About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


F Has in Engliſh an invariable ſound,
formed by compreſſion of the whole
lips and a forcible breath.

FABA'CEOUS. a. [fabaceus, Lat.]
Having the nature of a bean.

FABLE. ʃ. [fable, French.]
1. A feigned ſtory intended to enforce ſome
moral precept. Addiſon.
2. A fiction in general. Dryden.
3. The ſeries or contexture of events which
conſtitute a poem. Dryden.
4. A lye.

To FA'BLE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To feign; to write not truth but fiction. Prior.
2. To tell falſhoods, Shakʃpeare.

To FA'BLE. v. a. To feign ; to tell of
falſety. Milton.

FA'BLED. a. [from fable.] Calebrated in
fables. Tickell.

FA'BLER. ʃ. [from fab'.e.] A dealer in

To FA BRICATE. v. a. [fabricor, Lat.]
1. To build ; to conſtruct:.
2. To forge; to devife falſely.

FABRICA'TION. ʃ. [from fabricate.] The
act of building. Hale.

F'ABRICK. ʃ. [fabrica, Latin.]
1. A building; an edifice. Wotton.
2. Any fyftem or compages of matter. Prior.

To FA'BRICK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
build; to form ; to conſtruct. Philips.

FA'BULIST. ʃ. [fabu'ape, Fr.] A writer
of fables. Cnxal,


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FABULO'SITY. ʃ. [fabukftas, Latin.]
Lyingneſs ; fulneſs of ſtories. Abbot.

FA'BULOUS. a. [fabulofui, Lat.] Feigned ; full of fables. Addiʃon.

FA'BULOUSLY. ad. [from fabukui.] In
fiction. Brown.

FACE. ʃ. [pee, Fr, from fades, Lat.]
1. The vifage. Bacon.
2. Countenance ; caſt of the features. Pope.
3. The ſurface of any thing. Geneſis.
4. The front or forepart of any thing. Ezekiel.
5. State of affairs. Milton.
6. Appearance ; reſemblance, Ben. Johnſon.
7. Prefence ; fight. Dryden.
S. Conſidence ; boldneſs. Shakʃpeare, Milton.
9. Diſtortion of the face. Shakʃpeare.
Face to face.
1. When both parties are preſent. Acts.
2. Without the interpofilion of other bodies. Corinthians.

To FACE. v. n.
1. To carry a falſeappes ranee. Spenſer.
2. To turn the face ; to come in front. Dryden.

To FACE. v. a.
1. To meet in front ; to oppoſe with confidence. Dryden.
2. To oppoſe with impudence. Hudibras.
3. To ſtand oppoſite to. Pope. .
4. To cover with an additional ſuperficies.


FA'CELESS. a. [from /acs.] Without a

FACEPAINTER. ʃ. [f^e and painter.] A
drawer of portraits.

FACEPAI'NTING. ʃ. [face -^ind painting.]
The art of drawing portraits, Dryden.

FA'CET. ʃ. [facette, Fr.] A ſmall ſurface. Bacon.

FACE'TIOUS. a. [facetieux, Fr.] Gay ;
cheerful ; lively. Gov. of the Tongue.

FACETIOUSLY. ad. from facttioui.]
Gayly ; cheerfully,

FACE' nOUSN ESS. ſ. [from facetnus.]
Cheerful wit; mirth.

FA'CILE. a. [facik, French.]
1. Eaſy ; not difficult
; performable with
little hbour. Milton, Evelyn.
2. Ejfily furmountable ; eaſily conquerable. Milton.
3. Eaſy of acceſs or converſe ; not ſupercilious. Ben. Johnſon.; 4. PIiant ; flexible ; eaſily perſuaded. Calamy.

To FACl'LITATE. v. a. [faclliter, Fr.]
To make eaſy ; to free from difficulty. Clarendon.

FACI'LITY. ʃ. [faci'it}, French.]
1. Eafineſs to be performed ; freedom from
difficulty, Raleigh.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. Readineſs in performing ; dexterity. Dryden.
3. Vitious duſtility ; eaſineſs to be perſuaded. Bacon.
4. Eafineſs of acceſs ; affability. South.

FACINE'RIOUS. a. Wicked ; facinorous,Shakʃpeare.

FA'CING. ʃ. [fro face.] An ornamental
covering. Wotton.

FACINOROUS. a. [fadnora, Latin.]
Wicked ; atrocious; deteflably bad.

FACI'.VOROUSNESS. ʃ. [from facinorous.]
Wickedneſs in a high degree.

FACT. ʃ. [faBum, Latin.]
1. A thing done ; an effect produced. Hooker.
2. Reality ; not ſuppoſition. Smalridge.
3. Action ; deed. Dryden.

FA'CTION. ʃ. [faction, Fr.]
1. A party in a ſtate. Shakʃpeare.
2. Tumult ; diſcord ; diflenſion. Clarenden.

FACTIONARY. ʃ. [faRionaire, French.]
A party man. Shakʃpeare.

FA'CTOIUS. a. [faElieux, French.]
1. Given to faction ; loud and violent in
a party. Shakʃpeare.
2. Proceeding from publick difl'enſionf. King Charles.

FA'CTIOUSLY. cid. [from faBious.] In
a manner criminally diflenfious, King Charles.

FA'CTIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from failious.] Inclination
to publick diflenhon.

FACTITIOUS. a. [faBitiu^, Latin.]
Made by art, in oppoſition to what is made
by nature. Boyle.

FA'CTOR. ʃ. [faSleur, Fr.] An agent
for another ; a ſubſtitute. South.

FACTORY. ʃ. [from faffor.]
1. A houſe or oiftiifl; inhabited by traders
in a diſtant country.
2. The traders embodied in one place.

FACTOTUM,/. [fac totum, Latin.] A
fervant employed alike in all kinds of
buſineſs ; as Scrub in the Stratagem.

FACTURE. f [French.] The act or manner
of making any thing.

FA'CULTY. ʃ. [fjcuL-c, Fr. facultas, Lat.]
; . The power of doing any thing ; ability. Hooker.
2. Powers of the mind, imagination, reaſon,
memory, Swift.
3. [In phyſick.] A power or ability to
petfoim any action natural, vital, and
animal. Quincy.
4. A knack ; habitual excellence; dexterity-. Clarendon.
5. Quality ; diſpoſition or habit of good
or ill. Shakʃpeare.
6. Power; authority. Shakʃpeare.
7. Privilege ; right to do any thing. >. Hooker.
8. Faculty, in an univerſity, denotes the
malleiS and profeflbis qf the leveral ſciences.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


FACU'ND. a. [facurJus, Latin.] Eloquent.

To FA'DDLE. v. a. To trifle ; to toy ; to play.

To FADE. v. n. [fade, French.]
1. To tend from greaier to kfs vigour ; to
grow weak.
2. To lead from a brighter to a weaker coiour. Boyle.
3. To wither, as a vegetable. Iſaiah.
4. To die away pradujlly ; to vanilli. Milton.
5. To be naturally not durable ; to be
tranſient. Locke.

To FADE. To a. To wear away ; to reduce
to languour. Dryden.

To FADGE. v. w. [sep'^^in, Saxpn.]
1. To ſuit; to fit ; 10 have one pare coniirtent
with another. Shakʃpeare.
2. To agree ; not to quarrel. Hudibras.
3. To furceed ; to hit. L'Eſtrange..

FAECES. ʃ. [Latin.] Excrements} ingredients
and fettlings. Quincy.

To FAG. v. a. [fafigo, Latin.] To grow
weary ; to faint with wearineſs. Mackenzie.

FAGE'ND. ʃ. [from /a^ and end.]
1. The end of a web of cloth.
2. The refuſe or meaner part of any thing. Fanſhaw.

FA'GOT. ʃ. [f:god, Welſh ; fogot, Fr.]
1. A bundle of flicks bound together for
the fire. Watts.
2. A ſoldier numbered in the mufter-roU,
but not really exiſting.

To FA'GOT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
tie up ; to bundle. Dryden.

To FAIL. v. 71. [fjilUr, French.]
1. To be deficient ) to ceaſe from former
plenty; to fall ſtrort. Locke.
2. To be extinct ; to ceaſe to be produced.
3. To ceaſe ; to petilh ; to be lofl. Addiſon.
4. To die ; to ioſe life. Shakʃpeare.
5. To ſink ; to be tern down. Iſaiah.
6. To decay ; to dechne ; to languiſh. Milton.
7. To miſs ; not to produce its effect. Bacon.
8. To miſs ; not to ſucceed in a deſign. Addiʃon.
9. To be deficient in duty.
(Fake's trifarationfor Death.

To FAIL. v. a.
1. To deſert ; not to continue to aflifl: or
ſupply. Sidney, Locke.
2. Not to aſſiſt ; to neglect ; to omit to
help. Davies.
3. To omit ; not to perform. Dryden.
4. To be wanting to. I Kings.
Fail. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Mifcarriage ; miſs ; unfucceſsfulneſs.

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2. Omiſſion ; non-performance.Shakʃpeare.
3. Deficiencs ; want,
4. Death ; extinction. Shakʃpeare.

FAI'LING. ʃ. [from >;7.]
Deficiency ; imperfection ; lapfe, Rogers.

FA'ILURE. ʃ. [from fail.]
1. Deficience ; ceilation. Woodward.
2. Omiſſion ; non-performance ; flip. South.
3. A lapfe ; a ſlight fault.

FAIN. a. [pjajn, Saxon.]
1. Glad ; merry ; chearful ; fond. Spenſer.
2. Forced ; obliged ; compelled. Hooker.

FAIN. ad. [from the adjective.] Gladly ; very deſirouſly.

To FAIN. 1'. n. [from the noun.] To wiſh ; to deſire f )ndly. Spenſer.

To FAINT. -y. n. [far.cr, French.]
1. To decay ; to wear or waſte away
quickly. Pope. .
2. To Ioſe the animal functions ; to ſink
moti inle's. Guardian.
3. To j.rjw feeble. Ecc'uf.
4. To link into dejedVion. Milton.

To FAINT. v. a. To dejecl ; to depreſs ;
to enft^eble. Shakʃpeare.

FAINT. a. [/2»f, French.]
1. Lang.lid ; weak, ; feeble. Temple.
2. Not blight ; not vivid ; not ſtriking.
3. Not loud ; not piercing. Boyle.
4. Feeble of body. Rambler.
5. Cowardly ; timorous ; not vigorous. Camden.
6. Dejected ; depreſſed. He&reics,
7. Not vigorous ; not active. Davies.

FAINTHEA'RTED. a. [faint and heart.]
Cowaroly ; timorous. Iſaiah.

FAINTHE'ARTEDLY. ad. [from fainshearted..

FAINTHEA'RTEDNESS. ʃ. [from fainthearted
] Cowardice ; timoroufne^.

FA'INl'ING. ʃ. [from faint.] Deliquium ; temporary loſs of animal motion.

FA'INTISHNESS. ʃ. [from faint.] Weakneis
in a ſlight degree, incipient debility. Arbuthnot.

FA'INTLING. a. [from faint.] Tim—
rous ; feebleminded. Arbuthnot.

FA'IN'ILY. ad. [from faint.]
1. Ff-ebly ; languidly. fValfi.
2. Not in bright colours. Pope. .
3. Without force of repreſentnion.Shakʃpeare.
4. Without ſtrength of body. Dryden.
5. Not vigorouſly ; not actively.Shakʃpeare.
6. Timorouſly ; with dejection ; without
f()irit. Denham.

FA'iNFNESS. ʃ. [h^m faint.]
1. Languour ; feebleneſs; wantof ſtrength,
1. Inactivity ; want of vipnnr. Spenſer.
3. Timoroiiſneſs ; dejecti ui. Shakʃpeare.

FA'INTV. a. [kom faint.] Weak ; fee
bis ; languid. Dryden.

FAIR. a. [px5-|T, Saxon.]
1. Beautiful ; elegant of feature ; handfume.Shakʃpeare.
2. Not black ; not brown ; white in the
cumplfxion. Hale.
3. Plejfing to the eye. Shakʃpeare.
4. Clear
; pure. Boyle.
5. Not clouiiy
; not foul ; not tempellu-
«'us. Clarenden.
6. Tavourable ; prrſperous. Prior.
7 Likely to ſucceec!. $liaieʃpeare,
8. Eqoal; juſt. Clarenden.
9. Not eft'scted by any infidious or unlaw-
Jtil methods. Temple.
10. Not practiſingany fraudulent or infidious
arcs. Pope. .
ir. Ofien ; direct. Dryden.
12. Gentle ; mild ; not compulfory. Spenſer.
13. Mild; not ſevere. Milton.
14. Pieaſing ; civil. Shakʃpeare.
15. Equitable; not injurious. Milton.
16. Commodicus ; eaſy, Shakʃpeare.

FAIR. ad. [tnm theadjective.]
1. Gently ; decently ; without violence. Locke.
2. C'viHy ; complaifantly. Shakʃpeare.
3. fJappily ; ſucceſsfully. Shakʃpeare.
4. On good terms. Collier.

FAIR. ʃ.
1. A beauty ; ellipticaily a fair woman. Dryden.
2. Honeſty ; juſt dealing. Arbuthnot.
Fair./, [/erf, French.] An annual or
llated meeting of buyers and ſellers.

FA'IRING. ʃ. [from /j/>.] A preſent
given at a fair. Ben. Johnson.

FA'IRLY. ad. [from /i/>.]
1. Beautifully.
2. Commodiouſly ; conveniently, Dryden.
3. Honeſtly ; juſtly ; without ſhift.
4. Ingenuouſly
; plainly ; openly. Pope. .
5. Candidly ; without liniſtrous interpretations. Dryden.
6. Without violence to tight reaſon. Dryden.
7. Without blots. Shakʃpeare.
8. Complttely ; without any deficience.

FA'IRNESS. ʃ. [from fair.]
1. Beauty ; elegance of form. Sidney.
^. Honelty ; candour ; ingenuity. Atterbury.

FA'IRSPOKEN. a. [from fair and ſpeak.]
BIand and civil in Lnjuaoe and addreſs. Hooker.

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FAIRY. ʃ. [p pli$, Saxon.]
1. A kind of fabled beings fuppoſed to appear
in a diminutive human form, and to
dance in the meadows, and reward cleanlineſs
in houſes ; an elf ; a fay. Locke.
2. Enchantreſs. Shakʃpeare.

FA'IRY. a.
1. Given by fairies. Dryden.
7. Belonging to fairies, Shakʃpeare.

F.A'IRYSTONE. ſ. A ſtone found in gravel

FAITH. ʃ. [foi, French.]
1. Belief of the revealed truths of religion. Hooker. Jamts. Hammond.
2. The fyflem of revealed truths held by
theChriaian church. ABi. Comm. Prayer,
3. Trull in God. Swift.
4. Tenet held. Shakʃpeare.
5. Tiuft in the honeſty or veracity of another.
6. Fidelity ; unfftaken adherence. Milton.
7. Honour ; ſocial confidence. Dryden.
8. Sincerity ; honeſty ; veracity.Shakʃpeare.
9. Prom'fe given. Shakʃpeare.

FAI'THBREACH. ʃ. [faith and breaeh.]
Breach if fidelity
; perfidv. Shakʃpeare.

FAI'THED. a. [from faith.] Honeſt ; finte-
e- Shakʃpeare.

FA'ITHFUL. a. [/a'V;5>and/a//.]
1. Finn in adherence to the truth hi religion,
2. Of true fidelity ; loyal ; true to allegiance. Milton.
3. Koneſts upright; without fraud.
4. Oljfervantof compact or promife. Dryden.

FAITHFULLY. ad. [from faithful.]
1. With firm belief in religion.
2. With full confidence in God.
3. With ſtrict adherence to duty. Shak.
4. Without failure of perfcuniance. Dryden.
5. Sincerely ; with ſtrong proinafes. Bacon.
6. HoneRIy ; without fraud. South.
7. ConfiJently ; ſteadily. Shakʃpeare.

FA'ITHFULNESS. ʃ. [from faithful,']
1. Honedy ; veracity. PJoliis.
2. Adherence to duty ; loyalty. Dryden.

FA'IIHLESS. a. [from faith.]
1. Without belief in the revealed truths of
religion ; unconverted. Hooker.
2. Perfidious ; difloyal ; not true to duty.Shakʃpeare.

FA'ITHLESSNESS. ʃ. [from fa,thlejs.]
1. Treachery ; perfidy.
2. Unbelief as to revealed religion.

FA'ITOUR. ʃ. [faifard, French.] A ſcoundrel
; a rafcal ; a mean fellow. Spenſer.

F.AKE. ʃ. A coil of rope, Harris.

FAIXA'DE. ʃ. [from falx, falcls, Latin.]
Y y » A

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


A horſe is ſaid to rmktfakjJes, when he
throws hiinfelf upon his haunches two or
three times, as in very quick curvets.

FA'LCATED. «. [falc'atus, Latin.] Hooked
; bent like a ſcythe. Harris.

FALCATION. ʃ. Crookedneſs.

FA'LCHIN. ʃ. [Frsnch fauchon.] A ſhort
crooked ſword ; a cymcter. Dryden.

FA'LCON. ʃ. [falkon, French.]
1. A hawk trained for ſport. Walton.
1. A ſort of cannon. Harris.

FA'LCONER. ʃ. [faukonther, French.]
One who breeds and trains hawks. Tempto

FA'LCONET. ʃ. [fakonette, French.] A
ſort of ordnance. Knolles.

FA'LDACE. ʃ. [fJdagium, barbarous L»t.]
A privilege reſerved of fetting up folds for
ſheep. Harris.

FA'LDING. ʃ. A kind of coarſe cloth. Dia.

FA'LDSTOOL. ʃ. [ſaid of fold and pel.]
A kind of ſtool placed at the ſouth-ſide of
the altar, at which the kings of England
kneel at their coronation.

To FALL. v.n. pret. I ſells y compound
pret. I ha've fallen, ox fain, [peallan. Sax. ;
3. To drop from a higher place.Shakʃpeare.
2. To drop from an erect to a prone poſture.
3. To drop ; to be held no longer. AEis.
4. To move down any deſcent. Burnet.
5. To drop ripe from the tree. Ija'ah.
6. To paſs at the outlet : as a river. Arbuthnot.
7. To be. determined to ſome particular
direction. Cheyne.
$. To apoſtife ; to depart from faith or
goodneſs. Milton.
9. To die by violence, Milton.
10. To come to a ſudden end. Davies.
; I. To be degraded from an high ſtation.Shakʃpeare.
32. To decline from power or empire. Addiʃon.
13. To enter into any ſtate worſe than the
former. Dryden.
34. To decreaſe ; to be diminiſhed.
15. To ebb : to grow ſhallow.
16. To decreaſe in value ; to bear leſs
price. Carew.
17. To ſink ; not to amount to the full. Bacon.
18. To be rejected ; to become null. Locke.
19. To decline from violence to calmneſs. Dryden.
20. To enter into any new ſtate of the
body or mind. Knolles.
a I. To ſinkintoanairof diſcontentordai'ection,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


22. To ſink below ſomething in compariſon. Waller.
23. To . happen ; to befal. Donne.
24. To come by chance ; to light on.Shakʃpeare.
25. To come in a ſtated method. Holder.
26. To come unexpefledly. Boyle.
27. To begin any thing with ardour and
vehemence. Hale.
aS. To handle or treat direct]y. Addiſon.
29. To come vindictively: as a puniſhment.
2. Chron.
30. To come by any miſchance to any
new poſſeſlTor. Knolles.
31. To drop or paſs by careleſneſs or imprudence. Swift.
32. To come forcibly and irrefiſhbly.
33. To become the property of any one
by lot, chance, inheritance. Denham.
34. To languiſh ; to giow faint. Addiſon.
35. To be born ; to be yeaned. Mortimer.
36. To Fall away. To grow lean.
37. To Fall away. To revolt; to
change allegiance. 2 Kings.
38. To Fall away. To apoſtatife. Eccluſ.
39. To Fall away. To periſh ; to be
loft. Dryden.
40. To Fall away. To decline gradually
; to fade. Addiʃon.
41. To Fall back. To fail of apromifc
or purpoſe. Taylor.
42. To Fall back. To recede ; to give
43. To Fai.'l do-xn. To proſtrate himſelf
in adoration, Pſalms.
44. 7b Fall down. To ſink ; not to
Hand. Dryden.
45. To Fall down. To bend as a ſuppliant, Iſaiah.

To YAI.X. from. To revolt; to depart
from adherence. Hayward.
47. To Fall in. To concur; to coincide. Atterbury.
48. To comply ; to yield to. Swift.
49. To Fall off. To ſeparate ; to be
broken. Shakʃpeare.
50. To Fall off. To periſh ; to die
away, Felton.
51. To Fali. off. To apo/latife. Milton.
52. To Fall on. To begin eagerly to
do any thing. Dryden.
53. To Fall on. To make an aflault,Shakʃpeare.
54. To Fall ouer. To revolt; to de-»
lert from one ſide to the other.Shakʃpeare.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


55. To FALL. out. To quarrel ; to jar. Sidney.
56. To Fall out. To happen ; to befal.
; Hooker.
57. To FALL to. To begin eagerly to eat. Dryden.
58. To Fall to. To apply himſelf to. Clarendon.
59. To Fall under. To be ſubject to. Taylor.
60. To Fall under. To be ranged with. Milton.
61. To Fall a/ion. To attack; to invade. Knolles.
6z. To Fall upon. To attempt. Holder.
63. To Fall upon. To ruſh againſt. Addiſon.

To FALL. v.a.
1. To drop ; to let fall. Shakʃpeare.
2. To ſink ; to depreſs. Bacon.
3. To diminiſh in value; to let ſink in
price, Locke.
4. To yean ; to bring forth. Shakʃpeare.

FALL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of dropping from on high. Dryden.
«. The act of tumbling from an ereift
poſture. Shakʃpeare.
3. The violence ſuffered in dropping from
on high. Locke.
4. Death ; overthrow ; deſtruction incurred.Shakʃpeare.
5. Ruin; diſſolution. Denham.
6. Downfal ; loſs of greatneſs ; declenſion
from eminence ; degradation. Daniel.
7. Declenſion of greatneſs, power, or dominion. Hooker.
8. Diminution; decreaſe of price. Child.
9. Declination or diminution of found; cloſe to muſick. Aiilton,
10. Declivity ; ſleep deſcent. Bacon.

II. Cataract ; cafcade. Pope. .
12. The outlet of a current into any other
water. Addiʃon.
13. Autumn; the fall of the leaf. Dryden.
14. Any thing that falls in great quantities. L'Eſtrange.
15. The act of ſelling or cutting down.

FALLA'CIOUS. a. [fallacieux, French.]
1. Producing miltake ; ſophiftical. South.
Z, Deceitful ; mocking expe(ſtation. Milton.

FALLA'CIOUSLY. ad. [from fallacious.]
Sophiftically ; with purpoſe to deceive. Brown.

FALLA'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from fallacious.]
Tendency to deceive.

FA'LLACY. ʃ. [fatlacia, Latin.] Sophifm ; logical artilice ; deceitful argument. Sidney.

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FALLIBILITY. f. {horn fallible.] Liable.
neſs to be deceived. J'Fatts

FA'LLIBLE. a. [fallo, Latin.] Liable to
^ '°'- Taylor.

FALLING. ʃ. [from fall,-] Indentings oppoled
to prominence, Addiʃon.

FA'LLINGSICKNESS. ʃ. [falUrxA ſick-
Tieſs.] Theepilepfy; a difeaſe in which
the patient is without any warning deprived
at once of his ſenſes, and falls down.
„ . ,, Shakʃpeare.

FA'LLOW. a. [pilepe, Saxon.]
1. Pale red, or pale yellow. Clarendon.
2. Unfowed ; left to reſt after the years of
^ge. Hayward.
3. PIowed, but not ſowed. Howcl.
4. Unplowed ; uncultivated. Shakʃpeare.'.
5. Unoccupied ; neglected, Hudibras. FALLOW. ſ. [from the adjective.]
1. Ground plowed in order to be plowed
^g^'' Mortimer.
2. Ground lying at reſt. iJowe

To FA'LLOW. ^. „. To plow- in order to
a ſecond plowing, Mortimer.

FA'LLOWNESS. ʃ. [<from fullo-w.] Barrenneſs
; an exemption from bearing fruit. Donne.

FALSE. a. [falſus, Latin.]
1. Not morally true ; expreſſing that which

IS not thought. Shakʃpeare.
2. Not phyſically true ; conceiving that
which does not exiſt, Davies.
3. Suppofitious ; ſuccedaneous. Bacon.
4. Deceiving expectation. L'Eſtrange.
5. Not agreeable to rule, or propriety,Shakʃpeare.
b. Not honeſt not juſt. Donne.
7. Treacherous
; perfidious ; traitorous. Bacon.
S. Counterfeit; hypocritical; not real. Dryden.

To FALSE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To violate by failure of veracity. Spenſer.
2. To deceive. Spenſer.
3. To dcfcat ; to balk ; to ſhift ; to evade. Spenſer.

FALSEHEARTED. a. [falſe.uA heart, 1
; perfidious ; deceitful ; hol-
^?'- Bacon.

FA'LSEHOOD. ʃ. [from falſe.]
1. Want of truth ; want of veracity. South.
2. Want of honeſt V ; treachery,
3. A lie ; a falſc- aflertioo.

FALSELY. ad. [from falſe.]
1. Contrarily to truth ; not truly. Government of the Tongue.
2. Erroneouſly ; by miſtake. SmalriJge,
3. Perfidiouſly ; tredcheroudv,

FA LSENESS. ſ. [from falſe.]
1. Contrariety to trmth.
2. Want

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2. Want of veracity ; violation of promii'e.
3. Duplicity ; deceit. Hammond.
4. Treachery ; perfidy ; traitoroufneis.

FA'LSER. ʃ. [from /^//if.] A deceiver.

FALSIFIA'BLE. ad. [from /i//>S.] Liable
to be Counterfeited.

FALSIFICATION. ʃ. [fjlfijication, Fr.]
1. The art of counterfeiting any thing fo
as to make it appear what jl js not.
?. Confuta'ion, B'oame.

FA'LSIFIER ʃ. [from fa'ffy.'.
1. One that counterfeits'; one that makes
any thing to fetm what it is not. B >)Ie.
2. A liar. L'Eſtrange.

To FA'LSIFY. v. a. [fulfifier, French.]
1. To counterfeit ; to torge. Hooker.
2. To confute ; to prove falſe. Addiʃon.
3. To violate ; to break by faliehood.

To FA'LSIFY. v. a. To tell lies. Sou:b.

FALSITY. f. [fjtfitat, Latin.]
1. Faliehood ; contrariety to truth. Sandys.
2. A lye ; an errour. Glarrvi't'e.

To FA'LTER. ʃ. n. [yaultur , Iſlandick.]
1. To helitate in the utterance of words,
2. To fail in any act of the body.Shakʃpeare.
3. To fail in any act of the nnderſtanding. Luke.

To FA'LTER. v. a. To cleanſe.

FA'LTERINGLY. ad. [from p/ffr.] With
hcfiLiiion ; with difficulty.

To FAMBLE. [fdmkr.^^ To hefitate.

FAME. ʃ. [pma, Latin.]
1. Celebrity ; renown. Addiʃon.
2. Rport ; rumour. Joj. ix. g.

FAMLD. a. [from ſame, ] Renowned ;

C;''es:<ited ; much talked or. Dryden.

FA MELESS. a. Without ſame. Muy.

FAMl'LIAR. a. [famtliam, Latin.]
1. Domeihck ; reluti.'ig to a family. Po'f.
2. Affable ; not formal ; eaſy in converf
»tio(i. Shakʃpeare.
3. U'Ketem<inious ; free. Sidney.
4. Well known. J'Watts.
c. Well acquainted with ; accuſtcmed. Locke.
6. Common ; frequent, Locke.
7. E'fy ; unconſtrained. Add':^on,
8. To >o nearly aiqoainted. Camden.

FAMl'LIAR. ſ. Aniniimats; one long acquauHtd.

FAMILIA'RITY. ʃ. [fmiUarite\ French.]
1. Ealineſs of co.'iverl'ation ; oaiiffio.T ot

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2. Acquaintance ; habitude, Ailetlury,
3. Edfy intercourſe. Poi-e.

To FAMILIARIZE. v. a. [Pmiliarijer,
1. To make eaſy by habitude.
2. To bring down from a ſtate of diſtan?
foperiority. Addiʃon.

FAMI'LIARLY. ad. [from fjmillir.]
1. Unceremoniouſly ; with freedom. Bac.
2. Commonly ; frequently. Raleigh.
3. Eaſily; without formality. Pope.

FAMl'LLE. en familk, Fienzh. In a ismily
way. invf-,

FA'MILY. ʃ. [fjim.'ia, Latin.]
1. Thoſe who live in the ſame houſe ; houſehold. Swift.
2. Thoſe that deſcend from one common
progenitor ; a race ; a generation.
3. A claſs ; a tribe ; a ſpecies. Bacon.

FAMINE. ʃ. [famine, French.] Scarcity
of food ; dearth. Ban .

To FA'MISH. v. a. [from ſames. Latin.]
1. To kill with hunger ; to ſtsrve. Shakʃpeare. V
2. To kill by deprivation of any thing ne.
celTary. Milian,

To FA'MISH. v. a. To die of hunger.Shakʃpeare.

FA'MISHMENT. ʃ. [from /;;;;//>.] W.nt
of food. ti<jk':iv!ll.

FAMO'SITY. ʃ. Renown. Diil.

fameux, French.] Renowned
; celebrated. Peacham, Milton.

FA'MOUSLY. ad. [from fumoui.] Celebrity
; great ſame.

FAN. ʃ. [vamus, Latin.]
I- An inſtrument uſed by ladies to move
the air and cc of themſelves. Atterbury.
2. Any thing ſpread out like a woman's
fan. L'Eſtran>ge.
3. The inſtrument by which the chaff is
blown away. thj-kſpeare,
4. Any thing by which the air is moved. Dryden.
5. An inſtrument to ra'.fe the fire. Hooker.

To FAN. v. a.
1. To cool or recreate with a fan. Spect.
2. To ventilate ; to ali'tdt by air put in
motion. Milton.
3. To ſeparate, as by winnowing. Bacon.

FA>JA TICl.-M. ſ. [from fanatult ; Enthufiaſm
; tcligious frenzy. Rogers.

FANA' I ILK. a. [finaticus, Latin.] Entl-
iUlialhck ; fuoeiltitious. MiJtoti,

[from ths adjoai ve.] An
enihuliaft ; a man mad with wild nations.
Deciiv of Piety.

FA'NCIFUL. a. [fancy wd fil']
1. Imaginative ; rather guided by imagi.
nation than reaſon. ff^oodward.
2. Directed by the imagination, not the
r:afon. Hayzcard,



FA'NCIFULLY. ai- [from prciful] According
eo the wildnsls of imag'inrion.

FA'NC[FULNESS. ſ. [from /z«a/v/.] Addiſtioa
to the pleaſures of imagination.

FA'NCY. ʃ. [ſhantafia, Latin.]
1. Inagination ; the pnwer by which the
rriind forms to itſelf images and reprefen
tations. Granville.
1. Anopinio.T bred rather by the imagination
than the reaſon. Clarenden.
,3. Tafle ; idea ; conception of things. Addiʃon.
4. Image ; conception ; thought.Shakʃpeare.
5. Inclination; liking; fondneſs, Collier.
6. Caprice; humovi ; whim. Dryden.
7. Ficlic.'c ; idle ſcheme ; vagary. L'Eſtrange.
S. Something that pleaſes or entertains. Bacon.

To FA'NCY. v. a. [from the noun.] To
imigine ; to believe without being able to
prove. i)frat.

To FANCY. v. a.
1. To pourtray in the mind ; to imagine. Drydsa,
2. To like ; to be pleaſed with. Raleigh.

FANCYMO'NGER. ʃ. One who deals in
tricks of imagination. Shakʃpeare.

FA'NC7SICK. a. [fjr.cy and fuk. ; Oae
whoſe diſtetnper is in his own mind,

FANE. ʃ. [fune, French.] A temple coniecrated
to religion. Philips.

FANFARON. ſ. [French.]
1. A bully ; a hetior.
2. A bluUerer ; a boader of more than he
can perform. Dryden.

FANFARONA'DE. ʃ. [from farfuron, Fr.]
A bluiter ; a tumour of fittitious dignity. Swift.

To FANG. t;. ^, [pr-ns'-n, Saxon.] To
feize ; to gripe ; to clutch. Shakʃpeare.

FANG. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The long tuiks of a boar or other animal,
ibake j>-are.
2. The nails ; the talons.
3. Any ſhootor other thing by which hold

IS taken. Evelyn.

FA'NGED. a. [from /jn^.] Furniſhed with
fangs or long teeth ; furniſhed with any
jnſtruments, in imitation of fangs.

FA'NGLE. ʃ. [from p^n^in, Saxon.] biily
attempt; trifling ſcneme.

FA'NGL»iD. a. [from yOw^/e.] It is ſcarce-
ly uſed but in new fang'e; -^ vainly fond of
novelty. Quick wits be in deſire new
f-ngu'd. Ajchjm.

FANGLESS. <7. [from //n^.] Toothlcis ; without teeth. Shakʃpeare.

FA'NGOr. ſ. A quantity of waies.'

i A NNEL. ſ. [./anon, French.] A fort of
crnament like a Icarf, wcrn about ibe left
arm of a mafs-prieſt.

FA'xNNER. ſ. [from //«.] One that plav,
^ ^,
^.- yeren,iab.

FANTASIED. a. [from /jntaiji:] Filled
wi'h fancies. bh^kelſeare,

FANTA'SM. ʃ. [S^e Phantasm.]


FANTA'STICK. ʃ. '' {./(ft^ue, Fr.]
1. Lrational ; bied only in the imaginat'o-
2. SubCfting only in the fancy ; imaginary'Shakʃpeare.
4. Capricious; humourous; unltcfdy. Prior.
5. WhimficaJ ; fanciful. Sidney. Ahlifon

FANTA'STICALLY. ad. [}iovnfanti,p,cal ]
1. By the power of imagination.
2. Capriciouſly ; humourously, Shakſp.
3. Whimfically, Grriu

FANTA'STICALNESS. ʃ. [from fan'.

FANTA'STICKNESS. ʃ. taftica!.]
1. Humourouſneſs ; mere compliance with
2. Whimficalneſs ; unreaſonableneſs.
3. Caprice ; unfteadineſs.

FA'NTASY. ʃ. [/<inw>, Fr.]
1. Fancy ; imagination ; the power of imagining.
Davses. Ah-nvton.
2. Idea; image of the mind. Spenſer.
3. Humour ; inclination, Wbii^,

FAP. a. Fuddled ; drunk. Shakʃpeare.

FAR. ad. [papp, Saxon.]
I« To great extent in length. Prior.
2. To a great extent every way. Prior.
3. To a great diſtancee progreffively.Shakʃpeare.
4. Remotely; at a great diſtancee. Bacon, Knolles.
5. To a diſtancee. Raleigh.
6. In a great part, Judga.
7. In a great proportion ; by many degrees.
2. To a great height ; magnificently.Shakʃpeare.
9. To a certain point ; to a certain degre'
_ Hammond. Thloifon.
10. It is uſed often in ccmi oſition : nifar-
P^coting, farfeeing.

FAR-FETCH. ſ. [far and fetch.] A deep
ſtratasem. Hud,bras.

FAR-FETCHED. a. f/jr and /,;</.]
1. Brought from place? rem»te. Miliar.
2. Studiouſly fought ; elaborately ſtrained. South.

FAR PIE'RCING. a. [far and puree. -.
Striking, or penetrating -a great way. b^cpe.

FAR-SHOOTING. a. Shuoting to'a great

FAR. a.
1. D.ftant; remote. Dryden.
2. Fnm

2. From Far. From a remote place.

FAR. ʃ. [contracted from fiirretv.] Young
pigs. 7z/_//fr.

To FARCE. v. a. [farcio, Latin.]
1. To fluff ; to fill with mingled ingredients. Carew.
2. To extend ; to ſwell out. Shakʃpeare.

FARCE. ʃ. [Jarcer, French, to mock.] A
dramatick repreſentation written without
reguhrity. Dryden.

FARCICAL. a. [flom farce.] Belonging
to a farce. ^Jf-

FARCY. ʃ. [farcin, French.] The leproly
i)f horſes.

FA RDEL. ſ. [farddUo, Italian.] A bundle ; a little pack. Shakʃpeare.

To FARE. v. n. [pJJian, Saxon.]
1. To go ; to paſs ; to travel. Fairfax.
2. To be in any ſtate good or bad. i-Valler.
3. To proceed in any train of conſequences
good or bad. .
4. To happen to any one well or ill. i^outh.
c. To feed ; to eat ; to be entertained.
^ Brown.

FARE. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Price of paITage in a vehicle by land
or by water. Dryden.
2. Food prepared for the table ; proviſions. Addiʃon.

1. The parting compliment ; adieu.Shakʃpeare.
»; It is ſometimes uſed only as an expreſſion
of ſeparation without kindneſs.


FAREWE'LL. ʃ. Leave ; act of departure. Milton.

FARINA'CEOUS. a. [from farina, Lat.]
Mealy; tafting like meal. Arbuthnot.

FARIVI. ʃ. [frme, French.]
1. Ground let to a tenant ; ground cultivated
by another man upon condition of
paying part of the profit. Hayward.
2. The ſtate of lands let out to the culture
of tenants. Spenſer.

To FARM. ad. [from the noun.]
1. To let out to tenants at a certain rent.Shakʃpeare.
2. To take at a certain rate. Camden.
3. To cultivate land.

FA'RMER. ʃ. ifrmier, Frenrb.]
1. One who cultivates hired ground.Shakʃpeare.
2. One who cultivates ground. Mortimer.

FA'RMOST. ʃ. [luperlative of/dr.] Moii
dift^nt. Dryden.

FA'RNESS ʃ. [from far.] Diſtante ; remo.
eneſs. Carczu.

FARRA'GINOUS. a. [from fa-rago, Lat.]
Formed of different materials. Bacon.

F iRRA'GO: f. [Latin.] A maſs formed
confuſedly oſ fevefal ingreaicnts ; a medley.


FA'RRIER. ʃ. [/errier, French.]
1. A ſhoer of horſes. Dtgiy.
2. One who profeffes the medicine of
horſes. Swift.

To FA'RRIER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
pradiſe phyſick or chirurgery on horſes. Mortimer.

FA'RROW. ʃ. [peajih, Saxon.] A little
pig. Shakʃpeare.

To FA'RROW. v. a. To bring pig's.

FART. ʃ. [pepe, Saxon.] Wind from behind. Suckling.

To FART. v. a. To break wind behind. Swift.%

FA'RTHER. ad. [We ought to write /arther
and futth.ft, popXoji, pjflJShakſp. Sax.]
Ata greater diſtancee ; to a greater diſtancee ; more remotely. Locke.

FA'RTHER. a. [ſuppoſed from far, more
probably from forth.]
1. More remote. Dryden.
2. Longer ; tending to greater diſtancee. Dryden.

FA'RTHERANCE. ʃ. [more properly furtherance.]
Encouragement ; promotion.

FARTHERMO'RE. ad. [more properly
furthermore.] Beſides ; over and above;
likewiſe. Raleigh.

To FA'RTHER. v. a. [more proper To further.]
To promote ; to facilitate ; to advance. Dryden.

FA'RTHEST. ad. [more properly /arr/fc^/?.]
1. At the greateſt diſtancee.
2. To the greateſt diſtancee.

FA'RTHEST. a. Moſt diſtant ; remoteſt. Hooker.

FA'RTHING. ʃ. [peojiXlins, Saxon.]
1. The fourth of a penny. Cocker.
2. Copper money. Gay.
3. It is uſed ſometimes in a ſenſe hyperbolical
: as, it is not worth ^ farthing .
or proverbial.

FARTHINGALE. ʃ. A hoop, uſed^to
ſpread the petticoat. Swift.

FA'RTHINGSWORTH. ʃ. As much as
is fold for a farthing. Arbuthnot.

FASCES. ʃ. [Latin.] Rods anciently carried
before the conluls. Dryden.

FAiSCIA. ſ. [Latin.] A fillet ; a bandage,

FA'SCIATED. a. [from f^Jcia.] Bound
with fillets.

FASCIA'TION. ʃ. [from faſcia.] Banriage.

To FA'SCIVATE. v. a. [fafcino, Latin.]
To bewitch ; to enchant ; to influence in
ſome wicked and ſecret manner. Decay of Piety.

FASCINA'TION. ʃ. [from /a/c/n«/f.] The
power or act of bewitching ; enchantment. Bacon.



FA'SCWE. ʃ. [French.] A faggot. Addiʃon.

FA'SCINOUS. a. lf>Jc!num, Lat.] Cauſed
or acting by witchcraft, Harvey.

FASHION. ʃ. [fa^on, French.]
1. Form; make; ſtate of any ^ing with
legard to appearance. Luke.
2. The make or cut of cloaths.Shakʃpeare.
3. Manner ; fort ; way. Hayward.
4. Cuſtom operating upon dreſs, or any
domeſtick ornaments. Shakʃpeare.
5. Cuſtom ; general practice. Sidney, Milton.
6. Manner imitated from another; way
eftabliſhed by precedent. Shakʃpeare.
7 General approbation ; made. Pope.
8. Rank ; condition above the vulgar. Raleigh.
9. Any thing v^^orn. Shakʃpeare.
10. The fancy
; a d ſtemper in hurſes ; the horſes leprofy. Shakʃpeare.

To FA'SHION. v. a. [fa^onner, French.]
1. To furm ; to mould ; to figure. Raleigh.
2. To fit ; to adapt ; to accommodate. Spenſer.
3. To caſt into external appearance.Shakʃpeare.
4. To make according to the rule prefer
bed by cuſtom. Locke.

FA'SHIONABLE. a. [from faſhion.]
1. Approved by culloni ; eftabliſhed by
cuſtom. ' Rome's,
2. Mide according to the mode. Dryden.
3. O ifervant of the mode. Shakʃpeare.
4. Having rank above the vulgar, and below
n biJity.

FA'SHION'ACLENESS. o [from faſhion.
a^'le.] M^diITi elegance-'. Locke.

FA'SHIONABLY. ad. [from faſhionable.]
In a manner cor.formable to cuftum ; with
modiſh elegance. S'^uth,

FA'SHIONIST. ʃ. [from f.Jh:on.] A follower
ff the mode ; a cox>.omb.

T;» FAST. v. V. Ifaſtan, Gothick.]
1. To abftain from food. Bacon.
2. To mortify the body by religious abfti-
ence. MjiiIjiiv,

FAST. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. Abftinence from toed. Taylor.
2. Religious mort.fication by abftinence; lelieious humiliation. Atterbuty,

FAST. a. [parpt, Saxon.]
1. Firm ; iijioioveable. Milton.
2. Strong ; impregnable. Spenſer.
3. Fixed. Temple.
4. Deep ; found. Shakʃpeare.
5. Firm in adherence. Afchcim.
6. [from ^^, Wciſh.] Speedy; quick; ſwift. Dallies.
7. Fast and koje. Uncertain; variable; iiiconſtant. Sidney.
t' A T

FAST. ad.
1. Firmly ; immoveably. Shakʃpeare.
2. Ciofely ; nearly. Knolln.
3. Swiftly; nimbly. Danitl,
4. Frequently. Hammond.

To FA'STEN. v. a. [from /./?.]
1. To make faſt ; to make firm. Dryden.
2. To hold together ; to cement ; to link. Donne.
3. To affix ; to conjoin. Swift.
4. To ſtimp
; to impreſs, ^1 akſpeare,
5. To ſettle ; to confirm. Decay of Piety.
6. To lav 'n with ſtrength. Dryden.

To FA'STEN. v. n. To fix himſelf,

FA'STENER. ʃ. [from fafei.] One that
makes fafl or firm.

FA'STER. ʃ. [from faji,-] He who abftai.ns
from food.

FA'STHANDED. a. [/j,? and A<j«i.] Avaricious
5 cloſehanded ; covetous. Bacon.

FASTIDIOSlTi'. ſ. [from japdious.] Difdainrulneſs. Stillingfleet.

FASTI'DIOUS. a. [fapidiorus, Latin.]
Diidainful ; ſqueamiſh ; delicate to a vice. Ben. Johnson, South.

FASTI'tllOUSLY. ad. [from faf.tditus, ]
Dildainfully ; ſqueamiſhly. Government of the Tongue.

FASTIGI'ATED. a. [fip-giatuj, Lat.] Riiof-d.

FA'.^TINGDAY. ſ. [/y?and Jjy ] Day
of mortification by abilinence. Taylor.

FA'STNESS. ʃ. [f,om>/.]
1. Firmneſs ; fi:m aiheience. Bacon.
2. Strength; ſecurify. Davies.
3. A ſtrong place ; a place not eaſily forced.
4. Cl'jfeneſs ; concif.-neſs ; not diffuilcn,

FASTUOUS. a. [fafluojus, Lat.] Proud; h^ugh'.y.

FAT. a. ſpsr, Saxon.]
1. F'alitcJ ; plump ; tl;ITiy. Arbuthnot.
2. Coarſe i groſs ; dull. Dryden.
g. Wealthy ; rich. Mnion,

FAT. ʃ. An oily ard fulphureous part of
the blood, depoſited in the celis of the
membtana adipofa, from the innumerable
little velTtls which are ſpread amongll
th'-m. Bacon.

FAT. ʃ. ſp^t, Saxon.] A v fTel in which
any thing is put to feitnent or be ſoaked.

To FAT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
m«ke fat ; to fatf-n, Arbut.

T) FAT. v. n. To grow fat ; to grow full
flelhed. L'Eſtrange.

FATAL. a. [fjfalis, Latin.]
1. Deadly; mortal; deſtrudive; cauſing
deſtruction. Dryden.
2. Proceeding by deftiny ; inevitable; neceſſary.

Z z 3. Appointsi


FA'THERLY. a. [from Jyhcr.] Paternal
; lilce a father. Shakʃpeare.

FA'THERLY. ad. In the manner of a fath<.
r. Milton.

FA'THOM ʃ. [jTje'om, Sxon]
1. A meaſure of length containing fix feet. Holder.
2. Reach ; penetration ; depth of contriwTice. Shakʃpeare.

To FA'THOM. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To encompaſs with the aims extended
or encirchng.
2. To reach ; to maner. Dryden.
3. To fjund ; to try v^ith reſpect to the
Depth. Fehott,
4. To penetrate into ; to find the bottom :
as, I cannot fathom his defiyn.

FA'THOMLESS. <'. [Jtom fathom.]
1. That of which no b'ttom can be found.
2. That of which the circumference cannot
be embraced. Shakʃpeare.

FATI'DICAL. a. [fatljlcui, Latin.] Prophetick
; having the power to foret-1,
D>jd>J. FATI'FEROUS. a. [/jr/pr, Lat.]D-3dly;
3. Endued with any qtisLfy by fate. P//0-. mortal. Dia.
Father. ſ. [F^^iji, i-'xon.]

FATIGABLE. «. [fa:igo, Lat.] E^fiiy
1. He by whom the Ion or dau-hter is be- wearied.
gotted. Bacon.

To FA'riGATE. 1/. 3. [ft^tigo, Latin.] To
2. The firſt anceſtor. Ro',:ans. weary ; to fatigue. Shakʃpeare.
-i,. Theappeilationof ancld man. C«tf;Ji.'n.

FATI'CyE. ſ. [fattg^ue, French.]

5. Appointed by deftiny. Bacon.

FATALIST. ʃ. [from fate.] One who
maintains that all things happen by invincible
ni'cefllty. Hjhs.

FATALITY. ʃ. '[faialite, French.]
1. Fiedeftination ; predetermined order or
ſeries of chings and events. South.
2. D.'cree of tate. King Charles.
3. Tendency to danger. Broome.

FA'TALLY. ad. [from fatal;
1. Mjitally ; defltuaive.y ; even to denh.
2. By the decree of fate. Hentley.

[from /j/a/.] Invincible

F-ATE. ʃ. [fatum, Latin.]
1. Deftinv'; an eternal ſeries of ſucceihve
2. Event predetermijisd.
3. Death ; deſtruilion.
4. Ciuſe Jaf death.

FA'TED. a. [it -m fati.:\
1. Decreed by fate. Milton.Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
Determined in any manner by fate.
4. The title of any man niveiend.Shakʃpeare.
5. One who has given original to any
thing good or bad. - Genfis.
6. The ecckfufl.cal writers of the fiift
centuries. Stillingfleet.
7. One who ads with paternoi care and
tenderntff. J^-
8. The title of a pnpiſh conſtiror. Addiſon.
2. Tile title of a fenatjr of old Rome. Dryden.
W^arineſs ; laflitude.
2. The cauſe of wearineſs labour ; toil. Dryde>7.

To FATI'GUE. v. a. [fatigue, F.] To
tire ; to weary. Prior.

FATKI'DNEYED. a. [fat and kdr^^y.]
Fit. Shakſpeare.

FATLING. ʃ. [from ſt'.] A young animal
led fat for the ſhughter. r,ai<ih.

FATNER. ʃ. [from fat.] That which
gives fatneſs. Arbuthnot.
rhe appellation of the firſt perſon of FA' 1 NESS. ſ. [from fut.]
< .jij^g
quality of bting fat, phimp.
5 greaſe ; fulneſs of fleſh. Spenſer.
10. the ad.-: able Tiinity. Taylor.
11. The compthation of God as Creator. Common Prayer.

FATHER-IN-LAW. ſ. [from father.]
The father of one's huſband or wife. Addiʃon.

To FA'THER. t-.a
Uniltuous or greaſy matter. Bacon.
Ole.'.ginouſneſs ; flimineſs. Arbuthnot.
Fertility; fruitfulneſs. Geneſis.
That which cauſes fertility.
Phtlipi. Berkley.
To take; to adept 3sa ſon ordsughter.

To FA'TTEN. i/.- <j. [from fat.]. Shakʃpeare.
2. To ſupply with a fither. Shakʃpeare.
^, To 'adopt a coIT.poſition. Swift.
A To aſcribe to any one as his offspring, or
production. Hooker.

FATHERHOOD. ʃ. [from father.] The
charai'ler of a father. Hall.

FA'] HEIRLESS. ad. [from father.] Wishout
a fa her. Sandys
To feed up ; to make fleſhy. Arbuth.
2. To make fruitful. Dryden.
3. To feet) groſly ; to increaſe, Dryden.

To FA'TFEN. v. a. [from /a/.] To grow
fat ; to be pampered. Otzvay,

FA'TUOUS. a. [fdtous, Latin.]
1. Stupid ; fooliſh ; feeble oſ mind. Glanville.
2. Impotent ; without force, Denham.

FATHERLINESS. ʃ. [Uooi father.]

The FATU'ITY. ſ. [fatuite, French.] Fooliſhlenderneſs
of a father. neſs : weakneſs of mind, King Charles.


FA'TWITTED. a. [/«r and w//.] Heavy ; dull. Shakʃpeare.

FA'TTY. a. [from fat.] Unduous ; ole.fginous
; grejfy. Bacon.

FA'U ET. ſ. Xfauffet, French.] The pipe
inferted into a ve/Jel to give vent to the
liquor, and flopped up by a peg or ſpigor. Swift.

FA'UCHION. ʃ. [See Fa I. CH ION. ; A
crooked ſword. Dryden.

FAVFEL. ʃ. [French.] The ſmit of a
ſpecies of the palmtree.

FAVI'LLOUS. a. [fi'vilb, Latin.] Conſiſting
of aſhes. Brown.

FA'ULCON. See Falcon.

FAULT. ʃ. [faute. French.]
1. Offence ; ſlight crime ; ſomewhat liable
to cenſure. Shaksp,
7. Defeict ; want ; ?bſence. Shakʃpeare.
3. Puzzle ; difficulty.

To FAULT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
be wrong ; to fail. Spenſer.

To FAULT. v. a. To charge with a fault ; to accuſe.

FA'ULTER. ʃ. [(som fault.] An offender,
t Fairfax.

FA'ULTFINDER. ʃ. [fault and fir,d.] A

FA'ULTILY.^t/. [from faulty.] Not rightly ; improperly.

FA'ULTINESS. ʃ. [from /^«/0'.]
1. Badneſs ; vitiouſneſs ; eviL Sidney.
7. Delinquency ; actual . ſtences. Hooker.

FAULTLESS. a. [Ucm fault. ; Without
5 perfect. Fairfax.

FA'UL.TY. a. [fautif, French.]
1. Guilty of a fault ; blameable ; criminal. Milton.
2. Wrong ; erronenus. Hooker.
3. D: feffive ; bad in any reſpect. Bacon.

To FA VOUR. v. a. [fuvor, Latin.]
1. To ſupport ; to regard with kindneſs. Bacon.
2. To aſſiſt with advantages or conveniercies. Addiʃon.
3. To reſemble in feature. Spenſer.
4. To conduce to ; to contribute.

FA'VOUR. ʃ. [fa-ror, Latin.]
1. Countenance ; kindneſs ; kind regard.Shakʃpeare.
2. Support ; defence ; vindication. Rogers.
3. Kindneſs granted. Sidney.
4. Lenity ; miidneſs ; mitigation of puniſhment. Swift.
5, Leave ; good will ; pardon. Pſalm.
6. Object of favour ; perſon or thing favoured. Milton.
7. Something given by a lady to be worn. Spectator.
8. Any thing worn openly as a token.Shakʃpeare.
9. Feature ; countenance. South.

FA'VOURABLE. a. [favorable, Fr.]

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1. Kind ; propitious ; afiectionate.Shakʃpeare.
2. To alliative; tender; averſe from cen-
3. Conducive to ; contribut'ng t.-),, Tenrpie.
4. Accommodate ; convL-nient, C-^rmdon.
5. ReiutiCuJ ; well favoured. Sſtr.ſcr

FA'VOURABLENESS. ʃ. [from fivLrable
] Kndneſs ; benignity.

FA^VOURABLY. od. from favourable,-]
Kindly ; with favour. Robert.

FA'VOUR ED. particif,. a.
1. Regarded wth kin.^neſs. Pope. .
2. Fe^tur°d. With tuell or ill. Spenſer.

FA'VOUREDLY. ad. Wich loell 0/ill,
in a f,fir or foul way,

FA'VOURER. ʃ. [from favour. 1 One who
favours ; one who regards with kindneſs
or tend-rneſs. Daniel.

FA'VOURIrE. ſ. [favori, favorite, Fr.]
1. A perſon or thing beloved ; on- reg.
irded with favour. Pope.
2. One chofcn as a companion by his fu-
P'^'-'^our, Clarenden.

FA'VOURLESS. a. [from /^^'««r.]
/. Unfavoured ; not regarded with kindneſs.
2. Unfavouring ; unpropitious. Spenſer.

FA'USEN. ʃ. A ſort of large eel. Chapman.'

FA'USSEBRAYE. ʃ. A ſmall mount of
earth, four fathom wide, erected on the
level round the foot of the rampart. Harris.

FA'UTOR. ʃ. [Latin ; fauteur, French.]
Favourer ; countenancer. Ben. Johnſon.

FA'UTRESS. ʃ. [fauirice, Fr.] A wotnan
that favours, or ſtrows countenance. Chapman.

FAWN,/. Ifaon, French.] A young deer.
_ Bacon.

To FAWN. ni. n.
1. To court by friſking before one ; as a
2. To court by any means. South.
3. To court ſervilely, Milton. FAWNER. ſ. [from fjtvn.] One that
fawns ; one that pays ſervile courtſhip,

FA'WNINGLY. ad. [from faton.] In a
cringing ſervile way.

FA'XED. a. [from p;e)r, Saxon.] Hairy.
, Camden.

FAY. ʃ. [fee', French.]
1. A fairy ; an elf. Milton.
f^'t'^-. Spenſer.

FE ABERRY. ſ. A gooſeberry.

To FEAGUE. v. a. [fegen, German, to
ſweep.] To whip ; to chaſtiſe.

FE'ALTY. ʃ. [fau.'te, French.] Duty due
to a ſuperiour lord. Milton.

FE.4.R. ſ. [pe^jisn, Saxon.]
1. Dread ; horrour ; apprchenſion of dan-
£«' ^ Locke.
^ ^ ^ a. Awes

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2. Awe ', lUjection of mind. Geneſis.
3. A'lxiety ; ſolicitude. Maccahee^!.
4. That which caiifes fear. Shakʃpeare.
5. Something hung up to ſcate deer.

FEAR. ʃ. [p:5 J11,
Saxon ] A companion.

To FEAR. v. a. ſpe 71, Saxon ]
1. To dread ; to conſider with app-ehenfiops
of terrour. Dryden.
2. To fright ; to terrify ; to make afraid. Donne.

To FEAR. v. n.
1. To live in ho:rcur ; to be sfrald.Shakʃpeare.
4. To be anxious. Dryden.

1. Tim rous ; eaſily made afraid.Shakʃpeare.
2. Afraid. Davies.
3. Awful ; to be reverenced. Exodus.
4. Terrible ; dreadful. TIHotſon.

FE'ARFULLY. d. [Uomfcarfu'.]
1. Tirticrouſly ; in fear. Shakʃpeare.
2. Terribly ; dreadfully. Shakʃpeare.

FE'ARFULNESS. ʃ. [from /ar/L/.]
1. Tmiorouſneſs ; habitual timidity.
2. State of being afraid: awe; dread. South.

FEARLESLY. oJ. [from forleſs.] Without
terrour, D c^7y of Piety.

FE'ARLESNESS. ʃ. [from farlf.] Exemption
ficm fear. Clarend-in.

FE'ARLESS. a. [from far.^ Free from
fear ; intrepid. Temple.

FEASIBI'LITY. ſ. [from fe^ſible.] A
thinz praaicable. Brown.

FE'ASIBLE. a. [piple, French.] Prscticable
; that may be effected. Glanville.

FE'ASIBLY. cJ. [Unm feajUU.] Praflicably.

FEAST. ʃ. [fcile, French.]
1. An entertainment of the table ; a fumptuous
treat of great numbers. Genefts.
2. An anniverſary day of rejoicing.Shakʃpeare.
3. SomethingdeHciou' to the palate. Lotic.

To FEAST. v. n. To eat fumptuuunv. Gay.

To FEAST. ʃ. a.
1. To entertain fumptuoudy. Hayward.
2. To delight ; to p.unper. Dryden.

FE'ASTER. ʃ. [ltoxnf-ofi..
1. One that fares deliciouſly. layjr.
1. 0->e that entertains magnificently.

FEASTFUL. a. [ft.yl and/. ſ. '.]
1. F«fHve ; joyful. Milton.
2. Luxoiious; riotous. Pope. .

FE'ASTKITE. ſ. [fcaſt nr\i rite.] Cuſtom
obſerved 10 enrertainnien'r. Ph:l:p5.

I EAT. ſ. [/'. F-efiſh ] ^ ,
1. Act ; deed ; action. tpenſer.

2. A trick ; a ludicrous performanc?. Bacon.

FEAT. 0. [frit, French.]
1. Ready ; ſkilful ; ingenious. Shakʃpeare.
2. Nice ; neat. Shakʃpeare.

FE'ATEOUS. a. Neat ; dexterous.

FE'ATEOUSLY. ad. Neatly ; dexteroudy.

FE'ATHFR. ʃ. ſpeiShakſp. Saxon.]
1. The plume of birds. Newton.
2. An ornament ; an empty title.
3. [Upon a horſe.] A ſort of natural
frizzling of hair. Fa-r/Vr's D Si.

To FE'ATHER. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To clreſs in feathers.
2. To tit with feathers.
3. To tread as a cock, Dryden.
4. To enrich ; to adorn. Bacon.
5. To Feather one^s Nejl. To get
riches together.

FE'ATHERBED. ʃ. [feather and hed.] A
bed ſtuft'rH with feathers. Donne.

FE'ATHERDRIVER. ʃ. [father and
drive.] One who cleanſes feathers.

FL'ATHIRED. a. [from feather .]
1. Cloathed with feathers. Dryden.
2. Fitted with feathers ; carrying feathers. L'Eſtrange.

FE'ATHEREDGE. ʃ. Boards or planks
that have one edge thinner than another,
are called ſciithered^e ſhiff. Moxon.

FF.'ATHEREDGED.'a. [father and edge.]
Belonging to a feather edge. Mortimer.

FE'ATHERFEW. ʃ. A plant. Mortimer.

FE'ATHERLESS. a. [from feather.] Without
feathers. tJoiuel,

FE'ATHERSELLER. ʃ. [father and ſeller.]
Que who ſellss feathers.

FE'ATHERY. a. [from /^ar/5>fr.] CInathed
with feichers. Milton.

FEATLY. «</. rfrom/^.7f.] Neatly; nimbi/.

FE'ATNESS. ʃ. [from feat.] Neatneſs ;

FE'ATURE ʃ. [future, old French.]
1. The cact or make of the face. Shakſ.
2. .'iny lineament or ſingle part of the
face. Sfjtnjer.

To FE'ATURE. v. a. To rrfen.ble in
courten'nce. Shakʃpeare.

To FEAZE. v. a. To untwiſt the end of
a ri pe.

To FEBRICITATE. v. n. [fbriciier, Lat.]
Ta be in a fever.

FEBRIFU'GE. ʃ. [febris and fugo, Lat.]
Any medicine ſerviceable in a fever.

FEBRIFUGE. a. Having the power to
cure fevers. Arbuthnot.

FE'BRILE. a. [firilis, Latin.] Cmftitutir.
g a fever. Harvey.


FE'BRUARY. ʃ. [februanus, Lat.] Tke
name of the ſecond month in the year. Shakʃpeare.

FE'CES. ʃ. [faces, Lat^n.]
1. Dregs ; lees ; ſediment ; ſubſi.'ence; Dryden.
2. Excrement, A'buthnot.

FECULENCE. 1 r r c i i i

FE'CULENCY. [^' [f-^^^'''^'
1. Muddintfi ; quality of abounding with
Jees f fedlITeiit.
z Lees ; feces ; ſediment ; dregs. Boyle.

FE'CULENT. a. [facuknius, Lat.] FouJ ;
drppay ; excrementifious. ClunviUf,

FECUND. a. [fcecu'idui, Lat.] Fruitful; prolifirk. GrJunt.

FECUNDATION. ʃ. [fcecuvd:, Lat.] The
a^ of nuking proliſick, Brown.

To FECU'NDlf y. v. a. To make fruitful.

FECUNDITY. ʃ. [fc^ndite, Fr.] Fruittulneſs
; quality of jiioducing or bringing
forth. Woodward.

FED. Preterite and participle pail', if To
feed. Pope. .

FE'DARY. ʃ. A partner ; or a dependant.Shakʃpeare.

FEDERAL. a. [from /tti«5, Latin.]' Relating
to a ]eague or ci nrradl. Hammond.

FE'DERARY. ʃ. [from >£'«», Lat.] A
confederate ; an accomplice. Hkok'lfiate,

FEDERATE. a. [fcederatni, Latin.] Leagued.

FEE. ʃ. [p'oh, Saxon]
1. All lands and tenements that are held
by any acknowledgment of ſupciionty to
a higher lord, Cowd,
2. Property ; peculiarity. Shakʃpeare.
3. Reward ; gratification ; reconnpei.fc-.
nMf'dU Tah.
4. Payments occaſionally chimed by perf.
jns in office. Shakʃpeare.
5. Reward paid to phyſicians or lawyers. Addiſon.

FE'EFARM. ʃ. [/c and /-rw.] Teri.ae
by which lands are held from a Aipeiiour
lord. Danies.

To FEE. v. a. [from the ncnn.]
1. To reward ; to P'.y. South.
2. To bribe. ShIThe',peart-,
3. To keep in hirr. Shakʃpeare.

FE'EBLE. <», [foih'e, Fr.] Weak j' debilitated
; (ickly. 5^^,7/1.

To FEEBLE. v. a. [from the noun. | To
weaken ; to enfeeble; to deprive of ftrength
or power. Shakʃpeare.

FEEBLEMI'NDED. a. [feeble anl w/W.]
Weak or iniod. Thfjfiloyuam.

FE'EBLENESS. ʃ. [from ſells:.] Weaknef?
i imoectlity ; intlrmity. South.

FE EBLY. a. [from feeb!e.] Weakly ; without ſtrength. Dryden.

To FEED. 1: a. [fcdan, Go h. y-Cr, n, Sax.]
1. To ſupply with fjod. A -u hra.

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2. To ſupply . to furnilTi. Addiʃon.
3. To graze ; to confume by cattle. Mortimer,
4. To nouriITi ; to cher.ſh. Prior.
5. To keep in hope or expectation. Knolles.
6. To delight; to entertain. Bacon.

To FEED. v. V.
1. To take food. Shakʃpeare.
2. To prey ; to live by eating. Temple.
3. To paiiure ; to place cattle to fi^id. Exodus.
4. To grow fat or plump.

FEED. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Food ; that which is eaten. Sidney.
2. Pifture. Shakʃpeare.

FE EDER. ſ. [from feed.]
1. One that gives food. D nban.
2. An exciter ; an encourager. Shakʃpeare.
3. One that eats. BraiuJ,
4. One that eats nicely. Shakʃpeare.

To FEEL. v. n. pret. fe/l ; part. pail, felr]
[plan, Saxon.]
To have perception of thiags by the
tc-a- Addiſon.
2. To ſearch by feeling.
3. To have a quitk Is.-ifibility of good or
«^''-Pope. .
4. To appear to the touch. S/^ari,

To FEEL. v. a.
1. To perceive by the touch. JudtTet,
2. To try ; to found. Shakʃpeare.
3. To have ſenſe of pain or pleaſur'e.
4. To be affeaed by. Shakʃpeare.
5. To know ; to be acquainted with.

FEEL. ʃ. [from the verb.] The ſenſe of
feeling ; the touch. Sharb

FE'ELER. ʃ. [from /.f/.]
1. One that feels. Shakʃpeare.
2. The horns or antennje of infeſts. Denham.

FEE'LING. partidp. a. [from /W.]
1. Expreſliva of grjat fenlibjiity. Sidney.
2. Senfibay felt. Southern.

FE'ELING. ʃ. [from /'?/.]
1. The f'-nfe of touch. Afihon.
Z Senfibi'ity ; tenderneſs, Bacon.
3. P.;rc?pti'>n. Watts.

FEE'LINGLY. ed. [{rem feli-^.]
1. With expre.fion of great ſenſibility. Sidney.
2. So as to be ſcnfibiy fflt. Raleigh.

FElIT. ſ. The plural of r-sr. P„p,.

FEE'TLESS. ei. [from /.-«.] Without feet. Camden.

To FEI3N. --, a. [fandrr^ French.]
1. To invert. Ben. Jr.hrfort.
Z- To maki; a ſhow of. Spenſer.
3. To mal-f a ſhow of ; to do un n ſome
taiſe orerence. Pope. .
4. To dJCen-ible ; to conce-.', Spenſer.
I^ E L

To FEIGN. v. r. To relate falſely ; to
imaee from the invention. Shakʃpeare.

FE'IGNEDLY. <3<i. [from ſtlgn.] Infi^ion; not (rojy. Bacon.

FEIGNER. ʃ. [from feign] Inventer ; contriver of a fiſſion, Ben. Johnſon.
SY-ViIT. participial a. [for feigned ^ or feint,
French.] Falfe.

FEINT. ʃ. [feint, French.]
1. A falſt; appearance. SpeElaioy.
t. A mnck afTai-iit. Prior.

FELANDERS:. ʃ. Worms in hawks.

To FELI'CTTATE. v. a. [felicier, Fr,]
1. To IT)<!ke happy. Ifutts,
2. To congratulate. Brown.

FELICITA'TION. ʃ. [from felicitate.] Congratulnion,

FELI'CIT0U.S. 6!. Iftlix, Lat.] Happy.

FELrCITY. ſ. [fduita^, Lat.] Happi.
n? f-
; prolperity ; bJifsfulneſs. Atterbury.

FE'LIN^.^, [felinui^ Litin.] Like a cat; petjaiiiing to a cat. Grew.

FELL. a. [pslle, Saxon.]
1. Cruel ; barbarous ; inhuman. Fairfax.
2. Savage ; ravenous ; bliwidy. Pope. .

FELL. ʃ. [pelie, ,Saxon.] The ſkin ; the
hide. Shakʃpeare.

To FELL. v. a. [fJlen, G:'rman.]
1. To knock down ; to bring to the
gr iund. Raleigh.
2. To hew down ; to cut down. Dryden.

FELL. The preterite of To falL Milton.

FE'LLER. ʃ. [from ſells.] One that hews
down. Iſaiah.

'FELLI'FLUOUS. a. [felaniSfljO, Latin.]
Flowing with gall. D:fl.

FE'LLMONGER. ʃ. [from feil ] A dealer
in hii!cs.

FE'LLNESS. ʃ. [from /t//.] Cruelty; ſavageneſs
; fury. Spenſer.

FE'LLOE. ʃ. [fdge, Daniſh ] Thecircumfereiv-
e of a wheel. Shakʃpeare.

1. A companion ; one with whom we
conſort. Afcham.
2. An aflociate ; one united in the ſame
affair. Dyd n.
3. One of the ſame kind. U'-aler.
4. Equal ; peer. Fairfax.
5. O le thing ſuited to another ; one of a
pair. Addiʃon.
6. One like another : as, this knave hath
not h\s ſellsciv,
7. A familiar appellation uſed ſometITies
with fondneſs ; ſometimes with contempt. Bacon.
8. Mean wtetch ; forry rafcal. Swift.
Q. A member of a college that ſhares its

To FE'LLOW. 1J. a. To ſuit with ; to
pair with. Shaksf^ia: s.


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1. One who has the ſame right of common.
2. A commoner at Cambridge of the
higiier order, who dines with the fellows.

FELLOW-CREA'TURE. ſ. One that has
the Ame Creator. '.'/ is.

FELLOW-HEIR. ʃ. Coheir. Ephe/iart.

FELLOW HL-.'LPER. [. Coadjutor. John

FELLOW-LA'EO'JRER. ſ. One ho labouis
in the ſame defion. Dryden.

FELLOW-SE'RVANT; /, One that hns
the ſame mafi'-r, Milton.

FELLOW SOLDIER,/. One who fights
under the ſame, com.mander. Shakʃpeare.

FELLOW-STUDENT. ʃ. One who fUidies
in company with another. Wotn.

FELLOW-SU'FFERER. ſ. One who ſhares
in the ſame evils, Addiʃon.

FELLOWFEE'LING. ʃ. [feihw and feel-
1. Syropathy. L'Eſtrange.
2. C'>r)bi'!?tion ; joint intereſt. Arbuthnot.

FE'LLOWLIKE. ʃ. «. SJdlo-w and //;^f.]

FE'LLOWLY. ^ Like a companion ; on
equal terms, Carew.

FE'LLOWSHIP. ʃ. [bomfelkto.]
1. Companionſhip ; conſort; ſociety.
2. Aflbciation ; confederacy ; combination.
3. Equality.
4. Partnerſhip ; joint intereſt-. Dryden.
5. Company ; ſtate of being together.
6. Frequency of intercourſe ; ſociai pleaſure. Bacon.
7. Fitneſs and fondneſs for feflal entertainments. Clarendon.
8. An eftabliſhment in the college with
ſhare in its revenue, Swift.
9 [In arithmetick.] That rule of plural
propurtion whereby we balance zccompts,
depending between divers perſons, having
put together a general flock. Cock'r.

FE'LLY. ad. [from /.//.] Ctuelly ; inhumanly; ſavagely. Spenſer.

FELO DESE. ſ. [In law.] He thnt commifeth
felony by murdering himſelf.

FE'LON. ʃ. [fe.'on, French.]
1. One who has committed a capita! crime. Dryden.
2. A whitlow ; a tumour formed between
the bone and its inveſſing mem{)rane.

FE'LON. a. Ciuelj traitorous; inhuman.

FELO'NIOUS. a. [from flon.] Wicked; traitorous ; villainous ; m^liga.^nt. U otton,

FELONIOUSLY. ad. [(x^m felonioui.] In
a feloni-us way.

FE'LONOUS. a. [from /Jo».] Wicked ; lelonious, Spenſer.



FELONY. f. [felonie, Fr.] A crime denounced
capital by the law. ithakij^ian,

FELT. The preterite of ſtcl.

FELT. ʃ. [p^it, Saxon.]
1. Cloth made of wuol united without
weaving. Shakſpeare.
2. A hide or ſkin, Mortimer.

To FELT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
unite withfiut weaving. Hale.

To FE'L fRE. v. a. [from ///.] To clot
together like felt. Fairfax.

FELU'CCA. ʃ. [fdiu, Fr.] A ſmall open
b-at with fix oars.

FE'MALE. ʃ. [feme//,-, Fr.] A ſhe; one
of the ſex which brings young. 8kak;ſpe.tre,

FE'MALE. a. Not mafcaline ; belonging
to a ſhe. Dryden.

FEME Ciwrr. ſ. [French.] A married
woman. B'.ount,

FEME So'c. ſ. [French.] A ſingle woman.

FEMINA'LITY. ʃ. [ixon-ifamino, Latin.]
Fimale nature. Brown.

FEMININE. a. [famininut, Latin.]
1. Of the ſex that brings young; female. Cleaveland.
2. S ſt ; tender ; deh'cate. Milton.
3. Effemiiiate ; ennaCculated. Raleigh.

FEMININE. ʃ. A ſhe i one of the ſex
that brings young, Miitcn.

FE'MORAL. a. [femoralis, Latin.] Belonging
to the thigh. Shakſp.

FEN. ʃ. [penn, Saxon.] A marſh ; low
flat and moiſt ground ; a moor ; a br-g.

FE'NBERRY. ʃ. [fen and ierry.] A kind
<t blackberry. bkinner.

FENCE. ʃ. [h^.m defence..
1. Guird ; ſecurity ; outwork ; defence. Decay of Piety.
2. Incloſure ; mound ; hedge. Dryden.
3. The art or fencing ; defence. Shak-lp,
4. Skill in defence. Shakʃpeare.

To FENCE. t>. a.
1. To inclui'e ; to ſecure by an inclofjre
or hedge. Fairfax.
2. Ti> guard. Milto/t.

To FENCE. v. n.
1. To pradtife the arts of manual defence. Locke.
2. To guard againſt ; to act on the defen
five. Locke.
3. To fi^ht according to art. Dryden.

FENCELESS. a. [from fence. '\ Without
inclrtfure ; open. Reive.

FENCER. ʃ. f from fence.] One who
teaches or pradlifes the uſe of weapons.


FE'NCIBLE. a. [from /w«.] Capable of

FE'NCINGMASTER. ʃ. [fence?>nAmc!fler.]
One who 'e-'ches the uſe of weapor)S.

FE'NCINGSCHOPL. ʃ. [fnceiai^f.hool.]

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A place in which the uſe of weapons is
^t^ght. £5,^,.

To FcND. v. a. [from defnd ] To keep
oft ; to ſhut out. Dryden. .

To FEND. v. I!. To diſpute; to ſtitoff
a charge. £,f^,

FE'NDER. ʃ. [from ſend.]
1. An iron plate laid before the fire to hinder
coals that fill tr&m roiling forward to
the floor.
2. Ar.y thing laid or hung at the ſide of
a ſhip to keep off violence.

FENERATION. ʃ. [ſcenera/io, Latin.]
Uſury ; the ga;n of intereſt. Bacon.

FE'NUGREEK. ʃ. [fce,mmGracum, Lat.]
A plant, - M>Uer,

FE'NNEL. ʃ. [/o-wVa.'aw, Lat.] A plant
of i^rona ſcent. M'litr

FE'NNELFLOWER. ʃ. A plant.

FE'NNELGlANr. ſ. A plant.

FE'NNY. a. [from fen.]
1. Marſhy ; boggy; mooriſh. Prior.
2. Inhabiting the marfli. Shakʃpeare.

FEKNYSTONES. ʃ. A plant.

FE'NSUCKED. a. [fn and ſuck.] Sucked
out of mas flies. Shakſpeare.

FEOD. ʃ. [ſtodum, low Latin.] Fee; tenure.

FE'ODAL. a. [ffodal, Fr, from ſtod. ;
firld from another. k

FE'ODARY. ʃ. [from feodum, Lat.] One
who holds his ellate under the tenure of
ſuit and ſervice to a ſuperi.ur lord. Hanm.

To FEOFF. v. a. [fcoffare, low Latin.]
To put in pofſellsio.n ; to inveit with right

FEOF.'E'E. ſ. [foff^tus, L<.t>. ʃ. //, Fr.l
One put in p;ifielii ,n,

FE OFFER. ſ. ffoffaior, low Lat.] One
who gives pofTcſſion of any thing

FE'OFFMENT. ʃ. [fe'fjnuntum, Latinl
The ^a '.f granting pollVirun. O^ivJ.-

FERA'CITY. ʃ. [feracnas. Lat.] Fru.tfulnef
; fertility. D 61.

FE'RAL. a. [feralis, Latin.] Funsjcai

FERIATION. ʃ. [friMio, Luln.] The
act of keeping holiday. Brciw,

FE'RINE. a. [ferirus, Latin.] WildjVa-

FERI'NENESS. ʃ. [from /.T/«f.] Barbarity; favogeneſs. Hale.

FE'RITY. ʃ. [fetitas, Latin.] Barbarity; traekv ; wlldneſs, Wood7Lard.

To FERME'NT. v. a. [fermento, Latin.]
To exalt or rarify by inteſtine motion of
pa^- Pche,

To FE'RMENF. v. «. To have the parts
put into iiitelhne motion.

FE'RMENT. ʃ. [frn.e,>t,Vt.frnHy.tum.
- Latin.]
1. That which cauſes inteſtine iriotion,
/ ,'\er.
2. iiie

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S. The inteſtine motion ; tumulf.

FERME'NTABLE. a. [Uotnfitm.m.] Capable
of fermentation.

FEllMENTAL. a. [from ferment. ^^ Having
the puwer to caule ſtrmentation.
B oion.

FERMENTA'TION. ʃ. [fermevtcilio, Lat.]
A flow motion of the intelline panicles
of a mixt body, anfing ufu2lly from the
operation of ſome active acid muter,
which rarifies, exalts, and ſubtilizes the
foft and fulphurecos particles : as when
leaven or yell rarities, lightens, and ferments
bread or wort. Harm, Boyle.

FERME'NTATI'.'E. a. [from /frac-^f.]
Caiiſing fermentation. Arbu Inot,

FERN. ʃ. [p.-afifi, S.>xan.] A plant.

FE'RNY. a. [from />'«.] Overgrown with
fern. Dryden.

FEROCIOUS. a. [/.-c;i;, LU. /s/e.f, F-.]
1. iav;.gf ; fierce.
2. R:i venous ; rapacious. Brown.

FERO'CITY. ʃ. [ferocuai, Lat. frocve,
Fr.] Savageneſs ; wiianeſs ; fierceneſs.

FE'RREOUS. a. [ferrcw, Lat.] Irony; of iron. Baconvn.

FE'RRET. ʃ. [fureA, WelHi ; frrtt. Dot.]
1. A kind of rat with red cycS and a long
fnuut, uſed to catch t-nbits. Sidney.
2. A Ic^nd of narrow ribband.

To FE'RRET. v. a. [from the noun.] To
drive <.ui of lu.king places. thyhn.

FE'RRETER. ʃ. [from ferret.] One that
hunts sn' ther in his privacies.

FE'RRIAGE. ʃ. [itMifny.] The fare
paid rtt a ferrv.

FERRU'GINOUS. a. [ferrupne.::, Lat.]
l^aftaking or the particles and qualitiet of
ir n. P-i^y-

FEMt^ULE. ſ. [from frruo!, iron, Latin'. ]
An iron ring |.ut round any thing to keep
it from crack ng. Ray.

T'FE'RRY. -y. ſ. [p'^'n. to paſs, Sax..]
T c<rry over in a boat. Spenſer.

To FE'RRY. v. a. To paſs over warer in
a veli'el of carriage. M.hon,

FE'RRY. ʃ. [fn m the verb.]
1. A vtifei of carri.xge. Shakʃpeare.
2. The pallage over which the ferryboat

FE'RRYMAN. ʃ. [ferry and wan.] One
who keei s a feiry ; one wl,o for hire
tranſpoi ts goods and paſſengers. Roſco/nir.on.

FEITH. or Forth. Common lerminationi,
the ſame as in Engliſh an army.

FE'RTILE. a. [frtile, French.] Fruitful ; abundjp' ; plenteous. Dryden.

FE':<. i LENCSS. ſ. [from fertile.] Fruitfjinel
; fecundity.

To FERTI'LITATE. v. a. [from fertik]
To Itcunddte ; to fertilize. Brown.


FERTFLTTY. ʃ. [fertilita, Lat.] FecunJity
; abundance ; truitfulneſs. Raleigh.

To FE'RTILIZE. v. a. [fertilijer, Fr.]
To make frui;ful ; to make plenteous ;
to make produrtive ; to fecundate.


FE'RTILY. ad. [ham fertile.] Fruitfully ;

FE'RVEN'CY. ſ. [ſervens, Latin.]
1. Heat of m;nd ; ardour ; eagerneſs. Shakʃpeare.
2. Pious ardour ; flame of devotion ; zeal.

FERVENT. a. [fetvem, Latin.]
1. HJt ; boiling. Wotton.
2. Hot in temper ; vehement. Hooie .
3. Ardent in piety; warm in zeal. ./Ji/i.

FERVENTLY. ad. [from ſervent.]
1. E gerly; vehemently. ^poſer,
2. With p.cus ardour. OjIJjum,

FERVID. a. [fcvidus, Latin.]
1. Hot; burning; boiling.
2. Vehement ; eager ; zealous.

FERVIDITY. ʃ. [ixow ſervid.]
1. Heat.
2. Z-al ; pafliin ; ardour. Diet,

FE'RVIDNESS. ʃ. [from ſervid.] Araour
of m;nd ; zeal. Berkley.

FERULA. ʃ. [frul, Fr.] An inſtrumenc
wuh which y.ung leho.ars are beaten on
the hand. iiuw.

To FE'^'lULE. ti, a. To chaſtiſe with the

FE'RVOUR. (, [fr-uir, Lu. ſervew, Fr.]
1. Heat; warmth. Wjli^r.
2. H.at of miiiii ; zeal, Uo'ker,

FE'.SCUE. ſ. [f:fl'', Fr ] A ſmall wire by
which tiioſe who teach to read point out
the letters. Holder.

FE SELS. ſ. A kind of baſe grain. May.

FES;^E. ſ. : Fi heraldry.] The f-J'e is fo
called of the Latin woid fafca, a band or
girdle, pofieliing the third part of the efcotcheon
over the middle. Peacham.

To FE'STER. v. n. To rankle ; to corrupt
; to grow virulent. Sidney.

FE'STINATE. a. [fjl,natus, Latin.] Hafly ; hurrird. Shakʃpeare.

FESTIN'ATELY. ad. [irum fefinate.]
H-i'.Hly ; ſpci'dliy. Shakʃpeare.

FESriNA'TION. ſ. [ffiinstio^LMn.]
H i!'.e ; liurry.

FE'STIVAL. a. [fe/livus, Lat.] Pertaining
to featla; joyous. A(terbury.

FE'STIVAL ʃ. Time of feaſt ; anniverfarv-
d^y of civil or rel gious joy, Sandys.

FE'stIVE. a. [fftivm, Latin.] Joyous; gay. Thomfon.

FESTI'VITY. ʃ. [ffivtas, Latin.]
1. Feltival ; tirne of rejoicing. Se/th.
2. Giiety ; ; 'yfi'lneſs. Tay or,

FESTOO'N. ʃ. [fc/ion, Fr.] In architecture,
an ornaOTeac of craved wrork in the

form of a wreath or garland of flowers,
or leaves twiſted together. H^rrii.

FESTU'CINE. a. [fcjluca, Lat.] Strawcolour. Brown.

FESTU'COUS. a. [fcjluca, Lat.] Fjrmed
of ſtraw, Brown.

To FET. v. a. To fetch. Jeremiah.

FET. ʃ. A pie«e. D'ayton.

To FETCH. v. a. ^xctct. fetched. fj:eccan,
1. To go and bring. Waller.
2. To derive ; to draw. Shakʃpeare.
3. To ſtrike at a diſtancee, Baco.
4. To bring to any ſtate by ſome powerful
operation. Addiʃon.
5. To draw within any confinement or
prohibition. Sanderſon.
6. To produce by fozne kind of force. Addiʃon.
7. To perform any excurſion, Knolla.
8. To perſonn with ſuddenneſs or violence. Addiʃon.
9. To reach ; to arrive at ; to come to. Chapman.
10. To obtain as its price. Locke.

To FETCH. v. n. To move with a quick
return. Shakʃpeare.

FETCH. ʃ. [from the verb.] A ſtratagem
by which any thing is indirectly performed ;
a trick ; an artifice. Hudibras.

FE'TCHER. ʃ. [from fetch.] Oat that

FE'TID. a. [fcetidus, Latin.] Stinking; rancid ; having a ſmell ſtrong and offenſive. Arbuthnot.

FE'TIDNESS. ʃ. [from fetid.] The quality
of {linking.

FE'TLOCK. ʃ. [feet and lock.] A tuft of
hair that grows behind the paſtern-joint. Dryden.

FE'TOR. ʃ. [/arror, Latin.] A ſtink ; a
ftench. Arbuthnot.

FE'TTER. ʃ. [t is commonly uſed in the
plural, fetters. Chains for the feet. Raleigh.

To FE'TTER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
bind ; to enchain ; to ſhackle ; to tie. Bramhall.

To FE'TTLE. v. a. To do trifling bulineſs. Swift.

FE'TUS. ʃ. [fcetui, Latin.] Any animal
in embrio ; any thing yet in the womb. Boyle.

FEUD. ʃ. [peah.©, Saxon.] Qoarrel ; contention. Addiʃon.

FE'UDAL. a. [feudaUs, low Lat.] Pertaining
to fees, or tenures by which lands
are held of a ſuperiour lord,

FE'UDAL. ʃ. A dependance ; ſomething
held by tenure. Hale.

FEU'DATORY. ʃ. [from feudal.] One
who holds not in chief, but by ſome conditio.
Tial tenureo ^j.-rn,

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FEVER. ʃ. [fchrt!, Latin.] A difeaſe In
which the body is violently heated, and
the pulfe quickened, or in which heat and
cold prevail by turns. It is ſometimes
continoal, ſometimes intermittent. Locke.

To FE'VER. ʃ;. a. [from the noun.] To
put into a fever. Shakʃpeare.

FEVERET. ʃ. [ixcmfever.] A light fever
; febricula. AyHf^^,

FE'VERFEW. ʃ. [febris and fugo, Latin ]
An herb.

FEVERISH. a. [from fever.]
1. Troubled with a fever. Creech.
2. Tendinc, to a ſt>Jtr, Swift.
3. Uncertain
; moonftant ; nowhot,'now

C'.'ld. Dryden.
4. Hot ; burning. Dryden.

FE VERISHNESS. ſ. [from feverifi.] A
ſlight difnrder of the feveriſh kind.

FE'VEROUS. a. [fivrei^xfe, Fr.]
1. I'foubkd with a fever or ague.Shakʃpeare.
2. Having the nature of a fever. Milton.
3. Having a tendency to produce fevers.

FEVERY. a. [from fever.] diſeaſed with
a fever. Ben. Johnson.m

FE'UILLAGE. ʃ. [French.] A bunch or
row of leaves, Jervas,

FE'UILLEMORT. ʃ. [French.] The colour
of a faded leaf, corrupted commonly
to philemot.

FE'UTERER. ʃ. A dogkeeper.

FEW. a. [peo, Saxon.]
1. Not many ; not in a great number.
B rkley.
2. Not many words. Hooker.

FE'WEL. ʃ. [feu, French.] Combuftible
matter; as firewood, coal. Berkley.

To FE'WEL. T', a, [from the noun.] To
feed with fewel. Cowley.

FE'WNESS. ʃ. [from few.] 1. Paucity;
fmalneſs of number. D/j;(/t«,
2. Paucity of words. Shakʃpeare.

To FEY. v. a. To cleanſe a ditch, Tujir.

FIB. ʃ. A lye ; a falſehood. Fo/>f,

To FIB. v. n. To lie ; to tell lyes. Arbuthnot.

FI'BBER. ʃ. [from //^.] A teller of fibs.

FI BRE. ſ. [fibre, Fr. fibra, Latin.] A
ſmall thread or ſtring. Pope. .

FI'BRIL. ʃ. [fbrille, Fr.] A ſmall fibre
or firing. Cheyne.

FI'BROUS. a. [fibreux, Fr.] Compoſed
of fibres or ſtamma. Bacon.

[Latin.] The outer and leſſer
bone of the leg, much ſmaller than the
tibia. Quincy.

FI'CKLE. a. [pi-ol, Saxon.]
1. Changeable ; unconſtant ; irreſolute ; wavering ; unfleady. Milton.
2. Not fixed
; ſubiedl to viciffitude. Milton.

FI'CKLENESS. ʃ. [from frhle.] Incon-
Hancy ; uncertainty ; unfteadineſs. Sidney, Addiſon.
'SICKLY. ad. [from ſckle.] Without certainty
or ſtability, Soutlem.

Fl'CO. ʃ. [Italian.] An act of contempt
done with the fingers. Carenv.

FI'CTILE. a. [failh, Lat.] Manufaaured
by the potter. Bacon.

FiCTION. ʃ. [fiaio, Latin.]
1. The act of feigning or inventing. Stillingfleet.
2. The thing feigned or invented. Raleigh.
3. A falſehood ; a lye.

FI'CTIOUS. a. Fiaitious; imaginary. Prior.

FICTI'TIOUS. a. [fiaitiui, Lat.]
1. Counterfeit; falſe ; not genuine. Dryden.
2. Feigned ; imaginary. Pof/e.
3. Not real ; not true. AJdifon.

FICTI'TIOUSLY. ad. [from fiSidous.]
Falfely ; counterfeitly. Brown.

FID. ʃ. [ftla, Italian.] A pointed iron.

Fl'DDLE. ſ. [p'aele, Saxon.] A ſtringed
inſtrumentof muſick ; a violin. Stillingfleet.

To Fl'DDLE. v. fi, [from the noun.]
1. To play upon a fiddle. Bacon.
2. To trifle ; to ſhift the hands often,
and do nothing. Afiuihnot.

FIDDLEFADDLE. ʃ. [A cant word.]
Trifles. SfeBalor.

FI'DDLEFADDLE. a. Triſing ; giving
trouble. Arbuthnot.

FIDDLER. f. [from fiddk.] A muſician ;
one that plays upon the fiddle. Ben. Johnſon.

FI'DDLE^TICK. ſ. [fddUinift;ck'\ The
bow and hair which a fiddler draws over
the ſtrings of a fiddie. Hudiliras.

ri'DDLESTRING. ʃ. [fiddle andfring.]
The firing of a fiddle. Arbuthnot.

FIDE'LITY. ʃ. [fdciitai, Latin.]
1. Honed y ; veracity- Hooker.
2. Faithful adherence. Clarke,

To FIDGE. ʃ. v. n. [A cant word.] To

To FFDGET. ʃ. move nimbly and irregularly. Swift.

FIDU'CIAL. a. [fiducia, Lat.] Confident; undoiibting. Hammond.
PIDU'CIARY. ſ. [fidudarlus, Lat.]
1. One who holds any thing in Uc{\,
2. One who depends on fdith without
works. Hammond,

1. Confident ; ſteady ; undoubting. Wahe,
2. Not to be doubted. Howtl.

FIEF. ʃ. [fief, French.] A fee ; a manor ;
a poileſſion held by ſome tenure of a ſuperiour.

FIELD. ʃ. [pel.©, Saxon.]

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1. Ground not inhabited ; not built on.
2. Ground not encloſed. Mortimer.
3. Cultivated tra^ of grourd. Pope. .
4. The open country : op poled to quarters.Shakʃpeare.
5. The ground of battle. Milton.
6. A battle ; a campaign ; the action of
an army while it keeps the field.Shakʃpeare.
7. A wide expanfe, Dryden.
8. Space ; corapaſs; extent. Smalridge.
9. The ground or blank ſpace on which
figures are drawn. Dryden.
10. [In heraldry.] The ſurface of a

FI'ELDED. a. [from /«/</.] Being in field
of battle. Shakʃpeare.

FIELD-BASIL. ʃ. [field and bafiL] A
plant. Miller.

FI'ELDBED. ʃ. [field and bed.] A bed
contrived 10 be ſet up eaſily in the field.Shakʃpeare.

Fl'ELDFARE. ſ. [pel's and fijxin.] A
bird. Bacon.

FI'ELUMARSHAL. ʃ. [fieldand nra'Jhal.]
Commander of an army in the field.

FI'ELDMOUSE. ʃ. [field and mouſe.] A
niouſe that burrows in banks. Dryden.-

FI'ELDOFFICER. ʃ. [field and officer.] An
officer whoſe command in the field extends
to a whole regiment : as the colonel,
lieutenant-colonel, and major.

FIELDPIECE. a. [field and piece.] Small
cannon uſed in battles, but not in fieges. Knolles.

FIEND. ʃ. [pien©, Saxon.]
1. An enfmy ; the great enemy of mankind
; Satan. Shakʃpeare.
2. Any infernal being. Ben. Johnson.
fierce', a. [fier, French.]
1. Savage ; ravenous ; eaſily enraged, j'o^,
2. Vehement in rage ; eager of miſchief. Pope.
3. Violent ; outrageous. Geneſis.
4. Paſſionate ; angry ; furious. Shakſp.
5. Strong ; forcible. James..

FIERCELY. ad. [from fierce.] VioJently; furiouſly. Knolles.

FIERCENESS. ʃ. [i^ovn fierce.]
1. Ferocity ; ſavageneſs. Swift.
2. Eagerneſs for blood ; fury. Sidney.
3. Quickneſs to attack ; keenneſs in anger.Shakʃpeare.
4. Violence ; outrageous paſſion. Dryden.

FlhRIFA'CIAS. [In law.] A judicial writ,
for him that has recovered in an action of
debt or damages, to the ſheriff, to comm.
and him to levy the debt, or the damages. Cowel.

FIERINESS. ʃ. [from /fry.]
2< Hot qualities} heat} acrimony, Boyle.
2. Heat

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2. Heat of temper ; intellectual ardour. Addiʃon.

FIERY. a. [Ucm fire.-\
1. Confirting of fire. Spenſer.
2. Hot like fire. Shakʃpeare.
3. Vehement; ardent; active. iShakſp.
4. Pailionate ; outrageous ; eaſily provoked.Shakʃpeare.
5. Unreſtrained ; fierce, Dryden.
6. Heated by fire. Hooker, Pope. .

FIFE. ʃ. [fifre, French.] A pipe blown
to the drum. Shakʃpeare.

FIFTEEN. a. [pyptyne. Sax.] Five and

FIFTEENTH. a. [pipteoSa, Sax.] The
ordinal of fifteen ; the fifth after the tenth.

FIFTH. a. [pipta, Saxon.]
1. The ordinal of five ; the next to the
2. All the ordinals are taken for the part
which they expreſs : z fifth, z fifth part ; a third, a third part. Swift.

FI'FTHLY. ad. [from ^//j.] In the fifth

FIFTIETH. a. [pipteoj. pa, Sax.] The
ordinal of fifty. Newton.

FI'FTY. a. [piptij, Saxon.] Five tens. Locke.

FIG. ʃ. [ficus, Latin , figue, French.]
1. A tree that bears figs. Pope. .
2. The fruit of the figtree. Arbuthnot.

To FIG. v. a.
1. To infult with fico's or contemptuous
motions of the fingers. Shakʃpeare.
2. To put ſomething uſeleſs into one's
head. L'Eſtrange..

FI'GAPPLE. ʃ. A fruit. Mortimer.

FrCMARIGOLD.'/. A plant, Millar.

To FIGHT. v. n. pteter.fiught ; part. pail.
fought, [piohran, Saxon.]
1. To contend in battle ; to war ; to
- make war ; to battle ; to contend in arms. Swift.
2. To combat ; to duel ; to contend in
ſingle fight, Efdras,
3. To act as a ſoldier in any cafe. Addiſon.
4. To contend. Sandys.

To FIGHT. v. a. To war againſt ; to
combat againſt. Dryden.

FIGHT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Battle.
1. Combat ; duel, Dryden.
3. Somijthing to ſcreen the combatants in
ſhips. Dia.

FIGHTER. ʃ. [from /^i>/.] Warriour ; duellift. Shakʃpeare.

FI'GHTING. participial ^. [{torn fight.]
1. Qualified for war ; fit for battle.
Chronii les,
2. Occupied by war. Pope. .

FI'GMENT. ʃ. [figmentum, Lat.] An invention ; a fidlion ; the idea feigned. Brown.

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FI'GPECKER. ʃ. [fig and peck.] A bird.

FI'GULA TE. <z. [from /i';</aj, Lat.] Made
of potiers clay.

FI'GURABLE. a. [from //«/<, Lat.] Capable
of being brought to certain form,
and retained in it. Thus lead hfigurable,
but not water. Bacon.

FlGURABI'LITY. ſ. [dom figurable.] The
quality of being capable of a certain and
ftable form.

FI'GUR.AL. a. [from figure.] Repreſented
by delineation. Brown.

FI'GURaTE. a. [figwatus, Latin.]
1. Of a certain and determinate form. Bacon.
2. Reſembling any thing of a determinate
form : ss, figurate ſtones retaini(5g the
forms of ſheils in which they were formed
by the de-luge.

FIGURATION. ʃ. [figuratus, Lat.]
1. Determination to a certain form. Bacon.
2. The act of giving a certain form. Bacon.

FI'GURATIVE. a. [fig^ratif, Fr.]
1. Repreſenting ſomething e!fe ; typical ; repreſentative. Hooker.
2. Not literal. Stillingfleet.
3. Full of figures ; full of rhetorical exornations. Dryden.

FI'GURATIVELY. ad. [from figurative.]
By a figure ; in a ſenſe different from that
which W( rds originally im^jly. Hammond.

Fl'GURE. ſ. [figura, Latin.]
1. The totm of any thing as terminated
by the outline. Boyle.
2. Shape ; form ; ſemblance, Shakʃpeare.
3. Perſon ; external form ; appearance
mean or grand. C'ariffc.
4. Diſtinguiſhed appearance ; eminence ; remarkable character. Addiʃon.
5. A ſtatue ; an image ; ſomething formed
in refernbiance of ſomewhat elſe, Addiʃon.
6. Repreſentations in painting. Dryden.
7. Arrangement ; diſpoſition ; modification,
8. A character denoting a number. Shakʃpeare, South.
9. The horoſcope ; the diagram of the
aſpects of the aſtrological houſes.Shakʃpeare.
10 [In theology.] Type repreſentative.
11. [In rhetorick.] Any mode of ſpeaking
in which words are oetorted from their
literal and primitive (tnk. In ſtrift zcceptation,
the change of a word is a tropi,
and any affeclion of a ſentence a figure i
but they are generally confounderl by the
exacteſt writers. Stillingfleet.
12. [In grammar.] Any deviation from
the rules of analogy or fyntax.

To Fl'GURE. v. a. [figu'o, Latin.]
1. To form into any determinate ſhap?. Bacon.
3. A a a. To

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2. To ſhow by a corporeal reſemblance. Spenſer.
3. To cover or adorn with figures.Shakʃpeare.
4. To diverſify ; to variegate with adventitious
forms. Shakʃpeare.
5. To repreſent by a typical or figurative
reſemblance. Hooker, Donne.
6. To image in the mind. Temple.
7. To prefigure ; to foieſhcw. Shakʃpeare.
8 To form figuratively ; to u{c in a ſenſe
not literal. Locke.

Fi'GUPT.-FLINGER. ʃ. [fig'^rein^Jiing.]
A Fr^-ieiiri.-r to afltokgy. Lolher.

Fl'GWORT. ſ. [fig^^^ wirt.] A plant.

FILA'CEOUS. a. [from /A/m, Lat.] Conlifting
of threads. Bacon.

Fl'LACER. ſ. [fi'.aaanus, low Lat.] An
officer in the Common PleaSj ſo called becauſe
he files thoſe writs whereon he makes

FI'LaMENT. ſ. [filament, Yt. Jilamcnia,
Lat.) A flendei thread i
a body flenſer
and i^ng like a thread . Broome.

FI'LBERT. ʃ. A fine hazel nut with a thin
fbei:. ^-Z''-

To FILCH. 1'. a. To fl^al ; to take by
theft ; to pilfer. It is uſually ſpoken of
petty thefts. Spenſer, Burton.

FI'LCHER. ſ. [from fikh.] A thief; a
petty robber.

FILE. ʃ. [fiii, French.]
1. A thread. ^''<'-
2. A line on which papers are ſtrung to
keep them in order. Bacon.
3. A catalogue ; roll ; ſeries. Shakʃpeare.

A A line of ſoldiers ranged one behind
another. ^^'^' r. [peol, Saxon.] An inſtrun;)ent to rub
down prominence?. Moxon.

FI'LECUTTER. ʃ. [fi'e and cutter.] A
maker of files. ^<^Xon.

To FILE. v. a. [from /Vw, a thread.]
1. To firing upon a tliread or wire. Arbuthnot.
2. To cut with a file. R^y-
5. To foul ; to fully ; to pollute.Shakʃpeare.

To FILE. v- n. To march in a file, not
abreaſt, but one behinri another. Blackmore.

FI'LEMOT. ʃ. A brown or yellow-brown
colour. .

FI'LIiR. ſ. [from /'f.] One who files ; one
who uſes the file in cutting metals.

FI'LIAL. a. [fi'ial, Ft. fi/ius, Latin.]
1. Pertaining to a ſon ; befitting a ſon. Dryden.
a Bearing the character or relation of a
fon. ^^'^''''.

FILIA'TION. ʃ. [from fihus, Lat.] The
relation of afon W a father: correlative
;o paternity. i^^^''

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Fl'LINGS. ſ. [fromfile.] Fragments rubbed
otF by the file. Feltati,

To FILL. v. a. [pyllan, Saxon.]
1. To flore 'till no more can be admitted.
1. To (lore abundantly. Geneſis.
To ſatisfy ; to content. Chryne,
To glut ; to forfeit. Shakʃpeare.

To Fill cut. To pour out liquor for
6. To FiLt out.
7. To Fill up,
8. To Fill up.
9. Tg Fill up.
To extend by foirething. Dryden.
To make full. f'ope.

To Aipply. Addiſon.
To occupy by bulk. Burnet.
lo- To Fill up. To engage ; to employ.Shakʃpeare.

To FILL. v. n.
1. To give to drink. Shakſpeare.
2. To grow full.
3. To glut ; to ſatiate. Bacon.
4. To Fill up. To ^fo'f/ i\i\\. Woodward.

FILL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. As much as may produce complete ſatisfaction. Fairfax.
2. The place between the ſhacts of a carriage. Mortimer.

FI LLER. ſ. [hovr.fill ]
1. Any thing that fills up room without
uſe. Dryden.
2. One whoſe employment is to fill velFels
of carriage. Mortimer.

FILLET. ʃ. [filet, French.]
1. A band tied round the head or other
part. Dryden.
2. The flelhy part of the thigh : applied
commonly to veal. Dryden.
3. Meat rolled together, and tied round.Shakʃpeare.
4. [In architecture.] A little member
which appears in the ornaments and mouldings,
and IS otherwiſe called liftel. Harris.

To FI'LLET. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To bind with a bandage or fillet.
2. To adorn with an aſtragal. Exodus.

To FI'LLIP. v. a. To ſtrike with the nail
of the finger by a ſudden ſpring. Bacon.

FI'LLIP. ʃ. [from the verb.] A jerk of
the finger let go from the thumb,

FI'LLY. ʃ. [filoy, Weiſh.]
1. A young horſe or mare. Suckling.
2. A young mare, oppoſed to a colt or
young horſe. Shakʃpeare.

FILM. ʃ. [pylmepa. Sax.] A thin pellicle
or ſkin. Graunt,

To FILM. v. a. [from the noun.] To
cover with a pellicle or thin ſkin. Shakſp.

FI'LMY. a. [from jf/w.] Compoſed of thin
pellicles. Pope. .

To FILTER. v. a. [fihro, low Lat.]
1. To defecate by drawing oft liquor by
depending threads.
3. T3

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2. To drain ; to percolate. Greta.

FILTER. ʃ. [fiUrum, Latin.]
1. A ^. viu: of thread, of which one end
is dipped in the liquor to be defecated, and
the other hangs heiow the bottom of the
velleJ, lo that the liquor drips from it.
2. A ilrainer ; a fearce. Ray.

FILTH. ʃ. [piliS, Saxon.]
1. Dirt ; naitineſs. Sandys.
2. Corruption ; groſlneſs ; pollution.

FILTHILY. ad. [from filthy.] Naſtily ; fouſly; groſsly. L'Eſtrange.

FILTHINESS. ʃ. [from /'r,&y.]
1. Naſtineſs; foultjeſs ; dirtineſs. Sidney.
2. Corruption ; pollution. S.outh.

FILTHY. a. [from filth.]
1. Nafty ; foul ; dirty. Shakʃpeare.f.
2. Groſs
; polluted. Dryden.

To FILTRATE. v. a. [from ///fr.] To
ſtrain ; to percolate. Arbuthnot.

FILTRATION. ʃ. [from fihrate.^ A me.
thod by which liquors are procured fine
and clear. Boyle.

FI'MBLE Hemp. ſ. [corrupted from /cm^j/f.]
The light fummer hemp, that bears no
feed, is called fimble htrnp. Mortimer.

FIN. ʃ. [pin, Saxon.] The wing of a fiſh ; the limb by which he balances his body,
and moves in the water. Addiſon.

FIN FOO'TED. a. [fin and foot.] Palmipedous
; having feet with membranes
between the toes. Brown.

FINABLE. a. [from fine.] That admits
a fine. Hayward.

FI'NAL. a. [final, French.]
1. Ultimate; lafK Milton.
2. Concluſive ; deciſive, Davies.
3. Mortal ; deſtructive. Spenſer.
4. Reſpeſſing the end or motive. CcUier,

FINALLY. ad. [from final.]
1. Ultimately ; laflly ; in concluſion. Riihon.
2. Completely ; without recovery. South.

FINANCE. ʃ. [French.] Revenue ; income
3. profit. Bacon.

FI'NANCIER. ʃ. [French.] One who colleds
or farms the publick revenue.

FINARY. ʃ. [from To fine.] The ſecond
forge at the iron mills.

FINCH. ʃ. [pr.c, Saxon.] Aſmallbirdof
which we hav^ three kinds, the goldfinch,
chaffinch, and bulfinch.

To FIND. v. a. [pri'can, Saxon.]
1. To obtain by ſearching or feeking. Matthew.
2. To obtain ſomething loft. Shakʃpeare.
3. To meet wiſh ; to fall upon. Cowley.
4. To know by experience. Cowl/y,
5. To diſcover by ſtudy. Cowley.
6. To diſcover what is hidden. CowUy.
7. To hit on by chance ; to perceive by
accident. Cuivky.

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S. To gain by any mental endeavour.
9. To remark ; to obſerve. Co-wky.
10. To detect ; to deprehend ; to catch. Locke.
11. To reach; to attain. Cowlev

IZ. To meet. Cowley.
13. To ſettle; to fix any thing in one's
own opinion. Co-u.-Uy.
14. To determine by judicial verdia.Shakʃpeare.
15. To ſupply; to furniſh : as, \it findt. me in money.
16. [In law.] To approve: as, t<i find
a bill.
17. To Find himſelf. To be ; to fare
with regard to eaſe or pain. L'Eſtrange.
18. To YiiiDout. To unriddle ; to folvo.
19. To Find out. To diſcover ſomething
hidden. Newton.
20. To Ymiiout. To obtain the knowledge
of. Dryden.
21. To Find out. To invent ; to exco-
^ e^ate. Chronicksi

FINDER. ʃ. [from >;J.]
1. One that meets or fails upon any thing.Shakʃpeare.
2. One that picks up any thing loft. Craſhatu.

FINDFA'ULT. ʃ. [fi d ^n\ fault.] A centurer
; a caviller. Shakʃpeare.

FINDY. a. [syn'015, Saxon.] P'jump 1
weighty ; firm ; ſolid. Juniut.

FINE. C3. [finne, French.]
1. Net coaſe. Spenſer.
2. Refined; pure; free from droſs. Ezra,
3. Subtle ; thin ; tenuous : as, the fine
ſpirits evaporate.
4. Refined; ſubtilely excogitated. Temple.
5. Keen ; thin ; ſmoothly ſharp. Bacon.
6. Clear ; pellucid ; tranſparent : as, the
wine is fine,
7. Nirt ; exquiſite ; delicate. Davies.
8. Artful ; dexterous. Bacon.
9. Fraudulent; fly; knavi/Wy ſubtle.
Hubberd's Tale.
10. Elegmt; with elevation. Dryden.
11. Beautiful with dignity.
J2. Accompliſhed ; elegant of manners.
13. Showy; ſplendid. Swift.

FINE. ʃ. [ffin, Cmbr.] ''
1. A muld ; a pecuniary punifijment. Do'viet.
2. Penalty. Shakʃpeare.
3. Forfeit ; money paid for any exemption
orlibeity. Pope. .
4. The end ; conclufion. Sidney.

To FINE. v. a. [from fine, the adjective. ; 1. To refine ; to purify. Jgh.
2. To embelliſh ; to decorate. Shakʃpeare.'.
3. To make leſs coaſe, Mortimer.
4. To

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4. To make tranſparent. Mortimer.
5. To puniſh with pecuniary penalty. Locke.

To FINE. v. «. To pay a fine. Oldham.

To FINEDRA'W. v. a. [fine and draw.]
To few up a rent with ſo much nicety
that it is not perceived.

FINEDRA'WEK. ʃ. [from )?Wrjw.] One
whoſe buſineſs is to few up rents.

FINEFINGERED. a. [fir.c and finger.]
Nice ; artful ; exquifue. Spenſer.

FI'NELY. ad. [from >^.]
1. Beautifully ; elegantly. Addiſonu
2. Keenly ; ſharply; with a thin edge or
point. Peacham.
3. Not coaſely ; not meanly ; ga!?y.-«> Bacon.
4. In ſmall paits ; ſubtilly; not groſsly. Boyle.
5. Wretchedly.

FI'NENESS. ʃ. [from /««.]
1. Elegance ; beauty ; delicacy, Sidney.
2. Show ; ſplendour ; gaiety of appearance.
Decay of Piefy,
5. Subtility ; artfulneſs ; ingenuity. 5^a..
4. Purity ; freedom from droſs or bafe
mixtures. Bacon.

FI'NERY. ſ. [from fine.] Show ; ſplendour
of appearance. Southern.

FINE'SSE. f. [French.] Artifice ; ſtrata.
em. Hayward.

FI'NER. ʃ. [from /«^.] One who purifies
metals. Proverbs.

FI'NGER. ʃ. [pnSfn- Saxon.]
1. The flexiole member of the hand by
which men citch and hold. Keil.
2. A ſmall meaſure of extenſion. Wilkins.
t The hand ; the inſtrument of work. Waller.

To FI'MGER. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To touch lightly ; to toy with. Grew.
2. To touch unſeaſonably or thieviſhly. South.
3. To touch an inſtrument of muſick.Shakʃpeare.
4. To peform any work exquiſitely with
the fingers. Spenſer.

FINGLEFANGLE. ʃ. [from fa>igle.] A
trifle. Hudibras.

FINICAL. a. [from fine.] Nice; foppiſh.Shakʃpeare.

FI'NICALLY. ad. [from finical.] Foppiſhly.

Fl'NICALNESS. ʃ. [from /»;V^/.] Superfluous

To Fl'NISH. v. a. [finir, Fr.]
1. To bring to the end purpoſed ; to complete.
2. To perfect ; to poliſh to the excellency
intended. Blackmore.

FINISHER. ʃ. [frr>mſhip,.]
1. Performer ; acconiffiſher, Shakʃpeare.
s. One that f uts an end. Hooker.

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3. One that completes or perfects. Hebrews,

FI'NITE. a. [finitus, Latin.] Limited ; bounded. Brown.

FI'NITELESS. a. [from finite.] Without
bounds ; unlimitei.^ Brown.

FINITELY. ad. [from finite.] Within
certain limits ; to a certain degree. Stillingfleet.

FI'NITENESS. ʃ. [from finite.] Limitation
; confinement within certain boundaries. Norris.

FINITUDE. ʃ. [from finite.] Limitation ;
confinement within certain boundaries. Cheyne.

FI'NLESS. a. [from fin.] Without fins.Shakʃpeare.

FI'NLIKE. a. [fin and like.] Formed in
imitation of fins. Dryden.

FI'NNED. a. [from j5n.] Having broad
edges ſpread out on either ſide. Mortimer.

FI'NNY. a. [from fin.] Furniſhed with
fins ; formed for the element of water. Blackmore.

FINTO'SD. a. [yf.; and ^of.] Palmipedous ;
having a membrane between the toes, Ray.

FI'NOCHIO. ʃ. Fennel.

FIPPLE. ʃ. [from fibula, Lat.] A ſtopper. Bacon.

FIR. ʃ. [fiyrr, Welſh.] The tree of which
deal- boards are made. Pope. .

FIRE. ʃ. [pyji, Saxon.]
1. The Igneous element,
2. Any thing burning, Cowley.
3. A conflagration of towns or countries. Granville.
4. Flame ; light ; luſtre. Shakʃpeare.
5. To rture by burning. Prior.
6. The puniſhment of the damned. Iſaiah.
j. Any thing that inflames the paſſions.Shakʃpeare.
8. Ardour of temper, Atterbury.
9. Livelineſs of imagination ; vigour of
fancy ; ſpirit of ſentiment. Cowley.
10. The palfion of love. Dryden. Shactivelt,
11. Eruptions or impoſthumations ; as,
St. Anthony's_/jrf,
12. To ſet Fire on, or ſet on Fire. To
kindle ; to inflame. Taylor.

FI'REARMS. ſ. [fire and armi.] Arms
which owe their efficacy to fire ; guns. Clarendon.

FI'REBALL. ʃ. [fire and hall.] Grenado ;
ball filled with combuflibles, and burſting
where it is thrown. South.

FI'REBRUSH. ʃ. [fire and hruſh.] The
bruſh which hangs by the fire to ſweep the
hearth. Swift.r,

FI'REDPvAKE. ʃ. [fire and drake.] A fiery
ſerpent. Drayton.

FI'RENEW. a. [fire and new.] New from
the forge; new tiom the melting- houſe.Shakʃpeare.


FI'REPAN. ʃ. [fre and pan.] Veſſel of
metal to carry fire. Bacon.

FI'RER. ʃ. [from fre.] An incendiary.

FI'RESIDE. ʃ. [fre and /tJe.] The hearth ; the chimney. Prior.

FI'RESTICK. ʃ. [fri: andjlick.] A lighted
ſtick or brand. ^'i^y-

FI'REWORK. ʃ. [fre and wori.] Sh-.ws
of fire; pyrotechnical performances. Brown.

To FIRE. 1). a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſet on fire ; to kindle. Hayward.
2. To inflame the paſſions ; to animate. Dryden.
3. To drive by fire. Shakʃpeare.

To FIRE. v. n.
1. To take fire ; to be kindled.
2. To be inflamed with paſſion.
3. To diſcharge any firearms.

FIREBRA'ND. ʃ. [/re and brand.]
1. A piece of wood kindled. L'Eſtrange.
2. An incendiary ; one who inflames paſſions. Bacon.

Fl'RECROSS. ſ. [fire and cr^/^.] A token
in Scotland for the nation to take aims. Haywood.

FI'RELOCK. ʃ. [firc and ilock.] A ſoldier's
gun ; a gun diſcharged by ſtriking ſteel
with flint. Gay.

FI'REMAN. ʃ. [/reand wj;>.]
1. Gne who is employed to extinguiſh
burning houſes. Gay.
2. A man of violent paſſions. Tatler.

FI'REPAN. ʃ. [fire and /.an.]
1. A pan for holding fire.
2. [In a gun.] The receptacle for the
priming powder.

FI'RESHIP. ʃ. [fire wAfrip.] A ſhip filled
with combuftible matter to fire the veſſels
of the enemy. Wiſeman.

FI'RESHOVEL. ʃ. [fire iniſhovel.] The
infl:rument with which the hot coals are
thrown. Brown.

FIRESTONE. f. [fire and ſtone.] The
fireſtone, or pyrites, is a compound metallick
foſſil, compoſed of vitriol, fulphur,
and an unmetallick earth, but in very
different proportions in the ſeveral maflcs.
It has its name of pyrites, or fireſtone,
from its giving fire on being ſtruck againſt
a ſteel much more freely than a flint will
do. Hi'J.

FI'REWOOD. ʃ. [fire and wood, ; Wood
to burn ; fewel.

FI'RING. ʃ. [from fire.] Fewel. Mortimer.

To FIRK. v. a. [from ferio, Latin.] To
whip ; to beat. Hudibras.

FI'RKIN. ʃ. [from peopsji, Saxon.]
1. A veſſel containing nine gallons.
2. A ſmall veſſel. Dn.bim.

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FIRM. a. [firmui, Latin.]
1. Strong ; not eafjly pierced or ſtaken ; hard, oppoſed to ſoft. Cleaveland.
2. Conflant ; ſteady ; reſolute ; fixed ; un-
'Ji^ken. Addiʃon. Walfb.

To FIRM. v. a. [firmo, Latin.]
1. To ſettle ; to confirm ; to eftab!iſh ;
fo fiX K„oſki.
2. To fix without wandering. Spenſer.

Fl'RMAMENT. ſ. [firmamaitum, Latin.]
The ſky ; the heavens. Raleigh.

FIRMAME'NTAL. a. [from firmament.]
Celeftial ; of the upper regions. Dryden.

FIRMLY. ad. [from /rm.]
1. Strongly ; impenetrably ; immoveably.
2. Steadily ; conflantJy. Addiʃon.

FI'RMNESS. ʃ. [from /m.]
1. Stability; hardneſs ; compaflneff ; ſclidiCy. Burnet.
2. Durability. Hayward.
3. Certainty ; ſoundneſs. South.
4. Steadineſs ; conſtancy ; reſolution. Roſcommon.

FIRST. a. [ppj-t, Saxon.]
1. The ordindj of one. Shakʃpeare.
2. Earlieft in time. Hebrews. Prior.
3. Higheſt in dignity. Daniel.
4. Great ; excellent. Shakʃpeare.

FIRST. ad.
1. Before any thing elſe ; earlieft. Dryden.
2. Before any other canſideration. Bacon.
3. At the beginning; at firſt. Berkley.

FIRST- GOT. ?/. [from /r/2 and

FIRST-BEGOTTEN. ʃ. begot,\ The eldeft
of children. M.dtor.t

FIRST-FRUITS. ʃ. [fi>fi and fruiti.]
1. What the ſeaſon firſt produces or matures
of any kind. Prior.
2. The firſt profits of any thing. Ba^on,
3. The earlieft etFect of any thij^g, Milton.

FI'RSTLING. a. [from firfi.] That which
is firſt produced or brought forth.
Di utercnomy.

FI'RSTLING. ʃ. [from ;f;-/?.]
1. The firſt produce or offſpring. Milton.
2. The thing hift thought or done.Shakʃpeare.

FI'SCAL. [. [from fifcui.] Exchequer -,
revenue. Bacon.

FISH. ʃ. [pirc, Saxon.] An animal thac
inhabits the water. Shakʃpeare, Creech.

To FIbH. v. n.
1. To be employed in cafching fiſhes.
2. To endeavour at any thing by artifice.Shakʃpeare.

To FISH. v. a. To ſearch water in queſt of
fiſh. S-zvi/t,

FISH-HOOK. ʃ. [fiſh and bcok.] A hook
baited. Grew.

FISH-POND. ʃ. [fiſhisid ptnd, \ A ſmall. Mortimer.

pool for fi'iu


FI'SHER. ʃ. [from Jiſh.] One who is employed
in catching fiſh. Sandys.
rrSHERBOAT. ſ. [/y^^f- and^oflf.] A
boat employed in catchinjt fiſh.

fj'--'- '-^'i man.] One
whoſe employment and livelihood is to
catch fidi. F/aUer,

FpHERTOWN ʃ. [ſper and totvn.] A
town inhabited by fiſhermen. Claren.d:.:,

PISHERS-COAT. ʃ. [fJhen and coat.] A
coat worn by a fiſher. yob.

Fl'SHERV. ſ. [from fifrer.] The buſineſs
of catching fiVh. Aidiſan.

FJ'SHFUL. a. [from //>.] Abounding with
fiſh. Camden.

To Fl'SHIFY. v. a. [from //.! To turn
to fiſh. Shakʃpeare.

FI'SHING. ʃ. [from fip-l Commmodity
of taking fi{h. Spenſer.

FI'SHKETTLE. ʃ. [fip and ketth.] A
caldron made long for the fiſh to be boiled
without bending. Crew.

FI'SHMEAL. ʃ. [fipzTii meaLI Diet of
fiſh. Shakſp.

FI'SHMONGER. ʃ. [from fiſh.] A dealer
in fiſh. Carew.

Fl'SHY. a. [from fſh.]
1. Conſiſting of fiſh. Pope. .
1. Having the qualities of fiſh. Brown.

FI'SSILE. a. ififfiſh, Latin.] Having the
grain in a certain direction, lb as to be cleft,

FISSI'LTTY. ʃ. [from /#/?.] The quality
of admitting to be cloven.

Fi'SSURE. ʃ. [M'> l-^tin
; f.Jfure, Fr.]
A cleft ; a narrow chafm where a breach
has been made. WoodwdrJ.

To FISSURE. -y. a. [from the noun.] To
cleave ; to make a fiffure. IVifcman.

FIST. ʃ. [pT^' Saxon.] Thfi hand clenched
with the fingers doubled down. Denham.

To FIST. v. a.
1. To ſtrike with the fift. Dryden.
%, To gripe with the fift. Shakʃpeare.

FI'STINUT. ʃ. A piſtachio nut.

FI'STICUFFS. ʃ. [fji and cuf.] Battle
with the fift. More.

FI'STULA. ʃ. [ſple, French.]
1. A finuous ulcer callous within.
2. Fistula LachrimaUs. A diſorder of
the canals leading from the eye. to the nofe,
which obfttuifls the natural pf-ogreſs of the
tears, and makes them trickle down the
cheeks. Shakſp.

FI'STULAR. a. [JtomfifluIa.] Hollow like
a pipe.

FI'STULOUS. a. [fjiuleux, French.] Having
the nature of a fiftuU. Wiſeman.

FIT. ʃ.
^ u f
1. A paroxyfm or exacerbation of any intermittent
diftemper. Sharf,

2. Any ſhort return after intermiſſion ;
interval. Rogers.
3. Any violent affediion of mind or body. Spenſer.
4. Diſorder ; diftemperature. Shakʃpeare.
5. The hyfterical diſorders of women, and
the convulfiohs of children,

FIT. a.
1. Qnalified
; proper. Cowley.
2. Convenient ; meet ; proper ; right. Boyle.

To FIT. v. a. [vitten, Flemiſh.]
1. To accomodate to any thing ; to ſuit
one thing to another. Denham.
2. To accommodate a perſon with any
thing. Wiſeman.
3. To be adapted to ; to ſuit any thing.Shakʃpeare.
4. To Fit cut. To furnlfli ; to equip. Dryden.
5. To Fit up. To furniſh ; to make proper for uſe. Pope. .

To FIT. v. K. To be proper ; to be fit. Pope.

FITCH. ʃ. A ſmall kind of wild pea,

FI'TCHAT. ʃ. [fijfau, Fr.] A ſtink-

FI'TCHE W. ; ing little beaſt, that robs the
henrooft and warren.

FI'TFUL. a. [>and/a//.] Varied by
paroxyfms, Shakʃpeare.

FITLY. ad. [from /^]
1. Properly ; juſtly ; reaſohabJy. Milton.
2. Commodiouſly ; meetly. Donne.

FI'TNESS. ʃ. [from >.]
1. Propriety ; mcetneſs ; juſtneſs ; reaſonableneſs. Hooker.
2. Convenience ; commodity ; the ſtate of
being fit. Shakʃpeare.

FITMENT. ʃ. [from fit.] Something
adapted to a particular purpoſe,Shakʃpeare.

FITTER. f. [from /^]
1. The perſon or thing that confers fitneſs
for anything. Mortimer.
2. A ſmall piece.

FITZ. ʃ. [Norman.] A ſon ; as Fitxherbert,
the ſon of Herbert ; Fitxroy^ the
fon of the king. It is commonly uſed of
illegitimate children.

FIVE. a. [pip, Saxon.] Four and one; half of ten. Dryden.

FIVELE'AVED Graſs. ſ. Cinquefoil ; a
ſpecies of clover.

1. A kind of play with a bowl.
2. A difeaſe of horſes. Shakʃpeare.

To FIX. v. a. [fixer, French.]
1. To make fait, firm, or ſtable. Milton.
2. To ſettle ; to efiabliſh invariably.
3. T©
» F L A

3. To direct without variation, Dryden.
4. To deprive of volatility, Locke.
5. To pierce ; to transfix. Sandys.
6. To withold from motion.

To FIX. v. n.
1. To determine the reſolution. Locke.
2. To reſt ; to ceaſe to wander. WaUer.
3. To lole volatility, ſo as to be malleable. Bacon.

FIXA'TION. ʃ. [French.]
1. Stability ; firmneſs ; ſteadineſs. King Charles.
2. Reſidence in a certain place. Raleigh.
3. Confinement; forbearance of excurfmn. Watts.
4. Want of volatility ; deſtruction f volatility. Bacon.
5. Reduſtion from fluidity to ſtmneſs. Glanville.

FIXEDLY. ad. [from fixed.] Certainly ; firmly. Locke.

FJ'XEDNESS. ʃ. [from fxcd.]
1. Stability; firmneſs,
% Want or loſs of volatility. Loſk'.
3. Solidity ; coherence of parts. Bentl'-y,
4. Steadineſs ; ſettled opinion or reſolution. King Charles.

FIXI'DITY. ʃ. Coherence of parts. Boyle.

FI'XITY. ʃ. [fixie, French.] Colierence
of parts. Newton.

FIXURE. ʃ. [from /.]
1. Poſition. Shakʃpeare.
2. Stable preſſure. Shakʃpeare.
3. Firmneſs ; liable ſtate. Shakʃpeare.

Fl'ZGIG. ſ. A kind of dart or harpoon
viſith which feamen ſtrikefift.

FLA'BBY. a. [fi^ccidus, Latin.] Soft; not firm. Jlrbuthnot.

FLA'BILE. a. [fiabilis, Latin.] Subjedt
to be blown.

FLA'CCID. a. [fia:ciJus, Latin.] We^k ; limber; not fiitr; Ijxj nut ten fe. Holder.

FLACCI'DITY. ʃ. Uumpcdd.] Laxity ; limberneſs ; want of tenlion, Wiſeman.

To FLAG. v. a. [fjggeren, Dutch.]
1. To hang looſe without ſtifſneſs or tenſion. Boyle.
2. To grow ſpiritleſs or dejected, Swift.
3. To grow feeble ; to loſe vigour. Ben. Johnson.

To FLAG. v. a.
1. To let fall ; to fuITtr to droop. Prior.
2. To lay with broad ſtone, Sandys.

FLAG. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A vater pl-ant with a broad bladed leaf
and yeJlow flower. Sandys.
2. The colours or snCgn of a ſhip or landforces. Temple.
3. A of ecies of flone uſed for ſmooth pavements. Woodward.

FLAG-BROOIvf. ſ. [from fiag and brcomi']
A broom ioi (weeping flsgror pavsyLcnts,


FLAG-OFFICER. ʃ. [fag and officar, ] \
^ commander of a ſquaction. jAddiſon.

FLAG-SHIP. ʃ. [/^^and».] Theſh.p
in which the commamier of a fleet is. FLAG-WORM. ſ. [Jljg and w:,r,f,.] A
grub bred in watry places among H-i^.r
''^Jge- TJ'alton.

FLA'GELET. ʃ. [fl-gcolet, French, ; A
ſmall flute. More

FLAGELLATION. ʃ. The uſe of the
Scourge, Garth.

FLA'GGINESS. ʃ. [from Jf.ggy.] Laxity ;

FLA'GGY. a. [from /^^.]
1. Weak ; lax ; limber; not fli.T; not
tenfe. Dryden.
2. Weak in taſte ; inſipid. Bacon.

FLAGITIOUS. a. [from faguium, Latin.]
Wicked ; villainous ; atrocious.

FLAGITIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from jijgitious.]
Wickedneſs ; villanv.

FLAGON. ʃ. [/?j«n,' French.] Aveſſelof
drink wich a narrow mouth. Ral'common.

FLA'GRANCY. ʃ. [Ji.g,an!ia, Latin. ;
Burning heat ; fire. hacon.

FLAGRANT. a. [pgrans, Latin.]
1. Ardent; burning; eager. iloohr.
2. Glowing ; fluſhed. Pope.
3. Red ; hnpiinted red. Trior,
4. Notorious ; flaming. Smith.

FLAGRATION. ſ. [pgro, Lat.] guyiiag.

FLA'GSTAFF. ʃ. [fl,g and Jlaff.] The
ftaff on which the Jiag is nxed. Cryden.

FLAIL. ʃ. [fiageliurr, Latin.] The inſtru..
ment with which grain is beaten cut of
the ear. Drydep,

FLAKE. ʃ. [fioccus, Latin.]
1. Anj thing that appears looſely held together.
2. A (Iratum ; layer ; Lmina. Sapdys.

FLA'KY. a. [from jhke.]
1. Loofely hanging together. Blackmore.
2. L>ing in layers or ſtrata ; broken into

FLAlVI. ſ. .A falſhoed ; a lye
; an illufory
pretext. Sauth.

To FLAM. v. a. [from the noun.] To
deceive with a lye. South.

FLA-MBEAU. j. [French.]
A lighted
torch. Dryden.

FLAME. ʃ. r/;ff?«^, Latin.]
1. Light emitted from fire. Co-u-Ly.
2. Fire. Cctviry.
3. Ard.ur of temper or imaginauoo ; brightneſs of fancy. PFfUer.
4. Ardour of inciinatioUt p9pe.
5. P.^ſtion of love, Cowl:y„

To FLAME. v. n.
1. To ſtine as fire ; to burn with emillipa
©ſlight, Miitc^. -
3. S a. To

2. To fHine like flame. Prior.
3. To bresk out in violence of paſſion,

FLAMECO'LOURED. a. [fiame and cokur.]
Of a bright yellow colour.
A prieſt ; one that. Pope.

FLA'MEN. ʃ. [Latin.]
officiates in foiemn offices.

2. The thing eaten at fiapdragnn. Shakʃpeare.

To FLA'PDRAGON. -z/, a. [from the
noun.] To ſwallow ; to devour.Shakʃpeare.

FLAPE'ARED. a. [fiap and ear.^ Having
looſe and broad ears. Shakʃpeare.

FLAMMA'TION. ʃ. [fammatio,'L2nn.]
The act of fetting on llame. Brown. -.
To FLARE, t/. n. [from /ct/frsn, to flutter.

FLAMMABI'LITY. ʃ. [J}jmma, Lat.] The
quality of adnjitting to be ſet on fire.

FLA'MMEOUS. a. [fjmmeus, Latin.]
Confining of flame. Brown.

FLAMMI'FEKOUS. a. [pm>:ifer, Lat.] FLASH./, {af^it, Mipjhm.]
1. To flutter with a ſplendid ſhow. Sha^.
2. To glitter with tranſient luſtre. Herbert.
3. To glitter offenſively. Milton.
4. To be in too much light. Prior.
Bringing fl.)me. Di£i.

FLAMMFVOMOUS. <?. [from a and vomo,
Latin.] Vomiting out flame.

FLA'MV. o. [from Ajme.]
1. Inflamed ; burning ; flaming. SiJney.
2. Having the nature of flame. Bacon.

FLANK. ʃ. [fjnc, French.]
1. That pait of the ſide of a quadruped
near the hinder thigh. Peocham.
«. [In men.] The lateral part of the lower
belly. Pope. .
3. The ſide of any army or fleet. Hayward.
4. [In fortification.] That part of the
baſtion which reaches from the curtain to
the face. Harris.

To FLANK. v. a.
1. To attack the ſide of a battalion or
A ſudden, quick, tranſitory blaze. Roſcommon.
2. Sudden burſt of wit or merriment.
3. A ſhort tranſient ſtate. Bacon.
4. A body of water diiven by violence.

To FLASH. v. n.
1. To glitter with a quick and tranſient
flame. Boyle.
2. To burſt out into any kind of violence.Shakʃpeare.
3. To break out into wit, merriment, or
bright thought. Felton.

To FLASH. v. a. To ſtrike up large bodies
of water, Carew.

FLA'SHER. ʃ. [from /^/-.] A man of
more appearance of wit than reality.

FLA'SHILY. ad. [from fiafiy.] With
empty ſhow.
2. To be poſted ſo as to overlook or ccm- FLA'SHY. a. [from fjp.]
mand any paſs on the ſide ; to be on the i. Empty ; not ſolid ; ſhowy without
ſide. Dryden. ſubſtance. Digby.

FLA'NKER. ʃ. [from J!ank.] A fortifica- 2. Inſipid ; without force or ſpirit.
tion jutting out ſo as to command the ſide Bacon.
of a body marching to the affault. Knolles.

FLASK./, [flaſque, Fr.]

To FLA'NKER. v. a. [^a?j^a(;/-, French.] I. A bottle ; a veſſel. King.
To defend by lateral fortifications. 2. A powder-horn. Shakʃpeare.

FLA'NNEL. ʃ. [?ir/an(;;i, Welch.] A ſoft

FLA'SKET. ſ. [from /j/.] A veſſel in
nanny ſtuff of wool. Shakʃpeare. which viands are ſerved. Pope. .

FLAP. - - ' FLAT. a. [plat, Fr.] ʃ. [Iceppe, Saxon.]
1. Any thing that hangs broad and looſe. Shakſp.
2. The motion of any thing broad and
3. A dif-aſe in horſes. Farrier'' s DiEl,

To FLAP-. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To beat with a flap, as flies are beaten.

2. To move with a flap or noiſe. Dryden, Tickell.

To FLAP. 1'. r.
1. To ply the wings with noiſe.

2. To fall with flaps, or broad parts de-
Dending. Gay.
1. A play in which they catch taifinS oat
of burning brandy.
Horizontally level, without inclination. Addiʃon.
2. Smooth ; without protuberances. Bacon.
5. Without elevation. Milton.
4. Level with the ground. South.
5. Lying horizontally proſtrate ; lying
along. Daniel.
6. [In painting.] Without relief ; without
prominence of the figures.
7. Tafteleſs ; inſipid ; dead. Philips.
8 Dull; unanimated ; frigid. Bacon.
9. Depre/Ted ; ſpiritleſs ; dejeiled. Milton.
10. Unpleaſing ; taſteleſs. Atterbury.
H. Peremptory ; abſolute ; downright. Spenſer, Herbert.
12. Notfluill; not acute ; not ſharp in



FLAT. ʃ.
1. A level ; an extended plane. PWotton.
2. Even ground ; not mountainous. Milton.
3. A ſmooth low ground expoſed to inundations.Shakʃpeare.
4. Shallow ; ſtrand ; place in the lea
where the water is not deep. Raleigh.
5. The broad ſide of a blade. Dryden.
6. Depreſſion of thought or language. Dryden.
flat ; approaching to flatneſs. PFcohuarJ,

FLA'TULENCY. ʃ. [from fatuhr,t..
1. Windineſs
; fulneſsof wind. Arbuthnot.
2. Emptineſs ; vanity ; jevity ; aii ineſs.

FLA'TULENT. a. [fatuJe^tus, Latin.]
1. Turgid with air ; windy. Arbuthvt,
2. Empty; vain ; big without ſubſtante
or reality
; puſty. Dryden.

FLATUO'SITY. ʃ. [fatuofue.Yt.'^ W,n.
dineſs ; fulneſs of air. Bacon.
7. A ſurface without relief, or pronainen- FLA'TUOUS. a. [from TVaf^i, Lat.] Wind); ces Berkley

To FLAT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To level ; to depreſs ; to make broad
and ſmooth. Creech.
2. To make vapid. Bacon.

To FLAT. v. To .
1. To grow flat ; oppoſed to ſwell. Temple.
2. To render unanimated or vapid. King Charles.

FLA'TLONG. ad. [flit and long. ; With FLAUNT>. ʃ.
the flat downwards ; not edgewife.Shakʃpeare.

FLA'TLY. ad. [from /a/.]
1. Horizontally; without inclination.
2. Without prominence or elevation,
3. Without ſpirit ; dully; frigidly.
4. Peremptorily ; downright, Daniel.

FLA'TNESS. ʃ. [from _^jr.]
1. Evenneſs ; level extenſion.
2. Want of relief or prominence. Addiſon.
3. Deadneſs; inſipidity ; vapidneſs. Mortimer.
4. D^ieſtion of ſtate. Shakʃpeare.
5. Deject>ion of mind ; want of life.
6. Dulneſs ; inſipidity ; frigidity. Collier.
7. The contrary to ſhnlneſs or acuteneſs
of found. Bacon.

To FLA'TTEN. v. a. [from /a^]
1. To make even or level, without prominence
or elevation.
2. To beat down to the ground. Mortimer.
3. To make vapid.
4. To deject ; to depreſs ; to diſpirit.

To FLa'T TEN. v. n,
1. To grow even or level.
2. To grow dull and inſipid. TJ'Eſtrange.

FLATTER. ʃ. [from fiat.] The workfull
of wind. Bacon,\

FLA'TUS. ʃ. [Latin.] Wind gathered in
any cavities of the body, ^lincy,

FLATWISE. ad. With the flat downwards ;
not the edge. M'Woodward.

To FLAUNT. v. n.
1. To make a fluttering ſhow in apparel. Boyle.
2. To be hung with ſomething loole and
flying-Pope. .
Any thing looſe and airy.Shakʃpeare.

1. Power of pleaſing the taſte. Addiſon.
2. Sweetneſs to the ſmell ; odour ; fragrance. Dryden.

FLA'VOUROUS. a. [howfavour.]
1. Delightful to the palate, Dryden.
2. Fragrant ; odorous.

FLAW. ʃ.
1. A crack or breach in any thing. Boyle.
2. A fault ; defed, Dryden.
3. A ſudden guſt ; a violent blafl. Chapman.
4. A tumult ; a tempefluous uproar. Dryden.
5. A ſudden commotion of mind.Shakʃpeare.

To FLAW. 1/, a. [from the noun.]
1. To break ; to crack ; to damage with
fiITure. Boyle.
2. To break ; to violate. Shakʃpeare.

FLA'WLESS. a. [from fjiu.] Without
cracks ; without defects. Boyle.

FLAWN. ʃ. [plena, Saxon.] A fort of
ctiſtard ; a pie baked in a diſh.

To FLA'WTER. v. a. To ſcrape or pare a
ſkin. ylinfworſh.
man or inſtrument by which bodies are FLAWY, a, [from /aw.] Full of fljws.

FLAX. f.
[pleax, picx, Saxon.]
1. The fitnous plant of which the fineſt
thread is made. Miller.
2. The fibres of flax cleanſed and combed
for the ſpinner. Dryden.

FLA'XCOMB. ʃ. [Px and coml.] The
inſtrument with which the fibiesof flax
are cleanſed from the brittle parts.

FL.A'XDRESSER. ſ. [Jljx and drefi.] He
th It prepares fljx for the (pinner.

FLA'XEN. a. [from /j.v.]
1. Made of flix, Sharp.
jB a ::. F-iir.

To FLA'TTER. v. a. [pter, Fr.]
1. To ſooth with praiſes ; to pleaſe with
blandiſhments. Shakʃpeare.
2. To piaiſe falſely. Young.
3. To pleaſe ; to Jooth. Dryden.
4. To raiſe falſe hopes. Milton.

FLA'TTERER. ʃ. [from ptter.] One who
flutters ; a fawner ; a whcedler. Swift.

FLATTERY. ʃ. [ptenc, French.] Falfe
praiſe ; artful obſequiouſneſs. To ung,

FLA'TTISH. a. [from ///.] Somewhat

New Page - Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com
F L E .
1. Fa't, Inng and flowing. Addiſont,

FLA'XWEED. ʃ. A plant.

To FLAY. v. a. [vJaen, Dutch.]
1. To flfipof the ſkin. Raleigh.
2. To take oft the ſkin or ſurface of any
thing. Bwift.
^ FLA'YER. ſ. [from //?)'.] He that ſtrips
oft' the ſkin of any thing.

FLEA. f. [plea, Saxon.] A ſmall red infeiSt
remarkable for its agility in leaping.

To FLEA. -, a. [from the noun.] To
clean from fl .-as.

FLE'ABANE. ʃ. [pa and hane.] A plant,
1. Red marks cauſed by fleas. Wiſeman.
2. A ſm^U hurt or pain like that cauſed
by the ſting of a flea. Earxcy.

FLE'ABITTEN. a. [/^j and Z>/Vf.]
1. Stung by fleas.
2. Mean ; worthleſs. Clcaveland.

FLEAK. ʃ. [^from Jloccui , Luln.] A ſmall
lock, threacJ, or twiſt. More.

FLEAM. ʃ. An inſtrnment uſed to bleed
cattle, which is placed on the vein, and
then driven by a blow,

FLE^AWORT. ſ. [jica and worf.] A plant. Miller.

To FLECK. v. a. [/«., German, a ſpot.]
To ſpot ; to /Iteak ; to ſtripe ; to dapple.

To FLECKER. v. a. [from fluh] To
ſpot ; to mark with ſtrokes or touches.

FLED. The preterite and participle of fee. Prior.

FLEDGE. a. [fiederen, to fly, Dutch.]
Full- feathered ; able to fly. Herbert.

To FLEDGE. v. a. [from the adjective.]
To furniſh with wings ; to ſupply with
feathers. ^°P^-

To FLEE. v. H. pret. f.^d. To run from
danger ; to have rccourſe to ſheiter,
Cenrfii. 'Tilh'fon,

FLEECE. ʃ. [p'>r, P'^r» Saxon.] As much
wool as is ſhum from one ſtreep, Shakſp.

To FLEECE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To clip the fleece off a ſheep.
1. To (^rip ; to pull ; to plunder, as a
fiieep is robbed of his wool. Addiʃon.

FLE'ECED. a. [from Jleece.] Having fleeces
of wool. Spenſer.

FLE'ECY. a. [from j?f:'c?.] Woolly; coveted
with woe!. Prior.

To FLEER. v. n. [pleap^cun, to trifle,
1. To mock ; to gibe ; to jeſt with infolence
and contempt. Swift.
2. To leer ; tognn with an air of civility.

FLEER. ʃ. [from the verb.]

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1. Mockery expreſſed either in words or

I'-oks, Shakʃpeare.
2. A deceitful grin of civility. South.

FLE'ERER. ʃ. [from fleer.] A mocker ;
a fawner.

FLEET. Fleot. Flot. Are all derived
from the Saxon pleot, which ſignifies a
bay or gulph. Gibjoii'i Camden.

FLEET. ʃ. [pi' ta, Saxon.] A company
of ſhips ; a navy. Prior.

FLEET. ʃ. [pleot, Saxon.] A creek ; an
inlet of water, Mortimer.

1. Swift of pace ; quick ; nimble ; active. Shakʃpeare, Clarenden.
2. [In the huſbandry of ſome provinces.]
Light ; ſuperficially fruitful. Mortimer.
3. Skimtriing the ſurface. Mortimer.

To FLEET. v. n. [plotan, Saxon.]
1. To fly ſwiftly ; to vaniſh. Shakʃpeare.
2. To be in a tranſient ſlate. Digby, Waller.

To FLEET. v. a.
1. To ſkim the water. Spenſer.
2. To live merrily, or paſs time away
lightly. Shakʃpeare.
3. [In the covintry.] To ſkim milk.

FLEETINGDISH. ʃ. [{torn fleet and dip.
'[A ſk.mniing bowl.

FLEETLY. ad. [from fleet.] Swiftly ; nimbly ; with ſwift pace.

FLE'ETNESS. ʃ. [from fleet.] Swiftnef?
of courſe ; nimbleneſs ; celerity,

FLESH. ʃ. [ploec, Saxon.]
1. The body diſtinguiſhed from the foul, Davies.
2. The muſcles diſtinguiſhed from the ſkin,
bones, tendons. New Teſtament.
3. Animal food diſtinguiſhed from vegetable. Locke.
4. The body of beaOs or birds uſed in
fuod, diſhndl from fiſhes, Brown.
5. Animal nature. Geneſis.
6. Carnality ; corporal appetites. Smalridge.
7. A carnal ſtate ; worldly diſpoſition,
8. Near relation, Geneſn.
9. The outward or literal ſenſe. The
Orientals termed the immediate or literal
ſignification of any precept or type the
fleſh, and the remote or typical meaning
the fbirit. This is frequent in St. Paul. John.

To FLESH. v. a.
1. To initiate, Governm'nt of the Tongue.
2. To harden; to eftabliſhin any practice. Sidney.
3. To glut ; to ſatiate. Shakʃpeare.

FLE'SHBROATH. ʃ. [fleſh and hrath.]
Broaih made by deco£\ii)g fleſh, Wiseman.


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FL'ESHCOLOUR. ʃ. [fi/jh and cclcur.]
The colour of fleſh. Locke.

FLE'SHFLY. ʃ. [Jiſp> and fiy.] A fly that
feeds upon fleſh, and depolites her eggj in
it. Ray.

FLE'SHHOOK. ʃ. [fefi and book.] A
hook to draw fleſh from the caldron,

FLE'SHLESS. a. [from /o.- 3 Without

FLE'SHLINESS. ʃ. [from feſhly.] Carnal
pactions or appetites. ^j'cham.

FLE'SHLY. a. [from /f/'.]
1. Corporeal. Denhain,
2. Carnal ; lafcivious. Milton.
3. Animal ; not vegetable. Dryden.
4. Human ; not celeftial ; not ſpiritual. Milton.

FLE'SHMEAT. ʃ. [fejb and meat.] Animal
food ; the fleſh of animals prepared
for food. Flayer,

FLE'SHMENT. ʃ. [from fleſh.] Eagerneſs
gained by a ſucceſsful initiation. Shakſp.

FLE'SHMONGER. ʃ. [from ji-jh.] One
who deals in fleſh ; a pimp. Shakʃpeare.

FLE'SHPOT. ʃ. [//j and pot.] A veſſel
in which fleſh is cooked ; thence plenty of
fleſh. Taylor.

FLE'SHQUAKE. ʃ. [ji-fi and quake.] A
tremor of the body. Ben. Johnson.

FLESHY. a. fromfieſh.]
1. Plump ; full of fleſh ; fat ; muſculous. Ben. Johnson.
2. Pulpous ; plump : with regard to fruits. Bacon.

FLETCHER. ʃ. [from >c£«,an arrow, Fr.]
A manufacturer of bows and arrows.

FLET. participle fajfive t>i To fiut. Skimmed. Mortimer.

FLEW. The preterite of fiy. Pope. .

FLEW. ʃ. The large chaps of a deepmouthed
hound. Hanmer,

FLE'WED. a. [from fiizv.] Chapped ; mouthed. Shakʃpeare.

FLEXA'NIMOUS. g. [fiexanimus', Lat.]
Having power to change the diſpoſition of
the mind,

FLEXIBI'LITY. ʃ. [fiixibdie', Fi.]
1. The quality of admitting to be bent; pliancy. Neii-ton.
2. Eaſineſs to be perſuaded ; con-;pliance ; facility. Hammond.

FLEXIBLE. a. [f.exibilis, Latin.]
3. PolTible to be bent ; not brittle
; pliant; not flift. Bacon.
2. Not rigid ; not inexorable ; complyins
; obſequiccs. Bacon.
3. Doftile ; manageable. Locke.
4. That may be accommodated to various
forms and purpoſes. Rogers.

FLEXIBLENESS. ʃ. [from fexiile.]
1. Poiubility CO be bent ; not brittleneſs ;
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eaſineſs to be bent. King Charles.
2. Facility ; obſequiouſneſs ; compliance.
3. Duftility ; manageableneſs. Locke.

FLE'XfLE. a. [frxilis, Latin.] Pijsnt
eaſily bent ; obſequious to any power o\

FLE-XION. ʃ. f/ws, Latin.] ^ '
1. The act of bending.
2. A double ; a bending. Bacon.
3. A turn towards any part or quarter. Bacon.

FLEJXOR. ʃ. [Latin.] The general name
of the niufcks which act in contracting
^e joints. Arbuthnot.

FLE'XUOUS. a. [fexuofut, Latin.]
1. Winding ; tortuous. I>izby.
2. Variable ; not iieady. Bacon.

FLE'XURE. ʃ. [fiexura, Latin.]
1. The form or direction in which any
thing is bent. Hay.
2. The act of bending. Shakʃpeare.
3. The part bent ; the joint. Sandys.
4. Obſequinus or ſervile cringe. Shakſp.

To FLl'CKER. v. a. [figheren,li'^\.ch,\
To flutter ; to play the wings. Dryden.

FLI'ER. ʃ. [from fy.]
1. One that runs away ; a fugitive; a
runaway. Shakʃpeare.
2. That part of a machine which, by being
put into a more rapid motion than the
other parts, equal zes and regulates the
motion of the reſt. Swift.

FLIGHT. ʃ. [from To fly.]
1. The act of flying or running from dan-
E- Denham.
2. Removal to another place. Dryden.
3. The act of uſing wings ; volation. Spenſer.
4. Removal from place to place by means wings. EJdras,
5. A flick of birds flying together. Bacon.
6. The birds produced in the ſame ſeaſon :
as, the h^rvtA flight of pigeons.
7. A volley ; a ſhower. Chevy Chafe,
8. The ſpace paſt by flying.
9. Heat of imigination ; fally of thef)ul». Denham.
10. Excurſion. Til'otfoi:
11. The power of flying. Shakʃpeare..

FLl'GHTY. a. [uom flight.]
1. Fleeting ; ſwift. Shakʃpeare.
2. Wild ; full of imagination.

1. Weak ; feeble.
2. Mean; ſpiritleſs ; without force. Pope. .

To FLINCH. v. n. [corrupted from fling.
1. To ſhrink from any fuftering or undertaking. South.
2. In Shakſpeare it ſignifies to fail.

FLI'NCHER. ʃ. [from the verb.] He who
ſhrinks or fails in any matter.

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To FLING. preter. fufig ; part, fiung or
jiorg. [t'rom fiigo, Latin.] Skinner.
1. To calt from the hand ; to throw. Dryden.
s. To dart ; to caſt with violence. Denham.
3. To ſcatter. Pope. .
4. To drive by violence, Burmt.
5. To move forcibly. Addiſon,
6. To eject ; to diſmiſs. Shakʃpeare.
7. To caſt reproach. Addiſon.
8. To force into another condition. Spenſer.
9. To Flikg down. To demoliſh ; to ruifs. Wood'ward.
10. To Flikg off. To baffle in the chace. Addiʃon.

To FLING. v. n.
1. To flounce ; to wince ; to fly into
violent motions. Tillotſon.
2. To FiaKG out. To grow unruly or
outrageous. Shakʃpeare.

FLING. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A throve ; a caſt,
2. A gibe ; a fiiecr ; a contemptuous remark. Addiʃon.

FLI'NGER. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. He who throws.
2. He whri jeers,
FLINT. ſ. [plmr, Saxon.]
1. A femi-pellucid flone, compoſed of cryſtal
debafed, of a blackiſh grey, of one
ſimilarand equal ſubſtance, free from veins,
and naturaiiy invefled with a whitiſh cruft.

Hill. Cleaveland.
7. Any thing eminently or proverbially
hard. Spenſer.
FLI'NTY. a. [from >>>^]
1. Made of flint ; ſtrong. Dryden.
y. Full of rtones. Bacon.
3. Hard of heart ; ciuel ; ſavage ; inexorable.Shakʃpeare.

FLIPP. ʃ. [A cant word.] A hquor much
uled in ſhip-s niadc by mixing beer with
ſpirits and ſugar. Dennis.
1. Nimble ; moveable. It is uſed only
ef the act of ſpeech. Addiſon.

J. Pert ; talkative. Thomſon.

PLJ PPAN TLY. ad. [from the adjective.]
In a flowing prating way.

To FLmT. -I.'. .J.
1. To throw any thing with a quick elaſtick
mgtion. Swift.
2. To move with quickneſs. Derfet,

To FLIRT. v. «.
1. To jeer ; to gibe one.
2. To run about perpetually ; to be un-
?r«!ady and flurlering.

FLIRT. ſ. [from the verb.]
1. A qviJctt elaſtick. nioliorj. Addiſon.
2. A.f'idd'rn trick. Ben. Johnſon.
3. A F^^.'^-» Addifcn,


FLIRTA'TION. ʃ. A quick ſprightly motion. Pope.

To FLIT. i>. n. [fiitter, Daniſh.]
J- To fly away, Spenſer.
2. To remove ; to migrate. Hooker.
3. To flutter ; to rove on the wing. Dryden.
4. To be flux or unftable, Dryden.

FLIT. a. [from Jlcet.] Swift ; nimble ; quick. Spenſer.

FLITCH. ʃ. [pljcce, Saxon.] The ſide of
a hog falted and cured, Swift.

FLI'TTERMOUSE. ʃ. The bat.

FLITTING. ʃ. [piit, Saxon.] An offence
; a fault. Pſalm.

FLIX. ʃ. [corrupted from jljx,'\ Down ;
fur ; ſoft hair, Dryden.

To FLOAT. v. n. [ptter, French.]
1. To ſwim on the ſurface of the water. Philips.
2. To move without labour in a fluid. Pope.
3. To paſs with a light irregular courſe. Locke.

To FLOAT. v. a. To cover with water. Addisſon.

FLOAT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of flowing ; the flux. Hooker.
1. Any body ſo contrived or formed as to
ſwim upon the water. L'Eſtrange.
3. The cork or quill by which the angler
diſcovers the bite. Walton.
4. A cant word for a level. Mortimer.

FLOATY. a. Buoyant and ſwimming atop. Raleigh.

FLOCK. ʃ. [plocc, Saxon.]
1. A company ; uſually a company of
birds or beaſts. Shakʃpeare.
2. A company of ſheep, diſtinguiſhed from
berdsj which are of oxen. Addiſon.
3. A body of men. Maccabees.
4. A lock of wool. Dryden.

To FLOCK. v, n, To gather in crowds or
large nunibeis. Kndles. Suckling.

To FLOG. v. a. [from fagrim, Lat.] To
laih ; to whip. Swift.

FLONG. participle paſſive, from To flings
uſed by Spenſer.

FLOOD. ʃ. [Flo's, Saxon.]
1. A body of water ; the ſea ; a river. Milton.
2. A deluge ; an inundation. Shakʃpeare.
3. Flow ; flux
; not ebb. Davies.
4. Catamenia. Harvey.

To FLOOD. v. a. [from the noun.] To
deluge ; to cover with waters. Mortimer.

FLO'ODGATE. ʃ. [ft-^odin^ gate.] Gate
or ſhutter by which the watercourſe is
doled or opened at pleaſure. Sidney.

FLOOK. ʃ. [ffiug, a plough, German.]
The broad part of the anchor which takes
hgld gf the £io»nd,



FLOOR. ʃ. [plnp, phjie, Saxon.]
1. The pavement. Sidney.
2. A ſtory ; a flight of rooms. Ben. Johnſon.

To FLOOR. v. a. [from the noun.] To
cover the bottom with a floor. Chronicles,

FLO'ORING. ʃ. [from foor.] Bottom; floor. Addiſon.

To FLOP. ʃ. a. [from /j/'.] To clap the
wings with noiſe. L'EſtJrange,

FLO'RAL. a. [foralis, Latin.] Relating
to Flora, or to flowers. Prior.

FLO'RENCE. ʃ. [from the city Fkrence.]
A kind of cloth.

FLOREN. ʃ. A gold coin of Edward IIL
in value fix ſhillings.

FLO'RET. ʃ. [purette, Fr.] A ſmall imperfecft

FLO'RID. a. [foridus, Latin.]
1. Produiftive of fiawers ; covered with
2. Bright in colour ; fluſhed with red. Taylor.
3. Embellirtied ; ſplendid. Dryden.

FLORI'DITY. ʃ. [from jiorid.] Frtftneſs
of colour. Floyer.

FLO'RIDNESS. ʃ. [from florid.]
1. Freſhneſs of colour.
2. Embelliſhment ; ambitions elegance.

FLORIFEROUS. a. [Jlorifer, Lat.] Produ£
live of flowers.

FLCyRIN. ſ. [French.] A coin firſt made
by the Florentines. That of Germany is
in value zi. /^.d. that of Spain 41. ^d,
halſpenny ; that of Palermo and Sicily
a I. 6d. that of Holland z s. j^fliffe.

FLO'RIST. ʃ. [Jleurifte, Fr.] A cult'ivater
of flowers. Pope. .

FLO'RULENT. a. [fioris, Lat.] Flowery ;

FLO'SCULOUS. a. [fjculus, Lat.] Compoſed
of flowers. Brown.

To FLOTE. v. a. [SttTo fleet.] To ſkim.

FLO'TSON. ʃ. [from pte.] Goods that
ſwim without an ownar on the fea. Skinner.

FLO'TTEN. part, [from fje ] Skimmed.

To FLOUNCE. v. n. [plonjen, Dutch.]
1. To move with violence in the water or
mire. Addiſon.
2. To move with weight and tumult. Prior.
3. To move with paſſionate agitation. Swift.

To FLOUNCE. v. a. To deck with flounces.

FLOUNCE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Any thing
fewed to the garment, and hanging looſe,
fo as to ſwell and ſhake. Pope. .

FLOUNDER. ʃ. [jiynder, Daniſh.] The
name of a ſmall flat fiſh. Camden.

To FLO'UNDER. v. v. [from /;«n«.] To

flniggle with violent and irregular mnt?.5ns.

To FLO'URISH. ,. n. [fono. uf.]'^' 1. To be in vigour; not to fade. Pope. .
2. To be in a proſperous (late, Drydt:n.
3. To uſe florid language. Baker.
4. To deſcribe various figures, by interleding
hnes. p
5. To boaft; to brag.
6. [In muſick.] To play ſome prelude.

1. To adorn with vegetable beauty. Fentoti.
2. To adorn with figures of needle work.
3. To work with a needle into figures. Bacon.
4. To move any tfeing in quick circles or
^'''f'O'^-s- Crolhato
5. To adorn with embelliſhments of lanf^'.
ge- Bacon.
6. To adorn ; to embelliſh. Shakʃpeare.

FLO'URISH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Bravery ; beauty, CraJl3aiL-.
2. An ofientatious embelliſhment; ambitions
copioui'neſs, Bacr.n. Mire.
3. Figures formed by lines curiouſly or
wantonly drawn, Bo^le

FLOURISHER. ʃ. \ir<,m fi.uriſh.] One
that IS in prime or in proſperity, O.apmon.

To FLOUT. v. a. [fiuytcn, Dutch.] To
mock ; to infult ; to treat with mockery
and contempt. Wal'on.

To FLOUT. v. n. To pradiſe mockery ;
to behave with contempt. Svift

FLOUT. ʃ. [from the verb.] A mock \ an infult,

FLO'UTER. ʃ. [from >af.] One u4

To FLOW. v. n,
f jrlopin, Saxon.]
1. To run or ſpread as water. Swift.
2. To run : oppoſed to ſtanding waters. Dryden.
3. To riſe ; not to ebb. Shakʃpeare.
4. To melt. Iſaiah.
5. To proceed ; to iſſue. Somh.
6. To glide ſmoothly without aſperity ; as, s-fowing period. Hakewell.
7. To write ſmoothly ; to ſpeak volubly. Prior.
8. To abound; to be crowded. Chapman.
9. To be copious ; to be full. Pope. .
10. To hang looſe and waving. Spectator.

To FLOW. v. a. To overflow ; to deluge. Mortimer.

FLOW. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The riſe of water ; not the ebb. Brown.
Z, A ſudden plenty or abundance. Pope. .
3. A ſtream of diction. South.

FLOWER. ʃ. [/far, Fr.]
1. The part tf a plant which contains
the feeds. Cowley.
2. Ar

2. An ornament ; an embelli/Iiment. Hakewell.
3. The prime ; the fiourithing pare. Pope. .
^. The edible part of corn ; the meal. Spenſer.
5. The moſt excellent or valuable part of
any thing. Mdijov.
6. That which is moſt diſhnguiſhed for
any thing valuable. Shakʃpeare.

FLO'WER de luce. ſ. A bulbous iris.

To FLO'WER. v. a. [fleurir, Fr.]
1. To be in flower ; to be in blolibm.
2. To be in the prime ; to flouriſh. Spenſer.
3. To froth ; to ferment ; to mantle. Bacon.
4. To come as cream from the ſurface. Milton.

To FLO'WER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
adorn with ſtdlitious or imitated flowers.

FLO'WERAGE. ʃ. [from foiuer.] Store
of flowers.

FLO'WERET. ʃ. [f^uret, Fr.] A flower; a ſmall flower. Dryden.

FLO'WERGARDEN. ʃ. [pzver and garden.]
A garden in which flowers are princij-
ially cultivated. Mortimer.

FLOWERINESS. ʃ. [from fla'Wery .]
1. The ſtate of abounding in flowers.
2. Floridneſs of ſpeech.

FLO'WERINGBUSH. ʃ. A plant. Miller.

FLO'WERY. a. [from Jioiccr.'^ Full of
flowers ; adorned with flowers real or fictitious.

FLO'WINGLY. ad. [from JIoii:} With
volubility ; with abundance.

FLOWK. ʃ. A flounder. Car(ii\

FLO'Vv'KWORT. ſ. The name of a plant,

FLOWN. Participle of fy, or jiee.
1. Gone away.
2. Puff'ed ; inſlated ; elate. Milter,.

FLU'CTUANT. a. [fuSiuans, Lat.] Wavering
; uncertain. 'L'Eſt'rapge,

To FLU'CTUATE. v. ſt. [jiuauo, Lat.]
1. To roll to and again as water in agitatiojj.
2. To float backward and forward.
3. To move with uncertain and hafly motion.
4. To be in an uncertain ſlate. Addiſon.
c. To be irreffilute.

FLUCTUA'TION. ʃ. [piBuatlo, Lat.]
1. The alternate motion of the water. Brown.
2. [jncertainty ; indetermination. Boyle.

FLUE. ʃ.
1. A ſmall pipe or chimney to convey air.
1. Soft down or fur.

FLUlv'L.LIN. ſ. The herb ſpeedwell,

FLUENCY. ſ. [from j?Mt7!f.]
1. The quality of flowing \ ſmoothneſs ;

freedom from harſhneſs oraſperity. GariB,
2. Readineſs ; copiouſoeſs ; volubility. King Charles.
3. Affluence; abundance. Sandys.

FLU'ENT. ^. [fuens, Latin.]
1. Liquid. Bacon.
2. Flowing ; in motion ; in flux, Ray.
3. Ready ; copious ; voluble. Bacon.

FLU'ENT. ʃ. Stream ; running water.

FLU'ID. a. [fuidus, Litm ifluide, Fr.]
Having parts eaſily ſeparable ; not ſolid.

FLU'ID. ʃ. [In phyſick.] Any animal juice. Arbuthnot.

FLUl'DITY. ſ. [ipidite, Fr. from a>/i.]
The quality in bodies oppoſite to tolidity. Newton.

FLU'IDNESS. ʃ. [from fiuid.] That quality
in bodies oppoſite to ſtability. Boyle.

FLU'MMERY. ʃ. A kind of food made
by coagulation of wheatflower or oatmeal. Locke.

FLUNG. participle and preterite of Jling. Addiſoon,

FLU'OR. ʃ. [Latin.]
1. A fluid ſtate. Newton.
2. Catamenia.

1. A gull or ſtorm of wind ; a haſty blaſt. Swift.
1. Hurry.

To FLUSH. t>. n. [fuyfen, Dutch.]
1. To flow with violence. Mortimer.
2. To come in liafte. Ben. Johnſon.
3. To glow in the ſkin, Collier.
4. To ſhine. Spenſer.

To FLUSH. v. a.
1. To colour ; to redden, Addiſon.
2. To elite-; to elevate. Atterbury.

1. Freſh ; full of vigour. Clearueland,
2. Affluent ; abounding. Arbuthvgt,

1. Afllux ; ſudden impulfe ; violent flow. Rogers.
2. Cards all of a fort.

To FLU'STER. v. a. [from Tojiujh.] To
make hcc and rofy with dtinkuig.Shakʃpeare.

FLUTE. ʃ. [fiute, French.]
1. A muſical pipe ; a pipe with flops for
the fingers. Dryden.
2. A channel or furrow in a pillar.

To FLUTE. v. a. To cut columns into

To FLUTTER. v. n. [y:\oZ']\m, Saxon.]
1. To take ſhort flights with great agitation
of the wings. Deuteronomy.
2. To move about with great ſhow and
buftle. Grew.
3. To be moved with quick vibrations or
undulations, P°P^'

4. To move irregularly. IJoweL

To FLUTTER. v. a.
1. To drive in diſorder, like a flock of
birds ſuddenly rouſed. Shakʃpeare.
2. To hurry the mind.
3. To diſorder the poſition of any thing.

FLUTTER. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Vibration ; undulation. Addiſon.
2. Hjrry; tumult; diſorder of mind.
3. Contufion ; irregular poſition.

FLUVIATICK. a. [f.wviatous, Latin.]
Belonging to rivers.

FLUX. ʃ. [Jluxut, Latin.]
1. The act of flowing ; paſſage. Digby.
2. The ſtate of paffing away and giving
place to r-thers. Broturt.
3. Any flow or ilfue of matter. /irbu:hnot,
4. Dyfentery ; difeaſe in which the bowels
are excoriated and bleed ; bloody flux.
5. Excrement ; that which falls from bodies.
6. Concourſe ; confluence. Shakʃpeare.
7. The ſtate of being melted.
8. That which mingled with a body makes
it melt.
Flux, a [fuxm, Latin.] Urjconſtant; not dursble ; mjintained by a conſtant
fuccfUion of parts.

To FLUX. v. a.
1. To mrlt.
2. To falivate ; to evacuate by ſpitting. South.

FLUXI'LITY. ʃ. [fiuxus, Latin.] Eafmeſs
of ſeparJtion of parts boyk,

FLU'XION. ʃ. [jiuxw. Latin.]
1. The act or flowing.
2. The matte; that flows.
3. [In mathematicks.] The arithmetick
or analyfis of infinitely ſmall variable quantities.

To FLY. v n. pret. Jleiv or Jli.d ;
Jiid or Jiown.
1. To move through the air with wings.Shakʃpeare.
2. To paſs through the air. j^ob.
3. To paſs away. Prior.
4. To paſs ſwiftly. Dryden.
5. To ſpring With violence; to fall on
ſuddenly, Shakʃpeare.
6. To move with rapidity. Waller.
7. To burſt aſunder with a ſudden expio-
fion. Swift.
S. To break ; to ſhiver.
9. To run away ; to attempt efcaoe. Dryden.

JO. To Fly in the face. To infulr. Swift.

II. To act in defiiiiice. Dryden.
12. To Fly off. To revolt, Addiſoov,
13. To Fly cut. To buril into psſtion. Ben. Johnſon.
14. To Fly oaf. To brea.t out into licence. Dryden.

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15. To Fly out. To ſtart violently from
any direction. BeiiU-,-.
16. To act Fly. To dikh&Tge, Cranviiie,

To FLY. -^. a.
1. To ſhun
; to avoid ; to declinf.
2. To refuſe aflociation with, Dryde ,
3. To quit by fl ght. Dry n ,
4. To attack by a bird oT prey. Batar.
Fly. ſ. [pleoje, Saxon.]
1. A ſmall winged iniect. Lake,
2. That part of a machine which, being
put into a quick motion^ regulates the r«ft.
3. Ft. T, in a compaſs. That part which
Doints how the wind blows,
To FLY'BLOW. v. a. [/_y and blow.] To
taint with flies ; to fill with maggots,

FLY'BOAT. ʃ. [fy and boat.] A kind &f
veſſel nirr.ble and Itght for failing.

FLYCATCHER. ʃ. [Jly and catch.] Ore
that hunts flies. Dryden.

FLY'ER. ʃ. [from /j.]
1. One that flies ir tuns avray. Sandyt,
2. One that ules wings.
3. The fly of a jack.

To FLYFISH. v. a. [fy and//;.] To
angle with a hook baited with a fly. Walton.

FOAL. ʃ. [pilz, Saxon.] The offspring of
a mare, <>f other heart of burthen. The
cuſtom now 1; ti' uſe colt for a youne horſe,
a;.d fojl for a young mare. Spenſer.

To FOAL. v. a. [from the noun.] To
brm.' forth a foa!. R^oj.

FO'ALBIT. ʃ. A plant,

FOAM. ſ.;pam, Saxon.] The white ſubſtance
which agitation or fermentation gathers
on the top of liquors ; froth ; ſptime,

To FOAM. v. a. [from the noun.]
I To froth ; to gather foam, 5/?'3^f//9fITrf,
2. To be inra|e; to be violently agitated.

FOAMY. a. [from foam.] Covered with
fo^m ; frothy. Sidney.

FOB. y. [/a/jjCt, German.] A ſmall pocket. Hudibras.

To FOB. t'. a. [fuf'pev, German.]
1. To cheat; to trick ; to defraud.Shakʃpeare.
2. To Fo-B of. To fllife <:fr; to put aGde
with Ml artifice. Addiſon.

FO'CAL a. [\xomf.cui ] Bclongins to the
tocus. D-rham.

FO'CTL. ʃ. [focile, Fr.] The greater or
itfs bene between the knee and ankle, or
elbow and wrift. Wiseman.

F03ILLATION. ſ. [/-:''<', Lat.] Comfort
; ſupport. D-.Ei,

FO'PUS. ʃ. [Lptm.] . _
1. [In opticks.] The focus of a gUf- is
3 c ^iis

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ihe point of conver.;ence or concourſe, F0'5STINESS. ſ. rfrom fofffy 1 Fuft'neſs ; where the rays tnetc and croſs the axi
aUcr their refraction by the glaſs.
Hart it, Newton.
2. Focus f.f a Parabola. A point in
the axis within the figure, and diſtant from
the vertex by a fourth part of the parameter,
cr laitti re'lum. Harris.
3. Focus 'f ar.clliffjis. A point to v.'ards
each end nt the longci- sxis ; from whence
two right lines being dravn to any point
hi the circumfeier.cs, fl.all be together
equal to that lonjicr axtP. Harris.

FO'DDER. _/; [poSjie, Saxon.] Dry food
llnred up for cattle agjinff winter. K':o'les.

To FO'DDER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
feed with dry food. Evelyrt,
n;riu;dineff. Tuff.r.

FO'ISTY. a. Mouldy ; fuſty.

FOLD. ʃ. ſpal^, Saxon.]
1. The ground in which ſheap are confined. Milton.
2. The place where ſheep are houſed. Raleigh.
3. The flock of ſheep. Dryden.
4. A limit ; a boundary. ,. C'cech.
5. A double ; a compliealion ; one part
added to another, Arbuthnot.
6. From the foregoing ſignification is derived
the uſe of fM in compoſſion. Fo 'd
lignififs the fanne quantity added : as,
twenty fold, twenty times repeated. Matthew.

FODDERER.'/'. [from fodder. 1 He who To FOLD. w. a. f from the noun 1
f.] !»,„ .1. ^ (T. /! . /I
^ 'J foddeis cattle

FOE. ʃ. [pih, Saxon.]
1. An enemy in war. Spenſer.
2. A perfecutor ; an encmv in common
}ife. Pope. .
3. An opponent ; an illwiſher. Waits

To Aut Aeep in the fold. Milton.
2. To double ; to complicate. Collier.
3. To incloſe ; to include ; to ſhut.Shakʃpeare.

To FOLD. v. n. To doſe over another of
the ſame kind, j^/„p

FOEMAN. ſ. [from /oJ and mj^.^ Enemy

FOLIA'CEOUS. a. [foliaceus, Lat.] C.fnl
' ^ar, Spenſer. fiſing of lamina or leaves. Woodward.

FOE-rUS. ſ. [Latin.] The child in the FOLIAGE./, [foium, Latin.] Leaves;
womb after it is peileCtly formed.
^ircy. Locke.
lOG. ſ. [f.g, Daniſh, a florm.] A thick
; a moi'l denfe vapour near the farface
of the land or water. Raleigh.

FOG. ʃ. [f'.gjgium, low Lat.] Aftergrsff.

FO'GGILY. ad. [ft om foggy.] M:flily ; darkly ; cloudily.

FOGGINESS. ʃ. [from fofgy.] The ſlate
of being dark or miliy ; cloudineſs ; miiimcfs.

FO'GGY. a. [from fog.]
1. Mifly ; cloudy ; dank. Evelyn.
2. Cloudy in undeifiandnTo ; dull.

FOH. interjcii. An ii;ierjcfd:cn of abhorrence.Shakʃpeare.

FO'IBLE. ʃ. [French.] A weak f^de ; a
blind ſide. Freind.
tufts of leaves. Addiʃon.

To FO'LI./VTE. v. a. [fliatus, Lat.] To
beatio'o hmmas or leaves, Newton,

FOLIATION. ʃ. [fcLatio, Lat.]
1. The act of beating into thin leaves,
2. Foliation is one of the parts of the
flower of a plant, the colleflion of theſe
fugacious cobured leaves called petala,
which conſtitute the compaſs of the flower. Suiref,

FO LIATURE. ʃ. Th-. ſtate of be.Bg harn.'
mered into leaver.

FO'LIO. ʃ. [in folio, Latin.] A large book,
ot which the pages are formed by a ſheet
of paper once doubled. Watts

F'OLIOMORT. a. A dark yellow ; the
colour of a leaf faded : vulgarly called
flilomot. Woodward.

To FOIL. v. a. [affoler, old French.]
To FOLK-. ſ. [y:.o\c, Saxon.]
put to the worft ; to def(;at, Milton.
1. People, in familiar language, Sidney.

FOIL. f. [from the verb.] 2. Nations; mankind. Pſalms.
1. A defeat ; a mlfcarriage, Sonihern. 3. Any kind of people as diſcriminated
2. Leaf; gilding. Milton. from others. Shakʃpeare.
3. Sjmething of another colour near which FO'LKMOTE. ſ. A meeting of folk,
jeweh are ſet to raiſe their krſtre. Sidney. UperLr
4. A biunt ſwoid uſed in fencing. FO'LLICLE. ſ. [foU'c-dus, Latin.]
,^-.T-r, r or ,,-. Shakʃpeare. I. A cavity in any body with ſtrong coats.
tOH.ER. ſ. [from Jo;!.] .One who has Eroion
gamed advantage ovLT another, 2. Follicle is a term in botany fiijnifvin.

To POINT. v. a. [l^oind,e,Yi: Skinner.] the feed vemis, capfula ſcminaiis, or caſe To pu(h in fencing. Dryden. which ſome fruits and feeds have over

FOIN. ʃ. Athrurtj . puft. them. ^.;'

FO'ISOM. ʃ. [poij-on, Saxon.] Plenty;

To FO'LLOW. v. a. [po'^nn, Sax^.]
abundance. Shakʃpeare. ſ. To go after ; not before or ſide by ſide.

To FOIST. v. o. Ij.ujjer, Fr.] lo in- Shakſpeare.
lat by tugery. Qaniu, a. To purſue as an enemy. Irene.
3. T»

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5. To attend as a dependant. Samuel.
4. To purſue. Dryden.
5. To ſucceed in order of time.
6. To be confsquentia], as effstls.
7. To imitate ; to copy. Hooker.
S. To obey ; to obſerve, Tillstj'on.
6. To confirm by new endeavours. Spenſer.
7. To attend to ; to be bulled with. Ecdef.

To FO LLOW. v. p.
1. To come after another. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To be poderiour in time.
3. To be conſequential, as eſſed to cauſe. Locke.
4. To be conſequential, as inference to
premifes, Temf>!e.
5. To continue endeavours. liojea.

FO'LLOWER. ʃ. [f-om fo'kw.]
1. One who comes atter another ; not before
him, or ſide by ſide. Shakʃpeare.
2. A dependant.
3. An attendant, Po/v.
4. An afficiate ; a companion. Shakʃpeare.
5. One under the command of another. Spenſer.
6. A ſcholar ; an imitator ; a copyer.

FO'LLY. ʃ. [folie, French.]
1. Want of underſtanding ; weakneſs of
2. Criminal weakneſs ; depravity of mind.Shakʃpeare.
3. AQl of negligence or paſſion u.;beco;ning
wifdom. Pope. .

To FOMENT. v. a. [ſomenter, Latin.]
1. To cheriſh with heat, Mu'iort.
2. To bathe with warm lotions, Aihuthiwt,
3. To encourage ; to ſupport ; to cheriſh. Wotton.

FOMENTA'TION. ʃ. [ſomentation, Fr.]
; A ſomentation is partial b'.thing, called
alſo ſhiping, which is applying hot tlmneſs
to any part, dipped in medicated decocticDS. Bacon.
2. The Jotion prepared to ſoment the
parts. Arbuthnot.

FOME'NTER. ʃ. [from /-.«fn/.] An encourager
; a ſupporter. Hvivtl.

TON. I. A fool ; an ide.^t, Spenſer.

FONl-X /.
1. Fooliſh; ſilly ; indiſcreet ; imprudent:
injudicious. yif.ham.
2. Trifling ; valu:-d by ſtlly. Shakſpeare.
3. Fojlilhiy tender ; injudiciouſly indulgent,
4. i'leaſed in too great a degree ; fiolilhly
delighted. P'ior.

To FOND. ʃ. v. a. To treat with great

To FONDLE. ʃ. indulgence; to careſs ; to
cocker. Dryden.

To FOND. v. n. To be fond of ; to dote
P-l) Shakʃpeare.

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FONDLEH. ʃ. [from /.v^i.] One who

FONDLING. ʃ. [from forJle.] A perſon
or thing much fondled or careſſed ; f.>mething
r£:irded wth great affitliuu, Swifc,

FO'NDLY. a. [from /ITc/.]
1. Forlii'hiy ; weakly ; imptudentjy. Pspt,
2. Wiſh great or extreme tenderneſs.

FO'NDNESS. ſ. [from fovd.]
1. Fooliflmtfjj weakneſs ; want of ſenſf. Spenſer.
2. FooKfli teralerneſs, Addiſonj.
3. Tender piiſhoii. Swift.
4. Un'eafonalile liking. Hammond.

FONT. ʃ. [Join, Latin.] A fune velTcl
in which the water for h'dy baptilm is cr.ntained
in the church. Hooker.

FO'NTANEL. ʃ. [for.tarelle, French.] Aa
iſſue ; a (iilctjafge opened in the body. Wiseman.

FONT.'l'NGE. ſ. A knot of ribbands o\
the top of the iicad dreſs. Addiſo-;.

FOOD. ʃ. Ipxtan, Saxon ]
1. Vidu-isj proviſion for the mouth,
2. Any thing that nouriſhes, Shakʃpeare.

FOO'DFUL. a. [food^i)dfulL] Fruitful; lull of food. Dryden.

FOODY. a. [from yiW.], Eatable; ſt: for
food. Ch.jpoian,

FOOL. ʃ. [/./, Welſh.]
1. One to w hem nature has denied reaſin ;
a riJturjl; an idiot. Pope»
2. [In Scripture.] A wicked man. Pſa^m ,
3. Atterm of indignity and reproach. Dryden.
4. One who counterfeits folly ; abulf.ori ;
ajcfler. Denlan

5. To fihy the Fool. To play pranks
liks a hu,td jeder. Sidney.
6. To play the Fool. To act like one
void of common underſtanding. Shakſp.
7. To make a Focl. To diſappoint ; 10
ritfrat. Shakʃpeare.

To FOOL. ʃ. n. [from the noun.] To
tritl'.-; to toy ; to J'lay. Heberl,

To FOOL. v. a.
1. To treat with contempt ; to difjupo-inr ;
til fruſtrate. Ben. Johnson.
2. To infatuate, . Ca'.-i'ry,
3. To cheat: as, toyio.'one pf his m nev.

FOO'LBORN-. a. [/jo/ and io?/7/] Fooliſh
fri>:-i) the birth. Sis^ik 'p a'-e,

FOOLERY. ʃ. [from /o/]
1. Hibifual folly. Shakſpeare.
2. An aci of folly ; trifu.^g practice.
3. Obi»« of folly.]i.-!ti^b,

FOOLHA'PPY. a. [/so/ and tappy.] Lucky,
Without contrivance or judgment. Spenſer.


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FOOLHA'RDINESS. ʃ. [from ſca/bardy.]
Mad raftinvfs. South.

FOOLHA'RDISE. ſ.Adventurouſneſs without
iiidgment. Spenſer.

FOOLHARDY. a. [fcoUr\A hardy.] Daring
without judgment ; madly adven'urous.

FOOLTRAP. ʃ. [fooUnd trap.] A ſmre
to catch fools in. Dryden.

FOO'LISH. a. [from fool.]
1. Void of underſtanding ; weak of intejjpfl-.Shakʃpeare.
2. Imprudent ; indiſtreet. Shakʃpeare.
5. Ridiculous ; contemptible. Mjccabees,
4. [In Scripture.] Wicked ; finful.

FOO'LISHLY. ad. [from fioli/a.] Weakly
; without undetflanding. In Scripture,
wickedly. Swift.

FOO'LISHNESS. ʃ. [from fsoliſh ]
1. Filly ; want of underſtanding.
a Fix)!!/}! practice ; actual deviation from
the ripht. Prior.

FOO LSTONES. ſ. A plant. Af/AVr.

FOO r. ſ. piural/^£/. [p^t, Saxon.]
1. The part upon which wc fland. Clarendon.
2. That by which any thing is fnpported.
3. The lower pirt ; the b?.fe. KukiioiU.
4. The end ; the lower part. Dryden.
q The act of » king. Mjccnhses.
6. On Foot. Walking ; without carriage. Exodus.
7. On Foot. In a poſture of ai'lion.Shakʃpeare.
8. Infantry ; footmen in arms, Clarendon.
9. State ; character ; condition. Addisſon.

JO. Scheme; plan; ſettlement. Swift.
3. t. A ſtate of incipient exiſtence. Tiikifon,
12. A certain number of ſyllables conflituting
a diſtinct p^rt of a vei fe. Jfcham.
13. A mcafure containing twelve inches. Bacon.
74. Shakſp, L'Eſtrange.

To FOOT. v. ſt. [from the noun ]
1. To dance ; to tread wantonly ; to trip. Dryd:r.
1. To walk ; not ride. Seuib.

To FOOT-. v- a.
1. To ſpurn ; to kick. Shakʃpeare.
2. To fertle ; to begin to fix. Shakʃpeare.
3. To tread. Jiekell.

FOOTBALL. ʃ. [f-ot and hal.] A ball
commonly made of a blown bladder cafed
with leather, driven by the foot. V'o\kr.

FOOTBOW. ʃ. [foot and %.] A low
mcni=>l ; an attendint in livery. Boyle.

FOO'TBRIDGE. ʃ. f foot and bridge.] A
br'dee on which p^ſſengers walk. Sidney.

FOO'TCLOTH. ʃ. [foot and doth, ] A
fumpter cloth.

FOOTED. a. [from /«»/] Shaped in the
5 toot. Prczv,


FOOTFIGHT. ʃ. [foot and fght.] A
fight made on foot, in opptſition to that
on horffback. Sidney.

FOOTHOLD. ſ. [foot and hold.] Space
t < h id he f^ot. L'Eſtrange.

FOOTING. ʃ. [from foot.]
1. Ground for the foot. Shakʃpeare.
2. Foundation ; bails ; ſupport ; r>-ot. Locke.
3. Place. Dryden.
4. Tread ; walk. Shakʃpeare.
5. Dance. Shakʃpeare.
6. Steps ; road ; track. Bacon.
7. Entrance; beginning ; eflabliſhment. Clarendon.
3. State; condition ; ſettlement. /irimth.

FOOTLICKER. ʃ. [fot and lick,
; A ſlave ; an humble av.ner. Shakʃpeare.

FOOTMAN. f. [foot zr,A mar]
1. A foidicr that m.arches and fights on
foot. Raleigh.
2. A low menial fervant in livery. B 'icn,
3. One who rr. elſes to wa!!< or run

FOOTMANSHIP. ʃ. [from /oo/»i.^.] The
art or faculty of a runner. Hayward.

FOOTPACE.'/ [Joot ^nApace.]
1. Part of a pair of ſtairs, whereon, after
four or five ſteps, you arrive to a broad
place. Moxon.
2. A pace no fafler tli.'^n a flow walk.

FOOTPAD./ [foot and pad.] A highwayman
that robs en foot.

FOOTPATH. ʃ. [foot and path.] A narrow
way which will not admit horſes.Shakʃpeare.

FOOTPOST. ʃ. [foot and pof.] A pod
or meſſenger that travels on foot. Carew.

FOOTSTALL. ʃ. [foot and fall.] A woman's

FOOTSTEP./ [foot and J}ep.]
1. Trace ; track; i.r.preſſion left by the
foot. Denham.
2. To ken ; matk ; notice given. Berkley.
3. Eximcle.

FOOTSTOOL. ʃ. [foot and fool.] Stool
on which he that fiis places his feet. Roſcommon.

FOP. ʃ. A finipleton ; a coxcomb ; a man
of ſmall underſtanding and much oftentation. Roſcommon.

FO'PDOODLE. ʃ. [fop and doodle.] A
fool ; an inſignificant wrefch. Hudibai',

FO'PFHRY. ʃ. [from fop.]
1. Folly ; impertinence. Shakʃpeare.
2. Adciflation of Aow or importance ; ſhowy folly.
3. Fookry ; vain or idle practice. Stillingfleet.

FO'PPISH. a. [from fop.]
1. Fooliſh ; idle; vain. Shakʃpeare.
%, Vain in ſhow ; vain of dreſs. Garth.



FO'PPISHLY. tf^, [from fopf>ip.] Vilnly ; ofteititiouſiv.

FO'PPISHNESS. ʃ. [from fo^t'P.^ Vanity
; ſhowy vjnity.

FO'PPLING. ʃ. [from /c/.] A petty fop.

FOR. frtp. [f'>P, Saxon.]
1. Becauſe oi. Hjsker. Suckling.
2. With reſpect to ; with regard to.
3. In »he character of. Lot/Jc,
4. With reſemblance of. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
5. Conſidered as ; in the place of. Clarendon.
6. For the fake of. Co-ziLj.
7. Conducive to ; beneficial to. Tilhtjon.
8. With intention of going to a cert^sin
place. Hayward.
9. If! comparative reſpect. Dryden.
10, In proportion to. Tiliotſon.

II 'vVi:h appropriation to. Shakʃpeare.
12. Ar'ter O an expreſſion of deſire.Shakʃpeare.
13. To account of; in foJution of. Burnet.
14. Inducing to as a motive. TilLtfov,,
15. I.) expectation of. Locke.
16. Viiting power or paſhbility. Taylor.
17. Noting dependence. Boyle.
18. In prevention of. Bacon.
19. In remedy of. Garretjon,
20. In exchange for, Dryden.
21. In the place of; inſtead of, Cowley.
22. Li f'upply of ; to ſerve in the place of. Dryden.
23. Through a certain duration.
Roscommon, Locke.
24. In ſearch of ; in queſt of. 7illo:jon.
25. According to. Boyle.
26. Noting a ſtate of fitoeſs or readin^fs. Dryden.
ijy. Ir hope of; for the fike of. Sh-iieſp.
28. Of tendency to ; towards. Knolles.
29. Iti favour of; on ih; part of; on the
ſide of. Cuwhy,
30. Noting accommidation or adapiati.rsn.
31. With intention of. Ti/Lifon.
32. Becoming ; belonging to. Cow'ey.
33. Notwithft n'lng. Berkley.
34. For nil. N'twithſtanding. South.
35. To the uſe of; to be uſed in, Spenſer.
36. In conſequence of. Dryden.
37. In recompenle of, Dryden.
38. In proportion to. Shakʃpeare.
39. By means of; by interpoſſion of.

40. In regard of. Addiſon.

FOR. conj.
1. The word by which the reaſon is given
of ſomething advanced before, CczvLy.
2. B^-cauſe; on this account that. Spenſer.
3. For as Tfiuch. I;j ri'g^i''^ that ; in conſideratio.
T of. Hooker.

4. For zvly. Becauſe ; for this reaſon
that. Knolles.

To FO'RAGE. v. a. [from ſcrii, abroad,
1. To wander far ; to rove at a diſtancee. Shakſpeare.
2. To wander in ſearch of proviſion?. Denham.
3. To ravage ; to feed on ſplit. Shakʃpeare.

To FO RAGE. v. a. To plunder ; to ſhip. Spenſer.

FO'RAGE. ʃ. [fourag^, German and Fr.
from foris, Latin.]
1. Search of proviſions ; the act of feeding
abroad. Milton.
2. Provifiuns fought abroad. Dryden.
3. Provificns in general. Dryden.

FO AA'MINOUi. a. [from foramen, Lat.]
Full of holes. Bacon.

To FORBE'AR. v. v. pret. To fo,hare, anwniX-
; fathare ; i^ixt.forb.m. ij:op.b2-jian,
1. To ceaſe from any thing ; to intermit. Denham.
2. To pauf3; to delay. Shakʃpeare.
3. To omit voluntarily ; to abftain. Cleyne.
4. To reitrain any violence of temper ; tri be pafisnt. Frc'jctbv,

To FORBEAR. v. a.
1. To decline ; to omit voluntarily.
Wullcr. Clarenden.
3. To ſpare ; to treat with clemency.
4. To wlthold, Chronicles.

FORBE'ARANCE. ʃ. [from forbear.]
1. The care of avoiding or ſhunning any
thing. South.
2. Intermiſſion of ſomething.
3. C'lmmand of temper. Shakʃpeare.
4. Lenity ; delay of puniſhment ; miidnrf;. Rogers.

FORBE'ARER. ʃ. [from /.r^.-jr.] An intermitter
; interceptor of any thing, Tuſſer.

To FORBID. v. a. prer. j'frhjJe; part.
forbidden Qv f.r bid. To priLtinj Saxon.]
1. To prohibit ; to inte-oiCt anything.
2. To command to forbear any thing. Sidney.
3. To oppoſe ; to hinder. Bacon, Dryden.
4. To accuſfe; to blaſt. Shakʃpeare.

To FO'RBID. ʃ. «. To utter a prohibition.Shakʃpeare.

FORBIDDANCE. ʃ. [f,om/cri;^.] ' Prohibition. Milton.

FORBI'DDENLY. ad. [from fo^h-d ] In
an unlawful manner. Shakʃpeare.

FORBIDDER. ʃ. [from forbid.] One that
prohibits. Brown.

FORBIDDING. particip. a. [from forbid.]
Raiſing abhorrence. Aaron lull.

FORCE. ʃ. ^ force, French.]
1. Strength ; vigour ; might. Dinne.
2. Violence.
«. Violence. Br^deiu
5. Virtue ; efficacy. Locke.
4. Validneſs ; power of law. Denham.
5. Arnnament ; wailike preparation. Walter,
6. Defiiny ; necelTity ; fatal compulfion.

To FORCE. v. a. [from the neun.]
1. To compel ; to conſtrain. Swift.
2. To overpower uy ſtrength. Miltoi.
3. To impel ; to preſs. D-uieroromy.
4. To draw or pulh by main ſtreiigth. Dryden.
5. To enforce; to urge. Dryden.
6. To drive by violence or power. Decay of piety.
7. To gain by violence or power. Dryden:.
S To ſtorm ; to take or enter by violence.
«. To raviſh ; to violate by force. Dryden.

JO To con.^uain ; to dift .rt. Addiʃon.

II. To man ; to llrengihen by ſoldiers; to garrifon. Rrj/eigl:
12. To Force ou?. To extort. /?.'/fr^«'j.

To FORCE. v ». To lay ilreſs upon. Camden.

FO'PvCEDLY. «i^. [from /j't.-.] Vioicn-]y ; conſtr-iinsdly. Burr.cl.

FO'RCEFUL. a. [/;r« and/^// ] Vjoient; ſtrorw ; impetut us. Pope. .

FO'RCEFULLY. ad. [from /r.r/a/.] Vialently
; impetuouſly.

F^':^CELES>. [from /or«.] Without
force ; weak ; feebie.

[Luio.] Fow/'J properly
ſignifies 3/ pair of to'gs ; but is uſed for
an inllrinnent in chirurgery, to extrad
any tiling out of wou: ds. S^tr.cy.

FO'XCER. ʃ. [from /<)'(:< ]
1. Thdt which ſta-ces, drives, or conſtrains.
2. The embolus of a pump working by
pulfion. Wilkins.

FO'.CCIBLE. a. [from /r«.]
1. Strong; mishty : opp.led to weak.

2. Violent ; impetuous.
3. Efficacious ; active; p werful. Bacon.
A. P^evjlent ; of great in.luence. iJ<2/i;/j?>.
c. Done by force. Hwift.
6. Vdiid ; binding ; obligatory.

FO'RCISLENESS. ʃ. [from forcible.'^ Force ;

FO'RCIBLY. ai. [from f.rdb'e.'.
1. S:rongiy; powerfully. Tilhtjm,
2. Impetuouſly.
3. By violence ; by force. Spenſer, Hammond.

FO'RCIPATED. a. [from force/a.] Formed
liice a pair of pincers to open and incloſe. Denham.

FORD. ʃ. [F''P'»»
1. A ſhallow part of a nver. Fairfax.
2. The Itream, the current, Mtitcj:,


To FORD. v. a. To paſs without ſwimming. Raleigh.

FO'RDABLE. a. [from /ori.] Paffable
without ſwimthing. Raleigh.

FORE. a. [p^jie, Saxon.] Antetiour ; that
which comes lirſt in a progreffive motion.

FORE. r.d.
1. Anteriourly. Raleigh.
2. Fore is a word much uſed in compoſition
to mark Priority of time.

To FOREA'RM. v. a. [fore and am.] T«
provide for attack or te/iſtance before the
time of need. South.

To FOREBODE. v. rt. [fo-e and bode.'.
1. To prognofticate ; to foretel, Dryden.
2. To foreknow ; to be prefe lent of. Pope. .

FOREBO'DER. ʃ. [from fo- el ode.]
1. A prognofticator ; a ſoothfaycr.

t, A foreknower.

FOREBY'. prep, [fore and by.] Near ;
hard by ; fall by. Spenſer.

To FORECA'ST. v. a. [fore and cafi.]
1. To ſcheme ; to plan before execution. Daniel.
2. To adjud ; to contrive. Dryden.
3. To furefee ; to provide agair.fl. L'Eſtrange.

To FORECA'ST. v. a. To form ſchemes ; Id co.rtnve beforehand. Spenſer.

FORECAST. ʃ. [from the verb.] Contrivance
beforehand ; antecedent policy. Pope. .

FORECA'STER. ʃ. [from fortcaji.] One
V ho contrives beforehand.

FO RECASTLE. ſ. [f^^re and cefHe.] In
a ſhip, that part where the foren.art (lands. Harris, Raleigh.

FORECHO'SEN. part. [fore and chcfei.]
Pre eitc^.ed.

FORECI'TED. part, [fore and cite.] Quoted
before. Arbuthnot.

To FORECLO'SE. v. a. [fore and chj',\
1. To ſhucup; to preclude ; to prevent,
2. To Foreclose a Mortgage, is to cut
oft the p'.wer of redemption.

FO'REDECK. ʃ. ^ fore and d ck.] The anterlour
rait of the ſhip. Chapman.

To FOREDESIGN. v. a. [fore 2nd dr/ign.]
To plan beforehand, Cheyne.

To FOREDO'. v. a. [item fir and do.]
1. To ruin ; to deſtroy, Shakʃpeare.
2. To overdo ; to weary ; to harrals,Shakʃpeare.

To FOREDO'OM. v. a. [fore and doom.]
To predeftinate ; to determin beforehand. Pope.

FOREE'ND. ʃ. [fore and end.] The anteriour
part. Bacon.

FOREFATHER. ʃ. [ſtre and father.]
Ancellor ; one who in any degree of alcendine
tending genealogy precedes another.

To FOREFE'ND. v. a. [fore and fnd.]
1. To prohibit ; to avert. Dryden.
2. To provide for ; to ſecure. Shakʃpeare.

FOREFINGER. ʃ. [fore and jinger.] The
linger next to the tfiumb ; tlic index. Brown.

FO'REFOOr. ſ. 'flMVi.l, forefeet, [fore and
foot.^ The antenour foot of a quadruped. Peacham.

To FOREGO'. -J. a. [for and go.]
1. To quit ; to give up ; to reſign. Locke.
2. To go before ; to be paſt. Raleigh, Boyle.
3. To loſe. Shakʃpeare.

FOREGOER. ʃ. [from forego.] Anceſtor 3
progenitor. Shakʃpeare.

FO'REGROUND. ʃ. [fore and ground.]
The part of the field or expanfe of a picture
which ſeems to lie before the figures. Dryden.

FO'REHAND. ʃ. [fore Tind hand.]
1. The part of a horſe which is before
the rider.
2. The chief past. Shakʃpeare.

FO'REHAND. <?. A thing done too ſoon.Shakʃpeare.

FOREHA'NDED. ʃ. [from /or? and hand.]
1. Early ; timely. Taylor.
2. Formed iri the foreparts. Dryden.

FO'REHEAD. ʃ. [forezr.d bead.]
1. That part of the face which reaches
from the eyes upward to the hair. Dryden.
2. Impudence ; confidence ; afl'urance.
C /'ier.

FOREHO'LDING. ʃ. [fore and held.] Predictions
; ominous accounts. L'Eſtrange.

FO'REIGN. a. [forain, Fr. forano. Span.]
1. Not of this country ; not domeſtick.
2. Alien ; remote; not allied ; not belonging. Swift.
3. Excluded ; not admitted ; held at a
diſtancee. Shakʃpeare.
4. [In law.] A foreign plea, flantum
forinjecum ; as being a plea out of the proper
court of juſtice.
5. Extraneous; adventitious in general. Philips.

FOREIGNER. ʃ. [from /ow;^n.] A man
that comes from another country ; not a
native ; a ſtranger. Addiſon.

FO'REIGNNESS. ʃ. [from foreign.] Remotenel' ;
; want of relation to ſomethinp. Locke.

To FOREIMA'GINE. v. a. [fore and
imagine.] To conceive or fancy before
proof. Camden.

To FOREJU'DGE. ʃ^. a. [fore and Judge.]
To iu<ige beforehaiid ; to be prepod'eded.

To FOREKNO'W. v. a. [fore and know.]
To havepreſcienceof ; to foreſee, Raleigh.


FOREKNO-WABLE. a. [from for.kno-uy.l
Foilible to be known before they happen.

FOREKNO'WLEDGE. ʃ. [forezud tZll
Idge.] Prekielice
i knowledge of that
which has not yet happened. Milton.

FO'RELAND. ʃ. [fore and land.] A prol
memory ; ht:<.d]und ; high laud jutting
into the Tea ; a cape. Milton.

To FORPLA'Y. :;. a. [fore and l>y.] To
lay wait for ; to intrap by ambuſh. Dryden.

To FORELl FT. -z,. a. [fore and ///>.] To
raiſe aloft any anterinur part. Spenſer.

FO'RELOCK. ʃ. [fore and lock.] The
hair that grows from the forepart of the
^s»d- Milton.

FO'REMAN. ʃ. [f,re and man.] The firſt
or chief perſon. Addiſon.

FOREME'NTIONED. a. [fore and mentioned.]
Mentioned or recited before. Addiſon.

FOREMOST. a. [from fre.]
1. Firlt in place. Dryden.
2. F.rrt in dienity. Sidney.

FORENA'MED. a. [fore and name.] Nommated
before. Ben. Johnſon.

FORENOON. ſ. [/. and r.<,.] The
time of day reckoned from the middle
point, between ti^c dawn and the meridian,
to the meridian. Arbuthnot.

FORENOTICE. ʃ. [fore and nmce.] Information
of an event before it happens,

FORENSICK. a. [frerf. Latin.] Belonging
t-. CHiris of judicature. Lock.

To FOREORDA'LV. v. a. [fore and ordain.]
To predeftinate
; to predetermine ; to preordain. Hooker.

FO'REPART. ʃ. [fore and part.] The antenour
part. Raleigh.

FOREPA'ST. ^. [fore and p.fl.] p,ft bef.
re a certain time. liammond.

FOREPOSSE'SSED. a. [fore and p^ffeji.]
Preoccupied ; prepJlefled ; pre-engaged.

FO'RERANK. ʃ. [fore and rank.] Firſt
rank ; front. Shakʃpeare.

FORERECI'TED. a. [fore and recite.]
Mentioned or enumerated before.Shakʃpeare.

To FORERU'N. v. a. [fore and ,un.]
1. To come before as an earnett of ſomething
fuſk'wing. Dryden.
2. To precede ; to have the flart of.

FORERU'NNER. ʃ. [from forerun.]
1. An harbinger ; a mcilenger ſent before
to give ni.t.ce of the approach of th.fe
that follow. Stillingfleet. Dryden.
2. A prognoſtick ; a ſign foreſho wing any
thi''g. 601//).

To FORFSA'Y. v. a. [fore and fav.] To
predict; to pn-phefy, Shakʃpeare.


To FO'S.ESE'E. t/. a. [fore and /« ] To
fee betoreband ; to ſee v-hat has not yet
happened. Taylor.

To FORESHA'ME. -u a. [for indfiuTTie.]
To ſhaine ; to bring reproach upon.Shakʃpeare.

FO'RESHIP. ʃ. [fin and Jbi^.] The anterioiir
part of the ſhip. ^c?J.

To FORES HO'RTEN. v. a. [fore and
ſh;r>en ] To f?lorten figures for the fake
uf ſhowing thoſe behind. Dryden.t.
To FORESHO'W. v. a. [fo-e and J}jo%v.]
1. To diſcover before it happens ; to p'edi(
ft ; to piognofticate. Denham.
2. To repreſent before it comes. Hooker.
rO'RESIGHT. ſ. [fret^ and fight.]
1. Preſcience ; prognollication ; foreknowledge. Milton.
1. Provident care of futurity. Spenſer.

FORESIGHTFUL. 'a. [fore/ght and>W.]
Prefcient ; prnvfdent. Sidney.

To FORESl'GNIFY. v. a. [forennAſignify.]
To bec-.ken beforehand ; to fore-
Jhow ; to typify. Hooker.

FORESKIN. f. [fore and jK!n.] The prepuce.

FO'RESKIRT. ʃ. [fore and /;^^] The
pendulous or looſe part of the coat before.

To FORESLA'CK. v. a. [fareanijlack.]. Spenſer.

To FORESLO'W. v. a. [fire and jlow.]
1. To delay; to hinder ; to impede. Fairfax. Dryden.
2. To iinglpfl ; to omit. P. Fletch.

To FOllE. LO'W. -J. n. To be dilatory ; to Ir'iter. Shakſpeare.

To FORESl-E'AK. v. a. [fire and ſpeak.]
1. To prediC:l ; to foiefay. Camden,
?. To forbid. Shakʃpearearc,

FORE-iPEN r. a.
1. Walied ; tired ; ſpent. Shakʃpeare.
2. Foiep-ilTed ;
part. Spenſer.
3. Bfrt'Wrd before. Shakʃpeare.

FO.^ESPURRER. ſ. [fireand fiur.] One
thit rides before. Shakʃpeare.

FO'REST. ʃ. [fir^/i, Fr.]
1. A wild untuUivated tract of ground,
with Wood. Shakſpeare.
2. [In law.] A certain territory of woody
grounds and fruitful paflures, privileged
for wild beaſts, and fowl; of fure(t, chaie,
and wartrn, to tcli: and abide in, in the
faſe protection of the king, for his plc-afuie. Cowel.

To FORESTA'L. -o. a. [poji'-pt^llan,
1. To anacipate; to take up beforehand. Herbert.
% To hinder by preoccupation or prevention. Milton.
3. To ſeize or gain pofTcflion of before ano-
;h;r. iiptrf^r.


FORESTA'LLER. ʃ. [from fir>ftal.^ Ont
that anticipates the n.arket ; one that purchafes
before others to railc the price. Locke.

FORESTEO'RN. <7. [firef and born.] Born
in a wild. Shakʃpeare.

FO'RESTER. ʃ. [fireflier, Fr.]
1. An officer of the loreſt. Shakʃpeare.
s. An inhabitant of the wild country.

FORESWAT. v. a. [from fore and j-wat.

FO'RESWART. ʃ. from fiweat.] Spent
with heat. Sidney.

To FORETA'STE. v. a. [fire and tofte.]
1. To have antepafl of ; to have prefci»
ence of.
2. To taſte before another. Milton.

FO'RETASTE. ʃ. Anticipation of. South.

To FORETE'L. v. a. [fore and tell.]
1. To predict ; to propheſy. Dryden.
2. To foretoken ; to forefnow.

To FORETE'L. v. a. To utter prophecy.

FORETE'LLER. ʃ. [from foretel.] Preoicfer
; foreſho\\er. Boyle.

To FORETHI'NK. v. a. [fire and think ; To anticipate in the mind ; to have preſcience
of. Raleigh.

To FORETHI'NK. v. r. To contrive beforehand. Smith.

FORETHO'UGHT. ʃ. [from firtthwk.]
1. Preſcience; anticipation. L'Eſtrange.
2. Provident care.

To FORETO'KEN. v. a. [fore and token.]
To toreſhow ; to prognofticate as a ſign. Daniel.

FORETO'KEN. ʃ. [from the ve.b.] Prevenient
; proiinoflick. Sidney.

FORETOO'TH. ʃ. [fore and tooth.] The
tooth in the anteriour part of the mouth ;
the incifor. Ri^y.

FO'RETOP. ʃ. [fire and top.] That part
of a woman's headdreſs that is forward, or
the top of a periwig. Dryden.

FOREVOUCHED part, [fire and vouch.]
Affirmed before ; formerly told.Shakʃpeare.

FOREWA'RD. ſ. [fire and ward.] The
van ; the front. 1 Mac.

To FOREWA'RN. i>. a. [fire and warn.]
1. To admoniſh bt-forehand. Luke.
2. To inform prcviouſly of any future
event. Milton.
3. To caution againſt: any thing beforehand. Milton.

To FOREWA^^TE. v. a. [fire and wajle.]
To deſolate ; to deſtroy. Out of uſe. Spenſer.

To FOREWr^H. part, [fire and loiſh.]
To feliie beforehand. Knolles.

FOREWO RN. pjrt. [fire and worn, from
wear,\ Worn out ; waſted by time ur
life. Sidney.

FO'RFEIT. ʃ. [fi-fit, Fr.]
1. SomaFOR
t. Simething I'jrt by thie commlCion of a
Clime ; a fine ; a mulft, Waller.
2. A perſon 1. bnoxious to punlfliment. Shakʃpeare.

To FORFEIT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
loſe by foma breach of condition ; to l>-fe
by ſme offence, D't-i-ies. Boyle.

FO'RFEI r. a. [from the verb.] Liable to penal
ſeizure ; aiienated by a cnme, Pope.

FORFEITABLE. a. [from /.-/./>.] Pof-
(eſſed on conditions, by the breach of which
any thing may be loft.

FO'RFEIi^RE. ſ. [forfaiture, French ]
1. The act of forfeiting.
2. The thing forfeited ; a mulft ; a fine. Taylor.

To FOUE'FEND. v. a. To prevent ; to
forbid. Hanmer,

FORGA VE. The preterite of forghe.

FORGE. ʃ. [/. g. Fr.]
1. The place where iron is beaten into
form. Pope. .
2. A'.y place where any thing is matie or
ſhaped. Hooker.

To FORGE. v. a. [forger, old Fr.]
1. To f)rm by the hammer. Ckapnian,
2. To make by any me.^ns. Shakʃpeare.
3. To counterfeit ; to falſify, Shakʃpeare.

FO'RGER. ʃ. [from /erff.]
1. OITo who makes or forms.
2. One who counterfeits anything. Weſt,

FORGERY. ʃ. [from /or^«.]
1. -The cnme of fah'itication. Stephens,
2. Smith's work ; the act of the fvrge. Milton.

To FORGE'T. ʃ. a. prefer, forgot ; part.
forgotten, ov fo.gct. ſppjyt^n, Saxon.]
1. To loſe memoiy of ; to let go from the
remembrance. Atteihu>y.
2. Not to attend ; to neglect. Iſaiah.

FORGETFUL. a. [i:on> forget.]
1. Not retaining the memory of.
2. Caufing oblivion ; oblivious. Dryden.
3. Inattentive ; negligent ; neglectful; careieſs, Hebrewt. Prior.

FORGE TFULNESS. ſ. [from fo>ge(ful.]
1. Oblivion; ceflation to remember ; loſs
of memory. Shakʃpeare.
2. Negligence ; neg!ectV ; inattention. Hook,

FORGE'TTER. ʃ. [from forget.
1. Onz that forgets.
2. A careieſs perſon.

To FORGIVE. v. a. fret, forgave, f.f,
forgiven, [popjipan, Saxon.] < 1. To pardon a perſon ; not to puniffi. Prior.
2. To pardon a crime. Iſaiah.
3. To remit} not to exact debt or penalty. Matthew.

FORGI'VENESS. ſ. [.F^PSiF^nirr^ Sax.]
1. The act of forgiving. Daniel.
2. Parcon of an offender. Pr, of Manajfab.
3. Pardon of an off«nce, South.

4. Tenderneſs ; willingneſs to pardon. Sprat.
5. Remitfion of a fine or ppnaity.

FORGIVER. ʃ. [from forgi-Le.] One wha
p.'v Tons,

FORCO'T. ʃ. part. pajr. of forget.

FORGOTTEN. i Not ren.cmbered^^. Prior.

To FORHA'IL. v. a. To harraſs ; tear ;
torment. Spenſer.

FORK. ʃ. [furche, Fr.]
1. An inſtrument divided at the end into
two or m^re points or prongs. Dryden. .
2. It is ſometimes uſed for the point of aa
afrow. Shakʃpeare.
3. A point of a fork. j-iadifon.

To FORK. v.r. [from the noun.] To .hoot
into bJddes, as corn docs outof the ground. Mortimer.

FO'RKED. a. [from f'k ] O -eni; g into
two or mire paits. Shakʃpeare.

FORKEDLY. ad. [from frked.] laatoiked

FORKEDNESS. ʃ. [from ſcrk.d.] The
quality of opening into two parts.

FORKHEAD. ʃ. [fo'k and head.] P -int
of an arrow. Spenſer,

FORKY. a. [from fork.] Forktd'j fur> cated ; opening into two parts. Pope. .

FORLO'RE. Dcferted ; forfook ; forſaken. Fairfax.

1. Delerted ; deflitute; forſaken ; wretched
; helpleſs. Knolles. Fentoir,
2. Loft
; deſperate. Spenſer.
3. Small; defoicable, Shakʃpeare.

A loft, foUtary, forſaken man.
Forlorn Hope. The ſoldiers who are
ſent firſt to the attack, and are therefore
doomed 10 periſh. Shakʃpeare'. Dryden.

FORLO'RNNESS. ʃ. Mifery'; folitude. Boyle.

To FORLY'E. v. ». [from /or and lye.] To
lye acroſs. Spenſer.

FORM. f. [forma, Latin.]
1. The extemal appearance of any thing ; repreſentation ; ſhapc Grezv.
2. Being, as modified by a parti< ular
ſhape. Dryden.
3. Particular model or mod'ficdti.n.
4. Beauty ; elegance of appearaae. ./^d.
If .ah,
5. Regularity ; nsethod ; ort^er.Shakʃpeare.
6. External appearance without the tflt^ntial
qualities ; empty ſhow. Swift.
7. Ceremony ; externa! rites, Cldrgnden,
8. Stated method ; eftabliſhed pra^ice.
H» her.
9. A long feat. t^jfts,
10. A dafs ; a rank of Undents. Dryden.

II; The feat or bed of a hare. Frier,
3. D IX. Form


IJ. Form IS the effential, ſpecifical, moditi-; ation of the matter, ſo as to give it
ſuch a peculiar manner of exiſtence. Hooker.

To FORM. ʃ. 'I- [formo, Latin.]
1. To make out of materials. Pope. .
2. To mode! to a particular ſhape.
3. To modify ; to ſcheme ; to plan. Dryden.
4. To arrange ; to combine in a particular
5. To adiuft ; to ſettle. Decay of Piety.
6. To contrive ; to join, Ro%ue.
7. To model by education or inſtitution. Dryden.

FO'RMAL. a. [fornsel, French ; formalii,
1. Ceremonious} ſolemn ; preciſe ; esact
to affectation. Bacon.
2. Not ludden ; not extemporaneous. Hooker.
3. Regular ; methodical. Wal.cr.
4. External ; having the appearance but
not the c/ffence. Dryden.
5. Depending upon eilabl.fliment or culhim. Pope.
6. Having the power of making any thing
what it is. Hooker. Stillingfeſt,
7. Retiining its proper and effential cliaracteriſtick.Shakʃpeare.

FO'RMALIST. ʃ. [formnlijle, Fr.] One
vkjho prefers appcArance to reality. South.

FORMA'LITY. ʃ. [formjUie, Fr.]
1. Ceremony; eflabliſhsd mode of behaviour.
2. Solemn order, habif, or dreſs. Swift.
-3. The quality by which any thing is what
it is, - Utillingfleet.

To FO'RMALIZE. v. a. [formalifer, Fr.]
1. To model ; to modify. Hooker.
2. To afflft formality.

FORMALLY. ad. [from forma/.]
1. According to eftabliſhed rules.Shakʃpeare.
2. Ceremoniouſly ; ſtifly
; preciſeiy.
3. In open appearance. Hooker.
4. Elfcntially ; charaiteriftically. Smalridge.

FORMATION. ʃ. [formation, French.]
1. The act of farming or generating.

2. The manner in which a thing is formed. Brown.

FO'RMATIVE. a. [from formo, Latin.]
Having the pov.-er of giving form ;
plaſtick. Berkley.

FO'RMER. ʃ. [from /orw.] He that forms; maker ; contriver ; planner. Ray.

FO'RMER. a. [fron, pojima, Saxon.]
1. Bt-fure another in time, Shakʃpeare.
2. Mentioned before another. Pope. .

3. Part : as, this luas the cajlomin form£r

FO'RMERLY. ad. [from former.] In times
paft. Addiſon.

FO'RMIDABLE. a. [formidabiſh, Latin.]
Terrible ; dreadful ; tremendous ; terriſick. Dryden.

FO'IIMIDABLENESS. ʃ. [from fo.m.da.6k.]
1. The quality of exciting terrour or dread.
2. The thing cauſing dread. Decay of Piety.

FO'RMIDABLY. ad. [from formidahh.]
In a terrible manner. Dryden.

FORMLESS. a. [from form.] Shapeleſs ;
without reeukrity of form. Shakʃpeare.

FO RMULARY. ſ. [formuluire, French.] A book containing ſtated and preſcribed

FORMULE. ʃ. [formule, French ; forma.
la, Latin.] A ſet (r preſcribed model.

To FORNICATE. v. n. [from /o/-n;x, Lat.]
To comnnit iewdneſs. Brown.

FORNICA'TION. ʃ. [fomictitior,, French.]
1. Cor.cubinige or commerce with an unmarried
woman. Graur.t,
2. In Scripture, ſometimes idolatry. Ezekiel.

FO:iNICATOR. ʃ. [formcateur, French.]
One that has commerce with unmarried
women. Taylor.

FORNICATRESS. f. A woman who without
marriage cohabits with a man.Shakʃpeare.

To FORSA'KE. v. a. prt^er.forfooi ;
pall', forfook, orf(rrjaken . [yerjaeken, Dut.]
1. To leave in refentment, or diſhke.
2. To leave ; to go away from. Dryden.
3. To deſert ; to fail, Rowe.

FORSA'KER. ʃ. [from forſake.] Deferter ; one that forſakes. j4/.ocrypha,

FORSOOTH. ad. [{.-.ppSj, Saxon.]
1. In truth ; certainly ; very well. Hayward.
2. A word of honour in addreſs to women,

To FORSWE'AR. v. a. pret. forjkvore ;
pzn. forhuorn. [pojij-paej\iin, Saxon.]
1. To renounce upon oath. Shakʃpeare.
2. To deny upon oath. Shakʃpeare.
3. With the reciprocal pronoun : as, /
fi,rfiu:ar himſelf '^ to be perjured ; to ſwear
falſ;ly. Smith.

To FORSWE AR. v. «, To ſwear falſely
to commit perjury. shahʃpeare,

FORSWEA'RER. ʃ. [from /ar/wfar.] One
who is perjured.

FORT. ʃ. [fort, French.] A fortified
houſe ; a caſtle. Denham.

FO'RTED. a. [from /«rf.] Furniſhed or
guarded by forts. Shakʃpeare.



FORTH. ad. [p'T'S, Saxon ; whence furthtr
and furtheJi.]
1. Forward ; onward in time. Spenſer.
2. Forward in place or crder. Wbugifu.
3. Abroad ; out of doors. Shakʃpeare.
4. Out away ; beyond the boundary of
any place. Spenſer.
5. Out into publick view. Walter,
6. Throughly ; from beginning to end.Shakʃpeare.
7. To a certain degree, ſhiiiwond.
S. On to the end. Memoir in ^rrype.

FORTH. fr,f>. Out of. Dmne.

FOR i HCO'MING. a. [forth and coming.]
Keaay to appear ; not abſconding.Shakʃpeare.

FORTHI'S.SUING. ad. [frth and ifſw.]
Comu;g out ; coming forward ironi a covert. Pope.

FORTHRIGHT. ad. [forth and right.]
itraic forward ; without flexions. Dryden.

FORTHWITH. ad. [forth and -zvuh.]
Jmmediacely ; without delay ; at once ; ſtiai.-. Davia,

FO'RTIETH. a. [from forty.] The fourth
tenth. Donne.

FO'RTIFIABLE. a. [fKmfortfy\ What
miy be fortified.

FORTIFICATION. ʃ. [fortification, Fr.]
1. Tfie ſcience of military jrchitedure. Broome.
2. A place built for ſtrength. Sidney.

FORTIFIER. ʃ. [Uumforrfx.]
1. One who eiedts works for defence,
1. One who ſupports or ſecures. Sidney.

To FO'RTIFY. v. a. [fortifier, French.]
1. To ſtrergthen againſt attacks by walls
or works, Shakʃpeare.
2. To confirm ; to enconrage. Sidney.
3. To fix ; to eftablvſh in reſolution. Locke.

FORTILA'GE. ʃ. [from /or/.] A little
fort. Spenſer.

[French.] A little fort.Shakʃpeare.

FO'RTITUDE. ʃ. [fortitudo, Latin.]
1. Courage ; bravery, Milton.
2. Strength ; force. Shakʃpeare.

FO'RILET. ʃ. [fnm/«rf.] Alittief-rt.

FO'RTNIGHT. ' [contrsdld from /o//r.
teen night!, p;opfi»tyne nijr, Saxon.] The
ſpace of two weeks Bacon.

FO/RTRE^S. ʃ. [frter,£-e,Yr.] A «rong
hold ; a fi)rtified place. Locke.

FORTU'ITOUS. a. [fortuit, Fr. fortuitus,
Lat.] Accidental ; caſual. Ray.

FORTU'lTOUSLY. ad. [from fortuitous.]
Accidentally ;
caſually ; by chance. Rogers.


FORTUITOUSNESS. ʃ. [from fortu,'.
tous.] Accident ; chance.

FO'RTUNATE. a. [frtunatus, Latin.]
Lucky; ^appy ; fucctistul. Dryden.

FORTUNATELY. ad. from fortunate.]
Happily ; fucc fsfully. Prior.

FO'RTUNATENESS. ʃ. [from fortunate.]
H:ppineſs; good luck ; ſucceſs. Sidney.

FORTUNE. ʃ. [forfyna, Latin.]
1. The power ſuppoſtd to diſtribute the
Jots , t life according to her own humour.
Slji'k Ifjfarg.
2. The good or ill that befals roan. Bcialey,
3. The chance of life ; means of living. Swift.
4. Evf?nt ; ſucceſs good or bad . Temple.
5. Eſtate; polleflions. Shakʃpeare.
6. The portion of a man or woman. Otway.
7. Futurity ; future events. Cowley.

To FORTUNE. v. n. [from the noun.]
To befal ; to fdll out ; to happen ; to come
ca'Sially to paſs. Knolles.

FO'R 1 UNED. a. Supplied by f-rtune.Shakʃpeare.

FO'RTUNEBOOK. ʃ. [fortune and hook.]
A book confulted to know fortune.

FORTUNEHUNTER. ʃ. [fortune and
bunt.] A man whoſe empJviyment is to
enquiie after wonitn with gret portions to
enrich hiinſtlf by marrying them. SpeElat,

To FO'RTUNEThLL. v. a. [fortune and
1. To pretend to the power of revealing
futurity. Walton.
2. To reveal futurity. CleavehnJ.

FO'RTUNETELLER.' / [fortune and telU
er.] One who cheats common people by
pretending to the knowteage of futurity. Duppa.

FORTY. a. [pe p pti^, Saxon.] Four
times ten.

[Latin.] Any publick place.


To FORWA'NDER. v. a. [for and wander.]
To wander wildly. Spenſer.

FO'RWARD. ad. [pojipeap^s, Saxon.] Towards
; to a part or place before ; onward ;
progrefliv^-ly. Hooker.

FO'RWARD. a. [from the adverb.]
1. Warm ; earneſt, GaJ. ii. 10.
2. Ardent; eigerj hot ; violent. Prior.
3. Ready ; confident
; prefiimptuous. Dryden.
4. Not reſerved ; not over modeft.Shakʃpeare.
5. Premature ; early ripe. Shakʃpeare.
6. (iuick ; ready ; haſty. Lecke,
7. Antecedent ; anteriour : cppoſed to poiieriour. Shakʃpeare.
3. D » g. Not

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2. Nit behindhand ; not inferiour.

FO'UGHTEN. The paſſive participle of. Shakʃpeare. ſubt. Milton.

To FO'RWARD. v. a. [from the adverb.] FOUL. a. [pul, Saxon.]
1. To haftwi ; CO ijuitkea ; to accelerate. Swift.
2. To patronife; to advance,

FO'RWARDER. ʃ. , {Uiim Jorward.] He
who prutn tes djty li)ing.

FO'RWAI'DLY. ad. [from theadjptlive.]
Eipetly ; hdftily. Atterbury.

FORWARDNESS. ʃ. [from /o>war<^.]
1. Eagerneſs : ardour : teadineſs to adh. Hooker.
2. QuickntC- ; readineſs. Wotton.
3. Eirline^ : tdriy ripenef?,
4. Gonfiot-nte ; aliurance ; want of modeHy. Addiʃon.

FO'RWARDS. a(f. Straght before ; prog'.
eirively. Arbuthnot.

FOSSE. ʃ. [frja, Latin.] A ditch ; a

FO'>SFWAV. r f foffezi^A-.ray.] One of
Not clean ; fithy ; dirty ; miry. Til!,
2. Impure ; polluted ; full of filth.
3. Wicked ; deteſtable ; abonainable.
4. Not lawful. Shakʃpeare.
5. liateful ; ugly ; loathſome. Bacon.
6. Difgrjceful ; ſhameful. Milton.
7. Ci,3ife ; gri'fs. Felion,
8. Full of groſs humours ; wanting purgation. Shakʃpeare.
9. Net bright ; not ferene. Dryden.
10. Wah rough force ; wiſh unſeaſonable
violence. Clarenden.
11. [Among feamen.] Entangled: as, a
rope is foul of the anchor.

To FOUL. v. a. [polan, Saxon.] To
daub ; to bfm.'re ; to make fillhy. Evelyn.
the great Roman roads the ugh E gland,

FO ULFACED. a. [foul and faced.] Havfo
called tion. til or^h^s on each fu^e. int;
an ugly or hatetul Vifage. Shakʃpeare.

FOS.'IL. a. [frjfii^, Latin ] Thn which
is dug out of the caith. Woodward.

FOSSIL. ʃ. Mary bodies, becuie we dif
cover them by diLging into the bowels ot
the earth, are called /yl/i/'. Locke.

To FO'STER. v. a. [yoytp-^an, S<iXon.]
1. To nurſe ; to feed ; to ſupport.
2. To pam:>er; to encourage. Sidney.
3. T(. cheriſh ; toforwaid. T/jomJort,

FO'SIEIIAGE. ʃ. [from fejler.] The charge
tf nurſing. ^ ' X^''

FO'% 1 E<B:'^0TKER. ſ. [pT^^P ^V- .
P> Sax n ] One bred at tl,e l.:mL f ^p

FOU'LLY. ad. [from foul.] F Ithily ;
ri. ſtiiy ; odi.Tuſly. Ha^iUJrd.

FOULMOUTKED. a. [foul and mcuih.]
iicurraous ; habituated to the uſe of opprobr'ous
terms. Addiſon.

FO ULNESS. ʃ. [from /o«'.]
1. The quality of being foul ; filthineſs ; naftineſs. Wilkins.
2. Pollution; impurity. Bacon.
3. Hatefulneſs ; atrociouſneſs. Sidney, Ben. Johnson.
4. Uglineſs ; deformity. Dryden.
5. D.flioneſty ; want of candour.

FO'TER.O[il LD. ſ. [poj-r.ji uS), Saxon.]
of ji'id. Ifdiab,

FOUND. The preterite and participle paſſive

To FOUND. v. a. [fundare,Lit\n.]
1. To Jay the bsfis of any building. Matthew.
2. To build ; to raiſe. Davies.
3. To eftaoliſh; to erect. Milton.
4. To g've birih or original to ; as, he
founded an art,
5. To r.yfe upon, as on a principle or
grou'd. Decay of Fifty,
6 T fix firm. Shakʃpeare.
To rOUr.D. v. a. [fundere, Latin.] To
form by mthing and pouring into moulds ;
f. Ccft.

FOUNDATION. ʃ. [forMtion, Fr.]
1. The b,. fis or Jowcr parts tf an edifice.
2. The rft of filing the bafis. Inhl,
3. The principles or grouad on which any
nutioa is raiſed. Tillotj^n,
4. Ongnal; life. Hooker.
5. A revenue ſettled and eftabliſhed for
any pu p.fe, particularly chaiity. Swift.
6. Eſtabliſhment ; fethement.

A child raiſed by a woman not the mother,
or br'-d by :s man not the father. DjiIh.

FOS i EilDA M. ſ. [/£)/?erand dam.] A
nurſe ; one that performs the office of a
moher. Dryden.


Rt A'RTH. ʃ. [fofir and ea>ib.]
E rth by which the plant is n. unlhed,
th ugh i't lUd not grow firſt \n it. Pvilifs.

ti m foſcr.] A i urſe ;
or.e who gikts food in the place of a pirent.

FO'-TERFATHER. ʃ. [poſt jipa-o-p,
- Saxorj. i/ Que who gives food rn the place
of the ſt her.

FO.-ITEi'.MO'THER. ʃ. [/o/Z;r and mother.
; A nurie.

FO'STERSON. j- [ſpr and fn.] One
fed ?nd educated, though not the- ſon by
nstare. Dryden.

FOVGA'>E. ſ. [French.] In the art of
war, a fort >.f little mine in the manner of
a Wi'a dug under Toaie work or fort fication.

FOUGHT. The preterite and participle of

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rO'UNDER. ſ. [from fourd.]
1. A builder ; one who raiſes an edifice.
2. One who eftabiirties a revenue for any
puriiofe. Btnl'cy.
3. One from whi in any thing has its uriginal
;)r beginning. Roſcommon.
4. A Cider
; ons \' ho tortns figures by carting
mel'.ed matter into n\ u is. Gmv.

To FO'UM>ER 1/. [f.rd'e, FiITch.]
To tauſe ſuch a (oieneſs and tenderneſs in
a huifc;'s foot, that he is unable to let it
to the Ennind. Shakʃpeare. Dorjct.

To FO UKDEil. v. n.
1. To ſink to the bottom. Raleigh.
Z To fall ; to m ſcarry. Shakʃpeare.

FO UNDRY. ſ. A place where H.guſes aie
formed of melted metal ; a calling houſe.

FO'UNI.LING. ſ. [from found oijind ] A
chiln ex^oſed to chan.e ; a child found
without any parent or owner, Sidney.

FO'UNDRESS. ʃ. [from founder.]
1. A w man that t unds, builds, eftabliſhes,
or begins any thing.
Z' A W(iman that ellabiiſhes any-charitable

FOUNT. ʃ. f. [fons,L2il\n\fo7itai?ie,

FO'UNTAIN.5 F-e ch.]
1. A well ; a ſpring. Milton.
2. A ſmall bafin of ſpringing water. Taylor.
3. A jet ; a ſpout of water. Bacon.
4. The head or fiift ſpring of a river. Dryden.
5. Original ; firſt principle ; firſt cauie.
Common Prayer.

FO'UNTAINLESS. a. [from fountain.]
Without a fountain.

FOUNIFUU. a. [/o«nf and /«// ] Full
of ſpring-. Caaf-man.

To FOUPE. v. a. To drive with ſudden
impetuiifity. Cuir,den,

FOUR. [p'. pep, Saxon.] Twice two.

FOURBE.f. [French.] A cheat ; a tricking
ſellso. Denham.

FOURFO'LD. a. [four and fold. ; F. ur
tiiiifs told. 1 Htm,

FOU.IFOOTED. a. [four and foot. ; Quadruped. Dryden.

FOURSCORE. a. [four and /core, ]
1. Four times twenty ; eighty. Sjrdys,
2. It IS uſed eiiiptically for fourfcore ye.'rs. Temple.

FOURSQUA'RE. a. [four and ſquare.]
Qiiadiaii^ular. Rdeigh.

FOUR i E'EN. a. [Feojjeptyn, Saxon.]
Four and len,

FOURTE'EMTH. a. [Ucm fourteen.] The
ordinal of fourteen ; the fourth after the

FOUPvTH. a. [from four.] The ordinal
of lour i the firii after the third.

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FO'URTHLY. ad. [from fourth.] In tht
fourth place. £^f^,_

FOURWHE'ELED. a. [fur and lubeel, Running upon ]
twice two wheels. Pope. .

FO^UFRA. ſ. [from /<-«/r«, French.] A
; a ſcotf. Shakʃpeare.

FOWL. ʃ. f pugel, Saxon.] A winged animal
; a bird. B^.on.

To FOWL. v. n. To kill birds for food or

JO'WLER. ʃ. [from /ezi-V.] A ſportſman
who p\iiſhes birds. PhiUbi. pote.

FOWLiN'GFIECE. ſ. [fo-wUni piece, ^ A gun for biids. Mortimer.

FOX. ʃ. [p,-.x, S.xf.n.]
1. A wild aniiPal of the canine kind, with
ihap ears ai.d a buſhy tail, remarkable for
his cunnmg, living in hles, and preying
upon fowls or ſmall animals, Shakʃpeare.
Z- A knjve or cunning fellow,

FO'X'v-AbE. ſ. [f.x and cafe. ; A fox's
^'- L'Eſtray^gu.

FO'XCHASE. ʃ. [fox and chafe, ; The
puiiult of the fox with hounds. pep'

FO'XEVIL. ʃ. [fx and fW/.] A kind of
dileale in which the hair ſheds.

FO'XJLOVES. ʃ. A plane. Miller.

FOXdU'NrER./, [fox;,nAkur,ter.] A
man whoſe chief ambition is to ſhow his
bravery in hunting foxes. Spectator.

FO'X-HIi^/. [from /oat.] The characlet
or quilities of a fox ; cunning,

FOXTRAP. ʃ. [fox and trap.^ A gin or
inaie to catch foxes. Tatler.

FOY. ʃ. [foi, Fr.] Faith ; allegiance. Hpen.

1 o ERACT. v. a. [fratlui, Latin.] To
bre.k; to violate ; to infringe. Shakſp.

FRACiION. ſ. [/r^.9;,», Fr.]
1. The act of breaking ; the ſtate of being
broken, Burnet4
2. A broken part of an integral, Brown.

FRACTIONAL. a. [from fraEiion.] Belonging
to a broken number. Cocker.

FRA'CTLRE. ʃ. [faau-a, Latin.]
1. Breach ; ſepardtion of continuous parts. Hale.
2. The ſeparation of the continuity of a
bone in Iving bodies, Herbert.

To F'lA'CTURE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To nre.;k a bone. Wiseman.

FRA'GILE. a. [fragi'ii, Latin.]
1. Brittle; eaſily Inappedor broken.
2. Weak ; uncertain ; eaſily deſtroyed. Milton.

FRAGI'LITY. ſ. [from fragile.]
1. Britt/eneſs ; eaſineſs to be broken. Bac,
2. Wciciitfs ; uncertainty. Knolles.
3. Fi-ailty ; lubleneſs to fault. Wotton.

FRA'CMENT. ʃ. [fragmenlum,'L-x\.m.] A
part broken from the whole , an imperfect
piece. Newton.


FRA'GMENTARY. a. [from fragment,
Compoſed of fiigmentj. Donne.

FR^'GOR. ſ. [Latin.] A noiſe ; a crack ; a crriſh. Handys.

FRA'GRANCE. ^ f. [fragrantia, Lat.]

FRAGRANCY. i Swee:neſs of fir.eli; pleaſing Icrnt. Garth.

FRA'GRANT. a. [fragrans, Latin.] Odorous
5 iweet of imciJ. Prior.

FRA'GRANTLY. ad. I (lom fr^f^ra?it.]
With ſweet ſcent. Mortimer.

1. A baſket made of ruffifs.
2. A ruſh for weaving baſkets.

FRAIL. ci. [fragilh, Latin.]
1. Weak} eaſily decaying ; ſubject to cafujlties. Rogers.
2. Weak of refolucion ; liable to errour
or feouirioa, Tjy'or,

FRA'ILNESS. ʃ. [from /^//.] Weakneſs ;
inſtability. 1^'orrii.

FRAILTY. ʃ. [from fra:l.]
1. Weakneſs of reſolution ; inſtability of
mind. Milton.
2. Fault proceeding from weakneſs ; fins
of infirraity, Dryden.

TRA'SCHEUR. ʃ. [French.] Fieſtineſs ;
coolneſs. Dryden.

f. [Fr.] A pancake with bacuii in

To FRAME. v. a.
1. To form or fabricate by orderly conſtiu.
tion and union ut various paits. Spenſer.
2. To fit one to another. Abbot.
3. To make ; to compoſe. Shakʃpeare.
4. To regulate ; to adjuſt. Titlotjcn.
5. To form to any rule or method.
6. To contrive ; to plan.
7. To ſettle ; to ſcheme out.Shakʃpeare.
8. To invent ; to labiu te. Bacon.

FRAP.1E. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A fabrick ; any thing ton/lrufled of various
parts or rii mbers. Dryden. Thiofjon.
2. Any thing made ſo as to indoſe or admit
ſomething elſe, Nevjton,
3. Order ; regularity ; adjuſted ſeries or
diſpoſition. Swift.
4. Scheme ; order. Clarendon.
5. Contrivance ; projection. Shakʃpeare.

6. Mechanical conſtruction.
7. Shape ; form ; proportion. Hudibras.

FRA'MER. ʃ. [from frame ; pjiemman,
Saxon.] Maker ; former ; contriver ; ſchemer. Hammond.

FRA'MPOLD. ʃ. Peeviſh ; buiſterous ; rugged. Hacket,

FRANCHISE. ʃ. [franchile,YT.]
1. Exemption from any onerous duty.

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2. Privilege ; immunity ; right granted. Davies.
3. Diſtri(ct ; extent of juriſdiction. Spenſer.

To FRANCHI'SE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To e/iffiinchife ; to make free. Shakſp.

FRA'NGIBLE. a. [Jrango, Latin.] Fragile
; brittle ; eaſily broken. Boyle.

FRA'NION. ʃ. A paramour ; a boon companion,

FRANK. a. [franc, Fr.]
1. Liberal
; gencjous ; not niggardly. Spratt.
2. Open ; ingerous ; fincere ; not reſerved.
3. Without conditions ; without payment.
Hubberd's 'i a!e,
4. Not retrained ; licentious. Spenſer.

FRANK. ʃ. [from the adjeffive.]
1. A place to feed hogs m ; a ſty.Shakʃpeare.
2. A letter which pays no poſtage. Pope. .
3. A French coin.
To iRANK. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To shut up in a frank or fly. Shakʃpeare.
2. To feed high ; to fat ; to cram. Ainsworth.
3. [From the adjective.] To exempt
letters frurn poſtage. Swift.

FRA'NKI.]CENSE. ſ. [fank and inc.nje.]
Frankiricnjfe is a dry refinous ſubſtance in
pieces or drops, of a pale yeilowiſh white
colour ; a ſtrong ſmell, but not difugreeable,
and a bitter, acrid, and relinous taſte.
It is very inflammable. Bretewood.

FRA'NKLIN. ʃ. [from frank.] A ſteward i
a biſhfl'of 'land. Spenſer.

FRA'NKLY. ad. [from frank.]
1. Liberally ; freely ; kindly ; readily. Bacon.
2. Withoutconſtraint ; without reierve. Clarendon.

FRA'NKNESS. ʃ. [from frank.]
1. Pi'ainneſs of ſpeech ; openneſs ; ingenuouſneſs. Clarendon.
2. Liberality ; bountcouſneſs,
3. Freedom from reſerve. Sidney.

FRANKPLEDGE. ʃ. [franciplegium, Lat.]
A pledge or ſurety for fieemen.

FRA'NTICK. a. [jf?j-,n:iM<;.]
1. Mad; deprived <if underitanding by violent
madneſs ; outrageouſly and turbulently
mad. Spenſer.
2. Tranſported by violence of paſſion. Hooker.

FRA'NTICKLY. ad. [from frantich] Madiy
; outrageouOy. Shakʃpeare.

FRA'NTICKNESS. ʃ. [ityim frantick.]
Madneſs ; fury of paſſion.

Pv E

FRATERNAL.^.' [fraterful, Ti.] Brotherly; pertaining to brothers ; becoming
broi'rers. tlani^noud.

FRATE'RNALLY. ad. [from f.uternjL]
In a bn therly manner.

FRATE'RNITY. ʃ. [frotemitc, Fr.]
1. The ſtate or quality of a brother.
2. Body of ir.en united ; corporation ; Society. L'Eſtrange.
3. Men of the ſame chfs or chara£.er. South.

FRA'TRICIDE. ʃ. [fratricide^ ^r.] The
murder of a brother.

FRAUD. f. \fraus, Lat.] Deceit; cheat; trick ; artifice. Dryden.

FRA'UDFUL. a. [fraud indfuU.] Treacherous
; artful ; trickiſh. Shak;''pfti'-e.

FRA UDFULLY. a</. [from fraudful.] Deceitfully
; artfully.

FRA'UDULENCE. ʃ. / [fraudulen'ia,

FRA'UDULENCY. .S Lat.] DeceitfulntCs ; trickiftneſs ; pioneneſs to artifice.

FRA'UDULENT. a. [fraudukux, Yt.frauduktius,
1. Full of artifice ; trickiſh ; ſubtle ; decritful. Milton.
2. Performed by artifice ; deceitful ; treacherous. Milton.

FRA'UDULENTLY. ad. [from fraudulent.]
By fraud ; by deceit ; by artifice ; deceitfully. Taylor.

FRAUGHT. panicip. f>nfj\ [from fratgkt,
nov,' written f e^ht.]
1. Laden ; charged. Shakʃpeare.
2. Filled ; ſtcred ; thronged. Spenſer. Guardian.

FRAUGHT. ʃ. A freight ; a cargo. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

To FRAUGHT. v. a. To load ; to crowd.Shakʃpeare.

FRA'UGHTAGE. ʃ. [from fraught.] Lading
; careo. Shakʃpeare.

FRAY. ʃ. [eſprayer, to fright, Fr.]
1. A broil ; a battle ; a fight. Fuifax,
2. A duel ; a combat. Den'oam.

To FRAY. v. a. [eſprayer, Fr.]
1. To fright ; to terrify. Bacon.
2. To rub.

FREAK. ʃ. [ſp'^Cj Saxon.]
1. A ſudden and cauſeleſs change of place.
2. A ſudden fancy ; a humour ; a whim ; a capricious prank. Spt'Elator. Swift.

To FREAK. v. a. To variegate. TIomi'on.

FRE'AKLSH. a. [from freak.] Capricious; humourſome. L'Eſtrange.

FRE'AKISHLY. ad. [from freakiſh.] Capriciouſly
; humflurſomely.

FRE'AKTSHNESS. ʃ. [from freakip.] Ca.
priciouſneſs ; humourfomneſs ; whimficaineſs.

To FREAM. v. v. [fremen, Lat.] To
grovli Bailey.

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1. A foot raiſed in the fltin by the fun.
2. Any ſmall ſpot or diſcoloratioa. Evelyn.

FRE'CKLED. a. [iiort\ freckk.] Spotted; maculated. Dryden.

FRE'CKLY. a. [from fruVi.] Full of

FRED. The ſame with peace. So Frederic
is powerful, or wedthy in peace. Gibfn.

FREE. a. ppjieah, Saxon.]
1. At liberty ; not a vaflal ; not enſlavetJ. Prior.
2. Uncompelled ; unreſtrained. South.
3. Not bound by fate ; not aeceilitated. Milton.
4. Permiited; allowed. Shakʃpeare.
5. Lic«nrious ; umeſtrained. Temple,
6. Of)fn ; ingerous. Otway.
7. Acqudinted ; converſing without reſerve.
8. Liberal; not parſimonious. Pope. .
9. Frank ; not gained by importunity; not purchaſed. Bacon.
10. Clear from dirtreſs. Shakʃpeare.
\l. Giiiltleſs
; innocent. Shakʃpeare.
12. Exempt. Denham.
13. Inverted with franchifes ; poſſ'eſſing
a;iy thing without vallahge. Dryden.
J4 Without escpence ; as ^ freeſchool,

T'l FREE. v. a.
1. To ſet at liberty ; to reſcue from ſlavery
; to manumit ; to looſe. Popjs,
7. To rid from ; to clear from any thing
ill. Clarendon.
3. To clear from impediments or obſtructions. Dryden.
4. To baniſh ; to ſend away ; to rid.Shakʃpeare.
i;. To exempt. Romans.
6. To unlock ; to open. Dryden.

FREEEO'OTER. ʃ. [free a.nd hooty.] A
robber ; a plunderer. Clarenden.

FREEBOO'TING. ʃ. Robbery ; plunder. Spenſer.

FRE'EBORN. ʃ. [nheriting liberty. Dryden.

FREECHA'PEL. ʃ. [free and chapd, ]
Such chapels .'is are of the king's foundation,
and by him exempted from the
junfd^iVion of the ordinary. The king
may aifo licenfe a ſubjectl to found ſuch a
chapsl. Coioel,

FRE'ECOST. ʃ. [fret and cojl.] Without
experc;. South.

FR.E'EDivIAN. ʃ. A ſlave manumitted. Dryden.

FRE'EDOM. ʃ. [nomfree.]
1. Liberty; exemption from ferdtude; independence. Dryden.
2. Piivilegss; franchifes; immunities.Shakʃpeare.
3. £.{-

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3. Exemption from fate, neceſlity, or preiletermination. South.
4. Unreſtraint. Maccabees.
5. The ſtate of being without any parCicular
6. Eaſe or facility in doing or ſhowing any

FREEFO'OTED. a. [free and foot.] Not
reſtrdined in the marcn. Shakʃpeare.

FREEHE'ARTED. a. [free and heart.]
Liberal ; unrertrjined. Davies.

FREEHOLD. ʃ. [free and hold.] That
land or tenen-.ent which a man holdeth in
fee, fee. tail, or for term of lite. Freehold
in deed is the real poſſeſſion of lands
or tenements in fee, fee-tail, or for life.
Freehold is ſometimes taken in oppoſition
to villenage. Coiod. Swift.

FREEHOLDER. ʃ. [how freehold.] One
who hss a fjeehold. Davies.

FREE'LY. ad. [from free.]
1. At liberty ; without va/Llage ; without
2. Without reſtraint ; hviſhly. Shakſp.
3. Without ſcruple ; without reſerve.
4. Without impediment. ylfcham.
5. Without iieceflity ; without predetermination.
. Rogers.
6. Frankly ; liberally. South.
7. Spontaneuuſly ; of its own accord.

FRE'EMAN. ʃ. [free and ma>!.]
1. One not a fl;ive ; not a vaflal. Locke.
2. One partaking of rights, privileges, or
immunities. Dryden.

FREEMINDED. a. [free and mind.] Unconf.
rained ; without load of care. Bacon.

FRE'ENESS. ʃ. [from /-.f.]
1. The ſtate or quality of being free.
2. Openneſs ; unteſervedneſs ; mger^uoufnefi
; candour. Dryden.
5. Generoſity ; liberality. Sprat,

FREESCHO'OL. ʃ. [free and ſchool.] A
ſchool in which learning is given without
pay, Dj'i'ies.

FREESPO'KEN. a. [free and [poken.] Accuſtomed
to ſpeak vnthout relcrve. Bacon.

FRE'ESTONE. ʃ. [free md ſtone. [Stone
commonly uſeil in building. Ad-dijun,

FREETHINKER. f. [fee and think]' A
libertine ; a coniemner of religion, Addiſon.

FREEWIL'L. ſ. [/'-''f and TO/W.]
1. The power of directing our own actions
without conſtraint by neceſiity of fate. Locke.
2. Vohmtarineſs ; ſpontaneiry. Ezra.

FREEWO'MAN. ʃ. [free and womar.] A
woman not enilaved. Macc^beeSm

To FREEZE. v. n. freier. froze, [vriefen,
1. To be congealed with cold. Locke.
1. To be of that degree of coU by which
water is congealed. Dryden.

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To FREEZE. v. a. fret, froze ; ^ait.frO ze'i or froze.
1. To congeal with cold.
2. To kill by cold. Shakʃpeare.
3. To chill by the loſs of power or motion. Dryden.

To FREIGHT. v.a, pret. freighted ^ part.
fraught, freighted, [fetter, Fr.]
1. To load a ſhip or veſſel of xarri^ge with
goods for tranſportation, Shakʃpeare.
2. To load as the burthen ; to he the
thing with which a veflei is freighted,Shakʃpeare.

1. Any thing with which a ſhip is loaded. Dryden.
2. The money due for tranſportation of

FRE'IGHTER. ʃ. [fretteur, Fr.] He wha
freights a vedel.

FREN. ʃ. A worthleſs woman. Spenſer.

FRENCH Chalk. ſ. An indurated chy, extremely
denfe, of a ſmooth glo/Ty ſurface,
arid ſoft to the touch. Hill.

To FRE NCHIFY. v. a. [from Frerch.]
.To infect With the manner of France ; t«
make a coxcomb. Camden.

FRE'NETICK. a. [<}.j£v»Ti>tcf, Or.] Mad ;
diſtran5>ed. Daniel.

FRE'NZY. ʃ. [<f>5SVi'Tt,-, Gr.] Madnef; ;
diiira lion of mind jaiienation of anderfl'inding. Berkley.

FRE'QUEMCE. ʃ. [frequence, Fr.] Crowd ; concaar'e ; afTernbiy. Milton.

FRE'QUENCY. ʃ. [frejuentia, Latin.]
1. Common occurrence ; the condition of
being often ſeen or done. Atterbury.
2. Conconrſe ; full aſſembly. Ben. Johnſon,

FREQUENT. a. [frequent, French.]
1. Often done ; often ſeen \ often occurring.
2. uſed often to pradlife any thing. Swift.
3. Full of concourſe. Milton.

To FREQU'ENT. v. a. [frequento, Lat.]
To viſit often ; to be muchm any place. Hooker.

FREQUE'NTABLE. a. [from frequent.]
Converfable ; accefſible, Sidney.

FREQUE'NTATIVE. a. [frequentativus,
Latin.] A grammatical term applied to
verbs ſignifying the frequent repetition of
an action.

FREQUE'NTER. ʃ. [from frequent.] One
who <ften n forts to any place. Swift.

FRE'QUENTLY. ad. [frequenter, Latin.]
Often; con-imonly; not rarely. Swift.

FRE'SCO. ʃ. [Italian.]
1. Conluffs i ſhade; duſkineſs. Prior.
2. A pidtiire not drawn in glaring Ight,
but in duſk. Pope.

FRE.SH. a. [pjiej-c, Saxon.]
1. Co )1 ; not vapid with heat. Fritri.
2. Notlalt, Abbot.
3. New I

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3. New ; not impaired by time. Milton.
4. In a ſtate like that of reccntneſs. Denham.
5. Recent ; newly come. Dryden.
6. Repaired from any loſs or diminution. Dryden.
7. fJorid ; vigorous ; chearful ; unfaded ;
unimpaired. Bacon.
8. Healthy in countenance ; ruddy.

9. Briſk ; ſtrong ; vigorous. Holder.
10. Farting : oppoſed to eating or drinking.
1 1.Sweet : oppoſed to ſtate or /linking.

FRESH. ʃ. Water not fait. Shakʃpeare.

To FRE'sHEN. v. a. [from freſh.] To
make frefli. Thomfon.

To FRESHEN. v.n. To ?row freſti. Fo[>e.

FRE'SHET. ʃ. [from /-^T^'.] A pool of
fieſh water. Milton.

FRE'Sh'LY. ad. [from freſh.]
1. Coolly.
2. Newly ; in the former ſtate renewed. Hooker.
3. With a healthy look ; ruddily.Shakʃpeare.

FRE'SHNESS. ʃ. [from /r-'/-.]
1. Newneſs ; vigour ; ſpirit : the contrary
to vapidneſs. Bacon.
2. Freedom from diminution by time ; not ſtaleneſs. South.
3. Freedom from fatig\ie ; newneſs of ftrength. Hayward.
4. Cuolneſs. Mdij'jn,
5. Ruddinffs ; colour of health. Crantitle,
6. Freedom from faltneſs.

FRET. ʃ. [frttum, Latin.]
1. A frith, or ſtrant of the fea, Brown.
2. Any agitation of liquors by fermentation,
or other cauſe. Denham.
3. That flop of the muſical inſtrument
which cauſes or regulates the vibrations of
the firing. Milton.
4. Work riſing in protuberances. Spectator.
5. Agitation of the mind ; commotion of
the temper ; paſſion. Herbert.

To FRET. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To rub againſt any thing. Shakʃpeare.
2. To wear away by rubbing. Newton.
3. To hurt by attrition. Milton.
4. To corrode ; to eat away. Hakewell.
To form into raiſed work. Milton.
6. To variegate ; to divetfify. Shakʃpeare.
7. To make angry ; to vex. Ezikiel.

To FRET. v. V,
1. To be in commotion ; to be agitated. South.
2. To be worn away ; to be corroded.

3. To make way by attrition. Moxon.
4. To be angry ; to be peeviſh. Hooker.

FRE'TFUL. a. [from /rff.] Angry ; pf;e-
Vilh, Shakʃpeare.

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FRE'TFULLY. ad. [from fretful,-] FeSviſhlv.

FRE'TFULNESS. ʃ. [from /rf./«/.] Paſſion
; peeviſhneſs.

FRE'TTY. a. [from /«/.] Adorned with.
raiſed work.

FRIABI'LITY. ʃ. [from friable.] Capacity
of being reduced to powder. Locke.

FRIABLE. a. [friable, French.] Eaſily'
crumbled ; eaſily reduced to powder. Bacon.

FRI'AR. ʃ. [frsre, French.] A religious ;
a brother of ſome regular order. Swift.

FRlMRLIKE. a. [from /riar.] Monaſtick ;
unſkilled in the worjd. Knolles.

FRIARLY. ad. [friar 2.ni like.] Like a
friar, or man untauglit in life. Bacon.

FRI ARSCOWL. ſ. [frianni. cowl.] A

FRI'ARY. ʃ. [from friar.] A monaftery
or convent of friars.

FRI'ARY. a. Like a friar. Camden.

To FRI'BBLE. v. a. To trifle. Hudibras.

FRI'BBLER. ʃ. [from the verb.] A trifler.

FRICASSE'E. f [French.] A diſh made
by cutting chickens or other ſmall things
in pieces, and dreſſing them with ſtrong
fauce. K'^S'

FRICA'TION. ʃ. [fricatio, Latin.] The
ail of rubbing one thing againſt another. Bacon.

FRI'CTION. ʃ. [friaio, Latin.]
1. The act of rubbing two bodies trgether,
2. The refinance in machines cauſed by
the motion of onr body upon another.
3. Medical rubbing with the fleſh bruſh or
cloths. Bacon.

FRI'DAY. ʃ. [ppise'sTg, Saxon ] The
fixth day of the week, io named of Freya,
a Saxon deity. Shakʃpeare.

FRIEND. ʃ. [viiend, Dut. piaeon's. Sax.]
I One joined to another in mutual benevolence
and intimacy : oppoied to foe or
enemy. Dryden.
2. One without hoſtile intentions. Shake.
3. One reconciled to another. Shakʃpeare.
4. An attendant, or companion. Dryden.
5. Favourer; one- propitious. Peacham.
6. A familiar coir.pellation. Matthew.

To FRIEND. v. a. To favour ; to befriend.Shakʃpeare.

FRI'ENDLESS. a. [{rem friend.]
1. Wanting friends ; wanting ſupport ; deflitute ; forlorn. South.
2. Fr IENDLEss fJfi7«. An outlaw.

FRI ENDLINESS. ſ. [from friendly.]
1. A diſpoſition to friendſhip. Sidney.
3. Exertion of benevolence. Tajhr,

FRI'ENDLY. a. [from fnerd.]
1. Having the temper and diſpoſition of i
friend ; kind ; favourable, Milton.
3. E 2. DrlF
4. Diſpoſed to union. Tepa.
3. Salutary ; h<uv genrnl. Milton.

FRIENDLY. ad. In the mannfr of friends.Shakʃpeare.

FRIE'NDSHIP. ʃ. [vriendfchaf, Dutch.]
1. The ſtate of minds united by muttial
benevolence. Clarenden.
2. Higheſt degree of intimacy. ^Swift.
3. Favour; ptrfar.al kindneſs. Spenſer.
4. AfTidance; help. Shakʃpeare.
5. Conformity; affinity; correſpondence. Drydenf.

FRIEZE. ʃ. [drap de fiit&s, pr.] A coaiſe
warm cloth, made peihaps firſt in FtieJland. Milton.

FRIEZE.?. ʃ. [In architedlure.] A large

FRIZE. ʃ. flat member which ſeparaies thfi
architrave from the cornice ; of which
there are as many kinds as there are orders
of columns. Harris.

FRIEZEt). a. [from //-;'f2:f.] Shagged or
narped u ich frieze.

FRI'EZELIKE. a. [/r/^xe and //if.] Re-
Tfmaling a trieze. Addiſon.

FRl GAT. ſ. ifyfgaie, Fr ]
1. A ſmall ſhip. Rakish.
1. Any ſmall veſſel on the water. Spenſer.

FRIGEFA'CTION. }. [fng'is and fiiao,
Latin.] The act of making cold.

To FRIGHT. v. a. [ppighran, Saxon.]
To terrify ; to diſturb with fear, D'-ydLtt.

FRIGHT. ʃ. [from the verb.] A ſudden
terroiir. Dryden.

To FRI'GHTEN. v. a. To terrify ; to
ſhock with dread. Prior.

FRl GlITFUL. a. [Jtom fright ] Terr.ble ;
dreadful ; full of .anrour, ^jkfjp'-jre,

FRI'GHT FULLY. ad. [from fnglrfid.]
Dreadfull ; horribly, Burnet.

FRI'GH I FULNESS. ʃ. [from fngb'/ul.]
The power of imprcning terrour.

FRI'GHT. a. [frigiduu Ln:n.]
1. Cold ; without warmth. Cheyne.
2. Without warmth of aſſeſlion,
3. Impotent ; without w-'rmth of'bndy.
4. Dull ; without fire of fancy, Swift.

FRlGl'DIfY. ſ. [fng:dtj!, Latin.]
1. Col'-tiicfi ; want of warmth,
£. Dulnel; ; wanref intelletlual fire,
^ Brown.
3. Want of corporeal warmth, G/iJ^'i/Wf.
/(,. Coldneſs of affſtion,

FRI'GIDLY. fl^. [{wm frigid.] Coldly 3
dully ; without aftetUon.

FRI'GIDNESS. ʃ. [t'!om f igid.] Coldneſs ;
dulneſs ; want of affection.

FRIGORIFICK. a. [fnger'fcus, Jr/gui
siiificij, Latin.] Ciuling cold. 'I>u:rcy:

To Fi^ILL. v. n. [//-;//< u.VjFr.] To quake
or (liiver with told. ULd of a hawk ; as, thehav^k//7/i. Diii.

IKii^QE. ſ. t/''SO Fr.] Ornamenul

appendages added to dreſs or furniture.

Wotton, Dryden, Newton.

To FRINGE. ti.a, [from the noun.] To
sdorn with fringes ; to decorate with ornsn.
fnral appendages, Fairfax.

FRl'PPERER. ſ. [from frippier, French.]
One who deals in old things vamped up.

FRIPPERY. ʃ. [fnppene, French.]
1. The place where old clothes are lold,
2. Old clothes ; cafl dreſſes ; tattered rags. Ben. Johnſon.

To FRISK. v. n. [frizzare, Italian.]
1. To leap ; to ſhin. Locke.
2. To dance in frolick or gaiety. L'Eſtrange.

FRISK. ʃ. [from the verb.] A frulick ; a
fit of wi.nton gaiety,

FRI'SKER. ʃ. [irumfrijk.] A wanton ; one n(;t conſtant or ſettled. Camden.

FRISKINEiS. ſ. [i\om frijk.] Gaiety; livelineſs,

FRI'SKY. a. [frifyue, French. from fijk.]
G 'v ; airy. .

FRIT. ʃ. [Among chymifts.] Alhes or fait.

FRIFH. ʃ. [fraum', Latin.]
1. A ſtrant of the ſea where the water being
confined is rough, Dryden.
2. A kind of net. Carew.

FRITILLARY. [fntiUaire, French.] A
plant, Milkr,

FRITINANCY. ʃ. [from //r/nn;'o, Latin.]
The ſcream of an mlecl, as the cricket or
cicada. Brown.

FRI'TTER. f l/riture, Fr.]
1. A ſmall piece cut to be fried. Tuffir,
2. A fragment ; a ſmall piece.
3. A cheeſecake ; a wigg.

To FRI'TTER. t>. a,-[riom the noun.]
1. To cut meat into ſmall pieces to be
2. To break into ſmall particles or fragments.

FRI'V'OLOUS. a. [/r/Wai, Latin.] Sight; triſhne ; of no moment. Roſcommon.

FRI'VOLOUSNESS. ſ. [ from^ fnvohus.]
Want of importanre ; tnflingncis,

FRI'VOLOU.SLY. ad. [from frivolous.]
Tf flingly ; without weight.

To FRIZLE. -y. a. [/'v/^V, Fr.] T) curl
in /Iiort curls l.ke nap of frieze. Haktivdl.

FRI ZLER. ſ. [from fnx,le.] One that
rraake's ſhort curls,

FRO. ad. [of pt^W Sa.xon.]
1. Bjckwara ; reere!]ively. Pope. .
2. It IS 'a contraiition of from. Ben. Johnſon.

FROCK. ʃ. Ifroc, Fr.]
1. A dreſs ; a coat. Milton.
2. A kind of ci'if:- coitformen. Drydena,

FROG. ʃ. 'ppoj;^!, Saxon.]
X, A ſmall aijiiu.U wuh four feet, living

bath by land and waier, and placed by natiualifls
among ni'xed animals, as paitaking
jH beafi and fiſh. Tfieie is Jikewiſe a
fniiU green frog that perches on trees, ſaid
to be venomous. Peacham,
2. The hollow part of the horſe's hoot.

FRO'CBIT. ʃ. [frog anci bit. y An herb.

FRO'GFISH. ʃ. [frog andfjh.] A kind
of fiſh.

FRO'GGRASS. ʃ. [f'og and graſs.] A
kind Of herb.

FROGLt'rrUCE. ſ. [frog and lettuce.]
A plant.

FROISE. ʃ. [from the French /oZ/t-r.] A
kind of food made by irying bacon incloſed
in a pancake.

FRO'LICK. a. [vrolijci, Dutch.] Cay ; full of leviiy. pyaller,

FRO'LiCK. ſ. A Wild prank ; a ſlight of
V. hin^. Roſcomm^tn.

To FRO'LICK. v.n. To play wild pranks.

FRO'LICKLY. ad. [fro:u/-o/iV^.] Gaily ;

FRO LICKSOME. a. [from /ro/A^C-.] Full
of wild eiiety.

FRO'LICK'SOMENESS. ſ. [from frolickfoKie.'
; Wiidneſs of gaiety ; pranks.

FRO'LICK ^OMELY. arJ. [from frolUkfeme
] With Wild gaiety,

FROM. prep. [j:}iam, Saxon ]
1. Away ; noung privation. Dryden.
2. Njdng receution. Pope. .
3. Noting proceſſion, deſcent, or birth. Blackmore.
4. Noting tranſmiſſion. Shakʃpeare.
5. Noting abſtraction ; vacation from.
6. Noting ſucceſſion, Burnet.
7. Out of ; noting emiſſion. Milton.
8. Noting progreſs from premiffes to infetences. South.
9. Noting the place or perſon from whom
a medjge is brought. Shakʃpeare.
10. Out of: noting extraction. Addiʃon.
11. Becauſe of. Tiliofon.
12. Out of. Noting the ground orcauſe
of any thing. Dryden.
13. Not near to. Shakʃpeare.
14. Noting ſepciVation. Dryden.
J5. Noting exemption or delivera.nce. Prior.
16. Atadiſtancee. Shakʃpeare.
17. Noting derivation. Dryden.
18. Since, Rakish. Td'otſon.
19. Contrary to, Donne.

I'O. Noting removal. Dryden.
21. From IS very frequently joined by an
ellipfis with adverbs : as, from aLo've,
from the parts ahonje. Hooker.
22. From afur.
23. From behind,
24. Frvm high, .


FRO'MWARD. p-ep. [pjnm and p»?p%>,
Saxon.] Awayfrom ; the contrary to the
word totu -ads, Sidney.

[frondfer, LiMn.]
Bearing haves. Di^.

FRONT. ʃ. [frons, Latin.] '
1. T/.e face. Cr'ub.
2. The face as oppoſed to an enemv.
3. Tile part or place oppoſed to the face. Bacon.
4. The van of an army. liUton.
5. The forepart of any thing, as of a
building. Brown.
6. The mod conſpicuous part or particular.

To FRONT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To oppoſe directly, or face to fjce. Dryden.
2. To ſtand Oppoſed or overagainſt any
phce or thing, Addiʃon.

To FRONT. v. a. To ſtand foremoll.Shakʃpeare.

FRO'N FAL. ſ. [frontah, Lat.] Any external
form of medicine to be applied to thC'
forehead. ^imcy. Brown.

FRO'NTATED. a. [from from, Latin.]
Theyro^of^cv^leaf of a fl )wer grows broader
and broader, and at laſt perhaps terminates
in a right lii:e : uſed in oppoſition to
cuſpated. SQuincy.

FRO'NTBOX. ʃ. [front and box.] The
box in the playhouſe from which there is.
a diieil view to the ſtage. -Pope. .

FRO'NTED. a. [from font.] Formed with
i front, Milton.

FRO'NTIER. ʃ. [frontiere, French.] The
marches ; the limit ; the utmoſt verge of
any territory. M'.hon.

FRO'NTIER. a. Bordering, Addiſon.

FRO'NTISPIECE. ʃ. [frontſpiciHm, ; Thu
part of any building or other body that directly
meets the eye. Milton.

FRO'NTLESS. a. [from front.] Without
blu(hes ; without ſhame. Dryden.

FRO'NTLET. ʃ. [fn.m/row.] A bandage
worn upon the forehead. tViſeman,

FRONTROOM. ʃ. [font and room.] An
apartment in the forepart of the houſe. Moxon.

FROR-E. a. Frozen. Milton.

FRORNE. a. Frozen ; congealed with cold. Spenſer.

FROST. ʃ. rpnoj-r, Saxon.]
1. The lad etl'ect of cold ; the power or
aift of congelation, Hcuth.
2. The appearance of plants and trees
ſparkling with congelation of d^w. Pope. .

FRO'STBITTEN. a. Nipped or withered
by the froſt. Mortimer.

FRO'STED. a. [from froji.] Liid on in
inequalities like thoſe of the hoar froſt
upon plants. Gay.
3. E a FRO^STILl^.

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FRO'STILY. ad. [from //#.]
1. With froſt ; with excelTive cold.'
2. Without warmth of sffcflion. Ben. Johnſon.

FRO'STINESS. ʃ. [from frojiy.] Cold ; freezing cold.

FilO'STNAIL. ſ. [fro,^ and nail.] A nail
with a prominent head driven into the
horſe's fiices, that it may pierce the ice. Grew.

To FRU'CTIFY. ^. n. To bearfiuit.

FRUCTIFICATION. ʃ. [hcv^fruafy.]
The act of cauſing or of btanng truit ; fecundAtion ; fenihty. Brow.

FRUCTUOUS. a. [fuB^eux.Fr.] Fruitful
; fertile ; impregnating with fertility.

FRU'GAL. a. [frugalis, Latin.] Thrifty ; ſparing ; parſimonious. Dryden.

FRO'STWORK. ʃ.[/'?/? and wcr.K] Work FRU'GALLY. a^. [from frugal] Farfiin
which the ſubllance is laid en with inequalitier,
like the dew congealed upon
ſhrubs. Blackmore.

FRO'STY. a. [from froſt.]
1. Having the ^iower of congelation ; excelTive
rold. L'Eſtrange.
2. Chill in affeſtion. Shakʃpeare.
3. Hoary ;
gray-haired ; reſembling fioft.Shakʃpeare.

FROTH. ʃ. [froe, Dmiſh and Scottiſh.]
1. Spume; fjam ; the bubbles cauſed in
liquors by agitation. Bacon.
2. Any empty or ſenſeleſs ſhow of wit or
eloquence. /
3. Any thing not hard, fulid, or ſubſiantial.
7(y/r. Hufiar.dry.

To FROTH. v. n. [from the noun.] To
f(am ; to throw cut ſpv.me. Dryden.

FRO'IHILY. ad. [from frothy.]
1. With foam ; wtth ſpume.
2. In an empty tnfiing manner.

FROTHY. a. [from frotb.]
1. Fall of foam, froth, or ſpume. Bacon.
2. Soft ; not ſolid ; wafting. B'^coti.
moniouſly ; ſparingly. Dryde'i.

FRUGA'LITY. ʃ. [frugalit/, French, ]
Thrift ; parſimony ; good huſbandry. Bacon.

FRUCI'FEROUS. a. [frugfir, Latin.]
Bearing fruit. Ainsworth.

FRUIT. ʃ. [fruit, French.]
1. The product of a tree or plant in which
the feeds are contained. Shakʃpeare.
2. That part of a plant which is tiken
for food. Davies.
3. Production. Ea kiel.
4. The offspring of the womb. Sanlys.
5. Advantage gained by any enterpriſe or
condudt, iinvft.
6. The effect or conſequence of any action.

FRU'ITAGE. ʃ. [fruitage, French.] Fruit
collectively ; various fruits. More

FRU'irBEARER. ſ. [ſuit and l^carer.]
That which produces f.-u:t. Morf.mei

FRUlTBE'x'^.RING. a. [fuilzr.diear.]
Having the quality of producing fruit.

3. Vain ; empty ; trifling. L'Eſtran>ge. FRU'ITERER. ſ. [/a/WVr, French.] One

FROUNCE. ʃ. A d.ftemper, in which white
ſpittle gathers about the hawk's bill. Skinner.

To FROUNCE. 1'. a. To frizle or curl
the hair. AJcham.

FRO'UZY. a. [A cant word.] Dim ; ſcECid ; mu'ly. Swift.

FRO'WARD. ʃ. [FJiimpeajl'c, Saxon.]
Peeviſh ; ungovenuble ; angry. Tetr^h-.

FRO'WARDLY. ad. [from fraward.] PeevilTily ;
perverſely. IJaiiib.

FRO'WARDNE^'S. ſ. [from fro'ward.]
who trjdes in fruit. Shakʃpeare.

FRUITERY. ʃ. [ſuiteri!, French.]
1. Fruit callectively taken. Ihillipi,
2. A fruit loft
; a repofifory for fruit.

FRUITFUL. a. [/r«;f and /«.'/.]
2. To ertile ; abundantly ptodudtive : liberal
of pruduift. Sidney.
2. Adtuaiiy bearing fruit. Shakʃpeare.
3. Proliſick ; childbearing ; not barren.
4. Plenteous ; abounding in any thing. Addiſon.
Peeviſhneſs ; perverſeneſs.

FROWER. ʃ. A cleaving tool. Tuff. Uujb

To FROWN. v-a. [/rcc-fisrj old French.]
To expreſs d ſplealure by contracting the
fare to vcrinkles. Pope. .

FROWN. ʃ. A wrinkled look ; a look of
diſpleaſure. Shakʃpeare.

FRO'WY. a. Muſly ; moffy, Spenſer.

FROZEN. pari. fnff. offreexe. Sidney.
F. R. S. Fellow of the Royal Society.

IRUCTi'FEROUS. a. [fruaiſer, Latin.]
Bearing fruit.

To FRU'CTIFY. v. a. [fruEiifer, Fr.]. South.

FRU'ITFULLY. ad. [from fruitful.]
I.T ſuch a manner as to be proliſick.
2. Plenteouſly ; abundantly. Shakʃpeare.

FRU'ITFULNESS. ʃ. [from fruitful.]
1. Fertility ; fecundity ;
plentiful prod'jſtion.
2. The quality of being prcliſick. Dryden.
3. Exuberant abundance. Ben. Johnson.

FRUITGRO'VES. ʃ. [fruit zv.d grovti.]
Shades, or cloſe plantations of fruit trees. Pope.
Torr.aJj.5»uitful ; to fertilife. Crfl«i'f/7f', FRUJTION. ſ. [/mr, Latin.] Enjcy-
jnea; ;

ment; poſſeſſicn ; pleaſure given by pcffeilion
or uſe. Rogers.

FRUITIVE. a. [from the nrun.] Enjoying ; poſſeſſing ; having the power of enjovment. Boyle.

FRUITLESS. a. [from //-a:/.]
1. Barren of fruit ; nut bearing fruit.
2. Vain ; productive of no advantage ; idle ; unprofitable. Milton.
3. Without offspring, Shakʃpeare.

FRU'ITLESSLY. ad. [from fru'tlejs.]
Vainly ; idly ; unprofitably. Dryden.

FRUIT-TIME. ʃ. [/ra;/and//»2f,j The

FRU'IT TREE. ʃ. [/rafV and tree.] A tree
of that kind whoſe principal value arifes
from the fruit produced by it. Walker,

FRUMENTA'CIOUS. a. [Jtomfrumantum,
Latin.] Made of grain.

FRUME'NTY. ʃ. [fromentum, corn, Lat.]
Fod made of wheat boiled in milk.

To FRUMP. v. a. To mock ; to browb
«at. Skirwcr.

To FRUSH. v. a. [froljfer, French.] To
break, bruiſe, or cruft. Shakʃpeare.

FRUSH. ʃ. [from the verb.] A ſort of tender
horn that grows in the middle of the
folc Farrier's Diii,

FRUSTRA'NEOUS. a. [fn^JIra, Urw.]
Vain; uſeleſs; unprofitable ; without ad-
vantage. More,

To FRU'STRATE. v. a. [fruJ}ror, Lat.]
1. To defeat ; to diiappcint ; to baik. Hooker.
2. To make null ; to nullify. Spenſer.

FRU'STRATE. part. a. [from the verb.]
1. Vainj ineffectual ; uſeleſs ; unprofitable. Raleigh.
2. Null ; void. Hooker.

FRUSTRA'TIONT. ʃ. [fnijiratio, Latin.]
Difapointment ; defeat. South.

FRU'STRATIVE. a. [from frujlrate.]
Fallacious. yltnftvorth.

FRU'STRAJORY. a. [from frufirate.]
That which makes any procedure void.

FRUSTUM. ʃ. [Latin.] A piece cut uff
from a regular figure. Atterm of ſcience.

FRY. ʃ. [from froe, foam, D.'.niſh. Sh'n.
ner, ; T.The ſwarm of little fiſhes juſt pro-
<hiced- from the ſpawn. Donne.
L 2. Any ſwarm of animals ; or young people-
in contempt. Oldham.

FRY. ʃ. A kind of ſieve. Mortimer.

To FRY. v. a. [frigo, Lat.] To dreſs
fond by roaſting it in a pan on the fir?.

To FRY. v. n.
1. To be icaſted in a pan on the fir?.
2. To ſuffer the aiſhon of fire, Dryden.
Z- To ni«it with heat, H'alker,

4. To be agitated like liquor in the pan oa
'''^'^' Bacon.

FRY. ʃ. [from the verb.] A diſh of things

FRY'INGPAN. ʃ. [/^ and fan.^ The
veſſel in which meat is roaſted on the fire.


To PUB. nj. a. To put ofr. Shakʃpeare.

FUD. ʃ. A piump chubby bov, Ainsworth.

FUCATED. a. [fucat,!. La'tin.]
1. Painted ; diſguiſed with paint.
2. Dirguiſed by falſe ſhow.

FU'CUS. ʃ. [Latin.] Pai.'jt for the face. Ben. Johnson.

To FU'DDLE. v. a. To make drunk.'. Thomfon.

To FU'DDLE. v. a. To drink to excels. L'Eſtrange.

FUEL. ʃ. [from /v./, fire, French.] T.he
matter or aiiment of firt. Prior.

To FU'EL. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To feed fire with combuftible matter. . Donne.
2. To ſtore with firinff. Wotto-n.

FUE'ILLEMORTE. [French.] Corruptly
pronounced and wt'ni^n J>bnomot. Bfown,
l:ke a drv leaf, Locke.

FUGA'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [fu^^^x, Latin. ;

V.'latility ; the quality of flyinir away.

FUGA'CITY. ʃ. [/«^.7.Y, Latin.]
1. Volatility ; quality of flying away,
2. Uncertainty ; inſtability.

FUGH. interj. An expreſſion of abhorrence. Dryden.

FU'GITIVE. a. [fugltivus, Latin.]
1. Not tenable ; not to be held or detained. Prior.
2. Unfteady ; unliable ; not durable.
3. Volatile ; apt to fly away. I'Foodm'ard,
4. Flying; running from danger. Milton.
5. Flying from duty; failing olT. Clarif,
6. Wandering ; runnagate ; vagabond.

FU'GITIVE ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. One who runs from his flation or duty. Denham.
2. One who takes ſhelter under another
pov.'et from puniſhment. Dryden.

FUGITIVENESS. ʃ. [from fugitl've.]
1. Volatility ; fugacity. Boyle.
2. Inftability; uncertainty.

FUGUE. ʃ. [French, from fuga, Latin. ;
In muſick, ſome point confilTing of four
five, fi.Y, or any other number of notes begun
by ſome one Angle part, and then ſecondeH
by a third, fourth, fifth and fixth
part, if the cempoſition confills of ſo many
; repeating the ſame, or ſuch like
notes, ſo that the ſeveral parts follow, or
come in one after another in the f-ime manner,
the leading patts fiiU flying before
thoie thatfjllow. Harris.

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FU'LCIMENT. ʃ. [fulchnemum, Latin.]
That on which a body reſts.- M'iikim,

To FULFIL. v. a. [full and f!l.]
1. To fill till the;e is no room fur more.Shakʃpeare.
ft. To anfiver any prophecy or promife by
performance. /}3i,
5. To anſwer any purpoſe or deſign. Milton.
4. To anſwer any deſire by compliance or
gratification. Dryden.
5. To anſwer any law by obedience. Milton.
rULFRA'UGHT. a. [full and fraught.]
Fully ſtored. Shakʃpeare.

FU'LGENCY. ʃ. [fulgent, Latin.] St^lendour.

FULGENT. a. [fulgent, Latin.] Shining; dazzling. M/lton.

FU'LGID. a. [fulgidut, Latin.] Shining
5 glittering.

FULGi'DlTY. ſ. [from /«/|;/</.] Splendour,

FU'LGOUR. ʃ. [/«'^or, Latin.] Splendour; dazzling brightneſs. More.

FULGUKA'TION. ʃ. [fulguratio, Latin.]
The act of lightening.

FU'LHAM. ſ. A cant word for falſe dice.
Hanmer. Shakʃpeare.

FULrOINOUS. a. [fuliginojut, Latin.]
Sioty ; fnioky. Howsl.

FU'LIMART. ʃ. A kind of ſtinking ferret.

FULL. a. [pulle, Saxon.]
1. Replete ; without vacuity ; without
any ſpace void. Ecckfajiicut,
2. Abounding in any quality good or bad.
Sidnef, Milton.
3. Stored with any thing ; well ſupphed
with any thing. T'ckell,
4. PIump ; faginated ; fat. Wiseman.
5. Saturated ; fated. Bacon.
6. Crouded in the imagination or memo: y. Locke.
7. That which fills or makes full.
8. Complete ; ſuch as that nothing further
is wanted. Hammond.
9. Complete witho\it abatement. Swift.
10. Contriining the whole Hiatter ; expreſſing
much, Denhatn.
11. Strong; not faint ; not attenuated. Bacon.
32. Mature ; perfect. Bacon.
33. [Applied to the moon.] C'lmplete
in its orb. _ Wi,vnTn.
14. Not'ng the condufion of any matter. Sidney.
15. Spread to view in all dimenſions. Addiʃon.

FULL. ʃ. [from the adjeffive.]
1. Comi-lcte meaſure ; fieedom from deficiency.
2. The higheſt ſtate or degree. Shi-h-Jf.

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3. The whole ; the total. Shakʃpeare.
4. The ſtate of being full. fintniah.
5. [Applied to the mooD.] The time in
which the moon makes a perfsft orb. Bacon.

FULL. ad.
1. Without abatement. Dryden.
2. With the whole effect. Dryden.
3. E.xaaiy. Addisſon.
4. Directly, Sidney.

FULL- BLOWN, a, [full And blown.]
1. Spread to the utiiiuft extent. Denham.
2. Stretched by the wind to the utmoſt
extent. Dryden.

[full and bottom.]
Having a large bntf'm. Guardian.

FULL EA'RED. [full m& ear.] Having
the heads full of grain. D^nba'n.

FULL-EY'ED. [full and eye.] Having
large prominent eyes.

FULL-FE D. [full and fed.] Sated ; fat ; faginated. Pojie,

FULL LA'DEN. [full and laden.] Laden
till there can be no more. Tilktfon.

FULL-SPREAD. [full and ſpread.] Spread
to the utmoſt extent, Dryden.

FULL.SUMMED. [full and fummed.]
Complete in all its parts. IJowel.

To FULL. v. a. [/a//o, Latin.] Tocleanſe
cloth from its oil or greaſe.

FU'LLAGE. ʃ. [from full.] The money
paid for fulling or cleaning cloth.

FU'LLER. ʃ. [ful.'o, Uiin.] One whofe
trade is to cleanle cloth. Shakʃpeare.

FU'LLERS Earth. ſ. Fdlen earth is'a marl
of a clol'tt texture, extremely ſoft and unftuous
to the touch ; when dry it is of a
greyiſh brown colour, in all degrees, from
very pale to almoſt black, and generally
has ſomething of a greeniſh call in it.
The fineſt fullers earth is dug in our own
iſland. Hill.

FU LLERY. ſ. [hem fuller.] The place
where the trade of a fuller is exercifed,

FU'LLINGMIL. ʃ. [full and mil.] A
mill where hammeis beat^the cluth till
it he cleanſed. Mortimer.

FU'LLY. ad. [from full.]
1. Without vacuity.
2. Completely ; without lack, Hooker.

FULMINANT. a. [fulminant, Yx. fulminant,
Latin.] Thundering; making a
noiſe like thunder.

To FU'LMINATE. v. a. [fulmir.e, Lat, ]
1. To thunder,
2. To make a loud noiſe or crack, Boyle.
3. To iflue out eccleſiaftical cenſures.

To FU'LMINATE. v. a. To throw out
as ^n ob)eft of terrour, Ayliffe.

FULMINATION. a. [fulminatio, Latin.]
1. The act of thuBdcrmg.
z, DcJiuiiciations of cenl'ure. Ayl'ffs.

FU'LMINATORY. a. [fulmineus, Latin.]
Thundering ; ſtrjkine horrour,

FU'LNESS. ʃ. [from full.]
1. The llate of being fiiied ſo as to have
no part vacant. -^'^ Charles,
2. The ſtate of abounding in any quality
good or bad.
3. Completeneſs ; ſuch as leaves nothing
to be delired. South.
4. Coiiipleteneſs from the coalition of many
parts. Bacon.
5. Repletion ; fjtiety, Taylor.
6. Plenty ; wealth. Shakʃpeare.
7. Struggling perturbation ; ſweliing in the
mind. Bacon.
8. Lsrgeneſs; extent. Dryden.
9. Force of found, ſuch as fills the ear ;
viRoiir. Pope. .

FULSOME. a. [from puUe, Saxon. foul.]
1. Nauſeous ; offenſive. Shak, Otway.
2. Of a rank odious ſtnell. Bacon.
1,. Tending to obſcenity. Dryden.

FU'LSOMELY. ad. [from fulſome.] N^uſe-
^ully ; rankly ; obſcenely.

FU'LSOMENESS. j. [from fu/ſome.]
1. Nauſeouſneſs.
2. Rank ſmell.
^. Obſcenity. Dryden.

FU'MADO. ʃ. ' [fumttt, Latin.] A ſmoked
tilh. Carew.

FU'MAGE. ʃ. [from fumus,Ulln.] Hearthmoney.

FU'MATORY. ʃ. [fumaria, Lat. fumeterre,
Fr.] An herb. Shakʃpeare.

To FU'MBLE. -zi. n. [fommden, Dutch.]
1. To attempt any thing aukwardly or
unganly. C:idtvorth,
2. To puzzle ; to drain in perplexity. Dryden.
3. To play childiſhly. Shakʃpeare.

To FU'MBL.E. v. a. To manage aukwardly. Dryden.

FU'MBLER. ʃ. [from fumble.] One who

FU'MBLINGLY. ad. [from funMe.] In
an aukward m<nner.

FUME. ʃ. [fun-.ec, French.]
1. Smoke. Dryden.
1. Vapour; any volatile parts flying away. Bacon.
3. Exhalation from the ſtomach. Dryden.
4. R'gs ; heat of mind ; paction. South.
5. Any thing unCiibHantjal. Shakʃpeare.
6. Idle conceit ; vain imagination. Bac»r,
To fUME. tJ. n. [/«M£.-r, French.]
1. To ſmoke. Milton.
2. To Vapour ; to yield exhalations,Shakʃpeare.
3. To paſs away in vapours. Ben. Johnſon.
4. To be in a rage. Dryden.

To FUME. v. a.
1. To ſmoke ; to dry in the ſmoke.

2. To perfume with odours in the fire. Dryden.
3. To diſperſe in vipours. Mortimer.

FVME'-TTE. ſ. [French.] The ſtlnk of
meat. ^vjt„y>.

FUMID. a. [ftujiidus, Latin.] Smoky ;
vaporous, Brown.

FUMI'DITY. ʃ. [from fumid.] Smekineſs ;
tendency to ſmoke.

To FU'MIGATE. v. n. [from fumus, Lat.]
fumiger^ Fr.]
1. To ſmoke ; to perfume by ſmoke or
vapour. Dryden.
2. To medicate or heal by vapours.

FUMIGA'TION. ʃ. [fumigation, Fr.]
1. Scents raiſed by fire. Arbuthnot.
2. The application of medicines to the
body in fumes.

FUMINGLY. ad.[from fume.] Angrily ;
in a rage. Hooker.


FU'MOUS. v. a. [futneux, French.] Pro-

FU'MY. ʃ. ducing fumes. Dryden.

FUN. ʃ. Sport ; high merriment. Moore,

FUNCTION. ʃ. [funaio, Latin.]
1. Difcharge ; performance. Swift.
2. Employment ; office. IVhitgifte.
3. Single act of any office. StiiUngfceid
4. Trade ; occupation. Shakʃpeare.
5. Office of any particular part of the
body. Berkley.
6. Power ; faculty. Pope.

FUND. ʃ. [fo-id, Fr.]
1. Stock. ; capital ; that by which any
expence is ſupported. Dryden.
2. Stock or bank of money. Addiʃon.

FU'NDAMENT. ʃ. [fundamentum. Lat.]
Serving for the foundation ; that upon
which the reſt is built ; elTeDtia! ; not
me'ely accidental. Raleigh.

FUNDAME'NTAL. ʃ. Leading pr.^pofitinn.
- South.

FUNDAMENTALLY. ad. [from furdamental.]
Elientially ; originally. Grew.

FU'NERAL. j. [f:,nerail!es, Fr.]
1. The folpmnizau^nof a buriil ; thep~ayment
<;f the lalt h-'nours to the d&sd ; chkquies. Sandys.
2. The pomp or proceſſion with which the
dead are carried. Swift.
3. Burial ; interment. Denham.

FU'NERAL. a. uſed at the ceremny of
interrli;g the dead. Denham.

FUNEREAL. a. [funerea, Latin.]
; Suitini; a funi ral ; dark ; diſrrial. Pope.

FUNoO'SITY. ſ. lUamfurgu!.] Unfulid

FU'NGOUS. a. [(torn fufgus.] E<creſcent
; Ipongy. Shakſ,

FUINGUS. ſ. [Latin.] Stri^Iy a mufliroom
: a w ird uſed to expreſs ſuch excreſcences
of fl'^ſh as grew out u^on the lips of
wounds, or any other excref c^ce from
trees or plants net naturally belunging to
th;ra, -uiricy,


FU'NICLE. ʃ. [funiculus, Latin.] A ſmall

FUNi'CULAR. [fu,uculalre, Fr.] Confirting
ot a (mall cord or ſtbie.

FUNK. ʃ. A flink.

FU'NNEL. ʃ. [infiindihulum, Latin.]
1. An inverted holl w cone with a pipe
deſcending from it, tlirough which licjuors
are poured into veſſels. Ben. Johnson.
2. A pipe or pail]^,e of communication. Addiſon.

FUR. ʃ. [fourrure, French.]
1. Skin with ſoft hair with which garments
are lined for warmth. Swift.
2. Soft hair of beads found in cold countries
; hair in general. Ray.
. Any moiituie exhaled to ſuch a degree
as that the remainder flicks on the part. Dryden.

To FUR. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To line or cover with fiiins that have
loft hair. Sidney.
2. To cover with ſoft matter. Phi ips.

FUR-WROUGHT. a. [fur and wrouglt.]
Made of fur. Gay.

FURA'CIOUS. a. [furax, Latin.] Thiev-

FURA'CITY. ʃ. [hQvi\furcx, Latin.] Diſpoſition
to theft,

FURBELOW. ʃ. [fur and behiv.] Fur
ſerved on the lower part of the gaiment. Pope.

To FU'RBF.LOW. t>. a. [from the noun.]
To adorn wuh oraamentai appencages. Prior.

To FU'RBISH. v. a. [furuir, French.]
To barniſh ; to poliſh. South.

FU'RBISHER. ʃ. [fourbijeur, _ French,
from fufb'p- ; One who polishes any

FURCA'TION. ʃ. [ſwca, Latin.] Forkineſs
; the ſtate of fnooting two ways like
the blades of a fork. Brown.

FURFUR. ʃ. [Latin.] Hulk or chaff,
fcurffor dancinſt'. ^/incy.

FURFURA'CEOUS. a. [/wfuraaus, Liu]
Huſky ; branny ; Icaly.

FURIOUS. a. [furieux, Fr.]
1. Mad ; phrenetick. Hooker.
2. Raging i violent ; tranſported by paſſion
beyond reafm. Shakʃpeare.

FU'RIOUSLY. ʃ.?</. [from fuiioui.] Madly; vislently ; vehemently. Spenſer.

FU'RIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from furious.] Frenzv
; madneſs ; tranſport of paſſion.

To FURL. v. a. [frrjhr, French.] To
drsw up; to contrail. Creech.

FU'RLONG. ʃ. [papan^, Saxon.] A meaſure
of length ; the eighth part of a mile. Addiʃon.

FURLOUGH. f. [wr/^f/, Dutch.] A temporary
dilitiſhion from military lervice. Dryden.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


FU'RMENTY. ʃ. Food made by boiling
wheat in milk. ^''^'''«

FU'RNACE. ʃ. [furmt, Latin.] An mcloſed
fireplace. Abbots

To FU'RNACE. -r,. a. To thmw out as
ſparks from a furnace. Shakʃpeare.

To FU'RNISH. v. a. [four„ir, Fr.].
1. To ſupply with wfiat is neceſfary. Knolles.
2. Tjgive things for uſe. Addiſonu
3. To fic up ; to lit with appendages. Bacon.
4. To equip
; to fit out for any undertak-
-ing- Watts.
5. To decocrate ; to adorn. Halifax.

FU'RNISHER. ʃ. [furr.:J}cur, Fr.] One
who ſupplies or fits out.

FU'RNITURE. ʃ. [fcurnitur&, Fr.]
1. Moveables
; goods put in a houſe f:ir
uſe or ornament. South.
2. Appendages. lillotſon.
3. Equipage ; embeliiſhments ; decorations. Spenſer.

FU'RRIER. ʃ. [from fur.] A dealer in

FURROW. ʃ. [jrnph, Saxon.]
1. A ſmall trench made by the plough ſcT
the reception of feed. Dryden.
2. Any long trench or hollow. Dryden.

FU'RROW- WEED. ſ. A weed that grows
in furrowed land. Shakʃpeare.

To FU'RROW. 1!, a. [from the noun ;
pyfiwn, Saxon.]
2. To cut in furrows. Milton.
2. To divide in long hollows. Suckling.
3. To make by cutting. IFaton.

FURRY. a. [tiomfur.]
1. Covered with fur; drelTed in fur.
2. Confiding of fur. Dryden.

FU'RTHER. a. [from forth ; forth, further,
1. At a great difi:ance.
2. Beyond this. Mattheti;.

FU'RTHER. W. [from forth.] To a greater
dillance. Numbers.

To FU'RTHER. t'. a. [pojiSjiian, Saxon.]

FU'RTHERER. ʃ. [from further. ^ Promoter
; advancer. Addiʃon.

FU'RTHERMORE. [further and Kore.]
Moreover ; beCdes. Shakʃpeare.

FU'RTIVE. a. [furlive,7i.] Stolen; gotten by theft. Prior.

FU'RUNCLE. ʃ. [furunculus, Latin.] A
bile ; an angry puRule. H^^jcn-.an.

FU'RY. y. [furor, Latin.]
1. Maoneſs.
2. Rge; psſſion of anger; tumult of
mind approaching to madneſs.
3. Enthufiaſm ; exaltation of fancy.
4. A ilormy, turbulent, raging woman,Shakʃpeare.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


TURZE. ʃ. [finV) Saxon.] Cuſe ; goſs. Milton, Dryden.

FU'RZY. a. [from furxt.] Overgrown
with furze ; full of gorfe. Gay.

FUSCA'TION. ʃ. [yWcw, Latin.] The
act of darkening.

To FUSE. v. a. [fufum, Latin.] To melt ;
to put into fuſion.

To FUSE. -!>. n. To he melted.

FU'SEE. ʃ. [fuſeau- French.]
1. The cone rourid which is wound the
chord or chainof a clock or watch. Hale.
2. A firelock ; a ſmall neat mviſquet.
5. Fusee of a bomb or granado ſhell, is
that which makes the whole powder or
compoſition in the ſhell take fire, to do
the deſigned execution. ' I'ls uſually a
wooden pipe or tap filled with wildfire.

FU'SEE. Track of a buck. Ainſwvth.

FU'SIBLE. a. [from /«/V.j Capable of being
melted, Boyle.

FUSIBILITY. ʃ. [from pfb'e.] Capacity
of being malted ; quality of growing liquid
by heat. IFocton,

FUSIL. a. [fufile, French.]
1. Capable of being melted ; liquifiable by
heat. Milton.
1. Running by the force of heat. Philli^i,

FU'SIL. ʃ. [>//, Fr.]
1. A firelock ; a ſmall neat muſquet.
2. [In heraldry.] Something like a ſpindle.

FUSILI'ER. ʃ. [from /i(A''.] A ſoldier
armed with a fufil,

FU'SION. ʃ. [fufio, Latin.]
1. The act of melting.
2. The ſtate of being melted, Newton.

FUSS. ʃ. [A low cant word.] A tumult ;
a bu/lle, iiivijc,

FUST. ʃ. [fufle, French.]
1. The trui,k or body of a column.
2. A ſtrong ſmell,as that of a mouldy barrel.

To FUST. v. n. To grow mouldy ; to
fmcll .11.

FU'STIAN. ʃ. [futaine, French.]
1. A kind of cloth made of linen and cotton,
2. A Wgh ſwelling kind of writing made
up of heterogeneous parts; bombaft. Hudibras, South.

FU'STIAN. a. [from the noun.]
1. Made of fuftian.
2. Swelling ; unnaturally pompous ; ridiculouſly
tumid. Dryden.

FU STIC. ſ. A ſort of wood brought from
the Weſt-Indies,

To FU'STIGATE. tj. a. [fupgo, Latin.]
To beat with a ſtick.

FUSTILARIAN. ʃ. A low felhw ; a
ftinlfard. Shakʃpeare.

FU'STINESS. ʃ. [from /«/?j.] Mouldineſs; l^ink.

FU'ITY. a. [from /i^y?.] 111 ſmelling ; mouldy. Shakʃpeare.

FU'TILE. a. [futile, French.]
1. Talkative ; loquacious. Bacon.
2. Triſing ; worthleſs.

FUTILITY. ʃ. [futilite, French.]
1. Talkativeneſs ; loquacity. L'Eſtrange.
2. Triſhngneſs ; want of weight ; want
ofſolidity. Berkley.

FU'TTOCKS. ʃ. [Uomfoothooh. Skinner.]
The lower timbers that hold the ſhip together,

FU TURE. a. [futuru!, Latin.] That
which will be hereaſter ; to come : as, the
futv.re ſtate. Milton.

FU'TURE. ʃ. Time to come ; ſomewhat
to happen hereaſter. Locke.

FU'TURELY. ad. la time to come.

FUTURI'TION. ʃ. The ſtate of being 10
be. South.

FU'TURITY. ʃ. [from future.]
1. Time to come ; events to cone. Swift.
2. The ſtate of being to be ; futurition.

To FUZZ. v. n. To fly out in ſmall particles.

FU'ZZBALL. ʃ. A kind of fungus, which,
when preired, burſts and ſcatters duſt la
the eyes. .

FY. interj. [fy, French ; <^lv, Creek.]. Spenſer.