About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014




L. A liquid conſonant, which pref-
erves always the ſome found in Engliſh.

At the end of a monoſyllable it
is always doubled ;as, ſhall, ftill ; except
after a diphthong ; as, fail, feel. In a word
of more ſyllables it is written ſingle ; as,
channel, canal. It is ſometimes put before
e, and founded feebly after it ; as
bible, title.

LA. interjecl. See ; look ; behold.Shakʃpeare.

LA'BDANUM. ʃ. A refin of the ſofter
kind, of a ſtrong and not unpleaſant ſmell,
and an aromatick, but not agreeable taſte.
This juice exfudates from a low ſpreading
ſhrub, of the ciftus kind, in Crete. Hill.

To LA'BEFY. v. a. [labefacio, Latin.] To
weaken ; to impair.

LA'BEL. ʃ. [labellum, Latin.]
1. A ſmall flip or ſcrip of writing.Shakʃpeare.
2. Any thing appendant to a larger writing.
3. [In law.] A narrow flip of paper or
parchment affixed ſo a deed or writing, in
order to hold the appending feal. Harris.

LA'BENT. a. [labent, Latin.] Sliding
gliding ; flipping. Dict.

LA'BIEL. a. [labialis, Latin.] Uttered by
the lips. Holder.

LA'BIATED. a. [labium, Latin.] Formed
with lips.

LAB'IODENTAL. a. [labium and dentalis.]
Formed ir pronounced by the co-operation
of the lips and teeth. Holder.

LABO'RANT. ʃ. [/a^oraw, Latin.] A chemiſt. Boyle.

LA'BORATORY. ʃ. [laboratgire, French.]


LABO'RIOUS. a. [laiorieux, Itenchi Ax.
honofus, Latin.]
1. Diligent in work; afTiduous. South.
2. Requiring iabour
; tireſome; not eaſy. Dryden.

LABO'RIOUSLY. ad. [from hborilus. With
; labour ; with toil. Decay of Piety.

LABO'RIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from laborious..
1. Teilſomeneſs
; difficulty.
Decay of Piey,
2. Diligence; afTiduity.

LA BOUR. ʃ. [labeur, French ; labor, Lat.]
1. The act ut dum^ what require? a painful
exertion of ſtrength
; pains ; toil.Shakʃpeare.
2. Work to be done. Hooker.
3. Exerciſe; motion with ſome degree of
violence. Har'vey,
4. Childbth ; travail. South.

To LABOUR. v. n. [iaboro, Latin.]
1. To toil ; to act with painful effort.Shakʃpeare.
2. To do work; to take pains. Ecduf,
3. To move with difficulty. Grawtile.
4. To be diſeaſed with. Ben. Johnſon.
5. To be in difireſs; to be preflect. fVake,
6. To be in cl^ld-birth ; to be in travail. Dryden.

To LA'BOUR. v.a.
1. To work at ; to move with difficulty. Clarendon.
2. To beat ; to belabour. Dryden.

LABOURER. ʃ. [laboureur, French.]
1. One who is employed in coarſe and toilſome
work. Swift.
2. One who takes pains in [any employ-
ipnt- Granville.

LA'BOURSOME. a. [from labour.] Made
with great labour and diligence, Shakſp.

LA'BRA. ʃ. [Spaniſh.] A lip. Shakʃpeare.

LA'BYRINTH. ʃ. [htyrinihusy Latin.] A
waze-y a place formed with inextricable
windings. Donne, Denham.

LAC. ʃ. Lac is of three forts, i . The flick
lac. 2. The feed U, 3. The ſhell he.

LACE. ʃ. [Ia(et. French.]
1. A Itriogj a cord. Spenſer.
2. A fnare ^ a gin. Fairfax.
3. A platted ſtnng, with which. women
taſten their ciothef. Swift.
4. Ornaments of fine thread curiouſly
woven. Bacon.
5. Textures of thread with gold or ſilver. Herbert.
6. Sugar, A cant word. Prior.

To LACE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To faſten with a filing run through ellet
hole?, CcBgreve.
2. To adorn with gold or ſilver textures
fewed on. Shakʃpeare.
3. To embelliſh with variegations.Shakʃpeare.
4. To beat. L'Eſtrange.
Laced Mutton, An old word for a whore.Shakʃpeare.

LA'CEMAN. ʃ. [lace and i»a».] One who
deals in lace. Addiſon.

LA'CERABLE. a. [from lacerate.] Such as
may Le corn. Barvey.

To LA'CERATE. v..?, [/<2r£ro, Latin.] To
tear ; to rend. Derb'tr?.

LACERATION. ʃ. [from lacerate.] The
act of tearing or rendong ; the breach made
bytearITjg. Arbuthnot.

LACERATIVE. ff. [irortilacerate.] Tearing
5 having the power to tear. Harvey.

LA'CHRYMAL. a. [lachryma/, French.]
Generating tears. Cheyne.

LA'CHRYMARY. a. [lachryma, Latin.]
C<intaining tearr. Addiſon.

LACHRYMA'TION. ʃ. [from lachryrra.]
The s-'.t of weeping, or ſhedding tear^.

LA'CHRYMATORY. ʃ. [lach>y<r:atoire,
FiCHch.] A veſſel in which tears are gathered
to the honour of the dead.

LACI'NIATED. a. [from lacipia, Latin.]
Adorned with fringes and borders.

To LACK. v. a. [iaeikitiy to ieOen, Dutch.]
To want ; to need ; to be without.


To LACK. v. n.
1. To be in want. Common Prayer.
2. To be wanting, Geneſis.

LACK. ʃ. [from the verb.] Want ; need; f.^ijur. Hooker.

LA'CKBRAIN. ʃ. [lackzn^br^in.] One
that wants wit. Shakʃpeare.

LA'CKER. ʃ. A kind of varniſh, which.
ſpread upon a white ſubſtance, exhibits a
gold colour.

To LA'CKER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
4p oypr yyithiackefo i^eff.



LA'CKEY. ʃ. [lacquais, French.] An attending
fervant ; a foot- boy. Dryden.

To LA'CKEY. 1;. a. [from the noun.] To
attend ſervilely, Milton.

To LA'CKEY. v. n. To act as a foot-boy ; to pay ſervile attendance. Sandys.

LA'CKLINEN. a. [lack and linen.] Wanting
Oiirts. Shakʃpeare.

LA'CKLUSTRE. a. [lack^nAlufire.] Wanting
brightneſs. Shakʃpeare.

LACO'NICK. a. [laconicui, Latin.] Short ; brief. Pope. .

LA'CONISM. ʃ. [laccttiſme, French.] A
conciſe ſtile. Collier.

LA'CONICALLY. ad. [from lacot,ick.]
Briefly ; concifely. Camden.

LA'CTARY. a. [luc^.s, Latin.] Milky.

LA'CTARY. ʃ. [.'a^arium, Lat.] A dairy

LACTA'TION. ʃ. [laao.Utm.] The ad
or time of giving ſuck.

LA'CTEAL. a. [from /ac, Latin.] Conveying
chyle. Locke.

LA'CTEAL. ʃ. The veſſd that conveys
chyle. Arbuthnot.

LACTE'CUS. a. [kBeu:, Latin.]
1. Milky. Brown.
2. Laſteal ; conveying chyle. Berkley.

LACTE'SCENCE. ʃ. [haejco, Latin.] Tendency
to mitk. Boyle.

LACT'ESCENT. a. [laBefcem, Lat.] Producing
milk. Arbuthnot.

LACTIFEROUS. a. [/^p and /cr<).] What
conveys or brings milk. -^^Vf

LAD. f. [le(b% Saxon.]
1. A boy ; a ſtripling , \n familiar language. Watts.
1. A boy, in paſtoral language. Spenſer.

LA'DDER. ʃ. [hlafepe, Saxon.]
1. A frame made with fleps placed between
two upright pieces. Gulliver, Prior.
2. Any thing by which one climbs. Sidney.
3. A gradual rife. Swift.

LADE. ʃ. The mouth of a river, from the
Saxon jatse, which ſignifies a purging or
diſcharging. Gibfon.

To LAPE. v. a. prefer, and part, paſſive,
laded or lad'^n. [hlapsn, Saxon.]
1. To load ; to freight ; to burthen. Bacon.
2. [hla'ftjn, to draw, Saxon.] To heave
out ; to throw out. Temple.

LADING. ʃ. [from lade.] Weight ; burthen. Swift.

LA'DLE. ʃ. [hl£c?)le, Saxon.]
1. A l^rge ſpo.)n ; a \t(^t\ with along
haijdle, uſed in tl^rowing out any liquid. Prior.
1. The receptacles of a mill wheel, into
which the water f<<lling tiKns it.

LA'DY. ʃ. [hlffjrtis, Saxon.]
^. 4

A ſmall red infect vaginopeonous. Gay.
1. A woman of high rank : the title of
lady properly belongs to the wives of
knights, of all degrciS above them, and to
the daughters of carls, and all of higher
ranks. King Charles.
2. An iiiuſtrious or eminent woman.Shakʃpeare.
3. A word of complaifance uſed of women.Shakʃpeare.

LA'DY-BEDSTRAW. ʃ. [Gallium.] A
plant. MilUr,

LA'DY-BIRD. ʃ. -

LA'DY-COW. ʃ. J'


LA'DY-DAY. ʃ. [lady and day.] The day
on which the annunciation of the bleOed
virgin is celebrated.

LADY-LIKE. a. [lady and lih.] Soft; delicate ; elegant, Dryden.

LA'DY-MANTLE. ʃ. A plant. MUUr.

LA DYSHIP. f. [from lady] The title of
a lady. Ben. Johnſon.

LA'DY's-SLIPPER. f. A flower. MilUr.

LA'DY's-SMOCK. ʃ. A fljwer.

LAG. a. [lagg, Swed.Hi, the end.]
1. Coming beh nd ; falling ſhort. Carew.
2. Sluggiſh, flow ; tardy. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
3. Laftj long delayed. Shakʃpeare.

LAG. ʃ.
1. The loweſt claſs ; the rump; the fag
end. Shakeſpeare.
2. He that comes laſt, or hangs behind. Pope.

To L^O.^v.n.
1. To loiter; to move llo>vly. Dryden.
2. To ſtay behind ; not to come in. Swift.

LA'GGER. ʃ. [from lag.] A loiterer; an

LA'ICAL. a. [I 'ifue, French; lat'cus, Lat.
>,a©-. ; Belonging to the laity, or people
as diftindt from the clergy. Camden.

LAID. Preterite participle oihy. iityifi.
Lain. Prererite p^mc pie of lye. Boyle.

LAIR. ʃ. [lai, French.] The couch of a
boar, or wild beall. Milieu.

LAIRD. ʃ. [hlap>pt>, Saxon.] The lord
of a manor in the bcoitiſh dialect.

LA'ITY. ʃ. [Xa(^.]
1. The people as diſtinguiſhed from the
clergy. Swift.
2. The ſtate of a layman. -^yliJlfe.

LAKE. ʃ. [lac, French; lacui, Latin.]
1. A large diffuGon of inland water. Dry.
2. Small plaſh of water.
3. A middle colour, betwixt ultramarine
and vermilion. Dryden.

LAMB. ʃ. [lamb, Gothick and Saxon.]
1. The young of a ſheep. Pope. .
2. Typically, the Saviour of the world. Common Prayer.

LA'MBKIN. ʃ. [from lamb.] A little lam%. Spenſer.

LA'MBATIVE. a. [from lambo, to lick.]
Taken by licking. Brown.

LA'MBATIVE. ʃ. A medicine taken by
licking with the tongue. Wiſeman.

LAMBS-WOOL. ʃ. [lamb and woo/.] Ai«
mixed with the pulp of roafled apples,
Seng of the Kttg and tbt Mtlkr.

LA'MBENT.'^a. (/jw^^ur, Latin.] PIayiog
about; gliding over without harm. Dryden.

LAMPOI'DAL. ʃ. [XaV^a and I.J®-.]
Having the form of the letter lamda <.r a.

LAME. a. [laam, lama, Saxon.]
1. Crippled; diſabled in the limbs. Daniel, Arbuthnot, Pope.
a Hobbling ; not ſmooth : alluding to the
feet of a verſe. Dryden.
3. Imperfect ; unſatisfaſtory. Bacon.

To LAME. v. a. [from the adjectivc.] To
criijple. Shakʃpeare.

LAMELLATED. a. [lamella, \.t\:\n.] Covered
with films or plates. Denham

LA'MELY. a. [from /.>w^.]
1. Like a cripple; without natural force
or activity. Wiſeman.
2. Imperfc<Sl5r. Dryden.

LAMENESS. ʃ. [from lame.]
1. The ſtate of a cripple ; loſs or inability
of limbs. Dryden.
2. Imperfeſtion ; weakneſs. Dryden.

To LA'MENT. v. n. [hmenfor, Latin.] To
mourn ; to wail ; to grieve ; to expreſſ
forrr.w. Shakʃpeare, Milton.

To LA'MENT. v. a. To bewail ; to mourn ; to berr oan ; to ſorrow for. Dryden.

LA'MENT. ʃ. [/<2»je«r»»j, Latin.]
1. Sorrow audibly expreſſed ; lamentation. Dryden.
2. Exprpflion of ſorrow. Shakʃpeare.

LA'MENTABLE. a. [lamentabtlis, Latin..
1. To be lamented ; cauſing ſorrow.Shakʃpeare.
2. Mournful; ſorrowful; expreſſing ſorrow. Sidney.
3. Miferable, in a ludicrous or low ſenſe ; pitiful. Stillingfleet.

LA'MENTABLY. ad. [from lamentabh.l
1. With expreſſions or tokens of ſorrow. Sidney.
2. S> as to cauſe ſorrow. Shakʃpeare.
3. Pitifully ; deſpicably.

LAMENTA'TION. ʃ. [lamertatio, Latin.]
Expieflion of ſorrow ; audible grief.Shakʃpeare.

LAME'NTER. ʃ. [ivamlammt.] He who
mourns or laments. Spictator.

LA'MENTINE. ʃ. A fiſh called a fea-cow
or manatee, which is near twenty feet long,
the head reſembling that of a cow, and two
ihort feet, with which it creeps on the

^jrllflwj and rocks to get food ; but has n®
fins. Bailey.

LAMINA. ʃ. [Latin.] Thin plate ; one
^at laid nver another,

LA'MINATED. a. [from lamlnJ.] PIated ;
oſed of ſuch bodies whoſe contexture diſcovers
ſuch a diſpoſition as ^that of plates
lying over one another. Shar^,

To LAMM. v. a. To beat fi undly with a
cudgel. Dia.

LA'MMAS. ʃ. The firſt of Auguſt, Bacon.

Lamp. ʃ. [lampe, French ; lampas, Latin. ;
1. A light made with oil and a wick. Boyle.
«. Any kind of light, in poetical language,
real or metaphorical. hou'e.

LA'MPASS. ʃ. [lamias, French.] A lump
of fleſh, about the bigneſs of a nut_, in the
roof of a horſe's mouth. Earner'' s DiB.

LA'MPBLACK. ʃ. [bmp and black.] It is
made by holding a torch under the bottom
of a bafon, and as it is furred ſtrike it with
a ſp3ther into ſomeſhell. Peacham.

LA'MPING. a. [Xa/^Trsla'wv.] Shining ; ſparkling. Spenſer.

LAMPO'ON. ʃ. A perforal ſatire ; abule ;
cenſure written not to reform but to vex. Dryden.

To LAMPO'ON. v. a. [from the noun.] To
abuſe with perſonal ſatire.

LAMPO'ONER. ʃ. [from lampeon.] A ſcribbler
of perſonal ſatire. Tattler.

LA'MPREY. ʃ. [lamproye, French.] A fiſh
much like the eel.

LA'MPRON. ʃ. A kind of ſea fiſh.
Notes on the Oilyjfty.

LANCE. ʃ. [lance, French ; lancea, Latin.]
A long fiear. Sidney.

To LANCE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To pierce ; to cut. Shakʃpeare.
2. To open of furgicaily ; to cut in order
to a cure. Dryden.

LA'NCELY. a. [from lance.] Suitable to a
lance. Sidney.

LANCEPE'SADE. ʃ. [Jance ſpe^T^ate, Fr.]
The officer under the corporal. OeanjeLmd.

LA'NCET. ʃ. [laneſtie, French.] A ſmall
pointed chirurgical inſtrument. Wiſeman.

To LANCH. v. a. [lancer, French. This
word is too often written launch.] To
dart f to cad as a lance. Pope. .

LANCIN'A'NON. ʃ. [from lancino, Lat.]
Tearing ; laceration.

To LA'NCINATE. v. a. [lancino,h\\.]n.]
To tear ; to rend.

LAND. ʃ. [ian>, Gothick.]
1. A country ; a region ; diſtinct from other
countries. i^p-'nler.
2. Earth ; diſtinct from water. SlKAbhot.
5. Ground; ſurface of the place. Pope. .
4. An eſlate real and immoveable.
5. Nation i
people, Dryden
6. Urine. Shakʃpeare.

To LAND. v. a. [from the noun.] To ſcC
on ſhore. Dryden.

To LAND. v. rt. To come to ſhore. Bac,

LAND-FORCES. ʃ. [/<7;;^and/W^.] Warlike
powers not naval ; ſoldiers that ſerve
on land. Temple.

LA'NDED. a. [from /^»^] Havinga fortune
inland, Shakʃpeare.

LA'NDFALL. ʃ. [land and fall.]^ A ſuddej?
tranſlation of properly inland by the death
of a rich man.

LA'NDFLOOD. ʃ. [/fl«i and /W.] Inun.
dation. Clarenden.

LANDHOLDER. ʃ. [land and Holder.] One
whoſe fortune is in land. Lockei

LA'NDJOBBER. ʃ. [la^d and job.] One who
buys and ſellss lands for other men. Swift.

LA'NDGRAVE. ʃ. [land, and grave, a
count, German.] A Gciman title of dominion.

LA NDING. ʃ. [from lated.] The

LA'NDING-PLACE. S top of flairs. Addiſon.

LA'NDLADY. ʃ. [land and lady.]
1. A woman who has tenants holding from
2. The miſtreſs of an inn, Swift.

LA'NDLESS. [from land] Without property
; without fortune. Shakʃpeare.

LA'NDLOCKED. a. [land and lock.]
Shut in, or incloſed with land. Addiſon.

LA'NDLOPER. ʃ. [land, and loopen, Dutch.]
A landman ; a term of reproach uſed by
feamen of thoſe who paſs their lives oa

LANDLORD. ʃ. [/fl^^ and /or^.]
1. One who owns land or houſes, Spenſer.
2. The niafter of an inn. A^diion.

LA'NDMARK. ʃ. [l^mt and mark.] Any
thing ſet up to preſerve boundaries. Dryden.

LA'NDSCAPE. ʃ. [lardfrhahe, Dutch.]
1. A region ; the proiptct of a country. Milton, Addiſon.
2. A pi£>ure, repreſenting an extent of
Ipace, with the various objects in it. Addiʃon, Pope. .

LAND-TAX. ʃ. [lard i^nd tax.] Tax laid
tipnn land and houſes, Locke.

LAND-WAITER. ʃ. [land and nvaiter.]
An>lficer of the cuſtoms, who is to watch
what gdods are landed, Swift.

LA'NDWARD. ad. [from land.] Towaids
tht» ],:nd. Sandys.

LANE. f. [hen, Dutch.]
1. A narrow way between hedges. Milton, Otway.
2. A narrow ſtreet ; an alley. Spratt.
3. A paſſage between men ſtanding on each
ſide. Bacon.

LA'NERET. ʃ. A little hawk.

LA'NGUAGE. ʃ. [lan^uttge>f:tnth.]
li Human

1. Human ſpeech. Holder.
2. The tongue of one nation as diſtincl
from others. Shakʃpeare.
3. Stile ; manner of expreſſion. Roſcomm.

LA'NGUAGED. a. [from the noun.] Having
various languages. Pope.

LA'NGUAGE-MASTER. ʃ. [larguage and
majicr.] One whoſe profeflion is to teach
languages. i>pcBatcr.

LA'NGUET. ʃ. [/argu:tte, French.] Any
thing cut in the form of a tongue.

LA'NGUID. a. [hnguidus, Latin.]
1. Faint; weak; feeble. Berkley.
2. Dull ; heartleſs. Milton.

LA'NGUIDLY. ad. [from larguid.] Weakly
; feebly. Boyle.

LAN'GUIDNESS. ʃ. [from languid] Weakneſs ;

To LA NGUISH. v. a. [languir, French.]
iangueo, Latin.]
1. To grow feeble ; to pine away ; to loſe
ſtrength. Dryden.
2. To be no longer vigorous in motion. Dryden.
3. To ſink or pine under ſorrow. Shakſ.
4. To look with ſoftneſs or tenderneſs. Dryden.

LA'NGUISH. ʃ. [from the verb.] Soft appearance. Pope.

LA'NGUISPHNGLY. ad. [from languiſh.
1. Weakly ; feebly ; with feeble ſoftneſs. Pope. .
2. Dully ; tediouſly. Sidney.

LA'NGUISHMENT. ʃ. [lavguijj'.ment
1. State of pining. Spenſer.
2. Softnefo of mein. Dryden.

LA'NGUOR. ʃ. [larguor, Latin.] Languor
and lallitude ſign.fies a faintneſs, which
may arife from want or decay of ſpirits.
SQuincy. Dunciad.

LA'NGUOROUS. a. [languoreux, French.]
Tedious ; melancholy. Spenſer.

To LA'NIATE. -i/. a. [/^«/3. Latin.] To
tear in pieces ; to rend ; to lacerate.

LA'NIFICE. ʃ. [Lnificium, Latin.] Woollen
manufadtuie. Bacon.

LA'NIGEROUS. a. [laniger, Latin.] Bearing

LANK. a. [lanke, Dutch.]
I . Looſe ; not filled up ; not ſtiffened out ; not fat. Boylc.
1. Faint ; languid. Miitcn.

LA'NKNESS. ʃ. [from hnk.] Want of

La'NNER. ʃ. [lanier^ French ; lar.narius,
Liun.] A ſpecies of hawk.

LAx\S(^'ENET. ʃ.
1. A common foot ſoldier,
2. A game at cards.

LANTEi^N. ʃ. [/a/7rtfr«f,Frencl).] A tranſw
oartnC caſe for a caiidk, Luke.

2. A llghthouſe ; a I.'ght hung out to guit^e
^ip'. Addiſon.

LA'NTERN. A thin vifage. Addiʃon.

LA'NUGINOUS. a. [hnugln-ijui, Latin.]
Downy ; covered with ſoft hair.

LAP. ʃ. [Isppe, Saxon.]
1. The looſe part of a garment, which
may be doubled at pleaſure. Swift.
2. The part of the clothes that is ſpread
horizontally over the kn^ti. Shakſp.

To LAP. t/. a. [from the noun.]
1. To wrap or twill round any thing. Newton.
2. To involve in any thing. Swift.

To LAP. v. a. To be ſpread or twifled over
any thing. Grew.

To LAP. v. n. [lappian, Saxon.] To feed
by quick reciprocations of the tongue. Digby.

To LAP. v. a. To lick up. Chapman.

LA'PDOG. ʃ. [lap and dog.] A little dog,
fondled by ladies in the lap. Dryden.

LA'PFUL. ʃ. [lap and full.] As much as
can be contained in the lap. Locke.

LA'PICIDE. ʃ. [lapicida, Latin.] A ſtonecutter.

LA'PIDARY. ʃ. [lapidaire, French.] One
who deals in ſtones or gems. Woodward.

To LA'PIDATE. v. a. [lapido, Latin.] To
ſtone; to kill by ſtoning.

LAPIDA'TION. ʃ. [lapidatio, Lat. rapida.
tioNy French.] A ſtoning.

LAPI'DEOUS. a. [lapideus, Latin ] Stony ; of the nature of Itone. Bay.

LAPIDE'SCENCE. ʃ. yapidfco, Lat.] Stony
concretion. Bacon.

LAPIDE'SCENT. a. [l^ideſcens, Latin.]
Growing or turning to ſtone,

LAPIDIFICA'TION. ʃ. [lapidiſcation, Fr.]
The z€t of forming ſtones. Bacon.

LAPIDITICK. a. [lapidſque, Fr.] Forming
Stones. Gr;iv.

LA'PIDIST. ʃ. [from bpldii, Latin.] A
dealer in ſtones or gems. iJjy.

LAPIS. ʃ. [Latin.] A ſtone.

LA'PIS Lazuli, Azure ſtone, a copper ore,
very compa<fl and hard, ſo as to take a
h gh polifti, and is worked into a great
variety of toys. To it the painters are
indebted for their beautiful ultra- mnrine
colour, which is only a calcination c( hpis

LA PPER. ʃ. [from lap.]
1. One who wraps up. Swift.
2. One vho laps or lick?.

LA'PPET. ʃ. [diminutive of lap] The parts
of a head drefi that hang looſe. Sii^if.

LAPSE. ʃ. [/apfu;, Latin.]
1. F!ow; falJ ; glide. Hale.
2. Petty errour ; ſmall miſtake. Bogen,
3. Tranllation of right from one to another.

To LAPSE. 1. «. [from the noun.]

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1. To glide ſlowly ; to fall by degrees,Shakʃpeare.
2. To flip by inadvertency or miſtake,
3. To loſe the proper time. Ayliffe.
4. To fall by the negligence of one proprietor
to another. J^ylijfe,
5. To fall from perfection, truth or faith. Stillingfleet.

LA'PWING. ʃ. [lap and «z«/;^.] A clamorous
bird with long wings. Dryden.

LA'PWORK. ʃ. [lap and wcr..] Work in
which one part is interchangeably wrapped
over the other. Grew.

LA'RBOARD. ʃ. The left-hand ſide of a
ſhip, wherf'you ſtand with your face to the
head. Harris, Milton.

LA'RCENY. ʃ. [larcin, French ; latrocinium,
Latin.] Pctty theft. Spe&ator.

LARCH. ʃ. [Larix.] A tree.

LARD. ʃ. [lardum, Latin.]
1. The greaſe of ſwine. Donne.
2. Bacon ; the flelh of ſwine. Dryden.

To LARD. v. a. [larder, French.]
1. To ſtuff with Bacon. ^'g'
2. To fatten. Shakʃpeare.
3. To mix with ſomething elſe by way of
miprovement. Shakʃpeare.

LARDER. ʃ. [lardier, old French.] The
loom where meat is kept or falted.

LA'RDERER. ʃ. [from larder. 1 One who has
the charge of the larder.

LA'RDON. ʃ. [French.] A bit of Bacon.

LARGE. a. [lurge, French.]
3. Big ; bulky. Temple.
2. Wide ; extenCve. Carenv.
3. Liberal ; abundant ;
plentiful, Thomfon.
4. Copious ; diffuſe. Clarenden.
5. y^/ Large, Without reſtraint. Bacon.
6. y^fLARGE. Diffuſely. Watts.

LA'RGELY. ad. [from large.'[
1. Widely ; extenfively.
2. Copiouſly ; diffuſely. Watts.
3. Liberally ; bounteouſly. Swift.
4. Abundantly. Milton.

LA'RGENESS. ʃ. [from large.]
Bigneſs ; bulk.

Alarm ; noiſe noting danger. UowelU

LARY'NGOTOMY. ʃ. [-kd^vyl and tejuv&> ?
lary ngotomie,YTenth,'] An operation where
the fore-part of the larynx is divided to
aſſiſt reſperation, during large tumours upon
the upper parts ; as in a quinfey.

LA'RYNX. ʃ. [>^a.(vyl.] The upper part of
the trachea, which lies below the root of
the tongue, before the pharynx, Denham.

LASCI'VIENT. a. [lafciviem, Lat.] Frolickſome
; wantoneſs;.

LASCI'VIOUS. a. [lafcigjus, Latin.]
1. Leud ; luflful. Shakʃpeare.
2. Wanton; ſoft^ luxurious. Shakſp.

LASCl'VIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from lafcivicus.]
Wantonneſs ; looſeneſs. Dryden.

LASCIVIOUSLY. ad. [from lafcivious.]
Leudly; wantonly ; looſely.

LASH. ʃ. [fchlagen, Dutch.]
1. A ſtroke with any thing pliant and
tCMgh, Dryden.
2. The thong or point of the whip.Shakʃpeare.
3. A leaſh, or firing in which an animal
is held. Tuſſer.
4. A ſtroke of fatyr ; a ſarcaſm. L'Eſtrange.

To LASH. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſtrike with any thing pliant; to
fcourge. Garth.
2. To move with a ſudden ſpring or jirk. Dryden.
3. To beat ; to ſtrike with a ſharp found. Prior.
4. To ſcourge with ſatire. Pope. .
5. To tie any thing down to the ſide or
mafl of a ſhip.

To LASH. -z/. n. To ply the whip. Gay.

LA'SHER. ʃ. [from hjh.] One that whips
or laſhes.
2. Greatneſs ; elevation.
3. Extenſion ; amplitude. Spratt.
Col ier. Hooker.
^. Wideneſs, Berkley.

LA'RGESS. ʃ. [largejp, French.] A preſent
; a gift ; a bounty. Denham.

LA'RGITION. ʃ. [largitio, Latin.] The ad:
of giving. DiB.

LARK. ʃ. [bp pee, S<.xon.] A ſmall finging
bird. Shakʃpeare, Cowley.

LA'RKER. ʃ. [from lark.] A catcher of
larks. DiB.

LA'RKSPUR. ʃ. A plant. A^iller,

LA'RVATED. a. [larvatus, Lat'm.] Maſked.

LA'RUM. ʃ. [from alar urn^ ox alarm.

LASS. ʃ. A girl ; a maid ; a young woman. Philips.

LA'SSITUDE. ʃ. [lajfi.udo, Latin.] Wearineſs
; fatigue. More,

LA'SSLORN. ʃ. [hfs and km.] Forſaken
by his miſtreſs, Shakʃpeare.

LAST. ʃ. [Ia2:'l't, Saxon.]
1. Lateſt; that which follows all the reſt
in time. Pope. .
2. Hindmoſt ; which follows in order of
3. Beyond which there is no more. Cowley.
4. Next before the preſent, as At/? week.
5. Utmcft. Dryden.
6. j/^tLAsr. In conclufion 3 at the end. Geneſis.
1. The Last ; the end. Pope. .

LAST. ad.
1. The laſt time ; the time next before the
preſent. Shakʃpeare.
2. In condufioc, Dryden.

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To LAST. v. n. laeptan, Saxon.] To endure
; to continue. Locke.

LAST. f. [laepT:, Saxon.]
1. The mould on which ſhoes are formed.
2. [-Lt/?, German.] A load ; a certain
weight or meaſure.

LA'STERY. ʃ. A red colour. ^penſer.

LA'STAGE. ʃ. [^fiage, French ; hUj-r,
SaxoB, a load.]
1. Cuſtom paid for freightage.
2. The ballact of a ſhip.

La 's T I N G. panicip. a. [from laji.]
1. Continuing ; durable.
2. Of Jong continuance; perpetual. Boyle.

LA'STINGLY. ad. [from lajiing.] Perpetually.

LA'STINGNESS. ʃ. [from lafing.] Durableneſs
; continuance. Sidney, Newton.

LA'STLY. ad. [from laJl]
1. In the Jaft place. Bacsrt,
2. In the conclufioa ; atla/^,

LATCH. ʃ. [lecfe, Dutch.] A catch of a
door moved by a ſtring or a handle. Smart.

To LATCH. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To faſten with a latch. Locke.
2. To faſten ; to cloſe. Shakʃpeare.

LA'TCHES. ʃ. Latches or hſkets, in a ſhip,
are ſmall lines like loops, fa/lened by fewing
into, the bonnets and drablers of a ſhip,
in order to lace the bonnets to the cnurſes.

LA'TCHET. ʃ. [lacef, French.] The /^ring
that fattens the ſhoe. Mark.

LATE. a. [laet, Saxon.]
1. Contrary to early
; flow; tardy; long
delayed, Milton.
2. Laftinany place, office, or character. Addiſcv,
3. The deceaſed ; as the works of the late
Mr. Pope. . .
4. Far in the day or night.

LATE. ad.
1. After long delays ; after a long time. Philips.
2. In a latter ſeaſon. Bacon.
3. Lately ; not long ago. Spenſer.
4. Far in the day or night. Dryden.

LA'TED. a. [from laU.] Belated ; ſurpriſed
by the night. Shakʃpeare.

LA'TELY. ad. [from late'] Not long ago.

LA'TENESS. ʃ. [from late.] Time far advanced. Swift.

LA'TENT. a. [latens, Latin.] Hidden ; concealed ; ſecret. H^Woodward.

LA'TERAL. a. [lateral, French.]
1. Growing out on the ſide ; belonging to
the ſide. Arbuthnot.
2. Placed, or acting in a direction perpendicular
to a horizontal line. Milton.

LATERA'LITY. ʃ. [from lateral.] The
quality of having difti.nft ſides, Brown.

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LA'TERALLY. ʃ. [(rom lateraU] By the
ſide ; ſidewife. Holder.

LATE WARD. ad. [/j/<. and peap'o, Saxon.]
Somewhat late.

LATH. ʃ. [latti, Saxon.] A ſmall long
piece of wood uſed to ſupport the tiles of
houſts. Dryden.

To LATH. v. a. [latter, French ; from the
noun.] To fit up with laths. M-.rtimer,

LATH. f. [Jxi, Sax.] A part of a county. Bacon.

LATHE. ʃ. The tool of a turner, by which
he turns about h.s matter ſo as to ſhape it
by the chize). Ray.

To LA'THER. v. a. [leppan, Saxon.] ^To
form a f lam. Baynard,

To LATHER. v. a. To cover with foam
of water and foap,

LA'THER. ʃ. [from the verb.] A foam or
frothe made commonly by beating foap with

LATIN. a. [Latinus.] Written or ſpoken
in the language of the old Romans.

LA'TINISM. [Lotiniſme, French ; /aiinifmus,
low Latin.] A latin idiom ; a mode
of ſpeech pecui.ar to the Latin. Addiſon.

LA'TINIST. ʃ. One ſkilled in Latin.

LA'TINITY. Z'. The Latin tongue.

To LA'TINIZE. v. a. [Latinijer, French.]
To uſe words or phrales borrowed from the
Latin. Dryden.

To LA'TINIZE. v. a. To give names a latin
termination ; ,to make them Jatin. PVatt!.

LATISH. a. [from late.] S:>nr.ewhat late.

LATIilO'STRGUS. a. latus and rojirum,
Latin.] Broad-beaked. Bro-Jsn.

LATITANCY. ʃ. [from latitjns, Latin.]
Deiiteſcence ; the ſtate of lying hid. firo,

La'TITANT. a. [latitans.'L^x.xn.] Delitefrent
; concealed ; lying hid. Boyle.

LATITATION. ʃ. [from btito, Latin.]
The ſtAte of lying concealed.

LATITUDE. ʃ. [/u/;/ac/^, French.]
1. Breadth ; width ; ill bodies of unequal
dimenſions the ſhorteraxis. Wotton.
2. Room; of ace ; extent. L'Ake,
3. The extent of the earth or heavens,
reckoned from the equator.
4. A particular degree, reckoned from the
equator. Addiſon.
5. Unreſtrained acceptation. A'. Charles,
6. Freedom from ſettled rules ; laxity. Taylor.
7. Extent; dirFufion, Bacon.

LATITUDINARLAN. a. [iatitudivarius,
low Latin;.] Not rertrained ; not confined. Collier.

LATITUDINARIAN. ʃ. One who departs
from orthodoxy.

LATRANT. a. Uatrans, Latin.'} Birk;ng«

LATRI'J. [XaTfSi'a.] The high-.1 kind of
worITiip. Stillingfleet.
4. b' a LA'Tf£1^ .

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LA^TTEN. ʃ. [Ucott, Fr.] Braſs ; a mixture
of copper and caiaxninans ſtone. Peacham.

1. Happening after ſomething elſe.
2. Mo(Jern ; lately done or paſt. Locke.
3. Mentioned laſt of two. Watts.

LATTERLY. ad. [from latter. ^ Of late.

LATTICE. f. [.'d.'f/j, French.] A reticu-
Jated window ; a window made with ſticks
or irons croliing each other at ſmall diſtancees,


To LATTICE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
decullate ; to mark with croſs parts like
a Jattice.

LAVATION. ʃ. [lavatio, Latin.] The
act of v.'i'.thing. Hakewell.

LA'VATQRY. ʃ. [from lavo, Latin.] A
; fumething in which paits dileaſed
are walhed. Hdyvcy,

LAUD. ʃ. [laus, Latin.]
1. Praiſe ; honour paid ; celebration. Pope.
2. That pavt of divine wotſhip which conſiſts
in praiſe. Bacon.

To LAUD. v. a. [laudo, Latin.] To praiſe ; to celebrate. Eeiuley,

LA'UDABLE. a. [laudakilis, Latin.]
1. P.-aiſeworthy ; commendable. Locke.
2. Healthy ; falubrious. Arbuthnot.

LAUDABLENESS. ʃ. [from laudable.]
Praiſe wovthiners.

LA'UDABLy. ad. [from laudable.] In a
manner deferving praiſe. Dryden.

LA'UDAN UM. f. [from laudo, Latin.] A
fopotiſick tindure.

To LAVE. v. a. [lavo, Latin.]
1. To waſh ; to bathe. Dryden.
2. [Lever, French.] To throw up ; to
lade ; to draw out.
£er, Johnson. Dryden.

To LAVE. v. n. To waſh himſelf ; to
ha the. Pope.

To LAVE'ER. v. n. To change the direction
often in a courſe. Dryden.

LAVENDER. ʃ. One of the verticillate
plants. Miller.

LA'VER. ʃ. [lavoir, French 9 from /^f<'.]
A wadiing veſſel. Milton.

To LAUGH. v. a. [hlahan, Saxon ; lacheny
1. To make that noiſe which ſudden meriimf-
nt excites. Bacon.
2. [In poetry.] To appear gay, favourable,
plejfant, or fertile. Shakʃpeare.
3. To L.-^UGH at. To treat with contempt
; to ridicule. SShakʃpeare.

To LAUGH. «. a. To deride ; to ſcorn.Shakʃpeare.

LAUGH. ʃ. [from the verb.] The convulfiofi
cauſed by merriment ; an inarticulate
{xpielTxoa of funiden menimeat. Pope. .


LAUGHABLE. a. [from laugb.] Such
as may properly excite laughter.

LA'UGHER. ʃ. [from laugb.] A man
fond of merriment. Pope. .

LAUGHINGLY. ad. [from laughing.-^ In
a merry way ; merrily.

LAUGHINGSTOCK. ʃ. [laugh indjiock.]
A butt ; an object of ridicule. Spenſer.

LAUGHTER. f. [from /<i«^/^.] Convuliive
merriment ; an inarticulate expreſſion
of ſudden merriment, Shakʃpeare.

1. Prodigal ; waſteful
2. Scattered in waſte :
indiſcreetly liber-
3. Wild ; unreſtrained. Shakʃpeare.

To LA'VISH. v. a. [from the adjective.]
To ſcatter with profuſion. Addiſon.

LA'VISHER. ʃ. [from lavip.] A prodig:^!
; a profuſe man.

LAVISHLY. ad. [from lavtp.] Profuſely
; pfodigally. Shakʃpeare.

LA'VISHMENT. ʃ. / [from lavifr.] Pro-

LA'VISHNESS. ʃ. digahty ; protufion. Spenſer.

To LAUNCH. v.n.
1. To force into the fea. Locke.
2. To rove at large ; to expatiate. Davies.

To LAUNCH. v. a.
1. To puſh to fea. Pope. .
2. To dart from the hand. Dryden.

LAUND. ʃ. [lande, French.] A plain extended
between woods. Shakʃpeare.

LA'UNDRESS. ʃ. [lavandiere, French.]
A woman whoſe employment is to waſh
clothes. Camden.

LA'UNDRY. ʃ. [as if lavanderie.]
1. The room in which clothes are waſhed.
1. The act or ſtate of waHiing. Bacon.

LAl'O'LTA. f.
[IJ volte, French.] An old
dance, in which was much turning and
much capering, Shakʃpeare.

LA'UREATE. a. [Jaureatu., Lat.] Decked
or invefled with a laurel. Dunciad,

LAUREATION. ʃ. [from laureate.] It
denotes in the Scottiſh imiverfities, the
act or ſtate of having degrees conferred.

LA'UREL. ʃ. [laurus, Lat.] A tree, called
alſo the cherry -bay.

LA'UR-ELED. a. [from laurel.'^ Crowned
or decorated with laurel. Dryden.

LAW. ʃ. [la^a, Saxon.]
1. A rule of action. Dryden.
2. A decree, edift, flatute, or cuſtom,
publickly eftabliſhed. Davies.
3. judicial proceſs. Shakʃpeare.
4. Conformity to law ; any thing lawful.Shakʃpeare.
5. An eftabliſhed and conſtant mode or
proceſs. Shakʃpeare.

LAWFUL. a. [laiv and /«//.] Agreeable
to law ; conformable to law. Shakʃpeare.


LA'WFULLY. ad. [from latvful.] Legally; agreeably to hw, South.

LA'WFULNESS. ʃ. [from /aw/«/.] Lega.
iity ; allowance of law. Bacon.

LAWGIVER. f. {laiuand giver.] Legiflatcr
; one that makes laws. Bacon.

LA'WGIVING. fl. [/rſwand^iWn^.] Legiflative.

LA'WLESS. a. [from l^zv.]
1. Unreſtrained by any law; not ſubject
to law. Raleigh, Roſcommon.
1. Contrary to law ; illegal. Dryden.

LA'WLESLY. ad. [from laivkji.] In a
manner contrary to law. Shakʃpeare.

LA'WMAKER. ʃ. [la-iu and maker.] Lcgiflator
; one who makes laws ; a lawgiver. Hooker.

LAWN. ʃ. [land, Daniſh.]
1. An open fgace between woods. Pope. .
2. [^Lir.on, French.] Fine linen, remarkable
for being uſed in the fleeves of biſhops.

LA'WSUIT. ʃ. [laiv and /«;>.] A proceſs
in law ; a litigation. Swift.

LA'WYER. ʃ. [from /aw.] Profeffor 'of
of law ; advocate ; pleader. Wbitgifc,

LAX. a. [laxu!, Latin.]
1. Looſe ; not confined ; not cloſely joined. Woodward.
2. Vague ; not rigidly exafV. Baker.
3. Looſe in body, ſo as to go frequently
to ſtoo). ^ircy,
4. Slack ; not tenfe, Holder.

LAX. ʃ. A looſeneſs ; a diarrhoea.

LAXA'TION. ʃ. [laxatio, Latin.]
1. The act of loolening or flackening.
2. The ſtate of being looſened or flackened.

LA'XATIVE. a. [laxatif, 'French.] Having
the power to eaſe coftivcneſs. Arbuthnot.

LA'XATIVE. ʃ. A medicine ſlightly purgative. Dryden.

LAXATIVENESS. ʃ. [bxative.] i'ower
m of eaſing coftiveneſs.

LA'XITY. ʃ. [laxitas, Latin.]
1. Not compreflion ; not cloſe cohefion. Berkley.
2. Contrariety to rigorous preciſion.
3. Loofeneſs ; not coiliveneſs. Brown.
4. Slackneſs ; contrariety to tenſion. Quincy.
5. Openneſs ; not cloſeneſs. i^^g^y.

LA'XNESS. ʃ. Laxity; not tenſion ; not
preciſion ; not coftiveneſs. Holder.

LAY. Preterite of lye. Knolles.

To LAY. v. a. [lecjan, Saxon.]
1. To place along. Eccluſ.
2. To beat down corn or graſs. Bacon.
3. To keep from riſing ; to ſettle; toftill. Ray.
4. To fix deep. Bacon.
5. To put ; to place. Shakʃpeare.
6. To bury ; to interx, .. ^'..7;,

7. To ſtation or place privily. Proverbs.
8. To Ipread on a ſurface. Watts.
9. To paint
; to enamel. Locke.
10. To put into any ſtate of quiet. Bacon.
11. To calm; toftill^ to quiet; to allay. Ben. Johnſon.
12. To prohibit a ſpjrit to walk. L'Eſtrange.
13. To ſet on the table. Hoſ.
14. To propagate plants by fixing their
twigs in the ground. Mortimer.
15. To wager. Dryden.
16. To repofit any thing. Pſalms.
17. To ^xclude eggs. Bacon.
18. To apply with violence. Ezekiel.
19. To apply nearly. L'Eſtrange.
20. To add
; to conjoin. Iſaiah.
21. To put in any ſtate. Donne.
22. To ſcheme ; to contrive. Chapman.
23. To charge as a payment. Locke.
24. To impute; to charge. Temple.
25. To impoſe ; to enjoin, Wycherley.
26. To exhibit ; to ofier. Atterbury.
27. To throw by violence. Dryden.
28. To place in compariſon. Raleigh.
29. To Lay a^art. To reject; to put
away^ James..
30. To L A Y aftde. To put away ; not to
retain. Hebrews, Granville.
31. To Lay away. To put from one ; not to keep. Efther.
32. To Lay before. To expoſe to view ; toſhow; todiſplay. Wake.
33. To La y by. To reſerve for ſome future
time. ; Qor.
34. To Lay by. To put from one ; to
d.fmiſs. Bacon.
35. To Lay down. To depofit as «
pledge, equivalent, or ſatisfaction. John.
36. To Lay down. To quit ; to reſign. Dryden.
37. To Lay down. To commit to repoſe. Dryden.
38. To Lay down. To advance as a propoſition. Stillingfleet.
39. To Lay for. To attempt by arnbuſh,
cr infidious practices, Knolles.
40. To Lay forth. To diffuſe ; to expatiate. L'Eſtrange.
41. To Lay forth. To place when dead
in a decent poſture. Shakʃpeare.
42. To Lay bold of. Tvjftſize; to catch. Locke.
43. To Lay in. To ſtore ; to treaſure. Hudibras.
44. To Lay on. To apply with violence. Locke.
45. To Lay open. To ſhow ; to expoſe,Shakʃpeare.
46. To LAY out. To incruft; to cover. Hab.
47. To Lay out, To expend. Milton, Boyle.
48. to

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


48. To Lay out. To diſplay ; to diſcover. Atterbury.
49. To Lay out. To diſpoſe; to plan. Notes on Odyſſey.
50. To Lay out. With the reciprocal
pronoun, to exert. Smalridge.
51. To Lay to. To charge upon. Sid.
52. To Lay to. To apply with vigour. Tuſſer.
53. To Lay to. To harraſs : to attack. Knolles.
54. To Lay together. To collect; to
bring into one view. Addiſon.
55, To Lay under. To ſubject to. Addiſon.
56. To Lay up. To confine. Temple.
57. To Lay up. To (lore ; to treaſure. Hooker.
58. To Lay upon. To importune. Knolles.

To LAY. v. n.
1. To bring eggs. Mortimer.
2. To contrive. Daniel.
3. To Lay about. To ſtrike on all ſides. Spenſer, South.
4. To Lay at. To ſtrike ; to endeavour
to ſtrike. Job.
5. To Lay in for. To make overtures of
oblique invitation. Dryden.
6. To Lay on. To ſtrike ; to beat. Dryden.
7. To LAY otj. To act with vehemence.Shakʃpeare.
8. To Lay out. To take meaſures. Woodward.

LAY. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A row; a ſtratum. Bacon.
2. A wager. Graunt,

LAY. ʃ. [ley, leath, Saxon.] Graffy.
ground ; meadow ; ground unpiowed. Dryden.

LAY. ʃ. [lay, French, ley, leoth. Sax.] A
ſong. Spenſ, Milton, Waller, Dryd, Dennis.

LAY. a. [loicus, Latin; ha©-.] Not cler-
ical ; regarding or belonging to the people
as diſhnft from the clergy. Dryden.

J.A'YER. ʃ. [from lay.]
1. A ſtratum, or row ; a bed ; one body
ſpread over another. Evelyn.
2. A ſprig of a plant. Miller.
3. A hen that lays eggs. Mortimer.

LA'YMAN. ʃ. [lay and man.]
1. One of the people difunct from the
the clergy. Government of the Tongue.
2. An image. Dryden.

LA'YSTALL. ʃ. An heap of dung. Spenſer.

LA'ZAR. ʃ. [from Lazarus. in the goſpel.]
One deformed and nauſecus with filthy and
pelViſential diſeaſes. Dryden.

LAZAR-HOUSE. ʃ. [laxxeretto, Italian ;

LAZARE'TTO from lazar.] A houſe
for ilie reception of the dileaſed ; an hoſpital. Milton.


LA'ZARWORT. ʃ. A plant.

LA'ZILY. ad. [from lazy.] Idly; fiuggiſhly
; heavily. Locke.

LA'ZINESS. ʃ. [from lazy.] Idleneſs ;
fluggiſhneſs. Dryden.

LA'ZING. a. [from lazy.] Sluggiſh ; idle. South.

LA'ZULI. ʃ. The ground of this ſtone is

LAZY. a [lijfer, Daniſh.]
1. Idle ; fluggiſh ; unwilling to work. Roſcommon.
2. Slow ; tedious. Clarenden.

LD. is a contraction of lord.

LEA. ʃ. [ley, Saxon^ a fallow.] Ground incloſed,
not open. Milton.

LEAD. f. [j£eb, Saxon.]
1. Lead is the heaviell metal except gold ; the ſofteſt of all the metals, and very
ductile : it is very little ſubject to ruft,
and the leaſt fonorous of all the metals,
except gold. Lead is found in various
countries, but abounds particularly in Eng-
land, in ſeveral kinds of foils and ſtones. Boyle.
2. [In the plural.] Flat roof to walk on. Shakʃpeare, Bacon.

To LEAD. v. a. [from the noun.] To fit
with lead in any manner. Bacon.

To LEADquot;. v. a. prefer. lied. [lasban.'Sax. ;
1. To guide by the hand. Luke.
2. To conduct to any place. Sam.
3. To conduct as head or commander. Spenſer, South.
4. To introduce by going firſt. Num. Fair.
5. To guide ; to ihow the method of attaining. Watts.
6. To draw ; to entice ; to allure. Clarendon.
7. To induce ; to prevail on by pleaſing
motives. Swift.
8. To paſs ; to ſpend in any certain manner. Atterbury.

To LEAD. v. n.
1. To go firſt, and ſhow the way. Geneſis.
2. To condudl as a commander. Temple.
3. To ſhow the way, by going firſt. Wotton.

LEAD. ʃ. [from the verb.] Guidance ;
firſt place.

LE'ADEN. a. [leaben, Saxon.]
1. Made of lead. Wilkins.
2. Heavy ; unwilling ; motionleſs,Shakʃpeare.
3. Heavy; dull, Shakʃpeare.

LE'ADER. ʃ. [from lead.]
1. One that leads, or conducts,
2. Captain ; commander, Hayward.
3. One who goes firſt, Shakʃpeare.
4. One at the head of any party or faction. Swift.

LE'ADING. part, a. Principal. Locke.

LE'ADING -STRINGS. ʃ.[/^ and /r/;;^.]

Springs by which children, when they
learn to walk, are held from falling. Dry.

LE'ADMAN. ʃ. [lead and nun. '\ One who
begins or leads a dance. Ben. Johnſon.

LE'ADWORT. ʃ. [hadirA wort.] A plant. Miller.

LEAF. f. leaves^ plural, [leap, Saxon.]
1. The green deciduous parts of plants
and flowers. Boyle.
2. A part of a book, containing two pages. Spenſer.
3. One ſide of a double door. 1 Kings.
4. Any thing foliated, or thinly beaten.

To LEAF. v. n. [from the noun.] To
bring leaves ; to bear leaves. Brown.

LFAFLESS. a.\ [from haf.] Naked of
leaves. Government of the Tongue.

LE'Apy. a. [from ieaf^ Full of leaves.Shakʃpeare.

LEAGUE. ʃ. [ligue, French.] A confederacy
; a combination. Bacon.

To LEAGUE. v. n. To unite ; to confederate. South.

LEAGUE. ʃ. [li^ui, Fr.] A meaſure of
lenj.'th, containing three miles. Addiſon.

LE'AGUED. a. [from league.'l Confederated. Philips.

LE'AGUER. ʃ. [beleggeren, Dutch.] Siege; inveſtment of a town. Shakʃpeare.

LEAK. ʃ. [leek, like, Dutch.] A 'breach
or hole which lets in water. Hooker. jrHkim,

To LEAK. v. n,
1. To let water in or out. Shakʃpeare.
2. To drop through a breach. Dryden.

LE'AKAGE. ʃ. [from leak.] Allowance
made fir accidental loſs in hquid meaſurer.

LE'AKY. a. [from leak.] .
1. Battered or pieiced, ſo a.s to let water
in or out. Dryden.
2. Loquacious
; not cloſe. L'Eſtrange.

To LEAN. ʃ. n. preter. leaned or leant,
[hlinan, Saxon.]
1. To incline againſt ; to reſt againſt. Peacham.
2. To propend ; to tend towards. Spenſ.
3. To be in a bending poſture. Dryden.

LEAN. a. [hlxne, Saxon.]
1. Not fat ; meagre ; wanting fleſh ; bareboned. Milton.
2. Not unfluous ; thin ; hungry. Burnet.
3. Low ; poor ; in oppoſition to great or
rich. Shakʃpeare.

LEAN. ʃ. That part of fleſh which conſiſts
ot the muſcle without the fat. Farquhar,

LE'ANLY. ad. [from lean.] Meagerly ;
without plumpneſs.

LEANNESS. ʃ. [from lean.]
1. Extenuation of body ; want of fleſh; meagerneſs. Ben. Johnson.
2. Want of bulk, Shakʃpeare.


To LEAP. v. V. [hieapan, Saxon.]
1. To jump; to move upward or progreffively
without change of the feet. Cowley.
2. To ruſh with vehemence. Sandys.
3. To bound ; to ſpring. Luke.
4. To fly ; to dart. Shakʃpeare.

To LEAP. v.a,
1. To paſs over, or into, by leaping. Dryden.
2. To compreſs ; as beaſts. Dryden.

LEAP. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Bound ; jump ; ac\ of leaping.
2. Space paſſed by leaping. L'Eſtrange.
3. Suddap tranſition. L'Eſtrange, Swift.
4. An aflault of an aoimilof prey. L'Eſtrange.
5. Embrace of animals. Dryden.
6. Hazard, or eftect of leaping. Dryden.

LEAP-FROG. ʃ. [leap and frog.] A play
of children, in which they imitate the
jump of frogs. Shakʃpeare.

LEAP-YEAR. ʃ. Leap.year or bifl'extile is
every fourth year, and To called from its
leaping a day more that year than in a
common year : ſo that the common year
hath 365 days, but the leap-year 366 ;
and then February hath 29 days, which in
common years hath but 28. To find the
leap.year you have this rule :
D vide by 4 ; what's left ſhall be
For ieap year o ; f:)r part / , 2. 3. Harris.

To LEARN. v. a. [leopnian, Saxon.]
1. To gain the knowledge or ſkili of. Knolles.
2. To teach. Shakʃpeare.

To LEARN. v. a. To take pattern. Bacon.

LE'ARNED. a. [from leam.]
1. Verfed in ſcience and literature. Swift.
2. Skilled ; ſkilful ; knowing.
3. Skilled in ſcholaſtick knowledge. Locke.

LE'ARNEDLY. ad. [from learned.] With
knowledge ; with ſkill. Hooker.

LE'ARNING. ʃ. [from learn.]
1. Literature; ſkill in languages or ſciences. Prior.
2. Skill in any thing good or bad. Hooker.

LE'ARNER. ʃ. [from learr.] One who is
yet in his rudiments. Graunt,

LEA.se. ʃ. [laiffer. French. Spdman.]
1. A contract by which, in conſideration
of ſome payment, a temporary poſſeflion
is granted of hcufss or lands, Denham.
2. Any tenure. Milton.

To LEASE. v. a. [from the noun.] To let
by leaſe. y^jlife.

To LEASE. 1', n. [lejftn, Dutch. ; To
glean; ttJ gVther what the harveſt men
leave. Dryden.

LE'ASER. ʃ. [from /fj/f.jGleaner. Swift.



LEASH. ʃ. [}cjfe, French ; laccloy Italian.]
1. A leather thong, by which a falconer
holds his hawk, or a courier leads his greyhound.Shakʃpeare.
2. A tierce ; three. Hudibras.
3. A band wherewith to tie any thing in
general. Dennis.

To LEASH. ʃ. a. [from the noun.] To
bind ; to hold in a ſtring. Shakʃpeare.

LEASING. ʃ. [le.j-e, Saxon.] Lies; falſhood.
Hubberd''s Tale. Prior.

LEAST. a. the ſuperlative of little. [Ispt,
Saxon.] Little beyond others ; fxnalleO. Locke.

LEAST. a. In the loweſt degree. Pope. .

^f LEAST. ʃ. To fay no ;more ; ac

^r LE'ASTWISE. ʃ. the loweſt degree. Hooker, Dryden, Watts.

LE'ASY. a. Flimfy ; of weak texture.

LE'ATHER. ʃ. [le^eji, Saxon.]
1. Dreflect hides of animals. Shakʃpeare.
1. Skin; ironically. Swift.

LE'ATHERCOAT. ʃ. [leather and coat.]
An apple with a tough rind. Shakʃpeare.

LE'ATHERDRESSER. ʃ. [leather and
dreJJ'er.] He who dreſſes leather. Pope. .

LE'ATHER-MOUTHED. a. [leather and
tnouth.] By a leather. tnouthod fiſh, I
mean luch as have their teeth in their
throat. Walton.

LE'ATHERY. a. [from leather.] Re/embling
leather. Philips.

LE'ATHERSELLER. ʃ. [leather and JelUr.]
He who deals in leather.

LEAVE. ʃ. [leape, Saxon.]
1. Grant of liberty; permiſſion ; allowance. Pope.
2. Farewel ; adieu. Shakʃpeare.

To LEAVE. v. a. pret. I left ; / have left.
1. To quit ; to forſake. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To deſert ; to abandon. Eccluſ.
3. To have remaining at death. Eccluſ.
4. Not to deprive of. Taylor.
5. To ſuffer to remain. Bacon.
6. Not to carry away. Judges. Knolles.
7. To fix as a token or remembrance. Locke.
8. To bequeath ; to give as inheritance. Dryden.
9. To give up; to reſign. Leviticus.
10. To permit without interpoſition. Locke.
11. To ceaſe to do ; to deſiſt from.
I Sam.
12. To L-E-AVE. off. To deſiſt from; to
forbear. Addiſon.
13. To Leave c^. To forſake. Arbuthnot.
14. To Leave oar. To omit; to negletl. Ben. Johnſon, Blackmore.

To LEAVE. v. n.
1. To Leaſe ; to deſiſt. Shakʃpeare.

2. To LE.Avv.off. To defiff. Knolles, Roſcommon.
3. r<7 Leave off. To flop. Daniel.

To LEAVE. v. a. [lever, French.] To
levy ; to raiſe. Spenſer.

LE'AVED. a. [from leaveiy of leaf]
1. Furniſhed with foliage.
2. Made with leaves or folds. Iſaiah.

LE'AVEN. ʃ. [Icvain, French.]
1. Ferment mixed with any body to make
it light. Floyer.
2. Any mixture which makes a general
change in the mafs. King Charles.

To LE'AVEN. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ferment by ſomething mixed.Shakʃpeare.
2. To taint; to imbue. Prior.

LE'AVER. ʃ. [leave.] One who deſerts or
forſakes. Shakʃpeare.

LEAVES. ʃ. The plural of leaf. Bacon.

LE'AVINOS. ʃ. [from leave. ^ Remnant; relicks; offa!. Addiſon.

LE'AVY. a. [from leaf] Full of leaves ; covered with leaves. Sidney.

To hLQU. v. a. [lechery'Pitnch.] To hck
over. Shakʃpeare.

LE'CHER. ʃ. A whoremafter. Pope. .

To LECHER. a/, ff. [from the noun.] To
whore. Shakʃpeare.

LECHEROUS. a. [from lecher.] Leud ; luftful. Detham.

LE'CHEROUSLY. ad. [from lecherous.]
Leudly; luftfujly.

LE'CHEROUSNESS. ʃ. [from lecherous.-.

LE'CHERY. ʃ. [from lecher.] Leudneſs; luft. Ajcham.

LE'CTION. ʃ. [haio, Lat.] A reading ; a variety in copies. Watts.

LE'CTURE. ʃ. [/efli^rf, French.]
1. A diſcourſe pronounced upon any ſubje6l. Sidney, Taylor.
2. The act or practice of reading ; perufaJ. Brown.
3. A magiflerial reorimand.

To LECTURE. ʃ. a. [from the noun.]
1. To inſtruct formally.
2. To inſtruct inſolently and dogmatically,

LE'CTURER. ʃ. [from /^.^?«r^.] Aninſtructor
; a teacher by way of lefture, a preacher
in a church hired by the pariſh to aſſiſt
the redior. Clarenden.

LE'CTURESHIP. ʃ. [from IMure.] The
office of a ie<fturer. Swift.

LED. part. pret. of lead. Ezekiel.

LEDGE. ʃ. [hggcn; Dutch.]
1. A row ; layer; Itratom. Wotton.
2. A rioge riſing above the reſt. GuUtiver.
3. Any prominence, or riſing part. Dryden.

LEDHORSE. ʃ. [led and horſe.] A fumpter

LEE. ʃ. [lie, French.]
1. Dregs;

1. Dregs ; ſediment ; refuſe. Prior.
2. [Sea term.] It is generully that fiHe
which is oppoſite to the wind, as the he
ihore is that the wmd blows on. To be
under the lee of the fliire, is to be clfc
under the weather ſhore. A Uiward ſhip
is one that is not faſt by a wind, to make
her way ſo good as ſhe might, Di^,

LEECH.7. [1^<^> Saxon.]
1. A phyſician ; a proteflTor of the art of
healing. Spenſer.
2. A kind of ſmall water ſerpent, which
laſtens on animals, and ſucks the blood.

To LEECH. v. a. [from the noun.] To
treat with medicaments.

LE'ECHCRAFT. ʃ. [!ecch and era/:.] The
art of healing. Davies.

LEEF. a. [Iteve, leve^ Dutch.] K'Dd ;
fond. Spenſer.

LEEK. ʃ. [leac, Saxon.] A plant.

LEER. ʃ. [hleajie. Sax.]
1. An oblique view. Milton.
2. A laboured caſt of cruntcnance, Swift.

To LEER. v. n. [from the noun.]
1. To look obliquely ; to look archly.
2. To look with a forced countenance. Dryden.

LEES. ʃ. [lie, French.] Dregs ; ſediment. Ben. Johnson.

To LEESE. v. a. [!efen, Dutch.] To loſe :
3n old word. Tujſcr. Donne.

LEET. ʃ. A law day. The word ſeemeth
to have grown from the Saxon ItSe, which
was a court of juufiiict'.on above the wapentake
or hundred, comprehending three cr
four . it' them, Cowel.

LE'EWAilD. a. flee and pesp'o, Saxon.]
Towards he wind. See Lee. Arbuth.

LEFT. participle preter. of Aiiff, Shakſp.

LEFT. a. ['iif'f, Dutch ; lavus, Latin ]
.Sinidrcus; not righ'. Dryden.

LEFT-HANDED. a. [left 2\\^ kand.] Ufing
the left- hand rather than right, Brown.

LEFT- HANDEDNESS. ʃ. [from left hand,
ed.] Habituil uſe of the left hand. Donne.

LEG. ʃ. [l^'g, Dmiſh.]
1. The limb by which we walk ; particularly
that part between the knee and the
fooci Addiſon.
2. An act of obeifance, Hudibras.
3. To ſtand on his own legs ; to ſupport
hinnfelf. Collier.
4. That by which any thing is ſupported
on the ground : as, the leg of a table.

LE'GACY. ʃ. [legalurn, Latin.] l^fg^cy is
a particular thing given by laſt will and
teſtament. Cowel.

LE'GAL. a. [legal, French.]
3. Djne or conceived according to law.

2. Lawful; not contrary to law, Afilton.

LEGA'LITY. ʃ. [legal,tc', Fr.] Liwfulneſs.

To LE'GALIZE. v. a. [Igaln^cr, French; from lega!.] To authorize ; to make lawful. South.

LE'GALLY. ad. [from legal ] Lawfully ;
according to law, Taylor.

LE'GATARY. ʃ. [hgataire, French.] One
who has a legacy iefr. Avlifie,

LEGA'TINE. a. [from legate.]
1. Made by a legate. Ayliffe.
2. Belonging to a legate of the Roman fee.Shakʃpeare.

LE'GATE. ʃ. [/.^ar«5, Latin.]
1. A deputy ; an ambaffador. Dryden.
2. A kind of ſpirituai ambaffador from
the Pope . Atterbury.

LECATE'E. ʃ. [from lrgatum.].zx.] Qne
who has a legacy left him, Swift.

LEGA'TION. ʃ. [legatio, Latin.] Deputat!
; commiſſion ; embafly, Wotton.

LEGATOR. ʃ. [from lego, Latin.] One
who makes a will, and leaves legacies.
^, DrydenA

LE'GEND. ʃ. [legenda, Latin.]
1. A chronicle or regifter of the lives of
f3i«s- Hooker.
2. Any memorial or relation. Fdirfax; 3. An incredible unauthentick narrative. Blackmore.
4. Any inſcriptlon
; particularly on medals
o coin- Addiſon.

LE'GER. ʃ. [from legger, Dutch.] Any
thing thst lies in a place ; as, a leger ambaffador
; a reſident'j aleger-book, a book
that lies in the coajpting- houſe. Shakʃpeare.

LE'GERDEMAI&. ʃ. ſ. [Ugeret/de ma,n,^:..
Slight of band ; juggle ; power of deceiving
the eye by nimble motion ; trick. South.

LEGE'RITY. ʃ. [legeret/, French.] Light,
neſs; nimbleneſs. Shakʃpeare.

LE'GGED. a. [from leg.] Having leR%

LE'GIBLE. ʃ. [/.^.^;7/, Latin.]
1. Such as may be read. Swift.
2. Apparent} diſcoverable. Col ier

LE'GIBLY. ad. [from legible.] In ſuch a
manner as may be read.

LE'GION. ʃ. [kgio, Latin.]
1. A body of Roman ſoldiers, confining
of about five thouſand. Addiſon.
2. A military force. Phillips.
3. Any great number. Shakſp. Robert,

LE'GIONARY. a. [from legion'.]
1. Reljting to a legion.
2. Containing a legion.
3. Containing a great indefinite number. Brown.t

LEGISLA'TION. ʃ. [from Lgifator, Lat.]
The act of giving laws. Littleton,

LEGISLATIVE. a. [from legijlator.] Giving
laws ; lawgiving. Denham.

LEGISLA'TOR. ʃ. [legiJiciiQr, Latin.] A
jdw^tyer ; one who makes laws for any
c< in Piinity. Pope. .

LEGliLA'rURE. ʃ. [from /-^r/7aro-, Lat.]
The pow-'r that makes Jvws. Swift.

LEGI'TIMACY. ʃ. [from legitimate.]
3. LiwFuioeſs of birth. Ayliffe.

LEGITIMATE. a. [from hgitimusy Lat.]
Jo; n ill marriage ; lawfully begotten. Tayl. Woodward.


To LEGITIMATE. v. a. SJgitlmer, Fr.]
3. To procure to any the righ:s of itgitimate
birth. ^y#.
2. To ) make 1 awfu 1. Decay of Piety.

LEGI'TIMATELY. ad. [from leginITiate.]
Lawfully; genuinely. Dryden.

LEGITIMATION. ʃ. [Lgi::mation, ^r.]
- I. Lawful birth. Locke.
2. The act of invefli.rg with the privileges
of lawful birth.

LEGUME. ʃ. [ligumev, Latin.] Seeds

LEGUIMEN. ʃ. not reaped, but gathered
by the hand ; as, beans: in general, all
larger feeds ; pulfe. Boyle.

LEGUMINOUS. a. [kgumineux, French ; from I gum n.] Belonging to pulfe ; confining
of pu!/e. Arbuthnot.

LE'ISUilABLY. ^^. [hov^ lcifural>b.] At
leifare ; without tumult or hurry. Hooker.

LE'ISURABLE. a. [from leijure.] D.neat
leiſure ; not hurried ; enjoying leiſure. Brown.

LEISURE. ʃ. [Lifir, French.]
1. Freedoom from buſineſs or hurry ; vacancy
of mind. Temple,
2. Convenience of time. Shakʃpeare.

LEISURELY. a. [k'jmlrifure.] xNotliafty; deliberate. Shak>'ft'e(ire. Addiʃon.

LE'ISURELY. ad. [from leiſure.] Not in a
hurry; ll)wly. Addiſon.

LE'MAN. ʃ. [laimar.t,Yxtnc\\.] A fv.ee the.
rt ; a gsllanr, Hanmer.

LE'MMA. ʃ. [>;?/x/.ta.] A propofnion previouſly

LE'MON. ʃ. [/-wo.v, French.]
1. The fruit of the lemon- tree. Mortimer.
-2. The tree that bears lemons.

LEMONA'DE. ʃ. [from hmon.^ Liquor
made of water, fugsr, and the juice of lemons.

To LEND. v. a. [lasnan, Saxon.]
1. To afford, on condition of repiyment. Dryden.
2. To ſuffer to be uſed on condition that
it be reHored. Dryden.
3. To sfford ; to grant in general. Dryd.

LENDER. f. [from Lf-d.]
1. One who lends any thing.
2. One who makes a trade of putting monfv
to intereſt Addiſca.

LENGTH. f. [from lens, Saxon.]

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. The extent of any thing material from
end to end. Bacon.
2. Horizontal extenſion. Dryden.
3. A certain portion of ſpace or time. Dryden.
4. Extent of duration. Locke.
5. Long duration or protraction. Addiſon.
6. Reach or expanſion of any thing. Watts.
7. Full extent ; uncontracted ſtate. Addiʃon.
8. Diſtance. Clarendon.
9. End ; latter part of any aflignable time. Hooker.
10. ^/LENGTH. At laſt
; in conclusion. Dryden.

To LE'NGTHEN. v. a. [from length.]
1. To draw out; to make longer; to
e'ongate. Arbuthnot.
2. To protract ; to continue, Daracl.
3. To protract pronunciation. Dryden.
4. To Lengthen (5!^/. To protract ; to
extend. Dryden.

To LE'NGTHEN. v. «. To grow longer ;
to increaſe in length. Prior.

LE'NGTHWISE. ad. [hrgth and nvife. ;
According to the length.

LE'NIENT. a. [kniens, Latin.]
1. Affuafive; ſoftening; mitigating. Milton.
2. Laxative ; emolHifnt. Arbuthnot.

LE'NIENT. y. An emollient, or aifuafive
application. Wiſeman.

To LE'NIFY. v. a. [lenlfier, old French.]
To afluage ; to mitigate. Dryden.

LE'NITIVE. a. [lcrdtif,Fv>. ʃ. Wo, Latin.]
Affuafive; emollient. Arbuthnot.

1. Any thing applied to caſe pain.
2. A palliative. South.

LE'NITY. ʃ. [Initas, Latin.] Mildneſs ;
mercy ; tenderneſs. Daniſh

LENS. ʃ. A glaſs ſpherically convex on both
ſides, is uſually called a lens ; ſuch as is a
burning- ghfs, or ſpectacle-glaſs; or an object
glaſs of a teltfcope Newton.

LENT. part. pafi. from lend. Pope. .

LENT. ʃ. 1 lenzen, the ſpring, Saxon.] The
quadragefimai fall ; a time of abliinence.
\ CamdeK,

LE'NTEN. a. [from lent.] Such as is uſed
in lent; ſparirg. Shakʃpeare.

LE'NTICULAR. a. [lentitulaire, French.]
Doubly convex ; of the form of a lens. Ray.

LE'NTIFORM. a. [/f«J and /or;^?^, Latin.]
Havino; the form of a Jens.

LE'NTIGINOUS. a. [from lentigo.] Scurfy ; ſurfu;aceous.

LE'NTIGO. ʃ. [Latin.] A freckly or f(?urfy
eri;ptioa upon the ſkin. iQuincy.

LE'NITL. ʃ. [lenSjLmn'f lentille, Srench.]
A plant.


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LE'NTISCK. ʃ. [Untifcus, Latin.] LfniUk
wor>d is of a paJc brown colour, almoſt
uhitiſh, ſpfinou', of a fragrant ſmell and
acrid faf?e : it is the wood of the tree which
produce^ the maftich. Hill,

LE'NTITUDE. ʃ. [from kntui, Latin.]
Sluegiſhneſs ; flowneſs.

LENINER. ʃ. A k.nd of hawk, Walton.

LE'NICR. ʃ. [Utin.]
1. Teuacity ; viſcoſity. Bacon.
2. Siowneſs ; delay. Arbuthnot.
3. [In phyſick.] That fiiy, ^ifcid part of
the blood which obſtruds the vcſhels.

LENTOUS. a. [/f;r/K5, Latin.] Vilcous ;
tenacious ; capable to be drawn out. Brown.

LE'OD. ʃ. The people; or, rather a nation,
coijntiy, &€. Gibſon.

Lt'OF. ʃ. Leo/denotes love ; ſo Itof-juin, is
a winner of love. Gibjor,

LE'ONINE. a.llcininm, Latin.]
1. Belonging to a lion ; iiaving the nature
of a lion.
2. Leonine verſes are thoſe of which the
end rhymes to the middle, ſo named from
Leo the inventor : as,
Gloria faf^orum tsmere conceditur horum.

LE'OPARD. ʃ. [!eo and parduSj Latin.] A
ſpotted beaſtof prey. Shakʃpeare.

LE PER. ʃ. [lepra, Icprofus, Latin.] One inf<-< f>e>i with a leproJy. Huke^vi /.

LEPEROUS. o. j;Formed from leprous.]
Caufing leprofy. Shakʃpeare.

LE'FORINE. o. [Irponnus, Latin.] Belonging
to a hare ; having the nature of a hare.

LEPRO'SITY. ʃ. [from leprous.] Squamous
difeal^. Bacon.

LE'PROSY. ʃ. [hpra, Latin ; I^pre, Fr.]
A loathiome dittemper, which covers the
body with a kind of white ſcales.

LE'PROUS. a. [lepra ^ Latin ; hpreux, Fr.]
Infeded with a leprofy. Donne.

LERF. yl [iiejie, Saxon.] A leffon ; lore; d'^finne. Spenſer.

LE'RRY. [from Ure.] A^zi\nz ; a kaure.

LESS. A negative or privative termination,
[kap, Saxon ; loot, Dutch.] Joined to a
ſub(tantive it implies the ablence ox privation
of the thing : as, a witUfi man.

LESS. a. [leaj, Saxon.] The comparative
of little : oppoſed to greater. Locke.

LESS. ʃ. Not ſo much ; cppoſed to more. Exodus.

LESS. fl<y. In a ſmaller degree ; in a lower
dcgrc-. Dryden.

LE ShEE. ʃ. The pe.'.'bn to whom a leal'e is

To LE'SSEN. v. a. [from /f/j.]
1. To diminiſh in bulk.
2. To diminiſh in degree of any quality.

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3. To degrade ; to deprive of power or dignity.

To LE'SSEN^ v. n. To grow leſs ; to nuinic. Temple.

LESSER. a. A barbarous corruption of /f/i. Pope. .

LE'SSER. ad. [formed by curruption from
le s. Shakʃpeare.

LE'SSES. ʃ. [/'^/>'fj, French.] The uungof
b?afts left on the grounc..

LE/SSON. ʃ. [l.^on, French.]
1. Any thing read or repeated to a teacher.
2. Precept ; notion inculcatei^. Spenſer.
3. Portions of ſcripture read in divine ſervice. Hooker.
4. Tune pricked for an inſtrument,
5. A rating led ure. Sidney.

To LESSON. 1; a. [from the r.oun.] To
; toiiOrutt. Shakʃpeare.-

LE'SSOR. ʃ. 0;ie who lets any thing to
farm, or otherwiſe by'leafi-. Denham. Ayl^t.

LEST. corj. [from the adjective'/f^/.] That
not. jnddiſon,

To LET. w. a. [l^rsn. Saxan.]
1. To allow ; to ſuffer ; to permit.
Bp. Sand^r^on.
2. A ſign of the optative mood uſed beVorp
the firſt, and imperative before the rhir ;
perſon. Before the firſt perſon ſingular it
fionifies-reſolution ; fixed purpoſe, or ardent
w ſh.
3. Before the firſt perſon plural, let implies
rxbortation. ' Mark.
4. Before the third perfcn, ſingular or plural,
la implies permiſſion or precepr. Dryden.
5. Before a thing in the paſſive voice, let
implies command. Dryden.
6. Let has an infivitive mood after it without
the particle to, Dryden.
7. To leave. L'Eſtrange.
8. To more than permit Shakʃpeare.
9. To put to hire ; to grant to a tenant.
10. To ſuffer any thing to take a courſe
which requires no impulſive violence.
11. To permit to take any ſtate or courſe. Sidney.
j2. To Let i'ood, is elliptical for to let out
bled. To free it from confinement ; to
fuiler it to fiream out of the vein.Shakʃpeare.
13. To LzT in. To admit. Knoiia,
; 4. To Let in. To procure admiſſion. Locke.
x^.ToLzTof. To diſchjfge. Swift.
16. To Let
hire or farm.

J7. To Let. ^[Itt^in, Saxon.] To bin- LE'VEL. tf. [laepal, Saxon.]
der ; to oblirua; tooppoſe. Dryden.
38. To Let, when it ſignifies to permit or
le.v;, has let in the preterite and part, paſſive
; but when it ſignifies to hinder, it has
ietled. Introduci-on to Grammar.

To LET. v. n. To forbear ; to withold
himſelf. . Bacon.

LET. ʃ. [from the verb.] Hindrance ; obilacle
; obſtruction ; impediment. Hooker.
Let, the termination of diminutive words,
froma lyte, Saxon. little, /mail.

LETHARGL€K. a. [lethargique,¥rtnch.]. Shakſp.', beyond the natural power of ſleep. Hammond.

LETHA'RGICKNESS. ʃ. [from Lthargick.]
Sleepineſs ; drowſineſs. Herbert.

LE'THARGY. ʃ. [Xn^A^yU.] A morbid
drowfineſs ; a ſleep from which one cannot
be kept awake. Atterbury.

LETHARGIED. a. [from the noun.] Laid
aſleep ; entranced. Shakʃpeare.

LE'THE. ʃ. [K»&r.] Oblivion ; a draught
oF oblivion. Shakʃpeare.

LE'TTER. ʃ. [from let.]
1. One who lets or permits.
2. One who h'nders.
3. Oce who gives vent to any thing: as, a
blood letter,

LE'TTER. ʃ. [lettre, French-]
1. One of the elements of ſyllables.Shakʃpeare.
2. A written meffage ; an cpiftle. Abbot.
3. The literal or expreſlect meaning. Taylor.
4. Lerr^rf without the ſingular : learning. John.
5. Any thing to be read. Addiſon.
6. Type with which books are printed. Moxon.

To LE'TTER. v. a. [from letter.] To ſtamp
with letters. Addiſon.

LE'TTERED. a. [from letter.] Literate ; educated to learning. Collier.

LE'TTUCE. ʃ. [loEiuca, Latin.] A plant.

LEVANT. a. [k-jant, Freach.] Eaſtern. Milton.

LEVA'NT. ʃ. The eaſt, particularly thuſe
coafls of the Mediterranean eaſt of Italy.

LEf^A'TOR. f.
[Latin.] A chirurgical inſtrument,
whereby depreflect parts of the
ſkull are lifted up. PFifmati,

LBVCOPHL'^'GMACY. ʃ. [Cromleucoablegitiatick.]
Paleneſs, with viſcid juices and LE'VERET. ſ. [It
cold ſweatings. Arbuthnot.

LEUCOPHLEGMA' TICK. a. [xsvks,- and
i^Xiyixu.] Having Tuch a conſtitution of
body where the blood is of a pale colour,
viſcid, and coH. Quincy.

LE'VEE. ʃ. [French.]
1. The time of riſing.
2. The concourſe of thoſe who croud round
a man of power in a morning. Dryden.
1. Even ; not having one part higher than
another. Berkley.
2. Even with any thing elſe ; in the ſame
line with any thing. Til'ntfon.

To LE'VEL. v. a. [from the adj eft ive.]
1. To make even ; to free from inequalities.
2. To reduce to the ſame height with
ſomething elſe. Dryden.
3. To lay flat.
4. To bring to equality of condition.
5. To point in taking aim ; to aim. Dryd.
6. To direct to any end. Swift.

To LEVEL. n;. n.
1. To aim at ; to bring the gun or arrow
to the ſame direction with the mark. Hooker.
1. To conjedture ; to attempt to gueſs.Shakʃpeare.
3. To bein the ſamedirectionwith amark. Hudibras.
4. To make attempts; to aim. Shakſp.

LE'VEL. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. A plane-j a ſurface without protuberances
or inequalitie?. iiandys.
2. Rate; ſtandard. Sidney.
3. A ſtate of equality. Atterbury.
4. An inſtrument whereby mafons adjuſt
their work. Moxon.
5. Rule: borrowed from the mechanirk
level. Prior.
6. The line of direction in which any miffive
weapon is airned. Waller.
7. The line in which the fight paſſes. Pope.

LE'VELLER. ʃ. [from leveL]
1. One who makes any thing even.
2. One who deſtroys ſuperiority ; one who
endeavours to bring all to the ſameſtate. Collier.

LE'VELNESS. ʃ. [from level.]
1. Evenneſs; equality of ſurface.
2. Equality with ſomething elſe. Peacham.

LE'VEN. ʃ. [levain, French.]
1. Ferment ; that which being mixed in
bread makes it itfe and ferment.
2. Any thing capable of changing the nature
of a greater mafs; Wiſeman.

LE'VER. ʃ. [levier, French.] TheVecond
mechanical power, uſed to elevate or raiſe
a great weight. Harris.
''ei'vre, French.] A young
hare. Waller.

LEVE'T. ʃ. [from lever, French.] A blaſt
on the trumpet. Hudibras.

LE'VEROOK. ʃ. [lap'jte, Saxon.] TIiis
word is retained in Scotland, and denotes
the lark.

be levied.
2. [from U-jy.]. Walton.
That may


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LEyVATHAN. ʃ. [TrvV.] A water animal
memioned in the book of yob. By ſome
imagined the crocodijf, but in poetry generdJly
raken for the wHale, Thomfon.

To LE'VIGATE. v. a. [lavigo, Latin.]
1. To rubor grind.
2. To mix tiii the U4Uor becomes ſmooth
and uniform. Arbuthnot.

LtVIGA'TION. ʃ. [ixQVC\Uvlgale,^ Levi,
gallon is the reducing of bard bodies into
a ſubtile powder, by grinding upon marble
withamuUsr. SQuincy.

LE'VITE. ʃ. [lcvita, L'ltin.]
1. One of the tribe of Levi ; one born to
the office of prieſthood ; among the Jsws.
2. A prieſt : uſed in contempt.

LEVrriCAL. a. [iiam livite']
to the levites. Ayliffe.

LE VITY. ʃ. [Itv-taiy Latin.]
1. Lightneſs
; not heavineſs. Berkley.
2. Inconftancy ; changeableneſs. Hooker.
3. Unfteadineſs ; laxity of mand. Milton.
4. Idie pieaſure ; vanity. Calamy.
5. Triſing gaiety ; want of feriouſaeſs. Shakʃpeare, Clarendon.

To LE'VY. v. a. [lever, French.]
1. To raiſe ; to bring together men. -. Davies.
2. To raiſe money. Clarendon.
3. To make war. Milton.

LEVY. ʃ. [from the ve.b.]
1. The z€t of raiſing money or iren. Addiʃon.
2. Warraiſed. Shakʃpeare.

LEWD. a. [Ispede, Saxon.]
1. Lay ; not clerical. Davtn,
2. Wicked ; bid ; naughty. fVhi'gi/e.
3. Luftful
; libidinous. Shakʃpeare.

LEWDLY. a. [from /eud.]
1. Wickedly; naughtily. Shakʃpeare.
2. Libidin' uſly ; luftfully. Dryden.

Lt'WDNESS. ſ. fromUivd.] Luftful liccntjouſneſs. Dryden.

LE'WDSTER. ʃ. [from /ſw^.] A lecher ; one given to criminal pleadires. Shakſp.

LE'WISD'OR. ʃ. [French.] A golden
French coin, in value twelve livres, now
fetrl-H at ſeventeen Hiillings. Di3.

LEXICO'GRAHPER. ʃ. [xs^.x^v and y^.-
«f>».] A writer of dictionaries ; a harmleft
drudge. Wartf.

LEXICO'GRAPHY. ʃ. [Xs^ikiv and :^j-a>«.]
The art or practice of writing didlionaries.

LE'XICON. ʃ. [xs^^xiy.] A didtionary. Milton.

LEY. ʃ. Ley, Ice, hy^ are all from the
Saxon lesj, a field. Gtbfor,

Ll'ABLE. ʃ. [lichlf, from /jVr, old French.]
Onnoxious; not exempt ; ſubject. Milton.

LI'aR. ʃ. [from lie ] One who tells talſhood
; one who wants veracity. Shakſp.

LI'ARD. a. Mingled roan. Marktam,


LIBA'TION. ʃ. [bbatic, Latin.]
1. The act of pwuring wine on the ground
in honour of ſome deity. Bacon.
2. The wine ſo poured. Stillingfleet.

LI'BBARD. ʃ. [iiebard, German ; leopirdus,
Latin] A leopard. Brireivad.

LI'BEL. ʃ. [libJlus, Latin.]
1. A fa I ire
; defamatory writing; a lampoon.
Ddijy of Piety.
2. [In the civil law.] A declaration or
charge in writing againſt a perſon in court.

To LIBEL. v. n. [from the noun.] To
ſpread defamation ; generally written or
printed. Donne.

To LI'BEL. v. a. To ſatirife ; to lampoon. Dryden.

LI'BELLER. ʃ. [from WW.] Adefamerby
writing ; a lampooner. Dryden.

LI'BELLOUS. ʃ. [from .Wf/.] Defamatory.

LI'BERAL. a. [/iberalis, Latin.]
1. Not mean; not low in birth.
2. Becoming a gentleman,
3. Munificent; generous; bountiful. Milton.

LIEERA'LITY. ʃ. [liberaitat, Lat. liijra-
/.7/, French.] Munificence; bounty; generoſi'v.Shakʃpeare.

LIBERA'LLY. ad. [from Vberal,'] Bounteouſly
; bountifully ; largely. Jama,

LI'BERTINE. ʃ. [libertin^ French.]
1. One unconfined ; one at liberty.Shakʃpeare.
2. One who lives without reſtraint or law.
3. Ore who pays no regard ſo the precepts
of religion. Shakʃpeare. CUier,
4. [In law.] A freedman ; or rather, the
the ſon of a freedman. Ay-ltffe.

LI BERTINE. a. [Iibertin, French.] Licentious
; irreligious. Swift.

LI'BERTINISM. ʃ. [from ihertine.-\ Irreligion
; licentiouſneſs of opinions and
practice. Atterbury.

LI BERTY. ʃ. [l'berte', French ; libertas,
1. Freedom as oppoſed to ſlavery, Addiʃon.
2. Freedom as oppoffd to neceſlity, Locke.
3. Privilege ; exemption ; immunity,
4. Relaxation of re/lraint.
5. Leave ; permiſſion. Locke.

LIBI'DINOUS. ʃ. [iſhdirofus, Lat.] Lewd ; luftful. Bend-y,

LIBI'DlNOUSLY. ci. [from Ibirinoia. ;
Lewdly ; lultfully.

LI'BRAL. a. [hbralis, Latin.] Of a pound
weghT. D ff.

LIBRA'RIAN. ʃ. [bbrarius, Latin.] Ore
who has the care of a library. Brncme.

LI'BRARY. ʃ. [hbraire, Fre.-ich.] A iirge
ccllection of tjQck'. Dryden.

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To LlB'ERATE. v. a. [Wro, Latin.] To
; to balance.

LI'BRATION. ʃ. [lihratie, Latin.]
1. The iiate of being balanced. Thomfon.
2. (In aſtronomy.] Libration is the balancing
motion or trepidation in the firmament,
whereby the declination of the fun,
and the latitude of the ſtars, change from
timetotime. Grew.

LI'BRATORY. a. [from iiBro, Latin.] Bdlancing
; playing like a balance.

LICE. ihf; plural of hfe. Dryden.

LI'CEBANE. ʃ. [lice ditt^ bane. '\ A plant.

LI'CENSE. ʃ. [Iicentiay Latin.]
1. ExoibicSnt libeny ; contempt of legal
and neceſſary rellraint. Sidney,
2. A grant of permiſſion. ^Addiʃon.
3. Liberty ; permiſſion. ^'<5?f.

To LICE'NSE. v. a. [Ucencier^ French.]
3. To ſet at liberty. PI^otton.
4. To permit by a legal grant. Pope. .

LI'CENSER. ʃ. tfrom lice/jfe.] A granter
of permiſtion.

LICE'NTIATE. ʃ. [Ikentiatus, low Latin.]
1. A man who uſes licenfe. Camden.
2. A degree in Spaniſh univerſities.

To LI'CENTIATE. v. a. [Hcentier, Fr.]
To permit ; to encourage by licenfe.


LICE'NTIOUS. ʃ. [li'centiofus, Latin.]
1. Unreſtrained by law or morality.Shakʃpeare.
1. Prefumptiinns ; unconfined. Roſcomm.

LICE'NTIOUSLY. ad. lUon^ licenlious.]
With too much iibertv.

LICE'NTIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from Icefitious.]
Bjundleſs liberty ; contempt of jull reſtraint.

LICH. ʃ. [lice, Saxon.] A dead carcaſe ; whence lichivake, the time or act of watching
by the dead ; lichgate^ the gate through
which the dead are carried to the grave ; Liilfiild, the held of the dead, a city in
Staffordniire, ſo named from martyred

Ll'CHOWL. ʃ. [llch and ow/.] A fort of

To LICK.'i/. <z. [licean, Saxon.]
1. To paſs over with the tongue. Addiʃon.
2. To lap ; to take in by the tongue.Shakʃpeare.
3. TeLicK up. To devour. Pope. .

LICK. y. [from the verb ] A blow ; rough
ufjge. DrydenJ.

LICKERISH. v. a. [hccejia, a glutton,

LICKEROUS. $ Saxon.]
1. Nice in the choice of food ; ſqueamiſh. L'Eʃtrange.
2. E3ger^ greedy. Sidney.
3. Nice} delicate ; tempting the appetite. Milton.


LICKERISKNESS. ʃ. [from ſkkeriſh.]
Niceneſs of palate,

LI'CORICE. ʃ. [%Ko,/Wj, Italian.] A root
of ſweet taſte.

LIC'TOR.f. [Latin.] A beadle.

LID. [hhb, Saxon.]
1. A cover; any thing that ſhuts down
ovir a veſſel. Mdtjon.
2. The membrane that, when we ſleep or
wink, is drawn over the eye.
Crajhatv. Prior.

LIE. fi [//(>, French.] Any thing impregnated
with ſome other body ; as, foap or
fait. Peacharn,

LIE. ʃ. [Ijje, Saxon.]
1. A crimmal fallhood. Watts.
2. A charge of falſhood, Locke.
3. A fiction. Dryden.

To LIE. v. V. [leojan, Saxon.] To utter
criminal falſhood. Shakʃpeare.

To LIE. nj. V. prer, I ^ay ; 1 have lain or
Her,, [liejan, Saxon.] Hgg^) Dutch.]
1. To relt horizontally, or with very great
inclination againſt ſomething eife.
2. To refl ; to lean upon.
Epitaph on Vanhrugh,
3. To be repoſited in the grave. Geneſis.
4. To be ill a ſtate of decumbitur^. Mark.
5. To paſs the time of ſleep. Dryden.
6. To be laid up or repoſited. Boyle.
7. To remain fixed. Temple.
8 . To reſide. Geneſis.
9. To be placed or fituated. Collier.
10. To preſs upon. Creech.
11. To be troubleſome or tedious. Addiſon.
12. To be judicially fixed. Shakʃpeare.
13. To be in any particular ſlate. Watts.
14. To be in a ſtate of concealment. Locke.
15. To be id priſon. Shakʃpeare.
16. To be in a bad ſtate. L'Eſtrange.
17. To be in a helpleſs or expoſed ffate. Milton.
18. To conſiſt. Shakʃpeare.
19. To be in the power ; to belong 'to. Stillingfleet.
20. To be charged in any thing ; as, an
action lieth againſt one. ,
21. To coft ; as, it i/Vj me in more money.
22. To Lie at. To importune; to teaze,
23. To Lie by. To reſt ; to remain ſtill.Shakʃpeare.
24. To Lie down. To reſt ; to go into a
ſtate of repoſe. Iſaiah.
25. lohxzdown. To ſink into the grave.
26. To Lie in. To be in childbed.
27. To Lie inder. To be ſubject to,
Smal 'dge,
28- To Lie upon. To become an obiiga-,
tion or duty. Berkley.
29. To

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29. To Liz ^.viib. To converſe in beJ.Shakʃpeare.

LIEF. a. [leop, Saxon ; lief, Dutch.] Dear ; beioved, Swift.

LIEF. ad. Will n?Iv. Shakʃpeare.

LIEGE. a. [ige, French.]
1. B-jund by ſome teudal tenure ; ſubjc£^.
2. Sovereign. Spenſer.

LIEGE. ʃ. Sovereign; ſuperior lord.

LI'EGEMAN. ʃ. [from li.ge an^nun.] ' A
ſubject. Spenſer.

LI'EGER. ʃ. [from liege.] A reſident ambd/
Tador. Dsnuum.

LIEN. the participle of /<?. Getttjii.

LIENTE'RICK. a. [from lientery.] Pe.-
taining to a lientery. Grfiv,

LI'ENTERY. ʃ. [from Kucv, l^ve, ſmooth,
and ty7ip:v, inuj^inum.] A particular looſe.
neſs, wherein the food pafles ſuddenly
through the ſtomach and guts. ^jncy.

Ll'ER. ʃ. [from ro//?.] One that reiis or
Jics down.

LIEU. ʃ. [French.] Place ; room. Hooker, Addiſon.

LIEVE. ai. [See Lief.] W.llingly.Shakʃpeare.

LIEUTE'NANCY. ʃ. [lieutenance, French.]
1. The ( ffice of a lieutenant. Shakſp.
2. The body of lieutenants. Milton.

LIEUTE'NANT. ʃ. [heuterant, French.]
1. A deputy ; one who afts by vicarious
2. In war, one who holds the ne^xtrank to
a ſuperiour of any denomination.


LIEUTE'NANTSHIP. ʃ. [Uomlisuter,ant.]
The rank or office of lieutenant.

LIFE,/. plural //T/fi. [Iipun, to live. Sax.]
1. Union and co-operation of foul with
body. Geneſis.
2. Preſent ſtate. Cowley.
3. Enjoyment, or pcfTeflion of terreflnai
exiſtente. Prior.
4. Blood, the ſuppoſed vehicle of life. Pope.
5. Conduct ; manner of living with reſpect
t to virtue or vice. Pope. .
6. Condition ; manner of living with reſpect
to happineſs and miſery. Dryden.
7. Continuance of our preſent ſtate. Locke.
8. The living form ; reſemblance exactly
copied. Brown.
9. Exact reſemblance. Denham.
10. General ſtate of man. Milan,
11. Common occurrences ; human affairs
; the courſe of things. y^fcjjam.
12. Living perſon. Shakʃpeare.
13. Narrative of a life pafl. Pope. .
14. Spirit ; briflcneſs ; vivacity ; reſolution. Sidney.
15. Animated exiſtence ; animal being. Thomſon.

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LIFEBLOOD. ʃ. [l,fe and ILod.] The
blood neceſſary to life. S^-e^ator.

LI FEEVER LASTING. An herb. Ai^iv,

LI'FEGlVING. ʃ. [Ife and giving.] Having
the power to give life. Spenſer.

LIFEGUA'RD. ʃ. [life and gujrd.] 'I he
guard of a king's perlnn.

LIFELESS. a. [from ///-.]
1. Dead ; deprived of life. Dryden, Prior.
2. Ufidn m«ted ; void of life. Aliitor.
3. Without power, force, or ſpirit. Pr'tr,

LIFELESLY. ad. [from //:/. j.] Without
life or ; frigidly ; jejuneiy.

LI'FELIKE. ʃ. [UJe and ſke.] Like a living
perſon. Pope. .

LI'FESax.lING. ʃ. [llifezT^6ſtri»g.] Nerve?
llrings imagined to cjnvev Jife. Daniel.

LI'FETIME. ʃ. [life and'rznjf.] Contmuance
or duration of life. Addiſon,

LIFEWEARY. o. [///<. and ity^ry.]
Wretched ; tired of living. Shakʃpeare.

To LIFT. v. a. [lyffta, Swediſh.] '
1. To raiſe from the ground ; to he^^ve ?
to elevate. » Dryden.
2. To bear ; to ſupport. Not in uſe. Spenſer.
3. To rob ; to plunder. Dryden.
4. To exalt ; to elevate mentally. Pope.
5. To raiſe in fortune. Ecduf,
6. To raiſe in eſtimation. Hooker.
7. To exalt in dignity. MdS^tu
8. To elevate ; to ſwell with pride. Atterbury.
9. Up is ſometimes emphatically added to
lift. 2 Samuel.

To LIFT. :'. r. To ſtrive to raiſe by ſtrength. Locke.

LIFT. f. [from the verb.] The act of lifting
; the manner of lifting. Bacon.
2. [In Scottiſh.] Tb.^ſky.
3. Elfeſt; ſtruggle. Hudibras.

LI'FTER. ʃ. [from lift.] One that lifts. Pſalms.

To LIG. v. n. [%^t'«, Dutch.] To lie. Spenſer.

LI'GAMENT. ʃ. [ligamentum, from ligo.
1. Ligament li a white and ſolid body, ſoftec
than a cartilage, but harder than a membrane
; their chief uſe is to faſten the bones,
which are articulated together for motioji,
left they ſhould be diſlocated with exercife,
2. Any thing which conneds the parts of
the body, Ltr.bam,
3. Bond; chain ; entanglement. Addiſon.

LIGAME'NTAL. ʃ. [from ligament.]

LIGAME'NTOUS. [Compofing a ligament.


LIGA'TION. ʃ. [ig^tio, Latin.]
1. The act of binding.
2. The ſtate of being bound. Addiſon.

LI'GAXURE. ʃ. yjgature, F«ncK]
1. Any

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X, Any thing bound on ; bandage. Gulliver.
2. The act of binding. Arbuthnot.
3. The ſtate of being bound. Mo/timer.

LIGHT. ʃ. [leohz, Saxon.]
1. That quality or action of the medium
of fight by which we fee, Newton.
2. llhimination of mind ; inſtru<^ion
; knowledge. Bacon.
3. The part of a picture which is drawn
with bright colours, or in which the light
is ſuppoſed to fall. Dryden.
4. Reach of knowledge ; mental view. Bacon.
5. Point of view; ſituation ; direction in
which the light fallf. Addiſon.
6. Explanation, Locke.
7. Any thing that gives light ; a pharos
; a taper. Granville.

LIGHT. a. [lech?, Saxon.]
1. Not tending to the center with great
force ; not heavy. Addiſon.
2. Not burdenfbnDC ; eaſy to be worn, or
carried. Bacon.
3. Noi afſhiftive ; eaſy to be endured. Hooker.
4. Eaſy to be performed ; not difficult ;
not valuable. Dryden.
5. iiify to be acted on by any power. Dryden.
6. Not heavily armed. Knolles.
7. Adive; nimble. Spenſer.
8. Unencumbered ; unembarrassed ; clear
of impediments. Bacon.
9. Slight ; not great. Boyle.

JO. Not crals ; not greſs. Numbers.
31. Eaſy to admit any influence ; unfteady ; vnſettled, Shakʃpeare.
12. Gay; airy; without dignity or fo!idjty.Shakʃpeare.
13. Not chaſte ; not regular in condutSl.Shakʃpeare.
24. [From light, /.] Bright ; clear. Geneſis.
15. Not dark ; tending to whiteneſs. Dryden.

LIGHT. ad. Lightly ; cheaply. Hooker.

To LIGHT. ». a. [fum light, /.]
1. To kindle ; to inflame ; to let on fire. Boyle.
2. To give light to ; to guide by light.
3. To illuminate, Dryden.
4. To lighten ; to eaſe of a burthen. Spenſer.

To LIGHT. v. n. [//f/^^ by chance, Dutch.]
1. To happen ; to fall upon by chance. Sidney.
2. f Aliſhtan, Saxon.] To deſcend from
a horſe or carriage. 2 Kings.
3. To fall in any particular direction. Dryden.
4. To fail ; to ſtrike on. Spenſer,

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5. To ſettle ; to reſt. Shak^peari,

To LI'GHTEN. v. r,. [Ut, Ijsr, Saxon.]
1. To flaſh, with thunder. Shakʃpeare.
7. To ſhine like lightening. Shakʃpeare.
3. To fall or light, [from light.]
Commo:. Prayer,

To LI'GHTEN. v. a. [bom hght.]
1. To illuminate ; to enlighten. Datieu
2. To exonerate ; to unload. Jon_.
3. To inake If fs heavy. Milton.
4. To exhilarate ; to cheer. Dryden.

LI'GHTEK. ʃ. [from light, to make hgb'..
A heavy boat into which ſhips arehghtened
or unloaded. Pope. .

LI'GHTERMAN. ʃ. [lighter and man.] One
who manages a lighter. Ch:ld.

LIGHTFI'NGERED. a. [light and finger.]
Nimble at conveyance ; thieviſh.

LI'GHTFOOT. a. [light and foot.] Nimble
in running or dancing; a6live. Spenſer.

LIGHTFO'OT. ʃ. Venifon.

LIGHTHE'ADED. a.[l'-ght and head.]
1. Unlieady ; loole ; thoughdeſs ; weak. Clarendon.
2. Delirious; diſordered in the mind by

LIGHTHE'ADEDNES5. ʃ. Deliriouſneſs
; diſorder of the rrind.

LIGHTHE'ARTED. a. [light and heart.]
Gay ; merry,

LIGHTHO'USE. ʃ. [light and houſe.] An
high building, at the top of which lights
are hung to guide ſhips at fea. Arbuthnot.

LIGHTLE'GGED. a. [light and %.]
Nimble; ſwift. Sidney.

LI'GHTLESS. a. [from light.] Wanting
light ; dark.

LI'GHTLY. ad. [from Ight.]
1. Without weight. Ben. Johnson.
2. Without deep impreſſion. Prior.
3. Eaſily ; readily; without difficulty; oſcourſe. Hooker.
4. Without reaſon. Taylor.
5. Without afHiction ; cheerfully.Shakʃpeare.
6. Not chaſtely. Swift.
7. Nimbly; with agility; not heavily or
tardily. Dryden.
8. Gaily ; airily ; with levity.

LIGHTMI'NDED. a. [light and mind.]
Unſettled ; unfteady. Eccl.

LI'GHTNESS. ʃ. [from light.]
1. Levity ; want of weight, Burnet.
2. Inconftancy ; unfteadineſs. Shakſp.
3. Unchaftity ; wantoſcondu£\ in women. Sidney.
4. Agility ; nimbleneſs.

LI'GHTNING. ʃ. [from lighten.]
1. The flalh that attends tliunder. Davies.
1. Mitigation ; abatement, Addiſon.

LIGHTS. ʃ. The lungs; the organs of
breathing. Hayward.

LIGHTSOME. a. [from light.]
1. Luoii
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2. Luminous} not dark ; not cSfcure ; not opalce. Rjleigh.
2. Gay ; airy ; having the power to exhilarate. South.

LIGHTSOMENESS. ʃ. [from lightJome.]
1. Liminouſneſs ; not opacity ; not obrcufity.
1. Cfxrerfulneſs ; merriment ; levity.

LIGNa'LOES. ʃ. [Jignuma/i3cs,Linn.] AJoe?
w^od. Numbers.

LI'GNEOUS. a. [AVn^-ui, Latin.] Mac^e of
ot wood f wooden ; reſembling wood.
B.uon. Greia.

L'lGNUMn-TAL. ſ. [Latin.] Guiacum ;
a very hard wood. Miller.

LI'GUKE. '. A precious ſtone. E-x-id.

LIKE. a. [lie, Saxon ; Ink, Dutch.]
1. Refeaibling; having reſemblance.
2. Equal ; of the ſame quantity. SpraCt,
3. [Fur liktlj.] Probable ; credible. Bacon.
4. Likely ; in a ſtate that give. probable
ex'aedations. CUrtnaon,-

1. Some perſon or thing reſemblipg another.Shakʃpeare.
2. Niar approach ; a ſtate like 10 anorher
ibto Raleigh.

LIKE. a<1,
1. In the ſame manner ; in the ſame manner
as. Sfejer. Phil'ps.
2. In ſuch a manner as bencs. i Sam,
3. L'keiy ; probably. Shakʃpeare.

To LlKE. To a. [licjn, Saxon.]
1. To chuſe With ſome degree of preference.
2. To approve ; to view with approbation. Sidney.
3. To uleaſe ; to be agreeable to. Bacon.

To LIK'^. v. n.
1. '1'
; be pleaſed with. Hooker.
2. To ' I hul's ; t lilt
i to be pleaſed. L'.cke.

LI'KELIHOOD. ʃ. [from Lkly ]
1. Apaeai-tnte; flicw. SShakʃpeare.
2. Refeii.oiance i
Iikcneſs. Ooloitte.
3. Probability ; veriſimililude} appcaxance
of truth. ' Uooiir.

Ll'KELY. a. [from like.]
1. Such as may be iiktd ; ſuch as may
pieaſe. Shakʃpeare.
2. Probable; ſuch as may in ;ection te
thought or believed.

LlrlELV. ad. P.ooably; as mjy reaſonat/
ly Oe thought. ClarailU.

To LIKEN'. v. a. [from //4<f.] To repref-
iit IS havipg reremblan<.e. MJion,

LIKENESS. ʃ. [from lik^.]
1. Refenibiinte ; fifnilitude. DydeJi,
2. Fwrm ; appearar.ee. h' Eſtrange,
3. 0ae whc referr.blea anothci. tuor.

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LI'KEWI'SE. ad. [Lke and tuife.] In like
ni^nnerj alſo ; moreover; too. Arbuth.

LIKING. a. PIump ; in a ſtate of plumpneſs. Daniel.

LI'KING. ʃ. [from Wf.]
1. Gaod ilatc of body; plumpnef. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.
2. State of triuL
3. loclination. Spenſer.

LI LACH. ʃ. [niac, liUs, French.] A tree.

LI'LIED. a. [from lily.] Embelliſhed with

LI'LY. ʃ. [liliumy Latin.] A flower.

LILY DAFFODIL. ʃ. [U,o.rarciJ/us.] A
foreign flower.

LILY of the l^allry, or May HI;. ſ. Miller.

LILYLI'VERED. g. [lily and Iver.] White-
Jivered ; c-wardly. Shakʃpeare.

LIMATURE. ʃ. [limatura, Latin.] Filinf.
s f any metal ; the particles rubbed
off by a file.

LIMB. ʃ. [Iim, Saxon.]
1. A member ; jointed or articulated part
of animals. Milton.
2. An edge ; a border, Newton.

To LIMB. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſupply with limbs. Milton.
2. To tear aſunder; to diſmember.

LI MBECK. ʃ. [corrupted from alemb.
ck. ; A ſtili. Fairfax. Howell.

LI'MBED. a. [from Imb.] Formed with
regir.^ to iimbs. Pope. .

LI'MBER. a. Flexible} eaſily bent; pliant; J) the. Ray. Hatvey.

LI'MBERNESS. ʃ. [from !imbir.] Flexibility
; Quincy.

LI'MBO. ʃ.
1. A region bordering upon hell, in which
there is nr ithcr pleaſure nor pain. Shakſp.
2. Any place of miſery and reſtraint. Hudibras.

LIME. ʃ. [li:;n. Saxon ]
1. A viſcous ſubſtance Jrawn over twigywhich
catches and entangles the wings of
bi.ds that light' upon it,
~ Dryden.
2. Matter K)i which mortar ism-.dc: fo
called becauſe uſed in cement. Bacon.
3. fLii.i>, Saxon.] The linden tree. Pope.
4. A ſpecies of lemon, \lime, French.]

To LIME. v. a. [from lime.]
1. To eataii^ie ; to enmirc. Shakſp.
2. To i.r.ear Wiſh lime. Eſtrange,
3. To cemcn'. Shakʃpeare.
4. To manute gound with Jimc. did.

LI'MEKILN. ʃ. [iWandi/.^.] Kilnwhtre
lton.es jre burnt to lime. tyoidiJa'd.

LI'MESTONE. ʃ. [titr.e sndji^ne.] The
ſtone r.f which Jinie is ir)<.<le. Mortimer.

LIME-WATER. ʃ. [c is made by pouring
wjtc-r upon >i>^k inxiC. '^W.
4. D ' LI Milt.

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LIMlT. ʃ. [/;«>', French.] Boun^ ; bird-
r; utmoſt reacl), Exodui,

To LI'MIT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To confine with certain bounds ; to retrain
; to circumſcribe. Swift.
plural.] A letter ; as, I
2. To reſtrainfrotn a lax or general (jgni
ficafion ; as, the univerſe is here limited
to this earth.

LlMITARY. a. [from limit.] Placed at
the boundaries as a guard or ſupenntendant. Milton.

LIMITA'TION. ʃ. [limitatioi, French.]
1. Refiriſhon ; circumkription. Hooker.
2. C >nfinfm.'nt fronti a lax or undeterminate
import. Hooker.

LI'MMHR. ʃ. A mongrel.

To LIMN. v. a. [enlummer, Trench.'j To
d^.j..-; to paint any thing. Peacham.

LIMNER. ʃ. [corrupted from cnli'tftITieur.]
A paii;ter ; a picture-maker. Glam-iU,:.

Ll'MOUS. a. [li^nojus, Laiia] Muddy; ſlimy. Brcuj'U

LIMP. a. li.'m/^io, Italian.] Vapid ; weak.

To LIMP. v. V. [limpen, Saxon.] To halt
; to walk lamely. Prior.

LIMPET. ʃ. A kind of ihell fidi. Ainſworth.

LI'MPID. a. [limpidut, Lat.] Clear ; pure ; tranſparent. J'Fcodii.'ard.

LI'MPIDNESS. ʃ. [from limpid.] Cicarntl; } purity.

LI'MPI NGLY. ad. [from limp.] In a lame
halting manner.

LI'MV. «. [from litn^.]
1. Viſcous ; glutinous,
2. Containing lime.

To LIN. v.Ti. [ablinnan, Saxon.]
to give over.

LI'NCHPIN. ʃ. [linch and -pir:.]
pin that keeps the wheel on the axle-tree.

LI'NCTUS. ʃ. [from lingo, Latin.] Medicine
licked up by the tongue.

Ll'NDEN. ʃ. [lint?, Saxon.]

LINE. ʃ. [linea, Latin.]
1. Longitudinal extenſion,
2. A (lender ſtring.
3. A thread extended to direct any operations. Dryden.
4. The ſtring that fuflains the ajigler's
hook. ir^lur.
5. Lineamenty, or marks in the luiid or
face. C/ej'oe:and,
6. Delineation ; ficetch. TemfL,
7. Contour ; out] ne. Pope.
8. As much as is w;itten from one m-rgin
to the other ; a vcr!e. Garth.
9. Rank.
10. Work thrown up ; trench. Dryden.
11. Method ; drTpolition. Shakʃpeare.
12. Extenlion ; limit. Milton.
13. EQuatOi- 3 euji:jo^;al cii-cle. Cuil. Spenſer, Grew.
To (top ; Spenſer.
An iroa
The lime. Dryden, Berkley, Moxon.
; 4. Trcgfiiy ; ſimily, al'tendlng or dcfecnling.Shakʃpeare.
15. A line is one tenth of an inch. Locke.
16. [In the read your line
17. Lint or liax.

To LINE. v. a.
1. To cover on the inſide. Hcyle,
2. To put any thing in the inſide. Ca'civ,
3. To guard within. Clarenden.
4. To ſtrongihea by inner works. Shakʃpeare.
5. To cover. Shakʃpeare.
6. To double; to Rren^xhtn. thakſpeare,
7. To impregnate, applied to animals generating.

LI'NEAGE. ʃ. ['ina^e, French.] Race
; progeny; family. Luke.

LI NEAL. a. [Unealis, Lat.]
1. Compoled of lines ; delineated. Wotton.
s. Deſcending. in a direct genealogy. Locke.
3. Claimed by deſcent, Shakʃpeare.
4. Allied by direct deſcent. Dryden.

Ll'WEALLY. - ad. [from , lined] In a direct
line. Clarenden.

LI'NEAMENT. ʃ. [lineament^ Fr,.] Feature
; diſcriminating mark in the form.Shakʃpeare.

LI'NEAR. a. [linearis, Latin.] Compoſed
of lines ; having the form of lines.


LINEA'TION. ʃ. [lineatio, from Unea.]
Draught of a line or lines. Woodward.

LINEN. ʃ. [linuvtf Latin.] Cloth made
of hemp or flax. Dryden.

LI'NEN. a. [Uncus, Latin.]
1. Made of linen, Shakʃpeare.
2. Reſembling linen. Shakʃpeare.

LINENDRA'PER. ʃ. [liner, iad draper.]
He who deals in l.nen.

LING. ʃ. [ling, Ulaadick.]
1. Heath. Bacon.
2. [Litigbe^ Dutch.] A kind of ſea fiſh.

LING. The termiiiation notes comniunly
diivjinution ; as, kicVn^; fomciimes a quality
; as, fii^hng.

To LI'NGER. v. n. [from leng, Saxon.]
1. To remain long in laneuor and pain. Pope.
2. To heſitate; to be in ſuſpenfe. Milton.
3. To remain long. Dryden.
4. To remain long without any action or
determination, Shakʃpeare.
5. To wait lung in expedation 01 uncertainty. Dryden.
6. To be long in producing eſſed.Shakʃpeare.

To LINGER. v. a. ; To protrdd ; to dravy
oUC to IC'lgtb. O^t of uſe, Shakʃpeare.
LINGtR c^.

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LI'NGEIIER. ʃ. [from UPgrr.] One who

LINGERINGLY. a. [from lingering.]
Wirh delay ; tedicuilv. llaU.

LI'NGET. ʃ. [::r,gyt,'2xtnzA.] A ſm:,!!
mih of meta), Cimder.

LI'NGO. ʃ. [P,;rtJ2uere.] Language
; tongue ; I'pecch. Corgrcve.

LINGUA CIOUS. a. [Urguax, Latin.
; Full
ot ti pgiic ; ta'kitive.

LINGlJADENfAL. a. [!ir>gua and dtn,
Latin.] Urtered by the joint action of
th? tongue and tech. tlolder.

LINGUIST. ʃ. [from lingua.] A man
ſkiifui in langujges, Miltoni.

LING WORT. ʃ. An herb.

LI'NliVreNT. ʃ. [//>:/W«^, French ]
menturn. La.] Ointment ; balfam. Ray.

LI'NING. ʃ. [from line.]
1. The inner ccvenng of any thing.
1. That which is within. Shakʃpeare.

LINK. ʃ. [gcUr.cke, Germnn.]
1. A ſingle ring of a chj-n. Prior.
2. Any thing doubled and dcfed together. Mortimer.
3. A chain ; any thing conneifting.Shakʃpeare.
'4. Any ſingle part of a ſeries or chain of
conſequences. tla!e.
5. A torch made of pitch and hards.

To LINK. t/. a. [from the noun.]
1. To complicate ; s:, the links of a
chain. Minn.
2. To unite ; to conjoin in concord.
/S^. » Shakʃpeare.
3. To join. ^ V, .
4. To join by confederacy or contract.
5. To connect. ^ » Thlorfon,
6. To unite or concatenate in a regular ſeries
of conſequences. Hook:.

LI'NKBOY. ʃ. [link and %.] A boy that
carries a torch to accommodate pallengers
with i:ght. More.

LI'NNET. ʃ. [iir.ot, French.] A ſmall
finging bird. P^'/f.

LINSt'ED. y. [femenlivi,Ux:\r\.] The
feed of flax. Mortimer.

_| L?N?>EYWOOLSEY. a. [//«f« and woe/.]
Made of Ji;]e.'i and wool mixed; viJe ; mean. Pope. .

LI'NSTOCK. ʃ. [/f/;/.-, Teutcnick.] A
ftiff of wood with a match at the end of
it, uſed by gunners ih firing cannon. Dryden.

LINT. ʃ. [linteum, Latin.]
1. The ſoft ſubſtance commonly called flax,
2. Linen ſcraped into ſoft woolly ſubſtance
to lay on fores. Wiſeman.

LINTEL. ʃ. [JirAcal^ French.] That pan

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LION'S-TOOTH. ʃ. of the door frame that lies crof; the door
pi.'li over head. Pw//.-

LI'ON. ʃ. Hr,r, F.-erich.] The ficrceft and
moit masnanimoui of tourfnoted hearts.

LI ONESS. ʃ. [feminine of li'.n.] A <he
'i^^- Dryden.

LIONLEAF. ʃ. [leort'pcta^on, Latin.] A
[from -V'.n.] The
The name of in herb,

LIP. '. [lippe, Saxon.]
1. The outer part of the month, the m\ifcIps
that ſhool bcycnd the teeth. Sandys.
2. The edge of any thing. Bumet,
1. To make a lip ; to hang the lip in fulk-
nneſs and contempt. Shakʃpeare.

To LIP. v. a. [from the noun.] To k;fs.
ObtbiP'e. Shakʃpeare.

LIPLA'BOUR. ʃ. [lipznMabour] A^ica
of »he lips Without concurrence of the
minrl. Taylor.

LlPOrHVM0U.«. a. [Xai'ra and hiy.k.]

S'.vooning ; fainting. Harvey.

LIPOTHYMY,/. [xnTo.Vi':t.] Sw,on ;
fainting fir, Taylor.

LIPPED. a. [from //>.] Having lipc.

LI'PFITODE. ʃ. [Iippitude, Fr. Jipjifudo,
Latiri.] BIeaiedneſs of eyts. Bacon.

LI'PWISDOM. ʃ. [//> andTt'./Jsw.] Wif.
dom iii talk without practice. Sidney.

Ll'^LTABLE. a. [from //^wo, Latin.] Such
a« rrny be melted,

LIQU.VnON. ʃ. [f/om !iq::o, Latin.]
1. The art of melting.
2. Cnnicity to be melte.-'.

To Ll'QUATE. T-. n. [1,^,0, Latin.] To
melt ; to liquefy^ Woodward.

LIQUEFACTION. [UquefaSiio, L<t.] The
att of melting ; the ſtate of being melted. Bacon.

LIQUEFIABLE. a. [from 'ii^ffy.] Suth
as may be melted. Bacon.

To LIQUEFY. v. a. [Uqueficr^ French.]
To melt ; to diiFolve, Bacon.

To LI'QUEFY. y. V. To grow limpid. Addiſon.

LIQUE'SCENCY. ʃ. [liqutfrcrtia, Utin.]
A.^n^fs «<) mt^lt.

LIQUE SCENT. ʃ. [Hqu.'fsini, Latin.]Mrlt.
ii e.

LIQUID. a. [liquidt, French.]
). N'oc faiid ; nut forming one continuou ;
fuofbnce ; fluid. Daniel.
2. S'^ft ; clear. Cmjha'u',
3. Pronounced without any jaf or harfii.
neſs Dryden.
4. Diifjlved, ſo as not to be obtainable by
law. ^yi'ff,

LIQUID. ʃ. Liquid ſubſtance ; lupur.
4. Dz To

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To LI'QUIDATE. v. a. [from lit^uid.] To
clear away ; to leHen debts.

LIQUI'DlTY. ʃ. [from liquid.] Subtil ty.

LIQUIDNESS. ʃ. [from liquid.] Quality
of being liquid ; fluency. Boyle.

LI'QUOR. ʃ. [liquor, Latin.]
1. Any thing liqu'd. South.
2. Strong drink ; in familiar language.

To LI'QUOR. v. a. [from the noun.] To LITERA'TI. j.
drench or moiſten. Bacon.

LIRICO'NFANCY. ʃ. A flower.

LISNE. ʃ. A cavity ; a hollow. Hak.

To LISP. ʃ. M. [hlij-p, Saxon.] To ſpeak
with too frequent appulfes of the tongue
to the teeth or palate. Clavelaml.

LISP. ʃ. [from the verb.] The act of liſping. Tatler.

Ll'SPER. ʃ. [from ////'.] One who liſps.

LIST. f. [lifte, French.]
1. A roll ; a cat<.Iogue,
2. [Lice, French.] which tilts are run. Prior.
Incloſed ground in and combats fought.
3. Defire ; willingneſs ; choice. Dryden.
4. A ſtrip of cloth. ' Boyle
5. A border. Hooker.

To LIST. v. a. [lyptm, Saxon.] To chuſe ; to fle'ae ; to be dilp iled. Wlsitgrft.

To LIST. v. a. [from 7/7?, a roll.]
1. To enlift ; to enrol or regiſter. South.
2. To retain and enrnl ſoldiers. Temple.
3. To encloſe for combats. Dryden.
4. To few together, in ſuch a fort as to
make a particoloured Hiew. Wotton.
5. To hearken to ; to liften ; to attend. Shakʃpeare, Ben. Johnſon.

LI'STED. a. Stri'ped ; particoloured i.t long
ſtreaks. Milton.

To LI'STEN. v. a. To hear ; to attend.Shakʃpeare.

To LI'STEN. v. ». To hearken ; to give
attention. Bacon.

LI'STNER. ʃ. [from Upn.] One that
hearkens ; a hearkener. Swift.

LI'STLESS. a. [from //;?.]
1. Without inclination ; without any determination
to one mote than another.
2. Careleſs ; heedJef?. Dryden.

LISTLESLY. ad. [ff m IJlleſs.] Wkhout
thought ; without attention. Lock.

LI'STLESNESS. ʃ. [from lijlleſs.] Inattention
; want of deſire, Taylor.

LIT. the preterite of //^6r. Addiʃon.

LI'TANY. ʃ. [xHava::.] A form of lupplicatorv
prayer. Hcoker. Taylor.

LITERAL. a. [//V^^a/, French.]
1. According to the primitive meaning ;
not figurative. Hammond.
2. Following the letter, or ex: It words.
3. C'-nſiſl.'ns of letters.

LI'TERAL. ʃ. Primitive or literal meaning.

LI'TERALLY. ad. [from literal]
1. According to the primitive import of
words. Swift.
2. With cloſe adherence to words. Dryden.

LITERA'LITY. ʃ. [from literal.] Origi-
nai meaning. Brown.
[Italian.] The learned. Spectator.

LITERATURE. ʃ. [I'ueratura, Latin.]
Le«rning ; ficili in letters. Bacon. Addtfcv.

LITHARGE. ſ. [hthargyruw, Latin.]
Lu/jti'-^« is.properly lead vitrified, either
alone or with a mixture of copper. This
recrement is of two kinds, litharge oſ gold,
and litharge of ſilver. It is collected from
the furnaces where ſilver is ſeparated from
leoid, or from thoſe where gold and ſilver
are purified by means of that metal. The
litharge ſold in the ſhops is produced in
the copper works, where lead has been
uſed to purify that metal, or to ſeparate
ſilver from it. Hill.

LITHE. >. [latSe, Saxon.] Limber ; flexible. Milton.

LI'THENESS. ʃ. [from lithe.] Limbemeſs ; flexibility.

LI'THER. a. [from lithe.] Soft ; pliant. Shakʃpeare.

LITHO'GRAPHY. ʃ. The art or practice
of engra\iing upon ſtone?.

LI'THOMANCY. ʃ. [X(.%; and fxa-!\iU.]
Prediction by Itones. Brown.

LITHONTRITTICK. a. [X;';^ocand Tp;':».]
Any medicine proper to diſfolve the ſtune
in the kidneys or bladder.

LITHO'TOMIST. ʃ. [Xi'&oc and t£>v^ ] A chirurgeon who fxſtracts the flonc by
opening the bladder.

LITHO'TOMY. ʃ. [Xi'S^o? and TS/uvi;.]
The art or praiHice of cutting for the ſtone.

LI'TIGANT. ʃ. [//>/^aA?i, Latin.] One engaged
in a ſuit of law. L'Eſtrange.

LITIGANT. a. Engaged in a juridical
con^ef^-. Ayliffe.

To LI'TIGATE. v. a. [Utigo, Latin.] To
contelt in law ; to oebatc by judicial proceſs.

To LITIGATE. r>. n. To manage a fu.t
; ro carry on a cauſe. Aylffs.

LITIGA'TION. ʃ. [lidgatio, Latin.] Judicial
conteſt : ſuit of law. Clarenden.

LITIGIOUS. a. [litigieux, Fr.]
1. Inclinable to law-ſuiti ; qudrrelfime ; wia-iilng.
2. Diſputable. Donne.
controvertible. Hooker, Dryden.

LITI'GTOUSLY. ad. [from litigious, ]

LITIGIOUSNESS. ʃ. [Uam litlg'oui.] A
wrangling diipoſition,


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LI'TTER. ʃ. [lifitre, French.]
1. A kind of vehiculary bed. Dryden.
2. The ſtraw laid under animals.
4. A brood of young.
4. Any number of things thrown fluttiſhiy
about. i^Swift.
5. A birth of snimals. Dryden.

To LITTER. v. a. [from the noun, ;
1. To bring forth : uſed of be-ft?. Brown.
2. To cover with things negligently. Swift.
3. To cover with ſtraw. Dryden.

LITTLE. a. [cemp. Ufi, ſuperlat. Uojl ;
Jytei. Saxon.]
1. Small in quantity. 'Jcfoua.
2. Not great ; ſmall ; diminutive ^ of
ſmall bulk. Locke.
3. Oi ſmall dignity, power, or imp-.Mtance.
1 Sam.
4. Not much ; not many,
t;. Some ; not none. Locke.

1. A Iniall ſpace. Dryden.
2. A ſmall part ; a ſmall proporti: n,
3. A flight affair. Prior.
4. Not much. Cheyns.

1. In a ſmall degree. Watts.
2. In a ſmall quantity.
3. In ſome decree, but not great. Arbuthnot.
4. Nit much. Swift.

LI'TTLENESS. ʃ. [from little..
1. Smalneſs of bulk. Burnet.
2. Mcanoeſs ; want of grandeur. Addiʃon.
3. Want of dignity. Collier.

LITTORAL. v. a. [littorh, Latin.] Belonging
to the ſhore.

LITURGY. ʃ. [Xilyp^'/a ; liturgie^ V-.]
Form of prayers ; forfRuiary or public^£
devotions. Hooker, Taylor.

To LIVE. T/. w. ['yp'an, Jypjan, Saxon.]
1. To be in a fijie of anim<»iioi ; to bs
rjot dead. Dryden.
2. To paſs life in any certain manner with
regard to habits ; good or ill, happineſs or
miſery. Hammond.
3. To continue in life. Shakʃpeare.
4. To live emphaticaiiy ; to be in a llate
of happineſs. Dryden.
5. To be exempt from death, ttmpoiai
or ſpiritual. I '//)^y.
6. To remain undeſtroyed. Burmt.
7. To continue; not to be loft. Pope.
11. To be in a ſtate of motion or vegetation. Dryden. Milton.
Pope. Dryden. Aeivton,
8. To converſe : to cohatur.
9. To feed.

JO. To maintain one's ſelf.Shakʃpeare.
12. To be unextinguiftied.

LIVE. <7. [from ahve..
1. Qm'.cIc ; not deau. Exodui,
2. Actve ; not extinguiſh?d. Boyle.

Ll'VELESS. ad. [from live.] Wanting
life ; rather i'fe/ej's. Shakʃpeare.

LIVELIHOOD. ʃ. Support of life j' maintenance
; means of livnp.

C!'re\ior. L'Eſtrange.

Ll'VELINESS. ʃ. [from Hvely.]
1. Appearance of life. Dryden.
2. Vivacity ; ſprightlineſs. Locke.

LI'VELODE. ʃ. Mamtenance ; Aipport ; livelihood. Spenſer.

Ll'VELONG. a. [li^ve and long.]
1. Tediou? ^ long In paſſing. Shakſpenrr.
2. Lifting ; durable. Milton.

LIVELY. a. [I:ve in^ Hke.]
1. Briflc ; vigorous; vivacious.
1. Oiy ; airv.
3. Kepreſenting lie.
4. Strong ; energetick.

LI VELlLY. ʃ. .

LIVELY. ʃ. ''^'
1. b'r ſk'.y ; vigorouſly. Hayward.'
2. Wun ſtrong reſemblance of life. Dryden. '_

LI'VER. ʃ. [from live.]
1. One who Irves. Prior,.
2. One who lives in any particular manner. Atterbury.
3. One of the entrail,-. Shakʃpeare.

LI'VERCOLOUR. a. [^iver and coour. ;
Ddrk red. Woodward.

LI'VEAGROWN. a. [liver and grown.]
Hdving a great liver. Graunt^.

LI'VERWORT. f. [liver and wort.] A

LIVERY. ʃ. [from Uvrer, French.]
1. The act of giving or taking puireſſion,Shakʃpeare.
2. Releaſe from wardflap. King Charles.
3. The writ by which polTeflion is obtained.
4. The ſtate of being kept at a certain
rate. Spenſer.
5. The closths given in ſt-rvants. Pope. .
6. A particular oreſs ; a garb worn as a
token or conſequence of any thing. Sidney.

LI VERYMAN. ʃ. [iivery and wan]
1. One who u ears a livery ; a lervantof
an inferior kind. Arbuthnot.
2. [In London.] A freeman of Ionic
ſtanding in a company.

LIVES.]. [the plural of lif:.] Donne.

LI'VID. a. [lividut, Latin.] Difcoloured.
as with A blow. Bacon.

[I-zpid'^t', French.] Dilcok> jfd'j'-'n, iii by a bl?nv, Ar'^-'f-n:',


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LI'VING. ʃ. [from live.]
1. Support ; maintenance ; fortune on
which one lives. Sidney.
2. Power of centinuing life. VEPrange,
3. Livelihood. Hubberd'i Talc,
4. B-nefice of a clergyman. Spenſer.

LI'VINGLY. ad. [from living.'} In the
living ſtate. Brown.

LlVRE. ʃ. [French.] The fum by which
the French reckon their money, equal
nearly to our /Killing.

LIXl^'VIAL. a. [from lixivium, Latin.]
1. Impregnated with falts like a lixivi-
^jtn. Arbuthnot.
2. O'^tained by lixivium. B-tyk.

LI'XIVIATE. a. [from /..;W«»2.] Making
a lixivium. Brown.

[Lat.] Lye; water impregnated
with fait of whatſoever kind. Boyle.

LI'ZARD. ʃ. [li/ardci French.] An animal
reſembling a ferment, with legs added to it.Shakʃpeare.

LIZA'RDITAL. ʃ. A plant.

U^A'RDSTONE . ſ. [lizard and Jlom.]
A kini of rton:.

L. L. D f. [legum do^ar.] A doſtor of the
canon and civil law?,

LO. interjtfl. [1 , Saxon.] Look ; fee; behold. Dryden.

LOACH. ʃ. [toche, French.] A fiſh : he
breeds and feeds in little and clear ſwift
brooks or rill?, and lives there upon the
gravel, and in the ſharpeſt ſtreams : he
grows not to be above a finger long : he is
of the ſhape of an eel, and has a beard of
wattels like a bafbeJ. Walton.

LOAD. ʃ. [hl»'&-, Saxon.]
1. A burthen; a freight ; lading. Dryden.
2. Any thing that depreſſes. Ray.
3. As muth drink as one can bear.


To LOAD. v. a. [hiabfn, Saxon.]
1. To burden ; to freight. Shakʃpeare.
3. To encumber ; to em'barrafi. Locke.
3. To charge a gun. Wiſemar,
4. To riiske heavy by ſomething appended
or annexed. ^ad'.jor.

LOAD. ʃ. The leading vein in a mine.

LO'ADER. ʃ. [from load.l^ Ke who loads,

LO'ADSMAN. ʃ. [<W<? and fnan.] He who
leads the way ; a pilot.

LO'ADSTAR. f. [from larbsn, to lead.]
The prleftar ; the cynofure ; the leading
or guiding !>ar, Spenſer.

LO'ADSTONE. ʃ. Themagnetj the.ſtone
on which the mariners compaſs needle is
touched to give it a dire6lion north and
fr'irh. HiU.

LOAF. ʃ. [from hl'p, Saxon.]
1. A tndh of brcaa as it is torired by the

baker : a loaf is thicker than a cakf, Hayward.
1. Any maſs into which a body is wrought. Mortimer.

LOAM. ʃ. [hm, laam, Saxon.] Fat, unctuous,
tenacious, earth ; marl.Shakʃpeare.

To LOAM. v. a. [from the noun.] To
fmear with loam, marl, or clay ; to clay». Moxon.

LO'AMY. a. [from ham,^^ Marly. Bacon.

LOAN. ʃ. [hh-en, Saxon.] Any thing
lent ; any thing given to another, on condition
of return or repayment. Bacon.

LOATH. a. [W6. Saxon.] Unw Ihng-; diſhking ; not ready. Sidney, Spenſer, Southern.

To LOATHE. v. a. [from the n un.]
1. To hate ; to look on with abhorrence. Sidney.
%, To conſider with thediſguſt of fatiety.
3. To fee food with diſhke. S>^nticy,

To LOATHE. v. n. To create diſguſt; to cauie a'^hoi rence. Spenſer.

LO'ATHER. ʃ. [from loath,} One that

LO'ATHFUL. ʃ. [/sa/i. and /«'/.]
1. Aohorring ; hating Hubberd^s Tale,
t. Abhorred ; hated. Spenſer.

LO'ATHINGLY. ad. [from loatle] In
a faſti^ious manner.

LOATHLY. a. [from loath.] H etui
; abhorred. c^hn.kef care,

LOATHLY. ad. [from loath ] Unwillingly
; w thout I'king or inclination. Dtnne.

LO'ATHNESS. ʃ. [from loath.] Unwillingneſs. Bacon.

LOATHS OME. a. [from loath,;
1. Abhrred; deteliable. South.
2. Caufing fatiety or faſtidiouſneſs.Shakʃpeare.

LO'ATHSOMENESS. ʃ. [from loatbſome.]
Quality of raiſing hatred. Addiſon.

LOAVES. plural of loaf. Bacon.

LOB. ʃ.
1. Any one heavy, clumfy, or fltigg ſh.Shakʃpeare.
2. Lob's pound ; a priſon. Hudibras.
3. A big worm. Walton.

To LOB. ʃ. a. To let fall in a fl vr-nly or
any manner. Shakʃpeare.

LO'BBY. ʃ. [laube^ German.] An dpthing
before a room. Wotton.

LOBE. f. [lohe, French; XoCo?-] A diviſion
; a diftind part : uſed commonly for
a part of the Inngs. Arbuthnot.

LOBSTER. f. [lobj-teja, Saxon.] Acruftaceous
fiſh. Bacon.

LO'CAL. a. [locus, Latin.]
1. Having the properties of place. Prior.
2. Relating to place. Stillingfleet.
3. Being in a particular place. Digby.


LOCA'LITY. ʃ. [from local.] Ex rtence la
place ; relation of pi-»ce, or diſtancee. Granville.

LO'CALLY. a. [from /fcj/] With leifizti
10 place. G/afvile.

LOCATION. ʃ. [locatio, La tin.] Sicuati.
n with reſpt<fl lo place ; act of placing. Locke.

LOCH. ʃ. A lake. ScottiHi. Ch^yne.

LOCK. ʃ. [loc, Saxon.]
1. An inſtrument compoſed of ſptings and
» bolts, uſed to faſtendjors or chttls. Spenf.
1. The part of the gun by which fire is
ſtruck. Grew.
3. A hug ; a grapple. Milton.
4. Any incloſure. Dryden.
5. A quantity of hair or wool hanging together. Spenſer.
6. A tuft. Addiſon.

To LOCK. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To fnut or fallen with locks. Dryden.'
2. To ſhut up or confine, as with locks.Shakʃpeare.
3. To cloſe fd(^. Gay.

To LOCK. 1'. n,
1. To become faſt by a lock. Spenſer.
2. To unite by mutual iofertion. Boyle.

LO'CKER. ʃ. [frona kck.] Any thing that
is cLi'ed with a lock ; a drawer.
R. Crufof,

LO'CKET. ʃ. [hqu't, French.] A ſmall
lock ; any catch or ſpnng to fallen a necklace,
or other ornament. Hudibras.

LO'CKRAM. ʃ. A ſort of coarſe linen. Shakʃpeare.

LO CKRON. ʃ. A kind of ranunculub.

LOCOMO'TION. ʃ. [locus and motus, Lat.]
PuWei oKhanging place. Brown.

LOCOMO'TIVE. a. [yocus and mo'Vio, Lat.]
Chinking place ; having the power of removing
or changing place. Denham.

LOCUST. ʃ. [/«a//<3. Latin.] A devouring
infeſt. Arbuthnot.

LO'CUST-TREE. ʃ. A tree. MilUr,

LODESTAR. See Loadstar.

LODESTONE. See Loadstone.

To LODGE. v. a. [Ionian, Saxon.]
1. To place in a temporary habitation. Bacon.
2. To afford a temporary dwelling. Dry.
3. To place ; to plant. Oticay,
4. To fix ; to ſettle. Shakʃpeare.
5. To place in the memory. Bacon.
6. To harbour or cover. Addiſon.
7. To afford place to, Cheyne.
8. To lay flat. Shakʃpeare.

To LODGE. v. 71.
1. To reſide; to keep reſidence. Mil:cn,
2. To take atemp^ary habitdtioa.
2. Sam.
3. To take up reſidence at night. Taylor.
4. To lie fiat. Mortimer.

LODGE. ʃ. [hris, French.]

1. A ſmall houſe in a park or foreſt. Mik,
2. Any ſmall houſe ; as, the porter's

LO'DGEMENT. ʃ. [from lodge i hgement.
1. Accumulation, or collocation in a certain
place. Denham.
2. PofTc/fion of the enetry's work. AdJ,

LODGER. ʃ. [from lodge.]
1. One who Jives in loams hired in the
houſe of another. Arbuthnot.
2. One that reſides in any place. I.c>pe»

LODGING. ʃ. [from lodge.]
1. Temporary habitatioa ; rooms hired ja
the houſe of another. Bacon.
2. Place of reſidence, Spenſer
3. Harbour ; covert. Sidney.
4. Convenience to ſleep on» Rav,

LOFT. ʃ. [lloft, WelfL ;
1. A floor. J^acofi,
2. The higheſt floor, .>penfir,
3. Rooms on high. Miiteii,

LO'FTILY. ad.^ [from lo/fy.]
1. On high ; in an elevated place.
2. Proudly ; haughtily. Pſalm.
3. With elevation of language or ſentiment
; ſublimely. Spenſer.

LO FTINESS. ʃ. '[from lofty ]
1. Height ; local cievation.
2. Sublimity ; elevation of ſentiment,
3. Pride; haughtineſs. CoUarm

LOFTY. a. [from loft, or ////.]
1. High ; hovering^ elevated in place.
2. Sublime ; elevated in ſentiment. Milttn,
3. Proud ; haughty. Dryden.

LOG. ʃ.
1. A ſhapeleſs bulky piece of wood. Bacon.
2. An Hebrew meaſure, which held a
(quarter of a cab, and conſequently five-fixths
of a pint. Calmer,

LO'GARITHMS. ʃ. [X;>o- and a»<:&,uof.)
The indexes of the ratios of aumbers one
to another, Harrit,

LO'GGATS. ʃ. A play or game, S6ak.

LO'GGERHEAD. ʃ. [logge, Dutch, iiuptd,
and bead.] A dolt ; a blockhead; a
thickfcul. L'Eſtrange.

To fall to LOGGERHEADS. ʃ. To ſcufiic
; Tj^5 fa LOGGERHEADS. ʃ. to fight
without weapons. L'Eſtrange.

LO'GGERHEADED. a. [from loggerbecd.]
Dull ; ſtupid ; doltiſh, Shakʃpeare.

LO'GICK. ʃ. [/cgiVd, Latin.] Logick 1% iht
act of uſing rtitioa well in our in-juiriet
after truth, and the communication of it
to others. jyatu,

LO'GICAL. a. jTom logick.]
1. Pertaining la logick. Hooker.
2. Skilled in logick ; furniſhed with logick. Addiſort,


LO'GICALLY. ad. [from logical'] According
to the laws of Jogick. Prior.

LOGI'CIAN. ʃ. [logic'un, French.] A
teacher or profclier of iogick ; a man verf-
ed in Iogick. Pope. . ii^vf

LO'GMAN. ʃ. [%2nd man.] One whoſe
buſineſs is to carry logs. Shakʃpeare.

LOGOMACHY. ʃ. [Koyoixa-xJa.] A con-
tention in words ; a concencion about
words. Hewel.

LO'GWOOD. ʃ. Log^vood is of a very denfe
and firm texture ; it is brought to us jn
very large and thick blocks or logs. It is
heavy, hard, and of a deep, ſtrong, red
colour. It grows on the coall of the bay
of Campeachy. /iW/.

LO'HOCK. y. Medicines which are now
commonly called eclegma's, iaaioatives,
or linflus's. Quincy.

LOIN. ʃ. [Ikvyn, Welft.]
1. The back of an anJmal carved cut by
the butcher.
2. Lotns
; the reiovS, Milton.

To LO'ITER. v. a. [loteren, Dutch.] To
linger ; to ſpend time careleſsly. Locke.

LO'ITERER. f. [from loiter.] A Jingerer
; an idler ; a lazy wretch. Hayward. Otiocy.

To LOLL. v. rt.
1. To lean idly ; to reſt la2ily againſt any
thing, Dryden.
2. To hang out. Uſed of the tongue. Dryden.

To LOLL. v. a. To put out. Dryden.

LO.MP. ʃ. A kind of roundiſh fiſh.

LONE. a. [conira(^ted from alone.]
1. Solitary. Savage.
2. Single ; without company. Pojie,

LO'NELINESS. ʃ. [kom lonely.] Solitude ;
want of company. Sidney.

L'ONELY. a. [from lone.] Solitary ; addiſted
to folitude. Shakʃpeare.

LO'NENESS. ʃ. [from lone.] Solitude ;
diſhke of company. Donne.

LO'NESOME. a. '[from lone.] Solitary ;
diſmal. Blackmore.

LONG. a. [longus, Latin ]
1. Not ſhort. Luke.
2. Having one of its geometrical dimenſions
in a greater degree than cither of the
other, Boyle.
3. Of any certain meaſure in length. Lam.
4. Not ſoon ceaſing, or at an end. Exodus.
.5. Dilatory. Eccluſ.
6. Longing ; deſirous, Sidney.
7. Reaching to a great diſtancee. Deuter.
8. Protracted ; as, a long note,

LONG. ad.
1. To a great lergth. Prior.
2. Not for a ſhort time, Taitfax,
3. In the comparative, it ſignifies for
inore time ; and in the ſuperiative, for
niuit time. Locke.
4. Not ſoon. ^at.
5. At a point of duracioh far difiant.
Ti Hotfun,
6. [For along ; ab long, Fr.] All along ;
throughout. Shakʃpeare./i>,

LONG. v. a. By the fault. Shakʃpeare.

To LONG. v. n. To dedre earneſtly ; to
wiſh with eagerneſs continued. Fairfax.

LONGANIMITY. ʃ. [lo7:gummitas, Lat.]
; patience of offences. Howel.

LONGBOAT. ʃ. Thelargeit boat belonging
to a ſhip. Wotton.

LONGE'VITY. ʃ. [longavus, Latin. ;
Length of life. Arbuthnot.

LONGI'MANOUS. a. [longimanus, Latin.;
Long-hdndca ; having long hands. Brown.

LONGI'METRY. ʃ. [longus and ^Hrpi^ ;
longimttrie, French.] The art or practice
ot mealurujg oiſtances. Cheyne.

LO'NGING. ʃ. [from Lng.] Eirneſt uefire. Sidney.

LO'NGINGLY. ad. [from longing.] With
incellant wiſhes. Dryden.

LONGITUDE. ʃ. [longitude, French ; longttudo,
1. Length ; the greateſt dimenſion.
2. The circumference of the earth meaſured
from bny meridian. Abbot.
3. The diftdnce of any part of the eartll
to the eact or weſt of any place. Arbuthnot.
4. The poſition of any thing to eaſt or
weſt. Brown.

LONGITU'DINAL. a. [longitudinal, Fr.]
Mcdfored by the length ; running in the
longeſt direction. Cheyne.

LO'NGLY. ad. [from long.] Longingly ;
with great liking. Shakʃpeare.

LO'NGSOME. a. [from long.] Tedious ;
weariſome by its length. Bacon.

LO'NGSUFFERING. a. [long and ſuffering.]
Patient ; not eaſily provoked. Ex.

LO'NGSUFFERING. ʃ. Patience of offfme
5 clemency. Rogers.

LO'NGTAIL. ʃ. [long ix^ tail.] Cut and
long tail : a caaung term. Shakʃpeare.

LO'NGWAYS. ad. in the longitudinal direction. Addiſon.

LONGWINDED. a. [long and wtnd.]
Long- breathed ; tedious, Swift.

LO'NGWISE. ad. [long and wife.] la
the longitudinal direction. Bacon.

LOO. ʃ. A game at cards. Pope. .

LO'OBILY. a. [loohy .r-A like.] Aukwaro ;
clumfy. L'Eſtrange.

LOOF. ʃ. It is that pirt aloft of the ſhip
Which lies juſt before the chefi-trc«, as
far as the bulk head of the caſtlr.
Sea D/fficnjry.

To LOOP. v. a. To bring tLc ſhip cloſe to
a wind,

LO'OBV. ʃ. A lubber ; a clumfy clown.

LO'OFED. a. [from ai'ocf.] Gone to a
diſtancee- Shakʃpeare.

To LOOK. v.n, [locan, Saxon.] 1. To direct the eye to or from any object. Boyle.
2. To have power of fe ing. Dryden.
3. To direct the intellectual eye.
i^tUlin^fie t.
4. To expert, Cari/don.
5. To take care ; to watch, Locke.
6. To be directed with regard to any object. Proverbs.
7. To have any particular appearance. Spratt.
8. To ſeem. Burnett.
9. To have any air, mien, or manner.Shakʃpeare.
10. To form the air in any particular
manner. Milton.
11. To Loox about one. To be alarmed
; to be vigilant. Harvey.
1%. To Look after. To attend ; to take
care of. Locke.
13. To Look for. To expert, Sidney.
14. To Look into, To examine; tohrt ;
to inſpcrt cloſely. Atterbury.
15. To Look OH. To reſpect ; to regard; to eſteem. Dryden.
16. To Look o». To conſider. South.
17. TtfLooKow. To be a mere idle ſpectator. Bacon.
18. To Look oa/fr. To examine ; to try
one by one. Locke.
19. To Look out. To ſearch ; to feck.
20. To Look out. To be on the watch. Collier.
^l. To Look to. To watch ; to take
care of. Shakʃpeare.
21. To Look to. To behold.

To LOOK. v. a.
t. To ſcek ; to ſearch for. Spenſer.
2. To turn the eye upon, 2 Kings.
3. To influence by looks. Dryden.
4. To Look out. To diſcover by ſearching-

LOOK. interj. Sec ! lo ! behjld ! obſerve. Bacon.

LOOK. ʃ.
1. Air of the face; mien ; caſt of the
countenance. ſ. Dryden. jun.
2. The art of looking or feeing. Dryden.

LO'OKER. ʃ. [from l,ok.]
1. One that looksa,
Lgoksr p», Spectator. not agent.
Hooker > LOO

LOOKING-GLASS. ʃ. f /oc. and g!afr, ; Miri.] ;
a glaſs which TneAs firins refl.
iited. South.

LOOM. ʃ. [Z,c«r. a tool or inſtrument,
y^'iui.j The frame in which < he weavers
work their cloth yfdd.j'r,rr.

To LOOM. ^'. n. [leuman, Saxon.] To
ip^cr at ſcH. 6iinner,

LOOM. ʃ. A bird, A horn is as big n a
g ole ; of a da k col.-ur, da-pled with
white ſputs on the ntck, back, ano wings
; each ffdther marked near the o i .t with
two ſpL.ts: they b.eed in Farr Ifland.

LOON. ʃ. A forry felLw ; a ſcoundrel. Dryden.

LOOP. ʃ. [from hopen, Dutch] A doui.le
through which a Hring or laie is diawn ;
aT or amental double or fri ge Spenſer.

LO'OPED. a. [from /oop.] fu'i of Holes.Shakʃpeare.

LO'OPHOLE. ʃ. [loop and hole.]
1. Ai:erture ; hole to give a puifage. Mkon,
2. A ſh ſt ; an evafi n. D \ii.n,

LO'OPHOLED. a. [from loophole.] Full
of boles ; luii of opening', huJbrus,

LOORD. ʃ. [herd, Dutch ; A df r.e.

To LOOSE. v. a. [lepan, Sax. n.]
1. To unbind ; to untie any thing f-ftened. Burnet.
2. To relay. JJanie',
3. To unbind any one bound, Arbuth.
4. To free from impriſonment. Arbuth.
5. To free from any obligatiop. 1 Co ,
6. To free from any thing that ſh^ckJeS
the mind. Dryden.
7. To free from any thing painful. Luke.
8. To di (engage. Dryden.

To LOOSE. v. n. To ſet fail ; to depart
by V ofing the anchor. yi^j,

LOOSE. a. [from the verb.]
1. Unbound ; untied. Shakʃpeare.
2. Not faſt ; not fixed. Berkley.
3. Not tight: as, a looſe robe,
4. Not crouded ; not c off. Milton.
5. Winton; not chal\e, Spenſer.
6 Not cloſe
; not conciſe ; hx. Fe/ron,
7. V.gue ; indetermina'e. Arbuthnot.
8. Not Hrirt ; not \'t:\\ Hooker.
9. UnctnneClea ; r.n)b.pg. Watrs,

JO. Lax ' f b dy ; not crtive. Locke.

II. Difengaged ; notfnflived Aterbury,
J2. D fergaged from obligation. Ad'lcn,
13. fiee from cni,fincn-K-nt. Prior.
14. Rerr-afs ; not attentive.
15. To break Loose. To jiain liberty.
16. To let Loose. To ſet at liberty ; .0
ſet Dt large. Taylor.

LOOSE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
4. E 1. Li. Dryden, Spenſer, Norris, Camden, Hooker, Bacon, Dryden, Dryden, Bacon.
f . Liberty : freedom from reſtraint. Dryden.
2. Difmiſſion from any reſtraining force.

LO'OSELY. ad. [from foofe.l
1. Not iA[\ ; not firmly.
2. Without bandage.
3. Without union or connexion,
4. Irregularly.
5. N-gligently ; careleſsly.
6. Uaolidly i
meanly ; without dignity.Shakʃpeare.
7. Unchaftly. ^'P''

To LOOSEN.' V. a. [from /oo/>.] To parr.

To LO'OSEN. v. K. [from hoj~e.'[
1. To rebx any thing tied.
2. To make leſs coherent,
3. To ſeparate a compages.
4. To free from reſtraint,
5. To make not coftive.

LOOSENESS. ʃ. [from hofe.]
1. State contrary to that of being fait or
fixed. B/'
2. Latitude ; criminal levity. Atterbury.
1. Irregularity; neglect of laws.
^ Hayward.
4. Lewdneſs; unchiftity. Spenſer.
c. DiarrhcEJ ; flux of the belly. Arbuth.

LOOSESTRIFE. ʃ. Vyfimach.a, Lat.] An

To LOP. v. a.
1. To cut the branches of tree?,Shakʃpeare.
2. To cut any thing. HcMel.

LOP. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. That which is cut from trees. Mortimer.
2. [LofcfiJ, Swediſh.] A flea.

LOPE. pret. of/^tf/>. Ooſolete. Spenſer.

LO'PPER. ʃ. [from hp.^ One that cuts
trees. .

LOOUA'CIOUS. a. [Ioju<ix, Latin.]
1. Foil of talk ; full of tongue. Milton.
2. Speaking. Fhl;p:.
3. Blabbing ; not ſecret.

LOQUA'CITY. ʃ. [/ojuJci'tas, Latin.] Too
much talk. ^J''

LORD. ʃ. [hlapop^, Saxon.l
1. Monarch; ruler; governour. Milton.
2. Mjfter; Uipreme peffoii. Shakʃpeare.
3. A tyrant ; an oppreſſive ruler. Hayward.
4. A huſband. P'f'
c One who is at the head of any bufmeU ; at. overſeer.
6. A nobleman. Shakʃpeare.
7. A general name for a peer of England.
. King Charles.
8. A baron.
9. An honorary title applied to offices; as, lord chief juſtice, lord mayor.

To LORD. v. n. To domineer ; to rule
deſpotically. Spenſer, Philtps.

LORDING/. [from /ore/.]' Lord in contempt
or ridicule. Shakʃpeare.

LO'RDLING. ʃ. A diminutive lord. Swift.

LORDLINESS. ʃ. [from lordly..
1. Dignity; high flation. Shakʃpeare.
2. Pride ; haughtineſs.

LO'RDLY. a. [from /;r^.]
1. Beriting a lord. South.
1. Pſoud ; haughty ; imperious; inſolent. Swift.

LO'RDLY. ad. Imperiouſly ; deſpoticaliy ;
proudly. Dryden.

LO'RD&#383;ſhip. ſ. [from lord.]
1. Dominion ; power. Sidney. Wottott,
2. Seigniory ; domain. Dryden.
3. Title of honour uſed to a nobleman
not a duke, Ben. Johnson.
4. Titulary compellation of judges, and
foire other perſons in authority.

LORE!. ʃ. [from la-jian, to learn.] Leſſon ; do(ſtrine; mſtrutſtion. Fairfax, Milton, Pope. .

LORE. [leojinn, Saxon.] Loft ; deſtroyed.

LO'PvEL. ʃ. [from leofian, Saxon.] An
abandoned ſcoundrel, Spenſer.

To LO'RICATE. v. a. To plate over. Ray.

LO'RIMER. ʃ. / {krmitr^ French.] Bridle-

LO'RINER. ʃ. cutter.

LO'RIOT. ʃ. A kind of bird.

LORN. pret. paſt. of Irpian, Saxon. Forſaken
; loft. Spenſer.

To LOSE. v. a. [leofan, Saxon.]
1. To forfeit by unlucky conteſt ; the
contrary to win. Dryden.
2. To be deprived of. Knolles.
3. To fufter deprivation of. Matthew.
4. To poſſeſs no longer ; contrary to keep.
5. To have any thing gone io as that it
cannot be found, or had again. nft.
To bewilder. J^i^g Charles,
7. To deprive of. Templi,
8. To kill ; to deſtroy.
9. To throw away ; to employ ineffectually. Pope. .
10 To miſs ; to part with, ſo as riot to
recover. Clarenden.

To LOSE. v. n.
1. Not to win. Shakʃpeare.
2. To decline ; to fail, Milton.

LO'SEABLE. a. .[from /a/f.] Subject to
privation. Boyle.

LO SEL. ʃ. [from kpan, to periſh ] A
fcoundrel ; a furry worthies fallow.
Hubberd's Tale,

LO'SER. ʃ. [from loje.] One that is deprived
of any thing ; one that forfeits any
thing ; the contrary to winner or gainer. Taylor.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


LOSS. ʃ. [from loſe]
1. Furfeiture; the contrary to gain.
2. Ml^, Shakʃpeare.
3. Deprivation,
4. Deſtruflion, Dryden.
5. F-iulr; puzzle. South.
6. Uſeleſs application. ^licitjoi.

LOST. fij'tiiipia/ a. [from /c/<r.] No longer
perceptible. Pope.

LOT. ʃ. [hlor Saxon.]
1. Fdftune ; ſtate afligned.
2. A die, or any thing uſed in determining
chjnces. Dryden.
3. A lucky or wiſhed chance. Shakſp.
4. A por'ion ; a parcel of g. ods as being
drawn by lot.
5. Proportion of taxes : as, to pay feet
and /rr,

LOTE tree or net tlf tree.
f. A tree.

LOTION. ʃ. [ktio, Latin ; htion, French.]
A 'odon is a form of medicine compouniied
of aqueous liquid?, uſed to waſh. ^uircy.

LO'TTERY. ʃ. [.'ottene, French, from lot.]
A game of chance ; a fortilege ; diſtributirtn
of prizes by chance. South.

LO'VAGE. ʃ. [Uvihicum, Latin.] A pUnr.

1. Noify ; ſtrikingthe ear with great force. Pope. .
2. Clamorous ; turbulent. Frov.

LO'UDLY. ad. [from loud.]
1. Noiſhy ; ſo as to be heard far. Dfr.ham.
2. Chrnorouſly, Swift.

LO UDNESS.- ʃ. Noife ; force of found ; toibulence; vehemence or furiouſneſs of
clamour. Scuib,

To LOVE. 'v,a. ſtupnn, Saxon.]
1. To regard with paſſionate aſſeſlion. Cowley.
2. To regard with the affection of a friend.
3. To regard with parental tendernef'. John.
4. To be pleaſed with. Bacon.
5. To regard with reverent unwilliugneſs
to offend.

LOVE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The palTicn between the ſexes. Pope. .
2. Kindneſs ; good, will ; fncndlTiip. Cowley.
3. Courtship. Bacon.
4. Tenderneſs ; parental care. Til.otp.n.
5. Likine ; inclination to.
6. Objed beloved. Shakʃpeare.
7. Lſwdneſs. Shakʃpeare.
8. Unreaſonable liking, Taylor.
9. Fondneſs
; concoid. Shakʃpeare.
10. Principle of union, South.

II. Piclureſquc repreſentation of l^ve. Dryden.
12. A word of endearment, Dryden.
13. Due reverence to God, Uammond,
14. A kind of thin ſilk ſtuff. Boyle.'

LO'VEAPPLE. ʃ. A plant.

LO'VEKNOT. ʃ. [love and knot.] A complicated
figure, by which alFcCtion is fipuree'.

LOVE LETTER. ʃ. [hve tni Utter.] Letter
of courtrtiii', yJdUfon,

LO'VELILY. a.. [from kve'y.] Amiaoiy.

LOVELINESS. f. [from love/y.] Amiableneſs
; (jualitits of mind or body that excite
lve. y^diifon.

LO'VELORN. a. [/.veand/orn.] Forf.^ken
of one's love. Milton.

LOVELY. a. [from /W<rJ Amiable; exciting
lov-. Ttllotfca,

LO'VEMONGER. ʃ. [Ui>e and mgng-r.]
On? who deals in affairs of love. Shakſp.

LO'VER. ʃ. [from ove.]
1. Oae who is in love, Dryden.
2. A friend ; one who regards with kindneſs. Shakʃpearea
3. One who likes any thing. Burnet

LOUVER. ʃ. [itotr.rowvert, French.] An
opening for the ſmoke.

LO'VESECRET. ʃ. [Icve ^M ſecret.] Secret
between lovets. D'vden

LOVtSlCK. a. [/.x-^andyft^.] Difurdered
with love ; languiſhing with amorous deſire.

LO'VESOME. a. [from love.] Lovely. A
word not uſed. Davden

LO'VESONG. ʃ. [Lve and fonr.] Song expreſſing
love. Shakʃpeare.

LO'VESUIT. [/c«^ and /«//.] CouMſh/p. Shakʃpeare.

LO'VETALE. ʃ. [love and tale.] Narrative
«^ lve. Milton.

LO VETHOUGHT. ʃ. [love and tkought.l
Amorous /ancy. Shakʃpeare.

LOVETOY. ʃ. [love and toy.] SmaU prefenrs
given by lovers, Pcte

LO'VETRICK. ʃ. [love and trick] Art of
expreſſing love. Donne.

LOUGH. ʃ. [loch, Iriſh, a lake.] A lake; a large inland ſtanding water. Fairfjx,

LO'VING. participial a. [from love.]
1. Kind ; affeſtionate. Hayward.
1. Exprelling kindneſs, Efther

LO'VINGKINDNESS. Tenderneſs ; U.
v-ar; mercy. Rofrers,

LO'VINGLY. ad. [from lo-oing.] Aftfctionately
; with kindneſs. Tavlor

LO'VINGNESS. ʃ. [from loving] Kindl
ncls ; affection,

LOUIS D'OR.f. [French.] A golden coin
of France, valued at about levenſeen ſhil-
I'fgs- apc^atcr.

To LOUNGE. v. n. [lundererr, Dutch.] To
idle ; to live lazily,

LOUNGER. f. [from lounge.] An idler.

LOURGE. ʃ. [Un^uno, Latin.] A tall gan-
6'. ^ini'ivorth.
4. E a LOUSE.

LOUSE. f. plurtl //.<. fluf, Saxon.] Afmftll
animal, of which different ſpecies live on
tbs bodies of men, beaſts, and perhaps of
all Jiving creatures. Berkley.

To LOUSE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
clean from licr. Spenſer.

LOUSEWORT. ʃ. The name of a ^Unt.

LOUSlLY. ad. [from kuſe} In a paltry,
mean, and ſcurvy way.

LO'USINESS. f. [from loufy.] The ſtate of
ahonnding with lice.

LO'USY. a. [from louf,!.
1. Swarming with lice ; over run with
lice, Mortimer.
2. Mean ; law born ; bred on the dunghil.Shakʃpeare.

LOUT. f. [locte, old D<itch.] A mean aukward
fellow ; a bumpkin ; a clown. Sdn y.

To LOUT. I'.n. [hlut^n, to bend, Saxon.]
To pay che lance; to bow. Ben. Johnson.

LO'U I ISH. a. [from lout.] Cl^wniſh ; biimpk nly, Sidney.

LO'UTISHLY. a. [from /o«r] With the
air of a clown ; with the gait of a bumpk

LOW. a.
1. Not high.
2. Not riling far upwards. Ezſk.
3. Not eirvated in ſituation. Bumct.
4. D> ſcending far downwards ; deep.
5. Not depp ; not ſwellinghigb ; ſhallow
; Uf d af water. L'Eſtrange.
6. N >i of high price : as, corn it. low.
7. Not loud; not niMfv. h aler.
8. In latitudes near t the lin. ribhot,
9. Not r-.ſh g to ſo preat a fum is ſome cther
accumulation of particuUr . Burnet.
10 Lutein time: as, the /ower empire.
11. Djvfted} depreſT'.d. Prior.
12. Iinp'tt-nt ; fuhdued. Graunt,
13. Not elevated in raok or ſtatioR ; abject.
14. Diſhonourable ; betokening msanneſs
of mind.
15. Not ſublime ; not exalted in thought
or d^aion. fdton,
16. Reduced; in poor circumftances ; as,
I am Ino in the world.

LOW. ad.
1. Not aloft ; not at a high price ; meanly.
2. In times near our own. Locke.
3. With a depitflion of the voice. Addiʃon.
4. In a ſtate of lubjection. Spenſer.

To LOW. v. a. [f»om the adjective.] To
ſink ; to make low. Swift.

To LOW. v. n. [hlcpan, Saxon.] To bellow
.s a cow. Roſcommon.

LO(WBELL. ʃ. A kind of fowling in the
n got, in which the birds are wakened by
a bell, and luied by a fl.»me.

LOWE. f. From the 3axon hie. p, a hill,
hf^r, or barrow. Cibfon,

To LOWER. iJ^a, [from Aw. ;
1. To bring low ; to bring down byway
of ſubmflion. Prjor,
4. To fufrer to ſink down. Woodward.
3. To ielTen ; to make leſs in price or va.
lue. Child,

To LOWER. v. n. To grow leſs ; to fall ;
to ſink. Shakʃpeare.

To LO WER. r. n,
1. To appear dark, flormy, and gloomy I
to be clouded. Addiſon.
2. To frown ; to pout ; to look fullen. Dryden.

LO'WER. ʃ. [from the verb.]
r. Cloudineſs
; gloumineſs.
2. Cloudineſs of look. Sidney.

LO'WERINGLY. ad. [from /aw^r.] With
; gloomily.

LO'WERMOST. a. [from /ow, hiver and
mof}.] Loweſt. B^eotj,

LOWLAND. ʃ. [/.wand W.] The country
that is low in leſpedl of neighbouring
; the marih, Dryden.

LO WLILY. ad. [from livly.l
1. Humbly ; without pride.
2. Meanly ; with'^'Ut dignity.

LOWLINESS. ʃ. [from h-wly,.
1. riumility ; freedom frompnde. Atterh,
2. Manneſs \ want of dignity ; abjed dtpre

HI on. Dryden.

LO'WLY. a. [from lo-w.]
1. Humble; meek ; mild. Mitthtiv.
2. Mean ; wanting digtiity ; not great. Pope. .
3. Not lofty ; not ſublime. Drydena,

LO'WLY. ad. [from /.w.]
1. Not highly ; meanly; without grandeu
; wihout dignity, Shakʃpeare.
2. Humbly ; meekly ; modeftly. Milfos,

LOWN. ʃ. [liun, Iriſh;] A ſcoundrel ; a
r.oraI. Shakʃpeare.

LO'WNESS. ʃ. [from /sw.]
1. Ab(e?ice of height ; ſmall diſtancee from
thf ground. A'idifon.
2. Mtanoeſs of condition, whether mental
or externa], Shakʃpeare.
3. Want of rank ; want of dignity. South.
4. Want of ſublimity ; contrary to loftineſs. Donne.
5. Submiffiveneſs. Bacon.
6. Depreſſion ; dpjection. Swift.

To LOWT. ʃ. tf. To overpower, Shakſp.

LOWTHO'UGHTED. a. H.^vu-g the
thoughts with-held from ſublime or heavenly
nifdit.)tions. Pope. .

LOWSPI'RITED. a. [bio and .ſpirit.~\ De.
ieivc-d ; deprfiffed ; ^ not lively. Lf'ck^,

LOXODROMICK. ʃ. [Xo^a? ?nd ^fotAo:.]
L'x'd-omukis the art of obhquc failing by
the rbonnb, which always makes an ecjual
angle with every meridian ; that is, when
you fail neither directly under the equator,
nor under one and the ſame meridian, but
acroſs them.



LO'YAL. a. [loyal, French.]
1. Obedient ; true to the prince. Knolles.
t. Faithful in love ; true to a lady, or
lover. Milton.

LO YALIST. ʃ. [from /yj/.] One who
proſtfles uncemnnon adherence to his kine.

LOYALLY. ad. [from W) With fidelity
; w/iih 'rue adherence to a king, To^it.

LO'YALTY. ʃ. [loiaulte\ French.]
1. Firm and faithful adherence to a prince. Clarendon.
2. Fidfljty to a lady, or lover.

LO'ZENGE. f. IIf'gey French.]
1. A ihomb. TVottorj.
2. Lozenge, is a form of a medicine made
into ſmall pieces, to be held or chewed in
the mouth till melted or waſted.
3. A cake of p refer ved fruit.
Lp. a contraction for Lordſhip.

LU'BBARD. ʃ. [ham lubber.] A lazy ſturdy
fellow. Swift.

LU'BBER. ʃ. [.'uhbed, DaniOi, fat.] A
fturdy drone; i.n ic'e, fit, bulky lolcl ; a
bo by. Carew.

LU'BBERLY. a. [from l^bLer.] Lzzy sni
bulky. Shakʃpeare.

LU'CEEJILY. ad. Aukwardly; clurrfily. Dryden.

LU. ʃ. A g?me at card'. Pope. .

To LU'BRICA IE. v. a. [from lubricus,
Latin.] To make ſmcoth or ſlippery ; to
fm'oth. Shakſp.

To LU'BRIGITATE. v. n. [from hhncuj,
Latin ] To ſmooth ; to make flppery.

LUBRI'CITY. ʃ. [lubicus, Latin.]
1. Siipperineſs ; ſmoothneſs of ſurface.
1. Aptntis to glide over any part, or to
facilitate motion. Ray.
3. Uncertainty ; flipperineſs ; jnftability. More.
4. Wantonneſs ; lewdneA, Dryden.

LU'BRICK. a. [lubrtcui, Latin.]
1. Slippery; ſmooth on the ſurface. Crafo.
2. Uncertain ; unlkady. Wotton.
3. Wanun ; lewd. Dryden.

LUBRICOUS. a. [lubncui, Latin.]
1. Slippery ; I mooth. Woodward.
2. Urcerfain. G ar.vule,

LUBRIFlCA'TION. ʃ. [Iuf>ricus and yfo,
Latin.] The?ttof I'moothing. Ra^.

LUBRIFAC'TION. ʃ. [luhncut and faao,
Latin.] The act of lubricating or ſmt)othing. Bacon.

LUCE. ʃ. [perhaps from lupus, Latin.] A
pike full grown. Shakʃpeare.

LU'CENT. a. [l:^cers, L&t'in.] Shining ;
bright ; ſplendid. Ben. Johnson.

LUCID. f. l,uadus, Latin.]
1. Shning ; bright ; glittering. Newton.
2. Pellucid; tranſparcnt. Milton.
3. Bright with the radiance of intellect; m)t daricened wjih madaeſs, Bensiij,

LUCI'DITY. ʃ. [from lucid.] Splendon; brightneſs. £)«.?

LUCl'FEROUS. a. [luci/er, Latin.] Givm ;
light; aff>>rding means of diſcovery. Bsyla.

LUCI'FICK. a. [lux and facij, Latin.]
Making light ; producing light. Grew.

LUCK. ʃ. [geluck, Dutch.]
1. Chance ; accident ; fortune ; hap ; caſual
event. Boyle.
1. Fortune, good or bad. Temple.

LU'CKILY. ad. [from lucky.] Fortunately ; by good hap. Addiſon.

LU'CKINESS. ʃ. [ITomluciy.] Goed fortune; good hap ; caſual happineſs. Locke.

LU'CKLESS. a. [trnm luck] Unfortunate ;
unhappy. Suckling.

LU'CKY. ʃ. [from luck-, geJuckig, Dutch.]
Fortunate ; happy by chance. Addiʃon.

LU'CRATIVE. a. ['Wran/, French.] Gain.
fill ; profitable ; brirging money. Bacon.

LUCRE. ʃ. [/wfrww, Latin.] Gain ; profit; pecuniary advantage. Pope.

LUCRI FERGUS. a. [lucrum indfero, Lat.]
Gainful ; profitable, Boyle.

LUCRIFICK. a. [/Wr«»j and /;f/o, Latin.]
Producing gain.

LU'CFATION. ʃ. [LSicr, Latin.] Struggle
; effort ; ronteit.

To LU'CUBRATE. ʃ. [lueubror, Latin.]
To watch ^ to ſtudv by mght.

LUCUBRA'TION. ʃ. [Uubra'io, Latin.]
Study by candle-light; nodurnil lludy
; any thing compoſed by night. Taller.

LUCUBRA TORY. a. [lucuiratotiut, Lat.]
Compoſed by candie-light. Pope.

LU'CULENT. a. [/aci//f«r«f, Latin.]
1. Clear; tranſparent ; lucid. Thomfon.
2. Certain ; evident. Hooker.

LUDICROUS. a. [ludiar, Latin.] Burleſque
; merry ; ſportive ; exciting laughter.
Nctei on the Odyjjey.

LU'DICROUSLY. ad. [from ludicrout.]
Sp rtveiy; in buileſque.

LU'DICROUSNESS. ʃ. [from luditrout.]
BurJeſque; ſportivenefr.

LUDIFICA'TION. ʃ. [ludiſcor^ Lat.] The
act of mocking.

To LUFF. v. a. [cr Iccf.] To keep cloſe to
the wind. Sea term. Dryden.

To LUG. To «. [aluccan, Saxon. to pull. ; 1. To ball or drag; to pull with rugged
violence. Collier.
2. To LvG out. To draw a ſword, in burleſque
language. Dryden.

To LUG. v.n. To drag ; to come heavily. Dryden.

LUG. ʃ.
1. A kind of ^mall fiſh, Carev/.
2. [In Scotland.] An ear.
3. A land meaſure ; a pole or perch.

LU GGAGE. ʃ. [from /ug. ; Any thing
cumbrous and unwcildy. Glanville.

UJGU'BRIOU';. a. [lugubre, French; lugubrii, Latin.] Mournfol ; ſorrowful.
Dcc^y of Puty.

1. Moderately or mildly warm. Netutoh.
2. Indifferent ; not ardent ; not zealous.
D>-\den. Addiʃon.

LU'KEWARMLYi ad. [from 'the adjective.; 1. With moderite warmth,
2. With i'-'d ſtVrencP»

LU KEWARMNESS. ʃ. [from hh'warm.]
1. WI'deraie or pieaſing heat,
a Inviffeit-nve ; want of ardour. Spratt.

To LULL. v.a, [ulu, Daniſh ; la'lo, Lat.]
1. To coir.poſe to ſkep by a piea/ing found. Spenſer.
a To compoſe ; to quiet ; to put to reſt. Milton.

LU'LLABY. ʃ. [from lulW] A ſong to ſhil
b bef. Fairfax, Locke.

LUMBA'GO. ʃ. Lumhago''s are pains very
troublcſome about the joins and ſmall of
the back. i^ITicy,

LUMBER. f. [sel'.ma. Saxon, houlholdftuff.
; Any thing uſeleſs or cumberſome, Grew.

To LU'MBER. v. a. [from the noun.] To
heap like uſeldi goods irregularly. Rymtr,

To LU'MBER. v.n. To move heavily, as
b;)hfned with h>s own bulk. Dryden.

LU'MINARY. ʃ. [Lt^inare,hiim.]
1. Any body which gives light. Milton.
2. Any thing which gives intelligence. Wotton.
3. Any one that inſtruds mankind. Berkley.

LUMINA'TION. ʃ. [ſtotnlumen.-\ EirulTjon
of Ji°hf. Dia.

LU'MI^OUS. ʃ. [/«w/«ft^,r, French.]
1. Shining; emitting light. Milton.
2. Enlightened, MtJov.
3. Shining ; bright, J\le%u(6n.

LUMP. ʃ. [iom^i, Dutch.]
1. A fri.all m fs of any matter. Bo^Ie,
2. A rtiapeleſs nnafs. Keil.
3. Mafs undiſtinguiſhed. Woodward.
4. The whole together i the groſs. Milton.

To LUMP. v. a. To take in the groſs, without
attention to particulars. Addiſon.

LU'MPFISH. ʃ. [/«w;. and //?> ; lumfus,
Latin. ) A ſort of fi/l).

LU'MPING. a. [ix^mluml-.] Large; hea-
- vy ; great. Abuthnot.

LU'MI'SH. a. [from /iw;-.] Heavy ;
groſs ;
still ; un-iſhve. Rahgb. Si^ck'ino-. Dryd.

LU MPISHLY. ad. [fr( xn lum^iſhr^ With
hpi'Vjneſs : with ſtupidity.

LU'MPISHNESS. ʃ. [from the adj>aive.]
Stupid hcovineſs.

LU'MPY. a. [ix<vn\lump.] Full of lumps ;
fuii of compad mafTes, Mortimer.

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LU'NACY. ʃ. [from luna, the moon.] A
kind of madneſs influenced by the moon.'. Shakʃpeare. Suckling.

LU'NAR. v. a. [lunaris, Latin.] Relating

LU'NARY. ʃ. to the moon ; under the dominion
of the moon, Brown.

LU'NARY. ʃ. [lur.aria, Latin ; lunaire, Fr.]
Mconvrort. Drayton.

LU'NATED. a. [from luna.] Formed like
a half-moon.

L'UNATICK. a. Mad; having the imagination
influenced by the moon. Shakſp.

LUNATICK. ʃ. A madman. Graurt,

LUNATION. ʃ. [luna, Latin.] The revolution
of the moon. H'ider.

LUNCH. ʃ. [from clutch or chncJb.]

LU'NCHEON. S As much food as one's
hand can hold. Gay.

LUNE. ʃ. [luna, Latin.]
1. Any thing in the ſhape of an half moon.
2. Fits of lunacy or frenzy ; mad freaks,Shakʃpeare.

LUNE'TIE.f. [French.] A ſmall half moon.

LUNGS. f. [lurgen, Sa5fon.] The lights; the part by which breath is inſpired and
expired. Dryden.

LUTvGED. a. [from .'£/?:j'j.]^Having lungs; having the n?.n;re of lungs. Dryden.

LUNG GROWN. a. [lung and gvown.]
The luijjs ſometimes grow fdl to the ſkin
that lines the breart ; ſuchare lung. gronvti,

LU'NGWORT. ʃ. \^pu\monaria, Latin.] A
plant Miller.

LUNlcO'LAR. a. [lunifohve, French ; lur.a
and Jolarii, Laiir;.] Compounded of the
revolution ijf the fun and moon.

LUNT. ʃ. [^«re, Dutch.) The matchcord
with which guns are fired.

LUPINE. ʃ. [/«/>;>;, French.] A kind of
pulle. Dryden.

LURCH. ʃ. To have in <Z>e Lu R C H . To
leAve in a forlorn or deſerted condition. Arbuth.noi,

To LURCH. v.n. [/ofr^-ff, Dutch.]
1. T<^ rtiift ; to play tricks. Shakʃpeare.
2. To lie in wait : we now rather vfelurk. L'Eſtrange.

To LURCH. v. a. [krcor, Latin.]
1. To devour ; to ſwallow greedily. Bacon.
2. To defeat ; to diſappoint. South.
7. To fl:eal privily ; to filch ; to pilfer.

LURCHER. f. [from lurch.]
1. One that watches to ſteal, or lo betray
or entrap. Tatler.
2. [Lurco, Latin.] A glutton ; a gormandizer.

LURE. ʃ. [leurre, French.]
1. bomething held out to call a hawk. Bacon.
2. Any

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2. Any enticement; any thing tbat promifes
advantage. Defbarr.

To LURE. v. a. [from the noun.] To call
haviks. Bacon.

To LURE. v. a. To attract ; ti entice ; to
draw. Gay.

LU'RID. a. [/f/nVi/i, Litin.] Gloomy ; difffial.

To LURK. v.fi. To lie in wait ; to lie hidden; to lie cloſe. Spenſer.

LU'RKER. ʃ. [from lurk.] A thief that lies
i'l Wilt.

LURKINGPLACE. ʃ. [!urk and p!acf.]

HIding place ; ſecret place. [S-Jir,,

LUSCIOUS. a. [from iuxurioui.]
1. Sweet, !o as to nauftace.
2. Sweet in a great degree. Dryden.
3. Plenfing ; delightfol. South.

LU'SCIOUSLY. aJ. [from lufisus.] Sweet
to a preat degree.

LU'SCIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from lufrious.] Immr.
derare ſweetnet's Dt'oiy of Piety.

LU'SERN. ʃ. [.upui cervarius, Latin.] A

LUSH. a. Of a dark, deep, full colour,
oppoſite to pale and taint. Shakʃpeare.

LUSK. a. [/«/<:^^, French.] Idle ; lazy; worthleſs.

LUSKISH. a. [from /://.] Somewhat inclinable
to l;izinef'. or indolence.

LU'SKISHLY. ad. [from /^/./a] Lazily; ini^dlenrlv.

LUSKISHNESS. ʃ. [from ^/'/j.j A diſpofirinn
to hzineſs. Spenſer.

LUSO'RIOUS. a. [/tt/or;«j, Latin.] uſed in
play; ſporrive. Bif/o'.p Sjr.derſon.

LUSORY. a. [luforius,hiX.] uſedinplay.

LUST. ʃ. [!i:rr, Saxon.]
1. Carnal defKe. Taylor.
2. Any violent or irregular deſire.

To LUST. v. ſt.
1. To deſire carnally. Roſcommon.
2. To deſire vehemently. Knolles.
3. To lift
; to like. Pſolms.
4. To have irregular diſpoſitions, James..

LU'S'TFUL. a. [/t//? and/:/.'/.]
1. Libidinous ; having irregular deſires.
2. Provoking to ſenſuality ; inciting to
luft. Ml/ton,

LUSTFULLY. ad. [from lu^f^/u/.] Wit|i
ſenſual concuoiſcence.

LU'STFULNESS. ʃ. [from /«/?/«/.] Libidln'

LU'STIHED. If. [from /://?).] Vigour;

LU'STIHOOD. ʃ. ſprightiineſs ; corporal
abilW. Shakʃpeare.

LU'STILY. ad. [from /:.;?>.] Stoutly ; with
vjgowr^ with mettle. K<:oiles. Southern.

LU'STINESS. ʃ. [from iuj}y.'[Stoutneſs
; fiux<J?neſs jſtrength ; rigour of body. Dryden.

LU'STLESS. a. [from Juji.] Not Tigorow; weak. ipetifer,

LU'STRAL. a. [hjfra/e^ Flinch ; lu/irafis,
Latin.] uſed in purification. Ga-tb.

LUSTRA'TION. ʃ. [iujiratio, Latin.] Pdrificarion
by water. 6aidys. Prior.

LU'STRE. ʃ. [lyjire, French.]
1. B ighinds; ſplendour; glitter. Davies.
2. A ſconie with lights, /'/>«.
3. Eminence ; renown, Swift.
4. The ſpace of nvc years. Balir'gir-^ke,

LU'STRING. ʃ. [from iujire.] A Hiiaing

LU'STROUS. a. [from lujire.] Bright; ſhining; luminous. ^Shak-'/f'tart.

LU'STWORT. ʃ. [/u/iandivjrt.] An herb,

LU'STY. a. [ip/ig, D^ii^h.] Scout; vigorous; healthy
; ^ble of body. Otway.

LU'TANIST. ʃ. [from /u:e.] One who
plays upon the lute.

LUTA'RIOUS. ^. yufarius, Latw.] Living
in mua ; of the colour of mud. Grew.

LU TE. ʃ. [/utb, lut, French.]
1. A ſtringed inſtrument ut mufirk.
2. A compflſition like day, with which
chemiſts cloſe up their veiicl . Garth.

To LUTE. v. a. To cluſe with lot., or
chemiſts clay. PFnkint,

LU'TULENT. a. [/a/i.<W7rttf, Latin.] Muddv
; turbid.

To LUX. ʃ. v. a. [i'xer^ French.] To

To LU'XATE. ^ put out of joint ; to dif-
{''in'. Wiſeman.

LUXA'TION. ʃ. [from hx:, Latin.]
1. The act of disjointing.
2. Any thing disjointed. Fl^er,

LUXE. ʃ. [French ; luxui, Latin.] Luxury ; voluptuouſneſs. Prior.

LU'XURIANCE. ʃ. [from luxuriant, Lat.]

LU'XURIANCY. ʃ. Exuberance; abundant
or wan'on plenty or growth. Sp'Slat,

LUXURIANT. a. llLxu>i7ns, Latin.] Exuberant
; ſuperfluouſly plenteous. Milton.

To LUXURIATE. v. n. [/z..«r/or, Latin.]
To graw exuberantly ; to ſhoot with ſuperfluous

LUXU'RIOUS. a. [luxurieux, Fr. luxurio.
fui, Latin.]
1. Delighring in the pleaſures of the tab!?,
2. Admlniſtring to luxury. Anonym,
3. Luftful ; libidinous Shakʃpeare.
4. Voluptuous ; enllaved to pleaſure.

5. Softening by pleaſure, Dryden.
6. Lv!xuriant ; exuberant. Milton.

LUXU'RIOUSLY. ad. ['rota hxurous.]
Delicioully ; voluptuouſly. Shakʃpeare, Dryden.

LUXURY. ʃ. [It^xurij, Latin.]
1. Voluptuouſneſs ; addidedneſs to pleaſare,
/t/// on.
2. LA\:

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«. La(! ; lewdneſs. Shakʃpeare.
3. Luxuriance ; exuberancr, J3acon»
4. Ddicious fare. Addiſon.

LY. v. n. [When ly terminates the name of
a place, it is derived from le^j , Saxon.
a field ; when it ends an adjective or ad-
.erb, it is c^ntracted from luhf like ; as,

LYCA'NTHROPY. ʃ. [Xi'xo- and ^vS-^a-
TToc.] A kind of madneſs, in which men
have the qualities of wild beaſts. Tayor,

LYEKE. a. ^or like. Spenſer.

LY'ING. The participle of //V. Shakſp.

LYMPH. ʃ. [lympba,l.?^i\n.] Water; tranſparent
coluurleſs liquor. Arbuthnot.

LY'MPHATED. a. [/yw;./ja/aj, Lat.] Mad.

LY'MPHATICK. ʃ. [from lymf,ha, Latin.]
The lym^hattcki are llerider pellucid tubet.

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whoſe cavities are contra^ed at ſmall ami
unf^qual diſtancees : they are carried into
the glands of the mcfcntery.

LY'MFHEDUCT. ʃ. [lymi^ha and duaus,
Latin.] A veil'el which conveys the lymph»

LYNX. ʃ. [Latin.] A ſpotted bead, re.
markable for ſpced and ſharp fight. Locke.

LYRE. ʃ. [/>'r^, French; .>rj, Latin.] A
harp; a mulica] ml^rument. Prior.

LY'RICAL. v. a. [lyricus, Latin.] Pertain-

LY'RICK. i ing to an harp, or to odes or
poetry fung to an harp ; hnging to an harp. Dryden.

LY'RICK. ʃ. A poet who writes ſongs to
the harp. /Jn'difon,

LY'KIST. [lyr;fits, Latin:\ Amuſicianwho
plays upon the harp. Pope.