About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So, sounds looks on these pages as ſounds, English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 20 October 2014


E Has two ſounds ; long, as ſcêne, and ſhort, as men. E is the moſt frequent vowel in the Engliſh language ; for it has the peculiar quality
of lengthening the foregoing vowel, as can, cane. Ea has the found of e long.

EACH. pron. [elc, Saxon.]
1. Either of two. Dryden.
2. Every one of any number. Milton.

To EACH the correſpondent word is other.

EAD and eadig, denotes happineſs ; Eadgar,
happy power. Camden.

EA'GER. a. [eagon, Saxon.]
1. Struck with deſire ; ardently withing. Dryden.
2. Hot of diſpoſition ; vehement ; ardent. Hooker, Spratt.
3. Quick ; buſy. Addiʃon.
4. Sharp ; ſower ; acid. Shakʃpeare.
5. Keen ; ſevere ; biting. Bacon.
6. Brittle ; inflexible. Locke.

EA GERLY. ad. [from eager.]
1. With ardour of deſire. Stepney.
2. Ardently ; hotly. Shakʃpeare.
3. Keenly ; ſharply. Knolles.

EA'GERNESS. ʃ. [from eager.]
1. Ardour of inclination. Rogers.
2. Impetuofity ; vehemence ; violence. Dryden.

EA'GLE. ʃ. [aigle, French.]
1. A bird of prey, ſaid to be extremely
ſharp-fighted, Shakʃpeare.
2. The ſtandard of the ancient Romans. Pope.

EAGLE-EYED. a. [from eagle and eye.]

EA'GLESPEED. ʃ. [eagle and ſpeed.] Swiftneſs
like that of an eagle. Pope.

EA'GLESTONE. ʃ. A ſtone ſaid to be
found at the entrance of the holes in which
the eagles make their neſts. The eagleſtone
contains in a cavity within it, a ſmall
looſe ſtone, which rattles when it is ſhaken
; and every foffil, with a nucleus in it,
has obtained the name. Hill.

EA'GLET. ʃ. [from eagle.] A young eagle.

EA'GRE. ʃ. [æger, in Runick, is the
ocean.] A tide ſwelling above another
tide. Dryden.

EA'LDERMAN. ʃ. [ealderman, Saxon.]

EAME. ʃ. [eam, Saxon.] Uncle. Fairfax.

EAR. ʃ. [eare, Saxon.]

1. The whole organ of audition or hearing. Denham.
2. That part of the ear that ſtands prominent.Shakʃpeare.
3. Power of judging of harmony.
4. The head ; or the perſon. Knolles.
5. The highest part of a man ; the top. L'Eſtrange.
6. The privilege of being readily and kindly
heard ; favour. Ben. Johnson.
7. Any prominences from a larger body,
railed for the fake of holding it. Taylor.
8. The ſpike of corn ; that part which
contains the ſteds. Bacon, Mortimer.
9. To full togither by the'S.M<s, To fight ; to ſcufi^e. Mote.
10. To ſet by the Ears. To make
ſtrife ; to make to quarrel. Addiʃon.

EA'RLESS. a. [from ear.] Without any
ears. Popd

EARRING. f. [ear and ring.] Jewels fet
in a ring and worn at the ears. Sandys.

EARSHOT. ʃ. Reach of the ear. Dryden.

EA'RWAX. ʃ. The cerumen or exudatioil
which ſmears the inſide of the ear. Ray.

EA'RWIG. ʃ. [eajie and ^1533. Saxon.]
A ſtieathwinged infeſt. Draytont
2. A whiſperer.

EA'RWITNESS. ʃ. [ear and witneſs.] One
who atteſts, or can atteſt any thing as
heard by himſelf. Hooker.

To EAR. v. a. [aro, Latin.] To plow ;
to till. Shakʃpeare.#x17F;is.

To EAR. v. 71. [from ear.] To ſhoot into

EARED. a. [from ear.]
1. Having ears, or organs of hearing.
2. Having ears, or ripe corn. Pope. .

EARL. ʃ. [ecpl, Saxon.] A title of nobility,
anciently the higheſt of this nation,
now the third. Shakʃpeare.

EARL-MARSHAL. ʃ. [earl zt^Amarjhjl.]
He that has chief care of military ſolemnities. Dryden.

EA'RLDOM. ʃ. [from earl.] The feigniory
of an earl. Spenſer.

EA'RLINESS. ʃ. [from early.] Quickneſs
of any action with reſpect to ſomething
e'fs. Sidney.

EA'RLY. a. [a?ji, Saxon. before.] Soun
with reſpect to ſomething elſe. Smith.

EA'RLY. ad. [from the adjective.] Soon; betimes. Waller.

To EARN. v. a. [eajinun, Saxon.]
1. To gain as the reward or wages of labour. Swift.
1. To gain ; to obtain. Shakʃpeare.

EA'RNEST. a. [eojinej-r, Saxon.]
1. Ardent in any affection ; warm; zealous. Hooker.
2. Intent ; fixed ; eager. Duſpa,

EA'RNEST. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
3. Serioul'neſs
; a ferious event, not a jeſt.Shakʃpeare.
2. [^ernltz perge,'Din\iii.] Pledge ; handful ; firſt fruits. Smalr'tdge,
3. The money which is given in token
tnat a bargain is ratified. Decay of Piety.

EA'RNESTLY. ad. [from earn^Ji.]
1. Warmly ; affectionately ; zealouſly ; importunately. Smalridge.
2. Eagerly; deſirouſly. Shakʃpeare.

EA'RNESTNESS. ʃ. [from earr.Ji.]
1. Eagernela ; warmth ; vehemence. Addiʃon.
2. Solemnity ; zeal. Atterbury.
3. Solicitude; care; intenfeneſs. Dryden.

EARSH. ʃ. [from ear, to plow.] A plowed
field. May's Virgil.

EARTH. ʃ. [eojiS, Saxon.]
1. The element diftindl from air, fire, or
water, Thomfon.
2. The terraqueous globe ; the world. Locke.
3. Different modification of terrene matter.
The five genera of earths arc, i. Boles,
2. Clays. 3. Marls. 4. Ochres. 5.
4. This world oppoſed to other ſcenes of
exiſtence. Shakʃpeare.
5. The inhabitants of the earth. Geneſis.
6. Turning up the ground in tillage, 'iuff.

To EARTH. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To hide in earth. Dryden.
2. To cover with earth. Evelyn.

To EARTH. t/.n. To retire under ground. Tickell.

EA RTHBOARD. ʃ. [earth and board.]
The board of the plough that ſhakes off the
earth. Mortimer.

EA'RTHBORN. a. [earth and born.]
1. Born of the earth ; terrigenous. Prior.
2. M-anly born. Smith.

EA'RTHBO'UND. a. [earth and bound,]
Faliened by the preſſure of the earth. Shakʃpeare.

EA'RTHEN. a. [from earth.] Made of
earth ; made of clay, l^iikim.

EA'RTHFLAX. ʃ. [^arthanifiax.] A kind
of fibrous f«liil. yf^oodward.

EA'RTHINESS. ʃ. The quality of containing
earth ; groſineſs.

EA'RTHLING. ʃ. [from earth.] An inha-
bitant of the earth ; a poor frail creature,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EA'RTHLY. a. [from earth.-.
1. Not heavenly ; vile ; mean ; ſordid. Milton.t,
2. Belonging only to cur preſent ſtate; not ſpiritual. Ihokir.
3. Corporeal ; not mental. Pope. .

EA RTHNUT. ʃ. [earth and vut.] A pignut
; a root in ſhapc and ſize like a nut. Ray.

EA'RTHQUAKE. ʃ. [earth and quake, ]
Tremor or convulfion of the earth. Addiʃon.

EA'RTHSHAKING. a. [earth iiiiſhake..
Having pawcr to ſhake the earth, or to
raiſe earthquakes. Miltoit.

EA'RTHWORM. ʃ. [earth and worm.]
1. A worm bred under ground. Bacon.
2. A mean ſordid wretch. Norris.

EA'RTHY. a. [from canh.]
1. Cunſiſting of earth. Wi'.kin'.
2. Compoled or partaking of earth ; terrene. Milton.
3. Inhabiting the earth ; terreſtrial. Dryden.
4. Relating to earth. Dryden.
5. Not mental ; giufs ; not refined.Shakʃpeare.

EASE. ʃ. [alfe, French.]
1. Quitt ; reſt; undiſturbed tranquillity. Daniel.
2. Freedom from pain. Temple.
3. Reft after labour ; intermiliion of labour. Swift.
4. Facility ; not difficulty. Dryden.
5. Unconſtraint ; freedom from harſhneſs,
forced behaviour, or conceits. Pope. .

To EASE. ʃ. a. [from the noun.]
1. io free from pain, Locke.
2. To relieve ; to aſſuage ; to mitigate. Dryden.
3. To relieve from labour. Dryden.
4. To ſet free from any thing that offends. Locke.

EA'SEFUL. a. [eaſe and full.] Quiet ; peaceable. Shakʃpeare.

EA'SEMENT. ʃ. [from eaſe.] Aliiſtance ; fiioport. Swift.

EA'SILY. ad. [from eaſy.]
1. Without diiricuky. Prior.
2. Without pain ; without diſturbance.
Terr:p 'c.
3. Read'ily ; without reluftance. Dryden.

EA'SINESS. ʃ. [from eaſy.]
1. Freedom from difficulty. Ti'lomfon,
2. Flexibility; compliance; readincis. Hooker, Locke.
3. Freedom from conſtraint ; not effort. Roſcommon.
4. Reft ; tranquillity. Ray.

EAST. ʃ. [eopc, Saxon.]
1. The quarter where the fun rifes. Abbot.
2. The regions in the eailern parts of the
world. Shakʃpeare.

EA'STER. ʃ. [eaj-rrie, Ssxsn.] The day z. Decline ; decay ; waſte. Roſcomman,
on which the Chriſtian church commemo- To EBB. v. a. [from the noun.]
rates our Saviour's refurrection. i. To flow back towards the fea. Shak
Decay »/ Piety. 2. To decline ; to decay ; to wafle.

EA'STERLY. a. [from Erji.] Halifax.
1. Coming from the parts towards the E'BEN. ? / [ebeniim, Latin.] A hard,
Eaſt. Raleigh. E'BON. ; heavy, black, valuable wood.
2. Lying towards the Eaſt, Cratint.
5. Looking towards the Eaſt. Arbuthnot.

EA'STERN. a. [from Eaſt.]
1. EHvslling or found in -the Eaſt ; oriental,
2. Lying or being towards the Eaſt. Addt.
3. Going towards the Eaſt. Addiſon.
if. Lioking towards the Eaſt.

EA'STWARD. ^(f. [EafiitiAto'Ward.] Towards
th« Eaſt. Bi<nvn.

EA'j.y. a. [from eaſe.]
1. Not difficult. Hooker.
2. C^uiet ; at reſt ; not harraffed. Smalridge.
3. Complying ; unreſiſting ; credulous. Dryden, Milton, Dryden, Swift.
^. Free from pain.
5. Ready ; not unwilling.
6. Without want of more
7. Without conſtraint ; without formality. Pope. .

To EAT. v. a. preterite ate, or eat; part.
eat, or eaten, [trin, Sax.] 1. To devour with the mouth. Exodus.
2. To confume ; to corrode. Milton.
3. To ſwallov; back ; to retradl. Hake.

To EAT. v. n.
1. To go to meals ; to take meals ; to
feed, Mattlociu.
2. To take food. Locke.
3. To be maintained in food.
Pr»verbs, Shakʃpeare.
tL- To make way by corrofion. South, Moxon.

EBRIETY. ʃ. [ebrietai, Latin.] Drunkenneſs
; intoxication by ſtrong liquors. Brown.

EBRIO'SITY. ʃ. [ebriojitos, Latin.] Habitual
drunkenneſs, Brown.

EBULLI'TION. ʃ. [ebuHio, Latin.]
1. The act of boiling up with heat.
2. Any inteſtine motion.
3. That ſtruggling or efſcrveſcence which
ariſes from the mingling together any alkalizate
and acid liquor ; any inteſtine violent
motion of the parts of a fluid.

t „ i

1. Deviating from the center.
2. Not having the ſame center with another
circle. Newton.
3. Not terminating in the ſame point. Bacon.
A, Irresular ; anamolous. King Charles.

EC'CENTRIClTY. ʃ. [from eccentrick.]
1. Deviation from a center.
2. The ſtate of having a different center
from another circle. Holder.
3. Excurſion from the proper orb. Wotton.

ECCHY'MOSIS. ʃ. [£Kj£vVxa.s-ir.] Livid
ſpots or blotches in the ſkin. fH/eman.

ECCLESIASTICAL. v. a. [ecchfiajlicut,

ECCLESIASTICK. ʃ. Latin.] Relating to
the church ; not civil. Hooker, Swift.

ECCLESIA'STICK. ſ. A perſon dedicated

EATABLE. ʃ. [from eu.'.] Any thing that
may be eaten. Jitng

EA'TER. ʃ. [from m/.]
1. One that eats any thing. Abbot.
2. A corrofive.

EATH. a. [erS, Saxon.] Eaſy ; not difficult. Fairfax.

EATH. ad. [from the adjective.] Eaſily. Spenſer.

EA'TINGHOUSE. ʃ. [eat and koule.] A
houſe where prcviſions are fold ready
dieſſed. VEpavge.

EAVES. ſ.[epT°' Saxon.] The edges of
the roof which overhang the houſe.

To EA'VESDROP. v. a. [eaves and drop.]
To catch what comes from the-eaves ;

EA'VESDROPPER. ſ.A liftener under Avindows. Shakʃpeare.

EBB. ʃ. [ebba, Saxon.]
I The reflux of the tide towards the fea.
1. Echo was ſuppoſed to have been once
a nymph, who pined into a found. Sidney.
2. The return or repercuilion of any found. Bacon.
3. The found returned. Shakʃpeare.
; %.

To E'CHO. ſ. [']_;(;»']
to the miniſtries of religion. Burnet

ECCOPRO'TICKS. ʃ. [ix and Kitu^t^h.]
Such medicines as gently purge the beily,

E'CHINATE. v. a. [from echinus, Lat.]

E'CHINATED. y Briftled like an hedgehog; ſet with prickles, Wotd.t:aid,

ECHI'NUS. ʃ. [Latin.]
1. A hedgehog.
2. A ſhelifiſh ſet with
3. [With botanifts.]
of any plant.
4. [In architecture.]
nament, taking its name from the roughneſs
of the carving. Harris.
The prickly head
A member or orliften
under windows. Shakʃpeare.

To E'CHO. v. n.
1. To refound ; to give the repsrciiſſion of
a voice. Shakʃpeare.
2. To be founded back. Blackmore.

To E'CHO. v. a. To ſend back a voice. Decay of Piety.

ECCLyilRCI'SSEMENT. ʃ. [French.] Explanation
; the z€t of clearing up an affair.

ECLA'T. ʃ. [French.] Splendour ; ſhow ; lu.^re. Pope.

ECLE'CTICK. a. [kxexlixo,-.] Scieſſing ;
chufing at will. Watts.

ECLE'GMA. ʃ. [^cxand AEjp(;Eiv.] A form of
medicine made by the incurporation of oils
with ſryups.

ECLI'PSE. ʃ. [6.X£4if.]
1. An obſcuraciun of the luminaries of
heaven. Waller.
2. Darkneſs ; obſcuration. Raleigh.

To ECLI'PSE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To darken a luminary. Creech.
2. To extinguish ; to put out. Shakʃpeare.
3. To cloud ; to obſcure. Caiamy.
4. To diſgrace. Clanndon.

ECLI'PTICK. ʃ. [I^XaTTTix-:?.] A great
circle of the ſphere, ſuppoſed to be drawn
through the middle of the Zodiack, and
making an angle with the Equincftial, in
the points of Aries and Libra, of 23?
30', which is the fun's greateſt declination. Harris.

ECLOGUE. ſ.[l-A.]oyn.] Apaſtoralpoem
fo called, becauſa l^irgil called his paflorals
eclogues. Pope. .

ECO'NOMY. ʃ. [o'.xo'.ofxU.]
1. The management of a family. Taylor.
2. Frugality ; diſcretion of expence.
3. Diſpoſition of things ; regulation. Hammond.
4. The diſpoſition or arrangement of any
work. Ben. Johnson.
5. Syftem of motions ; diſtribution of every
thing to its proper place. Blackmore.

ECONO'MIC. 1 re 1

ECONO'MICAL. [' [^^°' ^conomy.-.
1. Pertaining to the reg\ilationof an houſhold.
2. Frugal. Wotton.

ECPHRA'CTICKS. ʃ. ['U and ^^a7T4).]
Such medicines as render tough humours
thin. Harvey.

ECSTASY. ʃ. [Exrao-i?.]
1. Any paſſion by which the thoughts are
abforbed, and in which the mind is for a
time loft. Suckling.
2. Exceffive joy ; rapture. Prior.
3. Enthufiaſm ; excellive elevation of the
mind, Milton.
4. Exceffive grief or anxiety, Shakʃpeare.
5. Madneſs ; diſtrsſtion.

ECSTASIED. a. [from ecjlacy.] Raviſhed. Norris.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ECSTA'TICAL. ʃ. ^-7^1

ECSTATICK. S ' L''''.^.=-']
1. Raviſhed ; rapturous ; elevated to ecftafy. Stillingfleet.
2. In the higheſt degree of jiv. Pope. .

E'CTYPE. ʃ. jlj-.TOTo;.] A copy. Locke.

E CURIE. ſ. [French.] A place for the
houſing of horſes,

EDA'CIOUS. a. [edacis, Latin.] Eating ; voracious ; ravenous ; greedy.

EDA'CITY. ʃ. [edjdtas, Latin.] Voracity
; ravenouſneſs. Bacon.

To E'DDER. v. a. To bind a fence, Mort,

E'DDER. ʃ. Such fencewood as is commonly
put upon the top of fences. Tuffer,

E'DDY. ʃ. [et>, hackward, again, and ea,
ivater, Saxon.]
1. The water that by ſome reperciiſhon,
or oppoſite wind, runs contrary to the
main ſtream, Dryden.
2. Whirlpool ; circular motion. Dryden.

E'DDY. a. Whirling ; moving circularly. Dr,

EDEMATO'SE. a. [i'lJ^^a.] Swelling ;
full of humourf. Arbuthnot.

EDE'NTATED. a. ledentatus, Latin.] Deprived
of teeth. DiS,

EDGE. ʃ. [ecje, Saxon.]
1. The thin or cutting part of a blade.Shakʃpeare.
2. A narrow part riſing from a broader. Mortimer.
3. Keenneſs ; acrimony, Shakʃpeare.
4. To ſet teeib onEoCE, Tocauſea tingling
pain in the teeth. Bacon.

To EDGE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To ſharpen ; to enable to cut. Dryden.
2. To furniſh with an edge. Dryden.
3. To border with any thing ; to f/inge. Pope. .
4. To exaſperate ; to embitter. Hayward.
5. To put forward beyond a line. Locke.

To EDGE. v. n. To move againſt any
power. Dryden.

E DGED. part. a. [from edge.^ Sharp ;
not blunt, Digby.

E'DGING. ʃ. [from tdge.-\
1. What is added to any thing by way of
ornament. Dryden.
2. A narrow lace.

E'DGELE.<^.S. a. [from edge.] BIunt ; obtuſe
; unable to cut. L'Eſtrange.

E'DGETOOL. ʃ. [edge and too/.] A tool
made ſharp to cut. Dorjet,

E'DGEWISE. ad. [edge&ni noiſe.] With
the edge put into any particular direction.

E'DIBLE. a. [from edo, Latin.] Fit to be
eaten. Moret

E'DICT. ʃ. [ediBum, Latin.] A proclamation
of command or prohibition. Addiſon.

EDIFICA'TION. ʃ. [adfcatio, Latin.]
1. The act of building up man in the
faith ; improvemeru in holiiufs. Taylor.
Q^q a 2. ImproveE
1. Improvement ; inſtruction. Addiſon.

E'DIFICE. ʃ. [o'dificium, Latin.] A fabrick
; a building. Berkley.

E'DIFJER. ʃ. [from cdfy.] One that improves
or inſtructs another.
To E'DIPY. v. a. [ediſco, Latin.]
1. To biiiid. Chapman.
2. To iiift:u£. ; to improvei Hooker.
3. To teach ; to perſuade. Bacon.

E'DILE. ʃ. [adiln. Latin.] The title of
a mapifirate in old R ime. Shakʃpeare.

EDI'NON ʃ. [edjio, Latin.]
1. Publication of any thing, particularly
of a book. Burret.
2. Republication, with revifal. Baker.

E'DITOR. ſ. [editor., Latin.] Publiſher; he
that revifes or prepares any work for publication. Addiſo.

To E'DUCATE. v. a. [educo, Latin.] To
breed ; to bring up. Swift.

EDUCATION. ʃ. [from educate.] Formation
of manners in youth. Swift.

To EDU'CE. v. a. [educo, Lat.] To bring
nut ; to extract. Granville.

EDU CTION. ſ. [from educe.] The act of
bringinr any thing into view,
To EDU'LCORATE. v. a. [from Dutch,
i To ſweeten.

EDULCORATION. ʃ. [from edulcorate.]
The act of ſweetening.

To EEK. v./j. [eacan, Saxon.] SeeEKE,
I To make bigger by the addition of another
2. To ſupply any deficiency. Spenſer.

EEL. ʃ. [eel, Saxon.] A ſerpentine ſlimy
fiſh, that lurks in mud. Shakʃpeare.

E'EN. ad. Contra<5led from euen. L'Eſtrange.

E'FFABLE. a. [rffaolui, Lat.] Expreſſive ;

To EFFA'CE. v. a. [effacer, French.]
1. To deſtroy any fo.m painted, or carved.
2. To make no more legible or viſible ; to blot out, Locke.
5. To deſtroy ; to wear away. Dryden.

EFFE'CT. ʃ. ['faus, Latin.]
1. That which is produced by an operating
cauſe. Addiʃon.
2. Conſequence ; event. Addiſona.
3. Pu.'-poſe ; intention ; general intent.
4. Conſequence intended ; ſucceſs ; advant,
tge. Clarenden.
5. Completion ; perfection. Prior.
6. Reality; not mere appearance. //oo>?fr.
7. [In the plural.] Gotjds ; moveables.Shakʃpeare.
To EFFE'CT. v. ,7. [efficio, Latin.]
1. To faring to paſs ; to attempt with ſucceſs
; to achieve. Ben. Johnson.
2. To produce a-s a cauſei Boyle.

EFFE'CTI'^LE. a. [{romeffea.] Perfovmable ;
pratlicable, Bjaiyrti

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EFFE'CTIVE. a. [from effeB.]
1. Having the power to produce effe^ls. Taylor.
4. Operative ; aflive. Brownt.
3. Producing effects ; efficient. Taylor.
4. Having the power of Operation ; uſetui,

EFFE'CTIVELY. ad. [from ejj.ai-oe.]
Powerfully ; with real operation. Taylor.

EFFE'CTLESS. a. [from effea.] Withouteffeift
; impotent ; uſeleſs. Shakʃpeare.

EFFE'CTOR. ʃ. [effcB^r, Latin.]
1. He that produces any effect.
2. Maker ; Creator. Denham.

EFFECTUAL. a. [effeBue'l, French.]
1. Prod'jdbve of efteils ; powerful to a
degree adequate to the occaſion ; efficacious. Hooker. Philemon,
2. Veracious ; expreſſive of fads.Shakʃpeare.

EFFECTUALLY. ad. [from eff,aual.] In
a manner productive of the conſequence
intended ; efficaciouſly. South.

To EFFECTUATE. i^ a. [fffta^er, Fr.]
To bring to paſs ; to fulfil. Sidney.

EFFE'MINACY. ʃ. [from effeminate.]
1. Admiſſion of the qualities of a woman
; ſoftneſs ; unmanly dtlicacy. Mitten,
2. Lifciviouſneſs ; looſe pleaſure, Taylor.

EFFE'MINATE. a. [effeminatus, Latin.]
Having the qualities of a woman ; womaniſh
; voluptuous ; tender. Milton.

To EFFE'MINATE. v. a. [effemino, Lat.]
To make womaniſh ; to emalculate ; to
tinman. Locke.

To EFFE MINATE. v. n. To ſoften ; to
melt into weakneſs. Pope. .

FEMINA'TION .f.[from effemi>tate.]The
ſtate of one grown womaniſh ; the ſtate of
one emafculated or unmanned. Brown.

To EFFERVE'SCE. v. n. [efſervefco, Lat.]
To generate heat by iateſtine motion.

EFFERVE'SCENCE. ſ.[from eff^r'veo,l.3t.]
The a<5l of growing hot ; production of
heat by inteſtine motion. Grew.

EFFE'TE. a. [/-Jfatus, Latin.]
1. Barren ; diſabled from generation. Berkley.
1. Worn out with age. South.

EFFICACIOUS. a. ['ffi-ax, Latin.] Produtlive
of efteſts ; powerful to produce
the conſequence intended. Philips.

EFFICACIOUSLY. ad. [from efficaaous.]
Effectually, Digby.

EFFICACY. ʃ. Production of the conſequence
intended. Tilio:fon.

EFFI'CIENCE. ʃ. [from efflcio, Lain.]

EFFI'CIENCY. S The act of producing efft'fts
; agency. South.

EFFI'CIENT. ʃ. [c;^ciem, Latin.]
1. The cauſe which makes offeSs. Hooker.
2. He that makes; the ctfedior. Hale.

EFFI'CIENT. u, C.ufing ofiei^s. Collier.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To EFFI'GIATE. v. a. [ifiglo, Latin.] To
form in Cemblance ; to image.

EFFIGIATION. ʃ. [from effigiate.] The
3<5l of imaging thincs or peribns. Di^.

EFFI'GIES. ʃ/. [effigies, Latin.] Refem-

E'FFIGY. ^ blance ; image in painting or
ſculpture. Dryden.

EFFLORE'SCENCE. 1 r r m r t ,. i

1. Production of flowers. Bacon.
2. Excreſcencies in the form of flowers. Woodward.
3. [In phyſick.] The breaking out of
ſome humours in the ſkin. Wiſeman.

EFFLORE'SCENT. a. [efflorefco, Latin.]
Shooting out in form of tiowerf. Woodward.

E'FFLUENCE. ʃ. [effluo, Latin.] That
which iflues from force other principle. Prior.

EFFLU'VIA. ʃ. [from effluo, Latin.]

EFFLU'VIUM. i Thoſe ſmall particles
which are continually flying oft' from bodies. Blackmore.

E'FFLUX. ʃ. [rfflt'xu!, Latin.]
1. The act of flowing out. Harvey.
2. Effuſion. Hammond.
3. That which flows from ſomething elſe; emanation. Thomfon.

To EFFLU'X. -J. ». [eff,uo, Latin.] To
run out. Boyle.

EFFLU XION. ſ. [effluxum, Latin.]
1. The act of flowing out. Brown.
2. That which flows out ; effluvium ; emanation. Bacon.

To EFFO'RCE. v. a. [efforcer, French.]
1. To force ; to break through by violence. Spenſer.
7. To force ; to raviſh. Spenſer.
To EFFO'RM. v. a. [efformo, Latin.] To
ſhape ; to faſhion. Taylor.

EFFORMA'TION. ʃ. [from efform.] The
act of faſhioning or giving form to. Ray.

EFFO'RT. ʃ. [fjfo/-?, French.] Struggle; laborious endeavour. Addiſon.

EFFO'SSION. ʃ. [egoffum, Lat.] The act
of digging up from the ground ; deterration. Arbuthnot.

EFFRA'IABLE. a. [fſtroyabk, Fr.] Dreadful
; frightful. Harvey.

EFFRO'NTERY. ʃ. [.ffronUrie, Fr.] Lxpudence
; ſhamelefſneſs. King Charles.

EFFU'LGENCE. ʃ. [fffingeo, Lat.] Luſtre ; brightneſs ; clarity ; ſplendon. Milton.

EFFU'LGENT. a. [e^'ulgem, Lat.] Shining ;
bright ; lumino'is. Blackmore

EFFUMABI'LITY. ʃ. [fumu%, Lat.] The
ouality of flying away in fumes. Boyle.
To EFFU'SE. ^. a. [#->j, Latin.] To
pour out ; to ſpill, Milton.

EFFU'SE. ʃ. [from the verb.] Wafte; effuſion. Shakʃpeare.

EFFU'SION. ʃ. [cffufio, Latin.]
E ; A
1. The act of pouring out, Taylor,,
2. Wafle ; the ad of^ſpiſing or ſhedding. Hooker.
3. The act of pouring out words. Hooker.
4. Bounteous donation. Hammond.
<;. The thing pnured out. King Charles.

EFFU'SIVE. a. [from ijlfe.] Pouring out; dil'perſing. Thomfon.

EFT. f. [ipeta, Saxon.] A newt ; an ever.
Mortimer. Nichols,

EFT. ad. [epic, Saxon.] Soon
; quickly ; ſpeedily. Fairfax.

ETTSOOMS. ad. [rpr and poon.] Soon
afterwards. Knolles.

E.G. [exempli gratia.] For the fake of an
inſtance or example.

E'GER. ʃ. An impetuous and irregular flood
ordde. Brown. See Eagre;

To EGE'ST. v. a. [egero, Latin.] To
throw out food at the natural vents. Bacon.

EGE'STION. ʃ. [egcjlus, Latin.] The act
of throwing out the digeiled food. Hile.

EGG. ʃ. [cEg, Saxon.]
1. That which is laid by feathered animals,
from which their young is produced. Bacon.
2. The ſpawn or ſperm of creatures. Blackmore.
3. Any thing faſhioned in the ſhape of an
egg. Boyle.

To EGG. v. a. [eggla, Iſlandick.] To incite ; to inſtigate. Denham.

E'GLANTINE. ʃ. ['fglantine,^. cnch.] A
ſpecies of rofe. Shakʃpeare.

E'GOTISM. ʃ. [from ego, Latin.] The
fault committed in writing by the trequent
repetition of the word ego, or i ; too
frequent mention of a man's felf. Spectator.

E'GOTIST. ʃ. [from ego.] One that is
always repeating the word ego, I ; a talker
of himſelf. Spectator.

To E GOTIZE. v. n. [from egs.] To talk
much of one's felf,

EGRE'GIOUS. a. [egregiui, Latin.]
1. Eminent; remarkable; extraordinary.
2. Eminently had ; remarkably vicious.

EGRE'GIOUSLY. ad. [from egregwi^s.]
Eminently ; ſhamefully. Arbuthnot.

E'GRESS. ʃ. [egreffus, Latin.] The act of
going out of any place ; departure. Woodward.

EGRE'SSTON. ʃ. [egr.Jf.o, Lat.] The act
of going out. Pope. .

E'GRET. ʃ. A fowl of the heron kind,

E'GRIOT. ʃ. [aigret, French.] A ſpecies
of cherrv. Bacon.

To EJA'CULATE. v. a. [ejacidor, Latin.]
To throw ; to ſhoot out. Grew.

EJA'CULATION. ʃ. [from ejacuhte.]
1. A ſhort prayer darted out occaſionally, Taylor.
2. The act of darting or throwing out.

EJA'CULATORY. a. [from ejaculate.]
Suddenly darted out ; ſudden ; haſty. Duppa.

To EJE'CT. ſ. a. [ejicio ej.fium, Latin.]
1. To throw out ; to call forth ; to void.
2. To throw out or expel from an office or
pofiefliun. Dryden.
3. To expel ; to drive aw»y. Shakʃpeare.
4. To caſt away ; to rejcill:, Jiooker,

EJE'CTION. ʃ. [ejiſho, Latin.]
1. The act of cjiling out ; expulfion.
a>. [In phyſuk.] The diſcharge of any
thing by any emundtory. Quincy.

EJECTMENT. ʃ. [from ej,a.] A legal
writ by which any inhabitant of a houſe,
or tenant of an eſtate, is commanded to

EIGH. interjcS. An expieſſion of ſudden

EIGHT. a. [eahta, Saxon.] Twice four.
A word of number. Sandys.

EIGHTH. a. [from eight.] Next in order
to the ſeventh. Pope.

EI'GHTEEN. a. [eight and /«».] Twice
nine. Taylor.

EIGHTEENTH. a. [from eighteen.]Ths.
next in order to the ſeventeenth. Kings.

EI'GHTFOLD. a. [eight and/e/J.] Eight
times the number or quantity,

EI'GHTHLY. ad. [from aghth,} In the
eishth place. Bacon.

EI'GHTIETH. a. [from eighty.] The
next in order to the ſeventy-ninth ; eighth
tenth. Wilkins.

EI'GHTSCORE. a.[eightAni ſcare.] Eight
times twenty. Shakʃpeare.

EIGHTY. a. [eight and ten.] Eight times
ten. Brown.

EIGNE. a. [aifne, Fr.] The eldeft or
firſt born. Bacon.

EISEL. ʃ. .[eofil, Saxon.] Vinegar ; verjuice.

EI'THER. pron, [asS^ji, Saxon.]
1. Which ſoever of the two ; whether
one or the other. Drayton.
2. Each ; both. Hale.

EI'THER. ad. [from the noun.] A diſtributive
adverb, anſwered by or ; either
the one or. Daniel.

EJULA'TION. ſ. [ejulatio, Latin.] Outcry
; lamentation ; moan ; wailing.
Governmer.] of the Tongue.

EKE. ad. [eac, Saxon.] Alio; likewiſe ; beftde. Spenſer, Prior. See Eek.

To EKE. v. «. [eacan, Saxon.] 1. To increaſe. Spenſer.
1. To ſupply; to fill up deficiencies. Pe/f.
5. To protract ; to lengthen. Shakʃpeare.
A. To j'pin cul by uſelsls addition:. Pc^e,

To ELA'BORATE. -z: a. [elahto, L»iin.]
1. To produce with labour, Tontng.
2. To heighten and improve by ſucceffive
operations. Arbuthnot.

ELA BORATE. a. [ehhcratus, Latin. )
Finirtied with ereat diligence. WalUr.

ELABORATELY. ad. [from elMrate.]
Liborioully; diligently ; with great ſtudy.

ELABORATION. ʃ. [from elaborate.] Improvement
by ſucce.Oive operations. Ray.
To ELA'NCE. v. a. [elancer. Ft.] To
throw out ; to dart. Frier,

To ELA'PSE. v. a. [elapfus, Latin.] To
pals away ; to glide away. Clarijfe.

ELA'STICAL. v. a. [from IXa'aj.] Having

ELA'STICK. ʃ. 'he power of returning to
the form from which it is diſtorted ; ſpringy. Newton.

ELASTI'CITY. ſ. [from elaflick.] Force
in bodies, by which they endeavour to reſtere
themſelves. Pope.

ELA'TE. a. [elatus, Latin.] Fluſhed with
fucceſs ; lofty ; haughty. Pope. .

To ELA'TE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To puff up with proſperity,
2. To exalt ; to heighten. Thomfon,

ELATE'RIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] An inſpiſlated
juice, procured from the fruit of the wild
cucumber ; a very violent and rough purge.


ELA'TION. ʃ. [from elate.] Hsughtinefa
proceeding from ſucceſs. Atterbury.

E'LBOW. ʃ. [elboja, Saxon.]
1. The next joint or curvature of the
arm below the ſhoulder. Pope. .
2. Any flexure, or angle. Bacon.
3. To ie at the Elbow. To be near.Shakʃpeare.

ELBOWCHA'IR. ʃ. [elbow and chair.] A
chair with arms. Gay.

E'LBOWROOM. ʃ. [elbow and room.]
Room to ſtretch out the elbows ; freedom
from confinement. South.

To E'LBOW. K. a. [from the noun.]
1. To puſh with the elbow. Dryde/t,
2. To puA ; to drive to diſtancee. Dryden.

To E'LBOW. v. n. To jut out in angles.

ELD. ʃ. [ealtj, Saxon.]
1. Old age ; decrepitude. Spenſer.
2. Old people ; perſons worn out with
year.';. Milton.

ELDER. a. [The comparative of eld.]
Surpaffing another in years. Temple.

E'LDERS. ʃ. [from elder.]
1. Perſons whoſe age gives them reverence. Raleigh.
2. Anceſtors. Pope. .
3. Thoſs who are older than others. Hooker.
4. [Among the jews.] Rulers of the
5. [la

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


t;. [In the New Teftament.] Ecdefiahicks.
6. [Among prefljyterians.] Laymen introduced
into the kirk- polity. Clea've'.anJ.

ELDER. ʃ. [eliaj-a, Saxon.] The name
of a tree. Shakʃpeare.

E'LDERLY. a. [from elder.] No longer
young, Swift.

ELDERSHIP. f. [from eldir.]
1. Seniority} primogen ture. Rowe.
2. Prefbytery ; eccleſiaftical fenate. Hooker.

E'LDEST. a. [The ſuperlative of e!d.]
1. The oldeft ; that has the right of primogeniture.Shakʃpeare.
2. That has lived moſt years. Locke.

ELECAMPA'NE. ʃ. A plant named ailb
ftarwort. MiHer.

To ELE'CT. z/. a. [eLBus, Latin.]
1. To chooſe for any office or uſe, Daniel.
2. [In theology.] To felect as an object
of eternal mercy. Milton.

ELE'CT. a. [from the verb.]
1. Chofen ; taken by preference from
among others. Shakʃpeare.
2. Chofen to an office, not vet in poileſſion.
n, Chofen as an object of eternal mercy. Hammond.

ELE'CTION. ʃ. [tleelie, Latin.]
1. The act of chufing one or more from
a greater number. fVhitgift,
2. The power of choice. Davies.
3. Voluntary preference, Rogers.
4. The determination of God by which
any were felefted for eternal Me.Atterbury.
5. The ceremony of a publick choice. Addiſon.

ELE'CTIVE. a. [from ekB.] Exerting the
power of choice. Grczv,

ELE'CTIVELY. ad. By choice ; with preference
of one to another. Grew.

ELE'CTOR. ʃ. [from ellB.]
1. He that has a vote in the choice of any
officer. Waller.
7. A prince who has a voice in the choice
of the German emperour.

ELE'CTORAL. a. [from ekaor.] Having
the dignity of an ekctor.

ELE'CTORATE. ʃ. [from eleSor.] The
territory of an eledlor. Addljan.

ELE'CTRE. ʃ. [eleffrum, Latin.]
1. Amber ; which, having the quality,
vſhen warmed by fridlion, of attrafling
bodies, gave to one ſpecies of attraction
the name of elcBricity.
2. A mixed metal. Bacon.

ELE'CTRICAL. ʃ. of 7 a i

ELE'CTRICK. [ t^''°' dearum.-\
1. Attractive without magnetifm \ by a
peculiar property, ſuppoſed once to belong
chiefly to amber. Newton.
2. Produced by an eleitrick body, Brown.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ELECTRI'CITY. ʃ. [from elfHrlcU A property in bodies, whereby, when rubbed,
they draw ſubſtances, emit flame, may be
fitted with ſuch a quantity of the electrical
vapour, as, if diſcharged at once upon
a human body, would endanger life

ELE'CTUARY. ʃ. [eleaanum, Latin.] A
form of medicine made of conſerves and
powders, in the conſiſtence of honey.

ELEEMO'SYNARY. a. [bK,,,uo^^.^]'^'
1. Living upon alms ; depending upon cha-
'y-. Glanville.
2. Given in charity.

E'LEGANCE 7 ʃ. [chgama, Latin.

ELEGANCY.^ ] Beauty of art ; beauty
without grandeur. Rulehb.

E LEGANT. a. [elegam, Latin.]
1. Pieaſing with minuter beauties. Pope. .
2. Nice ; not coarſe ; not groſs. Pope

E'LEGANTLY. ad. [from elegant. 1 I«
ſuch a manner as to pleaſe without eleva-
^'°-. Pope.

ELEGI'ACK. a. [elegiacui, Latin.]
1. uſed in elegies.
2. Mournful ; ſorrowful. <7^.

E'LEGY. ʃ. [eL-g^a, Latin.]
1. A mournful ſong. Shakʃpeare.
2. A funeral ſong. Dryden.
3. A ſhort poem, without points or turns,

E'LEMENT. ʃ. [ehmentum, Latin.]
t. The firſt orconſtituent principle of any
^^'g- Hooker.
2. The four elements, uſually ſo called,
are earth, fire, air, water, of which our
world !S compoſed. Bacon.
3. The proper habitation or ſphere of any
^'^'f- . Baker.
4. An ingredient ; a conſtituent part.Shakʃpeare.
5. rne letters of any language.
6. The lowed or firſt rudiments of literature
or ſcience. ^-^^^t^.

To ELEMENT. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To compound of elements. Boyle.
2. To conſtitute ; to make as a firſt
P^'?'^- Donne.

ELEME NTAL. a. [from element.]
1. Produced by ſome of the four elements.
. „ Dryden.
2. Ariſing from firſt principles. Brown

ELEMENTA'RITY. ſ. [from elementary.]
Simplicity of nature ; abſence of com-
P.- Brown.

ELEME'NTARY. a. [from element. 1
Uncompounded ; having only one prin-

ELE'MI ʃ. This drug is improperly called
gum ekm'r, being a refin. Tbf genuine
elemi is broupht from yEihio,)ia. The
American elemi, almoſt the only kind
known, pruceeds from a tail tree. //,//.

ELE'NCH. ſ. [ekrchu!, Latin.] An argument
; a ſophifm. Brown.

ELE'OrS. ſ. Applss in lequeſt in the cyder
countriei. Mortimer.

E'LEPHANT. ʃ. [dſphas, Latin.]
1. The lavgeſt of all quadrupeds, ut whofe
fagacity, faithtulnei's, prudence, and even
underitanding, many I'u' priſing relations are
given. This animal feeds on hay, herbs,
and all forts of pulfe. He is naturally very
gentle. He is ſupplied with a trunk, or
long hollow cartilage, which ſerves him
for hands. His teeth are the ivory i> well known in Europe. Calmet,
2. Ivorv ; the teeth of elephants. Dryden.

ELEPHANTI'ASIS. ſ.{defbartiafu, Lat.]
A ſpecies of leprofy, ſo called from incruſtations
like thoſe on the hide of an

ELEPHANTINE. a. [ellphantinus, Lat.]
Pertaining to the elephant.

To EXEVATE. v. a. [ekvo, Latin.]
1. To raiſe up aloft. Woodward.
2. To exalt ; to dignify.
3. To raiſe the mind with great conceptions. Milton. Savage.
4. To elate the mind with vicious pride.
5. To leffen by detrji'^ion. Hooker.

ELEVATE. fart. a. Exalted ; raiſed aloft. Milton.

ELEVATION. ʃ. [de'votio, Latin.]
1. The act of railing aloft. Woodward.
2. Exaltation ; dignity, Locke.
3. Exaltation of the mind by noble conceptions,
4. Attention to objects above us. Hooker.
5. The height of any heavenly body with
reſpect to the horizon. Brown.

ELEVA'TOR. ʃ. [from elevate.] A raiſer
or lifter up.

ELE'VENF. a. [sei.'d'c p n, Saxon.] Tin
and one. Shakʃpeare.

ELE'VENTH. a. [from ehvev.] The next
in order to the tenth. Raleigh.

ELF. ʃ. plural rives, [elf, Welſh. BaxUr.]
1. A wandering ſpirit, ſuppoſed to be ſeen
in wild places. Dryden.
2. A devil.

To ELF. v. a. To entangle hair in ſo intricate
a manner, that it is not to be unravelled.Shakʃpeare.

ELFLOCK. ʃ. [(// and lock.] Knots of
h^ir twifded by eiyts. Shakʃpeare.

To ELI'CITE. ij. a. [elicio, Latin.] To
ſtrike out ; to fetch out by labour. HjU.

ELI'CIT. a. [chcittif, Latin.] Brought into
aft. Hiinm.Diid.

ELICITA'TION. ʃ. [from elicio, Latin.]
Is a deducing of the p,ower of the will
into aft. Brarr.hall.

To ELIDE. v. a. [,W;, Latin.] To break
in pifces. Hooker.

ELIGlBI'l.ny. ſ. [from eligitle.] Wor-

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


thineſs ſo be chnfen. Fiddfs.

ELIGIBLE. a. [elig,lnUs, L^un.] F,t to
be chofen ; preferable,

E'LIGIBLENESS. ʃ. [from eligible.] Worthineſs
to be chofen ; preterableneſs.

ELIMINATION. ʃ. [elimmo, Lat.] The
act of banithing ; rejection,

ELI'SION. ʃ. [eOſto, Latin]
1. The act of cutting off. Swift.
2. Diviſion
; ſeparation of parts. Bacon.

ELIXA'TION. ʃ. [elixus, Latin.] The act
of boiling, Brown.

ELIXIR. ʃ. [Arabick.]
1. A medicine made by ſtrong infuſion,
where the ingredients are almoſt diii'olved
in the menſtruum, Shiincy.
2. The liquor with which chymifts tranſmute
metals. Donne.
3. The extract or (juintelTence of any
thing. South.
4. Any cordial, Alii.en.

ELK. ʃ. [sic, Saxon.] The elk is a large
and ſtately animal of the Hag kind, HiU.

ELL. ʃ. [eln, Saxon.] A meaſure containint;
a yard and a quarter. Herbert.

ELLI'PSIS. ſ. [iAAE<^^l^]
1. A figure of rhetolick, by which ſomething
is left out,
2. [In geometry.] An oval figure generated
from the ſection of a cone, by a
plane cutting both ſides of the cone, but
not parallel to the bafe, and meeting with
the baſe when produced, Harris.

ELLI'PTICAL. ʃ. a. [from clUffi^,'] Hav-

ELLI'PTICK. ʃ. ing i«e f^fm of an ellipfis. Cheyne.

ELM. ʃ. [«/«wj, Latin ; elm, Saxon.] The
name of a tree.

ELOCU'TION. ʃ. [elocutio, Latin.]
1. The power of tluent ſpeech. l^'oiton,
2. Eloquence ; flow of langu.agc. Milton.
3. The power of e.xpreſſion or diction. Dryden.

E LOGY. ſ. [ekge, French.] Praiſe ; panegyrick.

To ELO'IGNE. v. a. [eloigner, Fr.] To
put at a diſtancee. Donne.

To ELO'NGATE. v. a. [from kvgus, Lat.]
To lengthen ; to draw out.

To ELO'NGATE. v. a. To go ofi to a
diftjRce from any thing, Brown.

ELONGA'TION. ʃ. [from elongate.]
The act of itretching or lengthening
itſelf. Arbuthnot.
2. The ſtate of being ſtretched.
3. [In medicine.] An imperfect luxation. Quincy, Wiſeman.
4. Diſtance ; ſpace at which one thing is
diltant from another. Glanville.
5. Departure ; removal. Brown.

To ELO'PE. v. a. [/oopff, to run, Dutch.]
To run away ; to break looſe ; to eſcape. Addiſon.


ELO'PEMENT. ʃ. [from elcfe.] D^parture
from juſt reſtraint. Aylff^-

E'LOPS. ʃ. [eAXixJ.] a fidi ; reckoned by. Milton :3mong the ſerpents. A'lilton.

E'LOQUENCE. ʃ. [elo^uer^tia, Latin.]
1. the power of ſpeaKing with fluency
and elegance. Shakʃpeare.
2. Elegint language uttered with fluency.

E'LOQUENT. a. [eloquent, Lat.] Having
the power of oratory. Ifuiah. Pope. .

ELSE. ^r'jnoun. [elltj-, Saxon.] Other ;
one beſides. Denham.

ELSE. ad.
1. Otherwiſe. 7illotfov,
2. Biſide ; except. Dryden.
E'LSEWHERE, od. [elſe and -rvhere.]
1. In any other phre. Ahbot,
2. In other places ; in ſome ether place.

To ELU'CIDATE. v. a. [duc.do, Latin.]
To explain ; ſo clear. BtyL.

ELUCIDATION. ʃ. [from tWidate.] Explanation
; expoſition. Boyle.

ELUCIDATOR. ʃ. [from elucidate.] Explainer
; expofitor i commenCBtor. Abbot.

To ELU'DE. v. a. [el,do, Latin.]
1. To eſcape by Itratagem ; to avoid by
artifice. Rogers.
1. To mock by an unexpected eſcape.

ELU DIBLE. a. [from elude.] PolTible to
be defeated. Swift.

ELVES. The plural of c!f. Pope.

ELVELO'CK. ʃ. Knots in the hair. Brown.

E'LVISH. a. [from ehes.] Relating to
elves, or wandering ſpirits. Drayton.

ELUMBATED. a. [elumih, Lat.] Weakened
in the loins.

ELUSION. ʃ. [elu/io, Latin.] An eſcape
from enquiry or examination ; an artifice. Woodward.

ELU'.S1V£. a. [from ehd'.] Fradiſing
; uſing arts to eſcape. Pope. .

ELU'SORY. a. [from elude] Tending to
eiude ; tending to deceive ; fraudulent. Brown.

To ELU'TE. nj. a. [duo, Latin.] To walh
fff. Arbuthnot.

To ELUTRIATE. ʃ. a. [elutrio, Latin.]
To decant ; or ſtrain out. Arbuthnot.

E'LYSIAN. a. [elyfius, Lat.] D-liciouny
fofc and loathing ; exceedingly oelightful. Milton.

ELY'SIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] The place aſſigned
by the heathens to happy fouls ^ any place
exquiſitely pleaſant. iShakʃpeare.
'EM. A coTitraction of them. Hudibras.

To EMA'CIATE. v. a. [emacio, Latin.]
To waſte ; to deprive of fleſh. Graunt.

To EMA'CIATE. v. n. To loſe fl»(h ; to
fiae, BiQivn,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EMACIATION. ʃ. [emndatus, Latin ]
1. The act of making lean.
2. The ſtate of one grown lean. Graurt.

EMACULA TION. ſ. [cmaculo, Latin.]
The act of freeing any thing from ſpots
or fouſneſs.

E'MANANT. a. [emanans, Lat.] lifuing
from ſomething elſe. i/j.V.

EMANATION. f. [eirinnjiio, Latin.]
1. The act of ilFuing or proceeding from
any other ſubſtance. S'u:k.
. That which iffuss from another ſubſiance.

EMA'NATIVE. a. [from ematio, Latin.]
liruing from another.
To EMA'NCIPATE. v. a. [?w<j»r;>o, Lat.]
To ſet free from ſcrviuide. Arbuthno'.

EMANCIPATIONT. ʃ. [from emancifatc]
The act of letting fiee ; deliverance from
fl^very. Glanw.lc.

To EMA'RGINATE. v. a. [n-.argo, Lat.]
To take away the margin or edge of any

To EMA'CULATE. iko. [ewafculo, Lat.]
1. To caſtrate
; to deprive of vi.-i!(ty.
2. To offL'minate ; to vitiate by unmanly
fofcneſs. Co'l.cr.

EMASCULATION. ʃ. [from emaf.u'ate.]
1. Cafliatjon.
2. ElTeminacy ; womaniſh qualities.

To EMBA'LE. v. a. [emballtr, Fr.]
1. To make up into a bundle,
2. To bind up ; to incloſe. Spenſer.

To EMBA'LM. v. a. ['mlaumer, Fr.] To
impregnate a body with aromaticks, th.^t
it may reſiſt putrefa<ſtion. Doire.

EMBA'LMER. ʃ. [from embalw-.] O le
that prattifes the are of embalming and
preferving bodies, Ba^o/t.

To EMBA'R. v. a. [from bar.]
1. To ſhut
; to encloſe. Fairfax.
2. To flop ; to hinder by prohibition ; to block up. Bacon, Donne.

EMBARCATION. ʃ. [from embark.]
1. The act of putting on ſhipboard. Clarenden.
2. The act of going on ſhipboard.

EMBA'RGO. ʃ. [embargar, Spaniſh.] A
prohibition to palsj a flop put to trade.
To EMBA'RK. v. a. [cmbarquer, Fr.]
1. To put on ſhipboard. Clarenden.
2. To engage another in any affair.
To EMBA RK. -:. n.
1. To go on ſhipboard. Philips.
2. To engage in any affair.

To EMBARRASS. v. a. [emlarapr,Vr]
To perplex ; to diſtreſs ; to entangle,

EMBA'RRASSMENT. ʃ. [from mbarraf,.]
Peiplexity ; eni^ngltir.ejU. H'otn.
A woman ſent on
Garth. Dryden.
[from hafi.]
1. To vitiate; to depauperate ; toimytair.
t. To degrade ; to vilify. Spenſer.

EMBA'SSADOR. ſ. One ſent on a puHlick

3. publn k meiijge,


1. A publick mt)T pe.
2. Any ſolemn rrtlLge
3. A erranrt in an ironical ſenſe. Sidney.

To EMBA'TTLE. v. a. [from battle.] To
range in order or iXMy of battle. Prior.

To EMBA'Y. v. a. [from baigner, to bathe,

To EMBO'SS. t. a.
French.] beraiice, French.]
1. To bathe; to wet ; to wafh. Spenſer.
2. [From kay.'^ To indoſe in a b-iy ; to
iaifl-iock. Shakʃpeare.

To EMBE'LLISH. v. a. [embdUr, Fr.]
- 11 ; to beautify. Locks.

EMBELLISHMENT. ʃ. [from embe hjh.]
Orr,i'rnt-nt ; adventirioui beauty ; decoration
> AJd for^.

E'MBERING. ſ. The err^ber days Thffr.

EMBER-ASH. ſ. without a ſingular, [jenypia,
Saxon ] Hot cinders ; aſhes not yet extinguiſh.
:. Baco.

E'MBER\VIthK. ſ. A week in which an
4. Dealing in emblems ; uſing emblems.

EMBLEMATICALLY. ad. [from emblc,
maiieal.] In the manner of emblems ; alluſively. Swift.

EMBLEMATIST. ſ. [from embkm,'] Writer
or inventor of emblems. Brown.

E'MBOLISM. ʃ. [liJ^^.oKia-fj.oi;.]
1. Intercalation ; infemon of days o»
years to produce regularity and equation
of time. Holder.
2. The time inferted ; intercalatory time,

E'MBOLUS. ʃ. [cjuSoXo;.] Any thing inferted
and acting in another, as the ſucker
in a pump. Arbuthnot.
[from boj^e, a protu-
To form with protuberances. Milton.
Z, To engrave with relief, or riſing work. Dryden.
3. To incloſe ; to include ; to cover. Spenſer.
4. To incloſe in a thicket. Milton.
5. To hunt hard. Shakʃpeare.

EMBOSSMENT /; [from emboh ]
1. Any tiling ſtanding out from the reſt ; jut ; eminence. Saeon.
2. Relief; riſing work. Addiſon.

To EMBOTTLE. v. a. [bouteilU, Fr.]
To include in bottles ; to bottle. Philipss.
The ember days at thearc the Wedrelday, Friday, eviſcerate ;

To EMBO'WEL. v. a. [from totoel] To
to deprive of the entrails ; to excnterate Milton.

To EMBRA'CE. v. a. [etrhmpr, Fr.]
1. To hold fondly in the arms ; to ſqueeze
in kindneſs. Dryden.
2. To ſeize ardently or eagerly ; to lay
hold on ; to welcome. Den:ics. Tillotſon.
3. To comprehend ; to take in ; to encircle.
4. To compriſe ; to incloſe ; to contain.
5. To admit ; to receive. Shakʃpeare.
6. To find ; to take. Shakʃpeare.
7. To ſqueeze in a hoflile manner.

To EMBR.A CE. v. a. To join in an embrace. Shakʃpearea^fiart,
a:i4 Saturday after the firrt Sundr.y in
I.p-.^ -ile ſcdd of Pentecoft, Septcir-b^r 14,
D-i Pi'T'r 13. Common Prayer.

To EMBEZZLE. ſ. a.
1. /O appropriate by breich of truſt.
Haywai d,
2. To wifte ; to ſwij'ow up in riot. Dryden.

EMBE'ZZLEMENT. ʃ. [from mhex.-x.'c.]
1. The iidt' 'li appiopr:ating to h mfcif
tha; whichj: tr-fived in truſt for another,
2. The thini! .^jpr?:priat?d.

To EMBLA'ZE. ^. a. [h'a[annfr,'St.]
1. To an.)tn with glittering embeiliſhments.

2. To bhfon ; to paint with enfipns ar- EMBRA'CE. ſ. [from the verb.]
morial. Milton.

To EMBLA'ZON. v. a [h'-afonnn, Fr.]
1. To adoi'i w,ti; fiavres tf herjidry.
2. To deck in gianog colour', hhkswid.

E'MELEM. ʃ. [E,'.<^xr,.«a.]
1. I lay ; enamel.
2. An occult repreſentation ; an alluſive
pic;ure. Pea:hom. Addiſon.
To E'MBLEM. v. a. To arepreſent ih an
r.rciilt or alluſive manner. ClcflyiHe.
1. Chſp ; tond prelTure in the arms ; hug.
2. An hoſtile ſqueeze ; cruſh.

EMBRA'CEMENT. ʃ. [from emlw.ce.]
1. Cialp in the arms ; hug; embrace. Sidney.
2. Comprehenſion. Davus,
3. State of being contained ; incloſure.
4. Conjugal endearment. Shakʃpeare.

EMBLEMA'TICAL. ʃ. ^_ r^^^^ ^^^,^.

EMBRA'CER. ſ. [from embrace.] The

EMBLEMA'TICK. I ^ -. jerfon embracing. hntHi,
1. C mpriſing an esnbieat) ; ajluſive; oc-

EMBRA'SURE. ſ. [embrafure, Fr.] An
cultjy reprekutitive. Prior. apertuse in the wall ; battlement.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To EMBRA'VE. V;. <7. [from ^rj^f.] To
decorate; to embelliſh ; to d^xk. Spenſer.

To E'MBROCATE. -z/. a. f sve^ſpC- ; ^o
rub any part diſeaſed with medicinal liquors.


EMBROCA'TION. ʃ. [from emb^ocate,'.
1. The act of tubbing any part diſeaſed
with medicinal liquors.
2. The lotion with which any difesfed E
part is waſhed. Wiſemm. hemorrhcid^l veins ; piles, Samuel,

To EMBRO'IDER. v. a. [broder, Fr.]

EMERSION. ſ. [from em:rge.-\ The (,me

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EME'RGENT. a. [from emerge.l
1. K'ifit.e, out of that which tiverwhelrtu
or oblcures it Ben. Johnson.
2. Riſing into view, or notice. Mi/.-on
3. Proceeding or iffuing from any thing.
4. Sudden ; unexpectedly c^S',,ii. C'.a' endoti,

E'MERODS. ʃ. f. [from ^-wr 'o,<h. 1

EMEROIDS. S Painful iwehings of -he
To border with ornaments; to decorate
with figured wiirk. Walter.

EMBRO'IDERER. ʃ. [fr. rti eitibrotder.]
One that adorns cloaths with needlework.

EMBRO'IDERY. ʃ. [from einbroid^r.]
1. Figures raiſed upon a ground ; variegated
needlework. Bacon.
2. Variegation ; divetfity of colours. Spectator.

To EMBRO'IL. ij. a. [h.ouilhf, Fr.] To
diſturb ; to confuſe ; to diſtrsft. King Charles.

To incloſe in a brothel

E'MBRYO. 1 r r„ r . t

EMBIYON. S ^' t^^-°«'''^''-]
when a flar, having been oblcured by its
too near approach to the fui^ appears
again. Brown.

E'MERY. ʃ. [ejmeril Fr.] Emery n an
iron ore. It k prepared by ginning in
n-iills. it is uſeful in cleaning and policing




Having the quality of provoking vo- Hall.-
d. [from emellcal.'X In
ſuch a manner as to provoke to vomit.

EMICA'TION. ſ. lew{catio, Lat.] Sps'rk-. Donne. Jing; flying off in ſmall particles. Z?roTO«.

EMITION. ſ. [from emia^m, Latin.]
Lrine. Harvey.
1. The offspring yet unfiniſhed in the

To E'MIGRATE. v. n. [I'migro, LatinT]
womb. Brown, Burnet. To remove from one place to anc ther.
2. The ſtate of any thing yet not fit for

EMIORA'TION. ſ. [from emigrate.]
production ; yet unfiniſhed. Swift. Char.'^fe a«f habitation. HdL

EME. ʃ. [eame, Saxon.] Unkle. Spenſer.

E'MINENCE. ʃ. , .

EME'NDABLE. a. [emena'o, Latin.] Ca- E'MINENCY.] ^' '-
pable of errendation ; corrigible

EMENDATION. ʃ. [emendo, Latin.]
1. Correction ; alteration of any thing
from worſe to better. Grew.
2. An alteration made in the text by verbal

EMENDATOR. ſ. [emendo, Latin.] A
currei'tor ; an improver.

E'MERALD. ſ. lemeraitdf, Fr. ſmaragdis,
Latin.] A green precious rtouc. The
emerald is, in its mnft perfeiSi: state, perhaps
the moſt beautiful of all the gems.
It is of all the various ſtades of green,
from the deeptft to the paleſt. fPoodward.

To EME'RGE. v. «. ['merge, Latin.]
1. To riſe out of any thing in which it is
covered. Boyle.
2. To iſſue ; to proceed. Niiuton.
3. To riſe ; to mount from a ſtate of depreſſion
or obſcurity. Pope.

EME'RGEN'CE. ʃ. , of ^,« .-, i

EMERGENCY. !/ U^^^ ^^^^K^-]
1. The act of liftng out of
which it is covered, Brown.
2. The act of riſing into view. Neiiton.
3. Any ſudden occaſion ; unexpected cafaalty. Granville.
4. Pieſſing neceſiity. A Hjr.fe not proper. Addiʃon.
Loftineſs ; hei<;ht.
2. Summit ; hij^iieit part. Rfty.
5. A part riſing aocv^^the reſt. Drydon.
4. A place where one is expoſed to general
notice. Addiſon
5. Exaltation ; conſpicuouſneſs ; reputation
; ctlebrity. Stillingfleet.
6. Supreme degree. Ali.fon.
7. Notice ; diſtinction. Shakʃpeare.
8. A t;t!e given to cardinals.

E'MINENT. a. [eminens, Latin.]
1. High ; lofty. Exek'd.
2. Dignified ; exalted. Dryden.
3. C>n(Bicuous; remarkible. Milton.

E'MINENTLY. ad. [from tw/n^n/.]
1. Conipicuouſly ; in a manner that attrac?
ts obſervacion. Milton.
2. Iii^a high degree. Swift.

E'MIS'SARY. ſ. [er':ijarius, L-tin.]
1. One ſent out on private meirager- ; a
ſpy ; a ſecret age.-.f. Swift.
2. One that en-af: nr ſends out. ^'bathhot,
ny fluid by

EMISSION. ſ. 'j>r.£io. Lain.] The act'
of ſending out ; vent. Eveljri.

To EMI'T. v. a. [etritto, Latin.]
1. To ſend forth ; to let g.] Woodward.
1. To let fly ; to dart. Prior.
3. To iſſue out juridically. ^yiitfe.

EMME'NAGOGUES. ʃ. [s/xf^rua. and i>«.]
Medicines that promote the cuurſes.

E'MMET. ʃ. [aemetw, Saxon.] An ant; a piCmire. Sidney.

To EM MEW. -:'. a. [from meiv.] To
niew or coop up. Shakʃpeare.

To EMMOVE. v. a. [cvimouwir, Fr.]
To excite ; to rouſe. Spenſer.

EMO'LLIENT. </. [emolliem, Lat.] Softening
; ſupplipg. Ai'buthnoi.

EMOLLIENTS. ʃ. Such things as ſheath
and laſten the alpcrities of the humours,
and relax and fjpple the fnlids. Sluii:cy.

EMOLLIl'ION>. ʃ. ' [<;w!o///f(o, Lat.] The
act of ſoftening. Bacon.

EMO'LUMENT. ʃ. [emQlumcr.tuw, Latin.]
Priifit ; advantage. Seuth,

EMO NGST. prep, [fo written by Spenſer.]
Among. ^pcvfer.

EMOTION. ʃ. [emotion, Fr.] Difturbance
of mind ; vehemence of pafiinn. Dryden.

To EMPALE. v. a. [en;pa!er, Fr. ;
1. To fence with a pale. Donne.
2. To fortify. Raleigh.
5. To incloſe ; ſhut in. Clazc-Lr.d.
4. To put to death by ſpitting on a ſtakc
tixed upright. Southerv.

EMPA'NNEL ʃ. [from /.rtiwc, Fr ] The
writing or entering the names of a jury
into a ſchedule, by the ſhcriff, which he
has ſummoned to appear. Cowel.

To EMPA'NNEL. v. a. [from the noun.]
To ſummon to ſerve on a jury.
Goferi.meit of the Tongue.

EMPARLANCE. ʃ. [ixarr. pwhr, Yr.]
It ſignifieth a deſire or pKtition in court
of a day to pauſe what is beſt to do. Cowci.

EMPA'SM. ʃ. [iiJ.'Baircri,;.] A powder to
corre<S the bad ſcent of the body.

To EMPA'SSION. v. a. [i'tom pjjfiof:,
To move with paſſion ; to atteſt Ifrongly.

To EMPE'OPLE. v. a. [from peep!,.] To
form into a people or community, Spenſer.

E'MPERESS. ʃ. [from emperour.]
1. Awoman inveſted with imperial power. Davies.
2. The queen of an emperour. Shakʃpeare.

EMPEROUR. ʃ. [eivpereur, Fr.] A monarch
of title and dignity ſuperiour to a
kine- Shakʃpeare.

E'MPERY. ʃ. [empire, Fr.] Empire ; ſovereign
command, A word out of ofe. Shakʃpeare.

EMPHASIS. ʃ. [ey.^a.cri;.] A remsrkable
ſtreſs laid upon a word or ſentence. Holder.

1. Forciblf ; ſtrong ; (liiking. Garth.
2. Striking the fight. Boyle.
3. Appearing ; ſeeming not real.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EMPHATICALLY. ad. [from empbatiial.]
1. Strongly ; forcibly ; in a ſtriking manner. South.
2. According to appearance. Brown.

EMPHYSE'MATOUS. a. [from l^u^Jcrriixa.'
; BIoated
; pufied up ; ſwollen. Shakſp.

To EMPIE'RCE. 'v,a. [from pierce.] To
pierce into ; to enter into by violent appulfe. Spenſer.

EMPI'GHT. pan. Set ; pitched; put in
a poſture, Spenſer.

EMPIRE. ʃ. [empire, Fr.]
1. Imperial power ; ſupreme dominion,
2. The region over which dominion is extended. Temple.
3. Cnmmand over any thing.

E'MPIRICK. ʃ. [s/xmi^txi,-.] A trier or experimenter ; ſuch perſons as have no true
knowledge of phyſical practice, but venture
upon obſervation only. Hooker.
trig:; Verfed in experiments
empiric:;! \ ' ^^''''^ ^^^ °'J
2. Known only by experience ; prathied
only by rote. Shakʃpeare.

EMPI'RICALLY. ad. [from empirical.]
1. Experimentally ; according to experience,
2. Without rational grounds ; charlatanicaily.

EMPI'RICLSM. ʃ. [from empirick.] Depsndence
on experience without knowledge
or art ; quackery.

EMPLA'STER. ʃ. [l;A.-a\ctr-^r,y.] An application
to a fore of an oleaginous or viſcous
ſubſtance, ſpread upon cloth.

To EMPLASTER. ʃ. a. To cover with
a plainer. Mortimer.

EMl'LA'STICK. a. [l/^^KrXar'Xs;.] Vifc'Us ;
glutinous. Wiſeman.

To EMPLE'AD. v. a. To India ; to prefer
a charge againſt. Hcyward,

To EMPLOY'. v. a. [emploier, Fr.]
1. Tfobufy; to keep at work ; to exercife. Temple.
2. To uſe as an inſtrument. Gay.
3. To uſe as ITiCans. Dryden.
4. To uſe as materials. Locke.
5. To commillion ; to intruſt with the
management of any affairs. Watts.
6. To fill up with buſineſs. Dryden.
7. To paſs or ſpend in buſineſs. Prior.

EMPLO Y. ſ. [from the verb ]
1. Bufineſs; chject of induſtry. Pope. .
2. Publick office. Addiſon.

EMPLOYABLE. a. [from employ.] Capable
to be uſed ; proper for uſe. Boyle.

EMPLOYER. ʃ. [ilov^ employ.] One that
uſes 01 caul'es to bs uſed.- Ch'ld.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


lMPLO'Y?/rENT. ʃ. [from c^^fr.Vv.]
1. Bufineſs ; object of iuduſtf> ; object of
2. Bufineſs ; the {late of being employed,
3. OfHce ; port of buſineſs. A'terhuy,
4. Bufineſs intruſted. Shakʃpeare.

To EMPO'ISON. v. a. [empo>f:>r,ner, Fr.]
1. To deſtroy by poiſon ; to dcHroy by
venomouj food or drops. Sidrey.
2. To tdtnt with poiion ; to envenom.

EMPO'ISOl-IER. ſ. [emfoiJonneur,¥t.] One
who dertinys ,)n.ther by poiſon. Bacon.

EMPO'lSONMENr. ſ. [empoipnni^ment,
Fj.] The piaclice of deflioying by poiſon. Bacon.

EMPORETICK. a. [ejuoto^.t^h);.] That
which IS uſed at markets, or in merchandize.

EMPORIUM. ʃ. [l,u'57=riov.] A place of
nierchandiſe ; a mart ; a commercial city. Dryden.

To EMPOVERISH. v. a. [p^mvre, Fr.]
1. To make poor; to depauperate; to
reduce to indigence. South.
2. To lelſen R-rtility.

EMPO'VERISHER. ʃ. [from ewpoveriſh.]
1. One that makes others poor.
2. That which impairs feitllity. Mortimer.

EMPO'VERISHMENT. ʃ. [from ctnpovertjh.]
Diminution ; caule of poverty ; waſte, Swift.

To EMPOWER. v. a. [from /.o7£.Yr.]
1. To authorife ; to commiliion. Dryden.
2. To give natural force ; to enable. Baker.

E'MFRESS. ʃ. [from emperej:.]
1. The queen of an emperour. Ben. Johnson.
2. A female inverted with imperial oignity
; a female ſovereign. Mihan.

EMPRISE. f. [ſw/)--//, Fr.] Attempt of
danger ; undertaking of hazard ; enterpriſe. Fairfax, Pope. .

E'MPTIER. ʃ. [from empry.] One that
empties; one that makes any place void,

E'MPTINESS. ʃ. [from err^p-y.]
1. Ablence of plenitude ; insni^y. PIi/ipi,
2. The ſtate of being empty. Shakʃpeare.
3. A void ſpscc ; vacuity ; vacuun:. Dryden, Berkley.
4. Want of ſubſtance or ſolidity. Dryden.
5. Unſatisfactorineſs ; inability to fill up
the Hefires, Atterbury.
6. Vacuity of head ; want of knowledge. Pope.

E MPTION. ſ. [ewftio, Ln ] The ad of
purchsfing. Arbuthnot.

EMPTY. a. [a-mtij, Saxon.]
1. Void; having ijijthiDg in it ; not full. Burnet.
2. Devoid ; unfurniſhc?. Nc-wton.
3. Unſatisfactory ; unable to fiii th° iiiiad
grd' fires.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


4. Without any thing to carry ; un&arthenfd. Dryden.
5. Vacant of head ; ignorant ; unfeilful. Raleigh.
6. Without ſubſtance ; without ſolidity ; vain. Dryden.

To E'MPTY. v. a. [from the adjective.]
To evacuate ; to exhauil. Shakʃpeare. Arbuth :(}(,

To EMPURPLE. v. a. [from turtle.] To
make of a p'lrole colour. Milton.

To EMPUZZLE. v. a. [from fuxsL-.]
To perplex ; to put to a ſtand. Brown.

EMPYE'MA. ʃ. [VtjrJ^^t'.a.] A colleclioa
of purulent matter in any part whatſoever
; generally uſed to ſignify that in the
cavity of the breaſt only. Arbuthnot.

EMPYREAL. a. [t'/xiirw!;?.] Formed of
the element of fire ; refined beyond aerial. Milton.

EMPYRE'AN. ʃ. [;>sru.o?.] The higheſt
heaven where the pure element of fire 13
fuopoſed to ſubſift. Milton.

E'MPYREUM. ʃ. / [l,ut!,i'av,u~.] The

E'MPYREUMA. ʃ. b irning tJ of ter in boiling or diſtillation. Harvey, Decay of Piety.

EMPYREUMA'TICAL. a. [from ewfyreumj.]
Having the ſmell or taſte of burnt
ſubſtances. Boyle.

EMPYROSIS. ʃ. [iy-tsv^ix.] Conflagration
; general fire. HaUm

To E MULATE. v. a. [amulor, Latin.]
1. To rival ; to propoſe as one to be
equalled or excelled.
2. To imitate with hope of equality, or
ſuperiour excellence, Ben. Johnſon.
3. To be equal to ; to riſe to equality
with. Pope. .
4. To imitate ; to copy ; to reſemble. Arbuthnot.

EMULATION. ʃ. [amutaHo, Latin.]
1. Rivalry ; deſire of ſupetinrity. Shakʃpeare. Spreſt.
2. Envy ; deſire of depreſſing and ther ,
contt'ft ; contention. Shakſpeare.

E'MUL.-ITIVE. a. [from emulate.] Inclined
to emulation ; rivalling ; diſpoſed to competition.

EiMULA'TOR. ſ. [from emulate.] Ariva'; a competitiir. Bacon.

To EMU'LGE. v. a. [emulgea, Lat.] To
milk our.

EMU'LGEXT. a. [emulgem, Latin.]
/. Milking or draining out.
2. Lmulgent veſſels [in anatomv] are th»
two large .uteries and vein<i which arilr,
the former from the deſcending trunk or
the aorta ; the latter from the x-era cai'i.

EMULOUS. a. [amJut, Latin.]
1. RivaiiMig ; engaged iii competitim.
B:r. '/,' '. in.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


£ Defir-^us of ſuperiority ; deſirous io tffe.
»Br<ve arother ; deſirous of any excellence
poffVfTed by another. Prior.
3. Fatl .Tjs ; contentious. Shakʃpeare.

t'MVLOV^LY. ad. [tmm emuhui.] With
deſire of excelling or outgoing amither.

tMU'LSION'. ʃ. [emulfio. Latin.] A foim
of medicine, by bruiſing oi!y feeds and kernels.

EMU'N'CTORIES. ſ. [emur.aonum, Lat.]
Thore parts tf the body where any thing
cxcrementitious is ſeparated and coUrCled, More.

1.0 ENA'BLIi. v. a. [rfoma^/<f.] To make
abii ; to coMier puwer. Uper.Jer, Rogers.

To ENA'CT. v. a. [from aci.]
1. To act ; to perform ; to eli'eft. Spenſ.
2. To eftabliſh ; to decree. To m^te.
3. To tepre'ent by action, Shakʃpeare.

ENA'CT. ʃ. [from the verb, ] Purpoſe ; » determination.

INA'CTOR. j. [from fnafl.]
1. One that forms decrees, or efta'oliſhes
laws. 'i Atterbury.
2. One who practiles or performs any
thing. Shakʃpeare.

EN'A LLACE. ſ. [from the Greek s'/a?i\a-
>-«.] A figJt- io grammar, whereby there

IS a change either of a pronoun, as when a
polTcilive is put for a relative, or when one
mood or tenfe of a verb is put fir another.

To ENA'MBUSH. v. a. [from ambujh.'^ To
hide in ambuſh ; to hide with hoſtile intention. Chapman.

To ENA'MEL. v. a. [from amel.'.
1. To inlay ; to variegate with colours.
2. To lay upon another body ſo as to vary
it. Milton.

To ENA'MEL. v. n. To praaiſe the uſe
of enamel. Boyle.

ENA'MEL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Any thing enamelled, or variegsted
with colours inlaid. Fairfax.
2. The fuhftance inlaid in other things.

ENA'MELLER. ʃ. [(mm enamel.] Oiie that
prai'^ifes the an of enarnelling.

To ENAMOUR. v. a. [am-.ur, French.]
To infl^ir.e with love ; to make fond. Dryden.

ENARRA'TION. ʃ. [enarro, Latin.] Explanation-

ENARTHRO'SLS. ʃ. [h and a;S:j^v.] The
iniertion of one bjiie l.^to anothL-r to form
a j:iinf. fl^tfemnn.

ENATA'TION. ʃ. [erato, Latin.] The
act of ſwimming cut.

ENA'UMTER. ad. An obſolete word explai
i-d by Spetifer himſelf to mean left that.

To ENCA'GE. -i/. .'?. [{romca^e.] To ſtiuC
up as in a cage ; to coop up ; to confine. Donne.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To ENCa'MP. t. n. To pitch tents ; to
fit down for a time in a march. Bacon.

To ENCA'MP. v. a. To form an army
intn a regular csmp.

ENCAMPMENT. f. [from encamp.]
1. The act of encamping, or pitching
2. Acamp; tents pitched in order. <7rſw.

To ENCA'VE. v. o. [from cai^e.] To hide
as in a cave. Shakʃpeare.

ENCE'INTE. ʃ. [French.] incloſure ;
ground incloſed with a fortification.

To ENCHaFE. v. a. [efchauf.r, French.]
To enrage ; to irritate ; to provoke.Shakʃpeare.

To F.NCHA'IN. v. a. [enckainer, French.]
To fsilen with a chain ; to hold in chains ;
to bind. Dryden.

To ENCHA'NT. v. a. [endamer, Fr.]
1. To give efficacy to any thing by ſongs
of fnrcery. Granvillei
2. To ſubdue bj charms or ſpells. Sidney.
7. To <1elight in a high degree. Pope. .

ENCHA'NTER. ʃ. [enckamei^r, French.]
A magician; a lorcerer. Decay of Piety.

ENCnWNTINGLY. ad. [fr<,m er.cl>aKi.]
With the force of enchinment.Shakʃpeare.

ENCHA'NTMENT. ʃ. [emhamemenf, Fr.]
1. Magical charms ; ſpells ; incantation.
2. Irreſiſtible influence ; overpowering delight. Pope.

ENCHA'NTRESS. ʃ. [encBatitereſs, Fr.]
1. A forcereſs ; a woman verſed in magical
arts. Tatter,
2. A woman whoſe beauty or excellencies
give irreſiſtible influence. Tiamj^n,

To ENCHA.se. v. a. Unchajfer, French.]
1. To infix ; to encloſe in any other budy
fo as to be held fafl, but not concealed.
2. To adorn by being fixed gpon it. Dryden.

ENCHE'ASON. ʃ. [enchefon, old law Fr.]
Cauſe ; occaſion. Spenſer.

To ENCI'RCLE. v. a. [from circle.] To
furround ; to environ ; to incloſe in a ring
or circle. Pope. .

ENCl'RCLET. ſ. [from circle.] A circle; a ring. Sidney.

ENCH'TICKS. ʃ. [JyxXITixia.] Particles
which throw back the accent upon the
forepoing fyilable.

To ENCLOSE. v. a. [enclos, French.]
1. To part from things or grounds common
by a fence. Hayward,
2. To environ ; to encircle ; to furround.

ENCLO'SER. ʃ. [from endofe.]
1. One that encloſes, orſeparate? common
fields in ſeveraldiftintt properties. Herbert.
2. Any

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


.. Any thing in which another is encloſed.

ENCLO'SURE. ʃ. [from encloſe.'.
1. The act of enclofing or environing any
thing. Wilk'vs.
2. The reparation of common grounds
into diftindl polfeflljns, Hayward.
3. The appropriation of things common. Taylor.
4. State of being ſhut up in any place. Burnet.
5. The ſpace endoſed. Addiʃon.
6. Several
\ ground enclnfec ; ground ſeparated. South.

ENCO'MIAST. ʃ. [iyKocfjaar},;.] A panegyrilt
; a proclajmer of praiſe ; a praiſer. Locke.

ENCOMIA'STICAL 7 a. [lyK^viAin^tKk.'.
:&NCOMlASTIC;<. ; Panegvncal ; laudatory
; containing praile ; bellowing praiſe.

fNCO MIUM. ʃ. [ej'xai/Aiov.] Panegyrick ;
prdile ; elogy. tjtvernmetit of the 'Tongue.

To ENCO'MPASS. v. a. [from comfaji.]
1. To encloſe ; to encircle. Shakʃpeare.
2. To Oiut in ; to lurround ; to environ.Shakʃpeare.
3. To go round any place.

ENCO'Mr'ASSMENT. ſ. [from encompafi.]
Circumlocution ; remote tendency of ulk.Shakʃpeare.

ENCO'RE. ad. [French.] Again ; once
more. Pope. .

ENCO'UNTER. ʃ. [encontre, French.]
f. Duel ; ſingle fight ; cinſhil. Dryden.
2. Battle ; fight in which enemies rulh
againſt each other. Milton.
3. Eager and warm converfation, either of
love or anger. Shakʃpeare.
4. Accidemal congreſs ; ſudden meeting.
5. Accofting, Shakʃpeare.
6. Cjfual incident ; occanon. Pope. .

To ENCO UNTER. v. a. [nxm the noun.]
1. To ri.eet Jace to face, Shakʃpeare.
2. To meet in a hoſtile manner ; to rulh
againſt in conflift. Knoiies.
3. To meet with reciprocal kindneſs.Shakʃpeare.
4. To attack ; to meet in the front.
5. To oppoſe ; to oppugn. Hale.
6. To meec by accident, Shakʃpeare.

To ENCO UNTER. v. n.
1. To ruin together in a hoflile manner ; to cenflift. Shakʃpeare.
2. To engage ; to fight. Knolles.
3. To meet face to fjce.
4. To come together by chance,

ENCO'UNTEKER. ʃ. [from encounter.]
1. Opponent ; ant^goniit ; enemy. More,
2. One that loves to accoll 01 hers. Shakʃpeare.

f ENCO'URAGE. v. a. {cmaurage-.^t..

1. To animate ; to incite to any thing. P/i
2. To give courage to ; to ſupport the ſpirits
; to emboken. fCing Charies,
3. To raile confidence; to make confident. Locke.

ENCO'URAGEMENT. ʃ. [from evcourage.]
1. Incitement to any atlion or practice ;
incerxive. Philips.
2. Favour; countenance ; ſupport. Ofaay.

ENCO'URAGER. ʃ. [from encourage
; Oae
that (upplies incitements to any thing ; a
favourer. Dryden.

To ENCROACH. v. n. [accrocher, from
croc, a hook, Fi.]
1. To make invalions upon the right of an«
other ; to put a hook into another man's
polltihons to draw them away. Upenffr,
2. To advance gradually and by Health upoa
that to which one has no righr, He'bert,

ENCRO'ACHER. ʃ. [from encroach.
1. One who ſeizes the polTeirion of a .other
by gradual and lilent means. ii(.''fr,
2. One who makes flow and gradual advances
beyond his rights. Ctar'ifj.

ENCRO'ACHMENT;. ʃ. [{tomer.croa7o.-\
1. An unlawful gathering in upon another
man. CowJ. Milton.
2. Advance into the territories or ngiitsof
anorher. Addiſon.

To ENCU'MBER. v. a. [encembrer^ ir.]
>. To ciog ; to load ; to Jmpede.
2. To entangle ; to cmbarraſs ; to obſtruct.
3. To load with debts.

ENCU'MBRANCE. ʃ. [from er.cun;6er.]
I Clog ; load ; impediment. Temple.
2. Exrreſcence ; ui'eleſs addition. Tho»fon.
3. Biiriben upon an eflats. yi\lffe.

ENCYCLICAL. a. [i^xyjtXiKcj.] Circular ; ſent r;iiino throiigh a large regii n.

ENCYCLOi'E'DIA. ʃ. /, [lj.xi,xXo=7^-aa<t.]

ENCYClO: E'DY. i The Circe of ſcie-ices
; the .- j.^d f learning. A'btithnat.

ENCY'STLD. ʃ. [jt;;,-if-J Encloſed in a
velicje or b.g. isharp,

END. ʃ. [en's Saxon ]
1. The exti;. y of any thing rraterialljr
extended, L.ckc,
2. The laſt pjTacie of any aflign.' le duration. Donne.
3. the conclufioT or cefſition of any
atlion. Ccncfis.
4. I ne conclufion orlaſt part &f any tnir.^ ; as, the end of a chapter,
5. Ultimate ſtate ; final doom.
6. The point beyond which no progrefficra
can be mjde. PI'jhm,
7. Final determination ; conclufion of de.
bate or delibtr.uion. Shakʃpeare.
S. Death ; fate ; deceaſe, Wo:ior. Ro,'c:m.
9. Abolition ; total Ivfs, Locke.
10. CJuſeof dcr.th ; deſtroyer. Shakʃpeare.
; I. Coafetjuente ; event, Utakſpeare.

X2. Fragment ; broken piece. Shakʃpeare.
13. Purpoſe ; intention. Clarenden.
14. Thing intended ; final deſign.
J5. yf«END. Erect: as, his hair ſtands
an end.
16. Mojl an End. Commonly. Shak.

To END. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To termmatc ; to conclude ; to finiſh. Knolles, Smalridge.
2. To deſtroy ; to put to death.Shakʃpeare.

To END. v. n.
1. To come to an end ; to be finiſhed. Fairfax.
2. To terminate ; to conclude ; to ceaſe ; to fail. Taylor.

To ENDA'u'AGE. v. a. [from damage,'\
To miſchiof ; to prejudice
; to harm. South.

To ENDA'NTGER. v. a. [from danger.]
1. To put into hazard ; to bring into peril.
2. To incur the danger of ; to hazard.

To ENDE'AR. v. a. [from dear.] To
jnake dear ; to make beloved. Waki,

EN'DE'ARMENT. ſ. [from endear.'.
1. The caule of love
; means by which any
tiling is endtared. The tnitiri,
2. The ſtatr of being endeared ; the itate
of being loved. South.

ENDEAVOUR. ʃ. [devoir, French ; end:-
fair.] Labour directd to ſome certain
end. I'l'i'o'fon.

To ENDEA'VOUR. v. n. To labour to a
certain purpoſe, P^ipe.
7 o ENDEAVOUR. v. a. To attempt ; to rrv. Milto.

ENDEAVOURER. ʃ. [from endnrvo-ar.]
One who l^t-ours to a certain end, Ryma

ENDE'CAGON. ʃ. [wiſsxaj^cv.] A plain
fig'ire of eleven lides and angles.

ENDE'MIAL. ʃ. 2. [h^Y.uo'-,.] Peculiar

ENDE'MICAL. > to a country ; uſed of

ENDE'MICK. 3 any difeaſe that affeds
leveral people together in the lame country,
proceeding from ſome cauſe peculiar
to tl>e country where it reigns. Quincy.

To ENDENlZE. v. a. [i\om denizen^] To
make tree; to enfraiicnife. Camden
1. To charge any man by a written accusation
before a court of juſtice : af, he zvas
indited for feioiy.
1. To draw up ; to compoſe ; to write,


ENDI'CTMENT. ʃ. f. [from endite.] A

ENDI'TEMENT. i bill or declaration made
in form of law, Jor the benefit of the comaionwearth.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


E'NDIVE. ʃ. [endii-e, French ; intykum,
Latin.] Endizie or fuccory. Mortimer.

E'NDLE^S. a. [from end.]
1. Without end ; without conclufion or
termination- Fote.
2. Infinite in longitudinal extent. Milton.
3. Infinite in duration ; perpetual. Hooker.
4. Inceſſant ; continual. Pope. .

ENDLESSLY. ad. [from endlefi.]
1. Incellantly
{ perpetually.
Deiray of Piety.
t- Without termination of length,

E'NDLESSNESS. ʃ. [from eW/^/i.]
1. Perpetuity ; endleſs duration.
2. The quality of being round without an
end. Donne.

E'NDLOrNG. ad. [f»iand /e»^.] In a firait
line. Dryden.

E'NDMOST. a. [end and mcJJ.] Remoteſt ; furtheft ; at the further end,
To ENDO'R^E. v. a. [emiojfer, French.]
1. To regiller on the back of a writing ; to ſuperlcribe. Howet.
2. To cover on the bark. Milton.

ENDORSEMENT. ʃ. [{rom endonfe.]
1. Superſcription ; writing on the bjck.
2. Ratification. Herbert.

To ENDOW. v. a. [indotare, Latin.]
1. To enrich with a portion. Exodus.
2. To ſupply with any external goods. Addiſon,
5. To enrich with any excellence. Swift.
4. To be the fortune of any one.Shakʃpeare.

ENDO'WMENT. ʃ. [from endow.]
1. Wealth belfov.-ed to any perl in or uſe,
2. The bellowing or afluring a dower ;
the fetting'f with or fevering a ſuſſicient
portion for perpetual maintenance. Dryden.
3. Gift' of nature. Jlddfon.

To ENDUE. v. a. [/W:/o, Latin.] To ſupply
with mental excdiencies. Common Prayer.

ENDU'RANCE. ʃ. [from endure.]
1. Continuance ; laſtingnefa. Temple.
2. Delay ; procraftination. Shakʃpeare.

To ENDURE. 1'. a. [endurer, French.]
To bear ; to undergo ; to fuſtain ; to ſupport. Temple.

To ENDURE. it. n.
1. To laſt ; to remain ; to continue. Locke.
2. To brook ; to bear ; to admit. Davies.

ENDURER. ʃ. [from endi^re.]
1. One that can bear or endure ; fuſtainer
; fuff^rer. Spenſer.
1. Continuer ; laſter.

E'NDWISE. ad. [end and wife.] Ereaiy ; opr,iſhly : on end. .fi<y> Tft

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To ENE'CATE. i/. a. [eneco, Latin.] To
kill ; to deſtroy. Harvey.

E'NEMV. ʃ. [er.nemi, French.]
1. A publick foe. Davies.
2. A private opponent ; an antagonift.
3. Any one who regards another with malevolence
; not a friend, Shakʃpeare.
4. One that diſhltes. frior,
5. [In theology.] The fiend ; the devil. Common Prayer.

ENERGE'TICK. a. [In^yririxo; .]
1. Forcible
; active ; vigorous; efficacious.
2. Operative
; active ; working; rot at
reſt. Crew.

E'NERGY. ʃ. [Ivljyf.a.]
1. Power not exerted in action. Bacon.
2. Force; vigour; efficacy; influence. Smalridge.
3. Faculty ; operation. Berkley.
4. Strength of expreſſion ; force of ſignification.

To ENERVATE. v. a. [fmr^(7, Latin.]
To weaken ; to deprive of force. Bacon.

ENERVATION. ʃ. [from enerije.]
1. The act of weakening ; emafculation.
2. The ſtate of being weakened ; effeminacy.

To ENE'RVE. v. a. [entrvo, Latin.] To
weaken ; to break the force of ; to crufti.

To ENFA'MISH. 'v,a, [from famljb.] To
liarve ; to fam'iQi.

To ENFEE'BLE. v. a. [from f;Me.] To
weaken ; to enervate. Taylor.

To ENFE'OFF. v. a.
1. feoffamentum , low
Latin.] To invert with any dignities or
poffeſſions. A law term. liak.

ENFE'OFFMENT. ʃ. [from enfeoff.]
1. The act of enfeoffing.
2. The inrtrument or deed by which one
is inveſtfd with poITellions.

To ENFE'TTER. v. a. To bind in fetters; to enchain. Shakʃpeare.

ENFILADE. ʃ. [Fr.] A ſh;iit paifdge.

To ENFILA'DE. v. a. [from the noun.] To pierce in a right line.

To ENFI'RE. -z/. a. [from fire.^ To fire; to ſet on fire ; to kiudle. Spenſer.

To ENFO'RCE. v. a. [enfordr, French.]
1. To give ſtrength to ; to ſtrengchen ; to
2. To make our gain by force. Spenſer.
3. To put in ad by violence. Shakʃpeare.
4. To inſtigate ; to provoke ; to urge on. Spenſer.
5. To urge with energy. Clarendon.
6. To compel ; to conſtrain, Davies.
7. To preſs with a charge. Little uſed.Shakʃpeare.

To ENFO'RCE. v. n. To prove ; to evince.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ENFO'RCE. ʃ. [from force.] Power I
^ en^th MLcTi'

ENFO'i<CEDLY. ad. [from enfo' ce.] By
violence ; not voluntarily ; not ſpontaneoudy

ENFORCEMENT. ʃ. [from erforce.]
1. An act of violence ; compu iinr ; force oft'eied. R^ «|'^ 2. S indlion ; that which gives force to a
law. Locke.
3. Motive of conviction ; urgent eviJen f. Bacon.
4. Preſſing exieence. Shakʃpeare.

ENFORCER. f [from enforce,} Conipeljer
; one who effects by violence. Hammond.

ENFO'ULDRED. a. [from foudre, French.]
Mixed With lighthing. Spenſer.

To ENFR.-i'NCHISE. v. a. [from fanchfe.]
1. To admit to the privileges of a freeman. Davies.
2. To ſet free from ſlavery. Temple.
3. To free or releaſe from cuſtody. Shak.
4. To denifen ; to end en .'en. ff'atts,

ENFRANCHI'SEMENT. ʃ. [from enfanchife.]
1. Inveſtiture of the privileges of a denifen.
2. Releaſe from priſon or from ſlavery.

ENFRO'ZEN. part, [from /roz?;?.] Congealed
with culd. Spenſer.

To ENGA'GE. v. a. [engager, French.]
1. To make liable for a debt to 1 c editor,Shakʃpeare.
2. To impawn; to flake, Hudibras.
3. To enlift ; to bring into a party. Milton.
4. To embark in an affair ; to enter in an
undertaking. Digby.
5. To unite ; to attach ; to make adherent. Addiſon.
6. To induce ; to win by pleaſing means ;
to giin. Walier,
7. To bind by any appointment or contrart. Atterbury.
8. To ſeize by the atfention.
9 To emloy ; to hold in buſineſs. Dryden.
10. To enchunte.' ; to fight, i'l.pe.

To ENGAGE. v. n.
; Tocor.riift; to fight. Clarenden.
2. To embark in any buſineſs ; to enlift in
any partv. Dryden.

ENGAGEMENT. f. [from engagement, Fr.]
1. The act of engaging, impawning, or
making liable to debt.
2. Obligation by contract. Atterbury.
3. Adherence to a party or cauſe ; partiality. Swift.
4. Employment of the attention. Rogers.
5. Fight ; conflia ; battle. Dryden.
^ Sf 6. GbliE

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


6. Obligation ; motive. Hanohoni.

To EMGA'OL. x-. <a. [from ^'W.] Toiniprifoa
; 1 ciinfine. ifbakelpfare.

To ENGA'RRISCN. v. a. To piotetl by
a gairifon. tluivel.

To ExN'GE'NDER. v. a. [engc„d,er, Fr.]
1. To begec between difteient ſexes. Sidney.
2. To pr( duce ; to form. Shak Diviii.
3. To excite ; to caul'c ; to produce,
4. To bring forth. Pnar.

To ENGE'NDER. v. n. To be cauſed ; to
be produced. Vrjdcti,

ENGINE. ʃ. [et!g!n, French.]
1. Any rnech^imcal complication, in which
various movements and paits concur toor.e
2. A military machine. Fiiirfax.
3. Any inſtrument. Rikigh,
4. Any inſtrument to throw water upon
burning houſes. Dryden.
5. Any means uſed to bring to pais. D ip
6. An agent for another.
4. [JtL^m grave.] To bury ; to inter.
Sfienfi r.

ENGRA'VER. ʃ. [from eugraie.] A cutter
in itone or < ther matter. Hale.

To ENGRI'EVE. v. a. To pain ; to'vex. Spenſer.

To ENGRO'SS. v. a. [groſſir, Ficiich.]
1. To thicken ; to m.kc thick, ^penf'er.
2. To encreaſe in bulk. Wotion.
3. To fatten ; to plump up. Shakʃpeare.
4. To ſeize in the groſs. Shakʃpeare.
5. To purch^le the whole of any commodity
for the fdke of Itlling at a high price.
6. To copy in a large hand. Pope.

ENGROSSER. f. [from frgro/s.] He that
purchal'es large ijiianiities of any commodity,
in order to ſells it at a high price. Locke.

ENGRO'SSMENT. ʃ. [{totnevgroſs.] Appropriation
of things in the groſs ; exorbitant
acquiſition. ^wj't.

To ENGUA'RD. v. a. [from guard.] To
pioteſt ; to defend. Shakʃpeare.

ENGINE'ER. ʃ. [mgemeur, French.] One
who manages engines ; one who directs the
attilleiy of an army, Shakʃpeare.

E'NGINERY. ʃ. [from evgine.]
1. The act of managing artillery. Milton.
2. Engines of war ; artillery. Alihon.

To ENGI'RD. v. a. [komgtrd.] To encircle
; to furround. Shakʃpeare.

E'NGLE. ʃ. A gull ; a put ; a bubble.
Uanmer. Shakʃpeare.

ENGLISH. a. [erjjlep, Saxon.] Belonging
to England. Shakʃpeare.

To E'NGLISH. v. a. To tranſlate into
E'lglilTI. Brown.

To ENGLU'T. v. a. [erglout/r, French.]
1. To ſwallowup. Shakʃpeare.
2. To glut ; to pamper. jdjchim.

To ENGO'RE. v. a. [from gore.] To
pierce ; to prick. Spenſer.

To ENGO'RGE. v. a. [(torn gorge, Fr.]
To ſwallow f to devour ; to gorge,

To ENGO'RGE. v. n. To devour ; to feed
with ea^eineſs and voracity, Milton, Daniel.

To ENHA'NCE. v. a. [entsuſer, Ft.]
To lift up ; to raiſe on h.gh. Sperfei
2. To raiſe ; to advance in price. Locke.
3. To raiſe in eſteem. Atterbury.
4. To aggravate. Hammond.

ENHA'NCEMENT. ʃ. [from enhunc.l
1. Augmentation of value. Bacon.
2. Aggravation of ill. Government of the Tongue.

ENI'GMA. ʃ. [anigma, LiX\n.] A riddle ; an obſcure queſtion ; a poſitionexpieſſed in
remote and ambiguous terms, Pope.

ENIGMA'TICAL. a. [from enigma.]
1. Obſcure ; ambiguouſly or darkly expreſſed. Brown.
2. Cloudy ; obſcurely conceited or apprehended.

ENIGMA'TICALLY. ad. [from enigma.]
In a ſenſe different from that which the
words in their familiar acceptation imply. Brown.

ENI'GMATIST. ʃ. [hem enigma.] One
who deals in obſcure and ambiguous matters. Addiʃon.

To ENGRA'lL. v. a. [from ^r^.'if, French.]

To ENJO'IN. ʃ. a. [erjoindre, French.]
To indent in curve lines. Chapman. To direct ; to ordci ; to preſcribe.

To ENGRAIN. -y. a. [from groin.] To Milton.
die deep ; to die in grain. Spenſer.

ENJO'INER. ſ. One who gives injunctions.

To ENGRAPI'LE. v. a. [from gra;ple.]

ENJO'INMENT. ſ. [from e^jcm.] Di-
To cloſe with ; to contend with hold on redtion ; cummand, Brcome,
each other. Daniel.

To ENJOY. v. a. [jouir, erjouir, Fr.]

To ENGRA'SP. v, a. [from gft^ſp.] To i. To feel or perceive with pleaſure.
feize ; to hold fili in the hand. Spenſei.

To ENGRAVE. a/, a, preter, engraved
part. pair, engraved or engraven, Fr.]
1. To pitlure by inciſions in any matter. Pope.
f,. To mark wood or ſtone. Exodus.
3. T»> iipprel^ deeply ; to imprint. Locke, Addiſon.
2. To obtain polfeſſion or fruition of. Milton.
3. To pleaſe ; to gladden ; to exhiLrate.

To ENJO'Y. ʃ. 12. To live in happineſs.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


SNJO'YER. ʃ. One that has fruitiop.

EnJO VMENT. ſ. Happineſs ; fruition.

To ENKl'NDLE. v. a. [from kindle.]
1. To (tt on tire ; to inflame.
1. To rouſe paſſions. Shakʃpeare.
3. To incite to any act or hope.Shakʃpeare.

To ENLA'P.CE. v. a. [elargir, French.]
1. To make greater in quantity or appearance. Pope.
2. To encreaſe any thing in magnitude. Locke.
3. To encrtaſe by repreſentation,
^. To dilate ; to expand. 2 Cor,
5. To ſet tree from limitation.Shakʃpeare.
6. To extend to more purpoſes or uies. Hooker.
7. To amplify ; to aggrandife. Locke.
8. To releaſe from confinement,Shakʃpeare.
9. To diffuſe in eloquence. Clarenden.

To ENLA'RGE. v. r. To expatiate; to
ſpeak in many words. C a-endon,

ENLA'RGEMENT. ʃ. [from enlarge.]
1. Encreaſe
; augmentation; farther extenſion. Hayward.
1. Reieaſe (rom confinement or ſervitude.Shakʃpeare.
3. Magnifying repreſentation. Pope. .
4. Expatiating ſpeech ; copious diſcourſe.
Clai endon.

ENLA'RGER. ʃ. [from enlarge.] Amplifier. Brown.

To ENLI'GHT. 11. a. [from %/!>/.] To
illuminate ; to ſupply with light. P' pe.

To ENLI'GHTEN. v. a. [from tight.]
1. To illuminate ; to ſupply with light.
2. To inſtruct ; to furniſh with encreaſe
of knowledge. Rogers.
3. To cheer ; to exhilarate; to gladden.
4. To ſupply with fight. Dryden.

ENLIGHTENER. ʃ. [from cnlighien.]
1. lUuminaior ; ui;e that gives light. Milton.
1. Tnſtruſtor.

To ENLI'NK. v. a. [from Ink] To chain
to; to bind. Shakʃpeare.

To ENU'VEN. v. a. [from life, live]
1. To make quick ; to iiibke alive ; to
2. To make vigorous or active. Swift.
3. To make ſpnghtly or vivacious.
4. To make gay or cheerlul in appearance.

ENLI'VENER. ʃ. That which animates; that which invigorates. Dryden.

To ENLU'MINE. v. a. [enluminer, Fr.]
To illumiftc ; to illuminate. i>penf(r.

E'.MMITY. ſ.Ihomenewy.]

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. Urfiiendly diſpoſition ; malevolenfc
averfi.jn. Locke.
2. Contrariety of intereſts or inclinations. Milton.
3. State of cppoſition. James..
4. Malice; miſchievous attempt?. Atterb.

To ENMA'RBLE. v. a. [from marble.]
To turn to marble. Spenſer.

To ENMESH. v. a. [hammeſh.] To net ;
to intangle. Shakʃpeare.

ENNE'AGON. ʃ. [mEa and tcey-a.] A figure
of nine angles. .

ENNEA'TICAL. o. [hna.] Enneatica..
duyi, are every ninth day of a ſickneſs ; an enneiiiical years, every ninth year of one'

To ENNO'BLE. v. a. [ennoblir, French.]
1. To raiſe from commonalty to nobility Shakʃpeare.
2. To dignify ; to aggrandiſe ; to exalt ; t..
raiſe. South.
3. To elevate ; to magnify. Waller.'
4. To make fsmoils or lUuſtrioi'.s. Bacon.'

ENNO'BLEMFNT. ʃ. [from enioble.]
1. The act of raiſing to the rank of nobility. Bacon.
2. Exaltation ; elevation ; dignity. Glanville.

ENODATION. ʃ. [enodatio, Latin.]
1. The act of untying a knot.
2. Solution of a difficulty.

ENO'RMITY. ʃ. [from enormous.]
1. Deviation from rule ; irregularity.
2. Deviation from right ; depravity; corruption. Hooker.
3. Attrocious crimes ; flagitious villanies. Swift.

ENO RMOUS. ʃ.7. [encrmis, Latin.]
1. Jrregular ; out of rule. Newton.
2. Difo'dered ; corifuſed. Shakʃpeare.
3. Wicked beyond the common meaſure.
4. Exceeding in bulk the ccmnicn mealure?.

ENO'RMOUSLY. ad. [from enormous.]
Beyond meaſure. Woodward.

ENO'RMOUSNESS. ſ.Immeaſurable wicker)
net's. Decay of Piety.

ENOUGH. a. [^enoh, Saxon.] Being in
a ſuſſicient mealuie ; I'uch as may ſatisfy. Locke.

1. Something ſuſſicient in greatneſs or excellence. Temple.
2. Something equd to a man's powers or
acuities. B'cn,

ENOUG.H. ad.
1. In a ſuſſicient degree ; in a degree that
gives ſatisfaction.
2. it notes a ſlight augmentation of the poſitive
degree! as, 1 am rffji/y enough 10
quarrel y that is, I am ratnet quareiforr e
han ptEceahle. jAddiſon.
Sf z l- An

1. An exclamation noting fulneſs dr f«-
tiety. Shakʃpeare.

ENO'W. The plural of enoi/^/&. A ſuſſicieiit
nutnber. Hooker.

JEN PASSANT. ad. [French.] By the

To ENRA'GE. v. a. [enrager, French.]
To irritate ; to provoke ; 10 make furious.

To ENRA'NGE. 1;. a. [from rjw^f.] To
place regularly ; to put into order. Spenſer.

To ENRA'NK. To <7. [ii^mranl.] To place
in oiderly ranks. Shakʃpeare.

To ENRAPT. v. a. [from rapt.] To
throw into an extafy ; to tranſpoit with
enthuſiaſm. Shakʃpeare.

To ENRA'PTURE. v. a. [from rapture.]
To tranſport with pleaſure.

To ENRAVISH. 1/. ſ. [from raiifi.] To
throw into extafv. Spenſer.

ENRA'VISHMENT. ʃ. [{torn enraviſh.]
Extafy of delght. Granville.

To ENRICH. -.;. a. [enricher, Fr.]
1. To make wealthy ; to make opulent.
I Sam,
2. To fertilife ; to make fruitful.
3. To ſtore ; to ſupply with augmentation
of any thing deſireable. Raleigh.

ENRI'CHMENT. ʃ. [from enrich.]
1. Augmentation of wealth.
2. Amplification ; improvement by addition.

To ENRI DGE. v. a. To form with longitudinal
protuberances or ridges. Shakſpeare.

To ENRI'NG. v. a. [from ring.] To bind
round ; to encircle. Shakʃpeare.

To ENRI'PEN. v. a. To ripen ; to mature. Donne.

To ENRO'BE. v. a. [from rol^e.] To dreſs ;
to doath. Shakʃpeare.

To ENRO'L. v. a. [inroller, French ]
1. To infert in a roll or regiſter. Sprat.
2. To record ; to lesve in writing. MJ'on.
3. To involve ; to inwrap. Spenſer.

ENRO'LLER. ʃ. He that enrols ; he that

ENRO'L^IENT. ſ. [from enrol.] Regifter ;
writing in which any thing is recorded. Davies.

To ENROOT. v. a. To fix by the mot.Shakʃpeare.

To ENROUND. v. n. [from rovBd'.] To
environ ; to furround ; to mcli-fe.Shakʃpeare.

ENS. f.
1. Any being or exiſtence.
2. [In chymiſtry.] Some things that are
pretended to contain all the (lujlitiesof the
ingredients in a iicile room.


ENSA'MPLE. ʃ. [effempio, Italian.] Ex-.
ample ; pattern ; fuoject of imitation.

To ENSA'MPLE. v. a. [from the noun.]
T rxempiify ; to give as a copy. Spenſer.

To ENSA'NGUINE. v. a. ſpnguis, Lat.]
To ſmear with gore ; to fuffuſe with blood.

To ENSCHE'DULE. v. a. To irfen in a
fchedule or writing. Shakʃpeare.

To ENSCO'NCE. v. a. To cover as with a
fort. Shakʃpeare.

To ENSE'AM. v. a. [from-/ .r ] To ſow
up ; to induſe by a feam. Camden.

To ENSE'AR. v. a. [iroTn fear.] Tocauterife
; to ſtanch or flop with fire.
i>l- Kſprare.

To ENSHI'ELD. v. a. [from ſhie/d ] To
cover. Shakʃpeare.

To ENSHRI'NE. v. a. To incloſe in a cheſt
or cabinet ; to preſerve as a thing fjcred.

E'I>f6IF0RM. a. [evfiformis, Latin.] Having
the ſhape of a ſword;

E'NSIGN. ʃ. [enfeigne, French.]
1. The flag or ſtandard of a ret,iment.Shakʃpeare.
2. Any ſignal to aſſemble. Iſaiah.
3. Badge ; or mark of diftindlion.

4. The officer of foot who carrie« the flag.

E'NSIGNBEARER. ʃ. He that Carnes the
flag. Sidney.

To ENSLA'VE. v. a. [from flaw.]
1. To reduce to ſervicude ; to deprive of
-liberty, Milton.
2. To make over to another as his ſlave. Locke.

ENSLA'VEMENT. ʃ. [from erpve.] The
ſtate of ſervitude ; ſlavery. South.

ENSLA'VER ʃ. [from enjlaw.] He that
reduces others to a ſtate of ſervitude. Swift.

To ENSU'E. v. a. [enfaivre, French.] To
ffliow; to purſue. Comtfion Prayer. Daviest

To ENSU'E. v. n. -
1. To follow as a conſequence to premiſes. Hooker.
2. To ſucceed in a train of events, or
courſe of time. Shakʃpeare.

ENSU'RANCER. ʃ. [from enfure.]
1. Exemption from hazard, obtained by
the payment of a certain fnm.
2. The fiim paid for ſecurity.

ENSURANCER. ʃ. [from er.furance.] He
who undertakes to exempt from hazard. Dryden.

To EN'SU'RE. v. a. [from fure.]
I . To afcertain ; to ma.ke certain ; to ſecure. Swift.
2. To exempt any thing from hazard by
paying a certain fum, on condition of be»
ing teimburſed for inifcarriags.
3. To

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


3. To promife reimburſement of any mifcarriage
for a certain reward ſtipulated. L'Eſtrange..

ENSU'RER. ʃ. [from enfrre.] One who
makes con'racts of enfurance.

ENTABLATURE. ʃ. [from tabk.] [In

architeaure.] The
architrave, ink, and cornice of a pillar,

ENTA'IL ʃ. [from the French entaiiie, cot
1. The eſtate entailed or ſettled, with regard
to the rule of its deſcent.
2. The rule of dsſcenC ſettled for any
3. Engraver's work ; inlay. Spenſer.

To ENTA'IL. v. a. [tailhr, to cut ; Fr.]
1. To ſettle the deſcent of any eſtate fo
th?tt it cannot be, by any fobſequent poſſeffur,
bequeathed at pleaſure. Dryden.
2. To fix unalienably upon any perſon or
thing. To lotfan.
3. To cut. Sfeiijer.

To ENTA'ME. v. a. [from tame.] To
tame ; to ſubiugate. Shakʃpeare.

To ENTA'NGLE. v. a.
1. To inwrap or enfnare with ſomething
not eaſily extricable.
2. To loſe in multiplied involutions.
3. To twiſt. or conſuſe.
4. To involve in difficulties ; to perplex.
5. To puzzle ; to bewilder. Hayward.
6. To enfnare by captious queſtions or artful
talk. Mattheit.; 7. To diſtrad: with variety of cares.
2. Tim.
8. To multiply the iatricacies or diffioj]-
ties of a work. Shakʃpeare.'

ENTA'NGLEMENT. ʃ. [from entangU:]
1. Involution of any thing intricate or <dhefive.
2. P.rplexity ; puzzle. More.

ENTA'NGLER. ʃ. [from entavgk.] One
that entangles.

To E'NTER. v. a. [entrer, French.]
1. To go or come into any place. Atterbury.
2. To initiate in a buſineſs, method^ or ſociety. Locke.
3. To introduce or admit into any coun.
Icl. ^Liiieipeure.
4. To ſet down in a wnriting, Graunt,

To E'NTER. v. n.
1. To come in ; to go in. Jii^igcs,
2. To penetrate mentally ; tomakeintellectual
entrance. Addiʃon.
3. To engage in. Taller.
4. To be initiated in. Addiſon.

ENTERDE AL. ſ. ^tTitre and deal] Reciprocil
tranſactions. Hubbard's Tale,

E'NTERING. ʃ. Entrance ; paſſage into a
place. Iſaiah.

To ENTERLA'CE. v. a. [tnirefafer. Fr.]
To intermix. Sidney.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ENTERO'CELE. ʃ. [enteroule, Utin.] A
lupture from the bowels preſſing through
the peritonaeum, ſo as to fall down intd
the groin. Starp

ENTERO'LOGY. ʃ. [hr^,v and A=>of.]
The anatomical account of the bowels^and
interna] parts.

ENTEROMPHALOS. ʃ. [bn^cv and c>.
<J)«X;?.] An umbilical or navtl rupture.

ENTERPA'RLANCE. ʃ. [ent>e and parler.
French.] Parley ; mutual talk ; conference. Hayward.

ENTERPLE'ADER. ʃ. [entre and pL,jd.]
The diſcuſting of a point incidentally failing
out, befi>re the principal cauſe can take
end. Cowel.

E'NTERPRISE. ʃ. [emrcpriſe, French, ; An undertaking of hazard ; an arduous
artempt. Diyuin,

To E NTERPRISE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To undertake ; to attempt ; to effay,
2. To receive ; to entertain. Spenſer.

E'NTERPRISER. ʃ. [from merprifi.] A.
man of enteljpriſe ; one who undertakes
great things. Haywa>d.

To ENTERTA'IN. v. a. lentreterar, Fr.]
1. To converſe with ; to talk with. Locke.
2. To treat at the table. Addiſon.
3. To receive hoſpitably.
Hebrews. Shakʃpeare.
4. To keep in one's ſervice. Shakʃpeare.
5. To reſerve in the mind. D^ray of Piety.
6. To pleaſe ; to amuſe ; to divert. Addiſon.
7. To sdmit with ſatisfaction. Lickt,

ENTERTA'INER. ʃ. [from entenain.l
1. He that keeps others in his ſervice.
Z, He that treats others at his table. Smalridge.
3. He that pleaſes, diverts, or amuſes.

ENTERTAINMENT. ʃ. [f,omer.UrU,fi.]
1. Converlation.
2. Treatment at the table ; convivial proviſion.
3. Hoſpitable reception.
4. Reception ; admilEon. Tillorfcjj,
5. The ſtate of being in pay as ſoldiers or
fervants. Shakʃpeare.
6. Payment of ſoldiers or fervants. Davies.
7. Amuſement ; diverſion. Temple.
8. Dramatick performance ; the h.wer
comedy. Gay.

ENTERTI'SSUED. a. [entre and tijfut.]
Enierwoven or intermixed with various cok'ura
or ſubſtances. Shakʃpeare.

To EN rHRO'KE. v. a. [from throne.]
1. To place on a regal feat. Shakʃpeare.
2. To invert vfiſh fgvereign authority.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ENTHU'SIASM. ʃ. [Iva-^iar/^.o;.]
1. A vain beler of private revelation ; a
vain confidence of divine favour. Locke.
2. Heat of imagination ; violence of paflinn.
3. Elevation of fancy ; exaltation of ideas. Dryden.

ENTHUSIAST. ʃ. [h^^T^io,.]
1. One who vainly imagines a private revelation
; one who has a vain confidence of
his intercourle with God. Locke.
2. One of a hot imagination, or violent
pafliuns. Pope. .
3. One of elevated fancy, or exalted ide s.

1. Pcrfuaded of ſome coninnunication with
the Deity. Calamy.
2. Vehemently hot in any cauſe.
3. Elevated in fancy ; exalted in ideas.

ENTHYME'iME. ſ. [h^i:fM!xa.] An argument
confining only of an antecedent and
conſequential propoſition. Broior.

To ENTI'CE. v. <u To allure; to attraifl ;
to draw by blaiidiſhments or hopes.

ENTI'CEMENT. ʃ. [from entice.
1. The act or practice of alluring to ill.
2. The means by which or»e is allured to
ill ; allurement. Taylor.

ENTI'CER. ʃ. [from entice.] One thaC
allures to ill.

ENTI'CINGLY. ad. [from entice.] Charmmgly
; in a winning manner. yiddiſon.

[crtieru, French.] The
whole. Bacon.

ENTIRE. a. [enticr, French.]
1. Whole ; undivided. Bacon.
2. Unbroken ; complete in its parts.
jAddiſsn. Newton.
3. Fall ; complete ; compriling all requiſites
in itſelf. llo'Aer. Sfectator.
4. Sincere ; hearty. Bacon.
5. Firm ; lure ; ſolid ; fixed. Prior.
6. Unminglfd ; unallayed. Milton.
7. Honeſt ; firmly adherent ; faithful. Clarendon.
8. In full ſtrength ; with vigour unabated. Spenſer.

ENTI'RELY. ad. [from entire.]
1. In the whole ; without diviſion.
2. Completely ; fully. Milton.
3. With firm adherence ; faithfully.

ENTI'RENESf?. ſ. [<from entire.]
1. To tality ; completeneſs ; fulneſs. Boyle.
2. Honeſty ; integiity.

To ENTITLE. v. a. [entiluler, French.]
1. To grace or dignify with a title or honourable

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. To give a title or diſcriminative appelta-.
tion. Hooker.
3. To ſuperſcribe or prefix as a title. Locke.
4. To give a claim to any thing. Rogers.
5. To grant any thing as claimed by a title. Locke.

E'NTITY. ʃ. [entitas, low Latin.]
1. Something which really is ; a real being.
2. A particular ſpecies of being. Bacon.

To ENTO'IL. v. a. [from toil.] To enfnare
; to intangle ; to bring into toils or
nets. Bacon.

To ENTO'MB. v. a. [from tomb.] To
piit into a tomb. Denham.

ENTRAILS. ʃ. without a ſingular. [en.
trailles, Fr.]
1. The inteflines ; the bowels ; the gut<!. Ben. Johnson.
2. The internal parts ; receſs ; caverns. Locke.

To ENTRA'IL. v. a. To mingle ; to interweave.

E'NTRANCE. ʃ. [entrant, French.]
1. The power of entering into a place.Shakʃpeare.
2. The act of entering. Shakʃpeare.
3. The paſſage by which a place is entered
; avenue. If^otton.
4. Initiation; commencement. Locke.
5. Intellectual ingreſs ; knowledge. Bacon.
6 The act of taking pclleflion of an office
or dignity, Hayward.
7. The beginning of any thing. Hakewell.

To ENTRA'NCE. v. a. [from trance.]
1. To put into a trance ; to withdraw the
loui wholly to other regions.
2. To put into an extafy. Milton.

To ENTRA'P. v. a. [from trap.]
1. To enfnare : to catch in a trap. Spenſer.
2. To involve unexpededly in difficulties.Shakʃpeare.
3. To take advantage of. Ecclef.

To ENTRE'AT. v. a. [traiter, French.]
1. To petition ; to ſolicite ; to importune. Geneſis.
2. To prevail upon by ſolicitation. Rogers.
3. To treat or uſe well or ill. Prior.
4. To entertain ; to amuſe. Shakʃpeare.
5. To entertain ; to receive. Spenſer.

To ENTRE'AT. v. «.
1. To offer a treaty or compact. 1 Mac,
2. To treat ; to diſcourſe. Hake-wtll.
3. To make a petition, Shakʃpeare.

ENTRE'ATANCE. ʃ. Petition; entreaty ;
ſolicitation. Fairfax.

ENTRE'ATY. ʃ. [from entreat.] Petition
; pravrr ; ſolicitation. Shakʃpeare.

ENTREME'Ti:. ſ. [French ] Small' plates
ſet between the main diſhes. Mortimer.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


E'NTRY. ʃ. [eniree, French.]
1. The paflige by which any one enters a
houſe. Bacon.
2. The a<a of entrance ; in%ith. Addiʃon.
3. The act of taking pollellion of any
4. The act of regiſtering or fetting down
in writing. Bacon.
5. The act of entering publickly into any
city. Bacon.

To ENU'BILATE. v. a. [e and nuhilo, Lat.]
To clear from clouds.

To ENU'CLEATE. v. a. [enudeo, Latin.]
To fulve ; to clear.

To ENVELOP. v. a. [envelo^er, Fr.]
1. To inwrap ; to cover.
2. To hide ; to furround. Philips.
3. To hne ; to cover on the inſide. Spenſer.

ENVELO'PE. ʃ. [French.] A wrapper; an outward cife. iiwfi.

To ENVE NOM. v. a. [from vtncm ]
1. To tinge with poiſon ; to poifun. Milton.
2. To make odious. Shakʃpeare.
3. To enrage. Dryden.

E'NVIABLE. a. [from Mty.] Deferving
envy, Curttu,

E'NVIER. ʃ. [from t?ivy.] One that envies
another ; a maligner. Chrendon.

E'NVIOUS. a. [from tn-zy.] Infetted with
envy. Vr'j'verbi.

E'NVIOUSLY. ad. [from envioui.] Wnh
; with malignity ; with ill will.
D pba.

To ENVIRON. v. a. [envirovner, f r.]
1. To lunound ; to encompals ; to encircle. Knolles.
2. To involve ; to envelope. Donne.
3. To furround in a hoſtile manner ; to
befjege ; to hem in. Shakʃpeare.
4. To indoſe ; to invefl. Cleaimland.

ENVI'RONS. ʃ. [environs, French.] The
neighbouihood or neighbouring places round
about the country.

To ENU'MERATE. v. a. [enumero, Lat.]
To reckon up ſingly ; to count over diftindly.


ENUMERATION. ʃ. [enumeratio, Latin.]
The act of numbering or counting over.

To ENU'NICATE. v. a. [r«a«/o, Latin.]
To declare; to ^;^ociiim.

ENUNCIATION. ʃ. [enunci'^'tw, Latin.]
1. Declaration ; publick atceſtation. Taylor.
2. Intelligence ; information. H.de.

ENU'NCIAIIVE. a. [from enunciate.] Declarative ; expreſſive. Ayliffe.

ENU'NCIATIVELY. ad. [from enunciative
] Declaratively.

E'NVOY. ʃ. [f«toy^Fr.]
1. A publick niiniitei lent from one power

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


.o another. Denham.
2. A publick meſſenger, in digniiy beluw
an anibalFador.
3. AmeiFonger. Blackmore.

To E'NW. v. a. [envifr, Fr.]
1. To hate another for excellence, or fuc-
2. To grieve at any qualities of excellence
in another.
3. To gjudge; to impart unwillingly. Dryd::r.

To E'NVy. ^. „. To feel envy ; to kel
pain at the fight of excellence or felicity.

ENVY. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Pjin felt and malignity conceived at the
fight of excellence or happintii. Pope. .
a Rivalry ; competition. Dryden.
3. Milice ; mal.gnity. Shaktlpcaie.
4. Puljlick . dium ; ill repute. Bacon.
To ENWHE'EL. v. a. [{u,m whee!.] To
encompals ; to encircle. Shaklpeare

To ENWO'MB. v. a. [from icomb.]
1. 'io make pregnant, Spenſer.
2. To bury ; to hide. £,^„„.

EOLIPILE. ʃ. [from JEolus and/-;7j.] .
hollow ball of metal with a long pipe
which ball, filled with water, and expoſed
to the fire, ſends cut, as the water heats
at intervals, blalls of cold wind through the

EPA'CT. ʃ. [l7ra-<T>?.] A number, whereby
we note the exceſs of the common foiar
year above the lunar, and thereby may
find out the age of the moon every year. To find the epadl, having the prime or
golden number given, you have this rule :
Div.de by three ; for each or.e left add
ten 3
Thirty reject : The prime makes epaH

EPA'ULMENT. ʃ. [French, fromp'Juk
a ſhoulder.] [In fortification.] A ſidework
made either of earth th'own up, of bags
of earth, gabions, or of fafcincs and earth. Harris.

EPE'NTHESIS. ʃ. [I^rsv&.c^,,.] The addition
ot a vowel or conſonant in the middle
of a word. Harris.

E'PHA. ʃ. [Hebrew.] A meaſure amonthe
Jews, containing fifteen ſolid inches.

EPHE'MERA. ʃ. [^f'^ef).]
1. A fever that terminates in one day.
2. An inled that lives only one day

EPHE'MERAL. ʃ. [i^^i^.^o;.] 'oiur-

EPHE'MERICK. I nal ; beg.n^ning and end-
'ngin^day. mtlon.

EPHEMERIS. ʃ. [£<{.',uE.:j.]
1. A journal ; an account of daily tranſactions.
2. An account of the daily motions and
luuations of the planets. Dryden.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


SPHE'MERIST. ʃ. [from ephemerh.] One
who confults the planets ; one who ſtudies
aſtrology. Ho'ivel.

EPHE MERON-WORM. ſ. A ſort of worm
that lives but a riay. Denham.

E'PKOD. ʃ. [.TI£N] A ſort of ornament
worn by the Hebrew prieſts.
Calmet. Sandys.

E'PIC. <J. [?/'c.v.!, Latin ; sVc^.] Narrative
; compriſing namtions, not afted,
but reheaiſed. It is uſually ſuppoſed to be
heroick. Dryden.

EPICE DIUM. ſ. [£7r!x»)'J(C>r.] An eie^y ; a piem upon a funeral. Sandys.

E'PICURE. ʃ. [epicureu!, Latin.] A man
given vph)lly to luxury. Locke.

EPIC'JRE'AN. ſ. One who holds the phyſiological
principles of Epicui us. Locke.,

EPICURE AN. a. Luxurious ; contnbuting
to luxury. Shakʃpeare.

E'PICURISM. ʃ. [from epicure.] Luxury; fenKial enjoyment ; gro's pJeaſure. Calamy.

[eto-i andxuxXi^.] A little
circle whoſe center is in the circumference
of a greater ; or a ſmall orb, which, being
fixed in the deferent of a planet, is carried
along with its motion ; and yet, with its
ewn peculiar motion, carries the body of
the planet f.dkned to it round about its
proper center. Hams. Milton.

EPICY'CLOID. ʃ. [I'ErixuKXojiJ/if.] A curve
generated by the revolution of the periphery
of a circle along the convex or concave
part of another circle.
1. That which falls at once upon great
numbers of people, as a plague. Gruunt.
2. Genervlly prevailing ; affecting great
nuTibers. South.
?. Genfv^' ; nniverfal. Cka'vehnd,
liMDE'i<MIS. ſ. [;w:?:,7j^-.] The ſcarf-
&in of a man's body.

E'PfGRAM. y. [ep-igramtr.a, Latin.] A ſhort
poem terminating in a point. Peacham,

EPIGRAMMATICAL. v. a. [eppigramma.

EPIGRAMMA'TICKL. S ticu;, Latin.]
1. Dealing in epigramb ; writing epigrams.
'a. Suitable to epigrams ; belonging to epigrams. Addiſon.

EPIGRA'MMATIST ʃ. [from epigra-m.]
One who writes or <eals in epigrams. Fopf,

EPi»GRAPHE. ſ. [iw-iyjafii.] An inſcription.

S'PILEPSY. ʃ. [e^4A))Ja>.] Any cnnvulfion,
or convulſive motion ct the whole body,
©r of ſome of its parrs, with a loſs of fenle. Floyer.

EPILE'PTICK. a. [from epikfj.^ ConvallVd. Arbuthnot.

E'PILOGUE. ʃ. [epilcgus, Latin.] The
poem or ſpeech at the end of a pl^y. Vryd,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EPINV'CTI?. ʃ. [imvuKll;.] Aforeatthe
corner of the eye. Wtfitnon.

EPI'PHANY. ʃ. [Eori4,av£.'a.] A church
ff Itivai, celebrated on the twelfth day after
Chrifbmas, in commemoration of our Saviour's
being manifefled to the world, by
the appea aace of a miraculous blazing fl:ar.

EPIPHONE'MA. ʃ. [ituiai,u,yniAa.] An exclamation ; a concluſive ſentence not cloſely
connccted with the words foregoing,

EPIPHORA. ʃ. [Iffifoja.] An inflammation
of any part Harris.

EPIl^HYLLOSPE'RMOUS. a. [from ettI,
<^u>.]oy and av-^fxa.] Is applied to plants
that bear their feed on the back part of
their leaves, being the ſame with capillaries.

EPIPHYSIS. ʃ. [ETTi^^i,-.] Accretion ; the part added by accretion. Wiſemat!.

EPI'PLOCE. ſ. [l7r(TXo.cn.] A figure of
rhetorick, by which one aggravation, or
firiking circumflance, is added in due gradation
to annther,

EPI'SCOPACY. ſ. [epifcopa'.us, Latin.] The
government of biſhops ; eftabliſhed by the
aportles. CL:rir.den,

EPI'aCOPAL. a. [from cp'fecpm, Latin.]
1. Belonging to a biſhop. Rogers.
1. Vefted in a biſhop. Hc:^;r,

EPISCOPATE. ʃ. [epifrcpatus, Latin.] A

E'PISODE. ʃ. [sTT^Vc-J^.] An incidental
narrative, or digreſſion in a poem, ſeparable
from the mam ſubject. Addiʃon.

EPISO'OICAL. v. a. [from epifode.] Con-

EPISU'DICK. ʃ. tained in an epifode. Dryden.

EPISPA'STICK. ʃ. ['tti and a'jrlx.]
1. Drawing.
2. BIifering. Arluthtwt.

EPI'STLE. ʃ. [IffiroX;).] A letter. . Dryden.

EPI'STOLARY. a. [hovn cpif'e.]
1. Rel iting to letters ; ſuitable CO letters.
2. Tranfatted by letters. Addiſm,

EPI'STLER. ſ. [from ep'fih.] A ſcnbler
of letters.

E'PITAPH. ʃ. [ITrilaVof.] An inſcription
upon a tomb. Smith.

EPITKALA'MIUM. ʃ. [etti &aXay.o,-.], A
nuptial ſong ; a compliment upon marriage. Sandys.

E'PITHEM. ʃ. [ETri'&M^a.] A liquid medicament
excernally applied. Brown.

E'PITHET. ʃ. [ETn&STov.] An adjective
denoting any quality good or bad. Swift.

EPITOME. ʃ. [£7rIT<:/xii.] Abridgement ; abbreviature. Wotton.

To EPI'TOMFE. v. a. [from epitome.]
1. To abſtract ; to contract into a narrow
ſpace. Donne.
2. To diminiſh; to curtail. Addiſon.


EPrrOMISER. ʃ. [from tfuomije.] An

EPI'TOMISr. i abndger; an abHradter.

E'POCH. ʃ. [iiroxn.] The time at

EPO'CflA. i which a new compulation is
begun ; the time tiuoi which dates aie
Cumbered, South.

EPODE. ʃ. [Its^xlo;.] The ſtanza following
the itrophe and antiſtrophe.

EPOPEt. ſ. [IjeoTTMa.] An epick or heroick
pc-m, Dryden.

EPULA'TION. ʃ. [epulatio, Lat.] Banquet
; fealh Brown.

EPULO'TICK. ʃ. [ITruuAwTiXuj.] A cicatriſing
medjcament. H-'iſeman,

EQUABI'LITY. ʃ. [from ejuable.] Equality
to itſelf ; eveniKl's; unAoi m\ly. Ray.

E^QUABLE. a. [ccq^abd^s, Uun.] Equal
to itlell-^ even ; uniform. Benil/y,

E'QUABLY. ad. [from equahh.] Uniformly
^ fivenly ; equdlly to itfcif. Cheyne.

E'QUAL. a. [^ecjualis, Latin.]
1. Like anotliof in bulk, or any quality
that admits comparjfon. Hale.
2. Adequate to any purpoſe. Clarenden.
3. Even; uniform. Smith.
4. In juſt propoi tion, Dryden.
5. ImpaTtial ; neutral. Dryden.
Id. In<iiflereut. Cheyne.
7. Equitable ; advantageous alike to both
parties. Aliiccabees,
S. Upon the ſame terms. M^ccaiees,

EQUAL. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. One not JOlcriour or ſupenour to another.Shakʃpeare.
2. One of the ſame age. Gatatiani.

To E'QUAL. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To maJce one thing or perſon equal to
2. To riſe to the ſame ſtate with another
perſon. Ttumlull,
3. To be equal to. Shakʃpeare.
4. To recempenfe fully. Dryden.

To E'QUALISE. v. a. lit<jm equal.]
1. To make even. Brocks.
2. To be equal to. Digby.

EQUAXITY. ʃ. [from f^a<s/.]
1. Likeaeſs with regard to any quantities
compared. Shakʃpeare.
2. The ſame degree of dignity. Milton.
3. Evenneſs ; uniformity ; equability. Brown.

E'QUALLY. ad. [from equal ]
1. In the ſame degree with another. Rogers.
2. Evenly ; equably ; uniformly. Locke.
3. Impartially. Shakʃpeare.

EQUxA.NGUL.'VR. a. [from equui and angulus,

L.U.] C-ntilling of equal angles.

EQUANl.VllXY. ʃ. [aqt.^rim.tjs, Latin.]
EveBuefi of njnd, ncuccr ehted nor depreſſl-

EQUA'NI\10U>. a. [iſqua,airas, Latin.]
Even ; not d<-jeded.

EQUA'TION. ʃ. [<iequar;. La.] Their.
velhgation of a mean proportion coiJected
from the extremities of exceſs and detefl.
_^ Hooker.

EQUA. TION. [In algebra.] An expreſſion
or the ſame qj.mtiry in two dillimilar
tei m'^, but of equal value.

EQUATION. [Irj adronomy.] The difſtr.
cme beiween the tune marked by the
fun apparent motion, and chat naeaſured
by its motion.

EQlIA'rOR. ʃ. [aquatcr, Latin.] A great
circle, whoſe poles are the poles of the
world. It divides the globe into two equal
pait?, the northern and ſouthern hcmiſp.
cres. Hjrii,

EQ.UArO'RIAL. a. [from equator.] Pertaining
to the equator. Chevnt.

EQUESiKIAN. a. [eque/iris, Latin.]
1. AppeMing on hotfeb.ck. SpttJator.
2. Skilled in hoi femanſhip.
3. Tdoieing to the fectnd rank in Rome.

EQUE'RRV. ʃ. [,cur,e, Dutch.] Mafter
ot the h.'rfe.


EQUICRU Kt:. ; Kf^waud crut, Lat.]
1. Having the Jfgs of an equal length.
2. Kaving the kg: of an tjqual length,
and longer than the baſe. D-ghv

EQl'IDI'STANT. a. [^^guu^ and d,fin',
Latin.) At the hme didance, Ray

EQUIDI STAN :LY. ad. [from equidi/iar.tA
At the ſame diſtancee. Brown.
'£.qiWeO'?.MlTY. f. {aqum3niforma. Ux.]
Uniform equality. BroXur

EQUILATERAL. a. [^equtisini latu!. Lat.l
J-iavine all ſides equal. Bacon.

To EoyiLI'BRATE. v. a. [from equ,n'.
ht<m.] To b,iiance equally. B',vle

EQUILIBRA'TION. ʃ. [from equilihrat,.]
Eauipoik'. Dcrbarn.

EQUILI'BRIUjM. ʃ. fLatin.]
1. Equipo.fe ; equality of weight.
2. Equality of evidence, motives, or
P^'=- South.

EQUINE CESSARY. a. [aqous and r,e,ej.
fir. us, Latin.] Needful in the ſame degf-

EQUINO'CTIAL. ʃ. [^qous^nd no^, Ln.T
The line that encompalTes the world at ai ;
equal diſtancee from either pole, to which
Circle when the fun comes, he makes
equal days and nights all over the cloLe

EQUINOCTIAL. a. [from equiric^] '
1. Fcrtalrang to the equinox. Mllig.
2. Happening about the time of theequinojcs.
3. Bein? near the equinoctial line PIiliti

EQUI'NO'CTIALLY. ^,d. [from equ-„oaial..
\< the direction of the equine^ si. B'^nv^,

EQUINOX. ʃ. [aquui and nax, Latin.]
1. Equinoxes are the pieciſe iin:ej.jn whirV
the foil enters into the fiift point of Ariei
and Libra ; for then, moving exactly under
the eqoinoftial, lie makes our day? and
riighrp t.Lji.ul. Harris Brown.
2. Equjhty ; even meaſure, Shakʃpeare. ;

To ]iiinoij>ial wind, Dryden.

EQUINUMERANr. a. f ^fi^us and iiumeruj,
Latin.] H<iving the Ume number.

To EQUIP. v. a. [ſquiſp^r, Fr ]
1. To turniſh fur a iioifcnian.
2. To lurniſh ; toaccoutits to Jreſs out.

E'C>UIPAGE. ʃ. [,i)u-pge^ French.]
1. Furnnuie for -> hor1tm:in.
1. Carriat^ of Hate ; vehicle. Milton.
Attendince ; retinue. Pope. .
4. Atcoufr?ments ; furniture, Sj^enſer,

E'QUIPAGED. a. [from ej'ja^e.] Accdutrfil
; ^trenflpd. Spenſer.

EQUIPE'NUENCY. ʃ. \a:qous and ptndio,
Latin.] The act of hangiug in equipoife. South.

EQUI'PMENT. ʃ. [from equip.]
1. The <it\ of equipping i.r accoatering.
2. Ac'-( ufrement ; equ'pa^e.

EHjLUHOlSR. ʃ. yqi'Hi, Lain, and poidi,
French.] Equality of weightj (quilibration.

EQUIPO LLENCE. ʃ. Equality of force or

EQl-'IPO'LI.EN r. ^. [^ejuipol/ens, Latin.]
Having f-qiijl power or t' rcc. Bacon.

Eiuality .'f weiglir.

EQUIPONDERANT. a. [aijous and pondiram,
Latin.] Being of the f^ine weight,

To EQUIPO'NDERATE. t. n. [o'qum and
piiJiro, Latin.] To ueigh equal to any
th'osj M'^ltkira.

EQUIPO'NDIOUS. a. [ajous and pondus,
Lat.] Equilibrated ; equol on either pajt. Glanville.

EQUITABLE. a. [cquiudk, Fr.]
1. Jiift ; du? to juſtice, Boyle.
2. Loving inſtiof ; candid ; impartial.

E'QUITABLY. cid. [hamcijuitjbie:] Juftiv
; imparti-'ily.

E'QUITY. ʃ. [equi'e. Fr.]
1. Juſtice; right ; honeſty. Thlo-fn.
2. I'r.paitullty Hooker.
^ [!n law.] The rules of deciſion ob-
.ſp'v-d iiy ih'- court of Chancery,

EQUI'VALENCE. ʃ. [ripuj and -z'a/co,

EQUI'VALENCY. ʃ. Latin.] Ejuality of
p' WT or woi tb. i>mulr:d^f-,

T >EQUIVALENCE. f fl. [from the noun.]
T rohip niieiate ; to be equal to. Brown.

To VALENT. a. lajousiii(ITjen;, Latin.]
1. Equal in value. Prior.
2. Equal in any excellence. M.Uon,

EQUIPO'NDERANCE. ,7 /, [ajous and
poi.du Latin ~]

3. Equal in force or power. Milton.
4. Of the ſame cogency or weight. Hooker.
<;. Of the ſame import or meaning. $cuii>.

E'ayi VALENT. ſ. A thing of the ſame
wcighr, dignity, or value. Rogers.

EQUIV'OCAL. a. [aqui-^'oci^s. Latin.]
1. Of doubtful ſignihcation ; meaning different
things. Shakʃpeare.
2. Uncertain ; doubtful. Ray.

EQUI VO'CAL. ʃ. Ambiguity. Denn:t.

EQUIVOCALLY. od \from ,quivcc.l.]
l. Ambiguouſly ; in a doubiful or double
ſenſe. South.
2. By uncertain or irregular birth ; by
generation out of the flaied order. Btraly.

EQUrVOCALNESS. ʃ. [from iquiiocal.]
Arribiguirv ; double meaning. Norris.

To EQUrvbCATE. v. n. [tequimcatio,
Latin.] To uſe woids of double meaning
; to n^f anibigurus expreſſions. Smith.

EQUIVOCA'TION. ʃ. [^qui'vocatio, Lat.]
Ambiguity of ſpeech ; double meaning. Hooker.

EQUIVOCA'TOR. ʃ. [from ejvhocatc]
One who ults ambiguous language,Shakʃpeare.

E'RA. ʃ. [eer/i, Latin.] The account of
lime Jrum any particular date or epoch. Prior.

ERADIA'TION. ʃ. [e and radium, Latin.]
Eniidinn of radidnce. ^'g, Clarui.

To ERA'DICATE. v. a. [eradico, Latin.]
1. To > pull up by the roof, Brown.
2. To completely deſtrny ; to end, ^ivrft,

ERADICA'TION. ʃ. [from eradicate.]
1. The act of tearing up by the root; dtllrudf ion ; txciſion,
2. The ſtate of being torn up by the roots,

ERA'DICATIVE. a. [frotn eradicate.]
TfiHt which cures radically.

To ERASE. ʃ. a. [r.'/r, Fr.] Todeſtrty
; to exfcind ; toiubout, Peacham.

ERA'SEMENT. ʃ. [from crafe.]
1. Deſtruclii,n ; devaliation.
2. E»rpunflion ; abolition,

ERE. ad. [ifji, Sa.ton.] Before ; ſooner
trian. Daniel.

ERELONG. ad. [from ^ra and /o«^.] Before
a long time had eiapfed. Spenſer.

ERENO'W. ad. [from ere and nozu.] Betnte
this time. Dryden.

EREWHI'LE. ʃ. ad. [from «re and ^ii/t-.]

ER.EW1-J1 LEj. ^ Some lime ago ; before a
littie while. Shakʃpeare.

To ERE'CT. v. a. [ereflui, Latin.]
1. To place perpendicularly to the horizon.
2. To raiſe ; to build. Addiſon.
3. To eftabliſh anew ; to ſettle. Ra.Jgh,
4. To elevate ; to rxili, Dryden.
5. To raiſe conl^equences frcifl premiles. Locke.
6. Te

6. To animate ; not to depreſs ; ſo encourage.

To ERE'CT. v. ti. To riſe upright. Bacon.

ERLCr. a. [tr.au!, Latin.]
1. Upright ; noticaniiyg; not prone.
2. Direflect wpward'!. PhilfS,
3. B'llii , contident ; unſhaken. Granville.
4. V-poroii'. ; not Otpr< nVd. Huuker.

ERECTION. ʃ. [from er,a.]
1. The act of raiſing, or /laſe of being; raifi'd upward. B'ertivoocJ.
2. The act of building or rajfing tdifices.
3. Eftabliſhment ; feſtlpment. South.
4. Elevation ; exaicacion of ſentimerns.

ERECTNESS. ʃ. Upr^ghtneſs of poſture.


E'REMITE. ʃ. [cremita, \M. £>v^'^-]
One who livts in a wiideineſs ; an nermit. Raleigh.

EREMITICAL. a. [from eremite. [KeligioulTv
folitnry. ktntigjlcet.

EREPTAT/ON. ʃ. [eref^to, Latin.
; A
C'ceping forth.

ERE P nON'. ſ. [f-rptfn, Latin.] A fnatching
or tjji'ing ^way by force.

E'RGOT. ʃ. A ſort of Hub, V'ke a pi»ce
of ſoft hvrn, placed behind and bel w rhe
paflern joint. Farrier''i D Ei.

ERI'NCO. ſ. Sea-holly, a plant.

E T'.^TICAL. a. [E§i?- ; CjDtroverfial; relating to difimte.

ERKE. ʃ. [t^ P3. Saxon.] I ile ; lazy; (lirffal. Chaucer.

FRMELINE. ʃ. [d'-mnutive, of trmin.]
All e'-mine. iSidney.

ERMINE. ʃ. [hcTmlre, Fr.] An animal
that is found in cold countries, and which
very nearly reſembles a wealle in ſhape; having a whire pile, and the tip of the
tail black, and furnithing a choice and va-
Iiiablp fur. fr^voux. Dryden.

E'RMINED. a. [from e' num.] Ciu.thed
wuh rrmane. ro:-e.

E'RNE 7 ʃ. [from the Saxon epn.] A

E'RON S cottage.

To ERODE. v. a. [erode, Lat.] To canker,
01 eat awav. Butor.

EROGA'TION. ʃ. [erozatio, Lat.] The
ati of giving or bfflowctvg,

ERO'SION ʃ. [eroiio, Latin.]
1. The act of eating away.

J. The f-aie of being t-aten away.

To ERR. v. V, [e-TO, Latin.]
1. To wander ; to ramble, Dryden.
2. To miſs the right way ; to ſtray.
ComTo i Prayer,
3. To d-/i.<te from any purpoſe. Pope. .
^. To com.mit etrours ; to miſtake. Taylor.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


E'RRAND. ʃ. [sepenS, Saxon.] A m'-
fage ; ſomething to be told or done by a
mcflenger. /(, ^er.

E'RRABLE. a. [from err.] Liable to err.

E'RRABLENESS. ʃ. [tTK,tn trraote.^ L ableneſs
t. errour. D^'cay of Piety.

ERRA'NT. a. [.rran, Latin. ]
1. Wandering ; roving ; lainoline.
B OTvn.
1. Vile ; abandoned ; complerely had
; b':jot.

E'RRANERY. ʃ. [from erravt.]
1. A,, errant ſtife ; the condition of a
wandt-rer. y^'ddf.ro
2. The emr)Iivm''nt of a k-ni^hr erranr,

ERiiATA. ʃ. [Latin.] The faults of the
P'lnter or authour iiifL'i ted in the beg'nning
or end of the book. Bay'e.

ERRA TICK. a. [erra'-w, Latin.]
1. Wandering ; uncertain ; keeping no
certain ord'r. BLchiO'e.
2. lircg'ilar; chaneeable. tLrvey.

ERRATICALLY. ad. [from erratua! or
errutuk.] Withinic rule ; without method. Brown.

E'RRHIXE. ^. [^pvf.] Smffed up the
no'e ; ocr .fi Jiij- g lueeinng. Baconj.

ERRONTEOUS. a. [frou. frro, Latisi.]
1. Wandering; unfiMtlcd. NvW'o'T.
2. IrreguLr ; wandering from the right
r^iad. Arbuthnot.
3. Miſtaking ; mifled by errour. Si/uth.
4. Miſtaken ; not conſortiKib.e to truth,

ERRO'NEOUSLY. ad. [from errov, u-.]
Bv mi(.ake ; nor rightly. llo k .

ERRO'NEOL'SNESS. ſ. [(rc^m erroneous.]
I'hjhcaJ tajfehood ; inconformity to truth. Boyle.

E'RROUR. ʃ. [error, Latin.]
1. Miſtake ; invuiuntary deviation from
t'H'b. i)hakef'pi^<re.
2. A blunder ; a miſtate committed. Dryden.
3. R.oving excurſion ; irregular conrfe.
4. [In theology.] Sin. ſhire-.vs.
5. [In law.] Aij en or in pleading, or
in the proccA. Coire/,

ERST. ad. {e.J}, Cermnn.]
1.FirO. Spenſcr,
2. At firſt; in the beginning, R^ihov.
3. Onre ; when tinie wis, Prior.
4. Formerly ; 1 ng igo.
5. Before ; tiij then ; tiU now.
M.lioi. Kiird'e^.

ERUBF'SCENCE. ʃ. f, \,.u: ,ic.a, Lu .

ERUBESCENCYa The act of growing
rT. ; redneſs.

ERUBh'SCENT. a. [eruhe;c,>'s. L.rln,
] ReddWh ; f imewhat red.

To ERUCT. t>. a \,r,,f}c, L^'in.] To
bclih ; to bre«k wind ff,.m the fi. ni<rh.
T £ z EJIU»-T4-


BRUCTA'TION. ʃ. [from fra^^ ]
1. The act of betchiffg.
2. Belch ; the matter vented from the
ſtomach. jirbvthnot,
3. Any ſudden buift of wind or matter.

ERUDI'TION. ʃ. [cruditio, Lat.] Learning
; knowledge. Swift.

ERU'GINOUS. a. [aruginofus, Lat.] Fartaking
of the ſubſtaace and nature of
copper. Brown.

ERUPTION. ʃ. [eryptio, L«tin.]
1. The act of breaking or borlting f'rth.
2. Biirſt ; emiſſion. Addiʃon.
5. Sadden excurſion of an hofthe k;r^(i.
4. Violent exclamation. Swih.
t;. EfHoref.ence \ puftules. Athitiont.

BRU'PTIVE. a. [eru{>-us, Latin.] B-afrting
torth. Thon:jo>i.

ERV'SIPEL.-^S. ſ. [:pi/riV6X'JT] Ai^ £0'-
fifths is generated Py a hot ſtrum in the
ftlopfi. arid affrtis the ſuperficie? <>f the
Ikin with a ſhining pale red, ſpre.arting
from one plate to another. h' iji-man,

E8ZALA'DE. ſ. [French.] The act of
r .tling the walls. Addiſon.

E' CALOP. ʃ. A n.eilfiſh, whcfe .Tie'l is
lepularly indented. Wtdward,

To ESC'A'PE. v. a. [^chaper, French.]
1. To tibtain exemption from ; to .l:tMn
ſecurity from ; to fly ; to avoid. l^uke.
2. To paſs unobſerved. Dc:ikam.

To ESCAPE. v. n. To fly ; to get out of
danger. CircnuLs.

ESCA'PE.-/. [from the vevb.]
1. Fl ght ; the act of getting out of danger. Pſalms. H'tyii.'ard.
2. Excurſion ; fslly. Denham.
3. [In law ] Violent or privy evaſion out ESPA RECT. /,
of Tawfiil reſtraint. CoKud.
4. Excuſe ; ſubterfuge ; evaſion. Rjleigh.
5. S<lly ; fl'ght; irregularity. Milton.
6. Overfight ; miſtak.?. Br^^rcwo'd.

ESCARGJJCIRE. ʃ. [French.] A nurſerv
of fnails. Addiſon.

f;SCHALOT. ſ. [French.]
jhel'>t. A plant

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ESCHE'ATOR. ʃ. [from efcheat-l An (Officer
tbatoblerves the efcheats of the kin ;
in the county whereof he is efcheator. Cowel, Camden.

To ESCHE'W. v. a. [efchfoir, old French.]
To fiv ; to avoid ; to ſhun. Sjndyi.

ESCU'TCHEON. ʃ. The ſhield of the
family ; the pi^ure of the enſigns armorial.

ESCORT. ʃ. [i^ort, French.] C )nvoy ; gmrd from pl<tce to phre.

To ESCO'Rr. >'. a. [cfcorrer, Fr.] To
convoy ; to guird from place to place.

ESCO'T. ʃ. [French.] A tax paid in boro.
ighs an4 corporations towards the ſup»
port of the community.

To ESCO'T. v. a. [from the nnun.] To
pay a man's recJs^aning ; to ſupport.Shakʃpeare.

ESCQ'UT. ʃ. [fſtovter, Fr.] LiHeners or
foief. HITtTrtird.

ESCRVTGIR. ʃ. [French.] A box with all
the implements neceliary for writing.

ESCU'AGE. ʃ. [from ej'ci/, Frentn, a ſhieli.]
Ejcuagu, that 15 feiviceof the ſhield, is
either uncertain or certairT. Efruage uncertain
is, where the tenant by his tenure
is bound to follow his lord. The other
kind of this efcuage uncertain, is called
caſtlftward, where the tenant by Iiis land
is biiund to defend a caſtle. Efcuage certain
is, where the tenant is ſet at a certain
fum of nio- ey, to be paid in lieu of
ſuch uiicertain ſervices. Cowel.

ESCULENT. a. [efculentus, Latin.] Good
for food ; eatable. Bacon.

E'SCULENT. ʃ. Something fit for food. Bacon.

E.PA'LIER. ſ. Trees planted and cur fo
as to join. Evelyn.
A kind of faint- foin.
M( rtimfr,

ESFE'CIAL. <T. [ffeaali:, Latin.] Principal
; chief, Daniel.

ESiE'CIALLY. o^. [from eſp'-ciall Principally
; chiefly ; in an uncommon degree.
Pronounced ES?ERA^ZE. ſ. [French.] Hope.Shakʃpeare.

E'SCHAR. ʃ. [is-yc.pa.~\ A hard cruſt or ESPI'AL. _/', [from ejpii:r.] A ſpy ; n ſcout.
fear made by hot applications. Shakʃpeare.

ESCHARO'riCK. c. [kom ejchar.] Can- ESPLA'NADE. ſ. [French.] The empty
ſtick ; haviag the power to fear or burn tpace between the glacis ct a citadel and
the fleſh. Ffoyer, the firſt honfcs of the town. Harris.

ESCHE'A r. ſ. [frop the French efchtvr.] ESPOUSALS. ſ. without a ſmpular. [effious,
Any Und'-, or i^ther proilts, that fall to ' French.] The act of contracting or afa
io d within his manor by (ojfeiture, or fiiming a man and woman to each other,
the death of his tenant, dying without ESPO'USAL. a. Uled in the act of etpouheir
eenerol or eſpecial. Cowel. fin? or betrothing. Bacon.

To ESCHE'AT. v. a. [from the houh.] To ESPO'UsE. v. a. [eſpo'jfer, French.]
To fall to the lord i»i the manor by for- i. To contract or betroth to antther.
itituiea CtarendQn, Bean.

2. To marry : to wed. TtfUtef:',
3. To adopt ; to take to himſelf. Bi^cer.
4. To maintain ; to defend. Dryden.

To E'SPY. v. a. [{[pier, French.]
1. To fee a thing at a dil^ance.
2. To diſcover a thing intended to be hid. Sidney.
3. To f-e unexpefledljr. Cer.efiu
4. To diſcover as a ſpv. Jojhua,

To ESPY'. I/. «. To watch ; to look about.

ESQU'IRE. ʃ. [4<--u'r, French.]
1. The armour bearer or attendant on a
4. A title of dignity, and next in deeree
below a knight. Thoſe to whom this
title is now of right cue, are a!! the
yomvgrr Tons of noblemen, and their heirs
male for ever ; the four eſquires of the
king's body ; the eldeft f ns of all bsronets
; of knights of tfie Baih,3nd knights
bachelors, and their heirs male in the
right line. A juitice of the pesce has it
during the time he is in cimmiſſion, arid
no longer. B aunt.

To ESS A' 7. v. a. [ffl'yer, Fr.]
1. To attempt ; to tjy ; to endeavour.
2. To make experiment of.
3. To try the value and purity of metals. Locke.

ESSA'Y. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Attempt ; endeavour. Smit!.]
2. A looſe fally of the mind ; an irreg'jlar
indigeſted piece. Bacon.
3. A trial ; an experiment. Locke.
4. Firfl taſte of any thing. Dryden.

E'SSENCE. ʃ. yff^TMfl, Utin.]
1. Ertence is the very nature of any being,
whether it be a<ftually exiſting or no. Watts.
7. Forma! exiſtence. Hooker.
3. Exigence ; the quality of being. Sidney.
4. Being ; exiſtent perſon. Milton.
c. Speoes of exiſtent being. Bacon.
6. Conftitoent ſubſtnnce. Milton.
7. The caule of exiſtence. Shakʃpeare.
8. [In medicine, ; The chief properties
or virtues of any ſimple, or compoſition
collefled in a narrow compaſs.
9. Peifum«5 o<^our ; ſcent. Pope. .

To E'SSENCE;. v. c7. [from ejerce.] To
perfume ; to ſcenf. Addiʃon.

ESSE'NTIAL. a. [effintic'as, Latin.]
1. Neceſſary to the conilitution or exiſtence
of any thing. Sprat.
2. Important in the higheſt: degree ; principal. Denham.
3. Pure; highly redlified ; ſubtiUy elaborated. Arbuthnot.

1. Exii^ence ; being. Milton.
2. Nature ; liiil 01 conflituent principles. South.

3. The chief point.

ESoE'NTIALLY. ad. [effcn^i.-llter, Latin'.]
By the conſtitiition of nature. South.

ESSO'IXE. ʃ. [of the French ejrane.]
1. He that has his prelence forSorn or
excuſed upon any juſtcanle ; as (Ickneſs.
2. Allegment of an excuſe for him that is
fuminoned, or fought for, to appear.
3. Excuf; exemption. Spenſer.

To ESTAELFSH. 1: a. [e'alVr, Fr.]
1. To ſettle firmly ; to iix un.»iterablv.
2. To ſettle in any privilege or poneſſion; to confirm. Swtf',
To m'.ke firm ; to ratify. Numhfrs.
4. To fix or ſettle in an opinion, A Is,
5. To form or model. Chrendon,
6. To f uind ; to build firmly ; to fix irnmoveably.
7. To make a ſcttlement of any inheritance.Shakʃpeare.

ESTA'CLISHMENT. ʃ. [from eftaLjh.].
1. Settlement ; fixed f^ate. Spenſer.
2. Confirmation of ſomething already
done ; ratification. Bacon.
3. Settled regulation ; form ; model. Spenſer.
4. Foundation ; fundamental principle.
5. Allowance; income; falarv. Stu'fr,

ESTA'TE. ʃ. [ej1,f, Fr.]
1. The genera] intereſt i the pubJick.
2. Condition of life. Dryden.
3. Circumrtances in general. Locke.
4. Fortune ; poſſeflion in land. Sidney.
5. Rank ; quality. Sidney.
6. A perf)n of high rank. Mari.

To ESTA'TE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
ſettle as a fortune. Shakʃpeare.

To ESTEEM. -i^.o. [/limer^ French.]
1. To ſet a value whether high or low
upon any thing.
_ IHfdom.
2. To compare ; to eflimate by proportion.
3. To pri^e ; to rsfe high. Dryden.
4. To hoid in opinion ; to think ; fo
imagine. Rop^ant.

ESTE'EM. ʃ. [from the verb.] H.gh value
; reveientialregard. Pope.

ESTE'E.MER. ſ. [from ef.eem.] One tbat
highly value. ; one that fetS an high rate
open any thing. Locke.

E'>.T1MABLE. a. [French.]
1. Valuable ; worth a largt: prire.Shakʃpeare.
2. Worthy of eftaem ; worthy of honour.

ESTIMABLENESS. ʃ. [from ejlimohh.]

THe quality of deferving regard.

To H'STmATE. v. a. [ajtimo. t'tin.]
1. To rate
; to adjuſt the value of; to

ju^ge of any thing by its proportion to
ibintthinp elVe, Locke.
2. To calculate ; to compute.

E'STIMATE. ʃ. [from the verb]
1. Computation ; calculation. H'oDii-ward.
2. Value. Shakʃpeare.
3. Valuation ; aflTignment of pi-.'portional
valwe. L'Eſtr-arge.

ESTIMA'TION. ʃ. [from epimati.]
1. The act of adjuiling proportional value. Leviticus.
% Cilculation ; cnmputation.
3. Oointon ; judgment. Bacon.
4. Eiteem ; legJi.) ; honour. Hooker.

I'STIMATIVE./7. [t.om eſhrra'e ] Having
the power of cwinpanng and adjuſling the
preference. Ha/e.

ESTIMATOR. ʃ. [from ijlmate.] A fetter
of rites.

ESTI'VAL. <7. [^Ji'vus, Latin.]
1. Pertaining to the Uimmer.
2. Con'inirng f^r the himmer,

E.STIVA TION. ſ. l^Jhvano, Lat.] The
act of. pacing ti e f immer. Bacon.

ESf-R .fj^. f. [French.] An even or level
ſpace.' -.

To ESTRA'NCr. a, a. Ujlrarger, Fr.]

JUtTo keep at a diſtanrf: to withdraw.
2. To al'enstp ; trrowert from its ongifiai
uſe or poſſiſhor. jerewa'o.
3. To aiiendfe from aſſeſl'on. Milton.
4. To wnhſtraw or withoid. Glanviſh,

ESlRANGEMENT. ſ. [from eſhange.]
Alienation; cuſtance ; removal. South.

E'yiRAFADE. f jFrench.] The defence
of a horſe that will not obey, vwho
riſes before, and yerks funouſly with his
hind legs.

ES'J RE'ATE. ſ. [exrraaum. Lsun.] The
true t-opv of an original witing. Cowel.

ESTRE'FEMENT. ʃ. Spoil made by the
tenant for term of life upon any lands or
woods. Cowel.

E'S FRICH. ſ. [commonly written oſtrich.~\
The largeſt of birds. ^ardys.

ESTUARY. ʃ. [ajliarium, Latin.] An
arm of the ſea ; the mouth of a lake or
river in which the tide reciprocates.

To E'STUATE. v. a. [a^fiuo, Latin.] To
ſwell and tall recipiocally ; to boil.

ESTUATION. ʃ. [from aJJuo, Latin.]
The ſtate of boiling ; reciprocation of rife
and fall. Norris.

E'STURE. ʃ. [^Jius, Latin.] Violence; commotion. Ckaſtran.

E'SURIENT. a. [efurum, Latin.] Hungry
; voracious.

E'SURINE. a. [</'''», Latin.] Corroding; eating. Wiseman.

ETC. A contraction of the two Latin words
et catITIy which fionifies ar.djo o.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


To ETCH. nj. a. [etlzen, German.] A
way tiled in making of prints, b)' drawing
with a proper needle upon a copper-plate,
covered over with a ground of wax, &€,
and well blacked with the ſmoke of a
I'nk, in order to take off the figure of the
drawing; which having itf backſide tinctured
with white lead, will, by running
over the ſtrucken out lines with a iHft,
Jmpreſs the exact figiire on the black or
red ground ; which figure is afterwards
with needles drawn deeper quite through
the ground ; and then there is pouted on
well tempered ojua farrit, which eats into
the figure of the print or drawing on the
copper- plate. Harris.

ETERNAL. a. [^temi/s, Latin.]
i . Without begir'ning or end. Deuteronnm^,
2. Without beginning. Locke.
3. Without end : enaleſs. Shakʃpeare.
4. Perpetual ; conltant ; unintermitting. Dryden.
5. Unchspgeable. Dryden.

ETERNAL. f. {etemd, French.] One of
the appellations of the G jdhe.Td. ti'-ckf.

ETERNALIST. ʃ. [at^rtius, Uun.^ One
that holds the paſt exiſtence it the- wi rid
infinite. Burnet.

To ETE'RNALLSE. v. a. [from ctirnaL]
To make eternal.

ETE'RNALLY. ad. [from e'emal.]
1. Without beginning or end.
2. Unchangeably ; invariably. Smith.
3. Perpetually ; without interm ſſion.

ETE'RNE. a. [aternus, L;<tin.] Eter .?!; perpetual. Shakʃpeare.

ETK'RNITY. ʃ. [aternitas, Latia.]'
1. Duration without beginning or end.
2. Duration without end. Mnion,

To ETE'RNIZE. v. a. [o'terno, Latin.]
1. To make endleſs ; to perpetuate. Milton.
2. To make for ever famous ; toimmiort.
ilize. Sidney, Creech.

ETHER. ʃ. [^^f'ter, Latin ; aibn^.]
1. An element more fine and ſubtle than
air ; air refined or ſublimed. Newior.
2. The matter of the higheſt regions above. Dryden.

ETHEREAL. a. [from ether.]
1. F'jrmed of ether. Dryden.
1. Celeltial ; heavenly. Milton.

ETHE'REOUS. a. [from ether.] Formed
of ether ; heavenly. Milton.

E'THICAL. rt. [o'^ix'.?.] Moral; treat.
ing on morality.

ETHICALLY. ad. [from ethical.] Ac
cording to the doilrines of irorality. Government of the Tongue.



E'THICK. a. [.'S.k':?.] Moral ; deliver- EVANE'SCENT. a. [tvjr.ej^ns, Latin.]
ing precepts of morality. Vanithing ; imperceptible. IFol-'ajion,

E'THICKS. ʃ. without the ſingular. («&i»»\j EVANGl^'LICAL. a. .[fvdrge!ij<je. Fr.]
The doctrine of moi<iljty ; a ſyſttm of l. Agreeaole to goſpel ; con^uant to the
morality. Dome. Berkley. Chriltian law revelled in tile holy guſpel.

ETHNICK. a. [ISvihoc ] Heathen ; Aucrbury,
Pagan ; not J;wi/li ; not Chiiftian. Grew. 2- Contained in the goſpel. Loiter,

E'THNICKS. ʃ. Heathens. Raleigh.

EVA'NGELISM. ſ. [from <'-i/d»^,^.] The

ETHOLO'GI.AL. a. [?5®- and Xc>-^.] promulg,.ti n <.f the bltiFed golpei. .Saia,!.
Treating of morality,

EVANGELIST. ſ. [£ua>.ysA!;-:.]

ETIOLOGY. ʃ. [alTn)^(!y^a.] An account
of the cauſes of any thing, ge:;«r2lly of
a diAemper. Arbuthnot.

ETYMOLO'GICAL. a. [from etymology..
Relating t') etymology. Locke.

ETYiMCLOGISr. ſ. [from etymo.ogy.]
One who ſearches out the original of words.

ETYMO'LOGY. ʃ. [aymologia, Latin.
ITvy.©' and Xsy'^M.]
1. The deſcent or derivation of a wird
from its original ; the dedaction of formations
frfm the radical word. 'C tier.
2. The part of grammar which delivers
the infle<riions of .nouns and verbs.

E'TYMON. ʃ. [trt-javV.] Origin ; primitive
word. Peacham.

To EVA GATE. v. a. [vaco, Latin.] To
empty out ; to throw out. Hari;ej.

To EVA'CU.ITE. .v. a. [ev^icud, Latin.]
1. To make empty ; to clear. Hooker.
2. To throw out as noxious, or offenlive.
3. To void by any of the excretury paſſages. Arbuthnot.
4. To make void ; to nullify ; to annul. South.
5. To quit ; to withdraw from out of a
place. Swift.

EVA'CUANT. ʃ. [evacuant, Latin.] Medicine
that procures evacuation by any

EVaCU.A'TION. ſ. [from e'vacuate.]
1. Such e.Tiiirions as leave a vacancy ; diſcharge.

2. Abolition ; nuUiHcation. HcoUr.
3. The practice of emptying the body by
phyſuk. Temple.
4. Diſcharges of the body by any vent
natural or artificial.

To EYA'DE. I'. -2 [e'vado, Ln\n.]
1. To elude ; to eſcape by artifice or ſtratagem. Brown.
2. To avoid ; to decline by ſubterfoge. Dryden.
3. To eſcape or elude by ſophiſtry.
4. To eſcape as imperceptible, or unconquerable. South.

To EVA'UE. v. n.
1. To eſcape ; to ſlip awy. Bacon.
2. To prafl.fi ſephlltry or evaſions. South.

EVAGATIQN. ʃ. [ev^or, Latin.] The
act of wandering ; excuifipn ; ramble ; deViatitp, Ray.
A wiuer of the hiſtory of our L<^fd
Jeli^is. Addiʃon.
2. A promulgator of the Chriſtian laws. Decay of piety.

To EVA'NGELIZE. t/. a [e'vangehz. a. Lat.
ivxyyiXi'^o ] i'o inſtrut^ in the B'lf'pel,
or law of Jtfus. JilJio/i.

EVA'NGELY. ʃ. [luayyeSiov, that is, good
tidings.] The meirjge of pardon and ſalvation
; the holy goſpel ; the gA^id of
JefuS. Spinſt .

EVA NID. ad. [tvanidjs, Latin.] Faint ; Weak ; evaneſcent, Brozor,,

To EYA'NISH. v. a. [evanefco, Latin.] To
vaniſh ; to eſcape from notice.

EVAVORABLE. a. [{r<:tn ewj>^raee.] Eaſily
d'Hioatfd in fumes or vapnurs, Grew.

To EVAPORATE. v. n. [(«a/>oro, Latin. ;
T tly away in vapours or fumes, Boyle.

To EV.A'PORATE. v. a. '
1. To dru'e away io fumes, Bentley,
2. To give vent to ; to let out in ebullition
or fallies. H'otton,

EVAPORATION. ʃ. [from evaporate.'.
1. The act of llying away la fumes or
vapours. UoweL
2. The act of attenuating mattei, fj as
to make it fume away, R1.I igh.
3. In pharmacy.] An operation by which
liquids are ſpent or driven away in lleamr,
fo as to leave ſome part ſtronger than before.

EVASION. ʃ. [ei'afum, Latin.]
ſubtertuge ; ſuphiltry ; artifice.

EVA'MVE. a. [from evade.]
t. Fratliſing evaſion ; eluſive. P fs,
2. Containing an evaſion ; ſophiftica],

EU'CHARIST. ʃ. [Ivxa-j.-i^t.] The aift
of giving thanks ; the faciament«l ac.1 in
which the death of our Redeemer is commemorated
with a thankful remeaibranie ; the ſacrament of the Lore's Uipper.

H'.oker. Taylor.

EUCMARISTICAL. a. [frvm c'.chjLY:li \
1. Coritjinii.g atts of ihanklgiving. Ray.
2. Relating to the faciament of the ſuppcr
of the Lord.

EUCHOLOOY. ʃ. [ei;;'^cX3V.:v.] Aſcrmu.
iary of prayers.

EU'CRaSV. ſ. f=yxj«Tt'a.] Ari agreeable
well prupoi Cloned mixture, «hs:eby a body
\i in health >

^uimy. Exi uſe;



IVE. ʃ. / r c T . The confeqiienceof an aftioH. D-rydei>.

EVEN. [/ L^Ten. Saxon.] T„ EVENTERATE. i/. a. [e'vtntero, Lat.]
1. The cloſe of the day. May. To rip up ; to open the ht'l'.y. Brown.
2. Tile vigil or fail to be obſerved before EVE'NTFUL. a. [fvent and //''.] Full
an liol-idav. Du^'pa, of incidt-nts. Shakʃpeare.

E'VEN. rf.'[<-pen, Saxon.]

To EVE'NTILATE. v. a. [ſw«<//o, Lat.]
Level ; not fugged ; not unequal. Newton.
2. Uniform ; equal to itſelf ; ſmooth. Prior.
3. Level with ; parallel to. Exodus.
4. Without lacLnation any way.Shakʃpeare.
5. Without any part higher or lower than
the other, Davies.
6. Equal on both ſides. South.
7. Without any thing owed. Shakʃpeare.
8. Calm ; not ſibject to tJevation or «iepreſſion. Pope. .
9. Capable to be divided into equal parts.

To E'VEN. -a. a. [from the noun.]
1. To make even.
2. To make out of debt. Shakʃpeare.
3. To ievci ; to make level. Raleigh.

To EVEN. ſ. n. To be tquil to. Cdrciv.

EVEN. ud. [often comradted to ti''» ]
1. A word of firung all'ertion ; verily. Spenſer.
2. Notwithſtanding. Dryden.
5. Not only fo, but alſo. Atterbury.
So much as. Swift.
1. To winnow ; to ſift out,
2. To examine ; in diſcufs.

EVE'NTUAL. a. [from event. '^ Happening
in conſequence of any thing ; confequ

EVENTUALLY. ad. [from evtntua!.] la
the event ; in th^iaft leluit. Boyle.

E'VER. ad. [appe, Saxon. ]
1. At any time. Til'omfon,
2. At all tinatS ; always ; without end. Hooker, Temple.
3. For ej'^r ; eternally. Phi'aps,
4. At one time, a?, ever and anon.
5. In any degree. Hall.
6. A word of enforcement, yfi fo<;n as
ever be had done it, Shakʃpeare.
7. Ever a. Any. Shakʃpeare.
8. It is often cunrraCled into e'er.
9 It is much uſed in compoſition in the
lenle of always : as, eiiergrecriy green
throughout the year ; ei/frduritigy enduring
without end.

EVERBU'BBLING. a. Boiling up with
perpetual murmurs. Crajhaiv.

EVERBU'RNING. a. [ever and hurmng.]
Unextinpuiſhed. Milton.

EVXNHA'NDED. a. [(vemni band.llm- EVERDU'RING. a. [ever and dur/w^.]
oart al ; equitable. Shakſpajr,\ Eternal ; enduring without end. Raleigh.

E'VENING. ʃ. [fff> Saxon.]

The cloſe EVERGRE'EN. a. [ever and^nf».] Vcrof
the day ; the beginning of night. dant throufihout the year. Milton, Raleigh. Watts.

E'VERGREEN. ſ. A plant that retains its

EVENLY. a.- [from f<wf».] verdure through all the ſeaſons. Evelyn.
1. Equally; uniformiy. Bentley. iyERHO'NOVRED. a. [ever aa^ honoured.]
2. Levfliy ; without aſperities. IVqttoi:. Always held in honour. Pope. .
Without intimation to either ſide ; ho- EVERLA'STING. a. [ever and laf,iitg.]
rizontally. Breretvecd.
4. Itxpaitialiy ; withoulfavouror emraty.

E'VENNESS. ʃ. [from ſw«.]
1. State of being even.
2. Uniformiry ; regularity. Grew.
3. Equality of ſurface ; levelneſs,
4. freedom from inclination to tither ſide.
5. Impartiality ; equal reſpect.
6. CaimneJs ; heedi,m from perturbation. Atterbury.

E'VENSON'G. ſ. [even and/o«^.]
1. The lvirn> of wuiſhip uſed in the evening.
2. The evening ; the cloſe of the day. Dryden.

EVENTI'DE. ſ. [cvin and t\dc.] The time
of evening. Spenftt.

EVE'NT. ʃ. [cvi'tius, Latin.]
^. Ar. !i.'cidtiit : any thLig that happen'.
Lading or enduring without end ; perpetual
; immortal. Hammond.

EVERLA'STING. ʃ. [tertiity. PJahn.

EVERLA'STINGLY. a^/. Eternally ; without
end. Shakʃpeare.

EVERLA'STINGNESS. ʃ. [from everlaſt.
!.vo-.] Eternity ; perpetuity. Donne.

EVERLI'VING. a. [fi/e/- auo //v/Vt?.] Living
without end. Newton.

EVERMO'RE. ad. [ever and more.] Alwavs
; eternally. Til'etjon,

To eVe'RSE. v. a. [everfus, Latin.] To
overthrow ; to ſubvett ; to deſtroy. Glanville.

To EVE'RT. v. a. [everto, Latin.] To
deſiroy. Ayliffe.

E'VERY. a. [ap p ea!c, Saxon.] E.ch
one of all. ilammevd.

E'VESDROPPER. ʃ. [^evis and d'opper.]
Si,ir,e mean fellow that ſkulks about a
hauls in ths ni^ht, . Dryden.,

To E-^E'STIGATE. i>. a. [ewjliga. Lat.]
To ſearch o'at. Di3.

F.UGH. ʃ. A tree. Dryden.

To EVI'CT. v. a. [ewKCO, Latin.]
1. To dilpofitfs of by a judicial courſe.
2. To take away by a ſentenof of iaw.
King yamrs.
3. To prove ; to evince. Cheyne.

EVrCTION. ſ. [from evifi..
1. Diſpoireſſion or denrivarion by a definitive
fentence of a court of judjcatur?. Bacon.
2. Proof; evidence. L'Eſtrange.

E'VIDENCE. ʃ. [French.]
1. The liate of being evident ; clearneſs ; not-riety.
2. Teſtimony ; proof. Ti'.lctfon,
3. Witneſs ; one that gives evidence. BiiiiLy.

To E'VIDENCE. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To prove ; to evince. Tilh'jon.
2. To ſhow ; to make diſcovery of. Milton.

EVIDENT. a. [French.] Piajn ; apparent; notorious. Brown.

E'VIDENFLY. ad. Apparentiy ; certainly. Prior.

EVIL. a. fypd, Saxon.]
1. Having Dad quahticsof any kind; not
good. Pſalms.
2. Wicked ; bad ; corrupt. Maiſhiiv.
3. Unhappy ; miſerable ; calamitius.
4. Milchievous ; deſtru(flive ; ravenous.

E'VIL. [generally contracted to ///.]
1. Wickeilneſs ; a crime. Shakſpeare.
2. Injury ; miſchief. Proverbs.
3. Malignity ; corruption. Eccl/'fuijiicus.
4. Misfortune ; c .lasnity. Jub.
5. Malady ; diſeaſe. Shakʃpeare.

E'VIL. ad. [commonly contraITted to ;<7.]
1. Not well in whatever reſpeiIT:.Shakʃpeare.
2. Not wrell ; not virtuouſly. ''y<:f^-
3. Not well ; not happily. Deuteronomy.
4. Injuriouſly ; not kindly. Deiteror.omy,
5. It is often iiffd in competition to g've
a bad meaning to a word.

EVILAFIE'CTED. a. [ra/7 and af.a d.-\
Not kind ; net diſpoſed to kindnei^. .-JBs.

EVILDO ER. ſ. r,^.;7 and aW/-.j Malefactor.

EVILFA'VOURED. a. [evil andf^vour.]
lUcountenaiKE-d. Bacon.

EVILFAVOUREDNESS. ſ. [from cvil.
Javoured.^ DcliMmity. Dsutercnonty.

E'VILLY. <?(/. [from f-Ji/] Not well.Shakʃpeare.

EVILMI'NDED. n. [evil and minded'] Malicious
; miſchievous. Ijrydi-n.

E'VlLNEsS. ſ. [from cv.l.] Co;v,rdriity

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


to goadneſs ; badneſs of wiiatever kind,
fMLSPE'AKING. ſ. [iv I -xni ſpeabrg.]
Sl^f:d^r ; defjmation ; calumny. Peter,

EVILWI'.^HING. fl. [cvii?.nAwih ] Withing
evii to; having no g<:od w;li. Sidney.

EVILWO'RKER. ʃ. [ct/J and -zv./:.] One
Wiao does ill. Phil fib.r.ns.

To EVI'NCE. v. a. [evinco, Latin.]' To
prrvc ; to (Iiow. Auerbury.

EVINCLLE. a. [from ciiince.] Capable
f proof; ciemonſtr.:ble. Hale.

EV1'N:I3LY. ad. [from €-yincihh.] In
(uch 3 manner as to force convictiun.

To E'VIRATE. nj. a. [tviratus, Latin.]
To drptive of manhood. Di3.

To EVISCERATE. v. a. [fv^Jce-o, Lat.]
To embowel ; to draw ; to deprive of the

E'VIPABLE. a. [ivtabilis, Lat.] Avoidable
; that may be elcaped 01 ſhunr.ed. Hooker.

To E'VITATE. v. a. [e'vito, Latin.] To
avoid ; to ſhun. Shakʃpeare.

EVIFA'TION. ʃ. [from evilate. -] The act
of avLidin?. DiB',

EVITE'RNAL. a. [^virernus, Lat.] Eternai
in a limited ferfe; of duration not
infinitely but indefinitely long.

EVITE'.^NITY. ſ. [aw:ermtas, low Lat.]
D;iration not infinitely, but indefinitely

EU LOGY. ſ. [lu and xiyo;.] Praiſe ; encomium. Spenſer.

EU'NL'Cfl. ſ. [£:^va;y_c?.] One that is caſtrated. Fenton.

To EU'NUCH.'ITE. v. a. To make an
eunuch. Brown.

EVOCA TION. ſ. [(vxatio. Lat.] Ths
act of cjlioig out. Broome.

EVOLA'TION. ʃ. [ſw;.'., Latin.] The ait
of ilying away.

To EVb'LVE. v. a. [cjolvi, Latin.] To
unfold ; to diſentangle. Hale.

To EVO'LVE. v. n. To open itfclTo to
diſclnfe irfelf.

EVOLU'nOV. ſ. [ivJutus, Latin.]
1. The aci of unrolling or unfolding.
2. The I'tfiieo of th'iigs unrolled or tinfolded.
3. [Ill geometry ] The equable evolution
of the periphery of a circle, or any ciher
curve, is ſuch a gradual approach of the
circumference to reiftituds, a;, that all its
pj.rts do ni'set togecher, and equally evdve
Ci unbend. ; Hiims.
4. [fn taiſhcks.] The motion made by a
body of nien in changing their poCiure, or
form of drawing up. Harris.

EVO.Vir HON. ſ. [evsmo, Latin.] The
ztl of vomiting out.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EUPHO'NICAL. a. [from euphony.] Sounding
agreeably. D'H.

EU'PHONY. ʃ. [lufftvi'a.] An agreeable
(bund ; the contiary to harflineſs.

1. A plant.
2. A gum, brought to us always in drops
or grains, of a bright yellow, between a
ſtraw and a gold colour, and a ſmooth
glofTy ſurface. It has no great ſmell, but
its taſte is violently acrid and nauſeous.


EU'PHRASY. ʃ. [et^ſhra^a, Latin.] The
herb eyebri^ht. Milton.

EURO CLYDON. ſ. [iyjoxXjJiKv.] A wind
which blows between the Eaſt and North,
very dangerousin the Mediterranean. ^Bs,

EUROPE'AN. a. [iuropaus, Lat.] Belonging
to Europe. Phili[is.

EU'RUS. ʃ. [Latin.] The Eaſt wind. Peacham.

E'URYTHMY. ʃ. [a'^i^V?'] Harmony ;
regular and ſymmetrical meaſure,

EUfllANA'SIA. I f. [E!^&ava<r/a.] An

EUTHA'NASY. $ eaſy death. Arbuthnot.

EVU'LSIO.-I. ſ. [^LvJ/io, Latin.] The act
of plucking (lut. BroKti,

EVULGA'TION. ʃ. [cvulgo, Latin.] The
act of divulging.

EWE. ʃ. [ecpe, Saxon.] The ſhe-ſheep. Dryden.

E'WER. ʃ. [frtmftj;/, perhaps anciently fa,
water.] A vcfiel in which water is brought
for wartiing the bands. Pope. .

E WRY. ʃ. f from ezver.] An office in the
king's houſliold, where they take care of
the linen for the king's table.

EX. A La'an prepoſition often prefixed to
compounded words ; ſometinies meaning
out, as i:ih:uij}, to draw out.

To EXACE'RBATE. v. a. [txaarho, Lat.]
To imbitter ; to exaſperate.

EXACERBATION. ʃ. [from exaccſhate.]
1. Encreafs of malignity ; augmented force
or feverity.
2. Height of a difeaſe ; paroxyfm. Bacon.

EXACERVA'JION. ʃ. [acervus, Latin.]
The act of heaning up,

EXA'CT. a. [c.xciSfus, Latin.]
1. Nice ; without failure. Pope. .
2. Methodical ; not negligently performed. Arbuthnot.
3. Accurate ; not negligent. Spe&ator,
t^. Honeſt ; ſtrift; punftual. Ecclut.

To EXA'CT. v. a. [exigo, exaElui, Lat.]
1. To requite authoritatively. Taylor.
2. To demand of right. Smalridge.
3. To -' ſummon ; to enjoin. Denham.

To EXA'C r. v. n. To practiſe extortion.

EXA'CTER. ʃ. [from exaa.]
1. Extortioner ; one who claims more than
his due. Bacon.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. He that demands by authority, paeon.
3. One who is ſevere in his injunctions of
his demands. Milton.

EXA'CTION. ʃ. [from exaa.]
1. The act of making an authoritative
demand, or levying by force. Shakʃpeare.
1. Extortion ; unjuſt demand. Davies.
3. A toll
; a tribute ſeverely levied. Addiſ.

EXA'CTLY. ad. [from exaa.] Accurate-
Iv ; nicely ; thnroughly, jhurbury,

EXACTNESS. ʃ. [from ex^a.]
1. Accuracy ; nicety ; ſtrift conformity
to rule or ſymmetry. Woodward.
2. Regularity of conduct ; ſtriftneſs of
manners. Rogers.

To EXA'GGERATE. v. a. [txaggero, Lat.]
To heip.hten by repreſentation. Clarendon.

EXAGGERA'TION. ʃ. [from exiggerate.]
1. The act of heaping together ; an heap.
2. Hyperbolical amplification. Swift.

To EXA'GITATE. v. a. [ex^glto, Lat.]
1. To ſhake; to put in motion. yfr5a/'A«o/'.
2. To reproach ; to purſue with inveſtives. Hooker.

EXAGITA'TION. ʃ. [from exagitate.] The
act of ^naking.

To EXA'XT. v. a. [exalter, French.]
1. To raiſe on high. Matthew.
2. To elevate to power, wealth, or dignity.
3. To elevate to joy or confidence. Clarendon.
4. To praiſe ; to extol ; to magnify. Pſalms.
5. To raiſe up in oppoſition : a ſcriptural
phraſe. Kings.
6. To intend ; to enforce. Prior.
7. To heighten ; to improve ; to refine
by fire, Arbuthnot.
8. To elevate in diction or ſentiment. Roſcommon.

EXALTA'TION. ʃ. [from exalt.]
1. The act of raiſing on high.
2. Elevation to power, or dignity. Hooker.
3. Moſt elevated ſtate ; ſtate of greatneſs
cr dignity. 'lillomfon,
4. [In pharmacy.] Raiſing a medicine
to a higher degree of virtue, iiQuincy.
5. Dignity of a planet in which its powers
are increaſed. Drydeer,

EXA!MEN. ʃ. [Latin.] Examination ; diſquifuion.

EXA'MINATE. ʃ. [examinatus, Latin.]
The perſon examined. Bacon.

EXAMINA'TION. ʃ. [examivatio, Latin.]
The act of examining by queſtions, or experiment. Locke.

EXAMINA'TOR. ʃ. [Latin.] An examiner
; an enquirer. Brown.

To EXA'MINE. v. a. [exat)nno, Latin.]
1. To try a perſon accuſed or ſuſpected by
interrogatories, CLu-ch CatLchiJm.
2. T»

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


S. To interrogate a witneſs. ^Eit,
3. To try the truth or falſhood of any propoſition.
4. To try by experiment ; narrowly fift; ſcan.
5. To make enquiry into ; to ſearch into ; to ſcnitinife. Locke.

JiXA'MINER. ſ. [from cx-aw/re.]
1. One who interrogates a criminal or evidence.
2. One who ſearches or tries any thing. Newton.

EXA'.MPLARy. ad. [from example.] Serving
for example or pattern. Ilooker,

IXA'iMPLE. ſ. [exem[>le, French.]
r. Copy or pattern ; that which is propoſed
to be refeiKbled. Raleigh.
2. Precedent; former inſtance of the like.Shakʃpeare.
3. Precedent of good. Milton.
4. A perſon fit to be propoſed as a paitern.
I Tim.
5. One puniſhed for the admonition of
others. 'J'^di.
6. Influence which diſpoſes to imitation.
Wijd. Rogers.
7. Inftance; illjſtration of a general poſſion
by ſome particular ſpecification. Dryden.
8. Inftance in which a rule is ilkiſtrated
by an application. Dryde?i.

To EXAMPLE. v. a. [from the noun.]
To give an mftance of. Spenſer.

EXA'NGUIOUS. a. [exanguis, Latin.]
Having no blood, Brown.

EXA'NiMATE. a. [exaniniatus, Lat.]
1. Lifdef? ; dead.
2. Spntleſs ; depreſſed. Thomfon.

EXANIMA'TION. ʃ. [from exanimate.]
Deprivation of life.

EXA'NIMOUS. a. [exanimi!,!.^^^.] Lifeleſs
; dead ; killed.

EXAN-THE'MATJ. ſ. [l^avS^^uala.]
Effloreſcencies ; eruptions ; breaking out ; puftules.

EXANTHE'MATOUS. a. [from excmthcniijta.'.
Puliulous ; effloreſcent ; eiuptive.

To EXANTLA'TE. ʃ. [exar.//o, Latin.]
1. To draw out,
2. To exhauft; to waſte away, Boyle.

EXANTLA'TION. ʃ. [from exanllate.]
The act of drawing out.

EXARATION. ʃ. [cxaro,hit.-\ The ma.
nual act of writing.

EXARTICULA'TION. ʃ. [<x 2nd articulus,
Latin.] The diilocation of a joint.

To EXA'SPERATE. v. a. [exuſpero, Lat.]
1. To provoke ; to enrage ; to irritate.
1. To heighten a difference ; to aggravate; to embitter. Bacon.
5. To exaceibate ; to heighten malignity.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EXASPERA'TER. ʃ. [from exaſpcrate.]
He that exaſperates, or provokes.

EXASPERA'TION. ʃ. [from txaſperate.]
1. Aggravation
; malignant repreientation. King Charles.
2. Provocation ; irritation. Woodward.

To EXAU'CTORATE. v. a. [ixauaoro,
1. To diſmiſs from ſervice.
2. To deprive of a benefice. Ayljfc,

EXAUCTORA'TION. j. [from f.;j: ff.vj/,-.]
1. Difmiſſion from ſervice.
2. D-privation ; degradation. Ayliff'',

EXCANDE'SCENCE. ʃ. /'. lexcandejc.

1. Heat; the ſtate of growing hot.
2. Anger ; the ſtate of growing angrv.

EXCANTA TION. ſ. [cxcanto, Latin.] D fenchintment by a counter charm.

To EXCa'RNATE. v. a. [ix and carnes.
Latin.] To clear from fle/li. Grew.

EXCARNIFICA'TION. ſ. [excarrafi.c,
Latin.] The act of taking away the ilefti.

To E'XCAVATE. v. a. [exc^-uo, Latin.]
To hollow ; to cut into hollows. Blackmore.

EXCAVATION. ʃ. [from exLU'vate.]
1. The act of cutting into hollows.
2. The hollow formed; the cavity.

To EXCE'ED. v. a. [exccdo, Latin.]
1. To go beyond ; to outgo. Woodward.
2. To excel ; to ſurpaſs. I Kings.

To EXCE'ED. z: n.
1. To go too far ; to paſs the bounds of
fitneſs. lay 'or.
2. To go beyond any limits. Deuteronomy.
3. To bear the greater proportion. Dryden.

EXCE'EDING. part. a. [from exceed.]
Great in quantity, extent, or duration. Raleigh.

EXCE'EDING. ad. In a very great degree. Raleigh, Addiſon.

EXCE'EDINGLY. ad. [from , exceeding.]
To a great degree. Dailies. Newton.

To EXCE'L. v. a. [excclio, Latin.] To
outgo in good qualities ; to ſurpaſs. Prior.

To EXCE'L. v. a. To have good qualities
in a great degree. Temple.

EXCELLE'NCE. ʃ. [excellence, French.]

EXCELLE'NCY. ʃ. [xcellentia, Latin.]
1. The Hate of abounding in any good
2. Dignity ; high rank in exiſtence. Dryden.
3. The ſtate of excelling in any thing. Locke.
4. That in which one excels. Addiʃon.
5. Purity ; goodneſs. Shakʃpeare.
6. A title of honour. Ufually applied to
ambaffadors, and governors. Shakʃpeare.

E'XCELLENT. . Xexcelicmy Latin.]
U u a \. Q

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com

E X e E X

1. of great virtue; of great worth; of
great dignity. Taylor.
2. Emment in any good quality. J'''

E'XCELLENTLY. 'di. [from ixullcnt.]
1. Wei!; in a high digree. Brown.
2. To an eiraneat degree. Dryden.

To EXCE'PT. -< a. [exafio, Latin.] To
leave out, an.] ſpecify as left out of a general
precept, or poſition.] Co.

To EXCEPT. v. n. To object ; to make
objections. Lech.

EXCE'PT. f^efof't. [from the verb.]
1. Extluſwcly of ; vnthout inclufion rf. Milton.
2. Un!ef?. Thoifon.

EXCE'PJTNG. prſpcfit. Without incluficn
ut; With exception (f. Dryden.

EXCt'PTION. ſ. [i.0To exc-^ft -^ exapto,
1. Exclufion from the things comprehended
in a precept, or poſſion. bcuth.
2. Thing excepted or ſpecified in exception.
3. O'liKfli'^n ; <;'vil. Hooker, Berkley.
4. Peevirti did'ke; offence taken. Ejcon.

EXOL'P HON ABLE. a. [from exception.]
Liable to onjection. Addiſon.

EXCE'PTIOUS. <3. [from exs^ft.] Peeviſh ; forward. ^»''''-

EXCE'l'TIVE- a. [from cxceft.] Including:
Jn exception. Wjtis.

EXCE'PTLE^S. a. [from txeſpt.] Omitting
or neglecting all exceptions.Shakʃpeare.

EXCEPTOR. ſ.{from except.] Objeaer.

To EXCE'RN. v.a- [excerr.o, Latin.] To
ſtrainout; to ſeparate or emit by ilrainj,
f5_ Bacon.

EXCi'PTION. ſ. ['xceptio, Latin.]
1. The act of gleaning; felecling.
2. The thing gleaned or fele«ed. Raleigh.

EXCE'SS. ʃ. [exceffui, Latin.]
1. More than enough; ſuperfluity. Hooker.
2. Exuberance; ad of exceeding. Newton.
3. Liternperance ; unreaſonabk indulgence. Duppa.
4. Violence of paſſion.
5. Tranfgrefljcn of due limits. Denharn.

EXCE'SSIVE. a. [excjjlf, French.]
1. Beyond the common proportion of quantity
or bulk-. Bacon.
2. V'ihement beyond meaſure in kindneſs
or din;ke. Hayioord.

EXCL'SjiVELY. ad. [{ioTnexceffive:\ Exceeding'.
y ; emir.en ly. Addiʃon.

EXCHA'NGE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of giving and receiving reciprocally,
2. Tra flick by permutation. Houth.
3. The form or ad of transferring. Shakʃpeare.
4. The balance of the money of different
nations. Hayward.
5. The thing given in return for ſomething
received. Locke.
6. The thing received in retuin for (omethinp
given. Dryd~ii.
7. The place where the merchants meet
to negociate their affairs. Locke.

EXCHA'NGE.R. ſ. [U.^mey:chavge.] One
whopradiffs exchange. Locke.

EXCHEAT. ʃ. SeeEscH-EAT. Spenſer.

EXCHE.^VTOR. ʃ. See Esch eator.

EXCHE'QUER. ʃ. [rjlhe^ueir, Norman Fr.]
The court to which are brought all the revenues
belonging to the crown. It is a
court of record, wherein all cauſes touching
the leveinies of the crown are handled. Harris, Denham.

EXCISE. ſ. [acci]s, Dutch ; excij'um, Lat.]
A hateful t,ix levied upon commodities,
and adjudged not by the common judges of
property, Marvel.

To EXCISE. v, a. [from the noun.] To
levy exciſe upon a perfun or thing. Pope. .

EXCl SEMAN. ſ. [e.ra/e and man.] An
officer who inCperfls commodities.

EXCI'SION. ʃ. [.xctfo, Latin.] Extirpat
on ; dedrudtion ; ruin. Dec-iy of Piety.

EXCITA'TION. ʃ. [from exciic, Latin.]
1. The act of exciting^ or putting into
motion. Bacon.
2. The act of roufing or awakening. Watts.

To EXCI'TE. v. a. [excito, Latin.]
1. To rouſe ; to animate ; to ſtir up ; to
enchuriige. Spenſer.
7. To put into motion ; to awaken ; to

EX';i TEMENT. ſ. [from excite.] The
motive by which one is ttirred up.Shakʃpeare.

EXCI'TER. ʃ. [him excite.]
1. One that ſtirs up others, or put? them
in m-^tion. ^S Charles,
2. The cauſe by which any thing is raiſed
or pet in motion. Decay of piety.

To EXCLA'IM. V- [exc.'amo, Latin.]
1. To cry out with vehemence ; to make
an outcry. Dcay of Piciy,
2. To declare with louij vociferation. Shakʃpeare.

To EXCHA'NGE. v-. a. [exchanger, fx.]

EXCLA'LVL/. [from the verb.] Clamour;
1. To give or quit one thing for the fake outcry. Shakʃpeare.
of gaining another. Locke. EXCLAMA'TION. ſ. [exdamatio, hn\n.]
2. To Uive and take reciprocally. i. Vehement outcry; clamour; outra-. Shakʃpeare. R01VC. geous vociteraiioi). Hooker.
2. 'An

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


S, An eniphatical utterance. SiJuty.
3. A note by which a pathetical ſentence
is marked thus !

EXCLA'MER. ʃ. [from exclaim.] One
ih'.t makes vehement outcries. ylUerbury,

EXCLA'MATORY. a. [Uo^ ixdaim.]
\, Fraftiſing exclamation,
2. Coataining exclamation.

To EXCLU'DEI ni. a. YexduM, Latin.]
1. To ſhut out ; to hinder from entrance
or zdmiſhcn. Dryden.
2. To debar ; to hinder from participation
; to prohibit. Dryden.
3. To except in any pofnioHi
4. Not to comprehend in any grant or privilege. Hooker.

EXCLU'SION. ʃ. [from cxckde.]
1. The act of ſhutting out or denying adn'.
iſhon. Bacon.
Z, Rejeflion ; not reception. Addiſon.
3. The act of debarring from any privilege.
4. Exception. Bacon.
5. The difiniſhon of the young from the
egg or womb. Ray.

EXCLU'SIVE. a. [from e>ic'ude.]
1. Having the power of excluding or denying
afimiſſion. Milton.
2. Debarring from participation. Locke.
3. Not taking into any account or number. Swift.
4. Excepfing.

EXCLU'SIVELY. ad. [from excluſive.]
1. Without admiſſion of another to participation.
2. Without comprehenGon in any account
or number. ylyhffe.

To EXCO'CT. v. a. [excoaus, Latin.
; To
boil up. Bacon.

To EXCO'GITATE. v. a. [excogho, Lat.]
To invent ; to ſtrike out by thinking.

To EXCOMMU'NICATE. v. a. [excommunico,
low Latin.] To eject from the
communii n of the v fib'e church by an eccleſisftical
ccnfure. Hammond.

EXCOMMUNICATION. ʃ. [fn m exc-.mrirunicjte.]
An eccleiiadical inttrrdift ; exclulion
from the telIowfli.p>yf the church. Hooker.

To EXCO'RIATE. v. a. To flay ; to ſtrip
off the ſki n.
iVift man.

EXCORIA'TION. ʃ. [from excorijte.]
1. Loſs of ſkin
; privation of ſkin ; the
act of liaying. Arbuthnot.
2. PIunder ; ſpoil. Hoicet.

EXCORTICATION. ſ. [from corux and
ex, Latin.] Pulling the bark oft' any thing.

To E'XCREATE. v. a. [ex.reo, Latin.]
To eicft at the mouth by luwking.

E'XCREMENT. ʃ. [exenmentum. Latin.]
That which is thrown out as ul'eleſs, from
the natural paſſages of the body. Ruuiglj,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EXCREME'NTAL. a. [from exc,-ement.]
1 Jiat which is voided as excrement.

EXCREMENTITIOUS. a. [from %xcre'-
meiit.] Coniailling excrements ; coniiltii.g
of matter excreted from the body. Bacon.

EXCRE'SCENCE. ʃ. [excrefco, Latin.)

EXCRE'.SCENCY. £ Scmjwhat growing
cut of another withoutufc, and contrary to
the common order of pioduflion. Berkley.

EXCRE'SCENT. a. [excrejcens, Latin. ;
That which grows out of another with preternatural
fuoerfluity. Pope.

EXCRETION. f. [excretio, Latin.] -Separation
ot animal ſubttance. 0uir.cy,

EXCRE'lIVE. a. [excretus, Latin.] Havi.
l'^ the pijwer of ſeparating and ejecting excrements.

E'XCRETORY. a. [from excretion.] Having
the quality of ſeparating and effdfing
fuptrfluous parts. Cheyne.

EXCRU'CIABLE. a. [from exiruciate.] Liable
to torment. Di£{.

To EXCRL'CIATE. t. a. [excrudo, Lat.
; To torture ; to torment. Chapman.

EXCUBA'TION. ʃ. [ex:uhatio,Lnma The
act of watchinu all night.

To EXCU LPA f£. v. a. [ex and c^//io, Lat.]
To clear from the imputation of a fault.

EXCU'RSION. ʃ. [excurſion, French.]
1. The act of deviating from the ſtated or
ſettled path. Pope.
2. An expedition into ſome difiant part. Locke.
3. Progreſſion beyond fixed limits. Arbuthnot.
4. Digreſtion ; ramble from a ſubject. Boyle.

EXCU'RSIVE. a. [from exiurro, Latin.]
Rambling ; wandering ; deviating,

EXCU'SABLE. a. [f,om excti(e.] Pardonable. Raleigh. Tiltomfon.

EXCUSABLENESS. ʃ. [hvm exd'/able.]
PardonabJeneſs ; capability to be excufcd.

EXCUSA'TION. ʃ. [from exei^fe.] ExcITe'l
plea ; apology. Bacon.

EXCUSATORY. a. [from exruſe.] Pleading
excuſe ; apologetica).

To E.XCU'SE. v. a. [excufi, Latin.]
1. To extenuate by ap<)ir,gv. Ben. Johnſon.
2. To diſengage from an ubiigation. Clarendon.
3. To remit
; not to exact.
4. To v.eaken or molify obligation to anv
5. To pardon by allowing an apolrgy. Addiʃon.
6. To throw off imputation by a feigned
apology. 2 Cor.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


1. FJea offered in extenuation ; apology. Sidney.
2. The act of excufing or apologlling. Shakʃpeare.
3. Cauſe for which one is excuſed.

IXCU'SELESS. fl. [from fX(-«/e.] That
for which no excviie or apology can be
given. Decay of Piery.

5;3i.CU'SER. ſ. Ti'' excufc]
1. One who pleads for aniſher. Swift.
2. One who forgives and ther.

To EXCUSS. v. a. [exrJus, Lat.] To
fei:e and detain by law. Ayl'ffi.

EXCU'SSION. ʃ. [txcujfio, Latin.] Seizure
by iaw. Aylfj-.

E'XECRABLE. a. [exccrabilis, Latin. ;
Hateful ; d';teibbk ; accurſed. Hooker.

E'XECRABLY. ad. [from execrable.] Curſerlly
5. abominnbiy. Dryden.

To E'XECRATE. v. a. [exccror, Latin.]
To curſe
to impiecats ill upon. 'Temple.

EXECRA'TION. ʃ. [from execrate.] Curſe; impiecation of tvil. Sf.Uir^jlect.

To L'XECr. nj.a, \_cxeco, hiUn.] To cut
ovu ; to cut av.»y. Harvey.

EXE'CTION. ʃ. [from «r.7.] The act of
cutting out.

To EX'ECUTE. v. a. [cxejuor, Latin.]
1. To perform; to pr.;dlife. South.
2. To put in aif ; to do what is planned. Locke.
3. To put to death according to form of
juſtice. Davies.
4. To put to death ; to kill. Shakʃpeare.

EXECU'TION. ʃ. [from execute]
1. Performance; practice. Bacon.
2. The laſt adV of the law in civil cauſes,
by which polTeUionis given of body or goods. Clarendon.
3. Capital puniſh::ment ; death inflifled by
forms of law. Creech.
4. Deſtru£>ion ; fljughter. Hsyward.

EX'ECU'TIONER. ſ. [from ocecution.]
1. llz that puts in att, or executes. Shakʃpeare.
2. He that infliiSs capital puniſhment. Woodward.
3. He that kills ; he that murthers.Shakʃpeare.
A, The inſtrument by which any thing is
performed. Cr./pa'w.

EXE'CUTIVE. a. [from execute.]
1. Having the quality of executing or performing.
2. Aftive ; not deliberative ; not legiflative
; having the power to put in act the
InWf. a-Mifi,

EXV.CUTER. ʃ. [from execute.]
1. He chat perforins or executes any thing.

2. He that is inttufted to perform the
willof a teſtatoii Shakʃpeare.
3. An executioner ; one who^uis others
to de5th. Shakʃpeare.

EXE'CUTERSfnP. ſ. [from executer.] The
office of him that is appointed to perform
the Will of the dtfiinfl. Bacon.

EXE'CUTRIX. ʃ. [from execute.] A woman
inſtfutlsd to perform the will of the
teſtator. Bacon.

EXEGE'SLS. ʃ. [I?i;y>,5-t,-.] An explanatii

EXEGE'TICAL. a. [^^a^wt.ko,-.] Expian,
itorv ; expufitoiy. P'/'alkcr,

EXE'MPLaR. ſ. [cx-mp/ar, Lsttn.] A
pattern ; an example to be imitated. Raleigh.

EXE'MPLARILY. ad. [from ex^r>!pla>y.]
1. in ſuch a manner as deſerves imitation.
2. Li ſuch a manner as may warn others. Clarendon.

EXE'MPLARINESS. ʃ. [from exen.pUry.]
State of ſtanding as a pattein to be copifd.

EXE'MPLARY. a. [from ex f^p'ar.]
1. Such as may deſerve ty be propoſed to
imitation. Bacon.
2. Such as may give warning to others. King Charles.
3. Such as may attract notice and imitation. Rogers.

EXEMPLIFICA'TION. ʃ. [from cxe>rp',fy.]
Aci'py; a trnnſcript. Hayward.

To EXEMPLIFY. v. a. [from cxarp'ar.]
1. To illuſtrate by example. Hooker.
2. To tranſcribe ; to copy.

To EXE'MPT. v. a. [cxemptus, Latin.]
To privilege ; to grant imiiiunity from. Knolles;

EXE'MPT. a. [from the verb.]
1. Free by privilege. Ayliffc,
2. Not ſubject ; not liable to. Ben. Johnson.
3. Clear ; not included. Lee,
4. Cut oti' from, Difuſed, Shakʃpeare.

EXEMPTION. f. [from exempt.] Immunity
; privilege ; Ireedom from impoſts. Bacon.

EXEMPTI'TIOUS. a. [from exmptus, Lat.]
Separable ; that which may be taken from
a.nnthe!'. hlore.

To EXE'NTERATE. v. a. [ixcntero, Lat.]
To embowel. Biojvn.

EXENTERA'TION. ſ. exentcratio, Latin.]
'The i<dl of taking out the bowt^ls ; emhrnvelling.

EX E(iyCAL. a. [from exequia, Latin.] Relat.
ng 10 tuneralf.

E'XEf<yiES. ſ. without a ſinguiar. [exequi(
f, Lat.] Funeral rite.=. ; the ceremony
ot burial. Dryden.


EXE'RCENT. a. [f.%vr«w, Latin.] Prnaiſing
; tiſhowing any calling. JiyltJJe.

E'XERCISE. ʃ. [exerdtiuM, Latin.]
1. Labour of the body. Bacon.
2. S-'mething done for annifement. Bacon.
3. Habitual action by which the body is
tormed to gracefulneſs. Sidney.
4. Preparatory practice in order to ſkiU.
5. Uk ; actual application of any thing.

6. Practice ; outward performance. Addiʃon.
7. Employment. Locke.
8. Taſk
; that which one is appointed to
perform. Milton.
9. Act of divine worſhip whether publick
or private. Shakʃpeare.

To E'XERCISE. «. a. [cxircco, Latin.]
1. To eropky; to engage in employment. Locke.
2. To train by uſe to any aft. Locke.
3. To make iici.fui or de.]terous by practice.
4. To buſy ; fokeepbufy. Aturbury,
5. To talk ; to keep employed as a penal
injunction. Milton.
6. To practice ; to perform. Bacon.
7. To exert ; to put in uſe. Locke.
8. To practiſe or uſe in order to habitual
ſkill. Mdii'on.

To E'XERCISE. v.n. To uſeexenift- ; to
labour for health. Broome.

E'XERCISER. ʃ. [from f«fm/c.] He that
directs or uſes ex.rcife.

EXERCITA'TION. ʃ. [exercitatio, Latin.]
1. Exercife. Brown.
2. Prr.ſtice; uſe. Felto/i.

To EXE'RT. v. a. [(x:ro, Latin.]
1. To uſe with an efforf, Eo<zue.
2. To put forth ; to perform. South.
3. To enforce ; to puſh to an effort. Dryden.

EXE'RTION. ʃ. [from exert. -\ The act of
exerting ; effort.

EXE'SION. ʃ. [exejus, Latin.] The act of
eating thrcugh. Brown.

EXESTUA'TION. ʃ. [ex<gfluo, Lat.] The
ſtate of boiling ; e:Fervef,:ence ; ebullition. Boyle.

To EXFO'LIATE. v. w. [ex and foUum,
Latin.] To ſhell off ; as a corrupt bone
from the found part. P^'i eman.

EXFOLIATION. ʃ. [from /.Vj/;a/.-.] The
proceſs by which the corrupted part of the
bone ſepajates from the foord. Wiseman.

EXFOLIATIVE. a. [from exfoliate.] That
which has power of procurmg' exfoliation.


EXHA'LABLE. a. [from (xbjU.] That
which may be evaporated. Boyle.

EXHALATION. f. [.xbalatio, Latin.]
1. The act of exhaling or ſending out in

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


2. The ſtate of evaporating or flying ouf
in vapours.
3. That which riſes in vapours. Milton.

To EXHA'LE. v. a. [exHale. Latin.]
1. To ſend or draw out vapours or fumes,
2. To draw out. Shakʃpeare.

EXHA'LEMENT. ſ.[from exhale] Matter
exhaled ; vapoiy:. Brown.

To EXHAUST. v. a.
1. To drain ; to diminiſh. Bacon.
2. To draw out totally ; to draw 'till nothing
is left. Liik'

EXHA'USTION. ʃ. [from exbauft.] The
<\Q. of drawing.

EXHA'USTLESS. a. [from exhaufl.] Not
to be emptied ; inexhauftible. BLdz-.are.

To EXHIBIT. v. a. [cxhibeo, Latin.]
1. To oft'er to view or uſe ; tooflcvor propoſe.
2. To ſhow
; to diſplay. Pope. .

EXrn'BITER. ſ. [from exhibit.] He that
offers any thing. ^:hakſpeare,

EXHIBI'TION. ʃ. [from exhibit.]
1. The act of exhibiting
; diſplay ; fetting
forth. Grrri'.
2. Allowance ; falary
; penſion. Swift.

EXHI'LARATE. -. a. [exhilaro, Latin.]
To make cheerful ; to cheer ; to fill with
fnirth. PJjiJips.

EXHILARA'TION. ʃ. [f,Qm exhilarate.]
1. The act of giving gaiety.
2. The ſtate of being enlivened. Bacon.

To EXHO'RT. v. a. [exhortor, Latin.]
To incite by words to any good action.
CirKmon Prayer.

EXHORTA'TION. ʃ. [from exhort.]
1. The act of exhorting ; incitement to
good. Atteriury,
2. The form of words by which one is exhorted.Shakʃpeare.

EXHO'RTATORY. a. [from exhort.]
Tending to exhort.

EXHO'RTER. ʃ. [from cxbcrt.] One who

To EXI'JCATE. v. a. [exficco, Latin.] To

EXICCA'TION. ʃ. [from exiccatc] Aretfaction
; act ofarying up; ſtate of being
dried tip. Bertl.'y.

EXICCATIVE. a. [from exiccate.] Drying
in quality.

1. Demand ; want; need. Atteriury.
2. Preſſing neceſfity ; diſtreſs ; ſudden occaſion.

E'XIGENT. ʃ. [exigent, Latin.]
1. Pſelling bufmeſs ; occaſion that requires
immediate help. Waler.
2. [A law term.] A writ fued when the
defendant is not to be found.
3. End, Shakʃpeare.


EXIOU'ITY. ʃ. [exiguitas, Latin.] SmalU
neſs ; dimimtiveneis, Boyle.

EXI'GUOUS. a. [exigous, Latin.] Small ;
diminutive ; Jittie. Harvey.

E'XILE. ʃ. [exilium. Latin.]
1. BiBiſhmtnt ; ſtate of being Haniſhed.Shakʃpeare.
1. The perſon banirtle(^. Dryden.

EXI'LE. a. [exi!:s, Latin.] Small ; (lender
5. not toil. Bacon.

To E'XILE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
baniſh ; to drive from a country.Shakʃpeare.

EXI'LEMENT. ʃ. [from cxile.] Baniſhment. Wotton.

EXILI'TION. ʃ. [exilitio, Latin.] Slenderneſs
; ſmalnpfs. Crezr.

EXI'MIOUS. a. [tximiut, Latin.] Famous 3

EXINANl'TIONT. ſ. [exlfianltw, Latin.]
Piivation; loſs. Decay of Fifty.

To EXIST. v.n, [,x:jlo, Latin.] To be ;
to have a being. South.

EXISTENCE. ʃ. [exl/lcrtia, low Lat.]

EXI'STENCY. i State of being; ai'tual
poffeOion of being. Dryden.

EXI'STENT. a. [from ex'JI.] In being ; in poll'ection of being Dryden.

EXISTIMA'TION. ʃ. [cxijiirnatio, La'tin.]
1. Opinion.
2. Efteem.

E'XIT. ʃ. [exit, Latin.]
1. The term ſet in the margin of plays to
mark the time at which the player goes off.
2. Receſſ ; departure; act of quitting the
theatre of life. Shakʃpeare.
3. paſſage out of any place. Glanjiiie.
4. Way by which there is a paſſage lut.


E'XITIAL. ʃfl.Defliua;ve;faial ; mortal.

EXI'TIOUS. I lLiri>ey.

E'XODUS 7 j. [iloK^.] Departure ; jouitXODY.
5 ''> ^''^' . place : the Itcond
batik of M'Jes is ſo called, btcauſe it deſcribes
the journey of the liraeiites from
Egypt. Hale.

XXOLii-'TE. a. [fjca^//!!, Lat.] Obſolete ; ^.u^'fuf. D:a.

To EXO'LVE. nj. a. [exoho, Latin.] To
looſe ; to pay D.<S.

EXOMPHALOS. ʃ. [i| and cy^iifaX©^.] A
navel rvjpiui c.

To EXO'NERATE. v. a. [exotiero, Lat.]
To ii.nload ; to diiourthen. Ray

EXONEI^A'TION. ſ. [h-.m exonerate.]
1 he act of dilburrhening. Grew.

EXO'FTABLE. a. [exottabiuSy'LiCm.] Defire.'
ble ; to be fought with eagerneſs or

E'XO'-lARI-E. a. [exorjbilh, Latin.] To
bi Jwoved by mtreaty.


EXO'RBITANCE. ʃ. , ,, . ,

EXORBITANCY. ʃ. ^ U'^^'^-^'-]
1. The act of going out of the track pre-
ſcribed. Goverxment of the Tongue.
2. Enormity ; groſs deviation from rule
or right. Dryden.
3. B )undleſs depravity. Garth.

EXORBITANT. a. [ex and orhl(c, Lat.]
1. Deviating from the courſe appointed or
rule eftabliſhsd. M'oodward.
2. Anomalous ; not comprehended in a
ſettled rule or method. Hooker.
3. Enormous ; beyond due proportion ; excellive.

To EXO'RBITATE. v. a. [ex and orbito,
Latin.] To deviate ; to go out of the
track. Berkley.

To EXORCISE. To a. [£^!,fx/f«.]
1. To adjure by ſome holy name,
2. To drive away by certain forms of adjuration.
3. To purify from the influence of malignant
ſpirits. Dryden.

E'XORCISER. ʃ. [from exordf', ] One
who pr<idhfes to drive away evij ſpirits.

EXORCISM. ʃ. [|iojx<o-;«ic.] The form
of adjuration, or religious ceremony by
which evil and malignant ſpirits aredriver ;
away, HuTVey.

EXORCIST. ʃ. [f^ofziriV.]
1. One who by adjurations, prayers, or religious
ai?.s, drives away malignant ſpirits.
2. An enchanter; a conjurer. Improperly.Shakʃpeare.

EXO'RDIUM. ʃ. [Latin.] A formal preface
; the proemial part of a compoſition. May.

EXORNA'TION. ʃ. [exornatio, Latin.] Ornament
; decoration ; cmbelliſhment. Hooker.

EXO'SSATED. a. [exojfatus, Latin.] Deprived
of bones. 23(5?,

EXO^TO'iilS. ſ. [in. and cVjcv.] Any protuDerance
of a bone that is not natural,

EXOSSEOUS. a. [ex and offj, Latin.]
Wanting bones ; boneleln. Brown.

EXO'TICIv. a. [sla-inl;.] Foreign ; net
produced in our own country. Evelyn.

EXO TICK. ſ. A foreign plant. yJdd^jon,

To EXPAND. ʃ. a. [cxpando, Latin.]
1. 'ioſpread; to lay open as a net or ſteet.
2. To dilate ; to ſpread out every way. Arbuthnot.

EXPA'NSE. ʃ. [exfatffum, Latin.] A body
widely extended without inequalities,

EXPANSIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from exfan/ible.]
Capacity of extenſion ; poſſibility to be e.tpanded. Grew.

EXPA'NSIBLE. a. [from (X^anju:, Latin.]
Cai^able 10 be extended. Grezi:.


EXPA'iVSION. ſ. [from expand.]
1. The ſtate of being expanded into a wider
ſurface. Berkley.
2. The act of ſpreading out. GTeiv.
3. Extent; ſpace to which any thing is
extended. Locke.
4. Pure ſpace, as diſhndi from ſolid matter. Locke.

EXPA'NJIVE. a. [from expard.] Having
the power to ſpread into a wider ſurface. Ray.

To EXPATIATE. v. n. [txpatior, Lat.]
1. To range at large. Addiſon.
2. To enlarge upon in languaee. Bro'^me,
3. To let looſe; to allow to range. Dryden.

To EXPE'CT. v. a. [expeao, Latin.]
1. To have a previous apprehenſion of either
good or evil.
2. To wait for ; to attend the coming. Dryden.

To EXPE'CT. . n. To wait : to Hay.

EXPE'CTABLE. a. [from exp-.a.] To be
expected. B>o'Mr.

EXPECTANCE. ʃ. , ^c .cj .

EXPE'CTANCV. ^ / U'^^^^'^P'^-]
1. The ad: or ſtate of expelling. Ben. Johnson.
2. Something expected. Shakʃpeare.
3. Hope. Shakʃpeare.

EXPE'CTANT. a. [French.] Waiting in
expectation. Swift.

EXPE'CTANT. ʃ. [from expca.] One
who waits in expedlation of any thing.

EXPECTATION. ʃ. [expiaatio, Latin.]
1. The act of expeſſing. Shakʃpeare.
2. The ſtate of expelling either with hope
or fear. Rogers.
3. Proſpect of any thing good to come.

4. The object of happy expeflation ; the
Mefliah expected. Milton.
5. A ſtate in which ſomething excellent is
expected from ue. Otway.

EXPE'CTER. ʃ. [from expiB.]
1. One who has hopes of loinething.
2. One who waits for another. Shakʃpeare.

To EXi'E'CTORATE. i.:a, [exarAp^a^s.
Latin.] To ejedl from the breafl. Arbuthnot.

EXPECTORATION. ʃ. [from ixi^.a.-
1. 1 lie act of diſcharging from thebreaſt.
2. The discharge which is made by coughing. Arbuthnot.

EXPE'CTORATIVE. a. [from (xp.a^rou..
Having the quality of promoting expectjration,


EXPEDIENCY. ʃ. /' t^^°^ expedient.]

1. Fitneſs ; propriety ; ſuitableners fr> ,ia
tiid. South.
2. Expedition ; adventure. Shakʃpeare.
3. Hafte; diſpatch. Shakʃpeare.

EXI'E'DIENr.'a. [exp'edit, Latin.]
1. Pr p r ; fit ; convenient ; ſuitable. 7;//.
2. Q^lick ; expeditious. Shakʃpeare.

EXPEDIENT. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. That which helps forward ; js means
to an end. Decay ',ff:iy.
2. A ſhift ; means to an end c ntiived ia
an exigence. TVo aiva'd,

EXPE'DIENTLY. ad. [from exprdent.]
1. Fitly; ſuitably; convenient y,
2. Haftily ; quickly. Shakʃpeare.

To E'XPEDITE. v.'a. [txpedio, Latin.]
1. To facilitate; to free from imoeiiment. Milton.
2. To haſten ; to quicken. t>-n-;fr.
3. To dilpatch ; to ili'ue from a p'lb'ick
office. Bacon.

EXPEDITE. a. [.xpeditus, Latin.]
1. Quick ; hafly ; ſoon performed. Sandys.
2. Eaſy ; diſencumbered ; clear. Hooker.
3. Nimble ; active ; agile. Wihomſon.
4. Light armed. Bacon.

EXPEDITELY. ad. [ſtotn (xpedhe.] Wi;fi
quickneſs, readineſs, hafte. Crtiv,

EXPEDITION. ʃ. [from expedite.]
1. Hafte ; ſpeed ; adiivity. Hooker.
2. A march or voyage with m'rtisi intentions.Shakʃpeare.

To EXPE'L. v. a. [ixp'lio, Latin.]
1. To drive out; to force away. Burnet.
2. To eject ; to throw out. Bacon.
3. To banifti ; to drive from the place of
reſidence. Dryden.

EXPE'LLER. ʃ. [from expd.] Qnt that
expels or drives away.

To EXPEND. v. a. [(xpendo, Latin.] To
lav out ; to ſpend. Hayward.

EXPE'NSE ʃ. [exp:vfum, Latin.] C.ft; charges ; monev expended. Ben. Johnſon.

EXPE'NSEFUL. ' a. [ixpenfe an.' fuV.]
Coftly ; chargeable. Wotloni

EXPE'NSELESS. a. [from expenfe.] W. thou
t cnft. Milton.

EXPE'NSIVE. a. [from expenfe.]
1. Given to expenfe ; extravagant ; iuxwrious.
2. Coftly ; requiring expenfe.
3. Liberal ; generous ; diſtributive.

EXPENSIVELY. ad. With great expenfe. Swift.

EXPE'NSIVENESS. ʃ. [from exper/i^e.]
I Aad'ſtion to expenfe ; extravagance.
2. Coftlincf?.

EXPE'RIENCE. ʃ. [cxp'.rientia, Latin ]
1. Practice ; frequent trial. Rjieigh,
2. Knowledge gained by trill and -^vi^ice.
T«. Locke.


1. To try; to practiſe.
2. To know by practice.

EXPE'RIENCED. participial a.
1. Made ſkilful by experience
2. Wife by long practice,

EXPE'RIENCER. ʃ. One who makes trials; a practiſer of experiments. Digby-

EXPERIMENT. ʃ. [expcrimentum, Latin.]
Trial of any thing ; ſomething done in
order to diſcover an uncertain or unknown
effect. Bacon.

To EXPE'RIMENT. v. a. [from the noun.]
To try ; to ſearch out by trial. Ray.

1. Pertaining to experiment.
2. Built upon experiment. Brown.
3. Known by experiment or trial. Newton.

EXPERIME'NTALLY. ad. [from expertmenial.]
By experience ; by trial. Evelyv,

EXPERIML'NTER. ʃ. [from e p:rwier,t.]
One who makes experiments. I^'gl^yxXPE'RT.
2. [expertus, Latin.]

3. To dole ; to bring to an end,
Hul/ierd't Tale,

To EXPI'RE. i>. n.
1. To make an emiſſion of the breath. Walton.
2. To die ; to breathe the ]aft. Pope. .
3. To periſh ; to fall ; to be deſtroyed. Spenſer.
4. To fly out with a blaſt, Dryden.
5. To conclude ; to come to an end,Shakʃpeare.

To EXPLA'IN. v. a. [cxplano, Lat.] To
expound ; to illuſtrate ; to clear. Gay.

EXPLAINABLE. a. [from explain.] Capable
of being explained. Bitnvn,

EXPLAINER. ʃ. [from explain.] Expofitor
; interpreter ; commentator.

EXPLANATION. ʃ. [from explain.]
1. The act of explaining or interpreting.
2. The ſenſe given by an explainer or interpreter. Swift.

EXPLA'NATORY. a. [from explaiv.]
Containing explanation. Swift.
1. Skilful ; addreſsful ; intelligent in bu-

E'XPLETIVE. ſ. [expletivum, Lat.] Somelineſs.
- 2. Ready ; dexterous. Dryden.
3. Skilful by practice or experience. Bacon.

EXPE'RTLY. ad. [from expert.] In a
ſkilful ready manner.

EXPE'RTNESS. ʃ. [from expert.] Skill ; readineſs. KnolUs,

E'XPIABLE. a. Capable to be expiated.

To E'XPIATE. v. a. ^expio, Latin.]
1. To annul the guilt of a crime by ſubſequent
acts of piety ; to attone for. Bacon.
2. To avert the threats of prodigies.

EXPIA'TION. ʃ. [from expiate.]
1. The act of expiating or attoning for
any crime.
2. The means by which we attone fo
crimes ; attonement. Dryden.
. Practices by which ominous prodigies
were averted. Hayward.
thing uſed only to take up room. Swift.

E'XPLICABLE. a. [from explicate.] Explainable
; poſſible to be explained.
Hak. Boyle.

To E'XPLICATE. v. a. [expHco, Lu.]
1. To unfold ; to expand, Mlackmore.
2. To explain ; to clear. Taylor.

EXPLICA'TION. ʃ. [from explkats.]
1. The act of opening ; unfolding or ex-
2. The act of explaining ; interpretation; explanation. Booker.
3. The ſenſe given by an explainer. Burntt,

E'XPLICaTIVE. a. [from explicate.] Having
a tendency to explain, Watts.

EXPLICATOR. ʃ. [imm explicate.] Expounder
; interpreter ; explainer.

EXPLI'CIT. a. [exphcitus, Latin.] Unfolded
; plain ; clear ; not merely implied. Burnet.

EXPIATORY. a. [from expiate.] Having EXPLI'CITLY. ad. [from explicit.] Plain
the power of expiation. Hooker.

EXPILA'TION. ʃ. [expilatio, Lat.] Robbery.

EXPIRA'TION. ʃ. [from expire.]
1. That act of relpiration v;hich thructs
the air out of the lungs. Arbuthnot.
2. The laſt emiſſion of breath ; death.
ly ; directly ; not merely by inference.
Govermnent of the Tongue.

To EXPLODE. v. a. [crplcdo, Latin.]
1. To drive out diſgracefully with ſome
noiſe of contempt, Roſcommon.
2. To drive out with noiſe and violence. Blackmore.
3. Evaporation; ad of fuming out.
4. Vapour ; matter expired. Bacon.
5. The cefl'ation of any thing to which
life is figuratively aſcribed. Boyle.
6. The condufion of any limited time. Clarendon.

To EXPI'RE. 1'. a. [cxpiro, Latin.]
1. To breathe out. Spenſei. Rambler.

EXPLO'DER. ſ. [from expkde.] An hiffer; one who drives out with open contempt.

EXPLO'IT. ʃ. [expletum, Latin.] A deſign
accompliſhed ; an atchievement ; a
fucceſsful attempt. Denham.

To EXPLO'IT. v. a. [from the noun.] To
perform ; to atchieve. Camden.

To EXPLO'RATE. v. a. [exphro, Latin.]
To ſearch out. Bacon.
2. To exhale ; to ſend out in exhalations.

EXPLORA'TION. ſ. [from explorate. ;
yKoodward, Search ; examination, Boyle.



EXPLORA'TOR. ʃ. [from exfljrale.] One EXPO'SURE. ſ. [from e^poſe.]
who Searches ; an examiner.

EXPLO'RATORY. a. [from explorate.]
Searching; examining.

To EXPLO'RE. v. a. [ex/>!oro, Latin.] To
; to ſearch into ; Co examine by trial. Boyle.

EXPLO'REMENT. ʃ. [from explore.]
Search ; trial. Brown.

EXPLO'SION. ʃ. [from explode.] The act
of driving out any thing with noiſe and
violence. Woodward, Newton.

EXPLO'SIVE. a. [from explode.] Driving
out with noiſe and violence. Woodward.
1. The act of expofing or fetting out to
2. The ſtate of being open to obſervatior?,Shakʃpeare.
3. The ſtate of being expoſed to any thing.Shakʃpeare.
4. The ſtate of being in danger,Shakʃpeare.
5. EKpoſition ; ſituation. Evehn.

To EXPO'UND. v. a. [f.wow, Latin.]
1. To explain ; to clear ; to interpret. Raleigh.
To examine ; to lay open, Hudibras.

EXPO'NENT. ʃ. [from expono, Lat.]

Ex- EXPO'UNDER. ſ. [from expound.] Ex
ponenc of the ratio, or proportion between
any two numbers, or quantities, is the exponent
ariſing when the antecedent is divided
by the confcquent : thus fix is the
exponent of the ratio which thirty hath to
five. Harris.

EXPONENTLAL. a. ['from exponent.]'Ex.
ponential curves are ſuch as partake both
of the nature of algebraick and tranſcendental
ones. Harris,

To EXPO'RT. v. a. [exporto, Latin.] To
carry out of a country. yAddiſon.

E'XPORT. ʃ. [from the verb.] Commodity
carried out in traffick.

EXPORTATION. ʃ. [from export.] The
act or practice of carrying out commodities
into other countries. Swift.

To EXPO'SE. v. a. [expofitum, Lat.]
1. To lay open; to make liable to. Prior.
2. To put in the power of any thing. Dryden.
3. To lay open ; to make bare. Dryden.
4. To lay open to cenſure or ridicule
plainer; interpreter. Hooker.

To EXPRE'iS. v. a. [expreſus, Latin.]
1. To copy ; to reſemble ; to reprefenc. Dryden.
2. To reprefenc by any of the imitative
parts : as poetry, ſculpture, painting. Smith.
3. To repref«nt in words ; to exhibit by
language ; to inter ; to declare. Milton.
4. To ſhow or make known in any manner. Prior.
i;. To denote ; to deſignate. Numbers,
6. To ſqueeze out ; to force out by compreſſion. Bacon.
7. To extort by violence. Ben. Johnson.

EXPRE'SS. et. [from the verb.]
1. Copied; reſembling; exactly like. Milton.
2. Plain ; apparent ; in direct terms. Hooker, Ben. Johnson.
3. Clear; not dubious. Stillingfleet.
4. On purpoſe ; for a particular end. Atterbury.
5. To lay open to examination. Locke.
6. To put in danger. Clarenden.
7. To cafl: out to chance. Prior.
8. To cenſure ; to treat with diſpraiſe. Addiʃon.

EXPOSITION. ʃ. [from expoſe.]
1. The ſituation in which any thing is
placed with reſpect to the fun or air. Dryden.

EXPilE'SS. ſ. [from the adjective.]
A melFenger ſent on purpoſe. Clarenden.
2. A meffage ſent. King Charles.
3. A declaration in plain terms. Norris.

EXPRE'SSIBLE. a. [from expreſs.]
1. That may be uttered or declared. Woodward.
2. That may be drawn by ſqueezing or
2. Expjanation ; interpretation. Dryden.

EXPO'SITOR. ʃ. [expofitor, Latin.] Explainer
; expounder ; interpreter. South.

To EXPO'STULATE. v. n. [expojiulo, Lat.]
To canvafs with another ; to altercate ; to debate. Cotton.

EXPOSTULATION. ʃ. [from expoſtulate.]. Arbuthnot.

EXPRESSION. ſ. [from expre^t.]
1. The act or power of repreſenting any
thing. Holder.
2. The form or cafl: of language in which
any thoughts are uttered, Buckinghain,
3. A phraſe ; a mode of ſpeech.
4. The act of ſqueezing or forcing out any
thing by a preſs. Arbuthnot.
1. Debate ; altercation; diſcuſtion of an EXPRE'SSIVE. a. [from expreſs.] Havine
affair. Spectator. the power of utterance or repreſentation,
2. Charge ; accuſation. Waller. p^p^.^ Rot'eri

EXPOSTULA'TOR. ʃ. [from expoſtulate.]

EXPRE'SSIVELY. ad. [from fxpreſtye.]
One that debates with another without In a clear and repreſentative way.
open rupture.

EXPRE'SSIVENESS. ſ. [from exp-rlRve 1

EXPO'STULATORY. a. [from f;f/'q/?«/a/^.] The power of expreſſion/ or repreſenta.
CtfJitaioing ejſpoſtulation. L'Eſtrange. tion by words. Addiʃon.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EXPRFSSLY. ad. [from exfreſs.] In direct
terirrs : olainly ; not by iitiplication. Stillingfleet.

EXPRE'SSURE. ʃ. [from (x;reis.]
1. E'tpreii'ion ; uttcrancf. Shakʃpeare.
2. TUe form ; the likeneſs repreſented.
'. Shakʃpeare.
3. The mark ; the impreſſion. Shakſp.

To EXPRO'BRATE. v. a. [ixj-rchro, Lat.]
To cinge upon with reproach; to impute
openly with blame ; to upbraid. Brown.

EXPROBRA'TION. ſ. [from exprobrau.]
Scornful charce ; reproachful accuſation. Hooker.

To EXPRO'PRIATE. v. a. l<x and fy.ofrius,
Latin.] To make no longer our
own. Boyle.

To EXPU'GN. v. a. [expugro, Lat.] To
conquer ; ſo take by alljult.

EXPUGNA'TION. ʃ. [from '^'/'^f«.] Conqueſt
; the act of taking by -(iault. SjnJyu

To EXP'U'LSE. v. a. [^x^ulfus, Lat.] To
drive out ; to force awsy. Bacon, Broome.

EXPU'LSION. ʃ. [from expulfcl.
1. The act of expelliing or driving out. Milton.
2. The ſtate of being driven out. Raleigh, Stillingfleet.

EXPU'LSIVE. a. [from expulfe.] Having
the paw er of expulfion.

EXPU'NCTION. ʃ. [from expunge.] Abolition.

To EXPU'NGE. v. a. [cxpungo, Latin.]
1. To blot out ; to rub out. Surf;.
2. To efface ; to annihilate. ^a^ulys.

EXPURGA'TION. ʃ. [exfrgafie, Lat.]
1. The act of purging or cleanſing.
3. Piirificatif-n from bad mixture, as of
errour or falſhood. Brown.

EXPU'RCATORY.fl. [,xturgatzritis, Lm.]
Employed in purging away what is noxious. Bacon.

EXfiyiSITE. a. [txju'7', Latin.]
1. Farfovaiht ; excellent ; confumma'e ; complete. --^^ 's'
t. Confurnma'e'y bad. King Charles.

EXQU'ISITELY. ad. Perfectly ; cna.-
pl(.-f.]y. M'otton. Addiſon.

E'XQUISITI^NESS. ſ. [from exjuiJiic.l
Nicpt\ ; j-erfedHofi. Boyle.

E'XSCRIPT. ſ. [txjcriptum, Lat.] A copy ; a wilting top ed from another.

EX'TCCANT. a. [from ixſhcate.] Drying
; having the power to dry up.

To EXSI'.CC.vTE. v. «. icxficco, Latin.]
Todv Brown.

EXSICCA'TION ʃ. [i\omexfi(;cate.] The
aa of rirvini', Brown.

;pXSi'CCATIVE. a.]jxcmexficcate.]Wi.sjn|
the power of drying.


EXSPTJI'TIOr. ſ. [expuo, Lat.] A diſchirge
by ſpittliff.

EXSU'CTION. ʃ. [exugo, Lat.] The act
of ſucking out. Boyle.

EXSUDATION. ʃ. [from exudo, Latin.]
A ſweating ; an extillation. Denhatti.

To EXSUTFOLATE. f. a. To whiſper; to buzz in the ear. Shakʃpeare.

EXSUFFLA'TIOiSr. ſ. [ex and fujflo , Lat.]
A blaff working underneath. Bacon.

To EXSU'SCITATE. v. a. [exfifcito, Lat.]
To rouf^e up ; to Itir up.

EXTANCY. ʃ. [from extent.] Parts rifirtg
lip above the rcit. Boyle.

E'XTANT. a. [extans, Latin.]
1. Standing out to view ; (landing above
the reſt. Ray.
2. Publick; not Aipprefied, Graunt.

EXTA'TICAL 7 r. , ,

EXTA'TICK. S ' t'^'''''-!
1. Tending to ſomething external. Boyle.
2. Rapturous. Pope. .

EXTE'MPORAL. a. [extet^poralis, Latin.]
1. Uttered without premeditation ; quick ; ready ; ſudden. Wottoii,
2. Speaking without premeditation. Ben. Johnson.

EXTE'MPORALLY. ad. [from extemporal.l.
Quickly ; without premeditation.Shakʃpeare.

EXTEMPORA'NEOUS. a. [extemporaneta,
Lat.] Without premeditation ; ſudden.

EXTE'MPORARY. a. [extemporareus,L3t:.]
Uttered or performed without premeditation
; ſudden ; quick. More.

EXTE'MPORE. ad. [extempore, Latin.]
Without premeditation ; ſuddenly ; readily. South.

EXTE'MPORINESS. ʃ. [from extempore.]
The faculty of ſpeaking or acting without

To EXTEMPORIZE. v. n. [from externi-
Bre.] To ſpeak extempore, or without
premeditation. South.

To EXTEND. v. a. Uxtendo, Latin.]
1. To ſtretch out towards any part. Pope. .
1. To ſpread abroad ; to diffuſe ; to expand. Locke.
3. To widen to a large comprehenſion. Locke.
4. To ſtretch into aflignable dimenſions ; to make local ; to magnify ſo as to fill
ſome afTignable ſpace. Prior.
5. To enlarge ; to continue. Pope. .
6. To encteaſe in force or duration.Shakʃpeare.
7. To enlarge the comprehenſion of any
poſition. Hooker.
8 To impart ; to communicate. Pſalms.
9. To ſeize by a courſe of law. Hudibras.

EXTE'NDER. ʃ. [from exteid.] The perf
c n or inſtrument by which any thing is
extended, Wi^oman.



EXTENDIBLE. a. [from ixter.d.] Capable
of extenſion. Arbuthno'.

EZTE'NDLESSNESS. ʃ. [from ix:cvd.]
Unlimited extenſion. Hj'.e.

EXTENSIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from rx'evjibk.]
The quality of being exfeniible. Gnit).

EXTE'NSIBLE. a. [exterfio, Latin.]
1. Capable of being ſtretched into length
or bre-'dth. Holder.
2. Cjpable of being extended to a larger
'Cornprehenſion. Glanville.

EXTE NSIBLENE^S. ſ. [from exun/ibk.]
Cipacity of being extended.

IXTENSION. ſ. [from (X'.enfio, Lat.]
1. The act of extending.
2. The ſtate of being extended. Burnet.

EXrE'NSIVE. a. [.^^v^'UKi, Lat.] Wide; large. Watts.

EXTENSIVELY. ad. [from extenfive.]
Widely ; iatgcly, Watts.

EXTE'NSIVENESS. ʃ. [i.omexterfi'vc.]
1. Largeneſs ; diffuliveneſs ; wideneſs. Government of the Tongue.
1. Poffibility to be extended. Ray.

EXTE'NSOR. ʃ. The muſcle by which
any limb is extended.

EXTE'NT. l.art!apk. [from exlerj.] Extended. Spenſer.

EXTE'NT. ʃ. [ixtentus, Latin.]
1. Space or degree to which any thing is
extended. Milton.
2. Communication ; diſtribution.Shakʃpeare.
3. Execution ; ſeizure. Shakʃpeare.

To EXTE NUATE. v. a. [extenuo, Lat.]
1. To lelien ; to make ſmall. Grew.
2. To leflcn ; to diminiſh in any quality. Dryden.
3. To leffen ; to degrade ; to dimniſh in
honour. Milton.
4. To leITen ; to palliate. Milton.
5. Ti> make lean.

EXTENUA'TION. ʃ. [from extenuate.]
1. The act of repreſenting things leſs ill
than they are ;

J. Mitigation ; alleviation of puniſhment.
Attei bury.
3. A general decay in the muſcular fleſh
of the whole body. ^iticy.

EXTE'RIOR. a. [exterior, Latin.] Outward
; external ; not inttinſick. Boyle.

EXTE'RIORLY. a^. [from exterior.] Outwardly
; externally, Shakʃpeare.

To EXTE'RMINa'tE. v. a. [extermino,
Lat.] To root out ; to tear up ; to drive
away. Berkley.

EXTERMINATION. ʃ. Deſtruaion; excidon. Bacon.

EXTERMINA'TOR. ʃ. [exterminator, Lat.]
The pe; ſon or inſtrument by which any
thing is deſtroyed.

To EXTE'RMINE. v.a, lexUrmine, Lat.]
To eiteiminate, Shakʃpeare.


EXTE'RN. a. [externiJS, Latin.]
1. External ; outward ; viſible. Shakſp.
2. Without itſelf; not inhereat ; not intrinſick. Digby.

EXTERNAL. a. [externus, Latin.]
1. Outward
; not proceeding from itſelf; oppoſite to internal. Tilhtjon.
2. Having the outward appearance. Stillingfleet.

EXTE'RNALLY. ad. [from externjl.] Outwardly. Taylor.

To EXri'L. 1: n. [exmiJliHo, Lat.] T ;
drop or diſhl from.

EXTILLA'TION. ʃ. [from ex and Jlilto,
Lat.] The act of falling in drops. Denham.

To EXTI'MULATE. v. a. [exthmh, Lat.]
To prick ; to incite by ſtimulation. Brown.

EXTIMULA'TION. ʃ. [from extimulatio,
Lat.] Pungency; power of exciting motion
or ſenſation, Bacon.

EXri'NCr. a. [extinHus, Lat.]
1. Extinguiiiied
; quenched ; put out, '. Pope.
2. At a flop ; without progreffive ſucceſſion-. Dryden.
3. Aboliſhed ; out of force. A'/liffe

EXTINCTION. y. [extir.aio, Latin.]
1. The act of quenching or extinguiſhing. Brown.
2. The ſtate of being quenched. Harvey.
3. Deſtrudlion ; exciſion. Refers.
4. SupprelTIon. Thomfon.

To EXTI'XGUISH. v. a. [extinguo, Lat.]
1. To put out ; to quench. Dryden.
2. To ſuppreſs ; to deſtroy. Hayward.
3. To cloud ; to obſcure. Shakʃpeare.

EXTI'NGUISHABLE. a. [from extingaiſh.]
That may be quenched, or deſtroyed.

EXTI'NGUISHER. ſ. [from extinguiſh.]
A hollow cone put upon a candle to quench
it- Collier.

EXTINGUISHMENT. ʃ. [from extinguiſh.]
1. Extinction; ſuppreſſion ; act of quenching'. Davies.
2. Abolition ; nullification. Hooker.
3. Termination of a family or ſucceſſion. Davies.

To EXTI'RP. v. a. [extirpo, Latin.] To
eradicate ; to root out. Shakʃpeare.

To EXTI'RPATE. v. a. [ex/irpo, Latin.]
To root out ; to eradicate ; to exfcind. Locke.

EXTIRPA'TION. ʃ. [from extirpate.] The
act of rooting out ; eradication ; exciſion. Milton.

EXTIRPATOR. ʃ. [from extirp^^te.] One
who roots out ; a deſtroyer,

EXTISPI'CIOUS. a. [extiſpicium, Latin.]
Augurial ; relating to the inſpection of entrails. Brown.

To EXTOX. v. a. lextilh, Latin.] To
fraiſe |

praiſe ; to magnify ; to Inud ; to celebrate. Dryden.

IXTO LLER. ſ. [from ex:cl.] A praiſer ;
a magriiiiei-.

EXTO'ksiVE. a. [from extort.l^ Having
the qaality of drawing by violent means.

EXTO'RSIVELY. ad. [from extarffue.] la
an extorfive manner ; by violence.
To £X rO'RT. v. a. [cxurqueo, extortus,
1. To draw by force ; to force away ; to
; to wring from one. Rows.
2. To gain by violence or oppreſſion. Spenſer.

To EXTO'RT. v. a. To pradiſe opprtflion
and violence. Davies.

EXTO'RTER. ʃ. [from fxtort.'[One who
pratljfc's oppreliitn. Camden.

EXTO'RTION. ʃ. [from extort..
1. The ail: or practice of gaining by violence
and rapacity. Davies.
2. Force by which any thing is unjuflly
taken swav. -^'^ Char.'es.

EXTO'RTIONER. ʃ. [from txiouion.]
One who prp.ttiles extortion. Camdin.

To EXTRACT. v. a. [,xtraaum,la\.]n.]
1. To dravif out of ſomething. Bacon.
2. To draw.by chemical operation. Philips.
3. To take from ſomething. Milton.
4. To draw out of any containing body. Burnet.
5. To ſt:lect and abſtrafl frona a larger
treatife. Swift.

EXTRACT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
3. The ſubſtance extracted ; the chief
parts drawn from any thing. Boyle.
ft. The chief heads drawn from a book. Camden.

EXTRA'CTION. ʃ. [extraaio, Latin.]
1. The act of drawing one part out of a
compound. Bacon.
2. Derivation from an original ; lineage ; deſcent. Clarendon.

EXTRA'CTOR. ʃ. [Latin.] The perſon
or inſtrument by which any thing is extracted.

EXTRADI'CTIONARY. a. [ex:ra and
diaio, Latin.] Not conſiſting in words
but reslitits. Brown.

EXTRAJUDrCIAL. a. [extra and judicium,
Latin.] Out of. the regular courſe
of ligil procedure,

3iXTRAjyDrCIALLY. ad. In a manner
different from the ordinary courſe of legal
procedure. -^y^'ff^'

EXTRAMI'SSION. ʃ. [^arrraand«;'«o, Lat.]
The act of emitting outwards. Brown.

EXTRAMUNDA'NE. a. [extra and mun.
dui, Lat.] Eeyoiid the verge of the material
world. Glanwlk.

EXTRA'NECUSi. a. [cxiramuit l,atin.]

Not belonging to any thing ; foreign,

EXTRAORDINARILY. ad. [from extra.
1. In a manner out of the common method
and order. Hooker.
2. Uncommonly ; particularly ; eminently.

EXTRAO'RDINARINESS. ʃ. [from .xtraord'nary.]
Uncommonneſs ; eminence; remaricableneſs. Govcm. of the Tongue.

EXTRAO'RDINARY. a. [txtraardinarius,
1. Different from common order and method
; not ordinary. Davies.
2. Different from the common courſe of
law. Clarenden.
3. Eminent ; remarkable ; more than
common. Sidney. Siiſing fleet,

EXTRAO'RDINARY. ad. Extraordinarily. Addiʃon.

EXTRAPARO'CHIAL. a. [extra and pa-

TGchia, Lat.] Not comprehended within
any piriſh.

EXTRAPROVI'NCIAL. a. [extra and pro-
vir.cia, Lat.] Not within the ſame province. Ayliffe.

EXTRARE'GULAR. a. [rxtra and regula,
Latin.] Not comprehended within a rule. Taylor.

EXTRA'VAGANCE. ʃ. [extravagaits,

1. Excurſion or fally beyond preſcribed limits. Hammond.
2f Irregularity ; wildneſs,
3. Outrage ; violence ; outrageous vehemence.
4. Unnatural tumour ; bombaft. Dryden.
5. Wafte; vam and ſuperfluou- expence. Arbuthnot.

EXTRA'YAGAJNT. a. [extrai'agans,V.-3,t.]
1. Wandering out of his bounds. Shakʃpeare.
2. Roving beyond juſt limits or preſcribed
methods, Dryden.
3. Not comprehended in any thing. Ayliffe.
4. Irregular ; wild, Milton.
5. Wafteful ; prodigal ; vainly expenfive. Addiʃon.

EXTRA'VAGANT. ʃ. One who is confined
in no general rule or definition. L'Eſtrange.

EXTRAVAGANTLY. ad. [from exira-
1. In an extravagant manner ; wildly. Dryden.
4. In an unreaſonable degree. Pope. .
3. Exppnfively ; luxuriouſly ; waſtefully,

EXTRA'VAGANTNESS. ſ. [from ^.;ra-
'vazant.'^ Exceſs ; excurſion beyond limits.

To EXTRAVAGATE. v. n. [extra and
vjgor. Latin.] To wand«r out of limits,


EXTRA'VASATED. a. [exfra and vafa,
Latin.] Forced out of the properly containing
veſſels. Arbuthnot.

EXTRAVASATION. ʃ. [from txtravafated.]
The act of forcing, or ibte of
being forced out of the proper containing
veſſels, Arbuthnot.

EXTRAVE'NATE. a. [extra and lena,
Latin.] Let out of the veins. Glanutllc,

EXTRAVE'RSION. ʃ. [>xtra and wiſto,
Latin.] The act of throwing out. Boyle.

EXTRA'UGHT. part. Extra«ed.Shakʃpeare.

EXTREME. a. [fxtremus, Latin.]'
1. Greateſt ; of the higheſt degree. Hooker.
7. Utmoſt. Shakʃpeare.
3. Lail ; that beyond which there is nothing. Dryden.
4. Preſſing in the utmoſt degree. Hooker.

EXTRE'ME. ʃ. [from the adjective.]
1. Utmoſt point ; higheſt degree of any
thing. Milton.
2. Points at the greateſtdiſtancee from each
other ; extremity. Locke.

EXTRE'MELY. ad. [from extreme.';
1. In the utmoſt degree. Sidney.
2. Very much ; greatly. Swift.

EXTRE'MITY. ʃ. [exiremitas, Latin.]
1. The utmoſt point ; the higheſt degree. Hooker.
2. The utmoſt parts ; the parts moſt remote
from the middle. Brown.
3. The points in the utmoſt degree of oppoſition. Denham.
4. Remoteſt parts ; parts at the greateſt
diſtancee. Arbuthnot.
5. Violence of paſſion. Spenſer.
6. The utmoſt violence, rigour, or diſtreſs. Clarendon.

To E'XTRICATE. v. a. [extrico, Latin.]
To diſembarraſs ; to ſet free any one in a
ſtate of perplexity. Addiſon.

EXTRICA'TION. ʃ. [from extricate.] The
act of diſentangling. Boyle.

EXTRI'NSICAL. a. [extrinfecus, Latin.]
External ; outward ; not intimately belonging
; not intrinſick. Digby.

EXTRI'NSICALLY. ad. [from extrinfical.]
From without. Granville.

EXTRI'NSICK. a. [extrinfecus, Lat.] Outward
; external. Gov. of the 'Tongue.

To EXTRU'CT. v. a. [extruBum, Lat.]
To build ; to raiſe ; to form.

EXTRU'CTOR. ʃ. [from extrua.] A
builder ; a fabricator.

To EXTRU'DE. v. a. [extrudo. Latin.]
To thruſt off. I'Foodward.

EXTRUSION. ʃ. [extrufui, Latin.] The
act of thruſting or driving out, Burnet.

EXTU'BERANCE. ʃ. [ex and tuber, Lat.]
Knobs, or parts protuberant. Moxon.

EXUBERANCE. ʃ. [(Xuberatio, Latin.]

Overgrowth ; ſuperfluous /lioots ; luxuri-
^'cf- Gartb.

EXU'BERANT. a. [exuie'-ans, Latin.]
1. Growing V. ith ſuperfliiousfTinots; overabundant
; ſuperfluouſly plenteous. Pope. .
2. Abounning in the utmoſt degree.

EXUBERANTLY. ad. [from (xubersnt.l
Abundantly, Wouiivarrt

To EXUBERATE. v.n. [cxubero,Li^\n.]
To abound in the higheſt degree. Boyle

EXUC OUS. a. [ex^uccui, Lat.] Without
juice ; dry. Brown.

EXUDATION. ʃ. rfrim exud», Lat.]
1. The act of emitting in f^eat,
2. The matter ifTuii.g out by ſweat from
snv body. Bfiror.

To IXU'DATE. ʃ. v. n. [exudo, Lat ] To

To EXU DE. S ſweat out ; to iſſue by
ſweat. Arbuthnot.

To EXU'LCERATE. v. a. [exulcero, Lat.]
1. To make fore with an ulcer. iJay.
2. To afflift ; to corrode ; to enrage. Milton.

EXULCERA'TION. ʃ. [from exuherate.-.
1. The beginning eroſion, which forms aa
ulcer. Quincy.
2. Exacerbation ; corrofion. Hooker.

EXULCERATORY. a. [from exulcera'te.]
Having a tendency to c^uſe ulcers.

To EXU'LT. v. a. [exulto, Latin.] To rejoice
above meaſure ; to triumph. Hooker.

EXU'LTANCE. ʃ. [from exult.] Tr^nſpon ; iny ; triumph. Govern, of the Tongue.

EXULTATION. ʃ. [exultatio, Lat.] Joy ;
triumph ; rapturous delight. Hooker.

To EXU'NDATE. v. «. [exundo, Latin.]
To overflow, DiE},

EXUNDA'TION. ſ.[from exu,:date.] Overllow
; abundance. Ray.

EXU'PERABLE. ad. [exuperabilis, Latin.]
Conquerable ; ſuperable ; vincible.

EXU'PERANCE. ʃ. [ixvpcrarjtia, Latin.]
Overbalance ; greater proportion. Brown.

To EXU'SCITATE. v. a. [exjufcito, Lat.]
To ſtir up ; to rouſe.

EXU'STION. ʃ. [exujlio, Latin.] The act
of burning up ; conlumption by fire,

EXUH'IAl. ſ. [Latin.] Caft ſkins ; caſt
ſhells ; whatever is ſhed by animnls. Woodward.

EY. EA. EE. May either come from 15, an
iſland, or from the Saxon ea, which fi-
nifies a water. Gibfon.

EY'AS. ʃ. [niais, Fr.] A young hawk jufl
taken from the neſt. Shakʃpeare.

EY'ASMUSKET. ʃ. A young unfledged
male hawk, Hanmer.

EYE. ʃ. plural fy»f, novi eyes. [e. ſ. Sax.]
1. The organ of viſion. Dryden.
2. Sight ; ocular knowledge. Galatians,
3. L ji k ; countenance, Shakʃpeare.
4. Front i face, Shakʃpeare.
5. A

5. A poſture of direct oppoſition. Dryden.
6. Aſpect ; regard. Bacon.
7. Notice ; attention ; obſervation. Sidney.
8. Opinion formed by obſervation. Denham.
9. Sight ; view. Shakʃpeare.
10. Any thing formed like an eye, Newton.
11. Any ſmall perforation. Shakʃpeare, South.
12. A ſmall catch into which a hook goes. Boyle.
Bud of a plant. Evelyn.
A ſmall ſhade of colour. Boyle.
Power of perception, Deuteronorry,

To EYE. v. a. [from the noun.] To
watch ; to keep in view. More,

To EYE. v. a. To appear ; to fljow ; to
bear an appearance. Shakʃpeare.

EYEBALL. ʃ. [eye and ball.] The apple
of the eye. Shakʃpeare.

EYEBRI'GHT. ʃ. [euphrafia, Lat.] An

EY'EBROW. ʃ. [eye and brotv.] The
hairy arch over the eye. Diyckn.

EY'EDROP. ʃ. [eye and drop.] Tear.Shakʃpeare.

EYEGLANCE. ʃ. [eye and ghnce.] Quick
notice of the eye. Spenſer.

EY'EGLASS. ʃ. [eye and gbfs.] Spectacifs; glaſs to aſſiſt the fight. Newio.

EY'ELESS. a. [from eye.] Without eyes; fightleſs ; deprived of fight. Milton. Gaiib.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


EY'ELET. ʃ. [eeiHet, Fr.] A hole through
which light may enter ; any ſmall pevforatim.


EY'ELID. ʃ. [eye and lid.] The membrane
that ſhuts over the eje. Bacon.

EYESE'RVANT. ʃ. [eye and fervart.] A
fervant ſhat works only while watched.

EYESE'RVICE. ʃ. [eye and ſervice.] Service
performed only under inſpeiſtion.

EYESHOT. ʃ. [eye and ſhot.] Sght ; glance ; view. Spectalor.

EY'ESIGHT. ʃ. [eye and fight.] Sight of
the eye. Samuel,

EY'ESORE. ʃ. [eye and for-e.] Something
cffenſive to the fight. Clarendon.

EYESPO TTED. «. [eye and ſpot.] Marked
with friots like eyes. Spenſer.

EYESTRING. ʃ. [eye and ſtring.] The
ſtring of the eye. Shakʃpeare.

EY'ETOOTH. ʃ. [eye and tooth.] The
tooth on the upper jaw next on each ſide
to the grinders ; the fang. Ray.

EY'EWINK. ſ. [eye and witik] A wink,
as a hint or token. Shakʃpeare.

EYEWI'TNESS. ʃ. [eye and witneſs.] An
ocular evidence ; one who gives teſtimony
to facts ſceii with his own eyes. Peter,

EYRE. ʃ. [eyre, Fr.] The court of juſtices
itinerants. Coweh

EY'RY. ʃ. [from ey, an egg.] The place
where birds of prey build their neſts and
hatch, Milton.