About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
Language
1755 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1755) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English. It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes on language: today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered f. So, sounds looks on these pages as founds, English looks like Englifh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakeſpeare in the word Shakespeare. Again, this is how things were and this is no mistake. However: because a lot of the words have not rendered correctly in the OCR process there IS indeed garbled text included on these pages. The sheer volume of the two volumes (47,000 entries) means that there is so little time for me go go through the manually. I am just one person doing this, so get in touch if you think you would like to help, . This would be an excellent crowd-sourcing project.

Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.

 

This page last updated: 21 April 2014

D.

D, a confonant nearly approaching
the fnund to T. The fi-ttnd of D
in Englifh is uniform, and it is
/ never mute.

DACIO. [Italian.] A term in mufick,
which means that the firft part of the tune
fi-.ftuld be repeated at the condulinn.

To DAB. v. a. [dauher, Fr.] To ftrike
gently with Ibrfiething foft or moift. Shakeʃp.

A DAB. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A fmall lump of any thing,
2. A bliuv with fomething moift or foft,
3. Something moift or flimy thrown upon
cnc.
4. [In low language.] An artill.
5. A kind of fmall fiat fifh. Careiv.

DAB-CHICK. /'. A chicken newly hatched.
Pope.

To DA'BBLE. v. a. [dahhd. r, ^j.'zh ; To
finear ; to daub ; to wet. Swift.

To DA'BBLE. ʃ. n.
1. To play in water; to move in water
or mud. Swift.
2. To do any thing in a flight manner ; to tamper, Pi/pf.

DA'BBLER. ʃ. [(vom a':dble.]
1. One that plays in water.
2. One that meddles without madcry ; a
fuperficial meddler. S.'r./f.

DACE. ʃ. A t'lnali river iOh, refembling a
roach

JFa!io->.

DA'CTYLE. ʃ. [JaHTuXof, a finger.] A
poetical foot tontifting of one long fyllable
and two fhorr.

DAD. ʃ / The child's way of ex-

DA'DDY. ʃ. prffling rjr/>fr. tih- kefpa'-e.

D/H'nW- a. [dad.dui, Latin.] Various; variegated.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D A I



DA'FFODIL. ) f. This plant

DAFFODILLY. > hath a lily.

DAFFUDOWNDI'LLY. ; flower, confifting
ot one leaf, which is bell fhaped.
Spenſer. Milton. Dryden.

To DAFT. v. a. [from do aft. 1^ To tofs
afide ; to throw away flightly, Shakeſpeare.

DAG. ʃ. [cf'gue, French.]
1. A dagger.
2. A handgun ; a piftol.

To DAG. v. a. [from daggle.] To daggJe ;
to benitrc.

DAGGER. ʃ. [ddgue, French.]
1. A Hiort fword ; a p'oniard. Addison.
2. A blunt blade of iron with a b«/ket
hilt,, ufed for defence.
3. The obelus ; as [t^.

DA'GGERSDRAWING! /. [dagger and
d!aiv.] The act of drawing daggers-; approach to open violence. Hudibras.

To DA'GGLE. -j. a. [from djg. dew.]
To dip negligently in mire or water.

To DA'GGLE. v. a. To be in the mire.
Pope.

DA'GGLEDTAIL. ʃ. [daggu and tail] Bemirad
; bcl'pacteied. Swift.

DAILY. ii. [‘^.^3llc, Sar.on.] Happening
every day ; quotidian. Prior,

DAILY. ad. E'vryday; very often.
Spenfer.

DA'INTILY. ad. [from dainty.]
1. Elegantly ; delicately. Bacon.
2. Delicioufly
; pleafantly. lJau'e.]

DAINTINESS. ʃ. [from da-aty.]
1. i5elicaty ; foftnefs. Ben. Johnson.
2. Eijgince ; nicety, _ Wotton.
2. Sqiie.'irifhricrs; faflidioijrie''s. Wotten;

DA'INTY. -a. [dain, oldFreneh.]
1. PIeafing to the palate ; of exquifite
tafte. Bacon.
2. Delicate ; of acute fenfibility ; nice ;
fqueamifh. Davies.
3. Scrupulouf ; ceremonious. Shakeſpeare.
4. Elegant ; tenderly, languifhingly beautiful.
Milton.
5. Nice ; affectedlsr iine. Prior.

DA'INTY. ʃ.
1. Something nice or delicate ; a delicacy.
Proverbs.
2. A word of fondnefs formerly in ufe.
Ben. Johnson.
Dairy. ſ. [from dey, 2.r\ old word for miik.]
1. The occupation or art of making various
kinds of food from milk.
2. The place where milk is manufactured,
3. Pafturage ; milk fjrrrv. Bac:?:.

DA IRYMAID. ʃ. [dairy and maid.] The
woman fervant whofe bufinefs is to manage
the milk, Dryden.

DA'ISY. ʃ. [baesereaje.] A Spring-flower.Shakeſpeare.
Dale. ſ. [daUi, Gothick] A vale^j a
valley. Ti<kel!.

DA'LLIANCE. ʃ. [from dally.]
1. Interchange of careITes ; acts of fondnefs.
Ms-iton.
2. Conjugal converfation. /lIH.'os.
3. Delay
; procraftination. Shakeſpeare.

DALLIER. ʃ. [from </a//y.] A trifler ; a
fondler. AJcoam.

DALLOP. ʃ. A tuft or clump. Tff<r.

To DA'LLY. ʃ. n. [dollen, Dutch, to tntie.]
1. To trifle ; to play the fool.
Shakeſpeare. Calamy.
2. To exchange careffes ; to fondle.Shakeſpeare.
3. Tofport; to play ; to frolick.Shakeſpeare.
4. To delay. Wifiom.

To DA'LLY. v. a. To put off; to delay ;
to amufe. Knolki.

DAM. ʃ. [from dame.] The mother.

DAM. ʃ. [dam, Dutch.] A mole or bank
to confine water. Dryden. Mortimer.

To DAM. v. a. [s^mman, Saxon.] To
confine, or fhut up waier by moles or
dams. Otway.

DA'MAGE. ʃ. [damage, French.]
1. Mifchief ; hurt ; detriment. Davies.
2. Lofs ; mifchief fuffered, Milton.
3. The value of mifchief done. Cli2renden,
4. Reparation of damage ; retribution.
Bacon.
5. [In law.] Any hurt or hindrance that
a man taketh in his eftate. Coiuel,

To DA'MAGE. v. cr, To mifchief ; to injure
; to impair. JjJdifotr.

To DA'MAGE. v. a. To take damage.
Damageable, a. [from damage.]

DAM
1. SufceptibJe of hurt ; as, damagiahk
goods.
2. Mifchievous ; pernicious.
Gozierraner.t of the Tonoue,

DAMASCENE. ʃ. [from Dam.^cuu} P.
fmall black plum ; a damfoii. Bacon.

DA'MASK. ʃ. [damafquir,, Fr.] -Linen or
filk woven in a manner invented at Dj-t
rriafcii, by which part riles above the reft
in (lowers. Swift.

To DA'M.ISK. v. c. [from the noun ]
1. To form flowers upon fluft's.
2. To varieiJate ; to diverfity. Fer.ton,

DA'MASK-ROSE. ʃ. A red rnfe. Bacon.

DA'MASKENMNG. ʃ. [from damafquiner,
Fr.] The ait or asft of adorning :ron or
fleei, by making incifions, and filling them
up with guld or filver wire. Chambers.

DAME. ʃ. [dame,Yt, dania. Span.]
1. A lady ^ thetitleof honour to women.
Milton.
2. Mlftrefs of a low family. L'Eftrange.
3. Women in general. Shakeſpeare.

DAMES-VIOLET. ʃ. Queen's cillyllower.

To DA'MN. v. a. [damno, Lat.]
1. To doom to eternal tor.ments ia a future
flate. Bacon.
2. To procure oc caufe to be eternally
condemned. South.
3. To condemn. Dryden.
4. To hoot or hifs any publick performance
; to explode. Pope. .

DAMN.ABLE. a. [from damn.] Deferving
damnation. Hooker.

DA'MNABLY. ad. [from dsmnnble.] \n
fuch a manner as to incur eternal puni.'hment.
South.

DAMNA'TION. ʃ. [from dam,.] Exclefion
from divine mercy ; condemnation to
eternal punifhment. Taylor.

DAMNATORY. a. [from damnatomji.]
Containing a fentence of condemnatiorx.
Damned pan, a. [from damn.] Hatefill ; derefrable. Shakeſpeare.

D.AMNi'flC. a. [from damnify.] Piocuring
lofs ; mifchievous.

To DA'MNIFY. v. a. [from damnifco, Lat ]
1. To endamage; to injure. Locke.
2. To hurt ; to impair. Spenſer.

DA'MNINGNESS. /. [from damnitig;.] Tendency
to procure damnation, Hammond.

DAMP. a. [davipe, Dutch.]
1. MjilJ ; mclining to wet. Dryden.
2. Dfiefted ; funk ; depreiFcd. Milton.

A DA.MP>. ʃ.
1. Fog; moiftairj moifture. Dryden.
2. A noxious vapour exhaled ficm the
earth. Woodw.-ard.
3. Dejection ; depreffion of fpirit.
Rofc-.mtr.on,

To DAMP. v. a. [from the noun.]
1% To vvEi ; to moillen.
G ii ; s. To

DAN
S. To deprefs ; to dejcct ; to chill.
Atttrhwy.
2. To weaken ; to abandon. Milton.

DA'MFISHNESS. ʃ. [from domt.'l Tendency
to wetnefs ; fogginefs ; moifture.
Bacon.

DA'MPNESS. ʃ. [from damp.'^ Moiflure; fogginefs. Dryden.

DA'MPY. a. [from dump.] Dnefted ; gloomy ; forrowful. Haywani,

DA'MSEL. ʃ. [damolJelle, Fr.]
1. A young gentlewoman. Prior.
2. An attendant of the better rank.
Dryden.
3. A wench ; a country lafs. Gay.

DA'MSON. ʃ. [cotniptly from d^rtafrenf.]
A fmalJ black plum. Shakeſpeare.

DAN. ʃ. [from domn.ui.'^ The old term of
honour fur men. Prior.

To DANXE. J. n. [djr.fer, Fr.] Tomove
in mea(uie. Shakeſpeare.

To DANCE Jttrndance. v. a. To wait with
fuuplenefs and obfequioufnefs. Raleigh.

To DANCE. v. a. To make to dance; to
put into a lively motion. Bacon.
Dance. ſ. [from the verb.] A motion of
one or many in concert. Bacon.

DA'NCER. ʃ. [from dance.] One that
prattlfes the art of daiicing. Donne.

DA'NCINGMASTER. /: [dance and majier.]
One who teache- the art of dancing. Locke.

DA'NCING.SCHOOL. ʃ. [dancing and
fchooL] The fchool ^here the art of
dancing is tauglu. L'Ef'hartg'-

DANDE'LION. ʃ. [dent de lion, Fr.] The
n^mtr 1; . a p!nnt. Miiur.

DA'NDIHRAT. ʃ. [dcindln, Fr.] A littie
fel!ow ; an urchin.

To DANDLE. v. a. [dindelen, Dutch.]
3. To fhoke a child on the knse.
D^nne. Ttmpk.
1. To fondle ; to treat like a child.
j-iddifon.
1. To delay ; to prncrailinate. Stal'r.

DA'NDLER. ʃ. He that dandles or f.mdies
childieo.

DA'NDRUFF. ʃ. [t^n, the itch, and evrp,
f.rdi.l.] Sfflbs in the head,

DA'NEWORT. ʃ. A fpecies of elder ; called alfo dwarf-elder, or wailwort.

DA'NGER. ʃ. [danger, Fr.] Rifque ; ha-

Z-:rd ; peril. Afii.

To DANCER. v. a. To put in hazard ; to ead-inger. Shakeſpeare.

D.ANGERLY.jS. a. [(r o':r\ da^iger.] WithriKT
h^z^:d ; va;h.-a!t rifnue. Sidney.

DA'NGFROUS. a. [from dagger.] Hazardous; pcriliiius. Dryden.

DA'NGEROUSLY. ad. [from djrgerous.]
-Hizardoufly ; periltously ; with danger.
JlamrtiOnd

DA'NGEROUSNESS. /. [Uoxa danger oui.]

D.;ngerj h.?«rdj peiii. i^y/c'.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D A R



To DA'NGLE. v. a. [from hang, according
to Skinner.]
1. To hang loofe and quivering. Smith.
2. To hang upon any one ; to be »r\
humble follower. Swift.

DA'NGLER. ʃ. [from dangle,} A maa
thit hangs about women. Raleigh.

DANK. a. [from tuncken, Germ.] Damp ;
humid; moift ; wet. Milton. Grew,

DA NKISH. a. Somewhat dank.Shakeſpeare.

To DAP. v. a. [corrupted from di^.] To
let fall gently into the water, Wakon.

DAPATICAL. <7. Sumptuous in cheer,
Bailey.

DAPPER. a. [dapber, Dutch.] Little and
aftive ; lively without bulk. Milton.y,

DAPPERLING. ʃ. [from dapper.] A
dwarf. Ainfworth.

DA'PPLE. a. Marked with various colours ; variegated. Locke.

To DA'PPLE. v. a. To ftreak ; to vary.
Spenfer. Bacon.

DART \ ^' ^ ^^ found in the Severn.

To DARE. v. ft. pr.et. Idur/l
; part, I have
dared, f ceapjian, Saxon.] To have
courage for any purpofe ; not to be afraid
; to he adventurous. Shakeſpeare. Dryden.

To DAIRE. v. a. To challenge ; to defy.
Knolles. Rcjcommon.

To DARE Larh, To catch them by means
of a looking-glafs. Care-ui.

DARE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Defiance; challenge. Shakeſpeare.

DAREFUL. a. [dare and /«/'.] Full of
defiance. Shakeſpeare.

DARING. a. [from dare.] Bold ; adventurous
; fearlefs. Prior.

DA'RINGLY. ad. [from daring.] Boldly; courageoiifly. Halifax,

DA'RINGNESS. ʃ. [from daring.] Boldnefs.

DARK. a. [oerjic, Saxon.]
1. Not light; without light. JFalleK> 2. Not of a fhowy or vivid colour.
Leviticus. Boyle.
3. BIind; without the enjoyment of light.
Dryden.
4. Opake ; not tranfpare.nt.
5. Obfcure ; not perfpicnous. Hooker.
6. Not enl ghtened by knowledge ; ignorant.
Denham.
7. Gloomy ; not chearful. Addiſon.

DARK. f.
1. Darknefs ; obfcurity; want of light.
Shakeſpeare. Milton.
2. Obfcurity; condition of ons unknown.
Atterbury,
5. Want of knowledge. Locke.

To DARK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
duiken ; tp obfcure. Spenser.
Tq
Gitiejii.
Shakeʃp.
Calojjiar.!.
Gloomy ;

DAS

To DA'RKENT. v. a.
1. To make dark. /}d'l:jar.
2. To cloud ; to perplex. Ba'.on.
3. To foul ; to fully. TiUatjon.

To DARKEN. v. V, To grow dark.

DARKLING. fart. Being in the dark.
Shakeſpeare. Dryden.

DA'RKLY. ad. [from d.uk.] In a fituation
void of light ; obfcureiy; blindly. Dryden.

DARKNESS. ʃ. [frum ^dark.]
1. Abfence of light.
2. Opakenefs.
3. Obfcurity.
4. ITfernal gloom ; wickednefs
5. The empire of Sitan.

DA'RKSOME. a. [from da,-k.]
obicure ; not luminous. Spenfer. Pcfx

DA'RLING. a. Coeojilins, Saxon.] favourite
; dear ; beloved. L'Eʃtrange.

DA'RJLING. J. A favourite ; one much
beloved, Halifax.

To DARN. ʃ. tf. See DEABN. To mend
holes by imitating the texture of the lluff.
Gay.

DA'RNEL. ʃ. A weed grewing in the fields.
Shakefpeare.

To DA'RRAIN. v. a.
1. To range troops for battle. Cure-zv,
2. To apply to the fight. Spenfer.

DART. f. [dard, French.] A mifhle weapon
throvt'n by the hand. Peacham.

To DART. v.a. [from the noun.]
1. To throw offenfively. Pope. .
2. To throw ; to emit.

To DART. v. n. To fly as a dart. Shak.

To DASH. v. a.
1. To throw any thing fuddenly again ft
fomething. Tillocfin.
2. To break by collifon. Shakeſpeare.
3. To throw water in flalhes. Mortimer.
4. To hefpatter ; to befprinkle. Shakeſp.
5. To agitate any liquid. Dryden.
6. To mingle ; to change by fome fmall
admixture. Hudibras.
7. To form or print in hafte. Pope.
^. To obliterate ; to blot ; lo crofs out.
Pope.
9. To confound ; to make afhamed fuddenlv.

To DASH. v.n.
1. To i^y off the furface. Ctryne.
2. To fly in fiaftes with a loud rioife.
‘IhamJon,
3. To rufh through water fo as to make
it fly.

A DASH. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Coliifion,
2. Infufion.
3. A mark in writing ; a line ———
Brown.
4. Stroke ; blow. Shakeſpeare./i>,
Dash. ad. An expreffion of the found of
water daihed, Dryden
Dryden. South. Pope. .
Dryden.
Thomfon.
Addiſon.

DAW

DA'STARD. ʃ. [abartjusa, Saxon.] A
coward ; a poltron. Locke.

To DA'STARD. v. a. To terrify; to intimidate.
Dryden.

To DA'STARDISE. v. a. [from daflar<i.]
To intimidate
; to dejed with cowardice.
Dryden.

DASTARDLY. a. [from J<j/?jrJ.] Cowardly
3. mem ; timorous. L'Eflf-ange,

DA'STARDY. ʃ. [from daflard.] Cuwardlinefs.

DATARY. ʃ. [from date] An officer of
the chancery of Rome. Di£i%

DATE. ʃ. [datte, Fr.]
1. The time at which a letter is written,
maiked at the end or the beginning,
2. The time at which any event happened.
3. The time ftipulated when any thing
ihiW be done. Shakeſpeare.
4. End ; conclufion. Pope.
5. Duration ; continuance, Dunham,
6. [from da£?y!us.^ The fruit of the datetree.
Shakeſpeare./i>:

DATE-TREE. ʃ. A fpecies of palm.

To DATE. v. a. [from the noun.] Tu
note with the time at which any thing i»
written or done. Berkley.

DATELESS. a. [from dMe-\ Without
any fixed term. Shakeſpeare.

DATIVE. a. [^dativus, Latin.] In grammar,
the cafe that fignifies the perfon to
Y'^'om any thing is given.

To DAUB. v. a. [dabben, Dutch.]
1. To fmear with fomething adhefive.
Exodui.
2. To paint coarfely. Otiuay.
3. To cover with fomething fpecious or
wrong. Shakeſpeare.
4. To lay on any thing gaudily or oltentatioufly,
Bacon.
5. To flatter grof-ly. South.

To DAUB. v. a. To play the hypocrite.Shakeſpeare.

ADA'UBER. ʃ. [from daub.] A coarfe
low painter. Sioiff.

DA'UBY. a. [from daub.] Vifcous ; glutinous; adhefive. Dryden.

DA'UGHTER. ʃ. [-3 ihteji, Saxon ; doner,
Runick]
1. The km lie offipring of a man or wo-

JTiSn. Shakeſpeare.
2. A woman. Genefn,
3. [Inpcetry.] Any defcendent.
4. The penitent of a coiifedbr. Shakeſp.

To DAUNT. v.':!. [diinter, Fr.] Todifcn;.
rapt3 tofright. Glanville.

DAUNTLESS. a. [{rom daunt.] Fearlefs ;
rot cir',e>fted. Pope.

DA'UNTLESSNESS. ʃ. [from dauntlejs.]
FearielTnefs.

DAW. ʃ. The name of a bird, Davies.

DAWK. ʃ. A hollow or inc: (ion in rtufl.
Moxon.
To


whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E A



To DAWK. v. a. To mark with an -.ncifion.

M'.xon.

To DAWN. v. ti.
1. To grow luminous ; to begin to grow
light. Pope. .
2. To glimmer obfcutely. Locke.
3. To begin, yet faintly ; to give fome
promifes of luftre. Pope. .

DAWN. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The time between the firft appearance
of light and the fun's rife. Dryden.
7. Beginning ; firft rifei Pope.

DAY. ʃ. [‘^es, Saxon.]
1. The time between the rifing and fetting
of the fun, called the artificial day.
Matthew.
2. The time from noon to noon, called
the natural day. Shakeſpeare.
3. Light ; funfhine. Romans.
4. The day of conteft ; the conteft ; the
battle. Rofcommon.
5. An appointed or fixed time. Dryden.
€. A day appointed for fome commemoration.Shakeſpeare.
7. From day to day ; without certainty
or continuance. Bacon.

To-DAY. On this day. Finton.

DA'YBED. ʃ. [day and bed.^ A bed ufed
for idlenef?. Shakeſpeare.

DA'YBOOK. ʃ. [from day and book.] A
tradefman's journal.

DA'YBREAK. ʃ. [day and hrsak.'^ The
dawn ; the firft appearance of light.
Dryden.

DAYLA'BOUR. ʃ. [day and labour.] Labour
by the day, Milton.

DAYLA'BOURER. ʃ. [from daylabour.]
One that works by the day. Milton.

DA'YLIGHT. ʃ. [day and light.] The
light of the day, as oppofed to that of the
moon, or a taper. Knolles. Newton.

DAYLI'LY. ʃ. The fame with afphodel,

DA YSMAN. ʃ. [day and otjs.] An old
word for umpire. Spenfer.

DA'YSPRING. ʃ. [day and jpring.] The
rife of the day ; the dawn.

DAYSTAR. J.
[^/dyandy?jr.] The morning
rtar. Ben. Johnſon.

DAYTIME. ʃ. [day 3nd time] The t'ime
in which there is light, oppofed to night.
Bacon.

DA'YWORK. r. [day and work.] Work
impofed by the day ; day labour. Fairfax.

To DAZE. v. a. [bpss, Saxon.] To overpower
with light. Fairfax. Dryden.

DA'ZIED. a. Be fprinkled with i^fifies,Shakeſpeare.
/

To DA'ZZLE. v. a. To overpower with
light, Davies.

To DA'ZZLE. v. n. To be overpowered
with liRhr, Bacon.

DE'ACON. ʃ. [diaccnus, Litis.]

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E A



1. One of the loweft order of the clergy,
SanJirfon,
2. [In Scotland.] An overfeer of the
poor.
3. And alfo the mafter of an incorporated
company.

DE'ACONE';S. ʃ. [from deacon.] A female
officer in the ancient church.

DE'ACONRY. ʃ /. [from dc-acoi.] The

DE'ACONSHIP. ʃ. office or dignity of a
deacon.

DEAD. a. [‘sfab, Saxon.]
1. Deprived of life ; exanimated. Hale.
2. Without life; inanimate. Pope. .
3. Imitating death ; fenfelefi; motionJefs.
Pfalms.
4. ITnactive; motionlefs. Lee
5. Empty; vacant. Dryden.
6. Ulelefs ; unprofitable. Addiſon.
7. Dull ; gloomy ; unemployed, Knolles.
8. Still; obfcure, Hayward.
9. Having no refemblance of life, Dryden.
10. Obtufe; dull; not fprightly. Boyle.
11. Dull; frigid; noi nmmntA. Addiſon.
12. Tadelefs ; vapid ; fpiritlefs,
13. Uninhabited. Arbuthnot.
14. Without the power of vegetation,
15. [In theology.] Lying under the power
of fin.

The DEAD. ʃ. Dead men. Smith.

DEAD. ʃ. Time in which there is remark,
able ftillnefs or gloom; as at midwinter,
and midnight, South. Dryden.

To DEAD. v. It. [from the noun.] To
lofe force, of whatever kind. Bacon.

To DEAD. ʃ

To DEADEN. ; ‘' '
1. To deprive of any kind of force or fcnfation.
Bacon.
2. To make vapid, or fpiritlefs. Bacon.

DEAD-DOING. p'^rt. a. [dead and do.]
Deftiudlive ; killing ; mifchievous,
Hudibras.

DEAD-LIFT. ʃ. [icW and ///>.] Hopelefs
exigence. Hudibras.

DE'ADLY. a. [from d.-ad]
1. Deftructive ; mortal; murtherous,Shakeſpeare.
2. Mortal ; implacable. Knolles.

DE'ADLY. ad.
1. In a manner refembling the dead.
Dryden.
2. Mortally. Eicckiel.
3. Implacably; irreconciteably,

DE ADNESS. ſ. [from dead.]
1. Frigidity ; want of warmth ; want of
ardciir. Rogers.
2. Weaknefs of the vital powers ; languoiir
; faintnefs. Dryden. Lee.
3. Vap'dnefs of liquor.' ; lofs of fpirit.
Mortimer.

DEADNETTLE. ʃ. A \vje3 ; the fiir.f
with archangel.

DEAD RECKONING. /- [a fea-term.]
That eftimation or conjecture which the
feamen make of the place where a fhip is,
by keeping an account of her way by the
log.

DEAF. a. [Jocf, Dutch.]
1. Wanting the fenfe of hearing.
Holder. Swift.
2. Deprived of the power of hearing.
Dryden.
3. Obfcurely heard. Dryden.

To DEAF. v. a. To deprive of the power
of hearing. Donne.

To DE'AFEN. v. a. [from deaf] To deorive
of the power of hearing. Addiſon.

DE'AFLY. ad. [from deaf.]
1. Without fenfe of founds,
2. Obfcurely to the ear.

DE'AFNESS. ʃ. [from deaf]
1. Want of the power of hearing; want
of fenfe of founds, Hooker.
1. Unwifhngnefs to hear. King Charles.

DEAL. ʃ. [deel, Dutch.]
1. Part. Hooker.
2. Quantity ; degree of more or lefs.
Ben. Johnson. Fairfax.
3. The art or practice of dealing cards.
Swift.
4. [deylf Dutch.] Firwood ; the wood
«if pines. Boyle.

To DEAL. v. a. [deelen, Dutch.]
1. To diftribute ; to difpofe to different
perfons. Tkkell.
2. To fcatter ; to throw about. Dryden.
3. To give gradually, or one after another.
Gay.

To DEAL. v. n.
1. To traffick ; to tranfaft bufinefs ; to
trade. Decay of Piety.
2. To act between two perfons ; 10 intervene.
Bacon.
3. To believe well or ill in any tranfaction.
^iL'ot on.
4. To act in any manner. Shakeſpeare.
5. To DiAt hy. To treat well or ill.
Locke.
6. To Deal in. To have to do with ; to be engaged in ; to pra<i\ife, Atterbury.
7. To Deal with. To treat in any
manner ; to ufe well or ill. South. Thomfon,
5. To Deal with. To contend with.
Sidney. Dryden.

To DEALBATE. v. a. [dealbo, Lat.] To
whiten ; to bleach,

DEALBA'TION. ʃ. [deaiht'io, Lat.] The
act of bleaching. Brown.

DE'ALER. ʃ. [from d^al]
1. One that has to do with any thing.
2. A trader or trafficker, Swift.
3. A perfon who deals the carir.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E A



DE ALING. ſ. [from deal.]
1. Practice; adfion. Raler'/ri,
2. Intercourfe. Addison.
3. Meafure of treatment. Hammond.
4. Traffick ; bufinefs. Swift.

DEAMBULATION. ʃ. [deamhulatio, Latin.]
The act of walking abroad.

DEA'MBULATORY. a. [deambuh, Lat.]
Relating to the practice of walking abroad,

DEAN. ʃ. [decanus, Latin ; doyen, French.!
The fecond dignitary of a diocefe,

DE'ANERY. ʃ. [from dean.]
1. The office of a dean. Clarendon.
2. The revenue of a dean. Swift.
3. The houfe of a dean. Shakeſpeare.

DE'ANSHIP. ʃ. [from d.an.] The office
and rank of a dean.

DEAR. a. [beofi, Saxon.]
1. Beloved ; favourite ; darling. Addisʃon.
2. Valuable ; of a high price ; colUy.
Pope.
3. Scarce; not plentiful ; as, a dear ^wr.
4. Sad ; hateful ; grievous. Shakeſpeare.

DEAR. ʃ. A word of endearment. Dryden.

DE'ARBOUGHT. a. [dear and bought.]
Purchafed at an high price, Rofcominon.

DE'ARLING. ʃ. [now written darling.]
Favourite. Spenfer.

DE'ARLY. ad. [from dear.]
1, With great fondnefs. JFotton.
2. At an high price. Bacot;.

To DEARN. v. a. [‘ftyp.nan, Saxon.] To
mend cloaths.

DE'aRNESS. ʃ. [from dear.]
1. Fondnefs,- kindnefs ; love. South.
2. Scarcity ; high price. Swift.

DE'ARNLY. ad. [aeopn, Saxon.] Secretly
; privately; unfeen. Sterner.

DEARTH. ſ.from dear.]
1. Scarcity which makes food dear. Bacon.
2. Want ; need ; famine. Shakeſpeare.
3. Barrennefs ; fterility. Dryden.

To DEARTI'CULATE.y. [dc 2.ni a-ticulm.
Lat.] To disjoint; to difmember. DtB»

DEATH. ʃ. [asfS, Saxon.]
1. The extinftion of life. Hebrews.
2. Mortality ; deftruction,Shakeſpeare.
3. The ftate of thedead. Shakeſpeare.
4. The manner of dying, Ezeb'ef.
5. The image of mortality reprefenced by
a fkeleton. Shakeſpeare.
6. Murder ; the act of deftroying life unlawfully.
Bacon.
7. Caufe of death. Kings.
g. Deftroytr. Pope. .
9. [In poetry.] The inITrnment of death,
Dryden. Pope. .

JO. [In theology.] Damnation ; eternal
torments. Cturch Cateckfm.

DEATH-BED. ʃ. [death and Ud.] The
be>i to which a .Toa.'i ii confiajd by mortal
ficknefs, Co.lier.

DFATfi.

DEB

DEATHFUL. ʃ. [^«r;& and /<//.] Full of
flaughter ; deftrudlive ; murderous.
Raleigh.

DEATHLESS. a. [from death.] Immortal
; never-dying. Bcyic.

DE'ATHLIKE. a. [death and like.] Refembling
death ; (lill. Cropcnv.

DEATH'S-DOOR. [death and door.] A
near approach to death. Tayloy.

DE'ATHSMAN. ʃ. [death and mnn'] Executioner ; hajigmaii ; headiman.Shakeſpeare.

DE'ATHWATCH. ʃ. [death and watch.]
An infetl: that makes a tinkting noife,
faperilitioufly imagined to prognofticate
death. TVjtti.

To DEA'URATE. v. a. [deauro, Lat.] To
giid, or cover over with gold.

DEAURATION. ʃ. [from deaurate.] The
act of gilding.

DEBACCHA' I'ION. ſ. [debacchoitioy Lat.]
A raging ; a madnefs.

To DEBA'RB. v. a. [from de and borba.
Lat.] To deprive of his beard.

To DEBARK. v. a. [deharquer, Fr.] To
difembark.

To DEBA'R. v. a. [from bar.] To exclude; to preclude. Raleigh.

To DEBA'SE. v. a. [from bafe.]
1. To reduce from a higher to a lower
ftate. Locke.
2. To make mean ; to fink into meanliefs.
Hooker.
3. To fink ; to vitiate with meannefs.
yiddifon.
4. To adulterate ; to leflen in value by
biife admixtures. Hiile.

DEBASEMENT. ʃ. [from dehafi.] The
a£i of debafing or degrading.
Government of the Tongue.

DEBA'SER. ʃ. [from dchiije.] He that debales
; he that adulterates ; he that degrades
another.

DEBA'TARLE. a. [from debjie.] Difputable
; fubject: to controvenVA

DEBATE. ʃ. [debat, French.]
1. A perfonal difputt i a controverfy.
l.o. le.
2. A quarrel ; a contefl. Dryden.

To DEBATE. ʃ. a. [de/>atre, French.]
To controven , to difpute ; to conteft.
Clarendon.

To DEBA'TE. v. r,
1. To deiibetate. Shakefp^i'ar'.
2. To ojr|)\i(e, ‘Ii:ttsr.

DEBA'TEFUL. a. [from dch:Ue.]
1. [Of perfuiis.] (>iarrelfomc ; contentious.
2. Contefled ; occr.fioning quarrels.

DEBATEMEN r. ſ. [from dd-ate.] Contcit
^ contrcveii'v. Si a'^ep.'r.n.

DEBATER. ʃ. [frorr, diMt.] A d;!jutant ; a concroveitlll.

DEC

To DEBA'UCH. v. a. [dfjhaucher, Fr.]
1. To corrupt ; to vitiate. Dryden.
2. To corrupt with lewdnefs. Shakeſpeare.
3. To corrupt by intemperance, lillomfon.

DEBAUCH. ʃ. A fit of mtcmperance ; lu:cury ; excefs ; Jewdnefs. Calamy.

DEBAUCHE'E. ʃ. [from dcjlaude, Fr.]
A lecher ; a drunkard. South.

DEBA'UCHER. ʃ. [from debauch.] One
who feduces others to intemperance or
lewdnefs.

DEBA UCHERY. /. [from debauch.] The
practice of excefs ; lewdnefs. Sprat.

DEBA'UCHMENT. ʃ. [from debauch.] The
act of debauching or vitiating ; corruption.
Taylor.

To DEBE'L. ʃ I'.a. [debello, Lat.]

To DEBELLATE. i To conquer; to overcome
in war. Bacon.

DEBELLATION. ʃ. [from debellatio, Lat.]
The act of conquering in war.

DEBE'NTURE. ʃ. [dehentur, Lat. from
dcheo.] A wiit or nute, by which a debt
is claimed. Swift.

DE BILE. a. [debilis, Lat.] Weak ; feeble
3
languid ; faint. Shakeſpeare.

To DEBILITATE. 1;. a. [dehifuo, Latin.]
To weaken ; to make faint ; to enfeeble.
Brown.

DEBILITATION. f. [from debilitatio, Lat.]
The ac^ of weakening.

DEBI'LI FY. ſ. [dchihteis, Lat.] Weaknefs
; feeblenefs ; languor ; famtnefs.
Sidney.

DEBONA'JR. a. [hbonnaire, Fr.]Elegant ;
civil ; well-bred. Milton. Dryden.

DEBONA'IRLY. ad. [from debonair. ‘\
Elegantly.

DEBT-. ʃ. [dehiium, Latin.]
1. That which one man owes to another.
Duppa.
2. That which any one is obliged to do or
uiffer. Shakeſpeare.

DE'BTED. part, [from debt.] Indebted ; nblie?ia to. Shakeſpeare.

DEBTOR. /: [debitor, Latin.]
1. He. that owes fomething to another.
Sthiff.
2. One that owes money. Philips.
3. Ore fidr of an account book, Addison.

DECACUMiNATED. a. [decacummatvs,
L^'t.] Having the top cut off. D:fi.

DE'CADE. ʃ. [oixa, Or. deem, l.'it.] The
fum of ten. Holder.

DEGADENCY. ʃ. [decadence, Fr.] Decay
; fail. Difl.

DECACON. ʃ. [from ^Iko. ten, and yuyU,'
a corn< r.] A plain figure in geometry.

DL'CALOi.Uli. ſ. [li-:i}oy<^, Greek.]
The ten commandments given by God to
Mofes. Hammond.

To DE'CAMP. T.'. «. [dtcawper, Fr.] To
;h!ii t.'is csmp : to move o!i'.

DECAM'PDEC

DECA'MPMENT. ʃ. [from dcuinp.] The
act of fhifting the camp.

To DECANT. v. a. [decanter, Fr.] To
pour oft gently by inclination. Boyle.

DECANTA'TION. ſ. yecantation, it.]
The a<ct of decanting.

DECA'NTEil. ʃ. [from decant.] A glafs
vefITei made for pmrin? ott' Jcjuor clear.

To DECa'I^ITATE. v.^a. [decapuo, Lat.]

To Dehead.

To DECAA'. v. n. [dechsoiry Fr.] To lofe
excellence ; to decline. Clarenden.

DECA'Y. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Decline from the ft.ae of perfection.
Ben. yohrjon.
it. The effedls of diminution \ the marks
of decav. Locke.
3. Declenfion from profperity. Leviticus.

DECA'YER. ſ. [from d'ory'.] That which
can fes decay. Shakefpeare.

DECEASE. ʃ. [decfjfui, Latin.] Dc=.uh ;
departure from life. Hooker.

To DECE'ASE. 1;. «. [dccedo, Latin.] To
die
; to depart from life. Chapman.

DECEIT. f. [deaftio, Latin.]
1. Fraud ; a cheat ; a fallacy. yob.
2. Siratagem ; artifice. Shakeſpeare.

DECE'ITFUL. a. [duct and /a/.'.] Fraudulent
; full of deceit. Shakeſpeare.

DECE'ITFULLY. ad. [from de,Jn/J.]
Fraudulently. H-'oiiun.

DECE'ITFULNESS. ʃ. [from deceitful..
Tendency to deceive. Maithei'j.

DECEIVABLE. u. [from ^.«;W.]
1. Subject to fraud ; expufed toimpofture,
Milton.
4. Subject to produce errour ; deceitful.
Bacon.

DECE'lVABLENESS. ʃ. [from dcceivable.]
Liablenefs to be deceived.
Covernment of the Torgue,

To DECE'IVE. v. d. [decifio, Latin.]
1. To caufe to miftake ; to bring intoerrour.
Locke.
2. To delude by ftratagem.
3. To cut iff from expe^ation. Knolles.
4. To mock ; to fail, Dryden.

DECE'IVER. ʃ. [from dceive.] One that
leads another into errour. South.

DECE'MBER. ʃ. [december, Latin.] The
laft month of the year. Shakeſpeare.

DECE'MPEDAL. c. [from dt<rewpcda, Lat.]
Having ten feet in lengtii.

DECE'MVIRATE. ʃ. [detewviratui, Lat.]
The dignity and office of the ten governours
cif Rome.

DECENCE.I 7

IJE'CEmrY. 5 -^' t'.
1. Propriety of form; proper formality; becoming ceremoi;y. Sprat,
2. Sjiitablenefs to charad.er ;
propriety.
South.
r> E c
3. RIodefty i not ribaJdry ; not obfceni'jE.
J\ ‘fcommon,

DECE'NNIAL. a. [from decennium, Lat.]
What c ntinues for the fpaceof ten ye>rs.

DECENNO'VAL. v. a. [drc-m and r,o-ue!n

DECEN.VO'VARY.S Lat.] Rclatingtothc
number nineteen. No'der.

DE'CENT. o. [decern, Lat.] Becoming ; fit ; fuitable, Dryden.

DECENTLY. ad. [from decevt.]
1. In a proper manner ; with luitable behavinir.
Broome.
a Without immodefty, Dryden.

DECEFTIBI'LITY. ſ. [from deceit.] Liablenefs
to be deceived. Glumjine.

DECETTIDLE. u. [from deceit.] Liable
to be deceived. Brown.

DECE'PTION. ʃ. [d,xeptio, Latin.]
1. The act or ineans of deceiving ; cheat; fniud. South.
2\ The frate of being deceived. Milton.

DECE'PTIOUS. a. [from ^ccv;;.] Deceit^:
ful. Svjkeftieare.
Deceptive, a. [from deceit.] Having.
the power of deceiving.

DECE'l'TORY. a. [torn deceit.] Coll.
taining means of deceit.

DEGERFT. a. [decerptut, Lat.] DJminifhed
; taken oiF.

DECE'RPTIBLE. a. [decerpo, Lat.] That
may be taken off.

DECE'RPTION. ʃ. [from decerpt.] The
a^ of leliening, or taking off.

DECERT.VTIDNT. ʃ. [deartatlo, Lat.] A
contention ; a ftriving ; a difpute.

DECE'SSION. ʃ. [decejio, Latin.] A departure.

To DECHA'RM. 1;, a. [dccharmer, Fr. ;
To counteract a charm \ to difinchant.
Hafvey,

To DECI'DE. v. a. [decide, Lat.]
1. To fix the event of ; to detsrmine.
Dryden.
2. To determine a queftion or difpute.
Grani/ille.

DE'CIDENCE. ʃ. Uecido, Lat.]
1. The quality of being fhed, or of falling
ofi:'.
2. The z€t of falling away. Enymn,

DECIDER. ʃ. [from decide.]
1. One who determines csufes. ff^attu
2. One who determines quarrels,

DECI'DUOUS. «. [dtciduut, Lat.] Falling; not perenni..!. Sluiriy,

DECI DUOUSNESS. ſ. [from deciduoui:]
Aptnefs to fail.

DE'CIM.A.L, a, Idecimut, Lat.] Numliered
by ten. Loih,

To DE'CIMATE. v. a. [decimut, Latin.]
To ‘ithe ; to t;ilie tfee tenth.

DLCuviA'TION. ſ. [from decimate.]
1. A tifhing; a feleflion of every tenth.
Hh a, A

DEC
«. A feleflion by lot of every tenth foldier
for punifhment. Dryden.

To DECr PKER. v. a. [dechiffrer, Fr.] _
1. To explain that which is written in
ciphers. Sidney.
2. To write out ; to mark down in chiraAjfs.
South.
3. To ftarnp; X6 characterife ; to mark.Shakeſpeare.
4. To unfoIH ; to unravel.

DECIPHERER. ʃ. [from decipher.] Ont
who explains writings in cypher.

PECI SION. ſ. [from decide.]
1. Determination of a difference.
K^oad-ward,
2. Deterininstion of an event. Shakeſpeare.

DECI'SIVE. a. [from Jaade.]
1. Having the power of determining any
difterence. Rogers.
2. Having the power of fettling any event.
Phiiif)!.

BECrsIVELY. ad. [from dcd/ive.] In a
conchifive manner.

DECrSIVENESS. ſ. [hotn derf/ive.] The'
power of terminating any d>fferenc9>, or
fettling an event.

DECr^ORV. ſ. [from dedJc] Able to
determine or decide.

To DECK. .. a. [deck-n, Dutch.]
1. To cover ; to overfpread. ATilton.
1. To drefs ; to array. Shakeſpeare.
3. To adorn ; to embellifh. Prior.
Pr.CK. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. The fl or of a fliio. Ben. Johnson.
2. Pack of cards piled regularly on each
other. Grciv.

DECKER. f. [ham deci.] A drefler ; a
coverer.'

To DECLVIM. -0. n. ^dpchmo, Lat.] To
harangue; to rhetoncate; to fpeak fet
orations. Ben. Johnson.

DECLA'IMER. ʃ. [from d£chim~\ One
who makes fpe'eches with intent to move
the paffions. Addison.

DECLAMA'TION. ſ. [^iechmatio. Latin.]
A difcourfeaddreffed to the pailions ; an
harangue. ,
Taylor.

DECLAM ATOR. ſ. [Latin.] A dedaimer ; an orator. latter,

DECLAMATORY. a. [didamattrius, Lat.] 1. Relating to the practice of declaiming.
M'otlon.
1. Appealing to the paffions. Dryden.

DECLA'RABLE. a. [from declare.] Capable
o' proof. Broitm,

DECLARATIONT. ſ. [from ^fjjre.]
1. A proclamation or affirmation; publication.
Hooker. Til/ot.'on.
2. An exphnaii'in of fomething dnubtful.
3. [In law.] DcclaratJrn is the Hiewing
ftirth of an action perfonal in any faic,
though it is ufed fxmetimes for real afaons,
Cowcl,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E C



DECLA'RATIVE. a. [from declare.]
1. Making declaration ; explanatory.
Grew,
2. Making proclsmation. Swift:.'

DECLA'RAT0RILY,-3J. [from declaratory,.
In the form of a declaration ; not promiffively.
Brown.

DECLA'RATORY. a. [from declare. [
Affirmative; expreffive. Tillotfon',

To DECLA'RE. v. a. [dularo, Lat.]
1. To clear ; to free from obfcurity, Boyle.
2. To make known ; to tell evidentiy.
and openly. Dryden.
3. Topublifh; to proclaim. Chronicles.
4. To fhow in open view. Addiſon.

To DECLA'RE. t. n. To make n declaration,
lay!or,

DECLA'REMENT. ʃ. [from declare.] Difcovery
; declaration ; teftimony. Brown.

DECLARER,/. [from diclare.] One thati
makes any tHing known.

DECLE'NSION. ʃ. [dechnttio, Latin.]
1. Tendency from a greater to a lefs degree
of excellence. SoutO)
2. Declination f defcent. Burnet.
5. Inflexion; manner of changing nouns.
Cl.Kke.

DECLI'NABLE. a. [from decline.] Having
variety of terminations.

DECLINA TION. ʃ. [decl'tnotio, Lat.]
1. Defcent ; change from a better to a'
worfe ftate ; decay. Waller.
2. The act of bending down.
3. Variation from redtitude ; oblique motion
; obliquity. Br.nthy,
4. Variation from a fixed point. TiWoodward.
5. [In navigation.] The variation of the
needle from the true meridian of any plac«
to the Eift or Weft.
6. [I.T adronomy.] The declination of a
flar we call its fhorteft diftance from the
equator. Browil.
7. [In grammar.] The declenfion or infiedlion
of a noun through its various terminations,

DECIINA'TOR. ʃ /, [from decline.] kn

DECLI'NATORY. [inftrument in dialing.
Chambers.

To DECLI'NE. v. n. [decliKo, Lat.]
1. To lean downward, Shakefpear^,
2. To deviate ; to run into obliquities.
Exoduj,
3. To fhun ; to avoid to do any thing. ,
4. To fjnk ; to be impaired ; to decay.
Der.bam,

To DECLI NE. ʃ. a,
1. To bend downward ; to bring down.
Spenser.
2. To fhun ; to avoid ; to refufe ; to be
cauti'.us (if. Clarenden.
3. To modify a wo.d by various terminations.

DECLI'NE. ʃ. The ftate of tendency to the
worle ; diminution ; decay. Frw.

DECLIVITY. I. [duhvis, Latin.] In
clii'ation or obliquity reckoned down war.;;.
; gradual defcent ; the contrary to accli'/;ty.
Gulii'ver,

DECLI'VOUS. a. [decU'vh, Latin.] Gradually
defcending ; not precipitous.

To DECO'CT. v. a. [JuBJuo dccoSlum, Lat.]
1. To prepare by boiting for any ufe ; to
digeft in hot water.
2. To digeft by the heat of the ftomach.
Davies.
3. To boil in water. Bacon.
4. To bo'l up to a confiflence. Shuhff.

DECOCTIBLE. a. [from deco^,} That
which may be boiled, or prepared by boiling.

DECO'CTION. ʃ. [deuBum, Latin.]
1. The act of boiling any thing. Bacon.
2. A preparation made by boiling in wster.
Ben. Johnʃon.

DECO'CTURE. ʃ. [from deaEi.] A iuhliance
drawn by decoflion.

DECOLLATION. ʃ. [duoHatlo, Lat.] The
ait of beheading. Brown.

DECOMPOSITE. a. [decoKfofuui, Lat.]
Compounded a fecond time. Bacon.

DECOMPOSITION. ʃ. [decomprfitta, Lat.]
The act of compounding things already
compounded, Boyle.

To DECOMPO'UND. v. a. [decompcno,
Latin.] To compofe of things already
conipi.unded. Boyle. Weivton.

DECOMPO'UND. a. [from the verb.] Compofed
ot things or words already compounded.
Boyle.

DE'CORAMENT. ʃ. [from decorate.] Ornament.

To DE'CORATE. -r. a. [decaro, Latin.]
To adorn ; to embellilh ; to beautify.

DECORATION. f. [kom decorate.] Ornjment; r-dded beauty. Dryden.
D£CORA'rOR. ſ. [from decorati.l^ An
adorner.
I>ECOROUS, a. [decorus, Latin.] Decent
; luitable to a charatler. Ray.

To CECO RTICATE. 1: a. [duortico, Lat.]
T divert of the bark or hufl-:. ydrbuthnot.

DECORTICA'TION. ʃ. [from decorticate.]
The act of ftripping the batk or hu/k.

DECO'RUM.J. [Latin.] Decency; behaviour
contrary to hcentioufnefs ; feemlinefs.
Wotton,

To DECO'Y. 11. a. [from kory, Duuh, a
cage.] To lure into a cage ; to intrap.
L'Eftrange.

DECO'Y. ʃ. Allurement to mifchiefs.
Berkley,

DECO'YDUCK. ʃ. A duck that luree others.
Mortimer.

To DECREASE. v. r. [dccefco, Latin.]
To groA- leii ; to be djaiinifhtd, Ecclut.

DEC

To DECRE'ASE. i-, a. To make lefs ; to
(liminrh, Dani'/. Newtan,

DECREASE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The ftate of growing lefs ; decay.
Prior.
2. The wain of the mo in. Bacon.

To DECRE'E. v. a. [d.crctum. Latin.] To
make an edidl ; to appoint by ediil.
Milton.

To DECRE E, v. a. To dbom or alTign by
a ‘<ecree. J/'c'--

DECRE'E. ʃ. [decretum, Latin.]
1. An eoi(fV ; a law, Shakeſpeare.
2. Aneftoblftied rule. Job.
3. A deterrrjinatior? of a ftrit.

DE'CREMENT. ʃ. [dccremenium, Latin.]
Decreafe ; the ftate of growing Isfs; the quantity loft by dccreafing. Brown.

DECRE'PIT. a. [dccrepitus, Lat.] Wafted
and worn out with age. R.-. eigh, Addiſon.

To DECREPITATE. v. a. [de.npo. Lat.]
To calcine fait till it has ceafed to crackie
in the fire. Brown.

DECREPITA'TION. ʃ. [from decrepitJit.]
The crackling noife which fait makes
over the fire. Siuu.cs.

DECREPITNE.SS.7 /. [from de.r^h'.]

DECRE'PITUDE. ʃ. The laft ftnge of decav
; the laft effects of old age. BttUy.

DECRE SCENT, a. [from decrefecT^s, Latin.]
Growing Icfs.

DECRETAL. a. [decretum, Lat^n.] Appertaining
to a decree ; containing a decree.
Ayliffe'.

DECRE'TAL. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. A book of decrees or ed:i3s. Addiſon.
2. The colleftion of the pupe's <3ecrees.
ho-a-e!.

DECRE'TIST. ʃ. [i'rcmdecree] One that
ftudies the decretal. Ayliffe.

DECRETORY. a. [from decree.]
1. Judicial ; definitive. South.
2. Critical ; definitive. Brown.

DECRl'.-^L. ſ. [from decry.] Clamorous
cenfnre ; hafty or noify condemnation.

To DECRY'. 1'. a. , [decri^r, Fr.] To
cenfure ; to blame clamoroufly ; to clamour
againft. Dryden.

DECUMBENCE. ʃ / [decumho, Latin.]

DECU'MBENCY. ʃ. The act of lying down ;
the ponuieof lying down. Brown.

DECU'MBIl L'RE. ſ. [from dccunho, Lat.]
1. The time at which a man takes to his
bed in a difeafe,
2. [Inartrolcgy.] A fcheme of the heavens
ftedled tor that time, by which the
prognofticks of recovery tr death are difcovered.
Dryden.

DE'CUFLE. a. fdccuplus, Lat.] Tei.f.-id.
Ray.

DECU'RION. ʃ. [decurio, L;t.] A commander
over ler, Temple.
Hh » DEC uaDEDE'COROUS'
2. [dedtcus, Lat ] D.f
eracefii! : reiiroachfu

DEE
Recursion. ſ. [drcurfus, Latin.] The
a{\ of runnins down. Hale.

DECURTA'I'ION. ſ. [decurtatio, Latin.]
Trie dCt ct curting fhcrt.

To DKCU'SSATE. v. a. [decuJo, Latin.]
To interfetl at acute angles. R'y.

DECUSSATION. ʃ. [from dea^Jate.] The
ad of crofTitig ; ftate of being croffed at
unequal Hngl'^s. Ray.

To DEDECQRATE. f.^. [ded:coro,'Lii.]
To difiivjc ; to bring i reproach upon.

PEDECORATION. ʃ. [from d^dicorats.]
The act of drigracing.

EEDENTl'TION. ſ. [de anA deniitio. Lat.]
Lofb or /liedding of the teeth. B.'Oivn.
T DE'DJCATE. v. a [ded.ro, Latin.]
1. To devote to fuBie divine power.
Numhers.
% To aporcpriate folemnly to any perfon
or purpofe. Clarenden.
3. To infcribe to a patron, Peacham.

DE'IXICATE. a- [from the verb.] Confvjcrate
; nevc.te ; dedicited. tpehii^n,

DEDICA'TION. ʃ. [Jfdicath, Latin.]
1. The act of dedicating to any being or
purpofe ; confecratton. Hooker.
2. A fervile addrel's to a patron. Pop:.

DEDICA'TOR. ʃ. [from dedizate.] Oat
\vh) itifcibes his work to a patron with
complitnenr and fervility. P'p'-

DE'DJCATORY. a. [h^m d,dUate.] Cjmpofing
a dedication ; adulatory. Pope. .

DEDI'TION. ʃ. [diduio, Lat.] The at't
of yielding up any tiling. Hak,

To DEDU'CE. v. a. [d,dueo, Latin.]
1. To draw in a regular connected ieries.
Pope.
2. To form a regular chain of confequential
propofitions. Locke.
3. To lay down in regular order. TLcmfon.

DEDU'CEMENT. ʃ. [from deduce.] The
thing deduced ; confequential propofition.
Dryden;

DEDIPCIBLE. a. [from deduce.] Collectible
by reafon. Brownt. Soulb.

DEDU'CIVE. a. [from dedice.] Performing
the act of deduftion.

To DEDUCT. v. a. [deduce, Lat.]
1. To fubtUad ; to take away ; to defalcate,
Notvii.
2. To r^ptirnte ; to difpsrt. Spenʃer.

LEDL'CTION. ʃ. [d,d.a:o, Lat.]
1. Coiifequeiitial collsdion ; confequence.
Puipi.
1. That which is dediided. Pope. .

PEDU^^TIVE a. [from dedt.H.] Deducible

PEDU'CTIVELY. ad. [from dedu^i've.]
Ci'nfequcntiully ; by ‘egola? dedudipn,

PEED. ʃ. [£>:t^, Saxon.]

DEE
T, Aflicn, whether good or hzi.
SmjUridgr,
2. Exploit ; perform^anc, Dryden.
3. Power of action ; agency. Milton.
4. Ad declaratory of an opinion. Hooker.
5. Written evidence of any legal ad.
Bacon.
6. Fad ; reality ; the contrary to lidwn.
Lee.

DEEDLESS. a. [from deed.] Unadive.
Pope.

To DEEM. V. V. part, dempt, or deemd,
[t>eman.Saxon.] To judge ; to conclude
11 Ton confideration. Spenfer. Hooker. Dryden.

DEEM. f. [from the verb.] Judgment .
turniiie ; opinion. inbak^lpejre,

DEEMSTER. ʃ. [from deem.] A judge.

DEEP. a. [&eep, Saxon.]
1. Having: length dnwnwards. Baconay
2. Low I!, fitudtion ; not high.
3. Meafured from the Surface down\ward.
Newton.
4. Entering far ; piercing a great way.
Clo'-endon,,
5. Far from the uter part. Dryden.
6. Not fuoEi-ficiai , not obvious, Locke.
7. .agacious
; penetrating. Locke.
8. Full of contrivance) politick ; infiduous.Shakeſpeare.
9. Grave ; foiem/i, Shi^k fpewe.
10. i^ark coloured. Dryden.
11. Having a great degree of flilnt-fs, or
gloini. Geuejii.
12. B^fs ; gr:>ve in found. Bacon.

DEEP. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. The fea ; the main. Waller.
2. The moft fi<lcmft or ftill part.Shakeſpeare.

To DE'EPEV. v. a. [from deep.]
1. To makc deep ; to fink far below the
furface. Addifon.
2. To darken; to cloud ; to make dark.
Pcachum.
5. To make fad or gloomy. Pope. .

DEEP-VIOUTHED. a. [d.ep and mouth.]

HIvir,(Z a hoarfe and louj voice. 6tiy.

DEE.'MU'SING. a. [d.-tp m<imuje.] Ccn.
templative ; loft in thought. Pope. .

DE'EPLY. ad. Uxvmdeip.]
1. To a great depth ; lar below the furface.
T.lLifon.
2. With g'eat f^^dy or fagacity,
3. Sorrowfully ; folemniy. Mark. Donne.
4. With a tendency to datkncA of colour,
Py'e.
5. In a high degree. Bacon.

DEEPNESS. ʃ. [ix^TTideep.] Entrance far
beluw the furface ; profundity
J
depth.
Knolles.

DEER. f. [benp, Saxon.] That clafs of
animals which iS hunted for venifon.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E F



To DEFA'CE. v. a. [tiefaire^ French.] To
dertrny ; to rase ; to disfigure, ^bak. Prior.

DEFA'CEMENT. ʃ. [from deface.] Viobtion
; injury. Bacon.

DEFA'CER. ʃ. [from <f/j«.] Deftroyer ;
abu)ifh=j ; vioiater. Shakeſpeare.

DEFA'ILAHCE. ʃ. [d'failance, French.]
Failure. GLinii'lc.

To DEFA'LCATE. v. a. [dfaljuer, fx.]
To cut off ; to lop ; to take away part.

DEFALCATION. ʃ. [from defalcate.] Dimiuution.
Addison.

PEFA'MATORY.fl. [from dfame.] Calumnious
; unjuftly cenforious ; libetJcus.
Government of the Tongue.

To DEFA'ME. v. a. [</f and /^wa, Latin.]
To make infamous ; to cenfure falfely in
publick
; to deprive of honour ; to difhunour
by reports. Decay of Piety.

PEFA'ME. ʃ. £from the verb] Difgrace ; difhonour. Spenſer.

DEFA'MER. ʃ. [from dfame.] One that
iojures the reputation of another.
Government of the Tongue.

To DEFA'TIGATE. v. a. [deptigOyhiX.]
T'J wcd'y.

DEFATIGA'TION. ʃ. [defatigatio, Lat.]

DEFAU'LT. ʃ. [defaut, Fr]
1. Omiffion of that which we ought to do ;
neglect,
2. Crime ; failure ; fault, Hay-.ood.
3. D^feilt ; want. Daiiei.
4. [In law.] Nun-appearance in court at
a day alhgned. Caiucl,

DEFE'ASANCE. ʃ. [dfaijanse, French.]
1. The act of annulling or abrogating any
contraiS.
2. Defafince is a coadition annexed to an
aift ; wh'th performed by the obligee, the
act IS di fa bled, Cczuel,
3. The wfiting in which a defeafance is
contained.
4. A defeat ; conqueft-. Spenser.

DEFEASIBLE. a. [frPmor/j/«.] That
which may beannulled. Dauia,

DEFEAT. [from dfalre, Fi«nch.]
1. The overthrow d an army. Addiſon.
2. Aft c^i deftrudion ; deprivation, Shak.

To DEFE'AT. v.a.
1. To overthrow. Bacon.
2. Tofruftrate.' Mrhort.
3. To aholifh.

DEFE'ATURE. ʃ. [from d.- and feature.]
Change of feature ; alteration of countenance.Shakeſpeare.

To DEFECATE. -j. a. [defceco, Latin.]
1. To purge; to purify ; to cleanfc. Boyle.
2. To purify from any extraneous or no,xious
mixture. Clanville,

DEFECATE. a. [from the verb.] Purged
from lees or f<>ulnefs. Boyle.

DEFECA'TION. ʃ. [<//<r.7r«, Latin.] Puri-.
calion,
Hnr-jty,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E F



DEFE'CT. ʃ. [^. ſ. <57aj. Latin.] ‘ > 1. Want; ableiice of fomething necefTary,
„ . D.nUs,
2. 1-aiting ; want. Shakeſpeare.
3. A fault ; mjfiake; error. tUoker.
4. A biemifh ; a failure. Locke.

To DEFE'CT. w. -n. To be deficient,
Brown.

DEFECTIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from d^eaale, ] The ftate of failing
; imperieaio'n. Hale.

DEFE'CTIBLE. j, \Uomdefcd.]
1. Imperfect ,- delfcient. llaU,

DEFECTION. ʃ. [.Ifah, Latin.]
1. Want ; failure.
2. A fallfEg away ; apoflacy.
kuteigh. Watts.
3. An abandoning of a king, or ftate ; tt-
^olt-
Da-jici.

DEFE'CTIVE. a. [from defeaivvt, Latin.]
1. Full of dei'efls ; imperfect ; not fufficient.
Locke. Arbuthnot. Addison.
2. Faulty ; vitious ; blameabie. Addjfcti.

DEFE'CTIVE or d^fcient Koum I Id grammar.]
Indeclinable nouns, or fui;h as want
a number, or fome p<rticu'.?r cafe.

DEFE'CTIVE I'erp [in giammar.] A verb
which wants fome of its tcnfes

DEFE'CTIVENESS. ʃ. [from d.fea!vt. Want ] ; faukinefs. Addiſon.

DEFE'NCE. ʃ. [^o^T>, Latin.]
1. Guard; protection ; fecurity. Ecduf.
2. Vindication
; juftification ; apology.
3. Prohibition. Temple.
4. Refiftance.
5. [In law.] The defendant's reply after
oeciaration produced.
6. [In fortification.] The part that flanks
another work.

DEFENCELESS.^. [from dcfnce.]
1. Naked ; unarmed ; unguarded. Milton.
2. Impotent. Addiſon.

To DEFEND. tj.a. [defndo, Latin.]
1

To Hand in dete:>ce of ; to protecl ; to
fupport. Shakeſpeare.
2. To vindicate; to uphold ; toLTert; to maintain. Swift.
3. To fortify; to fecure. Dryden.
4. To prohibit ; to forbid,
Milton. Temple.
5. To maintain a place ; or cauft.

DEFE'NDABLE. a. [from defend.] That
mav !ie defended.

DEFENDANT. -a. [from dsfend, Latin.]
Defenlive ; fit f >r defence. Shakeſpeare.

DEFENDANT. ʃ. [from the adjec.ve.]
1. He that defends againft aliailan's.
frrkns.
2. [In law.] The perfon accded or fued.
Liudil>rtJi,

DEFE'NDER. ʃ. [from defend.]
I One that defends ; a champion.
Shakefpeare.
^. An
©EF ©E F
s. An afierter ; a vindicator. Seulh.
5. [In law.] An advocate.

DEFE'NSATIVE. ʃ. [from defeKce.]
3. Guard J. defence. Brown.
a [In furgery.] A bandage, plaiftej, or
the like.

DEFENSIBLE. a. [from defence.] That
may be defended. Bacon.
2. Juftitiable ; right ; capable of vindication.
Collier.

DEFENSIVE. a. [d^-fi^ff, Fr.]
1. That ferves to defend ;
proper for defence.
Sidney.
2. In a ftateor poftoreof defence. Milton.

DEFENSIVE. ʃ. [from the adjettive.]
1. Safeguard. Bacon.
2. State of defence. Clarcnikn.

DEFE'NSIVELY. aJ. [(mm iefenji've.] In
a defenfive manner.

DEFE'NST. part, faff, [from </f/t««.] Defended.
Fairfax.

To DEFE'R. o. n. [fronj iiffero, Latin.]
1. To put erf ; to delay to a(£V. Milton.
3t. To pay defere.'jce ox regard to another's
opinion.

To DEFE R. ‘V, a.
1. To withold; to delay, P^/'f.
2. To refer to ; to leave to another's
jodgment. Bacon.n,

DE'FERENCE. ʃ. [</^'r<»«, Fr.]
3. Regard ; reflect. Swift.
2. Compiajfance ; condefcenfion. Lack'.
3. Submifhon, A.U'jon.

DEFE'RENT. <». [from defcrem, of djtro,
Latin.] That carries up and down.
Bacon.

DETERENT. I [from the adjective.] That
which-carries ; that which conveys. Bacon.

DEFI'ANCE. ʃ. [from /^g^. Fr.]
S, A chailenge ; an invitation to tight.
Dryden.
2. A challenge to malce any impeachment
good,
1. ExprefSoB of abhorience or eontennpt.
Dcca-j of rii.y.

DEFI'CIENCE. ʃ , r - j^.; l.^.] DEFrcIENCY. S ^ .
1. Defeft ; failing ; imperfea-on.
Brown. Sprat,
2. Want ; fomething lefs than is neceliary.
Arbuthnot.

DEFI'CIENT. a. [dejidem.] Failing ;
wanting ; defective. Wotton

DEFI'ER. ʃ. [from dcffi, Fr.] A challenge':; a confemner. Thiolfors,

To DEFILE. v. a. [apian. Sax.]
1. To make foul or impiire ; to dirty.Shakeſpeare.
2. To pollute ; to make legally or yitjally
impure. Lcz'iticus.
3. To corrupt chaftity ; to violate, fnnr.
A, To taint ; to corrupt ; to vinate.
‘i ^itillingfifet. W'ik:,

To DEH'LE. v. n. [de§kr, French.] To
go off file by file,

DEFILE. ʃ. [de^ik^ Fr. a!incof foldiers.]
A narrow pafldge. Adii(on,

DEFILEMENT,/. [from ///A.] The itatc
of being defiled
; pollution ; coriuption.
Milton.

DEFI'LER. ʃ. [from icfik-l One that defiles
; a corrujjter. Addiſon.

DEFINABLE. a. [from define.'.
1. Capable of definition, Dryden.
2. That which may be afcertained,
Burnet.

To DEFI'NE. v. a. [de/mc, Lat.]
1. To give the definition ; to explain a
thing by its qualities. Sidney.
2. To circumfcribe ; to mark the limit.
NewUMt

To DEFINE. v. ». To ieterinine ; to dpcide.
SaeOKt

DEFl'NER. ſ. [from iefirie.] One that defcribrs
a thing by its qualities. Prior.

DE'FINITE. a. [from def^ous, Latin.]
3. Certain ; limised ; bounded. Sidney.
2. Eiraft ; precife, Shakeſpeare.

DE FINITE. ſ. [from the adjective.] Thing
explained or defined. Ayhft.

DE FINITENESS. ſ. [from difinite.] Certainty
; iimitednefs,

DEFINITION. ʃ. [diiinitir), Latin.]
I . A fhort defcription of a thing by its properties.
Dryden.
% Decifion ; determination.
3. [In logick.] The explication of the eflence
cf a thing by its kind and difference.
Berkley.

DEFINITIVE. <J. [fl'f/«i>w^J, Latin.] De- ,'
termmafe ; pofitive ; expreis. ly&tson^ t

DIFI NITIVELY. ad. [from difiniiiiH.]
Pofitively ; decifively ; exprpfiy, ; Shakeſpeare. Hall,

DEFI'NITIVENESS. ʃ. [from defniiive.]
Dccifivenefs.

DEFLAGRABI'LITY. ʃ. [from dejlagr',.
Latin.] ComWuftibility, Bo'jk.

DEFLAGRABLE. a. [itcxn d,fiigro,lAt.]
Having the quality of wafii'jg away Vifhoily
in fire. Boyle.

DEFLAGRA'TION. /, {d.fijgraUo, Lat.]
octting fire to leveral things 10 their preparation.

To DEFLE'CT. ʃ. ». [defi ao, Latin.] To
turn afide ; to deviate tioin a true courfe.
Blackmore.

DEFLE'CTION. ʃ. [from <fy?.J?o, Latin.]
1. Deviation ; the act of tursing afide.
Brown.
2. A turning afide, or out of the way.
3. [In navigation.] The departure of a
fhip from its true courfe,

DEFLE'XURE. ʃ. [fro:Ti d.-ficSo, Latin. ;
A bending down : a turning afide^ or one
oJ the way. D'/f
D£-

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E F



DEFLORA'TION. ſ.{d^florJtion, Fr.]
1. The act of deflouring.
4. A fde(aion of that which is moft valuaable.
Hale.

To DEFLO'UR. v. a. [definer, French.]
1. To ravifh ; to takeaway a woman's
virginity. Eccluſ. xx. 4.
2. To take away the beauty and grace of
any thing. Taylor.

DEFLO'URER. ʃ. [from defour.] A ravi(;
ier. Addisʃon.

DEFLU'OUS. a. [dfiuvs, Latin.]
1. That Hows down,
2. That falls off.

DEFLU'XION. ʃ. [d.Jiuxio, Latin.] A
defluxion. Bacon.

DE'FLY. [from deft.] Dexteroufly ; Skilfully.
Properly defly. Spenfer.

DEFOEDA'TION. ʃ. [from defesdus, Lat.]
The act of making filihy ; pollution.
Berkley.

DEFO'RCEMENT. ʃ. [from /ow.] A
withholding of lands and tenements by
force.

To DEFORM. v. a. [defoimr, Latin.]
1. To disfigure; to make up!y. Shakeſpeare.
2. To diftonour ; to make ungraceful.

DEFORM. a. [deformit, Lum ] U^ly; disfigured. ^peKJir. Milton.

DEFORMATION. f. [dejsrmatio, Latin.]
A ‘efacing.

DEFO'RMEDLY. od. [from deform. ~\ In an
ugly nianner.

DEFO'RMEDNESS. ʃ. [from defo-med.]
Ugi;n<-r-.

DEFO'RMITY. ʃ. [d(fr^atit, Latin.]
1. Ugl.nelV ; iil-favourednefs. i>baW.f>-:are,
2. Kidiculoufnefs. Dryden.
3. Irregubrity ; inorJinatenefs.
King Charles.
4. Difhonnar ; difgrace.

DEFO'RSOR. ʃ. [from fctccu,-, French.]
One that overcomes and cafl^th out by
force. Btourt.

To DEFRA'UD. v. a. [defrcudo, Latin.]
To rob or deprive by a wile or Crick.
Pope.

DEFRA'UDER. ʃ. [from defraud.] A deceiver,
Blackmore,

To DEFRA'Y. v. a. [defriyer, French.]
To be»r the charges of, X Mac.

DEFRAYER. f. [from (/f/r.?/.] One that
difcharzes exptftces.

DEFRA YMENT. ſ. [from defray.] The
payr,nent of expences.

DEFT. a. [scrpr, Saxon.] Ojfolete.
1. Neat ; hai dfome ; fpruct,
2. Pfi.per ; fitting. Shakeſpeare.
3. Ready ; dextciciis. Vrydtn,

DE'FTLY. ad. .-,Lm deft.] Oj'oI to
1. Neatly ne>:; roufly.
1. Ia a Ik !tul mH.nntr. Shakeſpeare.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E G



DEFUNCT. a. idefur,a,t, Latin.] Dea^ =
deceafed. Hud hras

DEFU'NCT. ʃ. [from the adjective.] One
that js deceafed ; a dead man, or woman.
Graustm

DEFU'NCTION. ʃ. [from dfuna.] Death.Shakeſpeare.

To DEFY'. -z: a. [dffier, Fr.]
1. To call to combat ; to challenpe. Dryd.
2. To treat with contempt ; to (light.
Shakefpeiearr,

DEFY'. ʃ. [from the verb.] A challenge ; an invitation to fight. Dryckr

DEFY'ER. ʃ. [hoa^dfy.] A challenger's'
one that invites to fight. South.

DEGENERACY. f. [from degenerath, Lat ;
1. A departing from the virtue of our anceftors.
2. A forukiug of that which is good.
Tillorfor,
3. Meannefs. AddifoK.

To DEGL'NERATE. lu v. [d-generer, Fr^]
1. To f.ll from the Vl^^ue of our anceii-
2. To fall from a more noble to a bafe
‘‘ate. Tilhtion.
3. To fall from its kind ; to grow wild or
‘‘^'«-
Bacon.

DEGE'NERATE. ad. [from the verb.]
1. Unlike his ancertors. Swift.
2. Unwor'hy ; bafe. Milton.

DEGE'NERATENESS. ʃ. [from dcgen^.
^ife.] Degeneracy ; ftate of being growti
wild ; or I ut of kind. D/<.

DEGE'NERATION. ʃ. [from degerera^e.]
1. A deviation from the virtue of one's
ancertors.
2. A falling from a more excellent flate eo
one of lefs worth,
3. The thing changed from its primitive
ft-^fe. Brown.

DEGE'NEROUS. a. [from degener, Lat.l
1. Degenerated; fallen from vir;ue.
2. Vile ; bafe ; infamous ; unworthy.

DEGE'NEROUSLY. cd. [from degererou:.]
In a degenerate manner ; bafely { meanly.
D.cay affutyl

DEGLUTl'TION. ſ. [d^lutimn, Fr.] The
ait or power of iWaJlowing. ^-hutbriot

DEGRADATJO.V. ſ. [drradtitlon, Fr.l
1. A deprivauoB of an offi.e or dignity.
J^y'life.
2. D-generacy; bafenefs. S-'wh

To DEGRA'DE. -j. a. [d. grader, French, ; 1. To puc one from his degree, fitckh,
2. To leflen ; to diminifh the value of.
Mikor.

DECRE'E. ʃ. [d:gri^ French.] ‘
1. Quality ; rank ; itation.''
PfaUs. V.Ak.--.
2. The fi:. te and condition ij; v.hith a thing
‘s. Bucov.
3. .4.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E 1


3. A ftep or preparation to any thing.
Sidney.
4. Order of liiieag€ 5 defcent of family.
Dryden.
5. The orders or cUffes of the angeis.
Locke.
6. Meafuie ; proportion. Dryden.
7. [Ill geometry.] The three hundred
and fijiticth part of the circumference of a
circle. Dryden.
8. [In arithmetick.] A <ff^r« condlis of
three figures, of three places compreh ndmg
units, t(.-ns and hundieds. Cocker.
iO. flnmufick.] The intervals of founds.
Dia.
; I. The vehemence or flacknefs of the hot
or cold quality of a plant, mineral, or
other mixt body. South.
By UEGRE ES. ‘ad. Gradually ; by little
and little. Newton.

DEGUSTA'TION. ʃ. [dcgu/ladoy Latin.]
A tartinsr.

To DEHO RT. w. a. [iWo-^or, Latin.] To
difluade. Ward.

DEHORTA'TION. ʃ. [from dehortor. Lat.]
Diduafion ; a tounielling to the contrary.
ff'ard.

DEHO'RTATORY. a. [from dchortor, Lat.]
Belonj'ing to dilluafiin.

DEHORTER. ʃ. [from <^f/^orr.] A diffuader
5 an advil'er to the contrary.

DE'ICIDE. ʃ. [from dcus and cxdo, Latin.]
D;ath of our bkiied Saviour. Prior.

To DEJE'CT. v. a. [djirio, Latin.]
1. To caft down ; to affliit ; to grieve.Shakeſpeare.
2. To make to look fad. Dryden.

DEJE'CT. a. [dejeauSjhM'm.] Call down ;
alliicted ; lowfpirited.

DEjE'CTEDLY. ad. [from d,j,a.] In a
drie<f^<'d nianner ; afflicledly. Bacon.

DEJE'CTEI'NESS. ſ. Lownefs of fpirit.s.

DEJE'CTION. ʃ. [d.jcC^.on, Fr. from d^-
; do, Lat.]
1. A lowf.efs of fpivits ; melancholy.
Rogers.
2. Weaknefs ; inability. Arbuthnot.
3. A rtool. F'jy-

DEJE'CTURE. ʃ. [from d'jeB.I The excrements,
Arbuthnot.

DEjERA TION. ſ. [from d^jao, Lat.] A
taking of a folemn oath.

DEIFICATION. ʃ. [dificatlon, French.]
The act of deifying, or makine a god.

DEIFORM. a. [honidcus^aA forma, Lit-.l
Of a gndlike form.

To DEIFY. v. a. [d-ifier, Fr.]
1. To fiiake » eod of; to adore as god.
South.
1. To prnife extciV.vely, Bacon.

To DEIGN. v.n, [fron, i^v.^wr, Fr.] To
vouchfdfe; to think, wcrsf). Milnr,

DEL

To DEIGN. v. a. To grant ; to pertain .
bhakijfpeare.

DEI'NTEGRATE. v. a. [from de and intepro,
Latin.] To dimiri]fh.

DEIPAROUS. a. [daparus, L:»tin.] That
brings forih a god ; the epithet applied to
the bleffed Virgin.

DE'iSM. ſ. [d^ifme, French ] The opinion
of thofe that only acknowledge one
Cod, without the reception of any revealed
religion. Dryden.

DEIST. ʃ. [dnfte, French.] A man whe ;
follows no particular religion, but only acknowledges
the exiftence of God. Burnet.

DE'ISTICAL. a. [from ^.Z/?.] Belonging
to the herefy of the deids. Waits,

DEITY. ʃ. (date, French.]
1. Divmity; the nature and elTence of
God. Hooker.
1. A fabulous god. Shakefpeare.
3. The fuppofed divinity of a heathen god,
Spenfer.

DELACERA'TION. ʃ. [from ddacero, Lat.]
A tearing in pieces.

DELACRYMA'TION. ʃ. [d;lacrymatio,
Lat.] The waterifhnefs of the eyes,

DELACTA'TION. ʃ. [dilaBatio, Latin.]
A weaning from the btealf. DiSf,

DELA'FSED. a. [ddapjus, ] Bearing or
falling down, DiEi,

To DELA'TE. v. a. [from idatus. Latin.]
To carry ; to convey. Bacon.

DELA'TION. ʃ. [delatio, Latin.]
1. A carrying ; conveyance. Bacon.t
2. An acciifation ; an impeachment.

DELA'TOR. ʃ. [dilator, Latin.] An accufer
; an informer.

GGmcrnment of the Tongue,

To DELA'Y. v. a. [from delayer, French.]
1. To deter ; to put ofl. Exodus.
2. To hinder. to fniftrate. Dryden.

To DELA'Y. 1'. n. To ftop ; to ceafe fronx
action. Locke.

DELA'Y. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A deferring; procraftination. Shakeʃp.
2. Stay ; ftop. DryUell,

DELA'YER. ʃ. [from delay.-^ One that
defers.

DELE'CTABLE. a. [ddeaabili;, Latin.]
Pieafina , delightful.

DELE'CTABLENESS. ʃ. [from dileEiahle.]
Ddlightfulnefs ; pleafanrnefs.

DELE'CTABLY. ad. D-hghtfully ; pleafantly.

DELECTATION. ʃ. [ddaatio, Latin.]
F.tafme ; delight.

To DELEGATE. t\ a. [delego, Latin.]
1. To fend away.
2. To fend upon an embafiy.
3. To mtruft ; to comsiit to another.
Taylor.
4. To iup'-^'B'^^ jixJges to a ocirticuiar caufe.
D£'i.EDEL

DE'LEGATE./. [Jekgatus, Latin.]
1. A deputy ; a commifhoVier ; a vicar.
Taylor.
2. [In law.] Di-Ugaies are perfons delegated
or appointed by the king's commifhon
to fit, upon an appeal to him, in the
court of Chancery. BIount.

DE'LEGATE. a. [delegatus, Latin ] Deputed.
Taylor.

DELEGATES. [Court of.] A court wherein
aJl caufes of appeal, by way of devolution
from either of thearchbirtiops, are deoded,

DELEGATION. ʃ. [dl-gam, Latin.]
1. A fending away.
2. A putting in commiffion.
3. The afiignment of a debt to another.

DELENIFI'CAL. a. [A.hnlfirm, Latin.]
Having virtue to affwage, or cafe pain.

To DELE'TE. lua. [jx^mdcko, Lat.] To
blot out. DiEi.

DEF.ETE'RIOUS. a. [dJeterius, Latin.]
Diadly ; deftructive. Brown.

DELE'TERY. a. Dertruaive ; deadly.
Hudibras.

DELE'TION. ʃ. [</.7nfl, Latin.]
1. A<S of r^fing or blotting out.
a- A deftruction. Hale.

DELhE C / [from ‘©elwan, Sax. to dig ]
1. A mine ; a quarry, Ray.
2. Earthenware; counterfeit China ware.
Smari.

DELIBA'TION. ʃ. [delibatio, Latin.] An
eiray ; a tafte.

To DELI'BERATE. v. v. [delibere. Lat.]
To think, in order to choice ; to hefitate.
Addifon.

DELI'BERATE. a. [deliberatus, Latin.]
1. CircumfpeiS ; wary ; advifed ; difcreet.
2. Slow ; tedious ; not fudden. Hooker.

DELI BERATELY. ad. [from deliberate.]
Circumfpectly ; a^vnedly ; wanly. Dryd.

DELl'BERATENESS. ſ. [from deliberate.]
Citcumfpedtion ; warinefs ; cooliefs ; caution.
King Charles.

DELIBERATION'. ʃ. [del,berat,o, Latin.]
The act of deliberating ; thought in order
to choice. Hciirnioid.

DELIBERATIVE. a. [del:herat:vm, Lat.]
Pertaining to deliberation ; ape to confider.

DELl'BERATIVE. ſ. [from the adjective.]
The difcourfe in which a queftion is deliberated.
Bacon.

DE'LICACY. ʃ. [dellcatfffe, French.]
1. Daintinefs; finenefb in eating. Milton.
1. Any thing highly pleafing to the fenfes.
Milton.
3. Softnefs ; feminine beauty, Sidney.
4. Nicety ; minute accuracy. Dryden.
5. Neatnefs ; elegance of drefs.
6. Politenefs; gentlenefs of manners.
7. Indulgence ; gentk treatment. Ttnfk,

DEL
8. Tendernefs ; fcrupuloufnefs ; mercifulne(.'.
q. Weaknefs of conftitution.

DE'LICATE. a. [dtlnat, Fi
]
1. fine; not coarfe ; confiding of fmall
parts. Arbuthnot.
2. Beautiful ; pleafing to the eye.
3. Nice ; pleafing to the tafte ; of an
agieoble flavour. Tiylor,
4. Diinty; defirous of curious njeats.
5. Ohoici- ; (e'lcQ. ; encellent.
6. Pf^lite ; gentle of manners.
7. Soft ; effeminate ; unable to bear hardfhips.Shakeſpeare.
8. Pure; dear. Shakeſpeare.

DE'LICATELY. ad. [from delicate.]
1. Beautifully. Pope. .
2. Finely ; not coarfely.
3. Daintijy. Taylor.
4. Choicely.
5. P-litely.
6. Effeminnt'-ly.

DE'LICATENE^SS. ſ. [from delcate.] The
ftate of being delicate ; tendernefs ; foftnefs
; effeminacy. Deuteronomy,

DE'LICATES. ʃ. [ircm delicate ] Niceties; raretits ; that which is choice and dainty.
King.

DELTCES. ʃ. p!. Idclicia, Latin.] Pieafures.
Spenſer.

DELI'CIOUS. a. [dl.ceux, Fr.] Sweet; delicate ; that affords del.ght
; agreeable.
Pope.

DELI CIOUSLY. ^J. Tfrom dAiciouu] Sweetly
; pleifanty; delghtfully. Revelations.

DELl'CIOUSNESS. j^ [from delicious.] Delight; pleafure ; j'>y. T.ylor.

DELIGATION. ʃ. [ddlgatie, Latin.] a
binding up. J'i'ijewan,

DELl'GHT. ſ. [delice, Fr.]
1. Joy; content; fatisfailion. Samuel.
2. Th^t which gives delght. Shakefpeare.

To DELl'GHT. 1. a. [djIeBor, Latin.]
To pleale ; to content ; to fatisfy.
Pfalmi. Locke.

To DELl'GHT. v. a. To have delight or
pleafure in. Pfa'ms.

DELIGHTFUL. a. [from delight andfJ/.]
PIeafant ; charming. Sidney.

DELI'GHTFULLY. ad. PIeafantly ; chatniinelv
; with delight. Milton.

DEL'IGHTFULNESS. ʃ. [from delight.]
PIeafant ; cnmfort ; fatisfaction. Ttllomfon.

DELl'GHTSOME. a. [t'lom del.ght.] P!«afant
; delith'ful. Greiv,

DELl'GHTSOMELY. ad. [from del>ghtfov.
e.] PIe2f3ntly ; in a delighful manner.

DELI'GHTSOMENESS. ʃ. [frnm delightfame.]
PIeaDntnefs ; delightfulnefs.
To DELI'NEATE. v. a. [delineo, Latin.]
1. To draw the firft draught of a thing ; to dtfign.
I i .. To

DEL
2. To paint in colours ; to rcprefent a
true likenefs Brown.
3. To (kfcribe. Raleigh.
B^LINEA'TION. ſ. [deIincatlo, Lat.] The
fi'ft draught of a thing. Mortimer.

DELI N«:iyENCY. ſ. [delhijuentia, Latin.]
A fault ; failure in duty. Sandys.

DELI'NQUENT. ʃ. [from J«//'n^BC«j, Lat.]
An offender. B^1. Johnfon.

To DE'LIQUATE. v. a. [dehqueo, Lat.]
To melt ; to be difTolved. Cudworth,

DELIQUA'TION. ʃ. [ddiquatio, Latin.]
A melting ; a diflblving.

DELI'S^JlUM.f. Latin. [a chymical term.]
A diftillation hy the force of fire.

DELl'RAMENT. ſ. [dellramentum, Lat.]
A doting or foolifh idle rtory. Did.

To DELI'RATE. 1'. n. [deino, Lat.] To
dote ; to rave.

DELIRA'TION. ʃ. [deliratioy Lat.] Dotage
; folly.

DELIRIOUS. a. [delinu;, Lat.] Lightheaded
; raving ; doting. S'zuijt.

DELIRIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] Alienation of
mind ; dotage. Arbuthnot.

To DELI'VER. v. a. [ddvrcr, Fr.]
1. To give ; to yield ; to ofler, Dryden.
2. To caft away ; to throvir off. Pope. .
3. To furreuder ; to put into one's hands.
Samuel,
4. To fave ; to refcue. Shakeſpeare.
5. To fpeak ; to tell ; to relate ; to utter.
Swift.
6. To difburden a woman of a child.
Peacha?}!.

To DELI'VER ovr. v. a.
1. To put inlo another's hands. Shakeſp.
‘Z. To giiie from hand to .hand. Dryden.

To DELI'VER up. v. a. To furrender ; to
give up. Shakeſpeare.

DELI'VER ANCE. ſ. [deHvrance, Fr.]
1. The act of delivering a thing to ano.
ther.
2. The act of freeing from captivity,
Jiavery, or any oppreffion ; refcue. Dryden.
3. The act of fpeaking ; utterance.

SI. Shakefpeare.
4. The act tof bringing children.
Shakefpeare.

DELIVERER. ʃ'. [from deliver.
1
1. A faver ; a refcuer ; a preferver. Bacon.
2. A relater ; cnt- that communicates
fomething. Boyle.

DELI'VERY. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of delivering, or giving.
2. Releafe ; refcue ; laving. Shakeſpeare.
3. Afuriender; giving up. Clarenden.
<}. Utterance ; pronunciation ; fpecch.
Hooker.
:;. Ufe of the limbs; activity. fVoiton.
6. Childbirth. Jjaiah.

DELL. ʃ. [from dal, Dutch.] A pit ; a
valley, Spenfer. ‘Znkell,

DEM

DELPH. ʃ. A fine fort of earthen war?.
.Swif(.

DELU'DABLE. a. [from delude.] Liable
to be deceived. Brown.

To DELU'DE. v. a. [deludo, Latin.]
1. To beguile; to cheat ; to deceive.
Dryden.
2. To difappoint ; to fruftrate.

DELU'DER. ʃ. [from delude.] A beguiler ; a deceiver ; an impoftor. Gratwille.

To DELVE. v. a. [&elpan, Saxon.]
1. To dig ; to open the ground with a
fpade. Philip!.
2. To fathom ; to fift. Shakeſpeare.

DELVE. ʃ. [from the verb.] A ditch ; a
pitfal ; a den. Ben. Johnfoti,

DE'LVER. ʃ. [from delve.] A digger.

DELUGE. ʃ. [dduge, French.]
1. A general inundation. Burnet.
2. An overflowing of the natural bounds
of a river. Denham.
3. Any fudden and refifllefs calamity.

To DE'LUGE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To drown ; to lay totally under water.
Blackmore.
2. To overwhelm ; to caufe to fink. Pope. .

DELU'SION. ʃ. [delufio, Latin.]
1. A cheat ; guile ; deceit ; treachery.
2. A falfe reprefentation ; illuSon ; errour.
Prior.

DELUSIVE. a. [from dehfus, Lat.] Apt
to deceive. Prior.

DELU'SORY. a. [from delufus, Lat.] Apt
to deceive. Glar.'ville,

DE'MAGOGUE. ʃ. [h[xayu,yk-] A ringleader
of the rabble. South.

DEMA'IN. 1 /. [domain, Fr.] That

DEME'AN. f land which a man holds

DEME'SNE. ; originally of himfelf. It is
fometimes ufed alfo for a diftindlion between
thofe lands that the lord of the
manor has in his own hands, or in the
hands of his leffee, and fuch other lands
appertaining to the faid manor as belong
to free or copyholders. Philips. Swift.

DEMAND. ʃ. [demande, French.]
1. A claim ; a challenging. Locke.
2. A queftion ; an interrogation.
3. The calling for a thing in order to purchafe
it. Addiſon.
4. [In law.] Theafkingof what is due.
Bhurt.

To DEMA'ND. v. a. [demander, Fr.] To
claim ; to afk for with authority, Peacham.

DEMA'NDABLE. a. [from demand.] That
may be demanded ; requefted ; a/lied for.
Bacon.

DEMA'NDANT. ʃ. [from demand.] He
who is ador or plaintifi in a real action.
Sp Bator,

DEMA'NDER. ʃ. [dmandtur, Fr.]
I . One that requires a thing with authc.
rjty.
2. One

DEM
«. One that afks for a thing in order to
purchafe it. Carew.
3. A<3unner,

DEME'AN. ʃ. [from Jemencr, French.] A
mien ; prefence ; carriage. Spenſer.

To DEME'AN. v. a. [from demener, Fr.]
2. To behave ; to carry one's felf.
Milton.
2. To leffen ; to debafe ; to undervalue.Shakeſpeare.

DEME'ANOUR. ʃ. [dmener, Fr.] Carriage
; behaviour. Clarenden.

DEME'aNS. ſ. pi. An eftate in goods or
lands.

To DEME'NTATE. v. n. [dements, Lat.]
To grow mad.

DEMENTA'TION. ʃ. [dementatio, Latin.]
State of being mad, or frantick.

DEME'RIT. ʃ. [denaite, Fr.] The oppofite
to merit ; ill-defer cing. Spenſer.

To DEME'RIT. v. a. To deferve blame
or punifhment.

DEME'RSED. a. [from damrjui.] PIunged.

DEME'RSION. ʃ. [demerfio, Latin.] A
drowning.

DE'MI. infeparable particle, [d'^w/, French.]
Half ; as, demigod, that ib, half human,
half divine.

DF.'MI-CANNON. ʃ. [demi and cannon.]

DEMI-CANNON Lowejl. A great gun that
carries a ball thirty pounds weight.

DE MI CANNON Ordinary. A great gun.
It carries a fhot thirty-two pounds weight.

DK'MI.CANNON of the great eft Size. A
gun. It carries a ball thirty- fix pounds
weight. Wifhins,

DE MI-CULVERIN of the hiveji Size. A
gun. It carries nine pounds weight.

DEMI-CULVERIN Ordinary. A gun. It
carries a ball ten pounds eleven ounces
weight.

DE'MI- CULVERIN. elder Ssrt. A gun.
It carries a ball twelve pounds eleven
ounces weight. Clarenden.

DE'MI DEVIL. ʃ. Rilf adevil. Shakeʃp.

DE'MI GOD. /, [demi 3nd god.] Partaking
of divine nature ; half a god.

DE'MI LANCE. ʃ. [demi and lance.] A
light lance i a fpear. Dryden.

DEMI-MAN. ſ.Half a man. Knolles.

DEMI-V;OLF. ʃ. [deini 3nii 1110!/.] Half
a wolf. Shakeſpeare.

DEMI'SE. ʃ. [from denutre, demts. Fr.]
Death ; deceafe. Swift.

To DEMI'SE. v. a. [dems, Fr.] To grant
at one's death ; to bequeath. Swife,

DEMI'SSION. ʃ. [den:ijfn, Lat.] Degradation
; diminution of dignity. L'Eftrange.

To DEMIT. v. a. [demitto, \A\:\a.] To
deprefs. Brown.

DEMOCRACY. ʃ. [^r^fxr^^-Ma.] One of
the three forms of guvefnments that in

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E M



which the fovereign power is lodged In the
body of the people. Temp'e

DEMOCRA'TICAL. a. [From democracy.]
Pertaining to a popular government ; po-
Pular. Brown.

To DEMO'LISH. v. a. [demolir, Fr.] To
throw down buildings ; to raze ; to de-
^foy- nHot fin.

DEMO'LISHER. ʃ. [from demolijT.] bae
that throws down buildin^.'.

DEMOLI'TION. ʃ. [from °demolijb.] The
ad: of overthrowing buildings. Swift.

DE'MON. ʃ. [damon, Lat.] Afpirits generally
an evil fpint. Prior

DEMONI'ACAL. ʃ. or ; i ‘

DEMONI'ACK. ʃ. ‘‘ L^'' ‘^'.
1. Belonging to the devil ; devilifh,
2. Influenced by the devil. Millen.

DEMO'NIACK. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
-One poffeffed by the devil. ‘ Berkley.

DEMO'NIAN. a. Devilifh. Milton.

DEMONO'CRACy./: [Jai/^av and x-alii;.]
The power of the devil.

DEMONO'LATRY. ʃ. [J. I'^jty and Xs7^:ia.]
The worfhip of the devil.

DEMONO'LOGY. ʃ. [J^/^av and Xay©-.]
Difcourfe of the nature of devils.

DEMO'NSTRABLE. a. [demonftrabilis,
Latin.] That which may be proved beyond
doubt or contradiction. Glanville.

DEMONSTRABLY. ad. [from demons
fruble.] In fuch a manner as admits of
cer'ain proof. Clarenden.

To DEMONSTRATE. v. a. [demonjiro,
Lat.] To prove with the highe/t degree
of certainty. Addiſon.

DEMONSTRA'TION. ʃ. [demorftratio,
Lat.]
1. The higheft degree of deducible or argumental
evidence. Hooker.
2. Indubitable evidence of the fenfes or
reafon. Thomfon.

DEMO'NSTRATIVE. a. [demonftrat,vu(,
Lat.]
1. Having the power of demonftration; invincibly conclufive. Hooker.
1. Having the power of expreffing clearly.
Dryden.

DEMONSTRATIVELY. ad. [from demcnjlrati-
ve.]
1. With evidence not to be oppofed or
doubted. South.
1. Clearly ; plainly ; with certain knowledge-
Brown.

DEMONSTRA'TOR. ʃ. [from demorftrate.]
One that proves ; one that teaches.

DEMO'NSTRATORY. a. [from demon.
Jirr.to] Having the tendency to demonftrite.

DEMU'LCENT. a. [demu/cens, Latin.]
S-iftening ; mollifying ; afiuafive.
jirimlnof.
; i . T»

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com
D E N DEN
to DEMU'R. 1'. n. [dtr^eurer, Fr.] To name ; to give a name to. HamtnorJ.
1. To delay a procefs inlaw by doubts and DENOMINA'TION. ſ. [denominaiio, Lat.]
chjtdions. JF.Lton. A naine given to a thing. Rogers.
2. To paufe in uncertainty ; to fuipeod DENOMINATIVE, a. [^from denominate.'.
determination. Eaywu'-d. i. Tnac which gives a name ; that which
3. Tol dtiubt
; to have fcruples. Berkley. confers a diftinct appellation.

T' DEMU'R. v. a. To doubt of. Milton. 2. That which obtains a diftinct appella-

DEMUR. /; [from the verb.] D.jubt ; he- tirn. Cocker.
fitaa.m. South. DENOMINA'TOR. ſ. [{torn denominate.]

DEMURE. a. [des maurs, Vr.^^ The giver of a name. Brown.
1. Snbsr; decent. Fp'nfrr. DENOMINATOR of a Froffion, is the
2.'Grzve ; 3ffeQ.e6\y n)cic.!\ Bi^conaiivif'. number below the line, fhowing the na-

To DEMURE. r'. . [from the noun.] To
look with an affrfled^modefty. Shakeſpeare.

DEMU'RELY ^-'d. [from demure]
I With jffcaed mortefty ; folfmnly. Bac
1. Solemnly. Shakeſpeare.

DEMU'RENESS. ʃ. [from demure.]
1. Modeliy ; fub'-rnefs i
gravity of afpefl.
2. Affeded mcidrdy.

DEMU'RRER. ʃ. [dn'r'ei'rer, Fr.] A kind
of piufe upon a point of ditficulty in an
action. ,
Coiuel.

DEN. ʃ. [fcen, Saxon.]
1. A cavern or hollow running horizontally.
Hooker.
2. The cave of a wild beaft. Dryden.
ture and quality of the parts which any
integer is fuppoied to be divided into.
Harris.

DENOTA'TION. ʃ. [denotatio, Lat.] The
act of denoting.

To DENO'TE. v. a. [densto, Latin.] To
mjrk ; to be a figti of ; to betoken.

To DENOU'NCE. ^. a, [denumio, Latin ;
denoncer^ French.]
1. To threaten by proclamation.
Deuteronomy Decay of Viet),
2. To give information againft. Ayiiffe.

DENOU'N-'EMENT. ʃ. [from denounce.]
The act of proclaiming any menace.
Brown.
Den may fignify either a valky or a DENO'UNCER. ſ. [from denounce. [One
ment
woody place. Gibfon.

DEN.VY. /. Denial ; refufal. Shakeſpeare.

DENDRO'LOGY. ʃ. [Jr.J^ov and ao;^©-]
The natural hiftury of trees.

DENI'ABLE a. [it.^md.ny.] That which
mav be denied. Brown.

DENl'AL. ſ. [fr'^m deny.]
1. Negation ; the contrary to confeflion.
aidney.
1. Refufal ; the contrary to gr int.Shakeſpeare.
Abjuration ; contrary to acknowledg-
.f adherence. S'JUth.

DENIER. ʃ. [(m deny.]
1. A contudidor 5 ah opponent. Watts.
f. One that does not own or acknowledge.
South.
3. A refufer ; one that refufes.
King Charles.

DENIE'R. ʃ. [from devjy-us, Latin.] A
fmall denomination of French money.Shakeſpeare.

To DENIGRATE. v. a. [denlgro, Lann.]
To blicken. Brown. B'yle.

DENIGRA'lIONT. ſ. [denigratio, Latin.]
A bla krning, or making black. Boyle.

DENIZATION. f. [from d.n/^en.] The
att of iritranchifing. Davieu

DE'NIZEN. ʃ. / [from di-'nfddyn, a man

DE'NISONa of the city.j A fieeman ; one jiifraiK-hifcd. Davies.

To DE'NIZEN. u. a. To infranchife ; to
make free. Dontii.
To DENG'MINATE. I'.a- fd.nomiiw^LiU]
that dedares fome menace. Dryden.

DENSE. a. [denfus, Latin.] clofe ; compift
; approaching to foliaity. Locke.

DE'NSITY. ʃ. [detjjitas, Latin.] clofenefs ;
compaftnefs ; dole adhefion.
Newton.

DE'NTAL. a. [dentalis, Latin.]
1. Belonging or relating to the teeth.
2. [In grammar.] Pronounced principally
by the agency of the teeth. Holder.

DE'NTAL /. A fmall ihell-fifh. Woodward.

DENIE'LLI. ʃ. [Italian.] Modillons.
Sf>i Eliitor.

DENnCULA'TION. ſ.]denticuluu%, Lat.]
The ftate of being fe: with fmall teeth.
Greiu.

DENTI'CULATED. a. [denticulatus,\,i\.]
Set with fniiU teeth.
DiL'NTIFRICE. ſ. [dini^n&frko, Latin.]
A powder made to Icour the teeth.
Ben. Johnſon.

DENTI'TION. ʃ. [dentitio, Lat.]
1. The act o{ breeding the teeth.
2. The time at which chiidrens teeth are
bred.

To DENU DATE. v. a. [druudo, Latin.]
To divert ; to (trip. D cy sf Ptety.

DENUDA'TION. ʃ. [from dir.udaie.] The
ait of ftripping.

To DENU'DE. v. a. [denude, Latin.] To
fhip ; to make naked. Clarenden.

DENUNCIATION. ʃ. [dnunciatio, Lat.]
The act of de.uouncing ; a publick me.-
naccc Ward.

DENUtvTD
E P

DENUNCIA'TOR. ʃ. [from denunclo, Lat.]
1. He that proclaims any threat.
2. He that lays an information againft
another. Ayliffe.

To DE NY. V. a. [denier, Fr.]
1. To contradict an accufation ; not to
confefs. Genefu.
2. To lefufe ; not to grants Dryden.
3. To abnegate ; to difown. Jojhua.
4. To renounce ; to dil'regard ; to treat
as foreign <ir not belonging to one. Sprat.

To DEOBSTRU'CT. v. a. [deohjlruo, Lat.]
To clear from impediments. More,

DIO'BSTRUENT. ʃ. [deobjlruem, Latin.]
A medicine that has the power to refolve
vifcidities. Arbuthnot.

DE'ODAND. ʃ. [dco dandum, Latin.] A
thing given or forfeited to God for the pacifying
his wrath, in cafe of any misfortune,
by which any Chriftian comes to a
violent end, without the fault of any reafonable
creature. Cowel,

To DEO PPILATE. v. a. [de and o^^pilo,
Lat.] To deobftru6t ; to clear a paflage.

DEOPPILA'TION. ʃ. f from deofpilaie.]
The act of clearing obftrudions. Brown.

DEO'PPILATIVE. a. [from dco/p:/ate.]
Dei b/lruent, Harvey.

DEOSCULA'TION. ʃ. [deafculatlo, Latin.]
The act of killing. Snllingf.eet.

To DEPA'INT. v. a. [deptint, Fr.]
1. Topicture; to defcribe by colours.
Spenſer.
2. To defcribe. 6'jy.

To DEPA'RT. rv. n. [depart, Fr.]
1. To go away from a place. Sufanna.
2. Todtfift from a practice. Kings.
3. To be l')ft ; to perifh. Efdras.
4. To delert ; to revolt ; to fall away ;
to apoftadfe. JJaiah.
5. To defilt from a refolution or opinion.
Clarendon.
6. To dye ; to deceafe ; to leave the
world. Cemjis.

To DEPA'RT. v. a. To quit ; to leave; to retire from, Ben. Johnson.

To DEPA'RT. v. a. [partir, Fr.] To divide
; to fcparate,

DEPA'RT. ʃ. [depart, French.]
1. The act of going away. Shakeſpeare.
1. Death. Shakeſpeare.
3. [With chymifts.] An operation io
named, becaufe the particles of filver are
departed of divirit-d from gold.

DEPA'RTER. ʃ. [Um^ depart.] O.ae that
refines metals by fcparation.

DEPA RTMENT. ʃ. [departement, Fr.]
Separate allotment ; bufinefs afiigned to a
particular peribn. Arbuthnot.

DEPA'RTURE. ʃ. [hocR depart.]
1. A going away. Shakefpeare.
2. Death ; deceafe ; the i€i. of leaving

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E P



the prefent ftate of exiftence.
Sidney. Addison.
3. A forfdking ; an abandoning. Til/ohon.

DEPA'SCENE. j. [depaj.ens, Lat.] Feeding
ereedily.

To DEPASTURE. v. a. [from depjfcor,
Lat.] To eat up ; to confume by feeding
upon it. Spenſer.

To DEPA'UPERATE. a/, a. [depaupcro,
Lat.] To make poor. Arbuthnot.

PEPE'OTIBLE. a. [from dep^Bo, Latin.]
Tough ; clammy. Bacon.

To DEPE'INCT. v. a. [drpimdre, Fr.] To
paint ; to defcribe in colours. Spenſer.

To DEPEND. v. n. [d-.pendeo, Lat.]
1. To hang from. Dryden.
2. To be in a ftate of fervitude or e.xpectstion.
Bacon.
3. To be in fufpenfe. Bacon.
4. To Depend upon. To rely on; to
it to. Clarenden.
5. To be in a ftate of dependance.Shakeſpeare.
6. To reft upon any thing as its caufe.
Rogers.

DEPE'NDANCE. ʃ , rr

DEPE'NDANCV. V
-' [I'^oi J./>^W.]
1. The Hate of hanging down from a fupporter.
2. Something hanging upon another.D';y^,
3. Concatenation; connexion; relation of
one thing to anothrr. Locke.
4. State of being at the difpofal of another.
‘Tillctfon.
5. The things or perfons of which any
man has the dominion. Bacon.
6. Reliance; truft ; confidence. Hooker

DEPENDANT. a. [from depend.] In the
power of another. Hoohr

DEPE'NDANT. ʃ. [from depend.-] One
who lives in fubjeflion, or at the difcretion
of another. Clarendon

DEPE'NDENCE. 1 , r. , , , ‘
depe'ndency. S ^' ^ ‘^ ‘ ^'-J
1. A thing or perfon at the difpofal or
difcretion of another. Collier.
2. State of being fubordinate, or fubjectl.
Bacon.
3. Th't which is not principal ; that
which is fubordinate. Burnet.
4. C incjtenation ; connexion. Shakeſpeare.
5. Relation of any thing to another.
Burnet.
6. Tfufts reliance ; confidence.
Stillingfleet,

DEPE'NDENT. a. [dependens,' Lat.] Hanging
down. Peacham.

DEPE'NDENT. ʃ. [from depender.t, Lat.]
Oie fubordinate. Rogers.

DEPE'NDER. ʃ. [from depend.] A dependant; one that repofes on the kindfiefs
of another. Shakefpeare.

DED


New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com
E P D E P

DEPERDI'TION. ʃ. [from </i/>f.-irVai, Lat.] DEPOPrLVTOR. ſ. [from , depcfulatt.l
Lofsj di-rtruclio'i. Brown. A difpeopler ; a deftroyer of mankind.

DEPHLEGMA'TION. ʃ. [from dephUgm.]

To DEPO'RT. v. a. de^orter, Fr.] To
An operation which takts away from the carry ; to demean. Pop:,
phlegm any fpintuous fluid by repeated DEPO'RT. ſ. [from the verb.] Dmeandifhllition.
S^uvxy. Boyle. our ; behaviour. Milton,

To DEPHLE'GM. 1 v. a.'[dephhgmo, DEPORTATION./, [deportatio, hitin.]

To DEPHLE'GMATE. ʃ. [ow Latin.] To i. Tranfportation ; exile into a remote
clear from phlegm, or aqueous infipid part of the dominion,
matter. Boyle. 2. Exile in general, ylyliffe.

DEPHLEGMEDNESS,/. [< rom dephlegm,-] DEPO'RTMENT. ſ. [deptrtement, Fr.]
The quality of being freed from phlegm. i. Conduct; management. Wotton.
B:yh. 2. Demeanour; behaviour. Sioi/t,

To DEPI'CT. v. a. [d^pingodep!£}ui?2. hit.]

To DEPO'SE. v. a. [dcpono, Latin.]
1. To paint ; to portray. Taylor.
2. To defcribe to the mind. Fcitou.

DEPILATORY. ʃ. [de and pVus, Latin.]
An appl'cation u(ed to take away hair.

DE'PIl-OLJi. a. [Jeand/>;/ui, Lat.] Without
hair. Bacon.

DEPLANT.A.'TION. ʃ. [deplanto, Latin.]
The act of taking plants up from the bed.

DEPLE'TION. ʃ. [depUo dcpLtus, Latin.]
The act of emptying. Arbuthnot.

DEPLORABLE. a. [from dipy-o, Lat.]
I Lamentable; fad ; calamitous ; milerable
; hopelefs. Clarenden.
2. Contemptible; defpecable : as, deplorable
nonfenfe.

DEPLO'RASLENESS. ʃ. [from deplorable.]
The llaie of being deplorable.

DEPLORABLY. ad. [from deplorable.]
Lamentably ; miferably. South.
1. To lay down ; to lodge ; to let fall.
Woodward.
1. To degrade from a throne. Dryden.
3. To take away; to divefl:. Shakeſpeare.
4. To give teftimony ; to atteft.
Shakeſpeare. Bacon.
5. To examine any one on his oath.Shakeſpeare.

To DEPO'SE. v. n. To bear witnefs.
Sidney.

DEFO'SITARY. ʃ. [depojttarius, Latin.]
One with whom any thing is lodged in
truft. Shakeſpeare.

To DEPO'SITE. v. a. [depofitum, Lat.]
1. To lay up ; to lodge in any place.
Garth. Berkley.
2. To lay up as a pledge, or fecurity.
3. To place at intereft. Sprat,
To lay afide. Decay of Piety.

DEPLO'RATE. a. [deploratus, Lat.] La- J)EPO'SITE. ſ. [dfpofitum, Lat.]
mentable ; -hopelefs. L'Eftrange. ^^ i. Any thing committed to the truft and

DEPLORA' nON. ſ. [from deplore.] The care of another.
act of deploring

To DEPLO'RE. v. a. [d.-pkro, Lat.] To
lament ; to bewail ; to bemoan. Dryden.

DEPLORER. ʃ. [from deplore.] A lamenter
; a mourner.

DEPLUMA'TION. ʃ. [dplumatio, Lat.]
1. PIucking off the feitnefs.
2. [In furgery.] A fwelling of the eye
lids, accompa.nied with the fall
hairs. Phillp.

To DEPLU'ME. v. a. [de and pluma, Lat.]
To ftrip of its feathers.

To DEPO'NE. v. a. [depoKo, Latin.]
1. To lay down as a pledge or fecurity.
2. To rifque upon the fuccefs of an adventure.
Hudibras

DEPONENT. ʃ. [from deptro, Lat.]
1. One that depiifes his telliniony in a
court of juftice.
2. [In grammar.] Such verbs a« have no
adive voice are called deponents. Cldrke.

To DEPO PULATE. !'. a. [drpopuler, Lat.]
2. A pledge ; a pawn ; a thing given as a
fecurity.
3. The ftate of a thing pawned or pledged.
Bacon.
DEPOSI'TION>. ʃ.
1. The act of giving publick teftimony.
2. The act of degrading a prince from
fovereisnty.
of the DEPOSITORY. ſ. [from depofite.] The
place where any thing is lodged, Addifon.

DEPRAVATION. ʃ. [d prai'nth, h-it.]
1. The act of making any thing bad.
Swift.
2. Degeneracy ; depravity. South.
3. Defamation. Shakeſpeare.

To DEPRA'VE. I'.a. [depravo, Lat.] To
vitiate ; to corrupt. Hooker.

DEPRA'VEDNESS. ʃ. [from d<prave.]
Corruption ; taint ; vitiated ftate,
Hammond.

DEPRA'VEMENT. ʃ. [from deprave.] A
vinateH ftitr, Bacon.
To unpeople; to lay wafle.'
Bacon.

DEPRAVER. /, \_from dprave.] A cor-

DES'OPULATION. ʃ. [from depopulate.] rupter.
The act of unpeopling ; havock ; waflc, DEPRA'VITY. ſ. [from d-prave.] Cor-
Ptillipi, z-uption.
Ta

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E P



To DE'PRECATE. -j. ?;. [Jc^rxor, Lat.]
1. To pray earneftly.
2. To afk pardon for.

To DE'PRECATE. v. a.
1. To implore mercy of. Prior.
2. To beg off ; to pray deliverance from.
Smalridge.

DEPRECA'TION. ʃ. [defrccatlo, Latin.]
Prayer againft evil. BroKw.

DE'PRECATIVE. v. a. [from dei>recato]

DEPRECATORY. ʃ. That ferves to deprecate.
Bacon.

DEPRECA'TOR. ʃ. [de^irecator, Lat.] An
excufer.

To DEPRECIATE. v. a. [depretiare,^^^;
1. To bring a thing down to a lower price,
2. To undervalue. Addifon.

To DE'PRECATE. v. a. [dcfradar:, Lat.]
1. To rob ; to pillage.
2. To fpnil ; to devouf. Bacon.

DEPREDA'TION. ʃ. [defraiatlo, Lat.]
1. A robbing ; a fpoiling. Hayward.
2. Voracity ; wafts. Bacon.

DEPREDATOR. f. [deprcedator, Lat.] A
robber ; a devourer. Bacon.

To DEPREHE'ND. v. a. [deprehcvdo, Lat.]
1. To catch one ; to take unawares.
Hooker.
2. To difcover ; to find out a thing.
Bacon.

DEPREHE'NSIBLE. a. [from deprehend.]
1. That may be caught.
2. That may be underftood.

DEPREHE'NfSIBLENESS>. ʃ.
1. Capablenefs of being caught.
2. Intellia;iblenefs.

DEPREHE'N'SION. ſ. [dcprebenfio, Lat.]
1. A catching or taking unawares.
2. A difcovery.

To DEPRE SS. v. a. [from deprejfus, Lat.]
1. To prefs or thruft down.
2. To let fall ; to let down. I^iirton,
3. To humble ; to deject ; to fink.
Addiʃon.

DEPRE'SSION. ʃ. [deprejpo, Lat.]
1. The act of preliing down.
2. The finking or falling m of a furface,
Boyle.
3. The act of humbling ; abafement.
Bacon.

DEPRE'SSION of ai Equation [in algebra]
is the bringing it into lower and more
finnple terms by divifion.

DEPRE SSOR. ſ. [deprefor, Latin.] He
that keeps or preffes down.

DEPRIVATION. ʃ. [dom deani pri-Mtio,
Latin.] The act of depriving, or taking
away from. Berkley,

DEPRIVATION. [in law.] is when a
clergyman, as a biftiop, parfon, vicar or
prebend, is depofed from his preferment.
Ph'illips,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E R



To DEPRI'VE. -f. «. [from de and triv^,
Latin.] ^ .
1. To bereave one of a thing. Clarenden.
2. To hinder ; to debar from. Dryden.
3. To reieafe ; to free from. Spenfer.
4. To put out of an office. Bacon.

DEPTH. ʃ. [from deep, of diep, Dutch.]
1. Deepnefs ; the meafure of any thing
from the furface downwards. Bacon.
2. Deep place ; not a fhoai. Dryden.
3. The abyfs ; a gulph of infinite protundity,
Prover&s.
4. The middle or height of a feafon.
Clarendon.
5. Abftrufenefa ; obfcurity. Addiʃon.

To DE'PTHEN. v. a. [diepen, Dutch.]
To deepen. £),£;

To DEPU'CELATE. v. a. [depucelcr, Fr.] To deflower. /),(f/

DEPU'LSION. ʃ. [depulfiov, Lat.] A beating
or thrufting away.

DEPU'LSORY. a. [from depulfus, Latin.]
Putting away.

To DETURATE. v. a. [depurer,Ttench.]
To purify ; to cleanfe. Boyle.

DEPURATE. a. [from the verb.]
1. Cieanfed ; freed from dregs.
2. Pore ; not contaminated. Glanville.

DEPURATION. ʃ. [depuratio, Lat.] The
act of feparating the pure from the impure
part of any thing. Boyle.

To DEPU'RE. -o'. a. [defurer, Fr.]
1. To free from impurities,
2. To purge. lialeigB.

DEPUTATION. ʃ. [deputation, Fr.]
1. The act of deputing, or fending with
a fpecial commiffion,
2. Vicegerency. South.

To DEPUTE. o. a. [deputer, Fr.] To
fend with a fpecial comniinion ; to impower
one to tranfaft inilead of another.
Rofcommoi.

DEPUTY. ʃ. [depute', Fr, from deputatus,
Latin.]
1. A heutenant ; a viceroy. Hale.
2. Any one that tranfafts bufinefs for another.
Hooker.

To DEQUA'NTITATE. v. a. [from ce
and quant^ta^, Lutin.] To diminifh the
quantity of. Bronvr

DER. In the beginning of names of places.
is detived from tjeoji, a wild beaft, unlefs
the place ftands upon a river ; then
from the B itifh rt'ar, i.e. water. Gibfon.

To BERA'CINATE. v. a. [deraciner, Fr.]
To pluck or tear up by the roots. Shakeſp.

To DER-A'IGN. 7 v. a. To prove ; to

To DERA'lN. I juftify. BIjunr.

DERA'Y. ʃ. [from deprayer, ?T.] Tumult; dilorHer ; noife.

To DERE. ?^. fl. ‘[>t>?nijn, S:xcn.] To
h. rt. Obfalets. , i>pe'fer,
‘ DED

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com
E R D E S

DERELI'CTION. ʃ. [^frf/'fl.'o, Lat.] An

To DE'ROGATE. ʃ. r. To detr?.a
f. rfaking or leaving. Hakei

DERELICfrS. y. pi [In law.] Such goods
a 3>-e wilfiiUv thrown away. Di^.

To DCRl'DE. -o. a. [dmdeo, Latin.] To
laugh at ; to mock; to turn to ridicule.
Tiilctfotf.

DERI'DER. ʃ. [from the verb.] A mocker ; a (coffer. Hooker.

DERI'.-ION. ſ. [derifio, Latin.]
1. The act of deriding or laughing at.
2. Contempt ; fcorn ; a laughlng-ftock.
Jrremldh. Mtltor,

DERI'SIVE. a. [from deride.] Mocking ; fcoffin^. ^opc.

DERISORY. a. [deriforius, Lat.] Mockine
; ridiculing.

DERI'VABLE. n. [from d.ri'ue.] Attainable
by right of defcent or derivation.
South.

DERIVATION. ʃ. [derivatio, Lat.]
1. A dmining of water. fiurvet.
2. The ti-acing of a word from its original.
Locke.
3. The tracing of any thing from its
lource; ti'^'
4. [In medicine.] The drawing of a humour
from one part of the body to another,
mjeman.

DERIVATIVE. a. [derii>at!'vus, Latin.]
Derived or taken from another. Ha/f.

DERl'VATIVE. ſ. [from the adjective.]
The thing or word derived or taken from
^no'her. South.

DERIVATIVELY. ad. [from derii;ariw.]
In a derivative manner.

To DERI'VE. v. a. [driver, Fr. from deri-
vo, Lat.]
1. To turn the courfe of any thing. South.
2. T deduce from its original. Bojle

DEROGATE. a. [from the verb.] Leffened
in value. Shakeſpeare.

DEROGA'TION. ʃ. [derogatio, Lat.]
1. The act of breaking and making void
a former law. South.
1. A difparaging ; lelTening or taking away
the worth of any perfon or thing. Hooker.

DERO'GATIVE. a. [dercgativus, Latin.]
Derogating ; leflening the value. Brown.

DERO'GATORILY.ar/. [from derogatory.]
In a detr;ifting manner.

DERO'GATORINESS. ʃ. [from derogatory.]
The act of derogating.

DEROGATORY. a.]derogatorlu!, Lat.]
That lefTens the value of. Brown.

DE'RVIS. ʃ. [dervh, French.] ATurkifh
prieft. Sandys.

DE'SCANT. ʃ. yifcanfo, Italian.]
1. A fong or tune compofed in parts.
Milton.
2. A difcourfe ; a difputation ; a difquifition
branched out into feveral divifions
or heids. Qovommerrt of theTongue,

To DESCEND. v. «. [defcenao, Lat.]
1. To come from a higher place to a
lower. Matthew.
2. To come down. Samuel.
3. To come fuddenly ; to fall upon as an
enemy. Pepe.
4. To make an invafion. Dryden.
5. To proceed from an original. Collitr.
6. To fall in order of inheritance to a
fuccpfTor, Locke.
7. To extend a difcourfe from general to
particular confiderations. Dnay »f Piety,

To DESCE ND. 1: a. To walk downward
upon any place. Milton.

DESCE'NDANT. ʃ. [dfcendant, Fr.] The
ofY pring of an anceftor. Bacon.
To communicate to another, as from DESCENDANT, a. [defcerdcBi, Lat.]
the origin and fou>ce. South.
To communicate to by defcent of blood.
Fe^tor.
To fpread from one place to another.
Davies.
[In grammar.] To trace a word from
if origin.

To DE'KIVE. t: r.
1. To come from : to owe Its origin to.
Prior.
2. To defcend from. Shakeſpeare.

DERIVER. ʃ. [from derive.] One that
draws or fetchi's from the original. South.

DIIRN. a. [\>s^\\n, Saxon.]
1. Sad ; folitary.
2. Barbarous ; cruel.

DERME'R. a. Laft. ^''#.

To DE'ROGATE. i'. a. [dercga, Latin.]
Falling; finking; coming down. Eay.
2. Proceeding from another as an original
or ancftnr. Pcj)^.

DESCE'NDIBLE. a. [from defcend.]
1. Such as rray be defcended.
2. Tranfmifllble by inheritance. Hale.

DESCE'NSION. ʃ. [defcenfio, Latin.]
1. The act of falling or finking ; defcent.
2. A declenficn ; a Ae%r?iA-ilton. Shakeſpeare.
3. [In aftronomy.] Right (/tyir^fi/io?: is the
arih of the equator, whi<h defcends with
the f'gn or ftar below the horizon of a
direct fphere. Oblique defcenfion is the
arch of the equator, which defcends with
the fign below the horizon of an oblique
fphere, Oxcnam.

DESCE NSION.]L. a. [from dejcenfion.]
Reiaring to dcfcen't.
To do an aa contta'Ty to a preceding DESCE'NT. ſ. [defcenfus, Latin.]
law or cuftnm. Hfile. 1. The act of pafling from a higher place.
2. To lefTen the worth of any perfon or Blackmore.
thing ; todifpara-e. a- Progrefs

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E S



S. Progrefs downwards. Locke.
3. O'jligiiity
; inclination. Woodcari,
4. L)Wcfl: pljce. Shakefpear(,
5. Invafionj hjfiik entrance into a kingdom.

Wolton. dar^nclort.
6. Tran-fmifhon of any thing by fucceffion
and inheritance. Locke.
7 The ftate of proceeding from an original
or progenitor. ^i'/ce- bu-y.
8. Birth ; extratflion ; procefs of lineage.Shakeſpeare.
9. Offspring ; inheritors. Milton.
10. A ficgle ilep in the fcale of genealgy.
Hooker.
1 1
A rank in the fcaJe or order of being.
Milton.

To DESCRI'Bj;. v. a. l-de^aibo, Latin.]
1. To mark out any thing by the mention
of its properties, TJ'atts,
E. To delineate ; to mark out : as a
torch waved about the head dejcriba a
circle,
3. To diftribute into proper heads c^r divifions.
Jojhua,
4. To define in a lax manner,

DESCRIBER. ʃ. [from defcribe.] He that
defcnbes. Brown.

DESCRI'ER. ʃ. [from the verb.] A difcoverer.
a detedter. Crujliuiv,

DESCRI ftion. ſ. [defcriptio, Lat.]
1. The act of defcnbing or making out
any perfon or thing by perceptible piOperties.
2. The fentence or pafffage in which any
tiling is defcrlbed. Dryden.
3. A lax d.finitwn. Watu,
4. The qualities expre.Ted in a defcription.

To DESCRY'. v. a. [def:rier, Fr.]
1. To give notice of any tiling ludden'y
C.fcovered.
Si. To fpy out ; to examine at a diftance,
Ji/dges.
3. To dettft
; to fiad out any thing concealed.
U'otUE.
4. To difcover .: to perceive by the eye :
to fee any thing distant or a''frnt.
Raleigh. Dirby. Prior.

DESCRY'. ʃ. [from the verb.] Dif.overy ; thing d'ifcovered. ‘ UluLlieure,

To Dti'SECRATE. v. a. [d^ficr. Lati.]
To divert from the purp^;fe to Vkhifh any
thing is onfecrated.

DESECRATION. f. {horn def crate] The
abolition of confecration.

DE'SERT. ʃ. [dejertuvi, Lat.] A wilderncl's ; folilude ; wafte country ; uninhabited
plate. S'ake'p.aie,

BE'SERT. a. [defa-ius, Latin.] Wild ; wafte ; folitary. D'Uterunomy.

To DESE'RT. v. a. [deferter, Fr. d^fro,
Lain.]

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E S



1. To forfake ; to fall away frf^m ; i:o
-
quit meanly or treacherqufly, Dryden.
% To leave ; to abandon. B.tirLy,
3. To quit the army, or regiment, in
which one is enlifted.

DESERT. ʃ. [f>,)m the adjeffive.]
1. Qualities or condudt confidered witli
refpedl to rewards or punifhme.Tt? ; de- .
gree of merit sr demerit. Hooker.
2. Proportional merit ; claim to reward.
Scu;b.
3. Efcell nee ; right to reward ; virtue.

DESE'RTER. ʃ. [from de^e,t.]
1. He that has fLrfak.en his caufe or his
paft. Dryden. .
2. He that leaves the army in which lj€
is erjided. DiCcy ej Fifty.
3. He that forfakes another. Pop!.

Dl'SE'RTION. ʃ. [from d fn^]
1. The ift of foif.-.king or sbindoning a
caufe or port. Rogers.
2. [la theol' gv.] Spiritual defpnndency ; a fenfe of the dereli'tim of God ; an
opinion that^ace is wit! drawn. Swift.

DESE'RTLESS. a. [from rf/c^r.] Without
ms-rit. Dryden.

To DE^E'RVE. v. a. [df^rfir, Fr.]
1. To be worthy of either giod or ill.
Hooker. Otii'^y.
2. To be worthy of reward. Su^b.

DESE'RVEDLY. fli. [ironi deferve.] Wor-.
thily ; acrording to dgfnt. M.] on.

DESE'RVER. ʃ. [from d.ferve.] A maa.
who meiits rewards. Swift.'

DESICCANTS. ʃ. [f^om d./i.^ate.] Applications
that dry up the flow of fores; daers, I'/tjeman.

To DE'SICCATE. v. a. [d-f.cco, Latin.].
To dry up. Hale.

DESICCATION. ʃ. [from defecate.] Ths
a^^ of mailing d.y, Bacon.

DESICCATIV'E. a. [Uesmdejiifate.] That.
v.hioh has the power of drying.

To DESI'DERATE. ʃ. «. [dejidn. Lat.]
T'j V ant ; to m k. Cheyvc,

DESI'DIOSE. a.- [d-Jidiofui', Latin.] l-Jle ; lazv ; h-avy. ‘
D:^.

To DESi'GN. v. a. [d figno, Lat. dejjiner, F.]
1. To purpofe ; to intend any thing.
2. To form or order with a particular
puipofe.
_ _
Stillingfleet.
3. To devote intentionally. QjtenJon,
^. To plan ; to prvijedl.
F/c't^n.
1;. To m.)rk out. Locke.

DESIGN. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. An intention ; a pu-pofe.
2. A fche.me ; a plan of adtioR. Tdlot's,
3. A fcheme formed to the detrment of
another. Locke.
4. The idea which an artift endeavours tQ
execute 01 exprefs, Addison.
K fc DEil'C HD
E S

DESI'GNABLE. a. [def.gno, Lat.] Diftlngui/
hable ; capable to be particularly noarlted
out. Drgby.

PESIGNA'TION. ʃ. [defigvatio, Lat.]
1. The act of poiniing or maikintr fut.
Swift.
2. Appointmep.t ; direction. Bacon.
3. Imp' rt ; intention. Locke.

DE-i'GNEDLY. ad [from d^fign} Purpifely
; intentionallj ; not inadveilently ;
not Icrtuitoufly. -i^^^-

DESI'GN ;:R .
/. ‘ [from deftgn. 1
1. A plotter ; a contriver. Decc-y af P'tty.
2. One that forms the idea of any thing
in printing or fculpturs. Addisʃon.

DESIGNil^'G. parr a. [from :///^.] Infidif. s ; treacherous; dccsicli'I. iSot.'-.-'-n.

DESI'GNLESS. s. [from dfjtg'^.] Unknowing
; inadvertent.

DESI'GNLE-.SLY. ad. [from defgvhjs.]
Without intention ; ignntantly ; inadvertently.
jB(y7<;.

DESI'GNMENT. ʃ. [from defign.]
1. A fcheme of holblity. Shakefpeare.
2. A plot i
a malicious intention.
Hoyward.
3. The idea, orfketch of a work. Dryden.

DESl'RABLE. /J. [from deftre.l.
1. PIeafing ; delightful. Addison.
2. That which is to be va.Tied with earneftnefs.
Rcgers.

DESIRE. ʃ. [defir, Fr. defiderium, Latin.]
Wifh ; eagernefs to ( btain or enjoy, Locke.

To DESI'RE- v. a. [dcfirer, fr.]
3. To wifh ; to long tor, Dcure'-orqmy,
s. To exprefs wifhes ; to appear ^) hng.
Dryden.
3. To afic ; to intreat, Shakeſpeare.

DESIRER. ʃ. [from dcfire.'^ One that is
eact'.' of any thing. Shnkr''pe:rc,

DESi'ROUS. a. [from rf-^/yr^.] FuUo.^ <iefire
\ eager; longing at^i-. Hooker.

DESl'ROUSNESS. ʃ. [from dfjir-ous.] Fulnefs
of deHrt;.

PESI'ROUSLY. aJ. [L-^m dejircus.] Eagerly
; vjit. defuf.

To DESl'ST. v. a. [drftlli}. Latin.] To
ceafe from any thing ; to Hop. mihcn.
D'SrSTANCE. ſ. [Uo?i> dsfijl.] Th- act
of d-'hfling; c(-(riM(\n. Boyle.
DiiSi'TIVE. a. [dcjhui, Latin.] Ending; concluded, alls.

DESK. ʃ. [d:fck, a table, Dutch.] An inclining
table for the uie of writers or
readers. Walton.

DE'SOLATE. o. [de'o'.ztu, Latin.]
1. ‘Without inhabitants ; uninhabited.
Brcome.
2. Deprived of inhabitants ; laid w -fie,
Jeremiuh,
3. .iolitary ; without fociety.
1u DE'SOLA VE. ij. a. [drjofo, Lat.] To
deprive of i.rihabJtanis. TIcmf^n,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E S



DE'SOLATELY. ad. [from defobte.] In
a delolate nianner.

DESCLA'TION. ʃ. [from dcfdaie..
1. Deihuction of inbabitants. 5/>'/<'«
2. Gloominefa ; fadnefs ; melancholy.
Sidney.
3. A dace wafled and forfakrn. yercmiah,

DESPAIR. ʃ. [difejpoir, Fr.]
1. Hopeleiinefs ; dt-fpondence. Corhifhian',
2. That which caules defpair ; that of
which there is no hope, Shakeſpeare.
3. [In theology] L^fs of confidence in
the mercy of God. ^prat.

To DE.SPAIR. v. }j. [di-fpero, X^at.] To
he t ifhrtut hope ; to oefpond. Wake.

DESPA'IRER. ʃ. [from defpair.] One withnot
h'ipe. Dryden.

DESPAIRFUL. a. [defpair indfuil.] Hopelefs.
Q-f'.lete. Sidney.

DEbPATRINGLY. ad. [from defpair-,jg^.
In a manner betokening hopelefnefs. Boyle.

To DESPA'TCH. v. a. [dcpefcher, Fr.]
1. To fend away haftily. Teirp'^.
2. To fend out of the world ; to put to
death. Shakeſpeare.
5. To perform a bufinefs quickly.
M^Kcahees. Locke.
4. To conclude an aflair with another.Shakeſpeare.

DESPA'TCH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Hafty execution. Gratnville,
2. Conduft ; manappment, Shakeſpeare.
3. ^v'^refs ; hnfty meffenger or meifagc.

DESPA'j CHFUL. a. [from defpatch.] Bent
T hafte. Pope.

DE'SPERATE. a. [defperatus, Lat.]
1. Without hope, Shakeſpeare.
2. Wichout careof fafety ; rafli. Hammond.
3. Irretrievable; unfurmountable; irrecoverjhie.
Locke.
4. Mad ; hot-brained : furious. Spenfer.

DESPERATELY. ad. [from delp-rsie.]
1. Furi.uilly ; madly. Brown.
1. In a great degree : this fenfe is ludicrous.
»

DE'SPEllATENESS. ʃ. [from defperate.]
Mjdnefs ; fury ; precipitance. Hammond.

DESPERA'TION./, [from (/.f'^^t-'fl.v.j Hope- ;
lefn.ffs ; dsff'air ; defpondency. Hammond. ,^.

DE'SITCABLE. a. [defpecabilli, Lat.] Con-
‘ temrtible ; vile ; mr;:n ; foidid ; v;orthlefs!
Hooker.

DES PI'CABLENESS. ʃ. [fi om defpecjkk.]
Meannefs ; vilenefs. Dcjs of Pidy,

DE'SPICABLY. ad. [from defpUable.]
Mvanly ; fordidly. Addison.

DESPI'SABLE. a. [from defplfe.] Contemptible; defpecable; regaided with contempt.
Arbuthnot.

To DESPISE. v. a. [defpefer, old French.]
1. To fcorn ; to conttmn, Jererriab.
2. To abhor. Shakeſpeare.

DED
E S

DESPI'SER. ʃ. [{torn dtfpife.] Contemner; fcorner, ‘iSwift.
Despite. ſ. [fpijt, Dutch ; depit, Fl]
1. Malice} anger ; malignity. Sprat,
2. Defiance. Blackmore.
3. Aift of inailce. Md'on,

To DESPI'TE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
vex ; to affrunt: Raleigh.

DESPITEFUL. a. [defpete and fu/i.] Ma-
Jicious 5 (uU of fplecn. ji>i ‘Sharks.

DESP'ITEFULLY. ad. [from d^pitcf:,/.]
Mdlicioufly ; malignjHtlv. Matthew.

DESPITEFULNESS. ʃ. [from deJpiuful]
Mjlice ; hate ; inaiignity, TVijdom.

DESPITEOUS. a. [from defpete.] Malicious; lurious. Spenſer.

To DESPG'IL. v. a. [dtfpolw, Latin.] To
rob ; to deprive. iSpenſer.

DESPOLIATION. ʃ. [from d.ftoho, La.]
The act of defpoiling or fhipping.

To DESPO'ND. v. n. [difpo^dta, Lat.]
1. To defpair ; to lofe hope. Dryden.
2. [In theolcgy.] To Itfe hope of the
divine mercy. Pf'atts.

DESPO'NDENCY. ʃ. [from defpondair.]
Defpair ; hopelelheis.

DESPO'NDENT. a. [d^ffondt7:s, Latin.]
Defpairing ; hopelefs. Btr:tley.

To DESPO'NSAIE. ʃ. a, [d,f(,orfo, Lat.]
To betroth ; to affiance.

DESPONSA'IION. ſ. [from defponfate.'.
The betrothing perlons to each other.

DE'sPOT. ſ. [S^ic-TTci^c] Anabfoiute prince ;
as, the dcj'pot of Servia.

DESPOTICAL.7 a. [from difp^t.] Ab-

DESPOTICK. ʃ. folute in power ; unlimited
in authority. South.

DESPOTICALNESS. ʃ. [from defpoccal.]
Abfolute authority.

DE'STOTISM. ʃ. [defpvt;f,;is, Fr. from defpot.]
Ahfolute power.

T. DESPUMATE. v. a. [defpume, Lat.]
To throw off parts in foam.

DESPUMATION. ʃ. [from ^//iandr^.]
The act of throwing off excr^mentitious
parts in fciim or foam.

DESQUAMATION. f. [from }\vama , Lat.]
The act of fcating toul bones.

DESSE'RT. ʃ. [J^yT'erre, French.] The Jaft
coiirfe at an entertainment. ^'g'

To DE'STINA TE. v. a. [deftir.o, Latin.];io
dcfipn for any particular end. Hay.

DESTINATION. f. [from defiir.au.] The
purpofe for which any thing is appointed.
lUe.

To DE'STINE. v. si. [defiino^ Lat.]
1. To doom ; to app^'inc unalterably to
any fl;ite. Milton.
2. To appoint to any ufe or purpofe.
Arbuthnot.
3. To devote ; to doom to puaifhment or
mifery. Prior.
4. To rix unalterably, Pntr,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E T



DE'STINY. ʃ. [dejline^, Fr.]
1. Ths power that Ipins the life, and d.»
termines the fate. ShakefpeatCa
2. Fate ; invincible neceflity. Dc.nhamt
3. Doom ; condition in future time.Shakeſpeare.

DE'STITUTE. a. [rt'ry?;/ato, Latin.]
1. Forfaken ; abandoned. tlooker.
2. In want of. Dryden.

DESTITUTION. ʃ. [from djiituie.]
Want ; the'frate in which fumething is
wansed. Hooker.

To DESTRO'Y. v. a. [deftruo, Latin.]
1. To overturn a city
; to raze a building.
Geneſis.
2. To lay wade ; to make defolate.
Knol'es.
3. To kill. D'Utr, ii. 21. Hale.
4. To put an end to ; to bring to nought,
Berkley.

DESTROYER. ʃ. [from deJJroy.] The
pc-ifon that deftroys. Raleigh.

DESTRUCTIBLE. 0. [from deftruo, Lat.]
LisMe 10 . ei'ruction.

DESTRUCriai'LTY. ſ. [from defiruSible.]
Liab'enefs to delhuftion.

DESTRUCTION. ʃ. [d-firuaio, Latin.]
1. The act of deliroying ; wafte.
2. M'jrrfc; 5 maflacre. fJ'jlUr,
3. The ftate of being deftroyed.
4. A deftroyer ; a depopulaior. Pfalrm,
5. Tin ‘hroioiy.] Eternal death. Mattk.

Dc'STRU'cf. ! v^. <a. [dtjhua.'vus, low
Latin.] That which deftroys ; wulteful ;
caiJing ruin and devdftation. Dryden.

DESTRU'CTIVELY. ad. [from dejiruft-
/I'f.j Ruaioufly ; mikhievoufly.
Dicay of Piety,

DESTRU'CTIVENESS. ʃ. [from deftri:a-
/rc] The quality of deftroying or ruining.
Decav of Piety,

DESTRU'CTOR. ʃ. [from d^ffroy.] Deib< yer ; c n'umer. Boyle.

DESUDATION. ʃ. [dfudatio, Latin.] A
p ,tu1'e ano inordinate iweatmf.

DESU'ETUDE. ʃ. [c^./i/i^.We, Latin.] Csffation
f ojD b::ing JccuftomeJ. Half,

DESU'LTORY. la. [defulteriu!,LAt.]

DE>ULTO'Pn.IOUS. S Removingfrnm thing
to thing ; LHlettled ; immethocical.
A'trfVj.

T3 DE.SUME. v. a. [defumo, Latin.] To
take tri.'in any thing. Hale.

To OETA'CH. 1: a. [detach.r, Fr.]
1. Tofepjia'e; to diftngage. ffoodw'ard,
2. To Irjid out p^^rt of a greater body of
nin on i^n expedition. Addison.

DETA'CHMENT. ʃ. [from dctaub ] A
body of troops fent out from the main arniv,
Blackmore,

To BETA'IL. J. a. [detaiUer, French.] To
relate particularly ; to particuiarile. Cheyne.
Kk z DETAIL.
1) E T

DETA'IL. /. [dctm!, French.] A nnm.tc
and particular account. fVo^dward.

To DETA'IN. v. n. [detheo, Lat.]
S. To keep that which belongs to another.
Tuylor.
2. Towithold; to keep back. Broome.
3. To retrain from depai ture. yudges,
4. To h' Id in cuftf.dy.

DETA'INDER. ʃ. [from d'tain.] The name
of a writ for huldin^ one ‘in culludy.

DETAINER,/. [Uoi-n detain.^ He that
holds back any one's right ; he that detains.
Taylor.

To DETE'CT. v. a. [dit.atu, Latin.] To
difcover; to find out any crime or aiti'fice.

MJton.

DETE'CTER. ʃ. [from deteH.] A difcoverer
; one that finds out what another defues
to hide. Dscay of Piety.

DETECTION. ʃ. [from dJcS.]
1. Difcovery of guilt or fraud. Sprat,
2. D fcovery bf any thing hidden.

Woodward.

‘DETE'NTION. ʃ. [from d tain.-]
1. The iidl ct keeping what belongs to
dnother. ShuMfiearf.
a. C'-nfinement ; reftraint. Bacon.

To DETER. v. a. [delerrco, Latin.] To
difcourage from any thing. U ilhtjon.

DETE'RMENT. ʃ. [uom dcicr.] Caufc of
dilcouragement. Boyle.

To DETE'RGE. -a, a. [daergo, Latin.] To
cleanfe a fore, Ji'ileman.

DETE'RCENP. a. [from d.terge.]' That
which clranfs<;. Aibutlncit.

DETERIORA'TION. ʃ. [from i f^;/oS
L^rin.] The a(X of making any thing worfe.

DETE'RMINABLE. a. [tn.m- d-termhic.]
That which may be certainly dec;dtd.
Eo'fh.

To DETE'R.M'INATE. v. a. [dete' miner,
French.] 1o limit ; to fix. ^.bakfbore.

DETE'RMINATE. a. [daeimiriatui, Lat.]
1. L mited ; <!etfrniined. Bei.tcy.
% Eftablifhed j. fettled by rule. U.O'.hr.
3. Decilive ; conclufive. Shakeſpeare.
4. fixed ; lefolute. Sidney.
^. Rf Ivcd. Shakeſpeare.

DETE'R?.^! LATELY. ad. [ham d^termirjCc]
Refoiutely ; with fixed refolve.
Stiinfy, TiU'o'fon,
DlTERMINA'TION. ſ. [/rom deterMtiatf- ; 1. Abiolute cifeffion to ; certain end; 2. The refult of deliberation.
‘ lld!e. CaJawy.
% jiKlic'sl de^lll -r. GuUi'ver.

DETE'-MIN.]T1VE. a. [from determinate.
1. 7~f)3t which uncontrclably direifls to a
cprra n end. D'amhall,
3. That which makes a limitation, Watu,
I> E T

DETE RMINATOR. ſ. [from determhe-l
One who determines. Brown.

To DETERMINE. v. a. [determiner, Yr,i\
1. To fix ; to fettle. Shakeſpeare.
2. To conclude ; to fix ultimately, ^ca/^,
3. To bound ; to confine. Atterbury.
4. To adjuft ;, to limit. Lock;.
5. To direct to any icertain point.
6. To influence the choice. Locke.
7. To refolve. i Sam,
^. To decide. Locke.
9. To put an end to ; to deftroy. Shakef

To DETE'RMINE. v. „.
1. To conclude ; to form a final conclufion.
Milton.
2. To end ; to come to an end. Haytcardr,
3. To come to a decifion. Shakeſpeare.
4. To end confequentially. ‘Temple.
5. To refolve concerning any thing. Shak.

DETERRA'TION. ʃ. [de and terra, Lat.]
Difcovery of any thing by removal of the
earth. Woodward.

DEFE'RSION. ʃ. [from ditergo, Latin.].
The ^Ci of cleanfing a fore, Wiseman.

DETE'RSIVE. a. [from deterge.] Having
the power to clesnfe.

DETE'RSIVE. ʃ. An application that has
the power of cleanfing wounds. Wifeman.

To DETE ST. v. a. [detefier, Latin.] To
hate ; to abhor. South.

DETESTABLE. a. [from iti^y?.] Hateful ; abhorred. Hayward.

DETE'STABLY. ad. [from detejiable.]
Hatefully; abominably. South.

DETESTATION. f. [from detejl.] Hatred ;
abhorrence ; abomination.

DETE'STER. ʃ. [from detejl.] One that
hJtes.

To DETHRO'NE. v. a. [J/?rowr, French.]
To divert of regality ; to throw down from
the throne.

DETI'NUE. /. [rater.ue, French.] A wtit
that lies againft him, who, having giods
or chattels delivered him to keep, refuiis
to deliver them again. Cov.'sl,

DETONATION. f. [^c/ow, Latin.] Somewhat
more forcible than the ordinaiy
crackling of falts in calcination ; as in
the going off of the pulvis or aurum fulniinan-^,
or the like. Quincy,

To DETOXIZE. t>. a. [from detono,La{.]
; To calcine with detonation. ArLuthnot. /

To DETO'RT. v. a. [detortus, oi detorqiuo,
Latin.] To wrefl from the origirtal ifhport.
Dryden.

To DETRA'CT. v.a. [dctraaim, Latinu]
To derogate ; to take away by envy and
calumnv. Bjc'.9.

DETRA'CTER. ʃ. [from detraa.] One that
ta!^cs away another's reputation. Swift.

DETR.A'CT10.V. ſ. [dctraa-.o, Latin; deiruSiiun,
French.]
DctrL>a.on, in the native impoftaoce of the
woi^y
I> E V
Word, fignifies the withdrav.'ing or taking
oft from a thing ; and, as it is applied t ;
the reputation, it denotes the impairing a
man in point of fame. Ayliffe.

DETRA'CTORY. a. [from <f.frrtJ?.] Defamatory
by denial of defsrt ; derogatory.
Brown.

DETRA'CTRE.vS. ſ.]Ji^m detraa.] A
cenforious woman. Addiſon.

D'E'TRIMENT. ſ. [,htnmentum, Latin.]
Loft ; damage ; mifchief: Hooker. Evelyn.

DETRIME NTAL. a. [from detriment.]
Mifchievcas : harmful ; caufing lofs.
^dJ-J.n.

DETRITION. ʃ. Uaero, detritus, Latin.]
The act of wearing ?.way.

To DETRUDE. -y. tf. [^fi'/Si/s, Latin.] To
thruft down ; Co force into a lower place.
Davies.

To DETRU'NCATE. v. a. [detruvco, Lat.]

To Itp ; to cut ; to .'hcrten.

DETRUNCA'TION. ʃ. [from dctmrcate.]
The act of lopping.

DETRU'SION. ʃ. [detru/o, Latin.] The
act of thrufting down. Kn/,

BETURBA'TION. ʃ. [detyrbc, Ltitin.] The
a(ct of throwing down ; degradation.

DEVASTATION. ʃ. [dcvap, Latin.]
Wafte ; havock. Garth.

DEUCE. ʃ. [deux, Frencif.] Two.Shakeſpeare.

To DEVE'LOP. ». a. [devehper, French.]
To dif«Bpge from fomelhing that enfolds
and conceals. Dunciad,

DEVE'RGENCE. ʃ. [devergentia, Latin.]
Declivity ; declination.

To DEVE'IT. v. a. [dcvejier, French.]
1. To ftrip; to deprive of clraih:. DfTh^n:.
2. To take away any thing good. B^on,
3. To free from any thing bad. Prior.

DEVE'X. a. [devexus, Latin.] Bending
down ; declivous.

DEVE'XITY. ʃ. [from ^£W«.] Incurva.
tion downwards.

To DE'VIATE. v. r. [de via dccrderf, Lat.]
1. To wander from the right or common
way, Fofe,
2. Togoaftray; to err ; to fin.

DEVIATION. ʃ. [from d.victe.]
1. The act of quit;ing the right way ; error. Cheyrc.
2. Variation from eftablifhed rule. Hooker.
3. O^ence ; chliq^ity of conduct. C/arj/J«

DEVICE. ʃ. [de^-je, French.]
1. A contrivance ; a (trat?.gem.
At!e>-biiry.
1. A defign ; a fcheme formed ; project; fpeculation.
3. The enablem on a fhleli. Prisr.
4. Invention ; genius. Shakeſpeare.

DE'VIL. ʃ. [ti'p.l, Saxon.]
1. A fallen sngei ; ‘be teiiifter nnrt fpiiitual
eaeray of mankind. Shakeſpeare.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D E V



2. A wicked man or woman. Shakeſpeare.^fpe^rf,
3. A ludicrous term for mifchicf.

DE'VILISH. ct. [from ^.W.]
^'''''^''
1. Partaking of the qualities of t!>e devi).
2. An epithet of abhorrence or contemp't!

DE'VIUSRLY. cd. [from devil,p.f in 3
manner fuiring the devil. South.

DE'VIOUS. a. [de-z;ita, Latin ]
1. Out of the common track. Holder.
2. Wanderiag ; roving ; rambling.
_ . Thomfon,
3. Erring ; going aftray from reaitude.

To DEVI'SE. v. a. [devifer, Frenck.T'^To
contrive ; to form by a,t ; to invent.

To DEVI'SE. v. n. To confider : to'cor.'
tr/ve. o y-

DEVI'SE /. [deiuf,, a will.]
‘'''''
lii.U^.
^^ ^ ^'2 f beqaaathing by
A . Co7Vt/,
2. Contrivance. To Hmker DEVI'SE. ^^. a. [from the noun. 1 To grant by wiiJ.

DEVl^SEK. ſ. [from dc^ifc.] A con rriver
an invenier. ^ ‘

DE'VIT.ABLE a. Id^itMlh, Lat.] pX ble to be avoided,

DEV?TATION. ſ. yevitath, Lat.] The act of e(capinr'. .

DEVO'ID. a. l-uwde, Fr.]
1. Empty ; vjcaflf ; void. Sp'vfer
2^_^Wuh.)uc auy tl:ng, whether good or

DEvi'IR. ſ. lde.dr, French.]
^'^'^''
1. Service. i^ ir
2. Aft ot-cn-ility or obffquoufners. /V«. To D2\'-0'LVE. v. a. ideld.o,' l^x\^f
1. i roll down. liW,^^,,^..
2. To move from one hand to another.

To DEVOLVE. n. To fall }n iltltn
inro new nands. Decay ofl'iety

DEVOLU'TION. ſ. [dc^rj^io, Latin.]
^ 1. The act of roijin- down. Woodward.
2. Removal from hand to hand. //«,>

DEVORA'TION. ſ. [from de^„o, Latin i The sft of devou ing, .

To DEVOTE. v. a. [d.z'.tus, Latin.]
1. To dedicate
; to conleciate.
.f, ^hahffieare,
2. To sdaift ; to give up to ill. Grew,
5. Tocnr'e^ to execrate. 2)n?V-.

DEVOTEDNESS. ſ. [from demote.-] The
fiate (;f being devoted or dedicate^' Bo-'M

DEVOTE'?;. ſ. [divot, French.] One error.
f:o.jl!y or (upe.-.litirufly religious ; a bicot.
DE.VO'TION. ſ. [dcvct^or,, Kr. ;
‘.
1. The lute of being confecratei or dedj-
C'r< ‘.Sd.
2. PJet ;
to E W
2. Piety ; acts of religion. Dryden.
3. An act of external worfhip. Hooker.
4. Prayer ; expreftion of devotion.
Spenfer. SpiJt.
5. The ftate of the mind under a Itrong
ienfe of dcpendance upon God.
Lanv on Cbrijl's PerJeBion.
6. Anadlof reverence, refpe^^, or ceremony.Shakeſpeare.
7. Strong affection ; ardent love.
Clarendon.
S. Difpofal ; power. Clarenden.

DEVO'TIONAL. a. [from divotion.] Pertaining
to devotion. ^'g Charles.

DEVO'TIONALIST. ʃ. [from devocion.]
A mill zealous without knowledge.

To DEVOU'R. v. a. [dcvsro, Latin.]
1. To eat up ravenoufly. Shakeſpeare.
1. To deftroy or confume with rapidity
and violence. Joel ii. 3.
5. To fwjUuw up ; to annihilate. South.

DEVOU'RtR. ſ. [from devour.] A confumer
; he that devours. Dccjy of Piety.

DEVO'UT. a. [dcvotus, Latin.]
1. Pious ; religious ; devoted to holy duties.
Rogers.
2. Filled with pious thoughts. Dryden.
3. Exp-effivs of devotion or piety. Milton.

DEVO'UTLY. ad. [from devout.] Piuully ; with ardent devotion ; religioully.
Donne. Addiſon.

DEUaE. /. [more properly than deuce, Junius,
from Diijii's, the name of a certain
fpecies of evil fpitits.j The devil.
Corgreve,

DEUTERO'GAIVIY. ʃ. [JiyTij-ojand yd{j.r>;.]
A feccjnd man iage.

DEUTERO'NOMY. ʃ. [Jcyre^o,- and vo/njc-]
The fecond book of the law, being the
fifth book of M les.

DEUTERO'SCOi'Y. ſ. [? i'Tsroj and ^-^o-
Tria;.] The fecond intention. Brown.

DEW. ʃ. [tji^p, Saxon] The moifture
upon the ground. Pope. .

To DEW. v. a. [from the noun.] To wet
as with dew ; to moiften. Spenfer.

DE'WBERRY. ʃ. [from deiv and beny.]
Rafberrics. Ilaitmcr. Shakeſpeare.

DEWBE'PRE'NT. part. [dm' and bejprcnr.]
S^irinkled with dew. Milton.

DE'WDROP. ʃ. [deiu 3nA drop.] A drop
of dew which fparkles at fun-rife. 1 ickell,

DE'WLAP. ʃ. [from lapping or licking the
dao.]
1. The flefh that hangs down from the
throat of oxen, Addiſon.
2. A lip fljccid with age. Shakeſpeare.

DEWLAPT. a. [from deivhp.] Fuimfhed
with dewhtps. Shakeſpeare.

D'a^'WWORM. ſ. [from deiv and luorm.]
A woim found in <lt-w. Walton.

DL'WY. a. [from dnv.]

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I A



S. RefemblJng dew ;
partaking of dew.
MihoH,
2. Moift with dew ; rofcid. Milton.

DEXTER. .1. [Latin.] The right; nqt
the left. Shakefpeare.

DEXTE'RITY. ʃ. [dexterltas, Uam.]
1. Readinefs of limbs ; atlivity ; readinefs
to attain /Icill.
2. Readinf Is of contrivance. Bacoti.

DE'XTEROUS. a. [dexter, Latin ]
1. Expert at any manual employment ; active ; ready.
2. Expert in management ; fubtle ; full of
expedients. Locke.

DEXrEROUSLY. ad. [from dexterous.]
Expertly ; fkilfully ; artfully. South.

DE'X TRAL. a, [dex'er, Latin.] The
right ; not the left. Browti.

DEXTRA'LITY. ʃ. [from dextral.] The
ftate of being on the right fide. Brown.

DIABETES. ʃ. [ha$Mln;.] A morbid copioufnefs
of urine. Denham,

DIABOLICAL. ʃ t. [from diabolus, h^i.]

DIABO'LICK. ʃ. Devilifh ; partaking of
the quaiitifs of the devil, Ray.

DIACO'DIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] The fyrup of
poppies,

DIACO'USTICS. ʃ. [haxti^tun.] The
dortrine of founds.

DIADEM. ʃ. [diadema, Lat.]
1. A tiara ; an enfign of royalty bound
about the head of eallern monarch''.
Spenfer.
2. The mark of royalty worn on the
head ; the crown, Denham. Rofcomivon.

DIADE'MED. a. [from diadem.] Adorned
with -A di-idem. Pope.
Dl'ADROAL /. [JiaJjo/xED.] The time in
whch any motion is performed, Locke.

DI---E RESIS. ſ. [JiaiVjr;?.] The feparati'
n or difjuneflion of fyllables ; as j'Vr,

DIAGNO'STICK. ʃ. [hcyo,u.:r:tai.] A
fymptom by which a difcafe is difhnguifhed
from others. Collier.

DIA'GONAL. a. [Jic^/OTio,-.] Reaching
fr'UTi one angle to another, Brown.

DIA'GONAL. /. [from the adjedive.] A
line drawn fr'-m angle to angle. L'^cke,

DIAGONALLY. ad. [from diagonal.] In
a diagonal direction, Brown.

DI'AGRAM. ʃ. [}iay^afxy.a.] A delineation
of geometiical figures ; a mathematical
fcheme. Berkley,

DIAGRY DIATES. ſ. [from diagrydium,
Lat.] Strong purgatives made with diagrydium.
Floycr.
Dl'AL. ſ. [diale, i^kinner.] A plate marked
with lines, where a hand or fhadow fhows
the hour. Ghninlle.

DIALPL.A.TE. ſ. [diaUni plate.] That
on s which hours or lines ate marked.
Addison.

DIALE'CT.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I A



©I'ALECT. ſ. [JirJxsHloj.]
1. The fubdivifion of a language.
2. Stile; manPier of exprellioD, Hooker.
3. Language ; fpeeth. South.

DIALECTICAL. a. [from diakFtick.] Logical
; argumental. Boyle.

DIALE'CTICK. ʃ. [?wX£k1<;(»;.] Logick ;
the act Of reafoning.
Di'ALLING. ſ. [\:umdial.] The fciaterick
fcience ; the knowledge of fhadcws.
Dl'ALIST. ſ. [from dial.] A conrtnicter
f.fdia!'. Moxor.

DIA'LOGIST. ʃ. [from dialogue,'] A fpeaker
in a dialogue or conference.
pl'ALOGUE. ſ. [JittAoj/oc'.] A conference ; a converfation between two orinore.Shakeſpeare.

To DI'ALOGUE. v. n. [from the noin.]
To d'fcourfe with. Shakeſpeare.

DIA'LYSIS. ʃ. [oia'xv.rij.] The figure in
rhetorick by which fyllables ov words are
divided.

DIA'METER. ʃ. [Jia and ^^It^o;.] The
line which, pafiing through the center of a
circle, or other curvilinear figure, divides
it into equal parts. Raleigh.

PIA'METRAL. a. [from diam.'tfir.] Defcribiiii; (he oidmeter.
DiA'iMETRALLY. ad. [from diamtiral']
According to the direction of a diameter,
Hammond.

PIAME'TRTCAL a. [from diameter.]
1. Defcribing a diameter.
2. Obferving the direction of a diameter.
Got-errment of the Torgue,

DIAME'TRICALLY. i:J. [from diametrical.]
In a diametrical direction.
Clarendon.

DI'AMOND. ʃ. [i:'.'»!.7n;, French ; adamas,
Latin.] The dittfnond, the molt valuable
and harde'i of all the gems, is, when pure,
perfectly clear and pellucid as the juirell
water. The largeft ever known is that in
the poireffion of the great Mogul, which
weighs two hundred and fevtniy-nine carats,
and is computed to be worth feven
hundred and feventy-nine thoufand two
hundred and forty-four pounds.
pi'APASE. ſ. [JiaVa<4~v.] A chord including
all tones. Uper.fer.

DIAPA'hOM. ſ. [J;«Va{>Vv.] C-ajha-iv.
DrAPER. ſ. [diafrt, French ]
1. Lintn cloth woven in flb-wers, and other
figures. Spenfer.
2. A napkin. Shakeſpeare.

To DI AFER. v. a. [from the noun]
1. To variegate ; to djveifify. Hozuel,
2. To draw flowers upon deaths.
Peaclam.

DIAPKANE'ITY. ʃ. [from ^latf-avE/a, ]
T'anfparency ; pellucidnefs, ‘ Ray.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I C



DIAPHA'NICK. a. [hd and <}„.vSf. [
Tranfparent ; pellucid. Rakiah

DIA'PHANOUS. a. [}ii. and >{>a.vi;.] Tranfparent
; clear. Raleigh.

DIAPHORE'TICK. a. [hyip^r.r-.Ko;.] Sudorifick
; promoting a perfpiration.
Arbuthnot.

DI'APHRAGM. ʃ. [hda^^ayfju.]
1. The midriff which divides the upper ca«
vity of the body from the lower.
2. Any divifion or partition which divides
a hollow body. Ti'ood^vard,

DIARRHOE'A. ʃ. [5<a7^o.«.] A flux of the
bell-i
0uii!cv.

DIARRHOE'TICK. a. [from diarrhc^a'.]
Promoting the flux of the beliy ; foKuive ;
purgative. Arbuthnot.

DI'ARY. ʃ. [diarium, Latin.] An account
of every day; a journal. Tatler.

DIA'STOLE. ʃ. [hci,ro-hr.]
1. A figure in rhetorick, by which a fhort
fyllable is made long,
2. The dilati'.n of the heart. Ray.

DIA'STYLE. [?ia and ri'^oj a pillar.] A
fort of edifice where the pillars fland at
juch a diftance from one another, that
three diameters of their thicknefs arc
allowed for intercolumraation. Harris.

DIATE'SSERON. ʃ. [of S'la and -rlcro-sja,
four.] An inter-.al in mufick, compofed
of one greater tone, one leffer, and one
greater femi- tone. Harris.

DIBBLE. ʃ. [from dirfel, Dutch.] A fmall
fpade.

DICA'CITY. ʃ. [dicacitns, Lat.] Pertnefs; laucinefs. DiS.

DI'BSTONE. ʃ. A little fione wfiich chill
dren throw at another i'lone, Locke.

DICE. ſ.The plural of J/f. See Die.
Bcr.tley.

To DICE. v.n. [from the noun.] To game
with dice. Shakeſpeare.

DICE-BOX. ʃ. [fl^/c^ and box.] The box
from whence the dice are thrown.
Addifon.

DI'CER. ʃ. [from dice.] A player at dire; a gameiler. Shakeſpeare.

DICH. ad. This word feems corruntc; from
dit for do it. Shakeſpeare.
DltHO'TOMY. ſ. [h-xpro.^U.] Dillributiqn
of ideas by p=iirs.

DI'CHER of Leather,
[dicra, low Lat.]
Ten hides. Diii.

To Dl'CTATE. v. a. [dia^, Latin.] To
del:ver to another with authority. Pope. .
Dl'CTATE./ [ditYutum, Latin.] Rule or
maxim deliveied with authority. Prior.

DICTA'TION. ʃ. [from d;aate.] The afl
or praifhceof diftating,

DICTATOR. ʃ. [Latin.]
1. A m-igrfhate of Rome made in times
of exigence, and invefled with abfolute auiho.
ity, ‘ WalLr.
2. One

DIE
S. One inveiled with abfo'ute autliority.
Milton.
3. One wriofe credit or authoriiy enables
liiin to diiedt iItk: c(.ndact or tpiaion of
others. Locke.
DlCrAI'ORIAL. a. [jKorf^ diEialor
'I Authoritative:
confident: dugrr.alicil.
Wci'.U.

DICTA'TORSHIP. ʃ. [froni dia^tor.]
I. The office of a diftator. M''otton,
2. Authurily ; inMent confider-ce.
Dryden.
DiCTA'TURE. /- \_i':Batura, Latin.] The
office of a dictator.
Dl'CTION. ſ. [diawn, Fr.] Stile ; language
; ex;ir<.flion. Dryden.

DI'CTIONARY. /: [daiorarium, Lat.]
A book containing the words of any language
; a vocabulary ; a word-book.
Watts.

DID. of do. [t)ib, Sa>:on.] ,
1. The preieiiteof (fo. Shakeſpeare.
2. The fign of the pieter-imperttft tenfe.
Dryden.
3. It is fometimes ufei emphaticall)' ^ as,
1 (/(£/r:a]ly love him.
DIDA'CTICAL. ? « [o'^.''' c ] Pre-

DIDA'CTION. ʃ. ceptive ; giving precepts:
as a didjBick poeai is a poem that gives
rules f>>r fume aiU ^'^a'-./,

DJDAPl'EE. 7. [from J^.] A biid tiut
dives into the watct.

DID.V.CALICK. o. [U.-.T^i-J-Xiiio;.] Preceptive
; rii. a:tk. Prior.
T' Di'iJDhl.. f , a. [d'M^rn, Teut. zittern,
Germ.] To quake vulli cold ; to itiiv«r.
A provincial word. iiknindr.

PIDST. The fecond perfon of the p.eter
tenfe of do. S.^eDiD. Dryden.

To DIE. -r. a. [B-'-S, Saxon.] To tinge ; to colour. Milton.

DIE. f. [from the verb.] Colour ; tiniluie; ftain ; hue acquired. Ea.dn.

To UJE. ʃ. H. [‘o.-d'oan, Saxoa.]
1. To Jofi lile ; 10 expire ; to pafs into
another ftate of exiftence. Sidney.
2. To pc-nCj by viole.ace or difeafe.
Dryde.
1. To be ptinifhed with death. Ujmmond.
4. To be loll ; to penfh ; to come to nothing.
apeaator.
5. To finlc ; to faint. I -Saw.
6. rin theology.] To petifti everlaftingly.
Hakcivd!.
7. To languifh with pleafureor tendernefs.
Pope.
8. To vaniIT- Addison.
9. [In the I'tile of lovers.] T^ languid
with affeftion. I'mu'r.
ra. To wither as a vegetable. yobu,

II. To grow vapid, as liquor.
i;t£. ſ. i^\. di:e. [de, French.]
1. A fxnali cube, marked on its faces

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I F



with niimbers from one to fix, which
gannefters throw in play. Southt
2. Hizird ; chjnce, Spenser.
3. An, cubick body.

DIE. f. plur. </;<ri. The flamp ufed in coinage.
Swift.

DI'ER. ʃ. [from die.'j One who follows the
trace i;f dying. U'alhr,

DIET. ʃ. [did'Hi, low Latin ; Ji'cura.]
1. F.'Od ; provifions for the mouth ; v:<ctueIs.
Raleigh.
2. Food regulated by the rules of rr.edicine.
Tirrple.

To DI'ET. 1-. a. [from the noun.]
1. Togive.'o d f. Shakeſpeare.
2. To board ; to fupply with diet.

To DI ET. v. n.
1. To eat by rules of phyfick-
2. To eat ; to feed. Rfi! on.

DI ET- DRINK. ſ. [diet in^ drink.] Medicated
liquors. Locke.

DI'ET. ʃ. [German.] An aflembly of princes
or cliates. Raleigh.

DIETARY. fl. [from diet] Pertaining to
the rules of diet.
Dl'ETER. ſ. [from ditt.] One who prefcribes
rules for eating. Shakeſpeare.

DIETE'TICAL. ʃ /, [J<acn(T,;<^.] Relat-

DIETE'TICK. ʃ. ingtodiet; belonging to
the medicinal cautions about the ufe of
food. Atbuthnot.

To DIFFER. v.-n. [dffero, Latin.]
1. To be dillinguifhed from ; to hrfve properties
and qualities not the fsm vtuh
ihofe of anuthcr. Addifon.
1. To contend ; te be at variance. Rc-zve.
3. To be of a contrary opinien. Burnet.

DIFFERENCE. f. [diferer.tu, Latin.]
1. State of being dillinct from fomethicg.
Hooker.
2. The quality by which one di/Fe-rs from
another. Raieigh.
3. The d fproportion bstween one thing
a;:i another, Hayzi'ard.
4. Difuutc 5 dtbate ; quarrel. Sandys.
5. Diftindion. Tillotjoiu
6 Point in (jueftion ; ground of controverfy.Shakeſpeare.
7. A I'lfjical difhnftion. Bacon.
1. Evidences of diftir.clion ; difl'eiential
imrks. Da vies.

To DITFEREU'CE. v. a. To caufe a dif-,
ference. Holder.
DyPFERENT. a. [from differ.]
1. Difiind; not the fame. Addifon.
2. Of many coutrary qual.ties. Fbiltps,
3. Unlike ; difhm.lar.
DIFFERE'NTIAL Mf'i'£>^, confids in defcending
from whole quantities to their infinitely
fmall difterences, and comparing
to^ether thefs infinitely fmall difterences,
cf what kind forever they be. ‘ Harrlu

DJ'FFER=

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I F



DIT'FERENTLY. ad. [from difereftt.] In
a eiid'e.tnt manner. Boyle.

DiFl-iaL. a. [r/jiclis, Latin.]
1. O.tticult ; haid ; not eafy. Hudi'>ras.
2. Scrupulous. Bacon,

DIFFI'CILNESS. ʃ. [from diffcll.] D ffic.
il'v fo be perfuaHed. Bacon.

DIFFICULT. a. [dfficiih, Latin.]
1. H.ud ; noteai- ; not facil. It is <//^.
cult in the eyes of this pe. pie. Zachar,
2. TifMiblef me ; vexatiius,
5. Har; to ple.fe ; pi-evifh.

DIFFICULTLY .ad. [from diJicuU.] H=ir<l.
Iv ; with difficulty. Rogers.

DI'FFICULTY. ʃ. [from dificdii, French.]
1. Hardnefs { contrariety to ealincCs,
Rogers.
2. That which is hard to accomplifh.
South.
3. Diftrefs ; oppofition. Dryden.
4. Pt-rp'exity in affdirs. yJddJ^n,
5. Oojtift on ; cavil. Swift.

To DIFFl'DE. v. r, [diffjo, Latin.] To
diffuill ; to hive no tonnoence in. Dryden.

DIFFIDENCE. ʃ. [i\^m diffide.] Diftrult ;
waiic of confidence, Locke.

DI'FFIDENT. a. [from difjide-l Not confident ; not Certain.
King Charles. Clarijfa.

To DIFFITCD. 1'. a. [otJF>ndoy Latin.] To
cleave in two,

DlFFi SSION. ʃ. [diffijfio, Latin.] The act
(1 cleaving.

DIFFLATION. ʃ. [diffijre, Latin.] The
act of (cattei ing With a blaft <'f wind.

DI'FFLUi'NCE. ʃ /. [fr-.m dtffljo, Lat.]

DI'FfLUENCy. I The quality of falling
away on all fides. Brown.

DI'FFLUENT. a. [diffiuevs, Vii\n.] Flowing
evfiy way ; not fixed.

DIHORM. a. [i\om forma, Latin.] Coht
trary to uniform ; having pdrtsof diITerent
ftruITture ; as a diform (lower, one of
which the leaves are unlike each other,
Netvtcn,

DIFFO'RMI FY. ſ. [from difform.] Diverlity
of form ; inegularicy ; dillimilitude.
B-01V71.

DIF.-RA'NCHISEMEN'T. ʃ. [franch je,
French.] The act vi taking av./ay the
privil ges of a city.

To UIFFU'SE. v. a. [dtffufut, Lat.)
1. To pour out up.'n a plane. Burnet.
1. To fpread ; to fcattter. Milton.

DIFFU-'SE. a. [diffuj'us, Latin.]
li Scatered ; widely fpread.
2. Copicus ; not concile.

DIFFUSED. f^-?. a. Wild, uncouth, irregular.Shakeſpeare.

DIFFUSEDLY. ad. [from difujcd.] Wide.
ly ; difperfecily.

DIFFUSEDNESS. ʃ. [from dfyfcd.] The
&Hs of being diffufed ; dil'perfwn.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I G



DIFFU'SELY. ad. [from d:f.fe.]
1 Wiaely ; extenfively.
4. C'lpioufly; not concifely.

DIFFUSION. f. [from difi,fe.]
1. D fperfion ; the ftate of being fcattered
every way. Boyle.
2. C ipioiifnefs
; exuberance of nile.

DIFFU SIVE. a. [from df^f.]
1. Having the quality of fcatterine any
thing every way. Dryden.
2. S<-.^ttered ; difperfed, South.
3. Er-ended ; in full extenfion. Milton.

DIFFU'SIVELY. ad. [from diffufiv.]
Widely
; exterifively.

DIFFU'SIVENESS. ʃ. [from ///j7«Ai/^.]
1. Extenfion ; difperfion.
1. Want of concifenef?. Addiſon.

To DIG. v. a. p.eter. dug, or d.'ggid; part.
p fl. d.g, or dggd [dyger, Danifh.]
1. To pierce with a fpade. Ezeklel.
2. To form by digging. PFbitgift,
3. To Cultivate the ground by turning it
with a fpade. lemple.
4. To pierce with a iharp point. Dyder,
5 To gam by digging. Woodward.

To DIG. v. a. To work with a fpade. jfob.

To DlGap. v. a. To thfcw up that which
is covered with esnh. Shakeſpeare.

DI'GEREVT. a. [dgerens, Latin.] That
wbi h has the po>^t-r of digclHrg.

DIGE'ST. ʃ. [dig.fta, Latin.] The pandeft
of the civil law. Bacon.

To DICE'S r. v. a. [d'gero. d'gefticm, Lat.]
1. To diftribute into vari us chlfesorrepofitories; to range methodically.
2. To con^. ft in the fiomach. Prior.
3. To foften by heat, as in a boiler : a
chemical term.
4. To range methedicaJly in the mind.
1'homfon,
5. To reduce to any plan, fcheme, or method.Shakeſpeare.
6. To receive without loathing ; not to
rejeifV. Prachem.
7. To receive and enjoy. Shakeſpeare.
8. [In chirurgery.] To difpofe a wound.
to j;enerate pus in order to a cure.

To DIGEST. v. n. To generate matter at
a wound.

DIGESTER. f. [from digej}.-]
1. He that digtfts or concofts his fiod.
/^'iuthnoT,
2. A ftrong veffel, wherein to boil, with
a veiy ftrong heat, any bony fubftances, fo
as to rt-duce them into a fluid ftate.
3. That which taufes or ftrengthens th«
conc'dtive power. Temflf.

DIGE'STIBLE. a. [from digeft.] Capable
of being digefted. Bacon.

DIGE'STION. ʃ. [homd<gefi.-\
1. The act of concofting food. Temple.
2. The preparation of matter by a chfmical
heat. Blackmre.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I G



5. ReJuct)3n toa plan. Tewf'h.
4. The a<ct of difpoling a wound to generate
matt'ir.

DIGESTIVE. a. [from dgefl.l
1. Having the p ‘Wer to caufe digeflion.
Brown.
2. Capable by heat to foften and fuudue.
Hale.
-. Confide rating ; metkcdifing. Dryden.

DUiE'STIVE. ſ. laomdigeft.] Anapphr
which difpofes a wound to generate
matter. W,fema„.
DiwG^R /. [frorr J-.] One that oeens
tl.e giound «ah a fpade. B yU.

To DIGHT. v. a. [tihrin, to pvepjie,
Saxon. 1 To drefs ; to deck 5 toadnm.
MllCOf!,

DI'GIT. ʃ. [digitus, Latin.]
1. The meafure of length containing three
fourths of an indi. ^V'^''
2. The twelfth part of the diameter of the
lun or monn.
9. Any of the numbers expvefled by fing'.e
tigures. ^.^ Dl'( ITATED. a. [from <f'^?'ai, Latin.]
Branched cut into divifions like fingers.
Brown.

DIGLADIA'TION. ʃ. [dighdiatie, Latin.]
A combat with fwords ; any quarrel.
Glanvilit.

DI'GNIFIED. ». [from dignify.] Iiv<;ft^d
with fimedinity. .T'^^'

DIGNIFICA'TION. ʃ. [from dignify.] Exalmtinn.
^^'''°-

To DI'GNIFY. v. a. [from d gvui and Jaeio,
Lat.]
2. To advance; to prefer ; to exalt.
3. To honour ; to adorn. Eeti. Johnfo^.

DIGNITARY. f [ffowi dignut, L^un.] A
clergyman advanced to fome dignity ; to
fome tank above that of a parochial pneft.
Swift.

DI'GNITY. ʃ. [fl.^KiVai, Latin.]
1. Rank of elevation. //os/Yr.
2. Grandeur of mien. C/^/-'j7<i.
£. Advancement ; preferment ; high place.
^ Shakeſp.arc.
A. [Among eccrefiaftirks.] That promotion
or p.eferment to which any jurildiftion
is annexed. -y ‘Jj'-'
r. M-ixims ; generalprinciples. B'own.
g. [In aftrology.] The planet JS in dignity
when it is in any fign.

DIGNO'TION. ʃ. [from dignojco, Lat.]
Dilnnaion. ^''°'''-

To DIGRI.'SS. v. a. [digreffus, Lat.]
1. To turn out of the rosd.
2. To depart from the main def.gn. Locke.
3. To wjnder ; to expatiate. Brenwood.
4. To trsnfgrefs ; to deviate. Shakeſpeare.

DIGRESSION. o [dfgrrffio, Latin.]
_
1. A pafT^te devifting Iro.-n the main tenour.
Dinbuvt,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I L



2. Deviation. Bro^ait.

DIJUDICATION. ʃ. [dijudicatio, Latin.]
Jad^cial diftindlion.
Dii<.E. ſ. [‘Die, Saxon.]
1. A channel to receive water. Popeo
2. A mound to hinder inundations.
Cowlty.

To DILA'CERATE. 1;. a. [dibcero, Lat.]
T' ti-ar ; to lend. Brozvti,

DILACERA'TION. ʃ. [from dilaceratio.
Latin.] The act of rendong in two.
/Irbuthnot.

To DILA'NIATE. v. a. [dihnio, Latin.]
To ruin ; to throw down.

DILAPIDATION. ʃ. [(i/;a;./Wij//e, Latin.]
The incumbent's fuffering any edifices of
his ecclefiaftical living, to go to luin or decay.
Aylffe.

DILATABI'LITY. ſ.[from dJataile.] The
quality of admitting extenfion. Mtiy.

DILATABLE,. a. [tiom dUaie.] Capable
of exteniion. Arbuthnot.

DILATATION. ʃ. [from dilatatio, Lat.]
1. The act of extending into greater fpace.
Holder.
2. The ftate of being extended. Newton.

To DILATE. ʃ. a. [diijto, Latin.]
1. To extend ; to fpread out. WaUei-i
2. To relate at large; to tell diffufely and
copioufly. Shakefpeare.

To DILATE. v. n.
1 . To widen ; to grow wide. Addiſon.
2. To fpeak largely and copioufly. Clartn,

DIL.ATOR. ʃ. [from d<late.] That which
widens or extends. Arbuthnot.

Dl'LATORINESS. /[from dilatory.] Slownefi
; flupgifhnefs.

Dl'LATORY. a. [diIateire,'Fitmh.]TzT.
dy ; flow ; fluggifh. Hayward. Otivay,

DILE'CTION. y. [diUaio, Latin.] The
act of loving. Boyle.

DILEMMA. ſ.[llUfxfjat.]
1. An argument equally conclufive by contrary
fuppofitions. Cotvlcy,
2. A difficult or doubtful choice. Pope. .

DI'LIGENCE. ʃ. [diligcneia, Latin.] Induftry
5 alfiduity : the contrary to idlenefs.
i 2 Pet.

DI'LIGENT. a. [di/igei:s, Lat.]
1. C'lnfiant in application ; perfevering in
endeavour ; afliduous ; not hzy. Proi\
2. Conftantly applied ;
proftcuted with
adtivity, Deuteronomy.

Dl'LIGENTLY. ad. [from diligent.] With
alliduiiy ; with heed and perfeveiance.
Dryden.

DILL. ʃ. [We, Saxon.]

DILU'CID. a. [diucidui, Latin.]
1. Cleat; plain; not opaque.
2. Clear ; plain ; not obfcure.

To DILU'CIDATE. v. a. [from dilucidare,
Latin.] To make clear or plain ; to explain.
Browiu
^ DILUCU
D i M

DILUCIDA'TION. ʃ. [from ditudJatto.]
The act of makiHg clear.

DILUENT,. a. [Jiluent, Latin.] Having
the power to thin other matter.

Di'LUENT. ʃ. [from the adjeilive.] That
which thins other matter. yJihutiinot,

To DILUTE, v. a. [diiuo, Latin.] 1. To make thin. Locke.
2. To make weak. Nciuton.

DlLU/fER. ʃ. [from dilute.] That which
makes any thing eliz thin. Arbuthnot.

DILUTION. f. \_dilutio, L,t.] The act of
making any thing thin or weak. Arbuth,

DILU'VIAN. a. [from ^;V«w«m, Lat.] Relating
to the deluge. Burntt.

DIM. a. [bimme, Saxon.]
1. Not having a quick fight. Davies.
2. Dull of apprehenfion. Rogers.
3. Not clearly feen ; obfcure. Locke.
4. Obftruding the act of vifion ; not luminous,
Spenfer.
To DlM. i;. a. [from the adjective.]
1. To cloud ; to darken. Locke.
2. To make lei's bright ; to ohfcme, Spenf.

DIME'NSION. ʃ. [diwenjio, Latin.] Space
contained in any thing ; bulk ; extent ; capacity. Dryden.

DIMENSIONLESS. a. [from dimenfion.]
Without any definite bulk. Riiltor,,

DEME'NSIVE. a. [dime/ifus, Latin.] That
which marks the boundaries or outlmes.
Davies.

DIMICATION. ʃ. [dimicJth, Latin.] A
battle ; the act of fighting. Dict.

DIMIDIATION. ʃ. [dinidiatio, Lat.] The
act of halving. D:d,

To DIMINISH. ʃ. a. [ditnlnuo, Latin.]
1. To make lefs by abfciffion or deftruction
of any part. Locke.
2. To impair ; to leflen ; to degrade. Mil.
3. To take any thing from that to which
it belongs : the contrary to add. D^ut.

To DIMI NISH. v. n. To prow lefs ; to
be impaired. Dryden. Pope. .

DIMI'NISHINGLY. ad. [from dimimjh.]
In a manner tending to vihfy. Locke.

DIMINUTION. ʃ. [d.mniutio, Latin.]
1. The act of making lefs. Hooker.
2. The ftate of growing lefs. Ne-wlon,
3. Difcredit ; lofs of dignity. Philips.
4. Deprivation of dignity ; injury of reputation.
King Charles.
5. [la architecture.] The contraction
of a diameter of a column, as it afcends.

DIMI'NUTIVE. a. [diminutivus, Latin.]
Small 5 little. South.

DIMI'NUTIVE. ʃ. [from the adiective.]
1. A word formed to exprefs littlenefs ; as
tiianiken, in Englifh a iittk man. Cotton.
2. A fmall thing. Shakeſpeare.

DIMI'NUTIVELY. ad. [from dimmuthe.]
In a diiLiflutive manner,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I N



DIMI'NUTIVENESS. /. [from d:mi,!utive.].-
Smalrieis ; JittJenefs ; pettynefs.

DI'MISH. a. [from J;..] Somewhat dim.
Swift.

DI'MISSORY. a. [dlmijfurhs, L.tm.- ]
Thnt by which a man is dilmJlied tcj another
junfcliftion. ^lyliffe.

DIMITY. ʃ. A fine kind of fufti.n, or
cloth of cotton. H ifeman.

Dl'MLY. a. [from dim.]
1. Not With a quick I'ght ; net with a
clear perception. Milton.
1. Not bng,htly ; not luminouny. Boy^t.

Dl'MNESS. ʃ. [from d:m.]
1. Dulnefs of fight.
2. Want of apprehenfion ; ftupidity.
D. c^y of Pietf.

DI'MPLE. ʃ. [dint, a hole; dimk, a litile
hole. Skmrtr.] Cavity or depieHiun in the
cheek or chin. Grew.

To DI'MPLE. v. V. [from the noun.] T ;
fink in fmsll cavities. Dryden.

DI MILLED. a. [from dimph.] Set with
diaiples. chakefpeare,

DIMPLY, a, \fio\Ti dimple.] Full of dim.-
P'cf. J-yianon.

DIN. f. [tyn, anoife. Sax.] A loud noife ; a violent and continued found. Smith.

To DIN. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ftun With noile. Otivay.
2. To impiefs with violent ^^4i continued
fe. ‘ Swift.

To DINE. v. n. [diner^ French.] To eat
the chief meal about the middle of the day.
Clarendont,
To Dine. v. a. To give a dinner to ; to
feed. Dryden.

DINETICAL. a. [Jiv.l.xJj.] Whirling
round ; vertiginous, Ray.

To DING. v. a. pret. dung. [driuaen,
Dutch.]
1. To daih with violence.
2. To imprefs with force.

To DING. v. n. To blulter ; to bounce ; to huff. Arbuthnot.

DING-DONG. ʃ. A word by which the
found of bells is imitated. Shakeſpeare.

Dl'NGLE. ʃ. [from oen, a hollow.' ] A
hollow between hills. Alilton.

DINING-ROOM. ſ.]dir,e7^rA ro-,n.] The
pr ncipal apaitment of the houfc. ‘Taylor.

DI'NKER. ʃ. [<//wr, French.] The chief
mea! ; the meal eaten about the rriiddl?
of the day, T.jylor.

DINNER-TIME. ʃ. {dinner anA iimc] The
time of dining. Pope.

DINT. /. [ty.t, Saxon.]
1. A blow ; a ftroke. Milton.
2. The mark made by a blow. D'-cde?!,
3. Violence; force
5 power. jldavir.

To DINT. v. a. [from the r.uun.] Tu
ir.ark with a cavity by a blow. D'jme.
LI 1. DlNi.;--

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D T R



DINUMERA'TION. ʃ. [dwumeratlo, Lat.]
The act of numbering out fingly.

DIOCESAN. ʃ. [from diocefs.] A birtiop
as he ftands related to his oven clergy or
flock. Tacler.

DI'OCESS. ʃ. [d'ceceji'.] The circuit of
every h {hop's junfdi>;1ii>n. Cciu l.Whiig,tft.

DIOPTRICAL 7 / [^liipV' ]
Afford-

DIOPTRICK. ʃ. ing a medium for the
fight ; sirifting the fight in the view of
diftant ohj.-as. ^'''

DIO'PTRICKS. ʃ. A part of opticks,
treating of the different refractions of the
light. Havii.

DIORTHRO'SIS. ʃ. [Jjo'j^f-ws-i?.] An
operation by which crooked members are
made even. Hur'is.

To DIP. ʃ. ſ. particip. difped, or di^.
[Bi par. Sax. dcofi:/!, D^tch.]
1. To imnierge ; to put into any liquor.
2. To moiften ; to wet. Milton.
1. To be engaged in any affair. Dryden.
4. To engage as a pledge. Dryden.

To DIP. v. 7!.
1. To link ; to immerge. L'Eftrange.
2. To enter ; to pierce. Granville.
3. To enter flightly into any thing. Pope. .
4. To drop by chance into any mafs ; to
chufe by chance.

Dl'PCHICK. ʃ. [from ip and chiei.] The
name of « bird. .
Caretv.

DIPE'TALOUS. a. [ik and ishaXov.]
Having two flower- leaves.

DIPPER. ʃ. [from t/i/.] One that dips in
the water.

DI'PPING Needle. ſ. A device which fhows
a particular property of the magnetick
needle. -P/.;/,/,.

DIPHTHONG. ʃ. [Ji'4>aovy^.] A coalition
of two vowels to form one found ; as, vain, leaf, Cafar. Holder.

DI'PLOE. ʃ. The inner plate or lamina of
the (kuli.

DL'LOMA. ʃ. [JiirXcDiua.] A letter cr
writing conferring fome privilege.

DIPSAS. ʃ. [from J4c«.] A ferpent
whofe bite produces unquenchable thirft.
Milton.

DI'PTOTE. ʃ. [JtwJtJIa.] A noun confifting
of two cafes onlv. Clari.

DI'PTYCH. ʃ. [Jlptyiha, Lat.] A regifter
of bifhops and martyrs. SStillingfleet.

DIRE. a. [dirui, Lat.] Dreadful; dilmal ; mourntul ; horrible. Milton.

DIRECT,. a. [dir^Ruf, Latin.]
1. Strait, not crooked.
2. Not oblique. Berkley.
g. [In aftronomy ] Appearing to an eye
in earth to move progreffively through the
zodiack, not retrcgade. Dryden.
4. Not colldtet»l.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I R



5. Apparently tending to fom. ^nd.
Hldney. Lor)u> 6 Open ; not ambiguous. Bacon.
7. P.ain ; exprefs.

To DIRE'CT. v. a. [<//r.^,w, Latin.]
1. To aim iri a ftrant line. Pope.
2. To point agjifift as a mark. Dryden.
3. To regulate ; to adjuft. Ecclus,
4. To pvefcnbe certain meafure ; to mark
out a certain courfe. ^ob'
5. Tol order; to command.

DIRE'CTER. ʃ. [dirffior, Latin.]
1. One that directs.
2. An inftrument that ferves to guide any
manuTJ operation.

DIllECnON. ʃ. [direBio, Latin.]
1. Ami at a certain point. Stnalridge,
2. Motion impreffed by a certain impulfe.
Lorkr.
\. Older ; command ; prefcription. Hooker.

DIRE CTIVE. a. [f.um dtrea.]
1. Having the power of direction.
Bramhall.
r. Informing ; {hewing the way. Tbotnjon,

DIRE'CrLY. ad. [from Jm<S ]
1. In a ftrant line ; reftiiineally. Dryden.
2. Immediately ; apparently ; withovi' circumlocution.
Hooker.

DIRE'CTNESS. ʃ. [from direff.] Straitnefs
5 tendency to any point ; the nearell
way. bei.lify,

DIRE'CTOR. ʃ. [direRo', Latin.]
1. One that has authority over others ; a fuperintendent. Swf:.
2. A rule ; an rrdinance. Swift.
3. An inftructor. Hooker.
4. One who is confulted in cafes of confcience.
Dryden.
5. An inftrument in furgery, by whih the
hand is guided in its operation, Sharf.

DIRE'CTORY. ʃ. [from director.] The
book which the fjifhous preachers publifhed
in the rebellion for the direilion of
their fett in afls of wor{liip.
Oxford Reajons againft the Covenant,

DI'RErUL. a. Dire; drtadiul. Pope. .

DI'RENESS. ʃ. [from diri.] Difms-lnefs ; horror ; hideoufnefs. Shakeſpeare.

DIRE'PTION. ʃ. [direptlo, Latin.] The
ii\ of plundering.

DIRGE. ʃ. A mournful ditty ; a fong of
lamentation. Sandys.

DIRK. ʃ. [an Earfe word.] A kind of
dagger. TickdU

To DIRKE. v. a. To fpoil ;, to ruin.
Spenſer.

DIRT. ʃ. [dryt, Dutch.]
1. Mud; filth; mire. Wake.
2. Meannefs ; fordidnefs.

To DIRT. v. a. [from the noun.] T«
fo'jJ ; to bemirci Swift.

HAT'

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



n'RTPIE. ʃ. [dirt andz-iV.] Forms mcuWed
by children of clay. ^ucklm^.

DI'RTILY. ad. [from dirfy.]
1. Naftily ; foufly ; filthily.
2. Meanly ; ford.dly ; fhamefully. Donr.e,

DIRTINESS. ʃ. [from d:rfy.]
I N-iftinefs ; filthinefs ; toufnefs.
2. Meannefs ; bafenefs ; fordidnefs.

DIRTY,. a. [from dirf.]
1. Foul; nafty ; fiithy. Shakeſpeare.
2. Sullied ; not elegant. Locke.
3. Mean; bale; defp:c.b!e. fay.or.

To DI RTY. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To foul; to foil. Arbuthnot.
2. To difgrace ; to fcandalize.

DIRU'PTION. ʃ. [d'r„[>t,o, Lat.]
1. The act of buifting, or breaking.
2. The ftate of burfting, or breaking,

DIS. An infeparable particle, implying commonly
a privative or negative fagnifica:ion ; as, to arm, to difjr'n.

DISABI'LITY. ʃ. [from difible.]
1. Want of power to do any thing ; weaknefs.
Raleigh.
2. Want of proper qualifications fir any
purpofe ; legal impediment. Sicfr.

To DISA'BLE. v. a. [du zr.d able.]
1. To deprive of natural f )rce.
Davies. Taylor.
2. To impair ; to diminifh. Shakeſpeare.
3. To make unadive. Temple.
^, To deprive of ufefulnefs or ofncacv.
Dryden.
^. To exclude as wanting proper qualifications.
Wotton.

To DISABU'SE. v. a. [dii and abufe.] To
fet free from a miftake ; to fet right ; to
ur.deceive. Glanville. frailer,

DISACCOMMODA'TION. ʃ. [dis and accommodation.]
The Hate of being unfit
or unprepared. Hale.

To DISaCCU STOM. v. a. [dii and ac-
Ciifton?.] To dertroy the force of habit
by difufe or contrary pracctice,
DISacquaintance /. [dis and ac
quaintance.~^ Dilul: of familiaruy. South.

DISADVA'NTAGE. ʃ.
1. Lofs ; injury to intereft ; as, he fold
to difad'varitage.
2. Diminution of any thing defirable, as
credit, fame, honour. Dryden.
3. A ftate not prepared for defence. S/'enfer,

To DISADVA'NTAGE. v. a. To injure
in intereft of any kind. Decay of Fitly.

DISADVA'NTAGEABLE. a. [from difadvantage
^ Contrary to profit
; producing
lofs. Bacon.

DISADVANTA'GEOUS,. a. [from dijadvantage.'.
Contrary to intereft ; contrary
to convenience. Addisʃon.

DISADVAVTA'GEOUSLY. ad. [from dif.
advantageous.] ; In a manner contrary to
intereft or profit. Ggvsrrment ofthe longut.
D I

DISADVANTA'GEOUSNESS. ʃ. Contr.-
riety to profit; inconvenience.
DISADVE NTUROUS. a. Unhappy ; improfperou.-!.
Spenſer.

To DISAFFE'CT. v. a. To fill with dif.
content ; to difcontent. Clarenden.

DISAFFE-'CTED. fart. a. Not difpofed to
zaal or affedlion. Stillingfleet

DISAFFE'CTEDLY. ad. After a difaffeded
manner.

DISAFFE'CTEDNESS. ʃ. [from dif>fefled.]
The quality of being difaffected.

DISAFFE'CTION. ʃ. Want of zeal for
the reigning prince. Swift.

DISAFFIRMANCE. ſ.Confutation; negation,
/{ale.

To DISAFFO'REST. v. a. [dii and/or^/?.]
To throw open to common purpofes, from
the privileges of a foreft. Bacon.

To DI'^AGRE'E. 1/, «, [dis and agree,!
1. To difl'er ; not to be the fame, Locke.
2. To differ ; not to be of the fame
cp-nion. Dryden.
3. To be in a ftate of oppofition. Brown

Dl5AGREE'ABLE. a. [{torn difagree.]
1. Contrary; unfuitable. Pope.
2. Unpleafing ; offenfive. Locke

DISAGREE ABLENESS. ʃ. [from ^iifagreeable..
1. Unfuitablenefs ; contrariety.
2. Unpleafantnefs ; offenfivenefs. Sout/j,

DISAGREEMENT. ʃ. [from dijagree.]
1. Difference
; difhmiJitude ; owerfity ;
not identity. Woodward.
2. Difference of opinion. Hooker.

To DISALLOW, v. a. [dis and a/^w.]
1. To deny authority to any. Dtyden,
2. To confider as unlawful, Hooker.
3. To cenfure by fome pofteriorafl. Swift.
4. Not to juftify. South.

To DISALLO'W. v. a. To refufe permifhon
; not to grant. Hoiker
DIS ALLOWABLE, a, [from difailow.]
N It allowable.

DISALLO'WANCE. ʃ. Prohibition. South.

To DISA'NCHOR. v. a. [from dis and an.
chor.] To drive a fhip from its anchor.

To DISANIMATE. v. a. [dis aad animate.l
1. To deprive of life.
2. To difcoiirage ; to dejefl, Bovle,

DISANIMATION. ʃ. [from difanimate.]
Privation of life. Brown.

To DISANNU'L. v. a. To annul ; to deprive
of authority ; to vacate. Herbert.

DISANNU'LMENT. ʃ. [from dtjannul.l
The act of making void.

To DISAPPEAR, v, n. [difparoltre, Fr.]
To be loft to view; to vanifh out of fight,
Milton.

To DISAPPO'INT. v... [diszDdaf>f$int.2
To defeat of expeilatioo ; to balk,
Tillotfaa.

DIS.
to I s

IMSAPPO'INTMENT. ʃ. [from dif:ippowt.]
Defeat of hopes} mifcarriage of expectations.
Sjjfl'tor,

DISAPPROBATION. ʃ. [diisUafpn^bation..
CenfMie ; condemnation. Pope. .

To DISAPPRO'VE. v. a. [difapprover , Fr.]
To difhke ; to cenfi)re. Pope. .
riSARD. ſ. [fejps. Saxon.] A prattler ;
a bojfting talker.

To D1SA'^(M. v. a. [dejanner, Fr.] To
fpoil or diveti of arms. Dryden.

To DISARRA'y. v. a. [dis and array.]
To undrdls any one. Spenſer.

DISARRAY. f. [from the verb.]
1. Dilorder ; confufion. Hayward.
2. Undrefs.

DISA'STER. ʃ. [de/aftre, Fr.]
1. The blaA or Itroke of an unfavourable
planet. Shakeſpeare.
2. Misfortune ; grief | mifhap ; m.ferv.
Pope. .

To DISA'STER. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To blaft by an unfavourable ftar. Sidney.
2. To afflidit \ to mifchief. Shakeſpeare.

DISA'STROU-S. a. [from difajier.]
1. Unlucky ; n-it fortunate. Hay-ward,
2. Unhappy ; calamitous ; miferable.
Dir.ham,
3. Gloomy ; threathing misfortune.
Milton.

DISA'STROUSLY. ad. [from difajirouu]
In a difmil manner.

DISA'STROU -NESS. ʃ. [from difajitous.]
Unluckin'-fs ; unfortunatcnefs.

To DISAVOU'CH. !>. a. To retract profeffion
; to dilown. Dauiel,

To DISAVO'W. v. a. To difown ; to deny
knowledge of. fhyivftrd,

DISAVO'WAL. ʃ. [from difavow.] Da-
nial. Oarijj'a.

DISAVO'WMENT. ʃ. [from dtjawiv,']
Denial. Wott<n.

To DISAU'THORISE. v. a. [dh and au.
Iconje ; To deprive of credit or autho-
rity. Wotton.

To DISBA'ND. v. a. [dis and band.]
1. To difmifs from military fervice.
Knolles.
2. To fpread abroad ; to fcatter.
Woodward.

To DISBA'ND. -j. n. To retire from military
iervice. Cl.arendon, Tdlomfon,

To DISBA'RK. v. a. [deharquer, Fr.] To
land from a fhip. Fairfax.

DISBELIt'F. ʃ. [from dnhflieve.] Refufal
of credir ; rieiiial of belief. Ti.'lo.'jon.

To DI>EEL1'£VE. v. a. [dis and believe.]
Not to credit ; not to hold due. hiawmond,

DISBELIEVER. ʃ. One whj refufes belief.
‘ J4''atts.

To DISBE'NCH. v. a. To drive from a
fcil. Si.^hfl'cart,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



To DISBRA'NCH. v. a. [dn and hanch.]
To iep^rate or break off. Evelyn.

To DISBUD, nj.a. [With gardeners.] T.> t^ke
awby the fprigb newly put forth. DiH.

To DISBU RDEN. ni. a. [dis and burden.]
1. Toeafe of a burden ; to unload. Milton.
2. To difencumber, difcharge, or clear.
Ha!e.
3. To throw off a burden. Addiſon.

To DISRURDEN. v. a. To eafe the mind.

To DI-iBU'RSE. v. a. [debour/er, Fr.] To
fpend or lay out money. Spenfer.

DISiSU'RSEMENT. ʃ. [debourfement , Fr.]
A f1:sbiir(ing or laying out. Spenſer.

DISBU'RSER. ʃ. [from disburf:.] One chac
di'burfes.

DISCA'LCEATED. a. [difcalceatus, Lat.]
Stripped of fhoes.

DISCALCEA' I ION. ſ. [from difcakeated ]
The act of pulling off the fhocs. Brown,

To DISCA'NDV. v. 71. [from dis and candy ]
To diffiilve ; to melt. Shakeſpeare.

To DISCARD, v. a. [dis and card.]
1. To throvif out of the liand futh cards
as are ufelefs.
2. To difcharge or ejeft from fervice or
employment. Swift.

DISCA'RNATE. a. [dis and caro, fle;'h ;
Jcarnate, Ita!.] Stripped of flefh.
GlanviUf.

To DISCA'SE. v. a. To ftrip ; to undrefs.Shakeſpeare.

To DISCE'RN. v. a. [difcerno, Lat.] 1. To defcry ; to fee. Proverbs.
2. To judge ; to have knowledge of.
Sidney.
3. To diftingnifh. Boyle.
4. To make the difference between.
Ben. Johnſon.

To DISCE'RN. -y. n. Tomakediftinftion.
Hayward.

DISCE'RNER. ʃ. [from di[cern.]
1. DlTcoverer ; he that defcries. Shakeſp.
2. Judge ; one that has the power of diftinguifh
np. Clarendont

DISCE'RNIBLE. a. [from dijcem.] Dacoverable
; perceptible ; diftinguifhable ; apparent.
y>o:uh.

DISCE'RNIBLENESS. ʃ. [from difce>wb/e.]
V.fibla.ef;.

DISCERNIRLY. ad. [from difcernible. 1
Pr-rceutihly ; apparently. Hamrr.ord.

DJSCE'RNING. fart. a. [from difcem.'.
fiidicio'is ; knriwing. Atltrbury.

DISCERNINGLY. ad. Judicioufly ; rationally
; arntely. Garth,

DISCERNMENT. ʃ. [from <//,rf.rM.] Judgment
; power of diitinguifhing. FreeHolder.

To DISCE RP. v. a. [difcerfo, Lat.] To
tear in pieces.

DISCE'Ri'TIBLE. a. [from dij}erp.] Frangible
; ffPJrabJe. Al'^f.
DISD
I S

mSCERPTIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from difarptible.]
Liablenefs to be deftroyed by difunioii of
pans.

DISCERPTION. ʃ. [from dijcerp.] The
act of pulling to pieces.

To DISCHA'RGE. v. a. [d [charger, Fr.]
1. To difburden ; to exonerate. Dryden.
2. To unload ; to difembark. Kings.
3. Ty give vent to any thing ; to let fly.
Dryden.
4. To let off a gun. Knolbs.
5. To clear a debt by payment. Locke.
6. To fet free from obligation. L'Eftronge,
7. To clear from an accufation or crime ; to abfolve. L^cke,
8. To perform ; to execute. Dryden.
9. To put away ; to obliterate; to de-
Itroy. Bacon.
jc. To divert of any office or employment.

II. To difmifs ; to releafe. Bacon.

To DISCHARGE. v. n. Todifmifs itfelf; to break up. Bacon.

DISCHA'RGE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Vint ; explofion ; emiffion. Woodward.
2. Muter vented. Sharp.
3. Difruption ; evanefcence. Bacon.
4. Difmiffion from an office.
5. Releafe from an obligation or penalty.
Milton.
6. A^folution from a crime, S-juth,
7. Ranfom ; price of ranfom. Milton.
S. Performance; execution. L'Eftrange.
9. An acquittance from a debt.
10. Exemption ; privilege. Eccius,

DISCHA'RGER. ʃ. [from difcharge.]
1. He that difchargcs in any manner.
2. He that fires a gun. Brown.

DISCINCT. a. [difci>:aus, Latin.] Ungirded
; loofely dreflect. DiSi.

To DISCl'ND. v. a. [difcindo, Lat.] To
divide; to cut in pieces. Boyle.

DISCI'PLE. ʃ. [difci(>ulus, Lat.] Afcholar.
Hammond.

To DTSCI'PLE. v. a. To punifh ; to difcipline.
Spenfer.

DISCI'PLESHIP. ʃ. [from difdple.] the
ftate or funftion of a difciple. Hammond.

DI'SCIPLINABLE. a. [dtjcipUnabilis, Lat.]
Capable of inlhuftion.

DI'SCIPLINABLENESS. ʃ. [from \difcifh--
nal>!e.] Capacity of inftrudion. Hal-.

PISCIPLINA'RIAN. a. [from difcipline.]
Prrtaining to difcipline. Granville.

PISCIPLINA RIAN. ʃ.
1. One who rules or teaches with great
ftridnefs.
2. A follower of the preftiyterian fectV, fo
called from their clamour about difcipline.
Sandirfon.

Dl'SCIPLINARY. a. [difdplina, Latin.]
Pertaining to difcipline. Milton.
prSCIPLINE. ſ. [d:/cicti»a, Lat.]

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



1. Education; inftrudion ; the act of cultivating
the mind. Bacon.
2. Rule of government ; order. Hooker.
3. Military regulation. Shakeſpeare.
4. A ftate of fubjeflion. Rogers.
5. Any thing taught; art; fcience.
miiins.
6. Punifhment ; chaftifement ; corredtion.
/^ddi/on.

To DI'SCIPLINE. 1;. a.
1. To educate; to inftruct ; to bring up.
Addiſon.
2. To regulate ; to keep in order.
Denham.
3. To punifh ; to correft ; to chaHife.
4. To reform ; to redrels. Milton.

To DISCLAIM, v. a. [dls snA claim.] Ta
difown ; to deny any knowledge of.
Shakeſpeare. Rogers.

DISCLATMER. ʃ. [from dijcUim.] One
that difclaim?, difowns, or renounces.

To DISCLO SE. v. a.
1. To uncover; to produce from a flate
of latitancy to open view, Wooiward,
2. To hatch ; to open. Bacon.
3. To reveal ; to tell. Addifon.

DISCLOSER. f. [from difcloje.] One that
reveals or difcovers.

DISCLO SURE. ʃ. [from difcfofc]
1. Dlcovery ; pr-duftion into view. Bjcaft.
2. Ad of revealing any fecret. Bacon.

DISCOLOR A'TION. ʃ. [from difcokur.]
1. The act of changing the colour; {he
act of fl:.lining,
2. Change of colour ; ilain ; die.
Arbuthnot.

To DISCO'LOUR. v. a. [dccoloro, Latin.]
To change from the natural hue ; to ftain.
Temple.

To DISCO'MFIT. v. a. [defconfre, Fr.]
To defeat ; to conquer; to vanquifh,
Philipr,

DISCO'MFIT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Defeat
; rout ; overthrow. Milton.

DISCOMFITURE. ʃ. [from di^mfit.]
Defeat; lofs of battle; rout; overthrow.
Atterbury.

DISCO'MFORT. ʃ. [dis and comfort.] Uueafinefs
; forrow ; melancholy ; gloom,Shakeſpeare.

To DISCOMFOR.T. v. a. To grieve ; to
fadiltn ; to dejeft. Sidney.

DISCOMFOilfABLE.<z. [from iifcomfort.]
1. One that is melancholy and refufes
comfort. Shakeſpeare.
2. That caufes fadnefs. Sidney.

To DISCOMME'ND. v. a. To blame; to
ce ifure. Denham.

DISCOMME'NDABLE,. a. BIameable ;
ccnfnrable. Ayliffe.

DISCOMME'NDABLENESS. ʃ. BIameabknefs
; liablenefs to cenfure,
DISCOWD

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com
I S D I S

DISCOMMENDATION. ʃ. BIame; re- DISCON\^ENIENCE./, Incongruity; difproach
; cenfure. ylyhffc, agfemern. B>amhall.

DISCOMME'NDER. ʃ. One that diicom- DISCORD. ſ. [difco,dia, h-M.]
Dilagreement ; oppofitun ; mutual an-

To DISCOMMO'DE. v. a. To put to inconvenience
; to moleft.

DISCOMMO'DIOUS. a. Inconvenient ; trouhl'iime. iSpenſer.

DISCOMMO'DITY. ʃ. [nconvenience ; di!advintage ; hurt. Bacon.

To DISCOMPOSE. v. a. [decompofer, Fr.]
1. To dif rder ; to unfettlc. Clarenden.
2. To ruffle ; to difurder. Swift.
3. To diiiurb th;' temper. Dryden.
4. To iiftend ; to fret ; to vex. Swift.
5. To difplici ; to difcard. Bacon.

DISCOMPO'SURE. ʃ. [from difioitipofi.]
Diforder ; pcrtvtfbation, Cljrerd'jn.

To DISCONCE'RT. v. a. [dis and concert.]
To unfettle the mind ; to d:fcompofe.
Collier.

DISCONFO'RMITY. ʃ. Want of agreement.
H.kewill.

DISCONGRU'ITY. ʃ. Difagreement ; inconfiftency.
Hale.

PISCO'NSOLATE. a. Without comfort; hopei fs ; forrowful. Milton.
DI

Si O'NSOLATELY. ad. In a dilconfolate
manner ; c ^mfo-tlefly.

DISCO'NSOLATENESS. ʃ. The ftate of
b? g dilconfolate.

DISCONTE'NT. ʃ. Want of content ; uneafinefs
: t'le prefent ftate. Pope.

DISCONTE N r. a. Uneafy at the prefent DISCO VERER. ſ. [from dijco'Oer.]
ger. Shakeſpeare.
2. Difference, or contrariety of qualities.
DrydiM.
3. [In mufif!:.] Sounds not of themfelves
pleafing, but neceddry to be mixed
with others. Peacham.

To DISCORD. v. ». [di'cordo, Lat.] To
difagree ; not to fuit with. Bacon.

DISCO'RDANCE. ʃ /. [from difcord.] Dif-

DISCO'RDANCy. % agreement ; oppoiition ; inconfiflency.

DISCO'RDANT. a. [dfordjfii, Lat.]
1. Inconfiftent ; at variance with itfelf.
Dryden.
2. Oppofite ; contrarious. Ckeynt.
3. Incongruous ; not conformable. Hale.

DISCORDANTLY. ad. [flom difcordant.]
1. I/iconfifteatiy ; m difagreement with
itfelf.
2. In difagreement with another. Boyle.
3. Peevifhly ; in a contradictious manner.

To DISCO'VER. v. a. [defcouvrir, Fr.]
1. To fhow ; to difclofe ; to bring to
light. Shakefpeare.
2. To make known. Ifgiub.
3. To iind out ; to efoy. Pope. .

DlSCO'VERABI.E. a. [from difcwer.]
1. That which may be found out. Watts.
2. Apparent ; expofed to view. Berkley.
ftate ; diffarisfied. Hay-ward.

To DISCONTE'NT. v. a. [from the noun.]
To diffatisfy ; to make uneafy. Dryden.

DISCONTE'N 1 ED. faruclp. a. Un=afy ; chearlefs ; malevolent. Tillotlon.
DISCON 1 E'NTEDNESS. ſ. Unsafmefs ; want of eafe. Addison.

DISCONTE'NTMENT. ʃ. [from dijcontent.]
The ftate of being difcontenied.
Bacon.

PISCONTI'NUANCE. /. [from difcontinue.]
1. Want of cohefion of parts ; difruption.
Bacon.
2. Ceflation ; intermiffion. Atterbury.

DISCONTINUA'TION. ʃ. [from dijcmlinue.]
Difruption of continuity ; difruption
; feparation, ]SleiL-ton.
To DISCONTI NUE. v. ti. Idifcominuer,
French.]
1. To lofe the cohefion of parts. Bacon.
One that finds any thing not known
before. Arbuthnot.
2. A fcout ; one who is put to defcry the
enemy. Shakeſpeare.
DISCO VERY. ſ. [from difcover.]
1. The act of linding any thing hidden.
Dryden.
2. The act of reveifting or difdofing any
fecret. ISouth.

To DISCOU'N.:EL. 1: a. [dis and counfei]
To diffuadc ; to give contrary advice.
Spenser.

DISCOU'NT. ʃ. The fum refunded in a
bargain. Swift.

To DISCOU'NT. v. a. To count back ; to pav bick again. Swift.

To DISCOU'NTENANCE. v. a.
1. To difcourage by cold treatment.
Cljrendon.
2. To abaft) ; to put to ftjame. Milton.
2. To lofe an eftablifhed or prefcnptive DISCOU'NTENANCE. ſ.Cold treatment ;
cuftom

To DISCONTINUE, v
1. To leave off ; to ceafe any practice or
habit. Bacon.
2. To break off; to interrupt. IJold,r,

DISCONTINUITY. ʃ. Difunity of parts; want of cohefion. Ncwinn,
Jeremiab. unfriendly regard. Clarenden.

DISCOU'NTENANCER. ʃ. One that difcourages
by cold treatment. Bacon.

To DISCOU'RAGE. v. a. [decourager, Fr.]
1. To deprels ; to deprive of confidence.
King Charles.
2. To

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



2. To deter ; to fright from any attempt.
Number:.

DISCOU'RAGER. ʃ. [from difcourag:.]
One that imprelfes diffidence and terror.
Pope. .

DISCOU'RAGEMENT. ʃ. [from diJcoMrage.]
1. The act of deterring, or depreffing hope.
2. Determent ; that which deters. IVilktm.
3. The caufeot depreftion, or fear. Locke.

DISCOURSE. ʃ. yifcours, Fr.]
1. The act of the underftanding, by which
it pades from premifes to confequences.
Hooker.
2. Converfation ; mutual rntercouife of
language ; talk. Herbert.
3. Effjfion of language ; fpeech, Locke.
4. Atreaiife ; a diffcrcatian either written
or uttered. Pe^e.

To DISCOURSE. v. n.
1. To converfe ; co talk ; to relate.Shakeſpeare.
2. To treat upon in a folemn or fet manner.
Locke.'.
3. To reafon ; to pafs from premifes to
confequences. Djvies.

To DISCOURSE, v. a. [from the noun.]
To treat of. Shakeſpeare.

DISCOURSER. ʃ. [from difcourfe.]
1. Afpeaker ; an haranguer. Shakeſpeare.
2. A writer on any fubj d. Brown.

DISCOU'RSIVE. a. [from difcourfe.]
1. P.uTing by intermediate ftops from premifes
to conlequrnces, Milian.
1. Containing dialogue ; interlocutory,
Dryden.

DISCOU'RTEOUS. a. Uncivil ; nncomplaifjnt.
Mottiux.

DISCOURTESY. ʃ. [ncivility ; rudenefs.
Sidney. lle'bert.

DISCOU'RTEOUSLY. ad. [from dfcourteous.]
Uncivily ; rudely.

DI'SCOUS. [from dijcus, L:itin.] Broad ; flat; wide. Quincy.

DISCREDIT. ʃ. [decrediter, Fr.] Igriominv
; reproach; difgrjce. Rogers.

To DISCRE'DIT. v. a. [decrediter, Fr.]
1. To deprive of credibility ; to make
not trufted. Shakeſpeare.
2. To difgrace; to bring reproach upon ; to /Iisme. Donne.

DISCREET,. a. [dUcret, Fr.]
1. Piudent; circumfpedl ; cautious; (ober.
H^hitgifte.
2. Modeft; net forward. Thomi'o.n.
blSCREc'TLY. a</. [from decreet.] Hiudently
; cautioufly. pyiillif.

DISCREETNESS.'/, [from difcreet.] The
quality of beine difcreet.
discrepance. ſ. [d,fcrepantia, Latin.]
Difterence ; contrariety.

DISCREPANT,. a. [dr.refans, Latin.]
Dificient ; eiifagf;:eing.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



DISCRETE,. a. [difcretus, Lat.]
1. Diftinil ; disjoined ; not continuous.
PIj'et
2. Disjunftive.
3. Dijcrete proportion is when the ratio
between two pairs of numbers or quantities
is the fame ; but there is not the fame
proportion betwee.a all the four ; thus,
6 : 8 t : 3 : 4. Harrit.

DISCRETION. ʃ. [from difcretio, Lat.]
1. Prudence ; knowledge to govern or direct
one's felf ; wife management. Tiltomfon,-
2. Liberty of afting at pieafure ; uncontrolled,
and unconditional power.

DISCRETIONARY,. a. [from difcrefion.]
Left at large; unlimited; unreftrained.

DISCRE'TIVE. a. [difcretus, Lat.]
1. [In logick.] Difcretii-e propofitions
are (uch wherein various, and feemingly
oppcifite judgments are made ; as, tra-
‘velUrs rhas changa their climate, but not
their temper. Watts.
2. [It grammar.] D/crf^/wconjunftions
are fuch as imply uppcfition ; as, not a
man bur d heaf.

DIS.RIMINABoE a. [from difcTiminate.]
Diftinjuifhableby outward marks or tokens.

To DISCRI'MINAtE. v. a. [difcrwnno.
Latin.]
1. To mark with nnteS of difference. Boyle.
2. To feie'l: or feparatefrom others. lioyUt

DISCRI'MINATENESS. ʃ. [it. mdijc, imitate.]
DiftinCtnefs.

DISCRIMINA'TION. ʃ. [from difcrimi.
ratio. Lat.]
1. The ftate of bsing diftingiiif>ied from
other perfons or things. 8lil!ingfleet.
2. The act of distinguifhing one from another
; difhnftion. ./Iddifon.
3. The marks of diftinftion. Holden

DISCRIMINATIVE,. a. [from difonmf.
t7ate.]
1. That which makes the mirk of dfftinftion
; characteri(iical. I'f'oodward.
2. That which obferves difhnftion. More,

DISCRI'MINOUS. c. [dom difcrimen, Latin.]
Dangerous ; hazardous. Harvey.

DISCU'BITORY. a. [difcubitorius, Latin.]
Fitted to the pofture of leaning. Brown.

DISCU'MBENCY. ʃ. [difcumkns, Latin.]
The a^t of leaning at meat. Brows.

To DISCU'AIBER. v. a. [dis and cumber.]
To diieng-ige from any troubleibme weight
or bulk. Pope. .

To DISCU'RE. v. a. Todifcover, Spenser.

DISCURSIVE,. a. [dijcurjif, Fr.]
1. Moving here and there ; roving, ^iictfff.
2. Proceeding by tegular gradation from
premifes to conlequsnces. Mare,

DISCU'RSIVELY. ad. By due gradation
of argument. Hale.
M m iJSD
I S

DISCU'RSO'RY. a. [«V;w'/.r, Lat.] Argumf
ntal ; rational.

DI'SCUS. ʃ. [Latin.] A quoit. Pep!.

To DISCU'SS. v. a. [dijcujfum, Utin.]
1. To exsm rtc ; to vintilato
2. To difpeffe any humour or fwelling.

DISCU'SjER. ʃ. [ttam djci.[s.] He that
diicuirss.

DISCU' SION. ʃ. [from cVr.ari]
1. Dirquilit;oij ; examination ; vent''aion
of a qutflion. Prior.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



To DISENA'BLE. v. a. To deprive of
pow.'r. D'-yder.

To DISENCHA'NT. v. a. Tof.ec Iroru
the fores of an enchantment.
!Siilnev. Der.hant.

To DlSENCU'iMBER. v. a. [dU and en-
CWr.h ; I To difcharge from incumbrances ; to
diftuithen; to exonerate. SfrJir.
2. To free from obfiru£\ion of any kind.
Addison.
2. fin forgery.] D^f-'.ffion is brealiing <.ut DISENCU'MBRANCE.X [from the verb.]
the huniOurs by ii;f=nlible tranfpirati n. FeeHorr. h-.>0i iocumbranre. Spt'f?alor.

IVHeinnn.

To D.SENGA'GE. v. a. [^dii and engage.]

DISCU SSIVE. a. [from difcufs.] Hiving
the i>cvwer to difcufs.

DISCU' rIENT. ſ. [difcutienr, Latin.] A
medicine that has power to repel. Sltiincy,

To DISDA'SM. J', a. [dU'igt'cr, Fr.] to
fcorn ; to cor.fider as unwdthy (t one's'
character. J^idifon.

DISDA'IN. ʃ. [jJfg>-o, I:al.] C->ntenipt ; fci-.rn ; tniitemptuoiis nnger. EcC:US.

DISDA'INFUL. a. [d:fdji'> and/,//.] Contemptuous
; haughtily fcornful ; infiignant.
Mooher.
To feparate from any thing with which
it is in union. - Burnet.
2. To withdraw the affeflion ; to wean ; to abihact the mind. Aufbury,
3. To difentangle ; to clear from itnpdinripts
or d.fiicukies. IV^ller.
4. To free from any thing that pawerfully
ftizrs the attention,

To DISENGA'GE. v. n.
frte ficiii.

DISENGA'GED fart. a.
fore.
Denham.
To fet one's fcif
CoU.er.
Vacant ; at leidifen
g^ge acuity of attention.

DISDA'INFULLY. ad. [horr\ difdu'nful]

DISENGA'GEDNESS. ʃ. The quality
Contemptuotjl]y : with haughty I'corn.

DISDA'INFULNESS. ʃ. [from diJdainful]
Contempt ; haughty fcorn. JJchstn.

DISEA'SE. ʃ. [J:i and m/t] Diftemper ;
malady ; ficknefs. Swift.

To DISEA'SE. I'.a, [from the noun.]
1. To afHia with difeafe ; to torment with
ficknefs. - Shakeſpeare.
2. To put to pain; to pain ; to make uneafv.
Locke.

DISE'A'SEDNESS. ʃ. [from d;;,^«j/e<i.lSicknefs
; morbidnefs. Burnet.

DISE'DGED. a. [dis and edge.] BIunfed ; obtunded ; dulled. Shakeſpeare.

To DISEMBA'RK. -y. a. To carry to land.
Sh,^k:ffearc.

To DISEMBARK. v. a. To land ; to go
on land. Pra>e.

To DISEMBI'TTER. n. a. [d!i and ,n-
Li:ttr.] To fweccen ; to free from b'tternefr.
Addison.

DISEMBO'DIED. a. D.vefled of their
bodicJ'

DlSE.MCA'GEMEISTT. /'. [from dijengage.]
1. Releafe fri-m any engagement, or obligation.
2. Freedom of attention ; vacancy.

To DISENTANGLE. v. a.
1. To fet flee from impediments ; to difembroil
; to clear from perplexity or difficulty.
Clarendon.
2. To unfold the parts of any thing interwoven.
Boyir.
3. Todifengage ; tofeparate. Si:'}ir'7fleet.

To DISENTE'RRE. v. a. 1 unbiiry.
Brozvtt.
2. To fet free; to refcue from (la-
^ ai:dy<:.
‘V. a. To depofe
Mu'ton.
To awaken fr-.ni a
L'udUr.v.

To DISEMBO'GUE. '. . [diftnioudir,
old Fr.] To pour out at the mouth <>f a
river. Addtjnx.

To DISEMBO'GUE. v.n. To gain a vent; to flov.'. Cheyie.

DI5EM BO'WELLED. pcirt. a. [i/sand evi-
‘ bowd.] Taken from out the bowels.
Philifi.

to DISEMBROIL. v. a. [dehrouriler, Fi.]
To difentangle ; to free from perplexity.
Dryden.

To DISENTHR.A'L. v.
to remove to liberty ;
very.

To DISENTxHRO'NE.
from fovereignty.

To DlSEN'TRA'NCE.
trance, or deep fleep.

To DISESrO'USE. V a. To feparate after
faith piigfited, Mikor.

DISESTtiEM. jr. [J.'s and eflecm.] .Slight
rei'trd. Locke.

To DISESTEri\/I. v. a. [from the noun.]
To regard lligndy. Clabmar.

DISE.SriiMA'nON. ʃ. fi/;i and ajiimjttio.
Lat.] D f .-fp.ct ; difelteem.

DISFA'VOUR. ʃ. SJii an(i/!W«r.]
1. D fc tjntenance junprbpuiout regird,
Bacon.
2. A ftate of ungracioufnefs or unaccept- ;
ablenefs. S^tlman.
3. Want of beautv.
D 1 S

To DISFA'VOUR. V a. [firm the noun.]
To diicuun'.enance ; to w.theJd or withdrnw
kiadncl'. t.vift,

DI FIGURA'TIONT. ʃ. [from dhfigurt..
1. The act of disfiguring.
2. The ftate of being disfigured.
3. D.f.r-, tv.

To DISFI'GURE. v. a. [dli and fizure.]
To change any thing to a woifp form ; to
defcrm ; to mangle. Locke.

DI'SFl'GUR.EMENT. ʃ. [from dijigw,-.]
Defacement of beauty ; change of a better
form to a worf?, ; Suckiu-.g.

To DISFO'RES T. v. a. To reduce land
from the p-i\ileges of a foreft to the ftate
c\ common land.

To DISFRA'NCHISE. o. a. To deprive
of p-ivileges or immunities.

DISFR.ANCHi'SEMENT. ʃ. The act of
depriving of privileges.

To DISFU'RNISH. v. a. To deprive; to
url^Ufni{Il ; to fhip. Knollf

To DISGA'RNISH. v. a. [i/'jand^ar/?//o. ;
1. To ftrip of <rnaments.
2. To take giios from a fcrtrefs.

To DISGLO'RIFY. v. a. To deprive of
gi'-ry ; t 1 treat with indignity. Milton.

To DISGORGE. v. a.
1. To difcharge by the mo'a'h. Dryden.
2. To pour out with violence. D.-rbain.

DISGRACE. ʃ. [dij-^race, F-.]
1. Shame ; ignominy ; d fhcnour.Shakeſpeare.
2. State of difhonour. S dr.cy.
3. Srate of being out of favour.

To DSGRA'-JE. v. a. [from the n uin.]
1. To bring a reproach upon ; to difhonour.
Hooker.
1. To put out of favour.

DISGRA'-JEFUL. a. [dif^race and /«7 ]
Shamefiil ;. ij;nominious. laybr.

DISGRA'CEFULLY. ad. In disrate ; with
indignity ; ign.>min:oufly, Ben. Johnʃon.

DI-^GRA'CEFULNESS. ſ. [from dijgraccfii'.
I Ignomanv.

DISGRA'CER. ʃ. [from difgrace.] .One
th:;t expofes to fhame, S':v!fi.

DISGRA'CIOUS. a. [dis and gracious.]
Unkind ; unfavourable, Stjksffearg.

To DISGUISE. ij.a. [deguif.r, Fr.]
1. To cunceal by an unufu.»l drefs.Shakeſpeare.
2. To hide by s counterfeit appearance.
3. To disfigure ; to change the form.
Dryden.
4. To deform by liquor. Specijtor.

DISGUrSE. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. A' drefs contrived to conceal the perfon
that wears it, jiddifon.
3. A counterfeit fhow. Dryden.

DISGUISEMENT. ʃ. [from difguife.] Drefs
of concealment. iHdney,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



DISGUrSER. ſ. [from difgulje-'.
1. Oi\c iliit puts on a dilguile. Swift.
2. One that conceals another by a ilifgjifi;; oie ihat disfigures. SLakefpe.jii,

DI-GUST. ʃ. [dugout, Fr.]
1. Aveifion of tfle palate from any thiig.
2. Ill-humour ; malevolence ; oftence c^acc'v.
d. Loik^,

To DIGU'ST. v. a. [d-gouter, Fr.] .
I. To riife ave fion in the ilomach ; to
diftjfte.
2. To ftrike with d.llike ; to offend.
3. To produce averfion. Swift.

DISGU'STFUL. a. Naufeous. Swift.

DISK.. [oipc, Saxon; ^;/fi:j, Lat.]
1. A broad wide veflel, in which folid
food is fe.'ved up at the talile. Dryden.
2. A de.'p hollow vslTel tor liquid food.

MHion.
3. The meat ferved in a didi ; any particui-
ir kind of food. Shakeſpeare.

To DISH. --J. a. To ferve in a difh,Shakeſpeare.

DISH CLOUT. ʃ. [difh and chut.] The
cloth with which the ‘ maids rub their
difhe-. Swift.

DISH-WAf.KER. ʃ. The name of a bir^.

DISHABi'LLE. a', [depabule, Fr.] Undrefl-
td ; l-joieiy or negligently diefied.
Dry.der:,

DISHABILLE. ʃ. Undrefs ; loofe drefs.
dariffq.

To DISH.4.'BIT. v. a. To throw out of
place. Shakeſpeare.

DISHA'RMONY.f.Contrariety to harmony.

DISHEARTEN. v. a. [dhzhA hsarten..
To diftousage ; to dejeft ; to terrify.
Milton. Stillingfl^::l. Thlujon.

DISHE'RISON. ʃ. The act of debarring
from inheritance.

To DISHE'RI r. v. a. [d'n and inherit.]
To cut off from hereditary fucceffion.
Spenſer.

To DISHE'VEL. i>. a. [dechevtkr, Fr.]'To
(prcad the liair diforderly, Ktiolles. Smith.

DI'SHING. a. Concave. Moi timer.

DISHO'NEST. a. [dis and honfj}.]
1. Void of probity ; void of faith ; faithlefs.
South.
2. Diferaced ; difhonoured, Dryden.
3. D! graceful ; igni,minir«us. Pr.ps.

DISHONESTLY. ad. [ficm difnonrfl.] \
1. Without faith ; without prc-bity ; faith-
Jelly. Shakeſpeare.
2. Lewdiv ; wantonly ; unchaflely. Ecc.u:.

DISHONE.STY. ʃ. [from difh.neji.]
1. Want of probity ; fiithiefsne^'s. ^wvyV.
2. Unchaftity ; incontinence. Shakeſpeare.

DISHO'NOUR. ʃ. [dis and lor.our.]
1. Reproach ; disgrace ; ignominy. Boyle.
2. Reproach uttered ; cenfuie. Shakcjye.^re,
M m i Td

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



To DTSHO'NOUR. v. a. [J/s and i««o«r.]
1. To dif.]r ace ; to bring ihame upon ; to
blaft with infamy. Ecclui.
1. To violate chaftity.
3. To treat with indignity, Dryden.

DISHO'NOURABLE. a. [from difhcour.]
1. Shamerul, reproaciitul ; ignominious.
Daniel.
2. In a flateof neple<n or difefteem. Ecdus.

DISHO'NOURER. ʃ. [from difhonour.]
1. One that treats another with indignity.
Milton.
2. A vii^lstor of chartity.

To DISKORN. 1: a. [dU and horn.] To
ftrip of horns. Shakeſpeare.

DISHU'MOUR. ʃ. Pecvifhnefa ; ill hutnour.
Specjtor.

DISIMPRO'VEMENT. ʃ. [dis and improvement.]
Redudlion from a better to a
worle ftate. Norris.

To DISINCARCERATE. v. a. To fet at
liberty. llar-ucy.

DISINCLINATION. ʃ. Want of aftection
; night diflike. A'l'uthnot.

To DISINCLI'NE. v. a. [dh and iy.c'dnc]
To produce diflike to ; to make dif^ffefled ;
to alienate aflection from. Clarenden.

DISINGENU'ITY. ʃ. [from difit,g,nuous.]
Meannefs of artifice ; unfairnefs. Clarenden.

DlSINGE'NUOUS. a. [dis wA inger.uous.]
Unfair ; meaniy artful ; vicioiifly Inbtle ; iliiber?!. titilliv^Jlect.

DISINGE'NUOUSLY. ad. In a difingerous
manner.

DISINGE'NUOUSNESS. ʃ. Mean fubtilty
; low cratr. Government of the Tongue,

DISINHERISON. ʃ.
1. The act of cutting oft from any hereditary
fucceffion. Clarenden.
2. The Hate of being cut oft' from an
hereditary right. Taylor.

To DISINHE'RIT. v. a. To cut oft from
an hereditary right. D-i'via.

To DISINTE'R. v. a. To unbury ; to
take out of the grave. Addison.

DISINTERE SSED. ʃ. [dli and intereffe, Fr.]
Without regard to private advantagi^ ; impartiai.
Dryden.

DISINTERE'.SSMENT. ſ. [dis and interejl'tfyunt,
Fr.] DilVegird to private advantage
; difinterell: ; difintereftednefs.
Vr'nr.

DISI'NTEREST. ʃ. [r//j and interejl.]
1. What is contrary to ons's wiffi or
profperity. ClanniUk.
2. IndifTerenre to profit.

DISI'NTERESTED. a. [from difiiterejl,']
1. Superior to legard of priv.'te advantage ; not influenced by private piotic. Swift.
2. Without any concern in an atTair.

DISINTERE'STEDLY.^id. In a dilinterefted
manner.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



DISINTERE'STEDNESS. ʃ. [from difinttrefted.'
; Contempt of private intereft.

To DISI'NTRICATE. ʃ. a, [dii and ;«-
triraie.~\ To difintangle.

To DISINVI'TE. t>. a. [dis and invite.]
Toretr^dtsn invitation.

To DISJO'IN. t'. a. [d.joindre, Fr.] To
ieptirate ; to part from each other ; to
funder. Mdlon.

To DISJOINT. I'.a [///jand;o;n;.]
1. To put out of joint. Sandys.
2. To break at junfluies ; to fepar.ue at
the part where these is a cement. Irene,
3. To break in pieces, BI.Tckmore,
4. To carve a fowl.
5 To make incoherent, Sidney.

To DISJOINT. v. n. To fall in pieces.Shakeſpeare.

DISJOI'NT. fartk'p, [from thr verb
; Separated
; divided. Shakeſpeare.

DISJUNCT. a. [diyurSlus, Latin.] Disjointed
; fepnrate.

DISJU'NCTION. ʃ. [from disjur.Bio, Lat.]
Difunion ; feparation ; parting. South.

DISJU'NCTIVE. a. [dnjuraiivus, Lat.]
1. Incapable of union, Gre'zv,
2. That which marks feparation or oppofition
; as, I love him, or fear him. Watts.
3. [In logick.] A di^iunclive propofition
is when the parts aie oppofed ; ar. It it
either day or nirrbr. IP'atts.

DISJUNCTIVELY. cd. Difhnaiy ; feparately.
Decay of Fietj.

DISK. ʃ. [difcui, Latin.]
1. The face of the fun or planet, as it
appears to the eye. Newton.
2. A broad piece of iron thrown in the
antient fports ; a quoit, Gretv,

DISKINDNESS. ʃ. [dmnikindnefs.]
1. Want of kindnefs ; want of afledlinn.
2. Ill turn 5 injury ; detriment. Woodward.

DISLIKE. ʃ.
1. Difinclination ; ab.''ence of afltilion,
Spenfer. Hammond.
2. Difcord ; dinentionj diiagreement.
Fairjax.

To DISLI'KE. v. a. [dis and lib.] To oifapprove
; to regard without atfedtion.
Temple.

DISLI'KEFUL. a. [dij] ke ^^nifull.] Difaftefted
; malign. Spenfer.

To DISLIKEN. v. a. [</a and Uhc.] To
make iinlike. Shakeſpeare.

DISLIKENESS. ʃ. [disin^Ukeni\.] Diffimilitude
; unlikenefs. Locke.

DISLI'KER. ʃ. A difapprover ; one that
is not pleafed. Swift.

To DISLI'MB. 1'. n. [dii and lin.k.] To
dilaniate ; to tear lilifh fii-r,i limb.

To DISLI'MN. v a. [dn isA Hmtt.] To
unpaint ; to ftrike cut of a picture.Shakeſpeare.
To

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



To DI'SLOCATE. v. a. [dis and kcus, Lat.]
1. To put out of the proper place.

Woodward.
7. To put out of ioint. Shakeſpeare.

DISLOCATION. ʃ. [from dljlocate.]
1. The act of diifting the places of things.
2. The ftate of being difplaced. Bumtt.
3. A luvation ; a joint put out. Crtzv,

To DISLO'DGE. v'.a. [da s.r.d l^dge.]
~
1. To remove from a place, f/Woodward.
2. To remove from an habitation Dryden.
3. To drive an enemy from a ftation.
Dryden.
4. To remove an army to other quarters,Shakeſpeare.

To DISLO'DGE. v. a. To go away'to another
place. Alii'lon.

DISLOYAL. a. [dejloyal, Fr.]
1. Not true to allegiance ; fauhiefs ; falfe
to a fovereign. Milton,
1. Difhonert ;
perfidious. Shakeſpeare.
3. Not true to the marriage-bed.Shakeſpeare.
4. Falfe in love ; not conftant.

DISLO'VALLY. ad. [from difoyaL] Not
faithfully ; difobediently.

DISLO'YALTY. ʃ. [from dyJoya!.]
1. Want of fidelity to the Tovereign,
King Charles.
2. Want of fidelity in love. Shakeſpeare.

DISMAL. <J. [dies ma/us, Lat. aneviid^y.]
Sorrowful ; dire ; horrid ; uncomfortable ; unhappy. Decay of Piety.

DISMALLY. ad. Horribly; forrowfully.

DI'SMALNESS. ʃ. [tiomdij'wal.] Hooker.
forrow.

To DISMANTLE. v. a. [dis and mantle.]
1. To throw off a drefs ; to ftrip. South.
%, To loofe ; to unfold ; to throw open.Shakeſpeare.
3. To firip a town of its outworks.
Haheiuill.
4. To break down any thing external.
Dryden.

To DISMA'SK. v. a. [dis and majk ] To
divert of a mafk, H'otton.

To DISMAY. v. a. [defmayar, Spanifh.]
To terrify ; to difcourage ; to affright,
Raleigh. Deuteroromy.

DISMA'Y. ʃ. [d:[wayo, Spanifii.] Fall of
courage ; terrour felt ; defertion of mind.
Milton.

DISMA'YEDNESS. ʃ. [from difmay.] D---
jettion of courage ; difpiritednefs. Sidney.

DI'SME. ʃ. [French.] A tenth ; the tenth
part ; tMhe. Shakeſpeare.

To DISME'MBER. v. a. [dis and member.]
To divide member from member ; to cut
in pieces. Swift.

To DISMI'SS. -:;. a. [dimijfus, Latin.]
1. To fend away, j^lis,
2. To give leave of departure. Dryden.
3. To difcard.

DIS

DISMI'SSION. ʃ. [from demijfi,, L^'t.]
1. Difpatch ; act of fending away. Dyder.
2. An honourable difLharge from any itHce.
Milton.
3. Deprivation ; obligation to leave any
pafl or place. Shakeſpeare.

To DISMO'RTGAGE. v a. [d,s an<imort.
gage.] To redrem from mortgage, llowel.

To DISMO'UNT. v. a. [demonler, Fr.]
1. To throw oIT an horie. Shakeſpeare.
2. To throw from any elevation,
3. To throw cannon from its carriage.
KnoUiS,

To DISMO'UNT. v. n.
1. To alight from an horfe. Addifon.
2. To defcend from any elevation.

To DISNA'TURALISE. v. a. [dis and na~
turalije.] To alienate ; to make alien.

DISNATURED. a. [</;'i and nature.] Unnatural
; wanting natural tendernefs,Shakeſpeare.

DISOBE'DIENCE. ʃ. [dis and chedu'nce.]
\. Violation of lawful commands or prohibition
; breach of duty due to fuperiours.
Stillingfleet.
1. Incomplinnce. BIa^kmore,

DISOBEDIENT. a. [dis and obedient.]
Not obfervant of lawful authority. Kings.

To DISOBEY. v. a. [dis and obey.] To
break commands or tranfgrefs prohibitions.
Denham.

DISOBLIGATION. ʃ. [dis anA obligation.
Offence ; caufe of difguft. Clarenden.

To DISOBLI'GE. v. a. [dis and oblige.]
To offend ; to difguft ; to give offence to.
Clarendon. Clariffa,

DISOBLI'GING. participial a. [from dif~
chhge.] Difgufline ; unpleafing; offenfive,
Governmevt of the Tongue,

DISOBLI'GINGLY. ad. [hem dij'obiiging.]
In a difgufting or offenfive manner ; without
attention to pleafe.

DISOBLI GINGNESS. ʃ. [from diJobUging.]
Oft'enfivenefs ; readinefs to difguff.

DISO'RBED. a. [dis and orb.] Thrown
out of the proper orbit. Shakeſpeare.

DISO'RDER. ʃ. [d.f.rdre, Fr.]
1. Want of regular difpofition ; irregularity
; confufion. Spectator.
2. Tumult ; difturbance ; buftle. Waller.
3. Negleft of rule; irregularity. Pope. .
4. Breach of laws ; violation of (landing
inftitution. TJ-'ifdom,
5. Breach of that regularity in the animal
ceconomy which caufes health, Cckn^fs ;
diflemper, Locke.
6. Difcompofure of mind.

To DISORDER. v. a. [dis and order.l
1. To throw into confufjon ; toconfound; todisturb; to ruffle. Milton.
2. To make fick,
3. To difcompofe ; to diflurb the mind,

DISP
I s

DISO'RDERED. a. [from diforder.] Diforderly
; irregular ; vicious ; loofe ; debauched.Shakeſpeare.

DISORDEREDNESS. ʃ. [rregufarity ;
want i^ii order ; confufion. Kno/Ls,

DISO'RDERLY. a. [from diforder.]
1. Confufed ; immethodical. Hale.
2. Irregular ; tumultuous. Addisʃon.
3. Lawlefs ; contrary to law ; inordinate; vicious. Bacon.

DISO'RDERLY. ad. [from diforder.
-]
1. Without rule ; without method ; irregularly ; ronfuledly. Rulsigh,
2. Without law ; inordinately.
Theffalonlani.

DISO'RDINATE. a. [di% and ord:nato]
Not living by the rules of virtue. Mil'on.

DISO'RDINAIELY. ad. Inordinately ; vicioufly.

DISORIENTATED.^, [^/s and crient..
Turned from the ealT: ; turned from the
right dircifhon. Hairis.

To DISO'WN. v. a. [dis and otvii.]
1. To deny ; not to allow. Dryden.
2. To abrogate ; to renounce. Swift.

To DISPA'ND. v. a. ydifpando, Lat.] To
difplay ; to fpread abroad.

DISI'A'NSION. ʃ. [from difpanfus, Lat.]
The act of dilplaying ; difiufion ; dilatation.

To DIiPA'RAGE. v. a. [from diffar, Lat.]
1. To match -unequally ; to injure by
union with fomething inferiour in excellence.
2. To injure by a comparifon with fomething
of lefs value.
3. To treat with contempt \ to mock ; to flout. Mihcn,
4. To bring reproach upon; to be the
caufe of diCgrace.
c. To marry any one to another of inferiour
condition.

DISPARAGEMENT. ʃ. [from dif/>j>-age.]
1. Injuricus union or comparilun uith
fomething of infcriour excellence.
L'Eftrange.
2. [In law.] Matching an h( u in marriage
ur.der his or her degree, or againit
decency.
Sidney.
3. Reproach ; difgracc ; indignity. J'Wotton.

DISPA'RAGER. ʃ. Of.e that difgraces.

DISPARATES. ʃ. [dijparat.j.h^t.] Things
fo unlike that they cannot be compared
with each other.

DISPARITY. ʃ. [from ^;>jr, Lat.]
1. Inequality; dififcrence in degree either
cf rank or excellence. -Rogns.
2. Difiimilitudc ; unlikeneff.
To^DISPA'RK. v. a. [dh and pr.rl.]
1. To throw open a paik. !si:'jhfpeare,
1. To fet at kige without enclofure.
mailer.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



To DISPA'RT. v. a.: [dis and pa,t ; difi.
pertior, Lat.] To divide in two ; to Separate
; to break. Dier.

DISPA'SSI0N. ʃ. [dis i^ryi pajfwn.] Freedom
from mental pertuibatKin. Timp'e.

DISPASSIONATE. a. [from dis and paj-
fionaie.] Cool; calm; m jderate ; temperate.
Clarendon.

To DISPE'L. rv. a. [difpello, Latin.] To
drive by frattering ; to dilTipate. Locke.

DISPE'NCE. ʃ. [defpence, Fc] Expence ;
coft ; charge. Spenſer.

To DISPEND. v. a. [difpendo, Lu.] To
fp.-nd ; to confume. Spenser.

DISPE'NSARY. ʃ. [from difpevfe.] the
chce where medicines aredilpenled. Garth,

DISPENSATION. ʃ. [from dilpenfatio,
Latin.]
1. Diltribntion ; the act of dealing out
any thing. Woodwai;d,
2. The dealing of God with his creatures ; method of providence. Ti;y.'tr,
3. An exemption from fome law. Ward.

DJSPENSATOR. ʃ. [Lain.] One employed
in dealing out any thing ; a diftributer.
Bacon.

DISPE'NSATORY. ʃ. [fioni A>c«p.] A
book in which the compofition of medicines
is delciibed and directed ; a pl.mrir.acopeia,

HIit)w:oi:d.

To DISPE'NSE. v. a. [difpenfer, Fr.]
1. To deal out ; tffdiftrioute,
Decay of Piety,
2. To make up a medicine.
3. To Dispense with. To excufe ; to
grant difpenfation for. Raleigh.

DISPE'NSE. ʃ. [from the verb.] D fpenfation
; exemLtijn. ‘ Milton.

DISPE'WSER. ʃ. [from difperfe.] One that
ciifpenfes ; a diftribucer. Spratt.

To DISPE'OPLE. v. a. [dis and per.ple.'[
To riepduJate; to emcty f people, tope.

DISPE'OPLER. ʃ. [from ‘dijpeopU.] A depopulatnr.
Gay.

To DISPERGE. v. a. [d! pergo, Lat.] To
fpnnkle. Shakeſpeare.

To DlSPERSE. 11. a. [difperfus, Lat.]
1. To icatter ; to drive to ditTerent parts.
Eiiekie/,
2. To difhpate. Milan.

DISPE'RSEDLY. ad. [from dijpnfid.] \n
a difperfed manner. Hooker.

DISPE'RSEDNESS. ʃ. [from difperf;.] The
ftate of beini; dfuerfcd.

DISPE'RSENESS. ʃ. [from difperfe.] Thinnef; ; fc itteredncls. Brcreii aod,

DISPE'RSER. ʃ. [from difperfe.] A fcata
terer ; a fp<-eader. Sp-.Etator,

DISPE'RSION. ʃ. [from difperfio, Latin.]
1. The ^ft of feaitering or fpreadmg.
2. The flale of faeijig fcattered,Raleigh.
To
<
whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



To DISPI'RIT. v. a. [(lis and f;>irit.]
1. To d;fcocrage ; to dej^dt ; to deprefs ; to djnip. Clarenden.
2. To opprefs the conftitution of the boHy,

CW.;,r.

DISPI'RITEDNESS. /: [from diffirir.]
Want of vittour.

To DISPLA'CE. v. a. [:lh and fbce.]
1. To put out of place.
2. To put out of any l\ate, condition, or
dignity. Bjcoti,
3. Todilorder. Shakeſpeare.

DISPLA'CENCY. ʃ. [difplicentia, Latin.]
1. Incivility i
dili>bl:gation.
2. Difguft ; any thing unpleafing.
De':ay tf Piety,

To DISPLA'NT. v. a. [dis and fiant..
1. To remove a plsnt.
2. To diive a penple from the place in
which they have ftxed. Bacon.

DISPLANTA'TION. ʃ.
1. The removal of a o^Kint.
2. The ejection of a people. Ra/agb.

To DISPLA'Y. v. a. lJ,j}Uyfr, French.]
1. To fpre^ri wide.
2. To exhibit to the fi?ht or mind. Locke.'.
3. To carve ; to cut up. Spenfer.
/). ‘Vo talk without reltraint. Shakeſpeare.
5. To fet out olleiitatioully to vi^-w.Shakeſpeare.

DISPLA'Y. ʃ. [from the verb.] An'exhibiti.-
n of any thing to view. Upetlalor.

DISPLE'ASANCE. ʃ. [from di'pleaj'e.] Anger
; difcontent. Cspenfir,

DISPLEA'SANT. a. Unpleafing; ofl'enfive.
Glanii:le.

To Dl'-PLEASE. v. a. [dis ind pkaje.]
1. To often d ; to make angry.
I Chron, 7ianfle.
2. To difguft ; to raife aveifion. Lake.
DISi'LE'ASINGNESy./ [from d:fpleafit,g.]
OitVnfivenfls ; cjujlity of otJendi.'iJ. Loch,
DISPLE'ASUx^E. ſ. [from dnpcafe.]
1. Uneafinefs ; pain received, Locke.
2. Oftence ; pain given. yudges,
3. Anger ; indignation. Knodcs,
4. State of diff.race. Peacham.

To DISPLE'ASURE. v. a. To dif^Jeafe ; n it to gain f'vour. ‘ Bacon.
T' DibPLO'DE. v. a. [difplodo, hiUrx.]
To diCpcife with a loud noife ; to vent witli
violence. Mihcu.

DISPLO'SION. ʃ. [from d^fkfus, Latin.]
the act of difploding ; a ludden burit
with ncife.
.DISPO'RT. ſ. [<//jandj/«rr.] PIay ; fport; paiiime. Hayuijrd.

To DISPO'RT. v. a. [from the nbun.] To
divert. Shakeſpeare.

To DISPO'RT. v. n. To play ; to toy ; to
v.jnton. J'opf,

DISPOSAL. ʃ. [from difpofe.'[

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



1. The act of difpofing or regulating an'»
thing
; regulation ; didribotion. MilioL
2. Tile power of diftribution
; the right
of beftowing. Atterbury.
3. Government; conduct-. Lacke

To DISPO S£. v. a. [difpofer, French.] ‘,
1. To employ to various purpofes ; todif-
^''°-
Prior.
2. 1 o give ; to place ; to beftow. Sprat.
3. To turn to any particular end or confeq'^^.
f.^- Dryden.
4. To adapt ; to lorm for any purpofe.
_.

Spenſer.
5. To frame the mind.
Clarendo'!. Strafridge,
6. To regulate; to adjuft. Dryden.
7. 70 Diii-osE 0/. To apply to any Durpofe ;
to transfer to any perfon, ‘Swift.
8. vo DisrosE of. To put into the
hands of another. TatUr
9. To Dxspos2 f/. To give away.
^ WaUet.
10. 1:0 Dispose of. To employ to any
^''- Bacon.
11. To Dispose of. To place in any
condition. Dr'den
12. To Dispose 0/. To put away bJ
any means. Burn/:.

To DISPO'Sii. v.n, Tobargiin; to make
_ ‘« Shakeſpeare.
Dl.PC.E. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Puwer ; management; difpofal.Shakeſpeare.
2. Diftribution ; all of gov;;rnment.
Milton.
3. Difpofition ; cart of behaviour.
Shakefpeare.
4. Caf^ of mind ; inclination. Shakeſpeare.
DlbPO': ER. ſ. [from difpofe.]
1. DiilfiDuter; givtr ;' beftower. Grauvt.
2. Governor ; regulator. Boyle.
3. One who gives to whom he pleafes.
Prior.

DISPOSI'TION. ʃ. [from <^;>/''''', Latin.]
1. Order; method ; diftribution. Dryden.
2. Natural fitnefs
; quality. Newton.
3. Tendency to any act or ftate. Ba(on.
4. Temper of mind. Shakeſpeare.
5. Aftection of kindnefs or ill-will.
Swift.
6. Predominant inclination. Locke.
DlSPO'SITIVE. a. That which implied
dJpoljl Of any property; decretive.

DISPO SITIVELY. ad. [from difp'ffil{^\
Diftrihutively. Brown.

DISPO' ITOR./, The lord of that figra
in which the planet is.

To DISrOSSE'SS, v. a. [dis und pofefs. To ; put out of poffeffion ; to deprive to
diflVizf. Fairfax. Kno/ks. ‘Milton.
DISPO'iURE. ſ. [from dfpof:.]
1. Dif.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



1. Difiiofa! ; government ; pnwer jmanafcment.
S^irdyi.
2. State
; porture. J'^otton.

DISPRA'I-^E. ſ. BIame ; confurc. Addisʃon.

To DISPR A'lSE. v. a. To blame ; to cenfure.Shakeſpeare.

DISPRA'I^ER. ſ. A cenfurer.

DISPRA'ISIBLE. a. [from difpralfe.] Unworthy
of commendation.
DlSPRA'IbINGLY. ad. With blame.
Siahjprars.

To DISPRE'AD. v. a. [dh and Jfread.]
To fpread diITerent ways. Fojie,

DISPROFIT. ʃ. Lofs ; damage.
Disproof,/, [du tnd proof.] confatation
; convifhon of errour or falfhood,
Atterbitry,

To DISPRO'PERTY. v. a. To difpoffefs.

DISPROPO'RTION. ʃ. Unfuitablenefs
in quantity of one thing to another ;
want of i'ymmecry. Denham.

To DISPROPO'RTION. v. a. To mifmatch
; to join things unfuitable.
SucUlvg,

DISPROPO'RTIONABLE. a. Unfuitable
in quantity. Suckling. Smal,

DISPROPO'RTIONABLENESS. ʃ. Un-
Aiitablenefs to fnmelhing elfe.

DISPROPO'RTIONABLY. ad. Unfuitably
; not fym metrically,

DISPROPO'RTIONAL. a. Difproportionable
; unfymmstrical.

DISPROPORTIONALLY. ad. Unfuitably
with refpeat to quantity or value.

DISPROPO RTIONATE. a. Unfymmetrical
; unfuicabie to fomething elfe.
Ray. Locke.

DISPROl'O'RTIONATELY. ad. Uiifuita.
bly ; unfymmeirically.

DISPROPO'RTIONAIENESS. ʃ. U.:fuitableni'fs
in bulk or value.

To DISPRO'VE. v.a. [dis t^nA prove.]
1. To confute an afTertion ; to convict of
errour or falfhood. Hooker.
7. To convidl a praflicc of errour.
Hooker.

DISPRO'VER. ʃ. [ficmd,[prove.] One that
confutes.

DISPU'NISHABLE. a. Without penal reftraint.
S'lvifi,

DISPUTABLE. a. [from dfjpi^te.]
1. Liable to conteft ; tcntrovertible. South.
2. Lawful to be contefted. Swift.
Dl'SPUTAN T. y; [from c//7/>ttff ; d-.jputam,
Latin.] A controvertift \ an arguer ; a
reafoner. SpiSiaCor.

DI'SPUTANT. a. Difputing ; engaged in
controverfv. Milton.

DISPUTA'TION. ſ. [from difputatio, L.t.]
1. The fkill of controverfy ; argumentation.
Locke.
2. ControYcrf/ ; argument?! cQ-.tefi,i>idr.'y.
6

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



DISPUTATIOUS. a. [from d/juu.] Inclined
to dilpute ; cavilling. j-l.'difon,

DISPU'TATIVE. a. [twm dif/ute.] Difpoled
to debate. Watts.

To DISPUTE. v.n. [dijfmo, Latin.] To
contend by argument ; to debate ; to coiitrovert.
7;.7o//

To DISPUTE. v. a.
1. To contend for. Hooker. Toller.
2. To oppofe ; toqueftion. Dryden.
3. Todifcufs; to think on. Shakeſpeare.

DI'jPU'TE. ſ. Conteft ; controverfy.
Locke. Berkley.

DISPU'TELESS. a. Undifputed ; uncontrov:
rtible.

DISPUTER. ʃ. Acontrcveitill; one given
to areument. S'jlhnvfl ct.

DIS'-iUALIFICVTION. ſ. That which
riifqualifies. Sf^'Bitor^.

To DI.SQUA LIFY. v. a. fd's and ^t^ai'fy.]
1. Tomakeiinfits to difable by fome natural
or legal impediment. Swift.
2. To deprive of a right or claim by fome
politive reftriifhon. Swifti

To DISQl^TA'NTJTY. v. a. To lefTen.

DISQUPET. ʃ. Uneafinefs ; reHkHnefs ; vexation ; anxiety. TiJUtfor.

DISQUI'ET. a. Unquiet ; une^fy ; reftlef.Shakeſpeare.

To DISQl'I'ET. v. a. To dillurb ; to make
uneafy ; to vex ; to fret.
Dipba. Ro^cwm'y^,

DISnUIETER. /. Adiilurocr; a harilJer.
iJlS(;iUl E i LY. ‘ad. Without reft ; anxioufly.Shakeſpeare.

DISt^I'ETNESS. ſ. Uneafinefs ; refllednefs
; anxiety. Hooker.

DISQUiETUDE. ſ. Uneafinefs; anxiety.
Addison.

DISQUISI'TION. ʃ. [dtfquifttio, Latin.]
Examination ; difputative enquiry.
Arbuthnot.

To DISRA'NK. v. a. To degrade from h.^s
r^nk.

DISREGA'RD. ʃ. Slight nctice ; neglect.

To DISREGA'RD. v. a. To High t ; to
ccnitn.n. Sprat. Sma ridge,

DISREGA'RDFUL. a. Negligent ; conrtemptuou.
s.

DISREGA'RDFULLY. ad. Contemptuoufly.

DISRE'LISH. ʃ. [dn and re/ifh.]
1. Bad tafle ; naufcoufnefs. Milton.
2. Difhke ; fqueamirnnefs, Locke.

To DISRE'LISH. v. a. [from the noun, ;
1. To infedt with an unpleafant talk.
Rcgert,
1. To want a fade of. Pope. .
DliREPUTA'TION. ſ. [dii and reputation.]
D. (grace ; difhonour.
Bacon. laykt,

DJSREPU'TF. ʃ. [d'n and repute.] Ill charailer
; (JjiJiouQui- ; want of ^eputation.
^outh.
DISRfiD
I S

DISRESPE'CT. ʃ. [d,s and re/pel?.-] Incivility; wa.uot' reverence; ruJeneff.
C/jrendcu.

DISRESPECTFUL. a. Irreverent; unc
vii.

DISRESPE'CTFULLY. aci. Irreverently.

To DISRO'BE. v. a. To undrefs ; to uncnvc-
r. PP'o:tan,

DISRUTTION. ʃ. [d'ruptio, Latin.] The
act ;f breaking aluriJer ; a breach ; rent.
R<iy. Blackmore.

DISSATISFA'CTION. ʃ. [da and jaajfaSior..

T.'ie itdte of being difT.n.-ried ; d fcontent. Rcgns.

DISSATI,FA'CTCRINESS. ſ. [f.nm d^jjjti'fafiory
] In bjiiry to give cuiirent.

DISSATI^t A'CTORY. a. [from dijfati/y.]
Unab.e to five content.

To DI,SATISFY. v. ^. [dis and fafis/y.]
To diiccment ; to difpleale. CotUcr,

To LTSiECT. v. a. [dipco, Latin.]
1. ‘lo cut in pieces. Rofcommon.
2. To divide and examine minutely.
/I'.terhwy,

DISSECTION. ʃ. [dffeSlio, Latin.] The
aft cif leparating the parts of anima! bodies
; anatomy Grau'viiie.

To DISSEIZE. v. a. [difaifer, Ffcnch.]
To ditp;)ilefs ; to deprive. Locke.

DISSE'ISiN. ſ. [from d:Jf<,ifir, French.]
Aii urilawful difpoffeiling a man of his
land, Couel.

DISSEIZOR. ʃ. [from difhxe.] He that
Q!lp ll'-fles another.

To DI^SE M3LE. v. a. [djfimulo, Latin.]
1. To> hide under falle appearance ; to pretend
that not to be which really is.
Hoyward.
a- To pretend that to be which is not.
Prior.

To DISSE'MBLE. v. n. To pJay the hyp^'
crite. Rowe.

DISSEMBLER. f. [hoxr.dipmbk.] An hypocrite
; a man who conceals his true dil-
polition. Raid^h,

DISSE'MBLINGLY. ad. With difiimulation
; hypocritically. Knolles.

To DISSE'MIMATE. v. a. [diffcmino, Lat.]
To icatter as feed ; to fpread every wray.
Hammond. -Atterbury.

DISSEMINA'TION. ʃ. \dt£femir.atio, Lat.]
The act of fcattering like feed. Brown.

DISSEMIMA'TOR. ʃ. IJijJ'emhiator^ Lat.]
jHe that fcatters ; a fpreader.
Decay of PUty.

DISSENSION. f. [dljer^fio, Latin.] Difjgreement
; ftnfe ; contention ; breach of
union. Knolles.

DISSE'NSIOUS. a. Difpofed to dikord ; contentious. Afcham.

To DISSENT. v. n. [diflcntio, Latin.]
1. To difagree in opinion, Addiſon.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



2. To differ ; to be of a contrary nritnre,
Hookett

DISSENT. f. [from the verb.] D.ugreement
; difference of opiffion ; ijeciaration
cf difference of opinion. B rtlev

D'S; ENTA'NEOUS. a. [inm d,Jfer,t.]
Difjgr- cable ; rnconfiftent ;. contrary.
DISSE'MTER. ſ. [fr.-.„ dJJ.nt.-.
1. One that difjgrees, or declaies his difagref-
ment from an opinion. Locke.
2. One who, for whatever rpjf ns rc'ufes
the comnnunii-n of thi; Engii/Ii church.
Dl.SbER ; A'TION, / \dj]:rtotio, Latin.]
A orccuiife. Pope. .

T^ DISSE'RVE, v. a. f<f.-> and/^,-^f.] To
do ,njury to ; to mifchirf ; to harro.
Cl'rendon Rcp-r!,

DIS E'RVICE. ſ. [d,s and firvicf.] Ii,ju.
ry ; a { wt. Co):er.

DISsE'RVICEABLE. a. Injurious; mifch;; vi,u«.

DISSE'RVICEABLENEJS. /. Ljuiy ; h',rm; hv.r;. Adorns,

To DIS- IT /LE. v. a. To unfettle.

To DISbE'VER. v. a. [d:i ind j.-jer ] To
part in two ; to break ; to divide ; to
feparate ; to difunite.
6';Wn.v. Ra'utgh. Shakeſpeare.

DI'SSIDENCE. ʃ. \diJ[id,o, Latin.] Difcord
; difagreenienr.

DISSI'LIENCE. ʃ. [dljji.lo, Latin.] The
act of ftarting afund-:-.

DISSI'LIENT. a. [djTiliem, Latin.] Startir.
rlunder ; burfting in rwo.
DliSILITION. ſ. [^;^/;«, Latin.] The act
ot hiirliin^ in two. Bcvle,

DISSI'MILAR. a. [i/i and //;;/:>.] Unlike
; heterogeneous.
Boyle. Newton. Bcnt'^y,

DISSIMILARITY. ʃ. [ham dffimHar:-.
U'lhkenefs; riiffimilitude. Cheym.

DISSIMILITUDE. ʃ. Unlikenefs ; want of
refemblance. Stillingfleet. Pope. .

DISSIMULATION./ [di/Jirr,„/cuio, Lu.]
The act of diffembling ; hvpocrify. S'^uib.

D'ISSIPABLE. a. [from d/fipate.] Eafijy
fcattered. B.cor,

To Dl'. SIPATE. v. a. [d-jp.patui, Ldtin.]
1. To Icatter every way; to difperfe,
^'o'dtvard,
2. To fcatter the attention. Savage't Life,
3. To fpend a fortune. Lor.don.
DlSSIPA'iION. ſ. :d,Jf.pjtlo, Latin.]
1. The act of dirperfioa. Uafe.
2. The itaie of being difperfed. RIilton,
3. Scattered attention. Swift.

To DISSO'CIATE. 1-. a. [dfodo, Latin.]
To fepjrate ; to difunite ; to part. Boyle.

DISSO'LVABLE. a. [{vcm d'jjohe.] Capable
of diffolution. Ne-.Vt'on,

DI'SSOLUBLE. a. [dijohh:!::, Latin.] Capable
of reparation of one part from .nnothcr,

TFoockuard.
N a DISSOLUD

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com
I S D I S

DISSOLUBI'LITY. ʃ. [fo^m rI'ffoluh/e.]U- DISSUA'SION. ſ. [riiffu^/.o, Uu^] Urgency
abienefs to fuffer a diiuraon vi paitr,
Hak.

To DISSQ'LVE. v. a. [J'Jo'fo, Latin.]
1. To defboy the form of any thing by
diianiting the parts. Woodward.
2. To break ; to difunite in any manner.
2. Pet.
3. To loofe ; to break the ties of any
thing. Milton.
4. Tofeparate perfons uni;^d. Shakeſpeare.
5. To break up alVcmbhes. Bacon.
6. To folve ; to clear. D<irul,
7. To break an enchantment. RUUon.
8. To be relaxed by pleafure. Dryden.

To DISSO'LVE. v. n.
1. To be melted. AUijon.
2. To fall to nothing. Shakeſpeare.
3. To melt away in pleafures.
DISSO'LVENT. a. [U-cvndiJJ'ohe.] Having
the power of diffolving or nitlting. Ray.

DISSO'LVENT. ʃ. The power of difuniting
the parts of any thing. Arbuthnot.

DISSO'LVER. ʃ. That which has the
piw;r of dinblvine. Arbuthnot.

DISSO'LVIBLE. a~. [Uam diffolve. [Liable
to perifh by dilTulurion. HjU.

DI'SSOLUTE. .- [diJfoluius,LiUr.] Locke.
wanton ; unreftrained ; luxurious ; debaucheJ.
Hay.vard. Rogers.

DI'SSOLUTELY. ad. [from dJj'Jute.]
Lnafeiv ; in debauchery. IV'^dom.
DrSSOLUTENESS. ſ. [fro:-n^;^«‘a'«.] Loofenefs
; laxity of manners ; debauche . Locke.

DISSOLUTION. ʃ. [d[IJolutio, Latin.]
1. The act of liquefying by heat or moifture.
3. The ftate of being liquefied.
3. The ftate of melting away. Shakeſpeare.
4. Deftruction of any thing by the feparation
of its parts. South.
o\ rer.fcn'or imj-ortunity agair.Rany thing; dehortation. Both,

DISSCASIVE. a. [from difuadc] Deho.'tat^'
ty ; tending to deter.
DlbSU'ASIVE. ſ. Dthortation ; argument
to turn the mind off from any purpole.
Go'vernment of the Tongue,

DISSY'LLABLE. ʃ. [Jijand caAXapn.] A
word ff two fyllables. Dryden.

DI'STAFF. ʃ. L'^irra.p, Saxon.]
1. The ft^ft from which the flax is drawn
in fpinning. Fairf-.tx.
2. It is uled as an emblem of the female
fex. Ikivcl.
DlVrAFF THISTLE. ſ. A thiflle.

To DISTA'IN. v. a. [dis and7?a.v;.]
1. To liaiii ; to tinge. Pope. .
2: To blot
; to fully with infamy.
Sferfer.

DISTANCE. ʃ. [d'Jlavce, French ; dijiant'a,
Latin.]
1. D'fijrce is fpace confidered bstween
any two beings. Luke.
2. Remotenefs in place. Prior.
3. The fpace kept between two antago.-
iJlfts in fencing. Shakeſpeare.
4. Contrariety ; oppofition. Shakeſpeare.
5. A fpace marked on the courle whera
horfes run. L'EfIravgc.
6. Space of time. Prior.
7. Remotenefs in time. Smalndge,
8. Ideal d:siunf>ion. Locke.
9. Refpect ;. dilTant behaviour. Dryden.
10. Retraction of kindnefs ; referve.
Hfilion,

To DI'STANCE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To place remotely ; to throw off fn^m
the view. Dryd. n.
2. To leave behind at a race the length uf
a diftance. Gijy.
e. The fubftance formed by diflblving any DI'STANT. a. [d':f>ans, Latin.]
P . n , T) .- ;_ . 1 , _ - _
body. Bacon.
6> Death; the reillution of the body into
its conftituent elements. Raleigh.
7. IXlrudion. Hooker.
S. lireach of any thing compared. South.
9. The act of breaking up an aflembly.
10. Loofenefs of manneis. Atteibury.

DI'SSONANCE. ʃ. [^d:ffovance, French.] A
mixture of harfn, unhatmonious founds.
Milton.

DISSONANT. a. [dipnans, Latin.]
1. Harfh ; unharmonious. Thomfon.
2. Incongruous ; difagreeing. llakcwill.

To DISSUA'DE. v. a. [d'JJuadeo, Latin.]
1. To dehort ; to owe; t by leafon or importunity
from any thing. Shakeſpeare.
3. To reprtfent any thing as unfit.
Milton.

DISSUA'DER. ʃ. [from d-Juade.] He that
QilTuades.
Remote in place ; nut near. Pope. .
2. Remote in time either part or future.
3. Remote to a certain degree ; as, ten
miles difiant.
4. Referved ; fly.
5. Not primary ; not obvious. Addiſon.

DISTa'STE. ſ. [dn and tjfie ]
1. Averfion of the palate ; difgufr.
Bacon.
2. Difhke ; uneafinefs. Bacon.
3. Anger; alienation of affeif^ion. Bacon.

To DISTA'STE v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fill the mouth with naufeoufnefs.Shakeſpeare.
2. To difhke ; to loath. Shakeſpeare.
3. 7'o ofl'end ; to difguft. Dav':e3.
4. To vex: to exafperate. Pope.

DIaTA'STEFUL. a. [dijiaf.e and full]
1. Naufeous to the palate ; difgufting.
Granville.
2. O.Tenfive ; unpleafing. D-i-^ies.
5 3. MalisD
I S
^. A^ilienant; malevo'ent. Brown.
Distemper. ſ. [,y,i and ten-pe,-.]
1. A d.fproportjonate mixture of parts.
2. A difeafe ; a malady. Suc'itling.
3. Want of cue tempprature. Ruldgli,
4. Bad conlhcution of the mind.Shakeſpeare.
5. Want of due ballance between coniraxies.
Bacon.
€. Depravity of inclination, KinirCva-^hs.
?. Tumultuous diforder. (P'a'ler.
8. Uneafinefs. Shakeſpeare.
1 DISTE'MPER. v. a. [dii and uinpcr..
1. Todifeafe. iibjkejfejre.
r a. To difordtr. Bo\h.
3. To difturb ; to rulile. Dryden.
4. To delhoy temper or moderation,
Addison.
5. To make difatTected. ^hikefsejre.

DISTE'MPERATE. a. [dis^nAtewperate.l
Immoderate. Rileigh.

DISTE'Mf'ERATURE. ſ. [from dljlemp.r-
1. Intemperatenefs ; excefs of heat or
cold. yll,Ut.
2. Viole.Tt tumultuoufnefs ; outragcoufnefs.
3. Perturbstion of the mind. Shakeſpeare.
4. Coofufion ; commixture of extremes.Shakeſpeare.

To DISTE'ND. v. a. [diftendo, ViUn.] To
ftretcli out iw breadtii. TIomfcn.

DISTENT. f. [from i.^f^i.] TI^e fpjce
through which any thing is fpread.
Wotton.

DISTE'NTION. ʃ. [difie^tlo, Latin.]
1. The atl of ftretching in breadth.
Arbuthnot.
2. Breadth ; fpace occupied.
3. The act of feparating one part froi«i
another. Vi'ottov,

To DISTHRONIZE. v. a. [d'mvA throne..
To dethrcpe. Spenfer.

DISTICH. ʃ. [di/};chon, Latin.] Amuplet ;
a couple if lines ; an epigram confiding
only of two verfes. Cu^.d^n.

Tm DISTI'L. v. a. [difiilh, Latin.]
! To drop ; to fall by drops. Pope. .
2. To rtuw gently and filencly. Raleigh.
3. To ufe a ililj. Shakeſpeare.

To DI.STI'L. v. a.
1. To let fall in drops. yob. Drayton.
2. To force by fire through the vefTcis of
diftillation. Shakeſpeare.
3. To draw by diftillation. Boyle.

DISTILLATION. ʃ. [difiiUatio, Latin.]
1. The act of dropping, or falling in drops,
2. The act of pouring out in dr.ps.
3. That s which fal sin drops,
4. The ai^ of diftilling by fire, Netuton,
5. The fubitance drawn by the ftill,Shakeſpeare.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



DISTI'LLATORY. a. [from dJS^Ll Belonging
to d (Hllation. ‘£o,k.
DlSri'LLER. ſ. [from «‘//?//.]
1. Oae who prailifes the trade of difhili.np.
Boyle.
2. One who makes pernicious inflammatory
fpirit?.

DISTI'lMENT. ʃ. [from diflL ] That
which is drawn by diftillation. Shakeſpeare.

DISTl'NCT. a. [dfan^us, Latin.]
1. Different ; not the on\e. SciiUngJl.'at.
2. Apart ; not copjuft.
Clarendon. Tilktfon.
3. Clear; nnconfufcd. Milton.
4. Spotted ; variegated. Milton.
5. Marked out ; fpecified. Milton.

DISTINCTION. ʃ. [diJli?;a:o, Latin.]
1. Note of d'fTerence.
2. Honourable note of fuperiority.
3. That by which one differs from another.
Loch,
4. Preference or ncgleifl in comparifon with
loIT.ethir^g elfe. Dryden.
5. Separation of complex notions.
Shakefpeare.
6. D:vifi<jn into different parts. Dryden.
7. Notation of difference between things
ftemingly the fame. Morris.
7. D:!cernment ; judgment.

DIhTI'NCTIVE. a. [from diflirB.l.
1. That which makes difti/ifhonor difference.
Pf,pe,
2. Having the power to diftinguifh
; judic'ous.
Bacon.

DISTl'NCTIVELY. ad. In right order ; not confuftdly. Shakefpeare.

DISTI'NCTLY. «d. [from difina.-]
1. Not confufedly. Newton.
2. PIainly; dearly. Dryden.

DISTI'NCTNESS. ʃ. (from dijl;a.]
1. Nice obfervation of the difference between
thing?. Ray.
2. Such feparation of things as makes them
ejfy to be obferved.

To DISTl'NGUISH. v. a. [dftin^uo, Lat.]
1. To note the diverfity of things. Hooker.
2. To feparate from ctfiers by fome maik
of honour. Prior.
3. To divide by proper notes of diverfity.
Burmf.
4. To know one from another by any
mark.
_

IFalts.
5. To difcern critically; to judge.Shakeſpeare.
6. To conftitute difference ; to .'pecificate.
Locke.
7. To make known or eminent.

To DISTI'NGUISH. i;. n. To make diftindion
; to find or fhow the difference.
Child.

DISTI NGUISHABLE. a. [from djiin.
gu.Jh.]
N c 2 1. Capable

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



1. Capable of being difiinguifhed.
By!e. TUe.
2. Worrhy of not? ; worthy of .tgard.

DISTl'lvGUISFIED. part. a. Erninen' ; extraordiiiary.
Rogers.
DISTI'NGU'ISHER. ſ. [from Jifingi>7j/}.]
1. A i'lilici.us (ibfeive ; one tlut accurately
difre: Hi one thing from another.
2. H.- tlMt fepjrates one tiang fmni anoth'.
r liy jri^T narl.s of iliverfity. Brown.

DISTrNGUISHINGLY. ad. With di'nt.cdon.
P p-

DISTI'NGUISHMENT. ſ.Difhnaion ; obfeivjtor
>d.ftertnce. Gruunt.

To DISTO'RT. v. a. [diftrlu!, Latin.]
1. To writhe ; to twili ; to oelorm by !-
regula, motions. South.
2. To put cue of the true directi'in ()r
prfiure. ‘^IiliotjOn,
3. To wreft from the true meaning.
Peachant.

DISTO'RTIONT. ʃ. [diftortio, Lat.] Irregular
motion by which the face is vi rithed,
or the parts (iifordtred. J-'rio-.

To DISTRA'CT. v. a. fin. f.aj)'. difi-aBed:.
andenily d:Jh\::iiifht. [d:jiruic:ii<, Latin.]
3. To ‘ pull diftl-ent ways at once.
2. To feparate ; to divide. Shakeſpeare.
3. To turn from a fingle diieITIion towards
various pL'ints. Sju'/J.
4. To fill the ti ir.d with contrary confider-
itions ; to peipKx.
Fj'j'.ms. Milton. Locke.
5. To mke maj. Lrcke.

DISTRA CT: DLY. ad, [from difima.]
IvJiJly ; fiHni.tkly.' Shakeſpeare.

DISTRA'CTcDNESS. ʃ. [from dijuaa.]
Til It >e of big riifiraflei! ; madnefs.
DISTRA'CTION. ſ. [dJlr^Bio, Latin.]
1. Tt/:deiuy to dillcenc part.-. ; feparation.Shakeſpeare.
2. Confufion ; flate in which the attention
is called diffvie.'-.t ways. Dryden.
g, Pei tiirbat on of mind. Taller,
4. Madncls ; fmnticknefs ; lofs of the wjts.
j^'tteibwy,
.5. D'Tuibmce; tumult ; difference of fen.
timen's. Carendon,

To DISTRA'IK. v. a. [from diftringo,
L = t,ii.j ‘I 1 ize. Shakeſpeare.

To DIsTRA IN. ‘v,?!. To make feizure
MarUiJ,

DISTR-.'lNr.R. ʃ. [from dip-ain.] He that
feizef.

EISTRA'INT. ʃ. [fi'>m d'ftr.ur^,^ Seizure.

D;-^TR.-VUGHT. f-art. a. [horn dijiraa.]
D,i!r3'->:d. Uamdin.

PISTRE'S.S. ʃ. [drfinffe, French.]
1. The ac\of r.-.-kinga 1 ;gsl fsizure.
2. A ternp,ulfioi-. by v.'hKb a man if aflurfdto
appear in court, or to pay a debt.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I S



3. The thing feizeii by law.
4. Calami-y ; n :kry; n;itfortune. Shiiii.

To DIS i RESS. I!, a. [fr. m the noun.]
1. To piDlVcute by law to a felzuie.
2. Tohdirafs; to make n, ferahie,
Dci ttronety,

DISTRE'SSFUL. a. [dij}>efi and fJl] Mi,
ferable ; full of trouble ; lull of milcry.
Fopf,

To DISTRI'BUTE. v. a. [diftri!:uo, Ut.~\
To di v,de s mongft more than (wo ; to deal
out. Sffttjer, J4'oodTJard.
nvrRIBU'lION'. ſ. [</.y/V.^'.f;o. Latin.]
1. The act of diitributing or dtalinn ouc
ty o hers. Swift.
2. At; ‘If giving in chr.tity. yjtteibt,ry,
Di:-TRrB'JTI,V£. a. [from dft-ibjie.]
Thai which is employed in jHig ing to
othcTS their portions ; iS, di^r^buti've ]u([-
ice. Dryden.

DISTRl'EUiIVELY. ad. [from d.pit^ulive.]
1. By oiftribution.
2. Mng y ; particularly. Hooker.

DI'STRiCT. ʃ. [d:Jit.aus, Latin.]
1. The c icoit within which a man may
be ctarpelled to appearance.
2. Circuit of authoiity ; province.
AddifoVi
3. Reg-en ; country ; territory. BI ickmore,

T. DISTRUST, v a. [dis zvA trl.|i.^^ To
regwd with diffidence ; not to truft. Wi^i.

PISTRU'.-.T. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Lofs of credit ; lofs of confidence.
Milton.
2. Sufpicion. Dryden.

DL.TRU'STFUL. a. [diftruft ^nA full.]
1. Apt to (liftrurt ; fulpicious. Boyte.
2. Not confident ; diffi-irnt.
Government of the Tongue,
3. DiffiJent of himfelf ; tin oious. Pope. .

DLSTRU'STFULLY. ad. In a diflyuflful
m.niier.

DISTRU'STFULNESS. ʃ. The ftate of being
diftruftful ; w.<nt of ci nfidence.

To DISTURB. v. a. [dfturbo, low Latin.]
1. To perplex ; to d. (quiet. Co/'liep,
2. To confound ; to put into irregular motions.
3. To interrupt ; to hinder,
4. To turn ofi' fr>.m any diit-ifhpn. Milton.

DIS RU RBANCE. ʃ. [fn m dijiurh.]
1. Perplex, !v ; interruption of tranqijility,
Locke.
2. Cnnfi;rK)n ; difo-der. TVutts,
3. Tuinuh ; violation of peace. Milton.

DISTU'Ri^ER. ʃ. [from djiuri.]
1. A vi.Jator of peace ; he that caufes tumults
Glanville.
2. He that cauf« pertuibation o^mmd.Shakeſpeare.

To DISTU'RN. v. a. [dn and turn.] To
turn oft', Daiiiel,

DISVAD
I V

DISVALUA'TION. ʃ. [a/i and valuarloa.]
Difgrace: ; oinunution of reputati.>ii.
Bacon.

To DfSVA'i.UE. v. a. [<//j and t/-- ‘«.] To
uni'i . ill Go'vernment of the ‘Iongue.

To DlsVE'LOP. v. a. [d.vt-/o/>er, French.]
To iM -.vpr.

PISU MON. ʃ. [dis and union.]
1. Separation ; disjiinilion. Glariville,
2. Brearh f concord.

To DISUNITE. v. a. [cUs and unite.]
1. To feparate ; to diviiie. Pope.
2. To ^)irt friends.

To DISUNITE. v. n ydis and unite.]
To fail aiunder ; to become feparate.
8cuth.

PISU'NITY. ʃ. [dti and unity.] A ftate of
«du. 1 f.'u ‘A'n. ‘ More.

DISU'S^g'e [dii i'^A ufjge.] The gra.'u-tl
cefl'a ion of ui'e or cufloiii. Hooker.

PISU'.-,E. ʃ. [dii and uje.]
1. Ceiration of ufe
; want of prrft ce.
2. .CefTation of ciilom. Arbuti^i.tjt,
T DISU'SE. v. a. [rf'jpnd uje.]
1. To ceife en make ufe of. Dryden.
2. To (iiOcCjftom. Dryden.

To DISVO'C'CH. v. a. [.'//Jarld^l3^<c6.] To
dcliroy the credit of ; to conttart €i.Shakeſpeare.
Dr^WI'TTED. a. [dis and wlt.] De.
prived of ihs wits ; mad ; diftracteu.
Dryden.

PIT. ʃ. [d:cLt, Dutch.] A dit'y ; a poem.
S^-'cnJer.

PITCH. ʃ. [OK, Saxon.]
1. A trench cut in the groimd ufuTIly between
fields. jArbuthnot.
2i Any long narrow receptacle of water.
Bacon.
3. The moat with which a town is furrounded.
Kmllet.
4. Ditch is ufed, in compofition, of any
thing worth lefs, Shakeſpeare.

To DITCH. v. a. To make a ditch.
Swift.

DITCH DELIVERED. a. Brought forth
in a ditch. Shakeſpeare.

PITCHER. ʃ. [from ditch.] One who
diasditch-s. Swift.

PITHY RA'MBICK. ʃ. [diihyra:7ibus, Lat.]
1. A f ing in honour of Bacchus.
2. Any poem written with wildnefs,
Cowlry,

DITT VNOER. ʃ. Pcpperwort,
DlTT-\Ny. ſ. [dicifimr.us, Latin.] An
I- b. More.
PITTItD. a. [from rtWfj'-J Sung ; adapted
tt> miifuK. Milton.
Di'T IT /. [dicht,'Dyi:c\\] A poem to be
funii ; fl ft ng. Hooker.
PIV.^'N. .^n Araoick word.]
1. The council of the oriental princes<
whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I V



2. Any council affembled. Pope. .

To PIVA'RICATE. v. a. [di'varicatus.
Latin ; To be parted into two.
Woodward.

To DIV.L'.'lICATE. v. a. To divide into
two. Grtiu.

DIVARICA'TION. ʃ. [divaricatio, Latin.]
1. Paitition into fwo. Ray.
2. Dvilion of opinion'. Brown.

To DIVE. v. a. [tjippan, Saxon.]
1. To link voluntarily under water.
Dryden.
2. To go under water in fearch of any
thing. Raleigh.
3. Tv go deep into any queftion, or fciencti.
Djiiiet. Blackmore,
4. To immerge into any bufinef' or rondi-
‘i'^' Shakefpeare.
To 1. tVE. v. a. To explore by liivintr,
Denham.

PI'VER. ʃ. rfrom divc.]
1. One that finks voluntarily under water,
Pofef
1. One that goes under water in fearch of
e-''ure. Woodward.
3. He that enters deep inta Jcnowl&lge or
‘^''''^, Wotton.
T ‘ DiVE'RGE. v. a. [diverge, Latin.] To
leaJ various v.ays from one point,
NetutoVt

DIVE'RGENT. a. [from di-oergens, Lat.]
TfnHJng to various uar;s from one point.

DI'VERS. a. [i//i;f'^a.<, Latin.] Several; fundry ; more than one. Wjoitzift.

DI'VERSE. a. [dt-ucrUs, Latin.] .
1. Different from another, Daniel.
2. Different from itfelfj multiform.
Ben, Johnfon,
3. In different direction?. Pope. .

DIVERSIFICATION. f. [from di-uerjijy.]
1. The act of changing forms or qualities.
Boyle.
2. Variation ; variegation.
3. Variety of forms ; multiformity.
4. Change ; aheration. Hale.

To DIVERISI'FY. v. a. [diwrfifier, Fr.]
1. To make dilTerent from another ; to
dillinguifh. Addison.
2. To make difi'^rent from itfelf ; to varifg-'
te. Sidney.

DIVE'RSIO^r. ſ. [from diwrt.]
1. The act of turning any thing off from
its courfc. Bacon.
2. The caufe by which any thing is turned
from its proper courfe or tendency,
Denham.
3. Sport ; fomething that unbends the
mind. Waller.
4. (In war.] The act or purpofe of drawing
the eiie.ny off from fome defign, by
threuti;ning or attacking a diftsnt part,

PIVE'RSITY. ʃ. [dtverjite', Fr. from di.
vtrfi'.aiy Latin.]
1. DifferD
I V
1. Difference; diffimilitude ; unlikenvfs.

IIo kc.
2. Variety. Arbuthnot.
3. Dirlindlion of being ; not identity. i\S|-f.
4. Variegation. Ti/^.
DI'VERSLY. ad. [from diverfe.]
1. In different ways; differently; vari-
ouOy. i'Fotroa.
2. In different directions.

To DIVE'RT. v. a. [Jiwrto, Latin.]
1. To turn ofITrom any direction or cuurfe.
Locke.
2. To draw forces to a different part.
3. To withdraw the mind. Philips.
4. To pleafe ; to exhilarate. Swift.
5. To fubvert ; to dc-ftroy. Shakeſpeare.

DIVE'RTER. ʃ. [from the verb.] Anything
that diverts or alleviates. Walton.

To DIVERTl'SE. v. a. [divertifer, Fr.]
To pleafe ; to exhilarate ; to divert.
Dryden.

DIVE'RTISEMENT. ʃ. [divertij.ment, ii\
Diverfion ; delight ; pleafure.
Goverr.ment of the Torpue.

DIVE'RTIVE. ij. [from divert.] Recreative
; amufive. Rugtrs.

To DIVX'ST. nj.a. [dev.'fiir, Trench.] To
ftrtp ; to make naked. Denham.

DIVE'STURE. ʃ. [from divji] The act
of putting oft. By'-c.

DIVI'DABLE. a. [from di'vide.] Separate; different ; parted. Shakeſpeare.

DIVI'DANT. a. [from divide.] D-flerent
; feparate. Shakeſpeare.

To DIVl'DE. v. a. [divido, Latin.]
1. To pare one wh^jle into different pieces.
I Kings. Locke.
2. To feparate ; to keep apart ; to ftand
as. a partition between. Dryden.
3. To difuniteby difcord. Luke.
4. To deal out ; to give in fhares. Locke.

To DIVI'DE. ‘V- « To part ; to funder ; to break ftiendfhip. Shakeſpeare.
Dl'VIDEND. ſ. [from divide.]
1. A fhare ; the part allotted in divifion.
Decay of Piety.
2. Di-^ider,d is the number givtn to ue
parted or divided. Cocker.
OlYl'D^K. ſ. i^rom divide.]
1. That which parts any thing into pieces.
Digby.
2. A diftributer ; he who deals out to
each his fiiare. Luke
3. A difuniter. Simjt.
4. A particular kind flf compaffes,

DIVI'DUAL. a. [dii'iduiis, L-.ti.n.] Divided
; fhared or participated in common with
others. Addifon.

DIVINA'TION. ʃ. [divirtcilio, Litfn.] Pre-
C&lon or foretelling of future things.
Hooker.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I V



DIVI'NE. adj. [divirius, Latin.]
1. Partaking of the n:;ture of God.
Dryden.
2. Proceeding from God; not n?-iu;al ;
nut human. Hooker.
3. Excellent in a fupreme degree. Davies.
4. Prefagtful ; divining; prefcient.
Milton.

DIVINE. ʃ.
1. A miniffer of the gofpel ; a prieft ; a.
clergyman. Bacon.
2. A man iliilkd in divinity ; a theolngun.
DerJjjm,

To DIVINE. -y. iz. [divino, Latin.] To
foretcl ; to foreknow. Shakeſpeare.

To DIVI NE. <v. n.
1. To utter prognofiication. Shakeſpeare.
1. To feel prefiges. &bake\i,eare,
3. To conjeifiure ; to g'lefs, Dryden.

DlV^rNGLY. ad. [hoT\^^dlv^ne.]
1. Cy the aef:ncy or intiuence of Ccd.
Berkley.
2. Excellently ; in the fupreme degree.
Hooker. Milton.
3. In a manner noting a deiiy. yiddfon,

DIVI'NENESS j. [from di^'ine.]
1. Divinity; participation of the divine
nature. Grew.
2. Excellence in the fupreme degree.Shakeſpeare.

D'IVI'NER. ʃ. [from diiir.e.]
1. One tint profeffes d.vination, or the art
of revealing ctcult things by fupernatural
means. Brown,
2. Conie(f\urer ; gueffer, Locke.

DlVi'NERESS. ʃ. [from diviner.] A prophetsfs.
Dryden.

DIVINITY. ʃ. [diviniie, French, d.vinitai,
Latin.]
I Participation of the nature and excellence
of God ; deity ; godhead, Stillingfleet.
2. The Deity ; the Supreme Being ; the
Caufe of caufts.
3. Falfe god. Prior.
4. Ctflefiial being. Cheyne.
5. The fcience of divine things ; theology.
^hakefyearf,
6. Something fupernatural. Shakeſpeare.

DIVISIBLE. a. [divifihili:, Latin.] Capable
of being divided into parts ; feparable.
Berkley.

DIVISIEI'LITY. ʃ. [dJvifbiliie, French.]
The qu.jlicy of admitting divifion,
Chnville.

DIVI'SIBLENESS. ʃ. [from divifible.] Divifibiliiv.
Boyle.

DIVr-ION. ʃ. [d:fifio, Latin.]
1. The act of dividing any thing into parts.
2. Ejdras.
2. The ffate of being divided.
3. That by which any thing is kept ppart ;
partition.
4. The

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D I Z



4. The part which is feparated from the
reli by dividing. Addiſon.
5. Difunion ; difecrd ; difTeience.
Deccy of Piety.
6. Parts into which a difcouile isdiftn.
buted. Locke.
7. Space between the notes of mufick; juft tuns. v
8. Diftinction. Exodus.
9. [In anthmetick.] The feparation or
‘ parting of any number or quantuy given,
into any parts ailigned. Cocker.
10. Subdivifion ; d.uindionof the gcneial
into fpecies. Shakefpeare.

DlVl'iOR. ʃ. [Jiv.Jer, Latin.] The nun,-
ber given, by which tliC dividend is divided.

DIVORCE. ʃ. [divorce, Fr.]
1. The legal feparation ct hufbanJ and
wife. Dryden.
2. Separation ; difunion. King Charles,
3. The Icntence by which a marriage is
dillolved.
4. The caufe of any penal feparation.
Shakefpeare.

To DIVO'RCE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To feparate a hulba.'^.d or wife fri.ai the
other.
2. To force afunder ; to feparate by violence.
Hooker.
3. To feparate from another. JJooker.
A. To take away. Shakeſpeare.

Dl'vO'RCEMENT. ʃ. [hcmJiv.rc/.] Divorce
; leparation of nurriage. Deuteron,

DIVO'KCER. ʃ. [trcm divorce.] The perfon
or caule which proQuces di voice or fsparatioi).
Druirinmd.

DIURLTICK. a. [fiy.-.T(^.o;.] Having
the p>'wer to provoke urine. AiL'uibnot.

DIU'lvNAL. <i. [diu.-nus, Latin.]
1. Relating to the day. Bacon,
2. Conftii'jting the dty. Prior.
3. Performed la a dly j. daily ; quotidian.
A^ilter.

DJU'RNAL. ʃ. [diurfial, French.] A journal
; a dsy- bock.

DIU'RNALLY. ud. [from diunia!.] Daily ;
every day. latlir.

DIUTU'RNITY. ʃ. [diutarnitas, Latin.]
L.eiiiith of duration. Brown.

To DIVU'LGE. v. o. [di'uuho, Latin.]
1. To pubiilh ; to make publick. Hooker.
2. To proclcMm. Mihoi.

DIVU'LGER. ʃ'. [from d!-ju!ge.] A publifher.
King Charles.

DIVU'LSION. ʃ. [<//i,'b/>, Latin.] The
act of plucking awjy. Brciitt.

To DIZEN. i/.fl. [flom digit.] To drels ; to deck. Swift.

Dl'ZZARD. ʃ. [{TCand:zz.y.] A blockhead
i a foci.

DI'ZZlNESS. ʃ. [ftvmdizz).] Giddinefs.
duTfoilU.

DOC

DI'ZZY. a. [sipj, Saxon.]
1. Giddy ; vertiginous. Miltott,
2. Caufing giddinefs. Shakeſpeare.
3. Giddy ; thoughtiefs. Milton.

To DI'ZZY. v.-a. To whirl round ; tn
make giddy. Shakeſpeare.

To DO. v. a. preter. <//(/ ; part. pair, done,
[t)on, Sax. doen, Dutch.]
1. To practice or act any thing good ot
b-id. Pſalms.
2. To perform ; to achieve. Collier.
3. To execute ; to difcharge. Shakeſpeare.
4. To caufe. ^^enfer,
5. To tranfaft. Acis,
6. To produce any efl'edl to another.Shakeſpeare.
7. To have recourfe to ; topract>ife as the
hft effort. Jeremiah.
8. To perform for the benefit of another.
Samuel,
9. To exert ; to put forth. 2 T;,v.',
10. To manage by way of interccurfe ot
dealing. Boyle. Roiue.

11. To gain a point; to effedt by influence.Shakeſpeare.
12. To make any thing what it is not.Shakeſpeare.
To finifh ; to end. Duppa.
To conclude ; to fettle. TiHotjoit.
This phrafe, -nhat to 00 -zvitb, fignifies
how to beltow ; what ufe to make of; what courfe to take ; how to employ; wh'ch way to gee rid of. Tilloijin,

To DO. I-, n.
1. To act or behave in any manner well
or ill. Temple.
2. To make an end ; to conclude.
i;pectator,
3. To ceafe to be concerned with ; to ceafe
ro C3re about. Stillingfleet.
4. To fare ; to be with regard to ficknefs
or health. Shakeſpeare.
5. To fucceed ; to fulfil a purpofe. Collier.
6. To DO is ufed for any verb to fave the
rep:titi'an of the word; as, I fiall coire,
bat ‘f I do i:or, go away ; that is, if I
come not. Arbuthnot.
7. Do is a word of vehemeat command,
rneit retjueft ; as, help me, do ; make
I3'
14.
hcijie, do. 7ci
8. To Do is put before verbs fometimes expletively
; as, / do love, or, / Iqijc ; /
did love, or, / loved. Bacon.
^. Sometimes emphatically ; ar, 1 60 bste
nim, but will not wrang him. Shakeſpeare.
10. Sometimes by way of nppofition ; as,
/ did loTo him, liut [corn him now,

DO'CIBLE. a. [dorilis, Latin.] Tradlable; d'cile ; eafy to be taught. M.lton.

DO'CIELENESS. ʃ. [from d<i:ibk.] Teachablsnefs
; docility. Wulioit,

DO'CiLE. u. [dmilis, Latin.]
1. TeachD
O D
1. Teachable ; eafily inftruded ; tractaMe.
2. With to.

DOCI'LirV. ſ. [Ac/////, Fr. from ^of/.Vf.'s,
Lat.] Aptnefs to be taught ; iCddii,, (s
to learn. Cr'io.

DOCK. ʃ. [» >cca, Saxon.] An herb
Swift.

DOCK. ʃ. The flump of the tail, whah
rem'iins after docking. Grc:'.'.

DOCK. ʃ. [As foIT.e'jmog'ne, of ^ox^'-o^-]
A phoe where water is let in or out at
pleafure, where fhii;s are bai't or laid up.

To DOCK. r,'.a, [ftcnulock, a tail.]
1. To cut off a tail.
2. To cut any thing fhort. Swift.
3. To cut oft a reckoning.
4. To lay the fhip in a dock.

DO'CKET. ʃ. A direction t>ed upon goods ;
a fummary of a luger writing.

DO'CTOR. ʃ. [d.clo', Latin.]
1. One that has taken the higheft degr-e
in the faculties of divinity, law, or phyfick.
In fome univerfities they have doctors
of mufick. Shakeſpeare.
2. A nun fkilled in any profeflion.
Deham.
3. A phyfician ; one who undertakes the
cure of d ifeafes. Shakefpea'rc.
A. Any able or learned man. Digh,

To DO'CTOR. v. a. [from the noun.] To
phylick ; to cure.

DOCTO'^AL. a. [doFioraUs, Lat.] Relating
tn the degree of a doft'>r.

DO'CIORALLYT c^. [from djaorah] In
manser of a doflcr. HizLlv.ll,

DO'CTORSHIP. ʃ. [from daor \ The
tank of a doilor. CLvendon.

DO'CTRINAL. a. [doBrlna, Latin<]
1. Cotaning doftr.ne. South.
2. Pcrtaining to the act or means of teaching.
Hooker.

DO'CTRINALLY. ad. [from doBrine.] In
the /orm of . cCTrine ; pofuively. Ray.

DOCTRINE. ʃ. [d anna, Latin.]
1. The principles or pofitions of any felfl
orm^fter. Ana bury.
2. The afCt of teaching. Mark.

DO'CUMENT. ʃ. [do^umeJitum, Lat.]
1. [‘lecept ; inftruillu n ; direction. Watts.
2. Precept in an ill feiile ; a precept magil'erislly
dogmatical. Gov. of the Tongue.

DO'DDER. ʃ. [tout,-ren, to ftioot uu, Dutch.
Skinner.] DJder is a fi.-igul.T plant :
when it firft fhaots from the feed it has
little roots, which pierce the earth near
the roots of other plants ; but the capillaments
of wh ch it is f'lrmeH, foon
after clinging about thefe plants, the roots
with-r away. Fmm this time it jiropagates
itfelf along the llalks of the plant.
/ DOG
cntnngling itfelf about thi.m in a vtr.
cnnnlicated m<:n.Ter. It has no leaves.

DO'DDSRED. a. [from dodder. [Overgri.'.
v:i with dodder. Dryden.

DODE'CAGON. ʃ. [?a.'J;Haand^a)w'a.] A
figure of twrly fides.

DODECA 1 EMORION. ſ. [J.jj£-ta1«,u.';io-.'.]
The twelfth part. C euh.

To KODGE. v. n. [from dog.]
1. To ufe craft ; to deal with terg verfatioi.
Hall.
2. To fhift place as another approach.-s.
M: ‘ion.
3. To play faft and loofe ; to raife xpectations
and difaupoint them. Swift.

DO'DKIN. ʃ. [duy:kev, Dutch.] A doitkin
or little doit ; a low coin. Lily,

DO'DMAN. ʃ. The name of afifh. Bacon.

DOE. ʃ. [‘Di, Saxon.] A fhe-deer ; the
female .;f a buck. Bacon.

DOE. ʃ. [from To do.] A feat ; what ne
has to do. ‘ Hudibras.

DO'ER. ʃ. [from To d^.]
1. One that does any thing good or bad.
South.
2. Aftor ; agen^. Hooker.
3. An active, or bufy, or valiant perfon.
Knolle.
4. One that habitually performs or pracnfes.
Hooker.

DOES. The third perfon from do, for doth,
Locke.

To DOFF. v. a. [from do off.]
1. To put off drefs. Milton. Dryden. P.ove,
2. To ft rip. CraJJ:>azu.
3. To put away ; to get rid of. Shakeſpeare.
4. To delay ; to refer to another time.
Shake.fpeare,

DOG. ʃ. [d:igghe, Dutch.]
1. A domeftick aamial remarkably various
in his fpecies. Locke.
2. A conflellaciorx called Sirius, or Canicula,
rifing and fetting with the fun
during the dog days. Brown.
3. A reproachful njme for a man.Shakeſpeare.
4. To give or fend to the DoG s ; to throw
away, ‘io go to the Dogs ; to be ruined,
deftmyed, or devoured. Pope. .
5. It is ufed as the male of feveral fpecies
; as, the J«^ fox, the <-/ef otter.

To DOG. v. a. To hunt as a dog, infidi-
(uifly and indefatigably. Herbert.

DOG-TEETH. ʃ.
The teeth in the human
head next to the grinders ; the eyeteeth.
Arbuthnot.

DOG-TRICK. ʃ. [d-g and trick.] An ill
turn ; furly or brutal treatment. Dryden.

DOGBANE. ʃ. [di>g and Ihine.] An herb.

DOGBERRY'-TRIiE. Cornelian- cherry.

DOGBRIAR. ʃ. [dog and briar.] The
briar that bears the hip.

DOGDOG

DO'GCHEAP. a. [dag and cheap-l C^heap
as do^s meat. DryiUr.

DO'GDAVS. ʃ. [dfi^ and day!.] The days
in which the dogllar rifes ai:d fets with
the fun. Clarenden.

DOGE.'/. [a%<-, lalian.] The title of
the chief magiltrate oi Venice and Genoa.
Addisʃon.

DO'GFISH. ʃ. [from d':g and // ] A
fhark. WQ'divard.

DO GFLY. ſ. A voracious biting fly.
Chafmnn.

DO'GGED. a. [from dog.] Sullen ; four; morofe ; ill-humoured
; gloomy. Hudibras.

DO'GGEDLY. ad. [txfmd.gg.d.] Sullenly ; gloomily.

DO'GGEDNESS. ʃ. [from ^o^^r^.] Gloom
of mind ; iuUennefs,

DO'GGER. ʃ. A fmall fhip with one maft.

DO'GGEREi. a. Vile ; defpecable ; mean.
Dryden.

DOGGEREL. ʃ. Mean, defpecable, worth-
\ih verfe;. Swift.

DOGGISH. a. [from dog ] Currifh ; brutal.

DOGHE'ARTED. a. [dog and heart.]
CrucJ
; pitilefs ; malicious. Shakeſpeare.

DOGHO'LE. ʃ. [dog and bole.] A v.le
Jiole. Pope. .
DOGKE'NNEL. ſ. [dog and kennel.] A
liitle hut or houfe for dcgs. TatLr.

DO'GLOUSE. ʃ. [d^g iniloufi.] An infedl
that harbours on dog?.

DO'GMA. ʃ. [Latin.] Eftablifhed principle ; fettled notion. Dryden.

DOGMA'TICAL. ʃ cu [from dogrna ] Au-

DOGMA'TICK. ^ ihontative ; mapirterial
; pofitive. Boyle.

DOGMATICALLY. nd. [from dogmatical.]
Magifterially ; pofitively. South.

DOGMA' riCALNESS. ʃ. [from dogmaticul.]
M igifterialr.e's
; mock authority.

DOGMATIST. ʃ. [dcgTonjle, Fr.] A
mjgiflerial teacher ; a bold advancer of
principles. Watts.

To DOGMATI'ZE. v. a. [from dcrvti.]
To aiiert pofitively ; to teach ma^illerially,
Blackmore.

DOGMATIZER./ [from dogrratiiie.] An
affertt-r ; a magifterial teacher. Hammond.

DOGRO'SE. ʃ. [dog and nfe.] The flower
of the hin. Durham.

DO'GSLEEP. ʃ. [dog t and pif.] Pretendc-d
fieep.
Milton.

DO'GSMEAT. ʃ. [dog and meat.] Refufe ; vile ftuit. Dryden.

DO'GSTAR. ʃ. [d g and Jlar.] The flar
which ^ives name to theoogdays. ylddifon.

DO'GSTOOTH. ʃ. A plant. Mdkr.

DO'GTROT. ʃ. A gentle trot like that of
a drg. Hudibras.

DOGWEA'RV. a. Tired as a dog,Shakeſpeare.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D O L



DO'GWOOD. See CoRNELi.^K-cHERRY.

DO'LLY. ʃ. A fpecies oi wooilen Ituff, fo
called, 1 fuppofe, from the name of the
fiXiX (!;aker.
Congreie,

DO'INGS. ʃ. [from To do.]
1. Things done ; events ; tranfa6>ions.Shakeſpeare.
2. Feats ; actions : good of bad. Sidney.
3. Behaviour; conduft. bidney.
4. Stir; burtle; tutrult. Hooker.
1;. Activity ; merriment.

DOIT. ʃ. [di^yt, Dutch.] A fmall piece of
money. Shakeſpeare.

DOLE. ʃ. [from deal; txlan, Saxon.]
1. The act of diftribution or dealing.
a.-.'e.'and.
2. Any thing dealt out or distributed.

Hudibras.
3. Provifions or money diftributed m charity.
Dryden.
4. BIows dealt out. Milton.
5. [from dclcr.] Grief ; forrow ; mifery.Shakeſpeare.

To DOLE. nj. a. [from the noun.] To
deal , to diftribute. DiSi.

DO'LEFUL. a. [dole and full.]
1. Sorrowful ; difmal ; expreffing grief.
South. Dryden.
2. Melancholy ; afflitled ; feeling grief.
Sidney.
. DJfma! ; imprelTing forrow. Hooker.

DO'LEFULLY. dd. [tiom doleful.] ^lt\ a.
Holeful manner.

DO'LEI-Ui.NESS. ʃ. [from doleful.].
1. Sorrow ; melancholy,
2. Q^eruloufnefs.
3. Uifmal.nefs.

DOLESOAiE. a. [from dole.] Melancholy
; elo my ; difm.-.!. Pope. .

DOLESOMELY. ad. [from dolefome.] In
a Holef me manner.

DO'LESOMENESS. ʃ. [from doiefome.]
Gl. om i
melancholy.

DOLL. ʃ. A little girl's puppet or baby.

DOLLAR./. [daler, Dutch.] A Dutch
and G.-rnisn coin of different value, from
ab ut two fhillings and fixpence to four
and fixpence.

DOLORI'FICK. a. [do'orlfc^s, Lat.] That
which ca:ires grief or pain. Ray.

DOLOROUS. a. [from doLr, Latin.]
1. Sorrowful ; doleful ; difmal. Milton.
2. Pnnful. More.

DO'LOUR. ʃ. [do'cr, Latin.]
1. Grief ; forrow. Shakeſpeare.
2. Lamentation; complaint.
3. Pain ; pan?. Brown.

DOLPHIN. ʃ. [delpbin, Lat.] The name
of a fifh. Peiichom.

DOLT. ʃ. [dol, Teutonick.] A heavy ftupui
fellow ; a thickfcul. Shakeſpeare.

DOLTISH. a. [from dok.] Stupid ; njcin ; blockifh. Sliincy.
O DODON

DO'MAELTi. a. [doniabilit, Lat.] Tameable

DOMA'IN. ʃ. [domaine, Fr.]
1. Dominio.. 3 Tnpire. Millon.
2. Pofleffion 5 eftate. Dryden.

DOME. ʃ. [dome, French.]
1. A building ; a houfe ; a fabrick. Prior.
2. A hemifphereal arch ; a cupola.

DOME- ! ICAL. ʃ r, „ r„l
1. Belonging to the houfe ; not relating
to things publick. Booker.
2. Private ; not open. Hooker.
3. Inhabiting the houfe ; not wild. Addif.
4. Nof foreign ; inteftine. Shakeſpeare.

To DOMESTICATE. v. a. [from d>me.
fick.] To make domeftick ; to withdraw
from the publick. Chr:ea,

To BO MrPY. V. 0. To tame.

DO'MINANT. a. [deminant, Fr.] Predominant; prefiding ; afcendant.

To DO'MINATE. m. a. [dominatut, Lat.]
To pieduminate ; to prevail over the reft.
Dryden.

DOMINA'TION. ʃ. [dominat'w, Lat.]
1. Power ; dominion. Shakeſpeare.
2. Tyranny ; infolent authority. ^^M^.winor.
3. One highly exalted in power : iift;d of
anglii k beingf. Milton.
rO'MINATIVE. a. [from daminate.] Imperious
; nfolent.

DOMINA'IOR. J. [Latin.] The prefiding
power. Camden.

To DOMINE'ER. v. n. [dominor, Lat.] To
rule with infolence ; tofwell; to act without
riintrol. Prior.

DOMINICAL. a. [dominicalis, Latin.]
That which notes the Lord's day, or
Sunday. Holder.

DOMINION. ʃ. [dominium, Latin.]
1. Sovereign authority ; unlimited power.
Tichll.
2. Right of poffeftion or ufe, without
being accountable, Locke.
g. Territory ; region ; diftridl. Davies.
4. Predominance ; afcendant. Dryden.
<;. An order of angels. Co'.-Jfum.

DON. ʃ. [Jow/nut,' Latin.] The .Spanifh
title ‘or d gentleman ; as, Uon Quixote.

To DON. I-, a. [To do on.] To put nn.
Fairfax.

DONARY. ʃ. [donarium, lu.] A thing
given to ficred ufes.

DONATION/ [donatio, Ui.]
1. The act of giving any thing. South.
2. The grant by which any thing it given,
Raleigh.

DO'NATIVE. ʃ. [dona/i/ Fr.]
1. A gift ; a largeA ; a prefent. Hooker.
2. ! In law.] A benefice me-ely given
and cojldted by the patron to a man, with-
«ut the oidinaiy. Cowci,

DOR

DONE. fart. fajj'. of the verb. To io,
Sfjenfer,

DONE. interjeSi. The word by which a
wager is concluded ; when a wager is offered,
he that accepts it fays done.
Cleveland,

DONJON. f. [now dungeon. ~\ The higheft
and ftrongeft tower of the caftle, in which
prifoners were kept. Chaucer,

DO NOR. ʃ. A giver ; a beflower.
yJlterbury,

DO'ODLE. ʃ. A trifler ; an idler.

To DOOM. v. a. [toeman, Saxon.]
1. To judge. MillOft.
2. To condemn to any punifhment ; to
fentence. Smith.
3. To pronounce condemnation upon any,
Dryden.
4. To command judically or authoritatively.Shakeſpeare.
5. To deftine ; to command by uncontrolable
authority. Dryden.

DOOIVI. ʃ. [tiom, Saxon.]
1. Judicial fentence ; judgment. Milton.
2. The great and final judgment,Shakeſpeare.
3. Condemnation. Shakeſpeare.
4. Determination declared. Shakeſpeare.
5. The ftate to which one is deftined.
Dryden.
6. Ruin ; deftrudlion. Pope. .

DO'OMSDAY. ʃ. [doom and day.]
1. The day of final and univerfal judgment
; the laft, the great day. Brown,
2. The day of fentence or condemnation.Shakeſpeare.

DO'OMSDAY-BOOK. ʃ. [doom/Jay and
book.] A book made by order of William
the Conqueror, in which the estates of
the kingdom were regiflered. Camden.

DOOR. ʃ. [.& n, Saxon.]
1. The gate of a houfe ; that which opens
to yield entrance. Denham.
2. Ii familiar language, a ho\i(e,Arbuthnot.
3. Entrance ; portal. Dryden.
4. Paffage ; avenue ; means of approach.
Hammond.
5. Oaco/ Doors. No more to be found ; fairly fent away. Locke.
9. At the Door of anyone. Imputable ; chargeable upon him. Dryden.
7. Next Door to. Approaching to ; near
to. L'Eftrange.

DO'ORCASE. ʃ. [door and cafe.] The
frame in wh'ch the door is inclofed. Moxon.

DO'ORKEEFER. ʃ. [door and keeper, ]
Porter ; one that keeps the entrance of a
hniife. Taylor.

DOQU'ET. ʃ. A paper containing a warrant.
Bacon.

DO'RMANT. a. [dormant, Fr.]
1. Sleeping, Congreve.
2. In a deeping pofture. Grew,
3. Private ; not piiblick. Bacon.
4. Concealed ; not divuJged, Swift.
5. Lea'iing; not perpendicular, Cleveland.

DO'RMITORY. ʃ. [donnitorium, L.t.]
1. A place to fleep in ; a room with
imny beds. Mortimer.
2. A buriil place. Ayhffe.

DO'RMOUSE. ʃ. [dsrmis and Tr.oufe.] A
fmall animal which paffes a large part of
the Winter in fieep, Ben. Johnson.

DORN. ʃ. [froni dorriy German, a thorn.]
The nanie of a fifh. Careiu,

DO'RNICK. ʃ. [of Dtornick in Flanders.]
A fpecies of linen cloth ufed in Scotland
for the table.

To DORR. v. a. [tor, ftupid,Teutun:ck.]
To deafen or ftupify with noife, Skinner.

DORR. ſ.A kind ‘of flying inf«« ; the
hedge-chafer. Grtio.

DO'RSEL. ʃ /. [from dorfum, the b^ck.]

DOR'ER.^ A pannier ; a bafket or bag,
one of which hangs on either fide a beait
of b^irrhen.

DORSIFEROUS. ʃ /. [dtrfum and fero,
DOJRSrt-AROUi. 5 <r f^-'o, Lat.] Having
the property of bearing or bringing
forth on the oack : ufed of plants that
have the feeds on the back of their leaves,
a: .'p'O.

DORTURl!. ſ. [from dormiture -^ dorio'r,
Ft.] A donnitory ; a place to Deep in.
Bacon.

DOSE / rj,V;?.]
1. So much of any medicine as is taksn
at ont time. Quincy.
2. As much of any thing as falls to a
man's lot, Hudibras.
3. The utmoft quantity of ftrong liquor
tbar a man can fwallow.

To DOSE v. a. To proportion a medicine
prope»ly to the patient or difeafe.

DOSSIL. ʃ. [from d.rfei] A pledget ; a
nodule or lump of lint. PI-'ifeman.

DOST. [the fecond perfon of do ] Addisʃon.

DOT. ʃ. [from jot, a point.] A fmall
point or fpot made to mark any place in
a writing.

To DOT. v.-n, [from the noun.] To make
dots or fpots.

DO'TAGE. ʃ. [fron-i dote.]

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

I L fs of underftanding ; imbecillity of
mind. Davies. Suckiing,
2. Exceffive fondnefs, Dryden.

DO'TAL. a. [dotalis, Latin.] Relating to
the portion of a woman ; conftituting her
portion. Garth.

DOTARD. f. [from (/off ] A man whofe
8ge has impaired his intellects ; a tivichild.
Spenſer.

DOTA'TION. ʃ. [dotatio, Lat.] The at!
of giving a dowry.

To DOTE. v.Ti. [dcten, Dutch.]
1. To have the intellect impaired by age
or paffion. Jeremiah,
2. To be in love to extremity. &iani-i.

To Dote upon. To regard with excellivc
fondnei's. Burnet.

DO' PER. ʃ. [dom dote.]
1. One whofe underftsnding is impaired
by years ; a dotard. B non,
2. A man fondly, weakly, and exc Hi- ly
in love. Boyle.

DO'TINGLY. ad. [from doting.] Fondly.
Dryden.

DO'TTARD. ʃ. A tree kept low by cutting.
Bacon.

DO'TTEREL. ʃ. The name of a bird.
BaccK.

DOUBLE. a. [dcub'c, French.]
1. Two of a fort ; one correfponding to
the other. Ecclus.
2. Twice as much ; containing the fame
quantity repeated. Ben. Johnson.
3. Having more than one in tlis fame
order or parallel. Bacon.n.
4. Twofold ; of two kinds, Dryden.
5. Two in number. Daziies.
6. Having twice the effect or infliiance.Shakeſpeare.
7. Deceitful ; ading two pzyts, Shakeſpeare.

DOUBLE- PLE. '^. / That in whi n the
defendant alleges for himfelf tw > feveral
matters, whereof either is fufficien' to
effedt his defire in debarring the plainmtiff.

DO'UBLE-BITING. a. B.ung or cuinng
on either fide. Dryden.

DOUBLE BUTTONED. a. [double and
buttoned.] Having two rows of buttons.
Gay.

DO'UBLEDEALER. ʃ. A deceitful, fubtle,
in/iiiious fellow ; one who fays one thing
and thinks another. L'Eft-an^e.

DO'UBLE DEALING. ʃ. Artifice ; diffimuiation
; low or Wicked cunning. Vtipe,

To DOUBLE-DIE. v. a. To die twice
over. Dryden.

DO'UBLE-HEADED. a. Having the flowers
growmt! one to another, Mortimer.

To DO'UBLE LOCK. v. a. [double and
‘Ock T > ih of the lock twice. Tjtler,

DOUBLE-MINDED. a. Deceitful ; infidi'ius.

DOUBLE SHINING. a. Shining with
double iuHre. Sidney.

DO'UBLE TONGUED. a. D^ceitful ; giving
contrat'y acccjunts of the fame tuing.
Dryden.

To DO'UBLE. v. a.
1. To enlarge any quantity by adiiition of
the fjnie quantify. Shakeſpeare.
2. To contain twice the quantity. Dryden.
3. To repeat ; to add. Dryden.
4. To add one to another in the fame order
or parallel. Exodus.
5. To f Id, Prior.
Q a 6. T.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D O U



6. T pafs round a headhnd. Knolhs.

To DO'UBLE v. n.
1. To increafe to twice the quantity.
Burr.et.
2. To enlarge the ftake to twice th- fmn
in play. Dryden.
3. To wind in running. Bacon.
4. To play tricks ; to ufeflsighis, Dryden.

DOUBLE. ʃ.
1. Twice the quantity or number. Graunt,
2. Strong beer 0^' twice the common
ftrength. Shakeſpeare.
3. A rick ; a fhift ; an artifice,

DO'UBLENESS. ʃ. [f(om do-Jl-.] The
ftite f Oring double. Shakeſpeare.

DO'UBLER. ʃ. [from diuh.'e.] He that
douolef any thing.

DO'UBLET. ʃ. [from doub'e.]
1. The inner garment of a man ; the
waiftrojt. Hudibras.
1. Two ; a pair. Grew.

DCUBLO'N. J.
[French.] A Spanifh coin
cont iiing the value I'f iwopiHoles.

DO'UBLY. iid. [from dcubU.] In twice
the quantity ; to twee the degree. Dryden.

To DOUBT. -u-n. [d-^ubter, F.]
1. To quection ; to bi in uncertainty.
rilhtlor.
2. To queftion any event, fearing the
Viwrfl. Shakefpeare. Knolles.
3. To fear ; to be apprehenfive.
Oiivay. Buhr.

A. Tofufpect; to have fufpicion. Darnel.
5. To hehtrffe ; to be in fufpenfr. Dryden.

To DOUBT. v. a.
1. To hold queftionable ; to thii:k u.ncertain,
MiUcn.
2. To fear ; to fufpefl. Bacon.
3. To diftruft. Shakeſpeare.

DOUBT. f. [from the vrb.]
1. Uncertainty of mind ; fufpenfe. South.
2. Queilionj point unfettled. Foj>c.
3. Sctupie ; perplex. ty ; irrefolution.Shakeſpeare.
4. Uncertainty of condition. Deuteronomy,
c. Sufpicion ; apprehenfion of ill.
Galaliani,
6. Difficnityobjected. Blackmore.

DOUB'lER. ʃ. [from doubt. ^ One who
entertain? fcruples.

DOUBTFUL. a^ {^doubt fix\^ full.y
1. Dubious ; not fettled in opinion.Shakeſpeare.
2. Ambiguous ; not clear in its meaning,
fl. That about which thete is doubt ;
queliionable ; uncertain.
Bac'jn. South. Dryden.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

A N it fi-cui. i
not without fufpicion.
Hooker.
r. K^' confident ; not without fcir.
Milton.

DOUBTFULLY ad. [from doub'jul.]
1. Dabioully ; iuefoiutely.

DOW
2. Ambigtioudy ; with- urirertnnty of
meaning. 6'pertfer.

DOUBTFULNESS. ʃ. [from d:-:dfu>.]
1. DubiOulnefs ; fufpenfe ; inftability of
opinion. Watts.
2. Ambiguity ; uncertainty of meaning.
Locke.

DO'UBTINGLY. ad. [from doi:it.] In a
Jiiubring manner ; dubioufly. Bacon.

DO'UBTLESS. a. [f:^m doubt.] Without
fear
; without apprehenfion of danger.Shakeſpeare.

DOUBTLESS. ad. Without duubt ; unqueft' nabl>'.

DOUCET. ʃ. [doucet, Fr.] Acuftard.
^k'nner,

DOUCKER. ʃ. A bird that dips in the
water. Ray.

DOVE. ʃ. yufo, old Teutonick ; dafb.
German.]
1. A wild pigeon.
2. A pigeon.

DO'VECOT. ʃ. [dove and «.'.] A fmall
building in which pigeons are bred and
k'pt Shakefpeare.

DO'VEHaU.E. ſ. [dove and iow;.] A
houfe foi pigeons. Dryden.

DOVETAIL. ʃ. [dove and /«//.] A form
of joining two bodies together, where that
which is inferted hjs the form of a wedge
reverfed.

DOUGH. ʃ. [‘Bih, Saxon.]
1. The pafte of bread or pies, yet uabak.
d. Dryden.
2. My c-ike is DouGH. My affair has
miftarried. Shakeſpeare.

DOUGHBA'KED. a. [dough and b^ked..
Unnnifhed ; not hardened to perfection ; f.ft. Danne.

DO'UGHTY. a. [‘©hris, Saxon.] Brave ;
noble ; illuftrious ; eminent. Spenfer.

DO'UGHY. a. [from do:^gh.] I'-ibund ; Tot't ; unhardened. Shakeſpeare.

To DOUSE. v. a. To put over head fuddenly
in the water.

To DOUSE. v. n. To fall Aiddenly into
the water. liudibra!.

DO'WAGER. ʃ. [douairlere, Fr.]
1. A widow with a jointure. Shakeſpeare.
1. The title given to iad;es who lurvive
th'ir hiifl-.nds. Shakeſpeare.

DO'WDY. ʃ. An aukward, illd.elied, inelegant
woman. Hhijiefpeu/e,

DO'WERY. ʃ. J- {^'' Fr.]
1. That which the wife bringcth to her
hufoin'! in maniage. Pope. .
2. That which the wid^w pbrtefTes. Bacon.
3. The grits of a hufband tor a wif?.
Gev.fs.
4. E iH wment ; gift. DatiiBs,

DO'WERED. a. Toitioned ; fupplied with
a poition. tihok'-jpaice.

DOWER=

DOW

DO'WERLESS. a. [from aower.] Withci:
t a fortune. Shakefpeare.

DOWLAS. ʃ. A coarfe kind of liuen.

DOWN. ʃ. [^^aff, Danifh.]
1. Soft feathers, Wotton.
2. Any thing that fooths or mollifies.
Southern.
3. Soft wo!, or tender h»ir. Prior.
4. The foft fibres of pknts which wing
the feeds. Bacon.

EOWN. ʃ. [sun, Saxon.] A large open
plain or valley. Sidney. Sandys.

DOWN. prep, fa'euna, Saxon.]
1. Along a defcent ; from a higher place
to a lower. Shakeſpeare.
2. Towards the mouth of a river, Knolles.

DOWN. ad.
1. On the ground ; from the height to a
lower (iiuanon. Milton.
2. Tending towards the ground.
3. Cat of fight ; below the horizon.Shakeſpeare.
4. To a total maceration. Arbuthnot.
5. into difgrace ; into declining reputation.
iSouth.
6. [Anfwering to I'p.] Here and there.
Pfaims.

DOWN. interj.ci. An exhortation to deft'uction
or demolj-ion. Shakeſpeare.

DOWN. [To go.] To be digefted ; to re
lecei'.ed. Locke.

To DOWN. v. a. [from the particle.] lo
knoJc ; to fubdu? ; to conquer. Sidney.

DO'WNCAST. a. [doiLti and caft.] Bent
down ; diiected to the ground. Addison.

DO'WNFAL. ʃ. [^doTcn and fail.]
I. Ruin ]
fall from liate. South.
2. A bi.dy of things falling. Dryden.
3. Deftrmftion of fabr:cks. Dryden.

DOWNFALLEN. participial a. Ruined; fallen. - Careiu.

DO'WNGYRED. a. [dozen and gynd..
Let aown in circular wrinkles. Shakeſpeare.

DOWNHIL. ʃ. [^ow« and /b;7/.] Dcelfvicy
; defcent. D>ydin.

DO'WNHIL. a. Declivous; defcending.

DO'WNLOOKED. ‘ a. [dov.'n and look.]

HIV.rig a dejetled countenance ; fullen ; meianchdv. Dryden.

DO'WNLYING. a. [d.-wn and lie.] Ab. ut
to be ii rravjil of childbirth.

DO'WNRIGHT. ad. [down and riobt.]
I Strait or right down. Hudibras.
2. I1 pl-iin terms. Shakeſpeare.
3. C-mpletely; without flopping fhurt.
Arbuthnot.

DOWNRIGHT. a.
1. PIain ; open; apparent; und.fguifed,
Rogers.
2. Directly tending to the point.
Ben. Johnʃon.
3. Unceremonious; honslliy furly-.^t/ti'^'jon.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R A



3.

DO
or lin:al de-

Shakefpeare
Dryden.
Diyrief.
Sidney.

To DOZE
flumber ;

To DOZE.
i. PJain ; without palliation, B^--

DO'WNSITTING. ʃ. [^.w«and>.] Rell ; 'Po'e. Pf.z!ms.

DO'WNWARD. ʃ. , .

DO'WNWARDS \
'OJnfp:ai'&, Sax.]
1. Towards the center. Nc-wron.
2. Frt.m a h gher htuation to a lov^cr.
Milton.
3. In a courfe of fucceffive
fcent.

DO'WNWARD. a.
1. Muvii-jg wn a declivity.
2. Declivius ; bending.
Dfpvefled ; dejefled.

VNV. a. [from doiun]
1. Coveied with down or nap. Shakeſpeare.
2. Made of down orfofr feathers. Dryden.
3. Sjft; tender; foothing. Cmjhaiu.

DOWRE. 1 c r,

DOWRY. ʃ. J- i^''''^' French.]
1. A portion g'ven with a wife. Sidney.
2. A reward paid for a wife. Cotv/i ;

DOXO'LOGY. ʃ. [a-;?a and 7,6y^.] A
form of givinj; glory to God. Stillingfleet.

DO'XY. ʃ. A whore ; a loofe wench.
Shakefparg.
t'- n. r&psep, Saxon.] To
to be half afleep. L'Eftrange. Pope. .
V. a. To flupjfy ; to duIJ.
Clarendon.

DO ZEN. ʃ. [douxaine, Fr.] The number
of twelve. Raleigh.

DOZINESS. ʃ. [from doxy ] Sleepinefs
; droufinefs. Locke.

DOZY. a. S!eepy ; droufy ; fluggifh.
Dryden.

DRAB. ʃ. [to drabbe, Saxon. Ises.] A whorea
ftrumpec. Pof-e

DRACHM. ʃ. [drachma, Lat.]
^'
1. An old Rotnats coin. Shakeſpeare.
2. The eighrh part of an ounce.

DRACUiNCULUS. ʃ. [Latin.] A worm
bred in the hot countries, which grows to
many yards length between the fkin and
fiefh.

DRAD. a. Terrible; d.eaded. Spenfer.

DRAFF. ʃ. [&;^0J:, Saxon.] Any thing
thrown away. Ben. Johnſon.

DRA'FFY. a. [from draff.] Worthlefs; dressy.

DRAFT. a. [corrupted for d-augbt.]Shakeſpeare.

To DRAG. v. a. [BrisS'n, Saxon.]
1. To pull along the giound by main force.
Denham.
2. To draw any thing burthenfome. Smith.
3. To draw conteniptuoully along.
Stillingfleet.
4. To pull about with violence and ignommy.
Carendotf.
5. To P'jU roughly and forcibl; Dryden.
To

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R A



To DRAG. v. n. To hang fo low as to
trail or (;! ate upon the ground. Moxon.

DRAG. ʃ. [from the verb ]
1. A net drawn along the bottom of the
water. -- Rogers.
2. All inftrum«nt with hooks to catch
hold of things uDiier water. f'Faki^n,
3. A kind of car drawn by the hand.
Moxon.

DRA'GNET. ʃ. [drag and net.] A ntt
which is drawn aJon; the bottom of the
water. Mav.

To DRA'GGLE. v. a. [from d^ag.] to
‘ make dirty by dragging on the ground.
C/y.

To DRA'GGLE. w. n. To grow dirty by
berng drawn along the ground, Hudibras.

DRA'CON'. ʃ. [d''<-co, Latin.]
1. A kinj of winged ferpent. Rowc,
2. A fisrce violent man or wnmari.
5. A conftcllation near the North pole.

DRA'GON. ʃ. [dracuncului, Latin.] A
plant. Miller.

DRA'GO'-'ET. ʃ. A little dragon. Spenfer.

DRA'CONFi^y. ʃ. A fierce flinging fly.
Bacon.

DRA'GONISH. a. [from Jra^ow.] Hating
the form of a dragon. Shakeſpeare.

DRA'GONLIKE. a. Furious; fiery.Shakeſpeare.

DRA'GONSBLOOD. ʃ. [d-agon n^^hlood]
A refin moderately heavy, friable, aril
dufky red ; but of a bright fcarlet, when
powdered : if has litti. fn-elU and is of a
refincius and aftringent tafte. Hill.

DRAGON-MEAD. ʃ. A plant. MilUr.
X>R- (>0>. iREE. ſ. Pjimrree. Miller.

DRAGOON. ʃ. [from dra^en, Cermin.]
A kind of foJdier that ferves mdiHcrfntiy
either on foot or horfeback. TutLr.

To DRAGO'ON. v. a. To perfecute by
abandoning a place to die rage of foldiers.
Prior.

To DRAIN. v. a. [trairer, French.]
1. To dr-'W off grsdudlly. Bacon.
2. To empty by drawing gradually away
what it contains. Rofcommon,
‘3. To make quite dry. ^luift.

DRAIN. ʃ. [from the verb.] The channel
through which liquids are gradually drawn.
Mortimer.

PRAK'E. y. [of uncertain etymology.]
1. The male of the dm k. Mortimer.
2. A fmall piece ‘A artillery. Clarendan,

DRAM. ʃ. f fronti drachm, drach}m, Lat.]
1. In weight the eighth part of an ounce.
Bacon.
2. A frnal! quantity. Dryden.
g. Such a quantity of diftilled fpirits a is
uruaiiy drank i-t once. Swift.
4. .Spirits ; diftilled liquors. Pope. .

To DRAM. t>. n. To drink diftilled fpirits.

DR'AMA. ʃ. [Jfa/i« ] A poem accommvd.
ted to action ; a poe.T. in > hich tl.f
aflion is not related, but reprefented ; and
in which therefore fuch rules are to be obferved
as make the reprefentation pro-
‘‘able. Dryden.

DRAMATICAL. v. a. [from </.-/«. 1 Re-

DRAMA TICK. ^ prefented by adi.n.
Biniley,

DRAMA'TICALLY. ad. [from dramu,ck.-\
Reprelentativeiy ; oy reprefeatatun.

DRAMATIST. ʃ. [from dr,n,a.] ‘^The
‘uth ; of dom^-ick compofitions. Burnet.

DRANK. [the preterite of a<ir.k.]

To DRAPE. v. r. [drap, Fr.] To make
‘:''';'' Bacon.

DRAPER. ʃ. [from dope.] One who fells
c't^^- Bo,U. HoKud,

DRA'PERY. ʃ. [drai.p,rie, Fr.]
1. Ciothwork
; the tr^de of making cloth.
Bacon.
2. Cloth ; fluffs of wool. Arbuthnot.
3. Thedrefs of a piclurc, or ftaOi'. Prior.

DRA'PET. ʃ. [from drap-e.] Cloth ; cover-
‘ef- Spenfer.

DRA'STICK. a. [S-j-a^'Ji^'.] Poperiul ;
vigorous.

DRAVE. [the preterite of ifr/'yp.] Co-joiey.

DRAUGH. ʃ. [corruptly written ‘ov dr^^ff.l
Retii(e; fwill. Shakefpeare.

DRAUGHT. _/: [from r/wv.]
1. The act of drinking. Dryden.
2. A quantity of liquor diank at oi.ce.
Boyle.
3. Liquor drank for pleafure. Miitoa.
4. The act of drawing or pulling carnages.
Temple.
5. The quality of being drawn. Mortimer.
6. Reprel'en'ation by pidtuie. Dryden.
7. Delineation ; Iketch. S'Mth.
8. A pidure d.a'An. South.
9. The ^itt it (weeping with a net. Hale.
10. The qu^iiC;ty of fifhes taken by once
drawing the net. L'Eftrange.

II. Tile act of /liooting with the bi.w.
Cairden,
12. Diverfion in war ; the act of d;ftuibing
the main defigii. Spenſer.
13. Forces drawn oft' from the main army ; a detachment. Addiſon.
14. A fink ; a drain. Matthew.
15. The depth which a vedel draws, or
finks into iho water. Dryden.
16. fin tie plural, dr.mghls.'j A kind
of dI.ty rt'ftmK'ing chefs.

DRAUGHTHOUSE. ʃ. [draught and houfe.]
A luule in which filth is Htpofited. Kings.

To DRAW. y- a. pret d-tty ; part. paIT,
d'wzvn. Csji^ijan, Saxon.]
1. To pull along ; not to carry. Samuel.
2. To pull forcibly ; to pluck. Atnrbury.
3. To britig by violence ; to drag. James..
4. To raife out of a dccp p!acf« ‘Jeremiah.
5. To luck. - ‘ Eccluu
6. To attract ; to call towards Itfelf.
Bacon. Suckling,
7. To inHale. AUfon.
8. To take from any thing containing.
Chrom'c'es,
9. To take from a cafk. Shakeſpeare.
10. To pull a fword from the ilieath,
Shakeſpeare. Dryden.
11. To letout any liquid. ffiJiman,
12. To take bread out of the oven.
Mortimer.
13. To unclofe or Aide back curtains.
Dryden.
14. To clofe or fpread curtains, Sidney.
15;. To extract. Cheyne.
16. To procure as an apent caafe. Locke.
17. To produce as an efficient caufe.
Thomfon.
18. To convey fecretly. Raleigh.
19. To protrad ; to lengthen. Felton.
20. To utter lingeringly. Dryden.
21. To reprefent by pitlure. f^a/Ier.
22. To form a reprefentation. Dryden.
23. To derive from Tome original. Temple.
24. To deduce as from poftulates. Temple.
25. To imply. Locke.
26. To allure- to entice. Pfjlms.
27. To lead as a motive. Dryden.
28. To perfuade to follow. Shakeſpeare.
29. To induce. D'-jiei,
30. To win ; to gain, Shakeſpeare.
31. To receive ; to take up. Shakeſpeare.
31. To txtort ; to force. Addifon.
33. To wreft ; to dift rt. Wkiigifte.
34. To compofe ; to form in writing.
Pope.
35. To withdraw from judicial notice.Shakeſpeare.
36. To evifcerate ; to embowel. King.
37. To Draw in. To apply to any purpofe
by didorti'n. Locke.
38. To Draw in. To central ; to pull
bick. Gay.
39. To Draw in. To inveigle ; tointice.
Swift.
40. To Draw off. To extract by dilHllation.
Addiſon.
41. To DvLAVf nff. To withdraw; to abih-
aft.
42. To Draw on. To occallon ; to invite.
Hayward.
43. To Drawob. To caufe by degrees.
44. To Draw ever. To raife in a ftilJ,
Boyle.
45. To Draw over. To perfuade to revolt.
Addison.
46. To Draw oa?. To protr^ft ; to
leng'hen. Shakeſpeare.
47. To Draw out. To pump out by infinuation.
Sidney.
48. To Draw out. To call to action ; to detach for fervice, Dryden.
49. To range in battle.' CJlier,
50. To Draw up. To form in order of
battle. C'wrrndo'U
51. To Draw up. To form in writing.

To DRAW. 1'. n.
1. To perform the ouice of a beaft if
draught. Dcutaor.on'v.
2. To aft as a wright. .nddifcr:.
3. To contract ; to /brink. Bacon.
4. To advance ; to move. Milcoii.
5. To drsw a fword. Shakeſpeare.
6. To prdiftife the art of delineation. Locke.
7. To take a card out of the pack ; to
take a lot, Dryden.
8. To make a fore run by attraction,
9. To retire ; to retreat a httie. Chrendon,
10. To Draw 0^. To retire ; to retrear.
ColLer.
ir. To Draw on. To advance ; to approach.
Dryden.
12. To Draw Bj>, To form trcops into
regular order.

DRAW. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of drawing.
?. The l'>t or chanre drawn.

DRA'WBACK. ʃ. [d'aiv and l>ack.] Monty
paid hack for ready payment. Swift.

DRA'WBRIDGE. ʃ. [dran^ and h-tdge.]
A bridge made to be lifted up, to hinder
or admit communication at pleafure.
Carciv.

DRA'WER. ʃ. [from draiv.]
1. One employed in procuring water from
the well. Det-ter^nm^.
2. One whofe bufinefs is to draw I'quors
from the cafk. Ben. Johnʃon.
3. That which has the power of aur.!dtion.
Szo:/!.
4. A box in a cafe, out of which it is
drawn at pleafure. Locke.
5. [lc\ the plural.] The lower part of a
man's drefs. Locke.

DRA'WING. ʃ. [from draiv.] Delineation ; reprefentation. Pip'.

DRA'WINGROOM. ʃ. [draiv and room.'.
1. The room in which company airembles
at court. Pope.
1. The company affembled there,

DRAWN. [paiticiple from rt'^jti.'. ;
1. Equal ; where each party takes his
own (t<.ke. AaJifan.
2. With a fword drawn. Shakeſpeare.
g. Open ; put alide, or unclo'ed. Dryden.
4. Evilcerated. Shakeſpeare.
5. Induced as from fome motive. Spenfer.

DRA'V.'WELL. ʃ. [draiu and lo-tl.] A
deep Well ; a well out of which water j$
dmwn by a long cord. G'eiv.

To DRAWL. 1). n. [from draiu ] To utrcr
any thing in a flow way. Pope. .

DRAY. ʃ /. [bfi^S. Saxon.] The

DR.A'i'CART. ʃ. tar on which beer is carlied.
Gey.

DRAYD
Pv E

DRA'Y HORSE. ʃ. A horfe which dnnvs
a dray. Tafl^''-

DRA'YMAN. ʃ. [<lrjy and >kj«.] One
ihar attends a dray. Sonro.

DRA'ZEL. ſ.|fromd''</_;'Z#, Fr.] Alow,
mean, woithltls wretch. Hudibras.

DREAD. ʃ. [.&)! &, Saxon.]
1. Fear; terrour ; affright. 7:l!o!jo';,
2. H.:bicual fear ; awe. Gfy.^Jiu
7. The perfon or thing (eared. Priur.

DREAD. i>. [op^'o. Saxon.]
1. Ttrribls ; ffgniful. Milton.
7. Awfui ; venerable in the higheft degree.
Miiot,

To DREAD. v. a. To fear in an exceliivs
degree. Wake.

To DREAD. v. n. To be in fear.
Di'u'eroacmy.

DRE'ADER. ʃ. One that lives in tear.
Swift.

DRE'ADFUL. a. [d-ejd ind fill.] Terrible ; fneutlul. Granvtl'e.

DRE'ADFULNESS. ʃ. Terriblenefa ; fnghtfulneff.
Hakeiui.l.

DRE'ADFULLY. iL [from d'-ccJful.]
Terribl» : ‘rebtfuilv. D/y''^''^'

DRL'AD.ESNESS. }. [from dfc^dUll.]
Fearlefnefs ; intrepidity, Sidney.

DRE'ADLESS. a. Fearlefs ; unaffrightrd ; intrepid, Upeiijer.

DREAM. ʃ. [drcom, Dutch]
1. A phantsfm of fleep ; the thoughts of
a flceping man. Dryden.
2. An Idle fancy. Shakeſpeare.

To D«EAM. v. n.
1. To hjve the reprefentation of famerhing
in (Ipep. Tatur.
2. To tt-ar.lc ; to imingine. Bun-.tt.
3. To think idly. Smith.
4. To be nj?.g:fti ; to idle. Dryden.
To dREAM. i'. a. I0 fee in a dre^im.
Dryden.

DRE'AMER. ʃ. [from drejm.]
1. One who his dreams. Locke.
2. An iciie fanciful man. ‘ Shakeſpeare.
3. A mope ; a man loft in wild im.^gmation.
Prior.
4. A fliiggard ; an idler.

DRE'AMLESS. a. With'jut dream.s.
Camden.

DREAR. a. [‘Dj-ii, J-.15 , Saxon ] Moornful ;
clifn.d. Mdron.

DRE ARIHEAD. ʃ. Hnrrour ; difmalnefs.

DRE'ARIMENT. /. [from dreary.]
1. Sorrow ; difraalnefs ; melancholy.
Spenſer.
2. Hnrrour; dre^id ; ter:otir. Spenſer.

DRE'ARY. <'. [oji .'pis, Sax n.]
1. S)rrowful; .mtrel: ra. Spenfer.
r. Gl'omy ; oi.mal; horrid. Frier.
D^EDOE. ſ. A Icinti 01 net. Careio.

To DREl->^£. ‘‘ Fo ^'ther with a
di-cdge. Careiv.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R e


DREDGER. f. [from dredge.] One v~!ig
iilhes witl) a dredge

DRE'GGINESS. ʃ. [from dreggy.] Fulnefs
of d'egs ‘ r ifes ; feculf-nce.

DREGGI'.H. a. [from dregi] Foul with
l^e'^ ; tec'jlent.

DREGGY. a. [from drega.] Containing
dreg! ; confifting c.f dregs ; feculent. Boyle.

DREGS. ʃ. [tji-j-ten, Saxon.]
1. The f'diirient of liquors ; the lees; the grounds. Davies. Sandys.
2. Any thing by which purity is corrupted.
Bacon.
3. Drofs ; fweepings ; refufe. Rogers.

To DREINT. v. a. To emj ty. Southern.

To DRENCH. v. a. [‘ojiencan, Saxon.]
1. To wafh ; to foak ; to fteep. Miltot,
2. To faturate with drink or moirtuve.
Philips.
3. To phyfakby violence. Mortimer.
Drench. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. A draught ; fwill. Milton.
2. Phyfick for a brute. Shakeſpeare.
3. Phyfick that muft be given by violence.
King Charles.
2. A channel of water.

DRE'NCHER. ʃ. [from drench.]
1. One that dips or iteeps any thing.
2. One that gives phvAck by foice.

DRENT. participle. Drowned. Spenſer.

To DRESS. v. a. [d-'J/'er, Fr.]
1. To clothe ; to inveft with clonths.
Dryden.
2. To clothe pompoufly or elegantly.
Taylor.
3. To adorn ; to deck ; to embellifh.

CLarendon.
4. To cover a wound with medicaments.
Wiseman.
5. To CMTV ; to rub. ^J'ayiar.
6. T rcili!y ; to adjuft. Milton.
7. To prepare for any purpnfe. Mortimer.
8. To tiiin ; to fit any thing for ready
ufe. Mortimer.
9. To prepare viifluals for the table.
Dryden.

DRESS. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Cloaths' ; garment; hjliit.
Goverr,mr-'it oj ike Tongue,
2. Splendid cliiaths ; habit of ceremony. ‘
C'cirtJ/'i.
3. The fkill of adjufting drefs. Pope. .

DRE'SSER. ʃ. [i'l-om drrf.]
1. One employed in putting on the cloaths
of another. Dryden.
2. One employed in regulating, or adjuiting
any thing, Luke.
3. The bench In a kitchen on which me;t
4. urel>. Swift.

DRE'SSING. ʃ. The application made to
a fore. Wifeman.

DRE'SSINGROOM. ʃ. The room in'which
clothes are put ua. Swift.

LREST.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R I



DREST. pjr(. [from ^-./i.]

To DRIB. v. a. To crop ; to cut off.
Dryden.

To DRI'BBLE. v. a. [d'yfb, DanltTi.]
1. To tail in drops. Woodward.
2. To fall weakly >ind fiowly. Shakeſpeare.
3. To flaver as a child or ideoc.

To DRI'BBLE. v. a. To throw down \n
drops. Swift.

DRI'BLEt. ſ. [from dnLUe.] A t'lnall
fum ; odd money in a I'um. Dryden.

DRI'ER. ʃ. [from dry.] That which has
the quality of abforbing liioifture ; a dcficcative.
Bmo>:,

DRIFT. ʃ. [from ^r/W]
1. Force iITipcllent ; impulfe. South.
2. Violence ; coarfe. S.penfir,
3. Any thing driven at random. Dryden.
4. Any thing drivea or born along in a
body. P ps.
5. A ftorm ; a lliower. Shakeſpeare.
6. A heap or ftratuniof any matter thrown
together by the wind,
] . Tendency, or aim of action. t>ur,id.
8. Scope of a dilcDurie. Tidotfor. Swift.

To DRIFT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To drive ; to urge along. E-l's.
2. Thrown together on heaps. 7i)'^n:Jo>i.

To DRILL. v. a. [d/ilUn, Dutch.]
1. To pierce any thing with a drill. TAox'mi.
2. To perforate ; to bore ; to pierce.
Blackmore.
3. To make a hole. A'oxo.
4. To delay ; to put off. Addiſon.
5. To draw from fiep to fiep. South.
6. To drain ; to draw fiowly, ‘Thon:fon,
7. To range troops, Hudibras.

DRILL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. An inftrument with which holes are
bored, Boyli.
2. An ape ; a baboon, Locke.
3. A fniall dribbling brock. Sandys.

To DRINK. v. n. preter. drar.k. or diunk; part. pafT. drunk, or drunken, [ejiincan.]
1. To fwallow liquors ; to qucncn thirfi.
layhr.
2. To be entertained with liquors.Shakeſpeare.
3. To be an habitual drunkard.
4. To Drimk to. To falutein drinking.
Shjhjptan,

To DRINK. v. a.
1. To fwallow : applied to liquids. South.
2. To fuck up ; to abforb. Guy.
3. To take in by any inlet ; to hear ; to
fee. Pope. .
4. To aft upon by drinking. South.
5. To make drunk. Kings.

DRINK. ʃ. [‘from the verb.]
1. Liquor to be fwallowed : oppofed to
meat. Milton.
ia Liquor of any particular kind, Fiiilips,

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R I



DRI'NKMONEy. ʃ. Money given to buy
liqi'f^-r. jlfLuiLr.ot.

DRI'NKABLE. a. [from drink ] P „abie.
DiaNKEi<. ſ. [from drn.k.^ One that
dnnki to excefs ]
a di unknrd. 80:1th,

To DRIP. v. n. [drippen, Dutch.]
1. To fall in drops.
2. To have drops falling from it. Prior.

To DRIP. v. a.
1. To let fall in drops. Swift.
1. To drop fdt in roattintr. Wotton,

DRIP. ʃ. That which faifs ia drops.
Mortimer.

DRI'PPING. ʃ. The fat which houfewives
gather from roaft meat. Swijr,

DRI'PPINGPAN. ʃ. The pan in which
the tat of roaft meat is caught. Szci/r.

To DRIVE. v. ti. prelerkc drove, anciently
drj-ne; part. fz[i~.drii;e-n, or d'ove. Djiipm,
Saxon.]
1. To produce motion in any thing by
violrnce.
2. To force along by impetuous prefuire,
3. To^xpel by force from any place.
4. To force or urge in any direction,
5. To guide and regulate a carriage.
6. To make animals march along under
guidance. Addifon.
7. To clear any place by forcing away
vaiat is in it. Ij-yden,
S. To force ; to compel. K'iKrCtjur'.e',
9. To diftrefs ; to ftranren, Spenſer.
10. To urge by violence, not kinanefs.
Dryden.
ir. To impel by influence of paffion.
Clareiidan,
12. To urge ; to prefs to a conclufi.-n.
D gby,
13. To carry- on. Bacon.
14. To purify by motion. TJ'Efsrange.
1 ^. To Drive o«f. To excel. KmUts,

To DRIVE. i>. n.
1. To go as impelled by any txternil agent.
Brown.
2. To rufh with violence, Dryden.
3. To pafs in a carriage. Milton.
4. To tend to ; to cor.^der as the fcope
and ul'imate defign. Locke.
5. To aim ; to ftrike at with fury, Dryden.

To DRI'VEL. ʃ. V. [from dr p.]
1. To flaver; to kt the fpiitk fc^lJ ia
drop5. Griiu,
2. To be weak or fooLih ; to dote.Shakeſpeare.

DRIVEL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Slaver ; moifture fhed from thf m^^^utb.
Dryden.
2. A fool ; an ideot ; a driveller. Sianey.

DRI'VELLER. ʃ. [from drivi!.] A fool ;
an ideot. Swift.

DRI'VEN. Participle of dri-.s.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

P P D



whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R O



DRIVER. ʃ. [from drive.]
1. The perlon or inftrument who gives
any motion by violence.
2. One who drives beafts. Sandys.
3. One who drives a carriage. Dryden.

To DRI'ZZLE. v. a. [i:i\'den, German.]
To rt'ied in fmall fl'W i^rops. Shakeſpeare.

To DRIZZLE. ru. n. To fall in fhoi t How
drops. ‘jiddifun.

DRI'ZZLY. a. [from drl^^zde.] Sheding
fmall vain. Bryden,

DROiL. ſ. A drone ; a fluggard.

To DROIL. -z/. 71. To work fluggifhly and
fl(jwiy. Co'virtment of the Tongue.

DROLL. ʃ. [drokr, French.]
It One whofe bufinefs is to raife mirth by
petty tricks ; a jefter ; a buftoon. Prior.
2. A farce ; fomething exhibited to raife
mirth. Siu'fi.

To DROLL. v. n. [d> ole , Vr.] Tojeft; to play the buffoon. Glanville.
DRO'LLERY. ſ. [from droll.] Idle jokes ; bufl'oonpry. Govfrnment of the Tongue.

DRO'MEDARY. ʃ. [dromedaire, Italian.]
A fort of camel fo called from its fwiftneff,
becaufe it is faid to travel a hundred
miles a day, and fome affirm one hundred
and fifty. Calmet. Kings.

DRONE. ʃ. [bpoen, Saxon.]
1. The bee which makes no honey.
Bvydin.
2. A flaggard ; an idler. yAddifon.
?. The hum, or inftrument of humming.
To'dKONE. 1/. n. To live in idlenefs.
Dryden.

DRO'NISH. a. [from drone.] Idle » fluggifh.
Dryden.

To DROOP. v. ti. [droef, forrow, Dutch.]
1. To languifh with forrow. Handys.
2. To faint ; to grow weok.
Ropommon. Pope. .

CROP. ʃ. [srioppa, Saxon.]
1. A globule of moifture ; as much liquor
as falls at once when there is not a continual
ftream. Boyle.
2. Diamond hanging in the e^r. Pol)s.

DROP SERENE. ſ. [gutia frcna, Latin.]
A difeafe of the eye, proceeding from an
infpifTation of the humour. Milton.

To DROP. v. a. [tjjioppan, Saxon.]
1. To pour in drops or fingle globules.
Deuteronomy.
2. To let fall. Dryden.
3. To let go ; to difmifs from the hand,
or the poffeffion. Watts.
4. To utter (lightly or cafually. Amos,
5. To infert indirectly, or by way of digreffion.
Locke.
6< To intermit ; to ceafe. Collier.
1. To quit a mafier. ‘L'Eftrange.
2. To let go a dependant, or companion.
Addiſon.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R O



9. To fuffer to van'ifh, or come to nothing;,
Swift.
10. To bedrop ; to fpetkle ; to variegate.
Milton.

To DROP. v. n.
1. To fall in drops, or fingle globules.Shakeſpeare.
2. To let drops fall. Pſalms.
3. To fall; to come from a higher place.
Cheyne.
4. To fall fpontaneoufly. Milton.
5. To fall in death ; to die fuddenly.Shakeſpeare.
6. To die. Digby.
7. To fink into filence ; to vanifh ; to
come to nothing. Addiſon. Pope. .
8. To come unexpe<fledly, i>pe5}ator,

DROPPING. ʃ. [from drop.]
1. That which falls in drops. Dowc
2. That which drops when the continuous
ftream ceafes, Pe/Se.

DRO'PLET. ʃ. A little drop. Shakeſpeare.

DRO'PSTONE. ʃ. Spar formed into the
fhipe of drops. Woodwardt

DRO'PWORT. ʃ. A plant.

DRO'PSICAL. a. [from dropfy.] Dlfeafed
with a dropfy. Arbuthnot.

DRO'PSIED. a. [from diopfy.] difeafed
with a dropfy. Shakeſpeare.

DROPSY. f. [hydrops, h^X.] Acolleftion
of water in the body. £Quincy.

DROSS. ʃ. [‘&p>7-, Saxon.]
1. The recrement ‘or defpumation of inetals.
Hooker.
2. Ruft ; incruftation upon metal. Addisʃon.
3. Refule ; leavings ; fweepings ; feculence
; corruption. Milton.

DRO'SSINESS. ʃ. [from drojjy.] Foufnefs ; feculence ; ruft. Boyle.

DROSSY. a. [from drofs.]
; . Full of fcorious or recrementitlous parts.
Davies.
2. Worlhlefs ; foul ; feculent. Donne.

DROTCHEL. ʃ. An idle wench ; a fluggi.
d.

DROVE. ʃ. [fVom dri've.]
1. A body or number of cattle. Uayward.
2. A number of fheep driven. S'^uth.
3. Any colledlion of animals, Milton.
4. A crowd ; a tumult. Dryden.

DRO'VEN. part. a. [from drive.] Shakeſp.

DRO'VER. ʃ. [from drove.] One that fats
oxen for fale, and drives them to market,
Dryden.

DROUGHT. ʃ. [‘Sjiujo'ae. Saxon]
1. Dry weather ; want of rain.
Bacon. Sandys.
2. Third ; want of drink. Milton.

DROUGHTINESS. ʃ. [from droughty-l
The ftate of wanting rain.

DRO'UGHTY. a. [from drought.]
1. Wanting rain ; fultry. Ray.
2. Thirfty ;

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D R U



S. Thirf^y ; dry with thirft. Philipu

To DROWN. v. a. [^puneman. Saxon.]
1. To fuffo'cate in water. King Charles.
2. To overwhelm in water. Kiolles.
3. To overflow; to bury in an inundation.
Dryden.
4. To immerge. Davies.
5. To iofe in fomething that overpowers
or covers. Wotton.

To DROWN. v. n. To be fuffocated in
waters. ^njctam.

To DROWSE. v. a. [^rw/fn, Dutch.] To
make hdvy with flicp. Milton.

To DROWSE. v. n.
1. To flumber ; to grow heavy with fleep.
Milton.
2. To look heavy ; not cheerful.
Shuk^fpeare.

DRO'WSILY. ad. [from dro-wfy.]
1. Shakeʃp.ly ; heavily.
Dryden.
2. Sluggifhly
; idly ; flathfully ; hzily,
Raleigh.

DRO'WSINESS. ʃ. [{Tcmdro-:u[y.]
1. Sleepinefs ; heavinefs with Ikcp.
Crapoanv,
2. Idlenrfs ; indolence ; inactivity. Bacon.

DRO'WilHED. ſ. SJecpinefs ; inclination
to fleep. Spenfer.

DROWSY. a. [from d'owfe.]
1. Sleepy
; heavy wich fleep , lethargick.
Ci'eavtlarid.
t, Heavy ; lulling ; caufing fleep.
Addifir.
5. Stupid
; dull. Jitterbury.

To DRUB. v. a. [druber, to kill, Daiiifh.]
To threfli ; to beat ; to hang. Uudibrus.

DRUB. f. [from the verb.] Aihump; a
knock ; a blow. Addiſon.

To DRUDGE. i-. n. [draghen, to carry,
Dutch.] To labour in mean offices ; to
toil without honour or dignity. Otiuay.

DRUDGE. ʃ. [from the verb.] One employed
in mean labour. Shakeſpeare.

DRU'DGER. ʃ. [from drudge..
1. A mean idbourer.
2. The box out of which flower is thrown
on roaft meat.

DRU'DGERY. ʃ. Mean labour ; ignoble
toil. Southern.

DRU'DGINGBOX. ʃ. The box out of
which flower is fprinkled upon road meat.
King^t Cookery.

DRU'GINGLY. ad. ‘ Labonoufly ; toilfomely.
Rijy.

DRUG.'/, \drogue, French.]
1. An ingredient ufed in phyfick ; a medicinal
fimple. Smith.
2. Any thing without worth or value; any thing of which no purchafer can bs
found. Dryden.
3. A drudge. Shakeſpeare.

To DRUG. v. a. [from the noun.]

DRY
1. To feafcn with medicinal ingredients,

S/.ekefpeare,
2. To tinflure with f mething itie/ilive.
__.„^ RJihcn,

DRUGGET. ʃ. A flight kind of woollen

DRU'GGIST. ʃ. [from drug.] O.oe Ao
fells phyfical drugs. S.yie

DRU'GSTER. ʃ. [from drug.] One who
fells piiyfical (imples. /itierbury.

DRU'JD. ʃ. y,no, Oiks.] The priefts and
philolophers of the sntient B it(^ns. DRUM. ſ. [from >Ke, D.nifh.]
1. An iniirument of military mufick.
tii:/ips.
2. The tympanum of the ear.

To DRUM. fv. V.
1. To beat a drum ; to beat a tune on s
drum.
2. To beat with a pulfatory motion.
Dryden.

To DRU'MBLE. 1: v. To drone ; to bs
_ f^ga'fh. Shakerpeaic.

DRU'MFISH. ʃ. The name of a fifh.

Woodward.

DRU'MMAJOR. /. {drurmri^riiajor.] The
chief drummer of a regirr:ent. Chaveland.

DRU'MMAKER. ʃ. He who deals in drums.
Mortimer.

DRU'MMER. ʃ. He whofe ofTice is to beat
the drum. (p^.

DRUMSTICK./ Idruman^ flick.] The
ftck with which a drum is beaten.

DRUNK. a. [from drink.]
1. Intoxicated With ftrong liqueur; inebriated.
Dryden.
2. Drenched or faturated with moilture.
Diuteronomy. DRUNKARD./ [from ^r<...] Onegivrt
to exceilive ufe of ftrong liquors: South.

DRU'NKEN. a. [from drtnk]
1. Intoxicated with liquor
; inebriated.
Bacon.
2. Given to habitual ebriety.
3. Saturated with moirture. Shakeſpeare.
4. Done in a flate vi irubnafion. Swift

DRU'NKENLY. ad. [from drur.ken.] ]„ a
drunken manner. Shakeſpeare.

DRU'NKENNE.nS. ſ. [from d,ur.ken^] .
1. Intoxication with ftrong liquor.
Taylor.
2. Habitual ebriety, Watti
3. Intoxication, or inebriation of any
kind ; diforder of the faculties, Spenfer.

DRY. a. [t.pi3. Saxon.]
1. Arid ; without wet ; without mniflure :
not wet ; not moift. Bacon.
2. Without rain. Addison.
3. Notfucculcnt; not juicy, Shakeſpeare.
4. Without tears. Dryden.
5. Thirfty ; athirft. Shakeſpeare.
6. Jejune i barren; plain; unembelhfli-.
Ben. Johnſon.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D U C



7. Hard; fevere. Kua'i.'ras.

To DRY. v. a.
1. To free from moifture ;
to arefy ; to
fuficcate. .
Bacon.
2. To exhale msifture. Woodward.
3. To wipe away moifture, Der.hain.
4. To fcorch with thirft. Jfa!oh.
5. To drain; 10 extiaufr. Thi'.'i^^.

To DRY. v. a. To grow dry ; to lofe moirt-
11 re.

DRY'ER. ʃ. [frotn^O'] That which has
the quality of abforbing moifture. Tomfk,

DRYEY'ED. a. [Jry and eye.] Without
tear?; without weeping. , Milton.

DRY'LY. ad. [from dry'\
1. Without moifture.
2. Coldly ; frigidly ; without affectloti.
Dryden.
3. Jeiuriely ; barrenly. Pi'p^-

DRYNESS. ʃ. [from ^-j.]
1. Wjnt of moifture ; ficcity. Ber.tUy.
2. W nt of fucculence. Shakeſpeare.
3. Want of embelhfhment ; want of pathos.
J^'- y-'f^'-f^-
4. Want of fenfibility in devotion ; aridity.
T'jjLr.

DRY NURSE. ʃ. [dry and rnrf^]
1. A wiman who brings up and feeds a
child without the breaft.
2. One who takes care of another.Shakeſpeare.

To DRY'NURSE. v. a. To feed without
tht; breaft. liudibraf.

DRY'oHOD. a. Without wet feet ; without
treading above the fhoes in the water.
Sidiiev.

DUAL. a. [duaUs, Latin.] Expreffing the
number two. Clarke.

To DIB. v. a. [‘^ubban, Saxon.]
1. To make a man a knight. Camden.
2. To confer any kind of dignity.

CL'eaveland.
rU3. ſ. [from ibe verb.] A blow ;
a knock.
Hudibras.

DUBIO'SITY. ʃ. [from dul,io-us.] A thing
dnuhtfol. Brown.

DU'BIOUS. ʃ. [dubiiis, Latin.]
1. D'ceiifiil ; nnt fettled in an opini'jn.
2. Uncertain ; that of which the tiuth is
not fully known. D'r.him.
5. N't'plain; not clear. M-J.fon.

DUBIOUSLY. ad. [from atZ'/caj.] Uncertainly
: without any determination. Swift.

DU'BIOUSNESS. ʃ. Uncertainty ; doubtfiilr.
efs.

DU'BITABLE. a. [dub'ito, Latin.] Doubtful
unc^rrain ; what may be doubted.

DUBi'tATION. ʃ. [(^;/ijwno, Latin.] The
ad of doubting ; doubt. Cft-zi.'.

DU'CAL. a. Pertaining to a duke.

DU'CAT. ʃ. [from duke.] A coin ftrlick
by dukcs : in filver valued at about four

DUE
fhillings and fix pence ; in gold at nine
fhilllngs and fix pence. Bacon.

L'UCK. ʃ. [duckcr, to dip, Dutch.]
1. A water fowl, both wild and tame.
Dryden.
2. A word of endearment, or fondnefs.Shakeſpeare.
3. A neclination of the head. Milton.
4. A ftone thrown obliquely on the waters.
Arbuthnot,

To DUCK. ʃ. rt. [from the noun.]
1. To dive under water as a duck. SpeyiJ.
2. To drop down the head, as a duck.
Swift.
3. To bnw low ; to cringe. Shakeſpeare.

DU'CKER. ʃ. [from duck ]
1. A diver.
2. A cringer.

To DUCK. v. a. To put under water.

DU'CKINGSTOOL. ʃ. A chair in which
fcolds are tied, and put under water.
Dorfet,

DU'CKLEGGED. a. [duck and leg.] Short
legged. Dryden.

DU'CKLING. ʃ. A young duck. Ray.

DUCKMEAT. ʃ. A common plant growf-.
ing in ftanding waters.

DE^CKCO' Y. ʃ. Any means of enticing and
enfnaring. Decay of Fiety.

To DUCKO'Y. v. a. [miftaken for rt'cfuy.]
To entice to a fnarr. Grt'iv.

DU CKSFOOT. ſ.Black fnakeroot, or mayapple.
Miller.

DUCKWEED. ʃ. Duckmeat. Bacon.

DUCT. ʃ. [duSiu!, Latin.]
1. Guidance ; direction. HamiKotid.
2. A palTa;^e through which any thing is
conducted. Arbuthnot.

DU'CTILE. a. [duailis, Latin.]
1. Flexible ; pliable. Dryden.
2. Eafy to he drawn out into a length.
Dryden.
4. Traiflable : obfequious ; complying.
Philifs.

DU'CTILENES-9. ſ. [from duaile.] Flexibility
; duftility. Donne.

DUG fl'LITY. ʃ. [from di^aiie'.]
1. Ciuality of I'uffering exrenlion ; flexibility.
Watts.
2. O'^fequioufnefs ; compliance.

DUDGEON. ʃ. [dolch, German.]
1. A fmall dagger. Shakefpeare.
2. Malice; fullennefs ; ill will.
Hudibras. L'Eftranie.

DUE. a. Participle paffive of owe, \du; French.]
1. Owed ; that which any one has a right
to demand. Smalridge.
2. Proper : fit ; appropriate. Atterbury.
3. Exail ; without deviation. Milton.

DUE. od. [from the adjective.] Exadly ;
directly : duly. Shakeſpeare.

DUE.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D U L



CUE. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. I'hat which belongs to one ; that which
may be juftly claimed. Swije.
2. Right ; juft title, Milton.
3. Whatever cuftom or la. requires to be
ocne. Dryden.
4. Cuftom; tribute, Addiſon.

To DUE. v. a. To pay as due. Shakeſpeare.

DU'EL. ʃ. [duellum, Lznn.] A combat between
two ; a fingle fight. WaUer.

To DU'EL. v. n. [from the noun.] To fight
a fingle combat. Locke.

To DU'EL. v. a. To attack or fight with
fingly. Afi'ton.

DU'ELLER. ʃ. [from dud.] A fingle combatant.
Decay of Piety.

DU'ELLPST. ʃ. [from </««/.]
1. A fingle combatant. Suikling.
2. One who protVfles to live by rules of
honour. Ben. Johnſon.

DUE'LLO. ʃ. [Italian.] The du-J ; the
rule of duelling. Shakeſpeare.

DUE'NN.1. ſ. [Spanifh.] An old woman
kept to guard a younger. Arbuthnot. Pope. .

DUG. ʃ. [^deggia, to give fuck, Illandick.]
A pap ; a nipple ; a teat. Creech.

DUG. freterit. and pei't. paj]', of dig.
Addison.

DL'KE. ʃ. [due, ‘Eremh; (/«.y, Latin.] One
of the higheft order of nobility in Englrnd.
Daniel.

DU'KEDOiVr. ſ. [from d>ke.]
1. The feigniority or poffcffions of a duke.Shakeſpeare.
?. Thetitleor quality of a duke.

DULBRAINED. a. [du.'Undifrain.] Stupid
; doltifh ]
fooiifh. Shakeſpeare.

DULCET. a. [du/cis, Latin.]
1. Sweet to the tafte ; lufcious. Alihon,
2. Sweet to the ear ; harmonious.Shakeſpeare.

DULCIFICA'TION. ʃ. [from duUify.] The
act of fweetening ; the act of freeing from
acidity, filtnef?, or acrimony. Boyle.

To DU'LCIFY. ‘V, a. [dulcijier, French.]
To fweeten ; to fet free from acidity.
If'ifeman.

DU'LCIMER. ʃ. [doximello, Skinner] A
miifical inftrument played by ftr:k:ng the
brafs wires with little iticks. Dj'iiel.

To DU'LCORATE. v. a. [from dulas,
Latin.] To fweeten ; to make lefs acrimoni'.
us. BucoK,

DULCORA'TION. ʃ. The act of fweet.
ening. Bacon.

DU'LHEAD. ʃ. [dull 3T\.] head.] A blockhead
5 a wretch foolifh and ftupid. Afcham,

DU'LIA. ʃ. [JaAEi'a.] An inferiour kind of
odoration Stillingfleet.

DULL. a. [dwl, Welfh.]
1. Stupid ; doltifh ; blockilh ; unapprehenfive.
Bacon.
2. BIunt ; obtufe, H^rbirt,

DUN
Stdnby,
Matthew.
3. Unready ; aukward.
4. Hebetated ; not quick.
5. Sad ; melaiicholy.
6. Sluggifii
; heavy; flow of motion.
Spenser.
7. Grefs ; cloggy ; vile, Shakeſpeare.
8. Not exhilerating ; not delightfuT
9. Not bright. Shakeſpeare.
10. Drowfy ; fleepy.

To DULL. v. a. [from the adjective.]
1. To itupify ; to infatuate. AJcham.
3. To blunt ; to obtund. Bacon.
3. To fidden ; to make melancholy.
4. To hebetate ; to weaken, Spenfer.
5. To damp ; to clog.
Hooker.
6. To ra«ke weary or fliw of motion.
7. To fully brghtnefs, Bacon.

DU'LLARD. ʃ. [from dulL] A blockhead; a dolt a (lupid fellow. Shakeſpeare.

DU'LLY. ad. [from dull.]
1. Stupidly; doltifhly. Dryden.
2. Sl,)w]y ; (luggifhly. Bacon.
3. Not vigoroudy ; not gaily; not brightiv
; not keenly,

DU'LNESS. ʃ. [from d,ll.]
1. Stupidity
; weaknefs of intellect ; in-
‘ioc'lity. South.
2. Want of quick perception. Bacon.
3. Drowfinefs ; inclination to fleep.Shakeſpeare.
4. Sluggffhnefs of moti'n.
5 D;mncfi ; wanr of luftre.

DU'LY. ad. [from due.]
1. Properly ; fi;Iy. Spenſer. Rogers.
2. Regularly ; exactlv. Pope. .

DUMB. a. [—)n, Mime, Saxon.]
1. Mute ; incapable of fpeech. Hooker.
2. Depiived of fpeech. Dryden.
3. Mute ; not ufing words, Rofcommon.
4. Silent ; refufing to fpeak. Dryden.

DUMBLY. ad. [from dumb.] Mutely ;
fiiently.

DU'MBNESS. ʃ. [from dumb.]
1. Incapacity to fpeak.
2. Omiffion of fpeech ; mutenefs. Shakeʃp.
3. Refufal to fpenk ; lilence. Dryden.

To DU MBFOUND v. a. [from dumb.]
Til confuie ; to ftrike dumb. Spenfer.

DUMP. f. [from dom, ftupid, Dutch.]
1. Sorrow ; melancholy ; fadnefs.
Hudibras.
2. Abfence of mind ; reverie. Locke.

DU'MPISH. a. [hnm dump.] Sad; melancholly
; forrowful. Herbert.

DU'MPLING. ʃ. [from dump, heavinefs.]
A fort of pudding. Dryden.,

DUN. a. [-©un, S.t)ron.]
1. A colour partaking of brown and black.
Newton.
2. Dirk; gloomy. Milton.

To DUN. v. a. [bunan, Saxon. to clamour.]
-To claim a debt with »eheraence
and importunity. Swift.

DUN.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D U R



DUN. ʃ. [from the verb.] A clamorous,
importunate, troublefome creditor.
Philips.

DUNCE. ʃ. A dullard ; a dolt ; a thickfkul.
Stillingfleet.

DUNG. ʃ. [^otne^, Saxon.] The excrement
of animals ufed to fatten ground.
Donjie.

To DUNG. v. a. To fatten with dung.
Dryden.

DU'NGEON. ʃ. [from donjon. ‘\ A clofe
prifon : generilly fpuke of a prifon fubteiraneou5.
Addison.

DU NGFORK. ſ. [duvg and fork.] A fork
ti) tol's out dung from ftables. Mortimer.

DU'NGHILL. ʃ. [dur,^ and hill.]
1. An heap or accumulation of dung.
South.
2. Any mean or vile abode, Dryden.
3. Any fituatioo of meannefs. Sandys.
4. A term of reproach for a man meanly
born. Shakeſpeare.

DU'NGHIL. a. Sprung from the dunghil ; mean ; low. , Spenſer.

DU'NGY. a. Full of dung ; mean ; vile ; bafe. Shakeſpeare.

DUNGYARD. ʃ. [dung and yard.] The
place iif the dunghil. Mortimer.
DlTNNER. ſ. One employed in fuliciting
oetty debts. SpeEtator.

DUO'DECUPLE. a. [duo and decuplus, Lat.]
Confilting vt twelves. Arbuthnot.

DUHE. ʃ. [dupe, French.] A credulous
man ; a man eafily tricked. Dunciad.

To DUPE. v. a. To trick ; to cheat.
Pope.

DU'PLE. a. [duplus, Latin.] Double ; one
repei'ed.

To DU'PLICATE. -y. ff. [duplico, Latin.]
1. To double; to enlarge by the repetition
of the firft number or quantity. Granville.
2. To fold together.

DU'PLICATE. ʃ. Another correfpondent
to the firft ; a fecond thing of the fame
kind, as a tianfcript of a paper.

Woodward,

DUPLICATION. ʃ. [from duplicate.]
1. The act of doubling. Hale.
t. The act of folding together.
3. A fold ; a doubling. TVifeman.

DU'PLICATURE. ʃ. [from duplicate.] A
fold ; any thing doubled. Ray.

DUPLICITY. ʃ. [dupUc:s, Latin.]
1. Doublenefs ; the number of two. Watts.
2. Deceit; doublenefs of heart.

DURABI'LITY. ʃ. [durabilii, Latin.] The
pawer of lafting ; endurance.
Hooker. Raleigh.

DU'RABLE. a. [durabilis, Latin.]
3. Lafting ; having the quality of long
continuance. Raleigh. Milton.
2. Having fucceffive exiftence. Milton.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D U S



DU'RABLENESS. ʃ. Power of lafting.
Woodward.

DU'RABLY. ad. [{xtixa durable.] In a lafting
manner. Sidney.

DU'RANCE. ʃ. [from ^/arf/Te, law French.]
1. Imprifonment
; the cultody or power of
a jaylor. Congreve.
2. Endurance ; contiauance ; duration.
Dryden.

DURA'TION. ʃ. [duratio, Latin.]
1. A forC of diftance or length the idea
whereof we gee from the fleeting perpetually
perifhing parts of fucceffion. Locke.
2. Power of continuance. P.ogers,
3. Length of continuance. Addison.

To DURE. v. «. [duro, Latin.] To laft; to continue. Raleigh.

DUREFUL. a. [from endure and full.]
Lafting; of long continuance. Spenſer.

DU'RELESS. a. [from dure.] Without
continuance ; fading. Raleigh.

DU'RESSE. ʃ. [French.]
1. Imprifonment ; constraint.
2. [In law.] A plea ufed by way of exception,
by him who being cafl: into prilon
at a man's fuit, or otherwife by thieats,
hardly ufed, feals any bond to him during
his reftiaint.

DU'RING. prep. For the time of the continuance.
Locke.

DU'RITY. ʃ. [durete', French.] Hardnefs; firm/iefs, Wotton.

DURST. The preterite of dare.
Slillin^fea.

DUSK. a. [duyfter, Dutch.]
1. Tending to darknefs.
2. Tending to biacknefs ; dark coloured.
Milton.

DUSK. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. Tendency to darknefs ; incipient obfcunty.
Spectator.
2. Darknefs of colour. Dryden.

To DUSK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
make dufkifh.

To DUSK. v. a. To grow dark ; to begin
to lofe light.

DU'SKILY. ad. [from dujky.] With a tendency
to darknefs.

DU'SKISH. a. [from a'///.]
1. Inclining to darknefs ; tending to obfcurity.
Spenſer.
2. Tending to blacknefs. Wotton.

DU'SKISHLY. ad. Cloudily ; darkly.
Bacon.

DUSKY. a. [from dujk.]
1. Tending to darknefs ; obfcure. Prior.
2. Tending to blacknefs ; dark coloured.
Netuton,
3. Gloomy ; fad ; intellectually clouded.
Berkley.

DUST. ʃ. [feupt, Saxon.]
1. Earth or other matter reduced to fmall
pax titles. Baco'
2. The

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D W A



2. The grave ; the ftate of diffolution.
Milton.
3. Mean and dejefled ftate. x Sam,

To DUST. -</. a. To free from duft ; to
fprinkle with duft,

DU'STMAN. ʃ. One whofe employment is
to carry away the duft Gay.

DUSTY. a. [from duJ},-\
1. FilJed wich duft ; clouded with duft.
Dryden.
2. Covered or fcattered with duft.
Tiomfon,

DUTCHESS. ʃ. [duchcffe, French.]
1. The Iddy of a duke. Swift.
2. A Jady who has the fovereignty of a
dukedom.

DUTCHY. ʃ. [duche, Tttnch.] A territory
which gives title to a duke. Addison.

DUTCHYCOURT. ʃ. A court wheiein all
matters appertaining to the dutchy of Lancafter
are di^cided. Cowel.

DUTEOUS. a. [from duty.]
1. Obedient ; obfequious. Prior.
2. Obedient to good or bad purpofes.Shakeſpeare.
3. Enjoined by duty, Shakeſpeare.

DUTIFUL. a. [duty and /-//.]
1. Obedient ; fubmi.Tive to natural or legal
fuperiours. Szui/e.
2. Expreffive of refpect ; giving token of
reverence ; reverential, Sidney.

DUTIFULLY. ad. [from dutiful.]
1. Obediently ; fubmifhvely,
2. Reveren'ly ; lefpecttully. Sidney.

DU'TIFULNESS. ʃ. [from duiifu!.]
1. Obedience; fubmifhon to juft authority.
Dryden.
2. Reverence; refpect, Taylor.

DUTY. ʃ. [from due.]
1. That to which a man is by any natural
or legal obligation bound. L^ks.
2. A(\& or forbearances required by religion
or morality. faylor,
3. Obedience or fubmifhon due to parents,
governors, or fuperiours. Decay of Piety.
4. Act of reverence or refpect. Spenser.
5. The bufinefs of a fuldier on guard.
Clarendoni
7. Tax ; impoft ; cuftom ; toll.
Arbuthnot.

DWARF. ʃ. [.&pecp3. Sax.]
t. A man below the common fize of men.
Brown. Milton.
2. Any animal or plant below its natural
bulk. L'Eftrange.
3. An attendant on a lady or knight in romances.
Spenser.
4. it is ufed often in compoficion ; as.

whichenglish_logo
Johnson's Dictionary 1755 @ whichenglish.com

D Y S



To DWARF. v. a. To hinder from grow-.
ing to the natural bulk. Addiſon.

DWA'RFISH. a. Below the natural bulk ; low; fmall; little. Berkley.

DWA'RFISHLY. ad. [from d^varfj'h.] Like
a dwarf.

DWA'RFISHNESS. ʃ. [from dwarfJb, ]
Minutenefs of ftatuie ; littknefs.
Glanville.

To DWELL. v. n, preterite f/ii'^//, or diuMed,
duclia, Iflandick,
1. To inhabit ; to live in a place ; to refide
; to have an habitation.
Leviticus. Peacham.
2. To live in any form of habitation.
Hebrews.
3. To be in any ftate or condition. Shak.
4. To be fufpended with attention. Smith.
5. To fix the mind upon. Pope. .
6. To continue Iongfpeaking. Swift.

To DWELL. v. a. To inhabit. Milton.

DWE'LLER. ʃ. [from divelL] An inhabifanc-
Bacon.

DWE'LLING. ʃ. [from dwell.]
1. Habitation ; abode. Dryden.
2. State of lite; mode of living. Darnel.

DWE'LLINGHOUSE. ʃ. The houfe at
which one livfs. Ay'iffu

To DWI'NDLE. v. ti, [-Bpnan, Saxon.]
1. To fhrink ; to lofe bulk; to grow
little. Addifon.
2. To degenerate ; to fink.
Norris. Berkley. Swift.
3. To wear away ; to lofe health ; tog'ow
feeble. Gay.
4. To fall away ; to moulder off,
Ctarsrtdort,

DY ING. The participle of die,
1. Expiring; giving up the ghoft.
2. Ting:ng ; giving a new co, our.

DY'NASTY. f. [v>a-zU.] Goverment ;
fovereignty. Hale.

DY'SCRASY. ʃ. [J'^IT/jaj-i'a.] An unequal
mixture of elea.eots in the blood or nervous
juice ; a di;iemperature. FUyer,

DYSE N FERY. ʃ. [ov^v.-n^U.] A loofsnefs
wherein very ill humours flow > ft by
ftooi, and are alfo fometimes attended with
bl-)od. Arbuthnot.

DYSPE'PSY. ʃ. [^vev!-\-U.] A difficulty
of d gtftion.

DY'SPHOisTY. ʃ. [^jT<^-Aa.] A difficulty
in fpeaking.

DYSFiNO'EA. ʃ. [^yVm-aw.] A difiiculty
of breafliing.

DYSURY. ʃ. [Jys-sgk.] A difficulty ia
msking urine, Harvey.

 

Facebook

Join on FB