; afRrftive. Swift.
4. Wanting alacrity ; wanting briſkneſs of
appearance. Prior.
5. Wanting ſpirit or rapidity of ſentinnent; unanimated. Swift.
6. Wanting aiSlivify; indolent; lazy. Dryden.
7. Drouiy ; dull ; torpid. Luke.
§. Slow ; fluggiſh. Shakʃpeare.
9. Stupid ; foolifti. Knolles.
10. Burdenſome ; troubleſome ; tedious. Swift.
11. Loaded ; incumbered; burthened. Bacon.

II. Not eaſily digeſted. Arbuthnot.
13. Rich in ^jil ; fertile, as heavy lands.
14. Deep ; cumberſome, as heavy roads.

HE'AVY. ad. As an adverb it is only uſed
in compoſition ; heavily. Matthew.

HE'BDOMAD. ʃ. [hebdomas, Latin.] A
week ; a ſpace of ſtven days. Brown.

HEBDO'MADAL. ʃ. ad [from heidoir.as,

HEBDO'MADARY.S Latin.] Weekly; conſiſting of ſeven days. Brown.

To HEBETATE. v. a. [kebeto, Latin.] To
dull ; to blunt ; to ſtupify. Arbuthnot.

HEBETA'TION. ʃ. [from bchit.ra..
1. The act of dulling.

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2. The ſtate of being dulled.

HE'BETUDE. ʃ. [bebciudo. hum] Dulneſs
; obtuſeneſs ; bluntneſs. Ha'vey.

HE'BRAIS.M. ʃ. [hebra,Jh-e, French ; bebraijmu!,
Latin.] A Hebrew idiom.

HE'BRAIST. ʃ. [bebrteus, Latin.] A man
ſkilled in Hebrew.

HE'BRICIAN. ʃ. [from Heirezv.] One
ſkilfui in Hebrew. jkakigh.

HE'CATOMB. ʃ. [brcatomhe, French.] A
faciitice of an hundred cattle. Donne.

HE'CTICAL.7 . r, „ r- -„ t, i

[befJijue, French.]
1. Hobirual ; conſtitutiona). Donne.
2. Troubled with a morbid heat. Taylor.

HE'CTICK. ʃ. An hedick fever. Shakſ.

HECTOR. ʃ. [from IIiB^r, the great Homeric
warriour.] A bully; a bluftering,
turbulent, pervicacious, noify fellow. South. Prior-.

To HE'CTOR. v. a. [from the noun.] To
threaten ; to treat with inſolent terms. Arbuthnot.

To HE'CTOR. v.n. To play the bully. Swift.

HEDERA'CEOUS. a. [bcderaceus, Latin.]
Producing ivy. DiSi.

HEDGE. f. ſhejje, Saxon.] A fence made
round grounds with plickly buſhes. Pope. .

HEDGE. prefixed to any word, notes ſomething
mean. Swift.

To HEDGE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To indoſe with a hedge. Bacon.
2. To obſtruct. Hof.
3. To encircle for defence. Shakſp.
4. To ſhut up within an incloſure, Locke.
5. To force into a place already full. Dryden.

To HEDGE. -J. n. To ſtift ; to hide the
head. Shakʃpeare.

HEDGE BORN. a. [hedge and km.] Of
no known birth ; meanly born. Shakſp.

HEDGE FUMITORY. ʃ. A plant. Ainſworth.

HEDGE-HOG. ʃ. [hedge and hog.]
1. An animal ſet with prickles, like thorns
in an hedge. Ray.
2. Atterm of reproach. Shakʃpeare.
3. A phnt. Ainſworth.

HEDGE- HYSSOP. ʃ. [hfdge and hyfop.]
A ſpecies of willow wort. /////,

HEDGE MUSTARD. ʃ. A plant. M,lier.

HEDGE NETTLE. ʃ. A plant. Ainfu;

HEDGE-NOTE. ʃ. [hedge and note.] A .
word of contempt. Dryden.

HEDGE PIG. ʃ. [hedge and pig.] A young
hpHge hog. Shakʃpeare.

HEDGE-ROW. ʃ. [hedge and row.] The
fevies of trees or buſhes planted for incloſure-:. Milton.
3. M z HE'DCf;.

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HE'DGE-SPARROW. ʃ. [bedge and ffarreiv.]
A Iparrow that lives in buſhrs.
I E'DGING-BILL. ſ. [Le^ge and hul.] A
cutting hook uſed in making hedges. Sidney.

H'EDGER. ʃ. [from Mge.] One who
makfs hec'gts. Locke.

To HEED. v.ci, [ht'oin, Saxon.] To
mind; to regard ; to cake notice of ; to
attend, Locke.

HEED. ʃ. [from the verb.] ,
1. Care ; attention, Addiʃon.
2. Caution ; fearful attention ; ſuſpicious
watch. Shakſpeare.
3. Cire to avoid. Tilh:jon.
4. Notice ; obſervation. Bacon.
5. Seriouſneſs ; ſtaidneff. Shakʃpeare.
6. Regard ; reſpectful notice, L'Eſtrange.

HEEDFUL?:. a. [from heed.]
1. Vvatchfui ; cautious ; ſuſpicious,Shakʃpeare.
2. A' tentive ; careful ; obſerving. Pope. .

HE'EDFULLY. ad. [from heedful.] Attentively
; carefully ; cautiouſly. Watts.

HE'EDFULNESS. ʃ. [from heedful.] Cauti'in
; vigilance.

HE'EDILY. ad. Cautiouſly ; vigilar.tly. Di^.

HEEDINESS. ʃ. Caution; vigilance. DiB.

HEEOLESS. ad. [{rom heed.] Negligent; inattentive ; careleſs, Locke.

HEEDLESSLY. ad. [from heedlejs.] Careleſsly
; negligen'ly, Arbuthnot.

HE'EdLESSNESS.'/. [from heed'eji.] C^releſsneſs
; laegligence ; inattention. Locke.

HEEL. ʃ. [hde, Saxon.
1. The part of the foot that protuberates
behind. Denham.
2. The whole foot of animals. Addiſon.
3. The feet, as employed in flight. L'Eſtrange.
4. To Ire at ibeHEZLS, To purſue cloſely
; to foilow hard. Milton.
5. To /ay ^y the HEtLS. To fetter; to
ſhackle ; to put in gyves. Hudibras.
6. The back part of a ſtocken:- whence
the phraſe to be out at heels, to be worn out.Shakʃpeare.

To HEEL. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To dance. Shakʃpeare.
1. To lean on one ſide : as^ the ſhip heels.

HE'ELER. ʃ. [from l:cl.] A cock that
ſtrikes well with his heels.

HE'EL-PIEC'^. ſ. [bed zrA piece] Apiece
fixed on the hinder part of the {hoe.

To HE'EL-PIECE. v. a. [heeiirA piece.] To
j'.ut a piece of leather on a ſhoe-hee].

HEFT. ʃ. [from beave.] Arbuthtiot.
1. Heaving; tITort. Shakʃpeare.
t. [For /.>^/i'.] Handle, Waller.

HEGIRA. ʃ. [Arabick.] Atterm in chronology,
ſignifying the epochs, or account
of time, uſed by the Arabians, who begin

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from the day that Mahomet was forced t»
eſcape from Mecca, July 16. A. D. 62Z.

HF'IFER. ʃ. [heahpojie, Saxon.] A young
cow. Pope. .

HEIGH-HO. inter).
1. An expreſſion of ſlight languonr and
uneaſineſs. Shakʃpeare.

HEIGHT. f. [from high.]
1. Elevation above the ground,
2. Altitude ; ſpace meaſured upwards.
3. Degree of latitude. Abbot.
4. Summit ; aſcent ; towering eminence,
5. Elevation of tank; flation of dignity.
6. The utmoſt degree ; full completion. Bacon.
7. Utmoſt: exertion. Shakʃpeare.
8. State of exellence ; advance towards
perfection. Addiſon.

To HEIGHTEN. v. a. [from height.]
1. To raiſe higher.
2. To improve ; to meliorate.
3. To aggravate. Addiſati,
4. To improve by decorations. Dryden.

HE'INOUS. ad. [/ja/n«(A;, French.]^ Atrocious
; wicked in a high degree.

HE'INOUSLY. ad. SJic^mheinout.] Atrocicuſly
; wickedly.

HE'INOUSNESS. ʃ. [Uamheinout.] Atrociouſneſs
; wickedneſs. Rogers.

HEIR. ʃ. [beire, old French.] One that is
inheritor of any thing after the preſent
pnffeflbr. Swift.

To HEIR. v.a, [from the noun.] To inherit. Dryden.

HE'IRESS. ʃ. [from heir.] An inheritrix ;
a woman that inherits. Waller.

HE'IRLESS. a. [from heir.] Without an
heir. Shakʃpeare.

HEIRSHIP. ʃ. [from heir.] The ſlate, character,
or privileges of an heir. Ayliffe.

HE'IRLOOM. ʃ. [heir and geloma, goods,
Saxon.] Any furniture or moveable decreed
to deſcend by inheritance, and therefore
inſeparable ſmm the freehold. Swift.

HELD. The preterite and part, pafl, of hold. Dryden.

HELI'ACAL. a. [hdia^ue, Fr. from ;;>.!©'.]
Emerging from the luſtre of the fun, or
falling into it. Brown.

HE'LICAL. ad. [helice, Fr. from ?Ai^]
Spiral ; v;ith many circumvolutions.

HE'LIOID. Parabola, in mathematicks, or
the parabolick ſpirai, is a curve which
ariſes from the ſuppoſition of the axis of
the common Apollonian -parabola's being
bent round mro the periphery of a circle,
and is a line then paſſing through the extremities
of the otdinates, which do now
converge towards the centre of the ſaid
Circle. Harris.


HELIOCE'NTRICK. a. [keliocentrique, Fr.
»)Xi©^, and xEVTsor.] Harris.

HELIOSCOPE. ʃ. [helioſcope, Fr. «Xi(^,
and trxowiw.] A ſort of telefcope fitted fo
as to look on the body of the iun, without
offence to the eyes.

HE'LIOTROPE. ʃ. [JJXi©' and TgETrai.] A
plant that turns towards the fun ; but more
particularly the turnfol, or fun-flower. Government of the Tongue.

HE'LISPHERICAL. a. [helix and ſphere..
The heUſpherica! line is the rhomb hne in
navigati in.

HE'LIX. ʃ. [belice, Fr. e'xif.] Aſpiralline,

HELL. ʃ. [helle, Saxon.]
1. The place of the devil and wicked fouk. Cowley.
2. The place of ſeparate fouls, v;hether
good or bad, Apojllei Creed.
3. The place at a running play to which
thoſe who are caught are carried. Sidney.
4. The place into which a Taylor throws
his flireds. Hudibras.
5. The infernal powers. Cowley.

HELL-BLACK. ad. Black as hell. Shakſp.

HELL-BROTH. ʃ. [belt and hroth.'.
compoſition boiled up for infernal purpoſes.Shakʃpeare.

HELL-DOOMED. a. [bell iaA doom.] Conſigned
to hell. Milton.

HELL- HATED. ad. Abhorred like hell.Shakʃpeare.

HELL-HOUND. ʃ. [helle hun-B, Saxon.]
1. Dogs of hell. Dryden.
2. Agent of hell. Milton.

HE'LL-KITE. ʃ. [bell zaA khe.] Kite of
infernal breed. Shakʃpeare.

HELLEBORE. ʃ. [beMorus,'Lat.] Chriſtmas
flower. Miller.

HELLEBORE White. ſ. [wratrum, Latin.]
A plant.

HE'LLENSIM. ʃ. [l>.]nvia-fjt.k-'] An idiom
of the Creek.

HEXLISH. a. [from hell.)
1. Having the qualities of hell ; infernal
; wicked. South.
2. Sent from hell ; belonging to hell. Sidney.

HE'LLISHLY. ad. [from belhp.] Infernally
; wickedly.

HE'LLISHNESS. ʃ. [from heli.-Jh.] Wickedneſs
; abhorred qualities.

HE'LLWARD. ad. [from hell.] Towards
hell. Pope. .

HELM denotes defence : as Eadbelm, happy
defence. Cihjon.

HELM. ʃ. [kelm, Saxon.]
1. A covering for the head in war. Dryden.
2. The part of a coat of arms that bears
the creſt. Camden.
3. The upper part of the retort, Boyle.

4. [helms, Saxon.] The fleerage ; the
dder. Ben. Johnson.
5. The ſtation of government. Swift.

To HELM. 1:0. [from the noun.] To
guide ; to conduct. Shakʃpeare.

HE'LMED. a. [from bcln.] Furniſhed with
a headpiece. Milton.

HE'LMET. ʃ. A helm ; a headpiece. Dryden. »

HELMI'NTHICK. a. [from tV'v&©^.]
Relating to wormr.

To HELP. v. a. prefer, bdped, or bolp.
parr, helped, or holpen. [helpan, Saxon.]
1. To ajrift5 to ſupport ; to aid. Fairfax, Stillingfleet.
2. To remove^ or advance by help. Locke.
3. To free from pain or diſeaſe. Locke.
4. To cure; to heal. Shakʃpeare.
5. To remedy ; to change for,the better. Dryden, Swift.
6. To forbear; to avoid. Pope. .
7. To promote ; to forward. Bacon.
?. To Help to. To ſupply with ; to furniſhwith. Pope.

To HELP. v.n.
1. To contribute affiſtance. Dryden.
2. To bring a ſupply. Rymer.

HELP. ʃ. [from the verb; hulpf, Dutch.]
1. Affiſtance ; aid; ſupport; fuccour. Knolles, Smalridge.
t. That which forwards or promotes. Bacon.
3. That which gives help. Wilkins.
4. Remedy. Holder.

HE'LPER. ʃ. [from help.]
1. An affiſtant ; an auxiliary. 2 Kings.
2. One that adminſters remedj'. More,
3. A ſupernumerary fervant. Swift.
4. One that ſupplies with any thing wanted-. Shakʃpeare.

HE'LPFUL. a. [help and full.]
1. Uſeful ; that which gives afliſtance. Dryden.
2. Wholeſome ; falutarv. Raleigh.

HE'LPLESS. a. [from help.]
1. Wanting power to fuccour one's felf. Rogers.
2. Wanting ſupport or afTiſtance. Pope. .
3. Irremediable ; admitting no help. Spenſer.
4. Unſuppl'ed ; void. Dryden.

HE'LPLESSLY. ad. [from helplej:.] With-
out Aiccour.

HE'LPLESSNESS. ʃ. [Uam beflefi.] Want
of fuccour.

HELTER-SKELTER. ad. In a hurry; without order. L'Eſtra-nge,

HELVE. ʃ. [helpe, Saxon.] The handle of
an ax. Raleigh.

To HELVE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
fit with a helve.

HEM. ʃ. [hem, Saxon.]
1. Th?

1. The edge of a garment doubled and
fewed to keep the threads from ſpreading.

2. [Uemmen, Dutch.] The noITo uttered
by a ſudden and violent expiration of ſhebreath. Addiʃon.
3. inter] a. Hem! [Latin.]
To hem! v. a,
1. To cloſe the edge of cloth by a hem
or double border fewed together. .
2. To border ; to edge. S^e^fer,
3. To encloſe ; to environ ; to confine; to ſtut. Fairfax.

To HEM. <!/. n. [hemmfti, Dutch.] To utter
a noiſe by violent expulfion of the

HE'MICRANY. ʃ. [from half, and xfa'-aov,
the feull-] A pain that affeds only one
part of the head at a time. Quincy.

HEMICYCLE. ʃ.- y.tJ.'MVH\'^.] A h.^f

HE'MINA. ʃ. About ten ounces,

HE'MIPLEGY. ʃ. [from half, and n\nc-a-j},
to ſtrike.] A palfy, or any nervous affection
relating thereunto, that ſeizes one
ſide at a time,

HEMISPHERE. ʃ. [r,ixi^<lf^i^iov.] The half
of a globe when it is ſuppoſed to be cut
through its centre in the plane of one of
its grcateſt circles. Milton.

HEMISPHE RICAL. v. a. [from hewijphere.]

PIEMISPHE'RICK. S Half round ; contaitiing
half a g^iobe. Boyle.
riE'MIS'JTCK. ſ. [>.',ai;ix'5v.] Half averſe. Dryden.

HE'MLOCK. ʃ. [hemloc, Saxon.] An
herb. Miller.

HE'MORRHAGE.7 ʃ. | ii.'.as^payi'a.] A

HE MORRHAGY. i violent flux of blood. Ray.

HE'MORRHOIDS. ʃ. [aif/oppoioaf.] The
piles , the emrods. Swift.

HE'MORRHOIDAL. a. [bemcrrboidal, Fr.]
Belonging to the vems in the fundament. Ray.

KEMP. ʃ. [haenep, Saxo.n ; hampe, Dutch.]
A fibrous plant of which coarſe linen and
ropes are made. Mortimer.

HEMP Agrimony. ſ. A plant.

HE'MPEN. a. [from iſw/i.] Made of hemp. Gay.

HEN. ʃ. [henne, Saxon and Dutch.]
1. The female of a houſe-cock.
2. The female of any land fowl. Milton.

HEN-DRIVER. ʃ. [b;n and driver.] A
kind of hawk. Walton.

HEN HARM. ʃ/. ^ kind of kite. Jirf.


HEN-HEARTED. a. [hemni heart.] Da-
Uatdly ; cowardly.

HEN-PECKED. a. [hen and pecked.] Governed
by the wife, Arbuthnot.


HEN-ROOST. ʃ. [hen and roo^.] Thft . [
place where the poultry reſt. Addiſon. '

HENS- FEET. ʃ. A kind of plant. Ain^w.

HE'NBANE. ʃ. [hyojcyamui, Latin.] A
pl^nt. Miller.

HE'NBIT. ʃ. A plant. Denham.

HENCE. ad. or interj. [heonan, Saxon ;
henna^ old Engliſh.]
1. From this place to another, Roſcommoti,
2. Away ; to a diſtancee. Mthov,
3. At a diſtancee
; in another place.Shakʃpeare.
4. From this time ; in the future. Arbuthnot.
5. For this reaſon ; in conſequenceof this. Milton.
6. From this cauſe ; from this ground. Arbuthnot.
7. From this fource ; from this original; from this ſtore. Sucklivg.
8. From hence is a vitious expreſſion.

To HENCE. v. a. [from the adverb.] To
fend off; to diſpatch to a diſtancee. Sidney.

HENCEFO'RTH. ad. [henonpjiS, Saxon.]
From this time forward. Milton.

HENCEFO'RWARD. ad. [hence and forward.]
From this time to futurity. Dryden.

HE'NCHMAN. ʃ. [hync, a fervant, and
man. Skinner.] A page ; an attendant. Dryden.

To HEND. v. a. [penban, Saxon.]
1. To ſeize ; to lay hold on. Fairfax.
2. To croud ; to furround. Shakʃpeare.

HE'NDECAGON. ʃ. [hhxa. and yovU.] A
figure of eleven ſides or angles.

HEPA'TICAL. v. a. [hepaticui, Latin.] Be-

HEPA'TICK. i longing to the liver. Arbuthnot.

HEPS. f.
Hawthorn.berries, commonly
written hips. Ainſworth.

HEPTACATSULAR. a. [iiaU and capfu.
la.] Having feven cavities or cells.

HE'PTAGON. ʃ. [Ewl^t and yovU.] A figure
with ſeven ſides or angles.

HEPTA'GONAL. a. [(ram heptagon.] Having
ſeven angles or ſides.

HE'PTARCHY. ʃ. [JWI. and '^a'^-l A
ſevenfold government. Camden.

HER. pron.
1. Belonging to a female ; of a ſhe ; of a
woman, Cowley.
2. The oblique caſe of y?;?. Ojivky.

HERS. pronoun. This is uſed when it refers
to a ſubſtantive going before : as, ſuch are
i^r charms, ſuch charms are ibfrs. Cowley.

HERALD. ʃ. [herault, French.]
1. An officer whoſe buGneſs it '\i to regifter
genealogies, adjuſt enſigns armorial, regulate
funerals, and anciently to carry roeffages
between princes, and proclaim war
and peace. Ben. Johnſon.
2. A

2. A precurfor ; a forerunner ; a harbinger.

HERE. ad. [htji, Saxon.] Shakʃpeare.

To HE'RALD. v. a. [from the noun.] To
introduce as an herald, Shakʃpeare.

HE'RALDRV. ʃ. [beraulderi!, French.]
1. The art or office of a herald. Peachatn.
2. Blazonry. Cka'veland.

HERB,/. [herbe, French; herba, Latin.]
In this place.
~. Milton.
2. In the preſent ſlate. Bacon.
1. It is often oppoſed to theri. Sprait.

HEREABO UTS. ad. [bere and abcut.]
About this place. Addiſon.

HEREAFTER. ad. In a future ſtate,Shakʃpeare.
Herbs are thoſe plants whoſe ſtalks are I'uft,

HEREA'FTER. ſ. A future ſtate. Addiʃon.
and have nothing woody in them ; as graſs

HEREA'T. ad. [bere and a!.]
and hemlock. Locke. Cowley,

HERB Chriſtopher, or Bane-berrici. ſ. A
plant. Milter,

HERBA'CIOUS. ., [from herba, Latin.]
1. Belonging to herbs. Brown.
2. Feeding on vegetables. Denham.

HE'RBAGE. ʃ. [herbage, French.]
1. Herbs collectively ; graſs; paſture. Woodward.
2. The tythe and the right of paflure. Ainſworth.

HE'RBAL. ʃ. [fom/jf^^.] A bock containing
the names and deſcription of plants. Buker.

HEREI'N. ad. [bere and ir.]

HE'RBALIST. ʃ. [from herbal.] A man
(killed in herbs. Brown.

HE'RBARIST. ʃ. [herbarius.] One ſkilled
in kerbs. Boyle.

HE'RBELET. ʃ. [Diminutive of herb.] A
fma'.] herb. Shakʃpeare.

HERBE SCENT. ad. [herbeſcens, Latin.]
Growing into herbs.

HE'RBID. a. [herbidus, Latin.] Covered
with herbs.

HE'RBOROUGH. ʃ. [herberg, German.]
Place of temporary reſidence. Ben. Johnſon.
At thi

HEREBY'. ad. [here and by.] By this.

HERE'DITABLE. a. [hares, Latin.]
Whatever may be occupied as inheritance. Locke.

HE'REDITAMENT. ʃ. [-^-^rf^.-am, Latin.]
A law term denoting inheritance.

HERE'DITARY. a. [/imv/;/fl/rf, French.]
PoffelTed or claimed by right of inheritance
; deſcending by inheritance. Dryden.

HERE'DITARILY. ad. [iwm berediiary
By inheritance. Pope. .
In this.

HERE'INTO. ad. [here and into.] Into
this. Hooker.

HEREO'F. ad. [here and of.] From this
; of this. Shakʃpeare.

HEREO N. ad. [here and on.] Upon this. Brown.

HEREOUT. ad. [here and out.] Out of
this place. Spenſer.

HEREMITICAL. a. [^K(«©', a defart ;
heremitjque, French.] Solitary ; ſuitable
to a hermit. Pope. .

HE'RBOUS. a. [herbofus, Latin.] Abound- HE'RESY. ſ. [herejie, French ; hareſs,
ing with herbs, Latin.] An opinion of private men differ-

HE'RBULENT. a. [from herbula.] Con- ent from that ai the catholick and orthotaining
herbs. Diff. dox church. Bacon, King Charles.

HERBWOMAN. ʃ. [herb and weman.]
woman that ſellss herbs. Arbuthnot. A leader in herefy. Stillingfleet.

HERBY. a. [from i'fri.] Having the na- HE'RETICK. ſ. [-ier^%a<r, Fr.] One who
ture of herbs. Bacon. propagates his private opinions in oppoli-

A HE'RESIARCH. ſ. [herefiarque, French.]

HERD. ʃ. [hecp-D, Saxon.]
1. A number of beaſts together. Flocks
and herds are ſleep and oxtn or kine. Addiʃon.
2. A company of men, in contempt or
deteſtation. Dryden.
3. It anciently ſignified a keeper of cattle,
a i&c.k Aill retained in compofitii;n: as

To HERD. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To run in heids or companies, Dryden.
2. To ailbciate. Walfi}.

To HERD. I/, a. To throw or put into
an herd. Ben. Johnson.

HE'RDGROOM. ʃ. [herd and groom.] A
keeper of herds. Spenſer.

HE'RDMAN. ʃ. [berdRnAman.] One

HE'RDSMAN. ^ etrployed in tending herds.
tion to the catholick church, Da'v'ics,

HERETICAL. a. [hora beretick.] Containing
herefy. Decof of Piety.

HERE'TICALLY. ad. [from heretical.]
With herefy.

HERETO'. ad. [here and lo.] To this
; add to this.

HERETOFO'RE. ad. [hereto and fore.]
Formerly ; ancieritly. Sidney, South.

HEREUNTO'. ad. [here and unto.] To
this. Locke.

HEREWI'TH. ad. [here and luith.] With
this. Hiiy%t>ard,

HE'RIOT. ʃ. [hfjie^ilb, Saxon.] A fine
paid to the lord at the death of a landHolder, Dryden.

HERITABLE. a. [^<ifrM, Latin.] A'perſon
that may inherit whatever may be inherited,


HERITAGE. ſ. [hcr-.t^ge, French.]
1. Inheiiunce ; efiate devolved by ſucceſſion. Rogers.
2. [In divinity.] The people of God.
Common tr^yer.

K5:RMA'PHR0DITE. ſ. [from t^iA^Q and
a^f.joSITD.] An animal uniting two ſexes. Cleaveland.

HERMAPHRODI'TICAL. a. [fromhermai,
brU'!t.] Fditaking of both ſexes. Brown.

HERMETICAL. v. a. [from Bermcs, or

HERME'TICK. [Mercury.] Chymical. Boyle.

HERMETICALLY. ad. [from hermetical.]
Accoiding to the heimetical or chemick art. Berkley.

HE'RMIT. ʃ. [sj'Jjwith;.]
1. A folitary ; an anchnret ; one who retires
from ſociety to «ontemplation and devotion. Addiʃon.
2. A beadſman ; one bound to pray for

HERMITAGE. ʃ. [hermitage, French.]
The cell or habitation of a hermit. Add.

HE'RMITESS. ʃ. [from hermit.'} A woman
retired to devotion,

HE'RMITICAL. a. [from hermit.] Suitable
to a hermit.

HE'RMODACTYL /[sfC-'-?; andJa^li/X!^.]
He-mcdc^Ftyl is a root, and repreſsnts the
common figure of a heart cut in two.
The dried roots are a gentle purge, Hi.'l.

HERN. ʃ. [Contraded from Heron.]

HE'RNHILL. ʃ. [hern and hil.] An herb,

URiRMA- f. [Latin.] Any kind of rupture,

HE'RO. ʃ. [hercs, Latin.]
1. A man eminent for bravery. Cowley.
2. A man of the higheſt claſs in any reſpea.

HE'ROES. S. ſ. [ftcm hero.] A heroine ; a
female ht-ro. Chapn:an.

HEROICAL. a. [from hero.] Belitting
an hero ; heroick. . Dryden.

HEROICALLY. ad. [>rom benica!.] After
the way of a hero, Sidney.

HEROICK. ad. [from hero.]
1. Pioduaive of heroes. Shakʃpeare.
2. Noble : ſuitable to an hero ; brave ;
m.tnnan!mou?. yWyalalneur.
3. Reciting the acts of heroes. Cowley.

HERO'ICKLY. ad. [from heroick.] Suitably
to an hero. Milton.

HE'ROINE. ʃ. [from hero; heroine, 'Pr.]
A ten.ale hero. Addiʃon.

HE'ROISM. ʃ. [herciſme, French.] The
nualities or charadkr of an hero. Breome.

HE'RON. ʃ.- [/.'ff6;. French.] A bird that
feeds upon fiſh. Bacon.

HE RONRY. ʃ. [from heron.] A

HERONSHAW. ʃ. place where herons breed.


HE'RPES. ʃ. [%ff(c.] A cutaneotis infammarion.

HE'RRING. ʃ. [bareng, French ; haeſſing,
Saxon.] A ſmall ſea fiſh. Swift.

HERS. f.ron. The female poſſeſhve : af,
this is her houſe, this houſe is hers. Roſcommon.

HERSE. ʃ. [herjia, low Latin.]
1. A temporary monument raiſed over a grave.
2. The carriage in which corpfes are drawn
to the grave, Pope.

To HERSE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
put into an herſe. Crapaiv.

HERSELF. pronoun. The female perſonai
pronoun, in the oblique cafes reciprocal. Dryden.

HE'RSELIKE. a. [herſe and like.] Funereal
; ſuitable to funerals. Bacon.

To HE'RY. v. a. [hejiianj Saxon.] To
guard as holy. Spenſer.

HE'RITANCY. ʃ. [from hefitate.] Dubiouſneſs
; uncertainty. Atterbury.

To HE'SITATE. v. a. [hafiio,t,z\\n.] To
be doubtful ; to delay ; to pauſe, Pope. .

HESITATION. ʃ. [from hefiute.]
1. Doubt ; uncertainty} difficulty made; Woodw'ard.
2. Intermiſſion of ſpeech ; want of volubility. Swift.

HEST. ʃ. [hsert, Saxon.] Command ;
precept ; iniunſtion, Shakʃpeare.

HE'TEROCLITE. ʃ. [heteroclnum, Latin.]
1. Such nouns as vary from the common
forms of decienſion. Watts.
2. Any thing or perſon deviating from the
common rule.

HETEROCLI'TICAL. a. [from heterocl-.te.]
Deviating from the common rule. Brown.

HE'TERODOX. a. [eVspi^ and ?o^a.] Deviating
from the eftabliſhed opinion ; not
orthodox. Locke.

HE'TERODOX. ʃ. An opinion peculiar. Brown.

HETEROGE'NEAL. a. [heterogene, Fr.
I'ts^o? and '/i\o;.] Not of the ſame nature
; not kindred, Newton.

HETEROGENE'ITY. ʃ. [from heterogenecul.]
1. Oppoſition of nature ; contrariety of qualities.
2. Oppoſite or diſſimilar part, Boyle.

HETEROGE'NEOUS. a. [ITi^oq»niyiwq.]
Not kindred ; oppofue or diſhmilar in na-
(yfg^ Woodward.

HETERO'SCIANS. ʃ. [i-nfoi; and c-x/a.]
Thoſe whoſe ſhad:ws fall only one way,
as the ſhadows of us who live north of the
Tropick fall at noon always to the North.

To HEW. v. a. part, he^un or htwed.
[he^pan, S?.xon.]
1. To cut with an edged inſtruments to
hack. Hayward.
2. To

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2. To chop; to cut. Dryden.
3. To ſells, as with an ax. Sandys.
4. To form or ſhape with an axe. ^Jdifon.
5. To form iaboriouſly. Dryden.

HE'WER. ʃ. [from beiv.] One whole employment
is to cut wood or ſtone. Brown.

HE'XAGON. ʃ. [£« and yuina.] A figure
of fix ſides or angles : the moſt capacious
of all the figures that can be added to each
other without any interſtice ; and therefore
the cells in honeycombs are of that

HEXA'GONAL. a. [from hexagon.] Having
fix ſides. Brown.

HEXA'GONY. ʃ. [from he}Ciigon.] A figure
of fix angles. Bramball.

HEXA'METER. ʃ. [e'I and /uetjov.] A
verſeof fix feet. Dryden.

HEXA'NGULAR. a. [i'landaw^a/ai, Lat.]
Having fix corners. Woodward.

HEXA'POD. ʃ. [riand-sr^Jc;.] An animal
with fix feet. R^y.

HEXA'STICK. ʃ. [;il and ri;^c?.] A poem
of fix lines.

HEY. interj. [from high,'^ An expreſlioii
of joy. Prior.

HEYDAY. inierj. [foz high djy.] AncxpreOlon
of fiohck and exultation. Shakʃpeare, Hudibras.

HE'YDAY. ʃ. Afrolickj uildnefi.Shakʃpeare.

HE'YDEGIVES. ʃ. A wild f^oJick dance. Spenſer.

HIA'TION. ʃ. [f(om hio, Latin.] The act
of g?ping. £rown.

HIA TUS. ʃ. [hiatus, Latin.]
1. An aperture ; a breach. Woodward.
2. The opening of the mouth by the ſucceſſion
of an initial to a final vowel. Pope.

HIBER'NAL. a. [hiberr.u:, Latin.] Belonging
to' the winter. £r(nvn.

HICCim DO^CIUS. ſ. A cant word for a
juggler ; one that plays faſt and locfe. Hudibras.

HICCO'UGH. ʃ. [bicken, Daniſh.] A cunvulfioa
of the ſtomach producing fobs.

To HICCOUGH. v. n. [from the noun.]
To fob with convulfion of the ſtomach.

To HICKUP. v. a. [corrupted from hiccough.'
; To fob with a convulfed ſtomach. Hudibras.



Hl'CKWAY.' f f- ^^'^'^- Ainsworth.

HI'DDEN. ʃ. f- f^- °^ ^^'' ^°1'

To HIDE. v. a. preter. hid \ part. paff.
hidot bidJt.r. [^l^>^n, Saxon.] To con-,
ceal ; to withold or withdraw .from fight
or knowledge. Shakʃpeare.

To HIDE. ʃ. /», To lye hid ; to be concealed. Pope.

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HIDE and 5zKK. ſ. A plry in which forhe
hide themſelves, and another feeks them.
[Gtt/!iver's Tra'ucls,
'HIDE. ſ. [hyS?, Saxo.-ij haude, Dutch.]
1. The ſkui of any aninr.al, either raw or
drelTed. Pope. .
2. The human ſkin : in contempt. Dryden.
3. A certain quantity of land. JFctur,

H1DE30UND. ad. [hide and bcurd.]
1. A horſe is laid to be biddound wnen his
ſkin Iticks ſo hard to his ribs and back, that
you cannot with your hand pull up or Joofen
the one from the other. Farrier'' s Dili.
2. [Intree5.] Being in the ſtate in whch
the bark will not give way to the growth; Swift.
3. Harſh ; untraf^able. Hudibras.

HI'DEOUS. a. [bideux, French.] Horrible
; dreadful. tWoodward.

HIDEOUSLY. ad. [from hideous.] Horribly
; dreadfully. Shakʃpeare.

HI'DEOUSNEvS.'/. [from hideous.] Horribleneſs
; dreadlulneſs.

HI'DER. ʃ. [from the verb.] He that hides.

To HIE. v. r. [hiejan, ScXjn.]To haſten; to go in halle. Dryden.

HI'ERARCH. ʃ. [r=5@- and aVx'-] The
chief of a ſacred order. MiUcn.

HIERARCHICAL. a. [hierarchique, Fr.]
B-longing to ſacred or eccleſiaftical government.

HI'ERARCHY. ʃ. [from hier^rch.l
1. A ſacred government ; ranker ſubordination
of holy beings. Fairfax.
2. Ecc.'efiaftical eftabliſhmtnt. South.

HIEROGLY'PH. ʃ. / [hiercglyphe,

HIEROGLY'PHiCK. ʃ French ; le^j, ſacred,
and y^ii^aj, to carve.]
1. An emblem ; a figuie by which a word
was implied. Pope. .
2. The art of writing in piiflure. Swift.

HIEROGLY'PHICAL. ʃ. . [bieroglyphi.

biematical ; xpjcflive of ſome meaning
beyond what immediately appears. Sandys.

HIEROGLY'PHICALLY. ai.Jfrom htero.
glyphical ] Embiematically, Brown.

HIEROGRAPHY. ʃ. [lE^a,- and ?/;«>;«.]

HI ly writine.

HIE'ROPHAN'r. ſ. [li^B<^iv1n;.] One wh ;
teaches rules of religion. Hale.

To Hi'GGLE. v. n.
1. To chaffer ; tube penurious in a bargain. Hale.
2. To go ſelling proviſions from door to

word, corrupted from biggie, which denotes
any confuled mafs.

HIGGLER. f. [from higgle.] One who
feils proviſions by retail,
3. N HIGH.
Ml G

HIGH. a. [Heah, Saxon.]
1. Long upwards ; riſing above. Bumet.
2. Elevated in place ; raiſed aloft. Locke.
3. Exalted in nature.
4. Elevated in rank or ojndition. Dryden, Milton, Clarendon, Bacon.Shakʃpeare.
5. Exalted in ſenſiment.
6. Difficult; abſtruſe,
7. Boaftfiil ; oftentatious.
8. Arrogant ; proud ; lofty
9. Severe ; oppreſſive.
10. Noble ; illuſtrious.
11. Violent; tcmpeſtuous ; loud. Applied to the wind, Denham.
12. Tumultuous ; turbulent ; ungovernable. Dryden.
13. Full ; complete.
14. Strong taſted; guſtful. Baker.
15. Advancing in latitude from the line. .Jbhot.
16. At the moſt perfect ſtate ; in the meridian.
17. Far advanced into antiquity. Brown.
18. Dear ; exorbitant in price. South.
19, Capital ; great ; oppoſed to Tittle ; as
high treaſon.

HIGH-. ʃ. High place ; elevation ; ſupericur
region. Dryden.

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HI'GH-WROUGHT. Accurately finiſheo'c. Pope.

HI'GHLAND. ʃ. [^bigh and !and.-\ Mountainous
region. Addiſon.

HIGHLA'NDER. ʃ. [iramhigbland.] An
inhabitant of mountains. uiddilon. Shakʃpeare.

HI'GHLY. ad. [from high.]
C!arendo», I. With elevation as to place and ſituation.
2. In a great decree. Attsrbury,
3. Proudly ; arrogantly ; ambitJouſly. Shakſpeare.
4. With eſteem ; with eſtimation. Rom,

Hl'GHMOST. d. Higheſt ; topmoſt.Shakʃpeare, Clarendon.

HI'GHNESS. ʃ. [from high.]
! Elevation above the ſurface.
2. The title of princes, anciently of kings.
3. Dignity of nature ; ſupremacy. Jib,

1. Was named ; was called. Dryden.
2. Called ; named. Hubberd''s Tale,

HIGHWA'TER. ʃ. [^bigh and water.] The
utmoſt flow of the tide. Mortimer.

HIGHWA'V. ʃ. [high and way.] Great
road publick path.
; Child.
Aloft ; above ; into ſupe'riour HI'GHWAYMAN. ʃ. [hightvay and man.]
regions. Dryden. A robber that plunders on the publick roads.

HIGH-BLE'IT. a. Supremely happy. Berkley.
I Milton.

HrGLAPER. ʃ. An herb.

HI'GH-BLO\WN. Swelled much with wind;

HILA'RITY. ʃ. [h:larttai, Latin.] Merrimuch
inſlated. Shakʃpeare.

Hl'Gfl-BORN. Of noble exrraction. Rowe.

HIGH-CO'LOURED. Having a deep or
glaring colour. Floyer.

HIGH-DESI'GNING. Having great ſchemes. Dryden.

HIGH-FLFER. ʃ. One that carries his opinions
to extravagance. Swift.

HVGH-FLOW^. a. [high iadfown, from HI'LLOCK. ſ. [from M/.] A little hill.
Jiy-] Sidney.
1. Elevated; proud, Denham. HI'LLY. a. [from hill.] Full of hills ;
2. Turgid; f-..trav?.gjnt. L'Eſtrange. unequal in the ſurface, Howel. Philips.

HIGH-FLY'ING. Extravagant in claims or HILT./, [hilr, Saxon.] The handle of
Opinions, Dryden. anything, particularly of a ſword. Pope. .

HIGH HEAPED. ad. Covered with high HIM, [him, Saxon.] The oblique caſe of
ment ; gayety. Brown.

1. A furry, paltry, cowardly fellow.Shakʃpeare.
2. It is uſed likewiſe for a meaſt woman.Shakʃpeare.

HILL. ʃ. [hil, Saxon.] An elevation of
ground leſs than a mountain, Granville.
piles. Pope. .

HIGH METTLED. Proud or ardent of
ſpirit. Garth.

HIGH MINDED. Proud ; arrogant.Shakʃpeare.

HIGH-RE'D. Deeply red. Boyle.

HIGH-SEASONED. Pquant to the palate. Locke.

HIGH SPI'RITED. B-id; daring; inſolent.

HIGH-STO'MACHED. Obflinate ; l^fiy.Shakʃpeare.

HIGH-TA'STED. GuHful; piquant'. Denham.

HIGH-VICEI?| Enotmouſly, wicked. Shakʃpeare.
he. Geneſif.

Hl'MSELF. pron. [bim and fel/.]
1. In the nominative, he. Bacon.
2. In ancient authors 'tfelf. Shakʃpeare.
3. In the oblique cafes it has a reciprocal

HIN. ʃ. [.jn] A meaſure of liquids among
Jews, containing about ten pints. Exodus.

HiND. a. com^sr. hinder ; (uperl, hindmo/i,
[hynban, Saxon.] Backward ; contrary
in poſition to the face. Ray.

HIND. ʃ. [hin&e, Saxon.]
1. The ſhe to a flag. Spenſer.
2. [hme, Saxon.] A fervant. Shakſp.
3. [hineman, Saxon.] A peafant ; a
boor, Dryden.



HINDBE'RRIES. ʃ. The ſame as ruſpherries.

To HI'NDER. v. a. [hmbjiian, Saxon.]
To obſtruct ; to flop ; to impede. Taylor.

HI'NDER. a. [from bind.] That which is
in a poſition contrary to that of the lace. Addiʃon.

HI'NDERANCE. ʃ. [hem kinder.] Impediment
; let ; flop. Atterbury.

HI'NDERER. ʃ. [from hlnd-r.] He or
that whi^h hinders or obllru£is._ May.

HI'NDERLING. ʃ. [from bind or hirJer.]
A paltry, worthleſs, degenerate animal.

HI'NDERMOoT. ʃ. Hindn.oft ; laſt ; in
the rear. Shakʃpeare.

HI'NDMOST. a. [bind and tos//.] The
laſt ; the hg. Pope. .

1. Joints upon which a gate or door turns. Dryden.
2. The cardinal points of the world. Creech.
3. A governing rule or principle. Temple.
4. To be off the Hi-iiCY.s, To be in a
ſtate of irregularity and diſcr^ier. Tilktfon,

To HINGE. ʃ. a. [from the noun.]
1. To furniſh with hinges.
2. To bend as an hinge. Shakʃpeare.

To HINT. v. a. [enter, French. Skinner.]
To brig to mina by a ſlight mention or
remote lilLfion,Pope. .

To HINT at. To allude to ; to touch Dichtly
upon. Addiʃon.

HINT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Faint notic: given to the mind ; remote
1. Suggel^iiai ; intimation. AddH'an.

KIP. ʃ. [lyt-e. Sax n.]
1. The joint of th(^ thigh ; the fiefliy part
of the thigh. Brow:.
2. To bai'e on the Hip. [A low phrate. ;
To have an advantage over another.Shakʃpeare.

HIP. ʃ. [from heopa, Saxon.] The fiuit
of the brir.r. Bacon.

To HW. v. a. [from kp.]
1. To ſprain or ihoot 'he hip. Shakſp.

Hip- HOP. A cant word formed by
the reduplication of hop. Congreve.

HIP. interject, An exclamation,- or calling
to one. Ainsworth.

HIP. [''' ^ corruption of hypo-

HI'PPISH. i ckordriack.

HIP. OCE'N rAUR. ʃ. [W'rr-.y.v^a.v^oq.] A fabulous monfter, half horſe and half
man. Dryden.

HIPPOCRASS. ʃ. [vir.umHippocratis.] \ A
medicated wine, ^'g-

HI'PPOCRATES'S Sleeve. ſ. A woollen
bag m<i6e by joining the two oppoſite angles
of a ſquare piece of flannel, uſed to
ſtrain ſryups and deco(f\ions for clari^catlon,

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HI'PPOGRIFF. ʃ. [:w«7oj and y^uU.] A
winged horſp. Milton.

HIPPO'PO TAMUS. ʃ. [r-nTTO-o^and -n-ora-
/^e;.] The river horſe. An animal found
in thL- Nile,

Hl'PSHOT. a. [bip and ſhct.] Sprained or
didocated in the hip, L'Eſtranre,

Hl'PWORT. ʃ. fZ.;>andwor/.] A plant.

To HIRE. v. a. [hyjian, Saxon.]
1. To procure any thing for temporary uſe
at a certain price. Dryden.
2. To engage a man to temporary ſervice
for wages. Iſaiah.
3. To bribe. Dryden.
4. To engage himſelf for pay, i Kiam,

HIRE. ʃ. [hype, Saxon.]
1. Reward or recompence paid for the uſe
of any thing.
2. Wdgt-s paid for ſervice. Spenſer.

HI'RELING. ʃ. [from hire.]
1. One who ſerves for wages, Sandys.
2. A mercenary ; a proſtitute. Pope. .

HIRELING. a. Serving for hire ; venal ; mercenary ; doing what is done for money. Dryden.

HI'RER. ʃ. [from hire.] One who uſes a.
ny thing paying a recompence ; one who
employs others paying wages.

HIRSUTE. a. [hirjutus, Latin.] Rough ;
rugged. Bacon.

HIS. proroun foffefffve. [Hyp, Saxon.]
1. The mafculine polleffive. Belonging to
him. Locke.
2. Anciently its. Bacon.

To HISS. v. 'n.[iiffen, Dutch.] To utter
a nolle like that of a ſerpent and ſome
other animals, Shakʃpeare.

To HISS. v. a. [hipcean, Saxon.]
1. To condemn by hilling ; to explode. More.
2. To procure hifles or diſgrace. Shakſp.

HISS. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The voice of a ſerpent.
2. Cenfure ; expreſſion of contempt uſed
in theatres. Pope. .

HIST. interj. An exclamation commanding
ſilence. Milton.

HISTORIAN. ʃ. [-6;>r,e«, French.] A
writer of fifts and events. Pope. .

HISTORICAL. ʃ. [htponcus, Latin.] Prf-

HISTO'RIC.K. i taining to hiitorv. i'rur,

HISTO'RICALLY. ad. [from hiionca.]
In il:e manner of hiſtory ; by way of n?rrati'-.
ii. Hcok'.

To HISTO'PvIFY. ʃ;. a [from h'pry.] To
relate ; to record in hiſtory. Brown.

HISTORIO'GRAPHER. ʃ. [i-o^^a and
yfa<^v.] An hiſtorian ; a writer o\ hjſtorv. Spenſer.

HISTORIO'GRAPHY. ʃ. [.'rofi'a and
y:a<fii.] The art or employ inent of an

HI'STORY. ʃ. [:?>.'«.]
3. N 2 . J. A

1. A narration of events and fafls delivered
with digrjity. Pope. .
2. Narration ; relation. Wiſeman.
3. The knavi/Jedge of faſts and events.
I Watts.

HI'STORY P'f'^^. ſ. A pi-Suretepreſenting
feme memorable event. Pope. .

HISTRIO'NICAL. ?a. [frotn i//7'.-9, Lat.]

HISTRIONICK. ʃ. Befttting the Aage ]
iuitable to a player.

HISTRIO'NICALLY. ad. [jtam lipionical.]
Theatrically ; in the manner of a

To HIT. v. a. [liitte, Daniſh.]
1. To ſtrike; CO touch with a blow. South.
2. To touch the ir.ark ; not to miſs. Sidney.
3. To attain ; to reach the point. Atterbury.
4. To ſtrike a ruling pafiiin. MUta:.
5. To Hit off. To ſtrike out ; to fix or
determine hickilv. , Templ'.
6. To Hit out. To perform by good luck. Spenſer.

To Hit. v.«.
1. To claſh ; to collide. Locke.
?. To chance luckilj ; to ſucceed by accident. Bacon.
3. To ſucceed ; not to mifcarry. Bacon.
4. To light on.

HIt. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A ſtroke.
2. A lucky chance.

To HITCH. -. n. [hifs^T,
cher^ French.]
TiltotJen,Shakʃpeare, Glanville.
Saxon, or ho-
To catch ; to move by. Pope.

To HITCH^L. 'Jj. a. [See Hatchel.]
To beat or comb fljx or hemp.

PITCHEL. ʃ. [he,kei, German.] The
inſtrument with which flax is bea-lcn or

HITHE. ʃ. [hySe, Saxon.] A ſmall haven
to land ^ares out of veirels or boats.

HI'THER. ad. [h.g-ja. Saxon.]
1. To this place frotnſome other. Milton.
2. Hither and thather, to this place and
3. To this end ; to this deſign. Milton.

HI'THER. a. ſuperl. hithermji. Nearer ;
towards this part. Hali\

HI'THERMOST. a. [of hither, adv.] Near.
eft on this ſide. Hale.

PI'THERTO. ad. [Ucm hither.]
1. To this time ; yet; in anytime till
now. Dryden.
2. At every time till new. Dryden.

HI'THERWARD. v. a. [hyShakſp.^,

HI THERWARD3. ʃ. Saxon.] This way ; towards this place. Milton.

HIVE. ʃ. [hype, Saxon.]
1. The habuation or cell of bees. Addiſon.
Z, The bees inhabiting a hive. Shakſp.

3. A company being together. Swift.

To HiVE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1.To put into hives ; to harbour. Dryden.
2. To contain in hives. Cleavcland.

To HIVE. v. a. To take iielter together.
/ -. Pope. .

HI'VER. ʃ. [from hive.] ^.le who puts
bees in hives. Mortimer.

HO. ʃ. irJaj. [eho ! Latin.] A call ; a

HOA. ʃ. [udden exclathation co give notice
of approach, or any thing ejfe. Shakſp.

HOAR. a. [hsji, Saxon.]
1. White. Fairfax.
2. Grey with age. Pepe.
3. White with froſt.

HOAR-FROST. ʃ. [hcanndfro^.] The
Congelations of dew in froſty .mornings on
thegraſs. A'buthnot.

HOARD. ʃ. [hops, Saxon.] A ſtore laid
up in fecrtt ; a hidden itock ; a treaſure,Shakʃpeare.

To HOARD. v. n. To make hoards ; to
lay up flore. Shakʃpeare.

To HOARD. v. a. To lay in hoards ; to
huſband privily. Rogers.

HOA'RDER. ʃ. [from board.] One that
flores up in ſecret. LocH.

HO'ARHOUND. ʃ. [manuhium, Latin.]
A plant. Miller.

HO'ARINESS. ʃ. [from hoary.] The
Hate of being whitiſh ; the colour of old
mens hair, Dryden.

HOARSE. a. [hnj-, Saxon.] Having the
voice rough, as with a cold ; having a
rough found.

HO'ARSELV. ad. [from koarle.] With»
rough harſh vr ice. Dryden.

HOARSENESS. ʃ. [from hoarfe.] Roughneſs
of voice. Holder.

HO'ARY. a. [hap, hajiunj, Saxon.]
1. White ; whitiſh. Addiʃon.
2. White or grey with age. Rowe.
3. White with froſt. Shakʃpeare.
4. Mouldy ; mofTy ; ruſty. Knolles.

HO'BNOB. This is corrupted from hab nab,Shakʃpeare.

To HO'BSLE. v. n. [to hop, to hopple, to
1. To walk lamely or aukwardly upon
one leg more than the other. Swift.
2. To move roughly or unevenly. Prior.

HO'BBLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Uneven
auk ward gait, Gudi'ver.

HO BBLINGLY. ad. [from bobble.] Ciumiily
aukwardly ; with a halting gait.

HO'BBY. ʃ. [hobereau, French.]
1. A ſpecies of hawk. Bacon.
2. [Hoppe, Gothick.] An Iriſh or Scotti/
h horſe.
3. A ſtick on which b -ys ge. aſtride and
ride. Prior.
4. A ſtupid fellow. Shakʃpeare.



HOBGO'BLIN. ʃ. A ſprite ; a fairy.Shakʃpeare.

HO'BIT. ʃ. A ſmall mortar.

H'OBNAIL. ʃ. [from hoiby a. and vaih] A
naiJ uſed in ſhoing a horſe. Shak'jt.

HO'BNAILED. a. [it otti hobnail.] Set with
hobnails. Dryden.

HOCK. ʃ. [The ſame with hough.] The
joint between the knee and fetlock.

To HOCK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
diſable in the hock.

HOCK. ʃ. [from Mockbeim on

HO'CKAMOREa \.]itMaine.] Old ſt/ong
Rhenidi. FLy^r.

HO'CKHERB. ʃ. [hcc\t.Xii^berb.] A plant ;
the ſame with mallows.

To HO'CKLE. v. a. [from fof..] Tohatnſtring.

HOCU^ POCUS. [J'/nius derives it from
hccced, Wellli, a cheat, and poke, orpocus,
a bag. ; A juggle; a cheat. L'Eſtrange.

HOD. y. A kind of trough in whxha labourer
carries naortar to the mafons. Tujf,

HO'DMAN.' ʃ. [bod and mart.] A labourer
thu carries mortar.

HODMANDO'D. ʃ. A fiſh. B^icon.

HODGE-PODGE. ʃ. [Zw^f jtoa'?. ; A
medley of ingredients boiled togeth'-r.

HODIE'RNAL. a. [hodumui. Latin.] Qf

HOE. ʃ. [bg^^t French.] An inſtrument
to cut up the earth. Mortimer.

To HOE. v.a, [it'o«£r, French.] To cut or
dig with a hoe. Mortimer.

HOG. ʃ. [hiuob^ Welch.]
-,a. The general name of ſwlne. Pope.
2. A cailrated boar.
3. To bring HoGSto afair market. To fail
of one's deſign Spenſer.

HO'GCOTE. ʃ. [hog and cote.] A houſe for
hogs. Mortimer.

HO'GGEREL. ʃ. A two year oid ewe. Ainſworth.

HOGH. ʃ. [otherwiſe written bo, from
boo^h.] A hill; riſing ground.

HOGHE'RD. ʃ. [/tr^and hyp&, a keeper.]
A keeper of hogs. Broorr.e.

HO'GGISH. a. [from hog.] Having the
qualities of an hig ; brutiſh; felfiſh. Sidney.

HO'GGISHLY. ad. [from boggiſhly.]
Greedily ; felfiftly,

HO'GGISHNESS. ʃ. [from boggiſh.] Brutality ; greedineſs; felfiſhneſs.


1. ſ. Plants.


HO'GSFENNEL. ʃ. [beg and fennel.] A

HO'GSHEAD. ʃ. [hcgand bead.]
1. A meaiuie of liquids containing fixty
J^allon^. Arbuthnot.

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2. Any large barrel. Gulliver.

HOGSTY'. ʃ. [hog and/>-.] The place in
which ſwine are ſhut to be fed. Swift HOGWASH. [bog and w^Jh.] The draff
which IS given to ſwine. Arbuthnot.

HO'IDEN. ʃ. [boedev, Welfli.] An iul
taught sukward country girl.

To HO'IDEN. v.n. [from the noun.] To
romp inoecently. Swift.

To HOISE. ʃ. ^' '' [kauj/er, French. To

To HOIST ; f^i''^ up on high Chapman.

To HOLD. v. a. preter. held
; part. pafl.
bild or hoidm. [haisan, Saxon.]
1. To graſp in the hand ; to gripe; to
clutch, Shakʃpeare.
2. To keep ; to retain ; to gripe faſt. Spenſer.
3. To maintain as an opinion. Locke.
4. To conſider as good or bad ; to.hold ia
regard. Shakʃpeare.
5. To have any ſtation, Milton.
6. To poſſeſs ; to enjoy. Knolles.
7. To polTeſs in ſubunlination. Knolles.
8. To ſuſpend; to refrain. Craſhazu^ t
9. To flop ; to teſtrain. Denham.
10. To fix ſo any condition. Shakʃpeare.
11. To preſerve ; to keep. Shakʃpeare.
12. To confine to a certain ſtate, z Efdr,
13. To detain. Jicts.
14. To retain ; to continue. Dryden.
15. To foiemnize; to celebrate, 1 Samuel.
16. To oft'er ; to propoſe. Temple.
17. To conſerve ; not to violate. Dryd.
18. To manage ; to handle intelieftually. Bacon.
iq. To maintain.] Mac.
20. To form ; to plan. Mat,
21. To carry on ; to continue. Abbot.
iz. To Uoi-D forth. To offer to exhibit. Locke.
2. 3 To Ho L D /«. To govern by the brid le. Swift.

Z\' To Ho Lb in. To reſtrain in general. Hooker.
25. To Hold off. To keep at a diſtancee. Bacon.
26. To Hold on. To continue ; to protract.
27. To Hold out. To extend ; to ſtretch
Joith. Eflher.
28. To HoLD out. To offer ; to pnipafe. Ben. Johnson.
29. To Hold out. To continue to do or
fulTer, Shakʃpeare.
30. To Hold up. To raiſe aloft, Locke.
31. To Hold up. To fuilain ; to ſupport.

To HOLD. v. n.
1. To ſtand; to be right; to be without
exception. Stillingfleet.
2. To continue unbroken or unſubducd.Shakʃpeare.
'3. To

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3. To laſt; to endure. Bacon.
4. To continue. L'Eſtrange.
5. To refrain. Dryden.
6. To ſtand up for ; to adhere. Hah,
7. To be dependent on. jijcham,
8. To derive right. Dryden.
9. To Hold firtb. To harangue ; te
ſpeak in publick. L'Eſtrange.
10. To Hold in. To reſtrain one's felf.
11. To Hold m. To continue in luck. Swift.
12. To Hold e^^. To keep at a diſtarce
without clpfing with offers. Decay offtity.
13. To Hold on. To continue ; nnt to
be inteir'ipted. Swift.
14. To Hold a». To proceed.

le. To Hold out. To ]aft ; to endure. Milton.
16' To Hold out. Not to yield ; not to
beſubdued. Co.lier.
If, To HOLD together. To be joined. Dryden.
iS. To Hold together. To rem?i:j n
union. Locke.
i<j. To Hold up. To ſupport himfrif.
20, To Hold u}>. Not to be foul vi.esther.
21. To Hold K/>. To continue the ſame
ſpeed. Collier.

HOLD. interj. Forbear ; ſtop ; be ſtil!. Dryden.

HOLD. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of feizing ;
gripe ; graſp ; ſeizure. Spenſer.
1. Something to be held ; ſupport. Bacon.
3. Catch ; power of feizing or keeping. Swift.
4. Prifon ; pl.xce of cuftedy,
Hsiker, Dryden.
5. Power ; irfijence, Dryden.
6. C-iſtody. Shakʃpeare.
7. HcLD of a sup. All that part which
lies between the kselfon and the lower
deck. Harris.
8. A lurking place.
9. A fortified place ; a fort. Spenſer.

HOXDER. ʃ. [fr<;m told.]
1. One that holds or gripes any thing in
his haad. Mortimer.
2. A tenant ; one that holds land under
- another. C^riiu.

HOLDERFO'RTH. ʃ. [hold ^ni forth.] An
haranguer ; one who ſpeaks in publick. Addiʃon.

HO'LDFAST. ʃ. [hold and faf.] Any
thing which takes hold ; a catch ; a hook. Ray.

HO'LDING. ʃ. [from hold]
1. Tenure ; faun. C-jretv,

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2. It ſometimes ſignifies the burthen or
chorus of a ſong. Shakʃpeare.

HOLE. f. [/i^-/, Dutch; hole, Saxon.]
1. A cavity narrow and long, either perpendicular
or horizontal. Bacon.
2. A perforation ; a ſmall interilitiai vacuity.
> Boyle.
3. A cave ; a hollow place. Shakʃpeare.
4. A cell of an animal. Addiſon.
5. A mean habitation, Dryden.
6 Sonr.c ſubterfuge or ITiift.

HO'LIDAM. ʃ. Bieiledlady. Hanmcr.

HO'LILY. c^d. [Uoir.holy.]
1. Piouſly ; with li.oftity. Shakʃpeare.
2. Inviolably ; without b.-each. Sidney.

HO'LINESS. ʃ. [from holy.]
1. Sandity ; piety ; religious goodneſs.
2. The ſtate of be'ng hallowed ; dedication
to religion,
5. The title of thePope. , Addiʃon.

HO'LLA. interj. [hola, French.] A word
uſed in calling to any one at a diſtancee. Milton.

To HO'LLA. t'. n. [from the interjection.]
To cry <Mit ^i^udly. Shakʃpeare.

HO'Ll.AND. ʃ. Fine linen made in Holland. Dryden.

HO'LLOW. a. j;from hole.]
1. Excavated ; having a void ſpace within ; roc ſolid. Dryden.
2. Noify, like found reverberated from a
cavity. Dryden.
3. Not faithful
; not found ; not what one
ap'iears. Hudibras.

1. Cavity ; rancavity. Bacon.
2. Cavern ; den ; hole. Prior.
3. Pit. Addiſon.
4. Any opening or v.'Cuity. Geiefis.
5. P.'aTajie ; canal. yAddi'on.

To HO'LLOW. v. a. [from the n<;uri.] To
make holl' w ; to excavate. Spictator.

To HO'LLOW. v. n. To ſhout ; ta hoot.

HOLLOWLY. ad. [from hollo -.L.]
1. W,til rjvities.
2. Unf-iithfully ; inlincerely ; dictioneflly. Shakʃpeare.

HO'LLOWNE'^S. ʃ. [from ho'lotv.]
1. Cavity ; ſtute of being hollow. Hakewell.
2. Deceit ; infincerity ; treacherv. S'uth.

HOLLOWROOT. ʃ. [hollow andVow.] A
plant. Ainſworth.

HO'LLY. r. [holeyn, Saxon.] A tree,

HOLLYHOCK. ʃ. [hjlihoc, Saxoi.] Rofemallow. Mortimer.

HO LLYROSE. ʃ. A plant.

1. Hoime or bo'iume. [Saxon holm.] A river
2. The ilex ; the evergreen oak. Suf.


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HO'LOCAUST. ʃ. [rx©- and xiii-.j A
burnt fjcrifice. Ray.

HOLP. The old preterite and participle
paſſive (>f help, Shakʃpeare.

HO'LPEN. The old participle paſſive of
help. Bacon.

HO'LSTER. ʃ. [heolj-ſp, Saxori.] A cafe
for a horſeman's piſtol. Butler.

HOLT. [holt, Saxon.] A wood. Gibfjn.

HOLY. a. [halj. Saxon.]
1. Good ; pious ; religious. Shakſp.
2. Hallowed ; conlecrated to divine uls. Dryden.
3. Pure ; immaculate. South.
4. Sacred, Shakʃpeare.

HO'LY-THURSDAY. ʃ. The day on which
the afceufion of our Saviour is commemorated,
ten days before Whitfuntide.

HO'LY WEEK. ʃ. The week before Eaſter.

HO'LYDAY. ʃ. [h.a!y u and day.]
1. The day of ſome eccleſiaftical feflival.
2. Afiniverſary feaſt. Knolles.
3. A dny of gayety and joy. Shakſp.
4. A tin-.e that connes feldonu ^Dryden.

HOMAGE. ʃ. [from mage, French.; boniagium,
iow Latin.; 1. Service paid and fealty profelied to a
ſovereign or ſuperiour lord. Davies.
2. Obeifance; leſpecl paid by external action. Denham.

To HO'MAGE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
reverence by external aiiion ; to pay honour
to ; to prgfeſs fealty.

HO'iMAGER. ʃ. [from miger, Frenti).] One
who h:lds by homage of ſome ſuperiour lord. Bacon.

HOME. ʃ. [ham, Saxon.]
1. His own houſe ; the private dwelling. Dryden.
2. His own country. Shakʃpeare.
3. The place of conſtant reſidente. Prior.
4. United to a ſubſiantive, it figuiſhes domeflick. Bacon.

HOME. ad. [from the noun.]
1. To one's rwn habitation. Locke.
2. To one's own country.
3. Cioſe to one's own breafi or affairs.

L'Eſtrange. Wuhe.
4. To the point deſigned. Sanderſon.
5. L''nired to a ſubſtantive, it imp];es lorte
and efficacy. Stillingfleet.

HOMEBO'RN. a. [from e m^ Lorn.]
1. Native; naturai. Donne.
2. DoTTiertick ; not foreign. Pope. .

HO'MEBRED. a. [from e and bred]
1. Native; natu'al. Hammond.
2. Not pv)ii(}ied by travel ;
plain; ruae
; artleſs ; uncultivated. Dryden.
3. Di>nnf;ſtick ; n't foreign. Spenſer.

HO'MEFELT. a. [heme andfelt.] Inward ; private Potie.

HO'MELILY. ad. [item icmc'y.] Rudely; inelegantly-


HO'MELINESS. ſ. [from homely.] PIaipneſs
; rudeneſs.

HO'MELY. a. [Itomhome.] Plain; homeſpun
; not elegant; not beautiful; not
fine; crarfe. South.

HOMELY. ad. Plainly ; coaſely ; rudely. Dryden.

HO'MELIN. ʃ. A kind of fiſh. A:''ftv,.

HOMEMA'DE. ad. [from e and made.] Macltf
at home. Locke.

HO'MER. ʃ. A meaſure of about three
pints. Lev,

HO'MESPUN. a. [from e 3vdſpun.]
1. Spun or wrought at home ; not made
by regular manufacTurers. Swift.
2. Not made in foreign countries. Addiſon.
3. Plain ; coarſe ; rude ; homely ; ineleg.
int. Sandy!,

HOMESPU'N. ʃ. A coaſe, inelegant ruilick.Shakʃpeare.

HO'IV'iilSTALL. ʃ. [ham and preoe,

HO'MESTEAD. ^ Saxon.] The place of
the l-^ouſe. Dryden.

HO'MEWARD. ʃ. ad. [ham and peaji-o,

HO'MEWARDS. S Si-xm.] T- wards
home; towards the nanvj place. Sidney.

HO'MICIDE. ſ. [from icidiu:}:,LiX.]i\.]
1. Murder ; mauqueiling- hochr.
2. De.'lriiclion. Dryden.
3. [from icida, Latin.] A murderer ; 3,
manflayer. Dryden.

HOMICI'DAL. a. [from homicide.] Murderous
; bloody. Pope. .

HOMILE'TICAL. a. [o/juXr.rtxk.] Social ;
converſible. Attethu-y,

HO'MILY. ʃ. r;,,.j>a'a.] A diſcourſe read
to a congresati^n. Hammond.

HOMOGE'NEAL. ʃ. a. [h'My.v^q.] Hav-

HOMOGE'NEOUS. [ing the ſame nature
or principles. Ni'zi'ton,

HOMOGS'NEALNESS. , /.Particlpafion

of the ſame

HOMOGE'NEOUSNESS. 3 principles ov
nature ; ſimiliturie of kinrf. Chiync.

HO'MOGEHY. ʃ. [oy.yiVi^.] Joint'nauire. Bacon.

HOMO'LOGOUS. a. [o>5Xo>C>-.] Having
the f.me manner or proportions.

HOMO'NYMOUS. a. [o^wy.ct©-.] D^nominati.
g diilerent things ; equivoc;)!.

HOMO'NYMY. ʃ. [ijwovu.uj..] Eqmvoc^.-
rioti ; ambiguity.

H0M0'TONOUS. a. [o/xor.'v®'.] Fquibk; ſaid of ſuch diilempers as keep a conſtanc
tenour of rife, ſtate, and dtclenlion. Quincy.

HONE. ʃ. [hsn, Saxon.] A whetſtone for
a ralor. Tujffr.

To HOME. ʃ. n. [hongun, Saxon.] T«
nine ; to long.

HO'NEST. a. [bor.^fut,^Lv:^n.]
1. U;::riSIlU

1. upright ; true; fincere. Watts.
2. Chafte. Shakʃpeare.
3. Juft ; righteous ; giving to every man
his due.

HO'NESTLY. ad. [from hone/}.]
1. Uprightly ; juſtly. Ben. Johnson.
2. With chaftity ; modeflly.

HO'NESTY. ʃ. [honejias, Latin.] Juſtice ;
truth ; virtue
; purity. Temple.

HO'NFED. a. [from honey.l
1. Covered with honey. Milton.
2. Sweet ; luſcious. Shakſpe. Milton.

HO'NEY. ʃ. [hunij, Saxon.]
1. A thick, viſcous, fluid ſubſtance, of a
whitiſh or yellowiſh colour, ſweet to the
tarte, foluble in water ; and becoming vinous
on fermentation, inflammable, liquable
by a gectle hear, and of a fragrant
fmell. Of honey, the fineſt is virgin honey
: it is the firſt produce of the ſwarm.
The ſecond is thicker than the firſt, often
almoſt ſolid, procured from the combs by
prelTure : and the worft is the common
yellow honey. Hi/L Arbuthnot.
2. Sweetneſs ; luſciouſneſs. Shr.hjp.
3. A name of tenderneſs ; ſweet; ſweetneſs. Shakʃpeare.

To HO'NEY. v. n. [from the noun, ; To
talk fondly. Shakʃpeare.

HO'NEY-BAG. ſ. [honey 2in& bag.] The
honey hag^ is the itomach. Grew.

HO'NEY-COMB./, [horey ^ni comh.] The
cells of wax in which the bee ſtores her
honey. Dryden.

HO'NEY-COMBED. ad. [^wy- and wot/-.]
Flawed with little cavities. Wiſeman.

HO'NEY-DEW. ʃ. [honey iaddciv.] Sweet
dew, Ganb,

HO'NEY-FLOWER. ʃ. [«W^«r/->»j, Latin.]
A plant.

HO'NEY-GNAT. ʃ. [honey and gnat,'] An

HO'NEY-MOON. ʃ. [honey and woon.] The
firſt month after marriage. Addiʃon.

HO'NEY-SUCKLE. ʃ; Woodbine. Shakſp.

HO'NEYLESS. a. [from honey ] Without
honey. Shakʃpeare.

HO'NEY-WORT. ʃ. [cerlnthe, Latin.] A

HONORARY. a. [honorarius, Latin.]
1. Dane in honour. Addiſon.
2. Conferring honour without gain. Addiʃon.

HO'NOUR. ʃ. [honor, Latin.]
1. Dignity ; high rank.
2. Reputation ; ſame. Bacon.
3. 'The title of a man of rank. Shakſp.
4. Subject of praiſe. Shakſp.
5. Nobleneſs of mind ; magnanimity.
6. Reverence; due veneration- Shakſp.
7. Chaftity. Shakʃpeare.
S, Digi-ity of mien, Milton.

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9. Glory j'boaft. Burnet.
10. Publick mark of reſpect. Wake.
11. Privileges of rank or birth. Shakſp.
12. Civilities paid. Pope. .
13. Ornament ; decoration. Dryden.

To HO'NOUR. v. a. [honoro, Latin.]
1. To reverence ; to regard with veneration. Pope.
2. To dienify ; toraiſe to greatneſs. Ex.

HONOURABLE. a. [honorable, French.]
1. Illuſtrious
; noWe. Shakʃpeare.
2. Great ; magnanimous ; generous.Shakʃpeare.
3. Conferring honour. Dryden.
4. Accompanied with tokens of honour. Spenſer.
5. Not to be diſgraced. Shakʃpeare.
6. Without taint ; without reproach.
I Mac.
7. Honeſt ; without intention of deceit. Hayward.
8. Equitable.

HO'NOURABLENESS. ʃ. [from honou.
rahle.] Eminence ; magnificence ; generoſity.

HO'NOURABLY. ad. [from honourable.]
1. With tukens of honour. Shakſp.
2. Magnanimouſly ; generouſly. Bacon.
3. Reputably ; with exemption from reproach. Dryden.

HONOURER. ʃ. [from honour.] One that
honours ; one that regards with veneration. Pope.

HOOD. in compoſition, is derived from the
Saxon hat), in German heit, in Dutch held.
It denotes quality ; character : as, knighthood
; childhood. Sometimes it is taken
colleitiveiy : as, brotherhood, a confraternity,

HOOD. ʃ. [hcfe, Saxon.]
1. The upper covering of a woman's head,
2. Any thing drawn upon the head, and
wrapping round it, Protton.
3. A covering put over the hawk's eyes.
4. An ornamental fold that hangs down
the back of a graduate.

TO HOOD. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To d:eſs in a hood. Pope. .
2. To blind, as with a hood. Shakſp.
3. To cover. Dryden.

HO'ODMAN'J BIind, f, A play in which
the perſon hooded is to catch another, and
tell the name. Shakʃpeare.

To HO'ODWINK. t/. a. [hood and wink.]
1. To blind with ſomething bound over
the eyes. Sidney, Shakſp. Dawes. Ben. Johnson, Locke. Roioe,
2. To cover ; to hide. Shakʃpeare.
3. To deceive; to impoſe upon. Sidney.

HOOF. ʃ. [hep, Saxon.] The hard horny
ſubſtanc. on the feet of graminivorous animals. More.


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HOOF-BOUND. a. [hoof and , bound.] A
horſe is ſaid to be ho-j- biuid when he has
a pain in the forefeer, occalioned by the
dryneſs and contrac5liiio or nairowneſs of
the horn of the quarters, which ſtrantens
the quarters of the heels, and oftentimes
makes the horſe lame. Farrier' i Difi.

HOOK. ʃ. [hoce, Saxon.]
1. Any thing bent ſo as to catch hold.
2. The curvated wire on which the bait is
hung for fiſhes, and with which the fiſh is
pierced. Shakʃpeare.
3. A fnare ; a trap. Shakſpeare.
4. A ſickle to reap cnru. Mortimer.
5< An iron to feiae the meat in the caldron
. Spenſer.
6. An inſtrument tocutor lop with. Pope. .
7. The part of the hinge fixed to the poſt. Cleaveland.
8. Hook, [in huſbandry.] A field ſown
two years running. A^fſworth.
9. f-iooK or Crook. Oneway or other ;
by any expedient. Hud'bras,

To HOOK. v. ſ. [from the noun.]
1. lo catch With a hook, Addiſon.
2. To intrap ; to enfnare.
3. To draw as with a hook. Shakſp.
4. To fatten as with an hook.
5. To be drawn by force or artifice.

HOOKED. a. [hornbook] Bent; curvated. Brown.

HO'OKEDNESS. ʃ. [fxcm booked.] State
of being bent like a houk.

HOOKNO'SED. a. [hook and noje.] Having
the aquiline noſe iiſing in the middle.Shakʃpeare.

HOOP. ʃ. [hoep, Dutch.]
1. Any thing circular by which ſomething
elſe is bounii, particularly caſks or barrels. Dryden, Pope. .
1. The whalebone with which women extend
their petticoaf. Swift.
3. Any thing circular. Addiʃon.

To HOOP. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To bind orencloſe with hoops, Shakſ.
2. To encircle; to daſp ; to ſuitound.Shakʃpeare.

To HOOP. v. r. [from luopfan, Gothick ; or houpper, French.] To ſhout ; to make
an outcry by way of call or purſuit.

To HOOP. v.a,
1. To drive with a ſhout. Shakʃpeare.
2. To call by a ſhout.

HO'OPER. ʃ. [from hoop.] A coopw ;
one that Iiiops tubs.

HOOPING-COUGH. ʃ. [from ho^p, to
ſhout.] A convullive cough, ſo called
from its noiſe.

To HOOT. v. a. [b-wt, Wellh.]
1. To ſhout in contempt. Sidney.
2. To cry as an owJ, Shakʃpeare.


To HOOT. «. a. To drive with nolfe and
'huutf. Shakʃpeare.

HOOT. ʃ. [huge, French, from the »erb.]
Ci mour ; ſhout. Granville.

To HOP. ^. n. [hoppan, Saxon.]
1. To jump; to ſhip rightly. Drydh,
1. To leap on one leg. Abbot.
3. To walk lamely, or with one leg leſs
nimble than the other. Dryden.
4. To move ; to play. Spenſer

HOP. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A jump ; a light leap; 2. A jump en one leg. Addiſon.
3. A place where meaner people dance.

HOP. ʃ. [hop, Dutch.] A plant.

To HOP. v.m. [from the noon.] To impregnate
with hops. Arbuthnot.

HOPE. ʃ. [hopa, Saxon.]
1. Expectation of ſome good : an expectation
indulged with pleaſure. Job, Locke.
2. Conſidence in a future event, or in the
future conduct of any bedy. Shakſp.
3. That which gives hope. Shakʃpeare.
4. The object of hope. Dryden.

HOPE. ʃ. Any Hoping plain between the
ridges of mountains. Ainsworth.

To HOPE. 1?. ». [from the noun.]
1. To live in expedlation of ſome gooiJ.
Toylor p
2. To place confidence in futurity. Pſ,

To HOPE. v. a. To txpect with deſire. Dryden.

HO'PEFUL. a. [hope and /«//.]
1. Full of qualities which produce hope ;
promiſing. Bacon.
2. Full of hope; full of expectation of
fuccef. Boyle, Pope. .

HOPEFULLY. ad. [from hopeful.]
1. In ſuch manner as to raite hope,
2. With h^ipc; without deſpair. Glanv.

HO'PEFULNESS. ʃ. [from hopeful.-^ Promife
of good ; likelihood to ſucceed.

HO'PELESS. a. [from hope.]
1. Without hope; without pleaCng ex»
ptrſtation. Hooker.
2. Giving no hope ; promiſing nothing
pleaſing. Shakſpear.

HO'PER. ʃ. [from hope.] One that has
pleaſing expectations, Swift.

HO'PINGLY. ad. [from hoping.] With
hope; with expeilation of good. Hammonda

HO'PPER. ʃ. [from hop.] He who hops
or jumps on one leg.

HO'PPERS. [commonly called Scotch hopp
rs.] A kind of play in which the adt of
hops on one leg.

HO PPER. ʃ. [io caUed becauſe it is always
1. The box or open frame of wood into
which the corn is put to bt ground. Greiu.
3. O a. A

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4. Abaiket for carrying (eed,

HORAL. a. [from /jor(2. Latin.] Relating
to the hour. Prior.

HORARY. a. [l-fl^rtr/as, Latin.]
1. Relating to £Hi riour. Hudibras.
2. C>>ntinuing for an hour, Brown.

HORDE. ʃ. A clan ; a migratory crew of
people. Themjcn.

HORIZON. ʃ. ['o.ll^my.] The line that
term Iriic res the view. The, horiz,'n is di-
Ifingiuſheii into ſenſible and real ; the ſenſibie
horizon is the ciicular line which limits
the view ; tha real is that which wculd
bound it, if it could take in the hemiſphere. Bacon.

HORIZO'NTAL. a. [/o./2.o«/^/, French ] .
1. Near the horizon. Milton.
2. Parallel to the horizon ; on a level. Arbuthnot.

HORIZO'NTALLY. ad. ff.anrj horix.ontai.]
In a.dirpſtion parallel to the horizon. Berkley.

HORN. ʃ. [haurn, Gothick ; hrjin, Sax.)
1. The hard pointed bodies which grow
on the heads of ſome graminivorcui quadrupeds,
and ſerve them for weapons.
2. An inſtrument of wind-muſick made of
horn-. Dryden.
3. The extremity of the waxing or waining
mo.m. Dryden. Thomſon.
4. The feelers of a fnail. Shakʃpeare.
c. A drinking cup made of horn,
6.^ Antler of a cuckold. Shakʃpeare.
7. JioRN mad. Perhaps mad as a cuckold.Shakʃpeare.

HORNB.E'AK ?_ y_ ^ j^j.^ ^f ^^.


HO'RNBEAM. ʃ. [born and boem, Dutch.]
A tree.

HO'R'NDQCiK. ʃ. [from and book.] The
.lirſt book. of children, covered with horn
to keep it unfuiled. Locke, Prior.

HO'RJMEt). a. [from Zw.] Furniſhed
with horns. Denham.
ilO'RiiER,. f [from b(-rn.] One that works
in horn, and ſellss horns. Grew.

H0'RNET. ſ. [hypnetrs, Saxon.] A very
large ſtrong ſtinj^ing iiy. Denham.

HO'RNFOOT. ʃ. [ior«and/itf.] H-.oſed.

HO'RNOWL. ʃ. A kind of horned owl.

HO'RNPIPE. ʃ. [ior« and ;!.;>?.] A coun.
try dance, danced commonly to a horn

HO'ROGRAPHY. ʃ. [olja. and yid^iu-l A
account of the hours.

HO'ROLOGE. ʃ. [horohgimn, Latin.]

HO'ROLOGY. ʃ. Any inſttament that tells
the hour: as a clock ; a watch; an hourglaſs. Brown.

HOROMETRY. ſ. [<i^a. and /mst^ho;.]
The art of meaſuring hours. Brown.

HO'ROSCOPE. ʃ. [iJ^Ja-HOOT®-.] The configuration
of the planets at the hour of
birth. Drummond, Dryden.

HO'RRIBLE. a. [borrtbil,s, Lat.] Dreadful
; terrible; ſhocking ; hideous; enormous. South.

HO'RRIBLENESS. ſ. [from horrible.]
Dreadfulneſs ; hideouſneſs ; t!'rribleneſs.

HO'RRIBLY. ^d. [from horrible.]
1. Dreadfully; hideouſly. Milton.
1. To a dreadful degree. Locke.

HORRID. a. [horridu,^ hnm.l
1. Hideou'; ; dreadful ; ſhocking. Shakʃpeare.
2. Shocking ; oiFenflye ; unplealing. PSpe.
5. Rough ; rugged. Dryden.

HO'RRIDNESS. ʃ. [from horrid.] Hideou/
neſs ; enormity. Hammond.

HO'RRIFICK. a. [horrifcut, Lat.] Oiufing
horrour. Thomfon.

HORRI'SONOUS. a. [horrifoms, Latin.]
Sounding dreadfully. Difi,

HORROUR. ʃ. [horror, Latin.]
1. Terrour mixed with deteſtacion. Davies.
a Gloom ; drearineſs. Pope. .
3. [In medicine.] Such a ſhuddering or
quivering as piecedes an ague-fit ; a ſenſe
of ſhuddering or ſhr.'nkng. Quincy.

HORSE. ʃ. [hopr> Saxon.]
1. A neighing quadruped, uſed in war,
and draught and carriage. Creech.
a- It is uſed in the plural ſenſe, but with
a ſingular termination, for horſes, horſemen,
or cavalry. Clarenden.
3. Something on which any thing is ſup
4. A wooden machine which foldieis ride
by way < f puniftiinent.
c. J'ined to another ſubſtantive, it ſignities
ſomething l^rge or coarie : as, a
hor[rface, a face of which the features are
large and indelicate.

To HORSE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To mount upon a horſe. Bacon.
2. To cjriy one on the back,
3. To ride any thing, Shakʃpeare.
4. To cover a mare. Mortimer.


HOR:N\V0!IK>. ʃ.

HORNY. a. [hem borr.]
1. Made of horn.
2. R'/fenibhiii; horn,
3. ,Kj;d as hern ; calkus. Raleigh, Ben. Johnson.

HORSEBACK. ſ. [bor^:m\ bach.] The
A kind . f blue ſtone. feat of the rider ; the Rate of being on a
A kind of angular for- horſe. Brown.

HORSEBEA'N. ʃ. [horſeiLn^hean.] A ſmall
bean iifuaHy given to horſes, Mortimer.

HO'RSERLOCk. ʃ. [horſe and hhck.] A
block on which chey climb to a horſe.

HORSE. Arbuthnot, Dryden.

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HORSEBOA'T. ʃ. [l>or-fi and hoar.] A
hoat uſed in ferrying hitiCes.

HORSEBO'7 ʃ. '[/orſe and Lay.] A boy
employed in drelling horſes ; a dableboy.

HO'RSEBREAKER. ʃ. [lorfi and ircak.]
One whole employment is to tame hoifes
to the faddle. Creech.

HORSECKE'SNUT. ʃ. [horſe and chef„ut.]
A plant. MUkr,

HO'RSECOURSER. ʃ. [Jborſe and cour/er.]
t. One that runs horſeo, or keeps horſes
for the race.
2. A dealer in horſes. Wiſeman.

HO'RSECRAB. ʃ. A kind of Mi. ^ivj'-iv.

HORSECUCUMBER. ʃ. [h:rſe ^ni cucumher.'.
A platit. Mortimer.

HO'RSEDUNG. ʃ. [korfci^nd dung.] The
excremen's of horſes. Peachav:,

HORSEE'MMET. ʃ. [borſe and emmet.]
Ant of a large kind.

HORSEFLESH. ʃ. [horſe and fleſh.] The
fleſh of horſes. Bacon.

HO'RSEFLY. ʃ. [borſe zr\d fy.] A fly
that ſtings horſef, and ſucks idiii: blood.

HO'RSEFOOT. ʃ. An herb. The ſame
with (oltEfo )t. Atnj'worth,

HO'RSEHAIR. ʃ. [horſe a.^d h:itr.] The
hair of horſes. Dryden.

HORSEHEEL. ʃ. An herb,

HO'RSELAUGH. ʃ. [horſe and lavgh.] A
loud violent rude laugh. Pope.

HORSELEECH. ʃ. [horſe and kcch.]
1. A great Jeech that bites horſes, bkakf,
2. A ferrier.

HO'RSELITTER. ʃ. [horſe and litter.] A
carnage hung upon poles between two
horſes, on which the perftn carried lyes
along. ' 2 Mac,

HO'RSEMAN. ʃ. [horſe and man.]
1. One ſkilled in riding. Dryden.
2. One that ſerves in wars on hsrfeback,
3. A rider ; a man en horſeback. Prior.

HO'RSEMANSHIP. ʃ. [from borftnar.]
The art of riding ; the art of managing a
horſe. Wotton.

HO'RSEMARTEN. ʃ. A kind of large bee.

HO'RSEMATCH. ʃ. A bird. Ainſworth.

HO'RSEMEAT. ʃ. [horſe and meat.] Provender. Bacon.

HO'RSEMINT. ʃ. A large coarſe mint.

HO'RSEMUSCLE. ſ.A large muſcle. Bac.

HORSEPLAY. ʃ. [i-cr/; and//^_y.] Coarfe,
rough, rueged play. Dryden.

HO'RSEPOND. ʃ. [hcrfi and fond.] A
pond for horſes.

HORSERACE. ʃ. [horſe and race.] A
match of horſes in running. Bacon.

HO'RSERADISH. ʃ. [horſe and radiſh.]
A root acrid and biting: a ſpecies of ſcurvygtafs,

HORSESHOE. ʃ. [horft mi f^oe.]
1. A plate of iron nailed to th feet of
^^'f- Shakʃpeare.
r,^; ^- Atr,l'Zvor,b.

HORSESTEA'LER. ʃ. [horſe 2.ni fieaL] A
thief who takes away horſes. Shak-lt,

HO'RSETAIL. ʃ. A plant.

HO'RSETONGUE. ʃ. An herb. Ainf^v

HORvEWAV. ſ. [^or>andw^_j.] Abro.d
way by '-hich horſes may travel. Shakſp.

HORTA'TION. ʃ. [hort'atic, Latin.] fns
a<ff of exhorting; advice or cncouragcme;it
to ſomething.

HO'RTATIVE. ʃ. [from honor, Latin.]
; precept by which one incirts
or animates.

HO'RTATORY. a. [from hortor, Latin.]
; animating; adviing to any

HORTICULTURE. ʃ. [hortut:,^\cultura,
The art of cultivating gardens.

HO'RTULAN. a. [kortularus, L«in.] Belonging
to a farden. Evelyn.

HO'SANNA. ʃ. [-o-avy.t.] An exclamation
of praiſe to God. Fiddn.

HOSE. ʃ. plur. loſen. [hoj-a, Saxon.]
1. Breeches, Shakʃpeare.
2. Stockings ; covering for the legs. Guy.

HOSIER. ʃ. [from hofe.] One who ſellss
flockingi, Swift.

HO'SPITABLE. a. [hofftahiJii, Latin.]
Giving enteaainrnent toitrangers ; kind to
fl ranters. Dryden.

HO'SPITABLY. ad. [from hofftable.] With
kindneſs to ſtrangers. Prior.

HO'SPITAL. ʃ. [hoſpital, French ; hoſpi- '
ta^Ji, Latin.]
1. A place built for the reception of the
fuk, or ſupport of the poor. Addiſon.
2. A place fo.r ſhelter or entertainment. Spenſer.

HOSPITALITY. ʃ. [koſpitalite, French.]
The practice of entertaining ſtrancers. Hooker.

HO'SPITALLER. ʃ. [boſpita'arius, low
Latin. from brſpital.] One reſiding in an
hoſpital in order to receive the poor or
ſtrangeer. Ayliffe.

To HO'SPITATE. v. a. [boſpiicr, Latin.]
To reſide under the roof of another. Gre^^v.

HOST. ʃ. [hofte, French ; hoſpes, boſpitis,
1. One who gives entertainment to another. Sidney.
2. The landlord of an inn. Shakʃpeare.
3. [From ti^as, Latin.] An army; num.
bers afiembled for war. Shakʃpeare.
4. Any great number. Shakʃpeare.
5. [i/fy?/a, Latin.] The ſacrifice of the
mafs in the Romiſh church.

To HOST. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To take up entertainment, Shakſp.
3. To encounter in battle. Milton.
3. a 3. To

5. To review a body of nien ; to mufter.

HOSTAGE. ʃ. [oſtage,T(tnc\\.] One given
in pledge for lecurity of performance of
cnndicionS( ^'bulbvot.

HO'STEL. 2/- l^'Ji'^ bojiekne, Fr.]

HO'STELRY. [An inn.

HO'STESS. ʃ. [hoflcJfe, French.] A female
hoft ; a woman thaC g ves entertainment. Dryden.

HO'STESS-SHIP. ſ. [from hofie^i.] The
character of an ſcoftef;, Shakʃpeare.

HO'STILE. a. [hoftlhs, Latin.] Adverſe ; oppoſite ; ſuitable to an enemy. Dryden.

HO'STILITY. ʃ. [cofiiUte, Ft. from boJ}ik.]
The practices of an open enemy ; open
war; oppoſition in war. Hayward.

HO'STLER. ʃ. [hofidkr, from hofleW] One
who has the care of horſes at an inn.

HO'oTRY. ʃ. [corrupted from hojhlry.'.
A place where the horſes of gueſts are
kept. Dryden.

HOT. a. [hat, Saxon.]
1. Having the power to excite the ſenſe
of heat ; contrary to cold ; fiery. Newton.
2. Luflfulj lewd. Shakʃpeare.
3. Strongly affected by ſenſibJe qualities. Dryden.
4. Violent ; furious ; dargeron?, Clarend.
5. Ardent ; vehement ; precipitate.
6. Eager; keen in defiie. Locke.
7. Piquant ; acrid.

HOTBED. ʃ. A bed of earth made hot
hy ſhe ffrmfntation of dvrsg. Eicon.

HOTERA'INED. a. [hot and brain.] Violent
; vehement ; furious.

HOTCO'CKLES. ʃ. [bai^res crqu-l'es, Fr.]
A play in which one covers bis eye«, and
gueffes who ſtrikes him. Arbuthnot.

HOTHEA'DED. a. [hot and ^ bead.] Vehem^-
nt ; violent ; paſſionate. Arbuthnot.

HO'THOUSE. ʃ. [hot and houji.]
1. A bagnio ; a place to ſweat and cup in.Shakʃpeare.
2. A brothel. Ben. Johnson.

HOTLY. ad. [from bot.]
1. With heat ; not coldly.
2. Violently ; vehementJy. Sildney,
1. Luftfully. Dryden.

HOTMOUTHED. a. [bot and mouth ]
Heidſtrong ; ungovernable. Dryden.

HOTNESS. ʃ. [from i-af.] Heatj'violence
; fury.

HO'TCHPOTCH. ʃ. [hacLe'en pcche. Fr.]
A mingled haſh ; a mixfue. Camden.

HOTSPUR. ʃ. [bot^ and ff^ur.]
1. A man violent, paſſionate, precipitate
and heady. Burton.
2. A kind of pea of ſpeedy growth. Mort,

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HOTSPURRED. a. [from hotſpur.] Vehement
; raſh ; heady. Peacham.

HOVE. The preterite of he/I've,

HO'V^EL. ʃ. [Diminutive of hope, houſe,
1. A /bed open on the ſides, and covered
overhead. -
2. A mean hablation ; a cottage, Ray.

To HO'VEL. v. a. [from the mun.] To
fiiclter in an hovel. Shakʃpeare.

HO'VE^. part. pajf. [from heave.] Raiſed; ſwelled ; tumefied. ^'uffer.

To HOVER. v.n, {hovioy to hang over,
1. To hang in the air over head. Dryden, Prior,Pope. .
2. To ſtand in ſuſpenfe or expectation. Spenſer.
3. To wander about one place. Addiſon.

HOUGH. ʃ. [hos, Saxon.]
1. The lower part of the thigh, 2 Efd,
2. [Hue, French.] An adz ; an hoe. Stillingfleet.

To HOUGH. To a, [from the noun.]
1. To hamſtring ; to diſable by cutting
the ſinews of the ham. Jof,
2. To cut up with an hough or hoe.

HO ULE T. ʃ. The vulgar name for an owL

HOULT. ʃ. [hole, Saxon] A ſmall wood. Fairfax.

HOUND. ʃ. [hunfe, Saxon.] A dog uſed
in the chace. Prior.

To HOUND. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſet on the chace. Bramhall.
2. To hunt ; to puffue. L'Eſtranze,

HO'UNDFISH. ʃ.; Akmdoffiſh.

HOUNDSTO'NGUE. ʃ. [fy«^^/o/7i/«, Lat.]
A plant. Miller.

HO'UNDTREE. ʃ. A kind <.f tree. Ainſw.

HOUP. ʃ. [upupa, Latin.] The puet.

HOUR. ʃ. [bcure, French ; bora, Latin.]
1. The twenty-fourth part of a natural
day ; the ſpace of fixty minutes. Shakſ.
2. A particular time-
3. The time as marked by the clock.Shakʃpeare.

HOURGLASS. ʃ. [hur and glaſs.]
1. A glaſs filled with f^nd, which, running
through a narrow ho]i>, marks the
time, Sidney, Bacon.
2. Spice of time. Bicsn,

HOURLY. a. [from hour.] Happening
or done every hour ; frequent ; often lepeated. Dryden.

HO'URLY. ad. [from hour.] Every hour ;
frequently. Dryden.,

HOURPLATE. ʃ. [hour zv^i^ phtc] The
dial ; the plate on which the hours, pointed
by the hand of a clock are infciibed.

HOUSE. ʃ. [hvij-, Saxon.]
1. A

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1. A place wherein a man lives ; a place
of human abode. Waia.
2. Any'place of abode. Shakʃpeare.
3. Places in which religious or fuidious
Perſons live in common. Addiſon.
4. The manner of living ; the table. Swift.
5. Station of a planet in the heavens,
aſtrologically conſidered. Stillingfleet.
6. Family of ancertors, deſcendants, and
kindred ; race. Dryden.
7. A body of the parliament ; the lords or
commons coiled^ively confitiered. King Charles.

To HOUSE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To harbour ; to admit to rtſidence. South.
2. To ſhelter ; to keep under a roof. Evelyn.

To HOUSE. v. n.
1. To take ſhelter; to keep abode; to
reſide. Shakʃpeare.
2. To have an aſtrological ſtation in the
heavens. Dryden.

HOUSEBREA'KER. ʃ. [houſe and ireai-l
Burglar ; one who makes his way into
houſes to ſteal. L'Eʃtrange.

HOUSEBREA'KING. ʃ. [iouſe uni break.]
Burglary. Swift.

HO'U.SEDOG. ʃ. [touſe:M\Adog.] A maftiff
kept roeuard the houſe. Addiʃon.

HOUSEHOLD. ʃ. [kouje and hold.]
1. A family living together. Shakʃpeare.
2. Famiiy liie ; domelHck management.Shakʃpeare.
3. It is uſed in the manner of an ar'jective,
to ſignify domeilick ; belonging to the family-

HO'USEHOLDER. ʃ. [{,ow houſetold.] Mafter
of a family. Ma:t.

HOU'SEHOLDSTUFF. ʃ. [houſehold and
Jiujf.] Furniture of any houſe; utenfils
convenient for a family. L'Eſtrange.

HOUSEKEEPER. ʃ. [houſe and kap.]
1. houſeholder ; mafter of a family. Locke.
2. One who lives in plenty. Wotion.
3. One who lives much at .'lome. Sla^ef.
4. A woman fervant that has c.^ve of a
family, and I'uperintends the fervants. Swift.
:. A houſedog. Shakʃpeare.

HOUSEKEEPING. a. [houU and' keep.]
Dmellick ; uſeful to a fdrniiv. Ca'^eiv.

HO'USEKEEPING. ʃ. Hoſpitality ; liberal
nnd plentitul table. Prior.

HO'USFL. ʃ. [hupl, Saxon.] The hoiy

To HO'USEL. v. a. [from the noun.] To
give or receive the eucharift. Boih the
noun and verb are obſolete.

HO'USELEEK. ʃ. [houJe?,aAhek.] A plant.

HOUSELESS. a. [from houſe.] Withont
abode ; wanting hab tation. H^etl.

HO'USEMAID.y. [houſe and maid.] A maid
emoloyed to keep the houſe clean. o2t;./f

HOUSEROOM. ſ. [A<,«/.andr«m.] PIac.
in a houſe. Dryden.

HO'USESNAIL. ʃ. A kind of fnail.

HO'USEWARMING. ʃ. [hot^Je and-zvJr'r:]
A teact or merrymaking upon going into a
new houſe.

HOUSEWIFE. ʃ. [houſe and wife.]
1. The miſtreſs of a family. Pope. .
2. A female economift. Spenſer.
3. One ſkilled in female buſineſs. Addiſon.

HO'USEWIFELY. a. [from houjewife.'.
Skilled in the ads becoming a houſewifc.

HO'USEWIFELY. ad. [from hoi^feiuife. ;
With the oeconomy of a houſewife.

HOUSEWIFERY. ʃ. [from houſewife.]
1. Domeſtick or female buſineſs ; management. Chapman.
2. Female ceconomy. laykr.

HO'USING. ʃ. [from houſeA
1. Quantity of inhabited building. Graunt.
2. [From A(3;,/<ji/.v, French.] Ciuth originally
uſed to keep olF dirt, now added
to faddles as ornamental.

HO'USLING. a. [from houſ^.] Provided
for entertainment at firſt entrance into 3
houſe ; houſewarming. Spenſer.

HOUSS. ʃ. [from houjeaux, Fr.] houſiings. Dryden.

HOW. ad. [hu, Saxon.]
1. In what manner
; to what degree. Boyle.
2. In what manner. L'Eſtrarge.
3. For what reaſon ; from what cauſe.Shakʃpeare.
4. By what means. Bacon.
5. In what ſtate. Dryden.
6. It is uſed in a ſenſe marking proportioa
or correſpondence. Hayward, Berkley.
7. It is much uſed in exclamation. Lam.

HOWBEIT. ʃ. ad. [bowbeit.] Neverthe-

HO'WBE. S lei^s; notwithrtanding; yet ; however. Not now in uTe. Hooker.

HOWD'VE. f Contraded from hotu do ve]
in what ſhue is vour health. Pope. .

HOWEVER. ad', [^ow and r-7w.]
1. In whatſoever manner ; ai whatſoever
degree. Shakʃpeare.
2. At all events ; happen what will ; ar
leaſt. 7illotfia,
3. Nevertheleſs ; notwithſtanding ; yef.


To HOWL. v. a. [Lugler. D itch ; uluh,
1. To cry as a wolf or dog. Shakſp.
1. To utter cries in diſtrel's. Shakſp.
3. To ſpeak wiſh a belluine cry or tone.
A Philips.
4. It is uſed poetically of any noiie loud
and hornj,



HOWL. ʃ. [from the %xrb ]
1. The cry of a woif or dog. Swift.
2. The cry of a human being in horrour.

HOWSOE'VF.R. ad. [hc-w and foewr.]
1. In what manner loever. Raleigh.
2. Although. Shakʃpeare.

To HOX. i.]a. [from hog./Shakſp.] To
hough ; to hamſtring. Kioiks,

HOY. ʃ. [/joa, old French.] A 'arge boat
ſometimes with one deck. Watts.

HU'BBUB. ʃ. A tumult; a tiot. darend.

HU'CKABACK. ʃ. A kind of Jincn on
whirh the figures are raiſed,

HU'CKLEBACKED. a. [hcckcr^ German,
a bunch.] Crooked in the ihcuiders.

HU'CKLEBONE. ʃ. [from bucket.] The

HU'CKSTER. ʃ. [heck, German, a

HU'CKSTERER. ʃ. pedlar.]
1. One who lells goodb by retail, or in
ſmall quantities. Scurh.
2. A trickiſh mean fellow.

To HU'CKSTER. v.n. [from the noun.]
To deal in petty bargains. tSwift.

To HU'DDLE. v./!. [probably from .W.]
1. To dreſs up cloſe io as not to be diſcovered
; to motbl.
2. To put on careleily in a hurry. Swift.
2. To cover op m h^fte.
4. To peri'orni in a hurry. Dryden.
c. To throw together in confuſion. Locke.

To HU'DDLE. v. «. To come in a crowd
or hurry. Milton.

HUDDLE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Crowd; tumult ; confuſion. Addiſon.

HUE. ʃ. [h:epe, Saxon.]
1. Colour ; die. Milton.
2. [Huee, French.] A clamour ; a lepal
purſuit. Arbuthnot.

HUE'R. ʃ. [huer, French, to cry.] One
whoſe buſineſs is to call out to others. Carew.

KUFF. ʃ. [from hove, or ho'ven, ſwelled.]
1. Swell of ſudden anger or arrogance.

2. A ^vretch ſwelled with a falſe opinion
of his own value. South.

To HUFF. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſwfll; to puff. Gte-.v.
-5. To heſtor ; to treat with inf&lence and

To HUFF. v. n. To blufter ; to ſtorm ; to
bounce. South. Otway. Roſcomn.on.

HU'tFER. ʃ. [from Luff.]' A biufterer ; a bully. Hudibras.

HU'FFISH. a. [from huff.] Arrogant ;
inſolent ; heſtorirg.

HU'FFISHLY. ad. Urom huffifo.] Wiſh
arrfig5n': petulance.

HU'FFISHNESS. ʃ. Petulance ; arrogance
; noily blufter.

To HUG. v. a. [hejian, oaxon.]

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1. To prc'fs cliife in an embrace. V'Lfir.
2. To fondle ; to treat with tendeme-fs. Milton.
3. To hold fafl-. Aft.flmry.

HUG. ʃ. [from the noun.] cloſe embrace. Gay.

HUGE. a. [hnogh, high, Dutch.]
1. Vaft ; imrnenfe. Arbut,
2. Great even to deformity or terribleneſs,

HU'GELY. ad. [from huge.]
1. Immenfely ; enormouny. Shakʃpeare.
2. Greatly ; very much. Swift.

HU'GENESS. ʃ. [from huge] Enormous
; greatn-fs. Shakʃpeare.

HUGGERMUGGER. ʃ. [corrupted perhaps
from hug to mwckcr, or hug in the
dark. Morrker in Daniſh is darkneſs,
whence murky.] Secrecy; bye- place. Hudibras.

HU'GY. a. [See Huge.] Vaft ; great; huge. Caretv.

HUKE. ʃ. [/jz/y.-/f, French.] A cloak. Bac.

HULK. f. [hu/ck,; Dutch; hulc, Saxon.]
1. The body of a ſhip. Shakʃpeare.
2. Any thing bulky and unwieldy. Shakſ.

To HULK. I'. a. To exenterate : as, to
hi.lk a hare. Ainſworth.

HULL. ʃ.' [hulgin, Gnihick, to cover.]
1. The hnilc Of integument of any thing ; the outer covering.
2. The body of a ſhip ; the hulk. Grc-xu.

To HULL. w. n. [from the noun.] To fio.U
; to drive to and tro upon the water without
fails or rudder. Swiiiy,

HU'LLY. a. [from /->a//.] Slliquoſe ; hulky. Ainſworth.

HULVER. ʃ. Holly. Tuffe,.

To HUM. t.'. a. [from mſhn, 'Dn\.c\\.]
1. To make the noiſe of bees. Dryden.
1. To make an inarticulate and buzzing
Lund, Shakʃpeare.
3. To pauſe in ſpeaking, and ſupply the
interval with an audible emiſſion of breath. Hudibras.
4. To fing low. Granville, Pope. .
5. To applaud. Approbation was commonly
expreſiVd in poblick aſſemblies by
a hum, about a century ago,

HU?>I. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. The n ife of bees or infeſts, Shakſp.
2. The noiſe of bulling crowds, Milton.
t. Any 1W dull noiſe. Pope. .
4. A pauſe with an articulate found. Dryden.
5. In Hudibras it ſeems uſed for ha:n.
6. An expieſſion of applauſe. Spc&ilton.

HUM. niterj. A fourid implying doubt and
deliberation. Shakʃpeare.

HU'MAN. a. [hummus, h^tin.]
1. Having ihfc qualities of a man, Swift.
2. Belonging toman. Milton.

HUMA'NE. a. [humair.e, French.] Kind ;
Civil : benevolent ; eood'n^tu^ed. Spratt.



HUMA'NELY. ad. [from luwane.] Kindly
; with good nature. Shakʃpeare.

HU'MANIST. ʃ. [b'jwarafi-', French.] A
philologer ; a grammarim.

HUMA'NITY. ʃ. [humar.uas, Latin.]
1. The nature of man. Sidney.
2. Humankind ; the colleiſhve body of
mankind, Granville.
3. Benevolence; tenderneſs. Locke.
4. Philology ; grammatical ſtudies.

To HUMANIZE. v. a. [bumartifer, Fr.]
To ſoften ; to make ſuſceptive of tenderneſs
or benevolence. JFotcon,

HU'MANKIND. ʃ. [human and kind.] The
race of man. /'(/-e.

HU'MANLY. ad. [from bumar.]
1. After the notions of men. Atterbury.
2. Kindly ; with good. nature, Pope.

HU'MBIRD. ʃ. [from i)s/« and (J/W.] The
humming bird. Brown.

HU'MBLE. a. [bumble, French ; bumiiis,
X, Not proud ; modeft ; not arrogant. Spenſer, Shakʃpeare.
2i Low ; nnt high ; not great. Csivley.

To HU'MBLE. v. a. [from the adjective.]
1. To make humble ; to make ſubmiffive.
2. To cruffi ; to break ; to ſubdue. Milton.
3. To make to condeſcend. Locke.
4. To bring down from an height.

HU'MBLEBEE. ʃ. [hum and bee.] A buzzing
wild bee. Atterbury.

HU'MBLEBEE. ʃ. An herb. Ainsworth.

HU'MBLEBEE Eater. ʃ. A fly that eats
the humblebee. Ainſworth.

HU'MBLENESS. ʃ. [from humble.] Humility
; abf^ance of pride. Bacon, Herbert.

HU'MBLER. ʃ. [from bumb;e.] One that
humbles or ſubdues himſelf or others.

HUMBLEMOUTHED. a. [hurr.ble and
mouth.] Mild; meek. Shakʃpeare.

HU'MBLEPLANT. ʃ. A ſpecies of ſenſitive
plant. Mortimer.

HUMBLES. ʃ. Enrrails of a deer.

HU'MBLESS. ʃ. [from bumble.] Humble,
neſs ; humility. Spenſer.

HU'MBLY. ad. [from humkk.]
1. Without pride ; with humility, Addiſ.
2. Without height ; without elevation.

HU'MDRUM. a. [from ium, drone.] Dull ; droniſh ; ſtupid, Uudibras.

To HUME'OT. ʃ. v. ſt. [humelio, Lat.]

To HUMECTATEa To wet ; tomoiſten.

HUMECTA'TION. ʃ. [humca.tion, Fr.]
The act of wetting ; rroiltening. Brown.

HU'MERAL. a. [humerus, Latin.] Belonging
to the ſhoulder. Shakſp.

HUMICUBA'TION. ʃ. [humi and cubo,
Latin.] The act of l^ing on the ground.

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HU'MID. a. [butnidus, Latin.] Wet ]
moiſt ; watery. Newton.

HUMI'DITY. ʃ. [from humid.] Moifture,
or the power of wetting other bodies. It
<lii^ers from fluidiiy. depending altogether
I'n thecongruity of the component particles
of any liquor to the pores or ſurfaces of
ſuch particular bodies as it is capable of
adhering to. Quincy.

HUMILIATION. ʃ. [French.]
1. Deſcent from greatneſs ; act of hujni-
J'ty- Hooker.
2. Mortification ; external expreſſion of fin
and unworthineſs. Milton.
3. Abatement of pride. Swift.

HUMILITY. ʃ. [humili,/, French.]
1. Freedom from pride; mode% ; not
irrogance. Hooker.
2. Act of ſubmiſſion. Davies.

HU'MMER. ʃ. [from hum.] Anapplauder. Ainſworth.

HU'MORAL. a. [from humour.] Proceeding
from humours. Harvey.

HU'MORIST. ʃ. [bu-^orij?j^ Italian.]
1. One who conduifts himſelf by his own
fancy ; one who gratifies his own humour. Spenſer.
2. One who has violent and peculiar paffons. Bacon.

HU'MOROUS. a. [from iumour.]
1. Full of groteſque or odd images. Addiſon,
2. Capricious ; irregular. Dryden.^.
3. Pic:afant ; jocular. AlnJ-zuanh,.

HU'MO:IOUSLY. a. [hovn humorous.]
1. Merrily; jocofely. Calamy, Swift.
2. With caprice ; with whim.

HU'MOROUSNESS. ʃ. [from humorous.]
Fickleneſs ; capricious levity.

HU'MORSOMB. a. [from humour..
1. Peeviſh ; petulint.
2. Ovid ; humorous. Swift.

HU'MORSOMELY. ad. [from humorJome,\
Peeviſhly ; petulantly.

HUMOUR. ʃ. [kumor, Latin.]
1. M-iifture. Ravt
2. The difterent kind of tFoiſtare Inman'a
body ; phlegm, blood, chjiur, and melancholy.
3. General turn or temper of mind. Sidney.
4. Preſent d ſpcfuion. Dryden.
5. Groteſque imagery; jocularity; metument.
6. DITeaſed or morbid dirpoſition. Temple.
7. Petulance
; peeviſhneſs. South.
8. A trick ; a practice. Shakʃpeare.
9. Caprice ; whim ; predominant incli.
nation. BacOK.

To HU'MOUR. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To gratify ; to fooch by compliance.Shakʃpeare.
2. To fit ; to comply with, Addiʃon.


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Hump, y, [corrupted perhai>s from hmf'.]
A crooked back. 1'atltr,

HU'MPBAC'K. ſ.{hHmpzn^kiik.] Crooked
baikj hiſh (linulders, Tatler.

HUMPBACKED. a. Having a crooked

To HUNCH. v. a. [.;//./->, German.]
1. To ſtrike or punch with the nfts. ^rbu,
2. [Hooker. a crooked back, German.]
To cro k the back. Dryden.

HUNCHBA'CKED. a- [bunch and back.]
Having a crooked back. Arbuthnot.

HU'NDRED. a. [hunt, hunfepeb, Saxon.]
The number conſiſting of ten miiitiplied
by ten. Shakʃpeare.

1. A company or body conſiſting of an
hundred. Arbuthnot.
2. A canton or diviſion of a countty, perhap
once containing an hundred manors.
[Hvndredw'i, low Latin.] Bacon.

HU'NDREDTH. ^. [hunbpeonteojopa,
Saxon.] The ordinal of an hundred. Hooker.

HUNG. The preterite and part. faj'. of
bang. Dryden.

HU'NGER. ʃ. [hunsejt, Saxon.]
1. Defire of food ; the pain felt from fading. Arbuthnot.
2. Any violent deſire. Decay of Piny.

To HU'NGER. v.n. [from the noun.]
1. To feel the pain of hunger. Cowley.
2. To deſire with great eag«rneſs. Milton.

HU'NGERBIT. ' la.lbungennAbit.l

HUNGERBITTEN. i Pained or weakened
with hunger, ALlton.

HU'NGERLY. a. [itoinbtinger,'] Hungry ;
in want of nourilTmient. Shakʃpeare.

HU'NGERLY. ad. With keen appetite.Shakʃpeare.

HU'NGERSTARVED. a. [bunger and
farwd.] Starved with hunger ; pinched
by want of food. Dryden.

HU'NGERED. a. [from buvger.] Pinched
by want of food. Bacon.

HU'NGRILY. ad. [from bungry.] With
keen opi-eti'e. Dryden.

HUNG'^Y. a. [from bunger.]
1. Feeling pain from want of food, Locke.
2. Nil fat ; not fruitful ; notproliſick ;
more ciſpoſed to draw than to impart. Mortimer.

HUNKS. ʃ. [burſkur, ſordid, Iſlandick.] A
covetous ſordid wretch ; a miſer. Addiʃon.

To HUN r. I'. a. [huntian, Saxon.]
1. To chaſe wild anin.als. Addiſon.
2. To putiue; to follow cloſe. Harvey.
3. To fear' h for. Spenſer.
A. To direct or manage hounds in the
ichace. Addiʃon.

To HUNT. -'.«.
1. To follow the chace. Shakʃpeare.
2. To purſue»or ſcarch, Locke.

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HUNT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A pack of hounds. Dryden.
1. A ch-Tce. Shakʃpeare.
3. purſuit. Shakʃpeare.

HU NTER. ſ. [from buvt.]
1. One w.ho chaces animals for paflime.
2. A dog that ſcents game or beafis of prey.Shakʃpeare.

HU'NTINGHORN. ʃ. [hunting and horn.]
A bugle ; a horn uſed to cheer the hounds. Prior.

HUNTRESS. ʃ. [from burner.] A woman
that follow? the chace. Broome.

HUNTSMAN. ʃ. [bunt and man.]
1. Oae who delights in the chace. Waller.
2. The fervant whoſe £.ffice it is to manage
the chace. L'Eſtrange.

HUN'TSMANSHIP. ʃ. [from hun^man.]
The qualifications of a hunter Donne.

HU'RDLE. ʃ. [hyjibel, Saxon.] A texture
of iJicks woven toE;ether ; a crate. Dryd.

HURDS. ʃ. The refuſe of hemp or iiax. Ainſworth.

To HURL. v. a. [from huorlty to throw
down, Iſlandick.]
1. To throw with violence ; to drive impftuouſly. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To utter with vehemence. [hurUr,
French, to make an howling or hideou.
noiſe.] Spenſer.
3. To play at a kind of game. Cart^u.

HURL. ʃ. [from the verb.] Tumult ; riot; commotion. Knolles.

HU'RLBAT. ʃ. [burUnAbat.] Whirlbat. Ainsworth.

HU'RLER. ʃ. [from burL] One that plays
at hurling. Carew.

HU'RLWIND. ʃ. [Ijurl and -a-ind.] A
whirlwind ; a violent guſt. Sandys.

HU'RLY. ʃ/.TumuIt ; commotion ;

HU'RLYDURLY. ʃ. buftle. Shakʃpeare.

HU'RRICANE. ʃ. [buracan, Spaniſh.]

HU'RRICANO. ʃ. A violent ſtorm, ſuch
as is often experienced in the eaſtern hemiſphere. Addiʃon.

To HURRY. v. a. [hefijian, to plunder,
Saxon.] To haflen
; to put into precipitation
or confuſion. Pope. .

To HU RRY. 11. n. To move on with precipitation. Dryden.

HU'RRY. ʃ. [from the verb.] Tumult ;
precipitation ; commotion. Addiſon.

HURST. ʃ. [bynr^j Saxon.] A grove or
thicket of trees. Ainsworth.

To HURT. v. o. prefer. I burt ; part. pafi'.
I have hurt, [hyjir, wounded, Saxon.]
1. To miſchief ; to harm. Milton.
2. To wound ; to pain by ſome bodily
harr.T. IVuhon,

HURT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Harm ; miſchief. Baker.
2. Wound or bruiſe. Hayward.


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HU'RTER. ʃ. [from lurl.] One that does

HU'RTFUL. a. [hurt and ful/.] Miſch
; perniciou?. | Dryden.

HU'RTFULLY. ad. [from hurtful.] Mifrhievouſly
; peruiciouſly,

HU'RTFULNESS. ʃ. [from hurtfulI Miſchievoufners
; perniciouſneſs.

To HURTLE. v. a. [heurfer, French.]
To ſkirmiſh ; to lun againſt any thing ; to jiiftle. Shakʃpeare.

To HU RTLE. i/. ſt. To move with violence
or impetuofity. Spenſer.

HU'RTLEBERRY. ʃ. [h'tort iar, Daniſh.]

HU'RTLESS. a. [from lurt.]
1. Innocent ; harmleſs ; innuxious ; doing
no harm. Spenſer.
7. Receiving no hurt.

HU'RTLESSLY. ad. [from hurtlefi.] Without
iiaj-m. Sidney.

HU'RTLESSNESS. ʃ. [from ^a///r/i.] Freedim
from any pernicioos quality.

HU'SBAND. ʃ. [hoJs/>a?,d, mafter, Daniſh.]
1. The correlative to wife ; a man married
to a woman, Locke.
2. The male of animals, Dryden.
3. An osconomift ; a man that knows and
practiſes the methods of frugality and profit.
4. A tiller of the ground ; a farmer. Spenſer.

To HU'SBAND. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſupply wltli an huſband, Shakſp.
2. To manaue with frugality. Shakſp.
3. To til! ; to cultivate the ground with
proper management. Bacon.

HU'SBANDLESS. ^. [from hu/Jard.] Without
an huſband. Shakʃpeare.

HU'SBANDLY. a. [from bufiand.] Frugal
; thrifty. ^Jfer.

HU'SBANDMAN. ʃ. [huſhaitd and man.]
One v;ho works in tillage. Broome.

HU'SBANDRY. ʃ. [from hujhavd]
1. Tillage ; manner of cultivating land,
2. Thrift ; frugality ; parſimony. Swift.
3. Care of domeftitk affairs. Shakſp.

HUSH. inter] . [Without etymology.] Silence
! be ſtill ; no noiſe ! Shakſp.

HUSH. a. [from the interjection.] Still ; ſilent ;
quiet. Shakʃpeare.

To HUsH. v. «. [from the interjection.]
To be ſtiU ; to be ſilent. Spenſer.

To HUSH. v. a. To ſtiU ; to ſilence ; to
quiet ; to appeaſe. Otway.

To HUSH up. v. a. To ſuppreſs in ſilence
; to forbid to be mentioned. Pope. .

HU'SHMONEY. ʃ. [hup and money.] A
bribe to hinder information. Swift.

HU.SK. ʃ. [bu/dj:h, Dutch.] Theeutmoſt
integ'imentof fruits, Bacta,

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To HUSK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
ſtrip off the outward integument.

HU'SKED. a. [from hſſk.] Bearing an
huſk ; covered with a liufli.

HU'SKY. a. [from hujk.] Abounding in
h'lſks. Philips.

HUSSY. ʃ. [corrupted from houſewiſe..
A forry or bad woman. ^cuthern,

HU'STINGS. ʃ. [huj-tir,s, Saxon.] A
council ; a court held.

To HUSTLE. t,'. a. [perhaps corrupted from
hurtle.] To ſhake together.

HU'SWIFE. ʃ. [con upted from /-a/>7i.//;.]
1. A bad manager ; a forry woman.Shakʃpeare.
2. An Q»conomift ; a thrifty woman.Shakʃpeare.

To HU'SWIFE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To manage with csvoncmy and frugality.

HU'^WIFERY. ſ. [from huj-wife.]
1. Management good or bad.' TuJTtr.
2. Management of rural buſineſs committed
to women, TuPer,

HUT. ʃ. [huzte, Saxon; hute, French.]
A poor cottage, Swift. T/.omhn.

HUTCH. ʃ. [hpjjcca, Saxjn ; huche, Fr.]
A corn chefl. Mortiwcr.

To HUZZ. ^. n. To buzz ; to tnurmur.

HUZZA'. interj. A ſhout ; a cry of acclamation. L'Eſtrange.

To HUZ^A'. v. n. [from the interjeiſhon.]
To utter acclamation. ^g-

To HUZZA'. v. a. to receive with acclamation,

HY'ACiNTH. ſ. [JaKivr©-.]
1. A plant.
2. The hyicinth is the ſame with the fapii
iyiicurius of the ancients. It is aleſs ſhowy
gem than any of the other red ones, but
not without its beauty, though not gaudy.
It is feldom ſmaller than a feed of hemp,
or larger than a nutmeg. Hill,

HYACI'NTHINE. a. [JaKiv&<K^.] Made
of hyacinths,

HY'ADES.?/. [Jdh;.] A watry conſtel-

HY'ADS. S Jat'on- Dryden.

HY'ALINE. a. [vaXi-.®-.] Glafly ; cryſtalline.

HY'BRIDOUS. a. [v^r.^ ; hyhrida, Latin.]
Begotten between animals of d.fierent ſpecies. Ray.

HYDA'TIDES. ʃ. [from i'oX^.] Little
tranſparent bladders of water in any pait:
mft common in dropfical perſons. Quincy.

HYDRA. ʃ. A monfter with many heads
(lain by Hercules. Dryden.

HYDRAGOGUES /, [i'S^j and ayoi\
hydragogue, French.] Such medicines as
occaſion the diſchaige of watery humours,
which is generally the caſe of the ſtronger
catharticks, S^iiivry,

HYDRAU'LICAL. v. a. [from hjdraulich.]

HYDRAU'LICK. S Kelaring co the conveyance
of water through pipes. Denham.

HYURAU'LICKS. ʃ. [t^'oi'j, water, and
a'l/Xor, a pipe.] The ſcience of conveying
water through pipes or conduitB.

HVDROCE'LE. [JJjcJciX'i ; hydruek^Ti.]
A watery ruptu:e.

BYDROCE'PHALUS. ʃ. [J«>jand xr<{)a-
>>>i.] A d'opfy in the head, Arbuthnot.

HYDRO'GRAIMIER ʃ. [uJ:.-^ and p.^a<fa;.]
One vk'ho draws maps of the fea. Boyle.

HYDROGRAPHY. ʃ. [uJa; and j^jaV.]
Defiiiption of the watery part of the lerraqj'r.
ius elobe.

HY'DROMANCY. ʃ. [y^cci and /.lavl^ia.]
FredicUon by water. ^y^'lf^-

IIY'DROMEL. ʃ. [uS'i-g and fj-iX:.] Honey
and water. Arbuthnot.

HYDRO'METER. ʃ. [i'Kj and /x.=tjo>.]
An inſtrument to mealure the extent of

HYDRO'METRY. ʃ. [t^x^^ and ,u?t()ov. ;
The art f-f me^turicg the oxenr of water.

HYDROPHOBIA. ʃ. [J;?j-.^^):,5l^ ] Dread
of water. Sltiincy,

HYDRO'PICAL. v. a. [J^oTirrV.] o^^p-

HYDROPICK. i ikai ; difealed with extravafec
w.<tcr. Arbuthnot.

HYDROSTA'TICAL.-», [JJi.j and rarix>i\]
Relating to hydroftaticks i taught by hydroildUuks.

HYDROSTA'TICALLY. ad. [from M'cftation]
According to hydroftjticks.

HYDROSTA'TICKS. ʃ. [v^^^^udr^^lL-^'r,
b'(dro'}ati(juc, Frtr.ch.] The ſcience oi
weighing flu ds ; weighing bodies in fluids.

HYDRO'TICK. ʃ. [uJa,-;.] Purger of water
or phlegm. Arbuthnot.

HY'EN. ʃ. [hyene, French ; hyana,

HYENA. ʃ Latin.] An animal like a
wolf. Shakʃpeare.

HYGRO'METER. ʃ. [iyik and fA-iA^a,:.]
An indr'-iment to meaſure the degrees of
moiſture. Arbuthnot.

HY'GROSCOPE. ʃ. [i;V;©- and s-xottIiw.]
An iniiniment to ſhow the in Iftute and
diyneſs of the air, and to wieaſure and eftimaie
the ijuantity of either extreme. ctuincy,

HYM. ʃ. A ſpecies of cog. Shakſpeare.

KYMEN. ʃ. [J.^^v.]
1. The god of marriage,
2. The virginal membrane,

HYMENE'AL. ʃ. [^,j.p<n'^.] A mar.

HYMENE'AN. ʃ. riige ſong. l'o{>c.

HYMEN'E'AL. v. a. Pertaining to marriage.

HYMENE'AN. [Pope. .

HYMN. ſ. [byv:r.e,Tr. i'/^v®-.] An encomuſtick
ſong, or ſong of adoration to
i.?me ſuperiour being. Spenſer.

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To HYMN. v. a. [J.uvsu.] To praiſe in
fng ; to lAorſhip with hymns.

To HYMN. v. n. To fing ſongs of a>!orarion,

HY'M\ICK. a. [uy.-^c;.] Relating to hymns.
_ Donne.

To HYP. v. a. [from hypod'ondnaci.] To
make melancholy ; to Qiſpint, Spe^T.

HY'PALLAGE. ʃ. [J-z<raXX:ty>i.] ' A figure
by which word^ change their cafes with
each other.

HY'PER. ʃ. A hypercritick. Prior.

HYPE'RBOLA. ʃ. [uVe? and S«'\Xi,.] A
levlion of a cone made by a plane, lo that
the axis of the feflion inclines to the op-

P'./ſite leg of the cone, which in the pirabola
is parwllel to it, and in the elhpfis
interfetfs it. Harris.

HY'FERBOLE. ʃ. [J^tjSoX;;.] A figu.-e
in rhetulick by which any thing is increased
or diminiſhed beyond the exaiH: truth.
He luai ſo g'utn, ihi' Ccjfe of a JUgdlet was
a manſton fo<- him, bhakeſp.

HYPERBOLICAI. ʃ. .r , ; , ,

HYPERBO'LICK. [ \.'^'^^hP^rbo\a.^.
1. Belonging to the hyperbola. Grew.
2. [From h\ſcrboli!.] Exaggerating or extenuating
bi?yond faſt. Boyle.

HYPERBO'LICALLY. ad. [from hyperLc
1. In form of an hyperbole.
2. With exsggeution or extenuation.

HYPERBO'LIFORM. cu [LyperboL and
forma. '^ Having the ..brm, or nearly the
form of the hyperbola.

HYPEKBC'AEAN. ʃ. [hyferborcm, Latin.]
N itthern,

HYPERCRI'TICK. ʃ. ['Jms and z.-ITixcj.]
A critick exact oſ tiptious beyond uſe or
reaſon. Dryden.

HYPERCRl'TICAL. a. [hamhypet critick .]
Critical beyond uſe. Swift.

HYPE'RMETER. ʃ. [v^i^ and /u.sr^o^.]
Any thing greitci than the Uaridard requires. Addiʃon.

HYPERSARCO'SIS. ʃ. [I'TrHfra'.mv.-.]
The growth of fungous or pioud flclh.

HYPHEN,/. [u>;y.] A note tf conjunction
: as, vir-tiu, exii-r.h'ving.

HYPNO'TICK. ʃ. [i'svo;.] Any medicine
that induces ſleep,

HYPOCHO'NDRES. ʃ. [ywoyjj'vS'^.ov.] The
two regior.s lying 00 each ſide the cartilago
enfnoimi?, and thuie of the ribs, and the
tin of the breafl-, which have in one the
liver, and in the other the ſpleen.

KYPOCHONDRI'ACAL. v. a. [from hy-

HYPOCHONDRl'AC'K. S fo.hor.dres.
1. Mclantholy ; difyrdered in the imagination.
Decay of Piety.
2. Prc<lijclng rr-elancholv. liaccn.

HV'POCIST. y. [JTrJxi,-'? ] Iljp'cif} is an
iiiſpirt'ated juice in large flat niafles, conſiderably
liard and heavy, of a fine lliining
black cuhn.r, v. hen broken. It is an
Sjlringenc medicine oſ conſiderable power.


HYPO'CRISY. ʃ. [hyp'.crific, Fr. Ci.oz^ici;.]
Diſhmul^tion v.uli regard to the moral or
leligicus character. Dryden, Swift.

KVPOCRITE. ʃ. [CTo^n.U-] A diflemb!
er in morality or religion. Philips.

HYPOCRITICAL. ʃ. ,7. [from fj-pocri/c.]

HYPOCRI'TICK. ʃ. Difienabing ; Infincere ; appearing dift'erently from the reality. Rogers.

HYPOCRI'TICALLY. a^. [from lypccn-
//fa/.] With diſhmulation ; withcrt fiacericy.
Govrr.m-'it of the Tongue.

HYPOGA'STRICK. a. [boroand ys^^^.^.]
Seated in the lower part of the belly. Wife,

HYPOGE'UM. ʃ. [tVo and yr,.] A name
which the ancient architects gave to cellars
and vaults. Harris.

HYPO'STASI?. ʃ. [v's^irart;.]
1. Diftirict ſubitpnce.
2. Perſoniliry. Atterm uſed in the doctrine
of the Holy Trinity. Hart.niovd.

HYPOSTA'TICAL. a. [bypoPatique, Fr.
from bypofiafis.]
1. Conftitutive; conſtituent as diftindt in-

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gredierts, JSej-.'!;.
2. P^rCnna! ; diſhndlly perſonal.

HYPOTENtJ'SE. ſ. [jTrcLr-.-a.] The line
that ſubtends the right untile of a rightangled
triangle ; the ſubter.fe. Locke.

HYPOTHESIS. ʃ. _[tV.^:a-i?.] A ſup-,-
poſition ; a fyftein formed upon ſome^Ciftciple
not proved. South.

HYPOTHE'TICAL. v. a. [bypoth-.f^u'.

HYPOTHE'TICK. ʃ. Fr. from ky^aiie.
/is.] Including a ſuppolition ; conditional.


HYPOTHE'TICALLY. ad. [from hyfrAhe.
tual.] Upon ſuppoſition ; conditionally. Broome.


HURST. > FfC! the Saxon hyjift, a wood.
herst: 3

HY'SSOi.. ſ. [byffopus, Lat.] A plant.
It hath been a great fliſpute, whether the
hyllbp crmmon'y known is the ſame which
is raemioned in Scripture. jliilkr,

HYSTE'RICAL. ʃ. ^ r „ < .

1. Troubled with fit?; diſordered in the
regions of the womb. Harvey.
2. Proceeding from diſorders in the womb.

HYSTE'RICKS. ʃ. [Or'-^'y-k-l Fits of wol
men, ſuppoſed to proceed from diſorders
in the womb.