About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English. It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes on language: today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare. Again, this is how things were and this is no mistake. However: because a lot of the words have not rendered correctly in the OCR process there IS indeed garbled text included on these pages. The sheer volume of the two volumes (47,000 entries) means that there is so little time for me go go through the manually. I am just one person doing this, so get in touch if you think you would like to help. This would be an excellent crowd-sourcing project.

Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


O. Has in Engliſh, a long found ; as,
drone, groan, ſtone; or ſhort, got,
knot, ſhot. It is uſually denoted long
by a ſervile a ſubjoined ; as, moan, or by e
at the end of the ſyllable ; as, bone.
1. O is uſed as an interjection of withing
or exclamation. Decay of Piety.
2. O is uſed by Shakʃpeare for a circle or
oval ; as, within this wooden 0.

OAF. ʃ.
1. A changeling ; a fooliſh child left by the
fairies. Drayton.
2. A dolt; a blockhead ; an idiot.

OA'FISH. a. [from oaf.] Stupid ; dull ; doltiſh.

OA'FISHNESS. ʃ. [from oafiſh] Stupidity ; dullneſs.

OAK. ʃ. [ac, aec, Saxon.] The oak-tree hath
male flowers. The embryos afterwards
become acorns in hard ſcaly cups ; the leaves
are ſinuated. The ſpecies are five. Miller.

OAK. [Evergreen.] The. Wood of this tree
is very good for many ſorts of tools.

OAKA'PPLE. ʃ. [oak and apple.] A kind of
ſpongy excreſcence on the oak. Bacon.

OA'KEN. a. [from oak.] Made of oak ;
gathered from oak. Arbuthnot.

OA'KENPIN. ʃ. An apple. Mortimer.

OA'KUM. ʃ. Cards untwiſted and reduced
to hemp. Raleigh.

OAR. ʃ. [are. Saxon.] A long pole with a
broad end, by which veſſels are driven in
the water. Wilkins.

To OAR. v. n. [from the noun.] To row.

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To OAR. v. a. To impel by rowing.

OA'RY. a. [from oar.] Having the form
or uſe of oars Milton,

OAST./. A kiln. Not in uſe. Mortimer.

OATCA'KE. ʃ. [oat and cake.^ Cake made
of the meal of oats. Peacham.

OA'TEN. a. [from oa!.] Made of oats; bearing oats. Shakʃpeare.

OATH. ʃ. [aS, Saxon.] An affirmation, negation,
or promife, corroborated by the atteOati
-n of the Divine Being. Bacon.

OA THABLE. a. [from oath, A word not
uſeH.] Capable of having an oath admanifteredShakʃpeare.

OATHBREA'KING. ʃ. [oJth &nd hnak.]
Peijury ; the violation of an oath.Shakʃpeare.

OATMALT. ʃ. [catani}«alt.] Malt made
of oats. Mortimer.

OATMEAL. ʃ. [oat and meal.] Flower
made by grinding oats. Arbuthnot.

OA'TMEAL. ʃ. An herb. Ainſworth.

OATS. ʃ. [arer, Saxon.] A grain, which
in England is generally given to horſes. Swift.

OATTHI5TLE. ʃ. [oat and thifik.] An
herb. Jjinjit^orth.

OBAMULATION. ʃ. [chamuhtio, from
obamulo. La.] The jct of walking about.

To OBDU CE. ʃ. a. [obduco, Latin.] To
diaw ver dS a covering. Hale.

OBDU'CTION. ʃ. [from oUufiio, obduco.
Latin.] ; The act of covering, or laying a

OBDU'RACY. ʃ. [from e^dw ate.] Inflexible
vi-sckedneſs ; impenitence ; hardneſs of
fieart. South.

OBDU RATE. a. [ohdumtus, Latin.]
1. Hard of heart ; inflexibly chftmate in
ill ; hardened. Shakʃpeare.
7.- Hardened ; frnti ; ſtubborn. South.
5. TTirſh ; roeged. Swift.

OBDURATELY. ad. [{torn obdurate.]

S'-bhorniy ; inflexibly.

OBU'RATENESS. ʃ. [from obdurate.]
Swibbornueſs ; inflexibility ; impenitence.

OBDURA'TION. ʃ. [from obdurate.] Hardneſs
<;f heiAat. Hooker.

OBDU'REiy fl. [obduratus, Lat.] Hardened;
iiflexible.^, Milton.

OBE'DIENCE. ʃ. [obſdiintia,LzUT\.] Obſequi
uſneſs ; iſubmiſſion to authority. Bacon.

OBE'DIENT. a. [obediem, L%{\f^.] Sabmif-
[ive to authority ; compliant with command
or prohibition ; obſequiouſ. Milton.

OBE'DIENTIAL. a. [obedieniid, Fr. from
oteditnt.] According to the rule of obedience. Wake.

OBEDIENTLY. ad. [ixQm obedient^.] With

OBEISANCE. f. [obafatice,'Sitr.] A bow
a courtely ; an act of reverence. Shakſp.

O'BELISK. ʃ. [obehfcui, Latin.]
1. A magnificent high piece of marble, ot
ſtone, having uſually four faces, and leffening
upwards by degrees. Harris.
2. A mark of ceaſure in the margin of a
book, in the form of a dagger, [-j- 1. Grew.

OBEQUITATION. ʃ. [from obequito, Lat.]
The act of riding about.

OBERRA'TION. ʃ. [from c^^rro, Latin.]
The act of wandering about.

OBE'SE. a. [obefus, Lmn.] Fat ; loadea
with fleſh.

OBE'SENESS. ʃ. [from obefe.] Morbid

OBE'SITY. ^ fatneſs. Grciu.

To OBEY. v. a. [obctr, French.] To pay
ſubmiſſion to ; to comply with, from reverence
to authority. Romans.

O'BJECT. ʃ. [objet, French.]
1. That about which any power or faculty
is employed. Hammond.
2. Something preſented to the ſenſes to
raiſe any affection or emotion in the mind. Atterbury.
3. [In grammar.] Any thing influenced
by ſomewhat elſe. Clarke,

OBJE'CTGLASS. ʃ. Glafs remotefl from
the eye. Newton.

To O'BJECT. v. a. [chjeBcr, Fr. ohjicio,
objiil^m, Latin.]
1. To oppoſe ; to preſent in oppoſition. Bacon, Pope. .
2. To propoſe as a charge criminal, or a
resfon adverſe, Whitgifte.

OBJE'CTION. ʃ. [obje^ion, Fr. ohjefiio,
1. The act of preſenting any thing in oppoſition.
2. Criminal charge. Shakʃpeare.
3. Adverſe argument. Bur nee,
4. Fault found. Waljh,

O'BJECTIVE. a. [objeSJif, Trench.]
1. Belonging to the object ; contained in
the object. Watts.
2. Made an object
; propoſed as an object. Hale.

O'BJECT IVELY. ad. [from objective.]
1. In manner of an object. Locke.
2. In a ſtate of oppoſition. Bacon.

O'BJECTIVENESS. ʃ. [from objcHi^e.]
the ſtate of being an object, Hale.

OBJE'CTOR. ʃ. [from object.] One who
ofters objections. Blackmore.

OBIT. ʃ. [a corruption of obiit, or obivit.]
Funeral obſequie. Ainſworth.

To OBJU'RGATE. v. a. [objurgo, Lzun.]
To chide ; ro reprove.

OBJURGA'TION. ʃ. [chjurgatlo, Latin.]
Reproof ; reprehenſion. Bramhall,

OBJU'RGATORY. a. [obju^gatorius, Lat.]
Rcpreheniory ; culpatory ; chiding,


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OBLA'TE. a. [oblatus, Latin.] Flatted at ~
the poles. uſed of a ſpherod, Cheyne.

OBLATION. y. ['oblation, Fr. obbtui, Lat.]
An offering ; a f.cr ike. South.

OBLECTA'TION. ʃ. [ohieaatio, Latin.]
Dclig'it ; pleaſure.

To OBLIGATE. v. a. [;£.';_^p, Latin.] To
bind by contract or duty.

OBLIGATION. y. [obiigaiio, fromobigo,
1. The binding power of any oath, vow,
duty ; cont.-?.£t. Granville.
2. Ail act which binds any man to ſome
perf.rni nee. Taylor.
3. Favour by which one is bound to grant
uJ;'. South.

OBLIGATORY. a. [{totd cillgate.] Impoiing
an obligation ; binding; coercive. Taylor.

To OBLI'GE. v. a. [obiiger, pr, obiigo]
1. To bind ; to impoſe obligation ; to compel
to ſomething. Rogers..
2. To indtbt ; to by obligations or gratitude. Dryden.
3. To pleaſe ; to gratify. South.

OBLI'GEE. ʃ. [iium ch ige.] The peribn
hound by a legal or written contract.

OBLI'GEMENT. ʃ. [obltgemerJ, Yrenzh.]
0^1;viati>n. Dryden.

OBLI'GER. ʃ. He who binds by contratl.

OBLIGING. part. a. [chigeant, Fr. from
oblige.'^ Civil ; complaifant ; reſpectful ; engaging. Pope. .

OBLIGlN'GLY. ad. [ixcmohliging.] Cwilly
; compi ilantly, Addiſon.

OBLI'GINGNESS.' ʃ. [from obliging.]
1. Obligation ; force. Decay of Piety.
2. Civility ; C'mplaifjnce.

OBLiQUA'TION. ʃ. [ob'acjuatio, from
obUquo, Latin.] Declination from perpendicularity
; obliquity. Ncii/Con.

OBLI'QUE. a. [obli:ji.us, Latin.]
1. Not direct; not perpendicular; not
parallel. Bacon.
2. Not direct. Uſed of ſenſe. Shakʃpeare.
3. [In grammar.] Any caſe in r.oufis except
the nort)inative.

OBLl'QUELY. ad. [from oblitjue.]
1. Not directly ; not perpendicularly. Brown.
2. Not in the immediate or direct meaning. Addiʃon.

OBLI'QUENESS.7/. [ob!iquiie,Yi. fromi

OBLIQUITY. ʃ. cLli^-,e.-\
1. Deviation from phylical reſtitude ; deviation
from parallelifm or perpendicularity. Milton.
2. Deviation from moral rectVitude. South.

To OBLI TERATE. 1', a. [ch and Ihera,
1. To efface any thing written.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. To wear out ; to deſtroy ; to eff.ce. Hall.

OBLITERATION. ʃ. [ob:iteratio,Uun..
Effacement ; exMn^ion, Hale.

ODLI'VION. ʃ. [obivw, Latin.]
1. Forgetfulneſs; cdfation of remembrance. Brown.
2. Amneſty ; general pardon of crimes in
a ſtate. Davies.

OBLI'VIOUi. a. [obliviofus, Latin.] Caufingtorgetfuir.
eſs. Philips.

OBLO'NG. a. [ob!::jgus. Latin.] Longer
thon bro^. Harris.

OBLO'NGLY. ad. [from oblong.] Inanobi'.
ng direction. Cheyne.

OBLO'NGNEVS. ʃ. [from oblong.] The
ſtate of being obbng.

O'BLOQUy. y. ro%af,r, Latin.]
1. Ccniorjous ſpeech ; blame ; ijander. Daniel.
2. Ca'jfe of reproach ; diſgrace, Shakſp.

OEMUTESCENCE. ʃ. [from olmutejco,
I Lfsofi'peeth. Brown.

OBNO XIOUS. ʃ. [chaoxius, Latin.]
1. Subject. Bacon.
2. Liable to puniſhment. Cjlamy.
3. Liable; expclVd. Hayward.

OBNOXIOUSNESS. ʃ. Urom chr.cxicuu.
Subiettion ; liibleneſs to puniſhment.

OBNO'XIOUSLY. ad. [from chncxiout..
In a ſtate of ſubjection; in the ſtate of one
liable to ruTjiſhment.

To O'BNUEILATE. v. a. [chr.ulilo, Lat.]
To cloud ; to obſcure.

O'BOLE. ʃ. [ob.lu:, Latin.] In pharmary,
twelve grain?. Ainsworth.

OBR-EPTION. ʃ. [obreptic,Ui^n.] The
act of creeping on.

To OERO'GATE. v. a. [^^ro^o, Latin.]
To proclaim a contrary law for the dillolution
of the former.

OBSCE'NE. a. [obſca-nus, Latin.]
1. Immcdel^i not agiecatle to chaftity of
n^-nd. Milton.
2. Offenſive ; diſguſting. Dryden.
3. Inaufoicious ; ill omened. Dryden.

OBSCE'NELY. a. [from objcene.] In an
impure and unchaſte manner.

OBSCE'NENESS. ʃ. [from objcene.] Im-

OBSCE'NITY. ʃ. purify of thought or
language- ; unchaltity ; !«dneſs. Dryden.

OBSCURA'TION. ʃ. [obſcur^tio, Latin.]
1. The act of darkening, Burnet.
2. A ſtate of being darkened,

OBSCURE. a. [^Vttrttj, Latin.]
1. Dark; unenlightened; gloomy, Hindi
in g fight. Milton.
2. Living in the dark, Shakʃpeare.
3. Not eaſily intelligible; ablhuſe; diſh «lt. Dryden.
4. Not noted ; not obſerv.ble. Atterbury.

To OBSCU'RE. v. a. [o^yVaAr, Latin.]
1. To

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1. To darken ; to make dark. .?<'/'
2. To make leſs viſibk. Brown.
3. To m>ilce leſs intelligible. Holder.
4. To make leſs glorious, beautiful, or illuſtrious. Dryden.

OBSCU'RELY. ad. [nomobjcure.]
1. Not brightly ; not luminouſly.
2. Out of fight ; privately ; without notice. Addiʃon.
3. Not clearly ; not plainly,

OBSCU'RENESS. ʃ. / r /r , r -.

OBSCU'RITY. 1 / [^^^'^''^-'^^^ L^f^«']
1. Darkneſs; want of light. Donne.
2. Unnoticed ſtate
; privacy. Dryden.
3. Darkneſs of mea.Mnc. Boyle, Locke.

OBSECRATION. ʃ. [o/^jecr^tio, Ln\n.]
Intreuty ; ſupplication, Stillingfleet.

OBSEQUIES. ʃ. [objeques, French.]
1. Funeral rites ; tuneraj i'olemnities. Sidney.
2. It is found in the ſingular, perhaps more
propetjy. Crafbaho.

OBSE'QUIOUS. a. [from chſquv.m, Lat.]
1. Obedient , compliant ; nut reijiting. Milton.
% In Shakʃpeare. funeral.

OBSE'QUIOUSLY. a. [from ohfequioua.]
1. Obeiiitnriy^ with compliance. Dryden.
2. In Shakʃpeare it ſignifies, with funeral

OBSE'QUIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from ohf-paou^.]
Obedience ; compliance. South.

OBSE'RVAB'LE. a. [from objervo, Latin.]
Remarkable ; eminenr, Rogers.

OBSE'RVABLY. ad. [from obſeri^ab'e.^ In
a manner worthy of note. Bro'Wfi.

OBSE'RVANCE. ʃ. [obſer'vance,Trtnch.]
1. Reſpect ; ceremonial reverence. Dryd.
2. Relijiious rite. » Eagers.
3. Attentive practiſe, Rogers.
4. Rule of practice. Shakʃpeare.
5. Careful obedience, Rogers.
6. Obſervation ; attention. Hale.
7. Obedient regard. Wotton. Roscommon,

OBSE'RVANT. a. [o^/^ri/azj, Latin.]
1. Attentive ; diligent
; watchful. Ral.
2. Reſpectfully attentive. Pope.
3. Meai ly duuful ; ſubmiirjve. Raleigh.

OBSE RVANT. ʃ. A flav.fn attendant.Shakʃpeare.

OBSERVA'TION. ʃ. [chjervatio, Utin.]
:. The act oroblerving, noting^, or remarking.
2. Nucion gained by obſerving ; note ; remark. Watts.

OBSERVA'TOR. ʃ. obſert-aU-ur, Fr. from
obſervoy Latin.] One that obſerves ; a remarker, Dryden.

OBSERVATORY. ʃ. [objewatcire, Fr ] A place built for aſtrcnomical obſervationf.

To OBSE'RVE. v. a. [ohfe'vo, K:itin.]
1. To watch ; to regi^rd attentively.
2. To find by attenti- n ; to note. Locke.
3. To regard or keep reiigioui]y, Exodus.
4. To obey ; to follow.

To OBSE'RVE. v. n.
1. To be attentive. Watts.
2. To make a remark. Pope.

OBSE'RVER. ʃ. [from o^>t;j.]
1. One wiio Jgoks vigilantly on perſonSand
tilings. Swift.
2. One who looks on ; the be Holder, Donne.
3. One who keeps any law or cuſtom or
practice. Bacon.

OBSE'RVINGLY. ad. [^[from objerving.]
Attentively ; carefully. Shakʃpeare.

OBSE'SSION. ʃ. [objcjfi, Latin.]
1. The act of befieg ng.
2. The firſt attack of Sitan, antecedent to

OBSI'DIONAL. a. [obſictionalii, Lat.] Bslonging
to a fu-ge. Di£i.

OBSOLE'TE. a. [obJoktus,L2iiin.] Worn
out of uſe ; difuled ; untaihionable. Swift.

OBSOLE'TENESS. ʃ. [from c^/ofc/^.] State
of being woin out of uſe ; unfdihio«ableneſs.

OBSTACLE. ʃ. [objiacle, Fr. chjfaculum,
Something oppoſed ; hindrance ; obſtruction. Collier.

OBSTETRICA'TION. ʃ. [from chjlaricor,
Latin.] the office of a midwife.

OBSTE'TRICK. a. [from objietnx, Latin.]
Midwifiſh ; befitting a midwife ; doing the
midwife's office. Dunciad,

O'BSTINACY. ʃ. [chfiinatio, Latin.] StubbornnelS ;
contumacy ; pertinacy; perfiftency. Locke.

O'BSTINATE. a. [obſiinatus, Latin.] Stub-~
born ; contumacious ; fixed in refoiution. Dryden.

O'BSTINATELY. ad. [from objhnate.]
Stubbornly ; infiexibly. Clarenden.

OBSTINATENESS. ʃ. [from obpn:2te.]

OBSTIPA'TION. ʃ. [from objiipo, Latin.]
The tft of flopping up any paſſage,

OBSTREPEROUS. a. [objireperus^ Lat.]
Loud ; chmorous ; noily ; turbulent ; vociferous. Dryden.

OBSTRE PEROUSLY. ad. [from obſtreperous.'
; Loudly ; clamorouſly.

OBSTRETEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from obſire
peroiii.] Loudneſs ; clamour ; noiſe.

OBSTRICnON. ʃ: [from ob/triaus, Lat.]
Obligation ; bond. Milton.

To OBSTRU'CT. v. a. [ohfiruo, Latin.]
1. To hinder ; to be in the way of; to
block up ; to bar. Arbuthnot.
2.~To ocpoſe ; to retard.

OBSTRU'CTER. ʃ. [from c^/r«^.] One
that hinders or oppoſes.


OBSTRU'CTION. ʃ. [djlrufiio, Latin.]
1. Hindrance} difficulty. Dtnbum,
2. ObHade ; impediment, Clarendn.
3. [In phyſr.k.] The blocking up of any
canal in the human body, ſo as to prevent
the flowing of any fluid through it.
4. To Shakʃpeare it once fipnifies ſomethine
heaped together. Shakʃpeare.

OBSTRU'CTIVE. a. [obſtruafy Fr, from
objiruB,'^ Hindering ; cauſing impediment. Hammond.

OBSTRU'CTIVE. ʃ. [mpediment ; obſtaclc.

O'BSTRUENT. a. [obſtruem, Latin.] Hindermg
; blocking up.

OBSTUPEFA'CTION. ʃ. [ohjiupefaao, Lat.]
The z(\ of inducing ſtupidi;y.

OBSTUPEFA'CTIVE. a. [from obOupefatio.
Latin.] Obſtruding the mentdJ powery; jibbat.

To OBTA'IN. v. a. [obtineo, Latin.]
1. To gain ; to acquire ; to procure. Eph.
2. To impctrate ; to gain by concection. Hooker.

To OBTA'IN. ʃ. ff.
1. To continue in uſe. Baker.
2. To be eftabliſhed. Dryden.
3. To prevail ; to lucceed. tacon.

OBTAINABLE. a. [from o/5r/7«».] To be
procured. Arbuthnot.

OBTA'INER. ʃ. [from obtain.] He who

To OBTE'MPERATE. v. a. [obtewpirer,
Fr. ohttrnperoy Latin.] To obey.

To OBTE'ND. v. a. r<j3/t?;7</o, Latin.]
1. To oppoſe ; to hold out in oppoſition.
2. To pretend ; to offer as the renibn of
any thing. Dryden.

OBTENEBRA'TION. ʃ. [ob and terebra,
Latin.] Dirkneſs; the ſtate of being darkened. Bacon.

OBTE'NSION. ʃ. [from obtcr.d.] The att
of obrendong.

To OBTESr. v. <7, [obtefior,h^un.] To
beleech : to fuiulicaie. Dryden.

OBTESTA'TION. ʃ. [obtefijiio, Lat. from
obte(l.] Suopiica'ion ; entreaty.

OBTRECTATION. ʃ. [ohtreao, Latin.]
Slander; rietraction ; calumny.

To OBTRUDE. v. a. [chtrudj, Latin.] To
thruſt imo any place or ſtace by force or
impoſture. Hall.

OBTRU'DER. ʃ. [from obtrude.] One that
obtrudes. Boyle.

OBTRUSION. ʃ. [from obtrufus, Latin.]
The act of obtruding. King Charles.

OBTRU'SIVE. a. [from obtrude.] Inclined
to force one's felf or any thing cile, upon
others. Milton.

To OBTU'ND. v. a. [obtur.do, Latin.] To
blunt ; to dull ; to q>4eJl ; to deaden.
o c c

OBTURATION. y. [from obſuratu, Lat.]
The act of /topping up any thing with ſomethinp
fmeared over it.

OBTU'SANGULAR. a. [from obtvfe and
angle.] Having angles Jargtr than right

OBTUSE. a. [ohtufus, Latin.]
1. Not pointed ; not acute.
2. Not quick
; dull ; ſtupid. Milton.
3. Not n^rill ; obſcure : as, an obtuſe found,

OBTU'SELY. ad. [from obtuſe.]
1. Without a a point.
1. Dully; ſtupidly.

OBTU'SENESS. ʃ. [from olti<fc.] BIuntneſs
; dulneſs.

OB TUSION. ʃ. [from obtuſe.]
1. The act of dulling.
2. The ſtace of being dull»d. Harvy,

OBVE'NTION. ʃ. [ob^emo, Latin.] Something
happening not conltantly and reguguJ.]
rJy, but uncertainly. Spenſer.

To OBVE'RT. v. a. [obverto, Latin.] To
turn towards. Boyle.

To O'BVIATE. v. a. [from obvius, Latin ; o'-.-uier, French.]
To meet in the way ; to
prevent, Woodward.

O'BVIOUS. a. [ob-oms, Latin.]
1. Meeting any thing ; cppoſed in front to
any thing. Milton.
2. Open ; expoſec^. Milton.
3. Eaſily diſcovered ; plain ; evident. Dryden.

OBVIOUSLY. ad. [from obvius.] Evidently
; appgrentJy. Locke.

OBVIOUSNESS. f. [{torn obvious.] State
of being evident or apparent. Boyle.

To OBU'MBRATE. v. a. [obumbro, Lat.]
To ſhide ; to cloud.

OBUMBRA'TION. ʃ. [from obumbrOyUK.]
The act of darkening or cloudine.

OCCA'SION. ʃ. [occaſio, Latin.]
1. Occurrence ; caſualty ; incident. Hooker.
2. Opportunity; convenience. Gene/u.
3. Accidental cauſe. Spenſer.
4. Reafon not cogent, but opportune.Shakʃpeare.
5. Incidental need \ caſual exigence. Baker.

To OCCA'SION. x: a. [from the noun.]
1. To cauſe caſually. « Auerbury.
2. To cjuſe ; to produce. lemple,
3. To influence. Locke.

OCCA'SIONAL. a. [ITom occaſton.]
1. Incidental ; caſual.
2. Producing by accident. Brown.
3. Produced by occalion or incidental exigence. Dryden.

OCCASIONALLY. ad. [from occajiona'.]
According to incidental exigence. H'^ood'W.

OC'CA'SIONER. ʃ. [from occajim.] One
that CAuAiS Of prumoccs by deflgn or accident,

OCCECA'TION. ʃ. [occie:a:h, Lat.] The
a<ct of blinding or making blind, Saiiderf.

O'CCIDENT. ʃ. [itaai ccciiens, Latin.] The
Weſt. Shakʃpeare.

OCCIDE'NTAL. a. [cccidentain, Latin.]
Weſtem. tJowcl.

OCCIDUOUS. a. [ocadens, Latin.] Weſtem.

OCCI'PITAL. a. [cccipifalis, Latin.] Placed
in the hinder part of the head,.

O'CCIPUT. ʃ. [Latin.] The hinder part of
the head. Builer,

OCCI'SION. ʃ. [from occifio, Latin.], The
act of kiliing.

To OCCLU'DE. v. a. [occludo, Latin.] To
fnut up. Brown.

OCCLU'SE. a. [occ/i'/«f, Latin.] Shutu^; cloſed. Holder.

OCCLU'SION. ʃ. [occlufio, Lat.] The ad
of ſhutting up.

OCCU'LT. a. [occultus, hnm-l Secret; hidden ;
unknown ; undiſcoveraole. Newton.

OCCULTA'TION. ʃ. [occuUatio, Latin.] In
aſtronomy, is the time that a ſtar or planet
is hidden from our hght. Hams.

OCCU LTNESS. ʃ. [from occult.l^ Secretneſs
; ſtate of being hid.

O'CCUPANCY. ʃ. [from Off»/)<7«, Latin.]
The act of taking poſſeſſion. fVarburtofi.

O'CCUPANT. ʃ. [occufians, Latin.] He that
takes poſſeſhen of any thing. Bacon.

To O'CCUPATE. v. a. [occupo, Latin.] To
take up. Bacon.

OCCUPA'TION. ʃ. [occupano, Latin.]
1. The 261 of taking poirellion. Bacon.
2. Employment ; buſineſs. Wake.
3. Trade; calling; vocation. Shakſp.

O'CCUPIER. ʃ. [from occ:jpy.]
1. A poſſeifor ; one who takes into his
poffeflion. Raleigh.
4. One who follows any empjojment.

To O'CCUPY. v. a. [occuper. It. cccupo,
1. To pofieſs ; to keep ; to take up. Brown.
2. To buſy ; to employ. Eccluf»
3. To follow as buſintls. Omm, Prayer.
4. To uſe ; to expend. Exodus.

To O'CCUPY. v. r. To follow buſineſs. Luke.

To OCCU'R. v. n. [cccxrro, Latin.]
1. To be preſented to the memory or attention. Bacon.
«. To appear here and there. Locke.
3. To cla^ ; to ſtrike agairift ; to meet. Berkley.
4. To obviate; to make oppofuion to.

OCCU'RRENCE. ʃ. [occurrerce^Vxtuch.]
1. Incident; accidental event. Locke.
2. Occafional preſentation. ffa:ts,


OCCU'RRENT. ʃ. [cccurrent, Fr. occurreBf,
Latin.] Incident ; any thing that happens. Hooker.

OCCU'RSION. ʃ. [occurfum, Lilli).] Claſh ; mutual blow. Boyle.

O'CSAN. ʃ. [oceanus, Lit\n.]
1. The man ,- the great ſca. Shakſp.
2. Any immenfe expanfe, Locke.

O'CEAN. a. PertJining to the main or
geat fea. Miken,

OCEA'NICK. ʃ. [from ocean.] Pertaining
to the ocean. Di£i.

OCE'LLATED. a. [ocellatw, Latin.] Reſemblng
the eye. Denham.

O'CHRE. ʃ. [c^x''-l The earths diſtinguiſhed
by the name of ochrei have rough
or naturally duſty furtace?, are but ll ghtjy
coherent in their texture, and are compoſed
of fine and ſoft argillaceous paſticks, and
are readily diffaſible in water. They are of
various colours. The yellow f)rt are called
ochres of iron, and the blue ochres of
copper. Hill.

O'CHREOUS. a. [from ochre.] Conſiſting of
ochre. Woodward.

O'CHREY. a. [from ochre.] Partaking of
ochre. M'oQdward,

O'CHIMY. ʃ. A mixed baſe metal.

O'CTAGON. ʃ. [hiClci and y^via-] In geometry,
a figure confining of eight ſides and
angles. Harris.

OCTA'GONAL. a. [^tomoaagon.] Having
eight angles and ſides.

OCTA'NGULAR. a. [oBo md avgufus,
Latin.] Having eight angles.

OCTA'NGULARNESS. ʃ. [{Tomcaargular.]
The quality of having eight angles.

OCTA'NT. ʃ. 'a. Is, when a planet is in ſuch

OCTI'LE. i poſition to another, that
their places are only diſtant an eighth part
of a circle,

OCTAVE. f. [c-c7^w, French.]
u The eighth Day after ſome peculiar
2. [In muſick.] An eighth or an interval
of eight ſounds.
3. Eight days together after a feſtival. Ainsworth.

OCTA'VE. a. [Latin.] A book is ſaid to be
in oEiavo when a ſtieet is folded into eight
leaves. Boyle.

OCTE'NNIAL. a. [from caenrautn, Latin.]
1. Happeni.'g every eighth year,
2. Lifting eight years.

OCTO'BER. j. [Latin.] The tenth month
of the year, or the eighth numbered from
March. Peacham.

OCTOE'DRICAL. a. Having eight ſides.

OCTO'GENARY. a. [o<??o^fn/, Latin.] Of
eighty years of age,

O'CTONARY. a. [cBonarlus, Latin.] Belonging
to the number eight.


OCTONO'CULAR. a. [oBo and oculus.]
Having eieht eyes. Denham.

OCTOPE'TALOUS. a. [ix^cJ and wE'/a^iv.]
Having eight flower leaves

O'CTOSTYLE. ʃ. [IkIx and ^vh^, Gr.]
The face of a building or ordonnjnie crmtaining
eight cuJiiiniis. Harris.

O'CTUFLE. a. [oi/uplus, Latin.] Eight

OCULAR. a. [from oculut, Latin.] Depending
on the eye ; known by the eye. Brown.

OCULARLY. ca. [from ccubr.] To the
obſervation of the eye. Brown.

O'CULATE. a. [ocuhtus, Latin.] Having
eye? ; knowing by the eye.

O'CULIST. ʃ. [from of^/«j, Latin.] One
whoprofcflcs tocurediftempersof the eyes. Bacon.

OCULUS Mi. [Latin.] An accidental variety
it the agat kina. Woodward.

ODD. a. [-jdda, Swidiſh]
1. Not even} not divilible into equcl nvimbers.
2. More than a round nunnber. Burnet.
3. Particular ; uncouth ; extraordinary. Newton.
4. Not noted ; not taken into the common
account; unheeded. Shakʃpeare.
5. Strange; unaccountable; fantaſtical.
6. Uncommon ; particular. Ajcham,
7. Unlucky. Shakʃpeare.
8. Unlikely ; in appearance improper. Addiʃon.

O'DDLY. ad. [from odd.]
1. Not evenly.
2. Strangely ;
particularly ; unaccountably ; uncouthly. Locke.

O'DDNESS. ʃ. [from odd.]
1. The Hate of being not even.
2. Strangeneſs ; paiticuJarity ; uncouthneſs. Dryden, Collier.

ODDS. ʃ. [from o^^.]
1. Inequality ; exceſs of either comp3rpd
with the other. Hooker.
2. More than an even wager. >iiift,
3. Advantage; ſuperiority. Hudibras.
4. Quarrel ; debate ; diſpute. Shakſp.

ODE. ʃ. f.)? ; A poem written to be fung
to muſick ; a lyrick poem. A'lilton.

O'DIBLE. a. [from cdi.] Hateful.

ODIOUS. a. lodiofus, Latin.]
1. Hateful; deteſtable ; abominable'. Spratt.
2. Expoſed to hate. Clarendon.
3. Caufing hate ; infidiou<^. Milton.

O'DIOUSLY. ad. [from oaious.]
1. Matcfully ; ?homi' 4bly. Milton.
2. Invidiouſly ; ſo a? to cauſe hate. Dryden.

O'DIOUSNESS. ʃ. [iom s</ie«..]
1. Hatefulnsl8. TVph,
1. The ſtate of being hated. Sidney.

O'DIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] Invidiaufnef? ; q<jaliry
<.f provoking ha;e. KlngChar'.es.

ODONTA'LGICK. a. [JJ^v and a\y,;.]
iVrtaining to the tooth-ach.

ODORATE. a. [cd'ora/wr, Latin.] Scented ;
having a ſtrong ſent, whethter loend or
''g''ant- Bacon.

ODORI'FEROUS. a. [odorr/er, L-t.] Giving
kent ; uſually, ſweet of Icent ; fragrant
; perfurrefl. Bacon.

ODORIFEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from odor, feroai.]
Sweetneſs of ſcent ; fragrance.

ODOR'OUS. a. [odor us, Latin.] Fragrant; perfumed. Cheyn.

O'DOUR. ʃ. [odor, Latin.]
1. Scent, whether good or bad. Bacon.
2. Fragrance ; perfume ; ſweet ſcent.

OECONO'MICKS. ʃ. [o.-^ovoy^.^o-,.] Management
of houſehold affairs. L'£/?r

OECU'MEMCAL. a. [o.'xLv^rv.yJf.] G^reneral
3. reſpechng the wlijle habitabl- world. Stillingfleet.

OEDE'MA. ʃ. [oihfA.^.] A tumour. ' h is
now afid commonly by ſurgeons confined to
a white, fofr, inſenſible tumour. Suircy

OEDEMATICK. v. a. [from oedema \

OEDE'MATOUS. ʃ. Pertaining to a«
f^tc^e.Tia. PFi^trran.

OETLAID. ʃ. [from otil, French.] G!ance
; wmk 3 token. Shakʃpeare.

O'FR. conrracted from over. Addi.oi.

OE' OPHAGUS. ʃ. [from wrc',-, '.vickcr,
from ſome ſimilitude in the ſtrudure of this
part to the contexture of that ; and 4^3. »
to eat] The gullet. Q,amy.

OF. prep. [cp. Saxon.]
1. It :< putbefjie theſubſtsntive that follows
dr.oc'ner io conſtrudlion ; as, o/theſe
part wfre ſhin.
2. It IS put after comparative and ſuperbtive
adjectives; as, the moſt Cifmal and
ur> AiafonabIe time of all other. Tilo:hn.
3. From ; a?, the that I li'ought up of a.
pi)pD\. Shakʃpeare.
4. Concerning ; relating to ; as, all have
this ſenſe e/'war. Smalridge.
5. Out of; as, yet of this little he Ld
ſome to ſpare. Dryden.
6. Amo.->g; as, any clergyman 0/ my ov-n
acquaintance. H'luiit,
7 By; as, I was entertained p/. the I on-
^ul. Sarayi.
8. According to ; as, they do of richt belong
to you. lil.rfj,:.
9. Noting p'.wer, or ſpontanfty ; s;, of
h.mlrlf man is confefledly une4u.1l to his
duty. Stephens.
10. Noting prpertie or quaWtcs; as, a
m.»n of a decayed fortune ; a booy of no
colour. Clarenden, Boyle.
11. Noting extractionj as, a man a/ an
a1ncient family. Clarenden.
12. Noting adherence, or belonging; ; as, a
Hebrew of my tribe. Shakʃpeare.
13. Noting the matter ; as, the chariot was
0/ cedar. Bacon.
14. Noting the motive ; a?, of my own
choice I undertook. this Wi>ik. Dryden.
15. Noting preference, or poſtponence ; as,
1 do not hke thie tower of &ns pl-3ce.Shakʃpeare.
16. Noting change of ; as, O miſerable of
happy ! Milton.
17. Noting cauſality ; as, good nature of
necelhty will give allowance. Dryden.
18. Noting piopoitionj as, many of an
hundred. Locke.
19. Noting kind or ſpecies ; as, an affair
of the cabinet. Swift.

OFF. ad. [af, Dutch]
1. Oi-this adverb the chief uſe is to conjoin
it with verbs ; as, \.o come off-^ iofy
ofi to rcih of.
2. It is generally oppoſed to or. ; as, to lay
on ; to take eff. Dryden.
3. It iignirtes diſtancee. Shakʃpeare.
4. In painting or ſtaiuary, it figftifics projection
or relief. Shakʃpeare.
5. It ſignifies evaneſcence ; abſenceor departure. L'Eſtrange.
6. It ſignifies any kind of diſappointment ;
defeat j interruption ; as, the affair is off,
7. From ; not toward. Sidney.
8. of hand ; not ſtodied. L'Eſtrange.

OFF. interjM. Depart. Stniib,

OFF. prep.
1. Not on. Temple.
2. Diſtant from. Addiſon.

OFFAL. ʃ. [offfall, Skinner.]
1. Wal^e meat ; that which is not eaten
at the table. Arbuthnot.
2. Carrion ; coarſe fleſh. Milton.
3. Refuſe ; that which is thrown away. South.
4. Any thing of no efleem. Shakſp.

O'FFENCE. ʃ. [offenja, Latin.]
1. Crime i act of wickedneſs. Fairfax.
2. A tranſgreſſion. Locke.
3. Injury. Dryden.
4. Diſpleaſure given ; cauſe of diſguſt ;
ſcandal. Bacon.
5. Anger ; diſpleaſure conceived. Sidney.
6. Attack ; ad of the allaibnt. Sidney.

OFFENCEFUL. a. [offence and full.] Injuli.
us. Shakʃpeare.

OFFE'NCELESS. a. [from offence.] Unoffending ;
innocent. Shakſpeare.

To OFFE'ND. v. a. [o/c«^o, Latin. ;
1. To make angry. Knolles.
2. To aifail ; to attack. Sidney.
3. To tranſgreſs ; to violate.
4. To injure. Dryden.

To OFFE'ND. v. n.

1. To be criminal ; to trangreſs the law, mjd.
2. To cauſe anger. Shakʃpeare.
3. To commit tranſgrefli'j;!. Swift.

OFFE'NDER. ʃ. [from offend ]
1. A criminal ; one who has committed a
crime ; tranſgreflbr, Iſaiah.
2. One who has dons an injury. Shakſp.

OFFE'NDRESS. ʃ. [from offender.] A woman
that offends. Shakʃpeare.

OFFE'NSIVE. a. [ofſenſf Fr, from offenjus,
1. Caufing anger ; diſpleaſing ; diſguſting. Spenſer.
2. Caufing pain ; injurious. Bacon.
3. Aflailant ; not deſenſive. Bacon.

OFFE'NSIVELY. ad. [from offenftve.]
1. Miſchievouſly ; injuriouſly. Hooker.
2. So as to cauſe uneaſineſs or diſpleaſure. Boyle.
3. By way of attack; not deſenſively.

OFFE'NSIVENESS. ʃ. [from offer/tve.]
1. Injurjouſneſs ; miſchief.
2. Cauſe of diſguſt. Grew.

To O'FFER. v. a. [o/^re, Latin.]
1. To preſent to any one ; to exhibit any
thing ſo as that it may be taken or received. Locke.
2. To ſacrifice ; to immolate. Dryden.
3. To bid, as a price or reward. Dryden.
4. To attempt ; to commence, a Mac.
5. To propoſe. Locke.

To O FFER. v. n.
1. To be preſent ; to be at hand ; to preſent
itſelf. Sidney.
2. To make an attempt. Bacon.

O'FFER. ʃ. [effre, Fr, from the verb.]
1. Propofal of advantage to another. Pope. .
2. Fuftadvance. Shakʃpeare.
3. Propiifal made. Daniel.
4. Price bid ; act of bidding a price. Swift.
5. Attempt ; endeavour. South.
6. Something given by way of acknowledgment. Sidney.

O'FFERER. ʃ. [from offer.]
1. One who makes an offer,
2. One who ſacrifices, or dedicates in worſhip. South.

O'FFERING. ʃ. [from »/er.] A ſacrifice
; any thing immolated, or offered in worſhip. Dryden.

OFFE'RTORY. ʃ. [offertoire, Fr.] The
thing offered ; the act of offering. Bacon.

OFFE'RTURE. ʃ. [from offer.] Offe. ;
propofal of kindneſs. A word not in uſe. King Charles.

O'FFICE. ʃ. [office, Fr.]
1. A publick charge or employment.Shakʃpeare.
2. Agency ; peculiar uſe. Newton.
3. Bufineſs ; particular employment. Milton.
4. Act of good or ill voluntarily tendered. Shakſpeare.
5. Act of worſhip, Shakʃpeare.
6. Formulary of devotions. Taylor,
7. Rooms in a houſe appropristed t© particular
bo ſneſs. Shakʃpeare.
8. PJdc; where buſineſs is tranſacted. Bacon.

To O'FFICE. v. j.'[from the noun] To
perforro ; to diſcharge. Shakʃpeare.

O'FFICER. ʃ. [rfficier,¥t.]
1. A man employed by the publick.Shakʃpeare.
2. A commander in the army. Dryden.
3. One who has the power of apprehending
crimi-^als. Shakʃpeare.

OFFICERED. a. [from officer..] Cjmmaoded
; ſupplied with commanders. Addiʃon.

OFFI'CIAL. a. [official, Fr. from office'.]
1. Conducive ; appropriate with regard
to their uſe, Brown.
2. Pertaining to a publick charge.Shakʃpeare.

OFFI'CIAL. ʃ. Official is that perſon to
whom ths cognizance of cauſes is committed
by ſuch as have eccleſuftical juriſdiaion. Ayliffe.

OFFI'CIALTY. ʃ. [officiallte, Fr.] The
charge or polt of an orficial. Ayliffe.

To OFFI'CIATE. v. a. [from office.] To
give m conſequence of office. Mittor.

To OFFI'CIATE. v. «,
1. To diſcharge an office, commonly in
worſhip, Sar.Jirjjn,
2. To perform an office for another.

OFFICIAL. a. Vita in a Hicp : thu-,
offtcinjl plants are thoſe uſed in the ſhops.

OFFI'CIOUS. a. [fficir.fui, Lat.]
1. Kind ; doing good offices. M<lton.
2. Importunely icrward. Shakʃpeare.

OFFI'CIOUSLY. ad. [Uam offictom.]
1. Impirtunely forward. Uryden.
2. Kindly ; with unaſked kindneſs. Dryden.

OFFI'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from officious.]
1. ForwardnL'ls of civility, or reſpect, or
endeavour. South.
2. Service. Brown.

O'FFING. ʃ. [from o/.] Theaſtoffteering
to a diſtancee from the land.

OFFSET. ʃ. [off and ſet.] Sprout ; ſhoot
of a plant. Ray.

OFFSCOU'RING. ʃ. [o/and ſcour.] Recrement ;
part rubbed away in cleaning
any thing. Lan.

O'FFSPRING. ʃ. [#and ſpring.]
1. Propagation ; generation. Hooker.
2. The thing propagated or generated
; children, Davies.
5. Production of any kind. Denham.

To OFFU'SCATE. v. a. [offufco, Latin.]
To dim ; to cloud ; to darken.


OFFU'SCATION. ʃ. [from ofufcate.] The
atl of d.^rlcening.

OF r. ad [opt, Sjxcn.] Often ; frequently
; not ra/ely. Himmord.

O'FTEN. a^. [from opt, Saxon.] Oft;
frcqu-n'Iv ; minynnics. Addiʃon.

OFTEN'TIMES. ad. [often :in^ tnnei.]
Frequently; many tiroes; often. Hooker.

OFTI'MES. c d.
I oft and ernes.] Frequently ; often. Dryden.

OC EE. 1 -f. A ſort of moulding in ar-

OGl'VE ; 'chiceaure,conriftingofaround
and a hollow. Harris.

To OGLE. v. a. [o:gh^ an eye, Dutch.]
To view with ſide glances, as in fondnefi.

O'GLER. ʃ. [oogbeler^ Dutch.] A fly g^zer
; one who views by ſide glances. Arbuthnot.

O'GLIO. ʃ. [from oſh, Spaniſh.] A diſh
made by mingling different kinds -^^freat ; a medley. Suckltrg.

OH. inte'jeFf. An exclamation denoting
pain, ſorrow, or ſurpr.fe. Ji'alton,

OIL. ʃ. [oa!, Saxon]
1. The juceof ()ii%'es expreſlect. Exodus.
2. Any fat, greaſy, unctuou;, thin matte---. Denham.
3. The juices of certain vegetables, expreſſed
or drawn by the llill.

To OIL. v. a. [from the noun.] To ſmear
or lubricate with oil. Wotton.

OILCOLOUR. ʃ. [0 Uti6 colour.] Colour
made by grinding coloured ſubſtances in oil, Boyle.

OI'LINESS. ʃ. [from oily.] Unctuouſneſs ;
; quality approaching to that of
oil- Brown.

OILMAN. ʃ. [oil and man.] One who
frades Jn oils and pickles,

OILSHOP. ʃ. [oiUMfiop.] A ſhop
where oils and oick'es are fold.

OI'LY. a. [fi-omci7.]
1. Conſiſting of oil
; containing oil ; hav.
ing the qualities of oil. ^igh-
2. Fat^ greaſy. Shakʃpeare.

OI'LYGilAIN. ʃ. A plant.

OI'LYHALM. ʃ. A tree.

To OINT. v. a. [oint^ Fr.] To anoint; to ſmear. Dryden.

OI'NTMENT. ʃ. [from oint.] Unguent ;
undiuous matter. Spenſer.

O'KZR. ʃ. [Stre Ochre.] A colour. Sidney.

OLD. a. [eab, Sax.]
1. Pall the middle part of life ; not young. Sidney, Shakʃpeare.
2. Of long continuance ; begun long ago.
3. Not new. BaarJ.
4. Ancient ; nnt modern. Addiſont.
5. Of any (pec'f.ed duration. Shakʃpeare.
4. P 1 6. S.b.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


6. SutfiAing before ſomething elfc. Swift.
7. Long practiſed. Ezakiel,
8. Of old
I long ago ; from ancient times.

OLDFA'SHIONED. a. [old and fafnon.]
Formed according to oblolete cuſtom. Dryden.

O'LDEN. a. Ancient. Shakʃpeare.

OLDNESS. ʃ. [from oU.] Old age ^ antiquii-
y ; not newneſs. Shakʃpeare.

OLEAGINOUS. a. [okaginus, Lat.] Oily ;
undtuous. j4rbuthnot.

OLEAGINOUSNESS. f [from oUagirous.]
Oilineſs. Boyle.

OLE'ANDER. ʃ. [okandre, Fr.] The
plant rrdebay,

OLE'ASrER. ʃ. [Latin.] Wild olive.


OLE'O E. a. [o!eofus, Lat.] Oily. Fhyer.

To OLFACT. v. a. [ofaaus, Lat.] To
fmell HudI bras.

OLFA'CTORY. a. [olfaiioire, Fr. from 0/-
ficio, Lat.] Having the fenle of ſmelling. Locke.

OLID. v. a. [olidu!, Lat.] Stinking ;

O'LIDOUS.] ſcefd. Boyle.

OLIGA'RCHY. ʃ. [oXiyctex^a.] A form of
government which places the ſupreme
power in a ſmall number ; ariſtocrfecy.

O'LIO. ʃ. [ol!a, Span.] A mixture ; a
med'ey. Congrevs.

O'LITORY. ʃ. [alitor, Latin.] Belonging
to the kitchen garden. Evelyn.

OLIVA'STER. a. [olivaſtre,7(.] Darkly
brown ; tawny. Bacon.

O'LIVE. ʃ. [o'ive, Fr. o/^a, Lat.] A plant
producing oil ; the emblem of peace.Shakʃpeare.

OMBRE. ʃ. [from hre, SpaniHi.] A game
of cards p'layed by three. Taf/tr,

O'MEGA. ʃ. [a;>i>tt.] The laſt letter of
th'- aJphabet, thereſtre taken in the Holy
Scripture for the laſt. Rev.

OMELET. ʃ. [omshtte, Fr.] A kind of
pancake made with eggs.

O'MENED. a. [from omen.] Cuntaining
prognoilicks. Po/'e.

O'MEN. ʃ. [omen, Latin.] A ſign gooJ or
bad ; a prugnoſtick. Drydi:n.

OMENTUM.]. [Latin.] The cawl^ called
alſo reticulum, from its ſtrudure, reſembimg
ihat of a net. Quincy.

O'MER. ʃ. A H brew meafare about three
pints and a half Engliſh. Bailey.

To O'MINATE. v. a. [omhor, Lat.] To
foretoken ; to ſhow prognoiſticks. Decay of Piety.

OMINATION. ʃ. [from omtrtor, Latin.]
Prognoſtick. Brown.

0'MINOUS. a. [from omen.';
1. Exljibiting bad tokens of futurity ; foreſtewing
ill ; inauſpicious. Hayward.
2. Exhibiting tokens good or ill. Bacon.

O'MINOUSLY. ad. [from omnous.] With
good or bad omen.

OMI'NOUSNESS. ʃ. [from ominout.] The
quality of being ominous.

OMI'SSION. ʃ. [omiJJ'us, h^i.l.
1. Negleft to do femething ; forbearance
of ſomething to be done. Rogers.
2. Negleft of duty ; oppoſed to commiſſion
or perpetration of crimes. Shakʃpeare.

To O'MIT. v. a. [omitto, Lat.]
1. To leave out
; not to mention. Bacon.
2. To neglect to pradlife. Addiſon.

OMITTANCE. ʃ. [from omit.] Forbearance.Shakʃpeare.

OMNIFA'RIOUS. a. [omnifjriam, Latin.]
Of all varieties or kinds. Philips.

OMNI'FEROUS. a. [omnis and fero, Lsu]
All. bearing. Difl,

OMNTFICK. a. [omnis andjucio, Latin.]
All-creacing. Milton.

OMNI'FORM. a. [omnis and forma, Lat.]
Having every ſhape. D SI.

OMNI'GENOUS. a. [omrjgcm, Lat.] Conſiſting
of a!! kinds. £>/ff.

OMNIPOTENCE. ʃ. / [omvlpotentia,

OMNI'POTENCY. ʃ. Lat.] Almighty
pDWcr ; unlimited power. Tillotſon.

OMNI'POTENT. a. [cmnipotens, Latin.]
Almighty ; powerful without limit. Grew.

OMNIPRE'SENCE. ʃ. [cmnli and prafns,
Lat.] Ubiquity ; unbounded prefence. Milton.

OMNIPRE'SENT. a. [oinrat and prafens,
Latin>.] Ubiquitary ; preſent in every
place. Prior.

OMNl'SCIENCE. ʃ. [omr^hand ſcientia,

OMNI'CIENCY. ʃ. Lat.] Boundleſs knowledge
; mrinite wifdom. King Charles.

OMNI'CIENT. a. [omnis zM Jcio, Latin.]
Infinitely wife ; knowing without bounds. South.

OMNISCIOUS. a. [ow«« and /c/a, Latin.]

OMNI VOROUS. a. [omnis and voro, Lat.]
All-devouring. DiSf.

OMO'PLATE. ʃ. [a!fM<^' and nKalvg.] The
ſhoulder blade.

OMPHALO'PTICK. ʃ. [n><;,iv:? and oTrltxo;.]
An optic glaſs that is convex on
both ſides, commonly called a convex lens.

ON. prep, [atn, Dutch ; <3», German.]
1. It is put before the word, which ſignifies
that which is under, that by which
any thing is ſupported, which any thing
covers, or where any thing is fixed. Milton.
2. It is put before any thing that is the
ſubje<5l of action, Dryden.
3. Noting addition or accumulation ; as,
jhifchieſs on miſchiefi. Dryd<».
4. NcONE.
4. Noting a ſtate of progrdfion ; as, whither
on thy way ? Dryden.
5. It ſometimes notes elevation. Dryden.
6. Noting approach nr invifjon, Dryden.
7. Noting dependance or reliance; as, on
God's providence their hopes depend. Smal.
8. At, noting place. Shakʃpeare.
9. It denotes the motive or occaſiun of :iny
thing. Dryden.
10. It denotes the tin-iC at which any
tiling happens: as, this happened on the
firſt day.
11. It is put before the objeit of foms
pailion, Shakſpeare.
12. In forms of denunciation it is put be
fore the thing threatned. Dryden.
13. Noting imprecation. Shakʃpeare.
14. Noting invocation. Dryden.
15. Noting the ſtate of any thing. Knolles.
16. Noting ſtipulation or condition. Dryden.
17. Noting diſhnfflion or oppoſition. Knolles.
iS. Noting the manner of an event. Shakʃpeare.

ON. ad.
1. Forward ; in faceeſtion. South.
2. Forward ; in progreſſion. Daniel.
3. In continaance ; without ceaſing.
4. Not eft'.
5. Upoii the baiy, as part of dreſs. Sidney.
6. It notes reſolution to advance. Denham.

ON. intirjiSl. A word of incitement
Of encouragement. Shakʃpeare.

ONE.' ad. [from o«-.]
1. One time. Bacon.
2. A ſingle time. Locke.
3. The ſame time. Dryden.
4. Ac a point of time indiviſible. Dryden.
5. Onetime, though no more. Dryden.
6. At the time immediate. Atterbury.
7. Formerly ; at a former time. AU'fcn.

ONE. a. [an, cEne, Saxon; een, Dutch.]
1. Leſs than two ; ſingle ; denoted by an
unite. Raleigh.
2. Indefinitely ; any. Shakʃpeare.
3. Different ; diverſe ; oppoſed to another.
But net.
4. One of two : oppoſed to the other. Boyle. Smallridge.
5. particularly one. Spenſer.
6. Some future. Davies.

ONE. ʃ.
1. A ſingle perſon. Hooker.
2. A ſingle maſs or aggregate. Blackmore.
3. The firſt hour. Shakʃpeare.
4. The ſame thing, Locke.
5. A perſon. Watts.

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6. A perſon by way of eminence.Shakʃpeare.
7. A diſtinct or particular perſon. Bacon.
8. Perſons united. Shakʃpeare.
9. Concord ; agreement ; one mind.
10. Any perſon ; any man indefinitely. Sidney, Atterbury.
11. A perfcn of particular character. Shakʃpeare.
12. One has ſometimes a plural, whea
it ſtands for perſons indefinitely ; as, the
great ont% of the ivcT Id. Glanville.

ONE'EYED. a. [one and eye.] Having
only one eye. Dryden.

ONEIROCRI'TICAL. a. [':v£<r'o;tp.7<JWf,Gr.]
Interpretative of dreams. Addiʃon.

ONEIROCRITICK. ʃ. [ovcv'oxfjW;, Gr.]
An interpreter of dreams. Addiſon.

ONE'NESS. ʃ. [from one.] Unity; the
qua; icy of being one. Hooker, Hammond.

O'NERARY. a. [onerariui, Lat.] Fitted
for carriage or bu th'inr.

To O'NERATE. v. a. [onero, Lat.] To
lodd ; to burthen.

ONERA'TION. ʃ. [from onerate.] Thfi
ad of loading. £)/£?.

ONEROUS. a. [one^eux, Fr. oneroſus, Lat.]
Burtſcenſome ; oppreſſive. Aybffe,

ONION. f. [agnot, French.] A plant.

O'NLY. a. [from o/rf; omiy, or cne/ikt.'.
1. Single; one and no more. Dryden.
2. This and no other. Locke.
3. This above all other : as, he is the
only man for muLck.

ONLY. ad.
1. Simply ; fi.gly ; merely ; barely.
Burn<'t. Milton.
2. So and no otherwiſe. Geneſii,
3. Singly without more : as, or/y begotten.

O'NOMANCY. ʃ. [:vo/.«and^«.7-a'i ; Divination
by a name. Camden.

ONOMA'NTICAL. a. [i'vo.ua and ^a^l^j.]
Predicting by names. Camden.

O'NSET. ʃ. [o«and/f/.]
1. Attack; (iorm ; afuult; firſt brunt. Sidney,
2. Something added by way of ornamental
appendage. Shakʃpeare.

To O'NSET. v. a. [from the noun.] To
ſet upon ; to begin. Carew.

ONSLAUGHT. ʃ. [onand/j^.] Attack; ſt'.rm
; on fet. Hudibras.

ONTO LOGIST. ʃ. [from ontology.] One
wh;) conſiders die affections of being in genera!
; a metaphyſician.

ONTO'LOGY. ʃ. [rvraand X^Vo,'.] The
ſcience of the afftſtions of being in general
; metaphyſicks. Watts.

O'NWARD. ad. [onDpeari>&, Saxon.]
1. Forward; progreffively. Pope. .
2. I.T a ſtate of advanced progreſſion. Sidney.
y Some.

3. Somewhat farther. Mlhor.

O'NYCHA. j. The odoriferous fnail or thei:,
and the ſtone named onyx. The greateſt
part of commentators explain it by the onyx
Or odoriferous ſhell, like that of the ſhellfi/
h called purpura. Calmet,

O'NYX. ʃ. [ovyf.j The onyx is a femipellucid
gem, of which thtre are ſeveral
ſpecies. It JS a very elegant and beautiful
gem. //;//. Sandys.

OOZE. ʃ. [eaux, waters, French.]
1. Soft mud ; mire at the bottom of water ;
flime. Care-xv.
2. Soft flow ; ſpring. Prior.
3. The liquor of a tanner's vat.

To OOZE. v. n. [ivm the noun.] To fiow
by ſtealth ; to run gently. Thomfrn,

O'OZY. a. [from ooze.] Miry ; muddy ;
filmy. Pope. .

To OPA'CATE. v. a. [opaco, Lat.] To
ihade ; to cloud ; to darken ; to obſcure. Boyle.

OPA'CITY. ʃ. [opacite, Fr. opacifas, Lat.]
Cl'Judineſs ; want of tranſparency. New(,

OPA'COUS. a. [opjcus, Latin.] Dark ; obſcure ;
not tranſparent. ^'g^y-

O'PAL. ʃ. The opal is a very elegant and
a very ſingubr kind of ſtone, it hardly
comes within the rank of the pellucid
gems, being much more ooake, and leſs
hard. In colour it much reſembles the
fineſt mother of pearl ; its bafis ſeeming
a bluift or greyiſh white, but with a property
of reflating all the colours of the
rainbow, as turned differently to the light,
amorg which the green and the blue are
particularly beautiful, but the fiery red is'
the fine ſt of all. nUl.

OPA'QUE. a. [cpacus, Lat.] Not tranſ.
parent. Miaon.

To OPE. 2 (i- r.>P^> Saxon ; o/>.

To OPEN. ʃ. Iſlandick, a hole ]
1. To uncloſe ; to unlock. The conirary
2. To ſhow ; to diſcover. Abbot.
3. To divide ; to break. Addiſon.
4. To explain ; to diſcloſe. Collier.
5. To beg'n. Dryden.

To OPE. ʃ

1. To uncloſe ; not to remain ſhut. Dryden.
. To bark. Atterm of hunting. Dryden.

OPE 7 .

OPEN. ʃ. '
1. Uncloſed ; not ſhut. Nebim. Cleavel
3. Plain ; apparent ; evident. Daniel.
3. Not wearing diſguiſe ; dear ; artleſs ;
Sincere. Addiʃon.
4. Not clouded ; clear. Pope. .
5. Not hidden ; expoſed to view, Locke.
6. Not reſtrained ; not denied. ABi.
7. Not cloudy ; not gloomy. Bacon.
8. Uncovered. Dryden.

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9 Exptffd
i without defence. Shakſp.
10. Attentive. Jeremab.

O'PENER. ʃ. [from open.]
1. Oae that opens ; one that unlocks;
one th?t undofes. Milton.
%, Explainer
; iaterpreter. Shakʃpeare.
3. That which ſeparates; diſuniter. Boyle.

OPENEY'ED. a. [open and eye.] Vigilant ;
watchful. Shakʃpeare.

OPENHA'NDED. .2. [open and band.] Generous
; liberal, Rpzue,

OPENHEA'RTED. a. [open and beart.]Qt.
nerous ; candid ; not meanly ſubtle. Dryden.

OPENHEA'RTEDNESS. ʃ. [open and
heart.] Liberality ; munificence
; generoſity.

O'PENING. ʃ. [from open.]
1. Aperture; breach. Woodward.
2. Difcovery at a diſtance ; faipt knowledge
; daw-n.

O'PENLY. ad. [from open.]
1. Publickiy ; not ſecretly ; in fight. Hooker.
2. Plainly; apparently ; evidently ; without
diſguiſe. Dryden.

OPENMOU'THED. a. [open and mouth.]
Greedy ; ravenous. L'Eʃtrange.

O'PENNESS. ʃ. [from open]
1. Plainneſs; clearneſs; freedom from obſcurity
o,r ambiguity. Shakʃpeare.
2. Freedom from diſguiſe. Felton,

O'PERA. ʃ. [Italian.] A poetical tale or
fiſhon, repreſented by vocal and inſtrumental
muſick. Dryden.

O'PERABLE. a. [from operar, Latin.] To
be done ; pradticable, Brown.

O'PERANT. a. [operant, French.] ^aaye-f
having power to produce any tffcdf.Shakʃpeare.

To OPERATE. v. n. [operor, Latin.] To
aft ; to have agency ; to prpduce ^fieds. Atterbury.

OPERA'TION. ʃ. [operation Hat.]
1. Agency; production of eflfeſts ; influence. Hooker.
2. Aſtion ; effefl. Berkley.
3. [In chirurgery.] That part of the art
of healing which depends on the uſe of
4. The motions or employments of an

O'PERATIVE. a. [from operate.] Having
the power of a<f\ing ; having forcible agency. Clarendon, Taylor. Norm,

OPERA'TOR. ʃ. [operateur, Fr. from operate.]
One that performs any aS of the
hand ; one who produces any eſſed. Addiʃon.

OPERO'SE. a. [o/»i?ro/«j, Latin.] Laborious;
full of trouble. Burnet.

OPHIO'PHAGOUS. a. [o^i? and <^dyoo.]
Serpenteating. Brown.

OPHITES. ʃ. A ſtone, Opbitts has a

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


duſkjr greenirti ground, with ſpots of l
lighter green. IJo.'dward.

OPTHA'LMICK. a. [:,j,c«X,uof, Gr.] Re
lating to the eye.

O'PHTHALMY. ʃ. [cphthalmie, Fr» from
o«j.^aX,uj,', Gr.] A diſeaſB of the eyer,
being an inflammation in the coats, proceeding
from aiterious blood gotten out of
the vcffelj.

O'PIATE. y. A medicine that cauſes ſleep. Berkley.

O'PIATE. a. Soporiferous ; fomniferous ;
narcotick. Bacon.

O'PIFICE. ʃ. [cpifcium, Lat.] Workmanſhip
; handiwork.

O'PIFICER. ʃ. [ofifex, Lat.] One that
performs any work ; an artiſt. Berkley.

O'PINABLE. a. [cfitor, Lat.] Which
may be thought,

OPINA'TIO^'. ʃ. [opmor^ Lat.] Opinion ; notioi).

OPINA'TOR. ʃ. [cpir.or^ Lat.] One who
holds an opinion. H^L.

To OPI'NE. v. n. [o/>inor, Latin.] To
think ; to judge. PoJ)e.

OPINLATIVE. a. [from opinion.]
1. Stiff in a preconceived notion.
2. Imagined ; not proved. Glanville.

OPINIA'TOR. ʃ. [cpiraMre, Trench.] One
fond of his own notion 3 inHexibJc,

OPINIA'TRE. a. [French.] Ooft.nate ;
ftubb rn. Locke.

OPINIA' iRETY. ʃ. [cpiniatrete, Fr.]

OPI'NIATRY. ʃ. Obftinacy ; inflexibility
; determination of mind. Brown.

OPI'NION. ʃ. [opinio, Lat.]
1. Pofuafion of the mind, without proof. Ben. Johnſon. Hate.
2. Sentiments
; judgment ; notion. South.
3. Favourable judgment. Bacon.n,

To OPINION. v. a. [from the noun.] To
opine ; to think. G/uniiille.

OPI'NIONATIVE. a. [from opinion.] Fond
of preconceived notions. Burnet.

OPI'NIONATIVELY. ad. [from opinionari-
ve.] Stubbornly.

OPI'NIONATIVENESS. ʃ. [from opiniorati-
ve.] Obftinacv.

OPI'NIONIST. ʃ. [oliraomfte, Fr. from
opinion.] One fond of his own notions.

OPI'PAROUS. a. [opipirus, Lat.] Sumptuous.

OPITULA'TION. ʃ. [cpitulatio, Latin.]
An aiding ; a helping.

O'PIUM. ʃ. A juice, partly of the refinous,
partly of the gummy k'nd. It is brought
to us in flat cakes or maflfes ; its ſmell is
very unpleaſant, of a dead faint kind; and
its taſte very bitter and very acrid.
It is brought from Natolia, and from the

E.fl-Indlc«, where it is produced from the
poppy. After the etfea of a do.^e oſ opium

IS over, the pain generally returns in
a more violent manner ; the ſpirirs, which
had been elevated by it, becime lower than
before, and the pulie languid. An immoderate
doſe of olaum brings on a fort of
drunlcenneſs,cheerfalneſs and loud laughrcr,
at rtrft, and, after many terrible ſymptoms,
death itſelf. Thoſe who have accuſtomcd
themſelves to an immoderate uſe oſ opium,
are lubject to reljxuio>,s and weakneH'es of
all the parts of the body ; and m fine grow
old before their time. Hiſh

OPLE-TREE. ʃ. [cfle and tree.] A fort of
f'-ee. Ainſworth.

OPOBA'LSAMUM. ʃ. [Latin.] Bam of

OPO'FONAX. ʃ. [L^.tin.] Agomrefinof
a toirrably ti m texture, in ſmall looſe granules,
and ſometinies in Icige milFs. It
is of a llrong (iifagreeable imtll, and an
acrid and extremely bitter taſte. We are
entirely ignorant of the pUnc which produces
this drug. It is attenuating and diſcurient,
and gently purgative. Hill.

O'PPIDAN. ʃ. [cp^idanu!,Ul.] A lownſman ;
an inhabitant of a town.

To OPPIGNERATE. v. a. [oppi^nero.
Lat.] To pledge ; to pawn. Bacon.

To O'PPILATE. z/. a. [cppi'o, Lat. oppiler,
Fi.] To heap up obſtruction.

OPPILA'TION. ʃ. [opp Inion, Fr. from
oppilate.] Obſtructionj matter heaped together.

O'PPILATIVE. a. [oppilative, Ft.] Obrtruflive.

OPPLE'TED. a. [opp/etus, Latin.] Filled; Crouded.

OPPO'NENT. a. [opponens^Ln.] Oppofife
; adverſe. Prior.

OPPO NENT. ʃ. [opponens, Lat.]
1. Antagonift; adverſary.
^. One who begins the diſpute by raiſing
obieſtions to a tenet. AJore,

OPPORTU'NE. a. [opportunus, Latin.]
; convenient ; fit; timely. Milton.

OPPORTU'NELY. ad. [from opportune.]
Seafonably ; conveniently ; with opportunity
either of time or place. PIotter.

OPPORTU'NITY. ʃ. [opporturitas, Latin.]
Fit place; time ; convenience ; ſuitableneſs
of circumilances to any end. Bacon, Denham.

To OPPO'SE. ni. a. [oppojer, Fr.]
1. To a<ſtagainſt
; to be adverſe; to hinder
; toreſiſt. Shakʃpeare.
2. To put in oppoſition ; to offer as an
antagonift or rival. Locke.
3. To place as anobſtacle. Dryden.
4. To plare in front, Shakʃpeare.

To OPPO'SE. v. n.
1. To

1. To aa adverſely. Shakʃpeare.
2. To obje«n- in adiſputation ; to have the
part of raiſing difficultie?.

OPPO'SELESS. a. [from cp^ofe.] Irref.dible
; not to be oppoſed. Shakʃpeare.

OPPOSER. ʃ. [from e/>/^o/f.] One that
; antagonift : enemy. Blackmore.

O'PPOSITE. o, [oſpojitus, Lat.]
1. Placed in front ; facing each other. Af;/,
2. Adverſe ; repugnant. Dryden, Rogers.
3. Contrary. Milton.

O'PPOSITE. ʃ. Adverſary ; opponent ; antagonift. Hooker.

O'PPOSITELY. ad. [from oppnjir,.]
1. In ſuch a fjtuation as to face each other. Grew.
2. Adverſely. May.

O'PPOSITENESS. ʃ. [from oppcjte.] The
ſtate of being pppoſite.

OPPOSITION. ʃ. [oppofitio, Lat.]
1. Situation ſo as to front foii.cthing oppoſed.
2. Hoftile refinance. Milton.
3. Contrariety of affection. Milton.
4. Contrariety of intereſt; contrariety of
5. Contrariety of meaning ; diverſity of
raeaning. Hooker.

To O'PPRESS. v. a. [oppr^fus, Lat.]
1. To ciuſh by hardſhip or unreaſonable
feverity. Pope. .
2. To overpower ; to ſubdue. Shakʃpeare.

OPPRESSION. ʃ. [oſprrJton, Fr.]
l.Theart ofoppreſſing
; cruelty; feverity,
2. The ſtate of being oppreſſed ; miſery. Shakʃpeare.
3. Hardſhip ; calamity. Addiſon.
4. Dullneſs of ſpirits ; la/Titude of body. Arbuthnot.

OPPRE'SSIVE. a. [from oppreju]
1. Cruel ; inhuman ; unjuſtly exactlious cr
2. Heavy ; overwhelming. Rave.

OPPRE'SSOR. ſ. [hem oppreſs.] One who
harrsffes others with unjuſt feverity. San.

OPPRO'BRIOUS. a. [fr<:m cpprobautn,
Lat.] Reproachful
; diſgracetul ; c^ufang
infamy. Addiſon.

OPPRO'BRIOUSLY. ad. [from rpproM
ous,'] Reproachfully; ſcurrilouſly. Shak.

OPPRO'BRIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from oſprobnoui.]
Reproachfulneſs ; ſcunilicy.

To OPPU'GN. v. a. [oppu,no, Lat.] To
oppoſe ; to attack ; to refjfl. liarvry.

OPPU'GNANCY. ʃ. [ixGTnoppvgv] Oppoſition.Shakʃpeare.

OPPU'GNER. ʃ. [from oppug?:.] One who
oppoſes or attacks, Boyle.

OPSI'MATHY. ʃ. m^^ua^U.] Late education
; late erudition,

OPSONA'TION. ʃ. [oi-fonatio, Lat.] Catering
; a buying proviſions,

O'PTABLE. a. [opt^bilii, Late] Defirible ; to be wiOied.

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O'PTATIVE. a. [optativu:, Latin.] Ex.
preſſive of deſire.

O'PTICAL. ʃ. [iWJtxo?.] Relating to the
ſcrence of optics. BdyU,

O'PTICIAN. ʃ. [from optick.^^ One ſkilied
in opticks.

O'PTICK. ^. [iVy.K.?.]
1. Vifual
; producing viſion ; ſubſervient
to viſion. Newton.
2. Relating to the ſcience of viſion. Wot.

O'PTICK. ʃ. An inſtrument of fight ; an
organ of fight. Brown.

O'PTICK. ʃ. [ln%m,'\ The ſcience of the
nature and laws of viſion. Brown.

O'PTIMACY. ʃ. [optimates, Lat.] Nobility
; body of nobles. Howel.

OPTI'MITY. ʃ. [from optmui.'l Theſtate
of being beft,

O'PTION. ʃ. [cptio, Lat.] Choice; election.

OPULENCE. ʃ. [opuhntia, Latin.]

OPULENCY. i Wealth; riches; affluence. Clarendon.

OTULENT. a.[opulentu5,U\.] Rich; wealthy
; affluent. South.

O'PULENTLY. ad. [from opuUnt,-\ Richly
; with ſplendon.

OR. conjunct, [otS^p, Saxon.]
1. A disjundive particle, marking diſtrlbution,
and ſometimes oppoſition.
2. It correſponds to either ; he muft «
ther fall or fly.
3. Before : or ever, is before ever.

OR. ʃ. [Fr.] Gold. Phi.'ipu

O'RACH. ʃ. A plant.

O'RACLE. ʃ. [oracu/um, Lat.]
1. Sonaething delivered by ſupernatural
wifdom. Hooker.
2. The place where, or peVfon of whom
the determinations of heaven are enquired. Milton.
3. Any perſon or place where certain deciſions
are obtained. Pope. .
4. One ſamed for wifdom.

To ORACLE. v. n. [from the noun.] To
utter oracles. Milton.

ORA'CULAR. ʃ. [from or^f/^.]Utter-

ORA'CULOUS. ʃ. ing oracles; reſembling
oracles. Walker,

ORA'CULOUSLY. ad. [from oraculous.-).
la manner of an oracSe. Brown.

ORA'CULOUSNESS. ʃ. [from oracuta'.
The ſtaſe of being oracular.

O'RAISON. ʃ. [oroi^on, Fr.] Praver
; verbal ſupplication. Dryden.

ORAL. a. [ord/, Fr.] Delivered by m u;h;
not written. Addiʃon.

O'RALLY. ad. [from ortf/.] By mouth ;
with'Ut writing. Hah.

O'RANGE. ʃ. [orange Fr.] The leaves
have two lobes like t-ar?, cut in form of a
heart ; the fruit is ryuna and depre(!ed,
9 afi4

and of a yellow colour when ripe, in which
it differs fiocn the citron and lemon.

O'RANGERY. ʃ. [orargerie, Pr.] Plantation
of oranges. 6p<£i tor.

O'RANGEMUSK. ʃ. See Pear, of winch
It is a ſpecies.

O'RANGEWIFE. ʃ. [orange zaA -ui/.:] A
woman who ſellss oranges, ^ba/te/peare.

ORATION. ʃ. [or^iio, Lat.] A ipeech
made according to the laws of thetonck.

ORATO'RICAL. a. [from oratour.] Rhetorical
; befitting an oratour. fVacis.

O'RATOUR. ʃ. [crator, Lat.]
1. A publick ſpeaker ; a man of eloquence. Swift.
2. A petitioner. This ſenſe is uſed in addrelſes
ro chancery.

ORATORY. ʃ. [oratoria, ars, Lat.]
1. Eloquence ; rhetorical ſkill. Sidney.
2. Exerciſe of eloquence. Arbuthnot.
3. A private place, which is deputed and
allotted for prayer alone. Hooker, Taylor.

ORB. ʃ. [or6,s, Latin.]
1. Sphere ; orbicular body ; circular body.
2. Mundane ſphere ; celeftial body. Shakʃpeare. .
3. Wheel ; any rolling body. Milton.
4. Circle ; 1 ne drawn round.
5. Circle deſcribed by any of the mundane
Spheres. Bacon.
6. Period ; revolution of time, Milto/u,
7. Sphere of action. Shakʃpeare.

ORBA'TION. ʃ. [orbatus, Lat.] Privation
of parents or children.

ORBED. a. [from ori.]
1. Round ; circular 3 orbicular. Shakʃpeare.
2. Formed into a circle. Milton.
3. Rounded, Addiſon.

ORBI'CULAR. a. [orliculjire, Ft. orb cuiatus,
1. Spherical, Milton.
2. C rcular. I\le-iVton.

ORBICULARLY. aJ. [from orbicuar,]
SphercjJiv ; circularly.

ORBI'CULARNESS. ʃ. [from orbicular.]
The l^ate of being orbicular.

ORBICULATED. a. [^orbi(ulatus, Latin.]
Moulded into an orb.

ORBIT. f. {orhita, L^un.] The line deſcribed
by the revolution of a planet. Blackmore.

O'RBITY. ʃ. [orbus, Latin.] Loſs, or want
of parents or children.

ORG. ʃ. [orca, Lat.] A ſort of fea-fiſh. Ainſworth.

O'RCHAL. ʃ. A ſtone from which a blue
colour is made. Ainſworth.

ORCHANE r . ſ. An he.-b . Jim^-.vir 1 1: ,

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O'RCHARD. ʃ. [rptseajib, Saxon.] A
garden of fruic- trees Bcr. Mnfon.

ORCHESTRE. ʃ. [l^x^,-.^^ ] The place
wherythe malicians are ſet at a publick

ORD. ʃ. An edge. Ord, in old Engliſh,
fij;nr.ed begirning.

To O'RDAIN. v. a. [ordino, Ljt.]
1. To appoint; to decree. Dryden.
2. To eftabliſh ; to ſettle ; to inſtitute. Milton.
3. To ſet in an office. Efthe'.
4. To inved with mmifterial function, or
lacerdotai power. Stillingfleet.

O'RDAINER. ʃ. [from ordain.] He who

ORDEAL. ʃ. [opbal, Sax.] A trial by fire
or water, by which theperſon accuſed appealed
to heaven, by waik'ng blindfold
over hot bsrs of iron ; or being thrown
into rne water. Hale.

O'RDER. ,. [or^o. Lat.]
1. Method; regular diſpoſition. Bacon.
2. Eftabliſhed proceſs. Watts.
3. Proper ſtate. Locke.
4. Regularity ; ſettled mode. Daniel.
5 Mandate ; precept ; command. Clarendon.
6. Rule ; regulation. Hooker.
7. Regular government. Datiid,
8. A ſociety of dignified perſonsdiſtinguiſhed
by marks of honour. Bacon.
9. A rank, or claf?, 2 Kings.
10. A religious fraternity, Shake<piarf.
11. [In the plural.] Hierarchical ſtate. Dryden.
12. Means to an end. Taylor.
13. Mcafures ; care. Spenſer.
14. [In archite<flure.] A fyf^em of the
ſeveral members, ornannents, and proportions
of columns and pilafleſs. There are
five orderi of columns 3 three of which
are Greek, t/z;. the doric, ionic, and Corinthian
3. and two Italian, viz. the tufc3n
and compoſite.

To ORDER. '1'. a. [from the noun.]
1. To regulate ; to adjuſt ; to manage ; to
condud. i.(a'.n%.
2. To manage; to procure. Spenſer.
3. To methodiſe ; to diſpoſe fitly.
I Chrou,
4. To direct ; to command.
5. To ordain to a facerdotal funif^ion.

ORDERER. ʃ. [from o^J^r.] Qoe -liac
orders, methodiles, or regulates. Suck'.'r:^.

O'RDERLESS. a. [fioraWcr.j Difoidnly
3. our of rule, Shakʃpeare.

O'RDERLINESS. ʃ. [from crderly] Regularity
; n:iethr)aic3Lr.tr?.

ORDERLY. a. [from ord.r.]
1. lyLihodJcalj rei^uLr, H'ol-r.
4. <'.L 2. Not

2. Not tumultuous ; well regulated. Clarendon.
3. According^with eftabliſhed method. Hooker.

ORDERLY. ad. [from order, ^ MethodicaJiy
; according to order ; regularly. Sandys.

O'RDINABLE. a. [ordino, Lat.] Such as
may be appointed. Hammond.

O'RDINAL. a. [ordinal, Fr. ordinalis, Lat.]
Noting order. Holder.

O'RDINAL. ʃ. [ordinal, Fr. ordinale, Lat.]
A ritual ; a book containing orders.

ORDINANCE. f. [ordonnance, Fr.]
1. Law; rule ; preſcript. iSpenſer.
2. Obſervance commanded. Taylor.
3. Appointment. Shakʃpeare.
4. A cannon. It is now generally written,
tor diſtinction ordnance. iShakʃpeare.

ORDINARILY. ad. [from ordinary.]
1. According to eftabliſhed rules ; according
to ſettled method. Woodward.
1. Commonly ; uſually. South.

ORDINARY. a. [o-dinarius, Lat.]
1. Eftabliſhed ; methodical ; regular.
2. Common ; uſual. Milton.
3. Mean ; of low rank. Addiſon.
4. Ugly ; not handſome : as, ſhe is an or- .
dinary woman,

1. Eftabliſhed judge of eccleſiaftical cauſes. Hooker.
2. Settled eftabliſhment. Bacon.
3. Adual and conſtant office. Wotton.
4. Regular price of ameai. Shakʃpeare.
5. A place of eating eftabliſhed at a certain
price. Swift.

To O'RDINATE. v. a. [ordinatus, Latin.]
To appoint. Daniel.

O'RDINATE. a. [ordinaiuSj Lat.] R'-gu-
Jar; methodical. I^^y.

ORDINA'TION. ʃ. [ordinauo, Lat.]
1. Eftabliſhed order or tendency. Norris.
2. The act of inverting any man with facerdotal
power, Stillingfleet.

O'RDNANCE. ʃ. Cannon ;
great guns. Berkley.

ORDO'NNA'NCE. ʃ. [French.] Diſpoſition
of figures in a picture.

O'RDURE. ʃ. [ordwe, French.] Dung; filth. Dryden.

ORE. ʃ. [ojie, or oji3. Saxon ; oor, Dut.
a mm?, ;
1. Metal unrefined ; metal yet in its
minen! (late. Raleigh.
2. Metal. jWlton.

O'RGAL. ʃ. Lees of wine. Ainſworth.

O'RGAN. ʃ. [^py^vov.]
1. Natural inſtrument ; as, the tongue is
the orguii of fi-eech. Raleigh.

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2. An inſtrument of muſick conſiſting of
pipes filled with wind, and of flops, touched
by the hand. Keil,

ORGA'NICAL. ʃ. r , , i

ORGA'NICK. [°' l'-i^'''> Lat.]
1. Conſiſting of various parts co-operating
with each other. Milton.
2. Inſtrumental ; acting as inſtrum«nts of
nature or art. Milton.
3. Reſpecting organs. Holder.

ORGA NICALLY. ad. [from orgavtcal, ]
By means of organs or inſtruments. Locke.

ORGA'NICALNESS. ʃ. [from organical..
State oſ being organical.

O'RGANlSM. ʃ. [from organ.] Organical
ſtrutture, Grew.

O'RGANIST. ʃ. [organijie, Ff. from organ.]
One who plays on the organ. '. Boyle.

ORGANIZA'TION. ʃ. [from organtxe.]
Conltrudlion in which the parts are ſo dilpoſed
as to be ſubſcrvient to each other. Locke.

To O'RGANIZE. v. a. [crganiſer^ Fr.]
To conſtruct ſo as that one part co operates
with another.

O'RGANLOFT. ʃ. [organ and ioft.] The
loft where the organs ſtand. Tatler.

ORGANPIPE. ʃ. [organ and pipe.] The
pipe of a muſical organ. Shakʃpeare.

O'RGANY. ʃ. [origanum, Lat.] An

ORGA'SM. ʃ. [orgajme, Fr. opyacrfxoi;, ]
Sudden vehemence. Denham.

O'RGEIS. ʃ. A fea-fiſh, called likewiſe organg!
ir,g. Ainſworth.

ORGI'LLOUS. a. [orgueil.'eux, French.]
Proud ; haughty. Shakʃpeare.

O'RGIE-'. ſ. [orgia, Lat.] Mad rites of
Bacohus ; frantick revels. Ben. Johnson.

O'RICHALCH. j. [orictakum, Lat.] Braſs. Spenſer.

O'RIENT. a. [orient, Latin.]
1. R fing as the fun. Milton.
2. Eaſtern ; oriental.
3. BIight; ſhining ; glittering} gaudy ;
ſparkling. Bacon.

O'RIENT. ʃ. [orient, Fr.] Theeaſtj the
part where the fun firſt appears.

ORIE'NTAL. a. [onental, Yr.] Eaſtern;
placed in the eaſt ; proceeding from the
caſt. Bacon.

ORIE'NTAL. ʃ. An inhabitant of the eaſtern
p^trts of The world. Greto.

ORIE'NTALISM. ʃ. [from oriental] An
idiom of the eaſtern languages ; an caflein
mode of ſpeech.

ORIE'NTALITY. ʃ. [from oriental] State
of being oriental. Brown.

ORIFICE. ʃ. [orificium, Lat.] Any opening
or perforation, Arbuthnot.

O'RIFLAMB. ʃ. A golden ſtandard. A^rtf.

ORIGAN. ʃ. [origanum, Latin.] Wild mariorum. Spenſer.

O'RIGIN. ʃ. r T 1

ORI'GINAL. i ^- ^'^°. ^'^'.
1. Beginning ; firſt exigence. Berkley.
2. Fountain ; fource ; that which gives beginning
or exirtence. Atterbury.
3. Firſt copy ; archetype. Locke.
4. Derivation ; deſcent. Dryden.

ORI'GINAL. a. [rrigiralis, Latin.] Primitive
; priftine; fir<t. Sttilingfleet.

ORI'GINALLY. ad. [from original.
1. Frimarily ; with regard to the firſt
cauſe. Smalridge.
2. At firſt. JWoodward.
1. As the firſt author. Roſcommon.

ORI'GINALNESS. ʃ. [from onginal.] The
quality or ſtate of being original.

ORI'GINARY. a. [origin Jite, French.]
1. Productive ; cauſing exiſtence. Cheyne.
2. Primitive ; that which was the fiift
ftjfe. Sandys.

To ORI'GINATE. i:a. [from origin.] To
bring into exigence.

ORIGINATION. ʃ. [originatio, Lat.] The
act of bringing into exificTce. Kail.

ORISONS. ʃ. [ora//ba, French.] A prayer ;
a ſupplication. Cotton.

O'RLOP. ʃ. [overloop^ Dutch.] The middle
deck. Skinner, Hayward.

O'RNAMENT. ʃ. [ornamen^um, Latin.]
1. Embelliſhment ; decoration. Rogers.
2. Honour ; that which confers dignity. Addiſon.

ORNAMENTAL. a. [from ornament.]
Serving to decoration ; giving embelliſhment. Swift.

ORNAME'NTALLY. ad. [from crnamenta!.]
In ſuch a manner as may confer embelliſhment.

ORNA'MENTED. a. [from ornament.]
Embelliſhed ; bedecked.

O'RNATE. a. [ornatus, Latin.] Bedecked ;
decorated ; fine. Milton.

O'RNATENESS. ʃ. [from o/«a/^.] Finery ;
ſtate of being embelliſhed.

ORNA'TURE. ʃ. [omatut, Latin.] Decoration. Ainsworth.

ORNITHOLOGY. f. [ow?and Xc>;.j A
diſcourſe on birds.

O'RPHAN. ʃ. [^p4>avi;.] A child who has
Jort father or mother, or both. Spenſer.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


without breaking : ſome have declared orpiment
to be only Mufcovy talk, ſtained by
accident. But talk is always elaflick, but
orpiment not fo, Orpimfrt has b-en ſuppoſed
to f ontain gold, and is fourd in mines
of gold, ſilver, and copper, and ſometimes
in the ſtrata of marl. The painters are
very fond of it as a gold colour. /////,

O'RPHANOTROPHY. ʃ. [l^<^x,l; and
T^s'^j)'.] An hoſpital for orphans.

O'RPINE. ſ. [orpiny French.] Liverer nr
roſe root. Mtiler,

ORRERY. ʃ. An inſtrument which by many
complicated movements repreſents the
revolutions of the heavenly bodies. It was
firſt made by Mr. Rowley, a mathematiciari
born at Litchfield, and ſo named from
his patron the earl of Orrery.

O'RRIS. ʃ. [(jr», Latin.] A plant and
flower. Bacon.

O'RRIS. ʃ. [old French.] A ſort of gold or
ſilver lace.

ORTS. ʃ. Refuſe ; things \th or thrown
away. Ben. Johnſon.

O'RTHODOX. a. [o.^o; an4 J9K£«.] Sound
in opinion and doftnne ; not heretical. Hammond.

O'RTHODOXLY. ad. [from onhodox..
With foundeſs of opinion. Bacon.

O'RTHODOXY. ʃ. [:.^oJo^'«.] Soundneſs
in opinion and and dotlrine. Swift.

O'RTHODROMICKS. ʃ. [from Jg.^(^ and
J'^oju©'.] The art of failing in the ark of
ſome great circle, which is the ſhorteſt or
ſtranghteſt diſtancee between any two points
on the ſurface of the globe. Harris.

O'RTHOGON. ʃ. [If-o; and youct.] A
reſtangled figure. Peacham.

O'RTHOGONAL. a. [from orth'gon.] Redaneubr.

O'RTHOGRAPHER. ʃ. [S^-X-and y^d<pv.]
One who ſpells according to the rules of
grammar. Shakʃpeare.

ORTHOGRA'PHICAL. ʃ. [from ' or/-6ography.]
1. Rightly ſpelled.
2. Relating to the ſpcliino'. Addiſon.
3. Dcl.neated according to the elevation. Mortimer.

ORTHOGRA'PHICALLY. ad. [from orthograpbical.]
1. According to the rules of ſpelling,
2. According to the elevation.

O'RFHAN. a. [orpbelin, French.] Bereſt of

ORTHO'GRA PHY. ſ. [l^bo; and >.p«'i>«.]
1. The part of gram-Tiir which teaches how
words ſhould be ſpeilrd. H/Jer,
2. The pan or practice of ſpelling. Swift.
3. The elevation of a building deli-«-ated.
A'lox n,

ORTHO'PNOEA. ʃ. [o^S^oTrvota.] A dilorder
of the lung-:, in which re-(\)irarion
can be performed only \a an uprigh- ^^(.
lure. Harvey.
4Qjk C'RTIVii,
parents. Sidney.

O'RPHANAGE. ʃ. [from orphan.] State

O'RPHANISM. S of an orphan.

ORPI'MENE. ʃ. [auripigrKentum, Latin.]
True and genuine orpiment is a fohaceous
follil. It IS of a fine and pure texture, remarkably
heavy, and its colour is a bright
and beautiful yellow, like thatof g.ld. It
is not hird but very tough, eaſily bending

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O'RTIVE. a. [orrtKj, Latin.] Relating
to the riſing of 4 ^y planet or ſtar.

O'RVOLAN. ʃ. [French.] A ſmall bird accounted
very delicious. Cowley.

O'RVAL. ʃ. [orvala, Latin.] The herb
clary D'.tt.

ORVIE'TAN. ʃ. [orvietano, Italian.] An
antidote or counter poilon,

OSCILLA'TION. ʃ. [ofcillum, Latin.] The
act of moving backward and forward like
a pendulum.

OSCl'LLATORY. a- [oJciUum, Lat.] Moving
backwards and forwards like a pendulum. Arbuthnot.

OSCI' FANCY. ʃ. [olcitantia, Latin.]
1. The act of yawning.
2. Unuſual ſleepineſs ; carelefſneſs. Addiʃon.

OSCl'TANT. a. [ordtars, Latin.]
1. Yawning ; unuſually ſleepy.
2. Sieepy ; sluggiſh Difcay of Piety.

OSCITA'TION. ʃ. [cfdto, Latin.] The sa
of y«-Aning Tatler.

O'SIER. ʃ. [ofier^ French.] A tree of the
willow kind, growing by the water. May.

O'.SMUND. ʃ. A plant. Miller.

O'SPRAY. ſ. The ſea eagle. Numbers.

O'SSELET. ʃ. [French.] A little hard ſubſiance
ariſing on the inſide of a horſe's knee,
among the ſmall bones.

O'SSICLE. ʃ. [cjiculum, Latin.] A ſmfll
bone. Holder.

O'SSIFICK. a. [cfſhanifjcio.] Having the
power of making bones, or changing carneous
or membranous to bony ſubſtance.


OSSIFICA'TION. ʃ. [from oſſify.] Change
of carneous, membranous, or cartilaginous,
into bony ſubſtance. Sha'p,

OSSITRAGE. ʃ. [oftfraga,LzU offtfrague,
French.] A kind oX eagle, Numberi.

To O'SSIFY. v. a. [ojja and facie.] To
change t>i b.^.ne. iShjrf).

OSSIVOROUS. a. [cja and voro.] Devouring
booſs. Denham.

O'SSUARY. ʃ. [of|ua:ium,h^t\n.] A charnel
O T, 'f f. A veilel upon which hops or

OUST. S fTiait are dried, Di^.

OSTE'NSIVE. a. [oflentf, Fr. oJlendo.Lat.]
Showing ; .betokening.

OS TENT. f. [ojl^ntum, Latin.]
1. Appearance} air ; manner; mien.Shakʃpeare.
2. Sh. w i token, Shakʃpeare.
3. A portent ; a prodioy. Dryden.

OSTENTATION. ʃ. [ojlentatio.LitMi.]
1. Outward Aow ; appearance. Shakſp.
2. Ambitious diſpiay boaft ; 3. A ſhow i a ſpectade.
vain ſhow. Atterbury.
Not in uſe.Shakʃpeare.

OSTENTATIOUS. a. Boaftful ; vain; fond of ſhow ;
fond to expole to view. Dryden.

OSTENTA'TIOUSLY. ad. [from ofientattous.]
Vainly ; bosftfully.

OSTENTATIOUSNESS. f. Vanity ; boaft.

OSTENTA'TOUR. ʃ. [e/2e«/o, Latin.] A
boflfter ; a vain fetter to ſhow.

OSTE'OCOLLA. ʃ. [orsej and xoXXa'w.]
0/icOiol/a is frequent in GerrDany, and has
long been famous for bringing on a callus in
fraftured bones. Hill.

OSTEO'COPE. ʃ. [SfHcv and hottIoo.] Pains
m the bones. Di^.

OSTFO'LOGY. ʃ. ['Vsov and Ae;..;.] A deſcription
of the bones.

OSTI'ARY. ʃ. The opening at which a river
diſembogues itſelf. Bacon.

O'STLER. ʃ. [hojlelier, French ] Th^ man
who takes care of horſesat an inn. Swift.

O'STLERY. ʃ. [toJJe/erie, French.] The
place belonging to the oftler.

O'STRACISM. ʃ. forp.x;sr,'^5.:.] A manner
of ſentence, in which the note of acquital
or condemnation was marked upon a /bell;
publick of-nfure. Ceavtland,

OSTRA'CITES. ʃ. Ojiradiei exp^Hles the
common oyſter in ns f flile fl^te. Hill.

O'STRICH. ʃ. [auiruche, Fi. firi^tHo^Lzu]
Of.rich is ranged among birds. It is very
Jaige, its wings very ſhort, and the neck
about four or five ſpans. The featheis of
its wings are in great eſteem, and are uſe.
as an ornament for hats. They are hunted
by way of courſe, for ſhey never fiy ; but uſe
their wings to affifi them in running
more ſwiftly. The Opr.ch ſwallows
bits of iron or braſs, in the ſame manner as
other birds will ſwallow ſmall ſtones or
gravel, to aſſiſt in dige!bng or conminuting
their food. It lays its eggs upon the
ground, hides them under the ſand, and
the fun hatches them. Calmer.

OTACOU'STICK. ʃ. [^2ra. and d-KBiti.] An
inſtrument to facihrare hearing. Grew.

OTHER. ʃ.ro«. [o^ep, Saxon.]
1. Not the ſame ; not this ; different. Hooker.
2. Not I, or he, but ſome one elſe. Knolles.
Not the one, not this, but the contrary. South.
Correlative to each, PhiL
Something beſides. Locke.
The next. Shakʃpeare.
The third paſt. Ben. Johnſon.
8. It is ſometimes put ellipticdliy for other
tbirq^. Granville.

O'THERGATES. ad. In another manner.Shakʃpeare.

O'THERGUISE. a. [other ^n6 guſe.] Of
another kind.

O'THERWHERE. ad. [ether and nvhere.]
In other places. Hooker.

O'THERWHILE. ad. [other and while.] At
other times.

O'THERWISE. ad. [other and wife.]
1. In a different manner. Spratt.
2. By other cauſes. Raleigh.
3. In other reſpects. Rogers.

OTTER. ʃ. [otep, Saxon.] An amphibious
animal that preys upon fiſh. Grew.

O'VAL. a. [ovale, Fr. ovum, an egg.] Oblong
; rerembling the longitudinal ſcvflion
ofjnegg. Blackmore.

O'VAL. ʃ. That which has the ſhape of an
eg£T. Watts.

OVA'RIOUS. a. [from O'vum.] Conſiſting
of eggs. jLhoTHjon,

O'VARY. ʃ. [ovarium, Latin.] The part
of the body in which impregnation is performed. Brown.

OVA'TION. ʃ. [o^atis, Latin.] A IcHer
triumph among the Rr.mans. Di£f,
oSbuJtJ/- Afo,tof««rpni.r.

OUCH. ʃ. An ornament of gold or jewel?. Bacon.

OVEN. ʃ. [open, Saxon.] An arched cavity
heated with fire to bake bread. Spenſer.

O'VER. hath a double ſignification irx the
names of places. If the place be upon or
rear a river, it comes from the Saxon cpp.e,
a brink or bank : but if there n in the
neighbourhood another of the ſame name,
diſtinguiſhed by tfie addition of nether,
then over is from the Gothick ufar, above

O'VER. prep, [ufar, Gothick ; cpjae, Sax.]
1. Above ; with reſpect to excellence or
digr>ity. SiLtfi.
2. Above, with regard to rule or authority. South.
3. Above in place. Shakʃpeare.
4. Acroſs ; as, he leaped over the brook. Dryden
5. Through. Hammord.
6. Before. Spenſer.

O'VER. ad.
1. Above the top, Luie,
2. More than a quantity afligned. Hayw.
3. From ſide to lide. Grew.
4. From one to another. Bacon.
5. From a country beyond the fea. Bacon.
6. On the ſurface. Gerrfn.
7. Throughout ; completely. ^ouh,
8. With repetition ; another time. Dryd.
9. Extraordinary ; in a great degree. Baker.
10. OvE.% etrd above, Beſides ; beyond
what was firſt ſuppoſed or immeojately intended.

XI. Over again/}. Oppofitc ; regarding
in frcnt. Bacon.
iz. In compcfilionit has a great va;iety of

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ſignification? ; it is arbitrarily prefixed tP
nouns adjectives, nr other parts of ſpeech.

To O'VER ABOUND. v. n. [over and abound.]
To abound more than enough. Pope.

To O'VER. ACT. v. a. [over and afl.] To
aft more than enough. Stillingfleet.

To O'VER-ARCH. v. a. [over and arch.l

To Cover as with an arch. Pope

To O'VER. AWE. v. a. [over and a-we.] To keep in awe by ſuperiour influence. Spenſer.

To O'VER-BALANCE. v. a. To weigh
down ; to preponderate. Rogers.

O'VER-BALANCE. ʃ. [over and balance.]
Something more than equivalent. Locke.

O'VER. BATTLE. ad. To o fruitful; exuberant. Hooker.

To O'VER-BEAR. v. a. To repreſs ; to
ſubdue ; to whelm ; to bear down. Hooker.

To OVER-BID. -y.fl. [over and i,d.] To
offer more than equivalent. Dryden.

To O'VER -BLOW. v. n. [over and blo'w..
To be paſt its violence.

To O'VER- BLOW. v. a. [ever and ^W.]
To drive away as clouds before the wind.

O'VER-BOARD. ad. [oxer and beard. See
Board.] Oi^^ the ſhip ; out of the ſhip. South.

To O'VER-BULK. v. a. [over and lulk.]
To oppreſs by buik. Shakʃpeare.

To OVER BUR DEN. v. a. [over iad burthen.]
To load with too great weight. Sidney.

To O'VER BUY. v.ai [over and buy.] To
buy too dear. Dryden.

To O'VER CARRY. v. a. [oT^r and carry.]
To hurry too far ; to be urged to any thing
violent or dangerous. Hayward.

To O'VER CAST. v. a. part, over- cafi.
[over and caji.]
1. To cloud ; to darken ; to cover with
gloom. Spenſer.
2. To cover. Hooker.
3. To rate too high in computation. Bacon.

To O'VER CHARGE. v. a. [oi/.-r and
1. To oppreſs ; to cloy ; to furcharge. Raleigh.
2. To load ; to croud too much. Pope. .
3. To burthen. Shakʃpeare.
4. To rate too high. Shakʃpeare.
5. To fill too full. Locke.
6. To load With too great a charge.Shakʃpeare.

To O'VER CLOUD. v. a. [ovennd ooud.]
To cover with clouds. Tickel.

To OVERCOME. v. a. pret. I overcame i
part, paingly overcome ; anciently cvercomen,
as in Spenſer. [ovtrcomen, Dutch.]
1. To lubdue ; to conquer ; to vanquiſh. Spenſer.
2. To

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3. To overflow; to fureharge. Philips.
5. To come over or upon ; to invade fudaenly.
Not in uſe. Shakʃpeare.

To O'VERCOME. «. ». To gain the ſuperiority.

OVERCOMER. ʃ. [from the verb.] Hs
who overcomes.

To O'VER-COUNT. ʃ. a. {over and count.
1. To rate above the true value, Shakſp.

To O'VERDO. v. a. [over and do.] To do
more than enough. Gre^v.

To O'VER-DRESS. v. a. [over and dref,.]
To ?dorn lavirtily. Pope. .

To OVER-DRIVE. v. a. [over and drive.]
To drive too hard, or beyond ſtrerigth. Gen,

To O'VER EYE. v. a. [ovennd eye.]
1. To ſuperintend.
2. To obſerve ; to remark. Shakʃpeare.

To OVER EMPTY. v. «. [cwr and m/>(y.- ;

To make too empty. Carew.

O VERFAL ʃ. [over and fuU,} Cataraft. Raleigh.

To O'VER FLOAT. v. n. [o^er and Jioat.]
To ſwim ; to float. Dryden.

To O'VER FLOW. w. «. [over zx\d jloxv.]
1. To be fuiler than the brim can hold. Locke.
2. To exuberate. Rogers.

To O'VER-FLOW. v. a.
1. To fill beyond the brim. Taylor.
s. To deluge ; to drown ; to over- run. Dryden.

O'VER FLOW. ʃ. [ever zad fow.] Inundation
; more than tulneſs ; luch a quantity
as runs over ; exuberance. jirbuth,

O'VER-FLOWING. ʃ. [irotti over -fiono ]
Exuberance ; copiouſneſs. Roger,

O'VER-FLOWINGLY. ad. [from O'ver-
Jiowing.] Exuberantly. Boyle.

To O'VER FLY. v. a. [ever and /y.] To
croſs by fliaht. Dryden.

OVER-FORWARDNESS. ʃ. [over and
forwardne[s.] Too great quickneſs. Hale.

To O'VER FREIGHT. v. a. pret. overfreighted ;
part, over-fraught. To load
too heavily.

To O'VER- GET. v.a, [o?/£rand^<?/.] To
reach ; to come up with. Sidney.

To O'VER GLANCE. v. a. [o'ver and
glance.] To l^ok haftily over. Shakſp.

To O'VER GO. v. a. [o%er and|r,.] To
ſurpaſs ; to excel. Sidney.

To OVER-GORGE. v. a. [ever 2in6 gorge.
^ To gorge too much.

To O'VER-GROW. v. a. [over and groiu.]
1. To cover with growth, Spenſer.
Z- To riſe above. Mortimer.

To O'VER-GROW. v. n. To grow beyond
the fit or natural ſize. Knolles.

O VER- GROWTH. ʃ. [over and groiuth.; Exuberant growth. Bacon.

To O'VER-Hale. t. a. [over and ha/e.]
1. To ſprt'ad over. KSpenſer.
2. To examine over again.

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To O'VER HANG. v. a. [over and Baf>g.]
To jut over
; to impend over. Shakſp.

To OVER-HANG. v.n. To jut over. Milton.

To O'VER HARDEN. v. a. [over and
hirden.] To make too hard. Boyle.

OVER-HEAD. ad. [over and bead ] Aloft
; in the zenith ; above. Milton.

To O'VER HEAR. v. a. [over and hear.]
To hear thoſe who do not mean to be heard.Shakʃpeare.

To O'VER-HEND. v. a. [over and bend.]
To overtake ; to reach. Spenſer.

To O'VER-JOY. v. a. [over 2ind joy.] ^o
tranſport; to raviſh. Taylor.

OVER-JOY. ʃ. Tranſport ; ecftafy.

To O'VER-RIPEN. v.a, [over and ripen.]
To make too ripe. Shakʃpeare.

To O VER-LABOUR. v. a. [over and la.
Tour.] To take too much pains on any
thing; to harraſs with toiL Dryden.

To OVERLA'DE. v.a, [over and lade.] To
over- burthen. Suckling.

OVERLA'RGE. a. [over and large.] Larger
than enough. Collier.

OVERLA SHINGLY. ʃ. [over and lap.]
With exaggeration. Brerewood.

To OVERLAY. v. a. [over and Jay.]
1. To oppreſs by too much weight or power. Raleigh, Ben. Johnſon.
2. To ſmother with too much or too cJofe
covering. Milton.
3. To ſmother ; to cruſh ; to overwhelm. South.
4. To cloud ; to over-caſt. Spenſer.
5. To cover ſuperficially. Exodus.
6. To join by ſomething laid over. Milton.

To OVERLE'AP. v. a. [over and leap.]
To paſs by a jump. Dryden.

OVERLE'ATHER. ʃ. [over and leather.]
The part of the ſhoe that covers the foot,Shakʃpeare.

To OVERLIVE. v. a. [over and live.] To
Jive longer than another; to furvive ; to
out-live. Hayward.

To OVERLIVE. v. n. To live too Jong,

ONERLI'VER. ʃ. [from overlive.] Survivor
; that which lives longeft. Bacon.

To OVERLO'AD. v. a. [ovrr and Imd.]
To burthen with too much. Felton,

O'VERLONG. a. [over and long.] Too
long. Boyle.

To OVERLO'OK. v. a. [over and kok.]
1. To view from a higher place. Dryden.
2. To view fully; to peruſe. Shakſp.
3. To ſuperintend ; to overſee. Graunt,
4. To review. Roſcommon.
5. To paſs by indulgently. Rogers.
6. To neglect ; to flight. Jltterbury,

O VER LOOKER. ʃ. [oi'cr and looker ] One
who looks over h;s teJlows, Watts.

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OVERLOOP. ʃ. The ſame with orlop, to ever-reach,
when he bring? his hinder

OVERMA'STED. a. [cvir undma/i.] Hav. feet too far forwards, and ſtrikes his toes
log too much niaft. Dryden. againſt his fore ſhoes. Farr Diff

To OVERMA'STER. v. a. [ovennd maf- OVERRE'ACHER.
ſ. [from over-rfach.] tcr.'j To ſubdue; to govern. Shakʃpeare.
A cheat ; a deceiver.

To OVERMA'TCH. v. a. [^t/of and mat.b.^

To OVERRE'AD. v. a. [over and read.'.
To be too powerful ; to conquer, Dryden.
To pcruſe. Shakſpeare.

OVERMATCH. f. [over :inti match.] One

To OVERROAST. v. tf. [e-y^r and ro.y?. ;
of ſuprriour powers. Milton. To roaſt too rruch. Shakſt-jre

OVERMO'ST. a. [ovennd mojl.] Hghett ;
over the reit m authority. j^inſwonb.

OVERMU'CH. a. [ovennd much.] Too
much; more than enough. Locke.

OVERMU CH. ud. Iq tuo great a degree. Hooker.

OVERMU'CHNESS. ʃ. [from overmuch.]
Exuberance ; ſuperabundance. Ben. Johnſon.

OVERNI'GHT. ʃ. Night before bcd.time.Shakʃpeare.

To OVERNA'ME. v. s. [over and name.]
To name in a ſeries. Shakʃpeare.

To OVERO FFICE. v. a. [over and office.]
To lord by vittue of an iffice. Shakſp.

OVEROFFI'CIOUS. a. [over and offiacus.]
Too bul'y ; too importunate.

To OVERPA'SS. v. a. [ovir and pap.]
1. To croſs. Dryden.
2. To over-look ; to paſs with diſregard. Milton.
3. To omit in a reckoning. Raleigh.
4. To omit ; not to receive. Hooker.

To OVERPA'Y. v. a. [over 2kn^ pay.] To
reward beyond the price. Prior.

To OVERPE'RCH. ʃ. [over and perch.]
To fly over. ithakſpeare.

To OVERPE'ER. v. a. [over 3n6 peer.] To
over-look ; to hover above. Sandys.

O'VERPLUS. ʃ. [over and flus.] Surplus; what remains more than ſuſſicient. Hooker.

To O'VERPLY. 'y. a. [over and fjy.] To
employ too laboriouſly. RIdton.

To OVERPO'ISE. v. a. [over and poife.] To
outweigh. Srciun.

OVERPO'ISE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Pie-. Dryden.

To OVERRULE. v. a. [over and r'u'l^.]
1. To influence with predominant power; to be ſupericur in authority. SJmy,
2. To govern with high authority ; to ſuperintend. Hayward.
3. To ſuperfede ; as, in law, to over-rule a
plea is to reiect it as incorr;petent.

To OVERRUN. v. a. [ovrr and run]
1. To harraſs by incurſions ; to ravage. Dryden.
2. To out-run. Bacon.
3. To overſpread ; to cover all over. Burnet.
4. To miſchief by great numbers; to peſt. Addiſon.
5. To injure by treading down. Addiſon.

To OVERRU'N. -.;. n. To overflow ; to be
more th?n full. Spenſer.

To OVERSEE. v. a. [ever and fee.)
1. To ſuperintend ; to overlook. Spenſer.
2. To overlook ; to paſs by unheeded ; to
omit. Hudibras.

OVERSE'EN. ^^r^ [from o'ucrfce.] Miſtaken; deceived. Clarenden.

OVERSE'ER. ʃ. [from overſee.]
1. One who overlooks ; a ſuperintendenr. Hooker.
2. An officer who has the care of the parochial
proviſion for the poor. Graunt,

To OVERSE'T. v. a. [over and fa.]
1. To turn the bottom upwards ; to throw
ofl:' the bafis. Addiſon.
2. To throw out of regularity. Dryden.

To OVERSE'T. v. n. To fail e.ff the bafis. Mortimer.

To OVERSHA'DE. v. a. [over and ſhade.l
To cover with darknof . Dryden.

To OVERSHADOW. v. a. [over and ſha»
1. To throw a ſhadow over any thing.
2. To ſhelter; to protect. Milton.

To OVERSHO'OT. v. n. [over tndſhoot.]
To fly beyond the mark. Codter,
ponderant weight.

To OVERPO'WER. v. a. [over and power.]
To be predominant over; to oppreſs
by luperioricy. Biyle. Woodward.

To OVERPRE'SS. v. a. [over and pnfi.]
To bear upon with iireſiſtible force ; to
overwhelm ; to cruſh. Bcfci,mmon.

To OVERPRI'ZE. v. a. [over and prize.]

To value at too high price. H'oitcn, i.
To ſhoot beyond the mark. Milton.

OVERRA'NK. a. [ovenud rark.] Too 2.
[With the reciprocal pronoun.] To
rank. Mortimer. venture too far ; to afſcrt too much.

To OVERRA'TE. v. a. [over iad rate.] Wbitgifte.
To rate too much. Rogers..

OVERSIGHT. ſ. [from over and/^ir.]

To OVERRE'ACH. i/. a. [over i.nd reach.] i.
Superintendence. %Kings.
1. To rile above. RaUigi. z. M.ftake ; error. Hooker.
2. To deceive ; to go beyond. Milton.

To OVERMI'ZE. v. a. [over TirAſize.]

To OVERRE'ACH. v. n. a horſe is ſaid i.
To ſurpaſs in bulk. Sandyt,
a. io

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2. To plaſter over. Shakʃpeare.

To OVERSKI'P. i/a7. [over 2. and ſkip.]
1. To paſs by Jeaping. Hooker.
2. To paſs over, Donne.
3. To eJcape. Shakʃpeare.

To OVERSLE'EP. V-a. [over and Jleep.]
To ſleep too long.

To OVERSLI'P. v. a. [over and Jlrp.] To
paſsundone, unnoticed, or unuſed ; to negka.

To OVERSNO W. v. a. [over and /row.]
To cover with fnow. Dryden.

OVERSO'LD. part, [from over/eh] Sold
at too high a price. Dryden.

OVERSO'ON. ad. [over and Joon.] Too
ſoon. Sidney.

OVERSPE'NT. part. [over and ſpend. ;
Wearied ; harraſſed. Dryden.

To OVERSPREA'D. ʃ. ^. [oT/frand/z^rcj^.]
To cover over ; to fill ; to ſcatter over. Denham.

To OVERSTA'ND. v. a. [over zudjiand.]
To ſtand too much upon conditions. Dryden.

To OVERSTA'RE. v. a. [over andjiare.]
To ſtare wildly. Aj'cham.

To OVERSTOCK. v. a. [over andjiock.]
To fill too full ; to croud. Swift.

To OVERSTRAI'N. v. v. [over andjirafti.]
To make too violent efforts, Collier.

To OVERSTRAIN. n^. a. To ſtretch too
far. j^yhffe.

To OVERSWA'Y. ʃ. a. [ever and J'way.]
To over-ruJe ; to bear down. Hooker.

To OVERSWE'LL. v. a. [over md jiuell.]
To riſe above Fairfax.

OVERT. a. [o«iw/, French.] Open ; publick
; apparent. KingChar/es.

O'VERTLY. ad. [from the adjective.]

To OVERTA'KE. v. a. [over and takr.]
jr. To catch any thing by purſuit. ; to
come up to ſomething going before. Hooker, Shakʃpeare.
2. To take by ſurprize, Ga!,

To OVERTA'KE. v. a. [ovei uni tajk.]
To burthen with too heavy duties or injunfbions. Harvey.

To OVERTHRO'W. v. a. [over and threw]
preter. overthreiv ; part, ovethro-zvn. ;
3. To turn upſide down. Taylor.
2. To throw down ; to ruin ; todemoliſh. Dryden.
3. To defeat ; to conquer ; to vanquiſh. Hooker.
4. To deſtroy ; to miſchief ; to bring to
nothing. Sidney.

OVERTHRO'W. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The ſtate of being turned upſide down.
2. Ruin ; deſtruction. Hooker.
3. Defeat ; diſcomiilure, Hayward.
4. Degradation, Shakʃpeare.

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OVERTHRO'WER. ʃ. [from overthrow.]
He who overthrows.

OVERTHWA'RT. a. [over and thivart.]
1. Oppofuc} being over againſt. Dryden.
2. Croffing any thing perpendicularly.
3. Perverſe ; adverſe ; contradictious. Clarendon.

OVERTHWA'RTLY. ad. [from overwhart..
1. Acroſs ; tranſverſely.
2. Pervicaciouſly ; perverſely.

OVERTHWA'RTNESS. ʃ. [from overthivart.]
Pervicacity ; perverſeneJs.

OVERTOO'K. ʃ.'re^ &Mpart. pajf. oſ overtake.

To OVERTO'P. v. a. [over and ^^j&.]
1. To riſe above} toraiſe the hean above.Shakʃpeare.
2. To excel ; to ſurpaſs.
3. To obſcure ; to make of leſs importance
by ſuperiour excellence. Bucov,

To OVERTRI'P. v. a. [over and trip.] To
trip over ; to walk lightly over, Shakʃpeare.

OVERTURE. ʃ. [ouverture, French.]
1. Opening ; diſcloſure ; diſcovery.Shakʃpeare.
2. Propofal ; ſomething oifered to conſideration. Hayward.

To OVERTU'RN. v. a. [over and turn.]
1. To throw down ; to topple down ; to
ſubvert ; to ruin. Rowe.
2. To over-power ; to conquer. Milton.

OVERTU'RNER. ʃ. [from owrr«r«. ; Subvertiir.

To OVERVA'LUE. v. a. [over zr^d value.
-\ To rate at too high a price. Hooker.

To OVERVEI'L. v. a. [over and veil.] To
cover. Shakʃpeare.

To OVERWA'TCH. v. v. [over^nd il;atch. ;
To ſubdue with long want of reſt. Dryd.

OVERWEA'K. a. [over &nd lueak.] Too
weak ; too feeble. Raleigh.

To OVER WEATHER. v. a. [over and
weather.] To batter by violence of weather.Shakʃpeare.

To OVERWEE'N. v. n. [over and ween,'\
To think too highly ; to think with arrogance.Shakʃpeare.

OVERWEE'NINGLY. ad. [from over-
ween.] With too much arrogance ; with
too high an opinion.

To OVERWEl'GH. v. a. [over and weigh.'[
To preponderate. Hooker.

OVERWEI'GHT. ʃ. [ever and weght.]
Preponderance. Bacon.

To OVERWHE'LM. v. n. [over and
1. To cruſh underneath ſomething violent
and weighty. Rogers.
2. To overloBk gloomily. Shakʃpeare.

OVERWHE'LMINGLY. ad. [from overluhtlming.]
In ſuch a manner as to overwhelm. Decay of Piety.


OVERWROU'GHT. p:2rf. [cv:r and
1. Laboured too much. Dryden.
2. Worked alJ over. Pope.

OVERWO RN. parf. [o'ver and worn.]
1. Worn out ; ſubdued by toil. Dryden.
2. Spoiled by time, Shakʃpeare.

OVERYEA'RED. a. [over ^nAytar.] Too
old. Fairfax.

OUGHT. ʃ. [aphit, Saxon.] Any thing ;
not nothing. Milton.

OUGHT. verb imperfeSi. [preterite of c-u;?.]
1. Owed ; was bound to pay ; have been
iiidebced. Spilmati.
2. To be obliged by duty. Bacon.
3. To be fit ; to be necc-nary. Locke.

OVIFO'RM. a. [ovufmx\AJoimay'Lii\h.]
Having the ſhape of an egg. Burmt.

OVI'PAROUS. a. [cvum and par!0,L-iUn.]
Bringing forth eggs ; not viviparcus. Ray.

OUNCE. ʃ. [once, Fr. uncia, Lat.] A name
of weight of different value in different denominations
of weight. In troy weight,
an ounce is twenty penny. weight ; a penny-
weight, twenty-four grains. Bacon.

OUN'CE. ʃ. [cnce^ Fr. orxu, Spaniſh.] A
lynx ; a paniher. Milton.

OUPHE. ʃ. [auj; Teutonick.] A fairy ; a

OU'PHEl. ʃ. [from oupb.] ^mrn. Shakſp.

OUR. fron. p^J\ [uji-, S^on.]
1. Pertaining to Us ; belonging to us,Shakʃpeare.
2. When the ſubſtantive goes befjre, it is
written ours. Davies.

OURSE'LVES. reciprocalpronoun,
1. We ; not others. Locke.
2. Us ; not others, in the oblique cafes. Dryden.

OURSE'LF is uſed m the regal ſtile. Shakſp.

OL'SE. ʃ. Tinners bark.

OU'bELY. [pie, Saxon.] A bjickbtrd. Spenſer.

To OUST. 1'.^. [o^,/?ir, French.] To 'vacate
; to take away. Hale.

OUT. ai. [ut, Saxon.] \
1. Not within. Prior.
2. It is generally oppoſed to in, Shakʃpeare.tſp.
3. In a ſtate of diſcloſure. Bacon.
4. Not in confinement or concealment.Shakʃpeare.
5. From the place or hoofe. Shakſp.
6. From the inner part. Exiek.
7. Not at home,
8. In a ſtate of eKtinſtion, Shakʃpeare.
9. In a ſtate of being exhaufted, Shakſp.
10. Not in an affair. Shakʃpeare.]
11. To the end. Dryden.
12. L -iidly ; without reſtraint. Pope. .
13. Nat in the hands of the owner. Locke.
14. Ill an errour.
15. At a Icfs ; in a puzzle,
16. With torn cloaths.
17. Aw'ay at a kii . L'Eſtrange, Bacon, Dryden, Dryden. Tyi'.

18. It is uſed emphatically bc.''ore 'J^Jt. Suckling.
19. It is added emphatically to verbs of
diſcovery. Numbert,,

OUT. interje&. An expreſſlon of abhorrence
or expuiſion ; as, out upcn this halffac'd
fellowſhip. Shakſp.

OUT of. prep.
1. From ; noting produce. Spenſer.
2. Noting noting exciuficn or difmiſſion. Spenſer.
3. No longer in. Dryden.
4. Not in ; noting unfitneſs. Dryden.
5. Not within ; relating to a houſe.Shakʃpeare.
6. From ; noting extraction. Bacon.
7. From; noting copy. Stillingfleet.
8. From ; noting reſcue. Addiſon.
9. Not in
; noting exorbitance or irregularity. Swift.
10. From one thing to ſomething different. Decay of Piety.

II. To a differentiate from ; noting diſorder.
12. Not according to. Pope. .
13. To a different ſtate from ; noting ſeparation. Hooker.
14. Beyond. Shakʃpeare.
15. Deviating from. Shakʃpeare.
16. Paft ; without ; notins ſomethin^worn
out or exhaufted. Knolles.
17. By means of. Shakʃpeare.
18. In conſequence of ; noting the motive
or reJ Ton. Bacon.
19. Out of hand ; immediately ; as that is
eaſily uſed which is ready in the hand. Shakʃpeare.

To OUT. v. a. To expel ; to deprive.
King Charles,

To OUTA'CT. v. a. [out and a£I.] To do
beyond. 0<way.

To OUTBA'LANCE. v. a. [out and balance..
To over-weigh ; to preponderate. Dryden.

To OUTBA'R. v.a.[out^n6bsr.] ToHiat
cut by fortification. Spenſer.

To OUTBI'D. v. a. [out and bid.] To over-power by bidding a higher price, Donne.

OUTBI'DDER. ʃ. [out and bid.] One that

OUTBLOWED. a. [out and bL'w.] Tnflared
; ſwollen with wind. Dryden.

OUTBORN. a. [out and ^rw.] Foreign'
not native,.

OU'TBOUND. a. [out and bound.] Deftinated
to a diſtant voyage. Dryden.

To OUTERA'VE. v. a. [out and brate.]
To bear down and diſgrace by more daring,
inſolent, or ſlendid appearance, Cow/e'-.

To OUTBRA'ZEN. v. a. [out and brazen.]
To bear down with impudence.

OU'TBREAK. ʃ. [out and break.] That
which breaks fv)r;b ; eruption, Shakʃpeare.r'p.
r. 4 ^ To


To OUTBREA'THE. v. a. [o:/?and htath.l
1. To weary by having better breath.
2. To expire. S}>ertfer,

OUTCA'ST. part,
1. Thrown into the air as refuſe, Spenſer.
2. Baniſhed ; expelled. Milton.

OUTCA'ST. ʃ. Exile \ one rejected ; one
expelled. Prior.

To OUTCRA'FT. v.a, [&«/ and croft.]
To excel in cunning. Shakʃpeare.

O'UTCRY. ʃ. [out and cry..
1. Cry of vehemence ; cry of diſtreſs ; clamour. Denham.
2. Clamour of deteſtation. South.

OUTDA'RE. nj. a. [out and dare, '\ To ven.
ture beyond. Shakʃpeare.

To OUTDA'TE. v. a. [cut and date.] To
antiquate, Hammond.

To OUTDO'. v. a. [ot/f and Jo.] To excel ;
to ſurpaſs. Shakʃpeare, Milton.

To OUTDWE'L. v.a, [outinidtvelL] To
flay beyond. Shakʃpeare.

OU'TER. a. [from out.] That which is
without. Grew.

OU'TERLY. ad. [from outer.f\ Towards
the outfij?. Grew.

OUTERMOST. a. [ſuperlative fromoK/'fr.]
Reinofeſt froTi the midft. Boyle.

To OUTFA'CE. ʃ. a. [out 2.x\^ face.
1. To brave ; to bear down by ſhow of
magnanimity. Wotton.
ft. To ſtare down. Raleigh.

To OUTFA'WN. v. a. [out aandfaivn.] To
excel in fawning. Hudibras.

To OUTFLY'. v. a. [out^nijiy.] To leave
behind in flight. Shakʃpeare.

OUTFO'RM-. ʃ. [out uniform.] External
appearance. Ben. Johnson.

To OUTFRO'WN. ʃ. a. [out and /ro-u;«.]
To frown down, Shakʃpeare.

OU'TGATE. ʃ. [out and gate.] Outlet
; paſſage outwards. Spenſer.

To OUTCl'VE. v. a. [out and give.] To
ſurpaſs in giving. Dryden.

To OU'TGO. v. a. pret. outwent ; part.
outgone, [out and go.]
1. To ſurpaſs ; to excel. Caretv,
«, To go beyond ; to leave behind in g<»ing.
3. To circumvppt ; to overreach. Dinh.

To OUTGROW. ij. a. [o^t and grow^] To
ſurpaſsin growth ; to grow too great or too
old for any thing. Swift.

OU'TGUARD. ʃ. [out and guard.] One
ported at a diſtai^ce from the mam body, as
a 6e fence. Dryden, Blackmore.

OUTJE'ST. v. a. [oa^ and jW?.] To overpower
hy jeſting. Shakʃpeare.

To OUTKNA'VE. v. a. [fl:<; and kna've.]
To ſurpaſs in knavery. L'Eſtrange.

OUTLA'NDISH. a. [out and land.] Noc
oative ; fortign, P???.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To OUTLA'ST. 'v,a. [out ^n6 laji.] To
ſurpaſs in duration. Waller.

OU'TLAW. ʃ. [utlaja, Saxon.] One excluded
from the benefit of the law. A
plunderer ; a robber ; a bandit. Davies.

To OUTLAW. <!-. a. To deprive of the benefits
and protection of the law. Herbert.

OUTLAWRY. [from outlaw.] A?decree
by which any man is cut off from the
community, and deprived of the protection
of the law. Bacon.

To OUTLEA P. v. a. [out and leap.] To
paſsby leaping ; to flart beyond.

OUTLEA'P. ʃ. [from the verb.] Sally; flight ; eſcape. Locke.

OUTLET. f. [c«/ and /^/.] Paflage outwards
; diſcharge outwards. Ray.

OUTLINE. y. [out and line.] Contour;
line by which any figure is defined ; extremity. Dryden.

To OUTLI'VE. v. a. [oa/ and /;W.] To
live beyond ; to furvive. Clarenden.

OUTLI'VER. ʃ. [outindlive.] AfoTMiver.

To OUTLOO'K. v. a. [out aed lock.] To
face down ; to browbeat, Shakʃpearea,

To OUTLU'STRE. v. a. [out and lujlre.]
To excel in brightneſs. Shakʃpeare.

OU TLYING. part, a. [out and lie.] Not
in the common courſe of order. Temple.

To OUTMEA'SURE. v. a. [^ut and mec,'
fure.] To exceed in meaſure. Brown.

To OUTNU'MBER. v. a. [out &nd number^.]
To exceed in number. Addiſon.

To OUTMARCH. v. a. [out and rnanh.'.
To leave behind in the march. Clarend.

OUTMOST. a. [out and mof.] Remoteſt
from the middle, Newton.

OUTPA'RISH. ʃ. [cut3P.dpariJIp.] piriſh
not lying within the walls.

OUTPA'RT. ʃ. [out and part.] Part remote
from the center or main body. Ayljfe.

To OUTPACE. v. a. [out and pace] To
outgo ; to leave behind. Chapman.

To OUTPOU'R. v. a. [out zt\d pour.] To
emit ; to ſend forth in a ilream. Milto?;.

To OUTPRI'ZE. v. a. [out and prize.]
To exceed in the value fei upon it.Shakʃpeare.

To OUTRAGE. v. a. [ca/ra^fr, French.]
To injure violently or contnmeliouſly ; to
infult roughly gnd tumukuouſly, Atterb.

To OUTRACE. v. v. To conpmit exorbitsncies.

OUTRAGE. ʃ. [outrage, French.] Open
Violence ; tuipultyous miſchief.Shakʃpeare.

OUTRA'GEOUS. a. [o'.'trageux, French.]
1. VioIe.Ttj furious ; raging ; exoibitant
tumultuous ; turbulent. Sidney.
2. Exceffive ; paffing reaſon or decency. Dryden.
3. Enormous; atrocious, Shakʃpeare.


OUTRA'GEOUSLY. ad. [from outrageous.]
Violently ; tumuJtuouſly ; furioully.

OUTRA'CEOUS'NESS.f.[from outrageous.]
W 'h fury ; with vioJcricc. Dryden.

To OUTREA'CH. v. a. [cut i^ and reach.]
To go beyond, Brown.

To OUTRI'DE. n;. a. [out : and ride.] To
paſsby riding. Dryden.

OUTRI'GHT. ad. [outing right.]
1. Immediately ; without delay. A'iuth.
2. Completely. Addiʃon.

To OUTROA'R. v. a. [out and roar.] To
exceed in roaring. Shakʃpeare.

OUTRODE. ʃ. [out and Vode.] Excurſion.
I Mac.

To OUTROOR. v. a. [cut and roor.] To
exriroaie; to eradicate. Ro<ive,

To OUTRUN. v. a. [out itiA run.]
1. To leave behind in running. Shakſp.
2. To exceed. Addiʃon.

To OUTSAIL. v. a. [cr/r and /v//.] To
leave behind in failing, Bacon.

To OUTSCO'RN. v. a. [out andfcorn.] To
bear down or confront by contempt.Shakʃpeare.

To OUTSZ'L. v. a. [outzvAJel'.]
1. To exceed in the piice for which a
thing is fuli. Temple.
2. To gain an higher price. Shakʃpeare.

To OUTSHI'NE. T/,«>. [dut i^nAſhine.]
1. To emit luHrc. Shakʃpeare.
2. To excel in luſtre. Denhain,

To OUTSHOO'T. t,. a. [o«/ and/c^r.]
1. To exceed in ſhooting. Dryden.
2. To ſhoot beyond. A'orrtSt

OUTSI'DE. ʃ. [ouranSjId^.]
1. Superficies ; ſurface ; extertial part. L'Eſtrange.
4. Extreme patt ; part remote from the
niddie, Bacon.
3. Superficial appearancf. Locke.
4. The utmoſt. liiorrlmfr.
5. Perſon ; external hmn. Bacon.
6. Outer ſide ; part not incloſed. ^pcfl.

To OUTSI'T. <!/. a. [out and fit.] lo fit
b?vond the time of any thing. South.

To OUTSLEE'P. v. a. [out and Jlcep.] To
fl-ep beyond. Shakʃpeare.

To OUTS'PEA'K. v. a. [out and ſpeak.] To
_ focalc ſomething beyond. i; bake(peare,

To OUTSPO'RT. v.ui [cut and ſport.] To
ſport beyond. Shakʃpeare.

To OUTS'PREA'D. v. a. [out and of read]
To extend ; to<iifi'u!>. Pope.

To OUTSTA'ND. v. a. [out3ne./}ard.]
1. To ſupport ; to reſiſt. Woodward.
2. To ſtaftd beyond liic proper time. Shakſpeare.

To OUTSTA'ND. v. n. To protuberate
from the main body.

To OUTSTA'RE. ad. [out aq^Ji^rr.] To

fece down ; to bro^-bcat ; to outface with
ctVrontery. CraJhatO.

OUTSTREE'T. ʃ. [out and ſtreet.] Street
in the extremities nt a town.

To OUTSTRETCH. v. a. [out and ſtretch.]
To extend ; to spread out. Shakʃpeare.

To OU'TSTRIP. v. a. To outgo ; to leave
behind, Ben. Johnſon.

To OU'T-SWEETEN. v. a. [out and ſweeten.]
To excel in ſweetneſs. Shakʃpeare.

To OUT-SWEA'R. v. a. [out and ſwear.]
To over-power by ſwearing.

To OUT-TONGUE. v. a. [out and tongue.]
To bc?r down by noiſe. HbuJitʃpeare,

To OUTTA'LK. 1/.J. [cut and talk.] To
over-power by talk. Shakʃpeare.

To OUT VA'LUE. -y, a. [out and value..
To tranſcend in price, Boyle.

To OUT VE'NOM. ʃ. a. [out and venom.]
To exceed in poiſon, Shakʃpeare.

To OUTVI'E. v. a. [out and vie.] To exceed
; to ſurpaſs. Addiſon.

To OUT-VI'LLAIN. v. a. [out and villain.]
To exceed in villainy. Shakʃpeare.

To OUTVOICE. v. a. [out and voice.] Ta
out- roar ; to exceed in ciam.our. Shakſp.

To OUTVO'TE. v. a. [out and vote.] To
conquer by plurality of ſuffrages. South.

To OUTWALK. v. a. [out and walk.] T.
leave one in walking.

OUTWA'LL. ʃ. [out and lualL]
1. Outward part of a building.
2. Superficial appearance. Shakʃpeare.

OU'TWARD. a. [\izpz3\\i), Saxon.]
1. External ; oppoſed to inward. Shakſp.
2. Extrinſick ; adventitious. Dryden.
3. Foreign, not inteſtihe. Jiayward,
^. Tending to the out-parts. Dryden.
5. [In thelogy.] Carnal ; corporeal ; not
ſpiritual. Duppa.

OUTWARD. f. External form. Shakſp.

1. To foreign parts: as, a ſhip outward
2. To the ou'er parts.

OUTWARDLY. ad. [hnm outward.]
1. Externally ; oppoſed to inwardly. Hooker.
.2. In appearance ; not fincerely. Spratt.

OUTWARDS. ad. To wards the cut parts

To OUTWE'AR. v.a, [cut and wear.] To
pals te<1i'^uny. Pope.

To OUTWEED. v. a. [out and weed.] To
extirpate as a weed. Spenſen

To OUTWEI'GH. v. a. [cut it\dtvtigh.]
1. To exceed in gravity. H'tlkins,
2. To preponderate ; to excel in value or
influence. Dryden.

To OUTWE'LL. v. a. [out anxl 'well.
; T»
pour out. Spenſer.

To OUTWIT. v. a. [cut tr.d'u.'it.] To
dieat; to overccm- by ſtrat.gcir, UE&rd.


OUTWORK. ʃ. [out akd wotk ] The parts
of a fortification next the enemy. Bacon.

OUTWO'RN. par(. [from out wear.] Confumed
or deſtroyed by uſe. Milton.

To OUTWRE'ST. v. a. [out and wreſt.]
To extort by violence. Spenſer.

OUTWROU'GHT. part, [out and 'wrought.]
Gut-done ; exceeded in efficacy. Ben. Johnson.

To OUTWO'RTH. v. a. [oar and warr£>.]
To excel in value. Shakʃpeare.

To OWE. 1/.-?, [f^ fl^, Idandick.]
1. To be obliged to pay ; to be indebted. Locke.
2. To be obliged to aſcribe ; to be obliged
for, Milton.
3. To have from any thing as the conſequence
of a cauſe. Pope. .
4. To poſſeſs ; to be the right owner of.Shakʃpeare.
5. Conſequential. Atterbury.
6. Due as a debt. Locke.
7. Imputable to, as an agent. Locke.

OWL. ?/. [ule, Sa>wn.], A bird that

O'WLET. ʃ. ^' 2^°^ ^^ '^ '8^^ ^..
catches mice. Pope. .

O'WLER. ʃ. One who carries contraband
goods. Swift.

OWN. ʃ. [ajei^, Saxon.]
1. This is a word of no other uſe than as
3t is added to the poireITive pronouns, roy,
thyi his, our, your, their. Dryden.
2. It is added generally by way of emphafis
or corroboration. Dryden.
3. Sometimes it is added to note oppoſition
or contradictinotton ; domeflick ; not foleign
; mine, his, or yours ; not another's. Daniel.

To OWN. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To acknowledge ; to avow for one's
own. Dryden.
2. To poſſeſs ; to claim ; to hold by right. Dryden.
3. To avow. Dryden.
4. To confeſs ; not to deny. Jihomſon,

OWNERSHIP. ʃ. [from c^ivner.] Property;
rightful pufleſſion. ' 4)''#'
o z m

O'WNER. ʃ. [from own.]^ One to whom
any thing belongs. Shakʃpeare.

OWRE. ʃ. [urusjubatus, Latin.] A beaſt.

OX. ʃ. plur. Oxen, [oxa, Saxon ; oxe.
1. The general name for black cattle.
2. A caſtraled bull. Graunt,

OXBA'NE. ʃ. A plant. Ainsworth.

O'XEYE. ʃ. [bupſhalmusj] A plant. Miller.

OXG'ANG of Land. ſ. Twenty acres. Ainſworth.

OXHE'AL. ʃ. A plant. Ainsworth.

O'XFLY. ʃ. [ox and/;'.] A fiy of a particular

OXLI'P. ʃ. The ſame with cowjlip ; a vernal
flower. Shakʃpeare.

OXSTA'LL. ʃ. [oxandy?fl//.] A ſtand for

O'XTONGUE. ʃ. A plant. Jinſworth.

O'XICRATE. ʃ. [o^J;<ja7ov.] A mixture of
water and vinegar, Wijunan,

O'XYMEL. ʃ. [}ivixiU.] A mixture of
vinegar and honey, Arbuthnot.

OXYMORON. ʃ. [o?i.Y>tc<;poy.] A rhetorical
figure, in which an epithet of a quite contrary
ſignification is added to any word.

OXY'RRHODINE. ʃ. [o^yppoS^ivc?] A mixture
of two parts of oil of roles with one
of vinegar of rofes. Floyer.

O'YER. ʃ. [oyer, old French.] A court of
oyer and terminer, is a judicature where
cauſes are heard and determmed,

OYE'S. ʃ. [oycz, bear ye, French.] Is the
introduction to any proclamation or advertifement
given by the publick criers.
It is thrice repeated,

O'YSTER. ʃ. [oepr, Dutch.; buitre,Tr.]
A bivalve teſtace«us fiſh. Shakʃpeare.

O'YSTERWENCH. ʃ. [oyſter and wench,

O'YSTERWOMAN. ʃ. or zuoman.] A woman
whoſe buſineſs is to ſells oyflers.Shakʃpeare.

OZ'NA. ʃ. [S^ajya.] An ulcer in the inſide
of the noftnls that gives an ill ſtench.